"+`"+ •

• ��
r �
·
lt

• • f

• ·
,¸¸·¸·,¸
.
.·•·,¿¸



¬
q

Ý

• : ·

�¯@
¯••

.



.
·
• • • •

• •

I
I•
.
'

·
·

\ j
'

_ ~ _


• • •






• �
¸
·
• �

• •
. ·
.


• , .


· q •

¸� ·


æ
� •
••


� �

¬
ݸ
æ
q q _ .1
@ JÛ¯R by Ken Isaacs
Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: ¯<·ÜLLC1
A1± rights TOBOIV£Ó NO part of this book may be
reproduced or utilized in any fOrm or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying.
recording OT by any information storage and re­
trieval systBm without pe|misçion in writing from
the Publisher.
Harmony Books
a division OÍ Crown Publishers. Inc.
A1Ü Park Avenue ÕOU1D
New York, New York
JÜÜJÜ
Ï1±D1ÐO 1H 1DB ÜB1TBO ÜTBTBS OJ ÅDO1±CB
1UOJ1SDÐO S±NUJ1BHBOUSJ§ 1B LðHðOð O}
LBHB1DJ 1UOJ±SD1B@ LOMQBD§ L1K11OO
GROVELAND/a long time ago joe ö mother & me put $3000
together to buy 1Ü mostly timber acres in the rolling
country near the illinois river. the timber was second
growth just coming back from being plundered for coal
mine props early in the century. the cleared meadow
land su1e looked rusty & unproductive.
BUT/joe was really henry well ie isaacs, ex-kentucky boy/
horse trader/earth-nourisher ö general survivalist. he
discovered ice cream on a stick (but lacked money for
patents! & drive-in eating systems in the twenties, did
night janitor work in kansas city plus share-cropping
during the depression. when they moved back to the land
he was coming down from a bad time selling used-cars.
that hurt him a lot. humane intelligence set him up
as an urban victim. one morDing he declared an end to
the gentle. but obsessive, drinking õ returned to the land.
he recycled an old barn, the crates from a microwave
tower & some windows from a burned vaudeville theater to
make a tight, appropriate shelter for about $185.
some went for sawmill cottonwood lumber, but most for
wi1ing , stove õ asphalt shingJes.
UÛÎ`Õ PÅHTNWMother , was marie neville, grape-arbor
girl, fancy prairie, illinois, 1Û<¯. she could make
blackberry cobbler, do noodles from scratch, quilt
& get a sheet clean with homemade soap. she was a slim.
rangy person, one of the world's great woods-walkers
õ movie-goers. her laughter was as sweet
as her technology.
THESE TWO/were Qretty I0£Þ1UaD16 õ they turned the little
patch of ground into a 1ich eden of good experiences.
most of the years i was involved in a surreaJ wheat­
stonian series of oscillations taking place in nyc
(geographically) õ faDtasyland abGut design ö the
industrial establishment. strange ö schizy because
years before when just startiTg college i experienced
the massive comprehensive rush of overview.
probably as a result of ruth benedict, durant.
huxley ö mumford i began to factor the ð1VlIODm6D1
õ see the world entire for the first time. it was
a rich period which saw the construction of the
first Living Û1IuC1uIC5 & NlC10hDu5C5.
MOST IMPORTANT/i saw ö felt the necessity for major
simplifications, ö recognition of positive earth­
relationships ö environmental change-therapy to
release us all from the high-tech maniacs. but i was
a backslider. after teaching a little architecture ö
design, my pallid attempts to do the urban shuffle
were term1nated by a neat surprise. i got a fellowship
in architecture from the Graham Poundation, so i took
the money ö stuUents who wanted to live outdoors to
Groveland. it was an early í1ÛÛÔ} microcommuni ty which
foundered on old-fashioned menu-personality conflicts.
but for the year or so it lasted we lived in old
schoolbuses, built the american outhouse equivalent
of the japanese teahouse & a couple of new Mic rehouses.
EVERYBODY/split except joe õ mother while i burrowed
deeper into the loving trees. work on the hardware
for a differeDt way of life ro1led on. one day i
wrote a true letter ö got launched into a long series
of articles on my designs for a. popular magazine.
people all over built ö used Living Structures ö
Microhouses, so i became a consulting editor õ
moved back to nyc. but it's negative to build real
things in big cities. my chance came to return to
Groveland when a guy in a middle western university
asked me to show people about Microhouses, just
before taking off with Z seabags of tools & hardÞare .
i merged at speed with a great ironhead named
Carole.
NOW/we're blowing the dust & rust out of Groveland
with some new people who also want to tread lightly
on the earth.
Ñ
¯HË MÛC¯ 1MÎÛH¯ÅN1 ¯ÜÜÌJ1Í §OU TD1HK O1 BJJ TDB
DCTDOQS & OÍ1OI1S B ]CTSOH OT1H@S 1O DBBT TO @BT
d 1D±D§ OODB, TDB QB1D QBI1 1SDCdU¬TOOJ1H§
3 MÅ1Ü/1DB CUJTUIB~COHQ1T1OH1H§ J1D1TBT1OH TDBT 1S
1DC 1QQI±H1 O1 1DC QCO±d SUQCTSBJCSDCD DdS SJ1§D1l§
wTCCKBU OUT BO±J±1§ 1O COHCCD1TB1C ö SBVCTCJ§ wdT|BO
OUI T1DC¬SCHSB SDUTTJ1H@ CTBO1T CBIOS & S1@H1H§
QOH1DJ§ ]B§DOHT d§TCCDCHTS DdVB OBCICBSCQ OUT
BO±J1T§ 1O DBDUJO TDC TCBJ¬1±EC BC1±V1T±CS
OT DBX1H§ & OO1D§
ÏHl¬ML¯ÀÍ ¯1M1D±DH OT T1EC¬SODSC dDO1DCI wB§
1DC§ USCO 1O SDOw US 1DB O1§ U|I1§D1 EODOl±1D1C
DOBQS TTOD ÎBS1CI 1SJdHO 1H §TBQB SCDOOJ 1DB
1OBCDBI SB1O TDC§ NBIC CBIVBO OH TDC @IOUHQ. TDOH
S|OWB w11D YODUCT & E§S1CT§ dOOU1 ¨DOw Q1O 1DB
`S±EQJO´ SBVB§CS IB1SC 1DBD 1O B VCT11CBJ |OS11±OD
N1TBOUT TDB OOHOT1TS OT TDC 1HOUSTI1BJ HBVO1UT1OH
& 1DB TCdDS1BIS UH1OD'¨ wB Sd1 1D OUT J1TTJC IOwS
SDdW1D§ OUT DCdOS J1WC 1DB d1ICOBJCS JD B H1VBJ
CODDBI1CBJ 11 wBS 1D]OSS1DJC TO COHCB1VO OJ 11 OU1
B TCN §OBIS B§O 1DOI HC§CTQBBJ NBHT OONH TDBIB N1TB
S1EQJB JCVBTS ö dD 1OCd ö OCQOHSTTd1CQ B wDO\B
DCw QO1D1 Ol V±Cw DC USCQ TCdJJ§ 11H§ @TBQUBTCO
S§S1BMS O1 QBDDJOS & _UST J1TTCQ B S1OHB DOdQ
B Dd1I d1 B 11EC 11 dQ]BTBH1J§ wOIHCQ QTC1T§
H±CC\§ DC BJEOS1 Q1O 11 1D _US1 d Ud§ w±1D HO
DOTC TDBD 1OUT OT l1VC QOO]JC
HEAD-TOOLING
ÎLAL111 ÝAHÎ|1DC w±BTU ]O1D1 OJ cBS1CI 1SJdDU
1S 1DB1 11 Q1OD`1 TBKC 1DOSC §U§S 1O1CVBT 1O OO 1D1S
1 O1QH`T TBKO JOH T BJJ BdVC NB OOCH OVCTSOJO
OD COD|J±Cd11D§ ö CJBOOTdT1D§ OUT 1OOJJD§ QTOCBSS
w±1D COQQJCX OX|CDS1VC ÍCOSE1CBJJ§¸ CCOJO§±CBJJ§¸
DBCDBH1ZCO B1QS 1H DOQO O1 T1DOSBV1H§Ý TDBH 1OI
wDd1 1S 1DC T1DB SdVBO¯ TO OC STBTVCQ õ CId2CO` TO T1JJ
O§ TCdO1H§ 1JB§OO§ OT TUDH1H§ BTOUDO OTBdW±D§
IdO±O BCI±dJS OJJ |BTHCO CBTS`
11 EdWBS dOOUT dS DUCD SCDSB dS B J¶¬DOUI OT1VB OD
1DC LOH§ 1SJBDO lXQTBSSwB§ 1O EdKO 1DC JBSS¬1DBD¬<¬
DOUI TJ1§DT 1O ÜD1CB@O
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Ïc1LB11Û/¥C`IC @O1D@ TO QB1UDC 1DO1V1QUBJ1§ õ GCBK
more G1BBO§ TD§1DEG 1D OUTGBJVCS @BDBIB1J§ 1DlG
improves the ability to concentrate. concentration
is B great õ precious state of @IBCC i think it
valuable because it is a G1@D that i 'm really getting
lDTO õ QCDC1TB1lD@ ¥DB1 l`E OOlD@ in some lE|TCClGB
sense i1 1S 1DC TBVBTGB Ol BJlCDB1lOD gUG1 DBDU 1DC
DBX1 1¥O¬§CBI¬OJU W1Q §OU TUD lD1O D1G l1TG1
TUOOBT OBDO ö OOSCTVB DO¥ 1D1C@TBJ CODCBDTTB11OD
is 1O 1DC DUEBD BDlEBJ
ÅÙVÅN1ÅÛËC Û¡ CJM1LÎ ¯ÛÛL1NÛ/TD1G GB&B cOnCentrB1iOD
parmi ts us to set about breaking the relentless @I1Q
ol a culture which demands that WB have the newest,
biggest õ JBG1CGT QOWBT tools OBJOIB ¥B OB@1D OHlJQlD@
BD§1D1D@ l1 ¥lJJ EBKB l1 QOSSlOJB JOT UG 1O U1lJ12C¸
UDQBIG1BDU õ COD1TOJ G1E|JC 1OOJ1D@ 1DB BO1ll1§ 1O
use G1E|JC 1OOJ1D@ BllBC11VCl§ 1S DO1 ¿UGT @OOO 1OT
OUI GTB1C OJ OC1D@ OU1 lTOE B |TB@EB11C QO1D1 Ol V1C¥
11 &BBDG §OU CBD build ¥1TDOU1 1DVCS11D@ 1OO EUCD Ol
§OUI economic resources. in CCOJO@1CBJ 1BIEG 1l 1DBT
investment 1G low the result is personal 1DQBQBDQCDCB
õ the handmaidens of personal independence are
beyond price for they are gentle assurance õ
DOD~V1OJCD1 SCJ1¬CODl1QBDCC
JBÜHËÅCÎÜ111V1¯1_ODCC you simplify the tooling &
get deeper into the characteristics & capabilities of
BBCD tool, you begin to get more precision in your
results. by lOCUGlD@ OD B tool §OU l1DO ¥DBT i1 will
OO õ DO¥ 11 QOBG lT OU1 EOTB 1EQOTTBD1, DO¥ §OUI BC11OD
BU@ECD1G. EOQUJB1BS OT negates itG |CTlOTEBDCB if §OU
USB l1 BDOU@D õ §OUT OOGCTVB11OD¬GCDSl11V11§ 1G
O|CTB1lODBl¸ §OU ¥lJJ CDQ O§ OBlD@ BOJC TO QO T01D@G
¥11D the 1OOJ ¥DlCD ¥1JJ GUTQI1GB õ BEB2C §OU
you don't have to be a zen master to recognize that
this will.result in some pretty peachy changes in
your relationship with self & thus with the rest
Ol 1DC UD1VBTGC
W
THE $185 HOUSEjwe took two old barns apart. they were
just small barns but there was a lot of good lumber
in them. no big romantic beams, like House & Garden
magazine. just early twentieth-century 4x4's, 2x4's ö
siding but it was just the thing for framing up a l ittle
house in the woods. joe discovered a microwave relay
tower going in over on the Peoria road ö all the parts
had been shipped in fine heavy wood crates. the crew
erecting the tower was pretty set on burning them as
the usual libation to Mammon ö all the gods of waste
ò consumption but j 9e, my father, six-packed them out of
that. he loaded the old jeep five or six times ö the media
equipment era tes became the shea thing for the house.
he found the 1it tle old crooked windows in a 1920's
movie house that was being wrecked. the $185 hard money
went mostly for shingles, tarpaper, cement ö a few
new nails.
THE FIRST MICROHOUSEithe first one ever built was a
72" (slightly more than average man height) cube in the
Groveland timber. i built it in the early 1950's out
. of tempered masonite hardboard panels screwed ö glued
to some 2x2 's salvaged from my first Livi_ ng Structure.
people had built small shelters before, mostly in
humble unrecorded places like the arid scratchlands
of asia & the favellas of the southern hemisphere.
all those efforts had the beauty ò directness of the
bravery & courage of our kind of animal up against
the wall doing his sweet best. all the little houses
of the past were the status castle, scaled down by
malnutrition & exploitation of the builders. i made
the Microhouses as one best guess to shelter post­
industrial men; compacted & liberated from the "mort­
gage," "furniture," & "what-will-the-neighbors-say?"

�!£

+0¥\ ;��l�alt·things
p1aoe �s \hu:R�' q]le acro-s·
g0!D

00I1.Þ¹ h9l¤ I0B .

¤x!` V1

o×curaíons.
¯7Þ¤ÞJa9 coµpu+evyrayhJc`a,-
�aanJa¿¸ grOW1n]M) ð0 F8µ11С¸|OoBeDU\1Ól0_¸

_
I�± �±0g B6V8D

^lllJÓ�8D pJus

�t¶
:
¤ôSy !ðK1Jlð(J1ÿ .¸,¸ ,
,\b5 tars·anconux:ls& Edinþu;¿h¸.
·
¸ `•
)ð1¡5 no\ D] CO.D[ r:iD£1nuonc]

lQ 1h8 cld
,
-
'`´«
.. :
IC1¸¿ O.b\1 1ð1Ç61 ,by being 0^F|O ¹tnÍ 1+no1e` .¸
;+a`±eao. naho & heart¸
·
··
^^
. .
.ª- * @`W = × = ¶±# -
·
¶ Æ Æ ææ
- ···· = ¯�¯ ¯•
Þ ••• • • ¯¸¯ • • @ �.·'··¦¸•• ,·. .
1Û L¯¯1!Û U1|EBW1D@ a ]JBCC 1O DU±JQ things õ a
unit to work on. a step-by-step easy
progression that tells you how to buy wood
right & how to grade it & judge it.
measuring, marking & cutting with the hand
SBw BTC COVCTCQ 1DBX]ODS1VC DUj1D@ O1 1OOJS
is O1SCUSSCO along with an BCCUTB1B QI±JJ±1@
SB1U] 1Dd1 COS1S ODJ_ |JÔ DOw 1O chOOSC
B CCCC11 DdTOwdTO S¹OTO SÙO]]±D@ J1S1 p. J´
<O. NEW CL¯¯11NÛ LOPT/i 1 QOCS1´ 1 have to 1dS1C1 to
the WBJJ so ±1 moves easy. made from just
one kind of member it s easy to change or
add to. this GÛ` module can even be used
to DU±JO UI oU1dooT SDOJ1OI SDOQQ1D@ J1S1 ]. RJ
R< JOSH M¯1KÝ LIVING KÜU 1D1S 1s a ]CTSODdJ¸
1DC1V1QUBJ 1±C`S 'DOUSC¨ DU±J1 lD D1S Ow1
room. OdSCO O1 1DO ÓÛ` EOOUlO 11 1S lJBX±OJC
1O @IOw w11D the Chi1C. SDO[[1D§ J1S1 ] O<
bA. INFINITE C1ÜKÅÎSYSTE/using one universal
panel you can Du11Ç up, down or sideways
in B completely 3-D way ö WnocW it down to
gQ ]CI CC11 O1 11S BTOC1CO S±2C loT moving.
shopping J±S1 ] ÖÛ
Ûg. CHUCK C ÜÌAJÎ1DB ÎdDOJ¬MB1T±X QT1DC1]JO ±S
BQQJ1OO 1O d <R´ module 1O EdWO B CJBSS1C
1TOO CDd±I SDOQQ1D@ J1S1 ] ÛÔ
U4. ÅRTIÜUL1b L1N¯ BU/how to make a light bulb
float with the minimum support & the maximum
EOVOEOD1 ]OSS1O1J1116S COS1_DOQ 1O wOTW
w11! L±V±1ÿ ¯1TUC1UTCS OU1 ±1 w1JJ wOTW O1
B wdJJ 1OO
ÛÛ MICRODORM </1D1S L1V1D@ C1TUC1UTB 1S buU * O1
J1ÿD1 S*TOSSOQ~SW11 plywood J1WB B DT1O_O
it provides sleeping, stoTagO õ study-work
in the floor area of a single bed for
ages Ü·ZÜ oT even beyond. shopping
11S1 ] ¯J.
CONTENTS
¯R ÏU1 MÛUCL|11±S OU1UooT Living S1TUC1Vre 1OT
D1WeTs õ CdE]CTS CB1 OB BTOC1OO O1
lOBSBQ OT SDOT1¬1CTE¬USB ÿTOUDO 11`S a
OdSB CBE] 1OT H 1e« W1DQ O1 CX]JOTB11OD
SDOQQ1D@ J±S1 ] CÓ
Ü. CÜÝÎHLNÅ1Ñ1t s B si tUng-napping-reading­
listening place on d noble eighteenth-century
scale. it s even an extra bed.
SDOQQ1D@ J1S1 ] ܯ.
94. 8' MICROHOUSE/you Cd1 OU1JO 1D±S @C1BwB_
SDCJ1BT CB]SUJB ±1 §OUT B]BT*0CD1 1OI
dOOU1 $300 witD DB1C 1OOJS 1DC1 ±1 w1JJ
go to the COUD1T_ 1D a S1B1±O1 wd_OD
several will make a family village with
privacy for all. shopping list p. JÜG
legalities & zoning p. 10U.
JÜC ÚLÛ MICROHOUSE/i've been J1V11@ ±1 1D1S ODB
off õ O1 S1DCO 1ÙÜ< ö we WBC] US±1@ 1DB
]TO|BT11OS OJ flexibility ö CX]B1OdD±J11_
1DB1 BTB unique to 11 11 CB1 DC S1BT1CQ
JCT BOOU1 Ô1CÜÜ ö BUQed 1O BS §OU EBWB 11
SDOQQ1D@ J1S1 ][ ±<¬~<Ö
J<Ü IN WORK/this is some of the stuff we are
working on right now: a new Nert±caJ
M1CTODOUSO 1D B ]1]O~1TBEB MB1T1X
B* ÛTOVBJdDO 1Cw wOOQB1 J111±1ÿS
1OT _O1111_ 1UO±1_ 1DB1 _OU Cd1
1BOT1CB1C ±1 your OasemeD1 OT garage
with S10]JC 1OOJS d 1Bw ÝOTJC ]±CWU]
1TUCW made O1 ]J_wOOQ ÇBnOlS õ based
on the available VW floor pan &
running gear; the Dragon fly catamaran
houseboat using modular COnStTuction; & a
DCw 1Û M1ctoDoUSe «ì1h intc:nal Ma1rix
ö ßVltiple( overlapping J1V±1_ JCVCJS
W

·
.
-::: �¯_·° - _ `¸`·`.·¯ ^ • ¸��¿ ·¯ ¹.
.
¦
.
¸ ·'··.· .'¸,
'·. · '·,¸·¸ ,
-
¸¿¸ ¸ ,· *·•• �¸ *'g
-

'''`.* · •· `··
����� �
·
�81 ��Y\.' kiow ·

`
toC

|| 6£ructu'es' · is
'
- -
'
-__·
make j±'¸ '6u)e :·1t
`
's �0n�nޤ to
· çcr1ec

t all. ·oç involved
,··¸.1n·larger ·St. ruct.ures & 1n e mÇO\JfS
,

·

aT�·`Iea1(useful v8anyou wor.k

o o metal oc

.

· · ¡ae units make good table. to mark
6 saw plywood & 2x2's on. they are
fine, stable �oo: stBnD for the
litle electric drill press.
~

.
ÅM

• • ¯ • • ¯ i • • i g

g . • . • • •

¯ • •
• •
• •
• •




'
=@h 1_ h0RK3|1 A has ´
·
)\s1 l'2
·
p�rts. (or booes)
e×c1ud.nj faslene:s �various 1Qÿÿ3H_
C!DlC6", ue.nzbuilt of. re¡eOt¼^ universal
me0D6¹S <^´ .:n, ´ \1¹! ¸ust Û nt1es in eaoh
CuB~
¹tÐ e×çeClat1Dn is that Ca´h bone
will be an inte rchang-·aple ça.¡ with so
li ttle variation that your anxiety level
can be lowered on final assembly by
knowing that whatever· one
cgmes to hand
is the correct piece.
¯ &e±ï Üþ)ne]'s intercrlgear,;
OJl. eans. f<r perhaps thø time onH can ly'par ipate
i.n tb-' Industrial xevo:�)on& end up with a nca¡·1111¢ package
whic-h can: be knocked down 1n a few minutes & <iarr:ie�·.handHy by
pub1ic transport anywhere far or near in this worl,d; after you
begtn to shift head gears. you neei hard ¡oo±±n�.tm materials
Å an o-erational track
.
&
&

I
I
I
I
MYSTIQUE OF THE LUMBERYARD/it might help right now
i1 i outline my head-tooling for going to the
lumberyard. any good person resists the easy
[16B$u16$ D1 cynicism WD6D 1ðC6U w110 D6gð11VC
U6DðV1DI. DD 1D6 D1D61 DðDU 1D6$6 are pa11DuS 11N6£
(NðgU6 Bll times were) 6 it is D61[1u1 1D ð[[1DBCD
1D6 lumberyard w11D ðD ð1611 N1DU C611ð1D1],
DD1 CD1p DD 1D6 s0Du1Uer. but alert & 1ðJ1Dý
all that happens. maybe it's ju$1 that some guys
in the bu$1ness have been spoil6d by the easy
picKing$ represented by all those do-i t-yoursel fers
who roll in every Saturday morning in the ôÒÒUU
statiDD wagons with eyes as wide as Venusian
space pilots. anyway, there is generally qu:te
an Btt\tuUB there ö it is Ü barrier to eetting
usable materials. you must work out ways of
getting around it.
¯Ht@MLAÅ TLLLÎHUNc ÛV1NOLL/106 1\T$1 1DlDg 1S¸
UDD´1 order Uy [DDD6 l1 UD6SD`1 wD1K & yDu will
g61 1D6 w1DDg 1D1Dg D1 an uDu$BU16 1D1Dg 1Dð1
Wðg DD6 of 1D6 Nð1V61S D1 NDU61D 11N6$ is 1D6
way B perfectly nice guy «1±J 611D61 CDD you
or B1 U6$1 give short shrift by phone when he
wouldn` t UD the same face-to-face. one to one.
truly the telephone is an instru¢e¬t iJð1 1C5¬
ters alienation.
UNDERSTANDING WOOD TERMINOLOGY/first off, if you
hðVe t contcted the lumber business brand of insanity
yet, accpt the fact that a Z×Z @i6Ce of wood
lSnot r@Bl1@Z 1DC!65b < lnCh6$ N6B$u16U in
C1D$@ec11DD. 11 Nð@DðV6 Æ6ð5u16U B Ju11 Z 1DCDes
square 1 $DN6 11N6 in i1s 1l16 UD1 by the time
K11D U1lD@6 sDrinKin@ &_1ðD1D1 D6 l1 lS
DD1@ • 1n fact, you might 11DU 11
U111lCu±1 to get <×<`s fDr a 16B$DDBU16 ]1lC6 lD
your Brea. if you can get 1umbUr Cu1 to these
dimensions it's usually better 1D get that which
is planed smooth on ð11 sides ( 1n
d
ustry code for
this 1$ "S4S," or "surfaced on all 4 sides").
BUYING WOOD
PRICES/several of the people i've talked with
1ately have mentloDeU that prices of up to
ÕDÇ per runniDg 1DD1 DBV6 been chðr[ed 106N
this is really 1DD NuCD & $DOu1U U6 D6B1er
1Õ$ p61 1DD1 wDB1 1D1$ prObaU1y N6BDS 1S 1DB1
1D1S KlDU D1 1uNU61 1$ B good S[D1 1D DDDK
1D6 unwary in. a comp6lJ1Dg [1DU16N lS 1Dð1
i wouldn't even 81DU pByiDg that much for good
sticks but they won't even be that much better
than pieces you can latch onto for less
if you Lnow how to a[[roÜCh it.
I
Ì/t
�_
��·�J

ÅÛ
DOING IT/this is where the blueprint part starts.
now it doesn't do much good to be on the spot in
the yard if you can't influence & modulate the
course of events. the only way i 've found to do this
is by the establishment of a one-to-one
relationship with a yard man. (the guys who work
lumberyards divide functionally into two
operationally based categories, the front guys in
the office who do the orÔertaKing & the salving
& the other guys out where the supplies are stored
who take your paid receipt, locate your stuff
ö throw it on the ground by your vehicle. sometimes
in small yards these two categories overlap but
these are the ground rules.) you do the best you
can with the front-office people but it is sometimes
hard because they are really just salesmen & the
manipulative objectives of th1s line of work
fairly well exclude any massive concern for the
customer's well-being. the place to get hip
is with the yard man who actually selects & touches
the material you will work with later on.
COMMUNICATINGthis may generate feelings of personal
shallowness in you because most of us have been
encul tured in the way of holding the cards so no one
can see them. this is just a contextual figure­
ground problem because the good dream is that we will
all become increasingly open with others, even those
casually encountered, ö talk ö shaTe a little bit of
what we're occupied with. at best one tries to do
this with most encounters, not just those where we
hope to elicit a certain kind of performance. so if
the intent is positive & general the aspect of
manipulation really doesn't apply. we all try to
observe this as a general way of behaving & if
other people return it you really learn & life gets
interesting.
OPENNESS/share a little of what you're building
with others. thus it's possible for them to be a
little responsive to what you are trying to get.
remember that this paltry ¢1Û worth of flower stems
may be the stuff which your life dreams are made of
but to the yard man it's just a 2}-min
'
ute gig which
is only one of thousands which stand between him &
his ambition to become a famous brain surgeon. if
you tell him what you are in1o + that is, why you
want 2x2's straight & dry, he may get interested in
a human way ö respond. how would you 1ike to work
in a lumberyard where all these madmen with more
money than knowledge come in every weekend & bu) out
the house for some purpose which is unknown &
indeterminate to you? alienation is all around us.
WHAT KIND OF' WOOD? l haven't said anything yet about
what kind of wood you get. most often we use Douglas
fir or White fir. i have also heard from people
who like spruce 2x2's. the Douglas fir is really good
because it is relatively strong (it's a prime choice
in the lig3t construction industry). it has long­
leafed overlapping hard-grain coÆponents which
make it strong. these components make the ¿1ðlD
prominent under visual observation. White fir is
not so strong because the hard-soft parts of the
grain are more evenly distributed without the over­
lapping patterning§ it is quite a bit lighter than
Douglas fir. which is great when you are lifting or
moving finished structures by air freight. the
Douglas fir is more orangey in color & oxidizes
(with clear finishes) to a richer color on exposure
to sunlight. White fir is pretty pristine
to begin with. bone white in some cases, 6 stays
lighter through its life. the hard-grain segments
make Douglas fir a little more difficult to finish
than the White fir, but also a little more resist­
ant to damage from impact or knocks.
I
HUBLE MA¯¢HJA@1u61e 1B a K1DU D1 U61161$DD1BD
UeNDC1B11C Bee×Ing 1D 1ðK1Dg 1De ND$1
BlNp1C & CDNTDB ua161lð1B & 1!IOugh CaIe101 B10Õ¸¸
I
wOIkTaBBIlQ & B!O1B O1 BO0J 1I¸1ng 1O tCa1lZe 1I6lI
Deau1¸. l1´B nO1 1!a1 l`T 1O0uB6 1O 1!C '11B61" wOOOB,
DeCa0BC 1 dO 16BpOBÕ 1D !IB1O11Cð1 0B6B O1 paB611Bÿ O1
I
@uI1B1 V6Dee1$ D1 B 111116 ]16Ce D1 1edK 1D 1h6 hðnd.
11 Nu$1 D6 1Dð1 1 _uS1 1e$6D1 1De h1B1O1ICð1
1upeta11VeB D1 1!C O1CC16 C1aBB wh1C! OV6IVð106
I
$QaIc1 1¸ OI O1h6I k1BCB O1 6ס6nB1V6 CXO11C1B0
l g06BB 1 ÕOB`1 a_166 w11! 1!C 1Ceð 1¹a1
C1ðuOnÕB a1e B g1I1`B DeB1 1I1Cnd. 1 16nÕ
1D D61I6V6 1Dð1 Ca1CIuN & ]DDBQDD1u$ ð16
I
ûÛÛUl
A pCB. <´Xc×ÛÜ lÛ´ 1OB_!
I W^^"
1Í4¯¬<Ûxó 1/<¨ 11B1DedU NBCD1D6 OD11S
Ç/1U` 1JB1 wðBhCIB
I
I
<4 ]CS
<4 ]CS
<4 ¡6B
<4 p^B
A pCB.
l/4" Bp111-Bp11nÿ 1OCK waB!6:B
l/4'-<U !6X B01B
l¨-OIa0C161 10IB11u1e ÿ11ÔeB. w11! DB11
(ODN6S O1 ê116nC6(
a11 hðIdvð16 1D De O11gD1 ]1B1eU JCdUN1uN D1 21DCJ
I
ÛN 1Ht LIN¢_dD ¸O0I Iap w11! 1!e ¸aIO TaB
ðB ¸Ou jO BO he kBOwB wh¸ ¨B1Ia1_h1¨ & "OI¸¨
(11 Ta¸ 1aRe ð CO0p1e O1 V1BI1B 1D 16a1J¸
eB1ðD1IBh 1ðQQO11 Þ11D 1D6 gug Ou1 11 Þ111 De
I
1eÞBTU1Dg In NdDg Þdg$ ÞD6D gDu $uCCe6U
i B!O01Õ 1611 ¸Ou 1!a1 w6 OB1¸ aCCep1 i0TDeI
wh1Ch !aB D66B B1OI6O 1B 1!C B!6C D6Ca0BC
I
11 B6CuB 1he B1¤1I 1!ð1`B B1aB!eC O01B1Ô6
0nd6I 1!C ÇO1¸61!¸J6Be Bh661B 1B uB0a11¸
]1e11g w11d.(
I
I
I
SORTING
ÛULL1NU_1h1e6 H´ p1eCeB wlJ1 Take 1!C <4¨ CuDe
1B 1h6OI¸ 1h1B 1B 1Iue D01 lB p1ðC11C6 0B0ð11¸
1h6 T111B Ou1 B!OI1 $D ¸O0 CaB´1 q0116 ÿC1 4
<4¨ ]16Ce$ 1TDN dD Ü´ Æ111 16Dg1D d1SD 6Ve1g 11N6
gDu Cu1 11 D11 gDu 1oBe DC1ween 1/1U`BDU 1/ܨ. g61~
1IDÿ 1!C ex1Ia Û-1OO1eI BO1VCB 1!1B pIOo1eT & 1C1B
gDU OO w!ð1 T¸ ¡6B10Ck¸ _1aBÕ1ð1h6I Ca11CC ¨CuJJlBÿ."
1!a1 _uB1 TeaBB BO11lBg & Ja¸1Bg D¸ 1!e 1eBB
CeB1:ab1e ]1CC6B ö uB1Bg On1¸ 1he C16BO.
1D1S S6eN$ K1DU D1 Þð$161uJ OuI $1DC6 Þ6 UDA`1
11VC 1D a ]6116C1 wO11d 11 ÿIVeB D61Ì61 1e$u11$
lD 1!6 B1IuC10I6 1hð1 ¸O0`I6 wOIk1Bÿ OB. ðìBO
¸O0 0a¸ Iu1B a ¡16C6 & BCCC a Bpð16 lOI wan1
1O aOO a p1eCe O1 1wO 1O TOÕ01a1e 1!6 TOI0
D1 106 uD11( BD D1U ¢u1D]6BD NðCD1D1$1 1D1U N6
DDCe 1D d1ÞBgS NdK6 1ÞD D1 1D1ee ND1e ]d11$ 1hðn 1
p1ðBn6O 1D u$6 wD11e 1 waB B61 up 1OI 11 1O ðVO1O
gO1B_ DaCR & ICB611Bg up B1a¸ B$ C1OBC aB ¸O0 CaB
1O 1!6 ¸aId uan Du1 dOn`1 uak6 h10 anX1O0B
1Í !6`B 1eð1 D0B¸ & gDu waB1 1O ¿ðTD1C. O11eI
1D ]1CK 1DeN Du1 gDu1$e11 aT1e1 ðBBu1Ing h1Æ
gDu ÞDD`1 Þ1eCK 1De $1BCK D1 S1ðg TOtCVC1
BOO61IuCB 11 wO1kB Du1 uBuaJJ¸ ð116I ¸O0 ge1
ðCquaIB1Cd 11 wOIkB De116I
ÂW
ÅM
SELECTING THE <×Z' S/as the ¿aIO Oa: ¡01JB them,
1I¸ 1O 1O0C! & !aROle each one. Bly!1 OOw: l1
1O BCC warp. roll i1 in your hanOB quickly
to ICaO ViBiOl6 signs. heft it. you ' 11 get BO
yOOO 1!ð1 ¸O0 can feel a light, OI(. straight
piece D61OIC 1OCKin_ at it. we1. Sð¡¡], C1OOY]
pieces 1CC1 like a be:1 wa1eI µiµe. small tight
k:O1B are OK if 1!e¸ don't mark an extreme
deviation in long axis. 1OOK Ou1 1OI ¡lCC6S
wl1! "C!CCkB" (short splits with the yIa1:(
these appear because drying stresses !ðVC
O66: 1OO sCvete. avoid pieces w11! s1iCk¸
honey-like sap pOcKe1s & splits.
WARPING
>HAÏL OF THE LNÛS/loDk a1 1!C C:O O1 each piece.
the cross-section should DC 1a1IJ¸ square with
eac! 8ngle ÜÜ degrees as at le!1 D61Ow
avoid pieces with iIïe_01aI shape like 1!C
one on the right._ they wO:`1 assemble w611
RIPPING FROM @¹ @/BOTC1lOCB ¸aIOB OOR´1 S1OCk
2x2' s. then buy 1he bCB1 <,A'B ¸Ou Cðn ö BCO01 a
1Ile:0 w11ü 8 18D1e Baw 1aIge cities have
:C1?!bOI0OOu 1eC Cen16IS wl1h wOOÔBhO¡B
small 1OwRB !qVe hl_! BChOO1 B!O¡B
& college towns hn.ve CIð11 wOIkBhO¡B
I1¡¡1ng (lengthwise Baw1:ÿ( B6(06D·6
is at right. better not let
10Tbe I 01 a:_1!ln_
1OI_. @ @lB
:O1 1!e be@1
]
yl
I

"
.
I
ÃW
TOOLS
ÛL`ÌHÜ TOOLS/the 16VCJ C1 ð person's CIlJJ 1S Ü
16flec11Dn of many 1DlDgs UCCp lD1e1DaJ qUa111leC
O1 ØlDU & 6Xµ6116DC6 ð16 1D6 S11ODg6S1 1BC1D1S
1D6 heaviest CX1e1DaJ CCTpOD6D1C a16 p1COably
1hC 1CCJS aJJ thDSe 1 IDCW who build W÷JJ
OhCCCC 1OOJC Ca1eÎuJJ¸ COS* lC a factor but *h6
µT1CC OÍ DDS 1ter 1lkC a S1661 1Bµ6 WDD' 1
OTCBK gDu.
_AKACE@ALLG ö FARM AUCTIONS/try the ¿ð1a¿C SðJ6C
ÎO1 good buys. get into the country to the
ÛBturUðg 1B1N BuC11ODS 1D1 1D6 1OW6S1 µIlC6S
gD 6BT1g SD gOu DBV6 ð CDBDCC 1D N6BDUC1 & DBDU1C
& CXaTlDe the C1uÎÎ CC l1`S DC* a O±1DU *raC6
\hC CJÔ Îð1wC1C pðSS & *h6 younger people
ÔOD´1 uSuB11y feel that tDDSe CJÔ¬ÎðSh1CD6Ô
guDKg 1DDlS a16 Suµ]D11lV6 D1 1DC Û1BD Î1lX
111C S1g1C SuOuTOBD gBIBg6 sales BT6 gOOU O6CðusC
TðDy 1CO1S are pu1chaCed just for the *h6a111CaJ
background effect & they get dumped for Jl11J6
money after the DeW wears OÎÎ.
1'/HAT KIND OF GAY7_DðDÔCaWS OOTC 1WC WðyC rip &
crOCscu1 ¨1lp' TeðDC *C cut parallel to *h6 g1a1D.
\h1C 1¸pe !aC 16SS teeth per lDCh & OD1C 5C1
´SC1` 16161S 1D 1D6 WBg 1D6 1CC1D B16 OCD1 JB1161DB161g(
Ou1 D1 1D6 O1BUC µ1BD6. 1D1S ÞlU6DS 1D6 "K611"
¨SaWD S±D1 lD 1he WOCÔ¨ & pICVCD1C UíDÔlD¿,
"crosscuts" are ÔeSl¿D6Ô 1O Cu1 ðC1DSS 10C g1B1D
lðC :D Cu1*1D¿ 1he <X<´S 1D 16Dg1h )
1O1 gCD61B1 uSC 1 DBVC BD D1U 1<¬1661D~]C1~1DCD
c:OCSCut. *hC fine teeth cut Smoo1D6T & l* S\lJJ
WC11C ÎC1 rare rips. 11 Cu\S pJ¸WCOd W:1| w\p)waJ
bOttCN¬S1U6 sp11D1erlD¿.
+
ÜH£CKÌNÜ OUT OLD GAYSIlDDK C1OS6 ð1 lDUlV1Uuð1
1661D. B16 1D6g 1DuDU6U D11 & ÞD1D UDWD 1DO
far? DeðVy rust 1C a Degð11VC ClgD Cl¿h1
ÔCWD the ÞJaÔe 1C 0aI6 sure it hðSD`1 been ¤1D!CÔ.
even with a DeW SõW DBK6 sure the blade is Sp1lD¿_
& 11V61g 11 WOD`1 be B gODO CONQBDlDD 11 11`C
1DD S1111 & 1D1CK
JHE BAGr_CDC CÎ *h6 most 1DÔlCjeDSaOJC 1OOJC
1C a ÎOD1¬lD¬ODe 1aCp lSOwC1lwCS CaJJCÔ
a "SDD6ØBKC1`S 1BSþ¨³ 11`S B DD~DðDU16 ÞDDU 1l16
Þ11D 11D6 & CDB1S6 1CC1D Nl11CU OD OD1D S1UCS
CD6 S1dC lC flat ö the O1h6! 1C Si1¶!1Jy curved
for CU1VCÔ CU1ÎðCCC 11`JJ ÷a* up *he WCOÔ
& your haDÔ a1 Î1IC1 but once yOu ¿C1 CeDsl*lve
1O l1, ÞDð1 B g1CB1 1OD1 l1´S DB1U 1O g61
a gODU one 7D6T6 1ÞC 1661D a16 1eðJJ¸ Cha1¡ DCW
D6CaUSe *h6 1OOJwak erS seem 1C Ue CD a
NC|DDðDCCQU6 1I1p where they supply a jleO6 of
m6tB1 7110 V1SuðJ 16×1U16 D11S161~]BCKBgCU
B11lS11CB11g. OB1 gOu 11DU 1DC 1BSµ 1CC1D BT6 DO1
r6a11g sharp. the D6C1 ODC l am uS1D¿ now is
a NlCDOJCCD
WORKPLACE
10RK SPACE/it's CaCy 1D OU\ a saw UU* l1`S DC1
Qul16 SD easy 1D 11DU B gOOU µ1BC6 1D ÞD1K & CDD¬
C6D11B1C ð <]~1ODN apð1\Nen1 CÎÎe1C a CDup1e of
C¡oic6S CJCa1 the "O6U:OCw¨ ÎC1 UullÔlDg & sleep
*6wpOIð1lJ¸ in the "Jiv1D¿" room. this is Cp11TUT
because you can C1OSC up the 7O1K1DOD & 1sDJ61e 11
gOu CBD B1161DB11V61g CDNµ16SS 1D6 1u1D11u16 lD1D
CD6 end O1 the Tð1D 1DDO & WCIk 1n the C|eDeO~Dp
end. keep a vncuum cleaner !aDÔ¸ & plCK U¡ 1|C CaW¬
ÔuC* ð1 frequent lD*C1VðJC lDCx¡6DClVC plðC1lC
µð1D161`S 1ð1µS DVC1 1u1Dl1u1C O6B1 B11¬OD1DC UuS1
I
.
·°.¹
�¯
I
+.

¸O\i:?
.¸¸¸-¯- ,�,
`

. .�� ¸�`
`

`
¯
�¸.
`
·�'¸;�¡�: �. ···
�� ¤�'¹ �ç

?�d:·
D0 zov�·a1
oy´o×W6'.¹€ wOB*
.
`
e'· eyO
a
´
`
`
`:¹×ª.

¯`
`
B
.
`
?h h B �re.
.·.ò!, ¡O×r
·
¨·$`):�� +c.¹¸]ô
·
0'C
|hC :a·:ues),+¬=;t ¼V'!5 .
¯ ULtVClSC
·
,¹1µ,¤nJy tr,:r:�u¡' _
3ð¹'D1`¢1 CC1I¡ ìi¬:e:÷
`
C,OD.1)O1

T �

� en· �,
´
\ ` ÍD !ô`
'
Oa³ &. e� € DC!
1O
'_
1ICI.h O ²eC´ 4n �d¸aC.C¡\_1ou)CC
'

... 'h_ 1Dny aXtC O1 *hC hOJC ?O)!C
_
CC1
••=

+¹- �� J1 �O t··]

O�

aXt
I
: O!
¯
9 <X` ö ð¸JB^a* 99_
`Ô1ICC*t::S*: *hC �a0C

^1 •
I
·

THE Üί lUN ¸ccSYS{-b�t

�1`
jOCB·t)6 +OIL¸¸s¹B C1l`J·`D_´

1² ÌhC ´
`
B+õJ_
´

pOraDJe·ç

]÷C1rtC.r¯`TOU·n1u
·
Ü ì¤

`
ODC ·! ]jC 1C`u*c )C1\ 1D÷×[C)]C1 Vy·
` ·.

'
Ô1 t1J´·S1ðDC: LlW wa|!C1eÔ¸^hJ> CO1JC
`
.
·
nOUn1:D_*1'D¯<·1 OOCÐ, {uDCC1 n

_.OOJ`·
1:1O one ¿¡t£h yces ×he1e ¡ÇU·aD* ..t 1O.
Con!1nC 1h1s ! BOcç |,÷DBaDOU¹
inncc1|¡z|n_ �C <

` ?h1Î9_OuUr 1^ 6
`¸OU \an`·:eµ)±,na1e :D)C1ChaDyCall÷ _a¡1C.
`
• '
.
¸
_
·

.

?OOC¸,e·., '! �
`
��'
`
.
`
· ¸-¸�-¸·


·
.
n ¬;,:\¯ =
`
•• · •••
1JY
'
¯JV5Ô .C, V÷
¡
·__;·r:xv~` •
Á
• •

,

ÊW
ACCURAÛYl1a¸Ou1 & ua1k1:_ a16 OÎ ¡11ua1¸
1u¡O11anC6 1: _6111:_ Î1n6 I6S011S ID bu11ÔID_
1!6 wO1k1:_ OÎ wOOÔ & CaI¡6n1I¸ !aS aCq01I6Ô
a k1:Ô OÎ S1O¡_a¡ CObCJ6I`S ajjIOaCI aS 1T ÎID6
wOIk CO0JÔ :O1 C6 ÔO:6 w11! wOOÔ a:¸TO16
ID SOT6 _O1Ô6D a_6 1: 1!6 ¡aS1. ¸6S¸ C01 :O1
:Ow. 1!6 SuI_6 OÎ 1nÔ0S1I1a1 ¡IOÔ0C11O: 0S1n_
u61a1S 1: 1!1S CO0:1I¸ 1: 1I1S C6:1uI¸ !aS
SOu6!Ow b10D16Ô O0I aj¡IOaC! 1O wOIk1n_ wOOÔ
& w6 aSS0T6 1!a1 1!6 I6S011S w111 b6 C10Ô6
1!6 1I01! 1S 1!a1 wI1I I6aSOnab16 CaI6 6V6n 1!6
SOÎ1 wOOÔS Ca: C6 wOIk6Ô 1O V6I¸ CJOS6 1OJ61a:C6S
JHE >HAñF FENÛJJlTaR6 S016 ¸O0 a16 0S1:_
a _OOÔ S!a1¡ ¡6:C11 w11! :O1 !OO SOÎ1 16aÔ
w!6n Tak1:_ 1!6 C01OÎT 1I:6S ÎOI Saw1:_ 1h6 <X<`S.
w!6: ¸Ou T6:11O: wOOÔ. SOT6 w611-T6a:1:_ C1Ow:
S!OwS u¡ w¯1! a CaI¡6:16I`S ¡6:C11 1!a1 !aS
16aÔ aS C1_ a1Ou:Ô aS a r6¡S1 CO1116 & IS
16I11b1¸ ¡1OuÔ OÎ !1S 1OO1 C!O1C6 w!IC! !6
CO1S161S C¸ Sa¸1:_ "Ca1¡6:16IS 0S6 11. ÔOn`1 1!6¸'¨
1 0S6 a 4H ÔIaw1:_ ¡6:CI1 S!a1¡6:6Ô w11!
a T1:6 Î116 1O a S!aIj ¡O1:1 ¸Ou Ta¸ Î1:Ô 11
b6116I b6_1n:1:_ 1O 0S6 a NO < ¡6:CI1
w¯1! 61aS61 11`11 ÎJa116: Ou1 aS ¸O0 TaIk
w11I 11, SO Tak6 11_!1. aCCu1a16 11:6S
& S!aI¡6: 11 Î1OT 1IT6 1O 11T6
ACCURACY
cAY1NU ._JAHtO:6 _OOÔ a¡¡IOaCI 1O SawI:_
1!6 6:ÔS OÎ <X<`S SquaI6 (SO 1I6 6nÔ j1aD6 IS ¡6I-
¡6:Ô¯C0Ja1 1O 1!6 1O:_ aX1S OÎ 1!6 bOa1d( 1S
1O ua1k Ò aÔ_aC6:1 S1Ô6S OÎ 1I6 j16C6 ÎOI Cu1OÎÎ
w11! 1!6 COnC¯:a1¯O: Sq0aI6 Tak6 a S!aiJOw SawC01
a1O:_ 6aC! OÎ 1!6S6 11:6S C6ÎO16 101D1:_
1!6 u1ÔÔ16 TaIk6Ô S1Ô6 u¡ & Saw1:_ 1n 1!6
OId1naI¸ Ta:n6I I6S11a16 ¡6I1OÔ1Ca11¸ 1O C!6Ck
IÎ ¸OuI C01 1S w11!1: 1!6 i1T11S 6S1aC11Sh6Ô
C¸ 1!6 Î11S1 S!aJJOw C01S ]0S1 ×66¡ Tak1n_ S0I6
¸O0 a16 16Ta1:1:_ 1: 1!6 ¡1a:6 OÎ 1!6 C01
1I¸ 1O 6S1ab11S! 1!a1 ¡1a:6 I: ¸OuI TIDÔ
ö I6aJ1¸ I661 1!6 ¡a1!S OÎ 1I6 !a:ÔSaw 1: I61a11O:
1O 1!6 1d6a1 ¡1a:6 C01 S1Ow1¸¸ :O1 ¡I6SS1:_
1OO !aIÔ C6Ca0S6 1!6 1OO1 1S:`1 a S16ak R:1Î6¸
11`S a Saw jIOCaC1¸ 1!1S a11110Ô6 aCO01
COCC1¯:_ w!6n 0S1:_ wOOÔ S66TS 1O Ca0S6 0S 1O
a11aCk 1!6 ¡16C6 V1C¯OuSJ¸ & !uII¸. IuII¸
1O S6¡a1a16 11 TOS1 OÎ 0S S66u 1O 0S6 ra:ÔSawS
11k6 w6 aI6 k1i11:_ 1!6 w616wO1Î.
1!6 wa¸ OÎ jI6C1S1O: ö 16S011S w!1C! _1V6
1n:6I Sa11SÎaC11O: w!6: wOIk1:_ wOOÔ
COT6 1: S1a161¸ II¸1!uS.
1!6 wa¸ 1S :O1 ¸0uj C01S
£XFEh1N£!1la _OOÔ wa¸ 1O O¡6: u¡ a:¸ O¡6Ia11O:
w!1C! 1S :6w 1O ¸Ou tOI 1!a1 ¸O0 IaV6 ÔO:6 C6ÎO16
b01 w¯1I 0:Sa11SÎaC
¡
OI¸ 16Su11S! 1S 1O 6Xj6I1T6n1
O: a SCIaj 1wO OI 1!I66 11T6S C6ÎO16 COTT1111:_ ¸O01
_OOÔ Ta16I1a1 1n 1!6 ¡IOC6SS 1: 1!1S wa¸
O:6 Ca: IT¡1OV6 1!6 16C!:Iq06 & aC1 w11! aSSu1a:C6
& CO:Î1Ô6:C6¸ aVO1Ô1D_ 1!6 101:1:_ OT ua16I1a1S¸
waS16 & 1!6 a116:Ôan1 _0I11 & :6_a11V6 6TO11O:S
1 a1wa¸S C01 OÎÎ 1!6 uIJ1 l6X1S1I:_( 6:Ô OÎ 1!6
<X< C6CauS6 ¯1 T¯_!1 C6 S11_!11¸ ÔaTa_6Ô O1 1O0_!
1h6 b61161 JuuC6I T111S 0S0a11¸ S6a1
1!1S !1_!1¸ abSO1¡11V6 6:Ô _Ia1: w11! a waX
O1 COÔ1:_ ¡a1:1. 11 S66TS C61161 1O Tak6 ¸OuI
Ow: C01 & !av6 I1 CO:SIS16n1 w11!
a11 ¸Ou1 O1!6I C01S
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
-
OU1NG ITÍÛ|, SDNð1K ð d4¯ 16Dg1D DD DDu D1 gDu1
dxd´S Cu1 W11D 1D6 DðDUSðW ðDDu1 1/b4" 1D 1Du 11gD1
D1 gDu1 11Du. 1Dð1 1S, 16ðVu 1Du 11Du SDDW1Dg ð11u1
gDu1 Cu1 1S 11D1SD6U 1D1S þ1DV1UuS ð §u1Uu 1ð1u1 1D1
1ðSJ1D@ 1De end Bÿua"6 ð1SO l1 never seemed STðI1 1D
T6 1O OD111e1a16 ]OuI §U1Uu 11Du ðB ¸Ou gD D6CauB6
1!1B p1uVuD1S 1C!C1"1n_ DaCk 1O 11 1O Su6 !Ow ¸Ou ð1C
ÔO1:g 11 8 Bu1VC¸O1 wO1kCÔ w¯1IOu1 16ðV1:y
B1ðReB D6!1:Ô !1u ð1 1!6 ¡1l:C1]ð1 1B1u1B6c1lO:S OÎ
IlB S1g!1 11R6B !6 wOuJ¹ 1OS6 his frame OI :616I6:C6
BO wl11 yOu 11 yOu ð1C -1Ojp¸ & Cu1 1hrOuy! 1DC 1ð¸Ou1
uB6 the 0aB161 1O Ta:× ¸OD1 O1!u1 þ1uCuS
(TaIk1Bg 11Or 1!6 1ln6. :O1 1!6 cut).
D611u1 SðW ð11u1 Nò1k1:_, 1!6n Æð1k
1D6D SðW 1Dð1 Wðg DD 11DuD16
W11D 1Du SðW Ku11
DETUNING/keep lD T1:Ô 1!a1 you a1u
1t¸l:g 1O Dea1 1!C C:CD1 1u1ð11O: O1
T1:Ô16BB !u11¸ & 11y 1O 6aB6 ¸Ou1`B011
Ô66p 1B1O 1!1B BawID_ 1¯k6 1h6 O1d
!1ppO 1B 1!6 TuÔ 1: 1!C '|ð12ð:
TOV16S @e1 B6nB111VC 1O w!ð1`B
gD1Dg OR. 11´S ð w!D1u :6w «DT1U
D1 þDuDDNuDð1 6V6D1S DD ð U111u1uD1
SCð1u DDUg S1ðDCu, þDS111DD D1 1Du
DuðU @DDU 111N SþD1 1D 1uS1 1Du þ1uCu DD

lð1 ðD uDS11ð1D1Dg Du1gD1 Du1WuuD 1ܯ & d4• 11Dm 1D6 11DD1(
�1u ð11 CDmþDD6D1S WD1CD DðVu 1Du SðWD 1ðC6 ðS a
·
16Su11ðD1.
DðU JuCk dO6BB`1 Î1_u16 !C1C. 11 the ÍðC6
CDÆ6S Ou1 þe1p6BU1fu1a1 1D 1"u 1DDg 8X1S OI 1!C <X<
1ðl11y OO!6B1V6 ln j1ð:6 11 lB 1!e result of DðV1:_
ð11 1!6 !O1C6B Ô1B1I1Cu16Ô 1B the 11g!1 pJaC6B.
UÛ1NÜ 1H¢ HA¯lÍDDW uSu 1Du 1Du1¬1D¬DD6 1ðSþ 1D SNDD1h
& 1Nþ1DV6 1Du 1u1ð11DDSD1þ D1 1D6 SðWD 6DU 1D 1Du
D1Du1 þ1ðDuS D1 1Du <X<. l UD 11 W11D 1Du þ1uCu 1D
1D6 SðÆ6 þDS111DD ðS SðW1D@, DD1U1Dg 11 UDWD W11D
T¸ J611 DðDU & 1611 KDuu WD1k1Dg 1!6 ¡ð5Q W11D N¶
1ly!1 !a:O 11 B66TB 1rpO11ao1 1O 1O1ð1C 1!C S1lCK
ðS ¸Ou wO1k ðB 1!1B BO)1 OÎ Ca:C61B Ou1 1!6 TaBB1V6
d1B1O111O:B 6V6I¸O:6 Suu0S 1O _C1 wDC: _DB1 wO1k1Bg
1: O:6 jOB111O: O:1¸ 1!e O11_1:ð1 j6nC1J na:kB
1CTð1: 1O wO1k 11OT & yOu Ca: !6J¸ D¸ 1ra_1:1Bg
1!C ¯ÔCð1 ¡1ÒDe yOu wð:1 to aChl6V6 ðB ¸Ou
wO1k 1!1B influences your !a:Ô. uB6 1!6
Î1a1 T1:6 S1Uu D1 1D6 :aB¡ TOB11¸ UD1l1
¸DU g61 D1þ 1D 1Du 1DD1`S wð¸ OÎ 111u
1D6 1DugD S1Uu 16ð11g g1DDV6S & uð1S
u[ 1Du WDDU SD gDu WðD1 1D gð1D
SDNu SuDS111V11g D61D16 uD1uðSD1D@
11. 1Tg 1D WD1K 11DN 1D6 6Ug6 D6ð1
gDu 1D ð 1\111u þðS1 1DC N1UU16 D1
1DC 6DU 1ðCu BOÆ611n6B 1DC 1ðBp
w111 BpJ1:1e1 1!C OppOB11C BlÔ6
1Î your B1IOk6 1B 1OO JO:y BlnC6
¸OD ð1u wO1k1By I1On ð11 B1O6S
1O1ð11Bg yOu wl11 ¡l6¡ 1!6T a11 up
1: B6qu6BC6. 1I¸ 1O 1!l:! Î1ð1
the general tendency 1B to IOu:Ô 1!6
6:Ô wl1! ð JOOpy B11Ok6 OÎ 1!C 1ðBp.
1Î ¸OD CO nCuB1IÜ1u & S1lfk w11! 11 ¸Ou`11
Du Su1þ11S6U ð1 DDW ÆuCD CDD11D1 gDu CðD
U6V61Dþ. DD6 D1 1Du D1U LDg11SDN6D WDD S1ðI1uU
HD11S HDgC6 WðSSD@DDU W11D ð N61ð1 111u 1Dð1
Du CDu1U þu1 ð þ1uCu D1 1DuDU S1DCk 1D ð V1Su &
111u Ü Î1a1B DD 11 1D NðKu ð D6xðgDD «11D1D U1NuD~
S1Ona1 Vð11ð11ODB O1 ðDDu1 ð !unÔ16Ô1h D1 a: 1DCD _uS1
w11! ð !a:Ô 1OO1 wl1hOu1 T8Ikln_ OI 1a¸1:y out DeÍD1e
1üa1`B 16a1 CORC6n11ð11OR & $k111 nO:6 lTpO110B1,
11 TuB1 ÔO BOT61!l:g 16ð11y yI6a1 IO: ¸Ou1 !6aC

