AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

AMWA Specification AMWA Application Specification AS-02 MXF Versioning
November 18, 2011 (version 1.0) Executive summary
New routes to market for entertainment media are resulting in an explosion of new devices and channels that enable consumers to watch their favorite content. For the content owners and distributors, this is a doubleedged sword. • • On the one hand, the overall market for content is increasing. On the other hand, the number of eyeball-contact minutes for any given distribution channel is decreasing.

This motivates content owners to search for more efficient ways of creating the media required for different distribution channels. One common way of looking at the world is to consider the media factory shown in figure 1.

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Media Factory
STREAM

Figure 1: Media factory The media factory accepts its input in the form of tapes and files. Its role is to deliver the revenue generating deliverables to the downstream services and devices. The media factory may be a business in its own right, or it may be a function within a larger facility. As facilities migrate to file-based working from tape-based working, the media factory concept is appearing in organizations around the world. To make this media factory efficient and measurable is a business decision, ensuring that costs and efficiencies can be calculated.

Copyright © 2011 AMWA NOTES – The user’s attention is called to the possibility that implementation and compliance with this specification may require use of subject matter covered by patent rights. By publication of this specification, no position is taken with respect to the existence or validity of any claim or of any patent rights in connection therewith. The AMWA, including the AMWA Board of Directors, shall not be responsible for identifying patents for which a license may be required by an AMWA specification or for conducting inquiries into the legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.

AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning

Today, many media organizations do not keep the kind of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that would be traditionally employed if the factory were making mechanical widgets. There have been a number of revolutions in the overall design of mechanical factories in recent years that we can use to help our overall design of a media factory. "Lean Manufacturing", "Kanban" scheduling and "Total Quality Management" are all hot topics in factory design. There is no universal right answer to the way in which a factory should be built, but all of these mechanisms are aimed at the one central goal: • Reduce waste.

In order to achieve this, it is important to know what waste in a media factory actually is. The list can be quite long, but the high-level view includes: • • • • • • • • Moving media that does not need to be moved; Keeping media that does not need to be kept; Copying media that does not need to be copied; Processing media that does not need to be processed; Taking too long to process media that could be processed more quickly; Deleting data or metadata that needs to be recreated in a later process; Re-keying data or metadata that was previously known; Making a tape from a file that was previously a tape.

In general, waste in a media factory is the same as waste in any other factory. In achieving the result that the business needs, materials, time and/or resources are used unnecessarily. The MXF file format was designed to associate metadata and media so that factories could be created that were much more efficient than tape-based factories. It seems, however, that these factories have not magically appeared because of a large number of factors that need to be considered when migrating from a tape-based world to a file-based world. The MXF file format was developed to provide a wrapper agnostic to the number of audio channels. or the compression format, or the resolution of the video. It was developed to provide a metadata-rich way of performing business processes on an asset whilst leaving the fine detail to the underlying machines that manipulate the pixels. To allow a step change in waste reduction to be realized, the AS-02 application specification defines an efficient way of using MXF within the media factory. This is also a step change in cost-efficiency of handling media. A key factor in this cost-efficiency is that AS-02 is an application specification for MXF users to build workflows. Its design is oriented towards low-cost, high-efficiency media factories rather than towards any one vendor’s view of the world. The underlying design brings the best from the MXF media world and the best from the IT world to allow standards-based workflows to be created without requiring expensive customization. AS-02 can be considered as a set of constraints on the SMPTE-MXF toolbox. It is not a new MXF standard. It is a way of making the best use of the tools that exist. MXF was standardized in 2004 by the SMPTE. Since then, a large number of products, services and tools have been created that use MXF. The product types are split into three broad categories: 1. 2. 3. OP1a interleaved devices and tools – largely operating on files as if they were tapes; Atoms / referenced file devices – largely operating on source elements; Generic toolkits, SDK and transcoding tools – gluing the world together.

Neither the OP1a nor the atom way of using MXF is currently optimized for building a good factory.

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Factories based on interleaved OP1a make the world look as much like a tape as possible to ease the migration from tape to file. This is a good thing because it introduces basic file-based working and the associated quickwin benefits. These benefits include faster than real time transfers and aggregation of large volumes of content onto single server, realizing genuine savings. These savings allow the concept of a media factory to be created in an otherwise tape-based world. The OP1a format has one major design principle – interleave the video and audio so that you always have the data for one frame of video close to the data for the synchronized sound. This is great for an acquisition device like a camera or for a playback device - like a single channel playout server - for which AS-03 is a good fit. However, this can lead to serious waste for media factory operations. For example, if you need to create a stereo audio from the surround sound audio track, why should you have to transfer the video at the same time? 90% of the data transferred is not touched. This is waste. The OP-Atom format (SMPTE 390M-2004), as used in Avid environments and Panasonic P2 cameras, was optimized for storing individual essence components in editing environments. The actual essence storage is almost perfect for a factory environment. The problem comes with the way in which the individual components are synchronized: • • OP-Atom synchronizes the components within each OP-Atom file, allowing for only one version; The dCinema community makes use of an XML structure for the same role.

The goal of the AS-02 work was to create a factory format that supports multiple versions and with no reinvention, making use of metadata-only MXF (SMPTE 377-1-2009) to provide component synchronization. With as few constraints as possible, we had to use the tools in MXF as they were written and implemented. One lesson learned in lean manufacturing is that if you get it right, it should feel like the design is just on the edge, where on the edge means: • • You could write some more specification, but it wouldn't be widely used; If you deleted any of the specification, you would lose many of the benefits.

MXF is only a file format. It is a tool that allows you to build a better media factory. Like all tools, it can be used well and it can be misused. The AS-02 application specification contains many - but not all - of the rules that you need to build a media factory. It only contains the rules that relate to the file format. Other rules are required to put the system together, such as those to do with communication between AS-02 processes and AS-02 services. An interface specification that creates a common dialog for interoperable services between media factories is a likely topic for a future AMWA specification. When a media asset is used within a media factory, there are several ways in which it can be used: • • • • • • • The unique identifier of the asset. Sometimes a filename, a house number or an UMID. The standardized metadata of the asset. Sometimes a database record, a MXF header or a QT header. The custom metadata of the asset. Often an XML file that may be lost when the asset is exchanged. A component of the asset. The video data or the data in one of the audio tracks. A simple version of the asset. The English soundtrack Internet version or the HD version. A complex version of the asset. Edited for family or aircraft viewing. A group of versions of the asset. All the mobile phone versions or the region 1 DVD versions.

Note how we are using the word asset and not the word file. You will see this is important when we come to talk about real implementations later. Also note that most of the uses of the term asset refer to anything from abstract metadata to several physical files. Most asset management systems have developed ways to handle

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AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning this complexity inside their databases. Prior to AS-02, no one had yet standardized the factory format that allows any two vendors to build products to that specification and have their equipment work out-of-the-box. AS-02 is a stable, specified way of using MXF that leads to efficient media factory design. It was originally designed by a group of ten companies to meet the needs of a single user who had a vision of an ultra-efficient media factory and has now been deployed in several facilities around the world. The uses of a media file given above were considered and application rules were written that allow devices to use MXF (was SMPTE 377M2004, now updated to SMPTE 377-1-2009) to achieve all of the use cases.

Contents
Executive summary .................................................................................................................. 1   Contents ................................................................................................................................. 4   1   Scope ............................................................................................................................... 6   2   Conformance language ....................................................................................................... 6   3   Reference documents ......................................................................................................... 7   4   Overview ........................................................................................................................... 7   4.1   File format requirements (informative) ......................................................................... 7   4.2   General AS-02 and shims ............................................................................................ 8   4.3   Asset structure, versions and bundles .......................................................................... 8   4.3.1   Introduction to the structure (informative) ............................................................ 8   4.3.2   MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) ........................................................ 10   4.3.3   AS-02 asset structure ........................................................................................ 11   4.3.4   Essence component file ..................................................................................... 11   4.3.5   Version file ....................................................................................................... 11   4.3.6   Simple version file ............................................................................................. 12   4.3.7   Bundle ............................................................................................................. 12   4.3.8   Simple bundle................................................................................................... 13   4.3.9   Extra folder ...................................................................................................... 13   4.3.10   Extra folder – role of a file ............................................................................... 13   4.3.11   Manifest file .................................................................................................... 14   4.3.12   Shim file ......................................................................................................... 14   5   Version file parameters and constraints ............................................................................. 14   5.1   Provision categorization ............................................................................................ 14   5.2   No essence in the version file .................................................................................... 14   5.3   Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file ................................................ 14   5.4   MXF header constraints in a version file ..................................................................... 14   5.5   MXF header constraints in a simple version file ........................................................... 15   5.6   Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition ................................. 16   5.7   No essence stream index tables in a version file ......................................................... 16   5.8   Version file KAG size of 1 .......................................................................................... 16   5.9   Minimum simple version duration .............................................................................. 16   5.10   Media integrity check for essence components .......................................................... 16   5.11   Channel mapping with track numbers ....................................................................... 16   5.12   Timecode ................................................................................................................ 17   5.13   Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints ...................................................... 17   5.13.1   SOM/EOM....................................................................................................... 17   5.13.2   Other descriptive metadata schemes ................................................................ 17   6   Essence component file parameters and constraints ........................................................... 17   6.1   Essence track parameters and constraints .................................................................. 17   6.1.1   General ............................................................................................................ 17   6.1.2   Mono essence................................................................................................... 17   6.1.3   Interleaving ...................................................................................................... 18   6.1.4   Partitions ......................................................................................................... 18  

