Vechicle tracking system

Vehicle Tracking System
A Seminar Report
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements For the award of degree of

Bachelor of Technology

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Name: K.NARENDRA REDDY Roll No: 08C91A0427

Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering

(Approved by AICTE New Delhi, Affiliated to JNTU, Hyderabad) BOGARAM(V), KEESARA (M), R.R. DISTRICT- 501301. 2008-12


K. Pin – 501 301. Hyderabad) Bogaram (Village). Karunaiah Head of the Department Prof.C.Narendra Reddy Roll no: 08c91a0427 Under the supervision of Coordinator Prof. R. B.Dist. Name: K.I. Andhra Pradesh is record of bonafide work carried out during the academic year 2011-2012. Murali Mohan 2 . Keesara (Mandal)..E. V. New Delhi.T. Affiliated to JNTU. Phones: 08415 – 325953. 08415 – 329583 FAX: 040 – 23813102 Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Seminar report entitled “Vehicle Tracking System” is being submitted by the following student in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad.Vechicle tracking system HOLY MARY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE (COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING) (HOLY TRINITY EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY) (Approved by A. 08415 – 325958.R.

Last but not the least I express our sincere thanks to Mr. A. I express our deep sense of gratitude to Prof. B. Head of the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering. A. Narendra reddy 3 . Vijaya Sarada Reddy Secretary. for being moral support throughout the period of our study in HITSCOE. I would like to thank the Teaching & Non-Teaching staff of ECE Department for sharing their knowledge with me. I would like to thank Prof. Vara Prasada Reddy Chairman and Mrs.Vechicle tracking system ACKNOWLEDGEMENT With great pleasure I want to take this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude to all the people who helped in making this seminar work a grand success. HITS Group of Institutions. Subhash Chandra. N. V. First of all I am highly indebted to Principal Dr. for their continuous care towards my achievements. K. K. Murali Mohan. for giving me the permission to carry out this seminar. Karunaiah for his constant guidance throughout our seminar work.

Vechicle tracking system CONTENTS Abstract 1. References 14 2 4 . How does VTS work? 4 2.2 Typical Architecture 6 3 Common Uses 8 3. Introduction – vehicle tracking system 3 2.1 Active versus Passive Tracking 4 2.2 Future Work 5.1 Limitations 4. Conclusion 4.1 Unconventional Uses 4.

The heart of this project is a micro controller ARM7 (LPC2129).Messages sent by the user is received by the GSM module.Micro Controller extracts the location name and send the same to the GSM via serial communication. Vehicle and user are connected initially by using GSM network. 5 .Vechicle tracking system Abstract Vehicle tracking system using GPS module and GSM modem. The latitude and longitude values are compared with the values stored in the memory and corresponding location name is given to the Controller which in turn uses GSM/GPRS to send the location name by means of Short Message Service back to USER. and ARM7 (LPC2129) this project mainly works on GPS and GSM systems. Micro controller will find location and send details to GSM Mobile using serial communication system. The Signal from the GPS satellites are received and the receiver used a standard form of message decoding. Vehicle is traced by using information from satellite systems and sends to GSM systems. User will send message to Moving vehicle for connectivity. hardware mounted on vehicle reacts to message and send conformation message to user and then if the message is valid one then GPS modem is initiated and requested for location. Micro controller will play important role in sending and receiving commands to GPS. These standards are called as NMEA. .

The data displayed on the LCD is the Latitude and Longitude of the particular location where u keep the antenna of the receiver. Micro controller displays on the LCD. Urban public transit authorities are an increasingly common user of vehicle tracking systems. or fleet of vehicles. In this way a Particular Location is identified. While most will offer real-time tracking. Vehicle tracking systems are widely used worldwide. The same data can be transferred to the GSM through serial communication. The PC or Micro controller (with LCD) is connected as per the pin details The Antenna of the GPS receiver is fixed at Line of site to the satellite and once the Receiver receives the signals. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software.Vechicle tracking system 1. 6 . with purpose-designed computer software at least at one operational base to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location. particularly in large cities The receiver has a Serial Communication facility which is used to interface with the external devices like PC or Micro controller. others record real time data and store it to be read. Modern vehicle tracking systems commonly use GPS orGLONASS technology for locating the vehicle. INTRODUCTION A vehicle tracking system combines the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle. the Receiver transfers data to the micro controller’s serial communication Pins which in turn is displayed to the LCD. Components come in various shapes and forms but most utilize GPS technology and SMS services. collecting data in the process from the field and deliver it to the base of operation. transfers to the micro controller through Serial Port. The Antenna receives the data. but other types of automatic vehicle location technology can also be used.