IMMOBILIZING THE 2x2/place the master <×<¸ 711u
DD1u centerlines marked. in position under the drill.
þ1uþð1u 1D1uu Smð11 111ðD¶1uS (D1 squares ) of plywood
with one perfectly straight edge & two 1" brads (small
nails) in each one. lower the Ur1ll to within ilH" of
the centerline cross marks so the relationship can be
evaluated & move the master around until the hole
nearest the end is centered under the bit. tack two
D1 1Du þ1CCuS D1 þ1gWDDU 1D the DðSuDDð1U along 1DC
back long edge D1 the dX< (about D` apart). make
sure you're holding 1!C )OB111O: & when it checks
out take the third block & nail it in ðS an
end stop for the d×d
YOUR PERSONAL INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION/you have just
built a simple jig. SDðUuS D1 HuD1g tD1U¸
Arkwright & UðmuS Vð11. ð1 1DDg 1ðS1 ð citizen is
able to take direct advantage of a simple but
outrageously helpful technique of the industrial
age. most often these techniques have been
uSuO to make a hip few rich while the salesmen
& interior decorators have exhorted us to love
irregularity of 1o1N DuCðBSu Dg doing SD wu
SDNuDDW uXþTuSS SDNu MDiÇueTeSS about ourselves.
simultaneously, those guys were proving all too
conclusively that a cornucopia of plenty can be
built by observing regularity & fidelity in
the structuring of material objects.
DOING 1TIðDgwðg¸ gD ðLuðU & drill ð11 1wuD1g¬1DU1
uDU DD1uS DðVu care t3at 1DuSu holes ð1u kept
parallel (in the same face DÍ the dX< that isj
when swi teling ends because that's sometimes
a problem. all holes are made with a 5/16''-diameter
bit. since 1/4" bolts are used to assemble. these
holes give some tolerance (leeway) when bolting.
beat the negative of splintering DD 1Du uDUu1S1Ou
D1 1Du <×< where 1Du U1111 bit comes out
Dg always holding it in contact witD 1Du DðSuDOð1O
CHECKING & DETUNING/spot-check with measuring tape
from time to time to be sure the blocks or dTill
or stand have not shifted from the kinetics of use.
as to approaching the actual pulling down of the
handle which 01.uses the bit to travel through the
wood-it's ð similar proposition 1D the Dð0CSðW.
give the tool time. let up on the DðDU1u if the
drill packs with wood f1agNentS & slows UDWD.
our general tendency despite the powerful myths of
American know-how are to hurry, hurry & end by
almost punching the bit through the wood. this causes
splintering when the drill leaves the wood & 11 is
Du§ð1lVu reset the end-stop block properly for the
second [ð11 O1 holes !1DN 1Du uDU U1111. then 1uSu1
fDr the center holes. now you have fabricated ð1
1eaSt 12 beautiful universal members with < or C
spares from the fourth H´ piece. if you • re human
there • s no sense in discussing sanding & Íinishing
at this point because the big charge now is to
assemble the structure & see what is.
Ü2
I
I
ASSEMBLY
I
PUTTING IT TOGETHER/find a fairly level
I
sur face ö assemble the two opposite
side frames of the cube. the bolt heads
go outboard of the unit, all nuts ö
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
washers inside. just hand-tighten
to start. eet her all together then
wrench-tighten one corner at a time.
when you use the wrench, draw the bolt
heads slowly in to the wood until they
are flush with the surface with no
splintering. make sure faces of
adjacent members are flush before
tightening. this will help the whole
square up. when all bolts are
secured, turn the unit upside down
ö gently tap the glides into the
center of the vertical members.
remember to cut about 1ꆬ from the
nail point so it doesn't interfere
with the bolt. your analog is now
weight-supporting ö ready to go
to work for you. if your projected
use requires a top, cut a 24" square
from a scrap of 1/2' or 3/4" plywood
ö bolt it in place using the midpoint
holes in the two top horizontal members.
l\ VJ�
3/{
-
�It
J
\
¡ I ¡
,�,.
t
.

I7'`
-i-- � ¯´ - * �
l
INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS/industrial
production has always depended on the
many advantages comine from the idea
of duplicate parts, fabricated with
minimum variation. we can get profound
beneficial results, as individuals,
from this concept. anxiety levels
are lowered in bui1ding & standard
members can be recycled with great
ease because they haven't been so
specialized either in design or by
eyeballed inconsistencies in making.
SANDING & FINISHING/cut a sanding
block from some Z×Z scrap. make it
^` long. instead of ordinary sandpaper
we use 3/0-120 C-wt. open coat aluminum
oxide production paper. tear it as
shown & it will just wrap up the sides
of the sanding block. three coats
of rubbed linseed oil or a penetrating
resin sealer like Firzite with sandings
after each coat makes for great
smoothness & Çurabill1y.
2Q
24
. LIVlNGS· T�UCTOREthis )s
`¤ut Matrl·· 1p`Chicago
(TO U t)e·ccn· uc¬r\
·
u Mõ1!''×· +S a,ý1�Ug


O

. 5õ6 DC
]1R6

´·-Û !

j 6
�!¹' \O� .·1 Vd'1¼�&
´ +.1OIi1Ô^ )1G 0.ÛB*Vð§
: Ü D6cC 13+.!.Iu8K6S
cO'161

:1U16÷ hCUs6Ù
'!ÐU 1I)O OlU'l61¡OC:
1\1 POJ·O 1ljO11+DJ 'h8D
`´T=11B!¨,´ 15 'DÐ' l 1 l8K9S

1cu1 ¡Oµ65 lO1 OUT '3TC
TÍ=1O¸jOU CuD 1OCJ CCD1<D1
· & ]+s!

.
: ¯
·.
W
¬

.-· ×
I
I
I
I
I THE NEW FREE-STANDING SLEEPING LOFT/marshaling
long arguments in favor of the sleeping loft
I
right now is about as gra.tui tous
as paperbacking a.n eskimo edition of Sir Francis
Bacon's early food-refrigeration experiments.
the loft bed is so nifty & exciting to retire
I
to & makes so much sense spatially that it
is even rumored that politicians use them.
sleeping above floor level
l frees a large area of the room for other uses.
the traditional static world view plops
a monster BED down in the middle of a toom
& forever after that room is a bedroom.
I
it doesn • t even matter how big the room is.
traditional beds. space-eating monsters
hunkering on the floor. are such a presence
I
that three of them could crowd the Astrodome.
we are just getting onto the fact that what
we can really use now are multifunctional spaces
I
which can be camera workshops in the morning,
rehearsal halls in the afternoon, friendly
restaurants in the evening & sleeping areas
for only about six hours late at night.
I
space is too precious to be limited
ritualistically to single functions.
I
I
I
NEW
SLEEPING
LOFT
PROBLEMS OF THE SLEEPING LOFT/despite the
recognized & obvious advantages of 1ofts.
two obstacles appear to rule out this delight
for a. lot of people: not everyone is lucky
enough to have the high ceiling usually required
for the sleeping loft, and most
loft beds involve fastening the structure in some
brutal way to the landlord's walls. floor & ceiling.
even if your' landlord is a regular St. Francis
& doesn't mind, there is still a hangup for you.
the heavy members & mean fastenings represent
a heavy investment in moving matter through
space, lag screws, star drills, molly bolts ö
falling pla, ster. you do a.ll this monster with the
salvaged railroad ties & bridge bolts then
twenty minutes after it's in place you discover
your karma demands you split for Oregon.
we all believe in the worth of the experiential
life process but the bee who never gets
any of the honey is being shorted.
2B
I
THE LIVING STRUCTURE IDEA/this mobility µ1CC1ul
& the height p1ob1em were two of the heavy ones
i thought about when first Oeveloping the
I
Living Structures back in the early 1UÜU'°.
we retripped QI that when i came out
to Chicago in 1Û¯Õ som6 guyS a1 the university
I
1¡616 thought it wO01C C6 a good idea
1l 1 came oU1 ö 1ò1R6C w1Í¡ 1¡6 81C¡l16C1U1õ1
S10CuD1S 1Pu1u õDUu1 C011C1Dÿ Microhouses
I
& 1iViDg in Í¡6l. 1 wõS ¸U¬¸U1Dÿ 81CUDå
New York ClÍj 1¡6D ÷ ¡õC j0S1 !1D1SÌuO ÍU0¹
TUD1¡S doing a 1¡111¸¬S1X¬S]1Cu µro¿ ec1or
6DV1ICuluD1õ] S11u·1016 lU1 õ CIC$Ow&§ S!Uw
1 wõS also ÿeD11j ¡61¡lDÿ a major furniture
manufac
t
urer butcher SU0u of my ]iVlDg c110C1u16S
he had the fonO hope that if they could Du Nõå6
to resemble sofas & c1eO6n2õs then the ideõ
could be exploited for money. that didn't work
so great & 1 nOt1ceO that cõsuõl hostillty
was reachinF new highs in Gotham that summer.
Q ar¶uments w11D CõCå11V61S & newsstand gUyS
w616 1DC1u&S1Dÿ 1D 16l)U & ͯeQU6Dcj
SC l t!oug¡t@ w¡¸ uU1 ÿU 1U C¡1CõgoÝ
LIVING STRUCTURE
CHICAGO LATE SUMER _i went & 11 wõS ÿUUC
the Sw661 w1DCS from 1Îu ]õKu l611 ÿUUC CD 1¡6 SKin
ö t¡6 S0u S¡õ1R16O so bright yC0 l6]1 ]1|u 11Ving
ÎO16V61· 1 R61 õ lot of really noo1e µeo¡le, ,uside
& outsiOe the university. the school µ6ople
seemed sincerely interested in the students
as persons ö it looked like a µ1õC6which might
become õ teõ1 research node for new wõys
of 11V1uÿ on Eõrt¡ outside the school 1 ß61
vickie. w¡U lõy SÍ111 SUCCuuå 1D lõì1Dÿ S6DS6
O01 Cl 1¡6 µ16S6D1 VUCCCC1$l Ul Du11111UD
ö µhyS1·a1 1!61õ¡¸ i cou1d D16ò1¡6 õ10US1
õS S1Uw1¸ aS peter, a fry-cook-saint ·1US6 1U
µuõC6 Ul l1DC lõR1Dg ÍDu ]CD§ jUu1D6¸ l1UT
be1ue a !õDõC1õD Di×e1 with a D0S16C CòCR 1U
O0l1ÿ SCl61¡1Dÿ with the la.nd. h1S ]õC¸¸ j0C¸ was
a C66¡ 6õ11D ¡u1SUD w¡o could ]1UCõC1¸ OU 0¡ õ
Pacific S0DS61 1u a mason jar ö µ1õy it back
to you n6×t winter. she came «11D õ little boy
named thys who once sanded two old µõ1u16å¬Uµ
å1&R1uÿ DCõ1åS with me. i watched & learned
much about intensity of concentration.
¯HÎ STUDENTS/carole helped me 1¡õ1 l11SÍ year
in t¡6 C6ÿ1DD1Dÿ ò.1C¡1 1uC10Iô.1 ·1õSS & w6 16õ1]§
CCDu6·16C w11D 1¡6 people on õ u6w CõS1C
¼c'¬·0C6 TUCU16 1¡õ1 w8S SUµu1!±6×1D16
D6lU16 ]6õV1Dÿ !6w York i 'd S¡6u1 1w6D1¸¬D1u6 seconds
1¡lDk1Dy õCU01 SOle1hln[ to D011C w11¡ 1¡6l )D
Ûh1cayC & a S110C101u 11Ku Í¡ò1 SU0DC6C ÿUUC
but i +aDt6C 1U work CUÍ w1ÍD 1¡u S1uC6D1S¸
DCÍ _0S1 1õ¸ 1t on t¡em ]1Ku _C¡u & 1¡6 Mõ¿Dõ
Carta. so we went thrO1gh a whole µ1CC6SS
RD1CD <õS pretty legit ö ended
with our g�Quµ µtoåucin§ fift\ un1tS
each guy in the group used one as his own to study,
sleep CV61 lu & store Îis eQuiµm6nt.
ܯ

íb

¯\AÜY & ALTERNATIVES ·

w6 U5C 65 D11
1|DJV61Sl 1j w1tI 1\]`¡1y(C^Ó 5K1:
lCL ]1lVnCj. 1Ì6 5×l DI lqC DD D1�

tD11) hu1C¡, ;51C6 Þafc¡
·
|& 1CO1 .·£U¡¡C1·¹
5±66J1u¿j & u 1OQ lu1Ç¡ 5O jCU ¸¸ COUl¤ 51{ \ 1
wu6D jCU ÿO1 Lu1D1 Oµ1 wl3I·6DC±O5D16 C1 7ôu1¬J .'-`
·
\'
wO1k wlI O1I61C L3V1n_ u <lO1
'CC í'= 1 6u11j ,¬,,r�
ÜÕ

· A
EESIGNING' THE SPACE
.
MODULE/
·�\1wuj5, w¡6D _OU wO1! OD £ D6\v
¨¡1uy, pð11 Cl \

·1 wC1K 1Pk6S
_luC6 1D ^61l5 DJ "7Dð1 1S¸`'
' ðl1¡OUÿD uO51 O1 l1 1DVO1V65
?!¡õ1 jOU

L6l16V6 O1 ¹IlDR
'·´¡OU1C Q611 5C 1O 5OP6 C6ÿ166
1I6 ¬C' C1l6D51OD wu5 u 1uDCÍlOD
Ol 1¡6 1uC1 1¡õ1 1U0L61 &
¡1jwOOC u16 l1116C & ¡1CCUC6C
:n 512f5 61u1D 1O 1¡õ1
Cll6D51OD. LU1 uO16 1l¡O11uD1
1¡ò1 CIO1C6 165U115 1u u UD11
w¡1C3
·
uÌlCw5 jOU 1O _61 1¡6
5i66¡1uÿ 5U11£C6 616Võ16C wl1I
5¡õC6 1O1 51UOj¸ 1Ou¡ÿ1uÿ &
51O1õÿ6 1D 1¡6 11LB1u16C 5¡BC6
UDC61D6õ1¡. u11 1¡15 w11 l 1l1
1D1O 1¡6 uO51 l16Qu6D11j 1OUDC
H´ ce:1:n¡ Iei¡I' 1¡656 uD115
õ16 1DU6¡6DO6u1 O1 wu115 &
C6111Dÿ & CuD L6 lOV6C uDOU1 1I6
1OOl. 1¡6j u16D`1 £DCIO16C 1O
OD6 51u11C u11õDÿ6l6D1 1¡6j
u16 6u5j 1O !DOCk COwu¸
lOV6 & 616C1 1D u D6w
¡1uC6· 1¡6 uCVuLl6 ¡õCR
15 CCl¡õC1 & 1¡6 511UC1U165
uCõ¡Í 1O CIl1616D1 1OCl5
¡1611j D1C61j
5Ol6 ÿUj5 1OCR 1D6 «c' Ôll6u51OD 5O11 Ol
!u1C LU1 1 1¡1DR 11 wõ5 LBCuU56 13611
¹OD5ClOU5D655 wu5 51111 õ11O¡¡1BC õ1 1¡6
`!B °161u¬HU1O¡6õD BÿO¬111¡¡1Dÿ 16V61 O1
_'¸

1¡6 I1ÿ¡61 1¡6 C6111Dÿ¸ 1¡6 uC16 1u¡O11uD1
_

¹¡6 lBD11 ô1161 jOU ÿ61 1u1O 11 ¡¡j51Cu1lj ö
_6X¡6116DC6 11 lu11j, 1¡656 16õ15 C15u¡¡6õ1
¢lÍ61 u11, jOU C£D`1 51õDC U¡ lD õ. ¯611õ11.
'
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

¼ ¸
HÛÑ 1Ã WOthe
¯
3D$1de eQuÍgÆCD1,ByS1eÞ
1nO1uOCB 1he 5eð]¡ Oe &¯.BhC1T.
1hC$C ate all made of µ taoqOJ¯
hargboard S1J 11eD§d b_}2¹¸s·¸DO÷JOa 1D
:
:
WC caì² T¡B planes "p3 1yt1B ,;''¸JeíàBD QÍ ´bc\r
!OIT6 Load-carrying

¹J

D711¸ 01� � ,· 1U
¯
_rAUC1ge
the... v:ork 11)$ indus�. ria1: : =kÌ ÓS.W!(lÇ
.
|Y
.

·v(,c:\
¯
º1ô0KeO CÜr3 tnß0¯\¯1Ox=S:.´t
¯
D€ -¯¿q\}\µ''
¯
.,uu

´0C,�� �qlì\ OÍ 1Be ur'&:'r:e. s'<bn·pai.r�· ¸ ¸ .·
OJ horizont-al 2×2 rails.lvhi.ch:. are· zov:IÁ`
¯
·'.
·
¯`
the SRClB1CD¸ 1Re[ ðtB UO¹bolteJ dov in &
`
¶ _

<ðn DC7Oveq ea.sily $IOT OUC J÷v«1
'
' 1O ðÐDLh0P
aB uBCB Chð0ge. 1he Beð1:1�c�s·b. aik Å :ov¡h,¸
BO yOu CðD !1Dd the be51 ¡:OSl1Í�Ç´¸
¸
-
1ur you .
>K¯lh C uBed ex1et\Ot -lywobd fO^ 1hU¯ skin
UCCðuBe 1b6 geperal qua131y i� UC11U t 1D 1he
VCU�Ct~ & tie ðd¬e51ve BDM81Í0iCB ·i·
_
wonde(
. /Þy
!!C ¤1)¡* CµUT1U\$

1O TaIe 1!.i¢r\0r,grade
¡]y?OO^. `IDC\9'1 001R1D[ cacoe� ·t,jnÇ y1p¤9¯·
¸ Co11U_ �]ð\1& ¢9~J0TlDa°'II¶.¸�1iºU÷xp;÷e� �§·
`
O0¡( ]¸¸ �ºB e;>erior erac.e !·`Y¯�

¸�
¯
·

> ;·¸° ·
.
¦
ºo:Th.the ÆO0e_. À¡ß1R W63 < BJ±(¦+ ìe:o,

DCCöuBCl *ð01ed 1O h"O8dCD
·
iho ¤So¦+

1h1B
.ructure & eX§et1ÆeU1 w��n¸usiny 11
os at OeD

¯
0ð1Ì<¢ Ç1 µ£JD01j\61¯t CUÆB QOS1}1¥e
1u`
¯
0CB1gD & fabricate ¸�1u1J «h1rh 1e
-uDaMeD11 eD 1 a
`
, Du8ìe : 5lL11OD 1B

.
ÛOd >0BO5 1O hBVe×ODC×hen
^�|)D§Tð11Æ1 1DJL§¸ 0H1NC!8t.
«�(u!s:tively 5+Æ]1÷. :.:-
·¯
00[?RÐFe COäipODCD1S:conioi.e xn ·
: iaiy, ?a_$ 1O _1.CÓµCB.t¸ ct1´c$s &´
, ,ºar1e1, )
¯

²

±'
D90h1 /²6D 1S uád
3D COU0eC"ÌOD with ð1C!1 1BCT0Pe ¸
¯

Æ Æ Æ
ÜÑ

����
����
����
�- ¨°
1
*
DI: 0 O0WD t TD61T 1DOJN1Uu01 ¸¸
C6
+¹Þ · X01S6Ô LDGD 0 1f the g1µ�DÕ ÇÆ7B*1BDuOYDDG.´ ·
·· `. ·:·:
1D¶ I0uT6O 1D6 Nh016 1D3D§ W11D jO1§C1h§1CDC O VC1
´¯
: ·,¸
`¸ :'
a 1)U§6 )oµ6 DG1N66D 1N0 1T66S 0Du UD11 ¤ðH 101 -:·:·:· ·.::: ··
1DD1S & g�Ð1 & 1D 6 01D61 D8O6 d gICð1 ChBDDu1 1O1 -¸ · ¸, ` ´
B ¯Du1101O G611~CDD181D6U 1011u1 #hCD US1Dg¸11
gDu COD1O J00× 0u1 1D6 1001 A0TCD & 160G1 ¹0C C§C
30
On
Ë
¶},6 � }/0]1

¶O 1\u IllilO.
Ñ3V0T O0 1D6 N6S1. 1DÐ 0Vu1DuðODð1G1×0G
Sþ8C1DuB & D0D0§ S1DCC g0u C0u1O 1D

\tµ 10
0O_uS1 g0U1 C101DGS. CD0C× & 1D) µU1 u11.D01=
116SSGS 0D 10Q & S1Gj1 uAO6¥.¸1Ù;¸�Ç

JQ�1�11eI 0U
S1BTS Nh116 1DG§ ju1 Ug BD H'M1Cr: OÞbuHC 1D1
DD16 µ6TD8D6D1 Çu8116TS. Du1 1Dug H1111 UHC OBC
N00016 ÎDT 1D6 TD611D1O uD11
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
MATRIX
IDEA
ECOLOGICAL RESULTS/the Matrix Idea presents a very
I different reality in terms of recycling materials.
traditional design & fabrication techniques
specialize & shape materials so particularly
I
that to reuse the only way is to apply power
to break it down then reconstitute it.
in using the Mntrix Idea we keep parts general,
I
uni versa! & all-purpose·. when needs change &
situations change the response is to alter the
assembly relationships U1 these parts. thus very
l li ttle power & effort are involved in adapting
to new conditions.
¯H¯ "BLUE BABY"ilast year our group at the school
combined eight of these modules to make
an 8'-cube Microhouse, elevating it
off the ground on tetrahedrons.
this was a comprehensive application of
my Matrix Idea using multiple cells.
it is 1 ike a medieval alchemist's dream. we
took simple universal components &
aggregated them. it could worK in a larger
size too. ¹¡t pallet arrangement in this one
was complex but workable & supportive of
the activities of working, coo¡ing 6 sleeping.
since the pallets can be rearrangeÜ wl1¡U11
tools . it is truly rusponsive to c¡anÿes in
the 1i fe pat tern of t!e person. some change from
the ri tua.listic design patterns of ¹¡6 past
which laCked mobility & were loCked onto a
fixed pattern like a dead bulldog's jaws.
.-
ÕÂ
HÙW TÛ UcE IT/we had the system set first to provide
each C1 US with a S1\U§ COS§ õ coD1ain6d on the low
1CV61 1hCSC B1CBS CCDVC11 CBS11§ (DO 1CC1S( 1C Cx11B
SCB11D§ or S1CCjlDg SV11BCCS WC USCU 1h6S6 SjBCCS
1BC6 1C 1BCC, Wh1Ch 11BDS1B1CS & B1US CU1 BC1lVC
CO11abCTa1ion. it BlSC feels good. the underspace
of the third module was used for clothes sto. rage. if
you don't already know. get on with the fiber con­
ta.iners that bulk ice cr6am comes iD a. lCt of
places wash them out & givC them away when empty.
I
g1CBt for holding clothes (or almos1 BD§1hing) . we
UCD ' t USC much ClothiD§because it doesn't seem 1O
DBKC US PBjjlC1 O1 DC16 B1 jCBC6 1O hBV6 a 1O1 O1
I
B U1§ VB11C1§. BC1UB11§ 1hC C11CC1 1S VC1§ OUCh 1PC
OjjCS11C i guess 11 1 wonted 1O SjCDU B 1C1 O1 1lDC
carlng, cleaning õ nu1Sing clothing, i 'd have become
an LD@11SP valet or a tuxedo-rental guy in Cleveland.
I carole just wants 1C simplify the supporting stuff
like clothing õ really focus on study & d6V6lopmeDt .
not B bad idea.
I
L1ÛÑAU1hC 1OU11D DCUU16 wBS our 1D1O1DB11CD Bank Wl1h
SDB11 CBSSC11C 1CCO1UC1, S11UCS, DOOKS & jBjC1S §OU
CBA DC11CC 1\C1C 1S B 1C1 C1 lDCOHHl116U SjBCC 1D 1hC
I
S1C1B§6 cells. if you are media-conditioned you will
tend 1C react strong negative to this. but if you
think a minute it's possible to realize that the
I
fashionable (tyrannica1) idea of "effiCi6ncy" õ
"utilizing all the space" has such built-in disappoint­
ments. say BJ1 your SjBC6 was used "pCrf6ctly . " then
I
a 11l6DU glVCS you a jaCket of sewing D66U16S but
1h6TC WCD`1 DC BD§j1BC6 1O jU1 1hCH D6CBDS6 D§ B×1CH
B1hC SjBCC hBS B11CBU§ DCCB Cxj1C116U 1hC O1d
1ð1D6TS KDCW 1hB1 gOCU 11V1Dg on CB11h WBS DBSCU OD
I
Car61u1 use of thCir SjBCC but also maintoinance of
a pCrt1CD of it open & fallow for expansion. changes
or unforeseen hBppenings. the current societal notion
I
of 61ficiency as total consumption is unbelievable
õ uD11va. Dle because 11 lS so static.
I
I
LIBERATED SPACE/traditional furniture was DeVer
O1gBDl26U BS a whole system. 1D6 j1CCCS were a DuDCh
O1 SCjB1B1C, UD1C1B1CU OD¿6C1S UC1C1D1DCU U§ 1D6111B
& SCD11DCD1 1CCD1C C11O11S WCTC DðUC 1O C1ÿBW12C
1DCD "V1SUB11§" UU1 1hB1 WBS ¿US1 BDO1DC1 11Bj
the old culture has always tried to make the
unworkable endurable by overlaying it with
whichever "good taste" is goinr at the moment.
unfortunately this is like tryinr to make airplanes
look like birds. that never worked either. that's
because you can't make feathers out of B1uminum.
¡1V1Dg c1TuC1U16S wC1K ?11h 1D1C1jCDC11B11CD C1
SjBC6S & S§S16Dð11CB11§¸ @6CD6111CB11§ gC1 DCT6
jC11O1DBDC6 11OO B SOB11C1 B11B§ O1 CODjCD6D1S
in B DO1C CChCS1VC B1CB. BwB§ 11OH room wÐ]1S tH6y
aid circulation. movement & c]6aning one of the
most profound results of the Living Structure
synthesis is that it frees a larger part of the
space in ÐD§ room for open & inventive uses.
you have room left over for tea1ing a motorbike down,
gallery-mounting pre-Columbia sculpture Col16c1ionS
C1 1CS1C11Dg ÿ1CB1¬g1BDUDB`S ¢1BgC1 SCW1Dg DBCh1DC.
1D B 11BU111CDB1 "11V1Dg 1CCD¨ B11 1hCSC BC11V111CS
WOU1U DC1 111 1D VC1§ ×C11
LIBERATION
35
BUILING IT/this Living Structure is real easy to fabricate.
it's just bigger than the 24"-Cube Module. the main skeleton
is made from UD1V61501 DCDD6IS AÛ¨ long. the increase 1O ¬Ü¯
members will influence your lumber-picking techniques. you
have to be a little more observant in selec1in[ the 2x2' s
at the yard because warping 6 torquing distortions increase
in seriousness with longer pieces. length is critical. check
the raw pieces for actual length. cut length at different
mills varies between right on 96" & 96 l/4''. those pieces
just over Û´ enable you to clean each end
& to do the center-cut ending with two 48'' pieces. this won't
happen if you cut an exactly 96'' piece into two parts
because about 1/16" gets converted (& lost} to sawdust &
your finals will be short. watch out for pieces which are
only 95 1/2" long. it makes waste not to check 6 IEO«.
MEASURE/because the 2x2 cross-section remains the same,
the pairs of holes at each end are located just like those
in the 24" cube. the additional holes allowing more
flexibility occur every ¢¯. the best way to tool for
these is to mark with pencil the ¢¨ intervals along each
of two adjacent faces of the 2x2. then use two locating
blocks nailed into the plywood baseboard under the
drill stand to position the piece so holes will be
for sure on the longitudinal centerline. the blocks
plus getting the mark under the dri1l every time will
result in good accuracy if you don't hurry & blow it.
you could e] iminate 1D\S üa1I1Jg & jig that part of it
but the jig would get pretty complicated & time-consuming.
STIFF UPPER LIP/try not to get funky & fade doing these
holes. there are so many that a person just naturally wants
to quit them & go hom e to mother. it isn't even that you
will use them all, all the time. it's j ust that when
you do need them they are dynamite. also if the holes
are consistent, it is truly a standard universal member
which can be placed anywhere in the structure.
UNIVERSALITY
ÕÕ









^



� �
\

I
I
f
/�·
I


I
• •

I


A
• •
A
I
• •
A


A
I
4'
• •
A
I


A
I


:


I


A
I

A
A
�·
I

I
MAKING THE PALLETS/the pð11C1s ð1C DðUC 11DD 1Í9`
hð1UDDB1U SDK01l0CS 11´S Cð110U "Masonite" after DDC
·of the earlier producing companies. it is a hard,
I
durable õ dense reconstituted-wood product made from
fibers which are either WðS10 11DD C1h01 CU11lDg D1
trees which ð10 nDt sui table for dimension lumber or
I
plywood. avoid bargain hardboard õ the superexpensive.
medium-priced stuff is good because it is a highly
CDDpCt11iVe KB1K01 Ch0Ck DU1 1hC S1BCK §DU1B CDDCS
11DD 1o be SU10 111 S D00D kept flat. BDDC1lm0B 100
I piles are resting on 4x4' s or two rough skids 0 the
crazy warps go right up through the pile. always
seek the material that hðS been S1D10U indDD1s in
I
j1C1C10DCC 1D that which is just UDUC1 a shed 1DD1
with open sides or completely in the open with poly
taped over it. look at the edges to make sure the
I
steel strapping used to bind 1D0 packs for Sh1pping
hasn't U0D1CU or ChCw0U up the edge.
CUTTING HARDBOARD/some of the resin binders õ filler
I
materials used in this stuff are unmercifully hard on
1DD1 CU§CS DU1 11 UDCB CU1 1D B 1lDC Ç10C1SC 0Ug0
I
I
I
if you are onto the handsaw use the fine fla. t section
of the four-in-one wood rasp to smooth the tooth tracks
out, then finish with block õ sandpaper.
F'INISHING/F'irzite or boiled linseed oil is a good
sealer. dilute the oil with a slight (1/2 tsp. per
cupi amount of pure turpentine for penetration. be
sure 1D W1JC D11 ð1J CxCCSS D11. DC DB1U1C & CDD! &
1lDlSh before assembly, sanding between coats. the
usual superhype script in our society is to ba.ng out
the members ó be in a hurry to assemble to see how
I
11 hangs. then it's 1DD KuCh hassle 1D Ul3ðHB0DD1C,
finish & re-erect. if you try to finish the skeleton
when it's toeether the sanding õ sealing is not com­
plete on all surfaces & you get runs & drips. it's
I 11K0 ðD BUheSlDD D1 §DU1 internal D1gBns. 11} 1D UD
11 1he adult wB¶. taking these units up õ down l6
good for your head a.nywny. it makes you believe in
� your own reality.
I
PALLETS
·�-U� ""
r
I
I
r
I
I
I
I

I I
r
r
ÕÝ
38
.I.
J.
DFFERENCE BETWEEN UNIVERSITY
CE & OUR MATRIXone 4-cube
module for the loft requires 12
universal members for the basic
skeleton , plus 4 or b more
depending on what you do inside
it. one addi tiona! member should
be used under the topside panel
to stiffen it. if you need a
9Ü module with the skin for a
study area. child's domain, at­
home office or privacy space.
there are some slight deviations
from the pieces used to make
the loft. the main difference
is the pair of c` members
supporting the pallets at the
table level. these are used
instead of AÛ¨ members to allow
use of the foot hatch. it's
pretty neat to retain this
feature just in case somebody
wants to fall out & lie down.
good for a kid. or an extra
visitor.
SPACER BLOCKS/note the use of
the spacer blocks to insure
against the skins warping. this
is good to do no matter what
thickness plywood you use , to
keep the skins trim. because
the side skins are initially
bolted just to the vertical
skeleton members, the top &
bottom panel edges are un­
supported & unbolted
unless the blocks are used.
I

• •
"1'"S-�" .i:l/
S'O' �oT" �7
tWE ¥<'<�



I
I
1
I
• •

• •

• •

• •
0
• •

0 0

MAKING THE SKINithj s drawing incorpor­
ates all bolt-ho1e patterns ó all hatch
dimensions. select from it for the com­
bination you need. evaluate plywood as
you would hardboard. see the stack it
was in. check that it was under COV6I ó
flat. don't accept a piece with dinged
or shredded ed�es from bad handlinp.
the skins reQuire full 48 squares.
try for grade A-C but check on A-D just
for price' sake. sometimes the U sides
aren' t too bad. a few artistic knots
didn't stop the old Japanese ð added a
lot to what they did. 3/8' thick is fine
but you can use li2'' for extra muscle.
avoid the lumberyard where the people
are on some kind of laissez-faire
fantasy trip in pricing. some yards a.re
amusing themselves putting up crazy
prices just to see how far they can go.
BOLTS. HOLES 6 HATCHES/use 4"-long bolts
to secure skin panels. countersinking
heads in faces (� p. 93). we put a
generalized hole pattern in the skins
so they'll fit anywhere. mark õ lay out
these holes carefully. designing
flexibility does no good unless the making
is good. use master. clamping panels
together 6 do several at a time with the
drill stand. for layout you need a.
long straight-edge ð a good one. a
T-square or metal rule is fine.
yardsticks are no good ð neither is
the wood-butcher's dream of jauntily
picking a semistraight piece of scrap
that happens to be nearby & drawing
along it. one good bet is to have a friend
with a good table saw (fine-tooth blade)
cut a 3"x60" piece of hardboard perfectly
straight. don't sand it a lot ð HdK0
it curvy.
ÕÛ
# Æ
*
#

'

+ +¬_ _ # +
+" • » `
• ^ =æ ¶ ¶ #
"+
l
l
|
|

|
|
l
l
|
l
l
CUT PARTS/
70 pes. 2"x2''x48" (univ. members)
32 pes. 2''x2"x44 3/4"
32 pes. 2"x2"xll 7/8''
4 pes. 2"x2•x9 ÕÌ9"
Bpcs. ll2"x48"x48" DFPw.
ìB ocS. l/4"xll 7/8"x44 3/4" hdbd.
Matrix, pallet
rails 6 overhead
support 6 ladder
pallet beams
pallet limit ì!ooIS
ladder (steps)
panels
pÖllet5
mÆ1ËÑÎÆLÜ LÎÜ1
HARDWARE/
120 pes. l/4"-20x3 l/2"fl tho. bl ts.
28 ]es. l/4"-20x2 ì|2' fl tno. bl ts.
64 pes. l/4"-20x3'' flthd. blts.
12 pes. l/4"-20x4" flthd. blts.
224 ¡oS 1Ì4`¬ZU hex nuts
224 pos ÜÍ1Ü fl t. wash.
224 pes. 1/4" Split-Spring Lock
Washers
12 pes. 1"-diareter furniture
glides, with nail
(Domes of Siìenoe)
basic cube joints.
cube to cube. ladder
panels to Matrix
pallets-hdbd. to
2x2's
panels to Matrix
all bolts
all bolts
all bolts
ìot!onS (we:11oaìs)
ÆÅ
Î CHANGES/every morning for the last six hundred
days CI so carole & i have awakened to a new
Î
& different kind of world. we have been joined
by another person. full-fledged; intelligent
6 active. all my life i've thought in some
Î
Calvinistic. Baptist way with a quasi-sci en ti fie
twist that ''yes. it is necessary to ex)Tote
the possibilities of genetic combinations
blah, blah. blah." supercool didn't prepare
Î
me for the wonder of the benign explosion
which was the entry of joshua henry isaacs
into our collective life. i tended to think

of abstract reasons for rearing children making
it worth the hassle. the awesome truth is that
it's some experience. like having some exotic
strangCr come for a long visit. it's the one
life experience i've found impossible to take
for granted even after all this time. no ego trip
like the old-fashioned world but more like
Ë
watching a beautiful little peach tree grow.
the only ego thing involved is watching
reinterpreted echoes of your own behavior
& attitudes appear in this midget like the
reverb from some mighty speaker in the sky
driven by the UNA spiral. sometimes this is OK
but sometimes it makes you cringe 6 hope for
the best.
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
CRISIS 6 THE SHOEMAKER'S CHILD/we were working
pretty steady at the university & 1D
Groveland when josh henry «uS 11 t tle so wC
couldn't seem to get Cent=rCd on designing &
fabricating a Structure for him. i think
part of my holdout was rooted in the fact that
i had never been around little kids 6 was
uncertain of the parameters. most of my knowledge
of babies was derived from watching old movies
on television. we were also moving aIound u JC1
SC he ended up in a simple. clean, white.
Shakeresque room in the Chicago apartment which
carole fixed for him. his tools (toys) were nicely
organized 6 he slept at first in a folding
cloth thing with a metal frame. in the movies
i 'd watched they never grow much but in real life
it's like God is blowing up a balloon, so he was
soon too big for that thing , C&FCJC «uS alr6ady
making drawings of a Living Structure for him
but i still couldn't get focused on starting
actual building. trouble in eden. one day
i fÕund myself in a suburban department store
!allucinating Cu1CJC asking the luÜj if shC
could buy a crib. this immediately induced
hyperventilation in my System & i got ready
to demonstrate new audio highs for the very proper
audience of clerks 6 matrons. together we managed
a fair Wagnerian racket.
RESOLUTION/carole is funny. at some human points
she becomes a rock with the power of speech.
she calmly said that the kid's head was going to be
flut on top (or if we were lucky. slig�tly geodesic)
unless he got a bigger place to sleep. she really
understands motivation technology. there was
ro other choice thoueh. so we pot the nifty
crib & 1° hung there for quite a while like the
albatross, a reminder of a monstrous negative act.
it sure got us on for his Structure though.


¸
¸� •

_
_
_
~
'

@¯_1ÛM/BO CatO1U d851[Ud
·
i1 & !+eTpedÜ 11\JTB~
·
´
BhU !SøÔ LÍ(Bg St·oci�ro|IÍBC1|J«B&DQL«du7-on
·1¡6 `ÜDì], or Cell.·Mat.rix. this jt.t means 1ha! `
~a:nU1VlB1\B.´5 J1kÐa ìody l

an.3Dd1V1S1b1з
11OH1Hg uA11 «»iC0 CCW11£G 1H V8I1OUD ¥8§S
o1b6vCU!1S to nake a -»-:�o\B1eW~
• • ¦ ~ �
'
¸
´
-
1 · ~

- ~
_ ¸
· *
,
¡
`

rzr+:ce|ar,/·».«'°tuO1uz6¸s ×ad oxrcÝO` � \)Þ0S
711D ZXZ skeletons
¸
¸ one isTor af1|Vl118S ð t·0U o\=r
!0.: e ¸Da 7Þ£¸·ßci1v..¹y has `·Ü
JmJ6 &¯
·
51Jdl �¸i:·cu¡s CBB
'

·í` ·tì; can
bÐNCv8U as h15s4ze
·
I8DJ°
CH bemseó frpn ou1SIde 1bU U >.·»a·`}ìèe
´:··
, CUDB 8B !D

ð1¯+ l:e¸<(¸T1ÐD 1

'

þ[

`Í11÷BO~¬²

· ·
· ·
hL
·
· · · ·
¸
_ _
_
_, .¸·
_
·
` ·· »`¡
,· �� �¸.
·
¸·¸·�·. ¸¦¸¦¸¡�·¦·

,··`··�:·,�,·.·.
'
`·¦·¦·'·¦·¦ ,·,' ` ·´` �
,
.·.· , .· ._
,

´
.· ,·,·,·'
¸
,-·

¸
� �� � ��

�� � ���

� �

� ���� �»«��»
·
·
¸ ���

Pan!r� .:
·
�1
·
¹Ì'·'T`J@ :)1¤0
·
`
·`·`· ·
`
`×1Jh "

0. CÍ|ð1Ab0,1TU
'
j 3DCJ· ..'tÌ-
`
,|O\ï- TU´$
:0e`\÷ 5C01a¤´,'`'
``¸¯¡'· .
'
'@�]gtg]: 'g¿¿;fççq· .w·¦\`¡�`,_;;¸i,)c!. ·:|,
'
¢1](y &·
`

.,·

¸
`
`
´
Þ�4¹~ \0P ·it'.�l:lecau:e -6?: nuch' �0¡$c$~
`
.
· '`

\+

C .. 3· e
·.·
·'
`
¦;¸
¡
¸

'
Vz:�´

°� ·

:O:

. O ton & wf
¯
.
.
.
·.
.
u×e ^L

³C CCD1f01 soee¡o h|S

´




'
a aC·`
t
A
A
Xn e`'q|°e:na1·1VC 1o 1hiS
.. ÆJ.¿lt³ Ue COve! ShoetS
~ · · · 1Íke ðD¸eDve1Oge
`
'·x11D ODe S1de

··'
¸
_
.
Oe

'
O1
'

'
OD 0
·�,�,��^
`
1O¤ t 1DµB¡dø
·
`
1
1çY

` · �¯- • ·· �_

__

´
¬ •• • ´ �
¯_ ��� bo1 tc×·s¡��,.�g�aI·�n �1 ·,q·
·
.
.
1lCDX5O`(OD Cðq· ·I01$· .· . ´. `·
_
••
C T �¬ &±OwB|

; -¸ ·
. t

ðS¹,e,·
.
.
1I�

� �

� �

¹1D� ��.!n«'
.
¯
·.
`
`
>�Tu(7 u16 13
·
!OV8)¬O D0¸1ǵ·Þ@ ´ htroboard
¸ ¸¸·�ÞPÞ� ,º+^�·0`1a� gahyd. e
`
�0·I ¸¯C º<¹ 1«U \,O 4\. ¸
·
W0· Ib1S 1O µqt1C1& i1C FDu11Ht m

aiu1a1¤8nce
Um ÛMJce¸J1JJ÷ nan. !¬ g�is bls 1¡116:s
9P¤¤¤¤«Þ:J
´
¤DÜ¡Ôs h-tc. he 1OCìS }oOd S:L1n¿

`
. ·
·
uP:�here:arter.� bath l0 8 \Da0J,!

� friendly D8

`
´¸ 1HlH1BDJt )}806 81BD
§1VCB H1&
´
a T0DT '0T
1is VDIK ðt5ð ð ±hq1
I
`·`·¡·
`
____¿j�g hs hov=e·
´-_�
`J
_
8
_


·
g_¿
�DÞ0
''
·
¯
·
1�b1e
.
8T0

�¡#{J} waxed

` ;
`
¼ 7 ubb�€ UD¤0 Dy

·

¯ ¯ .=-
Æ
¯· ''¯·*·¯`'¯'`'`'
·'

·*·'¯
·
�'

'`
¯
´' '
'
´

���� � i¤���»�ì����:�
`

\�¸
O m]cc ï.:e�aopµoct·

´
`· ðeVi� & 1L<Oa \itL�C,1D�'_,49IP@
ß1ì.u�\ule. 11³S 0500,
'
76O �orOng
c:oj
' #0TT¹7-xb¤e.',s Q[D´
·
TB1Y¯
s:cra¿n þa � p¸ o1en¤µ¸¡h.ab

¸•|

Í
Ii c· J1

'
��ì1

• j¸ ··
`*.'.¯.& d1tfe:eni1
?¹%�^����
' '
d ·:ï:.c: ¹:Æ
acc(s�|b16 i0 ¶
c¬nc:¡:en¢¡ Ise×þnl ðu¸b0 :(ee,·
'
z·t,
1�e¯pr10o1QL0 ot sorLr!
1פ>r:aot. aS )c·gçows
bbS¤wo 1eve1S Û T6·F·¡Þ
·
¹
¡\0 ¸l1
¯•¯
|

,
.
¯
·

·
, �.

·
•. ¸ *
. ¸
· , �.
,

.
. ¸_ _= ·

�.
·
• �.

.
¸ .·
.·. . ,
. •

� ����-��� ·���� �� .

J���� �` -¸
+_ •º1Äh F�n�
·
«²A0IÞ¤¹10¤^7. 4·+ö\ & Qu¤n\11§´
·
¸
•*"¼ �TD ¤×n o1cck1¤ Qroooss).n¿ ,¯un

n`
�*` _çp1�:A× TÞ0+ 1 ×cv See ÜrouuÔ$ndJn

¯@
·
·}(oµAeÌ
²hð1nðnj¸ piob|9ns

·
+

¹·s as
´`.

@�1¸\A�

l1 1C�
·
,`..· º¤·|,\91 1
.
.