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...................................................................2   Role element ......3   XML schema for manifests ............0...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2.............1......... 22   6...........3   Header metadata parameters and constraints ...........................8   Closed captioning and subtitles .............................................................................1......................................1..1......................... 39   Published specification ...............doc Version 1...... 35   9..............1   Legacy bundles ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5   Index tables ................................................ 28   8.. 38   10............................................... 19   6........................................................ 32   9...............8   Version files ......1.....................................1   Bundle name element ............................................................................. 25   7..........................................2............... 22   6..............................Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.......... 27   8......... 22   6.....................6   Annotation text element (optional) ....................................................................1   File identifier element .................................................... 30   8.......................................... 34   9.............4   Timecode .................................................. 34   9..............1   Baseline operational pattern ................................................................................................................1....5   Media integrity check element (optional) .............................................................. 32   9..........AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6.................................................. 38   10........................................4   Sample manifest file (informative) .............1   Shim identifier .....................3   General essence ........................1............1......................................................................2......................................................................................................................................................................1.............................................1.......................2   Shim identifier element................................................................. 34   9.......................6   Video ........................2......5   Sound components ......................................... 20   6........10   Bundle ......... 25   7....................... 33   9....................................................................... 29   8..............................................................................................................................2   Bundle identifier element .......................................................1.........1   DMS-AS compliance ID .............................................................. 38   10..............................................6   Caption components ................................................................................................ 25   7   Legacy bundles ..................................1..............2............................ 27   8....................................2..... 18   6....4   Application specification element (optional) ...7   Audio ..................................... 28   8........................................................................2. 32   9..........................................................2   File element ..................1   Shim structure .....................................................1   Package labeling ......................3   Creator element .......4   Path element ...................2   XML schema for shims ............. 29   8....................................1.......................................................................................5   Random index pack ..4   Creation date element .................................................2   Legacy shim identification .......2...6   File list element ............................... 27   8................................................................ Nov-18-2011 Page 5 of 43 ...............................................................................................................................3   Annotation text element (optional) .........................................................3   Size element......................................................1   Manifest structure ............. 23   6........................ 30   9   Manifest file format ........ 26   7............................................. 22   6.......................2.................. 38   10........ 31   9.......................11   Descriptive metadata ......... 21   6. 22   6............................... 27   8. 31   9................................. 30   9.....................................2   Essence container label ............................................4   Picture components ...2..................................... 35   9...................................................5   Annotation text element (optional) .............................3   System item ......................................... 23   6...............................6   KAG size ....compliance ID .................................2...................1....................................................................................... 31   9... 39   10.....1   Shim name element ............... 28   8........................... 36   10   Shim file format ...... 32   9..................................................................................................................... 30   8...............9   Other VBI and ANC data .....................................................................2   Shim .................... 26   8   Generic shim ................................................................... 23   6.2..7   Other VANC / VBI components ...........................................................................3....2........................................................................ 19   6............................................................................................... 34   9. 38   10....................................................1.9   Header metadata ..............2   Header metadata and operational pattern constraints .......................................... 31   9.............

..0..... 42   A.. or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required.......................................................... among several possibilities.... normative............. one is recommended as particularly suitable.....g... The design of AS-02 recognizes that individual facilities are likely to have some variations............................ 39   Annex A.... shall not be used.............. Informative text does not contain any conformance keywords......... or added editorially without affecting interoperability............................3   Version files ........................... Rather than specifying a new file format.......................   Registered manifest file roles (normative) ............. "should" and "should not" indicate that. or that (in the negative form) a certain possibility or course of action is deprecated but not prohibited.............................. by default.. variation is expected in the specific metadata rules and audio channel arrangements.......... "should".... This has the goal that manufacturers can build MXF-compliant equipment... if implemented................ e...........1   Essence component files ............ the physical layout rules of AS-02 may be relaxed.. 2 Conformance language Normative text is text that describes elements of the design that are indispensable or contains the conformance language keywords: "shall".. or "may"........Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning........ The keyword “forbidden” indicates “reserved” and in addition indicates that the provision will never be defined in the future.. The keyword “reserved” indicates a provision that is not defined at this time......... the AS-02 specification includes a shim specification that takes the rules of AS-02 and further constrains them for use in a facility.... and they know that properties subject to shim specification need to be exposed to the end user. Informative text is text that is potentially helpful to the user.......... This allows the end user to build a customized workflow by configuring a piece of generic software / equipment and yet retain the interoperability that comes with a constrained open standard..............5   Bundle ... any section explicitly labeled as "informative" or individual paragraphs that start with "Note:” The keywords "shall" and "shall not" indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to the document and from which no deviation is permitted.............. by avoiding unnecessary copy operations or the re-keying of metadata................... Also...... and may be defined in the future............ without mentioning or excluding others.. Note: In a managed AS-02 environment within a single facility. For that reason........... 41   A. 43   1 Scope AMWA’s application specification AS-02 defines the building blocks of interoperable media factories.......................doc Version 1.. A conformant implementation according to this document is one that includes all mandatory provisions ("shall") and...... All text in this document is.. The rules shall not be relaxed for business-to-business interchange.................. all recommended provisions ("should") as described...... 42   Annex B....................   AS-02 sample shim document (informative) ...............AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10. 40   A.. The keywords "may" and "need not" indicate courses of action permissible within the limits of the document... and can be removed.... but not indispensable..... conforming to the AS-02 specification........ 40   A. specifically in the types of codecs and essence that are allowed.......................... AS-02 provides constraints on the structure and use of standardized MXF files to provide new opportunities for interoperability both within and between media facilities..........................3   Sample XML shim file (informative) ......................... changed.......4   Metadata in MXF-AS-02 ...... The keywords....... 41   A................ the media facilities where the versioning of assets takes place...... except: the Introduction.......................... Published specification ... Nov-18-2011 Page 6 of 43 ......................... The specification provides a lean and efficient approach to working with file-based media that is intended to reduce waste as part media facility operations... A conformant implementation need not implement optional provisions ("may") and need not implement them as described...................2   Simple version files .

doc Version 1. over time. through reference in this text.1 File format requirements (informative) AS-02 addresses the problem of having a common file format in a facility that has to handle many input formats and make many output formats.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 3 Reference documents The following standards contain provisions that. and then any other language forms. followed by formal languages. SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE SMPTE W3C W3C W3C W3C W3C IETF IETF IETF IETF IETF 330M-2004 Television – Unique Material Identifier (UMID) 377-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – File Format Specification 378M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1a 379-1-2009 Material Exchange Format (MXF) – MXF Generic Container 380M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Descriptive Metadata Scheme-1 381M-2005 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Mapping MPEG Streams into the MXF Generic Container 382M-2007 Material Exchange Format .0.0 (Third Edition) XML Schema Part 0: Primer (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 1: Structures (Second Edition) XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes (Second Edition) RFC RFC RFC RFC RFC 1321 1738 2104 3174 4122 The MD5 Message Digest Algorithm Uniform Resource Locators (URL) HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication US Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA1) A UUID URN Namespace 4 Overview 4. distribution and publishing. The facility that started as SD introduces HD. a single essence representation would be standardized on. Nov-18-2011 Page 7 of 43 . All standards are subject to revision. In an ideal world. At the time of publication. constitute provisions of this recommended practice. the editions indicated were valid.0 (Fifth Edition) Namespaces in XML 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Unless otherwise specified. the order of precedence of the types of normative information in this document shall be as follows: Normative prose shall be the authoritative definition.Generic Stream Partition 436-2006 Television – MXF Mappings for VBI Lines and Ancillary Data Packets 2029-2009 Uniform Resource Names for SMPTE Resources Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1. Unfortunately.Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container 391M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 1b 393M-2004 Television – Material Exchange Format (MXF) – Operational Pattern 2b 407M-2006 Television – MXF – Operational Patterns 3a and 3b 410-2008 Material Exchange Format . The compression format of today gets replaced with a better one from tomorrow. Today’s stereo audio gets upgraded to multi-channel and multi-lingual. In parallel. then figures. This Published specification . requirements for a facility change. a facility operates with a constant pressure to reduce the cost of production. JPEG2000 or DV level. and parties to agreements based on this recommended practice are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standards indicated below. AS-02 is an application specification providing a set of rules that MXF encoders and MXF decoders must follow. In order to build systems that work at the MXF level rather than at the MPEG. Tables shall be next.

a shim for HD content and a shim for web content. audio and data element. For example. In any given facility design or interchange specification based on AS-02. needing to know the details of underlying codec type – that is something for the transcoder to figure out.0. versions and bundles 4.2 General AS-02 and shims To maximize commonality across applications. shim parameters shall be highlighted as follows: Shim parameter example Definition Semantic definition of the example shim parameter 4. A single essence component file will exist for each video. The general structure of an AS-02 bundle is shown in figure 2 below. Thus.3 Asset structure. It allows a device to query the image size without having to implement a decoder for each essence type – you simply read the MXF. A version file in MXF format represents individual versions. this allows business systems to deliver work order requests to content-manipulation devices.1 Introduction to the structure (informative) MXF AS-02 is a component-based format. In general. Each shim shall provide a further set of constraints that reduce the range of variability that may be needed in well-defined categories of applications. Shims shall not be used to add new required capability to the general provisions.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. transcoders and other AS-02 compliant devices. Typical examples are to have a shim for SD content. The group of files is referred to as a bundle. these categories may address particular type of programming or programming genres. In this specification. catch servers. the general provisions may be non-restrictive in some areas and this is intentional.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning brings many advantages. that apply to defined applications. 4. They shall be limitations on the general provisions.3. Customized metadata and application specific files may be stored within the folder structure in defined locations. Interleaving components together (as in SMPTE 386M D-10) is not allowed. this specification is divided into general provisions that apply to all applications and specific constraint sets.doc Version 1. human or system. there may be one or more tightly defined shims. which are in turn configured to support delivery specifications. The general structure of an AS-02 asset is folder-based. It allows a business process to be specified with an action such as: If (16:9) then transcode(centre-cut-out) This action can be specified without the executor of process. playout servers. Each of these shims tightly defines the codecs and layout for the particular business application. or they may address requirements of particular broadcast station groups. Nov-18-2011 Page 8 of 43 . Published specification . called shims. General provisions shall apply to all AS-02 files and thus represent the maximum required capability of ingest servers.

mxf extra Media is forward referenced from the version file . Within that folder will exist one or more version files that reference media stored in the media subfolder.mxf manifest. A media file is referred to as an Essence Component file. as shown in figure 3. asset asset. Nov-18-2011 Page 9 of 43 .mxf manifest.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Figure 3: Media folder contains MXF essence Published specification .0.xml version file media asset_v0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning asset asset.xml shim.mxf asset_a3.mxf asset_a0.doc Version 1.mxf asset_vanc0.xml media extra Figure 2: AS-02 file structure – a bundle In IT file-based operations.xml shim. reference to the asset is by its root folder.

