SY02

Tables Statistiques
G. Govaert et T. Den÷ux

Printemps 2002

Table des matières
1 Distributions de probabilité
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7

Fonction de répartition de la loi binomiale . . . . . . . .
Fonction de répartition de la loi de Poisson . . . . . . .
Fonction de répartition de la loi Normale centrée réduite
Fractiles de la loi Normale centrée réduite . . . . . . . .
Fractiles de la loi du χ2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fractiles de la loi de Student . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fractiles de la loi de Fisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 Intervalles de conance pour une proportion
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

Intervalle
Intervalle
Intervalle
Intervalle

bilatéral
bilatéral
bilatéral
bilatéral

(1 − α = 0.90)
(1 − α = 0.95)
(1 − α = 0.98)
(1 − α = 0.99)

3 Puissance du test de Student
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Tests
Tests
Tests
Tests

bilatéraux pour α = 0.05
bilatéraux pour α = 0.01
unilatéraux pour α = 0.05
unilatéraux pour α = 0.01

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intervalle
intervalle
intervalle
intervalle

unilatéral
unilatéral
unilatéral
unilatéral

(1 − α = 0.95)
(1 − α = 0.975)
(1 − α = 0.99)
(1 − α = 0.995)

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2

2
10
14
15
16
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18

22
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23
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25

26

26
27
28
29

4 Test de Wilcoxon

30

5 Test de Wilcoxon signé

32

6 Distribution de Kolmogorov

33

7 Formulaire

34

4.1
4.2

Test bilatéral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test unilatéral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Attention
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4284 0.9688 6 0 1 2 3 4 0.4826 0.1495 0.0385 0.0898 0.3191 0.5282 0.9999 0.9661 0.9995 0.5443 0.0352 0.9996 1 0.4305 0.9999 0.5220 0.2338 0.0319 0.9927 0.9999 0.3614 0. Sachant que si X ∼ B(n.5.5000 0.7564 0.9988 1 1 0.9984 0.9527 0.5033 0.7225 0.1678 0.6471 0.9115 0.9996 1 0.9963 0.9860 0.9998 1 1 0.0751 0.4278 0.8438 0.8965 0. E(X) = np et Var(X) = np(1 − p).5. .9999 0.1875 0.9777 0.4437 0.4199 0.9991 0.8862 0.2621 0.9720 0.9975 .0020 0.4628 0.7969 0.5767 0.9910 0.9888 0.6875 0.9947 0.7334 0.6634 0.4449 0.9819 0.9871 0.7840 0.8192 0.5995 0.2539 0.5120 0.9775 .9750 0.9786 0.9844 0.9185 0.2373 0. P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.9996 0.6302 0.9464 0.9998 0.9917 0.0705 0.7182 0.3154 0.25 0.3003 0.8939 0.45 0.5931 0.1250 0.7765 0.0625 0.7500 3 0 1 2 0.9619 0.2746 0.8688 0.7290 0.1211 0.1691 0. .2333 0.1024 0.9996 0. p) 0 1 .5314 0.35 0.9961 0.9089 0.0207 0.9978 0.7351 0.9511 0.9375 .9812 0.9444 0.2725 0. p).1664 0.7383 0.9900 .9502 0.8208 0.8125 0.9915 0.9992 0.0078 0.5941 0.9909 0.9999 0.9998 0.9804 0.9100 n .9477 0.6983 0.9571 0.9590 0.8740 0. p) alors n−X ∼ B(n.5748 0.9294 0. on peut en déduire facilement la fonction de répartition pour les valeurs de p supérieures à 0.9944 0.05 0.9987 0.9556 0.9502 0.  Enn.1586 0.9996 1 0.9998 0.3370 0.3910 0.9460 0.4770 0.1636 0.6400 0.  La table qui suit donne la fonction de répartition pour les valeurs de p ≤ 0.3164 0.5625 0.9988 0.3633 0.8131 0.9850 0.9916 0.9879 0.7738 0.6572 0.6562 0.9262 0.1785 0.9672 0.9966 0.9288 0.1960 0.6328 0.9999 1 0.2500 0.9962 0.10 0.9971 0.9842 0.1445 0.7648 0.9900 0.9163 0.5905 0.9941 0.7975 .7734 5 6 1 1 1 1 0. .9392 0.5−np l'approximation gaussienne : P (X ≤ x) ' Φ( √ ) où Φ est la fonction de répartition de np(1−p) la loi normale centrée réduite.9993 0.6517 0.2401 0.5518 0.9961 0 1 2 3 4 0.9012 0.9982 0.0467 0.6471 0.0503 0.9999 0.6141 0.3125 0.9734 0.3294 0.9308 0.9962 0.9712 0.8100 0.9470 0.8591 0.1335 0.0490 0.9964 0.0039 0.0046 0.3164 0.1064 0.2562 0.9648 0.9880 0.9998 1 0.2160 0.8369 0.9421 0.9999 1 0.9747 0.3874 0.7373 0.6785 0.50 0.8520 0.9995 1 0.0101 0.7748 0.9844 0.6214 0.8343 0.9987 0.9997 0.4900 0.8775 .9987 0.0152 0.1296 0. n.9011 0.9933 0.2316 0. . si np et n(1 − p) sont supérieurs à 5.2097 0.9962 0.9360 0.7447 0.9995 1 0.5000 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 0.8352 0.8342 0.0277 0.9025 0.5339 0.8750 4 0 1 2 3 0.8145 0.4415 0.9994 1 0.9428 0.9987 0.0404 0.9984 0.9976 0.8400 .9037 0.9999 0.8906 5 1 1 1 0.8948 0.9920 0.8735 0.8059 0.2266 0.9950 0.9999 1 0.1001 0.9958 0.3430 0.9144 0.9643 0.0625 0.1681 0.9692 0.9727 0.40 0.9600 .9999 1 0.6083 0.15 0.9375 0.9999 1 1 1 0.7064 0.1342 0.4225 0.9994 1 1 1 0.0632 0.9959 0.0824 0.0915 0.9667 0.6089 0.4096 0.8555 0.4362 0.20 0.9744 0.9130 0.0280 0.8574 0.7461 0.9917 0.9624 0.9492 0.7443 0.4219 0.3025 0.0084 0.0156 0.4202 0.9994 0. alors P (X = x) = Cnx px (1 − p)n−x ∀x ∈ 1.3373 0.8002 0.9844 0 1 2 3 4 0.9997 0.6554 0.30 0.0576 0.9728 0.7297 0.7102 0.9963 0.1 Distributions de probabilité 1.8905 0.9774 0.9954 0.0312 0.7585 0.6367 5 6 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. pour les grandes valeurs de n. x+0.8471 0.4752 0.1 Fonction de répartition de la loi binomiale  Si X ∼ B(n.9988 0.2201 0.9919 0.9295 0.9743 0.9805 0.9997 1 1 0.1780 0.5000 0.6561 0.9999 0.2318 0.9420 0.9898 0.1176 0. on pourra utiliser.9730 0.9996 1 0.5323 0.3771 0.5000 0.3277 0.9998 0.6480 0.4783 0.9922 0 1 2 3 4 0.6007 0.9830 0.8826 0.9953 0.9006 0.7396 0.3206 0.9973 0.9984 0.9887 0.3438 0.0195 0.9942 0.9914 0.9375 5 0 1 2 3 4 0.5630 0.9969 0.8960 0.9990 0.9986 0. 1−p).9437 0.9980 x 2 7 8 9 p .9896 0.1160 0.8503 0.9957 0.7382 0.7166 0.2553 0.9815 0.9747 0.0754 0.0778 0.8306 0.8208 0.9983 0.6826 0.3671 0.9891 0.9978 0.9590 0.1094 0.0168 0.8263 0.8283 0.3600 0.9993 0.9990 0.8857 0.9102 0.

0424 0.9874 0.7880 0.9818 0.6047 0.0112 0.0440 0.9996 0.7805 0.8470 0.9957 0.0013 0.8202 0.9500 0.8981 0.0139 0.9496 0.9973 0.9302 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.1334 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0.9983 0.2001 0.2205 0.9006 0.4859 0.0547 0.6174 0.9539 10 11 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.7535 0.9298 0.9994 1 0.9841 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0.9978 0.8891 0.8418 0.50 0.8416 0.2253 0.3823 0.9713 0.1911 0.0029 0.0036 0.9998 0.4877 0.9417 0.20 0.0579 0.0097 0.0422 0.9897 0.9944 0.9998 0 1 2 3 4 0.0996 0.9078 0.9997 1 1 1 0.9997 0.9797 0.0193 0.9806 0.9998 0.7393 0.2811 0.6974 0.9999 1 0.0475 0.6778 0.9755 0.9996 1 0.1672 0.9924 0.0057 0.0088 0.5005 0.9673 0.1243 0.9978 0.9672 .7788 0.2542 0.9533 0.3467 0.30 0.7515 .3326 0.9885 0.9983 0.5443 0.9978 0.9102 10 11 12 13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9452 0.9538 0.0017 0.6405 0.0008 0.8854 0.1719 0.9997 1 1 0.9852 0.6543 0.5000 0.7712 0.45 0.9930 0.6213 0.9985 0.6488 0.9959 0.2749 0.7415 0.0025 0.9961 0.9997 1 0.0024 0.0138 0.9983 0.3127 0.6925 0.1971 0.9614 0.0049 0.8980 0.0730 0.9935 0.7873 0.9878 0.8705 0.9997 1 0.9699 0.7759 0.0059 0.9995 1 0.3567 0.9917 0.9995 1 0.9999 0.9999 1 1 0.9139 0.9989 0.8513 0.2279 0.8424 0.9761 0.5688 0.0606 0.9885 0.5133 0.9975 0.9999 1 0.0032 0.1130 0.9980 0.5461 0.9925 0.1969 0.1189 0.6920 0.3828 0.0687 0.8346 0.9997 0.9905 0.0898 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0.9884 0.9803 0.6479 0.0065 0.9972 0.1345 0.5696 0.4552 0.9992 0.9154 0.9969 0.1608 0.4382 0.8338 0.9941 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9998 1 1 0.9944 0.0005 0.4256 0.9815 0.40 0.0421 0.2440 0.9978 0.9993 0.0327 0.1584 0.1132 0.0037 0.9644 0.0126 0.0004 0.9999 1 0.9936 0.8822 0.7256 0.5843 0.9247 0.1209 0.8281 0.9980 0.6437 0.9306 0.1493 0.5987 0.0081 0.0464 0.5017 0.9908 0.0107 0.0022 0.9999 1 0.9104 0.9958 0.7159 0.2824 0.0083 0.0632 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.7946 0.9390 0.10 0.9888 0.0014 0.9707 0.3983 0.4922 0.8816 0.5213 0.9894 0.9999 1 1 0.0205 0.7473 0.9922 0.8883 0.9456 0.9997 0.9453 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9901 .7237 0.2744 0.0002 0.9993 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9993 0.9957 0.9983 0.2025 0.4268 0.2793 0.9745 0.6331 .9984 .0001 0.3487 0.1513 0.9990 0.9527 0.9893 0.8811 0.3221 0.9995 0.4481 0.9995 0.0302 0.5842 0.9825 0.9877 0.0009 0.6496 0.0550 0.9984 0.7361 0.0637 0.9757 0.9883 0.3907 0.0287 0.8702 0.8535 0.0859 0.9952 0.3373 0.7133 0.8499 0.9999 0.3770 0.8389 0.9999 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.9988 0.0135 0.9784 0.9987 0.0929 0.9921 0.3530 0.4227 0.9994 0.9685 0.9955 0.2616 0.9991 0.9998 1 1 1 0.7414 0.1979 0.0060 0.8646 0.2783 0.9658 0.0001 0.9999 0.8164 0.5404 0.9744 0.1422 0.5744 0.9999 x .6128 0.2905 0.6230 0.2963 0.9617 0.25 0.9935 0.1074 0.0178 0.0233 0.8062 0.8262 0.5846 0.3872 0.9972 0.9999 .0563 0.5833 0.9999 1 1 0.9989 0.9976 0.0839 0.9848 0.9996 1 1 0.0269 0.35 0.2120 0.9198 0.0652 0.9998 1 1 0.9997 1 1 0.9700 0.9987 0.5044 .1267 0.5138 0.9886 0.7384 0.0196 0.6683 0.0860 0.4206 0.0834 0.6590 0.9427 0.4435 0.2288 0.15 0.9997 1 1 1 1 10 1 0 1 2 3 4 p .0010 0.0170 0.3552 0.0317 0.1673 0.2660 0.9999 0.9954 0.8867 0.6331 0.2528 0.9960 0.3138 0.9807 10 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.5328 0.8497 .9657 0.0198 0.9999 1 0.7940 0.9988 0.7358 0. p) n 10 11 12 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 .9574 0.0398 0.0850 0.9941 0.3953 0.9872 0.5269 0.1686 0.0282 0.9847 0.4925 0.9986 0.8212 0.9999 0 1 2 3 4 0.1133 0.9978 0.9067 0.9218 0.3971 0.9990 0.0008 0.1028 0.9940 0.1938 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0.1010 0.9274 0.9998 0.0296 0.8883 0.9994 0.9998 1 0.9499 0.9984 0.9219 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0.9991 0.6652 0.5256 0.9726 0.9023 0.2336 0.3044 0.9996 1 0.0068 0.9965 0.7897 0.9009 0.9270 0.8666 0.9972 0.9376 0.05 0.9999 1 0.6982 0.0238 0.8661 0.9998 0.9968 0.5583 0.9991 0.9990 0.1673 0.9559 0.9561 0.5000 0.9051 0.8820 0.9658 0.3758 0.0002 0.9804 0.9998 1 1 1 0.9757 0.0461 0.9961 0.9857 0.8791 0.7095 0.9740 0.9679 0.

0352 0.9882 0.9204 0.0001 0.8610 0.7735 0.20 0.9944 0.9993 0.7618 0.7899 0.8108 0.4032 0.9969 0.3036 0.9936 0.0017 0.1182 0.9743 0.9617 0.1971 0.9999 0.0853 0.9975 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9997 1 1 1 1 0.9936 0.2902 0.9970 0.9681 0.3530 0.9790 0.3743 0.9771 0.0006 0.9984 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9984 0.0991 0.9998 1 1 1 0.1339 0.9988 0.0003 0.05 0.9283 0.5490 0.8593 0.9497 0.9963 0.9876 0.9876 0.2969 0.9914 0.9986 0.4478 0.9999 1 1 0.4197 0.2892 0.0464 0.0635 0.0481 0.1353 0.5198 0.0003 0.9848 0.0025 0.4818 0.9500 0.9514 0.8159 0.9256 0.1260 0.9662 0.8491 1 1 1 1 1 0.0010 0.0004 0.6535 0.8290 0.8358 .0994 0.9463 0.3915 0.9995 0.2272 0.5982 0.3327 0.0075 0.0001 0.9999 1 1 0.0106 0.9994 0.9987 0.1051 0.0717 0.5643 0.7161 0.9997 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.9958 0.9846 0.8516 0.9929 0.5000 0.0007 0.0327 0.9581 0.2525 0.2361 0.9992 0.4050 0.8759 0.9992 0.9729 0.1471 0.9999 1 0.9578 0.0180 0.7752 0.4181 0.4633 0.0003 0.9018 0.9978 0.2088 0.0424 0.9597 0.9989 0.1509 0.9990 0.2059 0.9487 0.9939 0.9817 0.9930 0.0012 0.7202 0.1886 0.9050 0.0016 0.9974 0.9995 0.0261 0.0005 0. p) n 15 16 17 18 0 1 2 3 4 .9809 0.0501 0.0617 0.0225 0.9998 1 0.9985 0.8247 0.4499 0.8227 0.9081 0.9598 0.9986 0.0236 0.8338 0.9765 0.9962 15 16 17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9755 0.9989 0.5010 0.9403 0.9972 0.9623 0.9174 0.9995 0.9988 0.9925 0.9965 0.4522 0.9827 0.7872 0.9616 0.9891 0.1668 0.9779 0.9894 0.0021 0.9807 0.0271 0.8811 0.8011 0.8103 0.7556 0.0281 0.9997 1 1 1 0.8794 0.8868 0.50 0.8689 0.5778 0.1204 .8949 0.25 0.7548 0.7597 0.9417 0.7368 0.9938 0.0651 0.9951 0.40 0.3980 0.9994 0.0774 0.9946 0.6626 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9718 0.3288 0.7441 0.0041 0.6042 0.0100 0.7283 0.0942 0.9998 0.9997 1 0.5489 0.9824 0.9999 1 1 1 1 10 11 12 13 14 p .0384 0.0038 0.8720 0.0176 0.1666 0.4900 0.2713 0.7869 0.2839 0.0874 0.5147 0.9997 0.9964 0.8182 0.45 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.8609 0.9997 1 1 0.9963 0.1727 0.9968 0.5629 0.9937 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.9999 1 1 0.1501 0.9999 1 1 1 0.0052 0.1646 0.9994 0.0184 0.0000 0.9891 0.15 0.8577 0.9873 0.6855 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.6405 0.3972 0.9953 0.8954 0.7982 0.9983 0.3096 0.3518 0.0000 0.1637 0.3186 0.5344 0.9994 0.3887 0.0120 0.8671 0.4503 0.0592 0.9995 0.9999 1 1 0.5155 .9987 0.7582 0.4797 0.8929 0.4018 0.7653 0.0098 0.3057 0.9183 0.9997 1 0.1407 0.35 0.30 0.9991 0.0001 0.5634 0.0056 0.9999 0.9832 0.0743 0.0021 0.9419 0.0596 0.5968 0.0000 0.0000 0.8653 0.9652 0.9231 0.1976 0.9999 1 0.10 0.0451 0.0002 0.8406 0.0007 0.4743 0.0183 0.9991 0.0001 0.9788 0.9991 0.0600 0.0328 0.9999 0.9699 0.9745 0.9389 0.2241 0.9951 0.9981 0.3519 .0047 0.0154 5 6 7 8 9 0.9383 .9958 0.7175 0.9998 0.0142 0.9519 0.9917 0.6598 0.3145 0.4401 0.0123 0.7338 0.9209 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9997 1 1 0.9880 0.9992 0.9938 0.4613 0.9907 0.0013 0.7473 0.0631 0.9431 0.0905 0.3660 0.2348 0.9733 0.6302 0.2639 0.9873 .5614 0.6188 0.9424 0.6865 5 6 7 8 9 0.0000 0.2258 0.0005 0.9957 0.2608 0.9945 0.0033 0.1853 0.0395 0.0010 0.9638 0.0353 0.0107 0.9830 5 6 7 8 9 0.5739 0.0067 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.9999 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.9999 1 0.9894 0.9973 0.9985 0.7164 0.1077 0.9997 1 1 1 0.2459 0.9967 0.8943 0.0023 0.4073 0.9993 0.6482 0.9837 0.9329 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.1662 0.5927 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0245 5 6 7 8 9 0.5491 0.3550 0.9571 0.9942 0.9797 0.0193 0.0134 0.0281 0.9006 0.5187 0.9174 0.0000 0.6881 0.9999 1 1 0.0082 0.0064 0.0033 0.9013 0.2173 .7922 0.7216 0.9912 0.5272 0.9998 1 1 0.9408 0.9981 0.9998 1 1 0.5981 0.0802 0.9988 0.2403 0.1028 0.9995 0.9999 1 0.9851 0.7892 0.5000 0.9979 0.0046 0.9316 0.9930 0.7728 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9819 0.9993 0.6098 0.0783 0.9999 1 x .9988 15 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.8166 0.9999 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.7217 0.0001 0.9995 1 0.6964 0.1671 0.9434 0.2019 0.0411 0.1268 0.0142 0.9444 0.9994 .9404 0.0536 0.0037 0.1189 0.0016 0.0066 0.

8369 0.9092 0.9994 0.9997 1 0.0000 0.9991 0.9736 0.1984 0.9940 0.9478 0.0024 0.0031 0.9914 0.0000 0.0444 0.8915 0.0160 0.9054 0.0190 0.9877 0.50 0.0104 0.0002 0.8083 0.0964 0.0318 0.0001 0.9569 0.7693 0.9972 0.8145 0.9468 0.2061 0.6710 0.5000 0.9987 0.0055 0.3567 0.2009 0.0591 0.8159 0.0001 0.6080 0.9867 0.9608 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0001 0.1113 0.9949 0.9935 0.9974 0.7358 0.3674 0.9984 0.9994 0.8982 0.9435 0.0006 0.8480 0.9886 0.0000 0.9999 0.6655 0.3647 0.1256 0.3413 0.0013 0.5365 0.9980 .9811 0.9967 0.7059 0.0856 0.8256 0.0115 0.0000 0.7858 0.25 0.0059 0.0000 0.6841 0.0121 0.8850 0.1182 0.0189 0.0056 0.1787 0.9999 1 1 0.0000 0.4164 0.0230 0.0086 0.9972 0.9682 0.6790 0.0331 0.0355 0.9713 0.9984 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 16 17 18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.2454 0.7507 0.0002 0.0280 .2375 0.2500 0.0924 0.9856 0.7547 0.8377 0.9129 0.9996 1 1 0.8701 0.0036 0.9974 5 6 7 8 9 p .1756 0.4148 0.4203 0.4739 0.7553 0.9520 0.0003 0.9786 0.6682 0.1094 0.0370 0.7230 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.0456 0.9999 1 1 0.0392 0.9936 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9904 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0096 0.9995 0.1071 0.7483 0.0011 0.9868 0.9978 0.0014 0.0036 5 6 7 8 9 0.0001 0.9985 0.9963 0.5956 0.2968 0.9568 0.0913 0.4812 0.1550 0.0008 0.8298 0.0006 0.0042 0.9713 0.9679 0.9225 0.8204 0.1971 0.6656 0.4878 0.9992 0.5914 0.0021 0.5881 0.1316 0.9983 0.0001 0.7624 0.0946 0.1629 0.2517 0.0329 0.9995 0.0133 0.2520 0.20 0.0243 0.2252 0.9439 0.0577 0.0092 0.9917 0.3081 0.9324 0.9997 1 1 1 1 0.9999 1 0.9327 0.9335 0.4551 0.9999 1 0.5117 0.9999 1 1 0.9841 0.5237 0.9900 0.6733 .9892 0.0000 0.9868 0.5860 0.9977 0.1985 0.9913 0.0829 0.0022 0.9658 0.9891 0.8180 0.8670 0.3169 0.0076 0.4114 0.9125 0.7054 0.9996 1 1 1 1 0.0031 0.0000 0.9228 0.8692 0.9151 0.0777 0.8251 0. p) n 19 20 21 0 1 2 3 4 .5505 0.1727 0.9648 .0126 0.0015 0.9998 1 1 1 0.9804 0.9997 1 1 1 1 0.3774 0.9994 0.6675 0.0008 0.9969 0.1351 0.9992 0.35 0.9998 1 1 0.8725 0.9420 0.6914 0.9837 0.8556 .9911 0.2369 0.9997 1 1 1 0.9621 0.6477 0.7170 0.9992 0.2822 .5666 0.9959 0.4940 0.9245 0.6172 0.9829 0.0000 0.40 0.9648 0.9653 0.0032 0.3585 0.9115 0.9996 0.0388 0.1299 0.0005 0.9790 0.9961 0.9999 0.9767 0.9161 0.0271 0.9794 0.9990 0.9165 0.8782 0.2002 0.0110 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.4159 0.6484 0.9936 0.9996 0.05 0.0462 0.9959 0.3704 0.3627 0.45 0.8684 0.4413 0.0692 0.6769 0.9999 1 1 1 0.0144 0.1917 0.9133 0.9997 1 1 1 1 0.9998 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.0000 0.0553 0.0957 0.15 0.3406 0.0004 0.9998 1 1 1 0.0835 0.3705 0.6010 0.9591 0.9999 1 0.9968 0.10 0.9998 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.0003 0.0000 0.4143 0.0696 .9887 0.9933 0.9964 0.1917 0.9173 0.8025 0.9969 0.9999 0.4049 0.9987 0.8523 0.9964 0.3238 0.9856 0.0002 0.9997 0.0024 0.5000 0.9985 0.1216 0.9324 0.0049 0.9993 0.8042 0.3495 0.0077 0.9969 0.6296 0.1796 0.0576 0.8139 0.9674 0.7723 0.0170 0.9996 0.9861 0.9423 0.9993 0.0007 0.0207 0.9980 0.9976 0.3917 0.7436 0.9993 0.9884 0.30 0.8159 0.9994 0.0310 0.9151 0.9793 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.6113 0.9976 0.4654 5 6 7 8 9 0.6762 0.6678 0.3318 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9687 0.9999 1 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 x .0009 0.9463 0.9997 1 1 0.2631 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.4119 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9994 0.9941 0.9941 0.9983 0.9781 0.1332 0.9648 0.4166 0.0510 0.8867 0.1500 .0389 0.0745 0.9895 0.9999 1 0.9987 0.

0000 0.9084 0.5257 0.0681 0.0280 0.0000 0.0001 0.0173 0.9783 0.6244 0.9962 0.2898 0.9037 0.2764 0.9915 0.9439 0.6200 0.6037 0.8787 0.0030 0.0886 0.0001 0.9939 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.7326 0.9972 0.9994 0.9727 0.9998 1 0.9999 x .9958 0.0492 0.9990 0.9911 0.0000 0.9847 0.9860 0.6466 0.30 0.9984 0.0000 0.9731 0.9999 1 1 0.9886 0.9995 0.8948 0.9063 0.9990 0.0030 0.3074 0.0000 0.9999 1 1 1 0.7129 0.1624 0.9981 0.5007 0.8167 0.5806 0.0113 0.4736 0.0238 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9925 0.9956 0.9995 0.0004 0.5000 0.9999 0.6713 0.9997 0.50 0.9960 0.0007 0.2466 0.9967 0.4539 0.4222 0.0000 0.9930 0.1332 0.0020 0.9848 0.9742 0.0960 0.9379 .35 0.5049 0.45 0.0002 0.7870 0.0398 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.8670 0.9778 0.9964 0.6794 0.9988 0.9998 0.9999 0.9537 0.0085 0.9997 0.9979 0.9999 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9998 1 1 0.3320 0.8793 0.9998 20 21 22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.9887 0.3382 0.6612 0.0076 0.0000 0.9990 0.0331 0.9774 0.0000 0.1645 .0127 0.9465 0.9757 0.9577 0.9993 0.9534 0.6608 0.9979 0.0186 0. p) n 22 23 24 0 1 2 3 4 .9285 0.0003 0.3886 0.7543 0.9983 0.0000 0.5752 0.9996 0.9613 0.0266 .9149 0.0052 0.6994 0.1145 0.1059 0.9971 0.9269 0.7250 0.0133 0.4599 0.4891 0.7720 0.6537 0.2024 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0157 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.2920 0.9942 0.0036 0.0538 0.6151 0.0074 0.9905 0.7976 0.9999 1 0.0002 0.0271 0.8575 0.9990 0.0010 0.0985 0.9925 0.1356 0.3636 0.0181 0.9952 0.9001 0.6982 0.9717 0.0669 0.9992 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9680 0.9970 0.9999 0.6559 0.1309 0.9984 0.1150 0.9997 0.8659 0.9988 0.2106 0.0008 0.0551 0.8037 0.9453 0.5647 0.9999 1 0.9851 0.0207 0.3884 0.1111 0.0202 0.9999 1 1 0.9052 0.7440 0.0119 0.8402 0.8606 0.0005 0.6074 0.0364 0.0722 0.9978 0.1629 0.9818 0.9702 0.2965 0.7916 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.0000 0.2534 0.9651 0.9999 1 1 0.1050 0.9999 1 0.9999 1 1 1 0.4399 0.0033 0.9998 1 0.9383 0.9686 0.8811 0.0798 0.9999 1 0.0400 0.0061 0.7580 0.7709 0.9991 0.2991 0.6865 0.0863 0.4942 0.0053 0.7408 0.0000 0.7294 0.1204 0.8930 0.9993 0.6866 0.0018 0.9187 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.9999 1 1 1 0.0001 0.3235 5 6 7 8 9 0.8672 0.9941 0.0000 0.0083 .0055 0.8472 0.9992 0.0510 0.1431 0.2706 0.6181 0.0022 0.0000 0.0000 0.1545 0.2617 0.9799 0.0035 0.9996 0.0000 0.1152 0.8073 0.0043 0.8857 0.9428 0.9954 0.9723 0.15 0.0134 0.9836 0.9592 0.0116 0.5860 0.1240 0.9449 0.8135 0.9738 0.9785 0.9987 0.3235 0.2288 0.0010 0.9638 0.0190 0.5920 0.8111 0.9997 0.9352 0.0000 0.0013 5 6 7 8 9 0.5841 0.0320 0.8463 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9820 0.0149 0.8841 0.0000 0.3134 0.10 0.7383 0.9801 0.9988 0.8164 0.1367 0.4159 0.0480 0.0000 0.9928 0.0422 0.9979 0.7662 0.9947 0.5168 0.9995 0.8950 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0002 0.9998 1 1 1 0.9960 .0012 0.3151 0.0041 0.5396 0.4136 0.0262 0.9827 0.4350 0.9318 0.9900 0.9900 0.2688 0.1730 0.9928 0.8385 0.9705 0.9331 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9787 0.9997 0.9993 0.9872 0.9526 0.1518 0.9992 0.0245 0.9957 0.9454 0.2832 0.8799 0.9945 0.9258 0.5562 0.5643 0.9990 0.0001 0.05 0.0013 0.9978 0.8364 0.0606 0.9885 0.3080 0.3388 0.0016 0.9942 0.6947 0.0059 0.3575 0.9999 1 1 1 0.1537 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0002 0.9786 0.0090 0.2798 0.3279 0.0001 0.7857 0.25 0.0705 0.9984 0.40 0.9999 1 1 0.0466 0.9254 0.2203 0.1584 0.3022 0.0001 0.0003 0.9940 0.5278 0.4194 0.9996 0.5429 .1044 0.9970 0.0716 .3392 0.9985 0.8281 0.9920 0.0004 0.9975 0.9999 1 1 1 1 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 21 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 p .0540 0.4540 0.9632 0.9995 0.9994 0.9951 0.0758 0.7738 .1370 0.0000 0.9998 1 1 0.9242 0.20 0.9874 0.6502 0.9058 0.0022 0.7134 0.9589 0.2639 0.2925 0.4685 0.0424 0.9989 0.0007 0.0398 0.9999 0.0008 5 6 7 8 9 0.2373 0.0010 0.0047 0.1919 0.8569 0.9108 0.

6736 0.0000 0.0940 0.40 0.4711 0.4114 0.0000 0.8462 0.0000 0.0718 0.9998 0.0000 0.0639 0.0982 0.9784 0.2122 0.0214 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 0.2537 0.9286 0.2814 0.8173 0.1808 0.2247 0.4246 0.9994 0.0000 0.0070 0.45 0.0424 0.15 0.9936 0.0021 0.9999 1 1 1 0.0000 0.9903 0.8122 0.0694 0.9993 0.9022 0.5611 0.0766 0.9868 0.9955 0.0905 .0000 0.0019 0.0002 0.0097 0.9995 0.7304 0.8729 0.9656 0.1837 0.9659 0.9876 0.0081 0.9998 0.9826 0.9996 0.9998 1 1 0.5143 0.0979 0.8943 0.3592 0.9532 0.1238 0.9971 0.0121 0.0931 0.4311 0.0312 0.8246 0.3481 0.9999 0.9957 0.3843 0.9927 0.6474 0.9831 0.9745 0.20 0.9999 1 1 0.0233 0.0000 0.9020 .8245 0.9992 0.5245 0.9905 0.0002 0.9974 0.0090 0.2146 0.0001 0.8474 0.0015 0.0216 0.9666 0.9155 0.0586 0.9998 0.9985 0.7265 0.9742 0.1227 0.0320 .0294 0.2712 0.8998 0.0000 0.9999 1 0.0093 0.0494 0.0962 0.2552 0.9506 20 21 22 23 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.8852 0.0000 0.4668 0.9942 0.8506 0.6550 0.9998 1 1 1 0.9991 0.5888 0.1514 0.9967 0.1350 0.9519 0.9971 0.9461 0.8737 0.0003 0.9222 0.9920 0.9558 0.9991 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.0000 0.6167 0.1536 0.1595 0.4207 .9995 0.9995 0.5371 0.0480 0.9988 0.9986 0.5025 0.0736 0.7691 0.9999 1 1 1 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 21 22 23 24 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 p .9996 0.7323 0.0005 0.9040 0.9827 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0435 0.0302 0.9995 0.9950 0.9940 0.1340 0.9392 0.0000 0.30 0.0075 0.8407 0.9893 0.9966 0.9268 0.2915 0. p) n 25 30 0 1 2 3 4 .9666 0.9703 0.8385 0.3783 0.0040 0.4278 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9977 0.0076 0.0011 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.9980 0.2735 0.0001 0.8909 0.0000 0.9971 0.8034 0.0005 0.9999 1 1 0.0001 0.9999 1 0.0016 0.5722 0.9999 0.0000 0.9928 .5000 0.9996 0.0002 0.0038 0.0057 0.0008 0.0026 0.0000 0.7636 0.2424 0.9302 0.1002 0.9905 0.9907 0.9984 0.7077 0.9969 0.9944 0.9919 0.0004 0.0274 0.0106 0.9999 1 1 1 0.7106 0.10 0.0024 0.5078 0.9844 0.25 0.9599 0.9922 0.05 0.9784 0.9998 1 1 1 0.5535 0.8644 0.0003 0.9493 0.9918 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.0086 0.9998 25 à 29 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 x .7608 0.0000 0.0012 0.6821 .9999 1 1 1 1 0.3407 0.0172 0.35 0.2774 0.9348 0.0003 0.6937 0.0374 0.0000 0.9982 0.9389 0.0000 0.0000 5 6 7 8 9 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9998 1 1 0.0003 0.1935 0.8746 0.9917 0.8192 0.3450 0.9996 0.3575 0.1763 0.9979 0.9305 0.9029 0.0000 0.6448 0.0021 0.5858 0.0020 0.6070 0.6424 0.6769 0.8106 0.0023 .9862 0.3217 0.7712 0.9722 0.4275 0.0332 0.9997 0.9984 0.9995 0.0095 .1148 0.0073 0.6548 0.0539 0.6303 0.2327 0.5118 0.2026 0.2340 0.7878 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9744 0.4315 0.9994 0.0258 0.2923 0.0001 0.9396 0.0020 0.0007 0.9825 0.1734 0.50 0.9287 0.0442 0.9991 0.9699 0.2137 5 6 7 8 9 0.0000 0.9998 1 0.7145 0.0000 0.9745 0.9980 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9560 0.0105 0.3061 0.9786 0.9988 0.9992 0.0321 0.7802 0.5426 0.0172 0.7800 0.9979 0.9788 0.0826 0.9973 0.5785 0.8713 0.9992 0.

0021 0.0033 0.9993 0.9999 1 1 1 0.0000 0.9701 0.2088 0.9448 0.1285 0.0009 0.0403 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.7729 0.9991 0.9269 0.0156 0.0102 0.0086 0.9808 0.9914 0.0285 0.0160 0.9328 0.9997 0.9244 0.9597 0.4361 0.9999 0.9998 1 1 1 1 0.0010 0.3679 0.0001 0.9880 0.0877 0.1302 0.9464 0.0000 0.7032 0.9997 0.3179 0.0032 0.0000 0.0354 0.0005 0.9520 0.0009 0.9992 0.0575 0.9977 0.9256 0.9999 1 0.9852 0.0410 5 6 7 8 9 0.8849 0.3991 0.7891 0.0000 0.0015 0.7003 0.9995 0.5423 0.7318 0.3646 0.9986 0.6760 0.9999 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 0.0000 0.9970 0.9989 30 31 32 à 39 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9637 0.0000 0.0870 0.8251 0.0805 0.0003 0.7937 0.4328 0.9988 0.0001 0.9641 0.9997 0.8562 0.4685 0.8684 0.0079 0.9125 0.8209 0.5839 0.9710 .0000 0.35 0.9827 0.0000 0.0448 0.0015 0.9842 0.9971 0.9042 0.8074 0.9917 0.9966 0.9890 0.2228 0.7450 0.2112 0.6844 0.0553 0.9806 0.0000 0.0000 0.9800 0.9999 1 0.9608 0.2142 0.0205 0.0001 0.9999 1 0.0000 0.0000 0.5100 0.0000 0.9981 0.0000 0.0000 0.0058 0.3143 0.0004 0.15 0.25 0.0040 0.9997 0.20 0.9301 0.1215 0.6885 0.8968 0.0650 0.9938 0.0034 0.9982 0.0709 0.8392 0.9985 0.0013 0.9947 0.0000 0.9656 0.3174 0.0006 0.9795 0.5681 0.0024 0.9999 1 1 1 1 1 0. p) n 35 40 0 1 2 3 4 .0000 0.0001 0.8065 0.2633 0.3807 .6321 0.9936 0.8702 0.0890 0.9996 0.0000 0.9568 0.0003 0.6516 0.0001 0.0027 0.50 0.9966 0.9367 0.7852 0.4406 0.0001 0.40 0.0000 0.4019 0.4395 0.0148 0.4371 0.1344 0.9581 0.7348 0.3223 0.6067 0.8669 0.2859 0.1820 0.9005 0.9993 0.0303 0.9996 0.1553 1 1 1 1 1 0.1661 0.3063 0.9231 25 26 27 28 29 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0001 0.6263 0.6946 0.9998 0.0976 0.0152 0.9998 0.5772 0.6290 0.9996 0.0000 0.9989 0.8857 0.1110 0.9845 0.9983 0.0000 0.9953 0.9939 0.9999 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 21 22 23 24 1 1 1 1 1 25 26 27 28 29 à 34 p .0000 0.7559 0.0000 0.5689 0.0000 0.2148 0.2341 0.0260 0.0192 0.4325 0.0269 0.9925 0.9970 0.0016 .9988 0.0006 0.1224 0.0002 0.1326 0.1651 0.5728 0.0000 0.9990 0.9998 0.9993 0.7978 0.4402 0.8650 0.1123 0.0000 0.9318 0.0243 0.5651 0.9664 0.9994 0.5721 0.0003 0.4743 0.0759 0.9456 0.9745 0.9937 0.5627 0.6821 0.9978 0.9999 1 0.7307 .8646 0.0091 .0083 0.1952 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9983 0.4373 20 21 22 23 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.9963 0.9958 0.1326 0.9999 1 1 0.1959 0.9947 0.6024 0.9996 0.9891 0.2498 0.2721 0.2053 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.0034 0.0057 0.0729 0.0000 0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0179 0.2233 0.0962 0.9595 0.9708 0.9123 0.4720 0.8579 0.0751 0.3057 0.0000 0.9921 0.0026 0.8744 0.9976 0.9989 0.1920 0.9927 0.9738 0.0001 0.0019 0.9861 0.9884 0.0001 0.9233 0.3185 0.9311 0.10 0.9978 0.2716 0.2998 0.9917 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.7502 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.5931 0.0170 0.8761 0.0011 0.7911 0.0419 0.0000 0.9867 0.0644 0.0386 0.0001 0.45 0.0250 0.0005 0.0074 0.8984 0.9840 0.9850 0.0010 0.0000 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9999 0.9804 0.0769 0.9253 0.9637 0.9999 1 1 1 x .8659 0.9552 0.4231 0.7870 0.9937 0.0001 0.1285 0.0000 5 6 7 8 9 0.5000 0.0002 .9811 0.9966 0.9996 0.1613 0.0000 0.5310 0.0030 0.5993 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9997 0.9385 0.9996 0.0003 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 0.9957 0.9680 0.9917 0.3087 0.0000 0.9949 0.9994 0.0083 0.0000 0.9991 0.0000 0.7458 0.0000 0.0190 0.9998 0.05 0.0061 0.4408 0.0433 0.0000 0.8619 0.0605 0.0238 0.1435 .0000 0.9858 0.8447 0.4391 0.3376 0.6767 0.7249 0.0352 0.9968 0.0047 0.0000 .9985 0.9996 0.9700 0.1341 0.7151 0.0044 0.0121 0.0486 0.9997 1 1 0.30 0.9999 1 1 0.0136 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.8543 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 0.9986 0.7581 0.

9947 0.0090 0.9915 0.0216 0.9999 0.6786 0.9987 0.1163 0.0000 0.0091 0.4131 0.0094 0.0902 0.9890 0.0000 0.9911 0.9880 0.9135 0.5457 0.9996 0.40 0.9349 0.7777 0.9999 1 0.9997 0.0003 0.9934 0.0000 0.1590 0.0785 0.9988 0.9517 0.0994 0.9247 0.0005 0.0000 0.9962 0.0060 0.30 0.8259 0.6077 0.9976 0.35 0.9638 0.1547 0.9997 0.9920 0.0001 0.9999 1 1 0.45 0.0000 0.9292 0.4089 0.3533 0.6347 0.0004 0.0007 0.6170 0.9985 0.0012 0.9994 0.1768 0.2975 0.0000 0.0896 0.9809 0.9995 0.0000 0.8837 0.9984 0.25 0.0000 0.15 0.0013 0.9956 0.5318 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.4407 0.7243 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9873 0.0469 0.0524 0.5000 0.9983 0.9451 0.9996 0.0033 0.9995 0.0012 0.9605 0.9698 0.0000 0.0209 0.9965 0.8673 0.0080 0.1725 0.0000 0.0000 0.9995 0.0000 0.7077 0.2437 0.9880 0.0036 0.9271 . p) n 45 0 1 2 3 4 .9618 0.0036 0.0000 0.5643 0.1302 0.8060 0.0087 0.0000 0.5088 0.7841 0.9005 0.9680 0.50 0.5880 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 0.0000 0.0762 0.9979 0.8134 0.9850 0.6748 0.05 0.9865 0.9990 0.9717 0.9809 0.2757 0.9243 0.7745 0.0007 .9014 0.0000 0.0446 0.9940 0.1430 0.9983 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 21 22 23 24 1 1 1 1 1 25 26 27 28 29 p .4752 0.0000 0.0000 0.6394 0.3142 0.8564 0.0676 0.0001 0.0178 0.2620 0.7205 0.9992 0.9997 0.0059 5 6 7 8 9 0.8144 0.0000 0.0001 0.0032 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ B(n.0000 0.9972 0.5983 0.9999 35 à 44 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 x .9822 30 31 32 33 34 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9998 0.8350 0.0000 0.9991 0.9952 0.20 0.0382 .9988 0.9967 0.0000 .0004 0.7462 0.0000 0.2800 0.0026 0.1748 .4782 0.9479 0.0000 0.9692 0.2249 0.5271 .0179 0.9324 0.8358 0.3015 0.10 0.7506 0.3350 0.8983 0.8415 0.0265 0.0220 0.9750 0.4436 0.0836 0.0934 0.0000 0.6474 0.0001 0.7113 0.0000 0.9960 0.8785 0.0129 0.9932 0.0000 .0000 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.0080 0.0000 0.9998 1 1 1 0.9761 0.9999 1 1 1 1 0.9999 1 1 0.0033 0.0001 .0941 0.3802 0.0446 0.0016 0.9999 1 0.0471 0.0201 0.3289 0.0000 0.0000 0.9997 0.9418 0.0000 0.2056 0.0000 0.1647 0.1856 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0003 0.8726 0.0000 0.9750 0.0010 0.9998 0.3830 0.0362 0.0409 0.0004 0.3272 0.

9275 2.3329 0.7 0.9998 10 11 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 λ 2.9998 1 1 1 0.9554 0.9580 0.8781 0.9999 1 1 0.9901 0.8153 0.8946 0.9057 0.9881 0.7626 3.9756 0.9258 0.0202 0.0 0.9946 1.9995 0.9992 0.0608 0.8571 0.6767 0.9920 0.7 0.9917 0.9921 0.4942 0.8629 2.7725 0.2531 0.9794 0. La table qui suit donne la fonction de répartition pour des valeurs de λ allant de 0 à 20.8829 0.9612 0.9994 0.9 0.0224 0.8571 0.9985 0.9947 0.6288 0.0408 0.9989 0.9769 0.9980 0.9996 0.9999 1 0.9999 1 0.6472 0.1496 0.9906 0.3 0.1257 0.9934 0.8442 0.8913 0.3012 0.9704 1.9834 0.9828 0.9999 1 1 0.9998 1 1 0.7141 0.6990 0.7572 0.9999 1 1 0.9599 0.8088 0.9994 0.2854 0.9825 0.9997 1 1 0.9967 0.9999 1 1 0.9969 0.9098 0.4460 0.9999 1 0.9960 0.4060 0.9989 0.0821 0.8335 0.8795 0.9998 1 1 0.9999 0.9982 0.4735 0.9182 0.5960 0.9999 0.9953 0.8194 0.9985 0.9344 0.8705 0.7851 0.8995 0.9972 0.5578 0.2 Fonction de répartition de la loi de Poisson x Si X ∼ P(λ).9569 0.9384 0.2689 0.9091 0.9769 0.9868 0.6703 0.0498 0.3679 0.9996 0.6 0.9966 0.9974 0.8912 5 6 7 8 9 0.9857 1.9995 0.9999 1 1 1 0.6919 0.1 0.9991 0.1003 0.9968 0.6 0.1.9995 0.9473 0.9796 0.8156 0.7 0.9987 0.9863 0.9856 0.8774 2.7806 3.9981 0.2873 0.9786 0.9559 2.1225 0.9999 1 0.3546 0.8 0.9068 0.4337 0.5438 0.1847 0.9994 0.1653 0.9931 0.9998 1 1 0.2 0.3208 0.4066 0.2466 0.2 0.5184 0.7982 3.9421 0.9997 0.7037 0.9631 0.9992 0.9952 0.9162 2. E(X) = λ et Var(X) = λ.9995 0.9974 0.9743 0.4532 0.9909 0.9976 0.9004 0.9978 0.7254 5 6 7 8 9 0.9977 1.3309 0.9999 1 1 1 0.1586 0.2487 0.4936 0.1827 0.5 0.9940 0.4335 0.0 0.4012 0.7064 3.3027 0.4232 0.9643 0.1468 0.4966 0.9994 0.7834 0.9433 0.4695 0.5−λ ) où Φ est λ la fonction de répartition de la loi normale centrée réduite.9991 0.9991 0.9953 0.9931 0.9966 0.0334 0.9865 0.9999 1 1 0.9958 0.9994 0.9998 5 6 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 λ 0.9992 0.7993 0.9999 1 0.9349 0.9996 0.9942 0.2381 0.9041 2.9962 0.9700 0.1108 0.9997 0.1 0.9977 0.3 0.8301 0.9896 0.9955 0.8 0.5 0.9997 0.4 0.6268 0.9884 0.8187 0.5697 0.7358 0.9998 0.9919 0.0743 0.9986 0.9858 0.9 0.9999 1 1 0.3 0.9713 0.9810 0.9526 0.9997 1 1 0.9 0.9197 0.8006 0.8318 3.9964 0.8 0.9840 0.2019 0.9267 0.1 0.7408 0.6496 0.3796 0.4628 0.9636 1.9161 0.5152 0.9893 1.8576 0.9997 0.3397 0. alors P (X = x) = e−λ λx! pour x ∈ IN . Pour les valeurs supérieures √ à 20.3799 0.8 0.6 0.1353 0.9832 0.3084 0.5584 0.9990 0.6 0.7 0.9923 1.9490 0.9901 0.0273 0.9048 0.8747 0.9999 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 1.0369 0.4 0.2146 0.9733 0.0992 0.9919 0.3 0.8088 0.9981 0.9942 0.9999 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 3.8441 0.9999 0.4 0.9996 0.2 0.9993 0.9984 0.9999 1 1 λ 3.6484 4.2674 0.6626 0.0450 0.2311 0.7360 0.0907 0.6065 0.9347 0.9990 0.9989 0.6248 0.0550 0.9999 1 .1991 0.9 0.5803 0.7787 0.9814 5 6 7 8 9 0.7306 0.9982 0.9963 1 1 1 0.9967 0.9802 0.5918 0.9989 0.9998 0.9858 0.9955 0.9665 0.2725 0.0247 0.9999 1 1 0.6696 0.9998 1 1 λ 1.1712 0. on pourra utiliser l'approximation (grossière) gaussienne : P (X ≤ x) ' Φ( x+0.9981 0.2231 0.9815 0.9648 0.6025 0.9546 0.9997 1 0.2 0.0183 0.0302 0.7442 3.9692 0.5249 0.9751 0.9763 1.8893 0.9985 0.9379 2.9997 1 1 1 0.5488 0.5 0.5366 0.9986 0.1162 0.9991 0.9998 1 0.4 0.3594 0.6678 3.9999 1 1 0.9987 0.1074 0.8477 2. P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 0.9993 0.9489 0.9973 10 11 12 13 14 0.0 0.9883 0.6872 3.5 0.9371 0.9992 0.9463 0.9994 0.9925 0.9998 1 1 0.8386 0.9999 1 1 0.7576 0.9999 1 1 1 0.1359 0.9996 0.9997 0.4932 0.0916 0.1 0.9941 0.9998 0.9212 0.9943 0.4493 0.9996 0.9662 0.0672 0.9510 0.9978 0.9659 0.9999 0.9998 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 2.0 0.6227 0.

