GCE ‘A’ Level H2 Physics (Syllabus 9745

)

1

http://h2jcphysicscafe.blogspot.com/

JC Physics Tuition
       
Mr Tan Kheng Siang, B.Eng. (Hons). EXPERIENCED JC tutor offers excellent exam preparation. Small Class Size, Comprehensive Revision Notes, Mind maps, Promo/Prelim Questions Hp: 9620 7426 Email: t_kheng@live.com Blog : http://h2jcphysicscafe.blogspot.com/ Weekdays (Mon, Tue & Fri) : JC Physics (7.00pm – 8.30 pm) Saturday : JC Physics (12.30 pm – 2.00 pm) Date/Timing Weekday (7.00 pm – 8.30 pm) Venue Potong Pasir Community Club Description of Venue Ways to get there. Potong Pasir MRT, Bus 13, 107, 133, 142, 147

Within 5 min walking distance from SAJC & Potong Pasir MRT Weekday (7.00 pm – 8.30 pm) Paya Lebar Kovan Community Club Kovan MRT, Bus 112, 113, 115, 119

Kampong Kembangan Community Club Weekday Yio Chu Kang Within 5 min walking distance from (7.00 pm – 8.30 pm) Community Yio Chu Kang MRT Club Saturday Toa Payoh (12.30 pm – 2.00 pm) Hub (3rd Level) ** Please Call or SMS 9620 7426 or email to T_kheng@live.com to Register. Slots are limited. Please register early.

Weekday (7.00 pm – 8.30 pm)

Within 5 min walking distance from Kovan MRT Within 5 min walking distance from Kembangan MRT

Kembangan MRT, Bus 2, 7, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33 Yio Chu Kang MRT, Bus 86, 162M, 269 Toa Payoh Bus Terminal Station

Waves
1. Wave motion As a progressive wave travels through a medium, energy and momentum is transferred from the source to regions around with the physical transfer of any material between them.

H2 Physics - Mr Tan Kheng Siang Hp: 9620 7426 http://h2jcphysicscafe.blogspot.com/ Copyright © 2009

Email: t_kheng@live.com

com/ Displacement-distance and displacement-time graphs The displacement-distance graph shows the wave profile at a particular instant in time.  t  2 . Since speed is defined by distance traveled per unit time.blogspot. The amplitude is the maximum magnitude of the displacement. Wave speed In T. x  x  2  H2 Physics . The frequency is the number of oscillations a particle makes per second or the number of waves passing a point per second.com/ Copyright © 2009 Email: t_kheng@live. and so may be positive or negative. while the displacement-time graph shows how for a particular particle. 3. the speed of the wave is v = λ/T = fλ. Phase difference The phase difference between two points in a wave or between two waves at a point is the difference in the stages of their oscillation cycles expressed as a fraction of a cycle (one cycle = 2π rad). 4.  The phase difference between two points on a wave is   x  2  x t  The phase difference between two coherent waves at a point calculated from the difference in time that the two waves are at the same oscillation stage. its displacement varies with time.blogspot.GCE ‘A’ Level H2 Physics (Syllabus 9745) 2. It is a vector. T  The phase difference between two coherent waves at a particular instant is calculated from the difference in distance between points on the waves that are at the same oscillation stage. The period is the time taken for the particles to complete one cycle or the time taken for a wave to travel through a distance of one wavelength. The displacement is the position of an oscillating particle from its equilibrium position.Mr Tan Kheng Siang Hp: 9620 7426 http://h2jcphysicscafe.com . The wavelength is the distance between two adjacent points which are in phase. the wave advances by λ. 2 http://h2jcphysicscafe.

The figure on the right shows how light can be polarized.blogspot.com .com/ The intensity of a wave at a point is the rate of energy transfer per unit area across a surface -2 perpendicular to the wave propagation at that point. the light received is dimmer and disappears when the both transmission axes are perpendicular to each other.00 ×10 m s in free space. Transverse and longitudinal waves A transverse wave is one in which the disturbance is perpendicular to the direction of travel of the wave. The second polarizer only allows the component of the vector E0 that is parallel to its transmission axis to be transmitted. the intensity is given by I = P/4πr . A transverse wave is said to be plane-polarised if all the vibrations in the wave are in a single plane which contains the direction of propagation of the wave. where rightward displacement is taken as positive and leftward as negative. At a distance r from a point source with constant power. 2 I  amplitude 2 . As the second polarizer is slowly turned.com/ Copyright © 2009 Email: t_kheng@live.GCE ‘A’ Level H2 Physics (Syllabus 9745) 5. Electromagnetic spectrum All EM waves travel with the same speed of 3. Also. I = P/A and has unit W m . 7.e. i. 8 -1 H2 Physics . The light that is received is brightest when both polarizers are aligned to each other. Polarisation Only transverse waves can be polarised. The graph is a displacement-distance graph for a longitudinal wave. This is given by E0 cosθ. You must be able to recall the orders of magnitude of the wavelengths of the various radiations in the EM spectrum.blogspot. 6. The first polarizer causes the unpolarised light to be polarized along its transmission axis. Intensity 3 http://h2jcphysicscafe. 8. the intensity is proportional to the square of the amplitude.Mr Tan Kheng Siang Hp: 9620 7426 http://h2jcphysicscafe. A longitudinal wave is one in which the disturbance is along the direction of propagation of the wave. Therefore for a point source the intensity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance.