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: a way to increase capacity or add capabilities on the fly without investing in new infrastructure, training new personnel, or licensing new software. Many people are confused as to exactly what cloud computing is, especially as the term can be used to mean almost anything. Roughly, it describes highly scalable computing resources provided as an external service via the Internet on a pay-as-you-go basis. The cloud is simply a metaphor for the Internet, based on the symbol used to represent the worldwide network in computer network diagrams.
The boom in cloud computing over the past few years has led to a situation that is common to many innovations and new technologies: many have heard of it, but far fewer actually understand what it is and, more importantly, how it can benefit them. Economically, the main appeal of cloud computing is that customer only use what they need, and only pay for what they actually use. Resources are available to be accessed from the cloud at any time, and from any location via the internet. There¶s no need to worry about how things are being
cloud computing has also been called utility computing.maintained behind the scenes ± you simply purchase the IT service you require as you would any other utility. A cloud application eliminates the need to install and run the application on the customer's own computer. hosted desktop or remote client. . Instead. A hallmark of commercial cloud computing applications is that users never need to purchase expensive software licenses themselves. thus removing the burden of software maintenance. ongoing operation and support. the cost is incorporated into the subscription fee. where applications are run and interacted with via a web browser. Because of this. or µIT on demand¶ Cloud Application: This is the apex of the cloud pyramid.
RAM. where many services pull together to deliver an application or infrastructure request. it means no upfront investment in servers or software licensing. they may replace parts of the datacenter. A cloud computing platform dynamically provisions. And who could have predicted the sudden rise of SaaS "desktop" applications. with just one app to maintain. Virtualization allows the splitting of a single physical piece of hardware into independent. Sun. with players such as Workday. Utility computing: The idea is not new. non-mission-critical needs. The infrastructure includes servers. costs are low compared to conventional hosting. but SaaS is also common for HR apps and has even worked its way up the food chain to ERP. Other providers offer solutions that help IT create virtual datacenters from commodity . which provides a computing platform or framework as a service. On the customer side. networks and other hardware appliances delivered as either Infrastructure ³Web Services´.com is by far the best-known example among enterprise applications. but one day. which can be scaled in terms of CPU. Cloud Infrastructure The foundation of the cloud pyramid is the delivery of IT infrastructure through virtualization. self governed environments. and others who now offer storage and virtual servers that IT can access on demand.com. Salesforce. Here's a rough breakdown of what cloud computing is all about: 1. Early enterprise adopters mainly use utility computing for supplemental. These are then interlinked with others for resilience and additional capacity. IBM. configures. ³farms´ or "cloud centers". such as Google Apps. This in reality is a distributed computing model.Cloud Platform The middle layer of the cloud pyramid. reconfigures and de-provisions servers as needed to cope with increases or decreases in demand. on the provider side. 2. SaaS This type of cloud computing delivers a single application through the browser to thousands of customers using a multitenant architecture. but this form of cloud computing is getting new life from Amazon. Disk and other elements.
such as expense management systems that allow users to order travel or secretarial services from a common platform that then coordinates the service delivery and pricing within the specifications set by the user. Internet integration The integration of cloud-based services is in its early days.such as Strike Iron and Xignite . but you do get predictability and pre-integration. the U. 3. They're most common in trading environments. and Verizon fall into this category. cloud-based platforms. Web service providers offer APIs that enable developers to exploit functionality over the Internet. Well-known examples include Rearden Commerce and Ariba. which mainly concerns itself with serving SaaS providers. Web services in the cloud Closely related to SaaS. this cloud computing service offers a service hub that users interact with. recently acquired by Google. rather than delivering full-blown applications. these services are constrained by the vendor's design and capabilities. so you don't get complete freedom. Service commerce platforms A hybrid of SaaS and MSP. Think of it as an automated service bureau. You build your own applications that run on the provider's infrastructure and are delivered to your users via the Internet from the provider's servers.servers. coghead and Google app for extremely lightweight development.com's. this form of cloud computing delivers development environments as a service. 4. recently introduced the OpSource Services Bus. ADP payroll processing. 5. a managed service is basically an application exposed to IT rather than to end-users. Postal Service. Bloomberg. as do such cloud-based anti-spam services as Postini. OpSource. MSP (managed service providers) One of the oldest forms of cloud computing. IBM. such as those offered by Center Beam or Ever dream 6.S.to the full range of APIs (application program interface) offered by Google Maps. Platform as a service Another SaaS variation. such as 3Tera's AppLogic and Cohesive Flexible Technologies' Elastic Server on Demand. which employs . Other offerings include desktop management services. Like Lagos. Managed security services delivered by Secure Works. provides). They range from providers offering discrete business services . such as a virus scanning service for e-mail or an application monitoring service (which Mercury. among others. Prime examples include Salesforce. 7. and even conventional credit card processing services.
Private Cloud: Private cloud (also referred to as µcorporate¶ or µinternal¶ cloud) is a term used to denote a proprietary computing architecture providing hosted services on private networks. it negates many of the benefits of cloud computing. a company that provides a multi-tenant architecture for supplying services such as Hosted Desktops.in-the-cloud integration technology from a little startup called Boomi. SaaS provider Workday recently acquired another player in this space.which wanted to be a universal "bus in the cloud" to connect SaaS providers and provide integrated solutions to customers -. an ESB (enterprise service bus) provider that was edging toward b-to-b integration. However.flamed out in 2005. Amazon EC2 and Flexi scale. often virtualized resources available over the Internet from an off-site third. a company could choose to use a public cloud service for general computing.party provider.com. set up and manage their own clouds. Software as a Service and Platform as a Service. This may be because larger organizations are . This type of cloud computing is generally used by large companies. Grand Central -. Hybrid Cloud: It has been suggested that a hybrid cloud environment combining resources from both internal and external providers will become the most popular choice for enterprises. which divides up resources and bills its customers on a µutility¶ basis. CapeClear. Other popular cloud vendors include Salesforce. dynamically provisioned. An example is ThinkGrid. For example. but store its business-critical data within its own data centre. Way ahead of its time. and allows their corporate network and data centre administrators to effectively become in-house µservice providers¶ catering to µcustomers¶ within the corporation. as organizations still need to purchase. Types of Cloud Computing Public Cloud: Public cloud (also referred to as µexternal¶ cloud) describes the conventional meaning of cloud computing: scalable.
com/cloud-computing/cloud-computing.techtarget.networkworld.com/supp/2009/ndc3/051809-cloud-faq.howstuffworks.htm http://searchcloudcomputing.com/cloudcomputing/ http://www.salesforce.html .likely to have already invested heavily in the infrastructure required to provide resources in-house ± or they may be concerned about the security of public clouds References: http://computer.com/definition/cloud-computing http://www.