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Blank, S.A., Blank, M.M., Luberas, L.R. "Concrete Bridge Construction." Bridge Engineering Handbook. Ed. Wai-Fah Chen and Lian Duan Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2000

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

 





 

                        



 



 

      





      

 

                                          

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                

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

                                                                                                                                                                         

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w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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                                   

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

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–Ʊ ª ¨ ‹ª

                                                                                                                                                                                                  

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                                                                           

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                                                                                                                                       

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                                                             

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

                                 

            

  

             

  

  

  

 

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–Ʊ ª ¨ ›± ¥ª¨ ± ø º Ã´Æ ±™ªÆ ± ⁄ø ¥ ¨ß

                                                              

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                                  

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                                                                                                                                    

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

               

Õ ª ø¥ ›± ºªÆø¨ ± ±Æ ›±¥ºÛ…ªø¨ ªÆ ›± ¨Æ´ ¨ ±

                                                                                                                       

›± ƪ¨ª Œª ±Æ ª ª ¨ ø º –¥ø ª ª ¨

                      

›± ƪ¨ª ” ® ø º ÃÆ ø¥ fiø¨ ª

                                                                      

›± ºªÆø¨ ± ¨± ¤® ± ´Æª ›± º ¨ ±

                 

   w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›
   w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

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                            

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

                                   

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›± ¨Æ´ ¨ ± ªÆø¨ ±

ÏÍÚÍÚÔ

–ƪ ¨Æª ”ª¨ ±º

              

–ƪ¨ª ±

                                                                              

–± ¨Ûê ±

                                                                                   

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

⁄ ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÔ 

ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÔ 

ÏÍÚÍÚÓ

⁄øæÆ ø¨ ± ø º ¤Æª ¨ ± Õ¨ø ª

                                                                                           

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

⁄ ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÓ  

ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÓ   

                             

ÏÍÚÍÚÌ

›± ¨Æ´ ¨ ± ± Õª ª ¨ø¥ fiÆ º ª

                                                                                  

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

⁄ ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÌ  

ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÌ

  

 w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘› ⁄ ŸÀŒ¤

w Ó æß ›Œ› –ƪ ‘‘›

ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÏ

  

⁄ ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÎ

ŸÀŒ¤ ÏÍÚÎ 

ÏÍÚÍÚÏ

›± ¨Æ´ ¨ ± ± ÿ–› fiÆ º ª

                                                                            

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                                                                                                        

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                                                                                                                              

Œª ªÆª ª

   

 



 



 

  



          



  



 



           

 

  



 



 



 

  

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