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Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems

WVEIS 1875

This course introduces the student to the knowledge base and technical skills related to industrial Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems. Areas of study include hydraulic principles, practical application of hydraulic systems, pneumatic principles, and practical application of pneumatic systems. Emphasis will be placed on career exploration, job seeking skills, and personal and professional ethics. Safety instruction is integrated into all activities. Students will utilize problem-solving techniques and participate in laboratory activities to develop an understanding of course concepts. Teachers should provide each student with real world learning opportunities and instruction related to industrial hydraulic and pneumatic systems occupations. Students are encouraged to become active members of SkillsUSA for additional co-curricular opportunities that enhance student achievement, develop student leadership, and support experiential learning. The West Virginia Standards for 21st Century Learning include the following components: 21st Century Content Standards and 21st Century Learning Skills and Technology Tools. All West Virginia teachers are responsible for classroom instruction that integrates learning skills, technology tools, and content standards and objectives. Grade 11-Adult Standard: 1 ET.S.HAPS.1 Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems Hydraulic Principles Students will demonstrate competency applying hydraulic principles to calculate values and solve problems related to industrial hydraulic systems. Objectives Students will ET.O.HAPS.1.1 define hydraulics, hydrostatics, and hydrodynamics. ET.O.HAPS.1.2 define fluid, liquid, and gas. ET.O.HAPS.1.3 compare the differences between atmospheric, gauge, and absolute pressure. ET.O.HAPS.1.4 calculate the values of force, pressure, and area in a hydraulic system. ET.O.HAPS.1.5 analyze the factors that affect fluid flow. ET.O.HAPS.1.6 measure for volume, capacity, velocity, flow, and speed in a hydraulic system. ET.O.HAPS.1.7 explain mechanical advantage and demonstrate its application in a hydraulic system. ET.O.HAPS.1.8 identify five types of energy. ET.O.HAPS.1.9 calculate efficiency, horsepower, and torque. Performance Descriptors (ET.PD.HAPS.1) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills, characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in hydraulic standard in hydraulic principles. The standard in hydraulic principles. The principles. The student can define student can compare and contrast student can examine hydraulics, hydraulics, hydrostatics, and hydraulics, hydrostatics, and hydrostatics, and hydrodynamics; hydrodynamics; define fluid, liquid, and hydrodynamics; compare and contrast examine fluid, liquid, and gas; outline gas; describe the differences between fluid, liquid, and gas; compare and the differences between atmospheric, atmospheric, gauge, and absolute

and calculate efficiency. assess the values of force.2. in a hydraulic system.10 disassemble and reassemble hydraulic valves. and the supervision. speed in a hydraulic system. Standard: 2 Practical Hydraulics ET. and energy.O. ET.HAPS. and speed in a mechanical advantage and demonstrate and demonstrate its application in a hydraulic system. of knowledge and skills that exceed the skills that meet the standard in practical characterized by errors and/or standard in practical hydraulics. and torque.HAPS. atmospheric. The student student can work independently. gauge.HAPS.2. can independently solve problems and is self-directed. calculate efficiency. the student can omissions in practical hydraulics.O. identify five types of advantage and demonstrate its outline five types of energy.HAPS.HAPS.O.2 Students will demonstrate competency in the practical application of hydraulic principles in industrial hydraulic systems. identify the values of force. ET. flow. and horsepower. and torque.2.2) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent and The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with proficient performance and shows a thorough inconsistent performance of distinctive and sophisticated application and effective application of knowledge and fundamental knowledge and skills.O. Specifically. Application of knowledge and needs further development and energy. velocity.4 explain the functions of a reservoir.O. hydraulic system. skills is thorough and effective. pressure. types. The hydraulics. ET.HAPS. flow. and evaluate efficiency. measure for describe measuring for volume. examine pressure.HAPS. system. and absolute the values of force. ET. and area in a hydraulic factors that affect fluid flow. and absolute pressure. The . compare and contrast volume.1 read and interpret graphic hydraulic diagrams.11 disassemble and reassemble hydraulic actuators.12 assemble a basic hydraulic system.HAPS.O.3 explain the functions of hydraulic fluid.HAPS. and application of hydraulic actuators.O. horsepower.9 identify the function.HAPS.contrast the differences between gauge. and velocity.8 shift directional control valves. Objectives Students will ET. Performance Descriptors (ET.2 analyze the six essential elements of a hydraulic circuit.6 identify the function and types of hydraulic pumps applied in industrial hydraulic systems. ET. and area pressure.2.O. and application of hydraulic pressure.5 identify and apply different types of hydraulic piping and fittings.O.O. explain mechanical advantage capacity. evaluate the factors that affect volume. capacity.2. examine system. horsepower.2. ET.O. ET. ET.2.2. ET.2.HAPS.7 identify the function. velocity.HAPS.2. directional. and speed in a hydraulic fluid flow. Performance compare and contrast five types of torque. analyze the list the factors that affect fluid flow. assess mechanical its application in a hydraulic system. and area in a hydraulic system. capacity. ET. types. flow.S.HAPS.2. and flow control valves. ET.O.HAPS.2. application in a hydraulic system. pressure. pressure.PD.