B�

|_ _
-¸¸
·
j¡¸¿
¨

ª


·

,



• •
',·|_
¯
�_· ,` ¸¸ ¸·;¡

-
¸..,·
.
¿¹ •"
_
²
•• ¹.
,·¸ `
.
¸ ' ,¡ �
¸
,·.•

¯
,

•• • •
¹
.
_¸ ¸,

�·.·.¸
,
²¤¯³NUHï_vþ�±¬ç, �

-,y¡�¿ (¸__¡

·
. ·
.
¯;
^
1CJO w11h �he )l V1D¿´¹IuC1DPeB Í0!

k!dJ$YJDBe@ uDOb11uS`1V8 ¤bSeïvB
1hDt ð11e¢p�B 10 h0o`a.uorøUu 1ho
V�uI1 wmn U+�jb

tið.I^ ovake. l
nev¢ (ye\:�ÐxÐt1

e ]v61B Of
´,¤Þ?¤.00I 5

¤¤,e¿
•,
¾HËM
l
|
|
l
|
|
Ì
Í
Ì
Ì
Ì
Ì
Ì
¨¢OLG
�*LY½3

UU1L1NG THL AÛT1YËCE/these
members will IORJDO you of the 24"
cube. but they are assembled using
l/4''-20x2 1/2" hexagonal-head bolts
& have a secondary hole pat tern
on Ü´ centers. it's a good tactile
safety idea. to put a 1/4" radius
(rounded corners) on the long
edges of the members. we do this
with a DJ[D¬IÇQ shaper (see p. T1.
but you can do it with pa tie nee,
a good eye & the fine side of the
four-in-one rasp. don't hurry,
JT`1J build your character. don't
do this to the short edges.
RB
ÜLÜÜËÜ

+
:
+ .
+
s
+ •
+ s �¯
ÕÑ
• • • ·
+
_ .
�ª�M ¼kGL
'|�×G�×. �c`
��ÞM¤
1
�¯¯¯

: �

f
· ª �'¯ °`
� ��
g'/?6`��¯ . �
f
1�WDO\,

,
4`
¸· ,

·•

f
··` `- � :••
l

· •···
¸ �_�
¿ ¯
� ¤|t:)
l
¸
-

.
l
/``
f
� º
··� ¯¯

f
: bÅWÜUÎÜË
|
´<<�Y¬
|
|
'||'/@•

��C
|
ÜËÅNÜÜNÎÅÜÜ
Ü1ÅÜHËÜ WÅÜMËÑÜ
ÆlCE ¯�\1 �6\-
¯¯ �� �O. V. T
(�Co =
³- ¯ �
- ¯ V
OT � ¤A��Ps
(l^ <'=��VEV�
�\Þ`D 1ll�G ¹HP
LUB �ÇT ��
¯ÌC�Ź.
¯\¯= ªV\I +LE\
¯ ¸,ÇL <�¬~
²" fL¯ ¬O. MLT
( �66O \�g)
P� �o¬
_
ÕÂ
ÕÛ
mÅ1ËÑÎÅLÑ LÎÑ1
CUT PARTS/
37 QCS 2"x2"x36" (univ. ØOmOOTS(
2 pes. 2"x2''x9"
2 pes. 2"x2"x5'
4 QCS 1l4"x36"x36" DOOO
1 pc . 3/8"x36''x36" DPFw .
1 pc . l/4"x26"x36'' DFPw.
1 pc. l/4"xl6"x33" hdbd.
J pc. l/4"x9"x36' hdbd.
HARDWARE
4J peS. l/4"-20x2 1/2" hx. hd. bl ts.
30 pes. l/4''-20x3" 1±thd. bl ts.
2 QCS 1|R´~ZÜX4´ DX RO bl IS
6 QCS. l/4"-20x2" 111RU O11S
73 pes. 1/4"-20 hex Duts
Û pes. 1/4"-20 Cap (acorn) nuts
120 Qes. 5/16" fl t. wash.
79 QCS 1l4¯ ¯Q111·¯QT1D@ 1OCK WBSD0lS
2 QCS 2" OBCK 11HQ Ì1D@OS ]1OOS0
pin) with fasteners
8 pes. 1¨~OlðD616I ÍU1Dl1UI6 ýliO6s_
with nail (Domes of Sllenc6)
M1¯LtJJÅNtQ@g
C16Hl Ïll21te
blackboard paint
BCT§17C enamel
36"x36" DHU@BD§UO & HOÌ0S1VO
3"x36"x36" 1OHm ØH1
TwO MH1l1× C011S, TH11S¸
1BO1O SUQQOT1, OOO SUQ¬
port. S6Ht & overhead
panel support.
seat limit blocks
table C±ÐD] blocks
1OQ QBD01S \BCT1VC H10H(
S1O0 QHDO1S lT0S1 HTOB(
O0U ¡ane1
access panel (rest)
table
seBt
2x2 to 2x2
panel to 2x2
2x2 tQOl 6 clamp
HCC0SS QHD01 1O 2x2
B11 OO11S l exCeQt
aC¯6ss pan0l !
access 1o panel 2x2
all bolts
H11 OO11S
Do!!c¬ (\e:!1ca1u)
111lFJ "eDD61B õ ðCC6S$
panel
panels
panels
QBB01S
¯
'C
.
CUNTERBORING/this unit is 1nt6nd6C ]JlOHI1l}
1Ol C!lJU1eD SD V6 counterbored some O1 1D6
OO11 DO1OS. 1Ì1S ØOHDS 1BVlB@ H 7/8" SQOOO O11
ô OT1J11D§ DO mOTO 1DD 1_Z` OOC@ O61OTO OO1T@
the 5/16" Ìol0 + this prevents the 2 1/2'' JOD@ OC±1
ÍTCD proj acting pðst the 2x2 faces. !6 DðVB Bp~
plied this to some of the other Living 8!:uc!~
UT0S õ §OU ØB§ wHnt to follow suit. the Dð1D
D0@H11VO 1S 1ÌH1 11 SQ0ClH112OS §OU1 ØOØDOIS
into T1{ÌTS ô 1OJ1S SO 1DO§ a:e S1HDOHTO Øem
De1£ Ið1!C1 1!ðD UDlVB1Sð1 CD6£
Ë
Ë
Ë
f
f
f

Ë
8
8
STORAGE MORALITY & LOGIC/it's a big one. i guess
the condition that drives most storage fanatics is
the fact that production & merchandising have
become our religion in the last thirty years. most of
us have a real vtarehousing problem because we are
the pampered recipients of a. flood of things
allegedly developed to
make us happier. we are nov beginning to tumble
to the queasy paradox that this proposition
sounded great in theory but worked like a lead
surfboard in practice. every new acquisition just
loads us down with more obligations & expenses in
time & productive effort. it's become evident
that this is a crusher, leaving little time for
inventive work & the individual search for peace
of mind.
LIVING STRUCTURES ó STORAGE/this conditioning
sometimes leads people to wonder why my structures
don't include superstorage. it seems marginal or
improvised to them. after all
,
the guy's wife has
twenty-three pairs of shoes & boots for several different
outdoor role-taking shots. my thoughts on the
quicksand of products õ services .hinge around
using such offerings very selectively. that's the
key word. the old-fashioned world wasn't perfect.
Ë
there were wonderful aspects of simplicity which
we can observe & apply in ways appropriate to our
context but there we<e some strong negatives. if
Ë
only we could have entered the twentieth century with
a head-set of objectivity & selectivity toward the
developments of high technology. instead we put
all the basic-information research insights ó
Î
spinoffs in the service of a manic, primitive,
ego-tripping, anxiety-ridden scarcity psychosis
that was showing massive fractures even before the
f
social critiques of the mid-1800's . if our
society had been more conscious õ hip in ways to
join & nurture evolution we might have avoided
Î
some of the pain õ hurt of that whole era .
l
STUCK WITH STUFF/it's the nightmare of the sorcerer's
apprentice with stuff flooding & distorting our lives
ó feelings. all the things that we are engagingly
assured we "need" truly answer no fundamental cry
from the soul or murmur of discomfort from the body
but are an attack of collective mania like the dancing
cults of the Middle Ages. the only resolution is to '
use less, consume less. have less in your field of
action. this will heighten the significance & the
enjoyment of what you have õ give the same sort of
peace that exercise outdoors gives the body.


Á
.
F. Scott Fitzgerald's rich boys
were bored õ sated because
they had everything. witty
& humane Lincoln was excited
by mildewed law books & fire­
light vented through a clay
chimney.

`•
� w
` �
EGG CARTONS/even if You try to
wear 1 i fe 1 ike a Joose garment
you build a surplus. wor. k, time
·
õ friends contribute. some of
this is rare information & some
has talismanic importance in a
human way. some obj acts lfke
,
.
tools we conserve against the
time when we can recycle them·.
so we discovered the egg carton.
supermarkets, restaurants &
hotels get eggs in these great
cartons. they measure 1< wide
x ¯¼ long x l1" deep. what dimensions! not since· .
the Periclean press conference & the announcement
·
of
the discovery of the Golden Section have such
proportions been laid on. us mortals. they hold file
folders, papers & magazines, slides, toys, folded
off-season clothing, tools & volley balls. they can
sta.ck four high with stability & have neat holes cut
in each end for handles when lifting.
ÕÕ
� � ����

` ��` �;� � ± ¸��
'
�'¸ ´_ ___ �

�g��

�� )� ´` ¸´·
`

´·¿¸�Io¤u,} ·o[¸e �ç¡0a1'10D,
·
+ . OÔ o'on:·ga1
¯
�! ¶¥
ª·..¯ ¯
e $¤

.·¤.

/

o
`+ .¸�_ ¡(!pS`feJ ¹9- }
O
´`,¯¸

_¿j_
n@,(j ùte Å×VP
·-
.

.
±
¹ ¹�
¸ª

_
+

··´*
×\ra
Aav.n¿bO1h
@ø _ &)p¸aK1D§ 10¤bûr 1D
Q
¯-BC
A¶anD1 CO51
¹ ·1 1ácet ÞÏÑ
+ ¯
& uDl1B are harde1 1O
dOWD & oove ohang1ag 1o 1he
´
B11eBBed panels sJ¢pl111e8 1hu ptOCeBB
conB1detaD1¿ ô makee beau11Iu1 B1tuC1u1eB.
ÕW
DUDLÜAHÍLHUN ÛHÍAFUЯÍII0Í
GUHHß1 CÍ :ru HÇy çbaL¿eS
1 WO1+£Õ DD /¸ÜÕ

` ÒD`de¯ah0Ò1OD

c!Dmbe£ w2:a·Q,0O*O "

iOa¿OG lDSlCC.
lt Wauade ´¢ ´JJyh1 ¡)_wOOC *•
wi
_
thout 'lumb�t·.raming ô _O1L6U
D§ þOU31\6U an

¿1è ctiP.S ¥l1l
�1ÇV� ro1:¬·

7C B1´I18dC11;;JL[
]ðD=±�· ¹Oÿô¹¡¢ 3´D 1Ûܯ wheL _1F
î
,
, mu1JT

en eQ 11,_
÷Û¯¾1!1ODO\G6

'´,

.w¡1I´:v:c~|� it ( 1,1 }'Ç timber
. rav;;e a\u·:s

-+¬u. ¡\1 that l
., W0L uaCe :rz:«� W¢¢ BO 11
w0B Ia: too heavy 1o pIOduCe !Ie
ðdVan1ayoS O1 diQ¡ura_0 S1IuC1u:6.
¯DH dodecahed'ron \aS good. )ne
ß1ruc!ure waS

11¿a!, ÇU1Ck 6
d1rec! 1 RaK6 6 forgiving in
aSSemb1¿¸|paneJS WeIe eaBy to bO11
1O[e1het_ nO DaSB1eB if 1he
p1yWOOd Watped a 11111e. it a11
juB1 B1taJQh1ened Ou1 ô fell
1Ogo1hC1 I1 vOS ÐnO1he1 ne¤
WOt1d
l
l
l
l
¥
¥
8
8
8
8
8
8
f
f
f
f
f
f
FURTHER PROOF/in the spring of JÛ¯J we built three
]1C1C1j]eS Dl 1!e Ü´¾JC1ohou£e using th6
S116££6U~lDðU Cð1Ij1D¿¬£×lD T61!CO & DD lIðDlD¿
UU1JD¿ 1!6 1lI£1 test ð££6DDJj l ¿C1 U] Du 1!e
sleeping surface. it was ¢IÜ´ pljVood slightly
less than AÜ` square, clipped to vertical panels
ðICuDU 1!e 6U¿6 V!ð1 ð Deô1 CDDl11Dô1JDD' 11
!ðU !DJJ S1IDC1U1ß± lu16¿1J1j VJ1D 1!6 I6£lJl6DCj
Cl 1!6 Il@¿JD¿ DD ô 1ðC1D¿ sðil¡Dð1.
IDEAS ON "SORTING"/the other component in the gen­
eIðJ ´DD1eX1 1!ð1 DUI1DIeU 1!6 U6Ve±C]D6u1 C1 1!6
lDllDJ1e Û1DIð¿6 Ûj£16T VðS lID0 1!e ]ð£1 1 Vð£
JD CllJU!CCU 1lUlD@ UDVD ô UU£1j 1±±lDCl£ CCUD11j
road with Aunt Helen. she radiated good humor.
generosity & Baptist theology in r.oughly equal
ðDCuD1£ SD6 l£ SCÞ61!lD¿ eV6D DCV VÞ V6I6 on
1!6 Vðj to ð 1l1tl e 1DVD CðlJ6U ¡ðDCj !Ið1I1e 1C
Û6D6 cðu@!6I`£ ¿eDeIðJ £1C1e 6V6D a £DI1l6 1C
the general store was exotic in those preconsump­
1 1CD UðjS ðDDU1 equal to jetting to Xanadu from
1!6 jUI1 CCuD1Ij, Du1 ð D'@ ]ð11 Dl 1)6 C!ðI@e Vð£
1!ð1 1!6 S1CI6 VðS ôJ£D 1!e ]D£1 Dl1lC6 the
DôJD event 1!6I6 was ðD UDDe±J6VðD±e VðJJ ¿IJU Dl
compartments each with its own brass door, lock
ô STðJJ @1ô££ ]ðDe 1!6 U6e] JD161eS1 Vð£ lD the
CIU6I lDVCJV6U Lere & l 1!lDK l1 I6lð16£ 1D 1U6ð£
j6ð1£ lð1eI ðDDU1 1!6 CCDCe]1 Dl "SCI11D¿" phy£1CðJ
oD¿ec1S.
MYSTERIES OF THE 1/ESTERN MlNJ_1!6£e CDD£1U61ô1JDD£
±6U 1D�!e 16ðJl?ô1lDD 1!ð1 V6 ð16 S1ðlJ6U Vl1h
1ôDð1lCôJ J1D6ðI CCD£110C1S lD DuI D1DU£ j61 1!6£6
compartmentalizations are so limiting. they kill
inventiveness ô play in thought. at the same time
it £66D6U V6 DðVeD´1 ]uI£UeU ð1 ðll the V61y I6ðJ
SCI1lD¿ D6D6ll1£ C1 highly UJ£Cl]JlD6U AIJ£1C16J1ðD
Cð16¿DIlzð1lDD lD 1!6 £1D1ð@6 Cl DU1
artifacts. what a paradox. we use restrictive
methods in thought & give our objects freedom.
i UeCiUeU 1D VDIk oD U D6V Û1DIð¿6 Mô11l×.
PROTOTYPING THE INFINITE STORAGE SYSTEM/so chuck ô
lou came to Groveland that first summer ô we put
1C¿61!eI 1!6 ÍlT£1 ]1DUUC1lDD CB ô 1º`~!ôDel Mð1IJX,
V6 UlUD`1 ´ðVe 1CD TuC! ßDD6y £C V6 ¿D1 SCD6 1/¬´ ply­
VDDU CV1 Dl ,Ce´£ DlU D1eðU 1IUCK £1CIð¿e l1
was exterior so it was generally sound except for 1he
VD1K of the field OlC6 ô th6 big black ants. on any
CCUD11j ]JðC6 jCU U1£CCVeI D6V CClJ6ð¿U6S lD 1!6 1ôC6
lDI SUI VlVðl 1!6 Tl´6 !ðV6 JðI@6 ¡IDVD eyes & t!e
U6£11UC1lV6 ðDl±l1l6£ of Ü6D¿!lS r!ðD on ôH]!61ðDlD6£
the black ants are big ô tough ô would eat a Cadillac
Eldorado if they thought j1 Vð£wood.

<
·1 �

|
Æ ~

-`
\'g
�·+¹v'¬
THE 1±¯ GRID/anyway, we felt lucky to have some sheets
Cl this £D Y6 VC1K6U out an lU6ðl JÜÜ ]61 CeD1 CDDS1S16D1
¿IlU ]ô116ID ]ô11JðlJj Dô£6U DD 1!6 16ðJ11j 1!ð1 1!6
ðC1Uð1 ]ðD6J Sl26 Dl 1Ü ó/4¨×JÜ Ó|4' VDuJU CU1 ¿DDU
out of R×Ü´ plywood. i call the grid "consistent"
because it can be filled in any or all of the three
TðlD Ul16´1JCDS 1D £]ðCe Vl1!Cu1 ]1D¡l6OS CI CDO]1C~
ul£6 lCI £]6Clß1 UDI6£C1V6U ´DHUl1lDD£¸ ¿U£1 Dj
ðUUlD@ 1!6 DDe~Sl26 CDe~UIll±1D@~]ð116TD UDJV6ISôJ
panel.
Õ¯
ÜÜMMËÜ1ÜÑÑ & ÅÑÑËmÑLY
ÙHÛ¢KJNÛ MATERIALS/it's Ç111lC1J1 1C [JV6 Çl16´¬
1jCDS 1O1 Du¸lD_ !l1! 1DlS S§S1ÐO OUC±us6 6V6I¸¬
OD6 wBD1S SOØÐ1D1D@ O1J16TÐD1 1D c126 O| SDBQÐ
Du1 S1DCÐ U 1DT66·CuO6 1OÞÐT C±D O6 OB111 JTOm ODC
R´XÛ´ SDCÐ1 OJ ý1§wOOO lw11D 1wO QBDH1S 1C11 OVC1(¸
1 sUgg6s1 ¸Cu ¿61 51ôT160 b¸ ÜCJD¿ 1!ô1 1!6
C1G6T l1S1 D6JCw wJ]] S61 ¸CU u} lC1 it.
MATERIALS & HARDWARE/
1 QC J RXR
JZÛ QCS 1´Z¯X1XJ` ¯'BD1C§ COTDÐT
DD[1ÐS
JZÛ QCS 1Ü·ZRXÓ/R` IDORO D11S
JZÜ QCS J\·<Ó DÐX DU1S
²Z QCS 1Û¬<¬ fl1. w&$|.
1<Û ]CS 1Û~<¬ "·1Ð1¨ lCC× !ð£D61Q
R QCS J¬C1ÐPÐ1¬l 1¡16ðU6U¬5!ðD|
1uIDl1U16 [±JÜ6S
mÅ1ËÑÎÅLÑ
]ðD6J£ |]l1S Z
5]ð16£(
CODDÐC11ODS
CODDÐC11ODS
CODTÐC11ODS
uDU61 DCJ1
D6ðU£ lCU15lÜ6¸
çJJ ¡CJ1£
DC11Cu ]ðD6]
• • ••
• • • � • +
`
¯
:·¯••
`
·
·
· :.
·

:•
._ •· ·
.

.
`
¸¯ÅÜ\¯·¥�,ISO ·nosesl¡es�Û0 ;o-·1so,.c: :n
¯ �

_
+ · .
·
J'¹I : � _
·¿�i )�or a:ea OCCU|1BO+ ODß JÞ ·
:
¿´
¸

×
squa:e`on tuo l1OO1 ÇtCÕuC0f ov·r
¯¯^¸+¿•
·
¸•
.ÕÛÛ'·\3C JDCUBG rov s:otaço. <v¸
:l1Or U 11±Ø §POuQ 1D 8o«Yot�Ci1_
¸
g
:}��Ͱ

·
"
;
¯'
a
ºª

�� �����
�����
�����


O of
\

C¿
I

+· �
09æQUÕ!ecec
=:ín
CO1he1Sbut ¤B
found it required
1OD§-d1aWD¬Ou1
Cu1J||[ o
p
er�tions.
C0TO1B0BS´`fPe
[e0"B ñSD6T Ua* +)!h
an ROC\I|õ1C ·raci u--bar
accesso,- y' ;· : 33: º6
DO¤ use
the O�PC1e !o� acceaS 11`÷ B clDC¡ ¡c
cu!? low ¡nxie1y in fabrication is truly
beautiful. ±UeeHB uO1e Ïul f.ling to
make ð B1up
-
L Ob¿eC1 with [Iea1 fidelity
instead of Q gradiose one |eVeIy aSpeC1
Of which l< De1!W ODe`B expCC1a1lODU}

MOBILITY/ this 9-cell uD11
3S µ¡proxioa!ely 4´
h1gh õ ¬´ =ldC # I1
CD0JU.D� C 1:66~B\BDdlD[ \DlÍ
ur °D= !e_inuin¡ OT BD CD11:6
wal .l. ºhCD kocked down íC:
ÆOV1Dy, 1¡C pBnB]B ð1e B p1Je
less thdn 1• high or about
Ü tenth of_ the erected VO1uuB`
this cOupaC11OD ueðDB #6 a1e
no lO¼§eJ Bhlpp)Dg @l1 a11
OVeI I!C counir@
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Å Æ @
¡#
Æ Æ æ W • _
¡
• ¿ ¯ • • • Ý•¹ Ý 4
- -
CHCK'S CHAIRthe Panel Matrix
$ 1he clips worked ½Ò well
1J11he ln finite Sto.rage System
that ;i:e expanded the structura,l
idea to a Z4¨ SJð<§· :¶c\d &mad. e
a Ch01T d call 1I COµC×`×
chair beqause he seemed
to høvc some special
relati?nship 1P <'·
from toe íl1S\ meroent
the raw prototyp +ð 8

assembled at Groveland
in the old shop. he
just liked it the
way you like µ
puppy C1 a young.; ¯ *•

colt. that's Ü
good kind of
feeling.
Ý�°



I
I
I
I
I
f
I
F'REE CHAIRS/despite
my efforts to .
integrate as many,
"furniture" íunctfons
as possible to .¸
realize the Living
Structure idea, the�e
is a purpo.e íO1 a
movable chair nr¸ .two.
you might want to move one
ne�£e1 d window to watch a
squirrel or a storm. two
chairs form an alternative node
for conversation õ let you · break out of, the
struc. tured situation o! the civine ¦1\U´*U1B
we built this chair as that kind of alternative ..
we even put some of these on CuS1B1S for some
guys in New York City so you can just ·Joll around using
feet for propulsion.
. ¸ · _ ´· - ¸
¡
_·`¸`
:.*´ :
·
` ·`¸´¸.¡ç
.
·¯�,¡¸¡¡¸_
.
¸¸
]ÏÞ¯ ¶Þ�1 V1
1Jg`

.
¡
,`,
+

+

* .
9
*.*¯º
*.º'
..•³
¸ ·¡¡
8
¸
¸ ¡·'

^ "
^

`^
×
¯`
×
× & ¯
^
`� ×
×
×
¸
�·�Þ~
`
l
`




I
¬E¯ V�º
I
. %¥. T´'� × >3½¯
Þt ( UOL.
I
I
I
IJ
IJ
II
I
I
I
I
1 MATERIALS LIST
I
I
I
I
CUT PARTS/
5 |CS. 3i8"x23 5/8'"x23 5/8" DF'Pw .
Z |CS 3/8"x8 3i8•x23 5/8" DF'Pw.
= pes. 3/4"x3"-diameter DF'Pw.
HARDWARE/
29 pes. l/2"xl"xl" Stanley corner
angles
29 |CS 10-24x3/4" rhd. D1 1S
29 pes. 10-24 hex nuts
29 pes. 1O¬<¬ "Star" lk. wash.
4 pes. ~/+-<Ðxl" 1]thd. !J1s.
24 pCS. C¦1Û¨xܨ cold rolled
steel rod
1 pc. C/1Û¨x1´x¬¨ SDÐÐ1 steel
1Û ]CS 5/16" nylon wire retniners
panels
tton1 & seÜ1 beam
1ôô1
connectors
connectors
all bolts
all OCJ1S
1ôô1 \D 1ô¶S
le§s
feet 1C 16¶S
legs 1C panels
LEGS
�/(G` U!º VܯIt\B�
L Et K�L <)
\" G� =¬ "Æ.
¯
§
E
CV[=
¯H� O�\k C
'þ¯ AÕRª�cs-=
LwCB�¹C@

.·.'�· °º¡ '¡¸·':¯',:. i
.
·
½OÇþ]J/1D1$ |B kInd of a S[eOla1 BOCk6I SO i1 your
hp1dWate Æan dOeSn´1 haVe I1 11§ an e1eC111Ca1
$µµµJj hOuBe dO nO1 BubB1I101e anO1he1 SOCke1
because this one is covered in 0eav¸ rubber ö
haS proved $Ð1e in practice for use with the very
intense reflector flood bulbs. aBx for l1 aB a
";ubbe1 juBh SOCke1. NO. 1EJ. Æade by HOOa1e.¨ the j1ug
uBed IS a b1aCk 1ubbe1 1nduS11Ia1 p1ug Ca11ed
"rubber CO1O, grip cap, black, 15 amp, 1ZD VO11B.¨
made by Hubbell.
ELECTRIC CORD/the number specifications for the
OOtd ¿uS1 Æean ge1 1G-yauge, Z¬w11e cord,
beCauSe 11Ip1e WIIe 1B beCOÆln[ B1anda1d nOW.
if you are unfamiliar with wiring get a little
on-the-spot advice from the electric supply
people but don't fool around
.
do it carefully.
we uS6 10' O1 wire on eVe)¸ ALi.
APPLICATIONS/the ALB can be \BeO with any Living
Structure or piece of equipment 1n 1h¯B OOOk
eX1S1In( hO1eS may be uSed O1 a ÆOdu1at hO1e
Can be added aB ln 1he 1n1JnI1e ô1O1age ô§B1eÆ-
for children's use it may be gOOO to double the
pivot bloQk$ õ Irrobili®e the pivot so the kids
avoid accidents
.
í1VUT BL@/1hIS IS juB1 a Z 1|Z" Bqua1e SaWed 11OÆ a
2x4 with hCJeS d1lJJed 1OI 1he a1uÆlnuÆ 1Od, cord
õ the 1/4" hex-head mounting bolt. drill 3/8'' holes
for rod õ cord. note that the tOO is a force fit
with a 1 /2" length of C1ear Vlny] tubing slipped
On 10e tOO 1O SeCu1e 11 |aS 1he wood wears & the hO1e
en1a1geS}. 11nISh W11h C1ea1 F11ZI1e, Sand1ny
between coats to ra¡e a beautiful piece O1 wood
.
FRICTION PIECE/cut a 1 1/2" square from an old car
inner tube õ drill a 1/4" hole in it. make B016 I1`5
C1ean & a1WayS uSe 11 1o1 Sa1e1§ 1eaSOnS
a1SO uSe a JOCk vaShe1 undeI 1he nu1 On 1he
mounting bO11 to prevent I1B lOO$cni¯g up.

,
-� -¯
:
·.
.
&
..

º.
&
¼•#
groot

��;�:�a�·�y
:ìFSS0d��kI¤`·|IJvÞ0d +_ th��e4þ
· `·
.
.
`
2, 1
es�eµbed+ì1h
8az o^�1BJ aoç¡n¸��I]B.
1!B CD£Dð1$ $T6O\ to
0 1!4`��
`

.
T0D6 �` 1he jane. Is c«a ·
he SS 1Hu111eveat
+
¤¤¤¤1»o¡\ooa\o++ tvav+ouc
.
Æ11M¬³ ·;08

`t

`ß1¤> .
.
.¦ `
`


º `

.

• •_ _• •• _ •• *

:'`
·`´
;
·
,

´·
··
_
.
.

+
·
^ .
·
.
Æ ¬ � ¬æ
`

·

@

·.· .¸ `· ·
HOW MICRODORM 2 GOT BUILT/one day in 1963
.
i went
to the Groveland post office box & found a letter
from a guy at the University of Chicago. he was
I a psychiatrist for children õ was doing some work
with handicapped children for a government agency.
he had heard of Living Structures & thought they
I
might have meaning for kids in the state-care
situations. his response was strong to my idea
that new evolutionary equipment could support õ
I
I
aid the individual in highly positive ways. it
was apparent. to him that old-fashioned furniture
just didn't do it.
SUPERFICIAL NEATNESS & HEAD BEDLAMthe doctor told
me some eighteenth-century demi-horror stories about
the way the hospitals were functioning equipped with
traditional furniture. expensive hospital-type
beds (negative & alienating to the kids) which had
to be "made" in the morning so when the afternoon
rest period came there was no place to lie down
(that didn't mess up the bed), so they ended by
lying on the floor under the beds. the large ward­
like coOJns apparently had the usual hospital kind
of small metal cabinet at the head of the beds.
these didn't offer any storage for pcojects that
kids like to do. also there was no individual or
adequate work space for building models or study.
all in all it sounded like O. great factory for
ensuring< plentiful supply of institutionalized
wards of the state.
WASTE/the situation with these children was so
poignant because they just had O. slight edge taken
off their abilities & it seemed possible that with
the right kind of nurture they could develop,
become independent õ live pretty much like anyone
I
else. it wasn't ei f ficul t to respond to this
situation because it was a classic exa.mple.of
waste of resources, human & physical. it just
didn't make sense.
+
I
DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESIGN/when i first started
working, after discovering the Matrix Idea, i used
a very general, comprehensive, statistical program
to explore many configurations & use-patterns of the
Living Structures. the ground was pretty well
covered. Microdorm 2 was a part of a process grow­
ing from some early work. the Living Structure for
the kids was a stage of that process. we worked out a unit
with work space, seating-lounging õ study, clothing,
storage & the usual high bed {which eased another
problem of conflict growing out of other kids
sitting on your bed õ wrecking it). all these were
supplied on an individual basis to cool the friction
of interpenetrating actions. if we use terri tory
intelligently, sharing can come forth as a natural
result of peace of mind. old-fashioned design
forced sharing õ that won't make it now. one of
the best possibilities of the unit was a panel
system, integral, to give some privacy to the
individual. we even developed a procedure to
supply fabricated 2x2's õ let the kids finish &
assemble them. with this kind of real accomplish-
men t the project began to sound like real life.
PROBLEM
MOMENTARY DEFEAT/we let lack of funds defeat us.
the state refused funds for such an "experimental"
project õ the foundations were unmoved by the
doctor's lyrical logic about the Matrix & terri tory.
i always felt very negative about it but we
couldn't buy materials for the fifty prototypes
they wanted to try it out.
but the configuration õ the idea survived in
this new design for Microdorm 2 õ maybe we can
do some good things with it now.

• • • Æ • ¾ • # • • • #
� • *

@


¿ * ,¿ ¿

• • �
#


� � × 10ðO 0ô1
OB 1D0 1OµB1O0 �� r�ils are
en o h1naJ. eJeCt
·00Dd911 vB1h¶ U h(c46B!eT. 3be§•Ie
OðLe £othounoiny
,×ìos &¬I6 nì0e 1Þ
pcop �DJ4ÌQ¶ a[ðTnS1. §OD c11mb
@

O e


STY ARt1e pðne1 1O1Æ1n[
the bO11Oæ O1 1hC B1udy has
a J<` round hole fOr Îee1 1O
yO through. so you can sit
ð1 1I÷ 1ðt1÷ 11 is adjust­
able for g0owth with clampins
members. 1wO people can use
the· table (one iDs1de ö one
outside seated on a 1160
cube J .
CUTTING THE PANELS/use 3/8"
Douglas fir ply¬ood |�-C faces).
the eleven panels are all
35 5/8' square õ can be gang-
cut two or three at a time with a
portable electric SÐw 6 care.
lay out master panel 6 stack
securely. clamp with at least
two C-clamps. guide saw
$g$1DS1 hardboard straightedge
1P$1 is also clamped securely
1o pile. don't h¼TTy.
DOING THE LARGE HOLES/mark
1P6D all before nipping off
45-degree corners because you
locate them in terms of the
diagonal of the whole panel×
most good saber saws now come
with a radius bar for cutting
round holes. this is a very
precise way of doing it. sharp
point at end of bar presses
iD1o ¬DDU õ you just push saw
around the circle. use the
s1raightedge on the table hole.
HOLES F'OR ANGLE CLIPS/1 ay out
supercareful master panel ö
gÜngdrill three blanks ð1 $ 11Dô
¬11P electric drill in s1$nd.
clamp pile securely. these
holes are critical for good
assembly 6 strength of the
final structure.

�-· ..
¾×^¼�Y*`
�.
STORAGE
¯M
MATERIALS
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
pes.
1 pc.
4 pes.
4 pes.
16 pes.
4 )C
1 pc.
D |CB.
D pes.
3/8"x35 5/8"x35 5/8" DFPw .
l/2"xl"xl" Stanley Corner
Angles
10-24x3/4'' rnd. hd. bl ts.
fl t. wash.
hex nuts
"Star" lock washers
2"x2"x30"
2
''
x2"x
4
"
l/4"-20x3" hex. hd. bl ts.
5/16"x8'' cold rolled
stl. rod
3/16"xl"x4" sheet stl¬
l/4"-20x 1" fl t. hd. blts.
3/4"x3" dia. DFPw. discs
5/16" n}lon wire retainers
1/2" dia. x C` t¯ conduit
1/2" dia. x 10' LMT conduit
] l/2"x3 l/<"x3 1/2" wood blocks
l/4"-20xl l/2"fl thd. bl ts.
¿anels
connections
connections
connections
connections
connections
clamp beams
blocks
clamp beams
legs
feet to legs
feet to legs
feet
legs to panels
safety rail
safety rail
safety rail
safety rail
blocks to
panels
STUDY /��:.�
|
|
l-
/
·
¸
.. \L 9
11�\
72
72
Á
¬ #
·
¬
·� ¯

¯·

··

·

º
`•
.`

�dd

)�

. ¿j
.
¸t

`

¸, ��

�� _
´
:
´
·
0 )�`1¯ ¤+¢|¤�:¤


·

73
FUN HOUSE
¯Æ
^~~¾~¬ ~g ~
=�""i designed the grandfather of this structure
a long time ago when i began to discover that there
might be some hope for an effort to put together a
bunch of whole-system shelters that would offer some
real human & ecological advantage. there were sev­
eral components & events in my experience which set
up the result.
MOBILISM/i 'd been analytically working out with an
old friend named dan a new life style we were
calling "mobilism." it involved paring your idea of
"house" down to the simple_ painful minimum & put­
ting one unit on the East Coast, one in the Midwest
I ö one in northern California. each unit was to be
simple¶ superdurable like an anvil & casual about
complicating factors like insulation & middle-class
lweatherproofing. the three locations allowed some
compensation for this simplicity by letting you
follow the benign weather as it occurred in each
area rather than overbuilding only one shelter de­
l
termined by the worst weather encountered in just
one place. our individual head-reasons for these
projections were pretty interesting. i was moved
I
by warm climate & traveling_ but the best hook for
me was that this scheme fit ted my hope & fantasy
of beating the system. it was early nomadics.
moving like a desert man over the land without
subscribing to what seemed like a.ntilife nonsense
of thirtyfive years of mortgages & time clocks. dan's
thoughts had even a more compelling base. what
could be more bravely human & appropriate than a
guy in a wheelchair working out a life of movement? he
got polio in the Havy & was left with a remnant
1Û per cent opposable thumb fortunately buttressed
with a fine far-ranging mind & a truckload of guts.
he did anthropology & hung on to bang out of the
Congo with a van full of precious woodcarvings a
few hours ahead of Belgian mercenaries in that era
when Patrice Lumumba was tossed in the ditch. i miss
t1$ CCm]bD} 1 think he • s out in Davis doing some-
1 thing academic & making citizens crazy by looking
slightly like a merry Lenin who made it.
I
OFF THE SHELFiabout this time i started to wonder if
the kind of unit i spoke about to dan might be built
of three or four simple existing components by assigning
them new uses to build a shelter system without
starting from ground zero in terms of fabrication.
it seemed this approach would make new systems really
accessible to more people at less cost with more
personal involvement, since they would do assembly.
CHOOSING COMPONENTS/! was working for a guy putting
hydraulic dump bodies on grßin 1!\C¡S ò the flat bed
we used was great; industrially produced with a
steel channel under frame & edge . supporting heavy
2" timbers for the bottom. i worked out a system of
horizontal planes on various levels supported by
vertiCal utility poles on a modular grid. the whole
structure had a barnlike roof (from hitching through
Pennsylvania) & windrain panels at strategic points.
i 'd dream of crawling out of a sleeping bag on one
of the high platforms into the sunrise & washing up
with the breeze drying Ç skin; a primate in his
Platonic tree.
FURTHER ON/i didn t get to build that one but later
i translated the idea into 2x2's because i got on to
lightness ò demountability by then. no foundations.
just tension members & canvas roofing. that was the
father in the series. the last one is here_ indelibly
labeled "the Fun House" by an ingratiating magazine
editor who persisted in sa.ying "far out" when he
meant "how odd!" this outdoor Living Structure ca¬ n
go on your own land when you are opening it up@ on
short-term-leased land or on a friend's land in a
tentative way. it's a base camp for hiking, fishing
or just witnessing the wonder of Earth. decks get
you off muddy ground & the sleeping volume gives a
place to dry out when you hit rain for a day. the
Matrix is a total reference frame which gives
shelter & handy spots to dry wet gear, air sleeping
bags or hang a string of trout » the cooking cabinet
keeps things together & the table is to hang out at.
7S
BEACH MATRIX
7G
¢UJLÛJHÜ THE MATRIX/the network is
the basis of the structure. it's
made of 27 lengths of 1" pipe (real
outside measure is about 1 5/16").
these can be connected with any of
the several temporary scaffold-type
joint fittings now on the market.
I i can't recommend the ones we used
because they were made for us by
a neat little lady near Cleveland
who has since retired. see p. 83
for alternative.
THE PADS/these are 11 1/2" waterproof
laminated plywood squares.
use a waterproof glue like Resorcinol
to sandwich the two 3/4"-plywood
pieces & drill 1 1/4"-diameter holes
in the top pieces before gluing
to accept the leveling screws.
we cut the lH threaded rod into
18" lengths & put the large
washer between a hex nut &
the pipe end.
GETTING IT UP/level the sand or
earth in Ü spots & place the pads
level to begin. assemble 3 planes
of 6 pipes ea.ch, then tilt up
& hold 2 of these in position on
pads. put in C or ¬ transverse
horizontals to make it stand@ then
just continue. two people can do it
fine because i did it alone one
time on the beach at Westport.
pads give good bearing area on the
ground & the leveling screws

equalize sl1ght variations &

changes in ground level.
¶ I¡f+
¯¯
7B
SLEEPING
VOLUME
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
SLEEPING VOLUME¸cut the sides from 3/4'' exterior-type
fir plywood using either handsaw or portable electric
5õw & clamped Masonite straightedge. stack &
gang-drill the ends together. then the two sides ö
then top & bottom together. the last pair is tricky:
use clamps & move the little drill stand to the hole,
holding Óown on the base with left hand & using right
to pull dril1 through the wood (base is reversed).
all holes are 5/16" diameter & countersunk Du15lÔU 1D1
1ì9¯·<ÜX<` flathead machine bolts (connectors are
counterbored for nuts Å wbshers. ) bolt the bottom to
<X4 beams like decks. then put up sides with top &
ends last. cut hatches Å covers with saber saw,
clamped hardboard straightedge & radius bar. apply
foam gasket around opening so hatch cover compresses
it for a tight seal. we put storage shelves in the
blank end for gear. books Å folded C1D1Dl1g. 1 think
the clear plastic skylight-ventilator is a necessity
for pleasure & air¬ staple nylon screen on small hatch.
COOKING CABINET/this simple box is made of 3/4" exterior
plywood with a back of l/4" l stiffened by shelves ì
the parts are screwed & glued together in the old-
cui ture way ¹ sounds funny for me because it counter's
my directions for demountability, but it seems good now
& then to check your intense feelings by trying it out
again from the polar point of
v
iew. it works OK this
way but is bulky when moving. anyway, the three vertical
door panels are piano-hinged together & close against
foam gasket applied to the fa.ce edge of the cabinet.
place the magnetic catches strategically to hold the
door closed. the twin beams underneath hold the
cabinet in position while you run the horizontal pipe
member through it. make the 1 3/8"-diameter hole with
an expansion bit & a hand brace. don't forget the
clamp blocks under the cabinet either. you may want
to modify the shelves for your gasoline stove &
equipment. we used Coleman stuff & this worked
very nicely.
COOK
7B
EAT
�·
80
j
'ei!>
:" "-4" 1 ., .
'5fJ4 U
Tk; Gl0
DECKS
TWIN BEAMS & TABLEiselect four straight & dry
fir 2x4's. cut to 66". lay out & drill pieces
individually. do the counterboring first.
then do the 5il6" holes for the 4´ hex-head
bolts. two beams clamp on two vertical pipes
with the bolts doing the clamping. don't
pull too tight. the table is 3/4" plywood,
24"x48", with 3 countersunk holes on
the centerline (see dr·awing at left, top)
for the 5 1/2" flathead bolts to the
clamp blocks. hand-tighten all bolts, then level
& center parts before using
wrenches to snug up.
DECKS/there's no substitute for exterior
Douglas fir plywood. 4'x8' sheets of 3/4"
are carefully ripped right down the middle.
these are pallets. 4" flathead bolts fasten
panels to a. pair of 2x4's with 7/8'' countei·­
bores on the underside of all mounting holes.
detail on page 82 shows how electrical
stand-off clips are used to secure the
pallets to the Matrix.
FINISHES/blocksand all parts with the fine
aluminum oxide paper. we used acrylic out­
door paint in green. yellow & orange over
white undercoat for cooking cabinet. table
& twin beams
·
. everything else was natural
with two or three coats of boiled linseed
oil. laced with turpentine for penetration.
remember to
·
wipe off all excess oil. if
you don't it stays sticky & collects air­
borne dust & vegetable matter. it's a mess.
TAPES/the sleeping volume ca.n be sealed.
after finishing with either aluminum
wea.therproo f self-stick tape or clear
polyethylene tape. the aluminum tape is a
little more difficult to get on smooth but
it sure is durable. either should keep the
volume dry & snug.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
LADDER/we ou111 this up fairly cODVeD11ODaJ1_ using
2×4` S 11xed with Resorcinol | +a1e1pIOO1¸ gJue & screws.
Sa!e1y 1S a big thing with a Jadde1 SO 1h1S work aust
be done oa1eTu11§. J 1hJnk you ShOu1d uSe Jony pan-
head Shee1-ne1a1 Sc1eWS 1h1ouyh 1he ve11JcaJS Jn1O
11e S1epS 1heSe do no1 1ape1 J1ke wood So1ewS bu1
1ave a un11O1a 1b1ead dJane1e*. obOOSe a d11JJ bJ1
(a!1eI cOun1erborJn for sC1ew nead & Ove1size hole
through lhe vertical) a hair JargeI than the screw
diameter m1nus the thread part & 1heD it will make
its own threads in the wood as you turn it in. the
large clothesline hooks may have to be opened a
little to accept the horizontal pipe bu1 don't over-
do it. try for really square cu1S OD the pieces so
they nssemble without gaps for weather 1o get into.
AbN1NSISuppO11 1his with a 2×A :Jdge 66¨ loDg with
1" hoJeS 2 1/2" deep 1o slip on 1he 1" 1h1eaded 1od
S1uCk 1n 1he 1OpS O1 1he 1Wo ve111oa1 p1peS. he× nu1S
& waShe1S pOSJ1Jon 11e ôC¨ 1odS. 1he 48"x96• bJ1 of
canvaS haS Open SeanS oD bo11 ShO11 S1deS WJ1h CC"
pJpe 1eng1hS S1uck 11:ouyh. 11e we1gh1 of 11eSe pipes
was SuTT101e:1 to posJt1on 1le awn1Dg 1D any but the
heav1esl bJO+ & has the advanta�e OT great simp! ic i ty.
i've considered situations when it would be good to
have over-all cover & this can le worked L_ ma)iu¿
1!:ee I1dge 2×4´ s each 12´ lon� to SuppOrt
a. 12´×J6' Iec1anyJe o! polyethylene tied down on
two oppOSite sides to the middle Ou1S1de horizontal.
water dIa1DBye could be promoted by tying two nylon
lineS Q 1he poJy sheet & down 1O l+O lOp opposite
hO1ízOn1aJS 11uS c:ea1Jny 1wo Va11eyS between t1e
1idgeS.
THINall drawing & pho1oy:aphS On1y ShOw one
1eaJJ1y O1 Se1 OI 1eJa1Jo:SbJpS uS1Dg 1he components.
the Ma1ri× 1S open to many other possibilities.
:eS)Ond 1O your own dialectic.
CLIMB
81
82
eL c. �o O I
<:(f
(" ��
'(-- l Ill'
\El 1t et.'
FASTENING DECKS TO MATRIX/the neat little old lady
in Cleveland used to make us great cast fittings for
securing 2x4's to pipe, but since she went out we've
had to develop an alternative. it's based on an elec­
trical conduit stand-off clip. what you must do with
accuracy & care is cut off the ö" vertical bolt so
the bottom (threaded) end almost touches the top of
the pipe. this helps support vertical loads on the
stand-off. dinensions & contourS of these clips vary
slightly so set this one up yourself with scraps
so you are sure before cutting all the bolts.
experiment with small, easily managed scraps of
plywood, 2x4 & pipe until you can rea.ly see & measure it.
this detail may also be used to fasten wind & shade
screen planes to the vertical pipes in the Matrix.
TENSION
TENSION MEMBERS/some elements of a structure have
weight pressing down on them, tending
to crush or squash them. this is called a "compress­
ion member," as would be the waiter's arm when he
holds a heavy tray of dishes over his head. another
kind of loading is called "tension." when you carry a
bucket of water by the bail, your arm is being
stretched by the weight. it is in tension.
the lightweight aircraft-cable tension members here
make the structure more rigid & taut like a finely
rigged sailboat. this cable has loops formed in its
ends·, held by the smallest electrical split bolts.
cut the eyebolt shank short to fit in the stand-off
& open the eye to accept either the cable loop or
the end of the turnbuckle (which allows adjustment
of the cable tension-don't overdo it here or you' 11
have a mouthful of wires). these fit on the 1• pipe
sticking outside the joints. use two sets in each of
two modules.
I
CUT PARTS/
2? pes. J'xJU'4´ galvanized pipe Matrix
I
2 pes. J¨xCC" galvanized pipe awning
4 pes. 3!4¨x24"x96´ decks (pallets)
4 pes. 3!4'x4B¨x96¨ sleeping volume
I
2 pes. 3'4´x46 J!2`x4B" sleeping volume
1 pc. 3!4¨x42¨x42¨ lg. hatch cover
1 pc. 3!4"x24¨x24¨ sm. hatch cover
I
1B pes. 3/4"x 11 1|3"x ìJ 1/3¨ pade
1 pc. 3|4"x24¨x42" cookJny cab |1op}
2 pes 3|4"x24¨x41 1/4" cookJny cab |e1dee(
1 pc 3/4"x24"x40 1/2" cook1ny cab|bo1. )
1 pc 3/4"x§"x40 J|2" cookJny cab (e1eJT}
1 pc 3/4"x21¨x40 1|2¨ cookJny cab (eheJT l
3 pce 3/4"x 14"x42" cooking cõb (doo1}
I
1 pc 3í4¨x24"x4B" 1abJe
1 pc. J!4"x42"x42" cookJng cab (back)
12 pes. 2"x4"x§6" beams (deck)
5 pes. 2´x4¨x66" twin beams & awning
I
2 pes. 2`x4¨x72¨ ladder (sides)
C pes. 2¨x4"x1D ì!2" ladder (steps)
1 pc. 2¨x4"x1ò ì!2" ladder (top)
I
2B pes. 2´x2''x6¨ connectors
6 pes. 2¨x2´x4 ¯!B'´ clamp blocks
I
HARD\/ ARE/
9 pes. J"xJB¨ plated threaded rod leveling screws
2 pes. J¨x3C´ pla.ted threaded rod awning support
3C pes. ì!4¨-2Dx4¨ fl thd. bl ts. plywood to 2x4` s
24 pes. 1!¬¨-2Uxõ¨ fl thd. blts. decks to Matrix
32 pes. J!4'-2Ux1'´ hex hd. bl ts. stand-offs
B4 pes. J!4¨-2Ux2¨ flthd. blt s. connectors (sJeep. voJ )
ò2 pes. elec. conduit stand-offs decks & tension members
B pes. 1!4"-2Ux1!2¨ hex hd. bl 1S tension members
B pes. 1!4¨x2´ eyebo11s tension members
4 pes. 1!4"x6' turnbuckles tension members
30' 1/B¨ w11e caD1e tension members
B p¢S. Sna11eS1 alec. split blts. 1eneJoL cecbe1e
MATERIALS
HARDWARE CONTINUED/
11 peS. ì´ hex nu1s (washers)
3 peS. 3!4"x42" piano hinges
8 pes. magnetic catches
leveling screws
cooking cab (door)
cooking cab (door)
õ pcS. 2´ backflap hinges hatch covers (sleep. voJ )
MISCELLANEOUS/
1 1l2" l1a1head wood sc1ews
2" Shee1-ne1a1 Sc1ewS
waterproof glue
4B"x96" hemmed canvas
1/B"x1/2¨ c1oSed-ceJJ SeJT-S1Jck Toae
Ja1ge c1o1heS11ne Sc1eW Looke
NOTE/1 know it's repetitive, but remember that a1J
metal hardware has to be plated bright to stand up in
the real world of sun, rain & temperature changes.
ALTERNATIVE JOINT FITTINGS F'OR PIPE/the fitting that
is most like the ones used in our Matrix Structures
can be purchased from the McMaster-Carr Supply Co . .
P. D µOx 4òöö. Chicago, 11J 60680. it is shown on
page 41 of their catalog No. 79. it is listed under
| j)#469BY69 (Tor 1'' pipe). the price is |4C5 each.
this is a three-way symmetrical joint cast of
"high-strength, lightweight. aircraft quality
aluminum alloy which meets ASTM, SAE, Federal &
Military Specifications." because it is made of
aluminum it is relativeJy non-corrosive so it
might have some advantages over our original.
11 haS 1wo set screws per pipe & each fitting
is rated 'a1 co1e 1haD a ton of holding power."
11oc 1h1S information i eu1e WouJdn`1 hesitate 1o
¤ee 11 & We`1e going to 1eS1 eoce a1 Groveland eoon
1heSe guys are very good euppJJe*S bu1 don*1 S1nnd
back from shopping a1ou¤d 1n you1 oWn area DecnuSe
yo¤ might ge1 a better p1Jce eJnce you need
aJeoS1 thirty of 1he unJ1e.
83
I
CONFLICTS/there's never been any uncertainty in my
head about the idea that all new life designs must be
based on a more real set of assumptions & objectives
than those motivating the present orgy of production.
my inner conflict has revolved around the question
of whether it's better to at tempt new actions from
the center of the system or to work more on the
outskirts. a little isolation from the old-culture
obsessions with bif-money/big-power seems to give
me very precious liberty. it becomes apparent that
concrete & inventive living responses, undistracted
by cultural fantasies, are the best approach to the
problem of survival. the big-deal attack is some­
times very seductive though. it panders to the
Western idea of self & holds out the promise of
quick. easy results. the truth is that propaganda
efforts to encourage slowdown in consumption
are a lot like trying to get a shark to eat
with a knife & fork.
WITHDRAWAL & RETURN/my resolution of the conflict
was to spend long periods at Groveland building,
thinking & scraping the mud off my boots. period­
ically i returned to the urban centers. usually
because some one individual showed a des1re to
nourish the Matrix Idea. you can't respond to a
corporation but you do to a person even if you lack
faith in some of the premises.
DAVID & LEONARD/david was a quick, generous N.Y. C. guy
interested in Living Structures & Microhouses. he
sent me to leonard. who ran a big bookstore on Fifth
Avenue . leonard was diversifying from books into
Picasso plates & Bantu necklaces so he allowed as
how he could sell a reading light of special design
if he had it. this wasn't exactly a clear mandate
for a Structure but i got down to work & built the
prototype Superchair anyway. leonard sold quite a
few 1 guess even though his fabrication was grisly
& his prices astronomic. i learned something
va.luable.
STARTING/Superchair is not a structure built of all
universal members like some of the others. but the
bones do have a high degree of correlated hole
patterning & length. s. the clearest way to begin is
to cut to length, drill & test-erect the basic
twelve-member Matrix. once you get this you can fabri­
cate the other parts in related groups, bolting
them in as you finish them. this will keep your
whole operation together & prevent mistakes. all
the bolt holes are 5/16" diameter except the four
acting as pivots between the seat & back. these are
1/4" holes for precise hinging action without play
or slop. it's slightly tricky to get the pivot bolts
in place but hang on. don't for�et the two washers
between facing 2x2' s to cut friction. counterbores
are generally 1/2" deep made with a. 7i8''-diameter
speed bit in the drill stand or a wood auger bit
in the hand brace.
CUSHION/you might want to resolve this part before
getting totally immersed in the construction.
the one in the prototype was kind of elaborate.
it had a foam rubber core. rounded with Dacron fiber
& tufted. the cover was black leather. the seat was
made separately from the back & the two segments
were hinged together by a leather strip. the cushion
was not attached to the panels . some people have
built them with squared-off foam & simple box
covers of vinyl or canvas. this seems fine & is
less expensive.
as
=
c
I
I
I
I
I
CONSIDERATIONS/it's probably an OK
idea to round the long edges of the
2x2' s with 1he fine section of the
rasp. ac1uaJJ§ nJJ the Structures
benefit from this operation. it cuts
down on splinters & snags. use cap
(acorn) nuts as indicated &
wherever threaded bolt ends protrude.
we always use lock washers on the
flat washer (under nut) to keeo
them tight.
· -
TUNING/most wood structures in this
country are subject to central
heating. meaning high temperature
levels & extreme dryness. wood
shrinks a lot & assemblies get
loose. bolts should be snugged up
every coup1e of months. the best
wrenches To1 the counterbored holes
are called "Spin Tites" or "socket­
drivers." they look Jike screwdrivers
with a hollow socket instead of a
blade on the business end. get the
7/16" size for l/4"-20 hex nuts.
TENSION MEMBERS/two pairs of cables
with turnbuckles go in the lowest
rectangle of each side frame to
resist stresses resulting from
loading oD the back. replace the
2 Jowe1 2 1/2" boJts in each frame
with 4N eyeDoJ1s. just above these
{between armrest 2x2' s on each
side) drill & counterbore hoJeS !o1
2 12" eyebolts. open the eyes
to admit turnbuckles & cable loops.
make the cable loops with electric
split bolts.
..·
v
BONES
87
S£A1 & BACK_ge1 haIdbO6Id 1¡a1'B
smooth on both B1deS. cu1 1O S1ze &
nip ±/A" off the cOIneIS 61 a 4ö~de/Iee
angle. use the f1ne Slde OT 1¡e rasp
to swooth saw Oa:×S TIOT edgeB
lay out. drill & cOuL1e1Slnk +11h care.
clamp & gang-dr111 1he Bea1 pane1B
together & 1he oack pane1S 1Oge1he1
bu1 the lanp paDe1 haS 1O be dOne
Sepa1a1eJy.
BEXD1XC JTE LES/uSe 1/" 8eyDO1dB
SOT1 aJua1nun 1od (p 64}. 1he v1Be &
Sc1ap-pJ;e 1eve1 S11pped ove1 1he
free eDd 1B gOOd 1T 1h1B 1S youI TJ1S1
1Jce beDdJDg, S1a11 by ea1k1Dg a Sc1ap
vJ1h a ee1JeS oT 1eTe1eDce 11DeS 1"
apa11. 1heD beDd @eD_@ 1O ge1 1he
!eeJ of J1 cOwpa1e 1he pOS111OD of
the lines with 1¡e IadluB lBhOI1eB1
possible) you get . IeTOve ouIIS !rom
ends, polish with !1De S1eeJ wOOl &
insert legs in 112'' hO1eB ln 1!e
upper 2×2 on the Sea1 back. :e1611
it with a shaft cO11a: On eac¡ B1de
of this member.
PLATE & LOOP STRAP_p1a1e lB J/4"x
1 ì/4"×ò 1/2´ with 1+O õ/ì6' ¡O1eB
for ooJts :e1aJn1ng 1he S1Iap. cu1
with a metal oJ6de 1D 6 ¡ackSaw af1er
drilling a11 four ¡OleB wl1h 1he bought
piece intact & Becu1e1y cJaTped to the
drill-staDd baBe. IewOve buIIS w11h
Sandpape+ bJOc×. 1he S1Iap 1B Tade from
heavy (not th1n & B1Ie1chy( na1u1aJ cO+~
h1de beJ1B 1 J/2" w1de. SaDd+1ch c1aap
1hen le1weeD 1+O Sc1apB oT p1y+OOd 1O
d1JJJ 1he hOJeB. 1h1S 1B no1e accu:a1e
1haD JayOu1 OD 1he 1ea1he1 & puDch1D_
WJ1h a regu1a1 Jea1he1 puDch
88
1<
�·.�a.
�UHi>UM Pt
THE LAMP CHASSIS/use the hardboard panel as a guide
& drill the two 38 3/4"-long 2x2' s. counterbore
these holes 7/8" diameter 3/8" deep. the fluorescent
fixture is a common garden variety undershelf kind.
ours measured 1 l/2"x4 l/2"xl8". discard the
bent plastic shield that comes with the light &
through the top of the sheet-metal body drill
two 5/16'' mounting holes 10 l/2" apart. drill & counter
sink mating holes at appropriate spots in the panel.
mount the panel on the 2x2' s with the 3'' flathead
bolts. then secure the fixture between the 2x2's
with 1/4" flathead bolts. cut these off short to
eliminate interference with the bulb.
FINISH THE GRID/cut the plastic grid (Sears is the
good source to buy this stuff) to size with a 40<'
finetooth keyhole saw. make a cutout to get your
finger in to the switch. smooth all edges with a
fine flat metal file & blocksand. put a stack of
nine washers on each bolt sticking out from the bottom
of the chassis. lay the grid over these bolt ends &
washer stacks, then secure with washers under cap nuts.
the grid will now float free beneath the 2x2's & the
width of it will keep the assembly from sliding off
the top of the frame. rewire using the henvy cord &
plug because the furnished cord is junk.
MOVABLE ROUND TABLE/we used a 15" circle of white
Carrara marble with a 10" piece of 2x2 wood glued
to the underside with Elmer's glue. two 2"xl2"
OO
strips of felt are glued on both sides of the block
to decrease friction when the table slides on the
supporting members. the weight of the marble results
in stability combined with good sliding action
because of inertial effects.
LAMP
I
I
I
I
I
O2
B00QARM/bend this arm from the 1/2" aluminum
rod. if you want the rest to fold back parallel
to the bookshelves (completely out of the way), put
a 30" bend (see p. 89) in the top part. remove burrs.
polish & then insert it in any of the three 1/2''
holes in the right hand armrest 2x2. retain it
at a good level for you by using a shaft collar
above the lowest 2x2 framing member.
PLEXIGLAS PANEyou can cut this stuff with the fine­
tooth keyhole saw. a saber saw (with acrylic blade)
& clamped straightedge, or on a table saw. the 1/4•
thickness cuts nicely. run the flat metal file very
religiously on the edges to nix tooth marks of
sawing. then blocksand & close by polishing the edge
with a soft cloth & any ordinary tooth powder. it
has a fine abrasive in it that doesn't scratch the
soft acrylic. nip the c<rners at 45" like the other
panels & countersink the l/4" holes. to prevent
scratching, leave the adhesive paper masking on the
Plexiglas during all these tooling operations then
remove it as the last act. to make the stops that
prevent books slipping down, stack six or eight washers
on 1" hex-head bolts & mount in the two bottom holes
in the panel. put cap nuts on underside.
CLAMP BLOCKS/pick a 12" or 14" piece of clear, sound
2x2 scrap. lay out holes & cutting lines (allowing for
the saw kerf between pieces) in sharp No.2 pencil. drill
all holes, then rip to split leaving some of the
original piece intact so the whole thing doesn't
fall apart. cut to length very carefully the last
thing. assemble with Plexiglas panel on the arm with
four 2" flathead bolts. don't overtighten. panel
should still tilt for moment-to-moment adjustment
with just hand pressure.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
CUT PARTS/
4 pes. 2''x2"x48''
14 pes. 2"x2"x42"
4 µcs 2"x2"x40 1/2"
6 pes. 2"x2"x38 3/4"
4 pes.
2 pes.
2 pes.
2 pes.
1 pc.
HARDWARE
2"x2"x37 1/2"
2"x2"x3 1/2"
l/4"xl5 3t4•x38 11/16"
lf 4•xl5 3/4"x35 1/2"
l/"xll 3/16"x38 3/4"
32 pes. l/4"-20x2 112• hx. hd. bl ts.
6 pes. l/4"-20x4" hx. hd. bl ts.
4 pes. l/4"-20x2" hx. hd. bl ts.
20 pes. l/4"-20x1 3/4" flthd. blts.
26 pes. 1/4"-20x3" fl thd. bl ts.
4 pes. l/4"-20xl" f1 thd. bl ts.
4 pes. l/4"-20x2" fl thd. bl ts.
4 pes. l/4"x2 1/2" eyebolts
4 pes. l/4"x4" eyebolts
124 pes. 1/4"-20 steel hex nuts
300 pes. 5/l6"IDx3/4"0D med W -wt.
steel flt. wash.
100 pes. 1/4" Split-Spring
lock washers
24 pes. 1/4"-20 cap (acorn) nuts
4 pes.
1 pc.
8 pes.
5 pes.
1 pc.
2 pes.
4 pes.
4" turnbuckles
20' of 1/8'' wire cable
smallest elec. split blts.
l/2" shaft collars
l/2"x8' round a.l uminum rod
7/16" socket-drivers
1 1/2" Bassick plated
furniture glides
Matrix verticals
Matrix horizontals
& shelves
seat suµµotìs
lamp, seat & back
horizontals
back verticals
clamp blocks
seat panels ( hd bd.)
back panels ( hd bd. )
lamp panel (hd bd.)
Matrix & pivots
shelves
belt loop & plate
seat & back panels
lamp, seat & back
book stops & lamp
bookrest panel
tension members
tension members
¿eneral use
general use
¿eneral uso
where noted &
as necess;ry
tension members
tension members
tension members
leg ( bookrest)
leg (tooR rest)
MATERIALS
COUNTERSINKING/this ìool cuts
a cone section from the hole.
this allows the top (slotted)
face of flathea.d bolt to
fit down flush with the
face of a panel.
FINISHING/the 2x2 s go ¿ood with a natural finish
like F'irzi te & loving rubs. i ¡a,nìed the hardboard
a durable flat mustard color with a roller. a short
nap 7" roller is the nexì best thing to spraying.
if you get sensitive & take time it turns out ex­
tremely consistent. slightly textured sur faces. don t
try to hurry & load it all on in one coat. use white
primer first. concentrate on even coating. use
light pressure on the ro11e: oecauso all tools
seem to work best if you don't push them.
TIMINGhub. who built & designed the Unipak Vehicle.
took approximately one weekend to cut, drill & fab
ricate the parts for a similar structure. i think
he used a second weekend to sand & finish every­
thing. but he has a really high skill level so
maybe most persons should allow a little more time.
OB
O4
�¬ri.rst dlscovering & -pplying: 1DB
i /ou4ðu't HG1] WODO0I±T§why
��´ha<-t0 SnacKJ/ ¶DBNSB1VBS to sOme ¥1RÓ
� �OUB cJe)ksb+pfO1 1vº¤1y yao
´
rsto ge1
fQr B DONP±D THG country. w-hy
¾
:ash' t 11 [OSS3CJ B

