Microturbine-Absorption Chiller-Desiccant Combined System Preliminary Performance Data

BCHP Consortium Meeting September 12, 2001 Predrag Popovic, Aris Marantan, Werner Wongsosaputro, Eric Griff, Matthew Cowie, Reinhard Radermacher
For Buildings

000*) ABSORPTION CHILLER 70 kW (20 tons) Chilled Water Air to Zone 1 * Btu/hr 67 kW Electric Power •Turbine efficiency 25.7 •Supplemental cooling provided by existing RTU CHP For Buildings 2 .CHP System 2 MICRO TURBINE Natural Gas 100 kW (340.6 %. with chiller 63.5 %.000*) Exhaust Air @ 225 F Solid Desiccant System 3000 CFM of Dry Air 262 kW (895. and with desiccant 79.2% •Single effect absorption chiller with COP of 0.000*) Exhaust Air @ 500 F 40 kW (140.

2ND CHP SYSTEM Microturbine CHP For Buildings 3 .

Honeywell Parallon 75 Microturbine e Ran for 1500 hours e Electric efficiency at the rated capacity 25 %. listed at near 29% e Efficiency reduced due to losses in transformer and gas booster e Efficiency drops at part load conditions e Start up sequence takes 4 to 6 minutes e Repeated emission testing showed expected rates of pollutant emission (SRI Report) CHP For Buildings 4 .

Honeywell Parallon 75 Microturbine e CO emissions found high at part load conditions e Catalyst coated recuperator installed. eliminated high CO emissions. but reduced efficiency e Electric efficiency dropped about 2 percent. with higher than rated exhaust temperatures e 2 engines cores replaced. one due to air bearing failure other due to a ruptured seal in the core e No effective communication established between turbine’s controller and the automation system e Power and gas meters installed to monitor turbine performance e Turbine software capable of logging some of internal performance parameters CHP For Buildings 5 .

Microturbine Performance CHP For Buildings 6 .

2ND CHP SYSTEM Absorption Chiller CHP For Buildings 7 .

COP = 0.7 VFD fan drives exhaust through generator Turbine power drives chiller & auxiliaries about 10 kW e Chilled water pump e Condenser water pump e Cooling tower e Exhaust fan e Solution and refrigerant pumps 8 CHP For Buildings .Broad 20-ton Absorption Chiller e e e e Microturbine exhaust driven only Single effect.

Absorption Chiller Data e Chilled water flow rate taken from the pump curve CHP For Buildings 9 .

Absorption Chiller Data CHP For Buildings 10 .

Absorption Chiller Data CHP For Buildings 11 .

2ND CHP SYSTEM Desiccant System CHP For Buildings 12 .

ATS Solid Desiccant e Chiller exhaust used for regeneration e Desiccant uses around 9 kW of power e e e e e Desiccant wheel motor Enthalpy wheel motor Process air blower Regeneration air blower Exhaust air blower CHP For Buildings 13 .

ATS Solid Desiccant CHP For Buildings 14 .

Space Temp & Abs Humidity CHP For Buildings 15 .

Comparison CHP For Buildings 16 .

Comparison CHP For Buildings 17 .

Conclusions e Improved Indoor Air Quality: Reduced Humidity. Other Aspects under Investigation e Lowered Electric Power Consumption e Future Work e Improved microturbine efficiency at full capacity e Improved desiccant performance with higher heat input e Improved system control by utilizing VFD e Achieve dry coils e Complete system performance analysis CHP For Buildings 18 .