AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

AMWA Specification AMWA Application Specification AS-02 MXF Versioning
November 18, 2011 (version 1.0) Executive summary
New routes to market for entertainment media are resulting in an explosion of new devices and channels that enable consumers to watch their favorite content. For the content owners and distributors, this is a doubleedged sword. • • On the one hand, the overall market for content is increasing. On the other hand, the number of eyeball-contact minutes for any given distribution channel is decreasing.

This motivates content owners to search for more efficient ways of creating the media required for different distribution channels. One common way of looking at the world is to consider the media factory shown in figure 1.

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Media Factory
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Figure 1: Media factory The media factory accepts its input in the form of tapes and files. Its role is to deliver the revenue generating deliverables to the downstream services and devices. The media factory may be a business in its own right, or it may be a function within a larger facility. As facilities migrate to file-based working from tape-based working, the media factory concept is appearing in organizations around the world. To make this media factory efficient and measurable is a business decision, ensuring that costs and efficiencies can be calculated.

Copyright © 2011 AMWA NOTES – The user’s attention is called to the possibility that implementation and compliance with this specification may require use of subject matter covered by patent rights. By publication of this specification, no position is taken with respect to the existence or validity of any claim or of any patent rights in connection therewith. The AMWA, including the AMWA Board of Directors, shall not be responsible for identifying patents for which a license may be required by an AMWA specification or for conducting inquiries into the legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.

AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

Today, many media organizations do not keep the kind of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that would be traditionally employed if the factory were making mechanical widgets. There have been a number of revolutions in the overall design of mechanical factories in recent years that we can use to help our overall design of a media factory. "Lean Manufacturing", "Kanban" scheduling and "Total Quality Management" are all hot topics in factory design. There is no universal right answer to the way in which a factory should be built, but all of these mechanisms are aimed at the one central goal: • Reduce waste.

In order to achieve this, it is important to know what waste in a media factory actually is. The list can be quite long, but the high-level view includes: • • • • • • • • Moving media that does not need to be moved; Keeping media that does not need to be kept; Copying media that does not need to be copied; Processing media that does not need to be processed; Taking too long to process media that could be processed more quickly; Deleting data or metadata that needs to be recreated in a later process; Re-keying data or metadata that was previously known; Making a tape from a file that was previously a tape.

In general, waste in a media factory is the same as waste in any other factory. In achieving the result that the business needs, materials, time and/or resources are used unnecessarily. The MXF file format was designed to associate metadata and media so that factories could be created that were much more efficient than tape-based factories. It seems, however, that these factories have not magically appeared because of a large number of factors that need to be considered when migrating from a tape-based world to a file-based world. The MXF file format was developed to provide a wrapper agnostic to the number of audio channels. or the compression format, or the resolution of the video. It was developed to provide a metadata-rich way of performing business processes on an asset whilst leaving the fine detail to the underlying machines that manipulate the pixels. To allow a step change in waste reduction to be realized, the AS-02 application specification defines an efficient way of using MXF within the media factory. This is also a step change in cost-efficiency of handling media. A key factor in this cost-efficiency is that AS-02 is an application specification for MXF users to build workflows. Its design is oriented towards low-cost, high-efficiency media factories rather than towards any one vendor’s view of the world. The underlying design brings the best from the MXF media world and the best from the IT world to allow standards-based workflows to be created without requiring expensive customization. AS-02 can be considered as a set of constraints on the SMPTE-MXF toolbox. It is not a new MXF standard. It is a way of making the best use of the tools that exist. MXF was standardized in 2004 by the SMPTE. Since then, a large number of products, services and tools have been created that use MXF. The product types are split into three broad categories: 1. 2. 3. OP1a interleaved devices and tools – largely operating on files as if they were tapes; Atoms / referenced file devices – largely operating on source elements; Generic toolkits, SDK and transcoding tools – gluing the world together.

Neither the OP1a nor the atom way of using MXF is currently optimized for building a good factory.

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Factories based on interleaved OP1a make the world look as much like a tape as possible to ease the migration from tape to file. This is a good thing because it introduces basic file-based working and the associated quickwin benefits. These benefits include faster than real time transfers and aggregation of large volumes of content onto single server, realizing genuine savings. These savings allow the concept of a media factory to be created in an otherwise tape-based world. The OP1a format has one major design principle – interleave the video and audio so that you always have the data for one frame of video close to the data for the synchronized sound. This is great for an acquisition device like a camera or for a playback device - like a single channel playout server - for which AS-03 is a good fit. However, this can lead to serious waste for media factory operations. For example, if you need to create a stereo audio from the surround sound audio track, why should you have to transfer the video at the same time? 90% of the data transferred is not touched. This is waste. The OP-Atom format (SMPTE 390M-2004), as used in Avid environments and Panasonic P2 cameras, was optimized for storing individual essence components in editing environments. The actual essence storage is almost perfect for a factory environment. The problem comes with the way in which the individual components are synchronized: • • OP-Atom synchronizes the components within each OP-Atom file, allowing for only one version; The dCinema community makes use of an XML structure for the same role.

The goal of the AS-02 work was to create a factory format that supports multiple versions and with no reinvention, making use of metadata-only MXF (SMPTE 377-1-2009) to provide component synchronization. With as few constraints as possible, we had to use the tools in MXF as they were written and implemented. One lesson learned in lean manufacturing is that if you get it right, it should feel like the design is just on the edge, where on the edge means: • • You could write some more specification, but it wouldn't be widely used; If you deleted any of the specification, you would lose many of the benefits.

MXF is only a file format. It is a tool that allows you to build a better media factory. Like all tools, it can be used well and it can be misused. The AS-02 application specification contains many - but not all - of the rules that you need to build a media factory. It only contains the rules that relate to the file format. Other rules are required to put the system together, such as those to do with communication between AS-02 processes and AS-02 services. An interface specification that creates a common dialog for interoperable services between media factories is a likely topic for a future AMWA specification. When a media asset is used within a media factory, there are several ways in which it can be used: • • • • • • • The unique identifier of the asset. Sometimes a filename, a house number or an UMID. The standardized metadata of the asset. Sometimes a database record, a MXF header or a QT header. The custom metadata of the asset. Often an XML file that may be lost when the asset is exchanged. A component of the asset. The video data or the data in one of the audio tracks. A simple version of the asset. The English soundtrack Internet version or the HD version. A complex version of the asset. Edited for family or aircraft viewing. A group of versions of the asset. All the mobile phone versions or the region 1 DVD versions.

Note how we are using the word asset and not the word file. You will see this is important when we come to talk about real implementations later. Also note that most of the uses of the term asset refer to anything from abstract metadata to several physical files. Most asset management systems have developed ways to handle

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning this complexity inside their databases. Prior to AS-02, no one had yet standardized the factory format that allows any two vendors to build products to that specification and have their equipment work out-of-the-box. AS-02 is a stable, specified way of using MXF that leads to efficient media factory design. It was originally designed by a group of ten companies to meet the needs of a single user who had a vision of an ultra-efficient media factory and has now been deployed in several facilities around the world. The uses of a media file given above were considered and application rules were written that allow devices to use MXF (was SMPTE 377M2004, now updated to SMPTE 377-1-2009) to achieve all of the use cases.

Contents
Executive summary .................................................................................................................. 1   Contents ................................................................................................................................. 4   1   Scope ............................................................................................................................... 6   2   Conformance language ....................................................................................................... 6   3   Reference documents ......................................................................................................... 7   4   Overview ........................................................................................................................... 7   4.1   File format requirements (informative) ......................................................................... 7   4.2   General AS-02 and shims ............................................................................................ 8   4.3   Asset structure, versions and bundles .......................................................................... 8   4.3.1   Introduction to the structure (informative) ............................................................ 8   4.3.2   MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) ........................................................ 10   4.3.3   AS-02 asset structure ........................................................................................ 11   4.3.4   Essence component file ..................................................................................... 11   4.3.5   Version file ....................................................................................................... 11   4.3.6   Simple version file ............................................................................................. 12   4.3.7   Bundle ............................................................................................................. 12   4.3.8   Simple bundle................................................................................................... 13   4.3.9   Extra folder ...................................................................................................... 13   4.3.10   Extra folder – role of a file ............................................................................... 13   4.3.11   Manifest file .................................................................................................... 14   4.3.12   Shim file ......................................................................................................... 14   5   Version file parameters and constraints ............................................................................. 14   5.1   Provision categorization ............................................................................................ 14   5.2   No essence in the version file .................................................................................... 14   5.3   Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file ................................................ 14   5.4   MXF header constraints in a version file ..................................................................... 14   5.5   MXF header constraints in a simple version file ........................................................... 15   5.6   Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition ................................. 16   5.7   No essence stream index tables in a version file ......................................................... 16   5.8   Version file KAG size of 1 .......................................................................................... 16   5.9   Minimum simple version duration .............................................................................. 16   5.10   Media integrity check for essence components .......................................................... 16   5.11   Channel mapping with track numbers ....................................................................... 16   5.12   Timecode ................................................................................................................ 17   5.13   Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints ...................................................... 17   5.13.1   SOM/EOM....................................................................................................... 17   5.13.2   Other descriptive metadata schemes ................................................................ 17   6   Essence component file parameters and constraints ........................................................... 17   6.1   Essence track parameters and constraints .................................................................. 17   6.1.1   General ............................................................................................................ 17   6.1.2   Mono essence................................................................................................... 17   6.1.3   Interleaving ...................................................................................................... 18   6.1.4   Partitions ......................................................................................................... 18  

