Dada - Wikipedia, the free enc clopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dada ( /ˈdɑ dɑ /) or Dadai m is a cultural movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1922.[1] The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature poetry, art manifestoes, art theory theatre, and graphic design, and concentrated its anti-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works. Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and anarchist in nature. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed in a variety of media. The movement influenced later styles like the avant-garde and downtown music movements, and groups including surrealism, Nouveau réalisme, pop art, Fluxus and punk rock.

Dada is the groundwork to abstract art and sound poetry, a starting point for performance art, a prelude to postmodernism, an influence on pop art, a celebration of antiart to be later embraced for anarcho-political uses in the 1960s and the movement that lay the foundation for Surrealism.

Cover of the first edition of the publication Dada by Tristan Tzara; Zurich, 1917

Marc Lowenthal, translator's introduction to Francis Picabia's I Am a Beautiful Monster: Poetr , Prose, And Provocation

Con en
1 Overview 2 History 2.1 Zurich 2.2 Berlin 2.3 Cologne 2.4 New York 2.5 Paris 2.6 Netherlands 2.7 Georgia 2.8 Yugoslavia 2.9 Tokyo 3 Poetry; music and sound 4 Legacy 5 Art techniques developed 5.1 Collage 5.2 Photomontage 5.3 Assemblage 5.4 Readymades 6 See also
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dada 1/10

[2] Many Dadaists believed that the 'reason' and 'logic' of bourgeois capitalist society had led people into war. 1919. Dada artists described the movement as "a phenomenon bursting forth in the midst of the postwar economic and moral crisis.. Dada represented the opposite. Staatliche Museum. and against the cultural and intellectual conformity in art and more broadly in society that corresponded to the war. Marcel Janco. a monster. If art was to appeal to sensibilities. Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Bell Cultural Epoch in German .. and Hans Richter. Sophie Täuber. Jean Arp. collage of pasted papers. a savior.1 Bibliography 8 External links Overview Dada was an informal international movement. Dada ignored aesthetics. Emmy Hennings. a "reaction to what many of these artists saw as nothing more than an insane spectacle of collective homicide. For example. In the end it became nothing but an act of sacrilege. in large part. Dada was intended to offend. which many Dadaists believed were the root cause of the war. "For us. Where art was concerned with traditional aesthetics. most paralyzing and most destructive thing that has ever originated from the brain of man.[3] It's too idiotic to be schizophrenic.. [3] Everything for which art stood."[5] A reviewer from the American Art News stated at the time that "Dada philosophy is the sickest.[citation needed] Hannah Höch."[6] Years later. but it is an opportunity for the true perception and criticism of the times we live in."[6] Histor Zurich In 1916. They expressed their rejection of that ideology in artistic expression that appeared to reject logic and embrace chaos and irrationality."[4] According to Hans Richter. George Grosz later recalled that his Dadaist art was intended as a protest "against this world of mutual destruction. with participants in Europe and North America. Tristan Tzara. along with others. For many participants. art is not an end in itself . Dada was not art.org/wiki/Dada 2/10 .Wikipedia.. Berlin As Hugo Ball expressed it. Hugo Ball. Carl Jung on the Dada productions. the Dadaists hoped to destroy traditional culture and aesthetics. Through their rejection of traditional culture and aesthetics. The beginnings of Dada correspond to the outbreak of World War I." Art historians have described Dada as being. it was "anti-art". the movement was a protest against the bourgeois nationalist and colonialist interests. Richard Huelsenbeck.wikipedia. discussed art and put on performances in the Cabaret Voltaire en. [It was] a systematic work of destruction and demoralization.1/2/12 Dada . 90x144 cm. which would lay waste to everything in its path. the free enc clopedia 7 References 7.

