Edexcel SNAB Biology AS LEVEL 6BI03 Visit / Issue Report Guidance

The solution to a biological problem

The visit / issue report… • • • • must be a word-processed report taking an analytical and critical look at a biological problem and how it is being solved; It need not be related to what your studying in Year 12, but must be related to either a visit made or an issue researched; must be all your own work - all reports will be checked by your teacher so if reports are seen to be too similar you will have to start again; should refer clearly to biological methods and processes, have a clear structure (using headings, sub-headings and visuals), and be written using technical vocabulary where appropriate; must not be just a descriptive essay - ideas and opinions must be expressed - and the report must contain supportive visuals (photographs, diagrams, charts, graphs, etc.) properly referenced in the text. should contain personal comment and / or explore controversial areas; will invariably be better if there is clear discussion of pros / cons hazards / benefits, advantages / disadvantages, positives / negatives, etc., as this will give better access to higher levels in the assessment criteria.

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1 mark if not. 1. 1 mark for less well described material. 1 mark for data or examples that just skim the surface. thorough and detailed… o 2 marks for a good description of the identified biological methods and processes. tables. Describe the biological methods and processes used in a chosen area of Biology in the context of a problem or question identified during a visit made or issue researched. You might also find it useful to mark your own work against the Assessment Criteria given in a second set of tables at the end. 1 mark for a less detailed discussion. photographs or diagrams) to support the explanation. Don’t forget that they must be fully explained in terms of the science involved. o 2 marks for clearly stating the question or problem Biologists are trying to solve. before submitting your report. only 1 if it’s too brief. Make sure the discussion is yours and not taken directly from your source material – this will be checked. Hints: Look up the meaning of “valid” and “reliable” data in SNAB Skills Support. o 2 further marks for a full description. Have you explained how the biological methods or processes described are appropriate in terms of producing both valid and reliable data. and effective solutions to the identified question or problem? (4 marks) • Your explanation must include critical opinion backed by evidence… o 2 marks for a full explanation of why the identified biological methods and processes are actually appropriate to the solution. Have you clearly Identified and described a question or problem in an area of Biology relevant to the visit made or issue researched? (4 marks) • The question or problem you are writing about must be CLEARLY stated or identifiable in the introduction to your report. only 1 if it’s too brief. o 2 further marks if you add a discussion that includes valid and relevant quantitative data (graphs.Checklist Check your report carefully against the assessment criteria in the tables below. Have you described the biological methods and processes involved in producing data or solutions to the above? (4 marks) • Your description must be relevant. . o 2 further marks if you also provide supportive data or specific examples that illustrate how the biological methods or processes described can provide (or have already provided) data or solutions relevant to the question or problem. If you use “I” or “we” it will be assumed you are giving personal opinion. This is more likely to be interpreted by the marker as “discussion”.

The implications considered can be ethical. not another. e-mails. This must not just be a passing reference. Have you evaluated the benefits and risks to humans. hazards / benefits. You’ll get better marks for adding informed speculation. personal speculation. If they do. you might be using information from one scientific group giving their view of the benefits and risks of the biological application you’re examining .. applied in real life – now and / or in the future. evaluate their arguments to decide which is the most reliable. of the implications of the identified biological applications. Have you discussed some alternative views or solutions to the present or future implications of the Biology encountered? (Maximum 4 marks) • You must consider TWO alternative solutions. not very clearly explained. let alone direct conversations. (Maximum 4 marks) • For example. other organisms and the environment (as appropriate).2. but it would be much better to check it out by comparing its information with that from other similar groups. say why. For example. especially if it uses properly referenced source material to provide evidence. economic or environmental choices. The biological applications and their implications must be described in such a way that it is very clear you understand the Biology of what you’ve written. Higher marks will only be available if you consider both sides: • • o pros / cons. Detail must be given – a simple description of or reference to an idea will only get low marks. evidence from source material and a reasoned argument as to the further implications of the alternative views or solutions. check another two to see if they agree or not. advantages / disadvantages. The same goes for your second (and possibly. or a well crafted questionnaire that you could send to the groups concerned. . third) social. Identify applications and implications of the Biology encountered within the context of the visit made or issue researched. positives / negatives. if they don’t. if you have discussed a ethical problem you must evaluate the benefits and risks associated with specifically that problem. You’ll get lower marks if your discussion is pure description. worth a maximum of 2 marks each. Top marks will be awarded for a full discussion. too brief. telephone calls. social. and follow it up with a look at two alternative solutions that might help to avoid that problem. This is not difficult using “Google”. etc. considered and thoroughly explained at least TWO implications of the biological applications encountered? (Maximum 4 marks) • • • Carefully describe how the biological methods and processes you’ve researched are. Remember that you can’t trust everything you read! If one source says one thing. Higher marks will be available if you discuss the implications thoroughly (see the previous hint). VERY IMPORTANT! The three components of this section must flow seamlessly in terms of content. or could be.you could simply believe it to be true. or a rehash of someone else’s ideas. economic or environmental – choose at least two out of the four. Have you identified.