4457 0.0041 0.9996 0.5321 5 6 7 8 9 0.9386 0.9181 0.7576 0.0014 0.8449 0.9990 0.0103 0.2650 0.9292 0.9999 1 1 0.3 0.4619 0.0715 0.1425 0.1851 0.9962 0.1333 0.9997 0.9723 0.6433 0.9531 0.0948 0.6 0.8 0.0463 0.3423 0.0663 0.9510 0.3772 0.9106 0.8867 0.9885 0.0189 0.9998 0.0719 0.9979 0.8148 0.9998 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.0150 0.9998 0.9983 0.9922 0.2 0.9486 0.8960 0.9559 0.7367 0.9999 1 0.9999 0.9999 1 0.2513 0.3137 0.0498 0.0111 0.6860 0.7291 0.0666 0.1052 0.9875 0.6335 0.6544 0.9912 0.9352 0.1088 0.9986 0.9409 0.2381 0.9967 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 4.9427 0.0050 0.9997 0.9966 0.0 0.1 0.3257 0.0018 0.6285 0.9 0.7199 0.9945 0.8311 0.9966 0.4799 0.5461 0.2 0.9996 0.9943 0.9999 1 .7017 0.0073 0.0372 0.8858 10 11 12 13 14 0.9999 0.5742 0.9512 0.9574 0.0244 0.9274 0.9998 0.9984 0.9961 0.5898 4.9990 0.1920 6.4953 0.3575 5 6 7 8 9 0.8666 0.0080 0.8405 0.0022 0.9721 0.9805 0.9821 0.9993 0.1425 0.9999 0.2254 0.9956 0.0067 0.5108 0.0296 0.9991 0.9990 0.9801 0.9999 1 1 λ 6.9998 0.7970 0.7160 0.2017 0.9992 0.0082 0.6684 0.0087 0.0988 0.9778 0.9016 0.9552 0.5119 0.8305 0.9857 0.9998 0.9597 0.9981 0.9929 0.6728 0.7767 0.7796 0.9614 0.6873 0.8367 0.0123 0.8033 0.9996 0.3895 5.1342 0.9332 0.9873 0.9999 1 1 0.8472 0.3406 0.9755 0.9642 0.4 0.0477 0.7548 0.9950 0.0 0.9998 1 15 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 λ 4.9651 0.8 0.9361 0.2592 6.8558 0.9999 1 0.9952 0.9290 0.9900 0.0027 0.7 0.9214 0.2127 6.9049 0.6224 0.9823 0.4647 0.9844 0.9983 0.9964 0.9994 0.0037 0.9932 0.3988 0.3837 0.1906 0.9800 0.6 0.9603 0.0577 0.0289 0.0371 0.9996 0.5423 0.9977 0.3954 0.0824 0.4 0.8774 0.9382 0.9972 0.7440 0.9462 0.4405 0.1 0.8939 0.9989 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9999 0.2469 6.0011 0.9214 0.0101 0.5289 0.6581 0.0266 0.9151 0.9993 0.9980 0.4763 4.7916 0.0134 0.9996 0.9927 0.0536 0.3272 5.9933 0.9889 0.9986 0.9988 0.9990 0.9996 0.9661 0.0033 0.9442 0.9821 0.0061 0.8180 0.0136 0.9319 0.7420 0.9252 0.9999 1 1 0.9161 10 11 12 13 14 0.9953 0.3 0.0314 0.9841 0.9999 1 0.0563 0.4061 5.9890 0.3 0.9 0.0206 0.0320 0.2942 0.9995 0.9966 0.9779 0.9997 0.0620 0.9467 0.5704 4.9952 0.0818 0.3690 0.9682 0.9686 0.9015 0.7301 0.5809 0.9974 0.9228 0.9749 0.9829 0.9994 0.0884 0.5987 0.9497 0.9997 0.9999 1 1 0.6384 0.7 0.1823 7.6 0.9999 1 5.9905 0.9998 0.0224 0.5902 0.9718 0.9999 1 0.0159 0.0174 0.3422 5.9999 1 1 0.9920 0.7017 0.0430 0.9549 0.0113 0.8046 0.9747 0.8857 0.7908 0.9992 0.9999 0.0871 0.9982 0.9904 0.9084 0.8502 0.5582 0.0 0.9755 0.5132 4.4497 0.9955 0.4783 0.9999 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 6.0012 0.7531 0.9983 0.9683 0.4946 4.2133 0.1016 0.9134 0.7 0.6160 0.8436 0.7474 0.9922 0.0342 0.9872 0.6136 0.9644 0.1800 0.8769 0.9999 1 0.9988 0.6858 0.4141 0.9776 0.9999 1 1 0.5 0.9998 0.8766 0.8786 0.3594 0.6063 0.1604 0.9799 0.1730 0.4 0.5984 0.9992 0.9909 0.8675 0.0074 0.0025 0.8596 0.2 0.3127 5.3007 0.0518 0.7710 0.1512 0.4582 5.5635 0.6703 0.2351 6.9995 0.0611 0.0439 0.9994 0.9998 0.8574 0.9717 0.8672 0.3270 0.2022 6.0166 0.7673 0.9997 0.4950 0.9980 0.2987 6.5 0.9997 0.9916 0.9871 0.9910 0.9999 1 1 0.1247 0.0055 0.8095 0.1264 0.6510 0.9984 0.9999 1 1 1 0.1974 0.9945 0.0146 0.9999 1 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9775 0.9896 0.9995 0.1118 0.9937 0.5265 0.7324 0.9976 0.9591 0.0015 0.7171 0.9996 0.9976 0.0928 0.9750 0.0030 0.0780 0.8 0.9988 0.9898 0.9090 0.9992 0.4298 0.9693 0.8686 0.4231 5.2102 0.7622 0.0010 0.9997 0.8944 0.3547 0.7841 0.9840 0.2238 0.8560 0.9 0.1 0.0344 0.0768 0.3097 0.9970 0.9994 0.1700 0.0404 0.9960 0.9851 10 11 12 13 14 0.9880 0.9993 0.2719 6.9978 15 16 17 18 19 0.1626 0.1523 0.1165 0.9997 0.0123 0.8259 0.0020 0.9949 0.9973 0.0017 0.8217 0.9999 1 0.9976 0.9730 0.2237 5 6 7 8 9 0.9986 15 16 17 18 0.1189 0.5 0.9990 0.9993 0.9986 0.0400 0.9887 0.9999 1 1 0.9969 0.0845 0.0045 0.9993 0.9971 0.9997 0.7029 0.9859 0.9958 0.9995 0.2851 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) λ x 0 1 2 3 4 5.9937 0.9995 0.0091 0.9941 0.8335 0.6093 4.9437 0.4142 0.9988 0.9863 0.9996 0.5512 4.2793 0.9943 0.9999 1 1 0.0009 0.1736 0.9998 0.9997 0.7693 0.9959 0.9986 0.9980 0.0095 0.9998 0.9027 0.3733 5.9627 0.

9958 0.9784 0.0028 0.0188 0.9857 0.7178 0.0701 8.0073 0.9687 0.9989 0.9409 0.9981 0.9952 0.1736 0.5647 0.6065 0.9595 0.9999 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 8.9992 0.9998 0.0887 8.9887 0.2 0.9 0.1219 0.9999 0.0255 0.9999 1 1 1 0.9998 0.1822 0.0001 0.9848 0.9964 0.0767 0.5 0.0007 0.9844 0.0396 0.9999 0.0015 0.3 0.0744 5 6 7 8 9 0.7531 0.0118 0.9313 0.4254 0.9999 1 0.7955 0.9999 1 .6915 0.9941 0.0719 0.1055 8.6204 0.0100 0.0004 0.8788 0.8 0.9971 0.6482 0.6 0.9985 0.0 0.3384 0.8731 0.9816 0.9999 1 0.9992 0.4349 0.0023 0.8898 0.8096 0.0174 0.7743 0.9999 1 1 0.9319 0.2896 0.9984 0.2103 0.9873 0.8952 0.9999 0.6757 0.3357 0.0453 0.0789 8.9969 0.6788 0.9941 0.9999 1 0.9841 0.9999 1 1 0.9974 0.9207 0.0056 0.7027 0.2 0.9948 0.9647 0.9703 0.9999 1 1 0.3987 0.9959 0.0002 0.9990 0.1641 7.6137 0.0006 0.0632 0.0061 0.0584 9.4557 0.9832 0.9995 0.8965 0.0109 0.9934 0.2457 0.9261 0.3782 0.1 0.9997 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.9358 0.2670 0.5100 0.0006 0.8202 0.4812 0.7877 10 11 12 13 14 0.9749 0.8030 0.8622 0.1573 0.1352 0.9805 0.9998 0.8 0.9454 0.9148 0.9996 0.9967 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 7.0244 0.9997 0.9311 0.9403 0.9979 0.9859 0.9714 0.9980 0.5786 0.9020 0.4391 0.9997 20 21 22 23 0.3257 0.0149 0.7649 0.0003 0.0554 0.0036 0.9998 0.8159 0.0281 0.9524 0.9617 0.9908 0.9957 0.9585 0.5369 0.1181 7.6400 0.2526 0.2355 0.9994 0.8829 0.9992 0.9908 0.0005 0.9999 1 1 0.9978 0.9739 0.7166 0.9962 0.9998 0.4204 0.9999 1 1 0.0001 0.0219 0.2256 0.0346 0.9970 0.1555 7.0079 0.7522 0.8758 0.8707 0.8881 0.1653 0.8257 0.3478 0.0093 0.0047 0.9628 0.9991 0.0003 0.9362 0.4 0.9947 0.6269 0.9997 0.9934 0.0228 0.9989 0.0262 0.7988 0.9561 0.9999 0.9991 0.7850 0.9918 0.2781 0.9673 0.0674 0.0275 0.4958 0.9810 0.9 0.9261 0.1473 7.3239 0.6620 0.9886 0.0940 8.0550 0.5393 0.0002 0.0591 0.0518 0.9989 0.8400 0.5094 0.4530 0.9889 0.8487 0.5689 0.9987 0.4956 0.9926 0.9963 0.9994 0.9909 0.0021 0.7634 0.9862 0.0002 0.9998 0.0161 0.7160 0.9208 0.0067 0.0008 0.9150 0.5 0.5231 0.0236 0.0005 0.7409 0.8126 0.4060 0.0018 0.9998 0.0996 0.4670 0.9994 0.0030 0.1422 0.8445 0.9897 0.9996 0.3728 0.9265 0.9771 15 16 17 18 19 0.0007 0.2759 0.5925 0.0003 0.0127 0.9999 1 1 1 λ 8.9966 0.9998 0.7 0.9997 0.9675 0.7 0.9986 0.5507 0.9996 0.9989 0.0837 8.6006 0.9953 0.3856 0.9658 0.0660 8.2203 0.9927 0.8352 0.9824 0.9998 0.0203 0.9536 0.0301 0.9983 0.3 0.9991 0.4823 0.2414 0.9997 0.0016 0.9973 0.8058 0.9029 0.9998 0.9993 0.9573 0.9371 0.9726 0.7764 0.9420 0.3134 0.7294 0.0004 0.9701 0.0485 0.8652 0.6 0.9091 0.9935 0.9918 15 16 17 18 19 0.9988 0.9486 0.9954 0.9993 0.2068 0.9642 0.9999 1 0.8807 0.9996 0.1157 0.0043 0.9496 0.9926 0.0062 0.3514 0.9997 0.9978 0.7060 0.9791 0.9898 0.9996 0.0323 0.9999 20 21 1 1 1 1 λ 7.0370 0.0039 0.4 0.9827 0.0002 0.3013 0.1117 7.1395 7.5541 0.1496 0.4119 0.0621 8.7290 0.9998 0.9972 0.0002 0.8535 0.9085 0.7041 0.2881 0.9947 0.0424 0.6892 0.9918 0.1912 0.8311 0.9609 0.9996 0.9999 0.0212 0.1 0.2006 0.9762 0.9995 0.7411 0.8867 0.6659 10 11 12 13 14 0.9998 0.0012 0.4689 0.0051 0.9983 0.0138 0.0033 0.0025 0.5246 0.2562 0.9899 0.5838 0.0068 0.6530 0.1249 7.9976 0.1321 5 6 7 8 9 0.3646 0.8942 0.1284 0.3602 0.9995 0.9985 0.8220 0.9995 0.0 0.2160 0.3920 0.5874 0.9780 0.0019 0.9977 0.2640 0.9798 0.0086 0.9999 1 1 0.9982 0.0014 0.6343 0.9987 0.9993 0.9875 0.8571 0.2307 0.0002 0.9445 0.

7412 0.6593 0.9357 0.1757 0.8432 0.9935 0.5218 0.9554 0.0003 0.9907 0.0000 0.2388 0.0002 0.4960 0.9400 0.8279 0.9919 0.2900 0.9941 0.0333 9.9994 0.9999 1 0.0001 0.8989 0.9999 1 1 0.0 0.9995 0.3123 0.9665 0.4168 0.9673 0.7875 0.8981 0.0053 0.0037 14.7 0.4695 0.2676 0.9302 0.0184 0.9897 0.9925 0.9973 0.9996 0.0103 0.0917 0.0001 0.9170 0.9418 0.9980 0.9626 0.0000 0.9998 0.6694 0.9750 0.9221 0.9907 0.0006 0.4 0.0005 0.9480 15 16 17 18 19 0.0000 0.9999 1 1 1 1 λ 16.3328 0.0259 0.3405 0.0000 0.9990 0.9513 0.0011 0.5793 0.5349 10 11 12 13 14 0.9265 0.3532 0.9994 0.0002 18.0293 0.0 0.0014 0.9950 0.0030 0.1727 0.8444 0.9823 0.0000 0.8364 0.6437 0.0049 0.0774 0.9957 0.0058 0.8682 0.9210 0.9999 1 1 0.0004 17.9441 0.6472 0.8355 0.0 0.5742 0.9996 0.9999 1 0.1301 0.0129 0.7813 0.0 0.0838 0.0038 0.0000 0.9657 0.7626 0.6550 0.9870 0.0000 0.2792 0.9787 20 21 22 23 24 0.9947 0.6699 0.9996 0.1497 0.9517 0.9521 0.9317 0.0847 0.0000 0.P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 9.9986 0.4657 0.0028 0.9990 0.0180 0.4296 0.0456 9.9760 0.0001 0.9999 1 1 λ 9.0055 0.9986 20 21 22 23 24 0.5955 0.0390 0.9938 0.3442 0.0750 0.4616 0.9978 0.9469 0.0549 0.0001 0.0054 0.2148 0.9950 0.9972 0.2517 0.9999 1 0.6751 15 16 17 18 19 0.6329 0.0000 0.9579 0.0403 5 6 7 8 9 0.0000 0.1502 0.1 0.9973 0.0001 0.0007 0.0076 0.9805 0.0126 0.0015 0.0001 0.1432 0.0002 0.0001 0.0214 0.9990 0.9969 0.9633 0.3918 0.8195 0.0375 0.0183 0.9965 0.8055 0.0005 0.9902 0.0009 0.0007 0.4644 0.0261 0.0089 0.0149 0.9977 0.9989 0.1185 0.0203 0.0035 0.7932 0.9806 0.9782 .5681 0.9827 0.0000 0.6080 0.9912 0.8615 0.7489 0.8191 0.0001 19.8752 0.9609 0.6453 0.9987 0.7303 0.9848 0.0154 0.0076 13.0001 0.7636 0.9934 0.0000 0.3814 0.9892 0.9995 0.9718 0.3784 0.0000 0.8853 0.2 0.0005 0.9751 0.5704 0.0021 0.7255 0.9881 0.0001 0.9966 0.9994 0.2584 0.9777 0.8933 0.7307 0.0458 0.0001 0.0606 0.9869 0.0429 9.0000 0.2920 0.0316 0.9974 0.0661 0.0935 0.0172 0.1649 0.6509 0.0378 9.2687 0.9712 0.7720 0.9993 0.1978 0.9838 0.4703 0.9691 0.9042 0.0018 15.8272 0.9882 0.0001 0.9047 0.4042 0.1550 0.0160 0.8490 0.1049 0.1892 0.0793 0.8645 0.8551 0.0000 0.6815 0.0000 0.9475 0.9952 0.1366 0.9999 1 0.9988 0.3472 0.9997 0.3796 0.0710 0.9805 0.4667 0.5730 0.0000 0.0198 0.9967 0.9991 0.4832 0.2294 0.0000 0.9999 0.9939 0.9738 0.0040 0.8684 0.9441 0.0000 0.9995 0.4599 0.9999 1 1 0.1270 0.8716 0.6205 0.9980 0.9969 0.0000 0.0120 0.0621 0.9999 0.6968 0.9678 0.7991 0.1350 0.9995 0.0033 0.9983 0.9960 0.9993 0.9235 0.5660 0.9998 0.7730 0.5 0.9638 0.0111 0.9748 0.0000 20.1426 0.1094 10 11 12 13 14 0.0986 0.9999 1 1 0.0000 0.0433 0.8826 0.0138 0.9999 1 0.3558 0.9927 0.0699 0.8905 0.3 0.5830 0.9998 0.9878 0.9 0.1565 0.3751 0.0491 0.9928 0.7559 0.8529 0.8919 0.0000 0.9216 0.3675 0.8101 0.9367 0.0002 0.0000 0.7916 0.9165 0.8987 0.9998 25 26 27 28 29 0.0 0.0000 0.9888 0.0312 10.9995 0.1433 0.0001 0.2808 0.9594 0.0008 0.0021 0.2211 0.0540 0.6820 0.9552 0.4579 0.0010 0.0000 0.0071 0.9823 0.0045 0.7081 0.9857 0.9770 0.0100 0.2009 0.0050 0.0023 0.9985 0.9998 0.0028 0.1658 0.9546 0.9884 0.9833 0.0011 0.1041 0.9911 0.0 0.0984 0.8122 0.9100 0.9924 0.5760 0.9730 0.2202 0.0895 0.4686 0.0039 0.5479 0.9941 0.0000 0.5591 0.7206 0.6887 0.9789 0.0786 0.9993 0.7931 0.2867 0.2970 0.6641 0.4677 0.4631 0.9687 0.0000 0.0000 0.2745 0.0 0.9975 0.6 0.3010 0.9852 0.9997 0.1848 0.9715 0.0517 9.0998 0.9865 0.5622 0.0885 0.9312 0.1574 0.0049 0.8540 0.0347 0.5611 0.0151 12.9989 0.2600 0.2485 0.0000 0.5089 0.2424 0.9992 0.9998 0.0107 0.0012 0.9978 0.0374 0.9999 0.0007 0.1808 0.8448 0.0010 0.5606 0.0 0.0220 0.4426 0.9074 0.0108 0.0008 0.9997 0.9859 0.0 0.3676 0.7832 0.9959 0.0304 0.0142 0.9983 0.9941 0.0001 0.0005 0.8878 0.0671 0.9999 1 0.9997 0.2081 0.9269 0.8 0.8786 0.9953 0.3632 0.0005 0.6941 0.9573 0.9108 0.9962 0.0000 0.9156 0.8009 0.6576 0.3715 0.9987 0.8607 0.0 0.7363 0.0355 9.9997 0.0486 9.0002 0.7423 0.0009 0.0042 0.4705 0.9991 0.2320 0.1931 0.0029 0.7520 0.9984 0.9997 0.9999 1 P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ P(λ) x 0 1 2 3 4 11.9998 0.1098 0.5640 0.9970 0.0003 0.9985 0.9514 0.7193 0.0009 5 6 7 8 9 0.3585 0.0 0.9370 0.

