You are on page 1of 3

Directive Principles of State Policy by Vkv - Presentation Transcript

1. 2. Directive Principles of State Policy . . The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It came into existence on January 26, 1950.

o o o o o o

It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 444 articles , 12 schedules , 22 parts and 94 amendments . Part IV (Article 36-51) deals with various Directive Principles of State Policy. 3. History

o o o

The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy was borrowed from the Irish Constitution. The makers of the Constitution of India were influenced by the Irish nationalist movement. The principles have been inspired by the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland and also by the principles of Gandhism ; and relate to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters. 4. Definition o The Directive Principles of State Policy are guidelines to the central and state governments of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws and policies. These provisions, contained in Part IV of the Constitution of India, are not enforceable by any court, but the principles laid down therein are considered fundamental in the governance of the country, making it the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country. 5. Characteristics o DPSPs aim to- o create social and economic conditions under which the citizens can lead a good life. o establish social and economic democracy through a welfare state. o They act as a, yardstick in the hands of the people to measure the performance of the government. o The Directive Principles are non-justiciable rights of the people. o The Directive Principles, though not justiciable, are fundamental in the governance of the country. 6. DIRECTIVEs.

o o o o o o o o

Article 36:Definition of state: The State includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India. Article 37:Application of the principles. 7. Contd Article 38: State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people. Article 39: Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State. -equal rights to men and women. -ownership of resources. -equal pay for equal work. -protection of children.. 8. Contd Article 39 A:-

o o o o o o o o o

o o o o o o
9. Contd

Equal justice and free legal aid. - to citizens having economic or other disabilities. Article 40: Organisation of village panchayats. Article 41: Right-to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases. Article 42: Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief . Article 43: Living wage, good working conditions etc. , for workers . Article 43 A: Participation of workers in management of industries. 10. Contd

o o o o o o o o o o o o

Article 44: Uniform civil code for the citizens. Article 45: Provision for free and compulsory education for children. Article 46: Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled castes , Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections. 11. Contd o Article 47:o Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health . o Article 48:o Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry. o Article 48 A:o Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife. 12. Contd o Article 49:o Protect ion of monuments and places and objects of national importance . o Article 50:o Separation of judiciary from executive. o Article 51:o Promotion of international peace and security. o -just and honorable relations. o -encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration. 13. Implementation of DPSPs through o Land Reform Acts. o Banking policy. o Fixation minimum wages for employees engaged in various employments. o Welfare schemes for the weaker sections. o Nuclear disarmament. 14. Contd... o Panchayati Raj. o The Equal Remuneration Act of 1976. o Consumer Protection Act of 1986. o The 86th constitutional amendment of 2002 inserted a new articl e, Article 21-A. 15. Amendments to DPSPs . (an amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the members present and voting.) o Major amendments o Article 31-C , inserted into the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 25th Amendment Act of 1971 seeks to upgrade the DPSPs.

Article 48-A , which ensures Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life, was added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. 16. Contd o Article 45 , which ensures Provision for free and compulsory education for children , was added by the 86th Amendment Act, 2002 . 17. Conclusion o DPSPs are- o o non-justiciable rights of the people. o o guidelines to the central and state govts of India. o o not enforceable by any court. o o considered fundamental in the governance of the country. o It the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country. 18. Contd o In fact, it is the duty of the State to be kept in mind of DPSPs, while framing laws and policies to establish a just society in the country. 19. . THANK YOU