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..........................1   Bundle name element ................................1............................0.............................................................................2   Bundle identifier element .................................................................... 27   8...............8   Closed captioning and subtitles ......2.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3...............................6   Video ................ 35   9.....................................................................................................1................... 30   9   Manifest file format ............... 23   6..............................2....................... 19   6...................................2   XML schema for shims ..............1...............4   Path element ..................................................................3   Header metadata parameters and constraints ............ 22   6.......................... 28   8........... 25   7..................2   File element ................ 38   10.............................................................................. 22   6...3   XML schema for manifests .......................2......................................................1   Package labeling ... 31   9.......................... 29   8................................................6   Caption components .......4   Timecode ............................6   KAG size ................................................................................... 27   8..................5   Random index pack ...................2.........................................................................................2...............................................................4   Picture components ......... 20   6..........................................2...............................................................................9   Other VBI and ANC data ........................................... 22   6....................2.................................8   Version files ....1   Legacy bundles ......................................................1...................................2..............................4   Sample manifest file (informative) .......... 36   10   Shim file format ............ 29   8............................................................................. 30   8....................................................................................................................4   Creation date element ...........1   Baseline operational pattern .............................................1   Manifest structure ........................... 38   10... 28   8.................... 35   9... 34   9...1............................................................................................................... 30   9..................................................................... 28   8.....................................................5   Index tables ......................1   DMS-AS compliance ID .... 39   10............ 33   9....... 38   10.........1   Shim name element ............................................. 31   9. 31   9.......................................4   Application specification element (optional) ....1.............9   Header metadata .......................................................................1   Shim identifier ................. 38   10.....................................................................................................................................................................7   Other VANC / VBI components ...................................................... 27   8.......... 32   9...............................................................2...................6   Annotation text element (optional) ....... 22   6.......................1..... 25   7   Legacy bundles ...........................5   Media integrity check element (optional) ...........2   Header metadata and operational pattern constraints .....7   Audio ................................................................................................................................................................10   Bundle ..................................................1...................... 23   6..................................................... 32   9............................................................1   File identifier element ................................2.................. 39   Published specification ......................5   Sound components ........................3   General essence .............................................1........ 38   10.............................................................................2   Essence container label ..............................1.......................1....................... 34   9.................... 23   6...................................................................................1......................... 21   6................1   Shim structure ....................................................3   Size element..............................................................6   File list element ................................................... 32   9.................................................................. 34   9...............................................3   Annotation text element (optional) .....................................Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning............................ 34   9......AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6............................................... 25   7.......................doc Version 1....................... 27   8...........................................................2   Role element ..................... 22   6.................................................3   Creator element ...............................................11   Descriptive metadata .....................2.2   Shim identifier element......................................2......................... 32   9..............................2   Legacy shim identification ....................................2........... 26   8   Generic shim ........................................................2   Shim ................................1................. 30   8.............................................. 19   6............3   System item ................................1. 31   9........................................... Nov-18-2011 Page 5 of 43 ..........compliance ID .......................................................................1............. 26   7................ 18   6....................................................................................................5   Annotation text element (optional) ..

..... A conformant implementation according to this document is one that includes all mandatory provisions ("shall") and... changed...........................g........ Rather than specifying a new file format... the physical layout rules of AS-02 may be relaxed...... Informative text is text that is potentially helpful to the user... The rules shall not be relaxed for business-to-business interchange...... 41   A........ except: the Introduction........... shall not be used..................... or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required. by default... 42   Annex B.. The keyword “forbidden” indicates “reserved” and in addition indicates that the provision will never be defined in the future....................... 2 Conformance language Normative text is text that describes elements of the design that are indispensable or contains the conformance language keywords: "shall".. 43   1 Scope AMWA’s application specification AS-02 defines the building blocks of interoperable media factories.................. Also...................... and may be defined in the future....5   Bundle . but not indispensable................... AS-02 provides constraints on the structure and use of standardized MXF files to provide new opportunities for interoperability both within and between media facilities.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10............... 41   A.. The keywords "may" and "need not" indicate courses of action permissible within the limits of the document... A conformant implementation need not implement optional provisions ("may") and need not implement them as described..... specifically in the types of codecs and essence that are allowed............ The keywords................... all recommended provisions ("should") as described.................... or "may"..... "should" and "should not" indicate that..... The keyword “reserved” indicates a provision that is not defined at this time. Informative text does not contain any conformance keywords..... All text in this document is............................. The specification provides a lean and efficient approach to working with file-based media that is intended to reduce waste as part media facility operations.................. For that reason... or that (in the negative form) a certain possibility or course of action is deprecated but not prohibited......... by avoiding unnecessary copy operations or the re-keying of metadata. e. one is recommended as particularly suitable. The design of AS-02 recognizes that individual facilities are likely to have some variations...................... 40   A....... Note: In a managed AS-02 environment within a single facility.....   AS-02 sample shim document (informative) .................. the media facilities where the versioning of assets takes place............................................................... any section explicitly labeled as "informative" or individual paragraphs that start with "Note:” The keywords "shall" and "shall not" indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to the document and from which no deviation is permitted......... 40   A....... 39   Annex A.... and can be removed...... or added editorially without affecting interoperability...... Published specification . the AS-02 specification includes a shim specification that takes the rules of AS-02 and further constrains them for use in a facility..........doc Version 1...... This allows the end user to build a customized workflow by configuring a piece of generic software / equipment and yet retain the interoperability that comes with a constrained open standard...... This has the goal that manufacturers can build MXF-compliant equipment.... without mentioning or excluding others. variation is expected in the specific metadata rules and audio channel arrangements.................... "should"..........3   Version files ............................ and they know that properties subject to shim specification need to be exposed to the end user........Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning....   Registered manifest file roles (normative) ........................................0............................1   Essence component files ....3   Sample XML shim file (informative) ...... if implemented..........................2   Simple version files . Nov-18-2011 Page 6 of 43 .. conforming to the AS-02 specification............... among several possibilities....... 42   A.................. normative....4   Metadata in MXF-AS-02 .....................

This Published specification .0. The facility that started as SD introduces HD. At the time of publication. and then any other language forms. Unfortunately. AS-02 is an application specification providing a set of rules that MXF encoders and MXF decoders must follow. requirements for a facility change. then figures. through reference in this text. In an ideal world. JPEG2000 or DV level. distribution and publishing. the editions indicated were valid. and parties to agreements based on this recommended practice are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standards indicated below. followed by formal languages.Generic Stream Partition 436-2006 Television – MXF Mappings for VBI Lines and Ancillary Data Packets 2029-2009 Uniform Resource Names for SMPTE Resources Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1. SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE W3C W3C W3C W3C W3C IETF IETF IETF IETF IETF 330M-2004 Television – Unique Material Identifier (UMID) 377-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – File Format Specification 378M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1a 379-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – MXF Generic Container 380M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Descriptive Metadata Scheme-1 381M-2005 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Mapping MPEG Streams into the MXF Generic Container 382M-2007 Material Exchange Format . over time. Tables shall be next. All standards are subject to revision. Nov-18-2011 Page 7 of 43 .Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container 391M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1b 393M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 2b 407M-2006 Television – MXF – Operational Patterns 3a and 3b 410-2008 Material Exchange Format . The compression format of today gets replaced with a better one from tomorrow. a facility operates with a constant pressure to reduce the cost of production. Today’s stereo audio gets upgraded to multi-channel and multi-lingual.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. constitute provisions of this recommended practice. a single essence representation would be standardized on. the order of precedence of the types of normative information in this document shall be as follows: Normative prose shall be the authoritative definition.doc Version 1.1 File format requirements (informative) AS-02 addresses the problem of having a common file format in a facility that has to handle many input formats and make many output formats. In order to build systems that work at the MXF level rather than at the MPEG. 3 Reference documents The following standards contain provisions that.0 (Fifth Edition) Namespaces in XML 1. In parallel.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Unless otherwise specified.0 (Third Edition) XML Schema Part 0: Primer (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 1: Structures (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes (Second Edition) RFC RFC RFC RFC RFC 1321 1738 2104 3174 4122 The MD5 Message Digest Algorithm Uniform Resource Locators (URL) HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication US Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA1) A UUID URN Namespace 4 Overview 4.

