UWE HARVARD REFERENCING

Contents
PRINCIPLES ............................................................................................................................................. 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Act of Parliament (statutes) pre-1963: .......................................................................................... 6 Act of Parliament (statutes) post-1963:......................................................................................... 6 Audio/video downloads: ................................................................................................................ 6 Blogs: .............................................................................................................................................. 7 Book inc. multi-volume works and anthologies:............................................................................ 7 Books/Chapters in digital repositories:.......................................................................................... 8 Censuses: ....................................................................................................................................... 8 Chapter/contribution in a book, multi-volume work and anthologies:......................................... 9 Conference papers in digital repositories: ..................................................................................... 9 Conferences: Papers: ................................................................................................................. 9 Conferences: Proceedings: ...................................................................................................... 10 Conferences: published on the internet (proceedings (example 1) or papers (example 2)): . 10 Directors Commentaries on DVDs; Interviews with directors of films: ................................... 10 Electronic book chapter/contribution and online reference books: ....................................... 11 Electronic discussion groups and video boards: ...................................................................... 11 Electronic journal article: ......................................................................................................... 11 Entire discussion groups or bulletin boards:............................................................................ 12 Films on VHS or DVD ................................................................................................................ 12 Financial reports from online databases: ................................................................................ 12 Graphs: ..................................................................................................................................... 12 House of Commons/Lords papers: .......................................................................................... 13 Images and illustrations: .......................................................................................................... 14 Interviews – Internet: .............................................................................................................. 15 Interviews – television/radio: .................................................................................................. 15 Journal article:.......................................................................................................................... 15 Journal/newspaper articles from full text CD-ROM................................................................. 16 Law reports (cases): ................................................................................................................. 16 Leaflet: ..................................................................................................................................... 16 Live concerts: ........................................................................................................................... 17 Live dance: ............................................................................................................................... 17 Page 1 of 30

31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64.

Live plays: ................................................................................................................................. 17 Lyrics from a song: ................................................................................................................... 17 Maps: ....................................................................................................................................... 17 Market Survey reports: ............................................................................................................ 18 Mathematical equations: ......................................................................................................... 19 Microformat: ............................................................................................................................ 19 Military records: ....................................................................................................................... 19 Minutes of meetings: ............................................................................................................... 20 Music and spoken word recordings: ........................................................................................ 20 Neutral citations: ..................................................................................................................... 20 Newspapers: ............................................................................................................................ 21 Official Publications: Command and departmental papers: .................................................... 22 Parish Registers: ....................................................................................................................... 22 Patents (usually sourced online): ............................................................................................. 23 Personal communication: ........................................................................................................ 23 Photographs in a book: ............................................................................................................ 23 Podcasts/phonecasts/videocasts/screencasts: ....................................................................... 24 Pre-publication journal articles in digital repositories:............................................................ 24 Public communication e.g. e-mail bulletin boards, group e-mails.: ........................................ 25 Public communication e.g. lectures, webinars, announcements, adverts: ............................. 25 Radio programme: ................................................................................................................... 25 Radio programme from the internet: ...................................................................................... 26 Reprint editions:....................................................................................................................... 26 RSS feeds: ................................................................................................................................. 26 Scientific datasets: ................................................................................................................... 26 Separate episodes from DVD box-sets: ................................................................................... 26 Social networking websites (Facebook etc.): ........................................................................... 27 Software: .................................................................................................................................. 27 Standards: ................................................................................................................................ 27 Statutory instruments: ............................................................................................................. 28 Technical report: ...................................................................................................................... 28 Television programme: ............................................................................................................ 28 Television programmes viewed on the internet:..................................................................... 28 Television programmes/ Series on DVD: ................................................................................. 28 Page 2 of 30

65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

Theses, Dissertations, student projects: .................................................................................. 29 Translated book: ...................................................................................................................... 29 Blackboard (tutors' notes): ...................................................................................................... 29 Web site with individual authors or organisations as authors: ............................................... 29 Wikis:........................................................................................................................................ 30 YouTube/ Daily motion (and other video sharing web site): ................................................... 30

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URLs have been included for media that is freely available online and where the URL is not generally subject to change. Page 4 of 30 . and eds. Example of a book title: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice in Nursing and Health Care: Assimilating Research. Example of a chapter/article title: Television food advertising to children: a global perspective. • Capitalisation of the first letter of the title of a chapter/article (as well as any proper nouns). books and book chaptersaccessed online. Electronic Journal and Book references Due to the increasingly complex ways online resources are structured. The principles are as follows: And or & • 'And' to be used between authors. • Always in lower case and without brackets. Experience and Expertise. Brackets Round brackets for: • Date of publication Square brackets for: • • Accessed dates Identifying specific format such as [online]. Capitalisation • Capitalisation of the first letter of each major word in books and journals titles. Therefore. ed. Multi-volumes • The volume title will appear in italics. but to continue to include [online] and accessed date.PRINCIPLES A number of principles have been adopted in developing the UWE Harvard British Standard referencing style. including lengthy URLs to online journal articles and books often does not lead directly to a specific reference. & can be used where it appears as such in the published title. we recommend omitting any URL for journal articles.

No colon for the accessed date. Page 5 of 30 .’ should be used. Where multiple pages are being quoted or referred to. ‘pp.’ is used. [Accessed 11 December 2010]. Punctuation • • • • There will be a full stop at the end of each reference.e. use the surname and initials of the first author and add ‘et al. as per the British Standard. Page numbers • • Where a single page is being quoted or referred to. 'UWE Repository'. rather than. i. UWE Research Repository • When referencing the repository at UWE it should be described as the 'UWE Research Repository'. a single ‘p.’ in the in-text citation. as on the website. but list all authors in the bibliography. No full stop after the year of publication. URL 'available from' or 'available at' • 'Available from'.Multiple authors • If more than three authors. No full stop at the end of a URL (it may interfere with hyperlinks).