IMPORTANT: Do not specify Wikipedia as a source. etc. and at least one from books. for internet sources. to inform your report and clearly identified any quotes from those sources? (Maximum 4 marks) • • • You must provide information from three or more sources to compare viewpoints. etc. not just the generic homepage. NOTE: information repeated verbatim by different sources does not make it reliable! o 1 mark is available for any informed comment being made about the validity of each of two sources. See SNAB coursework support for information on how to present this in the appropriate style. • Have you evaluated at least TWO references used in the report? (Maximum 4 marks) • o Don’t quote a source just for the sake of quoting a source – you must have USED the information.3. and quote them only. journals. Top marks will only be available if it is absolutely clear that you are using the information from your chosen sources within the discussion. and linked those references to the appropriate text within your report? (Maximum 4 marks) • You must provide a properly constructed bibliography of ALL sources at the end of your report. The other 2 marks are available if you back up your comments with some research giving the evidence itself AND your own . The minimum requirement is: o Source – full publication information. or the recognised reputation of the source. personal correspondence. methods. personal correspondence with a researcher. books. Use Wikipedia if you must but look at the end of the article for the original sources. Please note that URL of the specific webpage containing the source material must be given. Have you used the Internet. At least one of these must be sourced from the Internet. journals. • Have you provided information about the source. not just quoting it in isolation. o Reliability of information can be judged by how often the same information is given by independent sources (the more the better!). look them up. Use information or arguments obtained from three or more sources (including at least one web-based and one non web-based) when researching the visit made or issue researched. magazines. etc. o o Author(s) Date of publication or. professional literature. You must have used your sources selectively and commented on their relative reliability. ideas. author and date of THREE or more references used in your report. date of access • You should link information obtained from sources and used in the text of your report to the bibliography using reference marks (usually superscripted numbers at the end of sentences – MS Word can do this automatically for you). ALL sources must be acknowledged in the text and identified clearly (see below). or webpage title and URL.

opinion. .

and organised your report carefully so it flows from one thing to another in an easily followed sequence? Have you included appropriate visuals? • • • o Your visual material will always be more appropriate if it has been referred to in your text. but from then on just as CF. and used visual material appropriately? (2 marks) • If you don’t understand the meaning of terms used don’t assume your audience will – explain them if required. Communicate clearly.4. above all. e. Have you ensured your spelling. concise and.g. Have you used helpful headings. Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Going over the word count does not carry a penalty but if you do so it usually indicates that you’ve waffled a bit too much – and waffle doesn’t get you any marks. Biological terminology and technical language must be used appropriately. FINALLY… Is your presentation logical. concisely and logically with appropriate use of visuals. not just used as attractive space-fillers. Terms that can be abbreviated must be fully written out on first use with the appropriate abbreviation in brackets. sub-headings. but may then be used in abbreviated form only later in the report. interesting? • Put simply – does it flow seamlessly from one thing to another so that the reader is almost forced to read on to the end? Or as one examiner put it . Go back and check! Is your report between 1500 and 2000 words? • • . graphs and tables but excludes the bibliography and numbers. figures. punctuation and grammar are correct? (2 marks) • Use a spelling and grammar checker! Have you included appropriate scientific / technical terms.is it a “good read”? This includes the text attached to any diagrams.

