Alcoholism is a disabling addictive disorder.

It is characterized by compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol despite its negative effects on the drinker's health, relationships, and social standing. Like other drug addictions, alcoholism is medically defined as a treatable disease. The term alcoholism is widely used but in medicine the term was replaced by the concepts of "alcohol abuse" and "alcohol dependence". The term alcohol dependence is sometimes used as a synonym for alcoholism, sometimes in a narrower sense. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, alcohol dependence was called dipsomania before the term "alcoholism" replaced it. Long-term alcohol abuse produces physiological changes in the brain such as tolerance and physical dependence. Alcohol damages almost every organ in the body, including the brain; because of the cumulative toxic effects of chronic alcohol abuse, the alcoholic risks suffering a range of medical and psychiatric disorders. The drinker's inability to control such compulsive drinking, despite awareness of its harm to his or her health, indicates that the person might be an alcoholic. The alcoholic woman is more sensitive to alcohol's deleterious physical, cerebral, and mental effects, and increased social stigma, in relation to a man, for being an alcoholic. SYMPTOMS Alcoholism is characterized by an increased tolerance of and physical dependence on alcohol, affecting an individual's ability to control alcohol consumption safely. These characteristics are believed to play a role in impeding an alcoholic's ability to stop drinking. Alcoholism can have adverse effects on mental health, causing psychiatric disorders to develop and an increased risk of suicide. Physicals Long term alcohol abuse can cause a number of physical symptoms, including cirrhosis of the liver, epilepsy, heart disease, nutritional deficiencies, and sexual dysfunction, and can eventually be fatal. Women develop long-term complications of alcohol dependence more rapidly than do men. Additionally, women have a higher mortality rate from alcoholism than men. Examples of long term complications include brain, heart, and liver damage and an increased risk of breast cancer. Psychiatrics Long term misuse of alcohol can cause a wide range of mental health problems. Severe cognitive problems are not uncommon; approximately 10 percent of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia. Excessive alcohol use causes damage to brain function, and psychological health can be increasingly affected over time. Psychiatric disorders are common in alcoholics, the most prevalent psychiatric symptoms are anxiety and depression disorders.

Others include LifeRing Secular Recovery.CAUSES A complex mixture of genetic and environmental factors influences the risk of the development of alcoholism. that have similar effects to prevent alcohol withdrawal. and it is still the largest. the banning or restricting advertising of alcohol has been recommended as additional ways of reducing the harm of alcohol dependence and abuse. Alcoholics Anonymous was one of the first organizations formed to provide mutual. and it is necessary to follow-up detoxification with an appropriate treatment program for alcohol dependence or abuse in order to reduce the risk of relapse. MANAGEMENT Group therapy and psychotherapy Various forms of group therapy or psychotherapy can be used to deal with underlying psychological issues that are related to alcohol addiction. Targeting adolescents and young adults is regarded as an important step to reduce the harm of alcohol abuse. Increasing the age at which licit drugs of abuse such as alcohol can be purchased. and may be indicated by a family history of alcoholism. . as well as provide relapse prevention skills. PREVENTION National governments and parliaments have formed alcohol policies in order to reduce the harm of alcoholism. Genes which influence the metabolism of alcohol also influence the risk of alcoholism. Severe childhood trauma is also associated with a general increase in the risk of drug dependency. such as benzodiazepines. The mutual-help group-counseling approach is one of the most common ways of helping alcoholics maintain sobriety. and SOS. Individuals at risk of a severe withdrawal syndrome as well as those who have significant or acute comorbid conditions are generally treated as inpatients. Detoxification does not actually treat alcoholism. Individuals who are only at risk of mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms can be detoxified as outpatients. SMART Recovery. nonprofessional counseling. Detoxification Alcohol detoxification or 'detox' for alcoholics is an abrupt stop of alcohol drinking coupled with the substitution of drugs. Women For Sobriety.Secular Organization for Sobriety.

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