AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

AMWA Specification AMWA Application Specification AS-02 MXF Versioning
November 18, 2011 (version 1.0) Executive summary
New routes to market for entertainment media are resulting in an explosion of new devices and channels that enable consumers to watch their favorite content. For the content owners and distributors, this is a doubleedged sword. • • On the one hand, the overall market for content is increasing. On the other hand, the number of eyeball-contact minutes for any given distribution channel is decreasing.

This motivates content owners to search for more efficient ways of creating the media required for different distribution channels. One common way of looking at the world is to consider the media factory shown in figure 1.

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Media Factory
STREAM

Figure 1: Media factory The media factory accepts its input in the form of tapes and files. Its role is to deliver the revenue generating deliverables to the downstream services and devices. The media factory may be a business in its own right, or it may be a function within a larger facility. As facilities migrate to file-based working from tape-based working, the media factory concept is appearing in organizations around the world. To make this media factory efficient and measurable is a business decision, ensuring that costs and efficiencies can be calculated.

Copyright © 2011 AMWA NOTES – The user’s attention is called to the possibility that implementation and compliance with this specification may require use of subject matter covered by patent rights. By publication of this specification, no position is taken with respect to the existence or validity of any claim or of any patent rights in connection therewith. The AMWA, including the AMWA Board of Directors, shall not be responsible for identifying patents for which a license may be required by an AMWA specification or for conducting inquiries into the legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.

AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

Today, many media organizations do not keep the kind of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that would be traditionally employed if the factory were making mechanical widgets. There have been a number of revolutions in the overall design of mechanical factories in recent years that we can use to help our overall design of a media factory. "Lean Manufacturing", "Kanban" scheduling and "Total Quality Management" are all hot topics in factory design. There is no universal right answer to the way in which a factory should be built, but all of these mechanisms are aimed at the one central goal: • Reduce waste.

In order to achieve this, it is important to know what waste in a media factory actually is. The list can be quite long, but the high-level view includes: • • • • • • • • Moving media that does not need to be moved; Keeping media that does not need to be kept; Copying media that does not need to be copied; Processing media that does not need to be processed; Taking too long to process media that could be processed more quickly; Deleting data or metadata that needs to be recreated in a later process; Re-keying data or metadata that was previously known; Making a tape from a file that was previously a tape.

In general, waste in a media factory is the same as waste in any other factory. In achieving the result that the business needs, materials, time and/or resources are used unnecessarily. The MXF file format was designed to associate metadata and media so that factories could be created that were much more efficient than tape-based factories. It seems, however, that these factories have not magically appeared because of a large number of factors that need to be considered when migrating from a tape-based world to a file-based world. The MXF file format was developed to provide a wrapper agnostic to the number of audio channels. or the compression format, or the resolution of the video. It was developed to provide a metadata-rich way of performing business processes on an asset whilst leaving the fine detail to the underlying machines that manipulate the pixels. To allow a step change in waste reduction to be realized, the AS-02 application specification defines an efficient way of using MXF within the media factory. This is also a step change in cost-efficiency of handling media. A key factor in this cost-efficiency is that AS-02 is an application specification for MXF users to build workflows. Its design is oriented towards low-cost, high-efficiency media factories rather than towards any one vendor’s view of the world. The underlying design brings the best from the MXF media world and the best from the IT world to allow standards-based workflows to be created without requiring expensive customization. AS-02 can be considered as a set of constraints on the SMPTE-MXF toolbox. It is not a new MXF standard. It is a way of making the best use of the tools that exist. MXF was standardized in 2004 by the SMPTE. Since then, a large number of products, services and tools have been created that use MXF. The product types are split into three broad categories: 1. 2. 3. OP1a interleaved devices and tools – largely operating on files as if they were tapes; Atoms / referenced file devices – largely operating on source elements; Generic toolkits, SDK and transcoding tools – gluing the world together.

Neither the OP1a nor the atom way of using MXF is currently optimized for building a good factory.

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Factories based on interleaved OP1a make the world look as much like a tape as possible to ease the migration from tape to file. This is a good thing because it introduces basic file-based working and the associated quickwin benefits. These benefits include faster than real time transfers and aggregation of large volumes of content onto single server, realizing genuine savings. These savings allow the concept of a media factory to be created in an otherwise tape-based world. The OP1a format has one major design principle – interleave the video and audio so that you always have the data for one frame of video close to the data for the synchronized sound. This is great for an acquisition device like a camera or for a playback device - like a single channel playout server - for which AS-03 is a good fit. However, this can lead to serious waste for media factory operations. For example, if you need to create a stereo audio from the surround sound audio track, why should you have to transfer the video at the same time? 90% of the data transferred is not touched. This is waste. The OP-Atom format (SMPTE 390M-2004), as used in Avid environments and Panasonic P2 cameras, was optimized for storing individual essence components in editing environments. The actual essence storage is almost perfect for a factory environment. The problem comes with the way in which the individual components are synchronized: • • OP-Atom synchronizes the components within each OP-Atom file, allowing for only one version; The dCinema community makes use of an XML structure for the same role.

The goal of the AS-02 work was to create a factory format that supports multiple versions and with no reinvention, making use of metadata-only MXF (SMPTE 377-1-2009) to provide component synchronization. With as few constraints as possible, we had to use the tools in MXF as they were written and implemented. One lesson learned in lean manufacturing is that if you get it right, it should feel like the design is just on the edge, where on the edge means: • • You could write some more specification, but it wouldn't be widely used; If you deleted any of the specification, you would lose many of the benefits.

MXF is only a file format. It is a tool that allows you to build a better media factory. Like all tools, it can be used well and it can be misused. The AS-02 application specification contains many - but not all - of the rules that you need to build a media factory. It only contains the rules that relate to the file format. Other rules are required to put the system together, such as those to do with communication between AS-02 processes and AS-02 services. An interface specification that creates a common dialog for interoperable services between media factories is a likely topic for a future AMWA specification. When a media asset is used within a media factory, there are several ways in which it can be used: • • • • • • • The unique identifier of the asset. Sometimes a filename, a house number or an UMID. The standardized metadata of the asset. Sometimes a database record, a MXF header or a QT header. The custom metadata of the asset. Often an XML file that may be lost when the asset is exchanged. A component of the asset. The video data or the data in one of the audio tracks. A simple version of the asset. The English soundtrack Internet version or the HD version. A complex version of the asset. Edited for family or aircraft viewing. A group of versions of the asset. All the mobile phone versions or the region 1 DVD versions.

Note how we are using the word asset and not the word file. You will see this is important when we come to talk about real implementations later. Also note that most of the uses of the term asset refer to anything from abstract metadata to several physical files. Most asset management systems have developed ways to handle

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning this complexity inside their databases. Prior to AS-02, no one had yet standardized the factory format that allows any two vendors to build products to that specification and have their equipment work out-of-the-box. AS-02 is a stable, specified way of using MXF that leads to efficient media factory design. It was originally designed by a group of ten companies to meet the needs of a single user who had a vision of an ultra-efficient media factory and has now been deployed in several facilities around the world. The uses of a media file given above were considered and application rules were written that allow devices to use MXF (was SMPTE 377M2004, now updated to SMPTE 377-1-2009) to achieve all of the use cases.

Contents
Executive summary .................................................................................................................. 1   Contents ................................................................................................................................. 4   1   Scope ............................................................................................................................... 6   2   Conformance language ....................................................................................................... 6   3   Reference documents ......................................................................................................... 7   4   Overview ........................................................................................................................... 7   4.1   File format requirements (informative) ......................................................................... 7   4.2   General AS-02 and shims ............................................................................................ 8   4.3   Asset structure, versions and bundles .......................................................................... 8   4.3.1   Introduction to the structure (informative) ............................................................ 8   4.3.2   MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) ........................................................ 10   4.3.3   AS-02 asset structure ........................................................................................ 11   4.3.4   Essence component file ..................................................................................... 11   4.3.5   Version file ....................................................................................................... 11   4.3.6   Simple version file ............................................................................................. 12   4.3.7   Bundle ............................................................................................................. 12   4.3.8   Simple bundle................................................................................................... 13   4.3.9   Extra folder ...................................................................................................... 13   4.3.10   Extra folder – role of a file ............................................................................... 13   4.3.11   Manifest file .................................................................................................... 14   4.3.12   Shim file ......................................................................................................... 14   5   Version file parameters and constraints ............................................................................. 14   5.1   Provision categorization ............................................................................................ 14   5.2   No essence in the version file .................................................................................... 14   5.3   Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file ................................................ 14   5.4   MXF header constraints in a version file ..................................................................... 14   5.5   MXF header constraints in a simple version file ........................................................... 15   5.6   Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition ................................. 16   5.7   No essence stream index tables in a version file ......................................................... 16   5.8   Version file KAG size of 1 .......................................................................................... 16   5.9   Minimum simple version duration .............................................................................. 16   5.10   Media integrity check for essence components .......................................................... 16   5.11   Channel mapping with track numbers ....................................................................... 16   5.12   Timecode ................................................................................................................ 17   5.13   Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints ...................................................... 17   5.13.1   SOM/EOM....................................................................................................... 17   5.13.2   Other descriptive metadata schemes ................................................................ 17   6   Essence component file parameters and constraints ........................................................... 17   6.1   Essence track parameters and constraints .................................................................. 17   6.1.1   General ............................................................................................................ 17   6.1.2   Mono essence................................................................................................... 17   6.1.3   Interleaving ...................................................................................................... 18   6.1.4   Partitions ......................................................................................................... 18  

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................................................................... 34   9.............................................5   Sound components ......................................................................1   Shim name element ...1   Shim structure ..........................................1....................3   Size element. 22   6.....................1   Baseline operational pattern ........4   Creation date element ............................................ 26   8   Generic shim ...2   Role element .......................11   Descriptive metadata ............................................................................ 35   9................................................................................................................................................... Nov-18-2011 Page 5 of 43 ..............................................................................................................................................................doc Version 1..............3   Creator element ......... 25   7.......2   Essence container label .. 18   6............................................. 21   6...........................................................................7   Other VANC / VBI components ............................................................. 23   6.1   Bundle name element ....................................2.........................................................................2.............1.................................................................................................................................................................................3   Annotation text element (optional) ....................... 28   8..........0.................................. 38   10....................................................................2..............................................................................6   Video .............................................. 27   8.....................................1................................................1   Package labeling .....................4   Picture components .............................. 31   9...................................6   KAG size .................................. 31   9....... 27   8...................................3..............................4   Sample manifest file (informative) ...........1......... 19   6.......................AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6.................2......................................................................................................................10   Bundle ....................................... 25   7   Legacy bundles ...................................5   Random index pack ........................... 31   9..................6   Caption components ................3   System item ... 22   6.........4   Timecode ................. 27   8..........................8   Version files ..................2.....8   Closed captioning and subtitles .....................................................................1.................................................................................................................................7   Audio ...... 22   6......2.................................... 30   8........... 22   6............. 30   9...................9   Header metadata ................................. 34   9.................. 19   6..................................2   Legacy shim identification .....................5   Media integrity check element (optional) ..................................................................1............................................2........................................................................ 34   9.....................................6   Annotation text element (optional) .......................................................................1.... 28   8...............................9   Other VBI and ANC data ..............5   Index tables .......................................................................1.....................2........................ 39   Published specification .................................................................................................................. 38   10...............2   XML schema for shims .......4   Path element ...................................... 35   9.1.......................................... 25   7.................................1..........................................................2   Header metadata and operational pattern constraints ..............................................2.....................1   File identifier element ......................................................compliance ID ............ 26   7.3   General essence ....................................................... 36   10   Shim file format .................................. 32   9................. 38   10................................ 23   6....................................................................................................... 34   9..............................4   Application specification element (optional) ..................................................... 23   6................................ 28   8...............................................................................3   XML schema for manifests ...6   File list element ............................................... 38   10...............................................................1.............................2..........................................1................................................... 33   9...................... 32   9...................................................1   DMS-AS compliance ID .................................................................................... 30   9   Manifest file format ..........................2...........................................................................1   Shim identifier ..................... 32   9.. 30   8.2   Shim identifier element................... 22   6....................................................... 32   9........2   Shim ........................................................................ 29   8............................................................................ 31   9.............................................................. 39   10.......................................... 38   10..1   Legacy bundles ...1. 27   8.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning...................................2......................................................................................5   Annotation text element (optional) ...............1...................3   Header metadata parameters and constraints ......2   Bundle identifier element ....................................... 20   6..............................................2.............1.......... 29   8...1   Manifest structure ................................2   File element ..

....... shall not be used........5   Bundle . and may be defined in the future...Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.......................... For that reason............. or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required............... 41   A...........g................................................ The specification provides a lean and efficient approach to working with file-based media that is intended to reduce waste as part media facility operations....... Note: In a managed AS-02 environment within a single facility.... "should" and "should not" indicate that.. Informative text does not contain any conformance keywords........ except: the Introduction............ e.....2   Simple version files ..........3   Sample XML shim file (informative) ... normative................. All text in this document is. Informative text is text that is potentially helpful to the user............ 40   A................ "should"..........   Registered manifest file roles (normative) .......... or that (in the negative form) a certain possibility or course of action is deprecated but not prohibited.......... This has the goal that manufacturers can build MXF-compliant equipment......................................... This allows the end user to build a customized workflow by configuring a piece of generic software / equipment and yet retain the interoperability that comes with a constrained open standard..... 41   A.............. The keywords............... The rules shall not be relaxed for business-to-business interchange..............1   Essence component files ................ A conformant implementation according to this document is one that includes all mandatory provisions ("shall") and..... changed.......... 2 Conformance language Normative text is text that describes elements of the design that are indispensable or contains the conformance language keywords: "shall".........   AS-02 sample shim document (informative) ..... if implemented...... The keyword “forbidden” indicates “reserved” and in addition indicates that the provision will never be defined in the future. or added editorially without affecting interoperability..... the AS-02 specification includes a shim specification that takes the rules of AS-02 and further constrains them for use in a facility........ by avoiding unnecessary copy operations or the re-keying of metadata................ Published specification ..................... one is recommended as particularly suitable. by default.... 43   1 Scope AMWA’s application specification AS-02 defines the building blocks of interoperable media factories. conforming to the AS-02 specification...........................3   Version files .........0..... all recommended provisions ("should") as described.................................. without mentioning or excluding others..... the physical layout rules of AS-02 may be relaxed.......doc Version 1.. and can be removed............ The keywords "may" and "need not" indicate courses of action permissible within the limits of the document.................. AS-02 provides constraints on the structure and use of standardized MXF files to provide new opportunities for interoperability both within and between media facilities.. Nov-18-2011 Page 6 of 43 . and they know that properties subject to shim specification need to be exposed to the end user.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10............ The design of AS-02 recognizes that individual facilities are likely to have some variations... Also..................... 40   A.............. but not indispensable................. 39   Annex A. among several possibilities...... or "may"......4   Metadata in MXF-AS-02 ... A conformant implementation need not implement optional provisions ("may") and need not implement them as described.... Rather than specifying a new file format................ The keyword “reserved” indicates a provision that is not defined at this time........................... any section explicitly labeled as "informative" or individual paragraphs that start with "Note:” The keywords "shall" and "shall not" indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to the document and from which no deviation is permitted...................... specifically in the types of codecs and essence that are allowed... 42   A................. the media facilities where the versioning of assets takes place............. variation is expected in the specific metadata rules and audio channel arrangements. 42   Annex B...

over time. a facility operates with a constant pressure to reduce the cost of production.0 (Fifth Edition) Namespaces in XML 1. Tables shall be next. and parties to agreements based on this recommended practice are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standards indicated below.Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container 391M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1b 393M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 2b 407M-2006 Television – MXF – Operational Patterns 3a and 3b 410-2008 Material Exchange Format . AS-02 is an application specification providing a set of rules that MXF encoders and MXF decoders must follow. requirements for a facility change. through reference in this text.0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Unless otherwise specified.0 (Third Edition) XML Schema Part 0: Primer (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 1: Structures (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes (Second Edition) RFC RFC RFC RFC RFC 1321 1738 2104 3174 4122 The MD5 Message Digest Algorithm Uniform Resource Locators (URL) HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication US Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA1) A UUID URN Namespace 4 Overview 4. In an ideal world.doc Version 1. followed by formal languages. SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE W3C W3C W3C W3C W3C IETF IETF IETF IETF IETF 330M-2004 Television – Unique Material Identifier (UMID) 377-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – File Format Specification 378M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1a 379-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – MXF Generic Container 380M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Descriptive Metadata Scheme-1 381M-2005 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Mapping MPEG Streams into the MXF Generic Container 382M-2007 Material Exchange Format . The compression format of today gets replaced with a better one from tomorrow. All standards are subject to revision. JPEG2000 or DV level. constitute provisions of this recommended practice. and then any other language forms. At the time of publication. Unfortunately. In order to build systems that work at the MXF level rather than at the MPEG.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. This Published specification . 3 Reference documents The following standards contain provisions that. Nov-18-2011 Page 7 of 43 . distribution and publishing. Today’s stereo audio gets upgraded to multi-channel and multi-lingual.Generic Stream Partition 436-2006 Television – MXF Mappings for VBI Lines and Ancillary Data Packets 2029-2009 Uniform Resource Names for SMPTE Resources Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1. In parallel. The facility that started as SD introduces HD. the order of precedence of the types of normative information in this document shall be as follows: Normative prose shall be the authoritative definition. then figures. a single essence representation would be standardized on. the editions indicated were valid.1 File format requirements (informative) AS-02 addresses the problem of having a common file format in a facility that has to handle many input formats and make many output formats.

3. The general structure of an AS-02 bundle is shown in figure 2 below. shim parameters shall be highlighted as follows: Shim parameter example Definition Semantic definition of the example shim parameter 4. It allows a device to query the image size without having to implement a decoder for each essence type – you simply read the MXF. or they may address requirements of particular broadcast station groups. In this specification. playout servers. human or system. called shims.2 General AS-02 and shims To maximize commonality across applications. Nov-18-2011 Page 8 of 43 . that apply to defined applications. which are in turn configured to support delivery specifications.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning brings many advantages. For example. Each of these shims tightly defines the codecs and layout for the particular business application.doc Version 1. Typical examples are to have a shim for SD content. Interleaving components together (as in SMPTE 386M D-10) is not allowed. catch servers. Shims shall not be used to add new required capability to the general provisions.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.3 Asset structure. The group of files is referred to as a bundle. versions and bundles 4. there may be one or more tightly defined shims. Published specification . these categories may address particular type of programming or programming genres. needing to know the details of underlying codec type – that is something for the transcoder to figure out. the general provisions may be non-restrictive in some areas and this is intentional. this allows business systems to deliver work order requests to content-manipulation devices. transcoders and other AS-02 compliant devices. a shim for HD content and a shim for web content. The general structure of an AS-02 asset is folder-based. Customized metadata and application specific files may be stored within the folder structure in defined locations. A version file in MXF format represents individual versions. Thus. A single essence component file will exist for each video. Each shim shall provide a further set of constraints that reduce the range of variability that may be needed in well-defined categories of applications. General provisions shall apply to all AS-02 files and thus represent the maximum required capability of ingest servers.1 Introduction to the structure (informative) MXF AS-02 is a component-based format. audio and data element.0. this specification is divided into general provisions that apply to all applications and specific constraint sets. 4. In general. In any given facility design or interchange specification based on AS-02. They shall be limitations on the general provisions. It allows a business process to be specified with an action such as: If (16:9) then transcode(centre-cut-out) This action can be specified without the executor of process.

Nov-18-2011 Page 9 of 43 .mxf asset_a3.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning asset asset. A media file is referred to as an Essence Component file.xml shim.mxf asset_a0. as shown in figure 3.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.xml version file media asset_v0. asset asset.mxf extra Media is forward referenced from the version file . reference to the asset is by its root folder.mxf manifest.doc Version 1.0.mxf asset_vanc0.xml media extra Figure 2: AS-02 file structure – a bundle In IT file-based operations.xml shim. Figure 3: Media folder contains MXF essence Published specification .mxf manifest. Within that folder will exist one or more version files that reference media stored in the media subfolder.

purge extra files..xml shim. jog.2 MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) AS-02 shall permit both MXF operations and non-MXF operations. create version. transfer bundle (FTP). find unreferenced essence components. package bundle (zip). remove version and essence.com wss2016. An example of a typical extra folder is shown in figure 4.doc Version 1. Examples of MXF operations include: play. extract simple version etc. asset asset. You can see in the figure that any customized metadata type is permitted within AS-02.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Extra metadata and content that is not MXF-wrapped is stored in the extra folder.xml show_format. but may be further restricted within a shim. Published specification . Examples of non-MXF operations include: move bundle. A non-MXF operation is one that does not involve parsing the MXF metadata. add extra file. remove track. add track.mxf manifest.3. update manifest. seek. The first of these is the manifest (section 9) that lists all the files in the bundles.xml version file media extra media-owner. The root folder contains two XML documents that are used to manage the asset.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. checksum bundle. The second of these is the shim (section 10) that provides an identifier for the shim that was used at the time the bundle was created or last modified. record. An MXF operation is one that involves parsing the MXF metadata.doc amwa. Nov-18-2011 Page 10 of 43 .0.com Extras link to the mxf version or media files using non-MXF (possibly proprietary) mechanisms Figure 4: Extra folder contains non-MXF metadata and content 4.tv qc-vendor. All MXF operations shall result in files that comply with the MXF suite of specifications.

The folder structure shall be referred to as an AS-02 bundle. AS-02 version files reference the file package UMIDs of the essence components. 3. 2. Published specification . each of which is fully explained in section 5.doc Version 1. “primary” version or “default” version exists. Each body partition in an essence component file shall have metadata. 6. The UMID of the top-level file package in the essence component file shall be the unique identifier of the essence component. Nov-18-2011 Page 11 of 43 . 4. Systems may use this property to construct Uniform Resource Locators (URLs. A version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. the filename of the version file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID.3. An essence component file shall be regularly partitioned when frame wrapped. Note: By using the top-level file package identifier as both the primary package identifier and external identifier of an essence component file (as used in the manifest file). An essence component file should not have a system item. An essence component file shall have a KAG size of 1. index tables or essence. If an “original” version.mxf". For non-MXF operations. In a file system. Each version shall be described in a separate version file. 3. The UMID of the material package in the version file shall be the unique identifier of that version.mxf” extension. 12. 5. An essence component file shall have distributed and complete index tables.0. it shall be stored in a version file that has the same filename as the root folder and shall have a “. 4. 10.4 Essence component file An essence component file shall be a media file in the media folder with the following properties that are further described in section 5. 5. 4.3. it is not necessary to parse every essence component file in the bundle first. Essence components in the media folder may exist that are not referenced by any version file. An essence component file shall be signaled as closed and complete in the header or footer partition. An essence component file shall be a mono essence MXF file. Note: No path component is required as the version file is in the root folder. 11. For example: "media/a03. a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root of the essence component file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID. 1. 6. a decoder can locate a matching media MXF file for a specific component.5 Version file A version file shall contain only a single MXF material package and shall have the following properties. An essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. RFC 1738) from the file system pathname of the bundle. the "BundleID" field of the manifest file shall indicate the identity of the bundle. As a result. 2. 4. In addition to the essence component files. 8. 9. the name of the root folder shall be used as the file-system name of the AS-02 bundle (see section 4. 1.6).3. AS-02 version files shall not reference essence components outside of the bundle. AS-02 assets include metadata that describe different versions of the asset.3.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4. OP2b or OP3b. An essence component file shall be clip wrapped for PCM audio. An individual version of an AS-02 asset shall have the primary package property set to the UMID of the material package in the version file. 7. An essence component file shall be frame wrapped for video and SMPTE 436M essence.3 AS-02 asset structure The various essence components and metadata collections of an AS-02 asset should be logically organized as a folder structure. In an asset management system. For non-MXF operations. An essence component file shall have the primary package set to the identity of the top-level file package within the essence component file.

8. 3. and data tracks.e.g. A version file may reference any of the essence components in the media folder.3.7 Bundle All the files belonging to the asset shall be stored beneath a single root folder of a bundle. All other files not referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "extra".Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Multiple references may be made to some essence components. All essence components shall be referenced only once.doc Version 1. the precedence of the tracks shall be determined by the MXF track number property.5 are listed below and clarified further in section 5.0.mxf file that stores the media synchronization information. Published specification . 4. 2. Note: This includes unreferenced essence that may be re-linked at some later date.3. 10. In applications where non-MXF version information is required. Figure 2 shows the logical structure of an AS-02 asset bundle. 1. Version files may refer to multiple video. even if only a single essence component is contained in the bundle and the version file would also be valid as an OP1a file. All version files shall be placed in the root folder. Note: With reference to point 4. Additional constraints over and above section 4. 4. 4.6 Simple version file A simple version file is intended for simple bundle applications that do not require segmentation (OP2b) or editing (OP3b). All essence components that can be referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "media". Note: The intent of a simple version is that any software or device acting on that version shall use all of the referenced tracks. Nov-18-2011 Page 12 of 43 . A simple version file should contain metadata to describe the intended usage of each essence component. A simple version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b. 3. 2. In some communities. The maximum number of versions in a bundle may be constrained by the max_versions shim parameter. All essence component files shall have the same duration measured in edit units as required by the OP1b specification. 11.3. audio languages. Other subfolders may exist. The name of the root folder shall be considered as the identification filename of the bundle. all files under the root folder shall be physically stored there. Note: OP1b is specifically to be used as the operational pattern for simple version files. 4. 9. The term “AS-02 composition file” shall be treated as equivalent to the term “AS-02 version file”. audio. Shim parameter max_versions Definition Default value: unlimited Type: positive integer and unlimited Values: 1 to unlimited Maximum number of version files permitted in a bundle. 5.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7. the term “composition” is used as a substitute for the term “version”. e. 6. it shall be stored in an XML file in the root folder and shall have the same name as the related . Unique and non-zero track numbers shall be used. video keys or caption service. but are not used in this application specification. i. The bundle of files shall have the following properties: 1. the number of audio samples in the underlying essence container may vary slightly in the case of non-integer number of audio samples per video frame. File system linking mechanisms shall not be used within the AS-02 bundle. In the case that they do.

web or IPTV deliverables. Subfolders within the extra folder shall be used to manage individual metadata files to prevent filename collisions and the inadvertent overwriting of files.9 Extra folder The extra folder shall provide a facility to associate additional metadata and associated files within the AS-02 bundle. The simple version file shall have the same name as the root folder. Note: This provides for a simple and error-free content aging / content deletion strategy that does not require reference counting. The simple version file shall reference all the essence components in the media folder. Permissible but very weak linkage . Nov-18-2011 Page 13 of 43 .cap" or ". 4. it may be required to keep a number of ". easy essence tracking and easy deletion. Metadata describing a show layout (position of the breaks). Their role should be signaled as caption in the manifest file. custom XML.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4. Common usage . 4. 4.co. 3. This linkage may be via: • • • Recommended practice . documents found in the extra folder should contain some linkage back to one or more of the MXF versions or components. For example: • • • AMWA metadata is stored in: Sony metadata would be stored in: BBC metadata would be stored in: extra/amwa. at some point in its lifecycle.3.uk/ The management of the data in each business folder is outside the scope of this specification but may form part of an individual shim. In a simple bundle.tv/ extra/sony.10 Extra folder – role of a file In many workflows. Published specification . All AS-02 constraints shall apply unless overridden here. each of the essence component files shall be referenced from at most one OP1b program version header.dxfp" files with the asset so that.3.com/ extra/bbc. In a multi-lingual workflow. Only one simple version file shall exist in a simple bundle.the UMID of the version file’s material package. captions may be rendered to the broadcast. These files may be stored in any appropriate subfolder on the extras folder.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.0.scc" or ".a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root. such as on a playout server. 2. In general. A specific example of a role is the provision of caption source files. tools from multiple vendors intrinsically share files that exist in the extra folder.doc Version 1. It is recommended that individual business should put their private metadata in a folder with a name corresponding an established Internet domain name. These roles shall be as specified in Annex B. It is intended for deterministic access. QC reports and other associated files shall be placed in the extra folder or in a subfolder thereof.8 Simple bundle A simple bundle shall be used for single version interchange and is restricted as follows: 1.by the presence of the file in the bundle. The AS-02 specification provides a mechanism that shall be used for specifying the roles of these files within a manifest.3. Note: This bundle is intended for use in single version applications. The use of these role identifiers is application-specific and should be mandated in the shim document if required.

See section 9 for the specification of the format of this file. 4. 5 Version file parameters and constraints 5.5. that individual shims may further restrict.11 Manifest file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a manifest file (manifest. Use of the MXF Generic Container to carry generic data streams in version files is acceptable if the shim parameter defined above is set to true.3. 5.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle. Shim parameter generic_streams_in_version Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true. there may be generic stream containers in the version file. the names are chosen to be unique across the AS-02 namespace. with their identifiers and relationships. The manifest file shall also contain a unique identifier that shall provide the identification of the bundle as a whole.12 Shim file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a file (shim. Named parameters are specified whose values shall define further constraints that apply in specific shims. 5. and are syntactically valid XML NCNames.doc Version 1. Note: An essence container refers to the use of the MXF Generic Container to carry a stream of picture or sound essence. false When true.4 MXF header constraints in a version file The following metadata constraints shall apply to the version file. Strongly constrained: a range of values or set of choices is listed that individual shims must choose between.xml).1 Provision categorization Each provision within the general specification and within each individual shim is categorized as one of the following: • • Unconstrained: everything permitted by SMPTE 377-1-2009.0. descriptive metadata schemes or essence types) is stated by the general AS-02 specification. To enable automated processing of shims. A distinctive font is used for the names of parameters. A version file may contain segmentation and editing information. Fully constrained: a single choice or parameter value that all AS-02 applications will use identically • • Shims shall always express constraints that are equal to or stronger than the general specification. Published specification . bitrates) or choices (for example.xml) that contains all of the shim parameters and their values for the bundle.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4.3.3 Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file Header metadata in header and footer partitions shall follow the provisions of 377-1 section 7. See section 10 for the specification of the format of this file.2 No essence in the version file There shall be no essence containers in the version file. Nov-18-2011 Page 14 of 43 . 5. Gently constrained: a range of values (for example. including the version and essence component files. The sections below define the general provisions that shall apply to all AS-02 files.

the version file may become an OP3b edit decision list. Lower level source packages should be preserved in the version file by applications that edit or modify component files. References shall only be made to file packages within the version file. this parameter needs to specify whether or not sub-clips may start or end within GOPs / access units or other structural elements of the encoding scheme.doc Version 1. The duration rules shall be the same as for the version file sequence as above. This effectively constrains version files to be OP2b butt-edits of pre-conformed clips. Shall be signaled as OP1b. The path shall be a URI relative to the version file and shall be correct at the time that the file was created. the UMIDs shall be resolved via some other mechanism. 5. Data) Network Locator Definition Default value: 1 frame Type: free text The smallest duration that can be used in a material package timeline source clip property. Shall be signaled as OP1b. such as for long-GOP MPEG.5 MXF header constraints in a simple version file The following additional constraints apply to a simple version file Set name Content Storage Material Package Constraint There shall be 1 top-level file package per essence component.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. There shall be 1 material package.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009 revision. One network locator shall exist for each file package. When complex essence types are in use. All essence shall be externally referenced. Text Locator Timecode Timeline Track SubClip Optional. Shim parameter sub_clip_limit Essence Container Data Operational Pattern Material Package Source Package (File / Physical) Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. material package source clips are constrained such that all tracks shall cut synchronously. For a closed file. Unresolved UMID references shall not be permitted. Nov-18-2011 Page 15 of 43 . Shall not be present. Shall be compliant with OP1b. Primary package shall be a material package. The timecode properties shall be compliant with MXF 377-1-2009. OP2a or OP3a for single-track version files. Published specification . 0 or more top-level file package(s) per essence component. Decoders shall use the network locator(s) as a hint and the UMIDs shall always be used to verify the integrity of the network locator value. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1. When false. Sound. There shall be 1 identification set added by each application altering the file. OP2b or OP3b for multi-track version files.0. Shall be compliant with OP1b. no restriction on lower level packages. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata. There shall be a copy of the file package from each of the essence component files in the version file. sync_cut Default value: false Type: boolean When true. If the network locator does not point to the essence component file.

Applications reading the file should atomically read the closed and complete header metadata partition (it is small) and shall use that version of the metadata.0. 5. A true value indicates that track numbers shall be present and may be used by equipment. Essence component files shall only contain this metadata when the version files sign essence_only. Nov-18-2011 Page 16 of 43 . entire_file.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5. Generic stream index tables may be included for data tracks. A false value indicates that track numbers may exist in the file.10 Media integrity check for essence components Shim parameter mic_scope Definition Default value: essence_only Type: enumeration Values: essence_only. crc16. If it is found that the version file header is open and the footer is closed. 5. 5. but should not interpreted by equipment Published specification . the header of the file may be in the progress of being updated. This is done via the track number property in the material package tracks.11 Channel mapping with track numbers Shim parameter track_numbers Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true. no_mic Version files may contain media integrity check information of the entire essence component file (entire_file). crc32. For example. it is necessary to identify which of the audio essence components are mapped to which output channel.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. false When using audio components in an application that involves physical mapping of audio to ports on equipment. 5.8 Version file KAG size of 1 The KAG size of a version file shall be 1.9 Minimum simple version duration Shim parameter min_sv_dur Definition Default value: 10 seconds Type: floating point Values: gently-constrained The minimum simple version duration parameter ensures that in an application specification. just the essence stream (essence_only) or not at all (no_mic). md5 Version files may contain a media integrity check using one of the valid mechanisms. mic_type Default value: crc32 Type: list of permitted enumerations Values: HMAC-SHA1.doc Version 1. performance criteria can be specified that reflects the operation of a facility. then this should be indicative of an update in progress and appropriate caution should be taken.6 Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition During update of a version file. 5.7 No essence stream index tables in a version file Essence stream index tables shall not be included in any partition of a version file. simple versions with a duration value of a single frame may not play out correctly.

OP2 or OP3 essence tracks in the material package. Nov-18-2011 Page 17 of 43 . When working with 50Hz material. NDF.2 Other descriptive metadata schemes Private application-specification-defined schemes and extensions to SMPTE 380M DMS-1-based schemes shall be identified in the preface. On creation. it should be annotated with metadata. Drop Frame (DF). non-Drop Frame (NDF) or file_specific values are permitted. Note: AS-03 files shall use only OP1a and may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks. picture or compound) in the essence container.1 SOM/EOM Specific start-of-message (SOM) and end-of-message (EOM) metadata shall be provided in AS-02 version files using sequences of source references on MXF OP1. They shall be subject to the general constraints listed in section 4. 5.1 Essence track parameters and constraints 6. When the essence is a specific variant.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.doc Version 1. Published specification . • • • • Header partition shall contain only metadata.3. In AS-02 essence component files.12 Timecode Shim parameter tc_mode Definition Default value: file_specific Type: enumeration Values: DF. 6.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5.13. These parameters are described in the sections below. When working with 60Hz or 24Hz material DF or NDF is recommended according to the working practises of the facility.13 Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints 5. Only one type of essence element shall be present (i. 6 Essence component file parameters and constraints Note: Shim constraints for essence components are expressed in the same manner as for version files in section 5. 5. The timecode counting mode of a version file may be specified so that file writers create consistent outputs. bit 3 of byte 15 of the operational pattern identifier shall be set to zero to represent uni-track.4 with the following additional constraints below.1.1 General AS-02 essence component files shall each contain a single essence component of a single essence type. the value NDF is recommended.e. file_specific.13. All data sets shall follow MXF generation ID rules. A value of file_specific is intended for applications and facilities where DF or NDF cannot be known apriori.2 Mono essence Only one essence track shall exist in the file package. data. an 8kByte fill shall follow the header partition to allow for in-place extension.0. AS-02 version and essence component files may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks. Parameters may be further constrained by shims as described in the annexes or external documents.1. 6. signaling that every essence container has one and only one essence track. sound.