ET.9 remove heat and contaminates generated through compression. types. ET. list the six the practical application of hydraulic essential elements of a hydraulic principles. shift directional control valves.HAPS.3. Performance Descriptors (ET. and application of hydraulic disassemble and reassemble hydraulic actuators. Standard: 3 Pneumatic Principles ET. ET. construct and apply different and types of hydraulic pumps applied types of hydraulic piping and fittings.7 apply the combined gas law in a pneumatic system. flow control valves.HAPS. and application of directional control valves. and evaluate the assembly of a basic hydraulic system.HAPS.HAPS. types.HAPS. types. assess the disassembly and reassembly of hydraulic valves and hydraulic actuators. outline the functions of hydraulic fluid piping and fittings.3. assess the function.O. ET. The student can independently solve problems and is self-directed. identify the six essential elements of a hydraulic and apply different types of hydraulic circuit. and flow control valves.O.10 define humidity and its relationship to pneumatic systems. The student can read and circuit. and describe how to assemble a basic assemble a basic hydraulic system. identify the directional. compare and contrast different types of hydraulic piping and fittings. Objectives Students will ET.O. ET.3.3) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery .4 utilize Boyle’s Law in a pneumatic system.3 identify the properties and types of pressure. and hydraulic valves and hydraulic actuators. identify demonstrate the function and types of the function. work independently.5 apply Charles’ Law in a pneumatic system. ET.O. types. identify the function and a reservoir.3. explain the functions of examine graphic hydraulic diagrams.HAPS.1 define pneumatics and identify the advantages of pneumatic systems. ET. examine the function. and hydraulic systems. thoroughly and effectively apply knowledge student can read and describe graphic to independently solve problems related to hydraulic diagrams.O.O.3. and application of hydraulic pressure.HAPS.3 Students will demonstrate competency applying pneumatic principles to calculate values and solve problems related to industrial pneumatic systems.3. analyze hydraulic fluid and a reservoir. ET.O.HAPS. ET.HAPS.3. examine the hydraulic actuators. directional. and application of hydraulic pumps applied in industrial hydraulic pressure. directional. hydraulic system.O. directional control valves. and application of hydraulic actuators. and application of hydraulic pressure. compare and contrast the function and types of hydraulic pumps applied in industrial hydraulic systems. assess the functions of hydraulic fluid and a reservoir.3.HAPS. evaluate the six essential elements of a hydraulic circuit.2 compare and contrast the characteristics and properties of a gas.student can assess graphic hydraulic diagrams.6 apply Guy-Lussac’s Law in a pneumatic system. and the student can development and supervision.3. and flow control valves. label shift types. describe how to function. in industrial hydraulic systems.O. disassemble and reassemble valves and hydraulic actuators.S.HAPS. compare and contrast the function. Application of knowledge and skills is Performance needs further thorough and effective. shift function.3.HAPS.O.PD.8 explain the production of pneumatic pressure in a pneumatic system. types.

