Advantages :1. Natural fiber-based geotextiles are environmental friendly. 2.

Its biodegradable nature has certain cost-effective applications in erosion control and revegetation. 3. It is helpful in quick establishment of vegetation. 4. It also helps in dust control, sand dune formation, wind erosion control and stabilization.

PROPERTIES OF COIR FIBRE
       

Thickness of fiber is 13.6 to 14.1mm. The length of coir fibre varies from 50mm to 150mm. Dia of coir fibre varies from 0.20mm to 0.60mm. Linear density of fibre is 18.64 to 18.96text Breaking load of fibre is 217.7 to 218.8CN. Tenacity of fibre is 11.48 to 11.74CN/text. Breaking extension of fibre 41.7 to 42.8%. The fibre is hygroscopic in nature & moisture content is 12% at 65% R.H. &

22 to 25 % at 95% R.H.

The mechanical properties are almost the same of retted & unretted fibers

depending upon the variety of coir. This fibre shows an electrical resitivity. The density of fibre is 1150Kg/m.

The chemical constituents of coir are 46% lignin, 54% cellulose where as jute

contains 15% lignin, 85% cellulose. The segment on the surface of the cell wall together in ignition giving a glister on the ash. As the coir has high contain of lignin, coir is much more advantages than jute for various application like erosion control, absorption of water, stabilization of soil, reinforcement.

Coir is highly resistance against rotting under wet & dry condition & retains

it’s high tensile strength. Jute losses it’s strength within six weeks where coir losses after 1 yr. Jute is skin & coir is muscle & skin.

The coir is biodegradable, organic fibre material. It is hard & tough fibre. Each

section is polygonal to round in section. Coir is flexible. It has white & brown colour.

 There is a need for continual co-operation and communication between the coir industry and geotechnical engineers. To explore the potential of geotextile more researches are needed in this field. Excellent air and water permeability.  CONCLUSION: Textiles are not only clothing the human body but also our mother land in order to protect her. Excellent medium for quick vegetation. Enough sunlight passes through it. road pavement.  The use of bitumen with impregnating coir results in durability of the fabric and increases the tensile strength.5 to 6 years).ADVANTAGES          Faster binding of soil. Extensive awareness should be created among the people about the application of geotextiles.  The coir geotextile can be used for purpose of erosion control of embankment sloper. Easy to install and follows the contour of the soil surface. Eco-friendly and non-polluting. CONCLUSION A woven coir geo-fabric is inexpensive in comparision with synthetic  fabric. Allows for deep rooting of plants and provides nutrients. slopes and natural slopes. Holds the seeds and saplings in place. . Degrades over a period of time (2.

such as when water flows from a sandy soil into a geotextile wrapped gravel drain. Challenges: • • • Lack of encouragement to entrepreneurs for the challenging technologies like import duty . 5.. Filtration function: retaining fine particles when water passes from a finegrained to a coarse grained layer. Protection function: mechanical protection of geomembranes against perforation and abrasion. 2.interest rates etc. 4. • Geotextiles with its enormous applications in civil industry which makes it to next level. such as a high strength geotextile to reinforce a retaining wall. Non-availability of market database Lack of adequate legistative measures for ensuring use of technical textiles at par with developed countries Conclusion: From the observations made during the studies and in the subsequent analysis. . such as road gravel from soft sub-base materials.Functions: 1. 3. the following conclusions were made. such as a gas vent layer in a landfill cap. Drainage function: to drain liquid or gas in the plane of the fabric which results in draining or venting of the soil. Separation function: separation of two layers of soil with different soil physical properties. such as a liner protective layer when only gravel fills are available. Reinforcement function: improving the load bearing capacity of a soil structure.

Also we are sure this presentation will be useful to the readers too. separation.• Geotextiles serve more than one function.In the department of technical textiles In this context we hope that this paper work is very useful for our future carrier. • Even though geotextile have some challenges in practical CONCLUSION In this paper work we refer the limited resources of many journal books and discussed with staffs to know the use of geo textiles to increase the quality and production We have given a brief details about geo textiles . in road construction. . Figure 1. Illustration of a site before geotextile fabric application (above) and a similar site after application of the geotextile fabric (below). filtration and reinforcement functions are involved hence it has its own importance technical textiles. For example.

Using geotextile containers has several advantages over traditional sea wall methods including. reduced beach contamination from loose rock structures. and provides a soft solution improving the amenity of the site. . reduces imported materials requirements. In seawall applications the geotextile containers are used in conjunction with needle punched geotextiles to provide a durable and permeable structure that can resist natural coastal processes. permeability.Temporarybunds geotextile containers are specifically designed for use in the marine environment. using site won materials to fill the containers. The durability. stability and flexibility of the containers provide an excellent solution for constructing sea walls.

Extensive awareness should be created among the people about the application of geotextiles. something not feasible with a traditional rock structure. Conclusion: Textiles are not only clothing the human body but also our mother land in order to protect her.To explore the potential of geotextile more researches are needed in this field. Design and selection of geotextiles based on sound engineering principles will serve the long-term interest of both the user and the industry. With the availability of variety of products with differing characteristics. the design engineer needs to be aware of not only the application possibilities but also more specifically the reason why he is using the geotextile and the governing geotextile functional properties to satisfy these functions.The construction methods used to create the structures can also be applied to temporary structures such as bunds or temporary emergency works. The container structure and materials provide both a rapid and cheap solution which can be easily removed once the structure has served its purpose. Introduction: . CONCLUSION: Textiles are not only clothing the human body but also our mother land in order to protect her.To explore the potential of geotextile more researches are needed in this field. The rapid deployment and varying construction methods also allows installations in difficult areas and conditions CONCLUSION: Geotextiles are effective tools in the hands of the civil engineer that have proved to solve a myriad of geotechnical problems. Extensive awareness should be created among the people about the application of geotextiles.

and Biological Systems) defines a geotextile as a "fabric or synthetic material placed between the soil and a pipe. when used in association with soil. 4. 2. such as road gravel from soft sub-base materials. railway tracks to improve its strength. Separation function: separation of two layers of soil with different soil physical properties. Geotextile Functions: 1. and long-term service. such as a gas vent layer in a landfill cap. Many researchers have view that this technology is not newly developed but is in use from past thousands of years. have the ability to separate. Food. This technology has not yet gained much attention in India. The ASAE (Society for Engineering in Agricultural. Filtration function: retaining fine particles when water passes from a fine-grained to a coarse grained layer. or drain. What are Geotextiles? Geotextiles are permeable fabrics which. but is widely used in many countries for construction of bridges. reinforce. or retaining wall: to enhance water movement and retard soil movement. and as a blanket to add reinforcement and separation. filter. agricultural fabric." A geotextile should consist of a stable network that retains its relative structure during handling. and geosynthetic. 3. gabion. Reinforcement function: improving the load bearing capacity of a soil structure. roads. protect. such as a high strength geotextile to reinforce a retaining wall. Other terms that are used by the industry for similar materials and applications are geotextile cloth. such as when water flows from a sandy soil into a geotextile wrapped gravel drain. Drainage function: to drain liquid or gas in the plane of the fabric which results in draining or venting of the soil. placement. .The basic function of geotextile technology is to prevent soil erosion to strengthen heavy concrete structures.

. such as a liner protective layer when only gravel fills are available.Protection function: mechanical protection of geomembranes against perforation and abrasion.