9641 0.5517 0.9972 0.5359 0.04 0.9591 0.9997 0.8413 0.8186 0.5199 0.9406 0.9997 0.9934 0.8599 0.00 2.9382 0.9966 0.9929 0.80 1. E(X) = µ et Var(X) = σ .9918 2.7910 0.80 3.60 0.9992 0.9999 0.9505 0.8869 0. La table qui suit donne les valeurs de la fonction de répartition empirique de la loi normale centrée réduite Φ(x) pour les valeurs de x positives. on utilisera la relation Φ(x) = 1 − Φ(−x) Φ(x) = P (X ≤ x) où X ∼ N (0.9999 0.9633 0.30 0.9931 0.40 0.9911 0.9515 0.9842 0.8340 0.9909 0.9982 0.9772 0.60 3.9726 0.9988 0.9999 0.8810 0.9429 0.9826 0.5675 0.80 2. alors f (x) = √2πσ exp − 12 ( x−µ 2 σ ) .9999 0.9975 0.9922 0.20 1.8315 0.7704 0.9015 0.9992 0.7019 0.9999 0.8729 0.6255 0. On note quelquefois U la v.50 2.5714 0.5948 0.9693 0.01 0.7054 0.9984 0.6554 0.20 2.9981 0. 1).9997 0.9968 0.9756 0.9977 0.9996 0.9983 0.9999 0.5040 0.10 2.7517 0.9993 0.9938 0.9878 0.8944 0.9808 0.9999 0.9953 0.9699 0.8708 0.9884 0.9992 0.9989 0.70 1.6103 0.9761 0.9995 0.8686 0.6293 0.9999 0.9846 0.6950 0.7257 0.6915 0.9995 0.6480 0.9830 0.03 0.30 2.9993 0.5160 0.9649 0.07 0.9441 0.9861 0.9999 1 0.9999 1 0.9990 0.9979 0.3     Fonction de répartition de la loi Normale centrée réduite  1 2 2 Si X ∼ N (µ.9854 0.8051 0.9969 0.9995 0.9999 0.90 x2 0.9946 0.5478 0.7422 0.9608 0.5398 0.9995 0.5832 0.9997 0.9850 0.8078 0.80 0.8770 0.5596 0.9999 0.8133 0.9998 0.9997 0.9989 0.9994 0.9887 0.6217 0.9999 1 0.9817 0.9991 0.8238 1.20 0.8106 0.05 0.9998 0.09 0.7852 0.9998 0.9564 0.40 0.1.9998 0.5319 0.9236 0.9995 0.10 0.00 1.50 3.9881 0.9162 0.40 0.9994 0.9979 0.8461 0.9896 0. gaussienne centrée-réduite et Φ sa fonction de répartition : U ∼ N(0.90 0.9995 0.9981 0.9495 0.8485 0.9996 0.9474 0.9992 0.5871 0.9332 0.8212 0.9998 0.9998 0.6844 0.9970 0.9996 0.7794 0.9952 0.9961 0.5120 0.9418 0.9279 0.70 3.9987 0.9999 1 x1 .00 0.70 0.10 1.5000 0.9345 0.9997 0.9545 0.6808 0.8907 0.9951 0.9991 0.9678 0.8790 0.00 0.5438 0.7642 0.9099 0.9525 0.9940 0.9177 0.6141 0.9984 0.7580 0.5910 0.9713 0.9744 0.7939 0.9719 2.5279 0. a.9838 0.9798 0.9932 0.9997 0.9998 0.9999 1 0.9999 0.9452 0.7823 0.9812 0.7881 0.6179 0.7611 0.9989 0.02 0.9913 0.7734 0.8577 0.8665 0.5239 0.9207 0.9997 0.9864 0.9803 0.70 2.9906 0.9131 0.8508 0.9686 0. σ 2 ).7486 0.7995 0.9963 0.9370 0.9986 0.7224 0.9999 1 0.9319 0.7190 0.9996 0.8389 0.9082 0.9998 0.9986 3.8531 0.9987 0.9999 0.6985 0.6406 0.8289 0.8365 0.9991 0.9945 0.10 3.6700 0.60 2.8264 0.9535 0.6772 0.9706 0.9994 0.9925 0.9998 3. Pour les valeurs négatives de x.9927 0.9265 0.9949 0.8925 0.9147 0.9943 0.9750 0.9871 0.9982 0.9049 0.9616 0.9998 0.7123 0.9997 0.6331 0.9664 0.7673 0.50 1.06 0.7291 0.9998 0.6628 0.9996 0.5987 0.9904 0.9582 0.6517 0.6443 0.8159 0.50 0.6591 0.5793 0.9599 0.9998 0.5636 0.5753 0.7549 0.9971 0.6664 0.9985 0.7389 0.7357 0.9974 0.9964 0.6736 0.9484 0.9554 0.9988 0.9357 0.9936 0.9999 0.9066 0.7764 0.9976 0.9999 1 0.5557 0.9999 0.8438 0.8830 0.9115 0.9999 0.9993 0.9977 0.7454 0.9573 0.9671 0.08 0.8643 0.8888 0.8849 0.9999 1 0.6026 0.9999 0.9957 0.8023 0.9656 0.9793 0.9394 0.20 3.9192 0.9783 0.9222 1.9980 0.9941 0.9990 0.30 3.90 0.7967 0.9962 0.9778 0.9987 0.9959 0.9955 0.9948 0.9999 1 0.9999 0.9990 0.30 1.9868 0.60 1.6064 0.00 3.9032 0.9767 0.7157 0.8980 0.9967 0. 1) et x = x1 + x2 0.9732 0.90 0.9973 0.6879 0.9821 0.8621 0.9993 0.8749 0.9965 0.9997 0.9875 0.8962 0.9292 0.9890 0.9994 0.9306 0.9916 0.9901 0.7088 0.6368 0.8997 0.9898 0.9996 0.9998 0.9738 0.7324 0.9974 0.9999 0.9251 0.40 0.9985 0.8554 0.9625 0.9788 0.9463 0.9956 0.9834 0.9893 0.9999 1 0.9857 0.9960 0.5080 0.9920 0.9978 0.9994 0.

1484 0.6072 1.9002 0.7790 0.5141 1.3585 0.0577 0.1650 1.007 0.780 0.1217 1.0426 0.5158 0.8957 2.570 0.2571 2.8779 0.0335 2.2611 0.8452 0.9040 0.1264 1.0669 1.5464 1.6526 0.970 0.3722 1.4255 1.2689 0.7926 0.7323 0.1.5063 1.6403 0.4118 1.7892 0.4454 0.5072 0.4758 1.6495 0.2591 1.5446 0.6008 0.5382 1.4207 0.2508 0.0803 1.0502 0.5302 0.2741 0.7060 1.510 0.920 0.5388 0.2871 0.0237 0.8384 1.0226 0.7192 0.4833 1.5015 0.009 0.0714 1.7128 0.3451 0.0677 0.5121 1.0939 1.3239 0.0075 0.0301 0.590 0.500 0.9268 2.3989 0.9822 1.4399 0.0853 0.8663 2.2107 1.004 0.7866 1.0401 0.6521 1.7392 1.0351 0.7356 0.2533 0.2482 0.990 1.6646 1.9782 1.1700 1.1952 1.1800 1.7290 0.4573 1.3469 1.3531 0.9581 0.8381 0.3826 0.3002 0.4593 0.6903 0.900 0.4325 1.0494 1.5417 0.8099 0.1311 1.6068 0.4565 0.3853 0.760 0.2224 0.6546 1.1156 0.0175 0.7279 1.2930 1.7961 0.3799 0.4902 0.1123 1.9110 2.9116 0.620 0.8596 0.5758 1.0969 2.5978 0.5476 0.0904 0.1701 2.7744 1.1459 0.9863 1.5359 0.3656 1.3319 0.5740 0.0194 0.600 0.8310 0.0201 0.6849 1.1231 0.7169 1.7421 0.6557 0.2767 0.0450 1.1201 2.1901 1.4179 0.1891 0.4289 0.6588 0.4043 0.5592 0.0476 0.4874 0. on utilisera la relation uα = −u1−α uα = Φ−1 (α) où α = α1 + α2 0.3787 1.5632 1.2250 0.9192 0.6682 0.0702 0.6189 0.6038 0.880 0.980 0.6164 1.5548 1.0276 0.3917 1.5651 0.7624 1.1662 0.3292 0.3047 1.5129 0.0152 0.690 0.8169 0.9269 0.3134 0.2265 1.4987 0.0451 0.0141 2.940 1.4789 0.2759 0.630 0.4372 0.790 α2 0.0537 2.4930 0.9661 1.5220 1.0364 1.6747 1.5215 0.1687 0.3346 1.0929 0.770 0.3029 0.3372 0.1030 0.4427 0.4705 0.8705 0.1358 0.6776 0.1455 1.7756 0.1444 2.3692 0.7588 0.4649 0.0279 0.2404 0.5893 1.8119 1.5563 0.0322 0.0602 0.650 0.1738 0.1004 0.3285 1.008 0.0050 0.1307 0.700 0.0537 1.5888 0.0728 0.3658 1.7824 0.610 0.0778 0.4152 0.5301 1.530 0.5769 0.5273 0.5101 0.5828 0.3595 1.8560 0.2212 1.4761 0.9904 1.2430 0.840 0.1257 0.001 0.4089 1.2070 0.4611 1.3638 0.2585 0.9230 0.4510 0.820 0.540 0.3719 0.2275 0.7688 0.1408 0.0069 0.4316 0.5505 0.0878 0.6219 0.7858 0.3213 0.6311 0.3398 0.0893 1.3852 1.6280 0.8853 0.7621 0.0985 1.2715 0.8064 0.0979 0.960 0.8416 0.8204 0.4125 0.5710 0.1407 1.4677 0.5918 0.1764 0.9463 0.1359 1.3478 0.1181 0.1993 0.7257 0.9600 2.0753 0.5330 0.5044 0.3558 0.7507 1.2372 1.1552 1.930 0.2019 0.9986 0.1055 0.7063 0.1080 0.2198 0.3611 0.3425 0.750 0.2378 0.6433 0.2637 0.7488 0.9741 1.580 0.8488 0.3532 1.5718 1.8669 0.9307 0.0251 0.2950 0.3345 0.3907 0.3772 0.6341 0.0376 0.3186 0.5858 0.8782 1.1789 0.0326 0.9542 0.4051 1.2873 1.9431 2.1917 0.5244 0.2976 0.1611 0.3934 0.3984 1.4538 0.0025 0.0125 0.7454 0.7478 1.6935 0.4395 1.710 0.3505 0.1535 0.950 0.9502 0.0627 0.7388 0.6999 0.3081 0.2121 0.2924 0.1383 0.0027 0.6745 0.6258 1.9621 1.7031 0.4909 1.7995 0.8927 0.4 Fractiles de la loi Normale centrée réduite Pour les valeurs de α < 0.0000 0.0848 1.3665 0.4684 1.6713 0.0150 0.5799 0.000 0.0527 0.3263 1.2904 3.2702 1.8239 0.2426 1.8134 0.6620 0.9385 0.2301 0.0902 α1 .6871 0.9346 0.3266 0.9078 0.2045 0.2536 1.6808 0.1942 0.9954 2.4538 1.4070 0.8633 0.9945 0.6158 0.4621 0.9774 2.1130 0.4344 0.0758 1.0552 0.7225 0.2004 1.1332 0.1815 0.1282 0.6464 0.2160 1.8890 0.3225 1.0954 0.4187 1.2816 1.6967 0.830 0.730 0.1866 0.1713 0.8965 0.8524 0.720 0.2327 0.550 0.8030 0.0625 1.003 0.2353 0.2819 0.9424 0.3055 0.2262 2.2456 0.7521 0.640 0.520 0.002 0.3160 0.0828 0.7160 0.8742 0.6651 0.8522 2.4959 0.0581 1.810 0.8808 2.4845 0.2481 1.4985 1.4234 0.4466 1.5805 1.3408 1.1750 1.8816 0.800 0.4817 0.560 0.1968 0.660 0.3745 0.860 0.1601 1.9154 0.1510 0.2663 0.3961 0.7655 0.3107 0.005 0.0407 1.2319 1.1973 2.7722 0.7095 0.0110 0.006 0.0652 0.6352 0.2559 0.2147 0.6128 0.5187 0.1105 0.3165 1.8250 1.5948 0.1586 0.4016 0.0100 0.5622 0.670 0.890 1.7991 1.6954 1.4482 0.870 0.4097 0.3106 1.1031 1.2646 1.8274 0.1170 1.1077 1.2845 0.2793 0.1637 0.5982 1.910 0.7554 0.3880 0.5681 0.9701 1.4733 0.740 0.1850 1.5534 0.1560 0.4261 0.5.1503 1.6840 0.2055 1.8345 0.0749 2.1840 0.6372 0.680 0.6250 0.0803 0.6449 1.850 0.2173 0.2898 0.2096 0.2988 1.6098 0.1434 0.1206 0.

