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Math 401 Homework 2

Problem 3.1.1 #2: The following statements each describe a relationship between two sets A and B in which the given elements are in set A. Identify the sets A and B precisely in each case. Determine whether or not the relationship deﬁnes a function f : A → B. a. The triangle T is circumscribed by the given circle C. b. The circle C circumscribes the given triangle T. c. The area of a given triangle T is A. d. The pair {p, q} of points in the plane are the foci of a given ellipse E.

Solution:

a. The inputs to our function are the given, so A is circle C. Then B is triangle T . This relationship does not deﬁne a function f : A → B becuase there there is more than one triangle that can be inscribed in circle C. For it to be a function we need one output for each input value. b. A in this problem is going to be triangle T , since it is given. Then we know that B is circle C. This relationship does deﬁne a function f : A → B since for every triangle there is only one circle C that can circumscribe it. c. The given in the problem is triangle T , which is A; our ouput is the area, B. This relationship does deﬁne a function f : A → B becuase for every triangle there is only one area. For every input there is only one output. d. The A in this problem is ellipse E, and B is the pair {p, q}. This relationship does deﬁne a function f : A → B because for every input of an ellipse, there is only one pair of points for every ellipse.

and let b be the delay time of person B. assuming the values v = 50 mph for person A’s speed and b = 3 hours for the delay of person B. Now we need a similar formula for person A. but using the same variables. w. From the givens we know person A’s speed is 50 mph. Since person A gets a 3 hour head start then their time will be (t + 3). . so we need to use subsitution to eliminate t. By rearranging d the ﬁrst equation we get t = w . b. Graph this function. distance is d. and v = 50 mph.Kelly Hartmann Math 401 Homework 2 Problem 3. a. and the time delay b of person B. so when we do distance = rate × time we get d = 50(t + 3). person A’s speed v. p. 77) expresses the catch up time t as a function of person B’s speed. Solution: a. Find a function that expresses the catch-up distance d as a function of person B’s speed w. The idea we need to look at is distance = rate × time. which we can substitute into the second equation to get d d = 50( w + 3).2 #3: The function f graphed in ﬁgure 7 (in textbook. So for person B we will have w × t = d. Simplifying our equation we will get d = 50(3)w . The problem gives us b = 3 hours. with the input as person B’s speed.1. We want our equation to be in terms of d and w. This function give us the w−50 distance it takes person B to catch up person A. catch up time t. A’s speed be v. w. Let B’s speed be w. First we need to deﬁne our variables and ﬁnd their relationships. Express the catch-up distance d solely in terms of general parameters: person B’s speed w.

There is an asymptote at w = 50. This means we can replace person A’s speed 50mph with v.Kelly Hartmann Math 401 Homework 2 The domain of w is (50. Substituting these into our equation we get d = w−v . since The speed of person A is 50mph person B needs to go over 50mph in order to catch up. There is also an asymptote at d = 150. b. because that is the distance person A traveled before person B started. . ∞) and the range of d is (150. Writing the problem this way will make the information easier to apply to another set of givens. ∞). To generalize the problem we need to replace our given values with variables. and the 3 hours for the delay of person bvw B with b.

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