Chapter number.com [Accessed 21 November 2010]. Chapter 25. The Public Libraries Act 1850 (13 & 14 Vict. In text citation: The lyrics to Jackeyed (Hinson.. Available from: www. Author/artist/director's initials. (2006) Jackeyed. Act of Parliament (statutes) pre-1963: Short Title of Act and Year (Regnal year and abbreviated Name of Sovereign. Name of Act [online]. If online: Pre-1963: Short Title of Act and Year [online] (Regnal year and abbreviated Name of Sovereign.. chapter number)..P..resonancestore. chapter 65). Great Britain. Audio/video downloads: Author/artist/director's surname. In text citation: Within The Public Libraries Act 1850 (13 & 14 Vict. Hinson. Chapter 25.. (2000) Westlaw..com [Accessed 20 November 2010]. Football (Disorder) Act 2000. M. Title of the internet web site [online]. Available from: www.com [Accessed 06 December 2010].. chapter 65).westlaw.. Name of website. (2000) London: The Stationery Office. chapter number).Citation order and example by reference type: 1. Name of Act.westlaw. The Public Libraries Act 1850 [online] (13 & 14 Vict. Westlaw. Page 6 of 30 . Act of Parliament (statutes) post-1963: Great Britain. 3. 2000). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY)]. (Year of publication) Name of website. 2006) explore. If online: After 1963: Great Britain. 2. chapter 65) it is stated that. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Resonance Music Store [online]. (Year of publication) Title of the file/song/ film. Chapter number. Available from: www. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].. In text citation: Following the introduction of the Football (Disorder) Act (Great Britain. (Year of publication) Place of publication: Publisher. Great Britain. Football (Disorder) Act 2000 [online].

Page 7 of 30 . In text citation: As Myers explains (Beebe and Myers. (Year of publication) Title. initials..guardian.co. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. (2003) Sports Ethics: an Anthology.. E. Field. S. Available from: http://www. Z. Howard.. J.. 2nd ed. In text citation: Rogers (2010) explored the spending culture. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Experience and Expertise. Book inc.) London: Cengage.) after title. Anthology: Boxill.C.4. J. and Myers.html [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Only the Cinema [blog].com/2010/07/seconds. (Year of publication) Title of the blog entry. (2011) Paramedic Professional (3 vols.. Ford. 2007) is evident. Place of publication: Publisher. In text citation: A change in behaviour has been demonstrated (Boxill. 2010) it was noted that… 5.. A. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Title of the Blog [blog]. Edition (if not first).uk/news/datablog/2010/sep/10/local-council-spending-over-500-list [Accessed 13 September 2010]. add (X vols. Multi-volume: Beebe. 10 September 2010. ed. R. J.. Data Blog [blog]..blogspot. (2010) Seconds. Rogers. In text citation: In a review of the film (Howard. For multi-volume work. Available from: http://seul-lecinema. (2007) Evidence-Based Clinical Practice in Nursing and Health Care: Assimilating Research. 22 July 2010.. Pearson. 2011). initials. and Jordon. multi-volume works and anthologies: Author surname.. Blogs: Author surname. D. DD Month YYYY of posted message (if known). 2003).. In text citation: The need for care and guidance (Pearson et al. (2010) Local council spending over £500: full list of who has published what so far.

Name of Digital Repository [online]. add after page number: Name of Website (Year of last update). folio number. Surrey: Forest Research. London: Routledge. UWE Research Repository [online]. St Paul's Sub-district.ac. (Year of contribution) Chapter title. Available from: http://eprints. Page 8 of 30 . folio number. In text citation: Methods of ensuring biodiversity have been researched (Sinnett. initials. UWE Research Repository [online].uk [Accessed 19 November 2010]. Biddlescombe. Name of Website (Year of last update).co. In text citation: Hird was certainly present in the area at that time ('Edmund Hird' 1881). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. folio 654. Public Record Office: Piece number. D.ancestry. Farnham. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (2011) Nursing and Medicine.uwe. 7. Herefordshire [online].. Ancestry (2010). H. In text citation: Carel (2011) states that.ac. Name of Digital Repository [online]. initials. p. 22. In: Book editor/author surname.. If online.. Carel. For chapter: Chapter Author surname. Place of publication: Publisher (if stated). Books/Chapters in digital repositories: Author surname.. page number. S. (2011) Routledge Companion to Phenomenology. eds. In: Overgaard. S. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. editor/author initials. Censuses: 'Name of person' (year of census) Details of Census. Public Record Office: Piece number. 2006). 'Edmund Hird' (1881) Census Return for Salisbury Road. Place of publication: Publisher (if stated).uk [Accessed 06 September 2010]. page number [online]..6. Public Record Office: PRO SH8/5628. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].uk/11364/ [Accessed 10 January 2011].uwe. Electronic format: 'Name of person' (year of census) Details of Census. (2006) Best Practice Guidance for Land Regeneration Note 9: Maximising Biodiversity. Available from: http://www. (Year) Title. Sinnett. Available from: http://eprints. (Year) Title. and Luft.

J. In: Grayson. date of conference. If part of a multi-volume work.. Place of publication (if known): Publisher. eds. London. Location. Organisation or Company. Bristol PCT. (Year of publication) Title of Book. ed. K. multi-volume work and anthologies: Author surname. initials. M. 320-336..uk/11236/ [Accessed 19 October 2010]. add after the title of the book : Vol. D. E. (2003) Design Research Methods and Perspectives.. In text citation: Ayres (1988) explains that the growing season. Chapter/contribution in a book. Place of publication: Publisher. initials. 9.. In: Editor Surname. New York: John Wiley. (Year of publication) Title of conference paper/contribution.. pp. 20. Title of Conference. Refractories to Silk. B. Oxford: Learned Information. Oxman. A.. Conferences: Papers: Author surname. UWE Research Repository [online]. Subtitle (if present). 2010). Tierney. In: Kudless. (1989) Electronic mail: the new way to communicate. pp.. In text citation: Silver's research (1989) has since been expanded. R. 9th International Information Meeting. In: Raitt. 3-5 December 1988. Name of Digital Repository [online]. Ayres. In text citation: Naimark (2003) identified that. Available from: http://eprints.uwe. In: Ayres. page numbers.. M. Place of conference. page numbers. pp. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (Year of publication of chapter if specified) Book chapter title. initials. M. A.. N.8. (year) Title of Paper. (2003) Sensory anomalies. D. ed. and Pollard. and Long. Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Page 9 of 30 ..ac. 1982). Cambridge: The MIT Press.. 6 July 2010. T.. In text citation: A recent conference explored this concept (Wharton and Pollard. In text citation: Slate is one of the most effective materials (Hoiberg and Long. In: Author surname. XX. 323-330... (2010) Sessional GPs. A. Primary Care in Bristol. Title of Conference Proceedings. initials.. pp.. and Eckroth.V. 10. (1988) Gardening from Which? Guide to Successful Propagation. ed. initials. Hoiberg. (2008) Network morphologies. Eastwood Park.. and Swackhamer. K. Wharton. 109-117. Naimark. A. (1982) Roofing materials. 67-68. In: Laurel. (1982) Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology: Vol.I. Silver. eds. Conference papers in digital repositories: Author surname.G. (1982) Bulbs: techniques. London: Consumers' Association.. date of conference.