examine the production of pneumatic pressure. ET.PD.4) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but .The student demonstrates exceptional and exemplary performance with distinctive and sophisticated application of knowledge and skills that exceed the standard in pneumatic principles.O. explain the production of pneumatic pressure. Performance Descriptors (ET.O. identify the properties and types of pressure. ET. The student demonstrates basic but inconsistent performance of fundamental knowledge and skills. compare and contrast the characteristics and properties of a gas. and assess humidity and its relationship to pneumatic systems. and the student can work independently. Practical Pneumatics Students will demonstrate competency in the practical application of pneumatic principles in industrial pneumatic systems. describe the characteristics and properties of a gas.HAPS. characterized by errors and/or omissions in pneumatic principles.4.HAPS.6 compare and contrast a static seal and a dynamic seal. and examine humidity and its relationship to pneumatic systems.4.HAPS. ET. Applications of knowledge and skills is thorough and effective.HAPS. examine the properties and types of pressure. critique removal of heat and contaminates generated through compression.7 define pneumatic logic elements.HAPS.5 describe the basic function.2 explain the basic principle and application of air compression.8 assemble a basic pneumatic circuit.HAPS. define Boyle’s Law in a pneumatic system. evaluate Charles’ Law and Guy-Lussac’s Law in a pneumatic system. and define humidity and its relationship to pneumatic systems.O. The student can independently solve problems and is self-directed. operation.4 The student demonstrates competent and proficient performance and shows a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills that meet the standard in pneumatic principles. describe the combined gas law in a pneumatic system.HAPS.4. The student can define pneumatics and identify the advantages of pneumatic systems. outline the characteristics and properties of a gas.4. ET.3 compare four functions pneumatic circuit components perform in a pneumatic system.S. ET.O. examine Boyle’s Law in a pneumatic system. assess the combined gas law in a pneumatic system. Objectives Students will ET. demonstrate the combined gas law in a pneumatic system.O.1 analyze the seven basic components of a pneumatic system. evaluate the production of pneumatic pressure. remove heat and contaminates generated through compression. assess Boyle’s Law in a pneumatic system. demonstrate Charles’ Law and Guy-Lussac’s Law in a pneumatic system. Standard: 4 ET.4. and application of a solenoid.4 explain the function and application of lubricators in pneumatic systems.O. describe Charles’ Law and Guy-Lussac’s Law in a pneumatic system.4.4.HAPS. and list three basic logic elements as applied in pneumatic circuits. describe how to remove heat and contaminates generated through compression. ET.4.O. evaluate the properties and types of pressure.O. Performance needs further development and supervision. ET. The student can examine pneumatics and identify the advantages of pneumatic systems.HAPS. The student can assess pneumatics and identify the advantages of pneumatic systems.HAPS.

