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The MINERGIE -Standard for Buildings

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Planning and project

INFORMATION FOR ARCHITECTS

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MINERGIE®: The Standards The Limiting Values of Energy Consumption Energy weighting factor Equipment efficiency Standard Solutions

In this way.  MINERGIE® offers a great variety of information material. There are many reasons for this. ventilation and air conditioning) has to be delivered. This proof is the core of the MINERGIE® -Certification process.  The MINERGIE-ECO®-Standard adds ecological requirements such as recyclability. a detailed quantitative proof of energy performance (for heating.  The MINERGIE-P®-Standard defines buildings with a very low energy consumption. the most important being the objectiveoriented approach: If builders and planners – in other words architects and engineers – can meet the standard. seminars and conferences as well as training courses. SG-115 The MINERGIE® -Standard is widely accepted.MINERGIE : The Standards MINERGIE® is a registered quality label for new and refurbished buildings. 15 000 buildings with a total of more than 15. ® New building appartment-house and office. . noise protection etc. The trademark is firmly protected against unlicensed use. Only the final energy consumed is relevant. Specific energy consumption is used as the main indicator to quantify the required building quality. This standard corresponds to the internationally-known passive house standard.9 Million m2 gross floor area have been certified as MINERGIE® -Buildings. The standard requires that general energy consumption must not to be higher than 75 % of that of average buildings and that fossil-fuel consumption mustnot to be higher than 50 % of the consumption of such buildings. hot water. Gams. This level of comfort is made possible by high-quality building envelopes and the systematic renewal of air. Comfort is the central theme – the comfort of the users living or working in the building. Within the framework of the MINERGIE® registered trade mark. In 2009. The detailed regulations (in German and French) can be downloaded free of charge from the MINERGIE® website. To maintain feasibility and general use the additional costs for MINERGIE® must not exceed 10 % of the building costs. The appropriate forms for all projects applying for a certificate are verified and random tests on the building sites are performed. This trademark is supported by the Swiss Confederation. it is especially demanding in regard to heating energy demand. several products are offered:  Looking after the regular MINERGIE®-Standard for buildings is MINERGIE®’s main activity. the Swiss cantons and the Principality of Liechtenstein along with trade and industry. they have complete freedom both in their design and choice of materials and also in their choice of internal and external building structures. reliable evaluation can be assured. to the regular MINERGIE® -Requirements. planning tools.  MINERGIE®-Modules are building components and building equipment elements which are certified as being exceptionally well-performing with regard to energy efficiency. indoor air quality. The following table shows an example of the principles behind the proof of the data. The following focusses on the regular MINERGIE® -Standard for domestic buildings. Apart from general requirements such as a ventilation system and moderate extra costs.

The same procedure using efficiency and energy weighting factor leads to the weighted energy demand for hot water (I).2 (D) energy Hot water 14 (H) 2.9 ≦ 38 ? Table 1: The energy performance value (EPV) in kWh/m2 of a single family house. Value in kWh/m2 Useful energy Equipment efficiency End use energy Primary energy Heating energy (acc. Heating: The end use energy (E) is multiplied by an energy weighting factor (F). but with heating and domestic hot water provided by a water-to-water heat pump. Hence this has to be done separately to get the effective heating demand (C).8 3 (J) 2 (F) 2 2 Sum (K) 21.91 (D) energy Hot water solar? thermal 14 (H) Hot water electricity 0.9 (D) Electricity for ventilation The energy performance value (EPV) 10.e.6 (I) 6. The result has to be less than 90 % of the limiting value of SIA 380/1 (edition 2009).4 (I) 6. Hot water: The amount of energy consumption for hot water (H) is given for single-family houses (14 kWh/m2).9 (D) 4.8 4. 38 kWh/m2 for residential buildings. i.9 (D) Electricity for ventilation The energy performance value (EPV) 38.5 (G) 0 (I) 9.4 ≦ 38 ? Table 2: The energy performance value (EPV) in kWh/m2 of the single family house above.7 3 (J) 1 (F) 0 2 2 Sum (K) Energy weighting factor 38.0 37.The Limiting Values of Energy Consumption Value in kWh/m2 Useful energy Equipment efficiency End use energy Energy weighting factor Primary energy Heating energy (acc.8 (G) 9. 50 (A) SIA 380/1) Savings by ventilation -15 (B) heat recovery Effective heating 35 (C) 0.0 53.5 (E) 9. . Electricity for ventilation: The electricity consumption for ventilation (J) is taken at the end use level and analogously processed to obtain the weighted energy demand. Explanations to the calculation Heating energy (A): The heating energy demanded is calculated according to SIA-Standard 380/1 which is based on EN ISO 13790 (formerly EN 832). Equipment efficiency (D): The heating energy demand (useful energy) is divided by the conversion efficiency leading to the end use energy. heated by oil and domestic hot water produced 70 % with solarthermal collectors and 30 % with electricity. 50 (A) SIA 380/1) Savings by ventilation -15 (B) heat recovery Effective heating 35 (C) 3. Heat recovery (B): The standard calculation according to SIA 380/1 does not take ventilation heat recovery into account. Sum = EPV: The sum of all weighted energy demand components (K) has to be compared to the limiting value. leading to the weighted energy use for heating (G).