The second of these is the shim (section 10) that provides an identifier for the shim that was used at the time the bundle was created or last modified.doc Version 1. purge extra files. add extra file. checksum bundle.0. An MXF operation is one that involves parsing the MXF metadata. Nov-18-2011 Page 10 of 43 .tv qc-vendor. create version. Published specification . record. You can see in the figure that any customized metadata type is permitted within AS-02. Examples of non-MXF operations include: move bundle. The first of these is the manifest (section 9) that lists all the files in the bundles.. update manifest. package bundle (zip).doc amwa. remove track. An example of a typical extra folder is shown in figure 4.mxf manifest.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. A non-MXF operation is one that does not involve parsing the MXF metadata. Examples of MXF operations include: play. extract simple version etc.com wss2016.xml shim. The root folder contains two XML documents that are used to manage the asset. transfer bundle (FTP).3. seek. All MXF operations shall result in files that comply with the MXF suite of specifications. remove version and essence.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Extra metadata and content that is not MXF-wrapped is stored in the extra folder. but may be further restricted within a shim.xml version file media extra media-owner. jog. asset asset.2 MXF and non-MXF operations (informative) AS-02 shall permit both MXF operations and non-MXF operations. find unreferenced essence components.com Extras link to the mxf version or media files using non-MXF (possibly proprietary) mechanisms Figure 4: Extra folder contains non-MXF metadata and content 4.xml show_format. add track.

The UMID of the top-level file package in the essence component file shall be the unique identifier of the essence component. 4. 4. Essence components in the media folder may exist that are not referenced by any version file. “primary” version or “default” version exists. An essence component file shall be a mono essence MXF file. AS-02 version files shall not reference essence components outside of the bundle. a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root of the essence component file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID.6). RFC 1738) from the file system pathname of the bundle. For non-MXF operations.mxf” extension.0. 3. 6. 3. An essence component file shall be signaled as closed and complete in the header or footer partition. An essence component file shall have the primary package set to the identity of the top-level file package within the essence component file. In a file system. An essence component file should not have a system item. The folder structure shall be referred to as an AS-02 bundle. An essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. An essence component file shall have a KAG size of 1. Note: No path component is required as the version file is in the root folder. For example: "media/a03. If an “original” version. it is not necessary to parse every essence component file in the bundle first. it shall be stored in a version file that has the same filename as the root folder and shall have a “. 8. 1. As a result.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.3.3. AS-02 version files reference the file package UMIDs of the essence components. a decoder can locate a matching media MXF file for a specific component.doc Version 1. Systems may use this property to construct Uniform Resource Locators (URLs. 2.3 AS-02 asset structure The various essence components and metadata collections of an AS-02 asset should be logically organized as a folder structure. The UMID of the material package in the version file shall be the unique identifier of that version. 5. Each body partition in an essence component file shall have metadata. 10. Nov-18-2011 Page 11 of 43 . Note: By using the top-level file package identifier as both the primary package identifier and external identifier of an essence component file (as used in the manifest file). the name of the root folder shall be used as the file-system name of the AS-02 bundle (see section 4. 7. Each version shall be described in a separate version file. An essence component file shall be regularly partitioned when frame wrapped. For non-MXF operations. An individual version of an AS-02 asset shall have the primary package property set to the UMID of the material package in the version file. the filename of the version file within a bundle shall be used as a substitute for the UMID. An essence component file shall have distributed and complete index tables. 9.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4. index tables or essence. 4. Published specification . An essence component file shall be frame wrapped for video and SMPTE 436M essence. 12. 11. each of which is fully explained in section 5. 5. 4.mxf". 2. 6. A version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b. OP2b or OP3b. In addition to the essence component files.4 Essence component file An essence component file shall be a media file in the media folder with the following properties that are further described in section 5. the "BundleID" field of the manifest file shall indicate the identity of the bundle. AS-02 assets include metadata that describe different versions of the asset. 1.3. An essence component file shall be clip wrapped for PCM audio.5 Version file A version file shall contain only a single MXF material package and shall have the following properties. In an asset management system.3.

3. 3.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7.5 are listed below and clarified further in section 5. Version files may refer to multiple video. 2. 10. e.3. Figure 2 shows the logical structure of an AS-02 asset bundle. 4.6 Simple version file A simple version file is intended for simple bundle applications that do not require segmentation (OP2b) or editing (OP3b). In the case that they do. it shall be stored in an XML file in the root folder and shall have the same name as the related . 8. All essence components that can be referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "media". The term “AS-02 composition file” shall be treated as equivalent to the term “AS-02 version file”. A simple version file shall be a valid MXF file with external essence: OP1b. the term “composition” is used as a substitute for the term “version”. All other files not referenced by a version file shall be placed in a subfolder called "extra". even if only a single essence component is contained in the bundle and the version file would also be valid as an OP1a file. The maximum number of versions in a bundle may be constrained by the max_versions shim parameter. the number of audio samples in the underlying essence container may vary slightly in the case of non-integer number of audio samples per video frame. 4. and data tracks. Other subfolders may exist.e. 2. All version files shall be placed in the root folder.3. Nov-18-2011 Page 12 of 43 . 6. i. Unique and non-zero track numbers shall be used.g. All essence components shall be referenced only once. Shim parameter max_versions Definition Default value: unlimited Type: positive integer and unlimited Values: 1 to unlimited Maximum number of version files permitted in a bundle. All essence component files shall have the same duration measured in edit units as required by the OP1b specification. In some communities.0. A simple version file should contain metadata to describe the intended usage of each essence component. 11. A version file may reference any of the essence components in the media folder. 5. Note: With reference to point 4. 9. Note: OP1b is specifically to be used as the operational pattern for simple version files. the precedence of the tracks shall be determined by the MXF track number property. audio.doc Version 1. video keys or caption service. Additional constraints over and above section 4. 4. Published specification . audio languages. Note: The intent of a simple version is that any software or device acting on that version shall use all of the referenced tracks. The name of the root folder shall be considered as the identification filename of the bundle. In applications where non-MXF version information is required. File system linking mechanisms shall not be used within the AS-02 bundle. Multiple references may be made to some essence components. Note: This includes unreferenced essence that may be re-linked at some later date.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. but are not used in this application specification. 1. all files under the root folder shall be physically stored there.7 Bundle All the files belonging to the asset shall be stored beneath a single root folder of a bundle.mxf file that stores the media synchronization information. 4. The bundle of files shall have the following properties: 1.3.

A specific example of a role is the provision of caption source files.3. For example: • • • AMWA metadata is stored in: Sony metadata would be stored in: BBC metadata would be stored in: extra/amwa. These files may be stored in any appropriate subfolder on the extras folder.cap" or ". It is recommended that individual business should put their private metadata in a folder with a name corresponding an established Internet domain name. These roles shall be as specified in Annex B. The use of these role identifiers is application-specific and should be mandated in the shim document if required.8 Simple bundle A simple bundle shall be used for single version interchange and is restricted as follows: 1. It is intended for deterministic access. Metadata describing a show layout (position of the breaks).scc" or ". 2. each of the essence component files shall be referenced from at most one OP1b program version header.tv/ extra/sony. such as on a playout server. The simple version file shall have the same name as the root folder. it may be required to keep a number of ". Note: This provides for a simple and error-free content aging / content deletion strategy that does not require reference counting. web or IPTV deliverables. easy essence tracking and easy deletion. custom XML. Only one simple version file shall exist in a simple bundle. In a simple bundle. at some point in its lifecycle. This linkage may be via: • • • Recommended practice . 3. 4. QC reports and other associated files shall be placed in the extra folder or in a subfolder thereof. Subfolders within the extra folder shall be used to manage individual metadata files to prevent filename collisions and the inadvertent overwriting of files. In general.the UMID of the version file’s material package.10 Extra folder – role of a file In many workflows.co. captions may be rendered to the broadcast.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4. The AS-02 specification provides a mechanism that shall be used for specifying the roles of these files within a manifest.dxfp" files with the asset so that.com/ extra/bbc.by the presence of the file in the bundle.3. Permissible but very weak linkage .uk/ The management of the data in each business folder is outside the scope of this specification but may form part of an individual shim.9 Extra folder The extra folder shall provide a facility to associate additional metadata and associated files within the AS-02 bundle. 4. Nov-18-2011 Page 13 of 43 .3. All AS-02 constraints shall apply unless overridden here.a filename specified as the pathname of the file relative to the root. The simple version file shall reference all the essence components in the media folder. Published specification . Note: This bundle is intended for use in single version applications. 4. Their role should be signaled as caption in the manifest file. tools from multiple vendors intrinsically share files that exist in the extra folder.0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Common usage . In a multi-lingual workflow. documents found in the extra folder should contain some linkage back to one or more of the MXF versions or components.