6. Published specification . Definition Default value: 60 seconds Type: floating point Values: strongly-constrained for frame wrapped files Body partitions in a frame wrapped file shall occur at regular temporal spacing indicated by this parameter.3 Interleaving AS-02 files shall not contain interleaved essence components. follow or file_specific As above. Shim parameter index_strategy_frame Definition Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead. Index table. Regular shall mean that any variation in the regularity shall be less than the smaller of 1 second or 10% of the period partition_spacing. a footer partition.1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. Figure 5: Clip wrapped file partition structure A RIP shall be present in all essence component files. the index partition shall either lead (i.5 Index tables Frame wrapped essence shall have distributed index tables to aid process-during-write applications. precede) the essence partition that it indexes or follow the essence partition that it indexes.0. SMPTE 410-2008 generic stream. This is shown in figure 5. index_strategy_clip Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead.1. Shim parameter partition_spacing Clip wrapped files shall have the following structure: a header partition. lead means that the calculated index table immediately follows the header partition.1. When the index tables are calculated (PCM audio).doc Version 1.e.4 Partitions A partition in an AS-02 compliant essence component file shall only have one of the following types of data in it: • • • • Header metadata. follow or file_specific At each partition point in a given frame wrapped essence component file. one body partition with an index table. The “file_specific” option covers applications where the strategy cannot be defined. Nov-18-2011 Page 18 of 43 . one body partition with clip wrapped essence.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Essence. but applies to clip wrapped files. This shall be specified application by application. 6.

PCM audio channels from a different soundfield shall be in different files.6 Video Video essence in AS-02 files may be of one of a selection of compression families and acceptable variability should be defined by individual shims.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. specifies the maximum number of video essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. inside a SMPTE 377-1-2009 data container) shall be in a single essence component file and shall be described by a single MXF track in the file package. The audio within a compound essence container shall be ignored in AS-02 operations.0. for example 5.264 JPEG2000”.1. Note: In existing digital cinema workflows. such as playout servers. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. Shim parameter picture_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported video essence compression families including any family-specific elements such as GOP structures and profiles. for example “MPEG-2 H. This definition is expected to appear in the SMPTE multi-channel audio specification. it is common to find six tracks of audio from a single soundfield combined into a single PCM stream.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Published specification . picture_format Default value: none Type: list of formatted strings A list of permitted video frame sizes and rates. you would not expect different languages to be present within the same soundfield. Nov-18-2011 Page 19 of 43 . Stereo and multi-channel audio may be represented as separate PCM audio files.doc Version 1. Multi-channel audio carried as data in an audio file (e.1. picture_component_limit Default value: 1 Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. Note: A soundfield is defined as the acoustical space in which the intended audio image is created.1. Video files shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables.g. picture_bitrate Default value: none Type: list of integer ranges A list of supported bitrates or ranges of bitrates for compressed video. Compressed audio files shall be described by a single track in the file package. Therefore. The media file of a bundle may contain both a combined file and separate files for the same audio. 6. All kinds shall be considered as mono-essence and shall be described by a single track in the file package. with version files used to select the most appropriate representation. for example for different languages.7 Audio PCM audio files shall contain either mono audio or stereo audio or multi-channel audio. for example “1920/1080/50p/16:9”. Compressed audio files may contain multiple channels within a single soundfield. Audio from a compound essence containers representing more than one soundfield shall be extracted into a separate essence component files to ensure AS-02 compliance.

Different languages for captions shall be carried in separate files.8 Closed captioning and subtitles Closed caption data and subtitling data carried in VBI or VANC shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables and shall not be interleaved in the video file. carriage in MPEG picture user data). During the adoption period. and VBI data. compression types and any format specific elements such as delay setting. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. VANC.1. CC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true.0. Typically.doc Version 1. Shim parameter CC_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types for closed captioning including specific parameters. Nov-18-2011 Page 20 of 43 . such as VBI lines. Variable bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a variable bitrate (VBR) index table. This data shall be stored in a SMPTE 436M essence component file in the media folder. Constant bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. Published specification . specifies the maximum number of audio essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. subtitles. this will be of the form “mono only files”. VBI data and VANC data may appear in the same SMPTE 436M essence component file. This data shall also be placed in a separate SMPTE 436M essence component file. Note: This provision is to support legacy playback devices and should be avoided wherever possible as it can leads to the SMPTE 436M captions and it custom copy changing independently. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy captioning or subtitle formats are used in the bundle. audio_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. 6. where this data is contained in a large number of legacy file types. such as playout servers.g. The intent of the AS-02 specification is that SMPTE 436M shall be used for the carriage of captioning. VBI and / or VANC for closed caption data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. permitted soundfield arrangements.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter audio_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported audio essence families including bitrates. “stereo files with optional Dolby E in a file” etc. audio_file_arrangement Default value: none Type: free text A description of the physical storage strategy for audio. it is understood that legacy formats will exist. PCM audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. “stereo only files”.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Non-caption data may also exist in the SMPTE 436M essence component file.

Usually. the VBI area is in the active picture). VBI data for closed captions shall be encoded as active video within the video image. this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i. for example on playout. CC_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate ANC essence component file.0. 6. VBI_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. copy the VBI and VANC data into a separate file and when creating an AS-02 bundle. ANC data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate VBI essence component file.1.g. Published specification .8. ANC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. ANC_data_essence Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as ANC packet types supported. Decoders should be able to merge different kinds of data.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter CC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true. as per section 6. Shim parameter VBI_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as VBI lines supported.e. VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file. The original data should be deleted from where it is originally sourced to avoid it leaking back into the workflow. Any data in a separate SMPTE 436M file shall override any data of the same type carried within the video file. This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file. VBI data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices.doc Version 1. VBI_render Default value: false Type: boolean When true.g.9 Other VBI and ANC data Other VBI and VANC data shall be carried in SMPTE 436M. Nov-18-2011 Page 21 of 43 . the VBI area is in the active picture). Note: To preserve data that is intimate with a timeline essence component.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. specifies the maximum number of closed caption files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle.1. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy VBI or VANC formats are used in the bundle.e. Different types of VBI and VANC data should be split up into separate files. such as playout servers. this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i. Usually.

The following recommendations may be applied in a shim: Shim parameter sys_item_tc Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Indicates whether it is acceptable for the essence component file to carry timecode in the generic container system item.2.2 Essence container label AS-02 essence component files shall each specify essence container labels that shall correspond to the essence container used in that file.e. Nov-18-2011 Page 22 of 43 . When set to false. indicates that all data essence component files for VANC and VBI data shall be split into separate files. VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. There may be several timecode tracks in the header metadata of an essence component.2. Note: This specification does not permit a mixture of approaches. Published specification . all VANC and VBI data is merged into a single essence component file. including any discontinuities therein. bit 3: uni-track set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is atomic.1 Baseline operational pattern The operational pattern of an AS-02 essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. specifies the maximum number of VBI or VANC files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle.2.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter ANC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true.may be specified in each shim.doc Version 1. Timecode mode .4 Timecode The timecode of an AS-02 version shall be controlled in the version file. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. 6. Metadata in the system item that is to be used in an AS-02 operation should be copied or moved to other containers such as the header metadata or SMPTE 436M data tracks. This provision is intended to capture source timecodes and does not affect the material package of any version file. bit 2: streamable set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is streamable.0. The qualifier bits of the operational pattern in AS-02 essence component files shall be set as follows: • • • bit 1: internal essence set to “0” to signal internal essence only. 6. data_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. data_separation Default vale: true Type: boolean When true.drop-frame or non-drop frame . timecode in any generic container system shall be copied to the file package header metadata.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2 Header metadata and operational pattern constraints 6.2. Whatever the parameter is set to.3 System item The generic container system item may be present but should not be used by AS-02 files. Note: This provision is intended to maximize compatibility with legacy MXF decoder applications. there is only one track. 6. 6. such as playout servers. i. This data should also be present in a separate ANC essence component file.

Any specific constraints on the header metadata shall be: Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009. "SMPTE MCA language & spatial". All files shall have a footer partition unless: 1. All files shall comply with SMPTE 377-12009. when closed and complete.2. 1 top-level file package. When a conflict exists. BodySID and IndexSID shall be present and shall be different. the file is in the process of being written. Header metadata shall exist in the header partition and may have optional fill. 6. The edit rates property of a track for material that is frame coded shall be equal to the rate of content packages in the essence.3 Header metadata parameters and constraints The header partition of an essence component file shall start at the first byte of the file. Note: Once a published standard. Source Package (File / Physical) Track (Timeline) There shall be a single essence descriptor for the essence.6 KAG size AS-02 essence component files shall have a KAG size of 1 unless this requirement conflicts with an underlying essence container specification. this is usually the field rate. For example: "SMPTE MCA language". Primary package shall be file package. Published specification . KLV extension syntax (SMPTE 377-2) shall be used for MXF metadata extensions.doc Version 1. this is the underlying frame rate. Lower level source packages shall be preserved by applications that edit or modify component files. For MPEG interlaced material this is usually the frame rate. with no run-in.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. For progressive material. describing a business rule of the presence of absence of tags. the value in that essence container specification shall be used. the underlying essence container specification forbids the existence of a footer.0. "none". The footer of an essence component file may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete.2. This specification may be a private xml specification or a SMPTE specification. For interlaced J2k field coded material and for interlaced MPEG field coded material. Shim parameter track_tag_policy Essence Container Data Material Package Definition Default value: none Type: free text Specifies how material package tracks in the essence component file are tagged with metadata.5 Random index pack All AS-02 version and essence component files. Clip wrapped audio shall have the edit rate set to the audio sampling rate. 2. Nov-18-2011 Page 23 of 43 . no restriction on lower level packages. Compliant with OP1a mono essence – shall contain only a single essence track.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. 6. shall contain a random index pack as per SMPTE 377-1-2009. One single entry corresponding to the single generic container. Each device altering the file shall add 1 identification set. 1 material package.