Norroy. Conferences: Proceedings: Editor surname. M. Directors Commentaries on DVDs. Leeds: Screen Yorkshire. eds. DD Month YYYY of conference. Haneke. Available from: http://www.. Haneke. Name ofFilm. Place of distribution: Distribution company.. DD Month YYYY of conference. S. This is England. The 18th International World Wide Web Conference (Association for Computing Machinery.. Haneke (1997) said “People don’t like to be confronted with reality. show that. [DVD]. ACADIA. initials. Name of person interviewed (Year of the interview) Title of the interview. Association for Computing Machinery. University of Minnesota. 2008) to discuss… 12. Place of publication (if known): Publisher. A. initials. University of Minnesota.. [DVD]. 20-22 April 2009. 15-17 November 2008. Publisher.. ACADIA. In text citation: The network requirements stated by Tierney (2008). In text citation: The conference brought together a global panel (Kudless. (2009) WWW2009: The 18th International World Wide Web Conference [online]. Interviewed by M. Minneaspolis. M6 Vidéo.Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA). N. In text citation: With sessions on topics from data mining to social media. Inc. Meadows. ed. Directed by name(s) [DVD]. (Year of publication) Title of Conference Proceedings [online]. 2009) covered a multitude… 13. Directed by Meadows. Minneapolis. Place of distribution: Distribution company. Municipal Conference Centre.www2009. N. They like to be confronted with a consumable reality. 11.” Page 10 of 30 . Madrid. Oxman. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Name of film. Association for Computing Machinery. ed. and Swackhamer. (2007) Director's commentary. (1997) Interview with M. pp. Funny Games [DVD]. Conferences: published on the internet (proceedings (example 1) or papers (example 2)): Editor surname. 15-17 November 2008. Kudless.org/proceedings/main. initials. Place of Conference. (Year) Director/commentator's commentary. Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA).. 230-237. Interviews with directors of films: Director/commentator surname. Place of Conference. Oxman and Swackhamer. In text citation: In an interview about Funny Games.html [Accessed 11 August 2010]. S. (Year of publication) Title of Conference Proceedings.

(2005) Macroevolution: overview. (2007) Global marketing ethics: social and emotional-psychological issues in advertising to children. 6. L.. (2010) Television food advertising to children: a global perspective.g. S. group e-mails 16. (2000) Taking the flak: operational policing.. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences [online]. 100 (9). Journal Title [online]. eds. 15. initials. Electronic journal article: Author surname. (2000) Danger in the Field: Risk and Social Research [online]. American Journal of Public Health [online]. [Accessed 10 January 2011]. pp.1) notes that “the only current scale that can be readily used to make macroevolutionary comparisons is the familiar taxonomic hierarchy”.. G. Transformations in Business Economics [online]. fear and violence. B. Online Reference Book: John Wiley & Sons. initials (Year) Title of the article. the Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (John Wiley & Sons. Halford. In: Lee-Treweek. 41-64. initials. 2007. pp. J. [Accessed 10 January 2011]. In text citation: Westmoreland's statement that policing in the UK is becoming 'increasingly problematic' can be challenged (2000. In: Author surname. Volume no. D. Page 11 of 30 . and Boyland. page numbers. Electronic discussion groups and video boards: See Public Communication e. e-mail bulletin boards.75). Page numbers if available. (Year of publication) Book chapter title.S. p. and Linkogle. ed. Kelly. (if applicable) (Year of publication) Title of Book [online].14. [Accessed 11 August 2010]. E.). p. In text citation: A key source of information about stem cells. Grundey. J. Place of publication: Publisher. no date) Chapter in Online reference book: Levinton. [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 44). pp. p. Westmoreland. 1730-1736. [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. [Accessed 19 November 2010]. 26-42. In text citation: “The use of colourful characters in children's advertising is problematic” (Grundey. In text citation: Levinton (2005. (Part no. [Accessed 19 November2010]. Electronic book chapter/contribution and online reference books: Author surname. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences [online]. In: John Wiley & Sons. London: Routledge.

(2007) This is England. initials. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. but you kiss like a forty year old!” (Meadows. S. Author (Year of publication) Title of Book [graph]. Films on VHS or DVD Director surname. Directed by Meadows. Leeds: Screen Yorkshire. graph in a book (give book details). S.g. e.bvdep. Bureau van Dijk (2008) BT Group PLC company report. p.liv. In text citation: BT's gross profit declined by 17% in the financial year 2005-2006 (Bureau van Dijk. Place of publication: Publisher. (2001) Public Housing Statistics [graph]. Page 12 of 30 . 20. B. Financial reports from online databases: Publishing organisation (Year of publication) Title of extract. 1995). Database Title [online]. P. In text citation: This is England contains comedic moments such as when Smell says “You might look about four. 29. Francofil: French Studies Electronic Discussion List [online] (1995). [DVD]. and Roca. Wendell. Available from: http://fame2. Meadows. page number or figure number for graph.ac. 2007). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. 18. Bristol: Bristol City Council. Place of distribution: Distribution company. 19. FAME [online]. Available from: http://www. (Year) Name of Film. In text citation: Wendell and Roca highlight that the number of council properties available to inhabitants of Bristol declined by 30% between 1975 and 1999 (2001). Entire discussion groups or bulletin boards: Listname/groupname/board [online] (Year of publication). In text citation: Arthurs noted “regular conversation classes can be helpful” (Francofil: French Studies Electronic Discussion List.17.uk/soclas/francofil/index. Graphs: Reference where you located the graph. 2008). Directed by name(s) [DVD].htm [Accessed 06 December 2010].com [Accessed 02 July 2008].