1o epply your best. consciouS
�ess &,information_to deve10p`a uov sh�lter?
i: ha.d to be <;olpact- & ·mobile us.ng a ¢¡v:ov~
æa)÷r1,�i& buil¸able in your a¡ar`me:!
with silpl. e ´i00J=u¡. 1dDI,C$1B the parts in
winter, slip into a vau or wa@on =¤ sprin�
& t1ek 1O B SHO11~TG1m~1BBSBÖ spot on a
18TKG1´S QBC} 40 & set Þe1 up JH B d0y it's
¥1DO OJ13R0 ¯TIGGOOµ IOw" 1HS1B8O OJ WOJ11Q@
until you QBH ¨O11OIO" it. living put O11 is )OS1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
j J
MAKING THE PANELS/the shell is unframed exterior plywood
only 318 thick. it's lightweight & strong put together
with corner angles just like the Panel Matrix (p. 58). use
a protractor. beam compass (p. 51) & great ca�e to lay
out one Master Panel. measure one 42 1/4" length (line AB}
then mark another 42 1/4" length (line AC) at an 89-degree.
angle to it. set the beam compass at 39" & strike two
arcs intersecting at point Q with cen1ers at point� &
point Q. use a good straightedge to connect the points.
double-dotlble check it & clamp this Master Panel on top
of two 48" blanks.
"�"¯
a"
ti
CAREFULLY/gang-saw, guiding portable electric saw
against a clamped Masonite straightedge. if OK, use
Master Panel to mark around remaining blanks then gang­
saw all 24 skin panels, 2 or 3 at a time. gang-drill 1/4"
holes for joining angles 6 panels at a time. distance
from edge should match your corner angles (mine were
5
/8) . add 3/16'' to this dimension along joints where
skin panels join interior panels. use electric
drill in stand. lay out openings, then cut individually
with guide & fairly high-speed saber saw.
OB
:I'' > �l''
ló`
�¬

��

WINDOWS/use lightest bronze tint 1/4" Plexiglas + it's
beautiful & cuts solar heat. saber-saw blanks then
lay out hole pattern on protective paper. buy a twist
drill sharpened for plastic (sharp angle point l ³ remove
paper & use Plexi as pattern to drill plywood panel.
be careful. holes are 11• so plastic can expand &
contract. 3/8" neoprene faucet washers go under
bolt heads for cushioning plastic. lock washer &
double nut but don't overtighten. lny silicone sealer
bead last. one window by food area to watch quail run
while cooking, one low under sleep surface to watch
ants & one ns a skylight to watch the stars while
falling asleep is not bad.
OG
¹

A
HATCH DETAILS/using clamped straightedge & radius bar
with saber saw, cut precise 1/8'' strip from entire
perimeter of cover. staple & cement plastic welting
to new edge. using a pile of six or eight washers on
each hinge bolt, raise hinge off surface so welt is
not crushed. do the same with bolts holding
trunk latches. put lock washers & doub le nuts inside
to prevent casual unscrewing from outside. use 1/4''-20
flathead bolts & 3" stop discs. 1/4" holes
for hinge bolts allow movement for careful centering
but drill latch-bolt holes for close fit on 10-24's.
locate chopped. !urnable 3" latch discs
to serve as locking device from inside.


I
I
I
I INTERIOR PANELS COME TOGETHER/the twelve inside
panels guarantee safety & strength like the taut
I
bulkheads in an ocean-racing hull. they also
function as the "furniture" for sleeping, sit­
ting, shelving & space division. nine
have openings for movement & flow. lay
I
out, drill & saw using the same techniques &
manic concentration as on the skin.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
LUURlNÜ WE8T
O7
OB
°===
=

T¬N
, /". '\
'
I 1 +
1
4
4
�� ���� ��� � �~· � ¬

#lA_ ! .'
, t ¯·
' __ :• :• •c .

!
j�
Í
J

~
~
~

`
¯¿
¬¬�

LOOKING DN
I

I
�T! ENPY
"T �� �&" '' �¬
_g
���.�� ��.|� . �
1

1
LOOKING xok10
TABLE/cut top from piece sawed from one of the
openings. support it with two 33" lengths of 2x2.
these clamp on the sides of hole in the low interior
panel next to the food area. drill & counterbore
holes for clamp bolts 4" from each end. locate the
exact center of the 24"-square table top {by drawing
the two intersecting diagonals) & drill a 1/4" hole
there. round the corners for anti snag. put a 4"
flathead bolt through this hole, between clamp
members into the 2"x2"x4" block. this block locks
the table top in place. adjust to a comfortable
level for you & sit one person on each side on a
floor cushion. glue naugahyde scrap on top for
easy cleaning.
nuc× )~aoa
.n ¡nc ~nt.y hatch
of his Miorohouse
& you can see h-w
im�ide panels work.
,
out-out horizontal pana)s be­
come shelves & sleelinglevel.
we used .t·last winte< in
1°below zero w" th tbt. $25
electric heater & ::´«asn·t
ÎLÜÜÑ
ÀMM
FLOORfour separate floor panels are used. cut them as
drawn. using beam compass to complete the two short
sides. nip
c
orners on a line perpendicular (90 degrees}
to the diagonal. the four pieces that make U] each of
the four support grids are slotted together e§§-C1ð10
fashion. get an accurate sliding-not binding-fit.
|
|
Ì
|
Ì
Ì
Ì
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Ï
Ï
Z
§IJEASSEMBLY/after you pick a place that's profound
& beautiful to you. with a little tree shelter from
winds & some good sun exposure, minimally cleared of weeds
& brush, prepare spots for each leg pad to hit. they
are all level, so block up those needing it on cut
wood, gravel or flat rocks. rake organic debris &
loose topsoil away from the area of the structure
& about 4' on each side. use rake & muscle to make
the ground flow evenly & smoothly from one part to
another. this helps drainage. then spread 2''
of pea gravel on cleaned space. assemble the four lower
corners separately & upside down. do Tedlar tape on
outside shell corners. bolt on legs using large
"fender" washers inside under nuts to prevent them
pulling through. short edges of skin panels join with
98-degree corner angles. the 89-degree corner angles link
the skin panels to the insiders where they come together.
inside panels fasten to each other with unaltered 90-
degree corner angles & 10-24 roundhead bolts. altered
angles are bent in a vise with a hammer & heavy pliers.
do one of each type perfectly. then use it as a
pattern to bend the rest. use socket-drivers to
slowlv draw the 10-24x3/4" flathead bolts up.
the heads will sink into the plywood until they are
flush with the outside surface.
ADDING/place two diagonally opposite bottom quarters
on the site. blocking them with scrap wood at the
center. additional blocking may be necessary nt
other points to line up the sections so you can join
them along the vertical (mating) edge of the inside
panels. don't hurry the subassembles into "nearly"
correct position & try to force them while bolting.
you can't force ]eople & you can't force Structures.
listen & feel it 6 place blocking so parts really do
line up. this will save time ð a burned brain. bring
some l2H squares of old rug or carpet to put between
blocking ð shell bot tom to save cinging it all up
under there. it's not a bad idea. to have a 20'x20'
polyethylene tarp handy in case of rain. then if you get
caught. you can cover parts & coffee-talk it out.
3M3
Ü
4
ÀMÜ
COMPLETING LOWER HALF OF SHELL/set the two remain­
ing lower corners in place, line up õ block
securely. this shell is so crazy that it won't
achieve the phenomenal end strength until fully
assembled. so avoid overstressing or standing in it
because of this vulnerability. if you find some
bolts impossible to reach from outside, it's best
to put a floor grid ò floor panel in one (or both)
of the first two corners assembled. this will
distribute your body weight over a wider area . .
be Calvinistic about checking each line of nuts
for tightness as you go. it's negative to leave
loose bolts behind you. this weakens the Structure.
DROP/in all floor grids. lay floor panels on top
of them. neither of these componenets is fastened
in. it's simple to rest them on the shell bot tom
ò works just fine. add the four horizontal panels
at the shell midpoint. now the shell begins to
get pretty rigid so you can lift it from one side
at a time to get crav:l room underneath to tape
the bot tom joints. exercise real care when
blocking in this position. despite the fact that
i
.
t' s just temporary. the safety issue is big even
though the Microhouse is only raised 10" or 12".
if it's insecure 6 gets bumped
off, you can get hurt. be sure to have a partner
around when you do this one because the idea of
Microhouses is to help people, not hurt them.
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Ñ
Î
Î
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ü
Ü
DOING THE UPPER HALF/the next operation is to get
the four top inside panels bolted in place. the one
between the sleeping lUvel & the food area is a
blank with no openings. but the other three have
cutouts. if you have a little wind. bolt two panels
that go at right angles together at their vertical
joint. this will form a more stable Í shape that
will stand up without blowing over while yo0 bolt
it.
HA\Û} WATER SHIELD/the ±í9'Xb´x¬<' clear Plexiglas
is bolted into the joint above the hatch panel. it
runs water off the shell which would tend to run in­
side at the top of the hatch. replace the 3/4" flat­
head bolts in the lowe1· edge of the upper panel
with 1'' roundheads. trick is to tape it first.
punch holes in tape for DC±1S, then run a bead of
silicone sealer between top edge of Plexiglas &
0QQC1 panel for final seal.
FINAL TOUCHE/preassemble (on groundj the 100F upper
shell corners. place them one at a time. being
careful not to skin everything up if a corner slips.
the last corner may turn out to be a real night­
mare. especially if you haven't been O. good
careful person in all the previous steps. if you
have a little scare on the fit , just be calm &
breathe deeply. backtraQK & 1 oosen some nuts on
joints near the problem area & try to massage it
all together. a lot of people have done it & so
can you. when it's all satisfactorily together.
tape joints from bottom up, "shingling" (over­
lapping) tape segments for watertightness.
center tape on the joint it seals.
1O3
?000]
21 pes. 3/8"x48"x96" Ext. A-C DFPw.
1 pc. 3/4"x36"x36" Ext. A÷C DFPw.
1 pc. 2"x2"x72" Douglas fir
W
240 pes. l"xl" corner angles
altered to 98�
120 pes. l"xl" corner angles
altered to 98°
150 pes . l"xl" corner angles
90° as bought
650 pes. 10-24x3/4" fl thd. bl ts.
60 pes. 10-24xl" rndhd. bl ts.
700 pes. 10-24 hex nuts
50 pes. 3/8"0Dx3/16"ID neoprene
faucet washers (flat}
8 pes. l/4"-20xl" fl thd. bl ts.
& nuts & washers
2 pcs.medium-size trunk latches
& fasteners (blts.)
2 pes. 2" back flap hinges
& fasteners (blts . )
12 pos. l/4"-20xl 1/2" hx. hd. bl ts.
& Duts & washers
4 p¯s. l/4"-20x2" fl thd. bl ts.
& Duts & washers
12 pes. l/4"-20x2 1/2" hx. hd. bl ts.
& nuts & fender washers
8 pes. 1 l/2"xl20" thin-wall electrical
conduit (plated tubing}
MATERIALS
ÀMM
skin. inside panels,
floor & grid
leg pads
table supports &
clamp blocks
skin-to-inside
panels
skin-to-skin
corner joints
inside-to-inside
panels
panel joints
windows
joints & windows
windows
hatch stops
hatch
hatch
1egs
pads to legs
legs to shell
legs
MISCBLLANE0US/
) pc. 17'-roll soft vinyl-over­
foam welting
1 pc. roll 3M Tedlar 1ape 2''-wide
#Y9057
seal hatch
seal joints
windows

Ë
3 pes. l/4.x24"x24" Plexiglas
1 pc. l/4"x6"x42" Plexiglas
tube of clear silicone sealer
clear resin wood sealer
water shield (hatch}
seal windows

inside finish
flat white exterior primer
acrylic exterior enamel
3/4 cubic yards pea gravel
4 pes. 6"x30'' screw-in
earth anchors
outside undercoat
outside finish
site
II
ALTERNATIVE

�\�
~~

�� ~~~ �
\l|\Ð =�
0PTT0NAJ VE HATCHES/an aluminum, screened roof vent
from Sears (over food area) is a good investment. in
some climates you may need to add vent hatches or
change some windows to vents. use saÆe O]eD1D§ & cut
Õ` -plywood scraps to Plexi siZe, hinge like
entry hatch. then put self-stick, closed cell foam
stFip (see above) as shown on outside of shell panel.
spaýe hinges & trunk latches off surface of shell
with stacked washers (like en try hatch). get dark­
green superfine nylon mesh screen (for tents) & stðple
it on inside surface of shell panel. i use little
tree branches to prop covers open & bolt them shut.
Ñ


I
I
I
I
!EGS]see if your local electrical supply house will
CU1 CCDU\1t to length for you. they may not charge
much but watch 1DCR like a hawk on holding dim÷n-
gBlC1S. this will speed up a long process. squeeze
ends flat 11 a heavy vise to form tabs. try always
for consistency. drill joining holes with 5/16" D1',
Î
then bend tabs to proper angles relative to 1he
long axis of conduit. pads are )ܨ circles of ó4¨
exterior plywood. put a JÍ4• hole in center for
mounting bolt. it also joins conduit at that end.
Î
Î
Î
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
¬
(
·

�*

�`*- |•··
¯¯·�
I �

¯*
¯¯
i
¸
·

I
�¯ .
� ··ª¨
€ *º º --í¬¯
· J
EtO

.
'a''


.
'*

- --

·.
~~¬�

> ·=-M
I

¯¯¯ �
*
� ��

..
- ¯
.
-_,,.,,~¯

¡ªf�

LEGS&FEET
LEGS TÜ SHELUdo a trial assembly with 3 skin panels
& 3 inside panels. set assembled leg tetrahedron on
this
corner. use 3 mounting holes in bot tom skin
as guide to mark location & direction of bolt holes
in bottom leg member. drill Ó of these, one for
each tetrahedron.
1OÞ
LEGALITIES. ZONING & THE KAFKA TRIP/anytime you put
up a shelter to live in be prepared to deal with the
aroused maniacs who believe that only an oversized.
status-dream stage-set house with a thirty-year mortgage
can be the real home of contemporary man. behind all
the savings-&-loan-type solicitude for hygiene &
"standards" lurks the old money-profit game of real
estate. speculation & the collection of interest
on long-term loans.
BE FRIstow your paranoia (&mine), smile õ stare
ahead like with the lumberyard guy. most zoning codes
have an open-ended category for homes not occupied
year-round. this can free you from most illogical
1imi ta.tions. the Microhouses have another advantage
in not being on permanent foundations. this temporary
quality lowers the anxiety of some zoning people.
1ASTEibe a straight arrow with all waste products to
prevent hassles. i think the small Thetford self­
contained toilets are best. if each person (or eOch
2 persons) uses one, emptying the 5-gallon holding
tank every two to four weeks in a jubl1c facility, it works
OK. we've reduced waste-water amounts drastically by
bathing with an ordinary orchard pump-up spray can
delivering an invigorating & effective mist. using
the spray or sponge bath you can have Ü fine time
with ).Ç gallons of water. we limit cooking pans
& dishes & wipe all food out with absorbent paper
before washing. these methods limit food waste in
water & also cut the amount so much that in a low-
density population area a shallow, gravel-filled
dry "well" works fine. ordinary trash & paper waste can
almost be eliminated by reusing packaging materials
& alteriHg consumption patterns.
CAUTION/the use of screw-in earth anchors is a good
idea, especially if you are in a storm or wind track
.
use one at each corner. make four slack 1/4" cable
lengths with loops (held by cable clamps). one goes
around bottom leg strut & one loop in eye of the
earth anchor.
ÀMW
HOW TO USE THE 8' MICROHOUSEthis home was designed
for one person. long-term, & for two good friends,
short-term. that's its reality on an atomistic
level. what use is it if you're a community of eight
or nine? how do you apply it to a man and woman with two
kids? our old-culture conditioning provided no
good answers. the best it could supply was "can
four or five be hooked together?" trailing off in a murmur
about "prefabricatioH is the thing now." insatiable
simple-minded gluttony for space õ materials con-
tinues after Earth gives endless messages that it
is not inexhaustible.
OTHER VOICES/fortunately, another component in my
information bank wa.s anthropology. not the cold.
cousin-naming academic litany but the people-loving
cultural kind. in this mind-dynamiting. informational
Klondike i found an answer & realized why the serene
& earthy settlements of true Africa had always
interested me so much.
RENAISSANCE/we discovered the "village" again. for
several persons you use several Microhouses, loosely
grouped in a natural setting taking full advantage
of the land & climate. sun, shade, breezes,
north wind & outlook determine individual positions
& orientations wi ttl the whole combine surrounding a
central community a rea. the community part can be
a sheet of
.
clear polyethylene ridged by a rope
between two trees or a pipe Matrix with a table. open
fire. canvas roof & deep, wooden. heated Japanese
tub· for bathing.
PRIVACY, COMMUNITY & ECOLOGY/multiple Microhouses
nest in the landscape & become a new living exper­
ience. this is a miniature settlement of light.
colorful, mobile "huts" loosely ringing a village
square. one person. one shelter. with free choice to
be alone or social. not forced to be either by the
architecture. the Microhouses are as lightfooted
as Indians on the land.
Ì

|
I
I
i
l
I
I
l
I
I
|

f
;

!
\<× ·o


.
'
SWEET PRISE/early one spring morning in 1963 a guy
brought me a telegram. at the time i was visiting the
Illinois Institute of Technology to work with some
students on Q Information Structures. i 'd desiged
early total environments using only information in the
form of projections. film & audio. one of the unique
things about them was their comprehensive quality.
the persons in them were no longer conscious of
anything but total immersion in the information; none
of the usual distractions of how projection screens
are supported õ how the exits are handled. even the
floors of the chambers & the persons in them were
covered & lost in the images flowing from the pro-
j actors. continuous & simultaneous (like life analogs),
these structures got a fair amount of space in the
national & international media. some guys who follow
that stuff even suggested it was powerful seeding
for what happened in images at the Montreal World's
Fair in 1967. Life magazine. still a strong media
force at that time. did a heavy promo-literary
effort in late 'sixty-two about the "new breed of
people taking over." & they included one of my
Information Structures. the joke was that the only
thing i wanted or needed to "take over" was my own
soul & life direction. some reconstruction was really
called for after those 1950's years of fruitlessly
at tempting to convert the corporate barracudas of
N.X,|, to Platonic philosopher-kings. i was desperate
to get out of the urban repression of numbers & go
to the country where there was real liberty to build.
i 'd stashed a little piece of money ð began to gen­
erate fantasies about holing up at Groveland & getting
some work done on new prototypes. joe & mother had
tipped me to the used-schoolbus market after they
bought one for $100 to store wild-cherry lumber from
the sawmill on the Pekin road. they had it right
behind their house & it was in real good shape,
fireproof & not much rust. i figured to use one for
a workshop & one for some students who wan' ted
to come down.
THE TELEGRAwas from the Graham Foundation for
Advanced Study õ announced my appointment as an
architectural Fellow plus an award of $8000 to
follow the Microhouse work. for a while there it was
really like a 'thirties movie where you come out of your
amnesia. to find you are Teally the nUtural son of
Q kindly Colorado silver-mine owner. that Life
publication had really done the job. we
managed to come down off the ceiling õ get our
outfit together õ headed for the timber in a
secondhand van full of good feelings.
TREES/joe & mother had never done much with the
timber beyond smiling encouragingly on it. she
walked with long. careful steps looking among
the leaves for four-leaf CJDVÐ1$ õ mushrooms
while joe got out there once in Û while with jim
the pup to dig a possum out of a brush pile.
so when jim & tom came down with me, we had to
start clearing. we made ten brush piles. each
about the size of a 2 1´2-ton truck. to get it
so you could walk throu¡. we trimmed out a
track to the west side. it was opened up.
AT LAST/we had reached the point where we could
try the Matrix network, full-scale outside in
the wind & rain. actually all the previous
Living Structures & the 2x2 antecedent of the
F'un House had been rehearsals for this Roment.
1OB
LOOKING 1hÙN THE EAthe Microhouse
that carole, josh henry & me use is a
big space frame (eight cells, continuous
members) with two plywood volumes in
it, one over the other at right angles.
the Matrix is made of 1"-pipe members
20' long & each cell is a 1Û<´ cube.
this measure is from centerline of pipe
to centerline of pipe. this is a very
spidery network (pipe about same size as
a 50¢ piece) but has proved quite
stable in 70-mph winds we get now &
then due to our place on the edge of
the SW-to-NE storm track that slants up
through Illinois. tension members are
responsible for this structural integrity.
these could have been cable but i used
same pipe as Matrix because this is
less vulnerable to kids or vandals
when there's nobody there for a long
time. but each site Ôiffers in exposure
to natural forces, so use intelligence
& talk to local people before building
this thing romantically on a headland
in Tierra del Fuego. i always try to
build in timber, where it exists, to
have advantage of its protection.
THE SITE/this Structure is the first
to do without conventional foundations.
instead it sets on nine concrete pads
(or feet) just like an animal. between
these & the Matrix are lN threaded
rods to allow adjustment & trimming
of the Structure if ground changes.
the free length of leg below the
last horizontal set of members is
critical to structural rigidity ó muôt
be held to minimum. as here. add more
bracing & network for safety so free
leg is not too long.
ÂÂM
. . . ..........
___ ³³¯
...
~

·. ............,.
LI�
(N 1 7-¼ÅV
�T�4-
½¬``

.
�.


....... .................. ..
l•|.�¸ ....¸ •.� M__._,_,.j
B
Ñ
Y��s

�··
(�ute)
¯¨¯ -
FROM THE SOUTHthis Microhouse was
designed for individual privacy ó
extendibility opportunity for calm,
undistracted examination of the
world & the self is scarce. recent
traditional architectural norms.
"rooms" connected by "rooms," with
forced sharing of cooking, hygiene
& most other spaces. force us to be
social whether we feel it or not.
this produces much hostility. each
volume of the Microhouse is made
for one person. each volume with
cooking unit, washing ð waste of
its own. because each has his own
equipment, with no designed-in im­
perative to share, the person is
freed to get straight with himself.
then. self-reliance & independence
having unkinked the ego, you are Ùr
to come together with others. because
you are ready ð want to. not because
the building forces you to.
MANY CHOICES/this Structure is so
extensible that it can be responsive
to almost any human or physical
situation. it can house a large
fami ly with decks & arcades con­
necting generations ó it can waltz
over uneven ground 1ike an Indian
leaving no scars just by adding to
the Matrix ð multiplying volumes.
SUPERCAUTION/don't let flexibility
blind you to the fact that this is
high performance structu & like a
Gran trix car requires iudgment ó
discipline in use. don't overbuild
vertically & don't overload the
yolumes or the decks.
111
PADthe concrete pads are cast upside-down in a level
form. fasten the 3/4''-plywood pieces together with large
finishing nails. don't drive them all the way in. the
form will come apart easily when the pad cures. wrap &
staple 6-mil polyethylene around each board in the form.
this makes a. smooth surface on the final faces of the con­
crete & LloYs drying, which makes stronger pads. cut a 1"­
pipe scrap 4 1/2" long for the cast-in bushing. slant
sides of block so it can be broken out later with a chisel.
the 1 l/2''x3 l/2"x3 1/2" b1ock produces the void for the
hex DU1 & washers holding the final assembly together.
assemble temporarily in form with short scraps of 1"
threaded rod (see drawing below I you '11 have to
experiment with proportions of the mix
to get it just right. having an old concrete
man like joe around won't hurt anything .
PRODUCTION/if you need 12 pads, make 4 forms ó pour Ç
cycles. multiple forms let you finish before you ¿et too
old to use the structure. pour form about half full.
agitate with a 1/2'' dowel & a controlled plunging motion.
this works the mix against form walls. then drop in the
6"x6• reinforcing mesh. talk a contractor out of some
18•-square scraps. then finish pouring to top of form, use
a straight l"x4" board to rake across top of form to make
level sur face. don't remove from form too soon.
ÎËË1
ÂÂÜ
¨ ¯¯¬1`1IFE
N�< \
-- i'×�¨�÷ LcAT)i�D. �¯¯
-'(+ �= ^= ¯��L
<=+I× T ¸ia'1LE)
C�D¬& �L
¹·´ ² ¯• 7 + �
Ê
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ê
Ê
Î
Ç WAY FITTING/the original Old Microhouse uses the
same fittings as the Fun House but you probably re-
member that the lady is no longer operational. so i
recommend you use the McMaster-Carr Supply Co. fittings
mentioned on p. UÇ (see drawing at left). the 3-way joint
works on all 27 of the 90 degree joints in the Old Microhouse &
i use it where two tension pipes cross on the outboard
end of horizontal members. bear in mind my previous
superca.ution & don't even build more than one level
if you can't handle it. our disease as North Americans
is we believe that when we think it, we can do it.
2 WAY FITTING/you can get U 2-pipe fitting from the
McMaster-Carr Supply Co. that will work when you have
one tension pipe joining to a horizontal pipe. it is
ð closed fitting (see drawing at lefti, which means it's
position must be predicted beforehand (or, alternatively,
it will only work later by slipping over horizontal
pipe ends outboard for external tension members i.
ALTERNATIVE 2-WAY FITTING/there is a solution if you
forget a 2-way joint, assemble beyond it, & don't
want to tear everything down & put it in. on p. 40 of
McMaster-Carr catalog there is a "cross-grip pipe
rack clamp," $2.24 each. these are "open" fittings
& can be integrated into the Matrix without taking
it apart. very useful if horizontal tension members
are needed under ! deck due to steeply sloping ground.
PUT PADS DOWN/remove all loose dirt & topsoil where
the pads go & scrape a really flat, level place in
firm earth for them to sit on. bore a l l/4" hole in
a D length of old timber ( 4x4 is OK i & slip it on top of
the pad leveling screw with a washer & hex nut over
that. borrow a light open boat trailer to use as a
priÛitive forklift. put 4x4 across
rear frame of trailer with pad swinging loose when
you press down on hitch end. with this rolling lever one
person can place the pads gently on the prepared sur face
& get proper alignment & levelness despite their 250-
pound weight. high-performance stuff won't perform
unless fabrication & assembly are carefully done.
ÅÂW
LhËÛ1JUÜ NATÏI7the standard-weight
galvanized iron pipe generally comes
in "rÜndom" lengths from ZÛ`Û¯ to
ZJ' so we made the normal length
of a member 20'6". check position
of the pads by the old Babylonian
method of comparing the diagonal
measures; if equal. the square is
square. you need two persons. a
ladder, cat feet ó ð fine sense of
ba lance to build the Matrix. stack
three 3way fittings on each vertical
pipe. then put three of these over the
threaded leveling screws (put the
three lower fittings at the right
level & run a horizontal pipe
through them). do two verticals at
rieht angles to the fitst ones,
set-screw the lowest j oints ö run
horizontal pipe at right angles
to the first one. you're on the
way. add temporary tension diag­
onals to steady it as you go.
this makes l! safer & more secure
to work on.
NOTES ON LEVELING SCRËWÜ/we tried
to keep the legs as short as
possible to ensure ð more solid
Matrix. for the same reason try
to limit the exposed threaded rod
ð make sure there is plenty of
threaded rod up inside t!e ver­
tical pipe. if in doubt use 6'
lengths of threaded rod instead
of the 3' ones.
MÛhË CAUTION/as you've noticed, i hope.
\0U just build a one level Matrix
to begin with. then when you get
on & sensitive to its character
it's easily extendible.
ÂÂM
Ë
Ë
Ê
�m´�

Ï
Ê
Ï
Ï
Ï
Ï
Ï
Î
THE LONG BEAMS/when an original pipe l ength is not
sufficient, the McMaster-Carr source has a splicer
so you can add a 10' piece to a 20' one ö get 30'.
take plenty of time to measure the Matrix cells &
trim & level it. the geometry should be UÛ degrees fine all
the way & measures should be within 1í1Õ´ of right on.
then you are ready for the long 2x4 beams that support
both the volumes & the decks. these beams are secured
to each horizontal pipe they cross with U-bolts ( �
drawing at left j counte rbored for the nuts ö 7ðShBDS.
the main thing to remember when adding components
to this Matrix is that all horizontal measurements
are taken from the vertical pipes because the joints
are not symmetrical. so in spacing a volume, beams
or deck boards, center them between the verticals on
each side. if you have trouble buying good. straight
2x4' s in this length, use 1Û-footers & sp1ice them
in the middle with two 3/4"x3"x48" plywood pieces
through-bolted on either side of the joint. whichever you
do, be sure to get dry, dead-straight no-warp 2x4's for
this place. warp won't work.
DECKS/our original has 3/4"-exterior-plywood decks
screwed to the tops of the long beams. i don't think
screws are good fasteners in the same league as
bolts but winter was closing in so we had to move.
i hope you use bolts (�drawing left). these decks
worked fine ö lasted well but had a slight tendency
to bow down in the middle of the crosswise span.
this spoils the geometry & collects water, so you
might want to follow the altered deLks on chuck &
lou's new Microhouse (see photo p. 126 i. there we
are trying lighter plywood ( 112" thick) with 2x2 • s
screwed to it. then this 4'x8' pallet is bolted
to the long beams wherever a 2x2 bears on it.
i think this will make a lighter, stronger deck with
less deflection. the 1/2" plywood is much cheaper too.
33W
MING FHML ÎÛH A VOLUin one sense our volumes
in this Microhouse are relatively conservative in
construction. but it was twelve years ago. bad weather &
no cover for setting up a panel fabrication
area. so i decided to do traditional 2x41S
but with a twist that applied some aircraft construc­
tion principles. we made the volumes like old airplane
fuselages. with frames (formers) at right angles to the
long axis of the volume & closely spaced along the
length of it. then comes the best part-when the inner
ó outer skins are applied they become stressed.
strengthening major parts of the structure, knitting
the frames together ð guaranteeing the whole thing.
this was a satisfying deviation from the usual norms.
it proved an exceptionally simple & direct way of
framing & exhibits great strength just where conven­
tional framing is most weak. where two planes meet.
FABRICATION/cut the 2x4 's precisely to length ó get
them as square as you can. don't shrug off cutting
the gussets (3/8" plywood from scraps of outer skin)
accurately on the mistaken assumption that they don't
show when the thing is completed. your 1i ver doesn't
show either but if it isn't operational you won't be
young & beautiful for long. pick the flattest floor
surface you can & assemble the first frame. set it
together first with some little tacked-in blocks to
restrain the parts while you check it. glue & nail it.
check by Hammurabi' s method of comparing diagonal
measurements. when you have it within l/32�, mix the Re­
sorcinol glue (smear some on end of short 2x4's where
they meet the long ones for insurance) ð gently tack the
gussets in place. after all percussion is over, check
the diagonals again & nudge them if necessary. then let
this master frame set until the Resorcinol really
cures. be an adult ó don 1 t rush it.
FRAME PRODUCTION/when the glue has cured on the master
& its integrity is intact, elevate it on three edgewise
2x4 1 s & ܬClamp members for next frame to it using
master as a guide.
116
�¯

¸
�_

� . .
@
.
��! �
-� �'Þ-
ÎÑRNË
ÎÛÜI¯¯HUUJ1!Û A VOLUMEifirst step
is to put bottom outer skin down
Î
on the long beams. it's made of
five pieces of plywood 3/B'' x
48"x92 1/4' '. lay these down on
Î
the 1 ong beams, massage them
carefully into correct position
ö tack each one
with finishing nail partway into
Î
the beam. next put the frames
on the plywood in the finished
location. they will tend to fall
Î
over so have your friend hold two
up at a time (in nearly the right
place) while you tack slanting
braces inside them. use scrap
Î
plywood cut from the skin for
this. after you get out of danger
of immediate collapse, locate the
Î
bottom of each frame precisely ö
tack a finishing nail partway up
through the bottom skin into the
frame to make it definite . then
Î
adjust each frame to perfect
vertical, adjusting the bracing
scraps as you go. ta.ck up side
Î
panels next, observing the spec­
ially cut widths designed so
seams of outside skin ö inside
Î
don't have joints a.t same point.
use No. 8, 1'' flathead wood screws
to secure to frames. place 2x2
blocks behind unsupported area
Î
(long-edge skin joints) fastening
with wood screws. now guarantee
security of volume to Matrix by
Î
Î
l/4"x4 1/2" lag screws through
each frame base member into the
long beam underneath.
INSULATION/we used 3" Fiberglas
with aluminum foil (toward inside)
to control condensation in wall.
staple it up. taking time. be sure
to wear goggles. you may laugh but
i wore rubber gloves & on windy
days a filtering respirator. the
Fiberglas is good inert insulation
but very negative in skin & lungs.
we've been trying to develop a
less lethal way of insulation
that isn't plastic foam either.
INSIDE SKIWJay the 3/4" !looI in
place starting with the center
panel. tack temporarily with finishing
nails. the pieces are cut 1/4"
narrower than space inside frames
so set with equal space on each
side. screw to frames with No. 8, 1 1/2"
flathead wood screws every Û`
use same system for 1/4"-plywood
ceiling skin & secure with No. 8, 1"
flathead screws. do wall skin
last. always start with panel near
center of volume & work toward
each end.
OPENINGS/the frame-stressed-skin
method produces a rugged & simple
structure but openings for light,
air & passage must be carefully
located ð executed to preserve
the integrity of the volume. we
worked on many methods of putting
ends on the plywood "tube" but in
the end elected to do it very
simply with 2x4 framing (�
drawing at right).
hatches were kept relatively small
& isola ted from the edges of the
plane where they occur. this keeps
skin strength intact.
ÂÆW
)
|
R"
!c�
YKO¾t¥
� ••W«
�' Î�¯
|
¼&¯¬
9•
1
�ð
¯`
*

I¬`�~
�� ` YÞl¯
'
���
B�

'
I

I
1

.
I
l
I
MR1ÛMËÑ

WT
1NSìUE SYS1ÊS|1IC app11Ca11On O1
)lV1n_ S1IuC1uIC pI1nC1p1CB & 1IC
Na1I1X 1UCa 1O 1IC pIOO1CÆ O1
'1uIn11u1C' ÆakCB M1CIOIOUBCB
pOBS1O1C pu1 1IaU111Ona1 SCpa1a1C
p1CCCB O1 1u1n11uIC 1n a 11ny
BIC11CI & yOu IaVC a SIaCk.
unC1Canab1C, C:O+UCU & lÆpOBB1b1C
1O 11VC 1n 1IC O1U ldCaB O1
1uIn11u:C DaVC a1+ayB 1n1CI1CICU
+11h 1IC UCVC1OpÆCn1 O1 1Iu1y
COÆpaC1. CCO1Oy1Ca11y COIICC1
IOÆCB 1IC Na111x 1UCa uBCS
_CnCIa112CU p1anCB. CaCI O1 +I1CI
Can bC1CBpOnS1VC 1O CIanyCB 1n
pOBl1lOn & IC1a11OnSI1p (uBua11y
+11hOU1 1OO1S. )
FA1IS & IA))[1S/+C a11aCICU
LOI1zOn1a1 dxd`B 1O VO1uTC BlUC~
+a11B a1d ' VCt11Ca1 1n1CIVa1B
UBlny 1|4¨xd 1|d¨ 1a_ OO11B ¯n1O
1hC 1IaÆC 1ICn +C TaUC a bunCI
O1 pa11C1B 1U¨XU4|4¨ +11I ô|4¨
p1y+OOU On 1+O dX4`B
1nCBC B11 On 1IC hO:1~
zOn1a1 dXd Ia11B bI1U_1ny 1IC
+1U1I O1 1hC VO1uÆC Oy uB1n_
1IC 1U¨¬+lU1I ÆOUU1C yOu Can TakC
a panC1 O1 a UCB1ICU +1U1I 1O: DCU.
1a|1C, C1CVa1CU 11OOI OI B1OIa_C
SIC11 1ICBC pa11C1 aBSCÆD11CS
Can a1BO DC S11U OaCl õ 1O:1n
1Cny1I+1SC 1OI 1nB1an1anCOuB ÆOO1111y
& CIan_C 1IC 1O+C: VO1uTC 1n Out
|1U N1CIOnOuSC IaB unUCI_OnC
abOU1 1OuI pa11C1~aIIan_CÆCn1 1:anB-
1O1Æa11OnS 1n 1+C1VC yCaIS O1
111C
120
I
li
ÎÅLLË1Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
·
-
~
~~·
~·-
··
�`~ ¯~ ~

· ~°¯ ° ¯ ·
<:,
``
·
·.
~
·~~~~· ~
· .

