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CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE Background of the Study Life is not measured by the number of breaths

a person takes, but by the moments that could take ones breath away. Breathing means living, but now a days, as what can a person sees in our environment is already polluted. So how can a community be sure of the healthiness of the society? There are lots of roots for pollution and one of these is cigarette smoking. The worlds view on smoking cigarettes has changed dramatically over the last century. The habit was once considered to be cool, sexy, good for ones health, and widely enjoyed by many people. Previously promoted by sportsmen, and advertised all over television. No one could be seen acting in a movie without any positioned cigarette in prior hand. Today, smoking is considered to be a nasty addictive habit that can kill an individual and those around the neighborhood. No one can find cigarettes neither advertised anywhere nor will see anyone smoking in a public places. Todays smokers are considered to be anti-social and are often frowned at if seen smoking outside in crowded places. According to the Role of Health Professionals in Tobacco Control, the use of tobacco continues to be a major cause of health problems worldwide. There is currently an estimated 1.3 billion smokers in the world, with 4.9 million people dying because of tobacco use in a year. If this trend continues, the number of

deaths will increase to 10 million by the year 2020, 70% of which will be coming from countries like the Philippines. (WHO, 2005). The Philippine Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in 2009 revealed that 28.3% (17.3 million) of the population aged 15 years old and over currently smoke tobacco, 47.7% (14.6 million) of whom are men, while 9.0% (2.8 million) are women. Eighty percent of these current smokers are daily smokers with men and women smoking an average of 11.3 and 7 sticks of cigarettes per day respectively. The researchers aim to determine the factors affecting the smoking habits of tobacco users among the students of College of Arts and Sciences in Naval State University and through this the researchers will be able to craft an intervention scheme to reduce the number of tobacco smokers. First, the researchers are under the age group of adolescence to young adult and being a part of it makes them wonder why this group is so much affected by cigarette smoking. Second, the researchers are under the College of Arts and Sciences Department in Naval State University. The No-Smoking campaign has been practiced in school and it has been complied by the students. Lastly, Naval, Biliran has been awarded for Red Orchid last May 2011 and as one of the smoke-free province among the places in the Philippines. After this study,

whatever the result will be, the researchers can help the respondents on reducing smoking habits to cessation of cigarette smoking.

Objectives of the Study The study general aims to determine the factors affecting the smoking habits of Naval State University - College of Art and Sciences students at the year 2012. Specifically, the study seeks to answer the following questions: 1. What is the profile of the tobacco users among the College Arts and Sciences students in Naval State University, in terms of: 1.1 age; 1.2 gender; 1.3 year level; 1.4 course; 1.5 weekly allowance. 2. What are the smoking habits of the respondents in terms of: 2.1 frequency of smoking; 2.2 number of cigarette sticks consumed per day; 2.3 time of the day of smoking; 2.4 length / number of years smoking; 2.5 temperature/weather. 3. What are the factors affecting not to stop smoking. 4. What intervention scheme can be made to counteract the problems in order reduce the number of tobacco smokers of Naval State University College of Arts and Sciences students.

Theoretical Framework





Conceptual Framework The scheme above illustrates the components of the conceptual framework as its main strong foundation in the due course of the proceedings. The main focus of the study is to monitor tobacco use among the students of College of Arts and Sciences in Naval State University and to provide an intervention scheme to lessen the number of tobacco users. To determine the factors affecting the smoking habits among College of Arts and Sciences students of Naval State University, the researchers will gather the profile of the CAS students of Naval State University. This is followed by the distribution of questionnaires to determine the respondents smoking habits and reasons for not stopping to smoke base on the information to be collected, as the researchers will make an interventions that can decrease the number of tobacco smokers to cessation of smoking.

Scope and limitation of the study The study will be conducted the College in Art and Sciences Naval State University Naval,Biliran and namely focused in the affect in smoking habit.

It will come the year 2012 specifically for Feb.-March and limited use to the tobacco smokers/user in the above mention Students.

Importance of the Study The result of the study will benefit the following individuals: Tobacco Users among CAS students of NSU. The findings of the study will provide comprehensive information as to what tobacco smoking can lead to and develop strong awareness about prevention programs that will reduce the population of smokers and to improve the quality of life. NSU students. Results of the study will enlighten the student of NSU how tobacco smoking affects them physiologically, psychologically, sociologically and spiritually. NSU Faculty, Staff and Administrators. School Physician and Nurse. They will be able to monitor and conduct further assessment and evaluation to the students of the university. RHU Naval, Biliran. LGU Naval, Biliran. Awareness of the results will make Biliranon have a starting point for the intervention scheme Future Researchers. Data may serve as future reference for the future researchers that wish to conceptualize their research paradigm using the same variables or research locale.

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This section presents the different literature and studies reviewed which were obtained from different sources and authorities. This serves as the basis and guide for the conceptualization of the study. Tobacco products are products made entirely or partly of leaf tobacco as raw material, which are intended to be smoked, sucked, chewed or snuffed. All contain the highly addictive psychoactive ingredient, nicotine. In 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported tobacco smoking kills nearly six million people each year, of whom more than 5 million are users and ex users and more than 600 000 are nonsmokers exposed to second-hand smoke. Unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030 and one billion over the course of the 21 st century. Tobacco use is the biggest contributor to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases such as heart attack, stroke, cancer and emphysema which accounts for 63% of deaths. By the 1990s, the tobacco epidemic was a public health problem of epic proportions. It was a leading cause of premature death. The escalation of

smoking and other forms of tobacco use worldwide had resulted in the loss of at least 3.5 million human lives in 1998 ad was expected at that time to cause at least 10 million deaths a year by 2030 if the pandemic was not controlled, with 70% of these deaths occurring in developing countries.

Definition of Terms To appreciate fully the study and its findings the following terms are operationally and conceptually defined for better understanding to the reader: Tobacco smoking. It refers to the practice where tobacco is burned and the resulting smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases) is inhaled. Smoking Habit. Is a physical addiction to tobacco products. Many health experts now regard habitual smoking as a psychological addiction, too, and one with serious health consequences. Tobacco User. Is one of the main risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, lung diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Despite this, it is common throughout the world. Rural Health Unit (RHU). As used in the study, it is an anchoring agency that helps implement a Smoking Free Environment aside from LGU Naval, Biliran. Local Government Unit (LGU). As used in the study, it is the implementing agency of CAS students. Refers to College of Arts and Sciences students. NSU. Refers to Naval State University.

CHAPTER II METHODOLOGY In this chapter, the research design, research locale and subjects, research instrument, data gathering procedure and statistical treatment were defined. Researcher Design The study uses a descriptive design which discloses Research Locale The study will be conducted to the College of Art and Sciences Naval Naval State University in the municipality of Naval, Biliran and mainly focused on the factors affecting smoking habits among tobacco users of the said institution. It will cover the year 2012 specifically on the month of February March to the tobacco smokers/users of the above mentioned students. Research Respondents The respondents of this study are the College of Arts and Sciences student enrolled at Naval State University as of academic year 2011-2012 who are or who have been using tobacco smoke. Researcher Instrument

The data that will be going to be gathered is a self-structured compiled previous set of questionnaire about smoking. The said questionnaires are Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) and Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) prepared by World Health Organization (WHO) and Smoking Questionnaire from Dr. Kathy Doner, MD, a Board Certified in Internal Medicine and throughout the years of practice Dr. Doner always addressed the whole person-- body, mind, emotions and spirit. She also stressed preventive medicine such as good nutrition, exercise, social support, the search for meaning in life, and stress reduction. Data Gathering Procedure