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Kelly Hartmann

Math 401 Homework 2

Problem 3.1.1 #2: The following statements each describe a relationship between two sets A and B in which the given elements are in set A. Identify the sets A and B precisely in each case. Determine whether or not the relationship denes a function f : A B. a. The triangle T is circumscribed by the given circle C. b. The circle C circumscribes the given triangle T. c. The area of a given triangle T is A. d. The pair {p, q} of points in the plane are the foci of a given ellipse E.

Solution:

a. The inputs to our function are the given, so A is circle C. Then B is triangle T . This relationship does not dene a function f : A B becuase there there is more than one triangle that can be inscribed in circle C. For it to be a function we need one output for each input value. b. A in this problem is going to be triangle T , since it is given. Then we know that B is circle C. This relationship does dene a function f : A B since for every triangle there is only one circle C that can circumscribe it. c. The given in the problem is triangle T , which is A; our ouput is the area, B. This relationship does dene a function f : A B becuase for every triangle there is only one area. For every input there is only one output. d. The A in this problem is ellipse E, and B is the pair {p, q}. This relationship does dene a function f : A B because for every input of an ellipse, there is only one pair of points for every ellipse.

Kelly Hartmann

Math 401 Homework 2

Problem 3.1.2 #3: The function f graphed in gure 7 (in textbook, p. 77) expresses the catch up time t as a function of person Bs speed, w. a. Find a function that expresses the catch-up distance d as a function of person Bs speed w. Graph this function, assuming the values v = 50 mph for person As speed and b = 3 hours for the delay of person B. b. Express the catch-up distance d solely in terms of general parameters: person Bs speed w, person As speed v, and the time delay b of person B.

Solution:

a. First we need to dene our variables and nd their relationships. Let Bs speed be w, As speed be v, catch up time t, distance is d, and let b be the delay time of person B. The problem gives us b = 3 hours, and v = 50 mph. The idea we need to look at is distance = rate time. So for person B we will have w t = d. Now we need a similar formula for person A, but using the same variables. Since person A gets a 3 hour head start then their time will be (t + 3). From the givens we know person As speed is 50 mph, so when we do distance = rate time we get d = 50(t + 3). We want our equation to be in terms of d and w, so we need to use subsitution to eliminate t. By rearranging d the rst equation we get t = w , which we can substitute into the second equation to get d d = 50( w + 3). Simplifying our equation we will get d = 50(3)w . This function give us the w50 distance it takes person B to catch up person A, with the input as person Bs speed, w.

Kelly Hartmann

Math 401 Homework 2

The domain of w is (50, ) and the range of d is (150, ). There is an asymptote at w = 50, since The speed of person A is 50mph person B needs to go over 50mph in order to catch up. There is also an asymptote at d = 150, because that is the distance person A traveled before person B started. b. To generalize the problem we need to replace our given values with variables. This means we can replace person As speed 50mph with v, and the 3 hours for the delay of person bvw B with b. Substituting these into our equation we get d = wv . Writing the problem this way will make the information easier to apply to another set of givens.