ARTICLE X - CONSTITUTION Section 1.

The territorial and political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras as hereinafter provided. Section 2. The territorial and political subdivisions shall enjoy local autonomy. Section 3. The Congress shall enact a local government code which shall provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of the local units. Section 4. The President of the Philippines shall exercise general supervision over local governments. Provinces with respect to component cities and municipalities, and cities and municipalities with respect to component barangays, shall ensure that the acts of their component units are within the scope of their prescribed powers and functions. Section 5. Each local government unit shall have the power to create its own sources of revenues and to levy taxes, fees and charges subject to such guidelines and limitations as the Congress may provide, consistent with the basic policy of local autonomy. Such taxes, fees, and charges shall accrue exclusively to the local governments. Section 6. Local government units shall have a just share, as determined by law, in the national taxes which shall be automatically released to them. Section 7. Local governments shall be entitled to an equitable share in the proceeds of the utilization and development of the national wealth within their respective areas, in the manner provided by law, including sharing the same with the inhabitants by way of direct benefits. Section 8. The term of office of elective local officials, except barangay officials, which shall be determined by law, shall be three years and no such official shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his service for the full term for which he was elected. Section 9. Legislative bodies of local governments shall have sectoral representation as may be prescribed by law. REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7160 LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991

Section 43. Term of Office. (a) The term of office of all local elective officials elected after the effectivity of this Code shall be three (3) years, starting from noon of June 30, 1992 or such date as may be provided for by law, except that of elective barangay officials: Provided, That all local officials first elected during the local elections immediately following the ratification of the 1987 Constitution shall serve until noon of June 30, 1992. (b) No local elective official shall serve for more than three (3) consecutive terms in the same position. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of service for the full term for which the elective official concerned was elected. (c) The term of office of barangay officials and members of the sangguniang kabataan shall be for three (3) years, which shall begin after the regular election of barangay officials on the second Monday of May 1994. CASES: BORJA V. COMELEC yJose t. Capco Jr. was elected Vice Mayor of Pateros, Manila in 1998 yIn 1998 Mayor Cesar Borja died. yHe assumed his position as Mayor by operation of law. yIn 1992 and 1995 elections he ran for Mayor and won yIn 1998 he filed a certificate of candidacy (COC) for Mayor of Pateros. yBenjamin Borja Jr., an opponent, sought his disqualification (DQ) ISSUE: WON Capco is qualified to run for Mayor in the 1998 election. HELD: Yes. He is still qualified to run. SC interpreted Sec. 8 of Article X which has been substantially reproduced in Sec 43 of the LGC. The term limit of the local elective official refers to the right to be elected and right to serve the same elective position. The two policies embodied in the provision are; To prevent establishment of Politicak dynasties and to enhance freedom of choice of the people. Hence, it is not enough that the official has served the 3 consecutive terms, but he should have been elected for the 3 consecutive terms before the DQ could apply. There are two conditions that must concur before the disqualification could apply: 1. The term of office the local official concerned has been elected 3 consecutive times and, 2. The term limit ± that he has fully served 3 consecutive terms