 SIA 380/1 defines how to apply the energy balance algorithm for buildings.7 0. Some of them have differing limiting values and all of them have their own standardised input data. installed.  The building stock is sectored into 12 categories with different uses.6 1. biogas) Waste heat Fossil fuels Electricity 1) Weighting factor 0 0. Better performance has to be proven.91 0.88 0. also.3 3.  There is a set of default values available which may be used. direct 2. specific electricity demand etc. Liebefeld. BE-575 . MINERGIE-P® requires a very good insulation standard.85 1.  Whereas the requirements on the heating demand (90 % of SIA 380/1-limiting value) is just a barrier to ensure that the MINERGIE® -Standard is not reached with regular insulation standard by technical means (heat pumps or renewables) only. The example shown above obviously does not fulfil the MINERGIE® -Standard’s limiting value. called the Energy Reference Area (ERA). Energy weighting factor Energy carrier. Various measures can be taken to improve the building (project) in order to reach the MINERGIE® -Standard: For example the heating energy demand can be lowered by improving the insulation.1 3. part of the hot water can be produced with solar-thermal collectors and heating and hot water can be provided by a heat pump.2 ® 1) Hot water 0. condensing furnaces Gas.95 0. air change rate.0 Table 4: Standard values according to MINERGIE 1) Incl.85 0.92 0. For all categories. The latter is illustrated in table 2.9 0. the insulation thicknesses are around 20-25 cm for MINERGIE® and 25-35 cm for MINERGIE-P®. For example. any software referring to this European standard should deliver results comparable to those of SIA 380/1 and therefore be suitable as input data for MINERGIE® calculations.0 2.85 0.85 1. it is easily possible to use less energy than the standard value for ventilation.0 Table 3: Energy weighting factors according to MINERGIE® The most important presets and default values Conversion efficiency Heating Oil or gas furnace Oil. 60 kWh/m2 for residential buildings). energy source Solar and ambient heat Biomass (wood.3 2. the technology used has to be defined and. as defined in EN ISO 13790. In this way.g.75 0. significantly less stringent limiting values exist for the MINERGIE® renovation standard (e. such as indoor air temperature.75 0. But if so claimed. condensing furnaces Wood-fired furnaces Wood pellet furnaces District heating Heat pumps: outside air monovalent ground source ground water. Typically.  The energy weighting factors represent a simplified approach for taking the conversion losses from primary to end use energy into account. industry New building Business Park.0 2.Notes and remarks  The energy demand and limiting values are given as specific values in kWh/(m2a) whereby the m2 represent the heated gross floor area. waste incineration and sewage treatment plants.7 2.

New building single-family home. Ground-source heat pump for heating and hot water (all year). Hergiswil. Additional conditions consist of:  A fan-assisted balanced ventilation system (or comfort ventilation system as it is called by MINERGIE®) with a heat recovery unit with an efficiency of at least 80 % has to be installed. 5.g. 1. The five standard solutions are: 1. 3.Standards Solutions In order to offer easy procedures to obtain MINERGIE® Certification there is a possibility offered by the use of standardised solutions for buildings and building-technology equipment (limited to residential buildings).or ACmotor. Air-to-water heat pump (outside air) for heating and hot water (all year). Wood-fired systems for heating and hot water in winter. The ventilation has to be driven by a DC. AG-090 . Automatic wood-fired systems for heating and hot water (all year). Baar. roof and floor. 0. Use of waste heat (industry. 2. NW-031 New building appartmenthouse. Wohlen. e. thermal collectors for hot water in summer. waste incineration and sewage treatment plants) for heating and hot water (all year as single source). pellet-furnace.15 W/m2K for walls.g. It is then sufficient to choose one of the five given accepted standard solutions for heating and hot water and to fulfil a few additional conditions. e. 4. ZG-010 New building school.0 W/m2K for windows and 1.  A set of U-Values for the building envelope must not be exceeded.2 W/m2K for doors.

ch www.minergie.ch Partner OeJ  October 2010 . MINERGIE® is organised as an association and is registered in the Swiss Trade Register. The MINERGIE® label may only be used for buildings that actually meet the MINERGIE® -Standard.ch.ch MINERGIE® Building Agency St. Zürich Affoltern (ZH-1100 – ZH-1113) Contact MINERGIE® Head Office Steinerstrasse 37 3006 Bern info @ minergie. products and services can also conform to MINERGIE® -Standards. The same applies to building modules such as systems. www. Jakobs-Strasse 84 4132 Muttenz agentur@ minergie.Organisation and Implementation MINERGIE® is a registered trade mark and therefore enjoys complete protection. though the information is only in German and French. forms and tools for verification are offered for download free of charge. Apart from buildings. In particular.minergie. The certification and all related contacts and support activities are executed by MINERGIE® Certification Units located at the administrations of the 26 Swiss cantons and the Principality of Liechtenstein. There is a head office who is supported in operational decisions by the MINERGIE® Building Agency. Hence there is a decentralised system of implementation. Further Information MINERGIE® is well documented on its website. New building appartment-house. A governing board of eight people is in charge of strategic decisions. components and materials.