Manual-Testing Questions (http://www.allinterview.com/InterviewQuestions/Manual-Testing.
1. What is main difference between Testing Techiques and Testing Methodology?
Testing methodology is nothing but the method your using in your company for eg: waterfall method or V model or spiral model etc.Testing techniques is like black box, white box etc
2. How do u approach for testing a web application? http://geekswithblogs.net/ppothuraju/archive/2004/06/11/6473.aspx
A] An usecase are prepared from BRS.this will be in document form only which can be understand by the team.it describe about how the software should when the end user uses . where as testcases are written by tester using SRS.testcase are used for testing the functionality or behavior of the application B] Actually Test cases are derived from use cases use cases contains field validation of fields Positive and negative scenarios for each each functionality Difference between test case and use case contains only validations but the test case contains test data
3. what is mean by exactly the difference between the testcase and usecase?
4. Can u define the usecase and testcase.
UseCase : It is indepth detailed description about Customer Requirments. It is developed from BRS/SRS. It is prepared by business analyst or QA Lead. Testcase: It is a document describing the input,action and expected response to determine whether the application is working correctly according to the customer requirments. It is derived from srs,usecases and test scenarios.While developing test cases we can find gaps in the requirments also.
5. As a tester, what is the final report u submitted to ur customer? please write it in tabular form? 6. what is bug life cycle?
Bug Life Cycle is the different status a bug takes in the process of it being FIXED.The status can be New,Reject,Open,Fixed,Reopen,Retest,Closed.
7. which process u followed in ur company?
Well the maintainence projects do not have any process as such : On my expereience we follow : My 2nd Project : Iterative Model Process ( FSD was not signed off from the client and kept changing ) My 3rd Project : V Model ( Developers were in USA and we were in India )
8. what is the format of traceability matrix u prepared in ur company?
As a tester, what is the final report u submitted to ur customer? and what is its format? write it in tabular form?
9. what is traceability matrix?
Traceability matrix is nothing but mapping User requirements to Test cases.This ensures that u have written enough test cases covering all the functionalities.
A] No. Initially atleast some modules should be done with the help of manual testing. B] yes we can do by automation,because from manual to automation is easy[time consuming,less cost,resources] but automation to manual will take more expensive,long duration,less accuracy
10. Project had been started in Manual testing and Automation of some fixed modules, Then finally decided to Test the total Application in Automation then it is possible to test that application.
11. what is the purpose of using Tracability Matrix and how can you tell that testing has been succseed.
In Tracilibility matrix we will map the Test Cases with Particular Test Scenario so that we can find that any scenario is missed and if the total scenario are mapped with particular Testcases then the testing is fullfilled.
12. What is the main theme of doing Regression Testing
A] By doing the Regression testing we can make sure that any new bug fixes did not change the functionality of the application. B] I think the main purpose of Regression is to know that any impact on the functionality of the application or specific module where the developer had changed the code while fixing the bug. Tester had to test the total scenarios not that particular scenario in Regression
13. How can you define Priority and severity
Priority: This is defined as how much time that developer should take to solve that bug depending upon the
fuctionality. Severity: This is defined as how much impact is shown on the functionality.
14. Describe Bug life Cycle and the process taken in your organization.
As soon as Test Engineer finds a Bug will Raise the bug as in NEW Status and will post it development Tl and Will keep it in Open Status and assign it to concerned developer. and he can change the status of bug as duplicate, As designed, not Reproducable, if it is a bug then developer will work on it and give it as Fix status. Then Tester will retest that bug and see that it is reproducable or not if it is not reproducable then he will close the bug, if its reproduce the same bug then keeps it in reopen status.
1. According to my company BA and PM will get the Requirements initially from the client these requirements can be named as BRS(business requirement specification) or BRD. 2. then PM and Qualty Analyser will prepare the software Requirement Specification(srs)ie., the flow of the functionality of the application, then SRS will be send to concerned TL (ie both development and testing) 3. Then Testing TL will Prepare TestPlan based on SRS 4. Then Test engineer will be part of testing of preparing the testcases based on usecases prepared by development Team 5. Then after Build Deployed TE has to Execute the Testcases. 6. Bugs Found should be raised.
15. what is the Testing Process in your organization
16. Describe the difference betweeen Test scenario and Test Case
Test case is to validate the functionality of the scenario. Test scenario is to know the flow the functionality of that particular scenario.
Basically the defects are classified in to three types:
17. What are the different types of defects/errors are commonly appear during the real time software testing?
1.Missing Functionality(Requirement not implemented) 2.Extra Functionality(Added some thing more than need ) 3.Wrongly implemented functionality(implemented requitement is not working) Apart from this there is a very big list of defects are there: 1. incorrect or missing functions, 2. interface errors,
3. errors in data structures or external database access, 4. performance errors, and 5. initialization and termination errors 6. GUI releated 7.Failure of validation conditions.....etc
Bug found | |------>Test Engineer Finds Bug and Assigns that bug to | Developper | Open ---->During Developper fixing bug it's status will | be changes to open | |------>Developper fixes the bug Resolved---->then developper changes its status to Resolved | | | Closed=------>Test engineer tests the system f it is fixed then he will change the bug status to closed So Bug has mainly three statuses 1.Open 2.Resolves 3.Closed
18. Explain Bug/Defect Life cycle?
These are the phases of STLC 1.Requirements 2.Use Case Document 3.Test Plan 4.Test Case 5.Test Case execution 6.Report Analysis 7.Bug Analysis 8.Bug Reporting
19. Phases of Software Testing Life Cycle?.
1.Determine Previously tested system functions properly without getting effected though changes are made in some other segment of application system. 2.Determine System requirements remain current 3.Determine System test data and test conditions remain current
20. Use of Regression Testing?
1.Tracing requirements to test cases 2.Tracing test cases to requirements 3.Gives test coverage of Requirements 4.Detailed report generation
21. Use of Requirements Traceability?
22. The typical Application Test Lifecycle?
1.Unit testing 2.Module testing 3.Component testing 4.Component integration testing 5.Subsystem testing 6.System testing 7.Functional testing 8.Technical integration testing 9.System integration testing 10.Non-functional testing 11.Integration testing 12.Regression testing 13.Model Office testing 14.User Acceptance testing
23. What are the Test Deliverables?
Deliverables are 1.Test Plans 2.Test Script Planner 3.Test Scripts 4.Test Execution Results 5.Defect Reports
A] Testing is required to check that the application satisfies the requirements. B] There is another corner for need of testing: Testing will give confidence for the software development company that the software will work satisfactorily in client environmant. Testing will improve the software quality. Testing will also reduces the maintanance cost also. Even the client of the software will get confidence on the software. C] testing is required for 1>to produce a quality product 2>a man can't do perform two tasks efficiently at a time i.e for example a developer can't do two tasks, a)programming b)testing 3>without spend more time and cost we produce quality product 4>Due to psychological behaviour of a man is "a man can recognizing other faults easily"
24. Why testing is required?
The different testing techniques are: 1.Boundary Value Analysis 2.Equivalence Partitioning
25. What are the different techniques for writing test cases?
Client Server:Here the server will have the information data Business logic The Client will have only tools/interface to connect ,access the information and services of the server. Normally Client server will work in LAN network of the office. If we come for web server client is any one of the browser and server will be webserver like apache or IIS or some one else. Web sverver architechture is an extended version of the client server architechture. Bowser client can access information from any part of the world by using a broswer like internet explorer/mozilla fire fox/Netscape navigator.