1916. Inside this space of political neutrality they decided to use abstraction to fight against the social. and cultural ideas of that time. He bombarded French and Italian artists and writers with letters. Zurich Dada. with corrosive manifestos and propaganda. and that for an opposite effect. activities moved to a new gallery and Hugo Ball left for Bern. The artists published a series of short-lived political magazines. that transposed to Switzerland when a group of Jewish modernist artists (Tzara.[8] Marcel Janco recalled. Other sources state that Dada did not originate fully in a Zurich literary salon but grew out of an already vibrant artistic tradition in Eastern Europe. a country recognized for its neutrality.wikipedia. most of the Zurich Dadaists returned to their home countries. New York's geographic distance from the war spawned its more theoretically-driven. Tzara wrote a second Dada manifesto considered one of the most important Dada writings. and produced a Dada manifesto later in the year. Huelsenbeck gave his first Dada speech in Berlin. in short. After the cabaret closed down. Arthur Segal. In 1917. developed the technique of photomontage during this period. the whole prevailing order. education. public demonstrations and overt political activities. which was published in 1918. museums. The Cabaret closed its doors in early July and then at the first public soiree at Waag Hall[9] on July 14. and some began Dada activities in other cities. 'the greatest project yet conceived by the Berlin Dadaists'. less political nature. particularly Romania. Some sources state that Dada coalesced on October 6 at the Cabaret Voltaire. Marcel & Iuliu Iancu. public opinion.org/wiki/Dada 3/10 .Wikipedia. it is likely that DADA's catalyst was the arrival in Zurich of artists like Tzara and Janco. At the Cabaret Voltaire we began b shocking common sense. In February 1918.[7] Having left Germany and Romania during World War I.[10] As well as the main members of Berlin en. Others. Their activity and art was more political and social. In the years prior to World War I similar art had already risen in Bucharest and other Eastern European cities. institutions. Ball recited the first manifesto. Be lin The groups in Germany were not as strongly anti-art as other groups. satire. political. When World War I ended in 1918. good taste. the free enc clopedia expressing their disgust with the war and the interests that inspired it. A single issue of the magazine Cabaret Voltaire was the first publication to come out of the movement. with Tzara at the helm. Tzara began a relentless campaign to spread Dada ideas. a society so apathetic it would rather fight a war against itself than challenge the status quo. and held the First International Dada Fair. It has been suggested that this is at least partially due to Berlin's proximity to the front. The Cabaret Voltaire re-opened. We had lost confidence in our culture. Grosz. and soon emerged as the Dada leader and master strategist. The dadaists believed those ideas to be a byproduct of bourgeois society. Other manifestos followed. Ever thing had to be demolished. Hannah H ch and George Grosz used Dada to express post-World War I communist sympathies. We would begin again after the tabula rasa. together with John Heartfield. would remain in Zurich into the 1920s. the artists found themselves in Switzerland. and others) settled in Zurich. with five editions from Zurich and the final two from Paris. and is still in the same place at the Spiegelgasse 1 in the Niederdorf. such as Swiss native Sophie Täuber. in the summer of 1920. published the art and literature review Dada beginning in July 1917.1/2/12 Dada .

