This document is not an API Standard; it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received

all approvals required to become an API Standard. It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted, in whole or in part, outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept. Copyright API. All rights reserved.

API RP 5LT RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR TRUCK TRANSPORTATION OF LINE PIPE

Balloted Edition – REVISED FOR COMMENTS SPECIAL NOTES (by API Staff)

FOREWORD

Note: Trucks are used to describe the combination of tractor and trailer. (other API foreword language ).

Page 1 of 7

containerized or unitized loads are permissible. 3.1 5.3 4. To prevent contact during shipping. in whole or in part.0 5. TRAILER CONDITION Trailers used to ship pipe shall be reasonably free of foreign materials and debris. particularly those of such sizes and hardness that could damage pipe during shipment and handling or that could contribute to movement of the pipe during shipping. For 80 ft (24 m) nominal lengths of pipe. The shipper shall determine the necessity of separator strips ensuring the unitized load is stable within the container and metal to metal contact is not possible except between adjacent pipe and as permitted by clause 5. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard. a minimum of eight (8) bearing strips per pipe shall be used.1 3. 6.0 2. including transit fatigue. Upon consultation with purchaser and party unloading the pipe. step bed trailers 5. 5.2. 2. When transporting coated pipe. outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept. 1.0 TYPE OF TRAILERS One of the following types of trailers shall be used: • Flat Bed Trailers (including stretch trailers) • Arch Trailers (sometime referred to as aluminum trailers) • Pole Trailers (requirements that apply to the use of pole trailers are stated in Section 12. • If agreed.This document is not an API Standard.1 For overhang more than approximately 1.3 6. bearing strips are defined as the load bearing dunnage separating the pipe load from the trailer bed. to minimize transportation damage.1 Overhang 6. trailers that have metallic protrusions on the bed or side wall that require excessively thick bearing strips or side stakes shall not be used. the truck and trailer shall be equipped with mud guards to prevent stones and other debris from impacting the loads.1.1.2 3.2 CONTAINERIZED LOADS By agreement between the shipper.A minimum of four (4) bearing strips per pipe shall be used for 40 ft (12 m) nominal lengths of pipe (or less). It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted. SCOPE General The recommendations provided herein apply to the transportation of coated or bare line pipe on trailer pulled by truck in sizes 2 3/8” (60.0 PURPOSE This recommended practice was developed and exists. Page 2 of 7 . the shipper shall determine the necessity of bottom bearing strips considering the unloading party’s ability to unload the pipe.5 times nominal diameter . purchaser and the party responsible for unloading the pipe.0 3. a minimum of six (6) bearing strips per pipe shall be used.0 BEARING STRIPS For purposes of this recommended practice. for bare and coated line pipe of sizes 2 3/8” and greater.0 of this document). For 60 ft (18 m) nominal lengths of pipe. All rights reserved. Copyright API.3 mm) and larger.

5 Materials 6.3 to 406.2 SEPARATOR STRIPS Separator strips are defined as the dunnage used for separating layers of pipe in the load and are used where pipe layers are not nested. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard.) that could come in contact with the pipe. 6. 7. one bearing strip should be positioned in the approximate center of the load and others spaced appropriately. 6. and • approximately 1/4 in (6. The maximum spacing of bearing strips shall not exceed 10 ft (3 m).1. Separator strips shall be located so as to be in approximate vertical alignment with the bottom bearing pieces. bottom bearing pieces may require shims to ensure that the load is level and in contact with all bottom pieces. and firmly attached to stakes. Bearing strip thickness shall not exceed bearing strip width. Bearing strips with rounded corners. steel shavings. 6.1 The thickness of the bearing strips shall be sufficient to prevent pipe from touching the bed or protrusions thereon and to allow sufficient spacing to accommodate handling with forklifts.5 times nominal diameter .4. Bearing strip dimensions shall not be less than 2 in (50 mm) nominal thickness and 4 in (100 mm) nominal width. a minimum of five (5) bearing strips per pipe shall be used. where required because of uneven trailer sides.3 If arch trailers are used. bearing strips shall be solidly attached across the width of the trailer deck and shall be spaced to accommodate loading and unloading by forklift.2 Bearing strips shall be free of metallic protrusions (nails.3. 6. in whole or in part.1 If an odd number of bearing strips are used. For 80 ft (24 m) nominal lengths of pipe. Copyright API.1 Bearing strips shall be wood of appropriate strength. It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted.2 Positioning 6. outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept.3.1 Wooden blocking.5.1 7.4 Side protection shall be provided for pipe shipped in trailers where the pipe may contact the sides of the trailer. 6. 6. 6.2 For overhang less than or equal to approximately 1. 6.4 Dimensions 6. ends of shorter pipe shall have supports near the pipe ends regardless of the vertical alignment of Page 3 of 7 . dimensions and condition to properly support the load for which it is intended. For 60 ft (18 m) nominal lengths of pipe.3 In all cases. should be positioned between trailer sides and stakes.3.3 Blocking and Shimming 6.3.5. a minimum of seven (7) bearing strips per pipe shall be used.2. etc.5 mm) for pipe diameters 16 in (406.2 All intermediate bearing strips shall be level with respect to the end bearing strips within: • approximately 1/2 in (13 mm) for pipe diameters 6 5/8 to 16 in (168. 6.2.This document is not an API Standard. 6. with splits or showing signs of rotting shall not be used. In the case of a load containing varying lengths of pipe.4 mm) and larger or for pipe having a D/t ratio greater than or equal to 55.2.A minimum of three (3) bearing strips per pipe shall be used for 40 ft (12 m) nominal lengths of pipe (or less).2 Blocking used for leveling shall be firmly attached to the bearing strips. staples. • At loader’s discretion for pipe diameters less than 6 5/8 (168. All rights reserved.3 mm) and for pipe having D/t ratio less than 55.4 mm) exclusive.0 7. 6.