5. 4. See section 9 for the specification of the format of this file. with their identifiers and relationships.4 MXF header constraints in a version file The following metadata constraints shall apply to the version file. and are syntactically valid XML NCNames. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle. that individual shims may further restrict. Shim parameter generic_streams_in_version Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true. including the version and essence component files.5. The sections below define the general provisions that shall apply to all AS-02 files.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 4.xml) that contains all of the shim parameters and their values for the bundle. Use of the MXF Generic Container to carry generic data streams in version files is acceptable if the shim parameter defined above is set to true. Nov-18-2011 Page 14 of 43 .3 Partitions carrying header metadata in the version file Header metadata in header and footer partitions shall follow the provisions of 377-1 section 7. To enable automated processing of shims. bitrates) or choices (for example.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.3. Strongly constrained: a range of values or set of choices is listed that individual shims must choose between. descriptive metadata schemes or essence types) is stated by the general AS-02 specification. See section 10 for the specification of the format of this file. The manifest file shall also contain a unique identifier that shall provide the identification of the bundle as a whole. Gently constrained: a range of values (for example. Published specification . false When true. 5 Version file parameters and constraints 5. A version file may contain segmentation and editing information. Fully constrained: a single choice or parameter value that all AS-02 applications will use identically • • Shims shall always express constraints that are equal to or stronger than the general specification.3. Note: An essence container refers to the use of the MXF Generic Container to carry a stream of picture or sound essence. the names are chosen to be unique across the AS-02 namespace. A distinctive font is used for the names of parameters.11 Manifest file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a manifest file (manifest. there may be generic stream containers in the version file. 5.2 No essence in the version file There shall be no essence containers in the version file. 5. Named parameters are specified whose values shall define further constraints that apply in specific shims.0.1 Provision categorization Each provision within the general specification and within each individual shim is categorized as one of the following: • • Unconstrained: everything permitted by SMPTE 377-1-2009.xml).12 Shim file The root folder of the bundle shall contain a file (shim.

For a closed file.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009 revision. material package source clips are constrained such that all tracks shall cut synchronously. no restriction on lower level packages. One network locator shall exist for each file package. the version file may become an OP3b edit decision list. There shall be a copy of the file package from each of the essence component files in the version file. The duration rules shall be the same as for the version file sequence as above. sync_cut Default value: false Type: boolean When true. This effectively constrains version files to be OP2b butt-edits of pre-conformed clips. OP2b or OP3b for multi-track version files. Shim parameter sub_clip_limit Essence Container Data Operational Pattern Material Package Source Package (File / Physical) Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. this parameter needs to specify whether or not sub-clips may start or end within GOPs / access units or other structural elements of the encoding scheme. Shall be signaled as OP1b. References shall only be made to file packages within the version file. Unresolved UMID references shall not be permitted.0. Shall be signaled as OP1b. The timecode properties shall be compliant with MXF 377-1-2009. Published specification . Shall be compliant with OP1b.doc Version 1. There shall be 1 identification set added by each application altering the file. Decoders shall use the network locator(s) as a hint and the UMIDs shall always be used to verify the integrity of the network locator value. If the network locator does not point to the essence component file.5 MXF header constraints in a simple version file The following additional constraints apply to a simple version file Set name Content Storage Material Package Constraint There shall be 1 top-level file package per essence component. 5. 0 or more top-level file package(s) per essence component. Shall be compliant with OP1b. Sound. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata. Shall not be present. When complex essence types are in use. Lower level source packages should be preserved in the version file by applications that edit or modify component files. the UMIDs shall be resolved via some other mechanism. Primary package shall be a material package. All essence shall be externally referenced. Nov-18-2011 Page 15 of 43 . OP2a or OP3a for single-track version files. There shall be 1 material package. such as for long-GOP MPEG.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1. When false. Text Locator Timecode Timeline Track SubClip Optional. The path shall be a URI relative to the version file and shall be correct at the time that the file was created. Data) Network Locator Definition Default value: 1 frame Type: free text The smallest duration that can be used in a material package timeline source clip property.

5.0. then this should be indicative of an update in progress and appropriate caution should be taken.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 5. it is necessary to identify which of the audio essence components are mapped to which output channel. For example. Applications reading the file should atomically read the closed and complete header metadata partition (it is small) and shall use that version of the metadata. A false value indicates that track numbers may exist in the file.10 Media integrity check for essence components Shim parameter mic_scope Definition Default value: essence_only Type: enumeration Values: essence_only. Generic stream index tables may be included for data tracks. A true value indicates that track numbers shall be present and may be used by equipment. md5 Version files may contain a media integrity check using one of the valid mechanisms.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5.6 Closed and complete metadata in the version file footer partition During update of a version file.doc Version 1.9 Minimum simple version duration Shim parameter min_sv_dur Definition Default value: 10 seconds Type: floating point Values: gently-constrained The minimum simple version duration parameter ensures that in an application specification. This is done via the track number property in the material package tracks. but should not interpreted by equipment Published specification . just the essence stream (essence_only) or not at all (no_mic). Essence component files shall only contain this metadata when the version files sign essence_only. If it is found that the version file header is open and the footer is closed. crc16.11 Channel mapping with track numbers Shim parameter track_numbers Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Values: true. no_mic Version files may contain media integrity check information of the entire essence component file (entire_file). 5. performance criteria can be specified that reflects the operation of a facility. Nov-18-2011 Page 16 of 43 . 5. 5. crc32.7 No essence stream index tables in a version file Essence stream index tables shall not be included in any partition of a version file.8 Version file KAG size of 1 The KAG size of a version file shall be 1. mic_type Default value: crc32 Type: list of permitted enumerations Values: HMAC-SHA1. the header of the file may be in the progress of being updated. false When using audio components in an application that involves physical mapping of audio to ports on equipment. simple versions with a duration value of a single frame may not play out correctly. entire_file.

doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 5. data.0. Only one type of essence element shall be present (i.12 Timecode Shim parameter tc_mode Definition Default value: file_specific Type: enumeration Values: DF. OP2 or OP3 essence tracks in the material package. non-Drop Frame (NDF) or file_specific values are permitted. In AS-02 essence component files. When the essence is a specific variant.13. Note: AS-03 files shall use only OP1a and may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks. 6. Published specification . sound. NDF. All data sets shall follow MXF generation ID rules.1 General AS-02 essence component files shall each contain a single essence component of a single essence type. the value NDF is recommended. an 8kByte fill shall follow the header partition to allow for in-place extension.1. These parameters are described in the sections below. Drop Frame (DF).e. 5. Nov-18-2011 Page 17 of 43 . signaling that every essence container has one and only one essence track.3. file_specific.2 Mono essence Only one essence track shall exist in the file package.13.2 Other descriptive metadata schemes Private application-specification-defined schemes and extensions to SMPTE 380M DMS-1-based schemes shall be identified in the preface. picture or compound) in the essence container.1 Essence track parameters and constraints 6. bit 3 of byte 15 of the operational pattern identifier shall be set to zero to represent uni-track. They shall be subject to the general constraints listed in section 4.1 SOM/EOM Specific start-of-message (SOM) and end-of-message (EOM) metadata shall be provided in AS-02 version files using sequences of source references on MXF OP1. 6 Essence component file parameters and constraints Note: Shim constraints for essence components are expressed in the same manner as for version files in section 5. it should be annotated with metadata. AS-02 version and essence component files may contain DMS-Segmentation metadata tracks. A value of file_specific is intended for applications and facilities where DF or NDF cannot be known apriori. Parameters may be further constrained by shims as described in the annexes or external documents.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 6. The timecode counting mode of a version file may be specified so that file writers create consistent outputs. On creation. • • • • Header partition shall contain only metadata.4 with the following additional constraints below. When working with 60Hz or 24Hz material DF or NDF is recommended according to the working practises of the facility. 5.13 Descriptive metadata parameters and constraints 5. When working with 50Hz material.1.

e. 6.0. follow or file_specific At each partition point in a given frame wrapped essence component file. This shall be specified application by application. Definition Default value: 60 seconds Type: floating point Values: strongly-constrained for frame wrapped files Body partitions in a frame wrapped file shall occur at regular temporal spacing indicated by this parameter. Index table. Shim parameter index_strategy_frame Definition Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead. the index partition shall either lead (i. Regular shall mean that any variation in the regularity shall be less than the smaller of 1 second or 10% of the period partition_spacing.1.1. one body partition with clip wrapped essence.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. but applies to clip wrapped files. The “file_specific” option covers applications where the strategy cannot be defined.doc Version 1. follow or file_specific As above.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. a footer partition. Nov-18-2011 Page 18 of 43 . index_strategy_clip Default value: lead Type: enumeration Values: lead. Essence.1. lead means that the calculated index table immediately follows the header partition. one body partition with an index table.5 Index tables Frame wrapped essence shall have distributed index tables to aid process-during-write applications. When the index tables are calculated (PCM audio). Figure 5: Clip wrapped file partition structure A RIP shall be present in all essence component files.4 Partitions A partition in an AS-02 compliant essence component file shall only have one of the following types of data in it: • • • • Header metadata. Published specification . SMPTE 410-2008 generic stream. Shim parameter partition_spacing Clip wrapped files shall have the following structure: a header partition. This is shown in figure 5.3 Interleaving AS-02 files shall not contain interleaved essence components. 6. precede) the essence partition that it indexes or follow the essence partition that it indexes.