an elective official th cannot seek immediate reelection for the 4 term. yOn May 11. COMELEC issued a resolution for the recall of Socrates. However. y Victorino dennis Socrates was elected Mayor then y A year later. Hagedorn is qualified to run. There was a total failure in the 2 conditions which must concur to justify DQ. As for the term of office. COMELEC yRamon Talaga Jr. y Petitioners Adovo. As clearly stated in Secs. ISSUE: WON Hagedorn is qualified to run for Mayos in the recall election HELD: yes. Dissenting Opinion of Justice Davide: Hagedorn is DQ to run in the racall election. He was merely proclaimed a presumptive winner. He was not elected 3 times because he lost the 1995 election. does not prohibit subsequent reelection for the 4th term as long as the reelection is not immediately after the end of the 3 consecutive term. ISSUE: WON Lozanida is qualified to run for Mayor in the 1998 election HELD: Yes he is still qualified to run. Bernas as regards to the service of one who is elected to continue the unexpired term of another which shall be considered as one term for the purpose of computing the number of successive terms allowed. The comment of Fr. he ran and won and served the unexpired term of Tagarao until 2001 yTalaga filed a COC for Mayor in 2001 elections yRaymund Adormeo. Sc held that only consecutive terms count in determining the three limit rule. 8 (consti) and 43 (LGC). in fact. and prohibits . Unlike Local Government Officials. there is no recall election provided for the members of the Congress. he has served only 2 full terms successively since he lost in the 1998 election and during the incumbency of Mayor Tagarao. ADORMEO V. He di not appeal. a subsequent election like recal election is no longer an immediate reelection and second the intervening period constitutes an involuntary interruption in the continuity of service. 1995 and 1998 y In 2001. SOCRATES C. As for the term limit. the clear intent is that involuntary severance from office for any length of time interrupts the continuity of service of consecutive terms After 3 consecutive terms. Hence. As for the term limit. 27¶98 COMELEC ordered him to vacate his post. Section 8 sets the duration of a term at three years. the first time he became Mayor was not thru election but thru succesion by operation of law. The law provides that voluntary renunciation of office for any length of time shall not interrupt the continuity of service. he did not run for Mayor. Applying the test to warrant DQ. he is deemed a private citizen. yCOMELEC en banc ruled that he is qualified ISSUE: WON COMELEC en banc erred in ruling that Malaga is qualified to run HELD: COMELEC Resolution is affirmed. was elected Mayor of Lucena City in 1992 and 1995. He ran for Governor but unfortunately he lost. As for the term of office. 1992 and 1995 yHowever in 1995 when he was proclaimed winner. which was subsequently ruled in the case of Lonzanida. He was a private citizen after he ceased to be a mayor on 2001 until the racall election on 2002 where he won. AS special recall election was and Hagedorn filed his COC. COMELEC yRomeo Lozanida was elected Mayor of san Antonio Zambales in 1998. Palawan on 1992. his continuance of the unexpired term of Tagarao was only 200 to 2001. the prohibited election refers to the next regular rd election for the same office following the 3 consecutive term.Capco has not been elected for 3 consecutive times. COMELEC y Edward Hagedorn has been elected and has fully served 3 consecutive terms as Mayor of Puerto Princesa. the only opponent in the position filed a DQ of Talaga on the ground that the latter was elected and had served as City Mayor for 3 consecutive terms already. First. yHe ran in 1998 in the same position but lost to Bernard Tagarao yIn 2000 a recall election was held. Both section 8 and 43 provide that an Involuntary renunciation of office shall be deemed an interruption in the continuity of service for the term. is pertinent only to the members of the House of Representatives. LOZANIDA V. Any subsequent election like recall election is no longer covered by the prohibition and that is supported by two reasons. What the constitution prohibits is an immediate reelection for a 4th term following 3 consecutive terms the constitution however. he was not elected 3 consecutive times. Talaga is qualified to run. he was not able to serve 3 consecutive terms fully. gilo and Olave seek to DQ Hagedorn on the gorun that he had fully served as Mayor of the city for 3 consecutive terms immediately prior to the instant recall election for the same post. he cannot be considered to had fully served the 3 consecutive terms because on February 1998 he was removed an Involuntary removal from a term which is supposed to end on June 1998. his opponent Juan Alvez filed an election protest yHe aasumed office but on Feb. Hagedorn¶s candidacy in the recall election on2002 is not an immediate reelection for a4th term following 3 consecutive terms which ended on june 2001. 1998 he filed a COC again as Mayor of San Antonio yEufemio Muli filed a petition to DQ Loza nida from running on the ground that he had already served 3 consecutive terms in his post. his lost in the 1998 election constitutes an involuntary severance of the full term which amounts to an interruption of the continuity of service.