pdf [Accessed 20 July 2010]. House of Lords. House of Commons: Great Britain. London: The Stationery Office.parliament. Parliament. House of Commons (2007) Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review of the Management and Services of the House of Commons [online]. (HL 1999-2000 (18)). London: The Stationery Office.publications. Name of House. Session 19992000. Name of Committee (if applies) (Year of publication) Title. Available from: http://www. it would be necessary to distinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in your main text. Name of House. (HC/HL YYYY/YYYY (session's year if applicable) paper number). However. Electronic format: Country. Parliament. 1999). Parliament. Page 13 of 30 . Parliament. In text citation: The renewable energies might offer an alternative to the fossil and the nuclear options (Great Britain.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmcomm/193/193. if you are citing more than one House of Lords report published in 1999. Parliament.21. House of Commons: Great Britain. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. London: The Stationery Office. House of Commons/Lords papers: Print format: Country. It is important to avoid ambiguity in order for your reader to be able to link your in-text citation to the full reference you are providing in your reference list. House of Lords paper number should appear between round brackets. Place of publication: Publisher. Place of publication: Publisher. (HC 193). See example below: According to the Electricity from Renewals report (1999). Name of Committee (if applies) (Year of publication) Title [online]. (HC/HL YYYY/YYYY paper number). In most cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link to the appropriate report. Parliament. House of Lords (1999) Electricity from Renewables: First Report from the Select Committee on the European Union. House of Lords paper number should appear between round brackets. House of Commons (1999) Criminal Justice: Working Together.. (HC 1999-2000 29). House of Lords: Great Britain..

In text citation: According to the Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit’s Review of the Management and Services of the House of Commons. being a sub-committee of a committee of the House. In: Publication author surname. See example below: According to the to the Response to Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review (2007). date. table). At: place where the work is housed: institution or collection that houses the work. Parliament. Abbott. Parliament. 183.. In text citation: The photograph shows the flower in very close detail (Edgerton. Title of Publication. page number.publications.uk/pa/ld200910/ldselect/ldeconaf/114/114. At: Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada. Available from: http://www. In text citation: Abbott’s work. initials.. Page 14 of 30 . “The Members Estimate Audit Committee. An image referenced from a gallery or institution (print): Artist surname. (c. initials. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. London: The Stationery Office Limited. 2007). (date image created (if available)). Edgerton. … 22. However. if you are citing more than one House of Commons report published in 2007. Place of publication: publisher. It is important to avoid ambiguity in order for your reader to be able to link your in-text citation to the full reference you are providing in your reference list. b. type of resource (eg illus. Transformation of Energy. it would be necessary to distinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in your main text.1958) Transformation of Energy [Gelatin silver print]. 1957). If the image is taken from another work (e. House of Lords. Title of the Work [medium]. (1998) Beauty of Another Order: Photography in Science. (HL 2009/2010 (114)). House of Commons.pdf [Accessed 11 January 2011]. (1957) Milk drop coronet [photograph] In: Thomas. reproduced in an exhibition catalogue or book) it should be cited as part of that book (print): Artist surname. A. In most cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link to the appropriate report. Images and illustrations: a.House of Lords: Great Britain.(1958) is displayed in a simple wooden frame .parliament. p.g. fig. H. B. (date of creation ) Title of work [medium]. Select Committee on Economic Affairs (2010) Response to Report on Private Finance Projects and Off Balance Sheet Debt: Second Report [online]. could not have an external Chairman without a decision of the House” (Great Britain. initials.

8 (3). D. Manufacturing Weekly. (2007) The Tony Blair interview with Andrew Marr. T. (1995) Emerging cultures: multiculturalism in Sweden. Turner. Interview with Tony Blair. 25. 12-18. (Year of publication) Title of the article. OR Interview by Interviewer’s Name Title of Publication or Broadcast. (if any) Interview with Interviewee’s name. S. In text citation: The former Labour Prime Minister discussed his time in office with caution (Blair. 5 September [online]. Scandinavian Studies. Volume no.M. 2007). In text citation: The former Labour Prime Minister discussed his time in office with caution (Blair. Interview with Tony Blair. initials. pp. (Part no. In text citation: Turner’s Sunrise (1825-30) is considered one of the artist’s greatest watercolours. I. 15 (1).uk [Accessed 19 December 2010]. T (2007) The Tony Blair interview with Andrew Marr. V. 05 September 2007. (2000) Life cycles: manufacturing techniques in the new millennium. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. British Dental Journal. Available from: http://www. (if any) Interview with Interviewee’s name. In text citation: Edge (1976) discusses the new uses of technology in dentistry in the context of the need for curricula to reflect the changes new technology will bring about to the role of dental staff. Blair. (1976) New uses of technology in dentistry. pp. Page 15 of 30 . DD Month YYYY. Interviews – television/radio: Surname of person interviewed. and Gibbs. Andrew Marr Show.bbc. (Year of interview) Title of the interview. 15 (9). 24.uk/programmes/b00tn4fw#broadcasts [Accessed 27 November 2010]. If the image is accessed electronically: Artist surname.W. Wilson.tate. Blair. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].org. J. Andrew Marr Show. At: Tate Britain: London [online]. (Year of interview) Title of the interview. DD Month [online].). 6264. 2007). (c. 450-600. Edge. Available at: http://www. (date image created (if available)). and Murphy. At: place where the work is housed: institution or collection that houses the work [online]. BBC1 Television. Journal Title.c. page numbers. pp. initials. Journal article: Author surname. Interviews – Internet: Surname of person interviewed. OR Interview by Interviewer’s Name Title of Publication or Broadcast. Title of the Work [medium].co. initials. initials.1825-30) Sunrise [Watercolour on paper]. Y. Name of the channel. 23. Langman.