6 32.0 64.91 7.3 60.74 7.23 5.63 6.9 11.3 33.7 0.69 2.6 12.7 77.3 24.1 40.7 74.9 62.8 27.9 64.3 33.34 10.0158 0.6 26.0 70.77 4.9 46.8 0. Pour les valeurs de ν > 50.0 66.8 63.40 5.14 5.3 49.1 29.3 34.2 54.6 24.2 12.3 42.3 19.21 1.02 7.5 27.5 27.9 48.1 13.4 0.1 28.4 66.352 0.6 30.4 75.1 10.0717 0.6 61.39 10.65 2.57 4.0 48.6 36.9 11.2 36.0 65.0201 0.78 9.07 3.3 67.8 14.3 46.3 49.5 21.49 4.2 22.0 11.66 5.5 58.3 13.7 18.100 0.5 32.8 21.34 8.3 22.5 27.5 25.16 2.5 20.3 28.36 4.4 34.3 13.9 23.207 0.0 44.3 41.3 41.7 12.60 5.900 2.3 15.7 14.8 69.6 22.5 50.6 15.0 0.4 49.989 1.44 9.4 42.4 37.1 18.4 42.4 22.0 19.26 8.4 55.250 0.67 3.1 12.8 45.2 47.8 20.3 45.7 23.0 17.7 23.2 65.7 44.4 29.71 4.7 21.59 10.4 29.5 17.90 9.24 1.0 63.04 10.23 8.84 7.1 31.3 26.64 2.9 73.7 47.1 22.9 26.6 32.8 56.6 15.0 17.5 44.0 52.2 11.83 3.9 35.4 28.2 65.00393 0.2 62.3 35.500 0.2 35.31 10.4 25.025 0.6 14.2 0.1 22.3 11.8 68.4 63.1 40.2 41.5 45.9 25.3 29.3 37.5 19.2 29.6 28.4 43.0 33.2 17.4 26.17 2.81 6.8 51.5 45.0 78.554 0.6 43.5 0.7 29.1 47.6 15.7 51.6 43.9 34.3 28.3 23.0 27.2 16.4 13.7 34.3 0.750 1.0 20.1 39.35 6.2 30.57 4.3 20.5 13.0 33.0 22.63 8.56 8.9 30.6 46.7 16.4 13.24 10.216 0.9 20.2 28.0 42.7 21.1 57.15 1.06 1.43 8.8 18.7 38.8 14.8 30.3 16.0 26.0 53.1 59.3 58.8 17.8 16.7 12.584 1.7 34.4 25.6 40.676 0.01 7.24 1.3 39.0 15.5 12.3 48.3 23.4 12.3 57.8 31.1 30.3 22.1 39.1 24.9 54.1 54.2 10.2 28.8 14.7 27.1.7 16.6 21.6 49.5 .6 19.07 4.455 1.4 23.8 20.89 6.41 7.2 18.4 16.7 23.8 26.7 26.58 8.4 14.6 59.01 5.7 47.6 35.23 5.6 12.7 56.1 69.α ν 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 0.1 19.8 21.9 58.9 23.4 31.8 32.9 21.9 17.64 9.5 11.7 37.4 0.6 38.1 55.5 16.56 3.61 2.4 38.3 45.35 7.4 40.89 10.8 36.872 1.5 Fractiles de la loi du χ2 2 Si X ∼ χ√ ν .3 24.63 9.0 48.7 21.3 0.17 4.8 56.3 23.2 40.2 14.8 26.4 20.2 53.2 19.7 α 0.8 14.5 19.99 7.3 30.57 7.4 57.3 53.9 11.82 4.87 5.5 28.3 25.5 21.4 32.1 35.39 2.0 27.7 65.2 53.2 0.0 56.26 9.0 20.6 71.45 4.1 41.0 71.30 10.34 9.3 35.38 9.20 2.8 18.81 9.9 40.8 35.6 50. E(X) = ν et Var(X) = 2ν .6 47.8 52.92 2.6 12.115 0.1 12.8 15.73 3.8 31.3 17.25 3.0 23.7 26.0 30.9 37.6 55.91 9.010 0.2 71.1 20.4 22.90 6.3 15.5 18.3 40.1 53.9 30.9 16.4 34.18 2.3 16.484 0.3 39.2 20.8 48.8 32.3 19.9 23.3 20.5 50.3 25.1 41.2 26.3 49.α χ2ν.39 6. χ2ν.3 47.3 41.6 33.1 33.9 31.7 52.0 20.4 73.5 54.2 31.412 0.3 12.297 0.4 32.8 30.9 52.5 32.6 59.21 11.9 34.6 31.9 12.7 25.7 24.9 58.0 11.3 18.3 14.55 9.6 67.6 21.5 17.07 5.975 5.7 16.3 18.0 41.3 17.8 38.5 66.3 27.2 28.2 24.04 7.8 64.2 27.7 33.1 27.25 7.5 20.79 8.3 56.8 49.2 67.8 14.7 22.0 29.9 36.67 9.3 60.3 24.6 14.37 3.9 13.8 34.7 14.5 36.3 20.32 2.5 15.7 26.7 22.3 36.3 44.9 61.88 10.575 1.2 35.0 17.0 46.6 43.0100 0.9 0.49 11.54 10.1 59.2 45.60 3.4 37.5 36.0 26.0 38.5 33.57 5.711 1.0000393 0.9 51.8 44.050 0.9 39.8 25.9 18.1 16.26 7.7 55.2 34.2 66.3 19.5 16.7 70.1 15.9 18.6 28.8 28.2 79.3 29.0 24.58 6.2 44.0506 0.34 1.0 25.6 59.8 13.4 22.2 72.61 6.0 19.1 30.103 0.3 15.3 42.2 11.1 22.3 31.6 41.005 0.1 18.3 21.1 29.3 30.2 37.5 61.831 1. on utilisera la relation = (uα + 2ν − 1)2 /2.9 40.3 43.9 29.05 3.2 38.990 6.8 16.6 25.2 48.4 16.2 26.30 7.6 51.1 17.8 31.3 42.8 60.211 0.3 70.6 32.3 32.11 5.03 8.1 10.1 21.3 61.2 11.25 5.950 3.0 52.9 26.35 5.7 37.102 0.26 6.26 6.7 24.2 29.000982 0.1 42.3 22.3 13.0 52.94 4.3 38.4 17.5 19.2 55.8 37.3 27.7 18.7 33.1 15.0 16.4 35.84 9.6 62.2 56.1 13.1 13.63 7.2 74.3 11.1 25.3 27.5 68.4 48.0 13.2 49.9 23.995 7.6 46.8 24.000157 0.4 54.11 4.9 19.84 5.8 12.5 13.33 3.9 76.7 62.70 6.0 60.3 28.35 11.9 43.73 2.3 18.0 30.2 28.96 8.6 24.3 32.0 14.1 29.70 3.09 2.5 19.1 24.5 24.5 23.

797 2.761 1.765 0.356 1.257 0.341 1.771 1.143 2.492 2.373 3.355 3.583 2.756 2.060 2.042 2.201 2.734 1.703 0.711 0.261 0.508 2.041 4.015 3.179 2.896 2.221 4.256 0.684 1.646 2.962 2.397 1.541 3.831 2.314 1.333 1.706 4.086 2.321 1.9 3.460 3.965 4.021 2.000 0.457 2.689 0.624 2.1−α .296 1.052 2.131 2.768 3.764 3.685 0.571 0.920 2.9995 636.228 3.353 2.753 2.256 0.363 1.323 1.711 1.700 1.289 1.337 1.776 2.260 0.300 ν .080 2.701 1.311 1.313 1.528 2.316 1.440 1.708 2.747 3.860 1.257 0.256 0.819 3.485 2.140 4.479 2.587 11 12 13 14 15 0.714 1.169 5.258 0.674 3. on utilisera la relation tν.1.350 1.106 3.959 5.6 Fractiles de la loi de Student Pour les valeurs de α ≤ 0.533 1.660 2.267 0.145 2.707 3.254 0.718 2.686 0.740 1.074 2.792 3.318 1.925 5.303 3.690 3.943 1.257 0.383 1.750 3.048 2.998 2.75 1.258 0.314 2.671 1.259 0.069 2.260 0.692 0.500 2.690 0.032 0.771 2.581 3.883 3.599 12.α = −tν.602 3.303 1.328 1.681 2.408 5.518 2.787 3.073 16 17 18 19 20 0.093 2.886 1.617 2.415 1.6 0.687 1.064 2.924 8.841 4.277 0.255 0.319 1.120 2.898 2.704 2.699 1.861 2.132 2.796 1.306 2.746 1.975 12.763 2.741 0.95 6.807 2.821 2.390 2.679 0.476 0.310 1.922 3.5.646 40 60 120 1000 0.365 0.259 0.253 0.α α 1 2 3 4 5 0.325 0.250 3.256 0.99 31.878 2.895 1.263 0.781 4.947 4.703 1.345 1.078 1.015 0.921 2.650 2.686 0.681 0.725 2.833 1.318 4.325 1.256 0.447 2.697 0.677 0.257 0.365 2.707 3.782 1.282 1.684 0.257 0.258 0.256 0.330 1.729 1.552 2.256 0.779 2.819 2.706 0.256 0.330 2.691 1.262 0.683 0.110 2.467 2.725 26 27 28 29 30 0.745 3.056 2.551 3.821 6.539 2.045 2.688 0.604 4.182 2.718 0.262 2.289 0.850 21 22 23 24 25 0.437 4.499 3.717 1.000 1.254 0.995 63.675 1.012 2.271 0.697 2.816 0.659 3.869 6 7 8 9 10 0.845 4.684 1.657 9.980 1.567 2.706 1.315 1.372 1.101 2.695 0.256 0.721 1.610 6.423 2.462 2.638 1.812 2.688 0.685 0.727 0.473 2.658 1.977 2.683 0.683 1.619 31.358 2.265 0.694 0. tν.055 3.965 3.160 2.684 0.

12 2.74 1.66 2.95 1.86 1.89 2.92 2.24 2.72 1.87 2.12 1.62 1.09 2.36 2.77 1.61 1.76 2.42 1.08 120 63.20 2.83 3.84 1.20 9.57 1.99 1.32 2.66 1.51 2.50 1.Fractiles de la loi de Fisher 3.68 2.76 2.24 9.17 2.05 3.19 2.31 2.24 1.09 2.81 1.80 1.06 2.17 3.21 2.70 2.18 24 62.29 2.24 3.94 3.42 2.94 1.06 2.68 1.64 1.56 2.78 1.36 2.22 3.39 5.34 1.38 2.55 1.76 1.92 2 49.23 2.98 2.18 2.54 1.73 3 53.07 3.09 2.66 1.12 2.59 1.00 2.86 1.29 5.93 1.99 1.59 1.44 5.94 1.63 1.89 1.69 1.78 2.5.85 1.83 1.75 1.82 2.34 2.72 1.51 1.67 2.89 2.60 1.01 2.39 2.53 9.84 1.23 2.52 2.70 1.15 3.82 2.1−α .04 2.40 2.50 1.48 2.07 2.62 2.20 20 61.14 1.79 2.61 4 55.94 2.66 1.25 3.53 5.61 2.62 2.72 2.47 5.02 2.68 1.60 1.90 2.06 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 ν2 2.56 1.26 1.42 5.78 1.24 2.65 1.78 3.30 2.64 1.14 2.58 2.34 2.00 1.48 1.12 9.49 5.83 1.32 10 60.38 1.29 2.75 2.93 2.87 1.34 4.08 2.49 2.82 1.86 9.28 2.96 2.50 9.01 2.96 2.19 1.78 2.54 4.39 2.83 1.71 1.38 2.52 2.72 1.93 1.06 2.37 1.85 2.67 1.13 2.03 2.79 1.19 2.16 2.75 1.95 1.28 4.73 1.54 4.97 2.79 1.10 2.77 1.54 2.96 1.87 2.76 3.94 1.74 1.22 2.49 1.29 3.00 2.79 2.59 3.79 3.41 5.71 2.28 2.84 1.24 2.41 1.10 2.49 1.56 2.87 3.93 2.42 2.16 1.91 1.15 2.80 1.67 1.11 3.71 9.70 1.37 5.27 2.27 3.77 1.59 1.46 4.60 1.63 1.84 3.47 2.53 2.04 2.54 1.79 1.88 1.97 2.90 1.15 2.54 1.56 2.26 9.11 3.69 1.18 2.26 3.28 2.90 2.44 1.20 2.31 4.84 1.50 2.99 1.29 2.89 1.90 2.00 1.74 1.35 2.77 2.81 1.93 1.95 1.59 2.73 2.18 2.50 2.25 2.04 1.94 1.69 1.56 2.07 2.06 2.80 1.42 1.05 2.01 1.81 2.71 1.05 3.ν2 .85 1.31 2.47 1.73 1.88 1.81 2.67 1.79 2.16 3.30 2.83 2.13 3.57 1.61 2.08 2.45 5.34 1.15 2.30 1.21 3.04 2.81 1.29 1 39.23 3.39 2.38 2.15 2. on utilisera la relation : Fν1 .32 1.19 9.96 2.18 2.67 1.91 1.10 2.06 2.88 1.25 2.48 5.46 3.70 1.98 1.05 1.83 9.94 2.34 2.90 3.98 1.58 1.03 2.06 2.96 1.42 2.96 1.96 1.14 3.97 1.00 5.86 1.18 3.14 2.66 1.63 1.16 30 62.17 1.01 3.97 1.02 2.92 1.87 1.58 1.55 1.78 1.56 1.00 9.40 1.85 2.66 1.46 2.92 3.74 9.72 1.10 2.94 2.05 2.01 2.81 1.55 2.09 2.66 1.17 2.90 1.65 1.51 1.75 1.20 3.96 1.06 2.45 1.80 2.77 2.95 3.39 2.25 2.67 2.30 ν1 Fν1 .01 1.60 1.91 2.32 1.11 60 62.16 2.03 3.α = 1/Fν2 .92 2.21 2.78 1.86 8.09 2.88 2.02 2.18 2.54 2.97 2.88 1.52 2.35 9 59.16 2.01 2.61 1.31 2.13 40 62.82 1.01 1.72 1.00 1.72 1.02 2.28 2.0.99 2.55 1.96 2.62 1.92 1.40 2.65 1.05 2.87 1.67 1.46 1.67 2.49 3.51 2.78 3.84 2.19 2. 1.06 9.81 1.76 1.98 1.ν1 .68 1.11 2.89 1.93 1.73 1.75 1.41 7 58.64 2.54 2.11 2.38 8 59.35 1.7 1.33 5.64 1.52 1.49 2.81 2.87 1.32 2.46 3.16 5.44 2.28 12 60.86 1.50 2.00 1.19 1.46 2.90 1.21 1.44 9.22 9.72 2.24 1.29 1.76 2.61 1.72 1.08 2.57 1.46 5.59 2.57 1.08 2.17 1.54 1.52 1.35 2.55 2.59 9.39 4.61 2.30 2.52 5 57.57 2.75 1.55 1.43 2.63 2.99 1.47 1.22 2.70 3.36 3.37 1.93 1.89 1.34 2.72 1.98 3.13 2.00 1.76 1.91 1.23 2.89 2.94 2.72 1.78 1.61 1.69 1.86 1.74 2.47 5.95 1.92 2.18 3.69 2.23 3.62 2.82 1.79 9.12 2.18 3.06 ∞ 66.64 2.71 1.54 2.16 2.35 2.11 2.90 1.63 1.ν2 .73 2.45 1.21 2.59 1.92 1.74 2.48 1.24 15 61.21 2.06 2.98 1.33 2.71 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 60 120 ∞ 3.64 1.00 1.18 2.33 2.83 1.98 2.90 1.14 3.78 1.35 5.67 1.45 2.08 2.99 1.47 2.82 3.03 1.66 1.14 2.77 1.10 .93 1.53 1.33 2.59 2.40 1.17 2.87 2.78 2.90 1.10 3.88 2.44 2.27 3.98 1.75 2.05 2.10 2.51 1.27 2.27 Pour les petites valeurs de α ≤ 0.28 2.57 1.82 1.83 1.04 1.89 1.69 1.96 1.62 1.73 1.13 2.70 1.84 2.10 2.84 1.91 1.80 3.38 5.91 9.32 3.81 1.30 2.16 3.46 6 58.69 1.38 1.95 2.89 2.91 1.36 3.13 2.51 2.23 2.76 1.87 1.93 2.19 3.61 1.86 2.87 1.85 1.53 1.60 1.24 5.44 2.84 2.48 1.01 1.05 2.86 1.