[11] The Berlin group published periodicals such as Club Dada. Baargeld.[10] In all. was also present for a time. American Beatrice Wood. Der Dada. New York City was a refuge for writers and artists from World War I. Cologne In Cologne. Dichtungen.1/2/12 Dada . Ever man His Own Football. They issued challenges to art and culture through publications such as The Blind Man. for example. and the home of Walter and Louise Arensberg. vaudeville and poets Marsden Hartley included an essay on "The Importance of Being 'Dada'". 1917. Max Ernst. By 1916 the three of them became the center of radical anti-art activities in the United States. to the Society of Independent Artists show only to have the piece rejected. Fountain. Mutt. Much of their activity centered in Alfred Stieglitz's gallery. Soon after arriving from France in 1915. fleeing conscription in France. Arthur Cravan. Jean Arp. During this time Duchamp began exhibiting "readymades" (found objects) such as a bottle rack. but it was re-opened when the charges were dropped. the exhibition also included work by Otto Dix. he also urinated on it in 1993. Raoul Hausmann. Grosz. the exhibition lost money. disillusionment of European Dada and was instead driven by a sense Photograph by Alfred Stieglitz of irony and humor. Ernst. soon joined them.Wikipedia. with only one recorded sale. en. First an object of scorn within the arts community. Johannes Baader. Rongwrong. who had been studying in France. the Fountain has since become almost canonized by some. but they did not issue manifestos.org/wiki/Dada 4/10 . some of which also ended up written on the walls of the Nazi's Entartete Kunst exhibition in 1937. and required that participants walk past urinals while being read lewd poetry by a woman in a communion dress."[13] In an attempt to "pay homage to the spirit of Dada" a performance artist named Pierre Pinoncelli made a crack in The Fountain with a hammer in January 2006.[12] Cover of Anna Blume. 1919 Ne York Like Zurich. The New Yorkers. Cologne's Early Spring Exhibition was set up in a pub. The committee presiding over Britain's prestigious Turner Prize in 2004. New York Dada lacked the Marcel Duchamp. called their activities Dada. and Arp launched a controversial Dada exhibition in 1920 which focused on nonsense and anti-bourgeois sentiments. Rudolf Schlichter. H ch. Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia met American artist Man Ray. along with Elsa von FreytagLoringhoven. a urinal signed R. though not particularly organized. and New York Dada in which they criticized the traditionalist basis for museum art. In 1917 he submitted the now famous Fountain. Despite high ticket prices. the free enc clopedia Dada. 291. surrounded by incendiary slogans. In his book Adventures in the arts: informal chapters on painters. and Dada Almanach. Huelsenbeck and Heartfield. Francis Picabia. Johannes Baargeld and others. over 200 works were exhibited. and got involved with the Society of Independent Artists. called it "the most influential work of modern art.wikipedia. The police closed the exhibition on grounds of obscenity.

it succeeded in creating a scandal but in a different way than Stravinsky's Le Sacre du Printemps had done almost five years earlier. Erik Satie.K. collaborated with Picasso and Cocteau in a mad. Tzara's last attempt at a Dadaist drama was his "ironic tragedy" Handkerchief of Clouds in 1924. 'Together' with I. where Van Doesburg promoted a leaflet about Dada (entitled What is Dada?). who exchanged letters. For seven years he also published the Dada periodical 391 in Barcelona. Zurich. played avant-garde compositions on piano. Cl ment Pansaers. I. Hans Arp and Kurt Schwitters. most of the original players moved to Paris where Dada experienced its last major incarnation (see Neo-Dada for later activity). and magazines with Guillaume Apollinaire. poems.Wikipedia. he also published a short-lived Dutch Dada magazine called M cano. Van Doesburg mainly focused on poetry. Ne he land In the Netherlands the Dada movement centered mainly around Theo van Doesburg. and other French writers. and Litt rature featured Dada in several editions. Dada in Paris surged in 1920 when many of the originators converged there.K. In the same year Tzara staged his Dadaist play The Gas Heart to howls of derision from the audience. best known for establishing the De Stijl movement and magazine of the same name. First performed by the Ballets Russes in 1917. Bonset. and together they organized the so-called Dutch Dada campaign in 1923. By 1921. Inspired by Tzara. Vilmos Huszàr demonstrated a mechanical dancing doll and Nelly Van Doesburg (Theo's wife). Le Cannibale. the play provoked a theatre riot (initiated by Andr Breton) that heralded the split within the movement that was to produce Surrealism. the alter ego of famed Dadaist Marcel Duchamp. Rrose S lavy. Max Jacob. from 1917-1921 a group of poets called en. When it was re-staged in 1923 in a more professional production.1/2/12 Dada . Jean Crotti exhibited works associated with Dada including a work entitled.)[14] The first introduction of Dada artwork to the Parisian public was at the Salon des Ind pendants in 1921. Schwitters read his poems. Paris Dada soon issued manifestos. Paris had arguably been the classical music capital of the world since the advent of musical Impressionism in the late 19th century. Bonset. and Paris from 1917 through 1924. New York City. and included poems from many well-known Dada writers in De Stijl such as Hugo Ball.org/wiki/Dada 5/10 . Van Doesburg wrote Dada poetry himself in De Stijl. Zurich and Paris groups together during the Dadaist period. This was a ballet that was clearly parodying itself. One of its practitioners. Van Doesburg became a friend of Schwitters. critics and artists. Pa i The French avant-garde kept abreast of Dada activities in Zurich with regular communications from Tristan Tzara (whose pseudonym means "sad in country. Explicatif bearing the word Tabu. although under a pseudonym." a name chosen to protest the treatment of Jews in his native Romania). something traditional ballet patrons would obviously have serious issues with. staged performances and produced a number of journals (the final two editions of Dada. Geo gia Although Dada itself was unknown in Georgia until at least 1920. which was only revealed after his death in 1931. Andr Breton. the free enc clopedia Picabia's travels tied New York. organized demonstrations.wikipedia. scandalous ballet called Parade.

