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Recognize a transitive verb when you see one.
A transitive verb has two characteristics. First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like kick, want, paint, write, eat, clean, etc. Second, it must have a direct object, something or someone who receives the action of the verb. Here are some examples of transitive verbs:
Sylvia kicked Juan under the table.
Kicked = transitive verb; Juan = direct object.
Joshua wants a smile from Leodine, his beautiful but serious lab partner.
Wants = transitive verb; smile = direct object.
Cornelius painted the canvas in Jackson Pollock fashion, dribbling bright colors from a heavily soaked brush.
Painted = transitive verb; canvas = direct object.
Alicia wrote a love poem on a restaurant napkin.
Wrote = transitive verb; poem = direct object.
Antonio eats lima beans drenched in brown gravy.
Eats = transitive verb; lima beans = direct object.
dishes. INCOMPLETE The child broke.2011 by Robin L. . intransitive. COMPLETE The shelf holds three books and a vase of flowers. COMPLETE The committee named a new chairperson. Home Terms Exercises Handouts Rules Shop Feedback ©1997 . as in the following examples: INCOMPLETE The shelf holds. the verb is intransitive. items = direct objects. Cleans. Important note: When no direct object follows an action verb. verbs may be transitive. VALID HTM L Transitive and Intransitive Verbs Depending on the type of object they take. COMPLETE The child broke the plate. Simmons All Rights Reserved. loads = transitive verbs. INCOMPLETE The committee named. or linking.Pinky the poodle cleans the dirty supper dishes with his tongue before Grandma loads the "prewashed" items into dishwasher. The meaning of a transitive verb is incomplete without a direct object.
we lingered in the restaurant for several hours. . on the other hand. the verb "leave" takes a direct object. The verb "carried" is used intransitively in this sentence and takes no direct object. we must leave this goo in our hair for twenty minutes. In this example. and the noun phrase "four hours late" acts as an adverb describing when the train arrived. but we must leave. The compound verb "was hung" is used intransitively and the sentence has no direct object. The compound verb "has thrived" is intransitive and takes no direct object in this sentence. the first sentence uses the verb transitively and the second uses the same verb intransitively: transitive According to the instructions.An intransitive verb. cannot take a direct object: This plant has thrived on the south windowsill. The prepositional phrase "on the south windowsill" acts as an adverb describing where the plant thrives. The verb "lingered" is used intransitively and takes no direct object. the verb "leave" does not take a direct object. The prepositional phrase "on the south wall of the reception room" acts as a adverb describing where the paint hung. Since the company was pleasant and the coffee both plentiful and good. The prepositional phrase "in the restaurant for several hours" acts as an adverb modifying "lingered. The prepositional phrase "through the cathedral" acts as an adverb describing where the sound carried. Many verbs can be either transitive or intransitive. transitive The audience attentively watched the latest production of The Trojan Women. In the following pairs of sentences. In this example. the noun phrase "this goo. depending on their context in the sentence. The train from Montreal arrived four hours late. The intransitive verb "arrived" takes no direct object. The sound of the choir carried through the cathedral." The painting was hung on the south wall of the reception room." intransitive We would like to stay longer.
In this sentence "moves" is used as a transitive verb and takes the noun phrase "all the boxes and trunk" as a direct object. In this example. The second verb. has another word after it. let's just focus on the simple ideas. broke. Let's look at the two different kinds of verbs. but we will learn more later. the word that comes after the verb. I'm talking about the grammar. Generally speaking. Written by Heather MacFadyen The Difference Between Transitive and Intransitive Verbs My sister broke the window. how are these two verbs grammatically different? We should notice that the first verb.In this example. is the object of . cried. transitive Every spring. window. My father cried. we can say that all verbs in English can be divided into two groups--those that must have a word (or words) after them and words that do not have to have any word after them. Transitive Verbs My sister broke the window. Here the verb "moves" is used as an intransitive verb and takes no direct object. For now. intransitive The cook watched while the new dishwasher surreptitiously picked up the fragments of the broken dish. William moves all boxes and trunks from one side of the attic to the other. This rule is simplified right now. In the first sentence. intransitive The crowd moves across the field in an attempt to see the rock star get into her helicopter. cried) in the above sentences? I'm not talking about the meaning. In other words. does not have another word after it. Can you figure out the difference between the verbs (broke. the verb "watch" is used transitively and takes the noun phrase "the latest production of The Trojan Women" as a direct object. the verb "watched" is used intransitively and takes no direct object.