26. What is Client Server/Web Server Configuration(ISS)
A] System Testing:- System testing is the testing of all the software and hardware requirements for the project. The software which we are going to develop or we have developed,require which type of configuration of PC (Hardware)to run or the configuration which we do have is compatible for the software we want to run on client PC or our development PC OR tester's PC. B] system testng is an end to end testing .the environment which is similar to production like environment
27. what is the testing approach for windows Explorer(Not IE Explorer) 28. How we do system testing project?
29. Wat kinds of documents requied during regression testion ? at time regression testing is done? can we do it repeatedly
defect tracker and FS.its depends the project
Whenever enhancements added to the existing functionality then only we go for Regression testing why because new changes are whether effecting the old functionality or not (OR) it is a type of testing. In which already tested fuctionality is once again tested in two scenarios. 1. whenever the defects are identified by the testengineer rectified by the developer and released to the testing
30. What is regression testing?
department then the test engineer will once again test the defect functionality and the related functionality. 2. whenever the new changes are incorporated by the developer and released to the testing department the testengineer will once again test the related old functionality in order to ensure that they remain same..
UseCase is a Set of Scenario's To prepare the Test cases.
31. What is Usecase
Generaly this type of case u can go for adhoc testing or monkey testing.
32. An application is given to you but the requirements and functionalities are missing what will you do to start the testing?
jst go thru the whole application try to grap all the important funcationalities check all the results as per ur basic knwledge. here in this case company wants u test how far ur knwoledge in the domain? how how far ur mindset works.try to catch all main and important functions and write a test cases on it.
Tranfer the system date to 1. -1 of end date and 2, +1 of end date and retrive the data in first case it should accept in second case it shouldn't accept
33. There are 2 clients for a server and that clients can access the data from the server only for 10 days. so how will you test this scenario manually? Can u pls help me?..
34. what is error seeding
A]The error seeding is nothing but the developer wontedly keep some errors in the coding part to test the tester, whether the tester is doing the work properly can he find that bug or not. B] Error Seeding is the process of adding known faults wantedly in a program for monitoring the rate of detection & removal and also to estimate the total number of faults remaining in the program.
release : the modules that which we get for the first time for testing is release Build : once we have tested and identified the bugs in that module we wil send back to the developoment side,they will correct and send us back for retesting,at that stage that module is called as build
35. what is the difference between build and release?
36. Hi i am srinivas working as testing engineer with one of cmm level3 company. i am looking to change for that i posted my resume in naukri i got mails about requirement but when i replyed mails no one call for interview .I applied from past 4 month but i am not geting any interview call . please tell me where is the problem.?
Yes, need a updated resume and dont forget to put ur nature of work and keep trying definitely you will get. Its not that problem with only in your resume, in naukri they might have updated their reqmnt but currently thwy might not have any vacancies in their organisation. but they will store ur resume in database, u will get a call soon, and time also need to come for everything. otherwise please send ur resume to my mail id firstname.lastname@example.org i will attach ur resume, if ur lucky u will get a call
37. What are the qualities of the tester ?
1.A tester should communicate Truth 2.He should maintain documentation of all his work
38. Can anyone explain me about Traceability metrics?
A] It is mapping between customer requirements and test cases. Tracebility Matrix ensures that test cases written to test a feature of application are able to trace the customer requirements. By using Tracebility Matrix we can come to the conclusion as when complete testing be stopped.. B] Traceability Matrix This maps the requirement in to testcases. That means for each requirement in SRS document there must be atleast one testcase should be there. ofcourse there may be more than one test case per one requirement. and even one one requirement may cover in more than one test case. By using this we can review the testcase coverage. What are the requirements are not converted into testcases. what are requirements are tested in each phase of testing everything we can easily the review the coverage of requiremnts. Traceability matrix column names 1.Requirement ID(this will be SRS document) 2.Unit Test Case Id 3.Integration Test Case Id 4.System Test Case Id 5.Remarks
patch is nothing but --developers send a build to the testing department after coding,the tester will reject the build,if there is any defects-after rectification developers will release the built is called as PATCH.
39. what is patch,abbrevate SCD,CAPA?
SCD: Source Code Document CAPA: Corrective Actions Preventive Actions
40. 1. What is Validation and Verification? 2. What is Severity and Priority? Give an examples for: Severity High and Priority High Severity High and Priority low Severity low and Priority high Severity low and Priority low 3. What is Test Metrics? 4. What is Traceabily Matrix? 5. What is CAR in Cheque Remittance Project? 6.What are the tabs in the latest version of Test Director? 7.Explain Development "V" Model? 8.What will you do first when you are asked to start testing? 9.What will you do if you find a bug first time? Can i directly report to the developer? 10.Can you connect Load Runner to Test Director?
Verification is the process to assure that, the product in particular phase of development process is consistence with the requirements validation is nothing but assuring that the final product statisfies the system reqirements Severity is nothing but how serrious is the defect on the functionality Priority is the importance of the defect to resolve interms of customers severity high and priority high eg: cannot connect to server high severity no date formate high prioty eg:incorrect output high severity look of web page not good low priority (i think u got an idea on severity and priority) Test Metrics: Metrics is nothing but measurement there are 3 types of measurement QAM(Quality Assurence Measurement):This is used to test where quality is coming or not TMM(Test Management Measurement):To find how much testing is completed and how is to test PCM(Process Capability Measurement):Depending on old project any changes are required or not Traceability matrix:defines the mapping between customer requirements to possible test cases developed to test that requirement Sorry i have no idea on CAR
In TD we have Requirements tab Test Plan Tab Test Lab Tab Defects V-Model Stands for Verification and validation this defines mapping between multiple stages of development stages along with multiple stages of testing
Status of the bug assigned based on the scenario is bug life cycle. The status comprises of New, Open or reject, Reopen, Fixed, Retest and Close. I involve in New, Reopen and Close.
41. What is the bug life cycle? In which part u involved?
1.Regression: Testing the application/system after the bug fix to check whether the bug fix affecting the remaining functionality of the application. This test will be conducted on every build when previous bugs are resolved in that build. Retesting: Re-execution of alltest cases after receiving every build.This will provide confidence all the good working features of previous build are working fine. 2.Usability Testing:Testing application how user friendly when user using it. 3.Functionality testing:Testing each functionality of the application. 4.basis to write the test cases: Generally we refer SRS(software requirement document) to write testcases. To under stand Flow of trasactions we will refer the flow diagrams.