H go Ball de c ibe a "balalaika o che a pla ing deligh f l folk. ho e adical pog aphical de ign i all echo he p blica ion of he Dadai . Some died in dea h camp nde Adolf Hi le . hile F anci Picabia and Geo ge Ribemon -De aigne compo ed Dada m ic pe fo med a he Fe i al Dada in Pa i on 26 Ma 1920. al ho gh he i p ima il a ocia ed i h m ical Imp e ioni m. Zeni i ' o b o he Lj bomi Micic and B anko Ve Poljan ki. and a i had gone on o o he idea and mo emen .[ci a ion needed] ho pe ec ed he kind of "Degene a e a " ha Dada ep e en ed. B 1924 in Pa i . Shinkichi Takaha hi (JA) and Ka e Ki a ono. E ik Sa ie al o dabbled i h Dadai idea d ing hi ca ee . Poetr . i infl ence eached in o o nd and m ic. the free enc clopedia hem el e "41 Deg ee" ( efe ing bo h o he la i de of Tbili i. Legac While b oad. O he p ominen a i e e J n T ji.ong . fo nded b Tomo o hi M a ama and Ma am Yana e (DE. named af e Ma cel Janco." Af ican m ic and ja a common a Dada ga he ing .[16] B he da n of Wo ld Wa II. Yugoslavia In Y go la ia he e a hea Dada ac i i be een 1920 and 1922 n mainl b D agan Alek ic and incl ding Mihailo S. A he ame ime ha he Z ich Dadai en. Ei ke Yo hi ki. in Ein Hod. man of he E opean Dadai had emig a ed o he Uni ed S a e . The Janco Dada M e m. music and sound Dada a no confined o he i al and li e a a . The mo impo an fig e in hi g o p a Ilia d. Af e hi fligh o Pa i in 1921. Dada a melding in o eali m. Vladimi Lenin 6/10 . and T i an T a a. K Sch i e de eloped ha he called o nd poem . hile membe of Le Si collabo a ed i h membe of he Dada mo emen and had hei o k pe fo med a Dada ga he ing .1/2/12 Dada . Pe o . O he compo e ch a E in Sch lhoff. JA). he collabo a ed i h Dadai on p blica ion and e en . ocial eali m and o he fo m of mode ni m. Geo gia and o he empe a e of a high fe e ) o gani ed along Dadai line .wikipedia. In he e fi Dada p blica ion. Alek ic ed he e m "Y go-Dada" and i kno n o ha e been in con ac i h Rao l Ha mann.[15] Tok o A p ominen Dada g o p in Japan a MAVO (JA). Han He e and Albe Sa inio all o e Dada m ic. he mo emen a n able. K Sch i e .Wikipedia. I ael Dada i a named infl ence and efe ence of a io an i-a and poli ical and c l al mo emen incl ding he Si a ioni In e na ional and c l e jamming g o p like he Cacophon Socie . ignaling a e n o na e and nai e [ci a ion needed] p imi i i m. The mo emen became le ac i e a po -Wo ld Wa II op imi m led o ne mo emen in a and li e a e. incl ding eali m. Some heo i a g e ha Dada a ac all he beginning of po mode n a .org/wiki/Dada made noi e and pec acle a he Caba e Vol ai e.