Vechicle tracking system similar to data loggers. using a cellular(GPRS or SMS). This allows the asset's location to be displayed against a map backdrop either in real time or when analyzing the track later. or other asset to which it is attached and to record the position of the asset at regular intervals. or satellite modem embedded in the unit. 7 . or internet-connected computer. or it may be transmitted to a central location data base. How does VTS work? A GPS tracking unit is a device that uses the Global Positioning System to determine the precise location of a vehicle. The recorded location data can be stored within the tracking unit. radio. Systems like these track and record and allow reports after certain points have been solved. usingGPS tracking software. person.

1 Active versus Passive Tracking Several types of vehicle tracking devices exist. the device is removed and the data downloaded to a computer for evaluation.Vechicle tracking system A GPS tracker essentially contains GPS module to receive the GPS signal and calculate the coordinates. For data loggers it contains large memory to store the coordinates. The diagram depicts hardware architecture of an advanced GPS tracker. Once the vehicle returns to a predetermined point. Passive systems include auto download type that transfer data via wireless download. "Passive" devices store GPS location. 2. "Active" devices also collect the same information but 8 . heading and sometimes a trigger event such as key on/off. data pushers additionally contains the GSM/GPRS modem to transmit this information to a central computer either via SMS or via GPRS in form of IP packets. speed. Typically they are classified as "passive" and "active". door open/closed.

door open/close. computed odometer. 9 . reverse geocoding. however. tire pressure. cumulative idling. turn off ignition. For detailed vehicle locating and tracking this is still the predominant method. glass open/close.2 Typical Architecture Major constituents of the GPS based tracking are 1. many companies are increasingly interested in the emerging cell phone technologies that provide tracking of multiple entities. GPS tracking device: The device fits into the vehicle and captures the GPS location information apart from other vehicle information at regular intervals to a central server. fuel amount. either self-powered with a battery or wired into the vehicle's power system. emergency button status. such as both a salesperson and their vehicle. and Web use. battery status. cut off fuel. throttle position. engine temperature. Many modern vehicle tracking devices combine both active and passive tracking abilities: when a cellular network is available and a tracking device is connected it transmits data to a server. 2. when a network is not available the device stores data in internal memory and will transmit stored data to the server later when the network becomes available again. turn on taillight.Vechicle tracking system usually transmit the data in real-time via cellular or satellite networks to a computer or data center for evaluation. engine RPM. number of GPS satellites in view. turn on headlight. These systems also offer tracking of calls. The other vehicle information can include fuel amount. texts. altitude. Historically vehicle tracking has been accomplished by installing a box into the vehicle. GSM area code/cell code decoded.

primarily for the benefit of visually impaired customers. around half of all transit buses in the United States were already using a GPS-based vehicle tracking system to trigger automated stop announcements. routing. This can refer to external announcements (triggered by the opening of the bus's door) at a bus stop. User interface: The UI determines how one will be able to access information. and in turn produces a frequently updating 10 . Along with commercial fleet operators. or both.Vechicle tracking system and a lot more. 3 Common Uses Vehicle tracking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as fleet tracking. as the bus (or tram) approaches a stop. triggering changes of buses' destination sign displays at the end of the line (or other set location along a bus route). and triggering pre-recorded announcements for passengers. urban transit agencies use the technology for a number of purposes. and serving this information on demand to the user. dispatch. view vehicle data. or to internal announcements (to passengers already on board) identifying the next stop. securely storing it. announcing the vehicle's route number and destination. GPS tracking server: The tracking server has three responsibilities: receiving data from the GPS tracking unit. on-board information and security. 2. The American Public Transportation Association estimated that. and elicit important details from it. 3. Data collected as a transit vehicle follows its route is often continuously fed into a computer program which compares the vehicle's actual location and time with its schedule. Capability of these devices actually decides the final capability of the whole tracking system. including monitoring schedule adherence of buses in service. at the beginning of 2009.