ÅAÎJZ Û! JHL MA}H1//§Du CðD S1ð11 Wl1D ðS 1l1116 ðS
ð DHu¬VD1u0u, 1Du1~C611 SlDgJu¬JuVu1 Du1WD1K 1D Ku6]
0DDu§ & WD1K 1106 0ðDðg6ð�l6, 1DuD ]1Dg1uSS 1D ðH uH1l16
CD00UH11§ D1 MlC1DDDuS6S 1Du§ Wl11 ð1J D6KDl1 lH1D
ð Ou11Cð16 S1u61 & ]1§WDDO lðD1lC 1Dð1 lS ðS 1lgD1¬
1DD1uU DD 1D6 1ðHU øS ð j1DWð D1ðVu 1Du Mð111X CðD
Du Du111 ð1DUDU 11uuS & ]1ðH1S & 0DV6 11K6 ð D61DD
1D1DUgD ð SDð1JDW guD11u S116ð0 1Du1u lS CuJ1
16gU1ð1l1§ Wl1D ðH§ Uug166 Dl ðS§00u11§ lD ]1ðD
O6CKS ]1DVlOu Du1ODD1 JlVlHg S]ðCuS 6 Cl1CuJð11DH
]ð1DS l1D0 DDu ]ð11 Dl 1D6 CD0]l6X 1D ðHD1Du1
0D1u lSDJð16U VDJu06S ]1DVlO6 1lV1Dg HDUuS 1D1
6X1uHU6U 1ð0l1§ 0u0Du1S (S11ð1gD1 D1 CDuH161¬Cu11u1ðlj
& ðS CDl1U1uD 0ð1U1u 1Du§ CðD 0DV6 !U11D61 !1D0 1D6
D6ð11D. DD]u1U1l§ 1{u1uD§ S1ð§lDg CJDS61 1D 1Du ]ð16D1S
lD D6ð11 & 01HO DuCðuSu 1Du S11uC1u1u 16S]DHUS 1D1D6
Du6U !D1 1DO6]uDUuDC6 ]ð1ðUDX1Cð11§. ]16SuD1 CDD~
Su1Vð1lVu ð1CDl16C1U1u S11ðl1~¸ðCKu1S 1ð0l1§ 0u0D61S
1D 1Du Sð0u OlDD61 1ðD16, Kl1CDuH & Dð1D¸ 1DuS 1D1C1Dg
1Du0 1D 0uD1ð1 16D61l1DD & ðJluHð11DD
~··
~~
····

121
Ñ1ÅÑ1ÎMÜ
122
¯�t��º *
� &v W �Y
W � Æ °¯
•!�<|oq�-
�� W3Y6¯º�+
!Jrc¯¯AÛÜl1DlS
VlCW 1S 1D0 uDl1 l Sugg0S1 1C1
S1&1101S, 11CO yC1D1 C1 V1C«
C1 CCS1. 0XþC1lD0D1&1lCD 6 1DC
1CV01 C1 S11uC1u1ð1 CCDSC1CuSDCSS
C1 DCS1 þ6C¡1C l ¡DCW 31`S ð
DD6~VCJuDC. DDC¬OCCK, 1Cu1¬CCJJ,
5lDgJ0~1CV0J Nð11lX 11 §Cu`!0 ðD
CX¬þDgJ1SD ClKC¬11ðDC Dul1U01 &
DðV0 & hl_Dlj C0VCJDþ0U S0DSC D1
_u1 S11uC1u!C (&ð Jð1g0 1ðD1J§j
¿uS1 &111DDC1lC 1D0 þ&11S 6
Dð1U«&1C 1lS1 _S00 þg. 1<4( D§1DC
DuDD01 C1 þCCy10 §Cu h&VC 6 _C1
C11 1C1 DCS1 D1 uS 1DlS 1S ð
_CCU þ1dCC 1D 51ð11 & S1DC0 l1`S
SD S1NþlC 1D CX1CDU 1D0T0 S DC
1CCDD1C01 l55uC
!ÜH ϯ¯LL ÛLÜ ¡AÙJ|Û & M¢jl1 §Du
ð10 lD & CCJU SWCð1 ¿uS1 C1UC1
1 1Í4¯ þ1þC 6 1h0 SðD0 SCu1CC D&S
DC&V101 1l11lD_S uS0 1&1gC1¬
Ul&O01C1 1D1CðUCU 1CU 6 1DC
WDCJ0 1DlD_ Wl11 DC SC&10U u|
& ð J111JC 1Du_DC1 §Cu S1111
CðD 1 T051D1C ð 1l_01 1dDB CD
1DC S0CCDU lCVCJ Cu1 1D1S wlJJ
CCuD10TðC1 1DC CC1U SW001
HÛMAU¯Û ÜLN tHANhL1Nj3 1DlD×
l1´S 1DþC11&D1 1C g1CuDU 1DC
Mð111X ÍC1CC11lCð11§( D§ ð11ðCDlDg
CD0 J0g 1C ð 1/Z¨¬U1&D0101 CCþ¡01
1CU UT1VCD 8' lD1D 1D0 g1CuDU
uS0 & 11uCB (1DD_j Dd1101§ CðC1C
1C UC 1DlS 11§ 1DC juDBjð1C
£X1Û¢Û ¡Û¯J¯1ÛN.j11 §Cu ð1C
þu111Dg 1Hl5 1DlD_ uþ CD ¢VC1CS1
C1 SCDC C1DC1 «lDU§ þ1&C0, UCD`1
D0 SDg &DCu1 C&D1C¬10DS1CD1Dg
M&111X CC1DC1S 1CC&11D &DCDC1S
MATERIALS/i !OTS a1C 1)S1BO lD app1OX1Æð16 O1OC1
D1 uS6 1D 1D6 Dul1UlDg Q1OCCSS. SO \ð1UWa16 & 1U0¬
DC1 Cð16gD1lCS ð1C 1D1C@1ð1CU «DDU S1u11 lS UlS¬
1lD@u1SDCU D§ ðD ðS1611SK_*( ]16C6UlD§ 1D6 ÇuðD1l1§
ð þCS U¨Xd4`X<4¨ CODCI61C paOS
($66 M1SC 11S1 1O" COÆpOnCn1S¸
U [CS 1|4XU`XU¨ S1BB1 p1a1C
U þCS 1`Xôo¨ 1DTCðU6U 1Od
Z¯ þCS 1` DCX Du1S
ôo þCS. 1` 111 «ðSD
U þCS J` ¯p111·Sp11D@ 1OCk +aShB1S
1U [CS 1¨ ô~+ay 1111lD§$ #)4UðUYU¬
(MCMaS1O"~Üa1I, @OO p Uô¸
d þCS. 1`X1Jô'´ _a1V 11OD p1pC
1d þCS 1¨Xd0'U¨ _a1V. l1OD p1pC
¯ þCS 1'X1d´U¨ ÿð1 V. lIOn
p1pO (Sp11C6 Dj WCJOlDg l1
DBBUCU)
4Û [CS C1DSS¬g1l] [1[6 TðCZ C1ðDþS
I#ÜU4U41Z. MCMðS1C1¬Ûð11}
*Û þCS d¨X4´Xd0`
d4 þCS ô|U`Xô ô|4¨X1 ô|U'
1aD_On1 !·DO11S
d4 þCS 1|4`X1¨Xô` ð1uFlDun S111p
ª¯ þCS ô|4`X4XU' ÛÎt+
UÛ þCS 1|4¬ZÛX4¨ 11 1DU D11S_DCX DU1S 6
Ü/1U¯ 111 «ðSD}
"ô¿ [CS Z¯X4¨XdZ 1|4¨
°ô¿ þCS d`X4¨XUÓ !|1¨
¯U4 þCS ô|U¨XZ´XU¨ Utt+
¯d4 þCS ô|U¨X4´XU´
^Z þCS 1|4`~d0XU' IX. DU DJ15 IDCX Du1S &
D'1U¨ 11 1 «ðSD |
2ÛM
1OO1
DCa1¯n_ ]Jð16S
1CVC1lDg SC16WS
1CVC1lDg SC16WS
1CVC1lDg SC16w$
1CC1
Ma1:1×
VO:11Ca1S
(1OVO1 _1OuDO(
IO11zOn1a1S
1CLS1OD ÆCÆ~
DC1S
1CDSlDD DCD~
D61S 1D Mð111X
& JðOOC1
1On_ DCaÆS
1On_ DCanS 1O
Ma111X
p1a1C (On U~DO11J
OCC× Su:1aC6
dOCkS 1O 1DD@
D6ð05
VD1uDC, 11ðD6S
{IO11z.(
VO1unC, 11ðM6S
¦VC1°¸
VO1uTO. 11aÆ6$,
_uSSO1S
Sk
_
n |CX1C1Da1(
1IaÆCS 1O 1DD@
DCð0S
°7bU Sq 11 ô`X1U¨ 1O11 !ll61@1ðS
lDSD1ð11DD (1DlJ VðþD1 Da11lC1}
1d ]C5 1|4¨X4´XÜ´ Or'ÍW
*ZÖ ]CS ZXZ¨X1Û´
*13 pCS. d¨X¿`X4'
1YU pCS 1|4¨Xô` Sq hO 1a_ l11S
(SC16+S`
*Û pCS ô|4'´X4XU´ U¡l+
ª1Ü ]CS Z¨X4¨XÜ4`
dÛ ]CS 1|4` ~ZÛX4` 11 1DU D11S
ID6X Du1S & D|1U¨ +ðSD}
•14 pCS ¿'X4¨Xôð¯|U¨
°4 pCS d`X4¨XUô'|U¨
°4 pCS ô|4'XÕ 1|d¨X41¯|U' Ûl`Î+
ª4 þCS Ö|4¨XÖ L'd¨XUd ô|4¨ Ür`Ï« .
*U ]CS ô'4¨Xô 1'd´Xô4Jd¨Ül`tW
°U pCS ô|4¨Xô 1|d¨Xôô¨ Ûí¡+
¯ pCS d¨ DðCR11ap L1n_CS
4 pCS TBU~$lzB 11un× latches &
!&S16D61S
*Z pCS dX4XôJ1|d`

*1 ]C Z¨X4"XO4¨
^1 ]C Ö|4•XZ4¨XÜ4¨ ÜÞΫ
1nSu1a1B VO1uÆC
SKlD _1D1611D1(
þð11C1 1ð11S
_1DDg(
pa1JO1 1ð1JS
(SIOI1¸
1òlJ5 ¹D lD$1dO
+ð11S
11OO1 & Û þð1¬
1C1 1DþS
þð11C1 D6a0S
pa11B1 1D[S
1D D6ðDS
VC111Ca1 !Ið¬
T1L_ eDO$
¡O11zOn1&1
11aÆ1L_ 6DOS
VC111Ca1$ (6nO
Ia1CI 11aFB}
DD1l2DD1ð1S
Î
Î
Î

Î
Î
Î
_CDU Dð1CD 11ðDC¸
Dð1CD 11ð06 (VC11.} g
Ia1CI 11aÆ6 (IO11z ¹
VFn1 Ia1CD &
On1:j
Ì
SOCu1B V6L1
Ia1CD6$
On11j Dð1CD
CD11§ Dð1CD
Dð1CD CDV61
(IO11Z !
Í
_VCT1(
(CD11y(
Î
Ì
mÅ1ËÑÎÅLÑ
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ñ
Ñ
MISCELLANEOUS/
Õ |Cs 6''x6'' 1e1n1OIc1n_mCEI ic¨~SQud1C
pc.
Õ |CS
ÇÔ´~IOJJ SO11 1IOn 11C Wl16
1¨X4!<¨ _a1V 11On pipe
pea gravel
HCSC1CÌDC1 Wð1CTþ1CC1 g1Me
1 1/4`~1CD@ CCð1CU DCX nal1S
(or annular _IOOVe na11S|
]J |Üs 2''x2"xl3"
S1a]1B8 lD8aV(}
key lock
< |CS ]7'~1O11 SO11 vinyl-over­
foam welting
many pes. ND. U, 1 1|4¨ 11 1DU «CCU SC16«S
primer & acrylic ename1
1iQM1U neop1Cne
2"-wide gauze bandage
NOTE/all Dg1d+a1e 1O De zinc Ot cadmium p1a1ðd
a_a1n81 CCrrCs1On
1e1n1O:cð con­
c1e1ð 1eet
D1nd 1e1nIO1ClD§ Da1S
!USI1n_ (cast
1n 1CC1(
Sl1C preparation
11ðDC ðGD6S1V6
gussets 1C
11aÆC
¿O1n1n_ blocks
(eX1. skin a.t
CO1neI8!
p1aC1n_ 1nSu1~
õ°1OD
en11y na1CD
COVð1
Sea1 Vðn1 LdtcDeS
& en1tj hatch
lD1 6 ext. skins 1C
frame
1luÌSD CX1 SK1D
«ð1C1þ1CC11CC1
Sea\ þaint to neo­
prene over seams in
¡]j+OOd
2ÛW
N/1hd1 7D:� ������W�F�

d0 & 0H u D C~

^
SCJCuSC6SS 1C ð1 JOðST give lp
B01V1C0 1D 1hu lO6d TDð1 1110 is
& 11D«1Dg S110B 1d1h01 1hdD Q
S6116S M1 G1DD0 D1DCKS 0dCh D1
«h1Ch iS 1ÎDið1CU 5 d1SC1010 . 1
gu0SS 11`S Uh 1D 1DC1uU0 ð 10v D1
the 1h1HgS V0 ð1u wC1ZlH¶ CD @
1 D0S11&10U Du(ðUju i didn't «dH1
to dþp0ð1 1O D§]C O1 +RC1 øH d]~
]01l°0 «l1lO
_
1 O
¿
11Ve11D_ 1u11 1D~
^ 1O1
·
mÛ11Ôn DU: +C 71CO 1IC DOOk 1D
D

8 11gD1 Uþ 1
_
1D6
·
ÆOÆCD1 1n wIð1 w0
Ot8 «C1K1H_ O

n
ÛHÜÛh ð LÛU`Ü N1 ÜrÛHÛUQl1 «&S SDDH
d1101 Y0 w0n\ UD+D 1C U1�V01&DG 1D&1
111S1 Su0061 1hð1 l DO1lC6U CDuCK ð
1Du aQþ0ð1lDg 1CU§CO 1D 1D6 0D1H~
1D@S ð DO1Qµ§ M !CCdSlDOð1 B1&1BS~
Dðu~11K0 CODl01CDCC uDUC1 1D0 01D
1T00S ¥0 &11 1ð1×uU CD0 H1gD1 D§
1CTCh11gh¹ ö l °. cae OU1 1D&1 1D0§
«010 UC1H¶ 1Dul1 !CðU t0SCUTC0S 1CCJ~
ing to build 1heir. ' ewn Microhouse.
¯nO
{
I1n¶ COU1q. 1\ð

=·b�e'� more 6xCi1iDg
1ïðH 1h01I1CVCl

O1 . invO1v0M0H1t 1D0l1
O0H1&1 g0U_13]Dj J5 wDO1 1´V0 &1«&§B
SDUgD1 1H 1IC +O11d 3 Sju1D0S1S D0~

1«00H 1h6 I1_I¬CnÇ)yj 1uCDDCJCg§
D1 hD11H AO0I1Cd ó
·
1H0 1CV0J§
06aSU16U D0ð1 D1 C1ð11SDðDSn1[ 11D0
Ü1G Ëu1Dþ0 1D Ü20CbDSJDVdK1ð ð 11&1§
§Du DuS1 0DjO§ ×DDVlDg 1D00 DC16 0&CI)
G&§ D00ðuS0 «D
g
D CDuCK þDlD1S B1 &
Sþ&11C« 11S 0CD1ð1 h0ðJ1D lm]1oV0S .
»
· .
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î _
� _•_•¸ç . ¯¯

.
q ·

:
·

·.·.·.····· ·.
ROOTS & BRANCHEall the things \'Q _
lDVCJV0U 1D s6em to h ave ð W&) C1 Æ1p[1ng
from ¨& 1CDg time ago" tC "right DCw,``
Du1 11 S00DS like ð WCDU1CuS Çu&111§
1D D§ 111B1 bCCK l DðU & O1ð«1D@ C1 &
V01110&1 VC1UD0 in ð Nð11l×, 11K0 1D0
Ü1O Microhouse CDu 5 l DðVC O1&«1ngs
hinting at 1D&1 vertical SþðC0 «11D
pal1ets for sleeping, \vorkin�. t&1king &
COOkln_, rain1np CJ+n from 'he 1CQ
SKj1l§h1 11KC fallin

oak
'
leaves.
ACTIONichuck ð 1OU ¹OO× it from there
�are in the process of bui�dinr &
new structu1e +I1CI 1OO×S SO Deðut1Îul
from bob's pictures even ·though it's
HC1 §61 complete. they succeeded in
dC1al1lDg 5 fabricating 11 SþJ0DOJO1§.
it is [&D01l20O C1 }|4¯`þ1§WCCO SðDO~
«lCD1Dg some ÛC1ðO§D DCDC§CCDD [&[01
1Dð1 S1UÎ1 f0&11§ 1CCKS gCCO 1D0§
uSCO U01&G§D <¨ thick ö it lS ðS
rigid as a Mennonite gafe & precise
1C +CIK W11D Wu 1CC1 l1 +11 inSulaI0
well +J1CCUT the· disadvan tag6s C1 ÎC&ß
or Fiberglas. i1 SJ lSt Kraft paper
^ Seems J1K0 & sound use of ;e?our'ces.
the Celad,Yf guys gave _Ç little pric e
break, a.s did Bo1den aÜh6 s1ves. � my Old
favorite ÎCr corporate sensitivity, 3M
cOO]an§, C&ß0 through with free Tedlar
tape 1C1 B0&11Dg 1t6 JC1D1S` thnnk UCU,
SCDC CC1QC1&10 þC,SCDS UCD`1 CV01OC
the act &bCu1 1lgu1CS DC3Dg SCmuch
DC16 1OQC11uD1 1DðD people C1 lO0&B
ŮW
NLT JÛ1N¯ lTTTJNUS|+C ð1C 11§1Hg
1C g01 1H1C ð pOB111On wDC10 w0
ð10 J1D01ð1uU 11OÆ 1nC HCC0SS11§
C1Du§iDg ¿DlD1S 1C1 N&11lX D01~
«C1KS i guCGG l1 1DC 1ðU§ 1D
ÜD1C DðU gDDC DD LC O DðVC CCD-
Ñ
Ñ
11Du0d «11D 1DDSu 1111lDgS 1C1~
Ñ
0V01. DU1 G1DCC ShC UlUD`1 1Dð1
D&U6 & Dð1u1ðJ CDðDgC nOOC. 1h0
CD0S 11OÆ NCNðS1C1¬Ûð+I RBH11Cn0U CD
Î
]dg0 ÛC S0CÆ 11nC OU1 11 wCU1U
D0 g10d1 1O ¡IOduCC OU1 O+n.
YÛÛÛ ð tLYTÛÛÛ/!lCD DðS OCD6 ð
1C1 C1 WO1× 1n O1O1nð1( d1Æ0DS1CD
1UDD0T & JðR1nð1Cd ¡1y+OOO w11D
SCD0 6XC111Dg 1uSU11S D1S p1C1C~
1§þ0S þ1CDlSC COß]1C1C lDO0þ0DU0DC0
11DD CCDO01Clð1 1ðD1lCð1C1S 6
1CCK SC ¡iDe DC ð Cð1C10 «111
þ1CD&D1§ 1ðKC þð1CD1y1D10C11CD

CD SCq0 D1 1DC fC1K 1D0S0 QC1D1S
'
ð10 U0S1gDCC 1O1 ¡1lDC1pðí1§
J1H0&1 Cu111ny On ð ·.-.....
� 1H 1CDg ]1CCCS 1DuD 1D6 D11S
ð10 SJ1C6d Up, d1111CO 1O1 1Í4´~ÊÛ
DCJ1S ð 1nCy`1C 1CaOy 1O gC
ÜÛNLt¯j1D6 +OOd ¸O1n1B a1C
D&S0O CD ðBBeÆO11L_ OnC
uD1VeIBð1 p1eCC 1L1O 11lCS W11D
1D0 bO118. 1neSC 111OS 1H0D
D0CCD0 Ö~«&§ ¿DlD1S 11`S &
10&1 D0ðu1§
ÜÜMMËÜ1ÜÑÑ
NLT ÜÛ1N1~NLT NA1ÎJ_1DlS 1S ð
C1ðW1Hg 1C1 ð D6W Nð11lX tS1Dg
11CD`S «DCU ll11lDgS 1DuS6
DðB6 11 ]CSS1D16 1D1 tS 1C USC
6J6C11lCð1 CDHUU11 1C1 1D6 1UD6
O6DD61S 11 is 11gD1, lDuXþ6AS1V6
Ë
5 UU1ðDJ6 DuCðuS6 11`S Wu11
]Jð16U 1D6 _DlD1S ð1u CD6ð]
6 CðD D6 DaQ6 D1 SC1ðþ «CCU
Ë
1Dð1`S 1DTCWH ðWðj UDCu1 C1ClDð1j
Cl1CUDS1ðHCuS 1Duy CDD6 CDD]16161j
ð]ð11 1C1 ðDSC1u1u C1CS6S1~
]ðCK1Hg 1H SD1]DuH1 6 CðH D6
NðU6 1H 11gD1~ C1 1611¬DðDU
Vu1S1DDS ]US1 D§ CDðHglDg 1DC
ðSS6DDJj ]ð1161H 1D1S Mð111X
«ðS U6S]gA6O 1C 1l1 1D1C & Du«
d M1C1DDCuSu 1Dð1 W1ll D6 W6JJ
1HSulð1uU Dj 1Du ]1jWDDU-SðHC¬
«lCD6U Û61ðUyD DCDu§CCOD þð]61
11 Su]]C11S lH1u11D1
]ljWCCC ]ðJlu1S 1D1 S1CCþ1H_¸
1ðD16 5 I1CD1 þ1ðDuS. ll «u DðV6
gDDU JUCK & 1D6 WD11U DDlUS
1Dg61DC1¸ WC´lJ SDDH DðV6 six
C1 1D6Su 1uS1 N1C1DDCuSuS u16C1uU
Ï
1D 1Du SDðCDW C1 Û6ð1S ¯DWu1
5 1D6 ÜDlCðgD LDD] 1DCj ð1C
1D D6 uS6Q D§ UDlV61Sl1§ C1
Ï
J±11DD1S S1UU6H1S ðS DH¬CðD]tS
DCD6S
ÜrÛML¯rYj1DuSC 1l111H_S¸ 11Ku
DðD§ Dl 1DC Nð11lX 1Uuð CD¿uC1S
DðV6 ð H6ð1, «111j¸ UD1H6Su¬]u¶216
K1DU D1 ðS]CC1 S1ß[1C 5 ð1DDS1
DDV1DtS CDCu §Cu Su6 1DuO. Du1
1uQu111Hg DtCD ð]]l1Cð11CD
C1SC1]l1H6 & 16DðC11j 1D U6VClD]
6 16ð1l26.
Å®@
ÅWW
VrH1LEðS DuCD DCþ6 &S w6 ð11
hðV6 1D1 U66þ ChðD_6S 1D þUD1lC
11ðDSþC11 S§S16DS 6 ðD 6DU 1D
1h6 6DV11DDD6D1ð1 Du1U6D Dl 1h0
ðu1D0DD116, SßðJ1¬SCð16 V6hlC10S
CðD D6 US61UJ DOw l1 CCDSClDuSJj
C6SlgD6U & 1I0y Tay D6 ðþy1lCðDJ6
1O Iu1UI6 O16ðDj S11U&11CDS ×
CðSUdJ 11anSµOI1 & DaCK~COuD1Iy
Dð116T~1H1OUÿD¬SþðC6 UCD`1
wð11dD1 Jð1ý0¬SCðJ6 SÿS16DS lD
DðDÿ C&S6S
THUT@«hð1 1 ¿uS1 Sð1U Uþ 1h010
1S OD6 CCDþCD6D1 D1 Ç 11U1D
i _U6SS 1D6 O1ICI 1S 1D&1 1
D6V61 gC1 OvC1 S111lpy D61WuuD
UDC`6 ]&Ui ^ ¸OC. !a18Jy dDJ6
1D S66 1D6 nl_I111ÆC 1UDD6J D1
DC1DS 0ðKlDý JDNu 1C 1D0 h6ðO¬
1lgh1S DV61 1h6 UðShDD&1U. lD
1h0 I1DD1 S6ð1 D1 ð D6« 1937 tC1U
¿uSÍ 1D 1YDD U611D11 D§ uDC16
ShD«6U U] DD6 6V6DlD¶ &1 1h6
1ð1DhCUS6 6 Wðn1Cd jC6 & D6 1O
11j Cu1 DlS íÜT w6 ]lCK6U 1D6
lD]DSSlCl§ Dð11Dw 1lCDCDS O1 1wD
lðD6 CCDC1616 1Dð° ¬C1K0O 1lD6
l
l
l
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
1n 1D6 UayS OC1O10 1D6 dU1C D6Cð76
Du1 1HV1DJð16 SðC16U CDW jCu
g0D11§ U1g0U þðu1 1D "Þ1DW 1h6 1uS1
Ï Du1 D1 11" 6 yðu1 «Du1U SD1CK01
6 ylD 1h0 Sy66UDD6161 6 «6 1Dð16U
1nIOu§h 1D6 D1_D1 1O 1D6 D6X1
Ï
µ1aCe +DeIB whlSZuj wdS ðv0Í1aO1C
nO OðDg61 1O ð ZlO¸ 1hCU§D !uCðuS6
1RCy KD6w 6Y61j lDCD O! 1hCS6 1OõdS
1D6 +0y d 1ð1nu1 knO+S D1S 1¯C1d,
C1UDK D1 SOD61. da( OI D1gD1
Ï
Ï
]ROMANCE LNÙ.jU6Sþ110 1{ð1 D6ðVÿ
DDS1&1glð l1`S C10&1 1Dð1 «6 NUS1
¡
D0CDN0 S616C1lV0, 0Sþ6Clð11§ 1D
1D1S &10& O1 16CDDD1D_§ 5O l`V0
WO1K0U On ð 561l0S C1 ]1O1O1jþ0B
lD U111616D1 56111D_5 OV61 1D0
� j0ð1S 1O1 1D6Xþ0DS1V6 1IanS¡O11
& þ11D0¬NDV61 U0S1gD 1D656 DðV0
NDS11§ þ1DC60U0U 11DN 1D6 þDlD1
O1 10C§C11D_ ð YÅ Dug (1uDDlDg
_6ð1S, 11OO1 þðD, 0D_lD0 5 U1lV0
1I&1Dj & O6S1_nlng
5uþ01S11UC1U16 SOJU1lOD5 WD1CD
_ðD lnd6¡6nd6n° ¡01SCD CðD Tuk6
W11D S1N]1C 1OOJS 1D H1S !CR6
YÅ CDNþDD6D1S D1 1&T0 NlUU10 &g0

&10 &11D6 þ1656D1 11N6 S1Nþ10
& V0þð11ðD16 & U0Sþ110 lD11ð10U
¡1lC0S Uu6 1O 1D8 dUnB¬bu__y
Dð1K01 ð16 51l11 DO1 Ou1 O1 5lgD1
1¬74'1D6 U1ðW1D_S D016 ð16 Ol 1D6
D0«0S1 þ1D1D1§þ0 1D&1 1`D «D1K1Dg DD
Î
«l1A UDlV61Sl1§ D1 1111DC1S S1uU0D1S
«6`V0 ODVlDuSJ§ &þþ116U M1C1DDDUS6
SD6JJ g0OD611j lD U0S1_D1D_ DO1D
l
1D6 C&D & 1D6 COn1a1nBI lD CðCK
1 1D1DK ¹D6 COn1aln8I CðD 611D01
DOlU ODj6C15 O1 1UDC1lOD ð5 ð
C&Dþ01 WDlCD CðD D0 16NOV6U
g11DN 1D6 V0DlC16, 010Vð16U DD
1611&D0U1DD5, 11061D_ 1D6 16S1
D1 1D0 V0DlC16 1D1 11ðD5¡O11
l
1UDC11OD5 ðl1 þBD0JS ð16 STð11
5O ¹D6§ COU1d D6 D&U6 lD ðD
ð¡ð11D0D1 611D01 +11D ¡1y+OOd 1&C6S
l
OV01 1" DOD6jCDND þ&þ01 O1 NðjD0
d1uD1DuO 1ðCu5 «11D J4"¬þ1§«uDU CD10
l1 «0 C&D K66þ _D1Dg «l1D l1. «0`11
11§ &U&þ11D_ 610C111CðJ þ1OþuJS1DD
Î
& 1'U llZ6 1O 566 DÇ+ l1 +Ouid WD1Z
¬11D SDð11S O1ðWD Dj ð 51D_16 DO1S6
ÎÑÎmË mÜVËÑ
M W * � ¯Ñ ¾& Æ
W& ¾ Þ ¯ N ¹øM
W ¯ * .
mA�W » � � *••
¯M¯ ^ ¥ *W 4 w LzB
J ¾ ¯ VÞ ¶M$ Y�G < ¶ & %V
� ¯ ^� Ý " ¹� %¤¥ � �ª`·
2WÆ
MAR ¯TAJNjwH6D 1 wðS ðDDU1 1w elV6
j6ð1S CJU 1 DðO 1D1S great lUCð
1D Du1JU ð K1HU D1 lDC1COlC1u
SD11DKlD@ 1u@DDð1, ]l1D1DDuSu
1D«&1U 1D6 S101D, & Q&UU1u¬«Du61
1D1Dg, 6 1&K6 11 UC«D 1Du MdCKlD&«
1D 1Du 1111AD1S H1VuI 6 W§DC
6VCD 1D N6« Ü11u&DS l planned
1D DCuH1 & CDC]]uU bicycle 11&D6
lD 1D6 µl1D1DCUS6 ]ð11 with 1Du
S]1CCK61 CH&lD going 1D 1 hu
S1uIH µ&OU16 wheel. D1 CDU1S0,
1Hu SDD116H6U handlebars were
1C D6 l1DK6U 1D 1wlD 1UCC615
1D6 11CuDJ6 wðS 1Dð1 l swam llK6
ð g16&S6U SðSD wu1ýD1 & ýD1 ðD
Cð1ðCD6 wH6H ðD§DOCj looked
C1DSS~6§6U &1 D6 GD l1 UlCD`1
uV6T CDD6 D11
N HÜÎ1&B1 §uð1 1 «&S 1&1K1D@
«11D SDD6 §u§G 6 «u gD151ð11uU
DD & N&111X H&11 1D 11Dð1
UDWD 1D6 MlSS1SS1]]1 DD 1DC§
D&U6 & µ1D1D1§]6 which wasn't
CdU Du1 1&CK0U 1D6 511uC1U1ð1
V6D1U16SCDuH6SS l lOOk CO 1D1
SD 1 U6S1@D6O the U1ðýDD11§
ÅWÛ
ÜÑÅÜÜMtLI
Ë
Ë
Ï
Ï
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î

Î
Î
Î
ÜL¯1UN|1D0 Mð11lX rð11 1D0Su O1hu1
gU§S WD1K0U DD DðC 1u&1 S1q]1lCl1§
Î
6 1D0 1&DFlCð1lCD 6 ]ð11S «u1u
1uð11§ @DDU l1«&5
CuDOUH1&D10 ö ClC & 1D1 D1
1DlD@S 1Du 5u]u1511uC1u10 uVuD
Î
u1lJlz0O 48"-Cube NOCU10S
Wl1D SK0Ju1OD5 O1 ZXZ S1OCK but
11 O1UH`1 50uD 1O DðVu 1D&1 KlDC
Î
O1 COH1lC0H1 511UC1U1&1 1H1ug1l1§
1Dð1 & V0DlCJu 5DOU1U
DðV0 SC1 WC1KuU DD 1DU@D
O1ð«1D@S Dð5uO DD !D1&11D@ 1Du
5Qu&10 C1DS5 5uC1lDD~4Õ U0@!0u5 11Dq
1Du Wð§ l1`5 u5uð11§ 1DDu@D1 O1
1Dl5 W&S Cð5uC OD ðD 0ð11§ Ou5lgD

1O1 ð N1C1ODOU5u 1DlS @1Vu5
1Du 1Dðß 11Oð15 ð BlDC O1 S011¬
KuuJ1H@ ðC11OD lD 1Du W&101

1Du SUµ0TS1IuC1U1u 1S 1O D0 O1
llgD1 1D&D ]ðHu15 C1&U 1H ]1§WDOC
6 U1S111Du16U 1lKu & 1&1@0
ÏðD01 N&11lX. 1Du 1«D 11Cð1S 6

1D0 VD1UOu Wl11 D0 1lDK0U D§
511u1S D1 1ðDDuC uJuC111C CODCul1
1O1D1H@ @ðDguC 1u11ðD0O1DHS
Ï
1 1DlHK 11 W1\1 be 511OH@
ÜÛUÛï/UOD´1 KDOW §u1 ðDDU1
ðuXl11&1§ ]OWu1, Dð¶D0 ðH 010C11lC
`&Qu&~DU@" 1lg WDuJU UD l1. 1lgD1
DD« 1D010 &1u ð 1D1 C1 q&§D05
ðDDU1 1D0 «DD1u ]VD¿uC1 5 1
Ï
Oð§ _US1 Du 5011lDg D§S0J1 U]
1O1 & V0|§ DOVul & ð111S11C
C1OWH1B@ 5CuHu DU1 l1 1 11Vu
l 1DlDK 1` 11j l1
g G=Þ�
�
¡×~¤¨
@ Lt4 ¹ 1 �7M
�ToVÆ N$¯
5 ��LÇ=-´ÞÞ. �
@�ÞI7
} VODM ^ YFLG�OvV
Ø <�'=)
Þu1Oøw(�
Ø
ÅWW
ÛAKEIUL [/fANS1ÜN|+C`VC Rud SC
ÆUC¡ 1UH & CCD1l1Æa11On 1IOn ð11
1¡6 Û´ M1C1ChCUS6S yOln_ Uµ
1D&1 &DDU1 & §6&1 ayO +C S1ð116U
1C WC1K DD & DCV6 CCO]16D6DSlV6
V61S1DD W11D ðD lD161lD1 Mð111X
SUþ]D111D@ S6V61ð1 11CCV 1eVe}S
]1US &11 1D6 6Qu1þDtD1 1D6 SD611
lS V61§ 0XCl1lLg DOCauSC CaCD D1
1¡6 S1X 0&1H SU!1ðC6S +l1l bC
bIOk8n Uþ 1n1O S1X1OOD Sna]1C1 QanO1B.
1nC major 8n811 d1ÆCDS1OnS +1|]
OC aQµ1OxlÆa1C1y !¯´L' ö OuC¡
lDC1V1UU&J QanC1 Can S1ll 1 b0 Cu1
1IC8 ð 4d'~SguuIC O1aLk 11 +1]]
uðV6 g16&1J§ lDC16ðSCC VOlUÆC
Du1 1h6 COÆþCn6n1S +111 1OIÆ a
IC1a11V61ÿ 8Ea11 µaCkðÿO 1
1D1DK 1D1S h1@D¬116ÇU6DC§ ]&D6J~
ÞT0&Kuþ W111 §l61U a V61§
S11ODg SD611
1 U¯LÜ|1h6 D6ðUlDg "Cð161Ul
tX]ðDS1CD" UQ aOOVC b0CaUBC +¡6n
l CU111 1H6 111S1 ÆOdC1 O1 1¡l$
N1C1ODOu$6 ln 1¬b` l1 SCCÆOd
SOI1 O1 D1g 1O ÆC 1 +OLoCICd
11 1 h&Ç D66n Dl116L On 1¡C
D6CK D§ 1h6 D1__CI¬1S~DC11CI
VaƵ116 ðS 1 51Cµ1 On6 n1y¡1.
l1 CC6SD`1 18a11y SCCn SC bCCaUS6
1¡C B1tuC1u16 1Bn`1 a11
1ha1 D1@ & WDu1U DaKC a 11n6
11&DS111DD UW611lDg 1D1 O CCu]16
W11D & 11D§ D&D§ D6SlU6S l1
WCU1U D6 SU 6XC11lDg 1C ¤akC U]
lDS1U6 1h&1 C1azÿ SnC11ö M&111X
CVOIj ßD1D1D@ 1¡a1 1 Can`1 1661S1
l1.
ÀWM
Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
Ñ
1NÛ¯Û¢/lS &D 6l_D1¬C6l1 Mð11l×
wl1D S166µlDg & S1uCj 1uV6JS lD
1D6 uQµ61 1&D_6 CCCKlD_ ö
D§g16D6 &16 DðCK¬1C~DðCK lD &
Q&CK&@6 DuD@ 11CN 1«C VC11lC&1
N0OD61S D6&1 1D0 6D11ðDC6 D&1CD
1D0 SuDK6D «CCUuD Dð1D1uD 1S
UDU61 1h6 1CW61 U6CK þðD61S 6
Nð§ h&V6 & COuD161wCl_h1uO 11CC1
56C1lCD CV61 l1 1D61u`S ð 1d´
CCUCD 1D 1h0 _6D61ð1 ð16ð
ö þðT1S C1 1D6 511tC1u16 DðVu
14' C6lJlHgS DC1 DðC 1C1 ð
1l11l0 hCD6 ¬DlCD ðlð1ßS 1D6
CJðuS11C[hCD6S wD6D Yu1Dð1Jj
UuSC11D6U Du1 wl1J Du (l D61 ¢b!
uXµ61l6D1lð11j ðS Dl_ ðS 1Du
¯ðj. wh6D CCNµ1616C
ÎÜ´mÎÜÑÜMÜUÑË
2WW
ůW
ÏuD11SD01' U1uCC Hð11lS
LU11D1´ )1DUð ¯uDSDlDC
Production Director: Murray Schwartz
P1oofr0ðU01. Ar nold Leo
ÙBS1gn. h0H Isaacs & Frank Colosa
MAI1 ¡tKS|NS|RaVB HUI1U10U 1RC Matrix Idea but
this book is particUlð1ly dedicated to Susan
Petersen, who really DðU0 it possible with DC1
good NCD1ðSKð Sþl111. ÍC J1D Hð11. DCCðuSC DC
DC1þ6O 5C DuCD 1D D[6D U1CVC1ðDO u] 1D1 SC1¬
11CDCD1 5 «D1K, ðDU 1D ÛHUÛK X1llÆ & LOU CAIRO «DC
CCu1U 1CDul1U ð «ð1CD 1D ð Dðl1S1D1D 5 DCVC1
gC1 fu111CO
dÛd/Wltanowski made 1D0 coV6r photograph & ð11
but five of the in10 rio1 p1Ctures i wish ¡C COUJU
have done every one of 1H0ß Dut it just wasn't
phySiCa lly possible. the good part was that he
didn't ¿UB1 µD1n1 1IC Cxy8n81vC Tay¯C OCVl1 DDX
in the general direction of Groveland but
focused all his CDDS1U01&D1Ð humðn power &
UDlqUC CODCCD11ð1lDD CD becoming one with thos0
ðC1lOD5 l1`S Dð1U to D0ð1 that when l1`5 ð11
ðS UCCþ1§ lD1Cg1ð16O «11D C1ð11SDðDSDlþ ðS l1
lS «11D UDD
THÜ ADDRESS/for U1DVe1ðD0 1S ¡DS1 Office Box
7, ÛroV6JðDU¶ 1l11DDlS U1OÖO WC just rCD1Cd
ð chCa] old storefront at ¯Ô±Y Nor1h Glenwood
in ChiCagD ¦2l¡ lS bÛb<bj because it's ~ LuðU11~
1UJ space & should be enjoyed by someone. we
threaten. in our lD11ð11DD C1 adults, to sell
5OD6 !iv1ny Structure ö Microhouse JrCCUt !l1S
¦c oD] lete with ¡arOwð)0j there one of !l0SC dayB
BOOL a1 least it will D0 ð good information
HDdC¬
ADDITIONAL PICTURES/p.
Z4 gCnC DDDg, þþ UZ. Ü4,
þ, 5 UU Dð1Dð1ð 1SððCS

.•• '

' .,-., :·::,·,.• :'•' ·\ : \', :

.
.

. •

" •'

.

� ·· ' � • ._ � ·•.

.

1'i

I

I

'

',• · t ��r�l \j' fL,�r;'# �l.

. a...

� . l'·•,,.. '...i,I ' • '. .� . · ·:.�•·� : . .. :-·
J .. · . •. • . .

.

:

i

' t

J

,

i

• . ·• • .
· .. .
:

,

.

• '

' . · •

: •: '-'• • •
.

·� ._

N ), • i. • f 1 "I· ' J\ r. .'• J •'6.'•· �· • .
' •
·.

'· :, •.'

l

I . I•

II

··,

'

,-·:. •
.

• . :

.

•• .

• I:

·

:

.

. ..

.

• I

� ·�

,

.

.

© 1974 by K en Isaacs

Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: 72-96651
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be
reproduced or utilized in any fo rm or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying. recording ot' by any information storage and re­ trieval sys tem without pe r m iss ion in writing from the Publisher.

Harmony Books a division of Crown Publishers. Inc.
419 Park Avenue South New York, New York
10016 Printed in the United States of America Published simultaneously in Canada by General Publishing Company Limited.

did night janitor work in kansas city plus share-cropping during the depression. years i was involved in a su rreal wheat­ stonian series of oscillations taking place in nyc (geographically) & fa ntasyland abGut design & the industrial establishment. probably as a result of ruth benedict. JOE'S PARTNERlmother . it was an early ( 1963) microcommuni ty which foundered on old-fashioned menu-personality conflicts. fancy prairie. the cleared meadow land sure looked rusty & unproductive. the timber was second growth just coming back from being plunde red for coal mine props early in the century. when they moved back t o the land he was coming down from a bad time selling used-cars. stove & a sphalt shing l es. so i took the money & stude nts who wanted to live outdoors to Groveland. . the crates from a microwave tower & some windows from a burned vaudeville theater to make a tight. he recycled an old barn. built the american outhouse equivalent of the japanese teahouse & a couple of new Micrehouses. he discovered ice cream on a stick (but lacked money for patents ) & drive-in eating systems in the twenties. i got a fellowship in architecture from the Graham Poundation. do noodles from scratch. 1925. quilt & get a sheet clean with homemade soap. humane intelligence set him up as an urban victim. work on the hardware for a di fferent way of life rol led on. NOW/we're blowing the dust & rust out of Groveland with some new people who also want to tread lightly on the earth. drinking & re turn ed to the land. girl. THESE TWO/were pr et t y formidable & they turned the little patch of ground into a rich eden of good experiences. was marie neville . so i became a consulting editor & moved back to nyc. but obsessive. my pallid attempts to do the urban shuffle were te rmina ted by a neat surp rise . i merged at speed with a great ironhead named Carole. after teaching a little architecture & design. BUT/joe was really henry wellie isaacs. EVERYBODY/split except joe & mother wh ile i burrowed deeper into the loving trees. some went for sawmill cottonwood lumber. but most for w iri ng . rangy person. durant. ex-kentucky boy/ horse trader/earth-nourisher & general survivalist.GROVELAND/a long time ago joe & mother & me put $3000 together to bu y 18 mostly timber acres in the ro ll ing country near the illino is river. huxley & mumford i began to facto r the environment & see the world entire for the first time. just befo re taking off with 2 seabags o f tools & hardware . appropriate shelter for about $185. it was a rich period which saw the construction of the first Living Structures & Microhouses. she was a slim. one of the world's great woods-walkers & movie-goers. her laughter was as sweet as her technology. my chance came to return to Grovel and when a guy in a middle western university asked me to show people about Microhouses. but for the year or so it lasted we lived in old schoolbuses. people all over built & used Living Structures & Microhouses. tha t hurt him a lot. illinois. most of the wrote a true letter & got launched into a long series of articles on my designs for a popular magazine. one day i grape-arbor cou ld make blackberry cobbler. & recognition of positive earth­ relationships & environmental change-therapy to release us all from the high-tech maniacs. one morning he declared an end to the gentle. . but it's negative to build real things in big cities. strange & schizy because years before when just starting college i experienced the massive comprehensive rush of overview. she MOST IMPORTANT/i saw & felt the necessity for major simplifications. but i was a backslider.

he used really tiny graduated systems of pebbles & just lifted a stone head a hair at a time. it was impossible to conceive of it.THE MOST IMPORTANT TOOlJif you think of all the methods & efforts a person brings to bear to get a thing done. the main part is "head-tooling. the teacher said they were carved on the ground. shuffling credit cards & signing monthly payment agreements have decreased our ability to handle the real-time activities of making & being. they used to show us the big upright monolithic heads from Easter Island in grade school. have we been oversold on complicating & elaborating our tooling process with complex. . expensive (cosmically. a it didn't take long t all. he almost did it in just a day with no more than four or five people. PRE-MUZAK TIME/think of time-sense another way. REALITY WARP/the wierd point of Easter Island is that it didn't take those guys forever to do this. to fill by reading Playboy or running around breaking radio aerials off parked cars? 4 it makes about as much sense as a lt-hour drive on the Long Island Expressway to make the less-than-2hour flight to Chicago. it apparently worked pretty nicely." HEAD-TOOLING TV MAGIC/the culture-conditioning limitation that is the imprint of the media supersalesmen has slightly wrecked our ability to concentrate & severely warped our time-sense. then spoke with wonder & mystery about "how did the 'simple' savages raise them to a vertical position without the benefits of the Industrial Revolution & the teamsters union?" we sat in our little rows shaking our heads like the airedales in a Rival commerical. ecologically) mechanized aids in hope of timesaving? then for what is the time saved? to be starved & crazed. but a few years ago Thor Heyerdahl went down there with simple levers & a n idea & demonstrated a whole new point of view.

the ability to use simple tooling effectively is not just good for our state of being but from a pragmatic point of view I it means you can build without investing too much of your economic resources. in some imprecise sense it is the reverse of alienation. ADVANTAGES OF SIMPLE TOOLING/this same concentration parmits us to set about breaking the relentless grip of a culture which demands that we have the newest. concentration is a great & precious state of grace. i f that investment is low the result is personal independence & the handmaidens of personal independence are beyond price for they are gentle assurance & non-violent self-confidence. you don't have to b e a zen master to recognize that this will. it will make it possible for us to utilize. just hand the next two-year-old kid you run into his first rubber band & observe how integral concentration is to the human animal. generally this improves the ability to concentrate.result in some pretty peachy changes in your relationship with self & thus with the rest of the universe. how your action augments. i think it valuable because it is a sign that i 'm really getting into & penetrating what i 'm doing. in ecological terms. you will end by being able to do things with the tool which will surprise & amaze you. by focusing on a tool you find what it will do & how it does it but more important. if you I I I I I use it enough & your observation-sensitivity is operational. biggest & fastest power tools before we begin building anything.DETUNING/we're going to detune individually & seek more steady rhythms in ourselves. modulates or negates its performance. understand & control simple tooling. you begin to get more precision i n your results. I INCREASESENSITIVITY/once you simplify the tooling & get deeper into the characteristics & capabilities o f each tool. .

a l l the little houses of the past were the status castle." & "what-will-the-neighbors-say?" .THE$185 HOUSEjwe took two old barns apart. he loaded the old jeep five or six times & the media equipment erates became the sheathing for the house. of tempered masonite hardboard panels screwed & glued to some 2x2 's salvaged from my first Living Structure. six-packed them out of that. all those efforts had the beauty & directness of the bravery & courage of our kind of animal up against the wall doing his sweet best. the $185 hard money went mostly for shingles. 6 THE FIRST MICROHOUSEithe first one ever built was a 72" (slightly more than average man height) cube in the Groveland timber. he found the 1 ittle old crooked windows in a 1920's movie house that was being wrecked. tarpaper. mostly in humble unrecorded places like the arid scratchlands of asia & the favellas of the southern hemisphere. my father. just early twentieth-century 4x4's. compacted & liberated from the "mort­ gage. no big romantic beams. like House & Garden magazine. 2x4's & siding but it was just the thing for framing up a l ittle house in the woods. i built it in the early 1950's out ." "furniture. i made the Microhouses as one best guess to shelter post­ industrial men. cement & a few new nails. joe discovered a microwave relay tower going in over on the Peoria road & all the parts had been shipped in fine heavy wood crates. scaled down by malnutrition & exploitation of the builders. the crew erecting the tower was pretty set on burning them as the usual libation to Mammon & all the gods of waste & consumption but j9e. _ people had built small shelters before. they were just small barns but there was a lot of good lumber in them.

.

ttu:ou· gn my "t(" avels ·.u . .. . . " . · �-·!· ·:"' •• . ·:·:· .· · �anning. n o t by be:. .ol' hi:lJ.ql"�al}t·things sort:.millar..1Jle acro-ss· .: ·:<'l"·:-:....i-ty.. ·�· ·• .the eai'isi&.. ·.. · : ·.!l toe .-:: > ·sen. . jphn · p1a:oe �he ·mpst -�13 the :R�'q].tJO·>. / •. · r ·· .. . ..ihg r. .��.... ·._ : .n.�· -ng sevep· ql1i1d�en plus �!l:·:e-asy fa. · .·. . ..·: . . . .n inonumerits .. growing_up in Peoria. ·..· ·.: ·:·:.i ch ··iii:'m·C>n"ey· in·. nand & h"eart .the' old. but rat)Je'r_by being ·cornp"ei"tent & whole' :: :-rrr:h:ea:d. . : ..· · . ..••• • • · · • • . . . ·combine coirii) uter gra}lhic's. :·: .... . excursions. .& Edinburg))::._e..• •' . ·�· . .:!l"ousebuilding. · .

based on the 36" module it is flexible to grow with the chil d. it 1 s even an extra bed. shopping list p. 63. 8' MICROHOUSE/you can build this getaway about shelter capsule in your apartment for $300 with hand tools. measuring. designed to work with Living Structures but it will work on a wall too. 83. INFINITE STORAGE SYSTEM/using one universal g o to the country in a station wagon. 106 . 58. 42. down or sideways in a completely 3-D way & knock it down to 10 per cent of its erected size for moving. inexpensive buying of tools is discussed along with an accurate drilling setup that costs only $15. 93. then it will 54. 124-25. shopping list p. panel you can build up. houseboat using modular co nstruction. CHUCK 1 S CHAIR/the Panel-Matrix principle is applied to a 24" module to make a classic free chair. with internal Matrix & a 9 . individual kid's "house" built in his own room. OLD MICROHOUSE/i've been living in this one 64. it can be started far about $1800 & ad ded to as you make it. SUPERCHAIR/i t 1 s a sitUng-napping-reading­ listening place on a. 25. the Dragon fly catamaran a New World pickup & mu ltiple . new wooden fittings for joining tubing that you can fabricate in your basement or garage with simple tools. JOSH HENRY LIVIN S G TRUC T U R E/this is a personal. shopping list p. 104. ARTICULATED LIGHT BULB/how to make a light bulb off & on since 1962 & we keep using the properties of flexibility & expanda .n outdoor shelter. noble eighteenth-century scale. shopping list p. float with the minimum support & the maximum movement possibilities. 94. 66. storag e & study-work in the floor area of a single bed for ages 6-20 or even beyond. shopping list p. shopping list p. new 18' Mic rohouse truck made of plywood panels & based on the available VW floor pan & running gear. made from just one kind of member it 1 s easy to change or add to. a step-by-step easy progression that tells you how to buy wood right & how to grade it & judge it. overlapping living levels. CONTENTS 74. 52. shopping list pp. IN WORK/this is some of the stuff we are working on right now: a new vertical Microhouse in a pipe-frame Matrix a t Groveland.10. SETTING UP/making a ·place to build things & a unit to work on. this 48" module can even b e used to build a. 13. it provides sleeping. 126. how to choose a decent hardware store. & zoning p. hikers & campers can be erected on leased o short-term-use ground. shopping list p. MICRODORM 2/this Living Structure is buU t of light stressed-skin plywood like a bridge. 61. 41. several will make a family village with privacy for all.bili ty that are unique to it. 84. it's a r PUN HOUSE/this out d oor Living Structure for base camp for a new kind of exploration. legalities 108. NEW SLEEPING LOPT/i t doesn' t have to fasten to the wall so it moves easy. shopping list p. shopping list p. marking & cutting with the hand saw are covered. 71.