medical advice should be sought. Page 16 of 30 . In text citation: First time the case is mentioned: The procedure has been questioned by …. Leaflet: Author surname. page numbers. Square brackets are necessary if the date is essential to locate the law report in question i.e. 28. Nursing Times [CD-ROM]. if there are multiple volumes published within a year. p. 11 March 2010. Law reports (cases): Name of Parties [Year] volume. page number. Nursing Times. In text citaton: Smith (2009) provides an overview on the economic costs of nurse education 27.26. 18. North Bristol NHS Trust (2010) Care of Plaster Casts. Available from: Chadwyck Healey. initials. then use round brackets. as in the examples above.(West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson [2005] 1 WLR 2303). In text citation: North Bristol NHS Trust (2010) provides advice that if the patient experiences pain in the effected limb which is not resolved by over the counter medication. West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson [2005] 1 WLR 2303. (2009) Troubled waters. (Year of publication) Title. it is important to note that date brackets may be square or round. Volume. Smith. abbreviated form of law report. Then: ‘Reasonable Adjustment’ procedures were not found to have been followed in the case West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson When providing a full-citation for a law report. Producer. the Nursing Times is the producer as well as the name of the newspaper. Journal/newspaper articles from full text CD-ROM Author (Year of publication) Title of the article. *Note: in this example. D. Title of Newspaper/Journal [CD-ROM]. Date when leaflet was obtained using DD Month YYYY. Available from: Publisher/Distributor. 11 January 1999. If the volume number for the year of judgement is unique. date.

initials. place. Live dance: Composer/choreographer surname. DD Month YYYY seen]. In text citation: David Tenant as Hamlet brought an energy to the performance not seen in recent years (Hamlet. conducted by. 17 December 2010]. Live plays: Title of Play by Author first name and surname (Year of production) Directed by. M. [Location venue. (Year of distribution) Title of Song. Performed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. Lyrics from a song: Lyricist surname. [Location venue. (2011) Cinderella. initials. G. Hamlet by William Shakespeare.F. G. [Sadler's Wells Theatre. 2008) 32. Maps: Print format: Corporate author or publisher (Year of publication) Title. 33. DD Month YYYY seen]. 26 March 2008]. Bristol. London. Marsden (1964) caught something of the spirit of life on Merseyside : “People around every corner Hey seem to smile and say We don't care what your name is boy We'll never turn you away”. (Year of première) Title of Performance. 05 January 2011].29. initials. London: Columbia Records. Place of publication: Publisher. location of theatre. London. 1742) was exquisite. [Theatre. scale. Handel. 2011). 31. Page 17 of 30 . (Series). In text citation: The interpretation of the sacred oratorio Messiah (Handel. [Tobacco Factory. (1964) Ferry Cross the Mersey. Marsden. [Royal Albert Hall. Sheet number. (1742) Messiah. 30. Place of distribution: distribution company. place. conducted by Brian Wright. Performed by. (2008) Directed by Jonathan Miller. In text citation: The performance of the ever popular story was refreshing and innovative with the set and costumes based on a Welsh coal mining village (Bourne. Bourne. Live concerts: Composer surname. (Year of première) Title of Performance. DD Month YYYY seen].

34. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. Available from: http://academic. Hampton: Key Note. In text citation: Taunton city centre has been transformed in the last twenty years.000. 1:50. Title of online source. Digimap.000.ac.000. (Year) Report Title [online]. Market Survey reports: Print format: Author surname. Ordnance Survey (1980) Taunton [online]. (Year) Report Title.uk/digimap [Accessed 03 July 2008]. (Geological Survey of Great Britain [England and Wales]). Electronic format: Corporate author or publisher (Year of publication) Title of Map Section [online].com [Accessed 20 July 2010]. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. Available from: DOI or URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].France [online]. Sheet number or tile. One only has to refer to the map of the time (Ordnance Survey. Electronic format: Author surname. initials. sheet 172. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. In text citation: Key Note Ltd (2005) noted the rapid expansion in the market for the secondary school market. In text citation: -Mintel (2009) notes that “the diversification of products in this area is a trend we in the UK will witness in the next five years”. 1:50.Ordnance Survey (2006) Bristol & Bath. Mintel (2009) Shaving Products and Depilatories . 2006). Tile sp56sw. Ordnance Survey (1980) Bedfordshire (solid). Place of publication: Publisher (if available). scale. initials. Mintel Oxygen. sheet 10. Available from: http://edina. Key Note Ltd (2005) Mobile Phones. Page 18 of 30 .mintel. 1980) to realise the developments which have taken place. 1:50. Place of publication: Publisher. In text citation: Sites of historic interest are emboldened (Ordnance Survey.

Title of Journal. Place of publication: Publisher. 32-56. 32-56. L. add after publication details: Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (Year of publication) Title of the article. M. He was fatally wounded whilst on duty in Afghanistan (‘Private Arthur Edward Plaice’. L.aspx?casualty=651076 [Accessed 27 November 2010]. (issue no. and Antonelli.χ 36. I. (Year of publication) Title [Medium]. Title of Journal [online].org/search/casualty_details.). 'Private Arthur Edward Plaice' (2010) Commonwealth War Graves Commission Casualty Details [military record]. Mathematical equations: Print: refer to book or journal reference styles Author surname. page numbers.33) noted that χ (χ-1) = χ2 . Ronson. (Year of publication) Title of the article. (1978) The Influence of Shakespeare on the Odes of Keats [Microfilm]. pp. p. As print: Ronson and Antonelli (2004. Microformat: Author surname. M. 18(4). In text citation: Harris (1978) has carried out a painstaking analysis which will be the definitive analysis for years to come. (issue no. Volume no. (2004) Statistical data implementation in criminal cases.33) noted that χ (χ-1) = χ2 . Boston: Boston University Graduate School. 2010). Mathematical Gazette. page numbers. Mathematical Gazette [online]. In-text citation: Private Plaice received a military funeral in his home town of Nottingham. initials. Military records: 'Name of Person' (Year of Publication) Title of Publication Publication Details (if available). pp. initials.cwgc. Ronson. S. (2004) Statistical data implementation in criminal cases. 37. Page 19 of 30 . and Antonelli. Available from: http://www. 18(4). [Accessed 03 July 2008]. p.35. In text citation: Ronson and Antonelli (2004. If electronic. Volume no. initials. [Accessed DD Month YYYY].χ Electronic: Author surname. Harris.).