Each of these shims tightly defines the codecs and layout for the particular business application. It allows a business process to be specified with an action such as: If (16:9) then transcode(centre-cut-out) This action can be specified without the executor of process. shim parameters shall be highlighted as follows: Shim parameter example Definition Semantic definition of the example shim parameter 4. that apply to defined applications. versions and bundles 4. these categories may address particular type of programming or programming genres.3 Asset structure. this allows business systems to deliver work order requests to content-manipulation devices. needing to know the details of underlying codec type – that is something for the transcoder to figure out. called shims. The general structure of an AS-02 asset is folder-based. this specification is divided into general provisions that apply to all applications and specific constraint sets. there may be one or more tightly defined shims. human or system. For example. audio and data element. A version file in MXF format represents individual versions.0. which are in turn configured to support delivery specifications. They shall be limitations on the general provisions. The general structure of an AS-02 bundle is shown in figure 2 below. In this specification. playout servers. Each shim shall provide a further set of constraints that reduce the range of variability that may be needed in well-defined categories of applications. Thus. General provisions shall apply to all AS-02 files and thus represent the maximum required capability of ingest servers. Nov-18-2011 Page 8 of 43 . catch servers. The group of files is referred to as a bundle.3. a shim for HD content and a shim for web content. Typical examples are to have a shim for SD content. or they may address requirements of particular broadcast station groups. Interleaving components together (as in SMPTE 386M D-10) is not allowed. transcoders and other AS-02 compliant devices. In any given facility design or interchange specification based on AS-02. Published specification . the general provisions may be non-restrictive in some areas and this is intentional.doc Version 1. Shims shall not be used to add new required capability to the general provisions. Customized metadata and application specific files may be stored within the folder structure in defined locations. In general.2 General AS-02 and shims To maximize commonality across applications.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. A single essence component file will exist for each video.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning brings many advantages. 4.1 Introduction to the structure (informative) MXF AS-02 is a component-based format. It allows a device to query the image size without having to implement a decoder for each essence type – you simply read the MXF.

xml media extra Figure 2: AS-02 file structure – a bundle In IT file-based operations.doc Version 1.xml shim. Nov-18-2011 Page 9 of 43 .0.xml version file media asset_v0. as shown in figure 3. A media file is referred to as an Essence Component file.mxf manifest. Figure 3: Media folder contains MXF essence Published specification .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning asset asset. Within that folder will exist one or more version files that reference media stored in the media subfolder.mxf manifest. asset asset.mxf asset_vanc0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.xml shim.mxf asset_a3.mxf asset_a0.mxf extra Media is forward referenced from the version file . reference to the asset is by its root folder.

0.3.doc amwa. remove track. checksum bundle. asset asset.tv qc-vendor.mxf manifest.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.com wss2016. seek. add extra file.xml version file media extra media-owner. Examples of non-MXF operations include: move bundle. remove version and essence. record. jog. The second of these is the shim (section 10) that provides an identifier for the shim that was used at the time the bundle was created or last modified. find unreferenced essence components. update manifest.xml shim. add track.xml show_format. purge extra files. create version. You can see in the figure that any customized metadata type is permitted within AS-02. The first of these is the manifest (section 9) that lists all the files in the bundles.doc Version 1. All MXF operations shall result in files that comply with the MXF suite of specifications. Examples of MXF operations include: play.2 MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) AS-02 shall permit both MXF operations and non-MXF operations.com Extras link to the mxf version or media files using non-MXF (possibly proprietary) mechanisms Figure 4: Extra folder contains non-MXF metadata and content 4. An example of a typical extra folder is shown in figure 4. The root folder contains two XML documents that are used to manage the asset. transfer bundle (FTP). but may be further restricted within a shim. A non-MXF operation is one that does not involve parsing the MXF metadata. Nov-18-2011 Page 10 of 43 . Published specification .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Extra metadata and content that is not MXF-wrapped is stored in the extra folder. package bundle (zip). extract simple version etc.. An MXF operation is one that involves parsing the MXF metadata.

12. An essence component file shall have distributed and complete index tables. An essence component file shall be clip wrapped for PCM audio. An essence component file shall be a mono essence MXF file.3. 4. Essence components in the media folder may exist that are not referenced by any version file. a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root of the essence component file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID.6). An essence component file shall have the primary package set to the identity of the top-level file package within the essence component file. Published specification . 1. 1. RFC 1738) from the file system pathname of the bundle. An individual version of an AS-02 asset shall have the primary package property set to the UMID of the material package in the version file. 8. In a file system. The UMID of the material package in the version file shall be the unique identifier of that version. 4. An essence component file shall be signaled as closed and complete in the header or footer partition. 4. AS-02 version files shall not reference essence components outside of the bundle. Note: No path component is required as the version file is in the root folder. OP2b or OP3b. For example: "media/a03. 3. 6. the name of the root folder shall be used as the file-system name of the AS-02 bundle (see section 4. The folder structure shall be referred to as an AS-02 bundle. Note: By using the top-level file package identifier as both the primary package identifier and external identifier of an essence component file (as used in the manifest file). it shall be stored in a version file that has the same filename as the root folder and shall have a “. In an asset management system.3 AS-02 asset structure The various essence components and metadata collections of an AS-02 asset should be logically organized as a folder structure. The UMID of the top-level file package in the essence component file shall be the unique identifier of the essence component. 7.5 Version file A version file shall contain only a single MXF material package and shall have the following properties.mxf” extension. 5.0. For non-MXF operations. Systems may use this property to construct Uniform Resource Locators (URLs. An essence component file shall be frame wrapped for video and SMPTE 436M essence. 9. In addition to the essence component files.4 Essence component file An essence component file shall be a media file in the media folder with the following properties that are further described in section 5. An essence component file shall have a KAG size of 1. 2. the filename of the version file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID.3. AS-02 assets include metadata that describe different versions of the asset.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4. “primary” version or “default” version exists. As a result. An essence component file should not have a system item. Each body partition in an essence component file shall have metadata.doc Version 1. index tables or essence. 5. a decoder can locate a matching media MXF file for a specific component. 10. 2. 3. Nov-18-2011 Page 11 of 43 . If an “original” version.mxf". 4.3. it is not necessary to parse every essence component file in the bundle first.3. 11. For non-MXF operations. An essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. AS-02 version files reference the file package UMIDs of the essence components. 6. each of which is fully explained in section 5.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. An essence component file shall be regularly partitioned when frame wrapped. A version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b. the "BundleID" field of the manifest file shall indicate the identity of the bundle. Each version shall be described in a separate version file.

6 Simple version file A simple version file is intended for simple bundle applications that do not require segmentation (OP2b) or editing (OP3b). Other subfolders may exist. e.3. 11. All essence component files shall have the same duration measured in edit units as required by the OP1b specification. The name of the root folder shall be considered as the identification filename of the bundle. Unique and non-zero track numbers shall be used. i. Note: With reference to point 4. all files under the root folder shall be physically stored there. A simple version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b. 4. the number of audio samples in the underlying essence container may vary slightly in the case of non-integer number of audio samples per video frame. Note: The intent of a simple version is that any software or device acting on that version shall use all of the referenced tracks. The maximum number of versions in a bundle may be constrained by the max_versions shim parameter. even if only a single essence component is contained in the bundle and the version file would also be valid as an OP1a file. 4.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7. File system linking mechanisms shall not be used within the AS-02 bundle.0.g. Shim parameter max_versions Definition Default value: unlimited Type: positive integer and unlimited Values: 1 to unlimited Maximum number of version files permitted in a bundle. video keys or caption service. it shall be stored in an XML file in the root folder and shall have the same name as the related . audio languages. Additional constraints over and above section 4. 9. but are not used in this application specification. In applications where non-MXF version information is required.7 Bundle All the files belonging to the asset shall be stored beneath a single root folder of a bundle.doc Version 1. In some communities. Note: This includes unreferenced essence that may be re-linked at some later date. 8. All essence components shall be referenced only once. 3.5 are listed below and clarified further in section 5.mxf file that stores the media synchronization information. The bundle of files shall have the following properties: 1. the precedence of the tracks shall be determined by the MXF track number property. Version files may refer to multiple video. 6. The term “AS-02 composition file” shall be treated as equivalent to the term “AS-02 version file”. 3. Multiple references may be made to some essence components.3.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. A version file may reference any of the essence components in the media folder. Figure 2 shows the logical structure of an AS-02 asset bundle.3. 2. Nov-18-2011 Page 12 of 43 . 10. the term “composition” is used as a substitute for the term “version”. audio. 5.e. Published specification . 4. All version files shall be placed in the root folder. and data tracks. All other files not referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "extra". 2. All essence components that can be referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "media". A simple version file should contain metadata to describe the intended usage of each essence component. 4. 1. Note: OP1b is specifically to be used as the operational pattern for simple version files. In the case that they do.

