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considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010) Scribd Type Private Founded San Francisco, California, USA (March 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder) Services Social reading and publishing platform Website Alexa rank 234[1] Type of site Social Software Available in English, Spanish, Portuguese Current status Active Scribd (pronounced / skr bd/) is a Web 2.0-based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.[3]

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. Scribd launched Scribd Store. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times.1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links [edit] HistoryThe idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. In October 2009. Chicago Tribune. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. John R. Adler. Los Angeles Times. about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. In 2008. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In August 2010. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006[citation needed]. Wiley. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. Pearson.[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. [7] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader to embed source material into their stories.[4] In June 2009. Workman. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. The Huffington Post. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic.[6] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House.

[10] Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in February 2010. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Sacks. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies by Lead411. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startups .[15] [edit] TimelineIn February 2010. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. and received over US$3. [20] [edit] FinancialsThe company was initially funded with US$12.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.[9] In December 2009. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.000 from Y Combinator.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. 2010.[11] In May 2010. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.[12] On September 1.[18] Also in April 2010. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. David O. and hired as president George Consagra. the social network for reading. . former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . BusinessWeek named Adler one of the Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 .[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life .[21][22] In December 2008. [19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010.[8] [edit] Awards/recognitionIn September 2009.

The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.[28] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. which is the default setting in Flash.[29] If the requirements are not met. which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. however.[3] [edit] TechnologyScribd used iPaper. Their current valuation is likely much higher. PDFs. All Things D Reporter . and Linux) without conversion. Now any document can become a Web page. OpenOffice. On May 5. [30] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. "[32] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the House on HTML5.[34] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.Prior to the $9 million round. there is no message. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.[27] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. Scribd was valued at $10 million. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows.[35] Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. the white or gray display area is simply blank. 2010. OpenDocument documents. [33] [edit] ReceptionScribd has been praised by several newspapers[which?] and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).0 Conference in San XML documents. [31] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. and PostScript files. Mac OS. PowerPoint presentations. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. only a few applications use this API. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.

Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. users are asked to pay for it first via their premium content service.Kara Swisher. writing in the New York Times. World Economic Forum.S. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)."[38] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.[36] [edit] CriticismScribd has often been accused of copyright infringement.[citation needed] In August 2010. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. GigaOM reported that the script of The Social Network movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA request.[37] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. Red Cross. Samsung and the Living Torah. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. HewlettPackard.[42] Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices."[39][40] On May 11. Le Guin. Ford Motor Company. The World Bank. UNICEF.[44][45][46] In July 2010.[41] The suit was dropped in July 2010.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.[43] [edit] ControversyIn March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. 2009. the U. Now when trying to download almost any document from Scribd. Motoko Rich. .

http://gigaom.pdf) PostScript (. .com/article/CA6640708. Retrieved ^ a b "Scribd raises 9 million". .tif. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd".sxi.sxw.odf. .com". . .com/2008/12/19/scribd-raises-9-million-stillworking-on-business/. ^ "Publishers. . .[edit] Supported file formatsSupported formats include:[47] Microsoft Excel (.odt.techcrunch.doc. .txt) Portable document format ( . Retrieved 11 october 2010.publishersweekly. .ppt.pptx.docx) OpenDocument (.ps) Rich text format (.rtf) Tagged image file format (.pps.sxd) Plain text (.org XML (.odp.tiff) [edit] See alsoDocstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media [edit] References^ "Scribd.alexa. . http://www. http://www.ppsx) Microsoft Word (. GigaOM. http://www. .odg) OpenOffice.ods. .sxc. . alexa.html?q=scribd/.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. ^ "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/"

^ Brad Stone (17 May 2009).org/en/media/Latest%20News%20Releases/NR_TP2011. Retrieved 11 October 2010. . Reuters. ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" 2009-10-07.html. Geoffrey A. ^ Retrieved 2009-10-07. http://www. "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd.forbes. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos". ^ Caulfield. Retrieved 201001-01. ^ Brad Stone (11 July 2009). Retrieved 11 October Wall Street Journal. Scribd.businessweek. Retrieved 2010-01-01. http://images. ^ " (2010-02-10). http://www. Retrieved 2010-02-10. http://www.html. Retrieved 2009-12-03.28804. http://blogs. Fast Company. Brian. The New York Times. The New York Times.time. Retrieved 2010-09-01.html. http://images. http://techcrunch. http://online. TechCrunch. Retrieved 2010. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" http://www. Forbes.lead411.wsj.nytimes. Business Week. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" "Site Lets Writers Sell Digital Copies".com/2009/06/12/technology/internet/12books.nytimes. Time. ^ "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011".com". http://www. ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". ^ "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards". Retrieved 201001-01. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". http://www. "The Next Hot Start-Ups".fastcompany. BusinessWeek. ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies".com/2009/05/18/technology/start-ups/18download.

Yahoo Exec to Google!". 2009-03-10.htm. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A "Social Network For Reading"".com/20100719/digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-toaol-yahoo-exec-to-google/?mod=ATD_search. ^ "Scribd". http://www.cnn. appappeal. Macromedia. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". http://www.html. ^ Johnson. http://techcrunch. Retrieved 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 2010-04-21. . ^ "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web". http://blog.macromedia.cnet. http://www. Scribd. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". ^ "Scribd launches readcast". Retrieved 1 January Web 2. ^ "Scribd Banks $3.web2expo. ^ "Scribd". Bobbie (22 July 2009).com/monkeybites/2008/02/ipaper-a-simple. Apple Exec to AOL. ^ "Scribd raises $9 million.5 Million from Redpoint".wired. http://news. http://venturebeat.allthingsd. Marketwire. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. Retrieved 2010-07-19.fortune. 29 March 2009. ^ "Global Storage Settings panel". Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved All Things Digital. Retrieved 2010-05-06.crunchbase. London: Retrieved 2009-02-01. Retrieved 22 September 2010. http://www. CNet. http://www. hires new president for social publishing".com/2008/04/05/scribd-on-your-iphone/.marketwire.scribd.techcrunch. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". "scribd".com/support/documentation/en/flashplayer/help/settings_manager03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".com/press-release/Scribd-LaunchesReadcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594.0 Expo. ^ "Scribd on your iPhone".

^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped". http://news. The New York Times. http://www. nytimes. ^ Johnson. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved http://bits. Retrieved Publishers Weekly.html. ^ "YouTube for documents". Retrieved October Retrieved October 2010. Retrieved 2010-0726.nytimes. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5". cnet. TechDirt. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. 2010.publishersweekly. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). 2009). 29 March 2009.crunchbase. ^ "Scribd". ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). Bobbie (2009-09-21).com. http://techcrunch. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 29 March 2009. scribd.scribd. Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 2010-04-15. 19 July 2009. http://techcrunch. ^ "Mark Warner". Retrieved 1 January "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web".html?part=rss&subj=news& "passwords of comcast customers exposed". CrunchBase. ^ "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web".com/company/^ Erick Schonfeld (May 5. TechDirt. The Guardian (London).com/pw/bytopic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/ http://news. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5".com/2010/05/05/scribd-html5/. Retrieved 1 January http://news. ^ Stone. Scribd. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd". Retrieved http://www. CNET News. 29 March 2009. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?". 2010). Brad (29 March 2009). http://www. 29 March 2009. TechCrunch. ^ "Scribd looks like a winner". . http://www.html?em. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement". "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd". http://www. ^ Greg Sandoval (September 19. Retrieved 1 January 2010.

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