In this case we say that this verb is intransitive because it does not have an object after it. we do not use the verb crywith an object. Intransitive Verbs My father cried. My cat ran. For many verbs in class. We should notice that in each case. Here are some more examples of intransitive verbs: o o o o o I slept. I understood her question. In other words. We can see in this sentence that there is no word after cried. I bought a radio. if your teacher thinks that the verb is hard to understand. the subject is doing the action of the verb and nothing receives the action. I took the bus. or even. Common Test Prep Points It is extremely important to be able to understand whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. The sun rose. We say that window is the object because it receives the action of the verb. Is there a noun that we could use after cried? We could probably think of one or two nouns. The glass fell. Transitive verbs are more common on the TOEFL than intransitive verbs. we say that the verb is transitive. but many students get confused about intransitive verbs. I wrote a letter. the student should respond something like this: . but normally. Think about it--what could we say? My father cried something. so there is no noun to receive the action of the word. Here are some more examples of transitive verbs with their objects: o o o o o I sold some books. we will ask something like this: T: Do we cry or do we cry something? Then. Let's look at the other kind of verb now. good-bye. All objects of verbs receive the action of the verb. When a verb has an object that receives the action of the verb. I coughed.the verb. like tears. there is no object for the word.
This is because I want you to remember these words since they are the most common on the TOEFL and they cause the most problems for students. to the store is a prepositional phrase. yesterday is an adverb. will tell you that went is transitive since we have many words after went. vi or vt Verb run . since that's what most dictionaries say) if the verb is transitive. Is went transitive or intransitive? Many people. Consider the following example: I went to the store yesterday. # 1. Practice Transitive and Intransitive Verbs This exercise is relatively simple--just decide whether the verb is transitive or intransitive. for now. Summary of Transitive and Intransitive Verbs There are some important exceptions to these rules and we will talk about them later. what are all those other words after went? Well. write the answer choice that is more common. In this case. you will notice that several words have been repeated. we would say that cry is intransitive. One more thing: just to make life easier. BE CAREFUL!! One reason that understanding this point is so important is that it is very easy to become confused about whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. including native speakers. Finally. we will say vi (since that's what most dictionaries say) if the verb is intransitive and vt (again. However. Second.S: Just cry. we have enough information to do some practice. In this case. instead of saying transitive andintransitive all the time. first of all. Trust TestMagic: This is extremely important!! We will do some exercises on this point a little bit later. However: To say that went is transitive would be a BIG mistake!! So.
happen 19. exist 12.2. evolve 8. follow 14. research 9. evolve . occur 17. result 13. feed 11. eat 6. live 3. dwell 20. exist 18. throw 4. happen 10. take place 16. result 7. sell 5. make 15.
fly 25.21. send 23. result 22. find . invent 24.