Common usage . The AS-02 specification provides a mechanism that shall be used for specifying the roles of these files within a manifest. 2. 3.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4.9 Extra folder The extra folder shall provide a facility to associate additional metadata and associated files within the AS-02 bundle.8 Simple bundle A simple bundle shall be used for single version interchange and is restricted as follows: 1. This linkage may be via: • • • Recommended practice . Nov-18-2011 Page 13 of 43 . Published specification . such as on a playout server.co.0.dxfp" files with the asset so that. Metadata describing a show layout (position of the breaks).com/ extra/bbc.3. tools from multiple vendors intrinsically share files that exist in the extra folder.10 Extra folder – role of a file In many workflows.doc Version 1. Note: This bundle is intended for use in single version applications.cap" or ". Permissible but very weak linkage . captions may be rendered to the broadcast.the UMID of the version file’s material package. it may be required to keep a number of ". easy essence tracking and easy deletion. documents found in the extra folder should contain some linkage back to one or more of the MXF versions or components. These roles shall be as specified in Annex B. each of the essence component files shall be referenced from at most one OP1b program version header. It is recommended that individual business should put their private metadata in a folder with a name corresponding an established Internet domain name. In general. 4. Only one simple version file shall exist in a simple bundle. In a multi-lingual workflow. A specific example of a role is the provision of caption source files.tv/ extra/sony. In a simple bundle. custom XML. The simple version file shall reference all the essence components in the media folder. at some point in its lifecycle. 4.uk/ The management of the data in each business folder is outside the scope of this specification but may form part of an individual shim. QC reports and other associated files shall be placed in the extra folder or in a subfolder thereof. web or IPTV deliverables.scc" or ". The use of these role identifiers is application-specific and should be mandated in the shim document if required.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.3.by the presence of the file in the bundle.3. Note: This provides for a simple and error-free content aging / content deletion strategy that does not require reference counting. 4.a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root. Their role should be signaled as caption in the manifest file. For example: • • • AMWA metadata is stored in: Sony metadata would be stored in: BBC metadata would be stored in: extra/amwa. All AS-02 constraints shall apply unless overridden here. It is intended for deterministic access. These files may be stored in any appropriate subfolder on the extras folder. Subfolders within the extra folder shall be used to manage individual metadata files to prevent filename collisions and the inadvertent overwriting of files. The simple version file shall have the same name as the root folder.

A version file may contain segmentation and editing information. The sections below define the general provisions that shall apply to all AS-02 files. with their identifiers and relationships. 5 Version file parameters and constraints 5. that individual shims may further restrict. bitrates) or choices (for example. 5. Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 14 of 43 . 5.doc Version 1. including the version and essence component files. Strongly constrained: a range of values or set of choices is listed that individual shims must choose between. false When true. 5.4 MXF header constraints in a version file The following metadata constraints shall apply to the version file. there may be generic stream containers in the version file. Note: An essence container refers to the use of the MXF Generic Container to carry a stream of picture or sound essence. Use of the MXF Generic Container to carry generic data streams in version files is acceptable if the shim parameter defined above is set to true.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4.1 Provision categorization Each provision within the general specification and within each individual shim is categorized as one of the following: • • Unconstrained: everything permitted by SMPTE 377-1-2009.5.3. See section 10 for the specification of the format of this file.3. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle. descriptive metadata schemes or essence types) is stated by the general AS-02 specification.xml) that contains all of the shim parameters and their values for the bundle. 4.2 No essence in the version file There shall be no essence containers in the version file.11 Manifest file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a manifest file (manifest. The manifest file shall also contain a unique identifier that shall provide the identification of the bundle as a whole. To enable automated processing of shims.xml).Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Gently constrained: a range of values (for example. Named parameters are specified whose values shall define further constraints that apply in specific shims.3 Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file Header metadata in header and footer partitions shall follow the provisions of 377-1 section 7. Fully constrained: a single choice or parameter value that all AS-02 applications will use identically • • Shims shall always express constraints that are equal to or stronger than the general specification. Shim parameter generic_streams_in_version Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true. A distinctive font is used for the names of parameters.12 Shim file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a file (shim. and are syntactically valid XML NCNames. the names are chosen to be unique across the AS-02 namespace. See section 9 for the specification of the format of this file.0.

This effectively constrains version files to be OP2b butt-edits of pre-conformed clips. material package source clips are constrained such that all tracks shall cut synchronously. If the network locator does not point to the essence component file. no restriction on lower level packages. Published specification . Shall be signaled as OP1b. References shall only be made to file packages within the version file. The timecode properties shall be compliant with MXF 377-1-2009. When complex essence types are in use. Shall be compliant with OP1b.0. this parameter needs to specify whether or not sub-clips may start or end within GOPs / access units or other structural elements of the encoding scheme. When false. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata. All essence shall be externally referenced. Decoders shall use the network locator(s) as a hint and the UMIDs shall always be used to verify the integrity of the network locator value. Sound. Shall be signaled as OP1b. Nov-18-2011 Page 15 of 43 . the version file may become an OP3b edit decision list. Unresolved UMID references shall not be permitted.doc Version 1. There shall be 1 material package. the UMIDs shall be resolved via some other mechanism.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009 revision. 5. Primary package shall be a material package. For a closed file. There shall be a copy of the file package from each of the essence component files in the version file. OP2a or OP3a for single-track version files. Text Locator Timecode Timeline Track SubClip Optional. There shall be 1 identification set added by each application altering the file. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1.5 MXF header constraints in a simple version file The following additional constraints apply to a simple version file Set name Content Storage Material Package Constraint There shall be 1 top-level file package per essence component. Shall not be present. OP2b or OP3b for multi-track version files. Data) Network Locator Definition Default value: 1 frame Type: free text The smallest duration that can be used in a material package timeline source clip property. such as for long-GOP MPEG. Shall be compliant with OP1b. The path shall be a URI relative to the version file and shall be correct at the time that the file was created. sync_cut Default value: false Type: boolean When true. The duration rules shall be the same as for the version file sequence as above.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. One network locator shall exist for each file package. Shim parameter sub_clip_limit Essence Container Data Operational Pattern Material Package Source Package (File / Physical) Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. Lower level source packages should be preserved in the version file by applications that edit or modify component files. 0 or more top-level file package(s) per essence component.

crc16. performance criteria can be specified that reflects the operation of a facility. Nov-18-2011 Page 16 of 43 .doc Version 1. crc32. 5.7 No essence stream index tables in a version file Essence stream index tables shall not be included in any partition of a version file. mic_type Default value: crc32 Type: list of permitted enumerations Values: HMAC-SHA1.0. A true value indicates that track numbers shall be present and may be used by equipment.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.11 Channel mapping with track numbers Shim parameter track_numbers Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true.9 Minimum simple version duration Shim parameter min_sv_dur Definition Default value: 10 seconds Type: floating point Values: gently-constrained The minimum simple version duration parameter ensures that in an application specification. but should not interpreted by equipment Published specification . just the essence stream (essence_only) or not at all (no_mic). simple versions with a duration value of a single frame may not play out correctly.8 Version file KAG size of 1 The KAG size of a version file shall be 1. Applications reading the file should atomically read the closed and complete header metadata partition (it is small) and shall use that version of the metadata. 5. entire_file. 5. no_mic Version files may contain media integrity check information of the entire essence component file (entire_file).AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5. Generic stream index tables may be included for data tracks. 5. md5 Version files may contain a media integrity check using one of the valid mechanisms. A false value indicates that track numbers may exist in the file. For example.10 Media integrity check for essence components Shim parameter mic_scope Definition Default value: essence_only Type: enumeration Values: essence_only. Essence component files shall only contain this metadata when the version files sign essence_only. then this should be indicative of an update in progress and appropriate caution should be taken. it is necessary to identify which of the audio essence components are mapped to which output channel. 5. If it is found that the version file header is open and the footer is closed. This is done via the track number property in the material package tracks. the header of the file may be in the progress of being updated.6 Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition During update of a version file. false When using audio components in an application that involves physical mapping of audio to ports on equipment.

1 General AS-02 essence component files shall each contain a single essence component of a single essence type. They shall be subject to the general constraints listed in section 4. • • • • Header partition shall contain only metadata. Drop Frame (DF). A value of file_specific is intended for applications and facilities where DF or NDF cannot be known apriori.2 Mono essence Only one essence track shall exist in the file package. OP2 or OP3 essence tracks in the material package.3. 6.13 Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints 5. 5. On creation.12 Timecode Shim parameter tc_mode Definition Default value: file_specific Type: enumeration Values: DF. Note: AS-03 files shall use only OP1a and may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks.13. Only one type of essence element shall be present (i. When the essence is a specific variant. In AS-02 essence component files. the value NDF is recommended.13. When working with 50Hz material. When working with 60Hz or 24Hz material DF or NDF is recommended according to the working practises of the facility.doc Version 1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.e.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5. The timecode counting mode of a version file may be specified so that file writers create consistent outputs. bit 3 of byte 15 of the operational pattern identifier shall be set to zero to represent uni-track.1. it should be annotated with metadata. Nov-18-2011 Page 17 of 43 .0.1 Essence track parameters and constraints 6. sound. NDF. non-Drop Frame (NDF) or file_specific values are permitted. an 8kByte fill shall follow the header partition to allow for in-place extension. file_specific.4 with the following additional constraints below. signaling that every essence container has one and only one essence track. 6.2 Other descriptive metadata schemes Private application-specification-defined schemes and extensions to SMPTE 380M DMS-1-based schemes shall be identified in the preface. AS-02 version and essence component files may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks. Parameters may be further constrained by shims as described in the annexes or external documents. data.1 SOM/EOM Specific start-of-message (SOM) and end-of-message (EOM) metadata shall be provided in AS-02 version files using sequences of source references on MXF OP1. All data sets shall follow MXF generation ID rules. 6 Essence component file parameters and constraints Note: Shim constraints for essence components are expressed in the same manner as for version files in section 5. Published specification . 5. These parameters are described in the sections below.1. picture or compound) in the essence container.