Ingo Giezendanner.[17] The group included Jan Thieler. The LTM label has released a large number of Dada-related sound recordings. screwed or fastened together in different fashions. Schwitters. the free enc clopedia wrote his revolutionary plans for Russia in a nearby apartment. etc. Arp and Huelsenbeck. by a group proclaiming themselves Neo-Dadaists. In 2006. French writer Dominique Noguez imagined Lenin as a member of the Dada group in his tongue-in-cheek L nine Dada (1989). Objects were nailed. including interviews with artists such as Tzara. Several notable retrospectives have examined the influence of Dada upon art and society. and musical repertoire including Satie. led by Mark Divo.[19] Assemblage The assemblages were three-dimensional variations of the collage the assembly of everyday objects to produce meaningful or meaningless (relative to the war) pieces of work including war objects and trash. Sometimes I would add a 7/10 Raoul Hausmann Mechanischer en. After their eviction the space became a museum dedicated to the history of Dada. He portrait) A would add signatures and titles to some.1/2/12 Dada . but extended their art to encompass items such as transportation tickets.used scissors and glue rather than paintbrushes and paints to express their views of modern life through images presented by the media. to portray aspects of life. which includes Tzara. which he called "readymades". and James Joyce as characters. Lenin.' That sentence. and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. A variation on the collage technique. Tom Stoppard used this coincidence as a premise for his play Travesties (1974). a large Dada retrospective was held in Paris. 2002. In Cologne. Max Ernst used images from World War I to illustrate messages of the destruction of war.wikipedia. rather than representing objects viewed as still life.[20] Read mades Raoul Hausmann Marcel Duchamp began to view the manufactured objects of his ABCD (Selfcollection as objects of art. was meant to carry the mind of the spectator towards other regions more verbal.C.org/wiki/Dada . plastic wrappers. France.the "monteurs" (mechanics) . In 1967. RibemontDessaignes. instead of describing the object like a title. Duchamp wrote: "One important characteristic was the short sentence which I occasionally inscribed on the 'readymade. photomontage utilized actual or reproductions of real photographs printed in the press. maps. Picabia and Nelly van Doesburg. Picabia. The work of Lee and Jones remained on the walls of the museum. Aiana Calugar. converting them into photomontage from artwork that he called "readymade aided" or "rectified 1923-24 readymades". The Cabaret Voltaire fell into disrepair until it was occupied from January to March. Lennie Lee and Dan Jones.Wikipedia. the Museum of Modern Art in New York City held a Dada exhibition in conjunction with the National Gallery of Art in Washington D. Photomontage The Dadaists .[18] Art techniques developed Collage The dadaists imitated the techniques developed during the cubist movement through the pasting of cut pieces of paper items. Assemblages could be seen in the round or could be hung on a wall.