in the 1750s via a cross of Fragaria virginiana from eastern North America and Fragaria chiloensis. and milkshakes. and pink. the genes of the seeds started to mix and create new type of fruit (grapeberry). Scientist has came with the conclusion that. The fruit that has been discovered have the combination of genes from two types of fruits. This conclusion is supported by the discovery of the grapeberry which is only found in between the two farms. The inner structure of the fruit also represents the grape and it almost has the same taste of a grape. green. which was brought from Chile by Amédée-François Frézier in 1714.The discovery of a new fruit offspring January. dark blue. either fresh or in prepared foods such as preserves. the seeds might have mixed during the cultivation process. and can be crimson. but an aggregate accessory fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma. France. Eventually. It is named grapeberry because scientist has confirmed that grape s gene and strawberry s gene are contains in the fruit s cell besides the shape is like a strawberry but purple in color. . In the other hand Grapes are a type of fruit that grow in clusters of 15 to 300. Both of the fruits were planted in North America in the past and they still exist until today. The whole world is thrilled by the discovery of a new type of fruit. It has created an excitement for the whole world. since the farms of both fruits are located nearby. "White" grapes are actually green in color. The fruit which is not actually a berry. yellow. where the favorable habitat made grapes a very successful crop in that zone. It is consumed in large quantities. planting them in North America in the early 17th century. orange. juicy texture. It only grows at the area in California which is located in between a strawberry and a grape farm. Artificial strawberry aroma is also widely used in many industrialized food products. Grapes are typically an ellipsoid shape resembling a prolate spheroid. fruit juice. ice creams. The scientist is conducting an experiment to ensure that the fruit is safe to eat before it starts to bred in farm like its genetic parents. Spanish settlers brought grapes to America. bright red color. black. grapes rapidly spread to California. Scientist has detect the genes that contains in the new discover fruit which is now named grapeberry . The new type of fruit has been discovered by a group of scientist in California. Thanks to the Spanians. pies. The garden of strawberry was first bred in Brittany. and are evolutionarily derived from the purple grape. Grapes are also used in some kinds of confectionery. During the discovery of Americas. and sweetness.
etc. The definite and indefinite articles a/an/the are all determiners." You use general determiners to talk about people or things without saying exactly who or what they are.Determiners are used in front of nouns to indicate whether you are referring to something specific or something of a particular type. those possessives : my. that.) and possessive pronouns (mine. an few fewer less little many more most much a few a little all another any both each either enough every neither no other several some . Therefore personal pronouns ( I . You use a specific determiner when people know exactly which thing(s) or person/people you are talking about. his. his. these. her. etc. The specific determiners are: the definite article : the demonstratives : this. their For example:"The dog barked at the boy. Determiners are different to pronouns in that a determiner is always followed by a noun." "Their bus was late. you .) cannot be determiners. its. The general determiners are: the indefinite articles : a. yours. your. he . our." "These apples are rotten.
For example:I've got tea and coffee. (One or the other) The room has a door at either end." Either and Neither Either and neither are used in sentences concerning a possible choice between two items.For example:"A man sat under an umbrella. ." "Have you got any English books that I could have?" "There is enough food to feed everyone. For example:Neither of the students were listening. Either can mean one or the other (of two) or each of two. so you can have either. (Both) Neither means not the first one and not the second one.
Yours Sincerely. Your consideration is greatly appreciated. (initial) (NAME) . (Introduction) I graduated from Multimedia College Northern Region in December 2011 with a Diploma in Engineering (Telecommunication).Letter of application (referring to advertisement) (Name) (Address) (Contact number) (Date) Human Resource Manager (Company s name in caps) Address Dear Sir/Madam. Enclose is my Curriculum Vitae.(body 1) I did my industrial Training at the Telekom Malaysia in October 2011.(salutation) I would like to refer on the advertisement in The Star dated 3 February 2012 regarding the post as a Technical Telecommunication Services.
I graduated from Multimedia College Northern Region in November 2011 with a Diploma in Engineering (Telecommunication).com dated 2 February 2012 regarding the post as an Assistant Telecommunication s Engineer at your company. 017-5913234 3 February 2012 Human Resource Manager TELEKOM MALAYSIA SDN BHD Menara TM. Yours Sincerely. I would like to apply on the advertisement in the internet with the link www. Dear Sir/Madam. Malaysia. 264 Jln F3/14 Taman Long Jaafar.Mohamad Anuar Bin Md Rozali No. Your consideration is greatly appreciated. Jalan Pantai Baharu 50672 Kuala Lumpur. kg Boyan 34000 Taiping. (MOHAMAD ANUAR BIN MD ROZALI) .jobfinder. I did my industrial training at the Taiping s Telekom Malaysia Complex in July 2011 for three months. Enclose is my Curriculum Vitae. Perak Darul Ridzuan.
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