etc. End hooks and adjacent cables shall have sufficient protection with a durable non-metallic padding to prevent damage to pipe ends or surfaces. outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept.) that could come in contact with the pipe.1 SAWL & COWL Pipe 10. pipe and coatings.0 POSITIONING & LOADING OF PIPE WITH FILLER METAL 10. separator strips should not be placed in a location which would cause a bending moment on an unsupported section of pipe.5 9. If agreed. fork tips and clamps shall be properly padded to protect the pipe being handled and adjacent pipe in the load or stack. If steel end hooks are used to handle the pipe. they shall be designed to prevent pipe end damage and shall be lined with a cushioning material such as rubber.This document is not an API Standard. in whole or in part. It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted. 8. or aluminum in the area where the hook contacts the pipe end bevel and land face. steel shavings. The slings shall also be placed in positions to maximize load stability and to prevent injury or damage to personnel.6 9. bronze. shall also be used to handle bare pipe. adjacent pipe or other objects does not occur. etc. and padded forklifts) that prevents the pipe or coating from having contact with brass. the remainder of the load.3 9.2 9. For pipe with D/t ratios less than 55.1 Pipe with filler metal weld seams shall be positioned or padded in such a manner that the weld does not contact either the blocking or adjacent pipe. composite. and configuration to fit the internal curvature of the pipe. Page 4 of 7 . they shall be made of a non-metallic material. If slings are used for pipe handling.1 OVERHANG LOADS For purposes of this recommended practice. clamps. overhang is defined as the distance from the rearmost bottom bearing piece on the truck bed to the rear end of the bottom layer of pipe.1 9.3 9.3. Lifting shall be carried out in such a manner that impact loading sufficient to cause local denting or out-of-roundness of pipe body. Separator strips with rounded corners. or any other copper alloy shall be used.2 8. HANDLING EQUIPMENT Handling equipment (including end hooks. End hooks shall have sufficient width.4 9.7 10. the maximum overhang shall be no more than approximately one and a half (1½) times the nominal pipe diameter. Copyright API. vacuum lifts. For pipe with D/t ratios of 55 or greater. padded forks.3.1. 7. However. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard. 8. When forklifts are used for handling coated pipe. such as nylon banding and shall have sufficient strength to safely support the load. slings.2 Separator strips shall be free of metallic protrusions (nails. 7.3 Materials 7. depth. All rights reserved. staples. the maximum overhang shall be no more than one and a half (1 ½) times pipe diameter or as agreed between the shipper and the purchaser. dimensions and condition to properly support the load for which it is intended.0 8.1 Separator strips shall be wood of appropriate strength. with splits or showing signs of rotting shall not be used. pipe ends.0 9. plastic. copper.