doc Version 1.1. picture_format Default value: none Type: list of formatted strings A list of permitted video frame sizes and rates. The audio within a compound essence container shall be ignored in AS-02 operations.7 Audio PCM audio files shall contain either mono audio or stereo audio or multi-channel audio.264 JPEG2000”. 6. Published specification . you would not expect different languages to be present within the same soundfield. Multi-channel audio carried as data in an audio file (e. Therefore. Note: In existing digital cinema workflows. This definition is expected to appear in the SMPTE multi-channel audio specification. picture_bitrate Default value: none Type: list of integer ranges A list of supported bitrates or ranges of bitrates for compressed video.1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. such as playout servers. for example 5.1. it is common to find six tracks of audio from a single soundfield combined into a single PCM stream. Compressed audio files shall be described by a single track in the file package. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. inside a SMPTE 377-1-2009 data container) shall be in a single essence component file and shall be described by a single MXF track in the file package. specifies the maximum number of video essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. with version files used to select the most appropriate representation. Shim parameter picture_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported video essence compression families including any family-specific elements such as GOP structures and profiles. Stereo and multi-channel audio may be represented as separate PCM audio files. Compressed audio files may contain multiple channels within a single soundfield. Audio from a compound essence containers representing more than one soundfield shall be extracted into a separate essence component files to ensure AS-02 compliance. The media file of a bundle may contain both a combined file and separate files for the same audio.g. for example for different languages. Video files shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables. PCM audio channels from a different soundfield shall be in different files. All kinds shall be considered as mono-essence and shall be described by a single track in the file package.6 Video Video essence in AS-02 files may be of one of a selection of compression families and acceptable variability should be defined by individual shims. for example “MPEG-2 H.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. Nov-18-2011 Page 19 of 43 .0. for example “1920/1080/50p/16:9”. Note: A soundfield is defined as the acoustical space in which the intended audio image is created. picture_component_limit Default value: 1 Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given.

Nov-18-2011 Page 20 of 43 .doc Version 1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. VBI and / or VANC for closed caption data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy captioning or subtitle formats are used in the bundle. specifies the maximum number of audio essence component files that can be simultaneously decoded from an AS-02 bundle. and VBI data. carriage in MPEG picture user data). The intent of the AS-02 specification is that SMPTE 436M shall be used for the carriage of captioning. PCM audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. Published specification . “stereo files with optional Dolby E in a file” etc.1. Note: This provision is to support legacy playback devices and should be avoided wherever possible as it can leads to the SMPTE 436M captions and it custom copy changing independently. where this data is contained in a large number of legacy file types. VANC.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter audio_family Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported audio essence families including bitrates. it is understood that legacy formats will exist. audio_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. Shim parameter CC_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types for closed captioning including specific parameters. subtitles. such as playout servers. CC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices.g. VBI data and VANC data may appear in the same SMPTE 436M essence component file. Different languages for captions shall be carried in separate files. 6. This data shall also be placed in a separate SMPTE 436M essence component file.8 Closed captioning and subtitles Closed caption data and subtitling data carried in VBI or VANC shall be frame wrapped with complete index tables and shall not be interleaved in the video file. such as VBI lines. Variable bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a variable bitrate (VBR) index table. compression types and any format specific elements such as delay setting.0. permitted soundfield arrangements. “stereo only files”. This data shall be stored in a SMPTE 436M essence component file in the media folder. audio_file_arrangement Default value: none Type: free text A description of the physical storage strategy for audio. Non-caption data may also exist in the SMPTE 436M essence component file. this will be of the form “mono only files”. During the adoption period. Constant bitrate compressed audio files shall be clip wrapped with a calculated index table. Typically.

9 Other VBI and ANC data Other VBI and VANC data shall be carried in SMPTE 436M. ANC data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i. Note: To preserve data that is intimate with a timeline essence component. VBI_render Default value: false Type: boolean When true. for example on playout.0. Different types of VBI and VANC data should be split up into separate files. Nov-18-2011 Page 21 of 43 . Usually. ANC_data_essence Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as ANC packet types supported.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter CC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true. VBI data shall be encapsulated in the video essence using a defined method (e. Any data in a separate SMPTE 436M file shall override any data of the same type carried within the video file. 6. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate VBI essence component file.doc Version 1. VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. VBI_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file.e. specifies the maximum number of closed caption files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle.8. copy the VBI and VANC data into a separate file and when creating an AS-02 bundle. this is only true for SD images that are coded as “tall MPEG” (i. CC_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.g. the VBI area is in the active picture). as per section 6. The following shim parameters shall be used to indicate when legacy VBI or VANC formats are used in the bundle. Published specification .1. ANC_custom Default value: false Type: boolean When true. Shim parameter VBI_data_essence Definition Default value: none Type: list of strings A list of supported data essence types including specific parameters such as VBI lines supported.1.g. carriage in MPEG picture user data) as well as being present in a separate ANC essence component file. The original data should be deleted from where it is originally sourced to avoid it leaking back into the workflow. the VBI area is in the active picture). VBI data for closed captions shall be encoded as active video within the video image. Decoders should be able to merge different kinds of data. Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices. Usually.e. This data should also be placed in a separate VBI essence component file. such as playout servers.

There may be several timecode tracks in the header metadata of an essence component. data_component_limit Default value: unlimited Type: non-negative integer or unlimited When a number is given. 6. 6. there is only one track. bit 3: uni-track set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is atomic. i. This data should also be present in a separate ANC essence component file.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Shim parameter ANC_render Definition Default value: false Type: boolean When true. data_separation Default vale: true Type: boolean When true.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.drop-frame or non-drop frame . The qualifier bits of the operational pattern in AS-02 essence component files shall be set as follows: • • • bit 1: internal essence set to “0” to signal internal essence only.0.2. specifies the maximum number of VBI or VANC files that can be merged when decoding an AS-02 bundle. such as playout servers. The following recommendations may be applied in a shim: Shim parameter sys_item_tc Definition Default value: false Type: boolean Indicates whether it is acceptable for the essence component file to carry timecode in the generic container system item. including any discontinuities therein.may be specified in each shim. This provision is intended to capture source timecodes and does not affect the material package of any version file.2 Header metadata and operational pattern constraints 6. Nov-18-2011 Page 22 of 43 .1 Baseline operational pattern The operational pattern of an AS-02 essence component file shall be signaled as OP1a. all VANC and VBI data is merged into a single essence component file.2. Note: This specification does not permit a mixture of approaches. 6.2. VBI data shall be encoded as active video within the video image. Metadata in the system item that is to be used in an AS-02 operation should be copied or moved to other containers such as the header metadata or SMPTE 436M data tracks. Published specification .e.3 System item The generic container system item may be present but should not be used by AS-02 files. When set to false.4 Timecode The timecode of an AS-02 version shall be controlled in the version file.2 Essence container label AS-02 essence component files shall each specify essence container labels that shall correspond to the essence container used in that file.2. bit 2: streamable set to “0” to signal that the essence in the file is streamable. 6.doc Version 1. timecode in any generic container system shall be copied to the file package header metadata. Whatever the parameter is set to. indicates that all data essence component files for VANC and VBI data shall be split into separate files. Note: This provision is intended to maximize compatibility with legacy MXF decoder applications. Timecode mode . Note: This parameter allows a facility to document the capacity of their decoding devices.

2. Nov-18-2011 Page 23 of 43 . The edit rates property of a track for material that is frame coded shall be equal to the rate of content packages in the essence.3 Header metadata parameters and constraints The header partition of an essence component file shall start at the first byte of the file. For example: "SMPTE MCA language". One single entry corresponding to the single generic container. the underlying essence container specification forbids the existence of a footer. This specification may be a private xml specification or a SMPTE specification. 1 material package.0. the file is in the process of being written.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. "none". "SMPTE MCA language & spatial". when closed and complete. Any specific constraints on the header metadata shall be: Set name Preface Identification Content Storage Constraint As per SMPTE 377-1-2009. Primary package shall be file package.5 Random index pack All AS-02 version and essence component files. the value in that essence container specification shall be used. Lower level source packages shall be preserved by applications that edit or modify component files. Published specification . Clip wrapped audio shall have the edit rate set to the audio sampling rate. 6. no restriction on lower level packages. shall contain a random index pack as per SMPTE 377-1-2009. 2. For progressive material. Each device altering the file shall add 1 identification set. 1 top-level file package.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 6. this is usually the field rate. describing a business rule of the presence of absence of tags. The footer of an essence component file may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete.2.6 KAG size AS-02 essence component files shall have a KAG size of 1 unless this requirement conflicts with an underlying essence container specification. For interlaced J2k field coded material and for interlaced MPEG field coded material.doc Version 1. For MPEG interlaced material this is usually the frame rate. All files shall have a footer partition unless: 1. this is the underlying frame rate. KLV extension syntax (SMPTE 377-2) shall be used for MXF metadata extensions. Compliant with OP1a mono essence – shall contain only a single essence track. All files shall comply with SMPTE 377-12009. Shim parameter track_tag_policy Essence Container Data Material Package Definition Default value: none Type: free text Specifies how material package tracks in the essence component file are tagged with metadata. with no run-in. When a conflict exists. Note: Once a published standard. Header metadata shall exist in the header partition and may have optional fill. BodySID and IndexSID shall be present and shall be different. 6. Source Package (File / Physical) Track (Timeline) There shall be a single essence descriptor for the essence.

0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Set name Event Track Constraint Only used for descriptive metadata tracks. shall include picture essence coding. Not present in essence component files. FP Indicates that an application requiring the timecode of the component file shall use the lowest numbered by TrackNumber file package timecode track (default) or the material package timecode track of the essence component file. Duration values shall use the same rule as for sequences. Note that metadata on an event track shall have its event duration equal to the validity of the metadata on the timeline. otherwise it shall not be used. Sequence (all cases) SourceClip (Picture. BpictureCount. Not present in essence component files.which may be discontinuous shall be captured in the source package that is referenced by the top-level file package. aspect ratio. Applications manipulating files should be aware that metadata described as static may no longer be static after splicing and editing operations. Shall be present for all VBI components. Sound. Shall be present for all ANC components. Shall be present for all MPEG video component files. Nov-18-2011 Page 24 of 43 . To prevent metadata morphing. This means that the process shown in figure 6 shall be followed: Published specification . “external”.doc Version 1. “DVITC”. Shall be present only for component files that have VBI and ANC data present. Shim parameter ingest_TC Static Track Wave Audio Essence Descriptor VBI Data Descriptor ANC Data Descriptor Multiple Descriptor Network Locator Text Locator Timecode Definition Default value: none Type: extensible enumeration Values: “LTC”. display width and height. constant Bframes. “VITC”. MaxGOP. or derive it from the specified source.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. “source” or <value> Indicates that ingest (file creation) applications shall start the material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode at a given value. Open files may use distinguished values as described in 377-1. This recommendation constrains the EBU recommendation on timecode in MXF. VerticalSubsampling. static metadata should be placed on an event track with the duration set to the duration of the file. The material package timecode and the top-level file package timecode with the lowest value of TrackNumber shall be identical. Metadata may be present on a static track. This is discouraged. The header metadata shall always be valid in a component file. Shall be present for all uncompressed PCM audio component files. ProfileAndLevel. Bitrate. Any captured timecode . Data) MPEG Descriptor For a closed file. lead_TC Default value: FP Type: enumeration Values: MP. This may often be the duration of the track. the durations shall be correct in the header metadata.

FTP and other operation require the parsing of the version file and the potential re-naming of the essence components. 7 Legacy bundles This section specifies AS-02 structures that have been created prior to the approval of this AS-02 specification document. 2. Legacy bundles are not required to have a manifest file.dir" folder. 9. Legacy bundles are not required to have a shim file. A random index pack shall follow the footer. The new identification set provides a generation ID that may be used to identify which elements of the file have changed. Nov-18-2011 Page 25 of 43 . A legacy bundle shall not have a root folder. copy.0. The media subfolder shall be named "media.1 Legacy bundles When AS-02 was initially proposed.dir". 4. 7. no root folder was included in the specification. a legacy bundle is defined as a simple bundle with the following additional restrictions: 1. It can therefore allow the detection of differences between "master" metadata and "derived" metadata when an MXF process modifies a file. 5. Video essence in a legacy bundle shall be long-GOP MPEG2 wrapped in SMPTE 381M. Published specification .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 3. A legacy bundle shall be identified by the filename of its simple version file.doc Version 1. The disadvantage of legacy bundles is that non-MXF operations are very difficult. Most move.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 6: Valid header metadata process Open and incomplete partitions are created during file writing operation. 6.3. This information may be used to flag the fact that metadata reconciliation may be required. There shall be no extra folder in a legacy bundle. 10. When the writing operation is finished. It is recommended that file readers be able to accept files with these structures. 8. Many legacy bundles may exist in the same folder. The footer may contain a copy of the header metadata and it shall be marked closed and complete. To retain backwards compatibility with the initial rollout and to provide a migration path for original equipment. Note: This feature may be used to audit metadata modification in the essence component file. Many legacy bundles may share the same "media. 7.1 Package labeling All applications that modify an MXF file shall create a new identification set in the file and shall preserve existing identification sets. Full details are given in SMPTE 377-1-2009. 6. the header or footer shall be marked closed and complete. Audio essence in a legacy bundle shall be uncompressed broadcast wave format (BWF) wrapped in SMPTE 382M.

01.2 Legacy shim identification .2.compliance ID This section describes the way in which shims were signaled in files created prior to the first publication of the AMWA AS-02 specification.2b. image resolutions may change.01. audio arrangements may change and codecs may change. For example. The string should identify the version of the shim to which the file was created.g. The descriptive metadata scheme identifiers shall be carried in the preface set of the MXF file according to SMPTE 377M. Published specification . 01. Note: The compliance ID may change over time within a shim.01. It is included for file readers that need to be backwards compatible with legacy files.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry. Shim parameter compliance_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace identifier URI structure as a compliance_id. At least one DMS identifier in the legacy bundle shall be used in order to indicate the compliance ID of the AS-02 file (section 7. 0d.01 7. For example.34.0.0e. This minimizes the chances of a compliance_id clash with other organizations.txt The compliance_id shall be stored as FrameworkThesaurusName property of a SMPTE 380M Production Framework.04.doc Version 1.01. A legacy bundle shall contain one or more DMS identifiers indicating the constrained DMS in use. using a constrained SMPTE 380M scheme would result in the following label in the preface set: DMS1 06.01.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.01. or some private MXF scheme.02.0b. e. 04. An application that is comparing compliance_id strings shall perform a UTF-16 case sensitive comparison that ignores whitespace at the start and end of strings.2. http://amwa.1).1 DMS-AS compliance ID Each AS-02 shim shall define a compliance ID string.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 7. for example a SMPTE 380M based scheme. Nov-18-2011 Page 26 of 43 .

e. partition_spacing index_strategy_frame Strong Strong lead lead Index_strategy_clip Published specification .1 Shim identifier To aid system designers and equipment vendors. Clip wrapping strategy. The entry in the parameter name column is intended for use as the name of an XML element in a machinereadable template for the shim. An example of a completed shim is given in annex A. This minimizes the chances of a shim identifier clash with other organizations.3 General essence Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values 60s Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Partition spacing Indexing strategy Indexing strategy Regular partition spacing.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8 Generic shim 8. 8.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k. Parameter name shim_id AS-02 constraint Strong AS-02 values Shim-specific value 8. Not all the parameters are relevant in every design. Some parameters can be left as none or not applicable (n/a).0. This identifier is intended to signal the version of the shim that was in use when the bundle was created or modified.2 Shim Dimension Shim ID Description The identifier of this shim.doc Version 1. A shim identifier (shim_id) shall identify the shim.g. http://amwa. Frame wrapping strategy.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Nov-18-2011 Page 27 of 43 . Shim parameter shim_id Definition Default value: none Type: UTF-16 string It is recommended that the organization creating the shim uses an XML namespace URI as a shim_id. the empty AS-02 generic shim is tabulated in this section.txt The sections below are organized as a sheet to be filled in by a system designer who is constraining their system. Publishing the shim document at that URL may also encourage other organizations to copy the shim and hence minimize unnecessary invention in the industry.

Nov-18-2011 Page 28 of 43 . sampling or other) are encountered in programs? How many bits/second at real time? Picture raster and aspect ratio? Maximum simultaneous video components? picture_family Picture bitrate picture_bitrate Gentle none Picture format Picture component limit picture_format picture_component_limit Gentle Moderate none 1 8.6 Caption components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values CC essence schemes CC custom formatting CC in-vision render CC component limit What caption essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner? Captions inserted into the active picture? Maximum simultaneous caption components? CC_data_essence CC_custom Moderate false CC_render Moderate false CC_component_limit Moderate unlimited Published specification .4 Picture components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Picture essence schemes What picture signal schemes (compression.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8.doc Version 1. sampling or other) are encountered in programs? Physical storage strategy for audio. Maximum simultaneous audio components? audio_family Audio file arrangement Audio component limit audio_file_arrangement None Moderate none unlimited audio_component_limit 8.5 Sound components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values none Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Sound essence schemes What sound signal schemes (compression.0.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

Nov-18-2011 Page 29 of 43 . VBI data to be rendered into the active picture.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 8. VBI data to be rendered into the active picture. What VBI essence types are allowed? Captions to be inserted in video in a custom manner.doc Version 1. Is an edl a series of synchronous butt edits? Minimum duration of a simple version.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. What is the scope of the media integrity check? What algorithm is used for MIC? simple_versions_only generic_streams_in_version sub_clip_limit Gentle Gentle 1s false sync_cut min_sv_dur Gentle 10s Media integrity scope Media integrity type mic_scope Moderate essence_o nly crc32 mic_algorithm Moderate Published specification .8 Version files Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle Strong AS-02 values false false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Version file complexity Version file bloating Short clip limit Version file complexity File length Simple version files only? Can generic streams be put in a version file? Shortest length of a clip in an EDL. Maximum simultaneous data components? Different types of VBI/VANC in separate files? VBI_data_essence None Moderate None false VBI_custom VBI_render Moderate false ANC_data_essence None Moderate None false ANC_custom ANC_render Moderate false data_component_limit Moderate unlimited data_separation Moderate true 8.0.7 Other VANC / VBI components Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint AS-02 values Shimspecific constrai nt Shim-specific values VBI essence schemes VBI custom formatting VBI in-vision rendering ANC essence schemes ANC custom formatting ANC in-vision rendering Data component limit Separate data component files What VBI essence types are allowed? VBI data inserted in video in a custom manner.

Nov-18-2011 Page 30 of 43 . track_numbers Timecode tc_mode Strong <shim specific> 8.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Dimension Description Parameter name compliance_id AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shim identifier The legacy compliance ID of this file.10 Bundle Dimension Description Parameter name max_versions AS-02 constraint None AS-02 values None Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values Maximum versions Maximum number of versions.0.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Dimension Description Parameter name AS-02 constraint Gentle AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shimspecific values Channel ID Is channel mapping done with track numbers? Timecode counting mode. 8. located in the root level folder of the bundle.9 Header metadata Dimension Description Parameter name sys_item_tc AS-02 constraint Moderate AS-02 values false Shimspecific constraint Shim-specific values System item timecode handling Track tag metadata Ingest timecode handling Timecode precedence Is the system item timecode copied to the header? How are tracks tagged? What timecode source shall be dominant when creating files? What timecode source shall be dominant when using essence files? track_tag_policy None Strong None none ingest_TC lead_TC Strong FP 8.2. Shimspecific constraint Fully Shim-specific values 9 Manifest file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single manifest file.doc Version 1. Published specification . including the version and essence component files. as described in section 7.11 Descriptive metadata Note: The shim identifier property "compliance_id" is included for legacy files only. The manifest file contains a list of all of the files and folders in the bundle.1. Note: Setting this property to 1 and the simple_version property to true is used to indicate that only simple bundles are acceptable.

9.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The manifest shall be encoded as an XML document (W3C XML 1. and is illustrated in figure 7. The bundle identifier shall be encoded as a URN-encoded UUID.1 Bundle name element The bundle name (BundleName) element uniquely contains the file name of the root-level folder of the bundle.0. Note: This will allow easy differentiation between bundles. Note: The creator property is intended only for display as guidance to a user.1.3 of this document for the formal element definition. 9.1 Manifest structure The top-level element in the manifest file shall be designated Manifest. See the XML schema declaration in section 9. Figure 7: Manifest structure element Note: In figure 7.1. the bundle identifier (BundleID) element shall uniquely identify the bundle.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.0). Each unique bundle shall have a distinct bundle identifier.3 Creator element The creator (Creator) element shall be a free-form.xml.1. The manifest file shall be named manifest. as defined in IETF RFC 4122. Published specification . elements shown with a grey outline are optional. 9.2 Bundle identifier element For overall management of the asset. Nov-18-2011 Page 31 of 43 .doc Version 1. 9. facility or system (hardware/software) that created the bundle. human-readable annotation describing the person.

2 File element A manifest shall contain a list of files and folders.doc Version 1.1. See the XML schema declaration in section 9. Each file shall be described by a file element. Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user. Published specification . The creation date shall be encoded as xs:dateTime type.3 of this document for a normative definition. Nov-18-2011 Page 32 of 43 .AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 9. 9. 9. The order of File elements in the list shall not be significant. The structure of the File element is described in section 9.0. human-readable annotations describing the bundle.6 File list element The file list (FileList) element shall contain the list of File elements that each describe the files and folders contained in the bundle.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.5 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.2.1.4 Creation date element The creation date (CreationDate) element shall be set to the time and date at which the bundle was created. The manifest shall not include a file element entry for the manifest itself. A file (File) element shall represent any file or folder that exists in the AS-02 bundle. as illustrated in figure 8.1. 9.

2.1 File identifier element The file identifier (FileID) element shall represent the unique identifier associated with the described file. this value shall be extracted from the file and used in the manifest. such as the primary package identifier of a version file or essence component file. then the creator of the manifest file shall generate the identifier.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Figure 8 – File element with optional media integrity check Note: In figure 8. Nov-18-2011 Page 33 of 43 . Where the file has its own unique identifier. Published specification . elements shown with a grey outline are optional.doc Version 1. If the file contains no defined identifier. 9.0.

33-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check. crc32 .5. 9. computed according to the CRC-16-CCITT polynomial. relative to the root of the bundle.3 Size element The size (Size) element contains the size of the file in bytes. The value of the element shall be used both for display as guidance for the user and as machine-interpretable information for content processing. For folders. This size shall be expressed as an integer number of bytes.wikipedia.2. The possible values of this parameter shall be: • • • • hmac-sha1 . the size value shall be present and set to zero.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning The value of the identifier shall be encoded according to the following rules.5. 9. computed according to CRC-32C (Castagnoli) polynomial. applied in order: 1. Note: The choice of CRC types is based on ones in common use and easy to decode. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the universal label according to SMPTE 2029-2009. 9.2.secure hash algorithm. The possible values of this parameter shall be: Published specification . Nov-18-2011 Page 34 of 43 . 2. the last 16-bytes of the UMID shall be used as a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122.2.message digest algorithm 5.4 Path element The path (Path) element contains the relative URI of the file. Note: For more information on calculating CRCs.2. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE universal label. 9. as defined in IETF RFC 2104 and IETF RFC 3174.1 Element value The value of the media integrity check element (MIC) shall be of type xs:hexBinary. The list is left deliberately short to minimize complexity when implementing a decoder. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M). See: http://en. 9. as specified in IETF RFC 1321. the related Wikipedia page is a good place to start. the file identifier shall be encoded as a URN representation of the UMID according to SMPTE 2029-2009. The allowed values for the role element shall be as specified in Annex B.17-bits polynomial length cyclic redundancy check. encoded as type xs:positiveInteger.2.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 3. md5 . implementers are advised to check the current status of this document and AS-06. 4.2.5. 9. The intention is to replace this section with a reference to AMWA's application specification for content integrity (AS-06) once work is completed. 9. crc16 .2 Role element The role (Role) element shall be used to describe how the file is used within the bundle.0.3 Scope attribute The media integrity check scope (scope) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the scope over which media integrity check values are calculated. Where the native identifier of the file is a SMPTE UMID (SMPTE 330M) starting with the fixed 16-bytes 060a2b34h 01010105h 01010f20h 13000000h.2 Type attribute The media integrity check type (type) attribute shall be present and shall indicate the algorithm used to create the media integrity check value for the AS-02 asset.doc Version 1. All other files shall have a UUID encoded as a URN according to IETF RFC 4122.2.org/wiki/Cyclic_Redundancy_Check. To ensure full coverage of the range of content integrity types.5 Media integrity check element (optional) The media integrity check (MIC) element contains the media integrity check value for the file.

0. entire_file . Nov-18-2011 Page 35 of 43 .0/manifest" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-.0/manifest” targetNamespace="http://www.ManifestType --> <xs:complexType name="ManifestType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="BundleName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="BundleID" type="mft:UUID"/> <xs:element name="Creator" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="CreationDate" type="xs:dateTime"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="FileList"> <xs:complexType> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="File" type="mft:FileType" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </xs:sequence> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <!-.3 XML schema for manifests The XML Schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a manifest using a machine-readable language.6 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form.doc Version 1.the media integrity check was calculated for the wrapped essence stream of an essence component file.tv/as-02/1. 9.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning • • essence_only .2. <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www. human-readable annotations describing the file. 9.the media integrity check value was calculated for the entire file.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:mft=”http://www.FileType --> <xs:complexType name="FileType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="FileID" type="mft:IdType"/> <xs:element name="Role" type="mft:FileRole"/> <xs:element name="Size" type="xs:nonNegativeInteger"/> <xs:element name="Path" type="xs:anyURI"/> <xs:element name="MIC" minOccurs="0"> <xs:complexType> <xs:simpleContent> <xs:extension base="xs:hexBinary"> <xs:attribute name="type" type="mft:MICTypeType" use="required"/> <xs:attribute name="scope" type="mft:MICScopeType" use="required"/> </xs:extension> </xs:simpleContent> </xs:complexType> </xs:element> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> Published specification .amwa. Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user.w3.amwa. including essence and any wrapper.tv/as-02/1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only.4 Sample manifest file (informative) The following manifest sample XML is a valid instance of the manifest schema.xsd. 9.doc Version 1.){7}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.IdType --> <xs:simpleType name="IdType"> <xs:union memberTypes="mft:UUID mft:UMID mft:UL mft:emptyID"/> </xs:simpleType> <!-.0.MICTypeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICTypeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="hmac-sha1"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc32"/> <xs:enumeration value="crc16"/> <xs:enumeration value="md5"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.MICScopeType --> <xs:simpleType name="MICScopeType"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="essence_only"/> <xs:enumeration value="entire_file"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-. Nov-18-2011 Page 36 of 43 .UL --> <xs:simpleType name="UL"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:ul:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\. Published specification .){3}[0-9a-fA-F]{8}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:simpleType name="emptyID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value=""/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <!-.UUID --> <xs:simpleType name="UUID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:uuid:[0-9a-fA-F]{8}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fAF]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{12}"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <!-.UMID --> <xs:simpleType name="UMID"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:pattern value="urn:smpte:umid:([0-9a-fA-F]{8}\.FileRole --> <xs:simpleType name="FileRole"> <xs:restriction base="xs:string"> <xs:enumeration value="file"/> <xs:enumeration value="version"/> <xs:enumeration value="essencecomponent"/> <xs:enumeration value="shim"/> <xs:enumeration value="manifest"/> <xs:enumeration value="qc"/> <xs:enumeration value="graphic"/> <xs:enumeration value="caption"/> <xs:enumeration value="folder"/> </xs:restriction> </xs:simpleType> <xs:element name="Manifest" type="mft:ManifestType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from the AMWA FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Manifest.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.

2e41fc56.13000000. Nov-18-2011 Page 37 of 43 .5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a1.31540580.23480022.31540580.tv/as-02/1.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.23480022.</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:03EF7F92-8339-4A2A-BB7D-562A5A486ADF</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media</mft:Path> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.01010105.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <mft:BundleName>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4</mft:BundleName> <mft:BundleID>urn:uuid:D08C1211-5172-4875-96D5-1B731E1D71CD</mft:BundleID> <mft:Creator>AS-02 Reference Manifest File MP2 .23480022.31540580.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>1932121</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_a2.01010d11.Richard Cartwright AMWA</mft:Creator> <mft:CreationDate>2011-12-06T10:53:22-00:00</mft:CreationDate> <mft:FileList> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.905f0022.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">a2b275b19bfa4bfebcc422f604e25b8d</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning <?xml version="1.01010511.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <mft:Manifest xmlns:mft="http://www.</mft:AnnotationText> </mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:D67509D3-5579-4388-8148-9FF1E08BBB59</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>shim</mft:Role> <mft:Size>411</mft:Size> <mft:Path>shim.01010811.01010105.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">9805614535f364690491a5ac16e8c620</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID> urn:smpte:umid:060a2b34.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>version</mft:Role> <mft:Size>16153</mft:Size> <mft:Path>AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4.f7693d57.xml</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">b587ea43b80900fcf5112aaafcc31ab8</mft:MIC> </mft:File> <mft:File> <mft:FileID>urn:uuid:ACC8E4E7-5D37-4CE6-889D-E88C3DA4023C</mft:FileID> <mft:Role>folder</mft:Role> <mft:Size>0</mft:Size> <mft:Path>extra</mft:Path> <mft:AnnotationText>Size and MIC are not encoded for folders.d240fc56.01010105.31540580.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">fc8578b82d4eb729be0212633f81318f</mft:MIC> <mft:AnnotationText>Single version file of this AS-02 bundle.13000000.01010105.doc Version 1.amwa.bbaffc56.0.13000000.0/manifest" xmlns:xsi="http://www.01010811.13000000.5f0bc2f2 </mft:FileID> <mft:Role>essencecomponent</mft:Role> <mft:Size>62517511</mft:Size> <mft:Path>media/AmberFin_AS02_MP2_720i25_4_v0.mxf</mft:Path> <mft:MIC type="md5" scope="entire_file">1cca0628ed8d1d7aba35858a567a3d2c</mft:MIC> </mft:File> </mft:FileList> </mft:Manifest> Published specification .Manual Generation .

Nov-18-2011 Page 38 of 43 . The value of the element shall be of type xs:anyURI. 10.0]. 10. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string.g. Published specification . 10.0.doc Version 1.xml. See the XML schema declaration in Section 10. located in the root level folder of the bundle.3 Annotation text element (optional) Annotation text (AnnotationText) elements may be present and shall be a list of zero or more free-form. Figure 9: Top-level shim structure Note: In figure 9. 10. e.4 of this document for explicit type information. The shim file shall be encoded as an XML document [XML 1. The shim file contains an identifier for the constraints of the shim in the form of a URI namespace reference to the shim that is being used. as shown in figure 9.1 Shim structure The top-level element in the shim file shall be designated Shim.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning 10 Shim file format Each AS-02 bundle shall have a single shim file. elements with grey outline are optional.1.1 Shim name element A name for the AS-02 shim according to a controlled vocabullary.1. Note: Implementers need to be aware that the shim schema will be actively further developed within AMWA to be a machine-readable list of shim constraints.2 Shim identifier element The shim identifier (ShimID) element contains the string identifier of this shim specification (section 8).Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. Note: This document does not specify the process by which a shim identified is generated. Network HD Contribution. human-readable annotations describing the shim.1. The shim file shall be named shim.

doc Version 1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <Shim xmlns="http://www.0. <?xml version="1.1.4 Application specification element (optional) Application specification element (ApplicationSpec) is reserved for future use.w3. 10.2 XML schema for shims The XML schema document presented in this section normatively defines the structure of a shim file using a machine-readable language. It is non-functional and intended for informative purposes only.tv/AS-02-shim/2010/hd-j2k.0/shim" xmlns:xsi="http://www.amwa.tv/as-02/1.txt</ShimID> <AnnotationText>An example shim for HD J2k created by AMWA</AnnotationText> </Shim> Published specification .xsd.amwa. The value of the element shall be of type xs:string.0/shim" targetNamespace="http://www. 10.amwa.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <ShimName>Network HD Contribution</ShimName> <ShimID>http://amwa.ShimType --> <xs:complexType name="ShimType"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element name="ShimName" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="ShimID" type="xs:anyURI" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:element name="AnnotationText" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> <xs:element name="ApplicationSpec" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/> <xs:any minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:sequence> <xs:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax"/> </xs:complexType> <xs:element name="Shim" type="shim:ShimType"/> </xs:schema> Note: The schema is available from AMWA as FTP site as file AS-02/AS-02-10-2011-11-17_Shim. Nov-18-2011 Page 39 of 43 .Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.0/shim" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified"> <!-. 10.tv/as-02/1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Note: Annotation text elements are intended only for display as guidance to a user.tv/as-02/1.3 Sample XML shim file (informative) The following sample shim XML is a valid instance of the shim schema.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:shim="http://www. <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.

YRsiz2 = 1} Resolution 1920x1080 23.01. Stored in media\*_a??. Stored in media\*_v0. Ssiz1 = 9.1 Essence component files The essence component files contain the video. is stored as separate SMPTE 436M streams in essence component files. The table below specifies the constraints on the essence and its wrapping as MXF. Sampling / structure 24-bit. XRsiz1 = 2.0. Ssiz2 = 9.98p 3 4 VBI_render and ANC_render boolean picture_family list 5 audio_family The following list of audio essence types is permitted.0E. Ssiz0 = 9. 01.mxf. MXF SMPTE 382M Mapping AES3 and Broadcast Wave Audio into the MXF Generic Container Codec Uncompressed BWF Constraints Stored as Stereo pairs.2B.02. AS-02 sample shim document (informative) A.01.00 JPEG 2000 picture subdescriptor field values: Rsiz – 0 Xsiz – 1920 Ysiz – 1080 XOsiz – 0 YOsiz – 0 XTsiz – 1920 YTsiz – 1080 XTOsiz – 0 YTOsiz – 0 Csiz – 3 Picture component sizing – {Number of component = 3.mxf MXF SMPTE 422M Mapping JPEG 2000 codestreams into the MXF generic container Codec JPEG 2000 Constraints YUV 422 10bit. 3.01. XRsiz2 = 2. both VBI and ANC in this case. YRsiz1 = 1.0C. False. XRsiz0 = 1.0D. Nov-18-2011 Page 40 of 43 .01.04. audio and ancillary data essences that make up the asset. 100Mbps CDCI picture essence descriptor fields: Essence container UL 06.03. # 1 2 Parameter mono_essence_op1a VBI_custom and ANC_custom Type boolean boolean Value True. YRsiz0 = 1.doc Version 1.34. All essence components are stored as mono-essence OPa1a files False. 48kHz or 96kHz Published specification . No other proprietary ANC formats are maintained.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex A. All ancillary data. No ANC or VBI information is rendered into the active picture The following list of video essence types is permitted.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning.01.

The lead timecode shall be taken from the timecode component of the material package of version file. sub_clip_limit Published specification . The minimum size of a clip built into an edit list is 1 second. the right channel shall take the value of the left channel plus one. True. the track number applies to the left channel.tv/as-02/hd/v0/2010 10 11 ingest_TC lead_TC enum enum 12 shim_id UL list A.scc files in "extra\captions" folder.doc Version 1. All of the tracks in present in the version file must be cut synchronously. All other MXF timecodes shall be considered to be annotations. This depends on the asset being ingested and is not fixed by this specification. The minimum duration of an AS-02 file compliant with this shim is 1 second. N/A Media integrity check is not used. 00:57:30. In a stereo pair. Video tracks are labeled “1”.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. 7 8 9 partition_spacing index_strategy_frame and index_strategy_clip track_tag_policy time enum specification 10s between partitions. N/A Media integrity check is not used. The track numbers will be written into the material package of the version file.2 Simple version files A simple version file (SPV) links together the essence components to create a complete asset. This should be indicated here.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning # 6 Parameter CC_data_essence Type Value The following list of data essence types is permitted. All MP tracks are tagged with their nominal track position.3 # 1 2 sync_cut Version files Parameter Type Time boolean Some facilities only use simple version files. Stored in media\*_vanc??. audio channels are labeled from “1”.amwa. Index tables are in the partition after the essence. No generic streams are permitted in a simple version file. True. A.00 is the expected start timecode of the first frame of any complete asset. The simple version files do not describe any edits to the components. http://www. # 1 2 3 4 5 Parameter generic_streams_in_version min_sv_dur mic_algorithm mic_scope track_numbers Type Boolean Time Enum Enum Boolean Value False. Value 1 sec.0. 1 sec.mxf MXF SMPTE 436M MXF mappings for VBI lines and ancillary data packets Contents SMPTE 291M VANC data Coding Processing Packets used to create . Nov-18-2011 Page 41 of 43 . Lagging. MP::TC. constraining the version files to be butt-edits of pre-conformed clips.

Nov-18-2011 Page 42 of 43 . Published specification . This section intentionally blank in this case.5 # Bundle Parameter Type Value This section intentionally blank in this case.0.4 Metadata in MXF-AS-02 Here we detail any special metadata to be included in the file or any constraints on the metadata used in the workflow.doc Version 1.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning A.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. # Parameter Type Value A.

Registered manifest file roles (normative) This annex contains a registered list of different roles that may be assigned to a file in the manifest.mxf files in the media sub folder unless overridden by some other role. to clear out all the graphics files prior to distribution. Manifest file in the root folder. It shall be the responsibility of an application that creates a new file in the bundle to assign the correct role.AS-02-10-2011-11-18 MXF Versioning Annex B. Note that .0. shim graphic Shim Graphics files Shim file in the root folder.2. .tv) shall have an entry in the manifest. overlay etc. Nov-18-2011 Page 43 of 43 . Graphics files for bugs. All . It shall be the responsibility of applications that modify or transcode bundles to persist those roles in the new manifest. smill.stl. sami and other files used to source captions should be labeled as caption. logos.Copyright © 2011 AMWA AMWA-AS-02-10-2011-11-18_MXF_Versioning. A quality control report. Role file essencecomponent version manifest Contents Just a file Essence component Version file Manifest file Description Default file role.mxf file in the root folder of the bundle that represent a version of the asset.mxf files in the media subfolder may be labeled as graphic if the intention is that it shall be overlayed by some process onto the main video. qc caption folder QC reports Caption source files Folders Published specification . All . the manifest file shall not be listed as a file within a manifest. . . This role type of manifest is included for use in future or external applications.g. Note: The purpose of roles is for an AS-02 aware application to be able to. This helps implementers persist intentionally empty folders. Note: As specified in section 9. Dependent data files should be labeled as file.dfxp. extra extra/amwa.cap. media.doc Version 1. for example: quickly locate the correct QC file in a workflow. All subfolders (e.

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