5 Index tables Frame wrapped essence shall have distributed index tables to aid process-during-write applications. The “file_specific” option covers applications where the strategy cannot be defined. This is shown in figure 5.doc Version 1. Published specification . follow or file_specific As above. follow or file_specific At each partition point in a given frame wrapped essence component file.1. precede) the essence partition that it indexes or follow the essence partition that it indexes. Shim parameter partition_spacing Clip wrapped files shall have the following structure: a header partition. index_strategy_clip Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead. Nov-18-2011 Page 18 of 43 . Definition Default value: 60 seconds Type: floating point Values: strongly-constrained for frame wrapped files Body partitions in a frame wrapped file shall occur at regular temporal spacing indicated by this parameter. Figure 5: Clip wrapped file partition structure A RIP shall be present in all essence component files. When the index tables are calculated (PCM audio). one body partition with an index table. Index table.3 Interleaving AS-02 files shall not contain interleaved essence components. Regular shall mean that any variation in the regularity shall be less than the smaller of 1 second or 10% of the period partition_spacing. SMPTE 410-2008 generic stream. 6. lead means that the calculated index table immediately follows the header partition.e.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. a footer partition.4 Partitions A partition in an AS-02 compliant essence component file shall only have one of the following types of data in it: • • • • Header metadata. 6. one body partition with clip wrapped essence. This shall be specified application by application.1. but applies to clip wrapped files. the index partition shall either lead (i. Shim parameter index_strategy_frame Definition Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead. Essence.0.1.

for example “1920/1080/50p/16:9”. Compressed audio files may contain multiple channels within a single soundfield.1.g. picture_bitrate Default value: none Type: list of integer ranges A list of supported bitrates or ranges of bitrates for compressed video.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. it is common to find six tracks of audio from a single soundfield combined into a single PCM stream. Nov-18-2011 Page 19 of 43 . Video files shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables. Published specification . PCM audio channels from a different soundfield shall be in different files. Multi-channel audio carried as data in an audio file (e. Note: In existing digital cinema workflows.1. with version files used to select the most appropriate representation. Stereo and multi-channel audio may be represented as separate PCM audio files. for example “MPEG-2 H. Therefore. Shim parameter picture_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported video essence compression families including any family-specific elements such as GOP structures and profiles. picture_component_limit Default value: 1 Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given.6 Video Video essence in AS-02 files may be of one of a selection of compression families and acceptable variability should be defined by individual shims. All kinds shall be considered as mono-essence and shall be described by a single track in the file package.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. for example for different languages.1. Audio from a compound essence containers representing more than one soundfield shall be extracted into a separate essence component files to ensure AS-02 compliance. for example 5. specifies the maximum number of video essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. inside a SMPTE 377-1-2009 data container) shall be in a single essence component file and shall be described by a single MXF track in the file package.7 Audio PCM audio files shall contain either mono audio or stereo audio or multi-channel audio. The media file of a bundle may contain both a combined file and separate files for the same audio. picture_format Default value: none Type: list of formatted strings A list of permitted video frame sizes and rates. This definition is expected to appear in the SMPTE multi-channel audio specification. such as playout servers. 6.264 JPEG2000”. Compressed audio files shall be described by a single track in the file package. you would not expect different languages to be present within the same soundfield. The audio within a compound essence container shall be ignored in AS-02 operations.doc Version 1.0. Note: A soundfield is defined as the acoustical space in which the intended audio image is created. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices.

“stereo files with optional Dolby E in a file” etc. where this data is contained in a large number of legacy file types. it is understood that legacy formats will exist. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy captioning or subtitle formats are used in the bundle. Note: This provision is to support legacy playback devices and should be avoided wherever possible as it can leads to the SMPTE 436M captions and it custom copy changing independently.0.1. PCM audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. VBI and / or VANC for closed caption data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. During the adoption period.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. VBI data and VANC data may appear in the same SMPTE 436M essence component file. Variable bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a variable bitrate (VBR) index table.doc Version 1. CC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. compression types and any format specific elements such as delay setting. “stereo only files”. The intent of the AS-02 specification is that SMPTE 436M shall be used for the carriage of captioning. Shim parameter CC_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types for closed captioning including specific parameters. 6. Published specification . this will be of the form “mono only files”. Different languages for captions shall be carried in separate files. and VBI data. Typically. VANC. subtitles. audio_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. Constant bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. audio_file_arrangement Default value: none Type: free text A description of the physical storage strategy for audio. Nov-18-2011 Page 20 of 43 . specifies the maximum number of audio essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. This data shall also be placed in a separate SMPTE 436M essence component file. such as playout servers.8 Closed captioning and subtitles Closed caption data and subtitling data carried in VBI or VANC shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables and shall not be interleaved in the video file. such as VBI lines. This data shall be stored in a SMPTE 436M essence component file in the media folder.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter audio_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported audio essence families including bitrates. permitted soundfield arrangements. Non-caption data may also exist in the SMPTE 436M essence component file.g. carriage in MPEG picture user data).

This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file. Usually. specifies the maximum number of closed caption files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy VBI or VANC formats are used in the bundle.doc Version 1. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate ANC essence component file. for example on playout.e. Note: To preserve data that is intimate with a timeline essence component. this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i.9 Other VBI and ANC data Other VBI and VANC data shall be carried in SMPTE 436M. Different types of VBI and VANC data should be split up into separate files. ANC data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e.g. Shim parameter VBI_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as VBI lines supported. as per section 6. VBI_render Default value: false Type: boolean When true. The original data should be deleted from where it is originally sourced to avoid it leaking back into the workflow.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. CC_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. the VBI area is in the active picture). 6. Decoders should be able to merge different kinds of data. VBI data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. VBI data for closed captions shall be encoded as active video within the video image. VBI_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true.0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter CC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate VBI essence component file. This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file. Nov-18-2011 Page 21 of 43 . the VBI area is in the active picture). this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i.g.1. VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. ANC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. Usually. Published specification .8. such as playout servers.e.1. Any data in a separate SMPTE 436M file shall override any data of the same type carried within the video file. copy the VBI and VANC data into a separate file and when creating an AS-02 bundle. ANC_data_essence Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as ANC packet types supported. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices.

6. Metadata in the system item that is to be used in an AS-02 operation should be copied or moved to other containers such as the header metadata or SMPTE 436M data tracks. The following recommendations may be applied in a shim: Shim parameter sys_item_tc Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Indicates whether it is acceptable for the essence component file to carry timecode in the generic container system item. Nov-18-2011 Page 22 of 43 . This provision is intended to capture source timecodes and does not affect the material package of any version file. This data should also be present in a separate ANC essence component file. Note: This provision is intended to maximize compatibility with legacy MXF decoder applications.drop-frame or non-drop frame . The qualifier bits of the operational pattern in AS-02 essence component files shall be set as follows: • • • bit 1: internal essence set to “0” to signal internal essence only. data_separation Default vale: true Type: boolean When true.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter ANC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true.e. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. Whatever the parameter is set to. 6. 6. bit 3: uni-track set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is atomic.2.4 Timecode The timecode of an AS-02 version shall be controlled in the version file.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2. Timecode mode . VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. When set to false.2 Header metadata and operational pattern constraints 6. such as playout servers. Published specification . specifies the maximum number of VBI or VANC files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle. timecode in any generic container system shall be copied to the file package header metadata.1 Baseline operational pattern The operational pattern of an AS-02 essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. There may be several timecode tracks in the header metadata of an essence component.2.may be specified in each shim. including any discontinuities therein.2 Essence container label AS-02 essence component files shall each specify essence container labels that shall correspond to the essence container used in that file. 6.0. bit 2: streamable set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is streamable.2.3 System item The generic container system item may be present but should not be used by AS-02 files.doc Version 1. there is only one track. data_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. Note: This specification does not permit a mixture of approaches. i. indicates that all data essence component files for VANC and VBI data shall be split into separate files. all VANC and VBI data is merged into a single essence component file.

6. "none". no restriction on lower level packages.0. when closed and complete. Header metadata shall exist in the header partition and may have optional fill.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. "SMPTE MCA language & spatial". Primary package shall be file package. For example: "SMPTE MCA language". Nov-18-2011 Page 23 of 43 . this is usually the field rate. One single entry corresponding to the single generic container. For interlaced J2k field coded material and for interlaced MPEG field coded material. BodySID and IndexSID shall be present and shall be different. All files shall have a footer partition unless: 1. Each device altering the file shall add 1 identification set. This specification may be a private xml specification or a SMPTE specification. this is the underlying frame rate. The edit rates property of a track for material that is frame coded shall be equal to the rate of content packages in the essence. For MPEG interlaced material this is usually the frame rate. Note: Once a published standard. the underlying essence container specification forbids the existence of a footer. The footer of an essence component file may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete. Published specification . KLV extension syntax (SMPTE 377-2) shall be used for MXF metadata extensions. describing a business rule of the presence of absence of tags. When a conflict exists. with no run-in.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Clip wrapped audio shall have the edit rate set to the audio sampling rate. Lower level source packages shall be preserved by applications that edit or modify component files. For progressive material.2.6 KAG size AS-02 essence component files shall have a KAG size of 1 unless this requirement conflicts with an underlying essence container specification. shall contain a random index pack as per SMPTE 377-1-2009.3 Header metadata parameters and constraints The header partition of an essence component file shall start at the first byte of the file. Source Package (File / Physical) Track (Timeline) There shall be a single essence descriptor for the essence. Any specific constraints on the header metadata shall be: Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009. 2. All files shall comply with SMPTE 377-12009. 6.5 Random index pack All AS-02 version and essence component files. Shim parameter track_tag_policy Essence Container Data Material Package Definition Default value: none Type: free text Specifies how material package tracks in the essence component file are tagged with metadata. Compliant with OP1a mono essence – shall contain only a single essence track. the value in that essence container specification shall be used. 1 top-level file package. the file is in the process of being written.2. 1 material package.

