Smartdust is a system of many tiny microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) such as sensors, robots, or other devices, that can detect

, are usually networked wirelessly.Perform tasks, usually sensing. Smartdust in sensor networks is now gradually increasing from millimeter dimensions to the micrometre level.Individual sensors of smartdust are often referred to as motes because of their small size. These devices are also known as MEMS, which stands for microelectromechanical sensors. smartdust sensors as small as 5mm.[ Costs have been dropping rapidly with technological innovations, bringing individual motes down to as little as $50 each, with hopes of dropping below $1 per mote in the near future.]Dust is usually a nuisance. But "smart dust" could revolutionize how we monitor and understand the world around us.Smart dust is the name researchers have given to the idea of having handfuls of tiny, cheap sensors called motes that can be scattered around to measure all manner of things in the environment, from chemicals in the soil to scents in the air.Portable.

Researchers are now developing sensors less than a hair's breadth across. But each small device can do only one simple job: detect a certain chemical.Smart Dust is a term describing a cluster of tiny independent sensors, called 'motes', communicating wirelessly. How it works: COMPONENTS:

other vibration and third spatial position of a certain element. Several different ‘species’ of mote can work together in a networked cluster: one mote can measure heat. hydrogen fuel cell. miniature solar cell.) 3.) sensors record a certain parameter.Wireless Transmitter (Wi-Fi antenna. IR etc. bluetooth.1. The CPU processes the measurements and shares them over the network with either or both a server and other nearby motes.Power Source (battery.CPU 4. kinetic energy converter etc.Ambient sensor 2. .

to track defects in products and even to enter human bodies and check for physiological problems. to follow people around and track their activities.Numerous applications in a wide range of fields are possible.APPLICATIONS: Smartdust may eventually be used to monitor traffic and better direct it. and alert the people to any poisons or dangerous biological substances in the air. Existing smart dust motes have been equipped with: Temperature sensors Lighting sensors Positional sensors Accelerometers . depending on various types of sensors and networking technology.

.For eg : If there is a sudden fire attack in the forest area then this network of tiny electronic sensors that automatically watches for and warns against signs of burning wild foliage. others can pick up it’s function.Once a danger is determined. With devices so small. batteries present a massive addition of weight. each speck of dust locates and establishes a wireless link with each nearby mote. A big benefit of having a network of nodes is that: one mote can be crosschecked with it’s neighbors and even if a mote fails.Practical examples are current use of motes to monitor and help prevent forest fires. It is therefore important to use absolutely minimal amounts of energy in communicating the data they collect to central hubs where it can be accessed by humans. the group of triggered sensors uses its wireless connections to send a single message back to forestry workers ].] CONCLUSION: Development of smartdust continues at a breakneck speed. the "smarts" of the devices would come from embedded microprocessors. software code and wireless communication systems. humidity. it contacts the other nearby dust-sized devices to determine what their readings are. More importantly.The Smart Dust sensors would be sprayed across a forest from an airplane or another distribution method. and it will no doubt soon be commonplace to have a vast army of thousands or millions of nearly invisible sensors monitoring our environment to ensure our safety and the efficiency of the machines around us. Once embed within the trees. [DRAWBACK: Energy use is a major area of research in the field of smartdust.contain instruments to measure temperature.The system would rely on machines called "Smart Dust".When a speck detects a possible anomaly. light and other environmental conditions. and warning a local power & lighting company when a certain street light is out or in need of service[. the sensors themselves can determine if there is danger to the tree. And by collaborating multiple readings from multiple sources.