he filef his COC for Mayor stating that he is eligible and that he is running for the first time as City Mayor y On March 2001. he never ceased discharging his duties and responsibilities as mayor of San Vicente. the petition to DQ the candidacy of Ong. Chapter 5. OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE "LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991". 2001 to june 30. ± a. Alegre filed an election protest before the RTC. while the latter was orderedto vacate his post before the expiration of his term. HELD: The service of Ong from 1998-2001 shall be considered one full term. CHAPTER 5. AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE SECTIONS 70 AND 71. 43 of LGC. Romeo Sunga also a candidate for City Mayor. Section 70. Mayor Hagedorn was elected in May 1992. there is a material change in the political and economic rights into a city. otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991. Unlike Lonzanida. ISSUE: WON Ong¶s service from 1998-2001 shall be considered one full term. The inhabitants are the same group of voters who elected L:atasa to be their Mayor 3 consecutive terms. y The May 1992 elections proclaimed Ong as the winner. y Francis ong assumed office as Mayor of San Vicente. 8 of Art. Initiation of the Recall Process. the decision was only rendered on 2001 when Ong had already fully served the 1998-2001 term and was in fact already serving the 2001-2004 term as Mayor-elect. applying the same principle. Book I of Republic Acts No. in contemplation of the 3-term rule. y During his incumbency in 2000 the Municipality of Digos was converted into City of Digos. y COMELEC (1st division) dismissed the petition to DQ Ong on the ground that one for the requisites for the application of the 3-term rule is not present beacause from 1998-2001 he was not duly elected. Camarines Norte on 1995.elective local officials from serving for more than three consecutive terms. TITLE ONE. he is constitutionally and statutorily barred from seeking reelection In the May 2001 election. 7160. coupled by his assumption of office and to finish one term. 9244 AN ACT ELIMINATING THE PREPARATORY RECALL ASSEMBLY AS A MODE OF INSTITUTING RECALL OF ELECTIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS. 1998 and 2001. Conformably. 2001. A local official elected in the first local election of jan 1988 may be reelected on May 1992 and 1995 but not on May 1998 because that would be his 4th term. X of the 1987 Constitution and of sec. The court noted that substantial differences do exist between a municipality and a city. Francis Ong then incumbent Mayor and Joseph Stanley Alegre filed a COC for Mayor. with sec. The Recall of any elective provincial. As compared to Lozanida. y Alegre filed with COMELEC. Republic Act No. COMELEC y Arseniop Latasa was elected Mayor of the Municipality of Digos. however. y On 2004. Francis was never unseated during the term in question. should legally be taken as service for a full term. BOOK I OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. For one. city. Davao del Sur in the 1992. Camarines Norte for the entire period covering the 19982001 term. he was able to fully serve the 1998-2001 term. AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES SECTION 1. the court also notes the delianation of metes and bounds of the city of Digos did not change even by an inch. he was later on declared the duly elected mayor in the 1998 mayoralty contest. 2004. The court held that his proclamation by the Municipal Board of Canvasser of San Vicente as duly elected Mayor in 1998 election. filed before the Comelec a petition to DQ Latasa since he had already been elected and had served for 4 consecutive terms as Mayor from 1991 to 2001 ISSUE: WON Latasa is qualified to run as City Mayor HELD: No Latasa is DQ. However. 1995 and 1998. on the gound that the latter has assumed office and discharged the duties therof for 3 consecutive terms. Also it was noted that the elective officials of the municipality of Digos continued to exercise their powers and functions were held for the new city officials. Title One. the land area previously covered by the Municipality of Digos. ALEGRE. is hereby amended to read as follows: "Section 70. ONG V. 1995 and 1998 elections. y On Feb. municipal or barangay official shall be commenced by a petition of a registered voter in the local government unit concerned and supported by the registered voters in the local government unit concerned during the election in which the local official sought to be recalled was elected subject to the following percentage requirements: . Note: Proclamation + Assumption of office + continuous exercise of functions from start to finish = one full term. to allow Latasa to vie for the position of City Mayor after having served for 3 consecutive terms as municipal mayor would obviously defeat the very intent of the framers when they wrote the exception. which would have been his fourth term and such term is a period from June 30. 7160. LATASA V.

executive orders. city or municipality. 2. The filing of any challenge or protest shall be allowed within the period provided in the immediately preceding paragraph and shall be ruled upon with finality within fifteen (15) days from the date of filing of such protest or challenge. SEC. 2. At least fifteen percent (15%) in the case of local government nits with a voting population of at least seventy-five thousand (75." SEC. The barangay. upon issuance of certification. for the purpose of . proceed independently with the verification and authentication of the signatures of the petitioners and registered voters contained therein.1. b.000). 3. local legislative district and the province to which the petitioners belong. Representatives of the petitioners and the official sought to be recalled shall be duly notified and shall have the right to participate therein as mere observers. 4. shall be entitled to be voted upon. in the case of the barangay. within fifteen (15) days from filing of the petition.000). A written petition for recall duly signed by the representatives of the petitioners before the election registrar or his representative. The Comelec shall. presidential decrees. SEC. issuances. b. and 4. once a week for three (3) consecutive weeks at the expense of the petitioners and at the same time post copies thereof in public and conspicuous places for a period of not less than ten (10) days nor more than twenty (20) days. the Comelec or its duly authorized representative shall set the date of the election or recall. like other candidates. Chapter 5. 3. The petition to recall shall contain the following: a. and forty-five (45) days in the case of provincial officials.000). city or municipal officials. however. certify to the sufficiency of required number of signatures. cause its publication a national newspaper of general circulation and a newspaper of general circulation in the locality. "Local Government Code of 1991".000) but not more than seventy-five thousand (75. 71. 7160. 5. That in no case shall the required petitioners be less than five thousand (5. 2. All laws." SEC. the Comelec or its duly authorized representative shall announce the acceptance of candidates to the positive and thereafter prepare the list of candidates which shall include the name of the official sought to be recalled. Title One. That in no case shall the required number of petitioners be less than fifteen thousand (15. All pending petitions for recall initiated through the Preparatory Recall Assembly shall be considered dismissed upon the effectivity of this Act. The name of the official sought to be recalled. Section 72. Effectivity of Recall.000): Provided. That in no case shall the required petitioners be less than fortyfive thousand (45. 2.000). provide the official sought to be recalled a copy of the petition. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two 92) national newspapers of general circulation. . which shall not be later than thirty (30) days upon the completion of the procedure outlined in the preceding article.000) but not more than three hundred thousand (300. shall be filed with the Comelec through its office in the local government unit concerned. A brief narration of the reasons and justifications therefore. Election on Recall. Failure to obtain required number of signatures automatically nullifies petition. If the petition is found to be sufficient in form. which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act. and rules and regulations. Upon the lapse of the aforesaid period. The names and addresses of the petitioners written in legible form and their signatures. d. Should the official sought to be recalled receive the highest number of votes. Are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. the the the the allowing interested parties to examine and verify the validity of the petition and the authenticity of the signatures contained therein. however. is hereby amended to read as follows: (1) "SEC.The recall of an elective local official shall be effective only upon the election and proclamation of a successor in the person of the candidate receiving the highest number of votes cast during the election on recall. Section 71. Book I of the Republic Act No. . the Comelec or its duly authorized representative shall. c. The officials sought to be recalled shall automatically be considered as duly registered candidate or candidates to the pertinent positions and. within three (3) days form the issuance of the certification. At least twenty percent (20%) in the case of local government units with a voting population of at least twenty thousand (20. The process of recall shall be effected in accordance with the following procedure: 1.000): Provided. At least twenty-five percent (25%) in the case of local government units with a voting population of not more than twenty thousand (20. 1.Upon the filing of a valid petition for recall with the appropriate local office of the Comelec. The Comelec or its duly authorized representatives shall. At least ten percent (10%) in the case of local government units with a voting population of over three hundred thousand (300. and parts thereof. 4. 3.000): Provided.

or substantial alteration of boundaries of local government units shall take effect unless approved by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite called for the purpose in the political unit or units directly affected. Section 8. merger. municipality. there shall be included in the annual General Appropriations Act a contingency fund at the disposal of the COMELEC for the conduct of recall elections. or its boundary substantially altered.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office except in cities and municipalities within Metro Manila and other metropolitan political subdivisions or in highly urbanized cities where such territory shall have a certified population of at least five thousand (5. All expenses incident to recall elections shall be borne by the COMELEC.000) inhabitants: Provided. municipality. Section 10. except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected. Section 73. based on acceptable standards. unless said law or ordinance fixes another date. . divided. or land area has been irreversibly reduced to less than the minimum standards prescribed for its creation under Book III of this Code. Limitations on Recall. merged. as expected of the local government unit concerned.The elective local official sought to be recalled shall not be allowed to resign while the recall process is in progress. For this purpose. (b) Population.It must be contiguous. . Abolition of Local Government Units. That such division shall not reduce the income. The income classification of local government units shall be updated within six (6) months from the effectivity of this Code to reflect the changes in their financial position resulting from the increased revenues as provided herein. city. the creation of a local government unit or its conversion from one level to another level shall be based on verifiable indicators of viability and projected capacity to provide services. Section 75. subject to such limitations and requirements prescribed in this Code. as the case may be. or land area of the local government unit or units concerned to less than the minimum requirements prescribed in this Code: Provided. Section 386. population. Section 7. divided.It shall be determined as the total number of inhabitants within the territorial jurisdiction of the local government unit concerned. city. Division and Merger. or barangay with which the local government unit sought to be abolished will be incorporated or merged. Creation and Conversion. city. . (a) Any elective local official may be the subject of a recall election only once during his term of office for loss of confidence.confidence in him is thereby affirmed. municipality. . . abolished. properly identified by metes and bounds with technical descriptions. further. or any other political subdivision. abolished. That the income classification of the original local government unit or units shall not fall below its current classification prior to such division. as certified by the national agencies mentioned in Section 7 hereof to Congress or to the sangguniang concerned. merged. or its boundaries substantially altered either by law enacted by Congress in the case of a province. A local government unit may be created. population. division. the National Statistics Office (NSO).It must be sufficient. Plebiscite Requirement. however.Division and merger of existing local government units shall comply with the same requirements herein prescribed for their creation: Provided. abolition. and sufficient to provide for such basic services and facilities to meet the requirements of its populace.As a general rule. . That the creation thereof shall not reduce the population of the original barangay or . . Authority to Create Local Government Units. unless it comprises two or more islands or is separated by a local government unit independent of the others. Expenses Incident to Recall Elections. (b) No recall shall take place within one (1) year from the date of the official's assumption to office or one (1) year immediately preceding a regular local election. and the Lands Management Bureau (LMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Requisites for Creation. Compliance with the foregoing indicators shall be attested to by the Department of Finance (DOF). . LGC 1991 General Powers and Attributes of Local Government Units Section 6. 3rd Part ARTICLE X ± CONSTITUTION Section 10. (a) A barangay may be created out of a contiguous territory which has a population of at least two thousand (2. or barangay may be created. and he shall continue in office.A local government unit may be abolished when its income. to wit: (a) Income. Section 9. The law or ordinance abolishing a local government unit shall specify the province. or by ordinance passed by the sangguniang panlalawigan or sangguniang panlungsod concerned in the case of a barangay located within its territorial jurisdiction. Prohibition from Resignation. and (c) Land Area.No creation. Section 74. to provide for all essential government facilities and services and special functions commensurate with the size of its population. Said plebiscite shall be conducted by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) within one hundred twenty (120) days from the date of effectivity of the law or ordinance effecting such action. No province.

as certified by the provincial treasurer. Section 442. a population of at least twenty-five thousand (25.00) for the last two (2) consecutive years based on the 1991 constant prices.barangays to less than the minimum requirement prescribed herein. however. .00) based on 1991 constant prices. as certified by the Department of Finance. barangays may be created in such communities by an Act of Congress. (c) Qualified voters of highly urbanized cities shall remain excluded from voting for elective provincial officials.500. and income of the original unit or units at the time of said creation to less than the minimum requirements prescribed herein. Highly Urbanized Cities. Section 450. (b) Cities which do not meet above requirements shall be considered component cities of the province in which they are geographically located. and if it has either of the following requisites: (i) a contiguous territory of at least one hundred (100) square kilometers. That the criteria established in this Code shall not affect the classification and corporate status of existing cities. based on the criteria prescribed in this Section. notwithstanding the above requirement. The territory need not be contiguous if it comprises two (2) or more islands. The requirement on land area shall not apply where the city proposed to be created is composed of one (1) or more islands. the barangay consolidation plan shall be prepared and approved by the sangguniang bayan concerned. Qualified voters of cities who acquired the right to vote for elective provincial officials prior to the classification of said cities as highly-urbanized after the ratification of the Constitution and before the effectivity of this Code. of at least Twenty million (P20.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office. component cities whose charters prohibit their voters from voting for provincial elective officials.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office. (b) The territorial jurisdiction of the new barangay shall be properly identified by metes and bounds or by more or less permanent natural boundaries. . The plan shall be submitted to the sangguniang panlalawigan or sangguniang panlungsod concerned for appropriate action. (b) The territorial jurisdiction of a newly-created city shall be properly identified by metes and bounds. as certified by the Lands Management Bureau. Classified. (c) The average annual income shall include the income accruing to the general fund. within his territorial jurisdiction. The territory need not be contiguous if it comprises two (2) or more islands. qualified voters of independent component cities shall be governed by their respective charters. (d) Municipalities existing as of the date of the effectivity of this Code shall continue to exist and operate as such. The requirement on land area shall not apply where the municipality proposed to be created is composed of one (1) or more islands. as certified by the city treasurer.000) inhabitants. Requisites for Creation. the creation thereof shall not reduce the land area. shall continue to exercise such right. transfers.000. (a) Cities with a minimum population of two hundred thousand (200. and non-recurring income. such city shall be considered a component of the province of which it used to be a municipality. That the creation thereof shall not reduce the land area. (a) A municipality may be created if it has an average annual income. Unless otherwise provided in the Constitution or this Code. In the case of municipalities within the Metropolitan Manila Area and other metropolitan political subdivisions. Cities. Independent component cities are those Section 452. as certified by the National Statistics Office: Provided. of at least Two million five hundred thousand pesos (P2. exclusive of special funds. transfers and nonrecurring income.A city may either be component or highly urbanized: Provided. To enhance the delivery of basic services in the indigenous cultural communities.000. (c) The average annual income shall include the income accruing to the general fund of the municipality concerned.000. (b) The territorial jurisdiction of a newly-created municipality shall be properly identified by metes and bounds. Independent component cities shall be independent of the province. Requisites for Creation. and a contiguous territory of at least fifty (50) square kilometers as certified by the Lands Management Bureau: Provided. If a component city is located within the boundaries of two (2) or more provinces. or (ii) a population of not less than one hundred fifty thousand (150.000. as amended. Section 451. The territory need not be contiguous if it comprises two (2) or more islands. That. and within the latest annual income of at least Fifty Million Pesos (P50. shall be classified as highly urbanized cities.000. on the participation of voters in provincial elections. population.00) for the last two (2) consecutive years based on 1991 constant prices. population or income of the original municipality or municipalities at the time of said creation to less than the minimum requirements prescribed herein. exclusive of specific funds. Existing municipal districts organized pursuant to presidential issuances or executive orders and which have their respective set of elective municipal officials holding office at the time of the effectivity of this Code shall henceforth be considered as regular municipalities. (a) A municipality or a cluster of barangays may be converted into a component city if it has an average annual income. (c) The governor or city mayor may prepare a consolidation plan for barangays.

and income of the original unit or units at the time of said creation to less than the minimum requirements prescribed herein. Requisites for Creation.00)for the last 2 consecutive years.000) square kilometers. That.000.500. not legally possible na sya for being violative of sec 8 of the LGC . as certified by the Lands Management Bureau.00 as certified by the National Statistics Office. as certified by the Department of Finance.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office ** income + either of the other two INCOME LAND AREA at least 2. exclusive of special funds. (a) A province may be created if it has an average annual income.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office **all must be present a minimum population of two hundred thousand (200. as certified by the National Statistics Office ** income + either of the other two Section 452 HIGHLY URABANIZED CITIES within the latest annual income of at least P50. trust funds.000. . of not less than P20. as certified by the Lands Management Bureau.00. Section 461 PROVINCE an average annual income.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office ** all must be present Note to self: dapat hindi baba sa minimum requirement ang original LGU from which the new one belongs otherwise.000.000. (c) The average annual income shall include the income accruing to the general fund.000 inhabitants. As certified by the Department of Finance at least two thousand (2. not less than 150. the creation thereof shall not reduce the land area. of not less than Twenty million pesos (P20.Section 461.00) based on 1991 constant prices and either of the following requisites: (i) a contiguous territory of at least two thousand (2.00) as certified by the Department of Finance at least 100 square kilometers.000. population.000) square kilometers. transfers and non-recurring income Section 386 BARANGAY Section 442 MUNICIPALITY at least P2. As certified by the provincial treasurer and a contiguous territory of at least fifty (50) square kilometers as certified by the Lands Management Bureau Section 450 CITIES at least P20.000.000) inhabitants as certified by the National Statistics Office: Provided.000 or 5000 if within Metro Manila and other metropolitan political subdivisions or in highly urbanized cities POPULATION a population of at least twenty-five thousand (25.000.000. (b) The territory need not be contiguous if it comprise two (2) or more islands or is separated by a chartered city or cities which do not contribute to the income of the province. or (ii) a population of not less than two hundred fifty thousand (250.000. as certified by the Lands Management Bureau not less than two hundred fifty thousand (250.