Applications manipulating files should be aware that metadata described as static may no longer be static after splicing and editing operations. The header metadata shall always be valid in a component file. Shall be present for all uncompressed PCM audio component files. ProfileAndLevel. Shall be present for all VBI components. or derive it from the specified source. Not present in essence component files. This may often be the duration of the track. MaxGOP.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Data) MPEG Descriptor For a closed file. This is discouraged. “VITC”.0.which may be discontinuous shall be captured in the source package that is referenced by the top-level file package. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1. “DVITC”. This recommendation constrains the EBU recommendation on timecode in MXF. This means that the process shown in figure 6 shall be followed: Published specification . aspect ratio. constant Bframes. The material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode with the lowest value of TrackNumber shall be identical. “external”. VerticalSubsampling. shall include picture essence coding. lead_TC Default value: FP Type: enumeration Values: MP. Note that metadata on an event track shall have its event duration equal to the validity of the metadata on the timeline. Nov-18-2011 Page 24 of 43 . Any captured timecode . static metadata should be placed on an event track with the duration set to the duration of the file. To prevent metadata morphing.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Event Track Constraint Only used for descriptive metadata tracks. Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. Shim parameter ingest_TC Static Track Wave Audio Essence Descriptor VBI Data Descriptor ANC Data Descriptor Multiple Descriptor Network Locator Text Locator Timecode Definition Default value: none Type: extensible enumeration Values: “LTC”. Shall be present for all MPEG video component files. Metadata may be present on a static track. display width and height.doc Version 1. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata. Shall be present only for component files that have VBI and ANC data present. Sound. Duration values shall use the same rule as for sequences. Shall be present for all ANC components. “source” or <value> Indicates that ingest (file creation) applications shall start the material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode at a given value. Bitrate. otherwise it shall not be used. FP Indicates that an application requiring the timecode of the component file shall use the lowest numbered by TrackNumber file package timecode track (default) or the material package timecode track of the essence component file. BpictureCount. Not present in essence component files.

Many legacy bundles may exist in the same folder. 7. There shall be no extra folder in a legacy bundle. When the writing operation is finished. Published specification . It is recommended that file readers be able to accept files with these structures. 2. no root folder was included in the specification.1 Legacy bundles When AS-02 was initially proposed. a legacy bundle is defined as a simple bundle with the following additional restrictions: 1. Legacy bundles are not required to have a manifest file. Most move. Many legacy bundles may share the same "media. 3.3. 4. It can therefore allow the detection of differences between "master" metadata and "derived" metadata when an MXF process modifies a file. A legacy bundle shall be identified by the filename of its simple version file. copy.0. The new identification set provides a generation ID that may be used to identify which elements of the file have changed.1 Package labeling All applications that modify an MXF file shall create a new identification set in the file and shall preserve existing identification sets.doc Version 1. FTP and other operation require the parsing of the version file and the potential re-naming of the essence components. 8. The footer may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Full details are given in SMPTE 377-1-2009.dir" folder. To retain backwards compatibility with the initial rollout and to provide a migration path for original equipment. Video essence in a legacy bundle shall be long-GOP MPEG2 wrapped in SMPTE 381M. 9. Audio essence in a legacy bundle shall be uncompressed broadcast wave format (BWF) wrapped in SMPTE 382M. This information may be used to flag the fact that metadata reconciliation may be required. 6. Note: This feature may be used to audit metadata modification in the essence component file. The disadvantage of legacy bundles is that non-MXF operations are very difficult. the header or footer shall be marked closed and complete. Legacy bundles are not required to have a shim file. 7 Legacy bundles This section specifies AS-02 structures that have been created prior to the approval of this AS-02 specification document. Nov-18-2011 Page 25 of 43 .dir". A legacy bundle shall not have a root folder. 10. 7. 5. 6.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 6: Valid header metadata process Open and incomplete partitions are created during file writing operation. A random index pack shall follow the footer. The media subfolder shall be named "media.

0e. For example. For example. Note: The compliance ID may change over time within a shim. The string should identify the version of the shim to which the file was created.g. 04. audio arrangements may change and codecs may change.01 7. The descriptive metadata scheme identifiers shall be carried in the preface set of the MXF file according to SMPTE 377M.2b.01. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry.compliance ID This section describes the way in which shims were signaled in files created prior to the first publication of the AMWA AS-02 specification. or some private MXF scheme.01.04. for example a SMPTE 380M based scheme. image resolutions may change.34. This minimizes the chances of a compliance_id clash with other organizations. A legacy bundle shall contain one or more DMS identifiers indicating the constrained DMS in use. Shim parameter compliance_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace identifier URI structure as a compliance_id.01.0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7.2 Legacy shim identification .2. Nov-18-2011 Page 26 of 43 .02.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k.2. using a constrained SMPTE 380M scheme would result in the following label in the preface set: DMS1 06.01.1).txt The compliance_id shall be stored as FrameworkThesaurusName property of a SMPTE 380M Production Framework. 0d.doc Version 1. http://amwa.01. It is included for file readers that need to be backwards compatible with legacy files. An application that is comparing compliance_id strings shall perform a UTF-16 case sensitive comparison that ignores whitespace at the start and end of strings.1 DMS-AS compliance ID Each AS-02 shim shall define a compliance ID string.01. e. 01. At least one DMS identifier in the legacy bundle shall be used in order to indicate the compliance ID of the AS-02 file (section 7.0b. Published specification .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

Nov-18-2011 Page 27 of 43 .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. The entry in the parameter name column is intended for use as the name of an XML element in a machinereadable template for the shim. This identifier is intended to signal the version of the shim that was in use when the bundle was created or modified. http://amwa. partition_spacing index_strategy_frame Strong Strong lead lead Index_strategy_clip Published specification . Frame wrapping strategy.txt The sections below are organized as a sheet to be filled in by a system designer who is constraining their system.3 General essence Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values 60s Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Partition spacing Indexing strategy Indexing strategy Regular partition spacing.1 Shim identifier To aid system designers and equipment vendors. Not all the parameters are relevant in every design.0. A shim identifier (shim_id) shall identify the shim. Some parameters can be left as none or not applicable (n/a). Parameter name shim_id AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values Shim-specific value 8.g. the empty AS-02 generic shim is tabulated in this section. Clip wrapping strategy. Shim parameter shim_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace URI as a shim_id. An example of a completed shim is given in annex A. e.2 Shim Dimension Shim ID Description The identifier of this shim.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry.doc Version 1. 8. This minimizes the chances of a shim identifier clash with other organizations.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8 Generic shim 8.

sampling or other) are encountered in programs? Physical storage strategy for audio. Maximum simultaneous audio components? audio_family Audio file arrangement Audio component limit audio_file_arrangement None Moderate none unlimited audio_component_limit 8.4 Picture components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Picture essence schemes What picture signal schemes (compression.doc Version 1. sampling or other) are encountered in programs? How many bits/second at real time? Picture raster and aspect ratio? Maximum simultaneous video components? picture_family Picture bitrate picture_bitrate Gentle none Picture format Picture component limit picture_format picture_component_limit Gentle Moderate none 1 8.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8.6 Caption components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values CC essence schemes CC custom formatting CC in-vision render CC component limit What caption essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner? Captions inserted into the active picture? Maximum simultaneous caption components? CC_data_essence CC_custom Moderate false CC_render Moderate false CC_component_limit Moderate unlimited Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 28 of 43 .0.5 Sound components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Sound essence schemes What sound signal schemes (compression.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8. What VBI essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner. VBI data to be rendered into the active picture.0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. What is the scope of the media integrity check? What algorithm is used for MIC? simple_versions_only generic_streams_in_version sub_clip_limit Gentle Gentle 1s false sync_cut min_sv_dur Gentle 10s Media integrity scope Media integrity type mic_scope Moderate essence_o nly crc32 mic_algorithm Moderate Published specification .8 Version files Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle Strong AS-02 values false false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Version file complexity Version file bloating Short clip limit Version file complexity File length Simple version files only? Can generic streams be put in a version file? Shortest length of a clip in an EDL. Maximum simultaneous data components? Different types of VBI/VANC in separate files? VBI_data_essence None Moderate None false VBI_custom VBI_render Moderate false ANC_data_essence None Moderate None false ANC_custom ANC_render Moderate false data_component_limit Moderate unlimited data_separation Moderate true 8.doc Version 1.7 Other VANC / VBI components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint AS-02 values Shimspecific constrai nt Shim-specific values VBI essence schemes VBI custom formatting VBI in-vision rendering ANC essence schemes ANC custom formatting ANC in-vision rendering Data component limit Separate data component files What VBI essence types are allowed? VBI data inserted in video in a custom manner. Nov-18-2011 Page 29 of 43 . Is an edl a series of synchronous butt edits? Minimum duration of a simple version. VBI data to be rendered into the active picture.