nga. 3. Uwe M. Gardner's Art Through the Ages (12th ed.nga.google.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/techniques/assemblage. 21. Hans (1965).'" [21] One such example of Duchamp's readymade works is the urinal that was turned onto its back. Retrieved 2011-06-11. Edited by Dubravka Djuric and Misko Suvakovic.com/DadaExhibit. c. George Grosz. Double Exposure.gov.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/cities/index. Mutt".135-137 ^ Melzer (1976. 19. retrieved 2008-10-19 ^ Fred S. National Gallery of Art.html) .nga.shtm) . "Unacknowledged Roots and Blatant Imitation: Postmodernism and the Dada Movement" (http://www.gov. 17.org/wiki/Dada 8/10 . BBC News December 1. and Post-Avant-Gardes in Yugoslavia. Washington. Las vanguardias art sticas del siglo XX. 14. Washington. ^ "The Writings of Marcel Duchamp" ISBN 0-306-80341-0 13. ^ Richter.ltmrecordings.shtm. Dada. 15.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/techniques/index.doubleexposure.shtm. 10. 2006 p443 ^ Dada. Dickermann.nga.132. David (1999). (1979). Electronic Journal of Sociology 4 (1). 20.stm) . Nga. the free enc clopedia Kopf (Der Geist unserer Zeit) (Mechanical Head [The Spirit of Our Age]). 2009 ^ Locher. ^ .org/content/vol004. http://www. 18. "Découvertes" n° 476 . 9. 2005. http://www. Universe Books ^ DADA: Cities (http://www. 16. Retrieved 2011-06-11.sociology. Nga. ^ "DADA .co.shtm.com/DadaExhibit. http://www.com/cabaret/.). Kleiner (2006). la révolte de l'art.com/cabaret/) . and submitted to the Society of Independent Artists exhibition that year.sociology. Dada: Art and Anti-art. Paris. 7.dadacompanion. 2006).shtml) .001/locher. 5. London MIT Press. 11.nga. Dickermann. 55).html. 2. DADA Companion.[8] See al o Épater la bourgeoisie Futurism Happening Art intervention Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band The Central Council of Dada for the World Revolution Refe ence 1. 754 ^ Tom Sandqvist. ^ Marc Dachy. signed "R.org/content/vol004.praguepost. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 4.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/techniques/index. 6.shtm) .001/locher. Alianza Forma.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/cities/index. titled "Fountain".doubleexposure. 2004. "Das Ist Dada An Exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in NYC" (http://www. (September 7. His life and work.bbc. 1920 graphic detail of presentation which in order to satisfy my craving for alliterations.1/2/12 Dada . 2006. en.Wikipedia. Oxford Univ Press ^ Schneede. 12. 2006 p99 ^ Schaefer. Mario(2006).html ^ "DADA . http://www.dada-companion.com/articles/2006/11/01/a-work-in-process. DADA EAST: The Romanians of Cabaret Voltaire. retrieved July 15. Wadsworth Publishing. p. ^ [1] (http://books.Techniques-photomontage" (http://www.shtm) .18. would be called 'readymade aided.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/cities/index. 19181991. http://www. pp. p.php) Prague Post ^ [http://www. Neo-Avant-Gardes.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/techniques/assemblage. http://www. retrieved 2007-04-25 ^ 2002 occupation by neo-Dadaists (http://www. 8.Techniques -assemblage" (http://www. National Gallery of Art.com/books?id=c8ZbINFYdVoC&pg=PA132&lpg=PA132&dq=YugoDada&source=bl&ots=wkZIUoT3bQ&sig=jU2Bh9Eu9uZh6uHRFYnC8PEdhU&hl=en&ei=ssJdSo_cFI66Nazp_b8C&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1) Impossible Histories Historic Avant-Gardes. Robert A.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4059997. http://www. 71.shtml ^ "Duchamp's urinal tops art survey" (http://news.wikipedia.nga. Gallimard / Centre Pompidou.shtm ^ "Cabaret Voltaire" (http://www. National Gallery of Art.nga.com/fdrcat. ^ Dada. ^ de Micheli.