53 5.60 2.44 3.49 2.63 3.28 6.12 2.21 2.39 5.75 2.68 5.28 2.82 2.96 2.09 2.34 3.47 8.57 2.71 2.66 1.70 2.40 2.74 2.69 3.4 19.45 2.81 3.9 19.59 3.37 3.01 2.57 3.07 2.00 3.91 12 243.51 10.86 2.75 2.45 2.84 2.28 2.74 5.03 3.86 3.70 2.09 3.66 5.99 2.11 3.54 4.35 2.23 2.37 2.1 19.98 3.64 3.37 8.94 2.91 1.28 2.90 2.33 8.97 2.83 2.27 2.75 1.ν2 .11 2.71 2.71 1.30 2.09 4.53 2.18 2.27 2.1 19.06 2.09 2.15 2.68 1.03 2.81 6.79 2.90 2.9 19.85 6.44 2.94 2.80 2.07 2.59 2.98 1.46 2.60 2.55 6.39 1.71 2.12 6.93 2.25 2.23 3.88 1.53 1.85 1.55 2.23 3.89 6.05 2.79 2.93 1.06 2.31 2.74 2.47 2.21 2.77 3.59 5.95 2.9 19.66 40 251.18 2.35 2.91 4.37 2.27 2.96 1.24 2.11 2.96 2.32 2.35 2.57 2.45 2.81 1.32 1.24 2.04 4.54 2.18 2.25 9.10 3.98 10 241.07 2.77 20 248.52 3.54 2.10 2.91 2.16 2.42 2.64 4.24 3.39 2.87 1.77 2.49 4.28 3.49 2.92 1.53 2.54 4.29 3.84 1.05 2.01 2.31 2.12 2.61 2.61 2.95 2.18 2.40 2.84 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 60 120 ∞ 5.78 2.38 3.23 2.53 4.01 1.99 5.19 2.39 2.71 3 215.66 2.59 5.43 2.64 1.76 1.50 8.85 15 245.22 2.56 2.00 3.3 19.0 19.75 1.8 19.13 2.08 2.51 2.00 3.84 1.66 2.79 4.75 4.36 2.35 1.86 4.59 4.33 2.03 2.12 2.28 3.17 4.88 1.96 1.41 2.43 2.34 2.08 2.83 1.07 3.88 2.74 2.89 3.53 2.20 3.83 2.21 3.53 2.19 2.70 2.84 1.14 7 236.82 1.00 1.31 2.94 1.46 8.46 1.9 19.12 4.74 24 249.75 1.90 1.76 4.46 4.80 2.1 19.30 9.04 2.71 4.98 2.65 1.37 2.99 1.04 2.25 2.48 3.45 8.33 3.39 3.05 3.62 2.58 2.32 2.60 4.23 4.10 3.15 3.01 2.68 3.18 4.31 2.92 3.03 2.38 2.56 1.18 3.00 1.68 2.61 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 ν2 3.7 19.70 1.55 2.20 2.51 1.47 1.26 5.65 2.63 2.62 2.01 2.94 3.34 3.57 1.74 1.65 1.77 2.97 1.00 2.78 1.10 2.20 4.58 1.42 2.87 2.58 120 253.54 2.44 3.93 2.46 2.64 1.50 1.22 2.92 1.32 5.06 4.25 2.29 3.15 2.70 1.40 3.32 4.06 3.94 1.13 7.09 2.48 8.38 8.00 9.39 3.89 1.76 3.64 2.45 2.53 2.87 3.06 2.10 2 199.01 1.16 9.99 3.81 1.35 4.85 2.69 1.30 4.15 2.79 1.21 4.19 2.35 2.11 2.40 3.94 5.84 3.23 2.43 1.17 2.01 1.4.20 2.34 2.47 3.00 4.38 2.28 4.72 4.83 2.76 2.62 60 252.04 1.08 1.48 2.29 2.69 1.18 3.67 2.60 2.47 2.74 4.55 1.50 3.69 2.95 2.98 1.62 1.21 2.87 3.38 4.20 3.02 1.26 4.73 2.96 1 161.49 2.12 3.57 5.73 1.92 2.70 3.37 .4 18.45 2.26 4.33 5 230.41 3.44 3.48 4.93 2.45 8.71 2.35 8.90 4.90 1.96 1.81 3.96 2.42 2.16 4.20 3.07 3.42 2.35 4.60 3.61 2.59 5.35 3.84 2.32 3.87 3.84 4.11 2.94 6.30 3.75 2.46 1.62 1.57 2.16 2.27 2.84 2.90 2.63 4.98 1.0.89 1.40 1.65 2.04 2.88 2.06 2.27 2.34 2.84 3.84 1.46 2.07 3.29 2.68 1.79 1.16 2.79 2.67 4.46 2.25 1.74 ν1 Fν1 .85 2.77 1.05 2.41 2.16 3.03 2.69 2.74 3.19 2.34 3.48 4 224.97 1.59 3.34 2.63 3.30 2.59 1.33 3.15 2.51 3.30 2.49 3.46 2.82 2.95 2.79 1.26 3.41 8.74 3.49 3.5 19.89 2.43 1.02 9 240.86 1.13 2.77 2.01 2.22 3.81 1.99 1.45 2.25 2.22 2.72 2.84 1.10 2.92 2.96 1.90 2.67 3.02 1.01 6.66 2.52 1.45 4.14 4.80 1.49 8.01 2.03 1.30 2.43 8.77 2.20 2.22 6 234.62 5.79 3.24 2.84 2.68 2.42 2.22 1.55 2.53 1.13 2.59 2.32 2.34 2.91 1.42 3.18 2.38 2.49 2.35 3.25 2.07 2.92 1.01 1.73 1.67 1.10 2.39 1.82 2.73 3.08 4.97 3.16 3.42 2.61 1.10 2.07 8 238.71 3.81 2.77 4.69 4.11 3.85 2.93 1.96 4.34 2.49 2.87 1.53 2.76 2.95 2.13 3.54 ∞ 395.71 6.80 4.92 3.55 5.55 3.37 2.36 3.51 3.51 2.85 2.5 19.11 3.40 8.96 1.74 1.93 2.95 1.0 19.15 2.15 2.14 2.01 2.67 2.40 2.94 1.24 4.2 19.37 3.39 2.75 1.01 2.70 5.58 3.91 1.07 3.28 2.79 1.27 2.51 2.29 4.85 1.38 2.41 3.36 2.41 4.15 3.75 4.64 5.37 2.96 2.39 3.18 2.92 1.79 5.19 2.50 1.23 2.25 2.6 19.2 19.70 30 250.66 4.25 3.60 2.12 2.

15 3.75 3.46 4.41 2.69 4.50 3.32 2.45 2.26 6.85 2.42 5.41 6.70 5.53 3.6 39.22 10.95 2.20 2.29 3.74 1.33 3.73 3.04 10.75 2.07 2.61 3.80 6.56 2.56 3.20 2.25 8.88 2.98 2.18 3.62 12 976.97 3.96 4.87 2.47 4.24 4.57 2.77 7.33 2.69 4.05 2.83 1.78 3.42 5.24 5 921.25 2.33 2.39 2.90 3.18 4.52 2.44 2.62 ν1 Fν1 .13 2.17 15.14 2.20 60 1009 39.93 2.98 5.76 3.02 2.64 2.20 3.95 3.87 2.88 2.76 1.41 3.47 4 899.09 2.46 4.54 6.68 3.30 6.08 4.38 2.13 3.31 6.67 1.2 39.78 2.17 2.79 2.01 2.46 5.33 3.10 3.55 2.96 3.10 9.65 2.04 2.25 3.81 2.00 3.27 4.63 5.59 3.84 2.99 2.62 4.45 2.29 3.66 3.72 4.29 2.36 3.18 2.24 2.51 17.51 2.61 1.05 3.45 2.45 14.73 9.52 15 984.7 39.06 5.26 5.05 2.88 1.20 6.95 7 948.61 2.44 3.05 2.86 5.36 4.54 8.88 9.18 2.85 8 956.27 3.36 7.61 5.22 3.23 1.34 2.30 2.17 4.63 3.08 8.61 3.79 2.27 2.15 2.60 5.72 5.41 3.66 5.89 3.17 2.51 2.35 3.82 2.85 1.46 14.16 3.39 2.38 4.18 2.90 8.72 6.6.46 3.51 3.15 3.14 3.56 4.57 7.63 2.67 2.10 3.94 1.40 4.45 3.58 1.82 2.07 7.95 2.78 2.63 4.57 3.72 1.90 2.04 3.77 2.76 4.73 2.19 2.37 4.29 4.11 2.89 2.17 8.80 2.06 1.43 2.33 3.47 14.01 1.06 3.40 14.25 3.29 4.25 3.80 1.78 3.78 2.77 3.07 6 937.53 2.21 2.22 3.05 4.53 1.84 2.81 8.63 2.05 1.97 2.34 3.43 2.19 2.15 3.34 3.43 3.36 6.84 3.15 5.33 3.33 2.99 8.68 2.93 2.90 4.87 5.65 8.88 1.61 3.23 3.60 3.31 2.27 1.18 3.12 4.19 2.30 14.00 2.5 39.57 2.97 1.65 3.28 1.16 2.05 3.01 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 ν2 4.67 2.27 4.28 4.28 3.08 ∞ 1018 39.12 1.25 2.60 2.00 1.46 14.07 1.2 39.12 2.79 2.25 2.04 2.70 4.22 2.72 2.09 2.03 2.10 4.88 3.13 3.41 6.60 7.05 2.89 2.06 2.00 1.72 3.39 14.08 3.21 6.07 4.39 2.53 4.48 2.49 13.44 2.02 .74 2.36 2.54 2.1 39.80 2.53 2.31 3.43 4.31 3.08 2.42 20 993.94 1.62 2.12 8.03 3.08 2.95 1.85 4.00 1.87 3.50 2.00 3.0.81 1.25 3.57 2.36 14.57 5.45 2.90 2.66 6.17 3.64 2.42 2.76 5.01 3.33 2.42 8.12 6.39 2.1 39.85 2.3 39.06 5.26 40 1005 39.30 2.91 3.59 2.87 2.49 2.16 2.79 2.72 10 968.31 2.51 4.10 3.62 9.52 5.33 14.32 4.10 3.68 2.98 7.62 2.28 3.65 2.94 2.32 4.21 2.15 2.57 4.99 5.36 2.73 2.22 4.96 2.975 2.52 4.77 3.31 3.59 5.70 2.29 3.90 6.92 5.34 8.52 4.30 2.71 2.79 3.27 2.71 5.41 5.49 2.83 3 864.89 3.39 2.08 4.94 1 647.26 2.44 2.57 3.73 2.48 1.35 3.44 3.91 1.04 5.00 16.20 5.41 3.79 2.50 13.96 1.76 2.92 2.94 1.64 1.12 3.30 3.87 2.82 3.47 4.44 12.11 2.91 2.96 2.48 3.89 1.51 2.24 4.42 4.79 5.98 2.50 2.89 3.05 2.28 2.29 5.76 3.17 3.82 1.59 2.95 8.12 4.59 5.84 2.82 2.14 2.96 5.01 3.73 3.82 5.39 3.ν2 .02 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 60 120 ∞ 8.52 2.7 39.8 38.67 4.37 3.56 2.32 2.67 3.01 2.31 30 1001 39.22 3.58 5.67 3.69 4.44 3.12 3.75 6.83 5.60 2.43 3.61 3.20 4.39 2.82 4.70 2.43 1.83 2.91 2.66 3.32 2.15 2.98 2.98 1.99 4.97 4.61 2.46 2 799.22 3.29 4.77 3.64 5.94 2.03 2.09 2.75 3.38 3.38 2.86 4.85 3.73 3.29 2.80 3.60 4.12 5.43 14.26 6.12 2.37 24 997.41 2.14 120 1014 39.78 9 963.56 6.07 6.55 2.23 5.16 2.51 3.94 2.88 2.69 2.84 3.57 2.01 1.21 2.05 2.88 1.23 3.48 3.92 2.90 4.41 14.94 2.07 2.61 2.15 6.18 1.13 3.05 3.94 1.04 8.63 2.25 15.38 3.67 2.67 2.69 5.02 2.98 6.50 2.44 9.72 2.11 2.68 3.87 3.23 2.20 3.03 3.69 1.99 2.33 2.22 2.07 2.09 3.9 39.93 3.27 2.57 2.37 2.39 2.76 2.66 3.51 6.41 2.13 2.56 3.38 3.01 4.62 2.72 2.95 3.27 2.11 2.06 3.29 5.82 1.90 2.35 4.35 4.37 14.51 2.50 3.86 4.89 5.47 2.93 1.18 2.76 2.53 2.46 3.64 2.51 4.55 6.84 6.47 2.65 4.20 6.48 13.38 2.71 2.31 1.59 3.48 4.6 39.46 6.21 3.9 39.72 2.66 2.39 3.01 2.12 4.20 3.07 1.41 2.73 2.24 2.32 2.04 3.47 8.75 5.2 39.82 4.67 3.51 2.67 2.89 2.

32 2.58 4.57 4.42 5.17 2.00 2.72 4.30 3.99 6.34 3.74 4.9.84 6.03 3.62 5.98 2.70 4.60 3.47 2.52 3.56 2 4999.31 6.68 7.92 9.43 3.14 2.82 3.89 2.18 5.62 3.0.23 5.50 3.85 3.50 4.20 1.77 3.98 4.89 9.49 2.12 2.86 8.12 3.78 5.75 2.29 2.72 7.31 5.02 3.05 7.83 3.30 28.73 4.58 2.46 9.93 2.20 16.93 6.65 4.97 5.81 3.41 20 6209 99.80 5.44 4.63 4.12 2.75 3.35 2.16 2.74 5.41 2.01 4.26 10.67 2.98 11.11 2.51 4.23 14.16 5.31 4.66 2.10 2.42 3.29 8.34 4.41 5.19 4.39 5.23 6.17 2.01 3.64 7.56 8.04 1 4052 98.68 8.65 2.57 6.26 3.20 2.96 3.10 8.72 2.78 2.18 4.26 4.45 2.05 ν1 Fν1 .64 3.50 2.52 10.71 3.55 10.26 3.57 2.18 3.99 6.36 2.83 2.18 3.64 3.85 7.27 3.23 4.72 6.55 2.36 4.62 3.82 4.31 3.91 5.90 3.59 3.76 4.35 14.42 2.06 4.79 2.73 1.41 13.03 3.82 4.56 9.40 6.76 2.36 27.43 26.00 2.93 5.37 4.50 4.61 5.76 1.47 2.00 2.84 2.46 4.95 5.39 4.45 26.42 3.10 5.20 2.99 2.69 3.76 3.51 3.27 4.82 2.56 2.74 4.77 4.81 4.92 2.10 4.17 4.49 2.82 5.84 1.64 4.62 2.93 2.66 3.50 3.36 3.43 3.78 8.75 2.36 3.36 2.60 4.66 10.40 4.96 2.46 2.62 4.36 3.54 3.39 27.00 120 6339 99.78 3.39 6 5859 99.58 2.80 2.23 2.12 21.64 5 5764 99.90 2.64 2.49 26.10 6.21 5.65 3.84 3.22 4.52 7.67 3.82 7.19 2.08 60 6313 99.26 3.52 3.68 3.53 5.65 8.86 4.02 9.42 27.89 7.01 3.03 1.25 28.94 9 6022 99.56 10.59 6.03 2.08 3.29 3.46 4.55 2.30 4.20 2.34 3.78 3.06 8 5982 99.50 13.65 9.63 2.54 4.79 3.84 3.88 2.11 1.68 5.75 2.63 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 60 120 ∞ 13.16 3.03 2.47 3.05 14.29 3.07 3.40 2.01 6.17 3.31 7.17 40 6287 99.07 8.54 3.02 3.59 3.37 9.47 2.32 5.11 4.75 2.23 2.03 3.82 18.14 4.99 2.89 3.67 2.15 3.26 2.06 5.87 6.59 3.70 6.01 2.96 2.66 1.94 3.91 15.58 2.46 4.12 1.48 4.21 2.61 5.32 3.40 2.60 2.37 7.11 6.72 2.46 2.51 6.06 5.89 4.41 3.80 3.23 3.97 3.61 3.95 2.34 2.58 2.39 3.02 .37 4.47 5.10 3.09 4.50 34.31 3.67 14.47 5.07 3.54 2.67 3.87 2.33 3.35 2.72 5.69 14.84 2.54 4.15 7.56 7.27 2.87 4.22 13.19 6.47 26.17 29.73 2.09 3.37 2.25 30 6261 99.01 5.35 4.49 5.94 6.52 4.35 3.98 6.06 3.73 3.17 3.53 8.17 3.69 4.36 10.56 6.80 10.93 2.92 1.60 3.74 2.63 2.47 2.33 27.95 7.44 2.41 3.39 2.98 3.88 7.11 4.89 2.77 7.69 12.95 4.75 12.00 2.88 2.46 3.04 4.29 2.45 3.57 2.51 3.31 2.22 5.66 2.00 2.75 7.13 7.07 4.93 3.29 2.66 2.26 3.26 4.48 3.55 8.46 26.37 5.75 9.38 2.04 2.47 26.21 7.40 4.60 1.06 2.94 1.28 4.70 3.94 3.29 7.47 7.08 6.44 4.08 3.72 2.56 3.30 2.14 8.84 2.37 27.92 2.82 3.02 1.32 13.37 3.02 2.87 14.45 3.85 4.35 3.45 7.13 3.87 6.72 5.30 3.85 10 6056 99.29 2.12 3.13 3.42 5.70 2.51 3.65 9.18 5.48 26.10 3.03 2.79 4.09 5.26 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 ν2 5.38 1.93 9.94 3.43 5.32 4.59 2.13 2.94 3.65 4.25 4.69 3.38 2.18 3.33 2.70 3.12 13.67 7.33 24 6235 99.15 3.83 2.09 2.87 5.64 4.33 2.20 9.47 2.29 5.80 3.70 3.99 3.70 4.5 99.55 2.45 3.52 2.91 5.39 3.02 4.03 5.11 1.43 3.40 3.79 2.78 4.61 5.66 2.86 3.88 5.20 4.40 8.21 10.60 13.03 1.21 2.56 15 6157 99.30 4.14 4.85 7.69 3.00 8.49 2.00 13.86 4.17 3.35 2.04 3.80 2.00 30.21 6.07 4.66 3.95 3.86 3.78 3.86 1.00 2.53 3.91 ∞ 6366 99.53 1.59 3.16 3.49 14.59 26.92 2.56 4.80 7.09 3.24 15.40 27.20 3.78 3.46 16.66 5.51 3.94 4.18 8.42 9.31 3.26 2.18 4.84 9.50 2.63 3.86 4.02 7.78 2.81 2.99 4 5625 99.50 2.12 4.71 3.55 3 5403 99.85 6.23 3.70 2.71 15.32 3.71 12 6106 99.60 7.99 5.14 5.80 1.25 11.52 2.63 4.06 3.21 3.99 3.33 9.81 5.18 2.67 5.10 3.75 2.28 4.55 2.51 3.32 8.66 2.25 3.63 6.ν2 .31 4.03 4.57 4.51 3.54 3.67 4.95 1.30 3.02 7.20 4.26 6.98 10.55 3.07 5.78 3.45 5.67 5.89 2.96 4.41 3.46 6.25 4.17 3.22 3.56 5.31 2.20 7 5928 99.04 4.96 6.