: :·.· ·:: per'fea·t all.to ·make a··24'.!·. to mark � o!t�nce to ··::. i • • i .. •• . you neei:l hard toolili�..k with� ·woo d or metal at home :·· . repea t ed universal m embers 24" long t ith j u st 6 hbles in e ao h v one.£ructu'res'· 1 . . . ipate ly'par OJ:l. ' . • •• .i.rts. . ··:t)!e units make good table.. -:• �:.. .handHy by pub1ic transport anywhere far or near in this worl.w ' · · { Uv .'t io ns involved. to get l iJ. : . . ? . ...n tb-e' Industrial Revol�t1.tle variation that your anxiety level can be lowered on final assemb-ly by knowing that whatever· one cgmes to hand i s the corre'ct piece. :& E'li Whi ney 's intercrllHige•ar.: . . (or booes ) excluding fasteners � various topping choices.al track.:· -:::�-::·..' is ·· • • • . al'�··rean y useful when you wor.:· i:ciw materials -& an o-peration. t 10 . � . ::::. b g 6. · :. · . .::::/· ��cii�� c � :��st 1�: /K .t has · just l'2· p�.d.t$ ���Y\..-. ·.�. • •. • • • • •• • • • • • • • ' HOW IT WORKS/.s. ... they are fine. :-· · ·. & 2x2's on.eans.g-E!·aple ·part with so li t...u...:::·>:. ... after you begtn to shift head gears.·.'·it ' s ' kilo. : .::::·. f<>r perhaps the time one can i. .>. & saw plywood be an inte rchan. the exp e ctation is that each b on e will ..oz\ & end up with a neat· TitUe package whi_c-h can: be knocked down in a few minutes & <iarr:ie�·.1.. . . .res & th e mo(iules .•. being built of.'6u)oe .!:'-:: :��:>·. · · �. stable �ool st and$ for the little electric drill pr:ess. . • • . ::·:·:·:in· larger ·Struct...: . ttie·opero.:::·...

on the other hand these are parlous times (maybe al l times were) & it is helpful to approach the lumberyard with an alert mind. truly the telephone is an instrumen t that fos­ BUYING WOOD II II II ters alienation. if you can get lumb e r cut to these dimensions it's usually better to get that which is planed smooth on all sides ( industry code for this is "S4S. a comp el ! ing problem i s that i wouldn't even mind pa ying that much for good sticks but they won't even be that much better th an pieces you can latch onto for less if you k now how to approach it.etting usable materials. not chip on the shoulde r . it may have measured a full 2 inches square at some time in its life but by the time s o kiln drying& s hr ink i n &planing i d ne it is g onlyh"xtt• ." ��·�J 11 . this is really too much & should be near er 15¢ per foot. PRICES/several of the people i've talked with lately have me nt ioned that prices of up to 35¢ per ru nni ng foot have been ch are. it doesn't work & you will get the wrong thing or an unusable thing that way. I �--:1 _1 I Yt.II MYSTIQUE OF THE LUMBERYARD/it might help right now if i outline my head-tooling for going to the lumberyard. ifyou co t a c ted the lumber businessbrand of insanity n h ave n ' t yet.ed them. one of the marvels of modern times is the way a perfectly nice guy will either con you or at best give short shrift by phone when he wou l dn ' t do the same face-to-face. you must work out ways of getting around it." or "surfaced on all 4 sides") . any good person resists the easy pleasures of cynicism when faced with negative behavior. don't order by phone. there is generally qu i te an attitude there & it is a barrier to e. but alert & taping all that happens. what this p robab ly means is that this kind of lumber is a good spot to hook the unwary in. anyway. in fact. accept the fact that a 2x2p ec e of wood i e is not r a lly 2 inches by 2 i n c hes measured in ec crosss tion . you might find it difficult to get 2x2' s for a reasonable price in your a re a. certainly. THE GREAT TELEPHONE SWINDLE/the first thing is. one to one. UNDERSTANDING WOOD TERMINOLOGY/first off. maybe it's just that some guys in the bu sin ess have been sp o i led by the easy picking s represented by all those do-it-yoursel fers who roll in every Saturday morning in the $5500 stati on wagons with eyes as wide as Venusian space pilots.

which is great when you are lifting or . bone white in some cases. & stays lighter through its life. White fir is pretty pristine to begin with. the front guys in the off ice who do the ordertak ing & the s alv ing & the other guys out where the supplies are stored who take your paid receipt. . thus it's poss ible for them to b e a little responsive to what you are trying to get. the Douglas fir is really good because it is relatively strong (it's a prime choice in the lig3t construction industry). at best one tries to do this with most encounters. it has long­ leafed overlapping hard-grain com pon ents wh ich make it strong. COMMUNICATING/this may generate feelings of per sonal shallowness in you because most of us have been encultured in the way of holdi ng the cards so no one can see them. lo cate your stuff & throw it on the ground by your vehicle.now is where the blueprint pa rt starts. & talk & sha r e a little bit of what we're occupied with. how would you 1 i in a lumberyard where all these madmen with more money than knowledge come in every weekend & buy out the house for some purpose which is unknown & indeterminate to you? alienation is all around us. (the guys who work lumberyards divide functionally into two operationally based categories. but also a little more resist­ ant to damage from impact or knocks. he may get interested in ke to work a human way & respond. the place to get hip is with the yard man who actually selects & touches the material you will work with later on. this is just a contextual figure­ WHAT KIND OF' WOOD? i h aven't said anything yet about what kind of wood you get. sometimes in small yards these two categories overlap but DOING IT/this manipulative objectives of th i s line of work fairly well exclude any massive concern for the customer's well-being.) you do the best you can wit h the front-office people but it is sometimes hard because they are really just salesmen & t he remember that this paltry $10 worth of flower stems may be the stuff which your life dreams are made of ' but to the yard man it's just a 2 }-min ute gig which is only one of thousands which stand between him & his ambition to become a famous brain surgeon. White fir is not so strong because the hard-soft parts of the grain are more evenly distributed without the over­ lapping p atterni n g it is quite a bit lighter than Douglas fir. even those casually encountered. the hard-grain segments make Douglas fir a little more difficult to finish than the White fir. i have also heard from people who like spruce 2x2's. these are the ground rules. ground problem because the good dream is that we will all become increasingly open with others. these components make the grain prominent under visual observation. why you want 2x2's straight & dr y. moving finished structures by air freight. not just those where we hope to elicit a certain kind of performance. we all try to observe this as a general way of behaving & if other people return it you really learn & life gets interesting. OPENNESS/share a little of what you're building with others. it doesn't do much good to be on the spot in the yard if you can't influence & modulate the course of events. if you tell him what you are in t o that is. (with clear finishes) to a richer color on exposure to sunlight. most often we use Douglas fir or White fir. so if the intent is positive & general the aspect of manipulation really doesn't apply. the Douglas fir is more orangey in color & oxidizes 12 . the only way i've found to do this is by the establishment of a one-to-one relationship with a yard man.

sometimes it works but usually after you get acquainted it works better. l/4"-20x3 1/2" flathead machine bolts pes. this seems kind of wasteful but since w e don't 11 ve in a pe r feet world it gives better results in the structure that you're working on.er solves this problem & lets you do what my Kentucky grandfather called "culling ." (it may take a couple of visits to really establish rappor t with the guy but it will be rewarding in many ways when you succeed. get­ ting the extra 8-foot. HUMBLE MATERIALS/there is a kind of Jeffersonian SORTING WOOD/ -. 1"-diamete r furniture glides. with nail (Domes of Silence) all hardware to be bright plated (cadmium or zinc). 1/4''-20 hex nuts 4 pes. also I I I I you may ruin a piece & need a spare (or want to add a piece or two to modulate the form I to the yard man but don't make him anxious.I I I I I democratic seeking in taking the most simple & commo n materials & through careful study. 2"x2"x96" ( 8' long j 4 I HARDWARE/ 24 24 24 24 I I pes. if he's real busy & yo u want to gamble. 5/16" flat washers I CULLING /three 8' pieces will make the 24" cube. of the unit). i guess i don't agree with the idea that diamonds are a girl's best friend. stay a s close as you can 13 . because i do respond to historical uses of paneling or gui tar veneers or a little piece of teak in the hand. it's not that i'm immune to the "finer" woods. it must be that i just resent the historical imperatives of the middle class which overvalue so arcity or other kinds of expensive exoticism. in theory this is true but in practice usually the mills out short so you can't quite get 4 24" pieces from an 8' mill length. ) pes. an old European machinist told me once to always make two or three more parts than i planned to use w hi le i was set up for it to avoid going back & reseting up. workmanship & shots of soul trying to realize their beauty. " that just means sorting & laying b y the less desirable piec es & using only the cream. also every time you out it off you lose between 1/16" and 1/8". 1/4" split-spring lock washers pes. ON THE LINE o your rap with the yard man /d as you go so he knows why "straight" & "dry. offer to pick them out yourself after assuring him you won't wreck the stack or stay forever.pes. i should tell you that we only accept 1 umber which has been stored in the shed because it seems the stuff that's stashed outside under the polyethylene sheets is usually pretty wild. i tend to believe that calcium & phosp horu s are.

try to touch & handl e each one . better not let ] yl I�" . sight down it to see warp. then buy the best 2x4' s you can & scout a friend with a table saw. is at right. l ar ge cities have neighborhood rec centers with woodshops.ve craft workshops. straight piece before lo okin e at it.SHAPE OF' THE ENDS/lo ok at the end of each piece. dry. these appear because drying stresses have been too se ve re.I I WARPING 14 ._ they won't assemble well. ripping (lengthwise sawing) sequence lumb ervar gu scut anything d y for you . avoid pieces with sticky honey-like sap poc ke ts & splits. you ' ll get so good that you can feel a. theircutting is not the best. small towns have high school shops & college towns hn. small tight knots are OK if they don't mark an extreme deviation in long axis. avoid pieces with i r regular shape like the one on the right. the cross-section should be fairly square with eac h angle 90 degrees as a t le ft below. sappy. crooky pieces feel like a bent water pi pe. heft it. light. look out for pieces with "checks" (short splits with the grain). RIPPING F'ROM 2x4' sometimes yards don't stock Sf 2x2' s. roll i t in your han ds quickly to read v isi ble signs. SELECTING THE 2x2'S/as the yard man pulls them. wet.

.

but you find the rasp teeth are not really sharp.. the old farmers pass & the younger people don't u suall y feel that th os e old-fashioned junky too l s are supportive of the Gran Prix life style. it won't be a good companion if it 's too stiff & thick. 1'/HAT KIND OF SAW?/handsaws come two ways. what a great tool. it's a no-handle wood file with fine & coarse teeth milled on both sides. the fine teeth cut smooth er & it still works fo r rare rips. "crosscuts" are designed to c ut across the grain (as in cutting the 2x2's to len gt h ). it'll eat up the wood II .side sp lin te rin g. deep internal qu aliti es of mind & experience are the strongest factors. it cuts plywood with minimal bo tto m. & your hand at fit·st but once you get s ens iti ve to it.. suburban garage sales are good becau se many tools are pu r c h as ed just for the theatrical background effect & they get dumped for little GARAGE SALES & FARM AUCTIONS/try the garage sales for good buys.. sight down the blade to make sure it hasn't been kinked. this is optimum because you can close u p the workroom & isolat e it. WORKPLACE 1'/0RK SPACE/it's eas y to buy a saw but it's not quite so easy to find a good place to work & con­ centrate. this type has less teeth per inch & more set. "rip" means to cut parallel to the grain. keep a vncuum cleaner handy & pi ck up the saw­ dust at frequent intervals. get into the country to the Sa turda y farm auctions for the lowest prices. clear the "b edroo m" for b uild in g & sleep temporarily in the "l iving " room. go early so you have a chance to meander & handle & examine the stuff so it's not a blind tr ade. the best one i am using now is McLuhanesque trip where they supply a piece of me tal with visual texture. blister-packaged money after the new wears off. �··· . you can alternatively compress the furniture into one end of the main room & work i n the opened-up end. all t h os e i know who build well choose tools carefully. cost is a factor but the price of one i tern 1 ike a steel tape w on ' t break you. even with a new snw make sure the blade is springy & lively.. one side is flat & the other is slightly curved for curved surfaces... THE RASP/one of the most indispensable tools is a four-in-one rasp (sometimes called II . the heaviest external components are probably the tools.. this widens the "kerf" "sawn slot in the wood" & prevents binding. 'set' refers to the way the teeth are bent (alternately) out of the blade plane. rip & cros scut.. CHECKING OUT OLD SAI'IS/look close at individual teeth. · 16 . a "shoemaker's rasp"). 2t-room apa r t m ent offers a cou pl e of cho ices. artistically. for general use i have an old 12-teeth-per-inch cr ossc ut . it's hard to get a good one where the teeth a re really sharp now because the toolmak ers seem to be on a • a Nicholson. inexpensive pl asti c painter's tarps over furniture beat air-borne dust. a.TOOLS far? heavy rust is a negative sign. are they rounded off & worn down too BUYING TOOLS/the level of a person's skill is n re flectio n of many th ing s.

I · possible worl.ct_s in dri·lling ·. h.r:·s J:l . � b by i t.tively 1nexpeJlsi._. . . '>. .bnLy impo. . •I ·· •' . :-: y:. yoltF'w . ' � . .on.!>ev�ral smaii .t to. r el at� €l nsh · ..dr ill'·standi5 now marketed . aK. ... t:he· _ .: this solid . if. inv ol ved is':ve:l--y pt>. a'll OlEi! . ..riglit .�· . • .'m1ssi'rig .r:eaqheS.v. ' .in the·· oaicf &.oose. · with his. _u:l :.ble :e -iect·ric dr'ill:' mou-nt e·cr in ..t -�-/�il· g_ . : eri·('bo'a:rds . ... one of -ilje rela.·t h.the ·.. · .'o'n .. c ombi ne this wi th some ideas·aoout fmmobilizing t e 2 �2 w hilE�.�: .. iggi3 r .rt�nt · facto.i.·h'oles·in �djac. . wander i n-g -too'l'· into one which goes where you want i. � \Vo(�d:C. "'"·"'�w. _t:l} • . ·. .. universe· .or·the .:::�:.. -tti e ?x2 &. you· dii-H it & ·you can·· really ·make interchangeable ·par.:· : ' . . s�re1ved . THE oPr:nfuM - DRibL-ING SYSTEM!t{�--b��. 17 . · ':f t:fen . .g_r : e -dite_c t i 0 !1s-'t 0 the �ace·!=!f · 1 h-'>' •'r•i · . 'th_Ej iong axis of the hole works b est . ··::·-: i.ts .·..�:·:: ::::·. .r.·we '_V €! mpst . the farthest .· . ne ese o c.lsb_-at 90 ? e.e : . ••. · •·• •'• • :.::.rs.ere' is· c .p oW'e r-_ . .' �� r_pencticul_ -a.:: :�� .is t.� .s·it.l:--<m·�_.ke.ive.·. troi -· . � �·: :· · .�P . .i e _ _o_f. :�:�:�!·:. no ElleC'tr..:::�::. I : to · other:.'he · smali·· pott. :�·.··t r.. · m ou ntin t urns a·1. . · ei.' • • n �.r .ic .' &> : ego f�� :p�'ih'�g·i'�e-: ' : fs ·G�!t .. .'�cqu· r $' meaning :i.:th' p wi r : ·'\v'e' n: ·s��-i�s-.·: · ·. �:: . a.. ·: . a.

you may find it better beginning to use a No.rd because the tool isn't a steak knife. when you mention wood. yes. i always cut off the mill (existing) end of the 2x2 because it might be slightly damaged or rough.ACCURACY/layout & marking are of primary importance in getting fine results in building. waste & the attendant guilt & negative emotions. the way of precision & results which give inner satisfaction when working wood come in stately rhythms. the truth is that with reasonable care even the soft woods can be worked to very close tolerances. make a shallow sawcut along each of these lines before turning the middle marked side up & sawing in the ordinary manner. but not now. the way is not jump cuts. the working of wood & carpentry has acquired a kind of stopgap cobbler's approach as if fine work could not be done with wood anymore. . in some golden age in the past.te it. don't they?" i use a 4H drawing pencil sharpened with a fine file to a sharp point. cut slowly. not pressing too ha . try to establish that plane in your mind & really feel the paths of the handsaw in relation to the ideal plane. THE SHARP PENCIL/make sure you are using a good sharp pencil with not too soft lead when making the cutoff lines for sawing the 2x2' s. hurry . it's a saw. 2 pencil with eraser. most of us seem to use handsaws like we are killing the werewolf. it seems better to make your own cut & have it consistent with all your other cuts. the surge of industrial production using metals in this country in this century has somehow blunted our approach to working wood & we assume that the ·results will be crude. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I ACCURACY l8 . just keep making sure you are remaining in the plane of the cut. the better lumber mills usually seal this highly absorptive end grain with a wax or coding paint. it'll flatten out as you mark with it. some well-meaning clown shows up with a carpenter's pencil that has lead as big around as a Pepsi bottle & is terribly proud of his tool choice which he bolsters by saying "carpenters use it. SAWING SQUARE/one good approach to sawing the ends of 2x2' s square (so the end plane is per­ pendicular to the long axis of the board) is to mark 3 adjacent sides of the piece for cutoff with the combination square. EXPERIMENT/a good way to open up any operation which is new to you (or that you have done before but with unsatisfactory results) is to experiment on a scrap two or three times before committing your good material in the process. avoiding the ruining of materials. hesitate periodically to check if your cut is within the 1 imi ts established by the first shallow cuts. accurate lines & sharpen it from time to time.ra to sepa . probably this attitude about cobbling when using wood seems to cause us to attack the piece viciously & hurry. in this way one can improve the technique & act with assurance & confidence. so make light.

not the cut). it must do something really great for your head. body stance. more important. s o mark a 24H length on one of your 2x2's. try to work from the edge near you to a little past the middle of the end face. the rough side really grooves & eats up the wood so you want to gain some sensitivity before unleashing it. hand tool without marking or laying out be fore . holding it down with my le ft hand & left knee.rzan m ovies.. DETUNING/keep in mind tha t you are trying to beat the enculturation of II II II II - scale. sometimes the rasp . this influences your hand. so will you if you are sloppy & cut t hrough the layout use the master to mark your other pieces ( marking from the l ine . that way no trouble with the saw kerf. try to think flat.ithin dimen­ sio na l variations of about a hundredth of an inch. i f the face comes out p erp en dic ular to the long axis of the 2x2 fairly cohesive in plane it is t he result of having mindless hurry & try to ease youl'self deep into this sawing like the old hippo in the mud in the 'l'a . better saw after marking. sin ce you are working from all s ides rotating you will pick them a ll up in sequence. ge t sensitive to what's going on. 1 d o it with the piece in the same position as sawing. it's a w hole new world of phenomenal events on a different will splinter the opposite side if your stroke is too long. if you co ncent ra te & s tick with it you'll be surprised at how much control you can develop. that's real concentration & ski ll. the original pencil marks remain to work from & you can help by imagining the ideal pla ne you want to achieve as you work.II DOING IT/OK. USING THE RASP/now use the four-in-one rasp to smooth & improve the relationship of the sawn end· to the other planes of the 2x2. if a surveyor worked without leaving stakes behind him at the principal inte rse c tion s of his si ght lines he would l ose his frame of reference. just with a. bad luck doesn't figure here. the general tendency is to round the end with a loopy stroke of the rasp. it seems important to rotate the stick as you work as this sort of cancels out the massive distortions everyone seems to get when just working in one position only. good firm spot to rest the piece on (at an unstraining height between 18" & 24• from the floor) " �re all components which have the sawn face as a resultant. working the rasp with my right hand. use the flat fine side of the rasp mos tl y until you get hip to the tool's way of life. leave the line showing after your cut is finished. also it never seemed sm art to me to ob l ite rate your guide line as you go be ca us e this p revent s referring back to it to see how you are doin g. . then mark then saw. position of the head. that is. one of the old Englishmen who started Rolls Royce was s o good with a metal file that he could put a piece of round stock in a vise & file 6 flats on it to make a hexagon y. cut with the handsaw about 1/64" to the right of your line. all the forces distributed in the right places. this provides a euide later for rasping the end squa:-e.

.

drill. 21 . make sure you're holding the position & when it checks out take the third block & nail it in as an end stop for the 2x2. hurry & end by almost punching the bit through the wood. now you have fabricated at l east 12 beautiful universal members with 2 or 3 spares from the fourth 8' piece. that isj when switelling ends because that's sometimes a problem. since 1/4" bolts are used to assemble. YOUR PERSONAL INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION/you have just built a simple jig. let up on the handle if the drill packs with wood f ragment s & slows down. simultaneously. CHECKING & DETUNING/spot-check with measuring tape from time to time to be sure the blocks or d rill or stand have not shifted from the kinetics of use. lower the dr i ll to within 1/8" of the centerline cross marks so the relationship can be evaluated & move the master around until the hole nearest the end is centered under the bit. reset the end-stop block properly for the second pair of holes from the end. our general tendency despite the powerful myths of American know-how are to hurry.ge. these holes give some tolerance (leeway) when bolting. prepare three small triangles (or squares I o f plywood with one perfectly straight edge & two 1" brads (small nails) in each one. as to approaching the a ctual pulling down of the handle which 011.er bit. with hole centerlines marked. give the tool time. most often these techniques have been used to make a hip few rich while the salesmen & interior decorators have exhorted us to love irregularity of form because by doing so we somehow express some uniqueness about ourselves. in position under the drill. all holes are made with a 5/16''-diamet. tack two of the pieces of plywood to the baseboard along the back long edge of the 2x2 (about 5" apart). those guys were proving all too conclusively that a cornucopia of plenty can be built by observing regularity & fidelity in the structuring of material objects. s3ades of Henry Ford.uses the bit to travel through the wood-it's a similar proposition to the handsaw.IMMOBILIZING THE 2x2/place the master 2x2. at long last a citizen is able to take direct advantage of a simple but outrageously helpful technique of the industrial a. DOING IT/anyway. Arkwright & James Watt. this causes splintering when the drill leaves th e wood & it is negative. if you • re human there • s no sense in discussing sanding & f inis hin g at this point because the big charge now is to assemble the structure & see what is. go ahead & drill all twenty-four end holes. then reset f or the center holes. have care t3at these holes are kept parallel (in the same face of the 2x2. beat the negative of splintering on the underside of the 2x2 where the drill bit comes out by always holding it in contact with the baseboard.

.

open coa. this will help the whole square up... 3/{1 I . remember to cut about 1/8" from the nail point so it doesn't interfere with the bolt. from this concept. block from some 2x2 scrap.. make sure faces of adjacent members are flush before tightening. your analog is now weight-supporting & ready to g o to work for you. make it instead of ordinary sandpaper we use 3/0-120 C-wt. SANDING & FINISHING/cut a sanding 4" long. turn the unit upside down & gently tap the glides into the center of the vertical members.t aluminum I & bolt it in place using the midpoint holes in the two top horizontal members. when all bolts are secured. from the idea of duplicate parts. e. � I I 23 ._.�. oxide production paper. & standard members can be recycled with great ease because they haven't been so I • t .I I ASSEMBLY I PUTTING IT TOGETHER/find a fairly level surface & assemble the two opposite side frames of the cube. fabricated with minimum variation. three coats of rubbed linseed oil or a penetrating resin sealer like Firzite with sandings after each coat makes for great smoothness & d u rabil ity. when you use the wrench.. cut a 24" square from a scrap of 1/2'' or 3/4" plywood INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS/industrial production has always depended on the many advantages comine. the bolt heads go outboard of the unit.� -1 I . anxiety levels I are lowered in bui l din e.Y specialized either in design or by eyeballed inconsistencies in making. as individuals. I I l\ VJr� . draw the bolt heads slowly into the wood until they are flush with the surface with no splintering. all nuts & washers inside.. we can get profound beneficial results. just hand-tighten to start . if your projected use requires a top. I I -i-. - I I J I I I - �It {. tear it as shown & it will just wrap up the sides o f the sanding block.et her all together then wrench-tighten one corner a t a time.

& Quse s n tbao tl).1-:r0nt:· -aoq. I I 24 I . .i. LIVlNG:S·T�UCTOREtthis i's ·our Matrl:x·· fn: Chicago .e· old· methods..'H. i ture..is· a.aY i ct'i s'cover ed tha. : .r :· h h : .You can feel content · & just· . ·-·· I .. froin the .o· g r:aph: p a'p'er ' · �hat yo�r:1i ve· i{l'�& ·a. but mor..t. .. mob il e spac e lriodtle s . a Ma±. 1iw.. t 'like · 3:.r:f)(:' ..'e important t an ''better. gr�up "o f . .real homes for our time where. ...rotlnd . is a: ilew··." is tlrat i't makes .kes better \1 i i: .

we are just getting onto the fact that what we can really use now are multifunctional spaces which can be camera workshops in the morning.I THE NEW FREE-STANDING SLEEPING LOFT/marshaling I I l I I I I long arguments in favor of the sleeping loft right now is about as gra. the heavy members & mean fastenings represent a heavy investment in moving matter through space.n eskimo edition of Sir Francis Bacon's early food-refrigeration experiments. the traditional static world view plops a monster BED down in the middle of a t·oom & forever after that room is a bedroom. space-eating monsters hunkering on the floor.ll this monster with the salvaged railroad ties & bridge bolts then twenty minutes after it's in place you discover your karma demands you split for Oregon. you do a.tuitous as paperbacking a. are such a. friendly restaurants in the evening & sleeping areas for only about six hours late at night. traditional beds. space is too precious to be limited ritualistically to single functions. 25 . of the room for other uses. and most loft beds involve fastening the structure in some brutal way to the landlord's walls. lag screws. sleeping above floor level frees a large area. floor & ceiling. rehearsal halls in the afternoon. we all believe in the worth of the experiential life process but the bee who never gets any of the honey is being shorted. there is still a hangup for you. • NEW LOFT SLEEPING I I I PROBLEMS OF THE SLEEPING LOFT/despite the recognized & obvious advantages of 1 ofts. lot of people: not everyone is lucky enough to have the high ceiling usually required for the sleeping loft. molly bolts & falling pla. star drills. Francis & doesn't mind. presence that three of them could crowd the Astrodome.ster. the loft bed is so nifty & exciting to retire to & makes so much sense spatially that it is even rumored that politicians use them. two obstacles appear to rule out this delight for a. it doesn t even matter how big the room is. even if your' landlord is a regular St.

.

i was yo-yoing around New York C ity then & had just finished four months doing a thirty-six-slide pr oj ector THE LIVING STRUCTURE IDEA/this mobility problem & the height pr ob le m were two of the heavy ones i thought about when first d eve loping the out of the present voodooism of nutrition & phy sical therapy. i met a lot of really noble people. som e guys at the university there thought it would be a good idea if i came out & talked with the architectural students there about building Microhouses & l iv ing in them. not just lay it on the m like john & the Mae. a Canadian b iker with a busted back to doing something with the la. he had the fon d hope that if they could be made to resemble sofas & c red enzas then the i dea so g reat could be exploited for money.r chitectura. i watched & learned much about intensity of concentration. I LIVING STRUCTURE 27 . & I I I en vi t·onmental structure for a broadway show.na Carta. who may still succeed in making sense CHICAGO LATE SUMMER 1970/i went & it was good.s super flexible. was a deep earth person who could probably do up a Pacific sunset in a mason jar & play it back to you next winter. inside out sid e the university. we retripped on that when i came out to Chicago in 1970. h is lady.inning a. each guy in the group used one as his own to study. THE STUDENTS/carole helped me that first year in the bee. a fry-cook-saint close to peace of mind making the long journey from beine. judy.nd. my a rgument s with cabdrivers & newsstand guys were increasing in tempo & frequen cy so i thought why not go to C hicago ? . so we went thr ou gh a whole process which was pretty legit & ended with our g�ou p producin g fifty un it s.ently helping a major furniture manufac turer butcher some of my Living Structures. that didn't work & i not iced that ca su al ho s ti li ty Living Structures back in the early 1950's.l class & we really connected with the people on a new basic 48"-cube module that wa. she cam e with a little boy named thys who once sanded two old painted-up drawing boards with me. i c ou l d breathe almost as slowly as peter. sleep over in & store hi s equip ment . before leaving New York i 'd spent twenty-nine seconds think ing about som e t h i ng to build with them in C h ica go & a structure like that sounded good but i w anted to work out with the students. outside the school i met vickie.the sweet winds from the lake felt good on the skin & the sun sparkled so b rig h t you felt like living forever. new highs in Gotham that summer. was reachinF. i was also jl. the school pe ople seemed sincerely interested in the students as persons & it looked like a place which might become a real research node for new ways of living on Ea rt h.

which allows you to tet the sleeping sur face elevated with space for study..r·"' work with others.the higher the ceiling.the man.. the more important .arrangement.. lounging & storage in the liberated space underneath. for privacy. art 0f tj uit work takes ' place in terms ·o f "what is. ' E>ESIGNING' THE SPACE MODULE/ . . you can't stand up in a Ferrari. l fit into the most frequently found 8' ceiling height. but i think it was because their consciousness was still atrophied at the · ··wester n-European ego-tripping level of .ard.tch j& foot .imension. '! · -�llways.enclb'sure or wantAn . \fP . ·after all. ... ha. PR IVAGY & _. 28 ' when you work on a neiv ·thing. these fears disappear.. .t sleeping) & a top hatch so· you.i-ng a choi' ce i's r. we ussd t l}ese uni'ts at the · \)niversity w:l th fuU :plyw0od skii1s..-suppor. p I I I I I I I I I I I . some guys took the 48" dimension sort of h. move & erect in a new place.could si:t h when you got burnt out with. ·:. they are easy to knock down.·. .1·. 11 <tfter you get into it physically & :experience it fully. .d one bi � .'·' · · a·lthough most of it involves ' \\i):lat you beli. all this wil. the movable pack is compact & the structures adapt to different rooms pretty nicely.eally irin:oor·t.eve or 'think " ·Should be. these units are independent of walls & ceiling & can be moved about the room. but more important that dhoice results in a unit . a side lia. the ski·ns ha. 11 so to SOJ\!e degree the 48'' d-imension. .� ALTERNATIVES( ·. ' entry hatch. they aren't anchored to one static . was a function o f the fact that lumber & plywood are milled & produced in sizes relatin g to that ' d.

: � i ·"aall)p!'�ss.ih't's···:· span.ll se or"their : form·& Load-carrying. ways to pr.t .. wlli¢. t'hey are not' boli:ed dovin & · .rov e1and . ·this . with archi'tectuJ>e. . o'f horizont-al 2x2 rails..lanes of· hargboard sti1'fened by ?x2·'. ejract. sliglrt· hoo l$ hero .:: skias.ng. outdoors a t (.:. ? ' .shell:.Y. :·Jus.ohn'ess &' .or ·# ·. pl yw ood. the seat :s1�ct�s·b.s'ti<b:n·pai.nt when "o'i.�tuff which i'S ..ositi�n:. e�<J. · .ria1.·: .t as a . nu111ber o f situations. equipment.�. & e. . can be moved ea. some. . .:�J.ne in · : inai-)y. God seems to ·have done when l)i�king matter in the. ·. .s u.nywhe.riety. universe. i'or you . .sil'y from one ievel ·-to another a. 1J € · sU:pport · stffc.� .OctJI'ce ..:beca.uisitively simpl·e. ··t· hl· pa.e piyW.bo·x.n connection. . . · 29 . . so you can fin(i best p.:>cteri. · .s a ..( ihts . : · :v{l. . v:ork 1 ike indus�. there wa.:IEin· expas·e� �9· . · w it H· t u . ���9tl\ of tile uni.. ·· the skeleton.mi.r�·.oming �part · . HOI'/ IT WORKs/the·i nside .k &: forth ..y to a · -. in ·tJrinoiple .the. g a nic'" is u'sea j. -. . r . the . · · matter of l!rincipieit·se ·ems positive to··ctesign & fabricate . . sy!>tem incfudes the seat... de-la.tim:es ·i· wonde( _ why· the 'lll ills continuf? to make iriter:'ior . ' :bec:ause ' i wanted to oroa:d'eri tns lise: o .s·undert)ea th .re colnponerit:s :conioi. o.t.o.s·tructure & experiment w��h. ncti:oi�·�.fund amental enough to appJ. . the. are· part' of:·:· .grade .fit-· . w orktable &' ·.ses change.· · a. ·.hese are all made of flat. fu. we call the planes "pallets.SKIN1we used exterior -plywobd for the· skin because the geperal quaifty i� bette r in the veq�?ers & tile adhesive.. thi s i s wha.ai.h.lvhi.ked ca toris ci·r ·. usil}g it . oien. f. sactde.ch:. &:'r:e.s suTe ·: · : .es.: {nan a Pi!lce ·. · . P.nJ ay :pe. wort)1: the money. 'therl\l'!:l nothi.nat·ing..

i . t the:{r individual cells &.: :: ·-.raised them 0f f the gro�..·:·: the_y ro'Ofed the whole thing with polyethylene o'v er · .e � 30 .. one unit was for -:·:·:· ·.tnd on tetrahedrons .' · f !if.e other made a great chamber for . slopi River on the west. .up to d adjust your clothes. On g. : _. under::lh·e. :. it you could look out the foot hatch & feast the eye ������������� ' .­ tresses on top & slepi. & l ou. but they still use one module for the Thetford unit. came: down .: ·:-::-: ·.mat.en \l.. ly�f�lte. chuck & LQli pot . �o... air.t'ed stars while they put Uf> an B' M ic r::ohbuse for more permanent q11arters.:::·· tools & g�ar & th.· :-. when using.· ·: a Thetford self-contained toilet. to the Illil)O�S. the overhead·ha:tch was spacious & ha ndy si nee you could sta:n · . a ridge rope between two trees.

since the pallets can be rearr ange d without t ool s it is truly r esponsive to cha n ge s in the 1 ife pattern of th e person. some change from . specialize & shape materials so particularly fo31 . traditional design & fabrication techniques I I l th a t to reuse the only way is to apply power to break it down then reconstitute it. in using the Mntrix Idea we keep parts general uni versa! & all-purpose·. the activities of working.I I I IDEA MATRIX THE "BLUE BABY"ilast year our group at th e school combined eight of th e se modules to make an 8'-cube Microhouse. we took simple universal components & aggregated them. cooki ng & sleeping. it is 1 ike a medieval alchemist's dream.listic design patterns of the past which la cke d mobility & were l ocke d onto a fixed pattern like a dead bulldog's jaws. elevating it off the ground on tetrahedrons. when needs change & situations change the response is t o alter the assembly relationships of these parts. the pallet arrangement in this one was complex but workable & supportive of I I I the ritua. thus very little power & ef for t are involved in adapting to new conditions. I I I I I ECOLOGICAL RESULTS/the Matrix Idea presents a very different reality in terms of recycling materials. it could w ork in a larger size too. . this was a comprehensive application of my Matrix Idea using multiple cells.

.

.

.

. the old culture has always tried to make the unworkable endurable by overlaying it with whichever "good taste" is goinr. books & papers. away from room walls they aid circulation. cosy & con tained on the low level. we used these spaces face to face. of the third module was used for clothes sto. geometrically get more performance from a smaller array of components in a more cohesive area . actually the effect is very much the opposite.ble because it is so static. lot of places wash them out & give them away when empty. get on with the fiber con­ ta. changes or unforeseen happening s.rage. "utilizing all the space" has such built-in disappoint­ ments. these areas convert easily (no tools) to extra seating o r sleeping surfaces. carole just wants to simplify the supporting stuff like clothing & really focus on study & deve lopment . slides. you have room left over for tearing a motorbike down. a. to make airplanes look like birds. i 'd have become an English valet or a tuxedo-rental guy in Cleveland. not a bad idea. the current societal notion of ef fic iency as total consumption is unbelievable & u nl iva. .iners that bulk ice cream comes i n. unrelated objects determined by inertia & sentiment. fashionable I I I there won't be anyplace to put them because by axiom all the space has already been exploited. i guess if i wonted to spend a lot of time car i n g cleaning & nurs ing clothing. gallery-mounting pre-Columbia sculpture col l ection s or restoring great-grandma's Singer sewing machine. larger part of the space in any room for open & inventive uses..HOW TO US E IT/we had the system set first to provide each of us with a study. that never worked either. if you are media-conditioned you will tend to react strong negative to this. at the moment. the old farmers knew that good living on earth was based on careful use of th eir space but also maintoinance of a port ion of it open & fallow for expansion. the underspace LIBERATED SPACE/traditional furniture was n ever organized as a whole system. if you don't already know.. in a traditional "living room" all these activities would not fit in very well. that's because you can't make feathers out of aluminum . but if you think a minute it's possible to realize that the ( tyrannica l ) idea of "effi ci en c y" & most profound results of the Living Structure synthesis is that it frees a. movement & c l eaning. we do n ' t use much cl othin g because it doesn't seem to Living Structures work with interpenetration of spaces & systematically. it also feels good. I I I make us happier or more at peace to have a lot or a big variety. one of the I I I STORAGE/the fourth module was our Information Bank with small cassette recorder. feeble efforts were made to organize them "visually" but that was just another trap. great for holding clothes (or almos t anything) . " I I LIBERATION 35 . the pieces were a bunch of separate. say all your space was used "p erf ec tly then a friend gives you a packe t of sewing needles but . unfortunately this is like tryinr. which translates & aids our active collab ora tion. you can notice there is a lot of uncommitted space in the storage cells.

it's just bigger than the 24"-Cube Module. the 2x2' s at the yar d because warping & torquing distortions increase in seriousness with longer pieces. also if the holes are consistent. it's j us t that when you do need them they are dynamite. all the time. flexibility occur every 3". it isn't even that you � \S � � will use them all.BUILDING IT/this Living Structure is real easy to fabricate. m you could el i inat e this marking & jig that part of i t but the jig would get pretty complicated & time-consuming. length is critical. the best way to tool for these is to mark with pencil the 3" intervals along each of two adj a cent faces of the 2x2. the blocks the pairs of holes at each end are located just like those in the 24" cube. watch out for pieces which are only 95 1/2" long. the additional holes allowing more � � � -J � � � )\ � f • /1�· A· A· A A A A A A A I I • • • • plus g et ting the mark under the dri l l every time will result in good accuracy if you don't hurry & blow it. this won't happen if you cut an exactly 96'' piece into two parts because about 1/16" gets converted (& lost} to sawdust & your finals will be short. cut length at different mills varies between right on 96" & 96 l/4''. check the raw pieces for actual length. K � � � � }:: :1. then use two locating blocks nailed into the plywood baseboard under the drill stand to position the piece so holes will be for sure on the longitudinal centerline. those piec es just over 8' ena ble you to clean each end & to do the center -cut ending with two 48'' pi e ces. the in crea se to 48" members will influence your lumber-picking techniqu es. STIFF UPPER LIP/try not to get funky & fade doing these holes. there are so many that a person just na tura lly wants to quit them & go hom e to mother. the main skeleton is made from universal members 48" long. I MEASURE/because the 2x2 cross-section remains the same. it makes waste not to check & know. R A • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • I 48'' I I I I I I 36 UNIVERSALITY A�· � I I . you have to be a little more observant in se le ctin g. it is truly a standard universal member which can be placed anywhere in the stru ct ure.

I

I

I I

I

I

MAKING THE PALLETS/the p allets are made from l/4H hardboard. sometimes it's called "Masonite" after one ·of the earlier producing companies. it is a hard, durable & dense reconstituted-wood product made from fibers which are either waste from other cutting or trees which are n ot sui table for dimension lumber or plywood. avoid bargain hardboard & the superexpensive. medium-priced stuff is good because it is a highly comp et itive market. check out the stack yours comes from to be sure it 1 s been kept flat. sometimes the piles are resting on 4x4's or two rough skids &, the crazy warps go right up through the pile. always seek the material that has been stored in doors in preference to that which is just under a shed roof with open sides or completely in the open with poly taped over it. look at the edges to make sure the steel strapping used to bind the packs for s hipping hasn't dented or chev1ed up the edge. CUTTING HARDBOARD/some of the resin binders & filler materials used in this stuff are unmercifully hard on
tool edges but it does cut to a fine precise edge.

PALLETS

r

r

·�-U>� "3"

"1."\. \-\0.!31.1'5-

r
I I

r
I

I

I

if you are onto the handsaw use the fine fla.t section of the four-in-one wood rasp to smooth the tooth tracks out, then finish with block & sandpaper. F'INISHING/F'irzite or boiled linseed oil is a good sealer. dilute the oil with a slight (1/2 tsp. per cupi amount of pure turpentine for penetration. be sure to wipe off all excess oil. be mature & cool & finish before assembly, sanding between coats. the usual superhype script in our society is to ba.ng out the members & be in a hurry to assemble to see how it hangs. then it's too mu ch hassle to disassemble, finish & re-erect. if you try to finish the skeleton when it's toe;ether the sanding & sealing is not com­ plete on all surfaces & you get runs & drips. it's like an adhesion of your internal org ans. try to d o it th e adult way. taking these units up & down is .nywny. it makes you believe in good for your head a your own reality.

I I

I I � I

�j
I

I

I I

I

37

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN UNIVERSITY CUBE & OUR MATRIX/one 48"-cube module for the loft requires 12 universal members for skele n p l u s 4 or 6 depending on what you do inside it. one addi tiona! member should be under topside panel to stiffen it. if you need a f r a 48'' module study area. domain, at­ home office or e s there are some slight deviations from pieces used make the loft. the main difference i s the pair of 24" members

to

,

the basic more

used

the with the skin o child's privacy pac the to level. t s

.

.I.

J.

feature in wants to out & for a visitor. the ns a

supporting the pallets at the table h e e are instead of 48" members to allow use o f the foot hatch. it's pretty neat to retain just case somebody fall l ie down. kid. or an extra good

used

this

supported & unbolted

SPACER BLOCKS/note the use of spacer blocks to ag i t the skins warping. this is good to do no matter what thickness plywood you use to because keep the the side skins initially bolted just to the vertical skeleton members, the top & bottom panel edges are un­

insure
,

skins trim. are

unless the blocks are used.

38

I

MAKING THE SKINithj s drawing incorpor­ ates all bolt-hol e patterns & all hatch dimensions. select from it for the c om­ bination you need. evaluate plywood as you would hardboard. see the stack it

or shredded ed�?;es from bad handlinp;. the skins requir e full 48H squares.

w as in. check that it was under cover & flat. don't accept a piece with dinged try for grade A-C but check on A-D just for price' sake. sometimes the D sides aren ' t too bad. a fe w artistic knots

I

I

I

didn't stop the old Japanese & added a

lot to what they did. 3/8'' thick is fine bu t you can use li2'' for extra muscle.
avoid the lumberyard where the people are on some kind of laissez-faire fantasy trip in pr icing. some yards a.re

"'1-b.'""S-��"'-1:>
SJ'P?O'I'<t"!> �oT"

�\C.\-1 W"ee.J t> o<.o�.

.:Oii::l:>/

I

0

0

0

together & do several at a time with the drill stand. for layout you need a. long straight-edge & a go od one. a T- square or metal rule is fine. yardsticks are no good & neith e r is the wood-butcher's dream of jauntily picking a sem is tr a ght piece of scrap i
is good. use master. clamping panels

BOLTS. HOLES & HATCHES/use 4"-long bolts to secure skin panels. countersinking heads in faces (� p. 93). we put a generalized hole pattern in the skins so they'll fit anywhere. mark & lay out these holes carefully. designing flexibility does no good unless the making

amusing themselves putting up crazy prices just to see how far they c an go.

that happens to be nearby & drawing along it. one good bet is to have a friend

with a good table saw (fine-tooth blade) cut a 3"x60" pie ce of hardboard pe rf ectly
straight. don't sand it a lot & make it curvy.

39

. . . . . .. · . ·.. -: . · . . . .. I • 0 o o'o 0 ... · . • . . .. .

pallet HARDWARE/ 120 pes. 64 pes. blts. 1/4" Split-Spring Lock Washers 12 pes. pa llets bottoms (verticals) I I I I I I 41 . ll2"x48"x48" 16 pes. 2"x2"xll 7/8'' � rails & overhead supp ort & ladder pallet beams pallet limit blocks ladder (steps) panels 28 pes. 1"-diarneter furniture glides. 4 pes. pes. l/4"-20x3'' flthd. blts. with nail (Domes of Si l en ce) basic cube joints. 12 224 224 224 pes. 2''x2"x44 3/4" 32 pes. ladder panels to Matrix pallets-hdbd. members) Matrix. bl ts. l/4"xll 7/8"x44 3/4" hdbd. wash. 5/16" fl t. l/4"-20x3 l/2"fl thd. to 2x2's t 8 pes. l/4"-20x2 1/2'' fl thd. 2"x2''x48" (univ. 1/4"-20 hex nuts p e s . 2"x2•x9 3/4" panels to Matrix all bolts all bolts all bolts DFPw. pes. I I I 32 pes. l/4"-20x4" flthd. bl ts.MATERIALS LIST I CUT PARTS/ 70 pes. cube to cube.

.

I I I days or so carole & i have awakened to a new & different kind of world. most of my knowledge of babies was derived from watc hing old movies I I blah." supercool didn't prepare me for the wonder of the benign explosion which was the entry of joshua henry isaacs into our collective life. at some human points she becomes a rock with the power of speech. the awesome truth is that it's some experience. no ego trip i 'd watched they never grow much but in real life it's like God is blowing up a balloon. white. we were also moving ar ound a lot so he ended up in a simple. I to demonstrate new audio highs for the very proper audience of clerks & matrons. RESOLUTION/carole is funny. this immediately induced hyperventilation in my sy stem & i got ready I I she calmly said that the kid's head was going to be f lat on top (or if we were lucky. like the old-fashioned world but more like watching a beautiful little peach tree grow. she really understands motivation technology. it is necessary to explore the possibilities of genetic combinations CHANGES/every morning for the last six hundred CRISIS & THE SHOEMAKER'S CHILD/we were working pretty steady at the university & in Groveland when josh henry was 11 t tle so we couldn't seem to get ce nte re d on designing & fabricating a Structure for him. clean. blah. so we p. could buy a crib. it's the one on television. in the movies I I I & II life experience i've found impossible to take for granted even after all this time.. so he was soon too big for that t hing carole was a lr eady . I 43 .ot the nifty crib & it hung there for quite a while like the albatross. slig�tly geo desic) unless he got a bigger place to sleep. sometimes this is OK but sometimes it makes you cringe & hope for the best. one day i found myself in a suburban department store hall ucina ti ng carole asking the lady if she attitudes appear in this midget like the reverb from some mighty speaker in the sky driven by the DNA spiral. together we managed a fair Wagnerian racket. f ull-f le dged. all my life i've thought in some Calvinistic. intelligent & active. Shakeresque room in the Chicago apartment which carole fixed for him. there was no other choice thoueh. blah. like having some exotic str ang er come for a long visit. we have been joined by another person. a reminder of a monstrous negative act. the only ego thing involved is watching reinterpreted echoes of your own behavior making drawings of a Living Structure for him but i still couldn't get focused on starting actual building.t i had never been around little kids & was uncertain of the parameters. his tools (toys) were nicely organized & he slept at first in a folding cloth thing with a metal frame. trouble in eden. it sure got us on for his Structure though. i think part of my holdout was rooted in the fact tha. i tended to think of abstract reasons for rearing children making it worth the hassle. Baptist way with a quasi-sci entifie twist that ''yes.

it & i helpeda little .indivisible..n various ways system·.i'd ·i ng l5 nc ii 1'/h.�· . . this jti. .�-li. . eacn division. alsO: i. he ·Unit . �. an.'�·�:: � is fo. . .. activ.i:c\1 he can . .. .l ie · .t.. cube as ch air. � .adJiJ... .t egra t · :·a . . • • ! .· �- .y c 'ei'·l . hi ch ' combines :l.. is like a bG>d.y' Qne l)as. . \ . .�re principles & l:)ased it -on t . or Cell.end i e: n · · · · ·· · · · th with 2x:2 skeletons .. bes ve r ti.a. · ·:•· · .one PARTICULARs/this Struoture is 'inade a'.U o n· & :.ber · ·f!:>r rela xa..an be used froot oulside the structure a::rree .i. .. table & a ·-sl·. .caYiy as with . . n .rix.'tri. DESlGN/so carole designed .r activi·ties & t·he' ot.·Mat. tioning unit w oUrer ceJ. .l! can � nis 'size cha j..'table n be moved c. .rE) new al. . .-CilJl. {. tre.st means that ·· . who1.ls to make a. .f two 36". .. .s\ :·:o"n. � - : is .'t.e s.:·:. ····.." she used Liy1ng Struct�. .·· · ·· :· ::: ··:·· :·": . tne ...

d11i}l.::: ·:. b o · tom & wf3 : ::.n is nega:ti ve a.s '2te .>::::: :::::·-:·· �. · ···• · · •F'·� l:: h'e··ai' tetnat.·.·:-:-:.J. envelope ···with one side ·.:: :w.is .:. sq uare foam m at .Kos:Htrd·.>: (i Fl.�..• : .�::.-:���:.:_:..:..i t. : ' · · ·: ·e�±t: ·top ·itS'.:itlr �..::·: ····:·:::. use.::· · ' · :C.t. · . · .l'ii t9·13:i..l P...n81.p· a..t!t.� � t : i.:�·titmi V�Er?liB�(t �� ::���:�d't� �� .�:.n.!: l • · · -:: :�_ .:�..\. .t be cover shee1. ll ·.tiP .":.�n t �� i! '<' . · · 1s ol'ai: i on o f ·· · f_our topside :· .-. ·· th em for . otigh. s l?Y : J>.{� ���� ct:� ?{��? � : .:�::. : ·•. .an!?r� . . · · .:: -�·. : :.his . .b: !:>'ide 'is sealed ·. ' 'n�tu:rnl· <piyw:o:oci:.. . ·::: :�:! .: : � ::::.}'0(6"& · .:·�1_1 :t-h-e. · · .· . like <j. .. ·-· -:. t _ · . .· :·::::::::·::::.:.bli�lf:l5..&.: . the .! ::::: :::.round: 'hat ali..l.·: grandfather·lll a de-· for h i m .: .rou r. .•il. :the· .: : open . . ·.de :: 1 ."!i.for :en·try &.:.·t..· :.·. .s :·.0�.l \ . !: :!.:: ··:::::::::: :. -.ll ttle oont. o ve:t�· t � e-· h ardbo ara:.· .Lve to th. ..ecau:s'e -�6?: njuch' �epn:i'{\.our sheets .

:tbe. . tioii:s: so·· you Sifri. Wll_xed ·& ···::·. . e ar . ·.· . · ·S�1'uc1:.''!11. bo'a ·la ·t�}:i. t l e '9at iom::sl:��pi. : :. . •.: �ane�· <•. .. .·.�: ·a. · .:: . · · e 1 .-- /t� .'... .�.·p· � t:in: � �· ' .: .ure is. I . he' g�ts his filters "J'""""u . .e> 'ict:.II.t:: ..es h'Eire. ik� a craZ. : . I..e ·�c-rap_ :ceinenl-ed ! - . [tai. : .·::: � •. M. .it. D'S Oil.l d . . he looks good sitting ·.we r ·: · -: .Y. J. •• . . ··. ·st-a2.his''table piane also ·· ·. . friendly nomad . t.covers& on·_t?p-·by -a htJ.I.orm the routine ·m ainl:ain{l.I.: t'uJ>Ii�€1 down by .o . : -. ii'ves him a roof ror his work area & that .� g:�a't{o�n : be. ' · · ..Q ��?. ' .�i. · >�·:-· • . .. · t. .- : . � �. :rh� top & 'io. n · : .� bath in a towel'.I YO> . 'as". <· ': · ·.is oouse . 'th'lS to perf.nce . .he · ·.:�here:arter. .i ttJ:e ma11. · .roboard . uP.'the::·. -.. b .· .& 6il eha:ni.mply.4 bench & . . .·p:E>inplet�s h.·.�·> :> . e 'are·.J. 11a�gahyd. . •• t. · r-iio�:�?�. .: ui� :�� 9 r k � ri �: I? c.

' • .iflg · s£0r. ru... . . ttr�·_Li'Vin@i Sti'Q�ture. -.ge Matd:J<: 't.li:fe:�suppniL· � l. ab d ft.ows t-A.l!:.g:r....Cc!l·s�i.r'n..h'E(rE('.... .sin t.. \1 .� . ' ·.:··. as a �ort.: ' !J t " .re .-talk · · .jor-._. . H-is used.is :6.:c:uit sol."t ·· h.i n a..: ·>··..tlr Ire coiis. · · . -:_:::: & :d1' ti.'re..ot' en!)u..i..· a · tiiC: i:'. devi� & 1 t. ..ten9y fs' 6)(pe1Ct< 9'GI: oe·.ca1JSft:::i:t:: t�a--pr::i:o-c:iple of sorLrn!!' i)llpo.·.s mtre1f.o . comPlet�s..l t:':t h e .selims t .. · · · -f . •l ���Gt/�i �: i6.-:·:-: :.. �. .v <o>.r:j.-..ble t6 J .1�n let>els o: :-. • .. .\l .. .t-t.���n�i:1����.'-erent 1 >ii�¢:�:��� \o.-:.iii {ma.: �·: :.gb.11 . . ..sro . �·H_h:q:l..:-:-:-:-:· ·:-:· · . .:-:: - : ·. as he· . l5'tora-ge ):>u� n._.

orm J.· .ng · 'w h� n: �. : · :·:: ·: : t ER��� � -� : �S ..is awake. f.. ..w...t f� ·exeici ·e powers ·c>f ..: · .wii!l. • '..> •.y j�-�-��. ·it� . .ie$ : tJ:l� ::::· g�t:t.. :£ �.. & l·�fo rma.Oltr)ael. \��}��:{:/��� � � {\i��.. · .:. :�. ..J_.: ..tr'y'i�g'· toj.. . back & never' · ate · (..what you see around and ..Struqtures for kids is close unobt·tu's'ive observ..: : ·: ·::.-1': · that many probl$mS ·· ···. .:_ . .llJ.. : .. (..· .. .{ou.n · .r�· . equ tpin�. . ·. • . j_u<.•. • . •• • • ·.ki ds bei n g\ · t � p s io·n. . - •• : . . � .:: ·:• . • .lgrn. .·.:. ..:�:· .: .: : ·AUTONOMY/wti�t·we...p). .-Y. H that atiemp�s to ha.ent & ·neve.._._irt� · · . into ' •.. ·. . you t�ij}k t .tion J. � .·.:·:·_. • .. .·. ' •• .!_.�-. ...n· :a: way.f 3 · with �he Living.�.& quan tlty> · .. .-rd.r' ge. '.·..e· a.: .. ...:<·"•}.! .et ... . i_ . £ . .. ·::::. : tvsp ons�ie to Mfi <>IVI'I ¢lock in p'rooessi.o f . . . __ �:. · : ·: -"· ..··. .in · ·. • .. :· ?. as .in �# e� thi :S . . �: . .-:· . .a 0 -::: ·::ln.·.:. • • 1 . · ' : .'..n the · vic� nity wh:. i.-:: ::.:tvr . . : � -··...: . �·.. .: ... .f<t ctllt. · .' ·:·:.o. :: �· : �: � . .en ba�y: 1? .

.I J I 10PEN I ..et. don't do this to the short edges.qL. to put a 1/4" radius (rounded corners) on the long edges of the members.._a-a �c I I I I I I I I I members will remind you of the 24" cube. it' 11 build your character. but you can do it with pa tienee.t. it's a good tactile safety idea. BUILDING THE ACTIVE CUBE/these 49 . 7).. don't hurry. we do this with a high-rpm shaper (see p.E �-. but they are assembled using l/4''-20x2 1/2" hexagonal-head bolts & have a secondary hole pat tern on 6" centers. a good eye & the fine side of the four-in-one rasp. ..

. _jl r � �� ' .�l�� .. . .. .f. j • I • • . . � I>IIJ) _. __ _ _ 50 _. �"" ��l306. '4"><""·��· R�wooo... . 3�' ..• • .. . � · I" ll--. ---------------------.... �U�ilt> UIJE.2t:> .(.! .= . . �� T " • (.\'2"---il . �•· ···•· . ..J J_ · :: I I I I .CLOSED I .... .. �... /«e$ �l. . . -"' . r...·..----.-. . . ..-· 'UA"!'GI-I � <:O'le2....� .· .' · (. --*T . ·. . r·.. l l?>" I . I 'S" : . . � . .l1(� X. .o�oc.._. � .' c.:. • ..

