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O n behalf of the Hanover College

Panthers, Head Coach Wayne Perry,

and our entire coaching staff, we would like
Quarterback: Five-step drop; possible
sight-adjust throw to W vs. backside blitz;
Hanover’s Black Cat Attack
Offense: Adapting Base
to thank the AFCA for allowing us the frontside progression: Under-Hook-Swing. Passes to Quads
opportunity to share some thoughts on our R: Check release swing route
passing game in the 2002 Summer X: Vertical route
Manual. We would like to thank all of the W: Hash route; sight-adjust Slant route
staffs and individual coaches who have vs. blitz
kindly shared their ideas and philosophies Y: Hook route
with us over the past 18 years since we Z: Under route
implemented our “Black Cat Attack” Having used plenty of motion in our Mike Leonard
offense. We would also like to thank the Run-and-Shoot days back in the mid-
two previous Hanover offensive coor- 1980s, we learned that by sending a man Offensive
dinators, Mike McClure and Mike Emen- in motion, several defenders will often react Coordinator
dorfer, for their contributions and innova- to the motion, thus taking away some of
tions in helping make Hanover into a their aggressiveness. Also, the use of Hanover College
nationally known football program. motion can give our quarterback and
First things first. We believe that our receivers the advantage of being able to Hanover, Ind.
“Black Cat Attack” offense is an attitude. better determine whether the defense is
We do our best to instill this attitude into the playing man-to-man or zone coverage.
minds of our players, and get them on the When using this pattern to the wide side of
same page as the coaches. The “Black Cat the field (Diagram 2), we often like to
Attack” offensive attitude is as follows: motion Z into a stack position behind Y.
1. Always think positive This can enhance clean releases for both
2. Strive for perfection receivers and can sometimes confuse
3. Stay on the offensive defenders that are in man coverage.
Dave Ebersbach
4. Have fun
Diagram 2: Ace-Z-In-Under
Secondly, from an X’s and O’s stand-
Wide Receivers
point, we believe in teaching a few base
concepts in all phases of our offense,
including run game, play-actions, passes,
screens and specials. We then create ways
to execute these concepts from a variety of
formations and motions. The shallow-cross
passing game has been a staple for us in
our offense for several years. It has been
one of our bread-and-butter concepts that We also like to motion R out of the back-
we can count on having high-percentage field (ringo motion), so we can see what
completions with built in chances for big type of adjustment the defense will make
plays. We would like to show you how we with us going from a one-back set to an
teach our shallow-cross passes from our empty set. (Diagram 3). By using this type
Ace formation and how we adapt them to of motion, we are obviously sacrificing R
one of our quad formations known as quar- from the protection. Therefore the quarter-
ters. back will be ready to throw quick to either
Diagram 1 shows our ace formation and side if the defense happens to blitz. The
how we label our receivers. Because we quick throw receiver to the frontside now
like to spread the field with the receivers, becomes Z on the under route.
they must be very conscious of their align-
Diagram 3: Ace-Ringo-Under
ments with regards to both hash and num-
bers. We call this pattern under.
Diagram 1: Ace-Under

Diagram 4 shows our compliment play

to the under pattern. This pattern is known

• AFCA Summer Manual — 2002 •

as spot. Everything remains the same in with many different formations and motions, snap decision to work single-receiver side or
this pattern, except Y will now run a corner Diagram 7 shows under from one of our quad side based on defensive alignment.
route and Z will run a spot route, getting favorite quad formations known as quarters. Quad Side Progression: Under-Hook-
open in the area over Y’s original alignment The benefits of this formation are threefold. Swing.
at a depth of four yards. A special note in First, we isolate one of our best receivers on R: Vertical route; Positive Outside
regards to the quarterback’s frontside pro- the single-receiver side at X. Second, we Release (POR).
gression is that both the corner route and create a bunch set with our next best three X: Hand signal route from quarterback.
the spot route are in the quarterback’s ini- receivers. Finally, by putting R, who usually W: Swing route
tial eye fix. His eyes will not have to re-fix is our worst downfield receiver, as the Y: Hook route
from a normal 1-2 progression. He will widest man on the quad side, we will usual- Z: Under route
merely pass the ball to whichever receiver ly draw coverage on him from one of the Diagrams 8 & 9 show how we will use
he finds open in his line of vision. If neither opponent’s best defenders, the cornerback. various motions to “jazz up” and help dis-
is open, he immediately dumps the ball to This allows the three bunched receivers to guise this play from quarters formation.
R on the swing. work against linebackers and the strong Diagram 10 shows our spot pattern from
safety, giving us several favorable match quarters formation.
Diagram 4: Ace-Spot
ups across the field.
Diagram 8: Quarters-Z-In-Under
Diagram 7: Quarters Under

