CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

A. Types of Environmental Pollution 1 Based on Where It All Happened In place of occurrence, pollution can be divided into air pollution, water, and soil. a. Air Pollution Air pollution caused by exhaust fumes, misalnyagasCO2 combustion, SO, SO2, CFCs, CO, and smoke cigarettes. 1. CO2 air pollution the most prominent is the growing levels of CO2 in the air. Carbon dioxide comes from the factory, machine-mesinyang menggunakanbahan fossil fuels (coal, petroleum), also from cars, boats, airplanes, danpembakaran wood. Increased levels of CO2 in the air tidaksegera converted into oxygen by plants because many forests are cut down worldwide. As described above, such cases can lead to the greenhouse effect. 2. CO. In the home environment may also result from pollution for example, started the car in the garage closed If prosespembakarandimesintidaksempurna, then the combustion process produces gaseous CO (carbon monoxide) that came out of the room. It can be dangerous to people who adadi garasitersebut. In addition, turn on the AC when sleeping in the car in a closed state is also dangerous. CO from the exhaust gas leaks will go into the car, sehinggadapat cause death. 3. CFCs other harmful air pollution is khloro fluoro carbon gas (disingkatCFC). CFC gas is used as a gas developer, for not acting, is odorless, tasteless, and not bahaya.Gas can be used for example to develop a foam (foam seats), to AC (Freon), cooling in an ice cupboard, and hair spray (hair spray). CFCs are soaring gas can reach the stratosphere there is a layer of ozone gas (O3). This ozone layer is the protective earth of the influence of ultraviolet light. If there was no ozone layer, ultraviolet light radiation reaching the earth's surface, causing the death of organisms, plants become stunted, causing genetic mutations, menyebebkan skin cancer or cancer of the retina of the eye. When CFCs reach the ozone gas, reaction will occur between CFCs and ozone, so that the ozone layer "hole" is referred to as the "hole" ozone. According to observations by the spacecraft, the South Polar ozone hole width.

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Chemical parameters of the chemical parameters is performed to determine levels of CO2. Because of pollution. Active smokers were those who smoked. so. Similarly gedungdan building bridges. and dissolved oxygen. chemical parameters and biological parameters. SO. Agricultural production slumped. Lime causes the condition of water into alkaline (base). become quickly worn and damaged. The river water pH measurement in natural conditions have not been polluted by the pH range 6. smoking in a room with other people who do not smoke can damage the health of others. a. Acid rain resulting in plants and soil animals die. water pH can be lower than 6. Organic materials typically causes the water more acidic conditions. SO2 gas sulfur oxides (SO. coal). According to the study. shoes. Old buildings. pH. Cigarette smoke contains many pollutants that can cause chronic cough. Smokers can be differentiated into two active smokers and passive smokers. Then there was acid rain. B.5 or higher than 8. Environmental Pollution Parameters To measure the level of pollution used place pollution parameters. and radioactivity. SO2) in the air is also generated by burning fossil (oil. acidity. Physical parameters include measurement of physical parameters of the color. smell. Thus. like temples. which causes the rain water into acid. The following example to show measurements of water pH.Current has exceeded tigakali wide breadth of the continent therefore the use of air conditioning should be limited.5 to 8. 1. Iron and metal easily corroded. 2 . CO2. lung cancer. Passive smokers are people who do not smoke but inhale cigarette smoke in a room. Gas can react with nitrogen oxides and rain water. taste. passive smokers have a greater risk compared to active smokers. and heavy metals. Parameters used as indicators of pollution (hint) the occurrence of pollution and contamination levels of pollution that has occurred Parameters include physical parameters. 4. change the pH of the water pollution depends on the kinds of materials.5. metal content.5. Cigarette smoke is another air pollutant that is harmful to health is cigarette smoke. 5. 2. turbidity. temperature. affects the fetus in the womb and various other health disorders.

CO gas levels can be measured by titrimetry. For every one unit change in pH scale (from 7 to 6 or from 5 to 4) is said to acidity rose 10 times.Changes in pH values have significance for aquatic life. and the number organism live in the water. Measurements of CO2 levels CO2 gas can also dissolve into the water. pH. The acidity of water can be as simple as measured by dipping litmus paper into the water to change color. b. The more organisms in the water. 3 . If the opposite occurs. the higher the levels of dissolved carbon dioxide (except if there is water in which aquatic plants photosynthesize). Levels of dissolved CO2 gas is strongly influenced by temperature. Low pH value (highly acidic) or high (very alkaline) is not suitable for most living organisms. the acidity decreased 10 times.

so that the ozone layer "hole" is referred to as the "hole" ozone. If tidakladalapisanozon. is odorless. plants become stunted. Environmental science usually discuss pollution caused by human activity. 4 . causing genetic mutations. Other harmful air pollution is khloro fluoro carbon gas (disingkatCFC). the South Polar ozone hole width emakin. and notdangerous. cooling in an ice cupboard. This ozone layer is the protective earth of the influence of ultraviolet light. and hair spray (hair spray). This gas can be used for example to develop a foam (foam seats). matter energy. causing the death of organisms. ultraviolet light radiation reaching the earth's surface. menyebebkan skin cancer or cancer of the retina of the eye. which can be prevented and controlled. toxic gases). CFCs are soaring gas can reach the stratosphere there is a layer of ozone gas (O3). reaction will occur between CFCs and ozone. 4 of 1982). for not acting. Now cover has exceeded three times the area of continental Europe therefore have limited use of air conditioning. to AC (Freon).SUMMARY Pollution or environmental contamination is the entry or introduction of living beings. CFC gas is used as a gas developer. and or other components into the lngkungan or changing the order of the environment by human activities or natural processes so that environmental quality decreases to a certain level which causes the environment to be less or no longer able berfingsi as intended (Principles of Environmental Management Act No. According to observations by the spacecraft. tasteless. Pollution may arise as a result of human activity or is caused by natural (eg volcanic eruption. When CFCs reach the ozone gas.

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