Vehicle tracking systems are an integrated part of the "layered approach" to vehicle protection. Some vehicle tracking systems make it possible to control vehicle remotely. Vehicle Tracking Systems are one such layer. a Vehicle Tracking System may serve as either an addition to or replacement for a traditional car alarm. Such programs are also used to provide customers with real-time information as to the waiting time until arrival of the next bus or tram/streetcar at a given stop. When used as a security system. for example by sending an automatic alert to a phone or email if an alarm is triggered or the vehicle is moved without authorization. because the loss-risk of the vehicle drops significantly. and are described by the NICB as “very effective” in helping police recover stolen vehicles. telling him/her how early or late he/she is at any given time. Whether it is delivery. Police can simply follow the signal emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle. Some vehicle tracking systems integrate several security systems.  Asset tracking: Companies needing to track valuable assets for insurance or other monitoring purposes can now plot the real-time asset location on a map and closely monitor movement and operating status. such as an employer of an employee. the police can activate the tracking unit in the vehicle directly and follow tracking signals.Vechicle tracking system display for the driver. Other scenarios in which this technology is employed include: Stolen vehicle recovery: Both consumer and commercial vehicles can be outfitted with RF or GPS units to allow police to do tracking and recovery. or a parent with a teen driver. Some transit agencies provide a virtual map on their website. Transit systems providing this kind of information assign a unique number to each stop. service or other multi-vehicle enterprises. knowing the real-time location of all drivers allows management to meet customer needs more efficiently.  11 . This approach recommends four layers of security based on the risk factors pertaining to a specific vehicle. based on the nearest vehicles' actual progress at the time. The existence of vehicle tracking device then can be used to reduce the insurance cost. while others provide such information only to dispatchers or other employees. rather than merely giving information as to the scheduled time of the next arrival. with icons depicting the current locations of buses in service on each route. In the case of Loach. for customers' information. drivers now only need a mobile phone with telephony or Internet connection to be inexpensively tracked by and dispatched efficiently. recommended by the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) to prevent motor vehicle theft. potentially making it easier to adhere more closely to the published schedule. or when it leaves or enters a geophone. Vehicle tracking systems are also popular in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device. Other applications include monitoring driving behavior. including block doors or engine in case of emergency. and waiting passengers can obtain information by entering the stop number into an automated telephone system or an application on the transit system's website.  Fleet management: When managing a fleet of vehicles.

1 Unconventional Uses Industries not traditionally known to use vehicle tracking systems (logistics and transportation industries are the ones that have traditionally incorporated vehicle tracking system into their operations) have started to use it in creative ways to improve their processes or businesses.  Trailer tracking: Haulage and Logistics companies often operate lorries with detachable load carrying units.  Field sales: Mobile sales professionals can access real-time locations. curtain side.  3. a luxury hotel in Singapore has installed vehicle tracking systems in their limousines to ensure they can welcome their VIPs when they reach the hotel.Vechicle tracking system Field service management: Companies with a field service workforce for services such as repair or maintenance.. reduced driving time and increased time spent with customers and prospects.g.  There are different types of trailer used for different applications. e. Vehicle tracking allows companies to quickly locate a field engineer and dispatch the closest one to meet a new customer request or provide site arrival information. Users will ensure that the assets do not stop on route or do a UTurn in order to ensure the security of the assets. Benefits include increased productivity. Vehicle tracking systems have also been used in food delivery and car rental companies. get driving directions and add nearby last-minute appointments to itineraries.  Transit tracking: This is the temporary tracking of assets or cargoes from one point to another.  Surveillance: A tracker may be placed on a vehicle to follow the vehicle's movements. refrigerated. in unfamiliar areas. schedule subsequent customer visits and be able to operate these departments efficiently. The hospitality industry has caught on to this technology to improve customer service. must be able to plan field workers’ time. box container. The part of the vehicle that drives the load is known as the cab and the load carrying unit is known as the trailer. For example. they can locate themselves as well as customers and prospects. For example. flat bed. 12 .

1 Limitations • • This program is highly sensitive to the camera position and the environment. The other limitation is the traffic problem. If the near by vehicle is same as the one in the model . Conclusion 4. 13 . the program will not able to detect which vehicle to track if it finds some vehicle in the -6*step_ y and +6*step _y of the current guess.Vechicle tracking system 4. As in our data images if we bring maruti-800 near the car than the probability of error increases manifolds. so a considerable amount of tuning has to be done each time a new video is taken or camera position is changed and even more so if the video is of an entirely new environment.

crossing velocity can be calculated. The program might treat this match as a success but really it will be off the track. What is meant by noise is that if some humans are coming near to the car then the edge detected image will have the edges of that human or animal or tree. this can ‘t be implemented with this much time efficiency in any of the real time applications. We could not model the curves in the maruti-800. then the program will try to match those edges with the car model. this in our view is a great challenge. This limitation is mainly due to the processing time.Vechicle tracking system • • • • If there is noise in the edge detected image. then for removing noise subtraction of the back ground image will help a lot. Also the body of the Marathi can be best modeled as combination of curves and the lines.2 Future Work • • • • • The future work which can be done is the increasing the number of models and user input can be the vehicle which is coming then the program should be able to that input vehicle. The main limitation of the software is the real time implementation. if simultaneously two vehicles can be tracked one on each lane. If some one can track the vehicle where come occluding edges are there. which is famous for large amount of traffic in the working hours. The velocity and the acceleration of the vehicle can be easily calculated If video is of a place like bar charkha in Kanpur/India. 14 . Also If distance between the vehicle position in the two consecutive frames is two much then this tracking program can't detect the vehicle in the second frame and will try to track it in the subsequent frame. Like in the two lane road. like in some images the driver and the steering can be seen. but we could not find a solution for that. then a use ful trasportation engineering parameter. we can't really track the vehicle. 4.

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