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PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE 1. What factors to consider for site selection?

Ans : District classification, Transportation facilities, Manpower availability, industrial infrastructure, community infrastructure, availability of raw water, effluent disposal, availability of power, availability of industrial gas, site size and nature, ecology and pollution. 2. What are different standards? Ans : Most commonly use standards are as follows: Sr. Standard Description 1. ANSI B18.2 Square and hexagola head bolts and nuts 2. ANSI B16.3 Malleable iron threaded fittings 3. ANSI B16.4 Cast iron threaded fittings. 4. ANSI B16.9 Steel buttwelding fittings 5. ANSI B16.11 Forged steel socketwelding and threaded fittings 6. ANSI B16.25 Buttwelding ends 7. ANSI B16.28 Short elbow radius and returns 8. MSS-SP-43 Stainless steel buttweld fittings 9. MSS-SP-83 Pipe Unions 10. API 605 Large diameter carbon steel flanges 11. ANSI B16.1 Cast iron pipe flanges and flanged fittings 12. ANSI B16.5 Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings 13. ANSI B16.47 Large diameter steel pipe flanges and flanged fitts. 14. ANSI B16.20 Ring joint gaskets and grooves for pipe flanges 15. ANSI B16.21 Non metallic gaskets for pipe flanges 16. API 601 Metallic gasket for refinery piping. 17. API 5L Specification for line pipe. 18. ANSI B16.10 Welded and seamless wrought steel pipes 19. ANSI B36.19 Welded and seamless austenitic stainless steel pipe 20. ANSI B16.10 Face to face and end to end dimensions of valves 21. ANSI B16.34 Steel valves, flanged and buttwelding ends. 3. What are various temporary closures for lines? Ans : Line blind valve, line blind, spectacle plate, double block and bleed, blind flanges replacing a removable spool. 4. Where jacked screwed flange is used ? Ans : For spectacle discs, one flange is jacked screw flange. This flange has two jacked screws 180 degree apart which are used to create sufficient space between flange for easy removal and placement of line blind or spectacle blind. 5. What is double block and bleed? Ans : Two valves with bleed ring in between with a bleed valve connected to the hole of bleed ring. 6. Where blind flange is used ? Ans : It is used with view to future expansion of the piping system, or for cleaning, inspection etc.

reboiler type . disc type. Residue above 800F. non-return and special purposes. How to located feed nozzle ? Ans : Must be oriented in specific area of tray by means of internal piping.condense. What factors to consider while setting tower elevation? Ans : NPSH. What materials are used for construction of valves? Ans : Cast iron. Minimum clearance. What are types of towers? Ans : Stripper. How to located tower maintenance access nozzles ? Ans : At bottom. 9. What are isolating valves? Ans : Gate.condense. in area except downcomer sector. type of head. butterfly. used at drawoff sections of the tower. minimum clearances. function. piston. 4. What are the steps in selection of valve? Ans : What to handle. 8. 2. Operator access. body ends. construction material. carbon steel. breather. 7. regulation. 14. at downcomer side and pressure in vapor space. 3. What are special valves? Ans : multi-port. What is chimney tray? Ans : It¶s a solid plate with central chimney section. float. needle. bronze. fluid nature. foundation details. warranty. How to located temperature and pressure instruments ? Ans : Temperature in liquid space. lightest material: Butene below 100F. common area. 11.TOWERS 7. butterfly. liquid. how to operate. delivery time. trayed. must not be at the downcomer section of tower and in front of internal piping. cost. ball. pressure relief. low quality. PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE 1. pinch. packed towers. 6.upto 800F. 13. gas or powder. pinch. Vacuum tower. heat. type of support. stem type. 10. bottom outlet size. What are non-return valves? Ans : check valve. diaphragm. piston. alloy . plug. What are crude oil ranges? Ans : Crude oil BP Range: 100F-1400F. diaphragm. Maintenance access. bonnet type. Tower dimensions. top and intermediate sections of tower. What are functions of valves? Ans : Isolation. gun metal. What is batch shell process? Ans : feed. 5. foot. stainless steel. 12. Heavier materials. What are regulation valves? Ans : Globe. flush bottom.heat more.