Bidddlescome Parish Council. Location of Meeting. Abrams. conductor). When providing a full-citation for a neutral citation.g. initials. it is important to note that date brackets may be square or round. In text citation: First time the case is mentioned: This report (Rottman v MPC [2002] UKHL 20 [2]) has been considered as …. Place of distribution: Distribution Company. judgement number for that year [paragraph number]. Bach. Then: The case Rottman v MPC has created … Page 20 of 30 . M. Subsidiary Originator (e. (individual or group if identified) (Year of meeting) Item being referenced. if there are multiple volumes published within a year.e. Minutes of Public Hygiene Committee Meeting 27 September 2009. J. Hans Bischoff. Rottman v MPC [2002] UKHL 20 [2]. Neutral citations: Name of Parties [year of judgment] abbreviation for relevant court. If the volume number for the year of judgement is unique. Title and Date of Meeting. 1850) are considered to be the most important example of variation form. Biddlescombe. then use round brackets. Square brackets are necessary if the date is essential to locate the neutral citation in question i. (1850) The Goldberg Variations. Organisation. In-text citation: Abrams (2009) delivered his award winning presentation on town centre pigeon control to the group. as in the examples above.38. (2009) Item 7. initials. In-text citation: The Goldberg Variations (Bach. Music and spoken word recordings: Composer surname. Minutes of meetings: Author surname. Los Angeles: Alfred Publishing. 39. 40. conductor.S. performer. (Year of publication) Title.2: town centre pigeon control.

In-text citation: It was reported (The Guardian. Title of Newspaper. Day and month. Newspapers: Print article: Author surname. M.uk/chile/7365 [Accessed 14 October 2010]. page number of article (if given). 5.guardian. In-text citation: It was reported that there were great celebrations at the surface as the last Chilean miner was rescued (Weaver. 5. Electronic article: Author surname. Available from: http://www. M. 14 October.41. Title of Newspaper [online]. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Weaver. initials. Day and month. Weaver. 2010) that there were great celebrations at the surface as the last Chilean miner was rescued. (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. The Guardian [online] 10 November. p. page number of article. (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface.co. p. (Year of publication) Title of article. Day and month. The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic newspaper articles. 2010) Where author is unknown: Title of Newspaper (Year of publication) Title of the article. 14 October. (Year of publication) Title of the article. initials. The Guardian. Page 21 of 30 . The Guardian (2010) The Chilean miners: who's who at the surface. page number of article (if given).

St Michael's Church Bath. The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic format 43. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Parish Registers: Print format: Name of person(s) separated by ‘and’ if more than one (Year of event) Type of event (e. Name of Committee. Baptism. Burial) of forenames and surname of person(s). 4516). Department or Royal Commission (Year of publication) Title [online]. Place of publication: Publisher.ancestry.gov.uk/document/cm73/7358/7358. Wedding. London: The Stationery Office. Great Britain.42. (Paper number). (Cm 7358). date of event.officialdocuments. Baptism. Somerset Marriage Register 1780-1809. Official Publications: Command and departmental papers: Print format: Country. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].asp [Accessed 20 July 2010]. 1999)… Electronic format: Country. 1 June 1805. Title of Register. Richard Foster and Maria King (1805) Marriage of Richard Foster and Maria King.g. Name of website (Year of last update). Available from: http://www. Wedding. Lord Chancellor's Department (1999) Government Policy on Archives. In-text citation The latest advice (Great Britain. date of event. Name of Committee. St Michael's Church Bath.co. Department or Royal Commission (Year of publication) Title. In text citation: Richard and Maria’s wedding (‘Richard Foster and Maria King’. The in-text citation will be the same for print and electronic format. Secretary of State for Business. (Cm. Somerset Marriage Register 1780-1809. Great Britain. 1 June 1805. Burial) of forenames and surname of person(s). Place of publication: Publisher. Ancestry (2009) Available from: http://www. Richard Foster and Maria King (1805) Marriage of Richard Foster and Maria King. 1805)… Electronic format: Name of person(s) separated by ‘and’ if more than one (Year of event) Type of event (e. 28th (Regulatory) Impact Assessment Command Paper [online]. Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (2008) 1st July 2007 to 31st March 2008. Page 22 of 30 . Lord Chancellor’s Department. London: The Stationery Office.g. Title of Register.uk [Accessed 03 July 2008]. (Paper number).

London: White Cube. Walters. C. (2010) Multipurpose Window System [online].ipo. In: Flickr. Griffiths. J. S. Applicant. Personal communication: Author surname. Patent number. Brown. 45.flickr. Photographs in a book: Photographer’s surname. (date) Title [Medium]. W. Available from: www. [online]. S. J. In text citation: An alternative was suggested in a letter from Walters (2010). In text citation: Brown and Duff (2010) proposed a solution to the problem. In text citation: This beautiful photograph (Idleformat. In: Taylor-Wood.uk [Accessed 11 January 2011].44. and Duff. (Year of publication) Title [online]. In: Author surname. Place of publication: Publisher. (2010) Text Message to Kate Middleton. (2004) Sam Taylor-Wood: Self-Portrait Suspended. initials. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. In text citation: The depth and warmth in Taylor-Woods’ photograph (2004)… Idleformat (2010) Clifton Suspension Bridge [photograph]. Chair [Photograph]. GB2407118. initials. (Year of publication) Type of Communication including recipient. G.com/idleformat [Accessed: 14 December 2010]. W. Patents (usually sourced online): Inventor surname. (date) Title of Publication. initials. initials. Available from: www. 46. 2010)… Page 23 of 30 . Taylor-Wood. Brown.gov. 6 July. (2010) Letter to Frank Smith. and Duff. 14th September. day/month of communication.