112U WllG+-1 �l)"t":::> �� 'i\Co�Et:>.' -. � wA. �t:>..D \�t:E) tv:.� �VE..��ns 'Sl!:lE.:. e<:ILT' (�E6._� \\" .�f'- STACKED WASHERS I I l{J.c." ��. et."jjI \Sl' � (lll.. 1-\D...L iD 0e£TIGAL o�-1..\.o<o-e ��0 SIPC. 'S�IW �EL­ ?. <5\(..o� I �OT"-.liJ PA. I BEAM COMPASS 51 .l� �·fDIS't> ?<JLLl�c<> "t\.: sAW GUIDE ·c:!c:..'1 !=LT.:::.!. .u.we.O�ER. W>'TE.:.'i (�EAO oo-r) se.:JE..l C'e..• ��·n::.

we have ap ­ plied this to some of the other Living Struct­ ures & you may wan t to follow suit. 5/16'' fl t. hd. 3/8"x36''x36" DPFw . 73 pes. 1/4" Split-Spring Lock Washers 2 pes. this means taking a 7/8" speed bit & drilling no more than 1/2" deep before doing . t 't. 2"x2''x9" 2 pes.. bed sup­ panel support. bottom (verticals) I finish members & access panel panels panels panels · the 5/16" hol e this prevents the 2 1/2'' long bolt from proj acting p ast the 2x2 faces. table support. hd. HARDWARE! l/4"-20x2 1/2" hx.MATERIALS LIST CUT PARTS/ 37 pes. rails. l/4"x9"x36'' hdbd. 2x2 to 2x2 panel to 2x2 2x2 tabl e clamp access panel to 2x2 all bolts ( except acc ess pa nel i access to panel 2x2 all bolts all bolts I I COUNTERBORING/this unit is intended primarily for children so we counterbored some of the bolt holes. 1/4"-20 hex nuts 41 pe s. 2"x2"x36" (univ. 6 pes. 1 pc. seat limit blocks table clamp blocks top panels (active area) side panels (rest area) bed panel access panel (rest) table sea t port. l/4"-20x4" hx. 30 pes. the main negative is that it specializes your members into rights & lefts so they are standard mem ­ 36"x36" naugahyde & adhesive 3"x36"x36" foam mat I I I bers rather than universal ones. 1/4"x36"x36" hdbd.: J. 1/4"-20 cap (acorn) nuts 120 pes. wash. l/4"xl6"x33" hdbd. 2"x2"x5'' 4 pes. bl ts. 1 pc . l/4"x26"x36'' DFPw. members) two Matrix cells. 1 pc. bl ts. bl ts. !"-diameter furniture glides with nail (Domes of S ilence ) MISCELLANEOUS/ clear Firzi te blackboard paint acrylic enamel . 1 pc. se a t & overhead 2 pes. 79 pes. 2 pes. bl ts. 52 . 6 pes. l/4''-20x3" flthd. l/4"-20x2" fl thd. 2" back flap hinges (loose pin) with fasteners 8 pes.

.

.

allegedly developed t o make us happier. every new acquisition just loads us down with more obligations & expenses in time & productive effort. EGG CARTONS/even if You try to wear 1 i fe 1 ike a 1 oose garment you build a.k. supermarkets. F. . STUCK WITH STUFF/it's the nightmare of the sorcerer's apprentice with stuff flooding & distorting our lives & feelings. there were wonderful aspects of simplicity which we can observe & apply in ways appropriate to our context but there we<e some strong negatives. some of this is rare information & some has talismanic importance in a .. they had everything. they hold file I 55 . if only we could have entered the twentieth century with a head-set of objectivity & selectivity toward the developments of high technology. instead we put all the basic-information research insights & spinoffs in the service of a manic. the Periclean press conference & the announcement of · the discovery of the Golden Section have such proportions been laid on. · . that's the . some objacts lfke.rd in practice. wor. folded off-season clothing. anxiety-ridden scarcity psychosis that was showing massive fractures even before the social critiques of the mid-1800's . leaving little time for inventive work & the individual search for peace of mind.I STORAGE MORALITY & LOGIC/it's a big one. most of us have a real vtarehousing problem because we are the pampered recipients of a flood of things .. they measure 12'' wide x '24'' long x 11" deep. the old-fashioned world wasn't perfect. .hinge around using such offerings very selectively. so we discovered the egg carton.. LIVING STRUCTURES & STORAGE/this conditioning sometimes leads people t o wonder why my structures don't include superstora. . ego-tripping. they can sta . . consume less.ck four high with stability & have neat holes cut in each end for handles when lifting. surplus. this will heighten the significance & the enjoyment of what you have & give the same sort of peace that exercise outdoors gives the body. it seems marginal or improvised to them. time · & friends contribute. the only resolution is to ' use less. we are nov: beginning to tumble to the queasy paradox that this proposition sounded great in theory but worked like a lead surfboa. after all. have less in your field of action. slides. witty I I I I I key word.ge. us mortals. restaurants & hotels get eggs in these great cartons. i guess t h e condition that drives most storage fanatics is the fact that production & merchandising have become our religion in the last thirty years. •. all the things that w e are engagingly assured we "need" truly answer no fundamental cry from the soul or murmur of discomfort from the body but are an attack o f collective mania like the dancing cults of the Middle Ages. primitive. � . tools & volley balls. human way.. if our society had been more conscious & hip in ways to join & nurture evolution we might have avoided some of the pain & hurt of that whole era . what dimensions! not since· . my thoughts on the quicksand of products & services . tools we conserve against the time when we can recycle them· . papers & magazines. toys. the guy's wife has twenty-three pairs of shoes & boots for several different outdoor role-taking shots. I 1 folders. • ' "• . it's become evident that this is a crusher. Scott Fitzgerald's rich boys were bored & sated because & humane Lincoln was excited by mildewed law books & fire­ light vented through a clay chimney. • . ·�: .

f c.h& 6�. the' �·gg oa-rtort. changing to the r.liglit plyv1bcd ' wi thout '-lu_mb�t··.i . �. .·!�·'"'. .l timber ·structure was.v�'bolts·.te..together...ed an gle· ctiP. � tems wh'i.aming lumber .(panels were easy to bolt together.. . : .n & move.to -il · · }fl\. g. :... ·..hot:o ill\ages inside. .j�·· i:�.Odi-fi. :>�· :·.ll)a+. nr :.frami'ng & joined _ o:V DJ.· . 615 ' d.. . :� · �· ..Li:ving s:tr'li. i . . . cost are having >etra .. ··.-t <l f·rop.t:ficulties · both in t-yranni cal .S with �tQ.ll .�·.i ven to. . . Grov· ehl.· ··:·: . ul:ty.o'decahedron c h' ambe (' wi tl): !J...art'Eid· q lipp ing pf_l:ne..· ·�re ·p. ��· :�:�.o make & forgiving in the dodecahed'ron \VaS good...:...: o{.icatJ' :on.� ' ra.-:'I I I I I :i I . : 1_ t was 'made..:has-be en· . t.f': .'.i.. li'tt:lf..) no hassles if the plywood warped a little. ·.·.b: t-ela.1 {· :..ne at :'bu. 56 & \mi ts a.c. & ··fr. .·_. ·· •..es o. was made was far too heavy · o l'roduce the t a dvan taj!.� :�. · ��ei-r . but that of.> '>'.. vrith' tur'r.-. · &u . ::�·.i.ii ap h r agm structure.re harder to dow.:. . it a l l just straightened out & fell to ge ther.y' ·48":Mj:cro house ::. . it was another new world.. k � <le .·t. be(. :. ·stressed panels simplifies the process c o nsiderably & makes beautiful structures.S:t..t:r·nc · ..$ n : ·or st 6rage· : �v li! t: .s:i:>it �.'·{ :. ·.i� . .· . quick & direct t. l ywood so it it:\ a . t''C\:C vti6 u ght & wo rl$ . light. .�::��\�����:.l t:· DODECAHEDRON BREAKOUT/that summer of the': ma)ly changes ' i wo rked on a.a n ut' art ab $olute 'ani.ciur es & ar& · · .. ·. .· .-'in 1962 when jim · . : ... the assembly..-3!:4� ). · o · �-r... b. �:.: fs :} ::: N� :r · oR�ci�·:j..: . ..v.· di. • · ar)'e·a'rJ. .rid. · .

i call the grid "consistent" because it can be filled in any or all of the three THE 16" GRID/anyway. generosity & Baptist theology in r. we use restrictive methods in thought & give our objects freedom. • b' rs�· the yurt country. lock & small glass pane. i was in childhood riding down a dusty Illinois country road with Aunt Helen. about equal to jetting to Xanadu from .l unresolved conditions) just by adding the one-size. what a paradox.. one-drilling-pattern universal panel.. they kill inventiveness & play i n thought.. the deep interest was in the order involved here & i think it relates to ideas years later about the concept of "sorting" physical o bj ec ts. I led to�he realization that we are stalled with fanatical linear constructs in our minds yet these compartme ntalizations are so limiting. she radiated good humor. IDEAS ON "SORTING"/the other component in the gen­ FURTHER PROOF/in the spring of 1971 we built three prototypes of the 8' Micr oh ou s e using the eral context that nurtured the development of the Infinite Storage System was from the past. 57 . the black ants are big & tough & would eat a Cadillac Eldorado if they thought it was wood.l integrity with the resiliency of the rigging on a racing sa ilboat..I I I I I I I I I I I I I I stressed-load carrying-skin method & no framing. it was exterior so it was generally sound except for the work of the field mice & the big black ants. • � . she is something even now. clipped to vertical panels around the edge. during the first test assembly i got up on the sleeping surface. it was 3/8" ply wood slightly less than 48" square. we felt lucky to have some sheets of this so v:e worked out an ideal 100 per cent consistent main directions in space without problems or compro­ mise (or specia. at the same time it seemed we haven't pursued at all the very real -M. PROTOTYPING THE INFINITE STORAGE SYSTEM/so chuck & lou came to Groveland that first summer & we put · • Gene Baugher's general store.. grid pattern partially based on the reality that the actual panel size of 15 3/4"xl5 3/4'' would cut good out of 4'x8' plywood. the mice have large brown eyes & t he destructive abilities of Genghis Khan on amphetamines. the main event there was a n unbelievable wall grid of compartments each with its own brass door. new Storage Matrix. we were on the way to a 1 it tl e town called Fancy Prairie to together the first production on a 16"-Panel Matrix.. MYSTERIESOF THE 1'/ESTERN MIND/these considerations ·1 . even a sortie to the general store was exotic in those preconsump­ tion days. i dec id ed to work on a. we didn't have too much money so we got some 1/4" ply­ wood out of joe's old bread truck storage.""---1j �---l9 "4-"--ill IT& sorting benefits of highly disciplined Aristotelian categorization in the storage of our artifacts. what a neat confirmation 1 it had full structura. on any country place you discover new colleaeues in the race for survi val.oughly equal amounts. but a big part of the charge was that the store was also the post office..

a thr ee-cube tower can be built from one 4'x8' sheet of plywood (with two panels left over). l/ 4''x48"x96" OF'Pw. 10-24 hex nuts 72 pes. 120 pes. !''-diameter threaded-shank panels (plus 2 spares) connections connections connections under bolt heads (outside) all bolts bottom panel furniture glides MATERIALS . the order list below will set you up for it. blts. i sugges t you get started by doing that. 120 pes. 10-24 "Star" lock washers 4 pes. ORDERING MATERIALS/it's difficult to give direc­ tions for buying with t h is system b eca u e every­ s MATERIALS & HARDWARE/ 1 pc . 10-24 flt. 120 pes. l/2"xl''xl" Stanley corner angles 120 pes. l0-24x3/4" rndhd. wash.CONNECTORS & ASSEMBLY but since one wants something different in size or shape.

: · :. over. . ·: -squar-e':on :·:P���JH ._.:: .rage .����{��������� �e� :? � .•. · . o . . ·you ge t m �X-l. .. v el'ti :Ca l s· ·.· .· .a::iqt in . . 'sTACK:SiV<�\ise s i. .. ·. p�r f.::· · . s ed . · _.·. . :···:·::::-••· -·<. . • • � .. · -:'•·> . the floor prQcluces .nches t'or stotage.· ·.w :. ' .. ·one 16" ··:· .. OQQ·.. these t e � ' .• � 8: -spaoe _ : fl... � • ' • ·• pan'ell:l·.mum st o. .��d t.l�ot area occupied.cubic j. • ' • .:. oa·. v:e: it· r:or a film group in New Yor�··city. t • • • .

.tl) an aocl. Squ re · )loJ:es with radihse d corners but we · • .. MOBILITY/this 9-cell unit 1S approximately 4' high & 4' wide it could.in fabrication is truly beautiful. it's a c in ch to cut&. ..locked down for . �s llnd..·: s·o:·we ··now use -.:. whe n· k. 60 carole nasa:f.Uling to make a simph object with great fidelity instead of a gradiose one (every aspect Of which i s ·be l ow one's expectations).. less than n• high or about a tenth of_ the erected volume' this compaction means we are no l onger shipping air all moving. low anxfeiy. . . the o�rcle fo� access.(...: l ear y· a:'!i13einpii" · .:i.ne Sears sabe-r saw w.i.AQCESS HOLES · } · some of q u(' · ·. a found it required accesso.y'. the panels are a pile over the country.it seems more fu l f.b� a tree-standing unit or -the beginning of an entire wal J.ra-te ·ractiu-s-bar long-drawn-out cutting o per�tions.

St'n\cture. . 24" space :grid & mad. . ::· .. integrate as many. ·": ·:::: I ·.-·. · ·.l · idea to a.. .i:e expanded the structura. colt.. . you might want to move one ne�re r a window to watch a chairs form an alternative node for convers.ation & let you· break out of. I squirrel or a storm.·. w e built this chair as that kind of alternative .:.: T EA !fl H R CULA.·.· . . -�:::::::: :: 'the:. :.· .ge System that .TED LtGHT BULB/mo�t:-of . he just liked it the way you like a puppy or a young.tured situation o ! the civine.se for a movable chair ar. CHUCK'S CHAIR/the Panel Matrix & the clips worked $0 well 111 "the ln finite Sto. • . :: . .·::. i call it chuck'!> chair beqause he seemed to have some special relati?nship to itfrom toe first meroent the raw prototypE! wa.I I I I I : - · = . realize the Living Structure idea. the stru c. . . . w e even put some of these on casters for som e guys in New York City so you can just. two f I .. . . · .: two .s· assembled at Groveland in the old shop. :::.. I I I I F'REE CHAIRS/despite my efforts to . ·J:oll around using feet for propulsion.. .. � .· . the�e is a purpo. •. : -: : · .· ·=···· ·. that's a good kind of I. .e a chair.ra. . . .� . • . · ... "furniture" fun o tfons as possible to ..· : • . feeling.

. ' ' ' ..\ '!! �""' -s�e. ' ' ' ' "'' ' " ' . • .Pt.�1!:1. . ' ' I' I ' / -:>EA. . . '-3%" I I I i2 I . .)OC>D ..• ')(..II . .'{(J. '� I' II • ' �. s"/� ')(.

- 82/'Z. I pes. bl ts. pes..iners LEGS 1FB" c.. blts. 10-24x3/4" rhd. 3/4"x3"-diameter DF'Pw. 24 pe s . l /4 . wash.6d::.. 3/8"x8 3i8•x23 5/8" DF'Pw.'eoR. 63 . 2 pes.E.:l� L. �"oe.C I '"TI-t� c..20xl" fl thd. 10-24 "Star" lk.IJ IJ II II I �/tb' Wlt!a 2. feet I HARDWARE/ 29 pes.OIU) U'SIC.\&� (131.E O$L Wt=l. <c � EltLI.JOe�:�\011!. 5/16" nylon wire retn. 5/16"x8" cold rolled " all bolts all bolts feet tp legs le gs feet to legs legs to panels connectors connectors 1 pc. ) I 1 MATERIALS LIST CUT PARTS/ 5 pes 3i8"x23 5/8'"x23 5/8" DF'Pw.. 11.-t "tE\. l/2"xl"xl" Stanley corner angles 29 29 29 4 pes.:>I.· t.. 10-24 hex nuts pes.e11.&ta -�"--. t.. panels I front & s eat beam 4 pes. �tl '0 . steel rod 3/16"xl"'x4" sheet steel 16 pes. I .

. ·::: .

auge. 15 amp. do it carefully. we use 10' of wire on every ALB. do not substitute another socket because this one is covered in heavy rubber & has proved safe in practice for use with the very intense reflector flood bulbs.SOCKET/this is kind of a special socket so i f your supply house. ask for it as a "rubber push socket. 3-wire cord. drill 3/8'' holes for rod & cord. also use a lock washer under the nut on the mounting bolt to prevent its loos en i ng up. if you are unfamiliar with wiring get a little on-the-spot advice from the electric supply people but don't fool around. make sure it's 65 . clean & always use it for safety reasons. APPLICATIONS/the ALB can be used with any Living Structure or piece of equipment in this book. made by Rodale." the plug "rubber cord. for children's use it may be good to double the pivot bl oc ks & imm obili ze the pivot so the kids avoid accidents . sandinf. No. 125 volts. ELECTRIC COR D/the number specifications for the cord just mean get 16-p. grip cap. FRICTION PIECE/cut a 1 1/2" square from an old car inner tube & drill a 1/4" hole in it. between coats to make a beautiful piece of wood . PIVOT BLOCK/this is just a 3 l/2" square sawed from a 2x4 with holes drilled for the aluminum rod. black. cord & the 1/4" hex-head mounting bolt. hardware man doesn't have it try an electrical used is a black rubber industrial plug called because triple wire is becoming standard now. 161. finish with clear Fi rzite." made by Hubbell. note that t he rod is a force fit with a 1 /2" length of clear vinyl tubing slipped on the rod to secure it (as the wood wears & th e hole enlarges). existing holes may be used or a modular hole can be added as in the Infinite Storage System.

.·. . 0 •• t � . .th��e �:�a�·��y ..str:e:sSj3Q�·�k:! n·. ::·.al.tions to. .is can. .. · ..s1·tuati oils. . :: . ·: . .'fi. ... •..·. ·� · · .l cl . .···: . .t various · . =· .n'gJ..��··ih<ttie . same. . .He•d with sa111e 'lfi�i:. 66 · . . . :�.is . ·& the pane.oJ. ·:··ki:tls. . a:ngle:�� ii?S. combl'n<�.. h s ·. .· ·. • • •. . ve · as�.Vfl·ood · a'rl>. ·.em:t. · · a · . t fi' e:. • ' ·.•. . .'. · . 2..· ·:a y · be assembled in different the c. .... i to .·t .· .Qr. � ... f or m = ttiil. . . ·. . ·.. � . .ners ate' c)lf. • . ��..:: · · .

old-fashioned design forced sharing & that won't make it now. so they ended by lying on the floor under the beds. HOW MICRODORM 2 GOT BUILT/one day in 1963 i went to the Groveland post office box & found a letter from a guy at the University of Chicago. i always felt very negative about it but we couldn't buy materials for the fifty prototypes they wanted to try it out. was ap parent to him that old-fashioned furniture just didn't do it. slight edge taken off their abilities & it seemed possible that with the right kind of nurture they could develop. seating-lounging & study. we worked out a unit with work space. integral. expensive hospital-type beds (negative & alienating to the kids) which had to be "made" in the morning so when the afternoon rest period came there was no place to lie down (that didn't mess up the bed). great factory for ensuring<'�. 67 I I I I . he was a psychiatrist for children & was doing some work with handicapped children for a government agency. one of the best possibilities of the unit was a panel system. the ground was pretty well covered. plentiful supply of institutionalized wards of the state. the state refused funds for such an "experimental" project & the foundations were unmoved by the doctor's lyrical logic about the Matrix & territory. WASTE/the situation with these children was so poignant because they just had a. · DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESIGN/when i first started working. after discovering the Matrix Idea. it . but the configuration & the idea survived in this new design for Microdorm 2 & maybe we can do some good things with it now. SUPERFICIAL NEATNESS & HEAD BEDLAM/the doctor told me some eighteenth-century demi-horror stories about the way the hospitals were functioning equipped with traditional furniture. all in all it sounded like a. human & physical. also there was no individual or adequate work space for building models or study. become independent & live pretty much like anyone else. the large ward­ like coOJns apparently had the usual hospital kind of small metal cabinet at the head of the beds. the Living Structure for the kids was a stage of that process. it wasn't elifficult to respond to this situation because it was a classic ex . PROBLEM MOMENTARY DEFEAT/we let lack of funds defeat us. we even developed a procedure to supply fabricated 2x2's & let the kids finish & assemble them. storage & the usual high bed {which eased another problem of conflict growing out of other kids sitting on your bed & wrecking it). sharing can come forth as a natural result of peace of mind. comprehensive. these didn't offer any storage for pcojects that kids like to do. all these were supplied o an individual basis to cool the friction n of interpenetrating actions.mple. he had heard of Living Structures & thought they might have meaning for kids in the state-care situations. his response was strong to my idea that new evolutionary equipment could support & aid the individual in highly positive ways. it just didn't make sense.of a waste of resources. if we use territory intelligently. i used a very general. statistical program to explore many configurations & use-patterns of the Living Structures.I I . to give some privacy to the individual. with this kind of real accomplishment the project began to sound like real life. Microdorm 2 was a part of a process grow­ ing from some early work. clothing.

· .· ' .l . 68 . l eJ. ' o . · • • ·. • 0 • • . . LEEPt G HANGING :ouii� � S �an..�l s ·:: on the topside e a.. . .• • ·�· . ·. · N §c. . . . .ec. sy to bend of r�ils are ir foam mat' · STUDY the bottom of the study has a 12" round hole f or feet to go through. two people can use the· table (one in side & one outside seated on a free cube J .• 0 • ' .trica. o .u thin-waJ. 1J2.• • 0 • . � o I ' :o . . • '.ldds & are nice to prop � pillo111 against.• ·. •• . conduit usfne. toey •r e safe for hounoin_g. a haria bender. you climb up on lbe left end . so you can sit AREA/the panel forming at the table. · . it is adjust­ able for g0owth with clampins members.

s harp point at end of bar presses into wood & you just push saw around the circle. the eleven panels ar e all 35 5/8'' square & can be gangcut two or three a t a time with a portable electric saw & care. this is a very precise way o f doing it. round holes. don't hurry. us e the st raig hted g e on the table hole. - clamp pile securely. HOLES F'OR ANGLE CLIPS/1 ay out supercareful master panel & gang drill three blanks at a time with electric drill in s tand . DOING THE LARGE HOLES/mark them all before nipping off 45-degree corners because you locate them in terms of the diagonal of the whole panel most good saber saws now come with a radius bar for cutting . these holes are critical for good assembly & strength of the final structure. clamp with at least two C-clamps. 69 .CUTTING THE PANELS/use 3/8" Douglas fir plywood (�-C faces). guide saw against hardboard straightedge that is also clamped securely t o pile. lay out master panel & stack securely.

. ""'" .M'4' · �. STORAGE 70 ...� .�-· ...

. 3/4"x3" dia..... bl ts. pane ls connections connections connections connections connections clamp beams blocks clamp beams legs 1 4 4 16 1 1 5 5 safety rail safety rail safety ra. 2"x2"x30" pes. l/4"-20x 1" flt. wash. blts. bl ts. pes.. 1/2" dia..� I I 71 . ' STUDY /��:.il blocks to panels feet legs to panels feet to legs feet to l egs safety rail Jl'·. pes. l/2"xl"xl" Stanley Corner Angles pes. hex nuts pes.\L 9U>a1'11�.. discs pes. 1 l/2"x3 l/2"x 3 1/2" wood blocks pes. x 5' EMT conduit PC. rod 3/16"xl"x4" sheet s tl pc..\016 . 3/8"x35 5/8"x35 5/8" DFPw. 10-24x3/4'' rnd. 5/16"x8'' cold rolled stl. hd. l/4"-20x3" hex.. . pes. 5/16" ny lon wire retainers 1/2" dia. pes. blts. flt.MATERIALS pes. pes. x 10' EMT conduit pc. pes. hd. DF'Pw.r" lock washers pes. "Sta.. hd. 2''x2"x4 " pes. l/4"-20xl l/2"flthd. pes.

. __ -. ---:-. .-. . ...::.. .: .� - -. . . � :· 72 . .___ __ _ �..·. _. ..

br:f!.. . ·. . �.. .::. . . ·.. ·. .. .o. t .ct.·�-. .a.·J:l s·: Jil· ��a.·q�tp . . '• 73 . .9r . ·.��-a-t e ..u ck. � e a-: 0:6:' ro. . ·. · & \ i . ·.v t h· .t"p. •·. · .v� �ded·. ..ti�J. .f . .

FUN HOUSE -·----·-- ·-- -- 74 .

OFF THE SHELFiabout th is time i started to wonder if the kind of unit i spoke about to dan might be built of t hre e or four sim ple existing components by assign ing them new uses to build a shelter system without starting from ground zero in terms of fabrication. dan's thoughts had even a more compelling base. each unit was to be s i mple superdurable like an anv i l & ca sual about c omplic a ting factors like insulation & middle-class lweatherproofing. i mis s his company. FURTHER ON/i d i dn t get to build that one but later i tran slat ed the idea into 2x2's because i got on to li ghtnes s & demou nt ability by then. - I of the high platforms into the sunrise & washing up with the breeze drying my skin. . i 'd dream of crawling out of a sleeping bag on one - calling "mobilism. it was early noma di c s. i ndu s tria lly produced with a steel channel unde rframe & edge . decks get you off muddy ground & the s le epin g volume gives a place to dry out when you hit rain for a day. a primate in his Platonic tree. . no foundations.. since they would do assembly. e d i to r who persis te d in sa yi ng "far out" when he meant "how odd!" this outdoor Living Structure ca n go on your own land when you a re opening it up on short-term-leased land or on a friend's land in a .n of thi rty fiv e years of mortgages & time clocks. i think he • s out in Davis do ing so mething academic & maki ng citizens crazy by looking slightly l ike a me rry Lenin who m ad e it. supporting heavy 2" timbe rs for the bottom. i worked out a sy stem of horizontal p lanes on var ious levels supported by vertical utility poles on a modular grid. CHOOSING COMPONENTS/! was workin g for a guy putting hy d r au lic du mp bod i es on gr ai n trucks & th e flat bed we used was great. air sleeping bags or hang a string of t rou t the c ookin g cabinet keeps things together & the t able is to hang out at. our individual head-reasons for these projections were pretty interesting. 75 . that was t h e fathe r i n the series.='-� ><Ii desig ned the gra ndfathe r of this structure """-' a long time ago when i began to discover that there might be some hope for an effort to put together a bunch of whole-system shelters that would offer some real human & e colo gical advantage. . MOBILISM/i 'd been analytically working out w it h an old friend named dan a new life styl e we were . just ten sion members & canvas roofing. the Matr ix is a total refer en ce frame which gives shelter & handy spots to dry wet gear. moving like a de sert man over the land without subscribing to what seemed like a ti life nonsense . the last one is here indelibly labeled "the Fun House" by an ingratiating magazine . ' I 1 I tentative way. the whole structure had a barnlike roof (from hitching th rou gh P en nsylv a nia ) & w ind ra i n panels at st rategi c points. it seemed this approach would make new systems really accessible to more people at less cost with more personal involvement. the three locations allowed some compensation for thi s simplicity by letting you follow the benign weather as it occurred in each area rather than overbuilding only one shelter de­ l termined by the worst weather encountered in just one place. he did anthropology & hu ng on to bang out of the Congo with a van full of precious woodcarvings a few hours ahead of Belgian mercenaries in that era when Patrice Lumumba was toss ed in the ditch. ." it involved paring your idea of "house" down to the simp le p ai nful minimum & put­ ting one unit on the East Coast. i was moved by w arm climate & travel ing but the best hook fo r me was that th is scheme fit ted my hope & fant a sy of beati ng the system. there were sev­ eral components & events in my experience which set up the result. one in the Midwest & one in northern California. . it's a base camp for hiking. what could be more bravely human & appro pr ia te than a guy in a w heel chair working out a life of movement? he got polio in the Na vy & was left with a remnant 10 per cent opposable thumb fortunately buttressed with a fine far-ra ngi n g mind & a truckload of guts. fishing or just witnessing the wonder of Earth.

we cut the lH threaded rod into 18" lengths & put the large washer between a hex nut & the pipe end. put in 3 or 4 transverse horizontals to make it stand then just continue. it's made of 27 lengths of 1" pipe (real outside measure is about 1 5/16"). 83 for alternative. see p. pads give good bearing area on the ground & the leveling screws equalize slight variations & changes in ground level. THE PADS/these are 11 1/2" waterproof laminated plywood squares. then tilt up & hold 2 of these in position on pads. use a waterproof glue like Resorcinol to sandwich the two 3/4"-plywood pieces & drill 1 1/4"-diameter holes in the top pieces before gluing to accept the leveling screws. GETTING IT UP/level the sand or earth in 9 spots & place the pads level to begin. i can't recommend the ones we used because they were made for us by a neat little lady near Cleveland who has since retired. . assemble 3 planes of 6 pipes ea.ch.BUILDING THE MATRIX/the network is the basis of the structure. these can be connected with any of the several temporary scaffold-type joint fittings now on the market. two people can do it fine because i did it alone one time on the beach at Westport. I 1 1111 Ul BEACH MATRIX 76 .

+ tiV4o" 77 .

VOLUME SLEEPING 78 .

make the 1 3/8"-diameter hole with an expansion bit & a hand brace. COOK I I my directions for demountability. apply foam gasket around opening so hatch cover compresses it for a tight seal. i think the clear plastic skylight-ventilator is a necessi ty for pleasure & ai r staple ny l on screen on small hatch. stack & gang-drill the ends together. it works OK this way but is bulky when moving. ) bolt the bottom to 2x4 beams like decks. the three vertical door panels are piano-hinged t o gether & close against foam gasket applied to the fa. we used Coleman stuff & this worked very nicely. COOKING CABINET/this simple box is made of 3/4" exterior 79 . . cut hatches & covers with saber saw. books & folded clothing. clamped hardboard straightedge & radius bar. all holes are 5/16" diameter & countersunk outside for l/4"-20x2" flathead machine bolts (connectors are counterbored for nuts & wa she rs.ce edge of the cabinet. we put storage shelves in the blank end for gear. the parts are sc rew ed & glued tog e th er in the oldcui ture w ay sounds funny for me because it counter's . plywood with a back of l/4" ( stiffe ned by shelv es i . but it seems good now & then to check your intense feelings by trying it out again from the polar point of view. don't forget the clamp blocks under the cabinet either. anyway.II I SLEEPING VOLUM /c ut the sides from 3/4'' exterior-type E fir plywood using either handsaw or portable electric I I I I I saw & clamped Masonite straightedge. then the two sides & then top & bottom tog ether. the twin bea m s underneath hold the cabinet in position while you run the horizontal pipe member through it. then put up sides with top & ends last. holding dow n on the base with left hand & using right to pull dr ill through the wood (ba se is reversed ) . place the magnetic catches strategically to hold the door closed. the last pair is tricky: use clamps & mov e the little drill stand to the hole. you may want to modify the shelves for your gasoline stove & equipment.

. yellow & orange over white undercoat for cooking cabinet. do the counterboring first. table & twin beams·. two beams clamp on two vertical pipes with the bolts doing the clamping. top) II I ''-5fJ4 UO!ES Tk. panels to a pair of 2x4's with 7/8'' countei·­ bores on the underside of all mounting holes.EAT �· TWIN BEAMS & TABLEiselect four straight & dry fir 2x4's. don't pull too tight.n be sealed. 4'x8' sheets of 3/4" are carefully ripped right down the middle.. remember to · wipe off all excess oil. cut to 66". G'l30!£ for the 5 1/2" flathead bolts to the clamp blocks.." "-4" 1( . these are pallets. the table is 3/4" plywood.therproo f self-stick tape or clear polyethylene tape. I I I I I j 'ei!!A>\S :). everything else was natural with two or three coats of boiled linseed oil. then do the 5il6" holes for the 4" hex-head bolts. 4" flathead bolts fasten . it's a mess. with 3 countersunk holes on the centerline (see dr·awing at left. detail on page 82 shows how electrical stand-off clips are used to secure the pallets to the Matrix. DECKS/there's no substitute for exterior Douglas fir plywood. either should keep the volume dry & snug. hand-tighten all bolts. we used acrylic out­ door paint in green. I I DECKS 80 I I . if you don't it stays sticky & collects air­ borne dust & vegetable matter. FINISHES/blocksand all parts with the fine aluminum oxide paper. lay out & drill pieces individually. after finishing with either aluminum wea. laced with turpentine for penetration. the aluminum tape is a little more difficult to get on smooth but it sure is durable. .. 24"x48". then level & center parts before using wrenches to snug up. TAPES/the sleeping volume ca.

i think you should use long pan­ head sheet-metal screws through the verticals into the steps. hex nuts & washers position the 36" rods. choose a drill bit (after co unte rbo rin-g for scr ew head & o ver siz e hole through the vertical) a hair la rg er than the screw diameter minu s the thread part & then it will make its own threads in the wood as you turn it in. try for really square cuts on the pieces so they nssemble without gap s for weather t o get into. water drainage could be p r omot ed b y tying two nylon lines Q. respond to your own dialectic.LADDER/we built this up fairly conventionally using 2x4' s fixed with Resorcinol ( waterproof) glue & screws. these do not taper like wood screws but have a uniform thread diameter. 12'xl6' rectangle of polyethylene tied down on two op pos it e sides to the middle outside horizontal. CLIMB 81 .tl the p ol y sheet & do wn to two top opposite horizontals thus creating two valleys between th e rid ges. the weight of these pipes was sufficient to posi tio n the awning in any but the heavie s t blow & has the advanta��:e of g rea t simp! ic ity. i've considered situations when it would be good to have over-all cover & this can be worked by making three ridge 2x4' s each 12' lon� to s uppo rt a. THINK/all drawing & photographs only show one reality or set of relationships using the components.l(. the large clothesline hooks may ha ve to be opened a little to accept the horizontal pipe but don't overdo it. AWNING/support t his with a 2x4 ridge 66" l on g with 1" h oles 2 1/2" deep to slip on the 1" threaded rod stuck in the tops of the two vertical pipes. the 48"x96• bit of canvas has open seams on both short sides with 66" pipe lengths stuck through. safety is a big thing with a ladder so this work must be done carefully. the M at rix is open to many other possibilities.

this deta i l may also be used to fasten wind & shade screen planes to the vertical pipes in the Matrix. held by the smallest electrical split bolts. the lightweight aircraft-cable tension members here make the structure more rigid & taut li ke a finely rigged sailboat.j_(f> (1" ���a) '((--. it's based on an elec­ trical conduit stand-off clip. these fit on the 1• pipe sticking outside the joints. ends·. d im e nsion s & co nto urs of thes e clips vary slightly so set this one up yourself with scraps so you are sure before cutting all the bolts.:' \. 2x4 & pipe until you can rea. this helps support vertical loads on the stand-off. ��o Of'I' <::." as would be the waiter's arm when he holds a heavy tray of dishes over his head..TENSION eLEc. your arm is being stretched by the weight. it is in tension.o l( Ill." when you carry a bucket of water by the bail. experiment with small.. cut the eyebolt shank short to fit in the stand-off & open the eye to accept either the cable loop or the end of the turnbuckle (which allows adju stmen t of the cable tension-don't overdo it here or you' 11 have a mouthful of wires). but since she went out we've had to develop an alternative. what you must do with accuracy & care is cut off the 5" vertical bolt so the bottom (threaded) end almost touches the top of TENSION MEMBERS/some elements of a structure have weight pressing down on them. another kind of loading is called "tension. easily managed scraps of plywood. this is called a "compress­ ion member. 82 .\El< 1.\t> e!t. te nd ing to crush or squash them.'f FASTENING DECKS TO MATRIX/the neat little old lady in Cleveland used to make u s great cast fittings for securing 2x4's to pipe.lly see & measure it .. use two sets in each of two modules. this cable has loops formed in its the pipe.

rain & temperature changes. l"xl8" plated threaded ro d . 3/4"x2l"x40 1/2" 3 pes. . Chicago. 3 pe s. 4 pes. 3/4"x1 1 l/2"x11 1/2" 1 pc. blts. l''xl0'4'' galvanized pipe 2 pes. these guys are very good suppliers but don't stand back from shopping around in your own area becau se you might get a better price. 84 pes. 32 pes. 2 pes. 3/4"x24"x42" 2 pes. bl ts. 79. elec. hatch cover HARDWARE CONTINUED/ 11 p e s . since you need almost thirty of the units. l"x66" galvanized pipe Matrix awning decks (pallets) sleeping volume sleeping volume lg. 2"x4"x10 1/2" 1 pc. this is a three-way symmetrical joint cast of "high-strength. it ha s two set screws per pipe & ea ch fitting is rated "at more than a ton of holding power. P. 8 pes. l/4"x2'' e yebo lts l/4"x6'' turnbuckles 1/8" wire cable smallest alec. Federal & Military Specifications. lightweight. . 1/4"-20x4" flthd. it is listed under ( L)#4698Y69 ( for 1'' pipe). 3/4''x48"x96" 2 pes. SAE. 3/4"x24"x96'' 4 pes. 0. 2"x4"x96" 5 pes. Ill. hatch cover sm. l/4"-20x5" fl thd. blts. 2"x2"x4 7/8'' HARD\'/ ARE/ 9 pes. split blts. 2"x4"x72" 6 pes. it is shown on page 41 of their catalog No. 3/4"x42" piano hinges 8 pes. 3i4''x46 l/2"x48" 3/4"x42"x42" 1 pc. aluminum it is re latively non-corrosive so it might have some advantages over our original. } cab (shelf) cab (shelf l cab (door) ca b 48"x96" hemmed canvas li8"xl/2" closed-cell self-stick foam large clothesline screw hooks (b a ck } beams (deck) twin beams & awning ladder (sides) ladder (steps) ladder (top) connectors clamp blocks NOTE/1 know it's repetitive. blts. 3/4"x24"x48" 1 pc. 3/4"x24"x4l 1/4" 1 pc.55 each. l/4''-20xl'' hex hd. the price is $4. 2'' backflap hinges 1 1/2" flathead wood screws 2" sheet-metal screws waterproof glue MISCELLANEOUS/ vol. magnetic catches 5 pes. 3/4"xl4"x42" 1 pc. 2''x211x6" 6 pes. ALTERNATIVE JOINT FITTINGS F'OR PIPE/the fitting that is most like the ones used in our Matrix Structures I can leveling screws awning support plywood to 2x4' s decks to Matrix stand-offs connectors (slee p. vol ) decks & tension members tension tension tension tension members members members members be purchased from the McMaster-Carr Supply Co. 3/4"x24"x40 1/2" 1 pc. 2''x4"x66" 2 pes. 83 . aircraft quality aluminum alloy which meets ASTM. Box 4355. 1'' hex nut s (washers) leveling screws cooking cab (door) cooking cab (door) hatch covers (sleep. conduit stand-offs l/4"-20xl/2" hex hd." tension members MATERIALS from this information i sure wouldn't hesitate to use it & we're going to test some at Groveland soon. but remember that all metal hardware has to be plated bright to stand up in the real world of sun. I I I I I 4 pes. 2"x4"xl3 1/2" 28 pes. 30' 8 pes. ) pads cooking cooking cooking cooking cooking cooking table cooking cab (top) cab (sides) cab(b ot. 8 pes. 3/4"x24"x24" 1 pc 18 pes.I I CUT PARTS/ 27 pes. 3/4"x9"x40 1/2" 1 pc. l"x36'' pl a t ed threaded rod 36 pes. l/4"-20x2" flthd. blts. 60680." because it is made of 32 pes. l/4"x42"x42" 12 pes. 24 pes.

.

once you get this you can fabri­ c ate the other parts in related groups.et the two washers between facing 2x2' s to cut friction. easy results. 7i8''. II & his prices astronomic. the seat was made separately from the back & the two segments were hinged together by a leather s trip. rounded with Dacron fiber & t ufted. leonard was diversifying from books into Picasso plates & Bantu necklaces so he allowed as how he could sell a reading light of sp eci al design if he had it. a little isolation from the old-culture obsessions with bif.Y. drill & test-erec t the basic twelve-member Matrix. this wi l l keep your whole operation together & p revent mistakes. but the bones do have a hi gh degree of correlated hole patterning & lengths. it's slightly tricky to get the pivot bolts in place but hang on. DAVID & LEONARD/david was a quick. STARTING/Superchair is not a structure built of all universal members like some of the others. it panders to the Western idea of self & holds out the promise of quick. counterbores are generally 1/2" deep made with a. don't for��. it becomes apparent that concrete & i nventive living responses. . the clearest way to begin is .-money/big-power seems to give me very precious liberty. to cut to length. undistracted by cult u ral fantasies.diameter speed bit in the drill stand or a wood auger bit in the hand brace. period­ ically i returned to the urban centers. these are 1/4" holes for precise hingin g action without play or slop. the big-deal attack is some­ times very sedu ctive though. who ran a big booksto re on Fifth Avenue . leonard sold quite a few i guess even though his fabrication was grisly i learned something built them w ith square d-off foam & simple box covers of vinyl or c anv as . my in ner conflict has revolved around the question of whethe r it's better to at tempt new actions from the center of the system or to work more on the outskirts. the cushion was not attac hed to the panels some people have . C. thinking & scraping the mud off m y boots. guy interested i n Living Structures & Microhouses. usually because some one ind i vidual showed a desi re to nourish the Matrix Idea. the truth is that propa ganda efforts t o enco urage slowdown in consumption are a lot like trying to get a shark to eat with a knife & fork.l prototype Superchair anyway. all the bolt holes are 5/16" diameter except the four acting as pivots between the seat & back. you can't respond to a corporation but you do to a p er son even if you la ck faith in some of the prem ises. WITHDRAWAL & RETURN/my resolution of t he conflict was to spend long periods at Groveland building. this seems fine & is less expensive.CONFLICTS/there's never been any unc ertainty in my head about the idea that all new life designs must be based on a more real set of assumptions & obj ect ives than those motivating the present orgy of production. generous N. as . it had a f oa m rubber core. he sent me to leonard. the cover was black leather. this wasn't exactly a clear mandate for a Structure but i got down to work & bui lt the CUSHION/you might want to resolve this part before gettin g totally immersed in the constr·uction. v a uable. the one in the prototype was kind of elaborate. bolting them in as you finish them. are the best approach to the problem of survival.

.

meaning high temperature levels & extreme dryness. open the eyes to admit turnbuckles & cable loops.." they look l ike screwdrivers with a hollow socket instead of a II II TENSION MEMBERS/two pairs of cables with turnbuckles go in the lowest rectangle of each side frame to resist stresses resulting from loading on the back. make the cable loops with electric split bolts.· 87 . we always use lock washers on the flat washer (under nut) to keeo them tight.:..CONSIDERATIONS/it's probably an OK idea to round the long edges of the 2x2' s with the fine section of the rasp. wood shrinks a lot & assemblies get loose. use cap (acorn) nuts as indicated & wherever threaded bolt ends protrude. II I v BONES . replace the 2 lower 2 1/2" bolts in each frame with 4N eyebolts. actually all the Structures benefit from this operation. bolts should be snugged up every couple of months. the best wrenches for th e counterbored holes are called "Spin Tites" or "socket­ drivers. TUNING/most wood structures in this country are subject to central heating. · - II = c blade on the business end... get the 7/16" size for l/4"-20 hex nuts. it cuts down on splinters & snags. just above these {between armrest 2x2' s on each side) drill & counterbore holes for 2 1/2" eyebolts.

/ SEAT & BACK get hardboard that's smooth on both sides.. then bend gentlv to get the feel of it. PLATE & LOOP STRAP/plate is 1/4"x 1 1/4"x3 1/2'' with two 5/16'' holes for b ol ts retaining the strap. after drilling all four holes with the bought piece intact & securely clamped to the drill-stand base. cut to size & nip 3/4" off the corners at a 45-degree angle.d rill the seat panels together & the back panels together but the lamp panel has to be done separately. .<:. polish with fine steel w oo l & insert legs in 112'' holes in the upper 2x2 on the seat back. cut 1-ls'.DI�a. this is more accurate than layout on the leather & punching with a regular leather punch. start by marking a scrap with a series of reference lines 1" apart. sandwich clamp them between two scraps of plywood to drill the holes. use the fine side of the rasp to smooth saw marks from edges. retain it w ith a shaft collar on each side . lay out. compare the position of the lines with the radius (shortest possible) you get remove burrs from ends. drill & countersink with care clamp & gan g. if this is your first time bending. the vise & scrap-pipe lever slipped over the free end is good. of this member. BENDING THE LEG/use 1/2" Reynolds soft aluminum rod (p. 64). remove burrs with sandpaper block. the strap is made from �·. heavy (not thi n & 88 . �U!Hi>JUM POt> stretchy) natural cow­ hide belts 1 1/2" wide. with a metal blade in a hacksaw.

.

cut these off short to eliminate interference with the bulb. FINISH THE GRID/cut the plastic grid (Sears is the good source to buy this stuff) to size with a 40<' fine to oth keyhole saw. I 90 I . mount the panel on the 2x2' s w ith the 3'' fla thead bolts. rewire using the henvy cord & plug because the furnished cord is junk. discard th e bent plastic shield that comes with the light & through the top of the sheet-metal body drill two 5/16'' mounting holes 10 l/2" apart. then secure with washers under cap nuts. drill & counter sink mating holes at appropri ate spots in the panel. smooth all edges with a fine f lat metal file & blocksand. put a stack of nine washers on each bolt sticking out from the bottom of the chassis. marble with a 10" piece of 2x2 wood glued to the underside with Elmer's glue. ours measured 1 l/2"x4 l/2"xl8". make a cutout to get your - ­ I finger in to the switch. counterbore LAMP I I these holes 7/8" diameter 3/8" deep. the weight of the marble results in stability combined with good sliding action because of inertial ef fec ts. MOVABLE ROUND TABLE/we used a 15" circle of white Carrara. the grid will now float free beneath the 2x2's & the width of it will keep the assembly from sliding off the top of the frame. lay the grid over these bolt ends & washer stacks. two 2"xl2" strips of felt are glued on both sides of the block to decrease friction when the table slides on the supporting members. then secure the fixtu r e between the 2x2's with 1/4" flathead bolts.THE LAMP CHASSIS/use the hardboard panel as a guide & drill the two 38 3/4"-long 2x2's. the fluorescent fixture is a common garden variety undershelf kind.

.

then rip to split leaving some of the original piece intact so the whole thing doesn't fall apart. sound 2x2 scrap.BOOKREST ARM/bend this arm from the 1/2" aluminum rod. retain it at a good level for you by using a shaft collar above the lowest 2x2 framing member. lay out holes & cutting lines (allowing for the saw kerf between pieces) in sharp No. leave the adhesive paper masking on the Plexiglas during all these tooling operations then remove it as the last act. I I I PLEXIGLAS PANEWyou can cut this stuff with the fine­ tooth keyhole saw. to make the stops that prevent books sl ippin g down. then blocksand & close by polishing the edge with a soft cloth & any ordinary tooth powder.rm with fo ur 2" flathead bolt s. the 1/4• thickness cuts nicely. put cap nuts on underside. a saber saw (with acrylic blade) & clamped straightedge. or on a table saw. assemble with Plexiglas panel on the a. don't overtighten. put a 30" bend (see p. remove burrs. stack six or eight washers on 1" hex-head bolts & mount in the two bottom holes in the panel. nip the c<>rners at 45" like the other panels & countersink the l/4" holes. CLAMP BLOCKS/pick a 12" or 14" piece of clear. if yo u want the rest to fold back parallel to the bookshelves (completely out of the way). cut to length very carefully the last thing. 89) in the top part. panel should still tilt for moment-to-moment adjustment with just hand pressure.2 pencil. polish & then insert it in any of the three 1/2'' holes in the right hand armrest 2x2. 92 . run the flat metal file very religiously on the edges to nix tooth marks of sawing. it has a fine abrasive in it that doesn't scratch the soft acrylic. drill all holes. to prevent scratching.

i f you get sensitive & take time it turns out ex­ tremely consistent. a short nap 7" roller is the nex t best thing to spraying. but he has a really high skill leve l so maybe most persons should allow a little more time. l/4"x4" eyebolts 124 pes. i painted the hardboard a durable flat m us tard color with a roller. l/4"-20x1 3/4" flthd. 2"x2"x42" 4 pes. 100 pes. l/2" shaft collars pc. ­ MATERIALS 93 .d bolt to fit down flush with the face of a panel. 2''x2"x48'' 14 pes.J. 26 pes. l/4"-20x4" hx. pes. pes.l uminum rod 7/16" socket-drivers 1 1/2" Bassick plated furniture glides genera l use where noted & as necess. use white primer f irs t. 6 pes. pes. pes. wash. pc. hd. 20 pes. this allows the top (slotted) face of flathea. 4 2 2 2 1 pes. blts. bl ts. 6 pes. 1/4" Split-Spring . 1/4"-20 steel hex nuts 300 pes. 4 pes. blts. 4 1 8 5 1 2 4 1/4"-20 cap (acorn) nuts pes. l/4"-20x2" hx. Matrix verticals Matrix horizontals seat supports lamp. s mall est elec. who built & designed the Unipak Vehicle. 1/4"-20x3" flthd. l/4"-20x2" fl thd. drill & fab ricate the parts for a similar structure. 4 pes. seat & back horizontals back verticals clamp bl o cks seat panels (hd bd. don 1 t try to hurry & load it all on in one coat. l/2"x8' round a. bl ts. i think he used a second weekend to sand & finish every­ thing. stee l flt. TIMING/hub. ) lamp panel (hd bd. concentrate on even coatin g. hd. hd. use light pressure on t h e roller because a l l too l s seem to work best if yo u don't push them . 20' of 1/8'' wire cable pes. l/4"-20xl" f1thd.II II CUT PARTS/ 4 pes.) back panels ( hd bd. blt s. bl ts. 4" turnbuckles pc. 5/l6"IDx3/4"0D med -wt. seat & back book stops & lamp bookrest panel tension members tension members gene ra l u se general use lock washers 24 pes.ry tension members tension members tension members leg (bookrest) leg (bookre st) FINISHING/the 2x2 1 s go good with a natural finis h like F'irzite & loving rubs. Matrix & pivo ts shelves belt loop & plate seat & back panels lamp. l/4"-20x2 112• hx. pes. l/4"x2 1/2" eyebolts 4 pes. pes. I II II II HARDWARE! 32 pes. split blts. slightly textured sur faces. took approximately one weekend to cut. blts. 4 pes.) 2"x2"x40 1/2" 2"x2"x38 3/4" 2"x2"x37 1/2" 2"x2"x3 1/2" l/4"xl5 3t4•x38 11/16" lf4•xl5 3/4"x35 1/2" l/4"xll 3/16"x38 3/4" & shelves II COUNTERSINKING/this t oo l cuts a cone section from the hole. 4 pes.