42. 1. Regression& Retesting 2. What is usability testing? 3. Functionality testing 4. On what basis you will write the test cases 5. do you written the test scripts also 6. where do you store the test cases 7. where do you execute the test cases. 8. Do you prepare the requirements.
To write the GUI test cases we will refer the model screen shots(normally provided in Design document) For database test cases we will refer the database tables defnitions in SRS document. 5.If the testing is done by Automation tool then we should write or record test scripts using automation tool. 6.Configuration management tool like VSS or Just we will keep it as share document. 7.Manually one by one by seeing the excel test case document or by using any automation tool. 8.Normally testers won't involve in requirement preparation.
43. If the bug is reproducible then what is the status that u have given to the developer?
If the bug is reproducible, then it is in the Open status and it is re-opened again for the developer to fix it
44. Tell me the V-model advantages & disadvantages?
V-Model advantages: It is also called as verification and validation Model. This means the verification and validation will be done side by side. It emphasies the strict process flow to develop a quality product. The errors occured in any pahse will be corrected in that phase itself. V-Model disadvantages: It needs lot of resources and money. It needs an established process to implement. It can be implemented by only some big companies.
A] The mandatory fields are 1)Title 2)Assigned to field ( to the person incharge--developer) 3)Severity and priority 4)Steps to reproduce the bug B] When u want to log a defect , 1.Check whether someone in ur team has rised it earlier or not. 2.Go to Defects tab in Quality Center and Click "New".(If ur using a quality center tool) 3.Give Summary of the Defect 4.Expected Result 5.Actual Result 6.Assigned to(dev) 7.Environment 8.Priority 9.Severity 10.Build Version 11.steps to Reproduce,finally 12.Screen shot attached
45. What are the mandatory fields when you rise a bug?
46. How will you test Email field?
E-mail address validation Address Address Address Address Address Address = = = = = = "A@b.c"; "A@b.cnet"; "A@b.c_"; "A@bcnn"; "Ab.cnn"; "A@bc"; -- Valid -- Invalid -- Invalid -- Invalid -- Invalid -- Invalid
Address = "A@bat@.cnn"; Address = "A@bat/.com";
-- Invalid -- Invalid
Must not be too short and too long. Only one @ in email address Only one period ’.’or two periods. No more than 3 characters after the final period (reverse find is 0 based not 1 based)com/ org/net/mil/gov Should not have an underscrode after @ Allowed characters 0-9 A-Z _. @-
47. Can anybody give me an example for high severity and low priority?
Logo is not displaying correctly. But displaying of logo won't affect the remaining functionality of the application.But it is requiremnt given by the client.
48. Types of testing?
If we classify the testing types on Tester knowledge then the testing types are only three: 1.White Box testing 2.Black box testing 3.GrayBox Testing White Box Testing:Means testing the application with coding /programming knowledge.That means the tester has to correct the code also. Black box testing:testing the application without coding /programming knowledge that means the tester doesn't require coding knowledge.Just he examines the appliaction external fucntional beheaviour and GUI features. Grey box testing is combination of box testing types There are several testing types are there: I would like list some of the important tests: 1.System Test 2.Regression Test 3.User acceptance test 4.Unit test 5.GUI test 6.Fuactional test 7.Database test 8.Usability test 9.Intagration test 10.security test 11.Load/stress/Performance test 12.MultiBrowser Compatibilty test 13.Alpha Test 14.Beta test The last Two test types i.e Alpha Test & Beta test are product based test types. Depending on the type of application testing team chooses
some set of test to test the application. For example: If the application is related to E-commerce domain then the following test must conduct to ensure it's quality 1.Fuctional testing 2.Usability testing 3.Load/performance testing 4.Security testing 5.Database testing.
49. Explain the Stress Testing?
Stress testing is a form of testing that is used to determine the stability of a given software system in abnormal operational conditions. Testing the application behavior beyond normal operational capacity. For example if a web application can handle 100 users max any point of time. Remember that 100 users is the max handling capacity of the web application. In stress testing testers will generate scenario to test the application. as follows: test-1:110 users test-2:120 users test-3:150 users....etc Then they will observe the Load(user) vs the response(time) characteristics.this will give the clear picture of the application under stress conditions.
50. Explain Load testing?
A] Load Testing means Testing to check the maximum Load on the application with out comparing with the responce time disproportionality. B] Load testing is done for 3 reasons: 1.Software Reliablity: When the application is loaded with statisticall representative load, load testing is done to ensure whehter the application behaves as expected. 2. Performance Testing: When the application is loaded within a range of min to max load, load testing is to ensure whehter the application can sustain without running out of resources or having transaction suffer excessive delay. 3. Maximum sustainable load: To determine the maximum sustainable load the application can handle.
51. Explain the performance testing?
Performance testing is testing how fast the system performs under a particular workload. This will be useful to evaluate the system characteristics like: Scalability Reliability This also can be used to compare one system with another.
52. Differences Between Whitebox testing and Blackbox testing?
White Box Testing:Means testing the application with coding /programming knowledge.That means the tester has to correct the code also. Black box testing:testing the application without coding /programming knowledge that means the tester doesn't require coding knowledge.Just he examines the appliaction external fucntional beheaviour and GUI features.
53. Explain the V-Model?
V-Model advantages: It is also called as verification and validation Model. This means the verification and validation will be done side by side. It emphasies the strict process flow to develop a quality product. The errors occured in any phase will be corrected in that phase itself. V-Model disadvantages: It needs lot of resources and money. It needs an established process to implement. It can be implemented by only some big companies.
Software life Cycle models are : 1. Waterfall model 2. Spiral model 3. Iterative development model 4. Prototyping model 5. V-model 6. v-v model
54. Software life Cycle models?
55. what is advantages and disadvantages of the Waterfall Model and V-Model?
WaterFall Model advantages: It is a linear sequestial model It is very simple model to implement It is the first model. It needs very few resources to implement Disadvantages: In this model there is no back tracking. For example if any error occured an any
stage of software development,it cann't be corrected in that build. V-Model advantages: It is also called as verification and validation Model. This means the verification and validation will be done side by side. It emphasies the strict process flow to develop a quality product. The errors occured in any pahse will be corrected in that phase itself. V-Model disadvantages: It needs lot of resources and money. It needs an established process to implement. It can be implemented by only some big companies.
56. What is the difference between internal reviews and peer reviews?
In my Knowledge Both are same because peer Review is nothing both Reviewing an Activity inside a Scope means, review done within your Team members. Then what is Internal review .......? Same thats it.
If the developer is not agree with the bug that posted by a tester, we should convenience them to approve the bug by conducting the meeting or we have to take a screen shot of the bug occurred in the application and to be posted or shown to the development team.
57. If developer is not agree with your bug then what is your response?
58. What is the configuration tool is using in your organization?
The configuration management tool used in our organization is VSS(visual source safe)
59. What is the difference between alpha and beta testing?
Alpha testing is an internal acceptance testing. This is simulated or actual operational testing by users/customers or dedicated test team at the developer's site. Beta testing comes after alpha testing. Versions of developed sotware called beta versions are released to limited audience outside of the company. Sometimes these versions are released to the public to increase feedback fields for the future users.
One can identify the functional gaps in the system at the time of going through the functional documentation or when they conduct the testing,it all comes on experience.
60. How to identify the gaps in the system?
61. What is Component Testing? How to do Component Level Testing?
Component Testing means testing the component of the system.A group of components is known as module.So a tester always starts his/her testing from the basic level i.e component of the application. Ex :- you have different functionalities (modules/sub modules), those are either satisfying customer requirements or not. (BRS/SRS/FS)
If there is no sufficient time then tester will conduct Adhoc testing. In this type of testing no formal testing docments will be there. Here the tester decides important testing areas and conducts testing on those areas only without any testcases. Here in this tester common sense and past experience plays very important role in adhoc testing.
62. what u will do when u have no sufficient time to test the application build release? plz describe it briefly and help me knowing the answer?
Error : It is the Deviation from actual and the expected value. Bug : It is found in the development environment before the product is shipped to the respective customer. Defect : It is found in the product itself after it is shipped to the respective customer.
63. what is the difference bug ,error,defect?
64. What type of testing process is going on your company ?
The steps of test life cycle:test initialisation-> test planning-> test design-> test execution-> test reporting-> test closure.
Test plan consists of introduction objective scope features tested and not be tested acceptance criteria suspension criteria testing approch tool to be used risks and contengencies staff and trainning needs
65. Contents of test plan?
66. Difference between Equalance class partion and boundary value analysis?
EQUIVALENCE CLASS PARTITION : THIS IS A TECHNIQUE USED IN
THE BLACK BOX TESTING METHOD, USED TO REFINE THE DATA INTO VALID AND INVALID CLASSES FOR EXAMPLE : A TEXT BOX ACCEPTS ONLY ALPHABETS THEN CHECK WITH VALID : ENTRING a-z,A-Z THEN WITH INVALID :!@&* AND SPACES,12 ETC BOUNDARY VALUE ANALYSIS: THIS IS A TECHNIQUE USED IN THE BLACK BOX TESTING METHOD,USE TO CHECK THROUGH RANGE TO MINIMIZE THE TIME , RATHER THAN TESTING WITH WHOLE DATA FOR EXAMPLE :(1-1000) HERE NO NEED OF TESTING RIGHT FROM START IE FROM 1 TO 100 INSTEAD, CHECK WITH THE VALUES 0,1,2,99,100,101
67. what is usecase? tell me the attribute of usecase?
" Use Case is desription of functionality certain features of an application interms of Actors, actions and responibilities." Use Case attributes are: 1. Information of Document, 2. Description, 3. Objective, 4. Actors, 5.Pre-conditions, 6.Data-element desriptions, 7.post conditions, 8.primary flow, 9. Alternative flow and Business rules/interaction implimentations and etc....
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
68. Name some popular functional testing tool?
Winrunner QTP Silktest Advenet QEngine AutoitV3 Rational robot.
I have a diff answer though.Well we first log the defect using a tool which is called as Defect Tracking Tool.or we do it manually using Excel sheets. Correct me if im wrong.
69. Suppose u got defects.we r send to this through TD.Before that where we r stored?
After finding the bug,as a tester u should discuss with team lead and explain clearly why it is bug and send to developer.If developer is accept ur bug then no problom, if he is not accept the bug, then the problem will arise,at that time u explain about the bug, and show screen shots and explain the client requirements to developer. this is the way to interact with lead and deveopler.
70. Please anybody explain the interaction of tester with developers and team lead regarding bugs or any issue, how they interact? How they discuss... Plz be clear in detail
Smoke testing is test whether the build is installed properly or not and is ready for further major testing.
71. What is the difference between sanity testing and smoke testing?
Sanity testing is carried after smoke testing to check whether the major functionality is working properly or not to proceed further testing. for ex: when a build is passed the smoke test, the sainty test is conducted on it by just navigating to the hyper links,or major functional whether the links are opening properly or not.Here there is will be using more critical test cases for testing the Sanity testing.
72. Diffference between System Testing & Integration Testing?
System testing is testing the whole application whether it is according to required configuration. Intergration Testing is testing the logical dependencies between two or modules.i.e in an application there are more than one module, the sequence in which they have to be integrated.
73. Difference between Test Plan & Test Strategy?
1. Test Plan The Test plan is the document where it contains the elements like 1.Items to be tested 2.Items need not be tested 3.test Schedule,test case design and execution 4. Roles and responsibilities of the test team 5.Defect Management 2. Test Strategy test strategy The approach of test execution is called
74. Define Stress, Load, Volume Testing?
Load testing a work level basically to is a part of Testing'. is the process of subjecting an application to approaching the maximum limit. This is test the reliability of the application. This more general process called 'Performance
Eg: Assigning many jobs to a printer in a queque. Load testing can be conducted in two ways: 1. Longevity Testing(Endurance Testing): This evaluates a system's capability to handle a constant moderate load for a long time. 2. Volume Testing: This evaluates a system's capability to handle huge load for a short time. Stress Testing: Evaluates the extent to which a system keeps working when subjected to extreme work loads or when some of its hardware or software is comprimised. The primary goal is to determine the maximum amount of work a
system can handle without breaking.
Client server application is 2 tier application and web application is n tier application Client server is the single user application and the web application is the multi User
75. Difference between Client server & Web based Testing?
76. Difference between Verification & Validation?
Verifiaction:Means are we doing right thing.i.e we have to check whether we are implementing right process. validation:Means are we doing things right.i.e we have to check whether we have developed a software as per the client requirement.
77. If the Time is cut shorted, how can you manage that?
we perform adhoc testing.testing the major functionalities,testing on the functionalities which are mainly visible to the user.
Exploratory testing is testing of an unfamiliar applications. The test scripts would not be prepared before hand. Test case design and execution are done concurrently. Adhoc testing is intended to look for defects randomly. This can be carried out by any one by Exploratory testing is a thoughtful approach and driven by logic. It is an intellectually challenging process where one is limited by one's own imagination and understanding of the software being tested. It provides enough scope to extend the reach of testing to certain areas that cannot be easily accommodated in test cases.
78. Difference Between Adhoc Testing & Exploratory Testing?
Boundary Value Analysis(BVA): The concept behind this is to partition program domain in a meaningful way to generate data sets that span the partition are determined. This creates test cases around the boundaries of the valid data. The values that can be passed are exact boundary values, +/lowest boundary value and +/- highest boundary value Consider a text box which can take a maximum of 255 characters. Then the domain that can be considered is from 1 to 255. The values that can be passed into the text box for testing would be 1, 255, 0,2,254 and 256. Equalence Partitioning: This is to partition set of all possible inputs into classes that receive equivalent treatment.
79. Test Case Design Techniques like BVA, Equalance partitioning, Error guessing?
If consider the same example, the equivalence classes would be: Class1: Values from 1 to 255, 1 and 255 inclusive Class2: Values less than 1 Class3: Values more than 255 Error Guessing: This technique is used to find defects using the experience of the tester. Consider the above example, the texbox is intended for characters only. The tester can easily give numbers or any special characters for that text box and see whether the application is throwing an exception or not.
V-model is the mostly used testing methodology. The concept of V-model is to verify and validate at each phase of SDLC so that early identification of defects happen at each stage. May you can add some more points about V-model to this when answering.
80. About Testing Methodology?
81. Define the term Bug, Failure, Error?
Bug is an error in developer point of view. Defect is an error in tester point of view. Failure is an error in customer point of view. Developer | BUG Tester | DEFECT Client/end user | FAILURE
82. When and by How you will come to a conclusion “Prepared testcases covers the given requirements?
Traceability matrix can be used to track whether all the requirements are incorporated atleast in one test case.
83. I say “End user can also be involved during system testing?” Do you agree with me? if Yes or No….Why ?
End users cannot be involved during system testing as we would be checking whether the application is as per requirements or not but not for fit for use. They must be involved in User Acceptance Testing.
84. Wat is build duration?
It is a tine gap between old version build and new version build in new version build some new extra features are added
Persistent Testing: May be you want to keep the database files around between tests
85. what is Persistent Testing?
86. what is the diffrence between qualityassurance and system testing explain in detail with an example?
Quality Assurance: It is nothing but building an adequate confidence in the customer that the developed software is accoding to requirements. Entire SDLC comes under QA. It is process oriented. System Testing: It is the process of executing entire system ie checking the s/w as well as parts of system.
87. Contents of test report?
a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Test case id Test case name Objective Prerequisites Steps to be executed Test data Expected result Actual result Status Remarks
88. what is exact difference between UI Testing and usability testing?
In general testing team's test execution process starts with usability testing.During this the testing team concentrate on userfriendliness of application build.This usability testing is classified into two sub tests. 1.user interface (ui)testing 2.manual support testing. ui testing is used to validate every screen in terms of ease of use(understandability of screen),look and feel (attractiveness o0f screen) and speed in interface(less no.of events to complete a task ie.,short navigation)
89. what are the release notes and what release note contains, when these prepared.?
Release Notes contains User Manual It contains operational aspect of the product After The Product has been delivered
latent bug is the bug that is occuring in every build of the application. sanity testing will be done to find the latent bug
90. what is Latent Bug?
91. What is Bottle Neck testing?
If there is no suffecient time to do all planed testing activities. then we can do testing on major functionality of the product. this could be achieved by AD-HOC testing this is said to be bottle neck testing
92. How u will do the load,stress and performance testing manually ?
Load: Load Testing the main scenario of the load testing how many user can access the application at the same time. Stress: Stress testing the purpose used to system capacity handle large number of the transaction during the peak period. Performance: Performance testing of an application for the fixed time and fixed number of the user.
Hai friends this is rajendra Answer for this question is:
93. Suppose the product/appication has to deliver to client at 5.00PM,At that time you or your team member caught a high severity defect at 3PM.(Remember defect is high severity) But the the client is cannot wait for long time.You should deliver the product at 5.00Pm exactly.then what is the procedure you follow?
Here we found defects/bugs in the last minute of the deliveryor realese date Then we have two options 1.explain the situation to client and ask some more time to fix the bug. 2.If the client is not ready to give some some time then analyse the impact of defect/bug and try to find workarounds for the defect and mention these issues in the release notes as known issues or known limitations or known bugs. Here the workaround means remeady process to be followed to overcome the defect effect. 3.Normally this known issues or known limitations(defects) will be fixed in next version or next release of the software this question asked me at verizon intervew in second round. i have given a satisfactory answer to interviewer.
Here is the BUgzilla latest version which is released in April 22 2006 Bugzilla 2.22 (also 2.20.2 and 2.23.1
94. what is the Bugzilla Latest version?
Deffered means post poned for future versions, Program manager is given by deffered status
95. What is Deffered? explain it who allocate it?
96. what are the different type of bugs in client server and web based?and what is the difference in testing client server and web based?
The bugs of the client server testing: Functional bugs
2) User inter face bugs 3) Input domain bugs 4) Error handling bugs 5) Calculation bugs 6) Load conditions bugs 7) Hardware related bugs 8) Version control bugs 9) Id control bugs 10) Source bugs 11) Rise conditions bugs 12) Cosmetic bugs 13) Data corruptions 14) Data loss 15) And so on b) The bugs of the web based testing: 1)The above are related the web based testing and more have.They are 2) URL bugs 3) Browser bugs 4) Banked bugs 5) Fronted bugs 6) Linked bugs 7) Must transfer the data bugs 8) Lot of times bugs 9) Slow performance 10) Unexpected features 11) Unfriendly behavior 12) Not support to the all Internet software?s bug
Including special characters also Possible input conditions are : 1)Input 2)Input 3)Input 4)Input 5)Input 6)Input 7)Input 8)Input 9)Input
97. Password is having 6 digit alphanumerics then what are the possible input conditions?
password as = 6abcde (ie number first) password as = abcde8(ie character first) password as = 123456 (all numbers) password as = abcdef (all characters) password less than 6 digit passowrd greater than 6 digits password as special characters pasword in CAPITAL ie uppercase password including space
a)Trace ability matrix is nothing but to cross verification all requirements and test cases. b)That is all the requirements covered by with the test cases c) Ok team lead or senior tester prepares it also. d) With the help of trace ability matrix covered all the customers requirements. e) It is must and should use the all-testing team. f) It is the measure the how many test cases are there that requirements g) Easy to review purpose it is more use h) It is more value to testers
98. In real time where u can apply traceability matrix?
99. Describe Software Testing life cycle? What are the steps in volved in STLC (Software Testing Life Cycle)?
STLC descripbes the steps involved in the testing process. Following are steps involved: 1. Review of requirements. 2. Review of Design. 3. Black Box testing.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. What is "Visible State Transition" test? Give example?
Visible State Transition means first we check state of system and then test cases are written to test the triggers (events) that causes the system transition
Test-Cases for the calculator
2. How many Test-Cases can be written for the calculator having 0-9 buttons,Add,Equalto buttons.The testcases should be focussed only on add-functionality but mot GUI.What are those test-cases?
so here we have 12 buttons total ie 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,ADD,Equalto -12 buttons here u can press atleat 4 buttons at a time minimum for example 0+1= for zero u should press 'zero' labled button for plus u should press '+' labled button for one u should press 'one' labled button for equalto u should press 'equalto' labled button 0+1= here + and = positions will not vary so first number position can be varied from 0 to 9 i.e from permutation and combinations u can fill that space in 10 ways in the same way second number position can be varied from 0 to 9 i.e from permutation and combinations u can fill that space in 10 ways Total number of possibilities are =10x10=100 This is exhaustive testing methodology and this is not possible in all cases. In mathematics we have one policy that the the function satisfies the starting and ending values of a range then it can satisfy for entire range of values from starting to ending. then we check the starting conditions i.e one test case for '0+0=' (expected values you know thatis '0') then another testcase for '9+9=' (expected values you know thatis '18')
only two testcases are enough to test the calculator functionality.
KPA's mean - KEY PROCESS AREAS
3. what are the kpas(key process areas) in u'r company?
CMM-5 LEVEL companies have about 18 KPA's. <Optimized> CMM-5 (3 (+2+6+7) KPA's) <Managed> CMM-4 (2 (+6+7) KPA's) <Defined> CMM-3 (7 (+6) KPA's) <Repeatable> CMM-2 (6 KPA's)
4. What are the technics used for writing a test cases?
There are 3 technics for to write test cases 1)Error Guessing 2)Equivalence Partitioning 3)Boundary Value Analysis
5. Why most of the people saying testing is easy job? an you justify?
It is not matter of cooking. after cooking tasting the taste.
6. what is uml?
unified modeling language
Test case docs Test release docs Test plan Test summary report Defect report Test review report
7. What are the different test deliverables?
8. What is the difference between Product-based company and Projectsbased company?
Product based company develops the applications for Global clients i.e there is no specific clients. Here requirements are gathered from maket and analyzed with experts. Project based company develops the applications for the specific client. The requirements are gathered from the client and analyzed with the client Instead of summarizing what my above friends have done i would give u some examples, perhaps that would help you understand the same.
Product Based Companies: Microsoft, Sun, Linux etc. Project Based Companies: TCS, Wipro, Satyam, Polaris etc.
QA -Quality Assurance
9. what do u like in QA?
It is highly oriented to defect/bug prevention process and Also it is an it refines,redefinesand improves the s/w developement process. It creates confidence in both client and the company. it providing very good oppurtunity to grow.
10. Is it mandatory to use USECASES or directly one can write test casesfrom requirments?
It depends on the company which we are working.In small companies they use the SRS document to write test cases.In some Companies they directly test the modules using Srs documents.Its all depends on the Standars of the company.
11. what is penetration testing?
Penetration testing is nothing but security testing i.e how well the application provides security against unautorized internal or external access
1.what all browsers are compatible. 2.what all versions are compatible. 3.GUI plays vital important role. 4.Performance also.
12. what are the major observations that you made when you are doing compatibility testing particularly in web applications?
It is bug tracking tool.which is used to trackthe bug.
13. what is bugzilla?
14. Diffrence between banking domain and medical domain?
Domain means functional related knowledge, Banking Domain:it deals with cutomers i.e deposits borrowers..etc. bank fuctions are two types 1.manual banking process 2.online banking process Even in both of the above types computerisation is possible. Prime banking activities are : 1.Cash deposits(long term,mid term,short term, 2.Cash payments/receipts 3.Loans 4.Online banking 5.Personal loans 6.Home loans
bank.etc Banking domain means you should have functional knoledge of all the above core banking activities. If You come for Medical/Hospital/Health Care domain mainly it deals withhospital core activities like 1.Recption activities 2.Billing 3.Pharmacy 4.Labs 5.Doctors on duty 6.Patient records 7.Doctor appointmets 8.Operation timings 9.Ward information 10.Availability of beds 11.Nurse and doctor duty rosters 12.Medical insurance mgt 13.Link between hospital banches..etc are prime medical domain activities
7.Vehicle loans 8.Mutual funds 9.Monet transfer in Cheques/DD's..etc 10.ATM.. 11.Link between bank branches and central
As a Test engineer We design test cases,prepare testcases Execute Testcases, track the bugs, analyse the results report the bugs. invovled in regression testing, performance of system testing system intergration testing At last preparation of Test summary Report
15. Apart from bug reporting wat is ur involvement in project life cycle?
Advantages: Model is simple. Easy to understand.
16. what are the advantages and disadvantages of waterfall model?
Disadvantages: Time consuming as the testing process starts the last stages till the build is given for testing the testers will be idle. hence man power is wasted
Retesting is done whenever the build is released to the testing department. The test engineer will test the functionality again and again with multiple set of data.
17. When we will do Retesting? Only after Bug fixation?Is there any other case?.
18. What is the risk factor problem related to project?
Three 'M' are very important in project management
Money -Budget planning & management Man -Technical skills,their performanceand & training Machine -Software and hardware resource procurement and management These three will directly affect the time management of project. Inefficiency in planning of above will leads to risk of project. risk factor =expected risk /actual risk
Descriptive Programming is a common script which is needed in different scripts . With out excecuting this script every time we use this Descriptive Program.
19. Do you know about descryptive programming?
20. why we go for winrunner ? and when we go for winrunner?
We Go For Win runner For "Regression Testing".
A] a) b) c)
There are 3 types of Test Cases : Business logic based Test cases I/P domain based test cases User interface based test cases
21. what are the different types of test case? and tell me the names.?
B]1)Positive 2) Negative 3) Neutral test cases
22. What is change management and change request?
change management is nothing but managing changes in evolving software in cost effective manner.these changes should not effect the product or schedule. change request is nothing but request from the client about the changes in requirements. change control board should approve these changes
The Orthogonal Array Testing Strategy (OATS) is a systematic, statistical way of testing pair-wise interactions. It provides representative (uniformly distributed) coverage of of all variable pair combinations. This makes the technique particularly useful for integration testing of software components (especially in OO systems where multiple subclasses can be substituted as the server for a client). It is also quite useful for testing combinations of configurable options (such as a web page that lets the user choose the font style, background color, and page layout).
23. Can u tell me what is orthogonal array testing?
24. How do give priority?i mean to say on which basics? suggest me with proper answer plz.
Priority will be assined by developper and not by tester based on how Severely bug affecting the application performence. For example if the defect/bug is a show stopper i.e it causes to hang to system and not permitting to test futher then the developpper must resolve it very quickly. Here the prority means how importance is given by the developpper to resolve/correct it. priorities are 4.Immediate 3.Later 2.Whenever time permits 1.next version Here NO 4 priority is top level one which indicates that,it should be resolves as early as possible. In some companies priorities will be indicated with 0 to 4 or 0 to 3 or 1-5 numbers.
25. What are the difference between client & server?
CLIENT:it is nothing but only one user can access it SERVER: it is nothing but multiple clients can use this server
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Every System Menu should have Exit/close option. OK and Cancel Buttons should exist. All labels should start with capital alphabets. Alignment of all controls must be same. All controls must be visible. All labels must not overlap
26. MicroSoft Six rules standard for Userinterface testing?
The above six are called as MicroSoft six rules standard for userInterface testing.These are very important in GUI tetsing.
Retesting:Testing the same test case again and again after the bug fixed Regression: For the number of test case in the module to be tested after executing the test cases for that module if any requirement changes we need to execute the entire test case for the particular module changed
27. What is difference between Regression and Restesting?
28. What is the first test in software testing process a)Monkey testing b)Unit Testing c)Static analysis d)None of the above
Static analysis means, just go through the code without
creating any executable or binaries. Just c the code and finding defects is static analysis. Even it is with intention of finding the 'errors' in program or check for the defects, it is not the testing we conduct. My option goes for Unit Testing only, because this the first test we conduct for any product/project. All prior to dynamic testing are QA related activities.
Agile Testing is the early stage testing in the customer's propective. Testing early and as the code became available, the product is stable enough for the unit or module testing.
29. what is agile testing?
Microsoft six rules
30. what are the microsoft six rules for usability?
Controls are init cap controls must be visible controls must be alligned ok cancel existence system menu existance controls should not overlap These are micro soft six rules regarding usability testing
InterOperative and relational testings are same just vocabulary are different. Testing the Application how it is working in co-ordination with other application> Eg: if u have a hyperlink in a MSWord page if u clik on that link along with control key the hyperlinked page will opens on browser automatically. same thing will be done in the case of MS excel also. and also onOther example is if one application is working on three servers ordinated way.
31. what is inter operative testing?
in a co-
32. In an application currently in production, one module of code is being modified. Is it necessary to re- test the whole application or is it enough to just test functionality associated with that module?
Yes it is necessary to test the whole application why because to check whether this modified module affect the remaining modules or not.
a) In the test plan involved mainly team lead, project manager, Quality control peoples, must senior tester and development side team lead, project manager, Quality
33. How many members are involved in test plan? and tell me names?
annalist people they are involved maximum b) They are all main roll of the test plan c) That is main very important both sides
Save the xml file with .xml extension and then open the xml in internet explorer. If it's a valid xml file it will show the structure otherwise will show the error.
34. How do you test if an XML file is correct or not?
35. What is bud testing?
Due to lack of time the developers and testers are grouping as buddies. Every buddy consists of developer and tester to continue process parallally.
severity is high, solution is i will forward it to development team , and i will askem to fix it
36. what is the severity we give. login fails eventhough we enter the correct username and pwd.
37. On which module did u involve in your project..?
U should say about the module which u involved in ur project.
38. Actually by using severity u should know which one u need to solve so what is the need of priority?
Severity is nothing impsct of that bug on the application. Priority is nothing but importance to resolve the bug yeah of course by looking severity we can judge but sometimes high severity bug doesnot have high priority At the same time High pririty bug dont have high severity So we need both severity and priority
a) In banking project have the so many risk I faced b) For ex one customers have in a/c 50000/- that person withdraw the amount 20000/- but my ATM machine show only remaining 40000/c) This is the in bank point of view very big mistake d) Some times only show very less amount e) It is customer point of very big mistake f) This all the traction some time I will faced
39. What type of risk analysis u did in a banking projects...? Give an example...?
Fine if the developer is also at same place call him up and
40. u posted a bug with screenshots and steps to reproduce but still the developer is not accepting this is a bug. in dev system it is not reporducing . how u'll convince he developer? (if the developer is in india or onsite(give the answer for both the cases)
show him at u'r system under what inputs the system is throwing error. Onsite show him thru net meeting. Insist the dev to install the same build from which u got the error.If still it is not reproducible,keep the bug on hold for some more testing to go on and see for later builds. if u are once again facing the same problem,then reopen the bug.
41. What is your favourite Bug?
1. My favourite bug i am working VB/SQL Server Product. i have create a new folder (ex:Tester) in folder panel. After select the folder (ex:Tester)-Click "Copy" Paste button is enabled condition. before i have deleted the folder (ex:Tester).At the time paste button is enabled condition then i clicked the paste button?.......... Folder Name displayed or not? Pls check this windows explorer 2. when u create a folder on desktop with the name "con"(without double quotes)it won't create that folder.
Different Status of the bugs are 1.New 2.Closed 3.Fixed 4.Rejected 5.Open 6.Reopen
42. what is status of defect when you are performing regression testing.
During the Regression testing there may be different status of the Bug Like 1.Closed 2.Open 3.Reopen Developer will assign 1.Fixed 2.Rejected
Facing difficulty in an organization starts even before u joined and even after u left the said organization but in an interview we cannot say such answers. We have to give a political answers like; I don't think I will have any problem working with this organization as I am very
43. when u r going to faced difficulty in ur organization?
professional .Even if there is any problem happens (which usually does) then and I will try to sort out the problem by bring a common understanding. Everyone knows that everybody face problems but the main intension of this question is how u can resolve any possible problem he or she face during his or her employment.
44. Suppose if you have given Login screen to Test. What type of tests r u going to do on that.How many test cases can u write.?
generally login screen will have the titel bar,user id,text box,password .,ok button, cancel button,help button THE CONDITIONS R IT SHOULD START WEITH ALPHANUMERIC IN LOWERCASE FROM 4 TO 16 CHRACTERS LONG,PASSWORD ALLOWS ALPHABETS IN LOWER CASE OR NUMBERS. TASTE CASE 1 SUCCESSFUL ENTRY OF USER ID BVA MIN=4CHAR===== PASS MAX=16 CHAR====PASS MIN-1=FAIL MAX+1=FAIL MIN+1=PASS MAX-1=PASS TEST CASE 2 SUCCESSFUL ENTRY OF PASSWORD BVA MIN= 4CHAR====PASS MAX= 8CHAR===PASS MIN-1=FAIL MAX+1==FAIL MIN+1=PASS MAX-1=PASS TEST CASE 3 SUCCESSFUL LOGIN OPERATION UID VALID INVALID VALID INVALID VALID BLANK PW INVALID VALID INVALID INVALID BLANK VALID CRITERIA PASS FAIL FAIL FAIL FAIL FAIL VALID a to z 0 TO 9 INVALID A TO Z
VALID a to z 0 TO 9
INVALID A TO Z
45. What is software development Life Cycle (SDLC)? where exactly the Testing activity begin in SDLC?
It is the steps followed to develop the application or software. Steps are 1. Requirement Analysis 2. Design 3. coding 4.Testing 5.Implementation 6.Maintanance Testing activity starts from the initial stade ie. From requirement analysis
Two tier application will have 2 layers Presentation Layer:i.e. Front end Bussiness and Database Layer
46. what is two tier application? and what is three tier application?and what is the basic difference? explain with a example?
Three Tier application has 3 layers Presentation Layer:i.e. Front end Bussiness Layer:Which contains all business logic Database Layer:Where all data is stored. Example:If any condition is given for a search to display the data. In 3tier application that condition will be recevied by Bussiness layer:search is carried as per requirement and message will be sent to databse to display the details.
1.Plan the test 2.Create the Test scripts 3.Run the Test Scripts 4.Report the Results
47. What are the four steps of automated testing?
Water Fall model/ Linear sequence 1.Requirement Analysis. 2.Design 3.Coding/Development 4.Testing 5.Implementation. 6.Maintenance.
48. What type of testing process do you follow in current organisation?
Use Ctl+H for that. It will give the feature of find n replace.
49. Tell me the test cases for a search and replace functionality in a microsoft document (.doc)?
50. How many types of testcases can be prepare.?
There can be so many types of test cases prepared according to the application you are dealing with. For e.g in a banking domain, you can concentrate on 1. Links present in the page 2. Content and position of all the controls present in that page 3. Validating the text fields in that page 4. Verifying the data storage after submitting 5. The path of traverse of the functionality You can have as many as you can, if time permits
Security means the application has provide the security or not for the customerside data. for ex:login screen 1)authentication 2)access control 3)encription 4)copy and paste the pwd not valid 5)copy and cut the pwd not valid
51. How can we do security testing while testing a project?
52. What is scalability testing?
Scalability Testing: Easy to increase the performance of the software if the application demands it. For example, a database application that gives good response time for 10 users should be scalable for 100 users if required.
53. What are triggers and procedures?
Triggers means it is a procedure which fires autometically depends on front end operations. Procedures is a set of operations which gets executed on a call from front end operation. Is used to improve performance
54. This is question is for system testing: What are Global catalog server, Schema Master and other NDTS roles ?
global catalog servers authenticate user logon
I will ask him to refer the content of the Requirement given by the business analyst. If still not convinced then I will ask the developer to convince the Business analyst to Modify the content of the Requirement If Requirement is modified by Business analyst then We wil close the BUG.
55. Suppose,u have written 10 test cases for an application,but ur developer is not satisfied wht u wrote,then how will u justify him that ur test cases are correct?
56. What is data stratification?
A technique used to analyze/divide a universe of data into homogeneous groups (strata) often data collected about a problem or event represents multiple sources that need to treated separately. It involves looking at process data, splitting it into distinct layers (almost like rock is stratified) and doing analysis to possibly see a different process. For instance, you may process loans at your company. Once you stratify by loan size (e.g. less than 10 million, greater than 10 million), you may see that the central tendency metrics are completely different which would indicate that you have two entirely different processes...maybe only one of the processes is broken. Stratification is related to, but different from, Segmentation. A stratifying factor, also referred to as stratification or a stratifier, is a factor that can be used to separate data into subgroups. This is done to investigate whether that factor is a significant special cause factor.
Smoke tesing is nothing but to check whether basic functionality of the build is stable or not? i.e if it possess 70% of the functionality we say build is stable. User interface testing: We check all the fields whether they are existing or not as per the format we check speelling graphic font sizes everything in the window present or not|
57. wht is smoke testing and user interface testing?
Show stopper is a bug which does not let you to carry out the testing process any further.
58. What is a show stopper?
59. How do u find Synchronization problems manually?
synchronization means to wait till the applied operation completes, after that continue the next operation. If we conduct testing manually then only we uses this. If we conduct manual testing, we should wait till the applied operation completes. We are not faces these problems manually, i think.
here source code like that ex: http://www.allinterview.com/forms/answerform.php?qnum=23364 here we can check the source code whether we click on that it is open or not
60. Can you tell me some thing about source code testing tools?
61. Tell me some of the Possible test cases on ATM Machine?
TC 1:- successful card insertion. TC 2:- unsuccessful operation due to wrong angle card insertion. TC 3:- unsuccessful operation due to invalid account card. TC 4:- successful entry of pin number. TC 5:- unsuccessful operation due to wrong pin number entered 3 times. TC 6:- successful selection of language. TC 7:- successful selection of account type. TC 9:- successful selection of withdrawal option. TC 10 :- successful selection of amount. TC 11:- unsuccessful operation due to wrong denominations. TC 12:- successful withdrawal operation. Tc 13 :- unsuccessful withdrawal operation due to amount greater than possible balance. TC 14 :- unsuccessful due to lack of amount in ATM. TC 15 :- unsuccessful due to amount greater than the day limit. TC 16 :- unsuccessful due to server down. TC 17 :- unsuccessful due to click cancel after insert card. TC 18:- unsuccessful due to click cancel after insert card and pin no. TC 19:- unsuccessful due to click cancel after language selection,account type selection,withdrawal selection, enter amount
In manual test cases u check for the expected values(which is all ready specfied)so taking the base document that is SRS u check the Expected value and actual Value. example:u have a url link in a web page say (www.mail.yahoo.com) when u click this link(expected is display login page) so when u click a link it should direct u to the exact path if that is done is say that the test case is passed.else u say it as failed
62. how to execute manual test cases?
final test summary report contains all the information about >> testing activities that are performed >> how are they achieved >> strategy followed >> test plans >> test cases,scripts >> results >> defects closed, passed, deferred, rejected, invalid Defects-infact everything.
63. What is there in the final Test Summary Report?
vss-->visual source safe its a configuration management tool. its a client server application,generally server is installed to that company server and is accessible only by the administrator and the client is installed in all the
64. Explain VSS?
user systems.all the dev in testing team members are given the access permissions. all the configurable items in a specific project are been stored in this when we need a doc of any sort regarding the project we login checkout the doc.Testers are basically allowed only to checkout the docs.only team lead can checkin after receivin any updated doc.dev can checkin as well as checkout .
65. U decide which test cases has to be excuted first. Is there any technique ?
While test cases preparation time only we'll decide the priority based on the functionality. so that if there is no time to exeute all the test cases, that time we can execute high level priority test cases first, and then medium priority test cases and then if time permits we'll execute low level priority test cases.
66. What is meant by Entry and Exit points in Testing?
Entry Points: - Test environment is ready - Test cases are prepared - Dev team has given the build Exit points: - All modules are covered - All test cases are executed - Bugs are reported and resolved
Remind one thing managment is supreme of company You have to obey their words. If they said ilke that you have to stop testing and consult your teamlead for further action
67. The Managment is saying Stop Testing immediately some reasons.... What will you do at that time....
68. Difference between the HotFix,ShowStopper and critical bug?
HotFix: A hotfix is code (called a patch) that fixes a bug in a product. ShowStopper : " means it stops the show ", a showstopper is a computer bug which prevents a project from going forward, as opposed to a minor bug which can be documented and coped with. critical:it is the severity of the bug which doesnt stop the show but affects the business functionality...
69. Branch testing comes under white box testing or black box testing?
Branch testing is done while doing white box testing. where in focus is given on code.There are many other white box technique.Like Loop testing
70. what is non functional requirements used in ur project?
Non functional requirements are color,text box alinement,etc.. Non functional requirement includes 'HELP MENU'.