Hazan. Paris. catalogue d'exposition.three key texts of Zurich ur-Dada.php) .includes history. Memoirs of a Dada Drummer. ISBN 0-8018-4845-8. 1994. la révolte de l'art.ossilegium. 2005. Walter Mehring. The Art Institute of Chicago. Découvertes n° 476.wikipedia. Cecilia.lib. ISBN 0-947757-86-4 Ball. 2010) Richter. and news Dada magazine (http://www.Wikipedia.includes scans of publications Dadart (http://www.html) . Dada libertin & libertaire.html) . Huelsenbeck. 1976. 2006 Lemoine. Annabelle. ISBN 0-947757-62-7 Blago Bung. Dada. Archives Dada / Chronique. Richard Huelsenbeck. Adon Lacroix. L'Essentiel. & Walter Serner's Last Loosening . L'insolite.html) Manifestos Text of Hugo Ball's 1916 Dada Manifesto en. E ternal links Dada (http://www. Lista. n° 257. Flight Out Of Time (University of California Press: Berkeley and Los Angeles. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins UP. documents. Dada et les arts rebelles. ed Richard Huelsenbeck [1920]. Serge.org/wiki/Dada 9/10 . Michel. Atlas Press. Cambridge. Folio Essais. 1979) Verdier. 1993. Richard. Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes. re-edited and translated by Malcolm Green et al.edu/reynolds/essays/hofmann.. Tristan Tzara. NY and Amsterdam." (University of Minnesota Press. 1989 (Grand Prix du Livre d'Art. Uwe M. PAJ Books ser. Max Goth. His life and work (New York: Universe Books. Aurélie. "Antidiets of the Avant-Garde: From Futurist Cooking to Eat Art.uiowa. Richard Huelsenbeck's Fantastic Prayers. George Grosz.com/dada/one/) translated into English and remastered for the internet. Hugo. Marc. Rodopi. Paris. Ryerson and Burnham Libraries. Novero. Dada à Paris.1/2/12 Dada .org/~dadaist/Art/index. 2005. Paris. Daimonides. Alexander Sesqui. John Heartfield. coll. Jovanov. Francis Picabia. 1990) Dada & les dada smes. 1991) Jones. 2005. Journal du mouvement Dada 1915-1923. Jean-Jacques Pauvert. the free enc clopedia Bibliograph The Dada Almanac. (University of California Press: Berkeley and Los Angeles. Hugo Ball's Tenderenda. Paris. 2009 Schneede.peak.artic. Dafydd. Philippe Soupault. 1994. Translated and introduced by Malcolm Green.edu/dada/) . Centre Pompidou. Hugo Ball. Genève. Irene. Albert Skira. 1965. Dada: Art and Anti-Art (London: Thames and Hudson. Johannes Baader. Mario D Arezzo. 2005. 2005. Novi Sad/Apostrof 1999. Durozoi. Michel. Hans. Paul Citröen.dmoz. Blago Bung. Flammarion. Giovanni. Jasna. Hazan.includes images showing the characteristics of Dada The International Dada Archive (http://www. Dada.org/Arts/Art_History/Periods_and_Movements/Dada//) at the Open Directory Project Dada art (http://www. CNRS. 1996) Dachy.ltmrecordings. Dada and Surrealist Performance.com/fdrcat. Melzer. Dada in Paris. Dada. 2005 Sanouillet.dadart. Flammarion. Paris. Raoul Hausmann. Atlas Press.com/dadaism/dada/index. L'ABCdaire de Dada. Dada Culture. Gérard. The MIT Press. 1965) Sanouillet. Documents of Dada and Surrealism: Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection (http://www. Vincente Huidobro. bibliography. 2005 Hoffman. Massachusetts. Hazan. Paris. Demistifikacija apokrifa: Dadaizam na jugoslovenskim prostorima. Paris. Paris. Guide des Arts. with texts by Hans Arp. Gallimard / Centre Pompidou. Gallimard. Dada audio recordings at LTM (http://www. Paul Dermée.

wikipedia.html) Retrieved from "http://en. en.391.php?title=Dada&oldid=474372259" Categories: Avant-garde art Art movements Dada Modernism 20th-century German literature This page was last modified on 1 February 2012 at 10:10.Wikipedia. a non-profit organization.org/manifestos/19180323tristantzara_dadamanifesto. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.upenn.org/w/index.. Inc.org/wiki/Dada 10/10 . the free enc clopedia Text of Tristan Tzara's 1918 Dada Manife o (http://www.1/2/12 Dada . Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. additional terms may apply.edu/~jenglish/English104/tzara.htm) Excerpts of Tristan Tzara's Dada Manife o (1918) and Lec e on Dada (1922) (http://www.wikipedia. See Terms of use for details.english.

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