�1)� 1e had -io shackle themselves to some kind • o · :tJ:f �·.. it's buil able in your &.ng a �ess ­ q ·Jllfnimu.!j_: .rst dlsco"vering & -applying: the ·mai.m kind o f like "freedom now" instead of waiting until you oan "afford" it.i. fabricate the pa rts in winter. 94 . w-hy ' :wash' t it possible 't:o a}'!ply your best.information_. slip into a van or wago n in sprin� & t rek to a short-term-leased spot on a farmer's back 40 & set her up in a day. c onsciou s ' · . ol)lpact. living put off is lost.�dal li�t & apartment with silnpl.-wa� · i oouldn' t he-lp wondering why ::p.to develop' a new sh�lter? i't: ha.e·tooling.��!�tj.t� r:p<J•rate clerkship for twenty yaa rs to get fQr a home·::in the country.& ·mobile us.d to be <. · ti.

beam compass (p.I I I I If-----. double-dotlble check it & clamp this Master Panel on top of two 48" blanks. angle to it. lay out openings. set the beam compass at 39" & strike two arcs intersecting at point Q with cente rs at point� & point Q. use electric drill in stand. use Master Panel to mark around remaining blanks then gang­ saw all 24 skin panels. 5/8 " ) . it's lightweight & strong put together with corner angles just like the Panel Matrix (p. 58). measure one 42 1/4" length (line AB) then mark another 42 1/4" length (line AC) at an 89-degree. guiding portable electric saw against a clamped Masonite straightedge. then cut individually with guide & fairly high-speed saber saw. if OK. gang-drill 1/4" holes for joining angles 6 panels at a time. distance from edge should match your corner angles (mine were I I I out one Master Panel. use a good straightedge to connect the points. 2 or 3 at a time. use a protractor. add 3/16'' to this dimension along joints where skin panels join interior panels.�14 --------« aq" I I __ I tilL j l I MAKING THE PANELS/the shell is unframed exterior plywood only 318" thick. 95 . 51) & great ca�e to lay CAREFULLY/gang-saw.

use 1/4''-20 flathead bolts & 3" stop d is cs.• : I l!i' �. tu rnable 3" latch discs to serve as locking device from inside. using a pile of six or eight washers on each hinge bolt. cut precise 1/8'' strip from entire perimeter of cover. 1/4" holes for hinge bolts allow movement for careful centering but dri i l latch-bolt holes for close fit on 10-24's. saber-saw blanks then lay out hole pattern on protective paper. do the same with bolts holding trunk latches. 3/8" neop rene faucet washers go under bolt heads for cushi oning plastic. �l'' • WINDOWS/use lightest bronze tint 1/4" Pl exiglas it's beautiful & cuts solar heat. one low under sleep surface to watch ants & one ns a skylight to watch the stars while falling asleep is not b a d.4-' � ��· � :Z. l ocate chopped. put lock washers & doub le nuts inside to prevent: casual uns c rewing from outside. buy a twist drill sharpened for plastic (sharp angle point l remove paper & use Plexi as pattern to drill plywood panel. staple & cement plastic welting to new edge.y . lny sil i cone sealer bead last.. raise hinge off surface so welt is not crushed. t :. . one window by food area to watch quail run while cooking. • II 96 . be careful. HATCH DETAILS/using clamped straightedge & radius bar with saber saw.I'' >(. lock washer & double nut but don't overtighten. .J. holes are 114• so plastic can expand & contract.

they also function as the "furniture" for sleeping. lay out. nine have openings for movement & flow. drill & saw using the same techniques & manic concentration as on the skin. shelving & space division.I I INTERIOR PANELS COME TOGETHER/the twelve inside panels guarantee safety & strength like the taut bulkheads in an ocean-racing hull. I I I I I I I I LOOKING WEST 97 I I . sit­ ting.

• •c_ J ---_.lof\V' I -_ I .: . between clamp members into the 2"x2"x4" block. this block locks the table top in place.� [·.. LOOKING DOWN ...• I I I /"..MTIZ't "T��&"'=-'� . _ _.1-'c___: .. 11 --' ' I \1 §..· J I . round the corners for antisnag..--. drill & counterbore holes for clamp bolts 4" from each end... � ( �-. _. . � 1 ----:: . ...... 98 . put a 4" flathead bolt through this hole._ ) LOOKING NORTH TABLE/cut top from piece sawed from one of the openings.·--.--�-..: ::. adjust to a comfortable level for yo u & sit one person on each side on a floor cushion. '\ ' ' ' • ::. �: ��--��t � --�-....'\ � . f) .---� -· � � -·l ..... these clamp on the sides of hole in the low interior panel next to the food area.�-* )-8 --� .f +.. support it with two 33" lengths of 2x2... . ---�- j� . I I �"1YI.- • ... locate the exact center of the 24"-square table top {by drawing the two intersecting diagonals) & drill a 1/4" hole there.---. glue naugahyde scrap on top for easy cleaning.._.Io t.�� ��� '· --_.

horizontal pana).·level.ed ·l ast winte< in 1° below zero w"i th tbt�.. huck leans in the entry hatch cut-out it i. $25 electric heater & of his Miorohouse & you can see h-ow im�ide panels work.t"·wasn't .s be­ come shelves & sleel?ing. we us.

nip corners on a line perpendicular (90 deg rees} to the diagonal. . cut them as drawn. the four pieces that make up each of the four support grids are slotted together egg-crate fashion. using beam compass t o complete the two short sides.I I I I 100 FLOOR FLOOR/four separate floor panels are used. get an accurate sliding-not binding-fit.

then use it as a pattern to bend the rest. use rake &muscle to make the ground flow evenly &smoothly from one part to another. this helps drainage. do one of each type perfectly. then if you get caught. so block up those needing it on cut wood. additional blocking may be necessary nt other points to line up the sections so you can join th em along the vertical (mating) edge of the inside ADDING/place two diagonally opposite bottom quarters on the site. center. bolt on legs using large &beautiful to you.I I I I I I I I I I I SITE ASSEMBLY/after you pick a place that's profound winds & some good sun exposure. you can cover parts & coffee-talk it out. they are all level. this will save time & a burned brain. to have a 20'x20' polyethylene tarp handy in case of rain. the 89-degree corner angles link the skin panels to the insiders where they come together. bring some l2H squares of old rug or carpet to put between blocking & shell bot tom to save clinging it all u p 2 101 . inside panels fasten to each other with unaltered 90- 1 degree corner angles & 10-24 roundhead bolts. the heads will sink into the plywood until they are flush with the outside surface. panels. then spr·ead 2'' of pea gravel on cleaned space. gravel or flat rocks. short edges of skin panels join with 98-degree corner angles. rake organic debris & loose topso il away from the area of the structure &about 4' on each side. listen & feel it & place blocking so parts really do line up. blocking them with scrap wood at the under there. with a little tree shelter from "fender" washers inside under nuts to prevent them pulling through. use socket-drivers to slowlv draw the 10-24x3/4" flathead bolts up. it's not a bad idea. altered angles are bent in a vise with a hammer & heavy pliers. don't hurry the subassembles into "nearly" correct position & try to force them while bolting. minimally cleared of weeds & brush. assemble the four lower corners separately & upside down. you can't force peop l e &you can't force Structures. do Tedlar tape on ou tside shell corners. prepare spots for each leg pad to hit.

be Calvinistic about checking each line of nuts for tightness as you go. now the shell begins to get pretty rigid so you can lift it from one side at a tim e to get crav:l room underneath to tape the bot tom joints. the safety issue is big even though the Microhouse is only raised 10" or 12". this weakens the Structure. despite the fact that . I I I I I 3 I I I DROP/in all floor grids. lay floor panels on top of them. you can get hurt. this shell is so crazy that it won't achieve the phenomenal end strength until fully assembled. it's negative to leave loose bolts behind you. i f it's insecure & gets bumped off. neither of these componenets is fastened in. it' s just temporary. so avoid overstressing or standing in it because of this vulnerability. exercise real care when blocking in this position. line up & block securely. it's simple to rest them on the shell bottom & works just fine. be sure to have a partner around when you do this one because the idea of Microhouses is to help people.COMPLETING LOWER HALF OF SHELL/set the two remain­ ing lower corners in place. this will distribute your body weight over a wider area . I I I I 102 4 I I . . add t he four horizontal panels at the shell midpoint. if you find some bolts impossible to reach from outside. it's best to put a floor grid & floor panel in one (or both) of the first two corners assembled. not hurt them.

6 103 . but the other three have cutouts. place them one at a time. if you have a little wind. the one between the sleeping le v el &th e food area is a blank with no openings. the last corner may turn out to be a real night­ &1 oosen some nuts on j oi nt s near the problem area &try to massage it all together. HATCH WATER SHIELD/the l/4''x6"x42" clear Plexiglas is bolted into the joint above the hatch panel. if you have a little scare on the fit just be calm & F'INAL TOUCHES/preassemble (on groundj the four upper shell corners. bolt two panels that go at right angles together a t their vertical joint. then run a bead of silicone sealer between top edg e of Plexiglas & I I upper panel for final seal. it runs water o f f the shell which would tend to run in­ side at the top of the hatch. a lot of people have done it & so can you. I I mare. punch holes in tape for bolts. this will form a more st able L shape that will stand up without blowing over while you bolt it. tape joints from bottom up. center tape on the joint it seals. replace the 3/4" flat­ head bolts in the lowe1· edge of the upper panel with 1'' roundheads. b acktra ck .I I I I 5 DOING THE UPPER HALF/the next operation is to get the four top inside panels bolted in place. when it's all satisfactorily together. especially if you haven't been a. trick is to tape it first. good careful person in all the previous steps. breathe deeply. "shingling" (over­ lapping) tape segments for watertightness. being careful not to skin ev ery t hing up if a corner slips.

1 pc. ALTERNATIVE � windows hatch stops hatch hatch &nuts &washers 2 pcs. 1 pc. l/4. A-C DFPw. 2"x2"x72" Douglas fir MISCELLANEOUS/ skin. l/4"x6"x42" Plexiglas tube of cle ar silicone sealer clear resin wood se ale r flat white exterior primer acrylic exterior enamel 3/4 cubic yards pea gravel 4 pes. in � � some climates you may need to add vent hatches or change some windows to vents. 1 l/2"xl20" thin-wall electrical conduit (plated tubing} leg s OPTIONAL VENT HATCHES/an aluminum. l/4"-20x2 1/2" hx. "5� legs to shell 8 pes. MATERIALS 104 entry hatch. 3/8"x48"x96" Ext. 2" back flap hinges &fasteners (blts ) 12 pos. blts. 7 0 0 pes. blts. &nuts &fender washers &nuts & washers 1I-� � 1. 60 pes. use same opening & cut 3/8" -plywood scraps to Plexi size hinge like . A-C DFPw. l/4"-20xl" flthd. HARDWARFJ table supports & clamp blocks skin-to-inside panels foam welting roll 3M Tedlar tape 2''-wide #Y9057 ll I 240 pes. 10-24xl" rndhd. inside panels. hd. blts. get dark­ green superfine nylon mesh screen (for tents) & stap le it on inside surface of shell panel. IJI -. 3 pes. blts.x24"x24" Plexiglas 1 pc. closed cell foam st rip (see above) as shown on outside of shell pa ne l. l/4"-20xl 1/2" hx. l"xl" corner angles altered to 98° 150 p es .) 2 pes. le gs pads to legs 12 pes. 3/8"0Dx3/16"ID neoprene faucet washers (flat} 8 pes. I I I . . blts. l"xl" corner angles altered to 98� 120 pes. &nuts & washers 4 p e s. then put self-stick. spa ce hinges & trunk latches off surface of shell with stacked washers (like entry hatch). hd.. 10-24 hex nuts 50 pes . blts. floor & grid leg pads 1 pc.medium-size trunk latches &fasteners (blts.r'So\t>E. 3/4"x36"x36" Ext.---::=-A��&:-: �--. l/4"-20x2" flthd. 17'-roll soft vinyl-over­ seal hatch 1 pc. 10-24x3/4" flthd.WOOD/ 21 pes. screened roof vent from Sears (over food area) is a good investment.."""' � I S�l� \t-. 6"x30'' screw-in earth anchors seal joints windows water shield (hatch} seal windows inside finish outside undercoat outside finish site ll 11 skin-to-skin corner joints inside-to-inside panels panel joints windows joints & windows l"xl" corner angles 90° as bought II 650 pes. i use little tree branches to prop covers open & bolt them shut.

.:._ . �� .!.)/0 . it also joins conduit at that end... �I ..· .<•)/ ..------� . then bend tabs to proper angles relative to th e long axis of conduit.O:(o-.!X . C•)/' . use 3 mounting holes in bottom skin as guide to mark location &direction of bolt holes in bottom leg member... put a 1/4• hole in center for e- LEGS &FEET mounting bolt._ c / s..!. 'a')!' i · I Et<O -� I ·�_ .... LEGS TO SHELUdo a trial assembly with 3 skin panels 4j'5'fi'<I"':. I :. -... drill joining holes with 5/16" bit.. �<j.j . J. I ¥ I....�_-_ _ -_-_-=J t0 I -_ --=-J '-------------.'' llltiJT 'c:...-.� ! · -- ___j. .{ I r-.\1<4)/ . : __. t &3 inside panels..c ] .3 �· c--.-' .-/ �.I 1 I 1 LEGS s ee if your local electrical supply house will / cut ool}duit to length for you..---�_J_ 11f+� 105 .. l -------.. pads are 16" circles of 3/4" exterior plywood....._ � c €.. drill 4 of these. squeeze ends flat in a heavy vise to form tabs...' 1.L-......<>'I'2-'/. they may not charge much but watch them like a hawk on holding di m n sions. try always for consistency. this will speed up a long process.. set assembled leg tetrahedron on this corner.-. one for each tetrahedron. I I I I I I I I I �-· �·· ..

that's its reality on an atomistic level. nest in PRIVACY. these methods limit food waste in water &also cut the amount so mu ch that in a lowdensity population area a shallow. we've reduced waste-water amounts drastically b y bathing with a n ordinary orchard pump-up spray can delivering an invigorating & effective mist. this is a miniature settlement of light. one person.tions. not the cold. ordinary trash &paper waste can &altering consumption patterns. 5 gallons of water. we limit cooking pans & dishes &wipe all food out with absorbent paper before washing. gravel-filled dry "well" works fine.clear polyethylene ridged by a rope between two trees or a pipe Matrix with a table. COMMUNITY & ECOLOGY/multiple Microhouses the landscape & become a new living exper­ ience. status-dream stage-set house with a thirty-year mortgage can be the real home of contemporary man. shade. wooden. mobile "huts" loosely ringing a village square. with free ch oice to screw-in earth anchors is a good d e a . informational Klondike i found an answer & realized why the serene & earthy settlements of true Africa had always interested me so much. it works simple-minded gluttony for space & materials continues after Earth gives endless messages that it is not inexhaustible. canvas roof & deep. long-term." insatiable I FRIENDLY/stow your paranoia (& mine).term loans. loosely OK. colorful. speculation &the collection of interest on long. open fire. short-term. this can free you from most illogical 1 imi ta. the Microhouses have another advantage in not being on permanent foundations. especially if you are in a storm or wind track . in this mind-dynamiting. i think the small Thetford self­ contained toilets are best. i use one at each corner. RENAISSANCE/we discovered the "village" again. the Microhouses are as l ightfoot ed as Indians on the land. CAUTION/the use of almost be eliminated by reusing packaging materials grouped in a natural setting taking full advantage of the land & climate. cousin-naming academic litany but the people-loving cultural kind. . the community part can be a sheet of .LEGALITIES. 106 be alone or social. using the spray or sponge bath you can have a fine time with 1 . ZONING & THE KAFKA TRIP/anytime you put up a shelter to live in be prepared to deal with the aroused maniacs who believe that only an oversized. for several persons you use several Microhouses. smile & stare ahead like with the lumberyard guy. BE 1'/ASTEibe a straight arrow with all waste p roduct s to prevent hassles. heated Japanese tub· for bathing. one shelter. make four slack 1/4" cable lengths with loops (held by cable clamps). this temporary quality lowers the anxiety of some zoning people. behind all the savings-&-loan-type solicitude for hygiene & "stand ar ds" lurks the old money-profit game of real estate. another component in my information bank wa.gall o n h oldi ng tank every two to four weeks in a p u bl i c facility. if each person (or eac h 2 per son s ) uses one. sun. OTHER VOICES/fortunately. not forced to be either by the architecture. most zoning codes have an open-ended category for homes not occupied year-round.s anthropology. HOW TO USE THE 8' MICROHOUSE/this home was designed for one person. north wind & outlook determine individual positions & orientations wittl the whole combine surrounding a central community area. one goes around bottom leg strut & one loop in eye of the earth anchor. & for two good friends. breezes. the best it could supply was "can four o r five be hooked together?" trailing off in a murmur about " prefa b r ication is the thing now. what use is it if you're a community of eight or nine? how do you apply it to a man and woman with two kids? our old-culture conditioning provided no good answers. emptying the 5.

I \0" fw\A�ll<.c:· .� I II I I I I I I G I I I f I . '· . i .

.

continuous & simultaneous (like life analogs). each about the size of a 2 1/2 -to n truck. to get it so you could walk through we trimmed out a track to the west side. full-scale outside in the wind &rain. we made ten brush piles. i was desperate to get out of the urban repression of numbers & go to the country where there was real liberty to build.C. . at the time i was visit ing the Illinois Institute of Technology to work with some students on my Information Structures. Life magazine.Y. i 'd designed early total environments using only information in the form of projections. for a while there it was really like a 'thirties movie where you come out of your amnesia. careful steps looking among the leaves for four-leaf clovers & mushrooms while joe got out there once in a while with jim the pup to dig a possum out of a brush pile. we managed to come down off the ceiling & get our outfit together & headed for the timber in a secondhand van full of good feelings. did a heavy promo-literary effort in late 'sixty-two about the "new breed of people taking over. the joke was that the only thing i wanted or needed to "take over" was my own soul & life direction. it was opened up. so when jim &tom came down with me. that Life publication had really done the job. one of the unique things about them was their comprehensive quality. we had to start clearing. AT LAST/we had reached the point where we could try the Matrix network. she walked with long. N. some guys who follow that stuff even suggested it was powerful seeding for what happened in i m ages at the Montreal World's Fair in 1967. to find you are r eally the n atura l son of a kindly Colorado silver-mine owner. 109 . joe & mother had tipped me to the used-schoolbus market after they bought one for $100 to store wil d-cherry lumber from the sawmill on the Pekin road. some reconstruction was really called for after those 1950's years of fruitlessly attempting to convert the corporate barracudas of TREES/joe & mother had never done much with the timber beyond smiling encouragingly on it. i figured to use one for a workshop &one for some students who wan'ted to come down. i 'd stashed a little piece of money & began to gen­ erate fantasies about holing up at Groveland &getting some work done on new prototypes. they had it right behind their house & it was in real good shape. none of the usual distractions of how projection screens are supported & how the exits are handled.SWEET SURPRISE/early one spring morning in 1963 a guy brought me a telegram. the persons in them were no longer conscious of anything but total i mme rsio n in the information. to Platonic philosopher-kings. actually all the previous Living Structures & the 2x2 antecedent of the F'un House had been rehearsals for this mom en t. fireproof & not much rust. still a strong media force at that time. these structures got a fair amount of space in the national & international media." & they included one of my Information Structures. covered & lost in the images flowing from the projactors. film & audio. even the floors of the chambers & the persons in them were THE TELEGRAM/was from the Graham Foundation for Advanced Study & announced my appointment as an architectural Fellow plus an award o f $8000 to follow the Microhouse work.

.. ..'--:-·· --' �c...... •·l. ·: o �I ."'f. THE SITE/this S tru ctu r e is the first do wi thou t conventional foundations. ._.. ..... ..... . . between the se & the Matrix are lN threaded rods to allow adjustment & trimming of the Structure if ground changes..&.... .... . .. " .. so use intelligence & talk to local people before building this thing romantically on a hea dland in Tierra del Fuego.. . one over the other at r ight angles. continuous members) with two plywood volumes in it. . .A..__ ___ '3"------d this measure is from centerline of pipe to centerline of pipe.. . this is a very spidery network (pipe about same size as L...) a 50¢ piece) but has proved quite stable in 70-mph win ds w e get now & then due to our place on the edge of the SW-to-NE storm track that slants up through Illinois. tension members are responsible for this structural integrity. to . ...... the Matrix is made of 1 -pi pe members 20' lo ng & ea ch cell is a 102" cube. . 'f54'' .... .._..j 110 .<>�·__J_ 4'-o'---J_ •<>'� M__. . the free length of leg below the last horizontal set of members is critical to st ruct u ra l rigidity & m ust be held to m i ni mum as here. i always try to build in timber...Ot>e!L� (Al. . .. .. . add more bracing & network for safety so free leg is not too long. to have advantage of it s pr otection ........ ....)A-/ �T!I�4-. .LOOKING FROM THE EAST/the Microhouse that carole josh henry & me use is a big space frame (eight cells. instead it sets on nine concrete pads (or feet) just like an animal. . where it exists...... . ......... these could have been cable but i used same pipe as Matrix because this is less vulnerable to kids or vandals when there's nobody there for a long time.. but each site d i ffers in exposure to natural forces.

don't overbuild vertic a l & don't overload the ly yolumes or the decks. with no designed-in im­ perative to share. not because the building forces you to.I ?. v��"' !%"" �(. this produces much hostility.'' MANY CHOICES/this Structure is so extensible tha t it can be responsive t almost any human or physical o situation. each volume with cooking unit. you are OK to come together with others. because you are ready & want to. I undistracted examination of the world & the self is scarce. w ash in g & waste o f its own. 111 . (�ute) SUPERCAUTION/don't let flexibility blind you to the fact that this is high per for man ce stru cture & like a x Gran P r i car requires iudgment & discipline in use.6-c:!' ------41 FROM THE SOUTH/this Microhouse was designed fo r individual privacy & ext endib il ity opportunity for calm. force us to be social whether we feel it or not.mily with decks & arcades con­ necting generations & it can waltz over uneven ground 1 ike an Indian leaving no scars just by adding to the Matrix & multiplying volumes." with forced sharing of cooking. . hygiene & most other spaces. then. it can house a large fa. because each has his own equipment. recent traditio nal architectural norms. self -relia nce & independence having unkinked the ego. each volume of the Microhouse is made for one person. "rooms" connected by "rooms. the person is freed to get straight with himself.

. multiple forms let you finish before you ge t too old t o use the structure. PRODUCTION/if you need l<. agitate with a 1/2'' dowel & a controlled plunging motion. .h s��L 86AI. �ot> -'(+ � '- 12 pads. this works the mix against form walls. which makes stronger pads. cut a 1"­ pipe scrap 4 1/2" long for the cast-in bushing.-1!.<IX::> \'>U. this makes a. then finish pouring to top of form. don't drive them all the way in.. the form will come apart easily when the pad cures. make 4 forms & p ou r 3 cycles.!.-·-I'' ?tPE: MAt�" Le. <.. you '11 have to experiment with proportions of the mix to get it just right.I'')(�"�. slant sides of block so it can be broken out later wit h a c his e l the 1 l 'x3 l/2"x3 1/2" bl ock produces the void for the /2 hex nut & wa she rs holding the final assembly together.LcA:ST)i�D. talk a contractor out of some 18•-square scraps. :Lolt• �0 )(. -- . .. pour form about half full. having an old concrete man like joe around won't hurt anyt hin g ' . . smooth surface on the final faces of the con­ cr et e & sl ows drying. don't remove from form too soon.PA DS/th e concrete pad s are cast upside-down in a level form.io (llfs'' 1-ioLE) CO�tza.G. wrap & staple 6-mil polyethylene around each board in the form. then drop in the 6"x6• reinforcing mesh.14 � FEET 112 . fasten the 3/4''-plywood pieces together with large finishing nails. )(. use a straight l"x4" board to rake across top of form to make level surface. assemble temporarily in form with short scraps of 1" threaded rod (see drawing below I.

that will work when you have one tension pipe joining to a horizontal pipe. high-performance stuff won't perform unless fabrication & assembly are carefully done. we can do it. with this rolling lever one person can place the pads g ently on the prepared sur face & get proper alignment & levelness despite their 250pound weight." $2. bear in mind my previous superca. fittings mentioned on p. so i recommend you use the McMaster-Carr Supply Co. which means it's position must be pred i cte d beforehand (or. PUT PADS DOWN/remove all loose dirt & topsoil where the pads go & scrape a really flat.24 each. alternatively. 40 of McMaster-Carr catalog there is a "cross-grip pipe rack clamp. borrow a l ight open boat trailer to use as a prim itive forklift. 2 WAY FITTING/you can get a. on p.ution & don't even build more than one level if you can't handle it. closed fitting (see drawing at lefti. these are "open" fittings & can be integrated into the Matrix without taking it apart. it is I I I a. ALTERNATIVE 2-WAY FITTING/there is a solution if you forget a 2-way joint. the 3-way joint works on all 27 of the 90 degree joints in the Old Microhouse & i use it where two tension pipes cross on the outboard end of horizontal members. it will only work later by slipping over horizontal pipe ends outboard for external tension members i. bore a l l/4" hole in a 5' length of old timber ( 4x4 is OK i & slip it on top of the pad leveling screw with a washer & hex nut over that. put 4x4 across rear frame of trailer with pad swinging loose when you press down on hitch end. I I I 113 . very useful if horizontal tension members are needed under !i deck due to steeply sloping ground. level place in firm earth for them to sit on.I 3 WAY F'ITTING/the original Old Microhouse uses the same fittings as the Fun House but you probably remember that the lady is no longer operational. 83 (see drawing at left). assemble beyond it. our disease as North Americans is we believe that when we think it. 2-pipe fitting from the McMaster-Carr Supply Co. & don't want to tear everything down & put it in.

do two verticals at ri e.ERECTING MA TRIX/the standard-weight g a lvanized iron pipe generally com es in " ran do m" lengths from 20'8" to 21' so we made the n orma l len gth of a m e mber 20'6". i h ope . set-screw the lowest j o int s & run horizontal pipe at ri ght a ngles to the first one. a ladder. cat feet & a fine sense of ba lanc e to build the Matrix. the square is square . then w hen y ou get on & sensitive to its character it's e asily extendib le . NOTE ON LEVELING S CR EWS/we tried S to keep the legs as short as possible to en s re a more solid u Matrix. add temporary tension diag­ onals to steady it as you go. you need two persons . stack three 3-way fittings on each vertical pipe .ht angles to the fit·st ones. for the same reason try to limit th e exp os ed threaded rod & make sure there is plenty of tical pipe. you just build a one leve l Matr ix to begin with. if i n doubt use 6' l ength s of t hr eaded rod instead of the 3' ones. then put three of these over the th readed leveling screws (put the three lower fittings at th e r ight level & run a horizontal pipe through them). 114 . if equal. threaded rod up in side t!le ver­ MORE CAUTION/as you've noticed. you're on the way. check po s it io n of the pads by the old Babylonian method of comparing the diagonal measures. this makes it safer & more secure to work on.

beams or deck boards. these beams are secured to each horizontal pipe they cross with U-bolts (� drawing at left j counte rbored for the nuts & washers. dead-straight n o-warp 2x4's for this place. DECKS/our original has 3/4"-exterior-plywood decks screwed to the tops of the long beams. if you have trouble buying good. these decks worked fine & lasted well but had a slight tendency to bow down in the middle of the crosswise span. there we are trying lighter plywood ( 112" thick) with 2x2 • s screwed to it.I I I I I I I I I I I �14·� � THE LONG BEAMS/when an original pipe l e gt h is n ot n sufficient. the McMaster-Carr source has a splicer so you can add a 10' piece to a 20' one & get 30'. stronger deck with less deflection. be sure to get dry. take plenty of time to measure th e Matrix cells & trim & level it. i hop e you use b ol ts (�drawing left). then you are ready for the long 2x4 beams that support both the volumes & the decks. warp won't work. center them be tween the verticals on each side. 126 i. the geometry should be 90 degrees fine all the way & measures should be within 1/16" of right on. straight 2x4' s in this length. so in spacing a volu me. so you mi gh t want to fo llow the altered d ec k s on chuck & lou's new Microhouse (see photo p . whichever you do. . the 1/2" plywood is much cheaper too. use 10-foo ters & spl ic e them in the middle with two 3/4"x3"x48" plywood pieces through-bolted on either side of the joint. then this 4'x8' pallet is bolted to the long beams wherever a 2x2 bears on it. i don't think screws are good fast ene rs in the same league as bolts but winter was closing in so we had to move. i think this will make a lighter. this spoils the geometry & collects water. the main thing to remember when adding components to this Matrix is that all horizontal measurements are taken from the vertical pip es because the joints are not symmetrical.

this was a satisfying deviation from the usual norms. check the diagonals again & nudge them if necessary. but it was twelve years ago.. we made the volumes like old airplane fuselages. .. glue & nail it. where two planes meet. strengthening major parts of the structure.. set it together first with some little tacked-in blocks to restrain the parts while you check it. when you have it within l/32�. FRAME PRODUCTION/when the glue has cured on the master & its integrity is intact.. be an adult & don 1 t rush it. . FRAME 116 . f'<. mix the Re­ sorcinol glue (smear some on end of short 2x4's where they meet the long ones for insurance) & gently tack the gussets in place.�· � ET � >(. bad weather & no cover for setting up a panel fabrication area. ���t. knitting the frames together & guaranteeing the whole thing.\D . elevate it on three edgewise 2x4 1 s & C-o lamp members for next frame to it using master as a guide. then let this master frame set until the Resorcinol really cures. it proved an exceptionally simple & direct way of framing & exhibits great strength just where conven­ tional framing is most weak. � c. then comes the best part--when the inner & outer skins are applied they become stressed. � ..q:ou� �\"". pick the flattest floor surface you can & assemble the first frame.. with frames (formers) at right angles to the long axis of the volume & closely spaced along the length of it. FABRICATION/cut the 2x4's precisely to length & get them a s square as you can. so i decided to do traditional 2x41S but with a twist that applied some aircraft construc­ tion principles.MAKING FRAMES FOR A VOLUME(in one sense our volumes in this Microhouse are relatively conservative in construction. your 1 iver doesn't show either but if it isn't operational you won't be young & beautiful for long. check b y Hammurabi' s method of comparing diagonal measurements. don't shrug off cutting the gussets (3/8" plywood from scraps of outer skin) accurately on the mistaken assumption that they don't show when the thing i s completed. after all percussion is over.

t same point. after you get out of danger of immediate collapse. observing the spec­ ially cut widths designed so seams of outside skin & inside don't have joints a. ta. 1'' flathead wood screws to secure to frames. I I I I I I I I I . then adjust each frame to perfect vertical. adjusting the bracing scraps as you go. place 2x2 blocks behind unsupported area (long-edge skin joints) fastening with wood screws. locate the bottom of each frame precisely & tack a finishing nail partway up through the bottom skin into the frame to make it definite . 8. u s e No.( I I I CONSTRUCTING A VOLUMEifirst step is to put bottom outer skin down on the long beams. now guarantee security of volume to Matrix by l/4"x4 1/2" lag screws through each frame base member into the long beam underneath. next put the frames on the plywood in the finished location. lay these down on ' the 1 ong beams. massage them carefully into correct position & tack each one with finishing nail par·tway into the beam. use scrap plywood cut from the skin for this.ck up side panels next. it's made of ' five pieces of plywood 3/B'x 48"x92 1/4'. they will tend to fall over so have your friend hold two up at a time (in nearly the right place) while you tack slanting braces inside them.

.¥ \. we worked on many methods of putting ends on the plywood "tube" but in the end elected to do it very simply with 2x4 framing (� drawing at right). the pieces are cut 1/4" narrower than space inside frames so set with equal space on each side.�wsf III' K.. always start with panel near center of volume & work toward each end.'�- �· I i ) U�I-IT \. do wall skin last. we've been trying to develop a less lethal way of insulation that isn't plastic foam either.. the Fiberglas is good inert insulation but very negative in skin & lungs. 8. taking time... use same system for 1/4"-plywood ceiling skin & secure with No.. I !.- ��. - !IOUc:.1::1-1 �.Ia'-1.a 9'J)C.- flathead screws.Ot\)"5> I hU. 118 . �•• CltA. be sure to wear goggles.� I I .111. ' I I I � W>. this keeps skin strength intact.."'t'GU . screw to frames with No. 1 1/2" flathead wood screws every 8". OPENINGS/the frame-stressed-skin method produces a rugged & simple structure but openings for light..C. -- Q" '\.t. 8.IT ���-� . I hatches were kept relatively small & isolated from the edges of the plane where they occur.. 1" HATCHES q" . 1 Q• I lf!S\. INSIDE S KIN/l ay the 3/4" floo r in place starting with the center panel.INSULATION/we used 3" Fiberglas with aluminum foil (toward inside) to control condensation in wall. tack temporarily with finishing nails... you may laugh but i wore rubber gloves & on windy days a filtering respirator. I II air & passage must be carefully located & executed to preserve the integrity of the volume. staple it up.

INSIDE SYSTEMS/the application of Living Structure principles & the Matrix Idea to the problem of "furniture" makes Microhouses possible. put traditional, separate pieces of furniture in a tiny shelter & you have a shack, uncleanable, crowded & impossible to live in. the old ideas of furniture have always interfered with the development of truly compact, ecologically correct homes. the Matrix Idea. uses generalized planes, each o f which can b e responsive to changes in position & relationship (usually without tools. ) RAILS & PALLETS/we attached horizontal 2x2' s to volume side­ walls at 12'' vertical intervals using l/4"x2 l/2" lag bolts into the frame. then we made a bunch of pallets l6"x841/4" with 3/4" plywood on two 2x4' s. these sit on the horizontal 2x2 rails bridging the width of the volume. by using the 16"-width module you can make a panel of a desired width for bed, table, elevated floor or storage shelf. these pallet assemblies can also be slid back & forth lengthwise for instantaneous mobility & change. the lower volume in our Old Microhouse has undergone about four pallet-arrangement trans­ formations in twelve years o f life.

I li

PALLETS

II II II

II

II
120

·.. ....... ... ....

-

--··-·. . ..._
-

....... .._ ·

.. � ...

-

< __·:,- .. . ·

-

.

- --

-

· - -- -- .. .

I

I

I

I

I

I

WALTZ OF THE MATRIX/you can start with as little as a one-volume, four-cell single-level network to keep money & work time managea�le, then progress to an entire community of Microhouses. they will all b e knit into a delicate steel & plywood fabric that is as light­ footed on the land as a Kiowa brave. the Matrix can be built around trees & plants & move like a heron through a shallow gentle stream. there is cell regularity with any degree of asymmetry in plan. decks provide outdoor living spaces & circulation paths from one part of the complex to another. more isolated volumes provide living nodes for extended family members (straight or counter-cultural) & as children mature they can move further from the hearth, hopefully thereby staying closer to the parents in heart & mind because the structure responds to· the need for independence. paradoxically, present con­ servative architecture strait-jackets family members to the same dinner table, kitchen & bath, thus forcing them to mental rebellion & alienation.

· --------· ·

121

STARTING

FIRST STAGE/this view is the unit i suggest for starters, from point of view of cost, experimentation & the level of structural consciousness· of most people i know. 1to s a one-volume, one-deck, four-cell, single-level Matrix. if you're an ex-English bike-frame builder & have a highly developed sense of gut structure (&a large family) just arithmetic the parts & hardware list(see pg. 124) b y.t he number of people you have & get off. for most of us this is a good place to start & since it's so simple to extend there o s no technical issue. FOR LITTLE OLD LADIES & ME/if you are in a cold sweat just order 1 1/4" pipe & the same source has heavier fittings. use larger­ diameter threaded rod & the whole thing will be scaled up &a little tougher. you still can o t restore a Tiger tank on the second level but this will counteract the cold sweat. HOMAGE TO BEN FRANKLIN/1 think it's important to ground the Matrix (electrically) by attaching one leg to a li2"-diameter copper rod driven 8' into the ground. use a truck (long) battery cable to do this. try the junkyard. EXPOSED POSITIONS/if you are putting this thing up on Everest or some other windy place, don't be shy about cable-tensioning Matrix corners t o earth anchors.

-�,��o.c.... � ...,.... v .... �... --- � ....-..o .

•,�<:::llJT'etoe.�­

�·� ct.) r-.,,· CJ.M¥..p�.

122

.

l/4"x4'x8' DF'Pw. *8 pes. *18 pes.) volume. l''x36" threaded rod 27 pes. *4 pes. frames . hd. *8 pes. wash.. 2"x2"xl0' insulate volume skin(interior) pallet rails (long) pallet rails I *10 pes. iron pipe 12 pes. *4 pes.) hatch cover (entry) I . ft. l/4-20x4" f lthd. 2''x4''x30 l/2" decks to long . frames (vert. hd. so hardware & lum­ ber categories are integrated. blts. lag blts. 2"x4"x54" beams volume. iron pipe 7 pes. 3/4"x3 l/2"x33" DFPw. I MATERIALS 124 . l/4"x3" sq. 1 " hex nuts 1" flt. list for components) 9 pes. 6"x24"x24" concrete pads (see Misc. 2" ba . (hex nuts & 5/16" flt. blts. l/4''x6"x6" steel plate 9 pes. gussets *24 pes. ) I I J I entry hatch(vert. 3/4"x3 l/2"x34 112" DF'Pw. wood stuff is dis­ tinguished by an asterisk(*) precedin& the quantity. (hex nuts & frames to long 5116" flt. *8 pes. 3/4''x4'x8' DFPw. volume. 2"x2"x4' (short) (screws) rails to inside wa lls floor & 9 pal­ let tops pallel bea ms pallet tops to beams vertical fra­ I 9 pes. *750 sq. wash. ) beams *32 pes. ) . 1" S plit -sp ring lock washers feet bearing plates leveling screws leveling screws leveling screws 179 pes. 1/4"-20x4" flthd. 18 pes. *23 pes.MATERIALS/i terns are liste d in approximate order of use in the building process. "1 pc. see p. iron pipe (splice by welding if n eeded ) Matrix verticals (level ground) horizontals tension members tension mem­ bers to Matrix & ladder •14 pes. feet 1" 3-way fittings #L4698Y69 (McMaster-Carr. 24 pes. 83) 9 pes. 2"x4"x85 1/4" "32 pes. 9 pes. wash.64 pes. 60 pes. l"x20'6" gal v. 3"xl6" roll Fiberglas insulation (foil vapor barrier) * 19 pes. "4 pes.) vent hatch & hatch frame (horiz.. 7 pes. l/4"xl"x3" aluminum strip *5 pes. l"xl0'3'' galv. 2"x4"x84" 90 pes. 3/8"x4'x8' sk in {external) 32 pes. blts. 3t4•x24"x54" DFPw. I *8 pes. frame s "1 pc. 3/8"x3''x8" DFPw.ckflap hinges horizontals (end hatch framej hatch frame (v e rt. med. -size trunk latches & plate (on U-bolt) fas tener s deck surface *2 pes. (hex nuts & 5/16" wash. 36 pes. l''xl2'6" galv. ming onds I � h oriz o ntal framing ends verticals (end hatch frame) 40 pes. 3/4"x4'x8' DFPw. McMaster-Carr) 2"x4''x20' 3/8"x3 3/4"xl 3/8" tangent U-bol ts 24 pes. 3/4"x3 l/2"x82 3/4" DF'Pw. i entry secure vent hatches entry hatch (horiz. ) 2"x4"x39 7/8" 2"x4"x83 7/8" 3/4"x3 l/2"x41 7/8" DF'Pw. ) 2"x4"x92 1/4" long beams long beams to Matrix 4 pes. cross-grip pipe rack clamps (#5046412. (horiz. l/4"-20x6" hx.

skin a.t corners) placing insul­ ation entry hatch cover seal vent h atc hes & entry hatch int. & ext. 1 1/4" f lthd. skin waterproof" roo f seal p ain t to neo­ prene over seams in plywood NOTE/all hardware to be zinc or cadmium plated against c orr osion. No. 125 . 50'-roll soft iron tie wire 1"x41/2" ga1v. 9 pes. iron pipe reinforce con­ crete fe e t bind reinforcing bars bushing (cast in feet) site preparation frame adhesive gussets to pea gravel I I (or annular groove nails) 10 pes. 6''x6'' reinforcing mesh 18"-square 1 pc. 2''x2"xl3" Resorcinol waterproof glue 1 1/4"-long coated box nails staples (heavy} key lock many pes. skins to frame finish ext. wood screws primer & acrylic enamel li quid ne oprene 2"-wide gauze bandage foam 2 pes. 17'-roll soft vinyl-over­ welting frame joining blocks (ext.I I I I I MISCELLANEOUS/ 9 pe s. 8.

ing an occasion al stat-es­ man-like conference under the elm trees.' ewn Microhouse..ed & discrete .au?>e i didn't want to appear to hype or whet an ap­ petite witltout deliv-ering full in' formntio n bu-· we v:anted the book to t ' b·e right up to t he moment in wl)at we 0 re working o·n' . ·nothing cou... ···: :. · CHUCK & LOU'S MICROHOUSE/it was soon after we we nt down to Gr�veland that first summer that i noticed chuck & lou apJ?earing red-e yed in the morn­ ings & hold.1ght in the wor:ld. /tbat mo :�n r . . I I .· N�·W :� ����� � � .:.'. .involvement . came o1. I I I .h day because v.·:y:-�. i guess it's OK to include a few of the things we are working on . tia�-e: b�e'� more exc i t i ng tnan th e'ir . are far en ough qdv a nc ed i n consciousness to at 'least give l.·. 1 .!1Q:!. -we all ta1ked ·one night by torchligh t & it. i hesitated bec. you must enjoy knowing them more eac. . their mental geography-i's wh at i' ve always so1.-b e n chuck points a t a sparrow its mental health impr oves . a· synthesis be-· tween ·'the high-energy technology ' of North America & the lovely measured beat of craftsmanship from Old Europe in Czecboslovakia & Italy.ld.1t that they _ were doing their hjad resources tool­ ing to build their.i p service to the idea tha:t life is a flowing strea:m rather than a series of stone blocks each of which iS isoi at. . . .level' · of . .

s the Celad.. raini n p. '•. came through with free Tedlar tape for sealing the joints: thnnk God. i t ' s 'jl\St Kraft paper & see m like a sound use of .. . ·-· _ . in involved in s e em to h av e a way of zi ppi n .····· ·.' ' but it seems like a wondrous quality.. some corporate pe::-sons don't overdo the act about figures being s o much more important than people or ideas.· ·:· ·� --. that stuff really looks good..·: . ·. _ -- . talk ing & cooking. .-:-.":: · . now.. .. a new s truct r e which looks so beaut iful u from bob's pictures even ·t:hough it's . e or Fiberglas. we feel it will insu late well without the· disadvan t g s of foam a. · :o: . 3M c ompan y .. they succee ded in det a iling & fabricating it splendidly.own from 'the top skylight like fallin� oak 'leaves. g from "a long time ago" t o "right. d. a. � my Old favorite fo r corporate sensitivity. \vorkin �...G!he si ves.re?our'c es. c break. not yet complete. like the Old Microhouse one & i have drawings hinting at that vertical space with p al l ets for sleeping.. it is panelized ot: l/4"·'plywood sand­ wiching some Celadyn honeycomb paper.��-� . .s did Bo1·den a... . in my first book i had a drawing of a vertical volume in a Matrix. they used Celadyn 2" thick & it is as rigid as a Mennonite gafe & precise t"o work with.' Ill . . -:":"':'':"'. ACTIONichuck & lou toolS it from there �are in the process of bui�dinr. : .Yf\ guys ga v e a little pri e .• .·.·. ROOTS&BRANCHES/all the th gs i.

drilled for li4"-20 bolts & they're ready to go. but since she didn't that made a natural chang e node. these joints are designed for p rincipa lly linear cutting on a in long pieces. I I I I I '! table saw � CONCEPT/the wood joints are based on assembling one universal piece into trios with the bolts. then the bits are sliced up. WOOD & PLYWOOD/rich has done a lot of work in ordinary d im ensi on lumber & laminated plywood with some exciting results. his p roto­ types promise complete independence from commercial fabricators & look so fin e he & carole will probably take patent protection on some of the work. these trios then become 3-way joints. 128 CONNECTORS . the ones from McMaster-Carr mentio n ed on page 83 see m fine but it would be great to produce our own. i gu ess if the lady in Ohio had gone on we ' d have continued with those fittings forever. it's a real beauty.NEW JOINT FITTINGS/we a re trying to get into a position where we are liberated from the necessity o f buying joints for Matrix net­ works.

have a neat. it supports interior plywood pallets for sleeping. the joints are cheap & can be made of scrap wood that's thrown away under ordinary circumstances.I I I I NEW JOINT-NEW MATRIX/this is a drawing for a new Matrix using rich's wood fittings. 1 ike many of the Matrix Idea objects. these make it possible for us to use electrical conduit for the tube members. 129 . they are to b e used by University of Illinois students as on-campus homes.or left-hand versions just by changing the assembly pattern. Chinese-puzzle kind of aspect. they come completely apart for absolute closestpacking in shipment & can be made in right. GEOMETRY/these fittings. we'll soon have six of these test Microhouses erected in the shadow of Sears Tower & the Chicago Loop. table & floor planes. simple & almost obvious once you s e e them. if we have good luck & the world holds together. inexpensive & durable because it's well plated. it is light. discipline & tenacity to develop & realize. but requiring much application. witty. this Matrix was designed to fit into a new 9' Microhouse that will be well insulated b y the plywood-sand­ wiched Celadyn honeycomb paper.

h. no danger to a kid. I I I TRUTH/what i just said up there is one component of my truth. because they knew every inch of those roads the way a farmer knows his field. my uncle showed up one evening at the farmhouse & wanted joe & me to try out his c a r . barely able to see the nighttime tunnel of moths making love to the head­ lights over the dashboard. in the front seat of a new 1937 Ford just in from Detroit. i guess the other is that i never got over sitting between uncle paul & joe.VEHICL ES/as much hope as we all have for deep changes in public transport systems & an end to the environmental burden of the automobile. day or night. thoue. drunk or sober. small-scale vehicles can be useful now if consciously designed & t hey may be applicable to future dreamy situati ons casual transport & back-country matter-through-space don't warrant large-scale systems in many cases. ­ I I I I I I I 1 I 130 I . . joe gently urged paul to "blow the rust out of it" & paul would snicker & pin the speedometer & we roared through the night to the next place where whiskey was available. we picked the impossibly narrow ribbons of t wo lane concrete that worked fine in the days before the auto became our inviolate sacred cow.

..Q� ..�.. we'll try adapting electrical propulsion & i 'd like to see how it would work with shafts drawn by a single horse........ i think the container can either hold objects or function as a camper which can be removed from the vehicle. PRIME MOVER I I I I I I 1974/the drawings here are of the newest prototype that I'm working on with University of Illinois students.lQ � � 11T•• . ... floor pan.4 . '1'0. CJ41[-. VW components of la te middle age are a t the present time simple & repairable & despite inflated prices due to the dune-buggy market are still not out of sight... fiNn' ".. '-'"'" .'....... we've obviously applied Microhouse shell geometry in designing both the cab & the container in back.. 11" .""' .�'C ... all panels are small so they could be made in an apartment either with plywood faces over 1" honeycomb paper or maybe aluminum faces with l/4H-plywood core. 0 . . -6 ...... c:o.] J � U ROMANCE ENDS/despite that heavy 0 0 B U nostalgia it's clear that we must become selective._. especially in this area of technology..«<..0 '&WILL Alla . l...... . engine & drive train) & designing superstructure solutions whic h an independent person can make with simple tools in his home. WA�M. these have mostly proceeded from the point of recycling a VW bug (running gears. so i 've worked on a series of prototypes in different settings over the years for inexpensive transport & prime-mover design..'IS ..A 1'"-"L'.. freeing the rest of the vehicle for transport functions.. elevated on tetrahedrons... -Tfll'... "tt \'to> O. 131 .. " ·� C5>1UA. if we can keep going with it...-. -.'t � �Emc.1'\�IL C>OI .o.� -.....

of course. oo so i designed the Dragonfly. the shortened handlebars were to be linked to twin rudders. i planned to mount a chopped bicycle frame in the pilothouse part with the sprocket chain going to t h e stern paddle wheel.MARK TWAIN/when i was about tw el ve years old i had this great idea to build a kind of incredible shrinking tugboat. they made a prototype which wasn't bad but lacked the structural venturesomeness i l k ed for. NEW HOPE/last year i was talking with some guys & we got started on a Matrix Raft to float down the Mississippi on. & take it down the Mackinaw to the Illinois River & maybe even to New Orleans. pilothouse toward the stern. DRAGONFLY I I I I I I I I I I I � I 132 . a paddle-wheel thing. the trouble was that i swam l ike a greased sash weight & got an earache when anybody looked cross-eyed at me so it didn't ever come off.

maybe an electric "aqua-bug" rig would do it. the superstructure even utilized 48"-Cube Modules with skeletons of 2x2 stock. s o i worked on rough drawings based on rotating the square cross section-45 degrees from the way it's usually thought of.I I I I I I I I I DESIGN/the Matrix Raft these other guys worked on had real simplicity & the fabrication & parts were really good. this gives the foam floats a kind of self­ keeling action in the water. 4 �To\IE 1/le.&.JJ T 5 ��L(Eil:f... the superstructure is to be of light foam panels clad in plywood & distributed like a large Panel Matrix. but it didn't seem to have that kind of confident structural integrity that a vehicle should have. i think it will be strong.:-o" 8 1 f"'-01>-� I 2� 3 LlC..(� . 1 t.1!0.1>1'. this was based on an early design for a Microhouse..G£:L(J>e� blllUW) 8 a>Jo� ("""'->�) 9 I"Ot>OEQ. �o) 6�PIT 7 f'C:IObl. W.. the two floats & the volume will be linked by struts of tabbed electric conduit forming ganged tetrahedrons.. it was demountable & did a lot of things."t" �TC. $1. DOUBTS/don't know yet about auxiliary power. right now there are a lot of maybes about the whole project & i may just be setting myself up for a very novel & artistic drowning scene but if i live i think i' 1 try it.

besides. CAREFUL EXPANSION/we've had so much fun & confi rmation from al l the 8' Microhouses going u p that about a year ago we started I - I - transition dwelling for a couple with a tiny baby. & each individual panel can st il l be cut from a 48"-square blank. i wondered if i had been bitten on the neck by t he bigger-is-better vampire as i slep t one night. it will have greatly increased vol ume but t he components will fo r m a relatively small package. 134 . i think this high-frequency panel­ breakup will yield a very s trong shell.to work on a more comprehensive version with an interior Matrix supporting several floor levels plus all the equipment. the shell is very excit ing because each of the six main surfaces will be broken up into sixteen smaller panels. it would be so exciting t o wake up inside that crazy shell & Matrix every morning that i can't resis t Microhouse in 1957 it seemed sort of big to me. it doesn't really seem so beca use the structure isn't all that big & would make a fine I USED/the heading "careful expansion" up above because when i built the first model of this it. the major shell dimensions w ill be approximately 17'6'.

INSIDE/is an eight-cell Matrix with sleeping & study levels in the upper range. cooking & hygiene are back-to-back in a package hung from two vertical members near the entrance hatch. not bad for a little home which alarms the claustrophobes when verbally described but will be (i bet $5) experientially as big as the Taj. when completed. the sunken wooden bathtub is under the lower deck panels & may have a counterweighted floor section over it. 18' MICROHOUSE 135 . there's a 12' couch in the general area & parts of the structure have 14' ceilings.

and to CHUCK KILLAR & LOU CAIRO who could rebuild a watch in a hailstorm & never get ruffled. the good part was that he didn't just point the expensive magic devil box in the general direction of Groveland but focused all his considerable hu ma n power & unique concentration on becoming one with those actions. ADDITIONAL PICTURES/p. to sell some Li ving Structure & Microhouse p recut kits mp lete with ha r (c o dwar. 24. THE ADDRESS/for Grov e lan d is Post Office Box 7. at least it will be a good information node . 82. BOBiwi tanowski made the cove r photograph & all but five of the i nte ri r pict u res. pp.MANY PERSONS/have nurtured the Matrix Idea but this book is p rticularly dedicated to Susan a Petersen. i wish he could o have done every one of them but it just wasn't physica lly possible. Publisher: Bruce Harris Editor: Linda Sunshine Production Director: Murray Schwartz d Proof reader : A r nol Le o D e sign : Ken Isaacs & Frank Colosa 136 . it's hard to beat that when it's all as deeply integrated with craftsmanship as it is with Bob. in our imitation of adults. 84. we ful s threaten. because he helped so much to open Groveland up for settlement & work. G roveland Illinois 61535.e) there one of these days soon. 87. who really made it possible with her good Nebraska spirit. to Jim Hart. & 89 barbara isaacs. . we just rented a cheap old storefront at 7017 N o t h Glenwood r o in Chic a g (zip is 60626) because it's a beauti­ pace & should be enjoyed by someone. gene hong.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful