Self Propelled Barge

INTRODUCTION:
A barge is a type of flat bottomed boat, typically with a very shallow draft, which is used to transport goods along rivers and canals. A classic barge resembles a very large raft. Typically, a barge has no superstructure and a limited crew, primarily on board to supervise loading and unloading. In many cases, a barge is unpowered, and has to be moved with the assistance of a tugboat. In this situation, the captain and crew are aboard the tugboat, not the barge, as the tugboat is providing the power and steering for the barge. On self powered barges, the crew includes a captain and first mate to steer the boat and manage the crew, and a small superstructure is usually mounted on the rear of the barge.

HISTORY:
In use since the dawn of history, barges were common on the Nile in ancient Egypt. Some were highly decorated and used for carrying royalty; use of such state barges persisted in Europe until modern times. When used as a pleasure boat, a barge is frequently employed for receptions and special performances. Barges have a long history as ceremonial boats; paintings of barges can be found in the historical record as far back as Ancient Egypt. Typically these barges were powered by rowers, and were built to be impressive rather than speedy and maneuverable. A pleasure barge typically does have a superstructure to house event staff, catering facilities, and a bar, and it may be decorated with pavilions, ribbons, flowers, and other similar ornaments. On the Great British Canal system, the term 'barge' is used to describe a boat wider than a narrow boat, and the people who move barges are often known as lighter man. In the United States, deckhands perform the labor and are supervised by a leadman or the mate. The captain and pilot steer the towboat, which pushes one or more barges held together, collectively called 'the tow'. These towboats travel between ports and are also called line-haul boats.

USES:
The basic design of a barge is very simple, and the boats have been in use for thousands of years. In addition to being used to transport cheap heavy goods, barges are also sometimes used as pleasure craft for parties and entertainment. Numerous shipping companies retain a fleet of barges to move materials once they have reached a port, in varying sizes to navigate different river and canal environments. When a barge is used to transport goods, it typically carries goods which are relatively inexpensive, but bulky. Barges are a very cheap method of shipping, but they are also slow. Many garbage and recycling facilities use barges to transport their materials, as do steel companies. Barges ply many of the rivers and canals around major port cities including Amsterdam, New York, London, and San Francisco. A slightly smaller man powered version of a barge called a lighter is used to transport goods between moored ships and the shore. Typically a lighter would be used to replenish provisions and fuel sources. With the evolution of shipping, the traditional use of a lighter has been eliminated in most harbors, and some companies use the term “lighter” to refer to a smaller ship which takes over goods from a large one. LASH (for lighter-aboard ship) vessels are equipped to receive and unload lighters on board and thus reduce the time spent in port. Barge towing, done in the past by men or by horses or mules, is now accomplished mostly by steam or motor tugboat or by other, self-propelled barges. Poles are used on barges to fend off the barge as it nears other vessels or a wharf. These are often called 'pike poles'. On shallow canals in the United Kingdom, long punt poles are used to manoeuvre or propel the barge.

TYPES OF BARGE:
The different types of barges can be elaborated as follows:

Barracks Barge: A barracks barge is also known as houseboat. Houseboats are
a very common site in places like Cambodia, North India (Kashmir), Laos, Australia and Canada. As the name suggests, these types of barges are mainly used for residential purposes and look very eye-catching while they float as stationary objects in rivers and lakes

Dry Bulk Cargo Barges: These types of barges, as their name suggests, are
used to haul and ferry dry cargo. When the aspect of dry cargo is considered, it includes food grains, sand, minerals like steel and coal and other dry commodities that can be transferred through the system of barges.

Barges Carrying Liquid Cargo: These types of barges are completely
opposite to the dry bulk cargo barges. These barges are very useful in carrying petrochemicals, fertilizers that are used mainly in the liquid state, and other necessary important industrial liquid chemicals.

Car-float Barges: This type of marine barge was mainly used during the early
20th century to ferry rail carts. In simple terms it can be said that these rail-carts attached to the barges were like portable rail-sets ferried from one location to another. In today’s times, car-float barges, still function in some parts of United States of America.

SCOPE:
The Transport of bulk items are always at a higher level in the seaways, So the Barge design will help the shipping industry to transport the goods from large ships to shore or port. Since many of the ports not having sufficient drafts for the large vessels to enter the port, so this design of SELF PROPELLED BARGE will be useful to transfer the goods. Also it is less costlier and less time consuming, So I hope that this project will be very useful for the shipping industry in the present and also in the future.

Major Ship Design Project:
This Project is to design a SELF PROPELLED BARGE with a Deadweight(DWT) of 13500t, under the NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI Classification Society. The Barge is to be operated in “ The Port Of Antwerp”, in Belgium. It is to be Operated to a range of 80km(43.1965 Nautical Miles) at a speed of about 12.55Knots.

The Particulars Obtained from the Graph are Length LBP = 140m = 136m

Breadth = 29.5m Depth Draft Speed L/B B/D T/D L/D L/T B/T Cd = 8.5m = 6.1m = 12.1Knots = 4.35 = 3.35 = .73 = 14.6 = 19.5 = 4.4 = .8