Published specification . located in the root level folder of the bundle. Shimspecific constraint Fully Shim-specific values 9 Manifest file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single manifest file.10 Bundle Dimension Description Parameter name max_versions AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Maximum versions Maximum number of versions. as described in section 7.0.doc Version 1.9 Header metadata Dimension Description Parameter name sys_item_tc AS-02 constraint Moderate AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values System item timecode handling Track tag metadata Ingest timecode handling Timecode precedence Is the system item timecode copied to the header? How are tracks tagged? What timecode source shall be dominant when creating files? What timecode source shall be dominant when using essence files? track_tag_policy None Strong None none ingest_TC lead_TC Strong FP 8.11 Descriptive metadata Note: The shim identifier property "compliance_id" is included for legacy files only.2.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Nov-18-2011 Page 30 of 43 .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Channel ID Is channel mapping done with track numbers? Timecode counting mode. including the version and essence component files.1. Dimension Description Parameter name compliance_id AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shim identifier The legacy compliance ID of this file. track_numbers Timecode tc_mode Strong <shim specific> 8. Note: Setting this property to 1 and the simple_version property to true is used to indicate that only simple bundles are acceptable. 8. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle.

2 Bundle identifier element For overall management of the asset.0.3 Creator element The creator (Creator) element shall be a free-form. human-readable annotation describing the person. Each unique bundle shall have a distinct bundle identifier.1.0). The bundle identifier shall be encoded as a URN-encoded UUID.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. See the XML schema declaration in section 9.1.1 Bundle name element The bundle name (BundleName) element uniquely contains the file name of the root-level folder of the bundle.3 of this document for the formal element definition.doc Version 1. 9. and is illustrated in figure 7.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The manifest shall be encoded as an XML document (W3C XML 1. facility or system (hardware/software) that created the bundle. 9. Note: This will allow easy differentiation between bundles. Nov-18-2011 Page 31 of 43 .1 Manifest structure The top-level element in the manifest file shall be designated Manifest. Published specification . The manifest file shall be named manifest. Figure 7: Manifest structure element Note: In figure 7. as defined in IETF RFC 4122. elements shown with a grey outline are optional.1.xml. 9. 9. Note: The creator property is intended only for display as guidance to a user. the bundle identifier (BundleID) element shall uniquely identify the bundle.

6 File list element The file list (FileList) element shall contain the list of File elements that each describe the files and folders contained in the bundle. as illustrated in figure 8. 9. The structure of the File element is described in section 9.2 File element A manifest shall contain a list of files and folders. Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user. Published specification .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 9.1. See the XML schema declaration in section 9.5 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.2. The manifest shall not include a file element entry for the manifest itself. 9. 9.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. The order of File elements in the list shall not be significant. The creation date shall be encoded as xs:dateTime type. A file (File) element shall represent any file or folder that exists in the AS-02 bundle.0.3 of this document for a normative definition.1. human-readable annotations describing the bundle. Each file shall be described by a file element.4 Creation date element The creation date (CreationDate) element shall be set to the time and date at which the bundle was created.doc Version 1.1. Nov-18-2011 Page 32 of 43 .

Nov-18-2011 Page 33 of 43 .2.doc Version 1.0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. this value shall be extracted from the file and used in the manifest. such as the primary package identifier of a version file or essence component file. then the creator of the manifest file shall generate the identifier. Where the file has its own unique identifier. Published specification .1 File identifier element The file identifier (FileID) element shall represent the unique identifier associated with the described file. elements shown with a grey outline are optional. If the file contains no defined identifier.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 8 – File element with optional media integrity check Note: In figure 8. 9.

2. as defined in IETF RFC 2104 and IETF RFC 3174. Note: The choice of CRC types is based on ones in common use and easy to decode.5 Media integrity check element (optional) The media integrity check (MIC) element contains the media integrity check value for the file. All other files shall have a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122. the related Wikipedia page is a good place to start. Nov-18-2011 Page 34 of 43 .1 Element value The value of the media integrity check element (MIC) shall be of type xs:hexBinary.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2.2 Role element The role (Role) element shall be used to describe how the file is used within the bundle.4 Path element The path (Path) element contains the relative URI of the file.17-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check. md5 . crc32 .2.wikipedia. The possible values of this parameter shall be: • • • • hmac-sha1 . Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE universal label.5.3 Scope attribute The media integrity check scope (scope) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the scope over which media integrity check values are calculated. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M). This size shall be expressed as an integer number of bytes.doc Version 1. 4. computed according to the CRC-16-CCITT polynomial. 9. 9. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the UMID according to SMPTE 2029-2009.5.33-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check. as specified in IETF RFC 1321. 9. To ensure full coverage of the range of content integrity types. 9.org/wiki/Cyclic_Redundancy_Check.message digest algorithm 5. 9. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the universal label according to SMPTE 2029-2009. See: http://en. Note: For more information on calculating CRCs. 9. crc16 .2. The value of the element shall be used both for display as guidance for the user and as machine-interpretable information for content processing. The allowed values for the role element shall be as specified in Annex B. computed according to CRC-32C (Castagnoli) polynomial. For folders.0. The intention is to replace this section with a reference to AMWA's application specification for content integrity (AS-06) once work is completed.2 Type attribute The media integrity check type (type) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the algorithm used to create the media integrity check value for the AS-02 asset.5. 3. implementers are advised to check the current status of this document and AS-06. the last 16-bytes of the UMID shall be used as a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M) starting with the fixed 16-bytes 060a2b34h 01010105h 01010f20h 13000000h. applied in order: 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The value of the identifier shall be encoded according to the following rules.2.2. the size value shall be present and set to zero.secure hash algorithm.2. relative to the root of the bundle. The list is left deliberately short to minimize complexity when implementing a decoder. encoded as type xs:positiveInteger.3 Size element The size (Size) element contains the size of the file in bytes.2. The possible values of this parameter shall be: Published specification . 9.

Nov-18-2011 Page 35 of 43 . Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user. entire_file . 9.tv/as-02/1.3 XML schema for manifests The XML Schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a manifest using a machine-readable language.tv/as-02/1.0.2.the media integrity check value was calculated for the entire file.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:mft=”http://www. 9.FileType --> <xs:complexType name="FileType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="FileID" type="mft:IdType"/> <xs:element name="Role" type="mft:FileRole"/> <xs:element name="Size" type="xs:nonNegativeInteger"/> <xs:element name="Path" type="xs:anyURI"/> <xs:element name="MIC" minOccurs="0"> <xs:complexType> <xs:simpleContent> <xs:extension base="xs:hexBinary"> <xs:attribute name="type" type="mft:MICTypeType" use="required"/> <xs:attribute name="scope" type="mft:MICScopeType" use="required"/> </xs:extension> </xs:simpleContent> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> Published specification .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning • • essence_only .0/manifest” targetNamespace="http://www.ManifestType --> <xs:complexType name="ManifestType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="BundleName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="BundleID" type="mft:UUID"/> <xs:element name="Creator" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="CreationDate" type="xs:dateTime"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="FileList"> <xs:complexType> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="File" type="mft:FileType" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </xs:sequence> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <!-.the media integrity check was calculated for the wrapped essence stream of an essence component file. including essence and any wrapper. <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.amwa. human-readable annotations describing the file.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.doc Version 1.amwa.0/manifest" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-.6 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.

Nov-18-2011 Page 36 of 43 .IdType --> <xs:simpleType name="IdType"> <xs:union memberTypes="mft:UUID mft:UMID mft:UL mft:emptyID"/> </xs:simpleType> <!-.UL --> <xs:simpleType name="UL"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:ul:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\.0.MICScopeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICScopeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="essence_only"/> <xs:enumeration value="entire_file"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.UUID --> <xs:simpleType name="UUID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:uuid:[0-9a-fA-F]{8}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fAF]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{12}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <!-.doc Version 1.MICTypeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICTypeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="hmac-sha1"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc32"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc16"/> <xs:enumeration value="md5"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.FileRole --> <xs:simpleType name="FileRole"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="file"/> <xs:enumeration value="version"/> <xs:enumeration value="essencecomponent"/> <xs:enumeration value="shim"/> <xs:enumeration value="manifest"/> <xs:enumeration value="qc"/> <xs:enumeration value="graphic"/> <xs:enumeration value="caption"/> <xs:enumeration value="folder"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:element name="Manifest" type="mft:ManifestType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from the AMWA FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Manifest.xsd. 9.UMID --> <xs:simpleType name="UMID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:umid:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\.){3}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:simpleType name="emptyID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value=""/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.4 Sample manifest file (informative) The following manifest sample XML is a valid instance of the manifest schema. It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only.){7}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-. Published specification .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