It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted.2 and unless provisions exist that prevent metal-tometal contact between adjacent pipes. As a minimum.2.1 Page 5 of 7 .0) do not apply. 11.2. It is the responsibility of the carrier to choose the number and location of straps to ensure pipes are adequately secured to the trailer and to secure the load in accordance with all governmental regulations. weld seams shall be oriented to avoid contact with steel banding straps. steel chains may be used for tie-downs. the weld seam shall be positioned at 45º. Note: The type of coating should be considered in determining whether or not to use ropes. ropes surrounding each pipe are not required for transport over short distances.2 Cradles shall be situated within metallic bunks attached to the trailer. 4 in (100 mm) wide that are designed to be tightened by ratcheting-type devices. 12. Unless otherwise agreed to by the purchaser. All rights reserved. sufficient padding to prevent damage shall be used to separate the chains from direct contact with the pipe.1 At least one wood cradle at each end of the pipe load shall replace bearing and separator strips. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard. pipe with a straight filler metal weld seam shall be positioned with the seam in a vertical orientation (12 or 6 o’clock positions) in order to prevent pipe-to-weld seam contact.2.2.This document is not an API Standard. Emphasis should be placed on minimizing load shifting and subsequent damage to the pipe load. spiral pipe on the bottom layer should be rotated while loading to prevent weld seams from contacting bottom bearing strips.5º. bare and coated spiral weld pipe shall have at least four (4) ropes of sufficient diameter and quality to prevent metal-to-metal contact surrounding each joint of pipe prior to loading. Copyright API. 10. 12. Where this is not possible. Ropes should not be used for polyethylene or polypropylene coating due to the likelihood of coating damage. 12.2 When horizontal bearing strips are used.3 When the pipe is nested. 10. 12. in whole or in part.2. 10.3 POLE TRAILERS General When pole trailers are used to transport pipe. Where chains are used. In this case. If agreed between shipper and end user.2 If agreed.3 Where possible.1. the contact area of the cradles shall be covered with clean cushioning material such as carpet remnants or rubber.2.1.2 11.1 BANDING AND TIE-DOWN The quantity of nylon bands (or equivalent) to secure the cargo on the trailer shall be determined according to their safe working load along with the weight of the cargo to be secured.0 11. 10. unless otherwise agreed to by the purchaser. the sections of this document addressing bearing and separator pieces (Sections 5. 10. and 11. 12.0 through 8.2 SAWH & COWH Pipe As helical seam pipe (spiral weld) has a weld seam that winds around the pipe. special care shall be taken to minimize contact with the seam. +/. 11.0 12. there shall be at least 3 bands. sufficient padding shall be used on the bottom strips to protect the weld seam. they shall be tightened with ratcheting-type devices. from vertical.0.1 Except as permitted by clause 10. 10.2.3 When transporting coated pipe.2.2 Cradles 12.4 The nominal cradle width of each cradle shall be at least 8 in (200 mm). outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept.

14. in whole or in part. All rights reserved.2 Damaged Pipe 14.3 If agreed between shipper and end user.4 Overhang The distance from the rear load bearing contour to the pipe end (overhang) shall be minimized giving due consideration to end swing from truck movement.2 Pipe loads shall be secured to the pole trailer using a nylon (or equivalent) band at least 4 in (100 mm) wide over each load bearing point and shall be tightened by a ratcheting-type device.0 LOADING DIAGRAMS Loading diagrams which demonstrate compliance to this recommended practice shall be available upon request. outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept.This document is not an API Standard.1 Unless authorized by the purchaser. 12. 12.1 When pole trailers are used for transporting nominal pipe lengths greater than 40 ft (12 m) a nylon “belly strap” shall be placed around the approximate middle of the pipe load and tightened to unitize the load.2 Pipe damage detected during transportation or unloading should be promptly reported (with photographs if possible) to the owner and the party responsible for the transportation. 12. appropriately marked and set aside for further disposition.0 14.5 Protection during Transport Pole trailers and tractors shall be equipped with fenders and mud flaps to sufficiently protect pipe and coating from impact damage from gravel and other debris flying up from the roadway. 13. 14.2.1 Page 6 of 7 . Copyright API.3. 12. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard. steel chains may be used for tie-downs. Where chains are used they shall be tightened by ratcheting-type devices. INSPECTION Purchaser Access The purchaser’s representative (or inspector) shall have access to loading and unloading facilities with reasonable advance notice of loading and unloading activities.3 Strapping 12. In this case.3. 12.3. The pipe load shall be secured to ensure load shifting and subsequent damage is minimized.2. damaged pipe shall not be transported.4 It is the responsibility of the carrier to choose the number and location of straps to ensure pipes are adequately secured to the trailer and to secure the load in accordance with all governmental regulations. 12. sufficient padding to prevent damage shall be used to separate the chains from direct contact with the pipe load.3. 14. If damaged pipe is detected on board. it shall be noted on the bill of lading and the pipe marked by the carrier (or the inspector) to indicate pre-transit damage.5 Consideration shall be given to wider cradles or additional contours when transporting pipe with nominal lengths greater than 60 ft (18 m) 12. It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted.2.

This document is not an API Standard. outside of API committee activities except with the approval of the Chairman of the committee having jurisdiction and staff of the API Standards Dept. it is under consideration within an API technical committee but has not received all approvals required to become an API Standard. Bibliography API 5L API RP 5L1 API RP 5LW Specification for Line Pipe Recommended Practice for Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe Recommended Practice for Transportation of Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels Page 7 of 7 . It shall not be reproduced or circulated or quoted. Copyright API. in whole or in part. All rights reserved.