Shall be present for all VBI components. Any captured timecode . Shim parameter ingest_TC Static Track Wave Audio Essence Descriptor VBI Data Descriptor ANC Data Descriptor Multiple Descriptor Network Locator Text Locator Timecode Definition Default value: none Type: extensible enumeration Values: “LTC”. “VITC”. lead_TC Default value: FP Type: enumeration Values: MP. VerticalSubsampling. This recommendation constrains the EBU recommendation on timecode in MXF. otherwise it shall not be used. FP Indicates that an application requiring the timecode of the component file shall use the lowest numbered by TrackNumber file package timecode track (default) or the material package timecode track of the essence component file. display width and height. Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. Not present in essence component files. Shall be present for all ANC components. shall include picture essence coding. BpictureCount. Duration values shall use the same rule as for sequences. To prevent metadata morphing. Not present in essence component files. Metadata may be present on a static track. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata. “source” or <value> Indicates that ingest (file creation) applications shall start the material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode at a given value. Shall be present for all MPEG video component files. Bitrate. ProfileAndLevel. aspect ratio. The header metadata shall always be valid in a component file. Shall be present for all uncompressed PCM audio component files.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1. Data) MPEG Descriptor For a closed file. or derive it from the specified source. Shall be present only for component files that have VBI and ANC data present. MaxGOP. Note that metadata on an event track shall have its event duration equal to the validity of the metadata on the timeline. The material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode with the lowest value of TrackNumber shall be identical.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Event Track Constraint Only used for descriptive metadata tracks. static metadata should be placed on an event track with the duration set to the duration of the file. constant Bframes. Applications manipulating files should be aware that metadata described as static may no longer be static after splicing and editing operations.0. This means that the process shown in figure 6 shall be followed: Published specification . “external”.doc Version 1. Sound. This is discouraged. “DVITC”.which may be discontinuous shall be captured in the source package that is referenced by the top-level file package. Nov-18-2011 Page 24 of 43 . This may often be the duration of the track.

6. It is recommended that file readers be able to accept files with these structures.1 Legacy bundles When AS-02 was initially proposed. A legacy bundle shall be identified by the filename of its simple version file. 2. Video essence in a legacy bundle shall be long-GOP MPEG2 wrapped in SMPTE 381M. A random index pack shall follow the footer. 4. 6. no root folder was included in the specification. There shall be no extra folder in a legacy bundle. The footer may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete. 8.dir" folder. 10. A legacy bundle shall not have a root folder. When the writing operation is finished. It can therefore allow the detection of differences between "master" metadata and "derived" metadata when an MXF process modifies a file.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.dir".0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 6: Valid header metadata process Open and incomplete partitions are created during file writing operation. 7 Legacy bundles This section specifies AS-02 structures that have been created prior to the approval of this AS-02 specification document. Legacy bundles are not required to have a manifest file.doc Version 1. Note: This feature may be used to audit metadata modification in the essence component file.3. Full details are given in SMPTE 377-1-2009. FTP and other operation require the parsing of the version file and the potential re-naming of the essence components. the header or footer shall be marked closed and complete. Most move. Nov-18-2011 Page 25 of 43 . Many legacy bundles may exist in the same folder. The media subfolder shall be named "media. This information may be used to flag the fact that metadata reconciliation may be required. 7. 9. 5. Many legacy bundles may share the same "media. Published specification . Audio essence in a legacy bundle shall be uncompressed broadcast wave format (BWF) wrapped in SMPTE 382M. a legacy bundle is defined as a simple bundle with the following additional restrictions: 1. copy. 3. The new identification set provides a generation ID that may be used to identify which elements of the file have changed. The disadvantage of legacy bundles is that non-MXF operations are very difficult. To retain backwards compatibility with the initial rollout and to provide a migration path for original equipment. 7. Legacy bundles are not required to have a shim file.1 Package labeling All applications that modify an MXF file shall create a new identification set in the file and shall preserve existing identification sets.

0e. At least one DMS identifier in the legacy bundle shall be used in order to indicate the compliance ID of the AS-02 file (section 7.1 DMS-AS compliance ID Each AS-02 shim shall define a compliance ID string.2. audio arrangements may change and codecs may change. or some private MXF scheme.doc Version 1. 04.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7. using a constrained SMPTE 380M scheme would result in the following label in the preface set: DMS1 06. http://amwa.0b. For example.01 7. 01.01.txt The compliance_id shall be stored as FrameworkThesaurusName property of a SMPTE 380M Production Framework. The string should identify the version of the shim to which the file was created. For example.compliance ID This section describes the way in which shims were signaled in files created prior to the first publication of the AMWA AS-02 specification.2. A legacy bundle shall contain one or more DMS identifiers indicating the constrained DMS in use.01.01. Nov-18-2011 Page 26 of 43 . It is included for file readers that need to be backwards compatible with legacy files. for example a SMPTE 380M based scheme.2b. This minimizes the chances of a compliance_id clash with other organizations.1). The descriptive metadata scheme identifiers shall be carried in the preface set of the MXF file according to SMPTE 377M. Note: The compliance ID may change over time within a shim. Published specification . 0d.01.2 Legacy shim identification .04.g. An application that is comparing compliance_id strings shall perform a UTF-16 case sensitive comparison that ignores whitespace at the start and end of strings.34.01. Shim parameter compliance_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace identifier URI structure as a compliance_id. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry. e. image resolutions may change.01.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k.02.0.

txt The sections below are organized as a sheet to be filled in by a system designer who is constraining their system. the empty AS-02 generic shim is tabulated in this section. Nov-18-2011 Page 27 of 43 . A shim identifier (shim_id) shall identify the shim.g. The entry in the parameter name column is intended for use as the name of an XML element in a machinereadable template for the shim. Shim parameter shim_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace URI as a shim_id. This identifier is intended to signal the version of the shim that was in use when the bundle was created or modified. http://amwa. Parameter name shim_id AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values Shim-specific value 8. partition_spacing index_strategy_frame Strong Strong lead lead Index_strategy_clip Published specification .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. An example of a completed shim is given in annex A. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry.0.doc Version 1. e. Not all the parameters are relevant in every design.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8 Generic shim 8.2 Shim Dimension Shim ID Description The identifier of this shim. Clip wrapping strategy.3 General essence Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values 60s Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Partition spacing Indexing strategy Indexing strategy Regular partition spacing. Some parameters can be left as none or not applicable (n/a).tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k. This minimizes the chances of a shim identifier clash with other organizations. Frame wrapping strategy.1 Shim identifier To aid system designers and equipment vendors. 8.

Nov-18-2011 Page 28 of 43 . sampling or other) are encountered in programs? Physical storage strategy for audio.0.6 Caption components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values CC essence schemes CC custom formatting CC in-vision render CC component limit What caption essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner? Captions inserted into the active picture? Maximum simultaneous caption components? CC_data_essence CC_custom Moderate false CC_render Moderate false CC_component_limit Moderate unlimited Published specification .doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8.4 Picture components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Picture essence schemes What picture signal schemes (compression. Maximum simultaneous audio components? audio_family Audio file arrangement Audio component limit audio_file_arrangement None Moderate none unlimited audio_component_limit 8.5 Sound components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Sound essence schemes What sound signal schemes (compression. sampling or other) are encountered in programs? How many bits/second at real time? Picture raster and aspect ratio? Maximum simultaneous video components? picture_family Picture bitrate picture_bitrate Gentle none Picture format Picture component limit picture_format picture_component_limit Gentle Moderate none 1 8.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

Nov-18-2011 Page 29 of 43 .8 Version files Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle Strong AS-02 values false false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Version file complexity Version file bloating Short clip limit Version file complexity File length Simple version files only? Can generic streams be put in a version file? Shortest length of a clip in an EDL.0. VBI data to be rendered into the active picture. Is an edl a series of synchronous butt edits? Minimum duration of a simple version. What is the scope of the media integrity check? What algorithm is used for MIC? simple_versions_only generic_streams_in_version sub_clip_limit Gentle Gentle 1s false sync_cut min_sv_dur Gentle 10s Media integrity scope Media integrity type mic_scope Moderate essence_o nly crc32 mic_algorithm Moderate Published specification . Maximum simultaneous data components? Different types of VBI/VANC in separate files? VBI_data_essence None Moderate None false VBI_custom VBI_render Moderate false ANC_data_essence None Moderate None false ANC_custom ANC_render Moderate false data_component_limit Moderate unlimited data_separation Moderate true 8.7 Other VANC / VBI components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint AS-02 values Shimspecific constrai nt Shim-specific values VBI essence schemes VBI custom formatting VBI in-vision rendering ANC essence schemes ANC custom formatting ANC in-vision rendering Data component limit Separate data component files What VBI essence types are allowed? VBI data inserted in video in a custom manner.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8.doc Version 1. What VBI essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner. VBI data to be rendered into the active picture.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

Nov-18-2011 Page 30 of 43 .11 Descriptive metadata Note: The shim identifier property "compliance_id" is included for legacy files only.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Channel ID Is channel mapping done with track numbers? Timecode counting mode. Note: Setting this property to 1 and the simple_version property to true is used to indicate that only simple bundles are acceptable. track_numbers Timecode tc_mode Strong <shim specific> 8.doc Version 1.10 Bundle Dimension Description Parameter name max_versions AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Maximum versions Maximum number of versions. located in the root level folder of the bundle. including the version and essence component files. as described in section 7.1.9 Header metadata Dimension Description Parameter name sys_item_tc AS-02 constraint Moderate AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values System item timecode handling Track tag metadata Ingest timecode handling Timecode precedence Is the system item timecode copied to the header? How are tracks tagged? What timecode source shall be dominant when creating files? What timecode source shall be dominant when using essence files? track_tag_policy None Strong None none ingest_TC lead_TC Strong FP 8.2.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Shimspecific constraint Fully Shim-specific values 9 Manifest file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single manifest file. 8. Published specification . Dimension Description Parameter name compliance_id AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shim identifier The legacy compliance ID of this file.0. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle.

