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BODY LANGUAGE

What is Body Language?
Body Language is the communication of personal feelings, emotions , attitudes, thoughts through body movements -gestures, postures , facial expressions, walking styles, positions & distance - either consciously or involuntarily i.e. its not only your tongue you communicate with but also you speak with your body movements & gestures.

The Main Aspects of Body Language • Gestures: A gesture is the verbal or non-verbal body movement used to express or emphasize an idea . lips . eyes. • Body Movements: This includes the head. fingers and so on. shoulders. One can distinguish four main kinds of gesticulation: Emblem. illustrators. regular and self-touching. an emotion or a state of mind. neck . eyebrows . .

• Behaviour : This refers quite simply . degrees of excitement or drowsiness etc. • Emotions: Refers to states such as happiness. to everything we do which is overt or observable. . It is important because it is observable to others. depression & anxiety & milder moods such as feeling of pleasure & displeasure . body movement or tone of voice indicative of emotion. A ‘Emotional cue’ is a facial expression.

.part of human body .THE FACE The face is the most significant and the most photographed. The flashes of facial signals are generally spontaneous reactions which a person finds difficult to hide.

Raise of eyebrows express astonishment. Envy or disbelief may be displayed by a raised eyebrow. .General Characteristics • Expressions: Facial expressions are highly flexible & changeable. The face can encode a variety of communicative & informative messages. We frown in displeasure or confusion.

surprise.  When we are shocked we open our mouth. sadness etc.  Blushing is another facial phenomenon that expresses emotion. anger.• Emotions:The face is the most reliable indicator of a wide range of emotions : Joy & happiness . fear . A shy person becomes red in face when attention is focussed on him. . annoyance.

 ‘Ha-Ha’ is a genuine laughter. • Laughter: Laughter is composed of a broad range of gesture & sounds.  ‘He-He’ is a mocking laughter. A genuine smile means ‘I appreciate you’. ‘I accept your ideas’.  ‘Hee-Hee’ suggests a secret giggle.• Smiling: smiling & frowning are two major facial expressions. A frown means ‘I find you puzzling’.  ‘Ho-Ho’ communicates surprise .

• Head nods show continuing attention . .Head Gestures • The Head Nod : A nod depicts a positive signal & a ‘head. Heads tilt is a signal of interest.shake’ signifies ‘no’ or a negative gesture. it also depicts what is happening to us emotionally.

• Mouth :  When ‘raised’ . the mouth communicates positive feelings . confusion . optimism. .  Frown when in displeasure. happiness .  If kept ‘straight’ to conceal emotion.  ‘Turned down’ to express sadness.• Eyebrows:  People lower or knit their eyebrows when they show disagreement or displeasure. dissatisfaction.

• Throat: when the Adam’s applejump unconsciously signals anxiety. embarrassment or stress. .• The Lips: When one does not utter a word lips can be eloquent because silent lips express a wide range of emotions from smile to frown.

inviting . .  We gaze in order to perceive the expressions of others.  Pupils dilate when a person is interested. mocking. disinterested and so on. They can level a burning glance.The Eyes • The eyes can be steely. or a cold glance or a hurt glance or again can be wise . piercing. scary . shifty.  We look straight in the eye to get attention. knowing. knowing .

 Dark glasses are worn by those who conceal their genuine feelings.• Ways of Looking:  Side long glance is referred to as stolen look. • Glasses:  Peering over glass depicts being judgmental or critical.  Blank stare depicts boredom.  Sparkling eyes are an attribute of those who have ‘magnetic personalities’. .

 Clenched hands often shows frustration.THE HANDS • The Human hand is a restless organ  Limp hands show boredom.  Clapping of hands shows applause. .  Nervous or jittery person shows restless hands.

• Neck stroking signals suspicion. • Arms behind the back is resorted by those who is experiencing an inner conflict. • Arms folded with finger tucked in armpits & thumbs sticking out: this is when subordinate faces his superior whom he considers equal. .• When the arms are crossed they form a ‘barrier’ to an impending threat.

• Slapping the head signifies self punishment. • Pinching the bridges of nose indicates a person in deep thought. • Chin stroking is when people are in deep reflection. • Hands behind the head is used by professionals who are confident & dominant.• Putting objects in mouth is when they are busy with something. • Nose rub is a sign of rejection. .

• Palm up position shows submission by the giver. • Glove Handshake: ‘Politician Handshake’. . this is with people one is familiar with.Styles Of Handshake • Palm down thrust : signifies dominance or aggression.

• Rocking or swinging in chair indicates a . • The foot lock is especially among shy & timid women. • Sitting on edge of chair indicates compromise. accept or agree or conclude.THE LEGS • Crossed legs signify negativity. attitudes & emotions. • The ankle lock signifies ‘holding back’ of strong feelings .

Swagger. Confidence walk.Walking Gestures • • • • • • • • Arms swinging. . Leadership walk. Hands on hips. Pacing. Hands in pockets. Meditative walk.

." .One or two . 2.lean against the walls of the elevator.hands and purses and briefcases hang down in front of the body.occupy a corner.. they each. .When _____ people enter an elevator..get taller and thinner.. or "fig leaf position.. 3.five or six ... 1... . Three or four ....all turn to face the door.

.have a tendency to look upward at the illuminated floor indicator.. .. Thank You!! ... and then only at the shoulder or lightly against the upper arm.must not touch each other in any way unless the elevator is crowded.