b) Brief explanation of why methods and processes are appropriate (1). and tables or photographs appropriate and integrated into the report. 3. fuller discussion of these (2) b) Some evaluation of risks or disadvantages from 2. 0-4 12 marks 0-4 2. valid/reliable data or effective solution mentioned in more detail and explained with graphs.Examiner’s Assessment criteria for the Visit / Issue report Assessment criteria Marks 1. a) Biological methods or processes partially described (1). environmental or economic) of the applied biology encountered within the context of the visit or issue researched. a) One alternative method / solution briefly mentioned (1). diagrams. fuller discussion of these (2) 3. full description (2). Identify and describe a question or problem in an area of biology relevant to a visit made or issue researched. 2.* a) One implication identified (1). It might be a case study. both explained briefly (2). NOTE: If there are no data. full description (2)* b) Another alternative method / solution briefly mentioned (1). using graphs. relevant and integrated with the report.1 (1). data or solutions to problem fully described and explained (2). then only 1 not 2 marks for each. the ‘solutions’ must be obviously different from the methods or process. two implications identified (2) b) One explained briefly (1). a) Relevant question or problem partially identified but not clear (1). other organisms and the environment as appropriate. of the implications of the applied biology being studied or identified. question or problem clear (2) b) Question / problem partially described (1). diagrams and tables that are appropriate. fully described (2) b) Some data or solutions to problem described (1). (2). Range 0-4 1. * If the implications relate to the original problem rather than the solution.1 mentioned briefly (1). Explain how the methods and processes used in the chosen area of biology are appropriate in terms of producing both valid and reliable data or effective solutions to address the problem or question identified. Identify applications and implications of the biology encountered within the context of the visit or issue researched 0-4 0-4 12 marks 0-4 . Evaluate benefits and risks to humans. photos. a) Benefits or advantages from 2. more detailed explanation of why methods and processes are appropriate (2). Describe the biological methods and processes involved in producing data or solutions to problems or questions relevant to a visit made or issue researched. social. Describe the biological methods and processes used in a chosen area of biology in the context of a problem or question identified during a visit made or issue researched. Discuss alternative views or solutions for implications of the biology encountered within the context of the visit or issue. full description (2)* NOTE: They may not necessarily be biological solutions. Identify two implications (ethical. a) Valid/reliable data or effective solution briefly mentioned (1). 2. 1.

author. d) Quotes from sources used* effectively. punctuation and grammar are largely correct and the report is well set out (sub headings etc) (1). Clearly identify any quotes from sources. punctuation and grammar are correct and the presentation is logical and concise. Visuals are present but not necessarily referred to in the text. all source material referred to in text (2) * the non-web based source must be referenced correctly for 2 marks and must not be a standard text book.Assessment criteria Marks 1. author and date of three or more references used in the visit or issue report. Some technical language used and visuals present (1). date used (2) * b) Some source material referred to in text (1). evidence or data from sources investigated with full evaluation giving own opinion on reliability / validity (2) 1. Provide information about the source. Spelling. concisely and logically with appropriate use of visuals 0-2 0-2 4 marks Total marks for Visit / Issue report 40 . Communicate clearly. The non-web source must not be a standard text book. a) At least one web source used (1). 3. b) Good use of technical language and visuals present but also referred to in text (2) TOTAL = 4 Range 0-4 3. pages. punctuation and grammar are correct and the report is well set out (2) 2. Link references to the appropriate text in the visit or issue report. 12 marks 0-4 0-4 4. most details of source. There is good use of technical language. data. b) Spelling. b) At least one non web based source used 1 (1). full bibliography given i. a) Spelling. Evaluate at least two references used in the report a) Comment made about reliability or validity of one source (1). 1 – this might be a personal communication from a visit or an interview. 2.e. Use information or arguments obtained from three or more sources (including at least one web based and one non web based) when researching the visit or issue. a) Partial bibliography given (1). identified clearly (1) *sources must clearly be used as part of the discussion not just mentioned in a bibliography – only a maximum of 2 marks can be given if this is not the case. c) At least 3 sources used* in total (1). Use information or arguments obtained from three or more sources (including at least one web based and one non-web based) when researching the visit or issue. comment made about two sources (2) b) Evidence or data from sources investigated (1).