1. Published specification . 9.0. See the XML schema declaration in section 9. elements shown with a grey outline are optional.xml. 9. facility or system (hardware/software) that created the bundle.1.0). and is illustrated in figure 7. Note: The creator property is intended only for display as guidance to a user.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. The manifest file shall be named manifest.2 Bundle identifier element For overall management of the asset.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The manifest shall be encoded as an XML document (W3C XML 1. the bundle identifier (BundleID) element shall uniquely identify the bundle. human-readable annotation describing the person. Nov-18-2011 Page 31 of 43 .doc Version 1. 9. Note: This will allow easy differentiation between bundles. The bundle identifier shall be encoded as a URN-encoded UUID.3 of this document for the formal element definition.1 Manifest structure The top-level element in the manifest file shall be designated Manifest. 9.3 Creator element The creator (Creator) element shall be a free-form. Each unique bundle shall have a distinct bundle identifier. as defined in IETF RFC 4122.1. Figure 7: Manifest structure element Note: In figure 7.1 Bundle name element The bundle name (BundleName) element uniquely contains the file name of the root-level folder of the bundle.

A file (File) element shall represent any file or folder that exists in the AS-02 bundle. Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user. The structure of the File element is described in section 9.1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.5 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form. The manifest shall not include a file element entry for the manifest itself. human-readable annotations describing the bundle.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 9. The creation date shall be encoded as xs:dateTime type. 9. See the XML schema declaration in section 9.1.2 File element A manifest shall contain a list of files and folders. Each file shall be described by a file element.doc Version 1.3 of this document for a normative definition. Nov-18-2011 Page 32 of 43 . 9.2.1. Published specification .4 Creation date element The creation date (CreationDate) element shall be set to the time and date at which the bundle was created. as illustrated in figure 8. 9.0. The order of File elements in the list shall not be significant.6 File list element The file list (FileList) element shall contain the list of File elements that each describe the files and folders contained in the bundle.

2.0. such as the primary package identifier of a version file or essence component file. 9.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 8 – File element with optional media integrity check Note: In figure 8.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.doc Version 1. Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 33 of 43 . Where the file has its own unique identifier. elements shown with a grey outline are optional. If the file contains no defined identifier.1 File identifier element The file identifier (FileID) element shall represent the unique identifier associated with the described file. this value shall be extracted from the file and used in the manifest. then the creator of the manifest file shall generate the identifier.

1 Element value The value of the media integrity check element (MIC) shall be of type xs:hexBinary. 9. The possible values of this parameter shall be: Published specification . crc32 . For folders. Note: For more information on calculating CRCs. Nov-18-2011 Page 34 of 43 . computed according to CRC-32C (Castagnoli) polynomial. 4. 9.2.33-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check. the related Wikipedia page is a good place to start.0. The allowed values for the role element shall be as specified in Annex B.3 Size element The size (Size) element contains the size of the file in bytes.2. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M) starting with the fixed 16-bytes 060a2b34h 01010105h 01010f20h 13000000h.2.2. as defined in IETF RFC 2104 and IETF RFC 3174.5.2. 2.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The value of the identifier shall be encoded according to the following rules.2 Role element The role (Role) element shall be used to describe how the file is used within the bundle.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2. 9. All other files shall have a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122. 9. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the UMID according to SMPTE 2029-2009.17-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check.secure hash algorithm.5. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE universal label. 9. Note: The choice of CRC types is based on ones in common use and easy to decode. encoded as type xs:positiveInteger. the last 16-bytes of the UMID shall be used as a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122. To ensure full coverage of the range of content integrity types. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M).4 Path element The path (Path) element contains the relative URI of the file. relative to the root of the bundle. as specified in IETF RFC 1321. implementers are advised to check the current status of this document and AS-06. 3.5. The possible values of this parameter shall be: • • • • hmac-sha1 . md5 .org/wiki/Cyclic_Redundancy_Check.doc Version 1.3 Scope attribute The media integrity check scope (scope) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the scope over which media integrity check values are calculated. The value of the element shall be used both for display as guidance for the user and as machine-interpretable information for content processing.2 Type attribute The media integrity check type (type) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the algorithm used to create the media integrity check value for the AS-02 asset. applied in order: 1. See: http://en.wikipedia. 9.message digest algorithm 5. the size value shall be present and set to zero. This size shall be expressed as an integer number of bytes.5 Media integrity check element (optional) The media integrity check (MIC) element contains the media integrity check value for the file. 9. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the universal label according to SMPTE 2029-2009.2. The list is left deliberately short to minimize complexity when implementing a decoder. The intention is to replace this section with a reference to AMWA's application specification for content integrity (AS-06) once work is completed. computed according to the CRC-16-CCITT polynomial. crc16 .

9.doc Version 1.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:mft=”http://www.6 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.0/manifest” targetNamespace="http://www.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning • • essence_only .2.0. including essence and any wrapper.amwa. Nov-18-2011 Page 35 of 43 .amwa. human-readable annotations describing the file. 9.0/manifest" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-.tv/as-02/1.3 XML schema for manifests The XML Schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a manifest using a machine-readable language.ManifestType --> <xs:complexType name="ManifestType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="BundleName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="BundleID" type="mft:UUID"/> <xs:element name="Creator" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="CreationDate" type="xs:dateTime"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="FileList"> <xs:complexType> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="File" type="mft:FileType" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </xs:sequence> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <!-.FileType --> <xs:complexType name="FileType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="FileID" type="mft:IdType"/> <xs:element name="Role" type="mft:FileRole"/> <xs:element name="Size" type="xs:nonNegativeInteger"/> <xs:element name="Path" type="xs:anyURI"/> <xs:element name="MIC" minOccurs="0"> <xs:complexType> <xs:simpleContent> <xs:extension base="xs:hexBinary"> <xs:attribute name="type" type="mft:MICTypeType" use="required"/> <xs:attribute name="scope" type="mft:MICScopeType" use="required"/> </xs:extension> </xs:simpleContent> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> Published specification . <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www. entire_file .the media integrity check value was calculated for the entire file.the media integrity check was calculated for the wrapped essence stream of an essence component file.tv/as-02/1.w3. Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user.

){3}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:simpleType name="emptyID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value=""/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.FileRole --> <xs:simpleType name="FileRole"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="file"/> <xs:enumeration value="version"/> <xs:enumeration value="essencecomponent"/> <xs:enumeration value="shim"/> <xs:enumeration value="manifest"/> <xs:enumeration value="qc"/> <xs:enumeration value="graphic"/> <xs:enumeration value="caption"/> <xs:enumeration value="folder"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:element name="Manifest" type="mft:ManifestType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from the AMWA FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Manifest.){7}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.xsd.doc Version 1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.4 Sample manifest file (informative) The following manifest sample XML is a valid instance of the manifest schema.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <!-. Nov-18-2011 Page 36 of 43 .MICTypeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICTypeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="hmac-sha1"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc32"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc16"/> <xs:enumeration value="md5"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.UMID --> <xs:simpleType name="UMID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:umid:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\.UUID --> <xs:simpleType name="UUID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:uuid:[0-9a-fA-F]{8}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fAF]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{12}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.MICScopeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICScopeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="essence_only"/> <xs:enumeration value="entire_file"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.UL --> <xs:simpleType name="UL"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:ul:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\. Published specification . It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only.0. 9.IdType --> <xs:simpleType name="IdType"> <xs:union memberTypes="mft:UUID mft:UMID mft:UL mft:emptyID"/> </xs:simpleType> <!-.

0.01010105.31540580.01010811.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <mft:BundleName>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4</mft:BundleName> <mft:BundleID>urn:uuid:D08C1211-5172-4875-96D5-1B731E1D71CD</mft:BundleID> <mft:Creator>AS-02 Reference Manifest File MP2 .13000000.13000000.23480022.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">9805614535f364690491a5ac16e8c620</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.01010105.doc Version 1.Richard Cartwright AMWA</mft:Creator> <mft:CreationDate>2011-12-06T10:53:22-00:00</mft:CreationDate> <mft:FileList> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.bbaffc56.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.31540580.23480022.13000000.Manual Generation .mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">a2b275b19bfa4bfebcc422f604e25b8d</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.13000000.01010d11.0/manifest" xmlns:xsi="http://www.amwa.23480022.2e41fc56.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>version</mft:Role> <mft:Size>16153</mft:Size> <mft:Path>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4.xml</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">b587ea43b80900fcf5112aaafcc31ab8</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:ACC8E4E7-5D37-4CE6-889D-E88C3DA4023C</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>extra</mft:Path> <mft:AnnotationText>Size and MIC are not encoded for folders.</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:03EF7F92-8339-4A2A-BB7D-562A5A486ADF</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media</mft:Path> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.01010511.31540580.01010105.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <mft:Manifest xmlns:mft="http://www.31540580.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <?xml version="1.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a1.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a2.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>62517511</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_v0. Nov-18-2011 Page 37 of 43 .d240fc56.w3.01010811.tv/as-02/1.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">fc8578b82d4eb729be0212633f81318f</mft:MIC> <mft:AnnotationText>Single version file of this AS-02 bundle.01010105.905f0022.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">1cca0628ed8d1d7aba35858a567a3d2c</mft:MIC> </mft:File> </mft:FileList> </mft:Manifest> Published specification .</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:D67509D3-5579-4388-8148-9FF1E08BBB59</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>shim</mft:Role> <mft:Size>411</mft:Size> <mft:Path>shim.f7693d57.

Nov-18-2011 Page 38 of 43 .4 of this document for explicit type information. Note: Implementers need to be aware that the shim schema will be actively further developed within AMWA to be a machine-readable list of shim constraints.1. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string. located in the root level folder of the bundle.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.1 Shim name element A name for the AS-02 shim according to a controlled vocabullary.0].xml.1. Network HD Contribution.1.g. human-readable annotations describing the shim. 10.1 Shim structure The top-level element in the shim file shall be designated Shim.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10 Shim file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single shim file. The shim file contains an identifier for the constraints of the shim in the form of a URI namespace reference to the shim that is being used.2 Shim identifier element The shim identifier (ShimID) element contains the string identifier of this shim specification (section 8). See the XML schema declaration in Section 10.3 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form. The shim file shall be encoded as an XML document [XML 1. Note: This document does not specify the process by which a shim identified is generated. 10. e. Figure 9: Top-level shim structure Note: In figure 9. as shown in figure 9. Published specification . The value of the element shall be of type xs:anyURI. The shim file shall be named shim. elements with grey outline are optional.0. 10. 10.

<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.amwa.w3.txt</ShimID> <AnnotationText>An example shim for HD J2k created by AMWA</AnnotationText> </Shim> Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 39 of 43 . 10.tv/as-02/1.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:shim="http://www.3 Sample XML shim file (informative) The following sample shim XML is a valid instance of the shim schema.tv/as-02/1.tv/as-02/1.0/shim" targetNamespace="http://www.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user. It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only. 10.4 Application specification element (optional) Application specification element (ApplicationSpec) is reserved for future use.1.amwa. <?xml version="1.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k.2 XML schema for shims The XML schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a shim file using a machine-readable language.0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.0/shim" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-. 10.amwa. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string.ShimType --> <xs:complexType name="ShimType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="ShimName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="ShimID" type="xs:anyURI" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="ApplicationSpec" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <xs:element name="Shim" type="shim:ShimType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from AMWA as FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Shim.xsd.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <Shim xmlns="http://www.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <ShimName>Network HD Contribution</ShimName> <ShimID>http://amwa.w3.0/shim" xmlns:xsi="http://www.

0E.01.01.01. All ancillary data.2B.1 Essence component files The essence component files contain the video.01. XRsiz0 = 1.34.doc Version 1.0D. 3. YRsiz0 = 1. both VBI and ANC in this case.0C.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.98p 3 4 VBI_render and ANC_render boolean picture_family list 5 audio_family The following list of audio essence types is permitted. Sampling / structure 24-bit.mxf. MXF SMPTE 382M Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container Codec Uncompressed BWF Constraints Stored as Stereo pairs. audio and ancillary data essences that make up the asset. 01.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex A.00 JPEG 2000 picture subdescriptor field values: Rsiz – 0 Xsiz – 1920 Ysiz – 1080 XOsiz – 0 YOsiz – 0 XTsiz – 1920 YTsiz – 1080 XTOsiz – 0 YTOsiz – 0 Csiz – 3 Picture component sizing – {Number of component = 3.0. Stored in media\*_v0. Stored in media\*_a??.03. Nov-18-2011 Page 40 of 43 .01. All essence components are stored as mono-essence OPa1a files False. 48kHz or 96kHz Published specification . YRsiz1 = 1. No other proprietary ANC formats are maintained. 100Mbps CDCI picture essence descriptor fields: Essence container UL 06. AS-02 sample shim document (informative) A. False. is stored as separate SMPTE 436M streams in essence component files. Ssiz1 = 9. Ssiz2 = 9.mxf MXF SMPTE 422M Mapping JPEG 2000 codestreams into the MXF generic container Codec JPEG 2000 Constraints YUV 422 10bit. YRsiz2 = 1} Resolution 1920x1080 23. # 1 2 Parameter mono_essence_op1a VBI_custom and ANC_custom Type boolean boolean Value True. XRsiz1 = 2. XRsiz2 = 2. Ssiz0 = 9.04. No ANC or VBI information is rendered into the active picture The following list of video essence types is permitted.02. The table below specifies the constraints on the essence and its wrapping as MXF.

constraining the version files to be butt-edits of pre-conformed clips.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2 Simple version files A simple version file (SPV) links together the essence components to create a complete asset. The lead timecode shall be taken from the timecode component of the material package of version file. Video tracks are labeled “1”. the track number applies to the left channel. The minimum size of a clip built into an edit list is 1 second. No generic streams are permitted in a simple version file. audio channels are labeled from “1”. Nov-18-2011 Page 41 of 43 . True.0. 1 sec. Lagging. True. MP::TC. All other MXF timecodes shall be considered to be annotations. N/A Media integrity check is not used.amwa. 00:57:30. All MP tracks are tagged with their nominal track position. This should be indicated here. All of the tracks in present in the version file must be cut synchronously.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning # 6 Parameter CC_data_essence Type Value The following list of data essence types is permitted. N/A Media integrity check is not used. Index tables are in the partition after the essence. the right channel shall take the value of the left channel plus one.00 is the expected start timecode of the first frame of any complete asset. sub_clip_limit Published specification .3 # 1 2 sync_cut Version files Parameter Type Time boolean Some facilities only use simple version files. The track numbers will be written into the material package of the version file. 7 8 9 partition_spacing index_strategy_frame and index_strategy_clip track_tag_policy time enum specification 10s between partitions.tv/as-02/hd/v0/2010 10 11 ingest_TC lead_TC enum enum 12 shim_id UL list A. The simple version files do not describe any edits to the components. The minimum duration of an AS-02 file compliant with this shim is 1 second. In a stereo pair. http://www.scc files in "extra\captions" folder. A. This depends on the asset being ingested and is not fixed by this specification.doc Version 1. # 1 2 3 4 5 Parameter generic_streams_in_version min_sv_dur mic_algorithm mic_scope track_numbers Type Boolean Time Enum Enum Boolean Value False. Value 1 sec.mxf MXF SMPTE 436M MXF mappings for VBI lines and ancillary data packets Contents SMPTE 291M VANC data Coding Processing Packets used to create . Stored in media\*_vanc??.

Nov-18-2011 Page 42 of 43 .doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning A. Published specification .4 Metadata in MXF-AS-02 Here we detail any special metadata to be included in the file or any constraints on the metadata used in the workflow. This section intentionally blank in this case.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.5 # Bundle Parameter Type Value This section intentionally blank in this case.0. # Parameter Type Value A.

This helps implementers persist intentionally empty folders. .cap. Note: As specified in section 9. Manifest file in the root folder. the manifest file shall not be listed as a file within a manifest.mxf files in the media subfolder may be labeled as graphic if the intention is that it shall be overlayed by some process onto the main video. sami and other files used to source captions should be labeled as caption. Role file essencecomponent version manifest Contents Just a file Essence component Version file Manifest file Description Default file role. It shall be the responsibility of applications that modify or transcode bundles to persist those roles in the new manifest. to clear out all the graphics files prior to distribution.doc Version 1.mxf files in the media sub folder unless overridden by some other role.0.2. It shall be the responsibility of an application that creates a new file in the bundle to assign the correct role. Graphics files for bugs. All . A quality control report. overlay etc.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. This role type of manifest is included for use in future or external applications.tv) shall have an entry in the manifest. media. All subfolders (e. Note that . extra extra/amwa.g. qc caption folder QC reports Caption source files Folders Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 43 of 43 .stl.mxf file in the root folder of the bundle that represent a version of the asset. Note: The purpose of roles is for an AS-02 aware application to be able to. .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex B. smill.dfxp. All . Dependent data files should be labeled as file. Registered manifest file roles (normative) This annex contains a registered list of different roles that may be assigned to a file in the manifest. . shim graphic Shim Graphics files Shim file in the root folder. logos. for example: quickly locate the correct QC file in a workflow.

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