describe the basic pneumatic systems. and the student self-directed. The student can critique organization. components of a pneumatic system.S. evaluate seal. and application of a solenoid. assess the function system. solenoid. operation. Standard: 5 Participating in the Student Organization ET. function. explain the basic evaluate the basic principle and examine the basic principle and principle and application of air application of air compression.5. and and describe a basic pneumatic circuit. evaluate the basic systems. The student can Applications of knowledge and skills is and supervision. The student can examine can list the purposes and goals of student .PD. and competitions. explain the function pneumatic system. and application of a function.3 discover the benefits and responsibilities of participation in student. examine the function and and application of lubricators in and application of lubricators in application of lubricators in pneumatic pneumatic systems.O. ET. and civic organizations as an adult. basic logic elements as applied in applied in pneumatic circuits. can work independently.2 demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities such as meetings. examine pneumatic logic elements. operation.HAPS. independently solve problems and is thorough and effective. ET. The student can describe student can assess the seven basic student can analyze the seven basic the seven basic components of a components of a pneumatic system.5) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in participating in standard in participating in the student standard in participating in the student the student organization.HAPS.HAPS. label a static seal and a solenoid. Performance Descriptors (ET. outline the basic function.1 examine the purposes and goals of student organizations. pneumatic circuits. The student organization. programs.O. and list three and list three basic logic elements as elements as applied in pneumatic circuits. Performance needs further development pneumatic circuit. list four functions pneumatic and contrast four functions pneumatic four functions pneumatic circuit circuit components perform in a circuit components perform in a components perform in a pneumatic pneumatic system. and assess a basic construct a basic pneumatic circuit. The pneumatics. pneumatic system. elements.O. professional. and list three basic logic pneumatic logic elements. compare application of air compression.5.and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows a inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills. compare and contrast a static compare a static seal and a dynamic dynamic seal. The standard in practical pneumatics. compare compression. define pneumatic logic seal and a dynamic seal.5.HAPS. and application of a operation. characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in practical standard in practical pneumatics. projects.HAPS.5 Students will participate in a local student organization Objectives Students will ET.

manuals. the purposes and goals of student and and professional organizations. performs writing skills and projects. and discover the benefits benefits and responsibilities of and responsibilities of participation in participation in student. professional.) to journals. and competitions.. reports. etc.HAPS. ET. graphs and multiple data sources to complete career/technical assignments and projects. and projects. assignments and projects.) to etc.3 demonstrate accuracy in calculating and measuring graphical work required to complete career/technical assignments and projects.HAPS. journals. meetings.S.. charts. projects.6) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in literacy and standard in literacy and numeracy. etc. sources (e.g.O. programs.1 utilize a variety of technical sources (e. reports. ET. and list the competitions. The numeracy. reports. programs. The standard in literacy and numeracy.g. Internet.6. directions.4 analyze tables.O. and competitions. assess the leadership skills gained through participation in student organization activities such as meetings. and civic civic organization as an adult.HAPS. manuals..) to complete career/technical complete career/technical assignments complete career/technical assignments assignments and projects.6. effective. real-world problems associated with their career/technical content area and improve their thinking and reasoning skills. and student. sources (e. Internet. describe professional organizations. The student can independently solve problems and is self-directed. ET.the purposes and goals of student and professional organizations. organization as an adult. and the student can work independently.6. Standard: 6 Literacy and Numeracy ET. programs.) to complete career/technical assignments and projects. Performance Descriptors (ET.g.HAPS. demonstrates writing skills writing skills required to complete required to complete career/technical required to complete career/technical career/technical assignments and assignments and projects.HAPS.O. demonstrate the leadership skills gained through leadership skills through participation in participation in student organization student organization activities such as activities such as meetings. manuals. directions. manuals.PD. Internet. directions. directions.g. etc.O.6. journals. Internet. reports. illustrates accuracy in communicates accuracy in calculating demonstrates accuracy in calculating calculating and measuring graphical work . journals. professional. projects. The student selects a variety student chooses a variety of technical student utilizes a variety of technical of technical sources (e. Objectives Students will ET. and analyze the benefits and responsibilities of participation in student.6 Students will demonstrate the literacy and numeracy skills required to solve complex. and civic organization as an adult.HAPS.2 demonstrate writing skills required to complete career/technical assignments and projects.. projects. professional. reproduces and projects. Application of Performance needs further development knowledge and skills is thorough and and supervision.