Usually needle or globe type. What is wire drawing? Ans : This term is used to indicate the premature erosion of the valve seat caused by excessive velocity between seat and seat disc. wafer lug type and wafer type. according to type of seat. seat-pneumatic 14. What pressure tests are carried out on valves? Ans : Shell-hydrostatic. polypropylene and other plastics. solenoid. . where a valve is inserted between each boiler and the main steam header. long pattern. 15. wafer check valve. chain operator. double piece.carbon steel. soft seat and metal seat. 18. 24. sandwitch and flush bottom design. ball check valve. like a faucet. gear operator. 11. 25. 17. Why ball valves are normally flanged? Ans : Because of soft seat PTFE which can damage during welding. It can be optionally closed automatically or normally. What is Bleed Valve? Ans: Small valve provided for drawing off liquid. What is trim? Ans : Trim is composed of stem. seat-hydrostatic. What are types of check valve? Ans : Lift check valves and swing check valves. What are butterfly valve types? Ans : Double flange type. 22. Where stop check valve is used ? Ans : In stem generation by multiple boilers. What is straight through valve? Ans : Valve in which the closing operation of valve is achieved by 90degrees turn of the closing element. Which standard specifies trim numbers for valve ? Ans : API 600. special alloys. the short pattern. What are non-slam check valves? Ans : Swing check valve. powered operator likes electric motor. 16. tilting disc check valve. What are ball valve body types? Ans : Single piece. back seat bushing and other small internal parts that normally contact the surface fluid. stop check valve. pneumatic and hydraulic operators. piston check valve. three piece. What are two types of ball valve? Ans : Full port design and regular port design. handwheel. Where diaphragm valves are used ? Ans : Used for low pressure corrosive services as shut off valves. conventional check valve. 12. What is Barstock Valve? Ans: Any valve having a body machined from solid metal (barstock). seat surfaces. 19. What are available valve operators? Ans : Handlever. Quick acting operators for non-rotary valves (handle lift). 23. 20. 13. 10. 9. when valve is not closed tightly. What are wetted parts of valve? Ans : All parts that come in contact with surface fluid are called wetted parts. What is BIBB Valve? Ans: A small valve with turned down end. 8. 21.

Such valves are installed on high points of piping or vessels to permit draining and sometimes to prevent siphoning. placed in branch line for the purpose of drawing all samples of process material thru the branch. 29. spring or by piston. 32. What is Quick acting valve ? Ans: Any on/off valve rapidly operable. 34. vessels. What is Spiral sock valve? Ans: A valve used to control flow of powders by means of a twistable fabric tube or sock. solenoid or lever with heat-fusible link releasing a weight which in falling operates the valve. Quick acting valves are desirable in lines conveying flammable liquids. What is Drip Valve? Ans: A drain valve fitted to the bottom of a driplet to permit blowdown. 33. 36. 37. or a valve placed at the beginning of a branch form the header. WYE type and pneumatic control type with no moving part. 40. What is Paper-Stock Valve? Ans: A single disc single seat gate valve (Slide gate) with knife edged or notched disc used to regulate flow of paper slurry or other fibrous slurry. What are blow off valve? Ans : It is a variety of globe valve confirming with boiler code . What is BlowDown Valve? Ans Refers to a plug type disc globe valve used for removing sludge and sedimentary matter from the bottom of boiler drums. What is Hose Valve? Ans: A gate or globe valve having one of its ends externally threaded to one of the hose thread standards in use in the USA. These valves are used for vehicular and firewater connections. What is Slurry valve? Ans: A knife edge valve used to control flow of non-abrasive slurries. What is Root Valve? Ans: A valve used to isolate a pressure element or instrument from a line or vessel. 28. 39. 38. What is Flap Valve? Ans: A non return valve having a hinged disc or rubber or leather flap used for low pressure lines. driplegs etc. What is Vacuum breaker? Ans: A special self-acting valve or nay valve suitable for vacuum service. Unsuitable for water or for liquid service in general without a cushioning device to protect piping from shock. installed to admit gas (usually atmospheric air) into a vacuum or low-pressure space. What is sampling valve? Ans : Usually of needle or globe pattern. 30.26. 31. either by manual lever. 27. What is Throttling valve? Ans: Any valve used to closely regulate flow in the just-open position. What is Breather Valve? Ans: A special self acting valve installed on storage tanks etc. What is diverting valve ? Ans : This valve switch flow from one main line to two different outlets. to release vapor or gas on slight increase of internal pressure ( in the region of ½ to 3 ounces per square inch). operated manually or automatically. 35.

