PROJECT TITLE

:

“Cell Phone Operated Control Of Home Appliances”

INTRODUCTION:
Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device. The term is used frequently to refer to the control of appliances from a hand-held radio transmitter. Industrial, military, and scientific research organizations make [traffic] use of radio-controlled appliances as well.

Interface

Cell phone as a Transmitter

Cell phone as a Receiver

1.2 MOTIVATION AND PROPOSAL:
Conventionally, wireless-control use RF circuits, which have the drawbacks of limited working range, limited frequency range and limited control. Use of a mobile phone for control can overcome these limitations. It provides the advantages of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider, no interference with other controllers and up to twelve controls. Although the appearance and capabilities of appliances vary vastly, most of them share the features of a mechanical, under some form of control. The control of the home appliances involves three distinct phases: reception, processing and action. Generally, the preceptors are sensors mounted over the appliance , processing is done by the on-board microcontroller or processor, and the task (action) is performed using motors or with some other actuators. so the motive is that to increase the range of remote controlled products.for this mobile phone operated control is best because we can globalize our project & no limitation of range.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
The objective of our project is to control the home appliance by mobile phone. In this project, the home appliance is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to that appliance. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed, a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. This tone is called ‘dual-tone multiple frequency’ (DTMF) tone. The mobile phone at the appliance perceives this DTMF tone. The received tone is processed by the PIC16F877A

microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder HT91708. The decoder decodes the DTMF tone into its equivalent binary digit and this binary number is sent to the microcontroller. The microcontroller is pre programmed to take a decision for any given input and outputs its decision to the desired action. The mobile that makes a call to the mobile phone stacked in the appliance acts as a remote. So this simple project does not require the construction of receiver and transmitter units. DTMF signaling is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voicefrequency band to the call switching centre. The version of DTMF used for telephone tone dialing is known as ‘Touch-Tone’. DTMF assigns a specific frequency (consisting of two separate tones) to each key so that it can easily be identified by the electronic circuit. The signal generated by the DTMF encoder is a direct algebraic summation, in real time, of the amplitudes of two sine (cosine) waves of different frequencies, i.e., pressing ‘5’ will send a tone made by adding 1336 Hz and 770 Hz to the other end of the mobile phone.

1.4 Methodology
The method of project operation is given below. Makes call to the mobile phone (as receiver) attached to the aplliance. Now after answering the call, and in the course of the call, if any button is pressed control corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. This tone is called dual tone multi frequency tome (DTMF) robot receives this DTMF tone with the help of phone stacked in the appliance. The received tone is processed by the PIC16877 microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder HT91708. The decoder decodes the DTMF tone in to its equivalent binary digit and this binary number is send to the microcontroller, the microcontroller is preprogrammed to take a decision for any give input and outputs its decision. The mobile that makes a call to the mobile phone stacked in the robot acts as a remote. So this simple robotic project does not require the construction of receiver and transmitter units. DTMF signaling is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. The version of DTMF used for telephone dialing is known as touch tone. DTMF assigns a specific frequency (consisting of two separate tones) to each key s that it can easily be identified by the electronic circuit. The signal generated by the DTMF encoder is the direct al-gebric submission, in real time of the amplitudes of two sine (cosine) waves of different frequencies, i.e. ,pressing 5 will send a tone made by adding 1336hz and 770hz to the other end of the mobile.

1.5 EXPECTED TIME SCHEDULE(PERT CHART):
1.5.1 Phase I: This is the basic phase, but the most time consuming phase as this phase involve the .The primary step toward the search of components& ICs which will be required. For the designing of our project we require we some specific hardware and software and then interfacing the components each other to accomplish the task required by our project. Hence our mainly consist of two parts1. Hardware 2. Software

3.1 HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
The main components of the hardware section of our project are given as:

Microcontroller (PIC 16F877A) DTMF decoder IC(HT91708)

• Crystal Oscillator (4 MHz)

• Relay switches • Optocouplers • Voltage Regulator (IC 7805) • Head-phone

TV Resistors, Capacitors

,Resistors,Capacitors

1.5.2 Phase II: In this phase we will try to develop the Interfacing design circuit in PCB. In PCB first we will draw the interface circuit of appliance then after some Steps of pcb designing we will fabricate the different ICs & microcontroller. A cell phone will be also connected in the circuit with interfacing with DTMF Decoder IC.. In the below shows the block wise interfacing of different ICs & devices.

CELL PHONE

CELL PHONE

DTMF DECODER

MICROCONTROLLER

ULN2004

Relay SWitches

Relay Switch

1.5.3 Phase III:

Fig. 1.2 Block Diagram

This is the final phase of project aspects, in this phase we will write a program for

given the instruction to the microcontroller. a program is written in C language and converted this source program in Hex code for burn it into microcontroller. For this we will use mainly two software given below.
• Compiler (CCS)

• Source Code This phase also include final testing of all coding, Interface circuit functioning & performance of whole system. If any error will be generated then we will try to remove this error by the modification on the circuit.

1.6 IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED WORK IN ACADEMICS AND INDUSTRY:

This project will have a huge impact on academics and industry. With the help of this project we have tried to depict the modern & global application of cell phone. Mobile phone for control can overcome some of the limitations and provides the advantage of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider, no interference with other controllers. The industry can find major application of this project in developing mobile operated products as commercial projects. As security feature is most important factor of this project so industries have scope of finding some relevant information regarding this. They may be used in any search operations, where man power cannot work. This project will also prove beneficial in academics. The students can learn various principles and terminologies proposed in this project which would help their cause of advancing this technology by adding their innovative ideas and thoughts.

1.6 References:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Wikipedia - The free encyclopedia h t t p : // ww w . 8051 p r o j e c t s . i n f o / h t t p : // ww w . i n s t r u c t a b l es . c o m / “DTMF Tester” , ‘Electronics For You’ Magazine , Edition