written.7 The student will • access and manipulate information for use in oral. and measuring graphical work required required to complete career/technical to complete career/technical assignments and projects.6 model legal and ethical behaviors in the use of technology.HAPS.HAPS.O. problem solving. st Standard: 7 21 Century Learning Skills ET. and multimedia communications. Performance career/technical assignments and needs further development and projects. identifies information for critiques information for oral. and evaluates tables.PD.HAPS.7. graphs and multiple data sources to complete career/technical assignments and projects.HAPS.2 create information for oral. charts. creates information for oral.O. and multimedia communications. standard in 21 century learning skills. ET.O. written. and explains assignments and projects. • apply sound reasoning processes to solve complex real-world problems and develop new ideas. learning skills.O. Performance Descriptors (ET. charts. access relevant information needed for problem solving.O.7.7. adhering to copyright . written. ET. ET.HAPS.4 adapt to new situations by considering multiple perspectives and a commitment to continued learning.O.3 engage in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems.HAPS. ET. as an individual or a group member.7. and tables. • exhibit leadership and ethical behavior in planning and executing tasks.HAPS. skills is thorough and effective and the student can work independently. Application of knowledge and supervision.HAPS. The student can independently solve problems and is self-directed. charts. graphs and sources to complete career/technical multiple data sources to complete assignments and projects.S. The student explains The student assesses online technology The student searches online using a online technology tools and media to tools and media to access relevant range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for information needed for problem solving.1 search online using a range of technology tools and media to access relevant information needed for problem solving. and multimedia and multimedia communications.7) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in 21st century st st standard in 21 century learning skills. adhering to copyright laws. graphs and multiple data analyzes tables. written.and measuring graphical work required to complete career/technical assignments and projects.7. ET. or multimedia format using appropriate technology skills. oral.5 exhibit ethical behavior and positive leadership while working collaboratively in the school and/or community.7. Objectives Students will ET. written.

O. The standard in entrepreneurship skills.O.HAPS. Standard: 8 Entrepreneurship Skills ET. incorporates ethical behavior and positive leadership while working collaboratively in the school and/or community. interprets new situations by considering multiple perspectives and a commitment to continued learning. and reinforces legal and ethical behaviors in the use of technology. adapts new situations by considering multiple to new situations by considering perspectives and a commitment to multiple perspectives and a continued learning.8.HAPS. Performance needs further the use of technology. concepts. and identifies program. Application of development and supervision. adhering to copyright laws.HAPS. reviews ethical commitment to continued learning.3 examine desirable entrepreneurial personality traits. The student lists student critiques global trends in student assesses global trends in global trends in entrepreneurship that are entrepreneurship that are related to their entrepreneurship that are related to related to their career/technical program. discusses independently solve problems. Objectives Students will ET. Performance needs further student can independently solve personality traits.O.8. Application of development and supervision.HAPS. behavior and positive leadership while exhibits ethical behavior and positive working collaboratively in the school leadership while working collaboratively and/or community. ET.8. and personal traits/behaviors associated with successful entrepreneurial performance.8 Students will access the opportunities. ET.PD. The student can independently solve problems and is self-directed. integrates problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems. and and ethical behaviors in the use of models legal and ethical behaviors in technology. describes entrepreneurial opportunities in entrepreneurial opportunities in venture determines entrepreneurial venture creation related to their creation related to their career/technical opportunities in venture creation related career/technical program. and desirable entrepreneurial personality entrepreneurial personality traits.1 assess global trends in entrepreneurship that are related to their career/technical program. . and assesses desirable to their career/technical program. Performance Descriptors (ET. discusses problem solving and laws. knowledge and skills is thorough and effective and the student can work independently. processes.HAPS. and describes legal in the school and/or community. career/technical program.adhering to copyright laws. evaluates their career/technical program.S.2 determine entrepreneurial opportunities in venture creation related to their career/technical program. engages in problem solving and critical thinking processes to create and critical thinking processes to create and evaluate complex strategies in order to evaluate complex strategies in order to independently solve problems. The entrepreneurship skills. communications.8) Above Mastery Mastery Partial Mastery The student demonstrates exceptional The student demonstrates competent The student demonstrates basic but and exemplary performance with and proficient performance and shows inconsistent performance of fundamental distinctive and sophisticated application a thorough and effective application of knowledge and skills characterized by of knowledge and skills that exceed the knowledge and skills that meet the errors and/or omissions in standard in entrepreneurship skills. The examines desirable entrepreneurial traits.

problems and is self-directed. knowledge and skills is thorough and effective and the student can work independently. .