01 4 Test de Wilcoxon Soient X1 .05 3. .3 Tests unilatéraux pour α = 0.90) et intervalle unilatéral (1 − α = 0.4 Tests unilatéraux pour α = 0. .4 Intervalle bilatéral (1 − α = 0. .95) et intervalle unilatéral (1 − α = 0. Par convention on suppose n1 ≤ n2 .1 Test bilatéral On rejette H0 : FX = FY par rapport à H1 : FX 6= FY si WX ≤ B ou WX ≥ n1 (n1 + n2 + 1) − B .995) 3 Puissance du test de Student 3.1 Tests bilatéraux pour α = 0.98) et intervalle unilatéral (1 − α = 0.99) 2.05 3. 4.01 3. Xn1 et Y1 . . .2 Intervalle bilatéral (1 − α = 0.99) et intervalle unilatéral (1 − α = 0. On note WX la somme des rangs des observations issues de l'échantillon de X .2 Intervalles de conance pour une proportion 2. B étant la valeur lue dans la table.95) 2. .3 Intervalle bilatéral (1 − α = 0.1 Intervalle bilatéral (1 − α = 0.2 Tests bilatéraux pour α = 0.975) 2. . Yn2 les deux échantillons. α = 5% . .

n1 n2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 31 32 17 18 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 37 38 39 40 42 43 45 46 26 27 29 31 32 34 35 37 38 40 42 43 45 46 48 50 51 53 55 57 58 60 62 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 49 51 53 55 58 60 63 65 67 70 72 74 77 79 82 85 87 89 92 94 96 63 65 68 71 73 76 79 82 84 87 90 93 95 99 102 104 107 110 113 116 78 81 85 88 91 94 97 100 103 107 110 114 117 120 123 126 129 133 136 96 99 103 106 110 114 117 121 124 128 132 136 139 143 146 150 154 157 115 119 123 127 131 135 139 144 148 152 156 160 164 168 172 176 180 137 141 145 150 154 159 163 168 172 177 181 185 190 194 199 203 160 164 169 175 179 184 189 194 199 203 208 213 218 223 228 185 190 195 201 205 211 216 222 226 232 237 242 247 253 α = 1% n1 n2 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 15 16 17 17 18 19 20 21 22 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 36 37 38 39 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 31 34 35 37 38 40 41 43 44 46 47 49 50 52 53 55 57 58 59 60 62 63 43 45 47 49 51 53 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 71 73 75 76 78 80 56 58 61 63 65 67 70 72 74 76 78 81 83 85 87 89 91 94 96 98 71 74 76 79 81 84 86 89 92 94 97 99 102 104 107 109 112 115 117 87 90 93 96 99 102 105 108 111 113 116 119 122 125 128 131 134 137 106 109 112 115 119 122 125 128 132 135 138 142 145 148 152 155 159 125 129 133 137 140 144 147 151 155 158 162 166 170 173 177 181 147 151 155 159 163 167 171 175 179 184 188 192 196 200 204 171 175 179 184 188 193 197 201 206 210 215 220 224 229 .

B étant la valeur lue dans la table. α = 5% n1 n2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 11 6 6 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 19 19 20 21 21 22 23 23 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 19 20 21 23 24 26 27 28 30 31 33 34 35 37 38 40 42 44 45 47 48 49 50 52 28 29 31 33 35 37 38 40 42 44 46 47 49 51 53 56 58 59 61 63 65 67 69 39 41 43 45 47 49 52 54 56 58 61 63 65 67 71 73 75 77 79 82 83 86 51 54 56 59 62 64 67 69 72 75 77 80 83 86 89 92 94 97 100 102 105 66 69 72 75 78 81 84 87 90 93 96 99 103 106 109 112 115 118 121 125 82 86 89 92 96 99 103 106 110 113 117 121 125 128 131 135 138 142 145 100 104 108 112 116 120 123 127 131 136 140 144 147 152 155 160 163 167 120 125 129 133 138 142 146 151 156 160 164 169 173 177 182 186 190 142 147 152 156 161 167 171 176 181 186 190 195 200 205 209 214 166 171 176 183 188 193 198 203 208 213 219 224 229 234 239 192 198 203 210 215 221 226 232 237 243 248 254 259 265 α = 1% n1 n2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 13 9 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 18 19 19 20 21 21 22 23 23 24 25 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 37 39 24 25 27 28 29 30 32 33 34 36 37 39 40 41 43 44 45 47 48 49 51 52 54 34 35 37 39 40 42 44 45 47 49 51 52 54 56 58 59 61 63 64 66 67 70 45 47 49 51 53 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 77 79 81 83 85 87 59 61 63 66 68 71 73 76 78 81 83 85 88 91 93 95 97 100 102 105 74 77 79 82 85 88 91 93 96 99 102 105 108 111 113 116 119 122 125 91 94 97 100 103 107 110 113 116 120 122 126 129 133 135 139 142 145 109 113 116 120 124 127 131 135 138 142 145 149 153 156 160 164 l67 130 134 138 142 146 150 153 158 161 166 169 174 177 182 185 190 152 156 161 165 170 174 179 183 187 192 196 201 205 209 214 176 181 185 191 195 200 205 210 214 219 224 229 233 239 .4.  H1 : FX < FY si WX ≥ n1 (n1 + n2 + 1) − B .2 Test unilatéral On rejette H0 : FX = FY par rapport à :  H1 : FX > FY si WX ≤ B .

n 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Test bilatéral risque 5% 0 2 3 5 8 10 13 17 21 25 29 34 40 46 52 59 66 73 81 89 risque 1% 0 1 3 5 9 9 12 15 19 23 27 32 37 43 49 55 61 68 n 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Tests unilatéraux risque 5% 2 2 5 8 10 13 17 21 25 30 35 41 47 53 60 68 75 83 92 101 risque 1% 2 4 7 9 12 15 19 23 27 32 37 43 48 53 61 68 76 .  H1 : M > 0 si W+ ≥ n(n + 1)/2 − B . On rejette H0 : M = 0 par rapport à :  H1 : M < 0 si W+ ≤ B . et W+ la somme des rangs des diérences positives.5 Test de Wilcoxon signé Soit M la médiane de Y − X .  H1 : M 6= 0 si W+ ≤ B ou W+ ≥ n(n + 1)/2 − B . B étant la valeur lue dans l'une des tables ci-dessous (test unilatéral ou bilatéral).

318 .339 .521 .231 .274 .361 .32 .15 .19 .322 .90 .07 √ n 1.313 .326 .14 .99 n 1 2 3 4 5 .36 √ n 1.19 .370 .80 .17 .18 .391 .325 .563 .295 .244 .272 .405 .564 .486 .468 .22 .470 .525 .494 .266 .25 .734 .597 .301 .258 .409 .95 .776 .900 .252 .274 .294 .418 .19 .486 11 12 13 14 15 .237 .14 √ n 1.342 .21 .925 .684 .457 .21 .283 .21 .618 .23 .246 .975 .829 .995 .259 .474 .381 .24 .433 .85 .624 .391 .360 .20 .295 .543 .27 .314 .242 .358 .309 .22 .708 .29 .18 1.63 √ n 60 70 80 90 100 ∞ 1.842 .254 .411 .21 .352 .286 .23 .929 .368 .361 .436 .950 .514 .388 .264 .304 .380 .577 .22 √ n .726 .450 .404 16 17 18 19 20 .307 .278 .565 .266 .352 25 30 35 40 50 .302 .250 .338 .16 .14 .381 .264 .349 .669 6 7 8 9 10 .410 .292 .19 .328 .432 .446 .438 .642 .6 Distribution de Kolmogorov Dn.375 .510 .1−α 1−α .338 .

centré µk = E([X − E(X)]k ) discret : p(x1 . . xn ) = f( x1 ) . . p(xn ) Qn continu : f (x1 . . . . . n} {0. . Cov(X. (Xn ) → X P (Xn ) → a P (Xn ) → X en loi L (Xn ) → X Dénitions ∃A ⊂ Ω tq P (A) = 1 p. notations f (x) Student Fisher Lois discrètes Domaine {1. .) R (ϕ strictement crois. .b] (x) 1 x−µ 2 √ 1 e− 2 ( σ ) 2πσ 2 χ2n E(θ) −θx θe Var(X) (b−a)2 12 2 σ Pn 1 (N(0. . n} =⇒ ( i∈I Ai ) = Q i∈I P (Ai ) Propriétés P (∅) = 0 P (A) = 1 − P (A) P (A ∪ B) = P (A) + P (B) − P (A ∩ B) Th. . P xn ) = i=1 P F (xi ) E(X1 . . .a. =⇒ Cvg en probabilité =⇒ Cvg en loi P E(Xn ) → a et Var(Xn ) → 0 =⇒ (Xn ) → a χ2 n n χ2 m m ) . si P (A ∩ B) = P (A)P (B) T A1 . . 1))2 q N(0. . . . 1)/ n(m−4)(m−2)2 ( χ2 n n )/( Convergence stochastique presque-sûre en probabilité p. n} IN E(X) (n + 1)/2 p np λ Lois continues Var(X) (n2 − 1)/12 p(1 − p) np(1 − p) λ Domaine E(X) IR a+b 2 IR µ IR+ IR+ n 1/θ 2n 1/θ 2 Tn IR 0 (n > 1) Fn. . Xn ) = E(X1 ) .s. 1] tq P (Ω) = 1 et ∪n∈IN An ∈ A Ai incompatibles ⇒ P ( S Ai ) = P P (Ai ) P (A∩B) P (A|B) = P (B) A et B ind. . (Xn − X) → 0 ∀ et ∀ω ∈ A lim Xn (ω) = a et η. E(Xn ). . . . indépendantes p(x) continu : densité f et P (X ∈ I) = I f (x)dx 0 F (x) = P (X ≤ x) P. Y ) = E[(X − E(X))(Y − E(Y ))] = E(XY ) − E(X)E(Y ) non centré mk = E(X k ) . F = f pour 1 v. p) P(λ) p(x) 1/n px (1 − p)1−x x x Cn p (1 − p)n−x x e−λ λx! Loi uniforme normale chi-deux exponent. . . . . a. . P ) dans (IR. . . de Bayes P (B|A) = et P (A|B)P (B) P (A) A ⊂ B ⇒ P (A) P ≤ P (B) P (∪Ai ) ≤ P (Ai ) (B1 . F continue à droite et croissante de de 0 à 1. d'1 v. xn ) = p(x1 ) .) ou G = P R E(X) = xp(x) ou xf (x)dx et E(ϕ(X)) = ϕ(x)p(x) ou ϕ(x)f (x)dx Var(X) = E([X − E(X)]2 ) = E(X 2 ) − [E(X)]2 Cov(X. 1} {0. ind. f( xp ) ou F (x1 . p) B(n. A) Proba. conditionnelle Indépendance Indép. Y ) = 0. .s. .s. . Bn ) partition de Ω ⇒ P (Bi |A) = PP (A|Bi )P (Bi ) j P (A|Bj )P (Bj ) Variables aléatoires Variable aléatoire Loi de probabilité application mesurable de (Ω.7 Formulaire Probabilités Expérience aléatoire Espace fondamental Événement élémentaire Événement aléatoire Tribu A sur Ω Probabilité sur (Ω. A. Var( Xi ) = Var(Xi ) R F.b] N(µ. . . An mut. . si ∀I ⊂ {1. B) PX (B) = P ({ω ∈ Ω|X(ω) ∈ B}) = P (X −1P (B)) discret : p(x) = P (X = x) et P (X ∈ B) = x∈B Espérance Variance et covariance Moments d'ordre k V. . . ∃n0 tel que n > n0 entraîne P (|Xn − X| > ) < η P (Xn − X) → 0 (Fn ) → F en tout point de continuité de F Propriétés Cvg p.m IR+ m m−2 n n−2 (n > 2) 2m2 (n+m−2) U[a.a. . .s. (Xn ) → a p. de répartition F. σ 2 ) 1 b−a 1[a. continue discret : p(a) = {x|ϕ(x)=a} p(x) continu :P G = F ◦ ϕ−1 1 − F ◦ ϕ−1 (ϕ strictement déc. . mutuelle Dénitions expérience dont le résultat ne peut être prévu a priori ensemble des résultats d'une expérience aléatoire (souvent noté Ω) élément de l'espace fondamental événement vrai ou faux suivant le résultat d'une expérience aléatoire (⊂ Ω) Ω∈A A∈A⇒A∈A P : A → [0. ϕ(X) notée P (X ∈ B) Lois de probabilités Loi uniforme Bernoulli binomiale Poisson notations U(n) B(1.

X1 .1−(α∗ /2) Régression et b SXY S a = Y − XY x S2 S2 X X 2 2 2 (a. . .1− α2 b Intervalle de conance pour une prévision : [Yb0 − tn−2.Échantillon X = X−µ σ √ n µ σ2 1 n d'un PStatistiques usuelles P échantillon ∗2 2 1 Xi S = n−1 ∼ N(0. Xn ) = A(n.N −K.θ) ) Tests Tests non paramétriques E(WX ) = n(n+m+1) et Var(WX ) = nm(n+m+1) 2 12 n(n+1) E(W+ ) = 4 et Var(W+ ) = n(n+1)(2n+1) 24 Test de normalité √ Région critique pour α = 0. Y σc ] où b σc = b σ 1 n Pn 1+ i=1 1 n + b ε2i (x0 −x)2 nS 2 X .1−α k=1 P :P SSW SSW = (Xki − Xk )2 et M SW = N −K k i P SSB SSB = nk (Xk − X)2 et M SB = K−1 k  P 2 2 M SB M SW ∼ FK−1.85 √ n 0. 1) P (Xi −µ)2 σ2 i si σ2 connue ∼ χ2n X1 .1− α2 b σc . . pivotales associées à 2 échantillons gaussiens indépendants de taille n et m S ∗2 S ∗2 X−Y −(µX −µY ) p ∼ TN −2 (si même variance) ( X )/( Y2 ) ∼ Fn−1. Xn P 2 2 1 Xi − nX ) n−1 ( i gaussien de taille n (Xi − X) = F. .895 − 0. σ 2 ) S nS X X n 2 1 (Yi − Y )2 = b2 SX Sres = n i=1 2 n σ = n−2 Sres bb = 2 SY = Sreg + Sres avec Sreg ba ∼ N P 1 = n et b b b b N et Pn i=1 bi )2 = (Yi − Y q b0 + tn−2. σn (1 + x2 )) b ∼ (b. pivotales associées à un échantillon i X−µ S∗ √ n ∼ Tn−1 (n−1)S ∗2 σ2 si µ connue si σ2 inconnue ∼ χ2n−1 si µ inconnue F.035 Analyse de la variance PK Région critique du test de Bartlett (N − K) ln(S ∗2 ) − (nk − 1) ln(Sk∗2 ) > χ2K−1.85 √ n − 0.01)Dn > 1.01 : ( n + 0. .m−1 σ2 σ X 1+ 1 n m S∗ Y Estimation Précision d'un estimateur E[(θˆ − θ)2 ]  ln L 2  2 (u0 (θ))2 où In (θ) = E ( ∂ ∂θ ) = −E( ∂ ln2 L ) Borne de CR In (θ) ∂θ u0 (θ) ln L CNS d'ecacité : ∂ ∂θ (θ. .01)Dn > 0.λ où λ = Procédure LSD : µk et µl signicativement diérents si k √ nk αk /σ X k −X l M SW (1/nk +1/nl ) > tN −K. . . θ)(ˆ u − u(θ)) (on a Var(ˆ u) = A(n.05 : ( n + √ Région critique pour α = 0.