Quarterback: Five-step drop; possible
Diagram 9: Quarters-Ringo-Under
sight-adjust throw to W vs. backside blitz; As the quarterback scans the defense
frontside progression: Corner/Spot-Swing and sees how they align to our quarters for-
R: Check release swing route mation, he first notes how they are defend -
X: Vertical route ing X on the single-receiver side.
W: Hash route; sight-adjust slant route Regardless of how X is defended, the quar-
vs. blitz terback will signal (behind his rear) a pass
Y: Corner route route to X. These pass routes can be either
Z: Spot route three-step drop routes such as a hitch,
Diagrams 5 & 6 show that the same slant, quick out, or fade, or they can be five-
motions can be used in running spot, as step drop routes such as a vertical, come- Diagram 10: Quarters-Spot
were used in running under. back, post, or post-corner.
The quarterback will then get a feel on
Diagram 5: Ace-Z-In-Spot
how the defense has shifted to the quad
side. The quarterback will decide pre-snap
whether he will throw to the single receiver
or to the bunched receivers on the quad
side. If he decides to throw to the bunch
side, the progression remains the same, in
that he will progress from under to hook to
swing. The R is primarily a decoy on this Assignments
pattern, running a vertical route trying to Quarterback: Hand signal to X; pre-
eliminate the cornerback from the cover- snap decision to work single-receiver side
Diagram 6: Ace-Ringo-Spot
age. If he faces a hard corner, he is taught or quad side based on defensive alignment
to take a positive outside release (POR). Quad Side Progression: Box-Cor-
Being in a five-man protection, the quar- ner/Spot-Sit
terback must realize that he will need to R: Sit route; explode three steps up,
throw quick to either side vs. blitz. He can face toward quarterback.
throw quick to X on the hand signal route, X: Hand signal route from quarterback.
or he will be prepared to throw quick to the W: Box route; find opening deep
under or swing on the quad side. between safeties; sight-adjust Slant route
vs. blitz
Staying with the premise that we like to Assignments Y: Corner route
use a few concepts in our passing game Quarterback: Hand signal to X; make pre- Z: Spot route

• AFCA Summer Manual — 2002 •

Regarding the hand signaling proce-
dure, we like the quarterback’s hand sig-
nals to be executed from behind his rear as
opposed to overhead or on the headgear.
The reason is that we will use these hand
signals daily during our one-on-one period
vs. or own defensive backs. Not only do we
guard against our own defensive backs
knowing our routes, but we also save valu-
able time during practice since the quarter-
back and receivers do not need to come
together to call the route before each rep.
Most importantly, by using these hand sig-
nals everyday in practice, they become
automatic and second nature in critical sit-
uations on game day.
In closing, we feel that by teaching a few
concepts to our quarterbacks and
receivers, such as the shallow-cross, they
will gain much confidence in execution
through perfect repetition. At the same New cutline...
time, we feel the need to give our opponent
as many different looks as possible so that
we can always stay on the offensive. The
use of the quad formations and the addition AFCA for the opportunity to contribute to any assistance, feel free to contact us here
of motions enable us to meet these goals. this year’s Summer Manual. We hope that in Indiana. Remember to always stay posi-
Again, on behalf of the Hanover College these passing concepts can be helpful to tive, strive for perfection, stay on the offen-
football program, we would like to thank the your offensive scheme. If we can ever be of sive, and have fun this season!

E v e r y b o d y ’s NOT
Doing It

Finger pointing and dismissing unethical acts with an “everyone’s doing it” attitude in the
public arena does nothing to help the game or the image of the football profession — your

Everybody’s NOT doing it, but those who do flaunt the rules and the AFCA Code of Ethics
are only encouraged if those honest coaches in the profession treat such acts lightly.

Stand up for your profession by acting responsibly. Lead by example and insist that your fel-
low coaches adhere to strict professional standards that are outlined in the Code of Ethics.

• AFCA Summer Manual — 2002 •