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Have you ever noticed that how

processor work and what is going on in the Processor. NO! Then lets find out what is happening in the processor

What is processor?
A processor is a chip that takes information from the user through input devices, process it according to the specified instruction inserted by the instructor and then displays output to the user through output device. Processor is a primary chip inside a computer (CPU). Processor stands on the computer motherboard and performs the computer programs. The first processor chip is invented in 1969 by Lee Boysel. A processor performs all the processing and the instructions inside the central processing unit (CPU). Processor is like a brain of computer system.

main part which we can say the brain of the computer (CPU).when we enter any data to a computer it will sent to the processor and the processor process the data and then perform other functions. A microprocessor has two basic components.

accessing the system in its own code. Adding to this favorable scenario, both AMD and Intel's dual-core flagships are 64-bit.

Dual core:

Arithmetic Logic Unit:

The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) executes the logical and the arithmetical operations in the processor. A Pentium dual core includes two complete execution of core processor. It combines two processers and there caches controls onto a single I-C (integrated circuit) and the two processers are located on the same motherboard. The two desktop dual core processors are INTEL and AMD. Intel dual core edition 840 running at 3.2 GHz and the Intel extended memory 64 technology that support 32 bit and 64 bit computing. AMD dual core processor the AMD Athlon 64X2 processor family includes the 4200+,4400+,4600+,4800+, (2.2GHz to 2.4GHz) this processor based on AMD 64 technology.

Control Unit:
The control unit takes the instructions from memory and executes them.

How Processor Work?

To understand how a processor works, we need to look inside and learn about the basic use of processor. The frequency of processor measured in Giga Hertz. The procedure that transforms raw data into useful information, called as processing. When the speed of the processor is higher, then more instructions are performed in lesser time. The microprocessor collects the machine instructions that tell the processor what to do. In the computer every instruction and every process can be performed by processor, and this processor is the

Pentium Dual-Core:
The Pentium Dual-Core brand was used for mainstream x86architecture microprocessors from Intel from 2006 to 2009 when it was renamed to Pentium. The processors are based on either the 32-bit Yonah or (with quite different micro architectures) 64bit Merom 2M Allendale, and Wolfdale-3M core. The FSB is increased from 667 MHz to 800 MHz and the voltage is lowered. In a dualcoreprocessor each core handles incoming data strings simultaneously to improve efficiency. Now when one core is executing the other core can be

Core 2 Duo:
The core 2 duo brand was introduced in July 2006 and this technology is designed for businesses and includes the dual core and Quad core branches the new architecture of Intel core 2 duo makes it a better processor.

The Intel core 2 duo E8400 (3.0GHz), E8500 (3.16GHz), 8600(3.33GHz) the Intel core 2 duo processors are very successful line of processors which based

upon core architecture.


The Core i5 series was released in February, 2011. It consists of Quad-Core processors with frequency ranging from 1.06 GHz to 3.16 GHz. the Core i5 series were based on Sandy bridge micro architecture. This series offers the user the ultra-lowvoltage processors, HD graphics technology and various smart cache speeds. In Core i5, the default of Turbo boost was removed which was a big drawback of Core i3.

Processors. It was built on 4 cores having a 2 ways or 6 way data availability.

Future Processors:
The future processor coming after the Extreme Core i7 is the processor of Six Cores named as CORE i9 .

Core i3:
Core i3 was released in 20 January 2011. Core i3 series contains processors which has frequency between 2.26 GHz to 3.0 GHz. Core i3 has replaced 2010 Clarkdale. It is based on the new micro architecture. It allows the user to perform multitasking and better power management. The visible default in Core i3 is that they lack support for TURBO BOOST and AES-NI.

Core i7:
This series was released in mid of 2011. This series consists of QuadCore processors with Intels most outstanding technology which allows Multi-tasking, Turbo boost, and Virtualization technology. Intel Virtualization and eight processing threads are offered on all Core i7 series.

But you were going to be surprised that the CORE i11 is now building up his fame in the world of Computing. The most advanced and the foremost Technology ever existed in the Universe is now in under progress


Core i7 Extreme:

Core i5:

The Core i7 Extreme was built and released in 2011. The Core i7 Extreme is the most advanced technology after coming

Core i11, May be we say that, the last member of the existing MultiCore processors with CPU frequency 3.2 GHz and with 4.4 GHz, it supports the DDR5 motherboard that supports this processor and also the e-sata 4

Core i11:

The incoming processors are considered to have Artificial Intelligence having the Architecture based on the Fifth Generation Computers.

The trend in improvement is clearly shown in the table that from Core i3 to Core i9 L3 Cache increased from 4MB to 12MB, and also takes a look on Cores it is increasing from 2/4 to 6/12. The memory is increased from Dual to Tri, and the most important the Thermal Design Power is in progress from 73W to 95W

Trend of IMPROVEMENTS in Processor:

Processors are the Brain of Computer. Changes and updating in social needs of Humans push Computer Processor to be upgraded accordingly. This results in new Processors of improved performance. As we have manifested in this article showing future trends in Processors.

Core i3

Core i5

Core i7 Extreme

Core i9

Architecture Hyper Threading Cores QPI / DMI Turbo Boost Memory L3 cache Code Name Process Socket 45nm IGP Availability Multiplier SMT Core frequency Thermal Design Power

Westmere Yes

Westmere Yes

Nehalem Yes

Westmere Yes

2/4 DMI Unknown Dual 4MB Arrandale 32nm mPGA-989 Yes Q4 2009 23 Yes 2.93 GHz 73 W

2/4 DMI Unknown Dual 8MB Clarkdale 32nm 1156 Yes Q4 2009 20 Yes 2.67 GHz 73 W

4/8 QPI Yes Tri 8MB Bloomfield 45nm X58 No Now as Core i7 25 (open) Yes 3.33 GHz 95 W

6/12 QPI Yes Tri 12MB Gulftown 45nm X58 No Q1 2010 Unknown (open) Yes Unknown Unknown