Phonecasting [phonecast].phonecasting. (2007) We're talking Elvis. M.ac. Available from: http://rbi. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Available from: http://www. In text citation: The use of qualitative data by Wharton and Pollard (2010) has allowed the authors to prove this point. In text citation: In this documentary. Title of the Internet Web Site [podcast/phonecast/videocast/screencast]. R.com//Channel/ViewChannel. (2010) Welcome to the dissertation learning unit. day/month of posted message (if known). University of the West of England [videocast]. 2009). (2010) Sessional GPs: support needed to provide the evidence required for appraisal and evaluation. Podcast: Dunster. Fontana (2007) speaks about his career with Elvis Presley. Pre-publication journal articles in digital repositories: Author surname.ac. Available from: http://www. and Pollard. Wharton. (2009) An intro to Wolfram/Alpha. (Year of publication) Title of the podcast.47. To be published in Education for Primary Care [Preprint]. 48. To be published in Name of the publication [Preprint]. Page 24 of 30 . Podcasts/phonecasts/videocasts/screencasts: Author surname. Wolframalpha [screencast]. K.J.com/screencast/introducingwolframalpha.ac. In text citation: UWE (2010) is very keen to develop more collaboration with research partners. Available from: http://www.asp [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Screencast: Wolfram. Videocast/vidcast: University of the West of England (2010) UWE research video. D.uwe. In text citation: This presentation helps the users to refine their search strategy (Wolfram.uk/11236/ [Accessed 19 October 2010]. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. In text citation: This collaborative work between UWE Library Services and the Faculty (Dunster.uk/library/resources/dissertation/ [Accessed 13 September 2010].uwe. part 1.uk/internet/Research/researchatuwe/researchvideo. Available from: http://eprints. 2010)… Phonecast: Fontana. initials.html [Accessed 13 September 2010]. S. initials.wolframalpha. Dissertation A&B Learning Unit [podcast].aspx?id=1444# [Accessed 13 September 2010]. (Year) 'Title of the article'.uwe.

the British Horseracing Authority (2011) has decided to offer free entry to troops and their families. Name if applicable (Year of transmission) Transmission type. That Mitchell and Webb Sound: Episode 6 (2007) Radio. (Year of publication). use the group e-mail address where conversation took place but is not available on the web. Page 25 of 30 .uk/cgibin/webadmin?A0=ACADEMIC-STUDY-MAGIC [Accessed 07 January 2011]. group e-mails. (2011) Witches threaten Romanian taxman after New Labour law. initials. 6 January. NOTE: URL = use the web address if the discussion is posted on the web. Print format: Williams. lectures. Public communication e. Public communication e. announcements. J. Date of transmission.presscentre. 27 January 2009.g. 50.ac. Radio programme: Title of Series: Episode number. 51.: Author surname. Society for the Academic Study of Magic Discussion List [online].49. 16 December. initials. In text citation: The use of film references in this episode shows that Mitchell and Webb (2007) enjoy experimenting with parody. D.britishhorseracing.jiscmail. In text citation: The issues related to the New Labour law have raised the question of ethics (Green. Hartpury College. Available from: https://www. BBC Radio 4.g. In text citation: In its communiqué. e-mail bulletin boards. 2009). Electronic format: British Horseracing Authority (2011) British Racing Pledges Free Tickets for Troops [Press release]. Location. Available from: https://www. In text citation: Equine reproduction is not being studied enough in the UK (Williams.com/Press-Releases/BRITISHRACING-PLEDGES-FREE-TICKETS-FOR-TROOPS-1ab. 2011). adverts: Author/speaker surname. webinars.aspx [Accessed 07 January 2011]. DD Month YYYY. Listname [Online]. (Year of latest contribution) Subject of message. Title of Communication [medium]. Green. Channel. (2009) Equine Reproduction [lecture to BSC Equine Science Year 1]. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].

BBC Radio 4. In text citation: This tribute to Arboriginal poetry (Poetry of the Forgotten People. In text citation: The data show the impact of seismological activity (NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center. Poetry of the Forgotten People (2010) Radio. London: Doddington Press.London: BBC DVD. Reprint editions: Author surname. 2010) has revealed… 53. Title of Database (version) [online].co.gov [Accessed 15 October 2008]. Cheyne (1724) refers to the use of herbal remedies. Global Change Master Directory (2008 version) [online]. In text citation: In the New Sofa episode of The Royle Family Christmas Special (2004)… Page 26 of 30 . initials.52. date. 54. Available from: http://www. Place of publication: Publisher. initials. NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center (2008) Geometric and seismological data. Channel. Cheyne. 2008) 56. In text citation: In his essay. Available from: http://gcmd. In The Royle Family Complete Box Set (special edition) [DVD]. Separate episodes from DVD box-sets: Title of episode (Year) Title of Programme/Series. G. The new sofa (2004) The Royle Family Christmas Special. 1977. 15 August. RSS feeds: Use the format for the media type being accessed e. An Essay of Health and Long Life. Blog 55. (Year of publication) Title. Scientific datasets: Author surname. Radio programme from the internet: Title of Series: Episode number.g. Reprint. In Title of Compilation or Box Set [DVD].bbc. (1724). Date of original transmission (DD Month). Reprint.nasa. Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Episode Title ( if applicable) (Year of original transmission) Transmission type. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].uk/programmes/b00td4v8 [Accessed 16 August 2010]. Place of distributor: Distributor. (date) Title of data.

Guidelines for Bibliographic References and Citations to Information Resources. Smith. 2010).facebook. London: British Standards Institution. Posted on DD Month YYYY. Place of publication: Publisher. (if given) (Year of publication if given) Title of Program (Version) [Computer program].autodesk.57. Print format: British Standards Institution (2010) BS ISO 690 Information and Documentation . Software: Author surname. Social networking websites (Facebook etc. In-text citation: These bibliographic guidelines make it explicit (British Standards Institution. Posted on: 13 June 2010. 58.com [Accessed 16 November 2010]. Standards: Name of authorising organisation (Year of publication) Number and Title of Standard.bsigroup. Name of Website. initials. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].Locations and Types [online]. Available from: https://bsol. Page 27 of 30 .com [Accessed 23 November 2010]. In text citation: The new regulations have not been welcomed by most of the students (Smith.Ground Service Connections . British Standards Online. Availability i. J. Place of publication: Publisher. In text citation: Autodesk Corporation (2011) specifies very clearly that … 59. Facebook. London: British Standards Institution. Available from: http://students. Name of the Social Network Website [online]. or URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].): Author surname. Distributor. address. (year) Name of the group.e. British Standards Institution (2006) BS ISO 10842 Aircraft . 2010). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY].com [Accessed 14 February 2010]. Electronic format: Name of authorising organisation (Year of publication) Number and Title of Standard [online]. Available from: www. Autodesk Corporation (2011) Autodesk Maya (2011) [Computer program]. initials. (2010) University of the West of England.

In-text citation: The rise in allergies may be attributed to poor air quality (Davila. Prime Minister: Episode 1. D. (Year of transmission) Transmission type.60. Episode Title ( if applicable) [online]. Television programmes viewed on the internet: Title of Series. BBC4. The Dangerous Dogs (Designated Types) Order 1991 (SI 1991/1743). Statutory instruments: Title and year (SI number).bbc. Ward B4 (2010) Getting On. Television programme: Title of Series: Episode number. The Ministerial Broadcast. (Year of publication) Title [online]. DD Month of transmission. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. NASA Kennedy Space Center.nasa. (2010) The Air we breathe [online]. Page 28 of 30 . Place: Publisher. (1986) TV. Available from: www.uk/iplayer/ [Accessed 10 July 2010]. Available from: http://naca. channel. Report number. (Year of transmission) Transmission type. Series 3: Episode 8 [online] (2010) TV. Place of publication (if known): Publisher. 63. Directed by first name and surname.larc. channel. BBC2. initials. Series and Episode Number. 2010). London: BBC DVD. Technical report: Author surname. Date of transmission (DD/month). In-text citation: Topical comedy can still gain a big audience (‘The Thick of it’. Television programmes/ Series on DVD: Title of Episode (Year) Title of Programme/Series. First broadcast 2009 [DVD]. Episode title if applicable. 64. Series number: Episode number. 61. 25 January. The Road Traffic Offenders (Prescribed Devices) Order 2008 (SI 2008/1332). In-text citation: In the modern hospital comedy a different approach is taken (‘Ward B4’. 1986). Available from: URL [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Directed by Peter Capaldi. Written by first name and surname. In-text citation: Pit-bull terriers are designated as dangerous (Dangerous Dogs (Designated Types) Order 1991).co. Report number: KSC-2010-269. 62. 2010).gov [Accessed 15 January 2011]. Written by Jo Brand. The Thick of it. Date of original broadcast [DVD]. Yes. 2010). In-text citation: The popular view of Whitehall started there (‘Yes Prime Minister’. Episode 1. Davila. 08 July.

Dissertation or Project. 68. Translated from the Russian by Jessie Coulson. Title. 2010). Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. University of the West of England. Theses. MA Drama [Online].uk/ [Accessed 13 Nov 2010]. Available from: http://www. Dissertation or Project [online].rcn. (2010). initials. (2004) Creative Management: a Decentred Perspective. (1987) Crime and Punishment. (year). Electronic format: Author surname. University of the West of England. author/tutor initials. A.uk/library/catalogue [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Translated book: Author surname. Hamlyn. Chambakata. Name of University. PhD. Level of qualification. Available from: http://www. Parsons. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY].ac. Nayak. Available from: https://my. Royal College of Nursing (2009) Learning and Education. MSc. 1987). Dostoevsky.uk/development/learning [Accessed 22 December 2010]. student projects: Print format: Author surname. C.ac. Translated from the [language] by First Name Surname. Page 29 of 30 . Web site with individual authors or organisations as authors: Author surname. 67. (Year of publication) Title of Thesis. Dissertations. (2010) HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Zambia: which way forward? [online]. In-text citation: The referencing guidelines explain the differences (Parsons.org. initials.65. F. In-text citation: This brings about Raskolnikov’s dilemma (Dostoevsky.M. Level of qualification. Edition (if not first). initials. initials. 2009). Blackboard (tutors' notes): Author/tutor surname.uwe. Available from: URL of the database/web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. (Year of publication of the translation). /Organisation (year) Title of Internet Site. Place of publication: Publisher. In-text citation: The findings of Nayak (2004) … 66. How to write good references. In-text citation: You can read the detail in the College’s report (Royal College of Nursing. Name of Academic Module [Online]. Title of item.uwe. F. (Year of publication) Title of Thesis. Name of University.

author initials. Available from: http://en. YouTube/ Daily motion (and other video sharing web site): Author* surname. 2011).wikipedia. 07 September 2010. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. Available from: http://www. 2010).com/watch?v=O_S6mldSB9k [Accessed 13 September 2010]. Last updated DD Month YYYY.69. Page 30 of 30 . DD Month of posted message (if known). Wikis: Title of the article. Title of the Internet Web Site [video]. France faces strikes and protests over pension reform.dailymotion.youtube. Dailymotion [video]. Example 2: 5minTravel (2010) Visit New York's Public Library. * name of the person posting the video Example 1: International News 24/7 (2010). (Year of publication) Title of the video. Available from: http://www. In-text citation: The grandeur of the building can be seen here (5minTravel. Last updated 05 July 2011. 70. Available from: URL of the web page [Accessed DD Month YYYY]. YouTube [video]. Title of the Internet Website [online]. Victorian Architecture (2011) Wikipedia [online]. 08 July 2010.org/wiki/Victorian_architecture [Accessed 11 July 2011].com/video/xecgxi_visit-new-york-s-public-library_travel [Accessed 13 September 2010]. In-text citation: A number of examples of Victorian architecture display fine stonework (‘Victorian Architecture’.