What is relief valve? Ans : Valve to relieve excess pressure in liquids in situations where full flow discharge is not required. 48. 42. What are types of flush bottom valves? Ans : Valves with discs opening into the tank and valves with disks into the valve. What are flush bottom valves? Ans : Special type of valves used to drain out the piping. for minimum pressure loss. What are three patterns of plug valve design? Ans : Regular pattern. attached on pad type nozzles. 46. What are uses of four way valve? Ans : Reversal of pump suction and delivery. Used in drip legs. in which case. but when water reaches valve. What is metal seated lubricated plug valve? Ans : A plug valve with no plastic material. 55. reactors and vessels. It can also remove air from system. What is float valve? Ans : Used to control liquid level in tanks. short pattern and ventury pattern. What is pressure balanced plug valve? Ans : With holes in port top and bottom connecting two chambers on top . basically a lift check valve with integrated strainer. 51. float inside valve raises to close the valve and stop flow of water.requirements and specially designed for boiler blowoff service. used to remove air and other gases from boilers etc. 54. What are inverted plug design valve? Ans : Plug valve with taper portion up of plug. where grease is applied to contacting surfaces for easy operation. What is safety valve? Ans : Rapid opening(popping action) full flow valve for air and other gases. 43. By pass of strainer or meter. What is foot valve? Ans : Valve used to maintain a head of water on the suction side of sump pump. What are ventury pattern plug valve? Ans : Change of section through the body throat so graded to have ventury effect. 44. when release of small volume of liquid would rapidly lower pressure. air flows out of system in valve open condition. minimum pressure loss. division of flow with isolation facility. heat exchanger or dryer. 49. For 8´ and higher size. What are short pattern plug valve? Ans : Valves with face to face dimension of gate valve. as a alternative to gate valve. What are the uses of three-way valve? Ans : Alternate connection of the two supply lines to a common delivery vise versa. operated by float. WYE pattern and angle type. isolating one safety valve. reversal of flow through filter. What is regular pattern plug valve? Ans : Rectangular port. 50. 47. smooth transition from round body to rectangular port. 45. which rises with liquid level and opens the valve to control water level. 41. 52. 53. area almost equal to pipe bore.

minimum friction. can handle clean viscous and corrosive liqiuids. used for control valves. loose plug type for plug renewal or needle type for finer control. What is dimensional standard for plug valve? Ans : API 599. 67. disc can be integral with stem. How to install a globe valve ? Ans : Globe valve should be installed such that the flow is from the underside of the disk. with sleeves of rubber or PTFE. corrosive and abrasive service. 65. Cast iron body. for erosive fluids due to smoother flow pattern. wye-body globe valve. double disc globe valve. 56. Drip tight shut off not possible. What are Teflon sleeved plug valve? Ans : PTFE sleeve between plug and body of valve. 68. Where plug type disc globe valve is used? Ans : For severe regulating service with gritty liquids such as boiler feedwater and for blow off service. same design as globe valve. What are permasil plug valve? Ans : Plug valves with Teflon seat instead of sleeves. What are types of globe valve? Ans : Angle globe valve. 58. What is angle globe valve? Ans : Ends at 90 degree to save elbow. moves into and away from seat eliminating abrasive wear. anti static design possible. 63. 62. borged or barstock body and bonnet. What is needle valve? Ans :Full pyramid disc. Reducer port: One size less than the connected pipe. for on off applications. . for low torque. 57. low turning effort. 66. 70. manufacture standard. sw or threaded. higher pressure drop. 69. inside screw. 64. 59. plug type disc globe valve. for very low service pressures like isolation of hose connections. What are eccentric plug valve? Ans : Off center plug. manufacturers standard. on off action. to reduce turning effort. temperature limitation. with disk nut at the lower end and handwheel at upper end. Where WYE body globe valve is used ? Ans : In line ports with stem emerging at 45 degree. composite disc globe valve. What is pinch valve? Ans : Similar to diaphragm valve. What are characteristics of globe valve stem? Ans : Always rising design. Graphite seat for high temperature applications. flow control. smaller sizes. Full port has to be specified in bom.and bottom of plug. What is double disc globe valve ? Ans : Has two discs bearing on separate seats spaced apart. What are globe valve disk types? Ans :Flat faced type for positive shutoff. 71. What are port types for gate valves? Ans : Full port and reduced port. What are globe valve port types? Ans : Full port: More than 85% of bore size. which get sqeezed to control or stop the flow. on a single shaft. Default is reduced bore. 60. Usually flow direction is marked on the globe valve. 61.

What are the types of bonnets? Ans : Bolted bonnet. What is lantern ring? Ans : It¶s a collection point to drain off any hazardous seepages or as a point where lubricant can be injected. it is in the middle of packing rings. single disc parallel seats. 73. .72. A U-bolt and clamp type bonnet. What are types of gate valves? Ans : Solid plane wedge. double disc wedge. split wedge. plug gate valve. 75. bellow sealed bonnet. 74. single disc single seat gate or slide. pressure seal bonnet. double disc paralles seats. breechlock bonnet. union bonnets. solid flexible wedge. screwed on bonnet. How to close a gate valve ? Ans :Turn the handwheel in clockwise direction.