01010105.w3.23480022.</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:D67509D3-5579-4388-8148-9FF1E08BBB59</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>shim</mft:Role> <mft:Size>411</mft:Size> <mft:Path>shim.31540580.23480022.amwa.xml</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">b587ea43b80900fcf5112aaafcc31ab8</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:ACC8E4E7-5D37-4CE6-889D-E88C3DA4023C</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>extra</mft:Path> <mft:AnnotationText>Size and MIC are not encoded for folders.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">fc8578b82d4eb729be0212633f81318f</mft:MIC> <mft:AnnotationText>Single version file of this AS-02 bundle.01010105.doc Version 1.13000000.tv/as-02/1.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a1.2e41fc56.01010811.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>version</mft:Role> <mft:Size>16153</mft:Size> <mft:Path>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4.d240fc56.Manual Generation .5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a2.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <mft:Manifest xmlns:mft="http://www.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">1cca0628ed8d1d7aba35858a567a3d2c</mft:MIC> </mft:File> </mft:FileList> </mft:Manifest> Published specification .13000000.01010105.31540580.bbaffc56.01010511.13000000.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>62517511</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_v0.0/manifest" xmlns:xsi="http://www.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <mft:BundleName>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4</mft:BundleName> <mft:BundleID>urn:uuid:D08C1211-5172-4875-96D5-1B731E1D71CD</mft:BundleID> <mft:Creator>AS-02 Reference Manifest File MP2 .01010105. Nov-18-2011 Page 37 of 43 .mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">9805614535f364690491a5ac16e8c620</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.Richard Cartwright AMWA</mft:Creator> <mft:CreationDate>2011-12-06T10:53:22-00:00</mft:CreationDate> <mft:FileList> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">a2b275b19bfa4bfebcc422f604e25b8d</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <?xml version="1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.905f0022.31540580.0.23480022.f7693d57.01010811.31540580.13000000.</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:03EF7F92-8339-4A2A-BB7D-562A5A486ADF</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media</mft:Path> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.01010d11.

elements with grey outline are optional. Figure 9: Top-level shim structure Note: In figure 9. The shim file contains an identifier for the constraints of the shim in the form of a URI namespace reference to the shim that is being used.1.0]. The shim file shall be encoded as an XML document [XML 1.doc Version 1. Published specification . The value of the element shall be of type xs:anyURI. Note: Implementers need to be aware that the shim schema will be actively further developed within AMWA to be a machine-readable list of shim constraints. 10.2 Shim identifier element The shim identifier (ShimID) element contains the string identifier of this shim specification (section 8).Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 10. The shim file shall be named shim. e. 10. See the XML schema declaration in Section 10.xml.1.1 Shim name element A name for the AS-02 shim according to a controlled vocabullary.3 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10 Shim file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single shim file.g. human-readable annotations describing the shim.1 Shim structure The top-level element in the shim file shall be designated Shim. as shown in figure 9. Note: This document does not specify the process by which a shim identified is generated. Network HD Contribution.0. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string. 10.1. Nov-18-2011 Page 38 of 43 .4 of this document for explicit type information. located in the root level folder of the bundle.

tv/as-02/1.1.0/shim" targetNamespace="http://www.w3.0/shim" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <Shim xmlns="http://www.txt</ShimID> <AnnotationText>An example shim for HD J2k created by AMWA</AnnotationText> </Shim> Published specification .w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:shim="http://www.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.ShimType --> <xs:complexType name="ShimType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="ShimName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="ShimID" type="xs:anyURI" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="ApplicationSpec" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <xs:element name="Shim" type="shim:ShimType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from AMWA as FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Shim.amwa.doc Version 1.tv/as-02/1.2 XML schema for shims The XML schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a shim file using a machine-readable language.4 Application specification element (optional) Application specification element (ApplicationSpec) is reserved for future use.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user.3 Sample XML shim file (informative) The following sample shim XML is a valid instance of the shim schema. 10.tv/as-02/1.0/shim" xmlns:xsi="http://www. 10.xsd. 10. Nov-18-2011 Page 39 of 43 . <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.0.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <ShimName>Network HD Contribution</ShimName> <ShimID>http://amwa. It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only.amwa.amwa. <?xml version="1.

01. XRsiz2 = 2.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex A. Ssiz2 = 9. Stored in media\*_v0.doc Version 1. All essence components are stored as mono-essence OPa1a files False.mxf. False. YRsiz1 = 1. audio and ancillary data essences that make up the asset. All ancillary data.34. Sampling / structure 24-bit. Stored in media\*_a??.02. 3. 48kHz or 96kHz Published specification .mxf MXF SMPTE 422M Mapping JPEG 2000 codestreams into the MXF generic container Codec JPEG 2000 Constraints YUV 422 10bit.1 Essence component files The essence component files contain the video.98p 3 4 VBI_render and ANC_render boolean picture_family list 5 audio_family The following list of audio essence types is permitted.2B. # 1 2 Parameter mono_essence_op1a VBI_custom and ANC_custom Type boolean boolean Value True. AS-02 sample shim document (informative) A.01. YRsiz2 = 1} Resolution 1920x1080 23. 100Mbps CDCI picture essence descriptor fields: Essence container UL 06. XRsiz0 = 1. YRsiz0 = 1. Ssiz0 = 9. MXF SMPTE 382M Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container Codec Uncompressed BWF Constraints Stored as Stereo pairs.01. is stored as separate SMPTE 436M streams in essence component files. The table below specifies the constraints on the essence and its wrapping as MXF.0. both VBI and ANC in this case.01. Nov-18-2011 Page 40 of 43 .03. No other proprietary ANC formats are maintained.01.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 01.0D.0E.00 JPEG 2000 picture subdescriptor field values: Rsiz – 0 Xsiz – 1920 Ysiz – 1080 XOsiz – 0 YOsiz – 0 XTsiz – 1920 YTsiz – 1080 XTOsiz – 0 YTOsiz – 0 Csiz – 3 Picture component sizing – {Number of component = 3.0C. XRsiz1 = 2. Ssiz1 = 9.04. No ANC or VBI information is rendered into the active picture The following list of video essence types is permitted.

00:57:30. This should be indicated here. http://www.mxf MXF SMPTE 436M MXF mappings for VBI lines and ancillary data packets Contents SMPTE 291M VANC data Coding Processing Packets used to create . MP::TC. # 1 2 3 4 5 Parameter generic_streams_in_version min_sv_dur mic_algorithm mic_scope track_numbers Type Boolean Time Enum Enum Boolean Value False. audio channels are labeled from “1”. The lead timecode shall be taken from the timecode component of the material package of version file. Video tracks are labeled “1”. True. In a stereo pair. No generic streams are permitted in a simple version file. The simple version files do not describe any edits to the components.tv/as-02/hd/v0/2010 10 11 ingest_TC lead_TC enum enum 12 shim_id UL list A.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning # 6 Parameter CC_data_essence Type Value The following list of data essence types is permitted. constraining the version files to be butt-edits of pre-conformed clips. True. Nov-18-2011 Page 41 of 43 . All other MXF timecodes shall be considered to be annotations. the right channel shall take the value of the left channel plus one. The track numbers will be written into the material package of the version file. N/A Media integrity check is not used. sub_clip_limit Published specification . This depends on the asset being ingested and is not fixed by this specification.0. Value 1 sec. All of the tracks in present in the version file must be cut synchronously.scc files in "extra\captions" folder. 7 8 9 partition_spacing index_strategy_frame and index_strategy_clip track_tag_policy time enum specification 10s between partitions.2 Simple version files A simple version file (SPV) links together the essence components to create a complete asset. 1 sec.amwa. The minimum size of a clip built into an edit list is 1 second.3 # 1 2 sync_cut Version files Parameter Type Time boolean Some facilities only use simple version files. Stored in media\*_vanc??. N/A Media integrity check is not used.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Lagging. The minimum duration of an AS-02 file compliant with this shim is 1 second. Index tables are in the partition after the essence. the track number applies to the left channel.doc Version 1. All MP tracks are tagged with their nominal track position.00 is the expected start timecode of the first frame of any complete asset. A.

Published specification . This section intentionally blank in this case.0. Nov-18-2011 Page 42 of 43 .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning A.5 # Bundle Parameter Type Value This section intentionally blank in this case.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.doc Version 1. # Parameter Type Value A.4 Metadata in MXF-AS-02 Here we detail any special metadata to be included in the file or any constraints on the metadata used in the workflow.

stl.mxf file in the root folder of the bundle that represent a version of the asset.mxf files in the media sub folder unless overridden by some other role. shim graphic Shim Graphics files Shim file in the root folder.dfxp. to clear out all the graphics files prior to distribution. . This helps implementers persist intentionally empty folders. media. It shall be the responsibility of an application that creates a new file in the bundle to assign the correct role. All . Graphics files for bugs. Nov-18-2011 Page 43 of 43 . smill. sami and other files used to source captions should be labeled as caption. Note that . Note: The purpose of roles is for an AS-02 aware application to be able to. Dependent data files should be labeled as file. for example: quickly locate the correct QC file in a workflow. All . qc caption folder QC reports Caption source files Folders Published specification . logos. extra extra/amwa.0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex B. This role type of manifest is included for use in future or external applications. the manifest file shall not be listed as a file within a manifest. Role file essencecomponent version manifest Contents Just a file Essence component Version file Manifest file Description Default file role.tv) shall have an entry in the manifest. A quality control report. It shall be the responsibility of applications that modify or transcode bundles to persist those roles in the new manifest.doc Version 1. Registered manifest file roles (normative) This annex contains a registered list of different roles that may be assigned to a file in the manifest.cap. All subfolders (e.mxf files in the media subfolder may be labeled as graphic if the intention is that it shall be overlayed by some process onto the main video. Note: As specified in section 9. .g. overlay etc. Manifest file in the root folder.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.2. .

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