C. L.

Kuo, NTU ESOE

Group Meeting

Dielectric Elastomer 介電彈性體

Advisor: Wen-Jong Wu, Ph. D. Chih-Kung Lee, Ph. D. Student: Chun-Liang Kuo (郭俊良) National Taiwan University Date: 5/18/2011
-1NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group

C.Rotary motion . L.Abstract . Kuo.Result .Conclusion Application -2NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . NTU ESOE Outline    Introduction A Soft and dexterous motor .

Kuo. NTU ESOE Dielectric elastomers (1) 𝑈 2 𝑃𝑒𝑞 = 𝜀0 𝜀𝑟 2 𝑍  Dielectric elastomers (DEs) are smart material systems which produce large strains (up to 300%) and belong to the group of electroactive polymers(EAP). have a high elastic energy density and are investigated since the late 90’s. DE are lightweight. Every year in spring a SPIE conference takes place in San Diego where the newest research results concerning DEA are exchanged. Many potential applications exist as prototypes.C. L. From Wikipedia -3NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . Based on their simple working principle dielectric elastomer actuators (DEA) transform electric energy directly into mechanical work.

Kuo. 科學人 2003. NTU ESOE Dielectric elastomers (2) Ref. L.11 -4NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group .C.

L. Kuo. NTU ESOE -5NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group .C.

the charge accumulating on the electrode faces gives rise to an electrostatic Maxwell pressure that results in out-of-plane compression and inplane expansion. bearing-free artificial muscle motor that can't only turn a shaft but also reposition it through a flexible gear. NTU ESOE Abstract  This paper present a soft. -6NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . Kuo.  When a voltage is applied. L.  One actuator technology with performance metrics similar to natural muscle is the dielectric elastomer actuator (DEA). and that can produce active strains greater than 30%.C.

(c) Mode III: repositioning the shaft sideways through differential actuation of electroded sectors. (b) Mode II: turning the central shaft. NTU ESOE Rotary motion To produce rotary motion the six sectors of the membrane were activated in the following cycle: AD→ADBE→BE→BECF→CF →CFAD→AD  A schematic of the actuation modes for the soft motor. Kuo. (a) Mode I: simultaneous actuation of all sectors. L.C. -7NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group .

C. -8NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . L. Kuo. Actuation of electroded zones in the top of the left hand side membrane and bottom of the right hand membrane (mode III) repositioned and changed the angle of the shaft. NTU ESOE Rubbery motor creates rotary motion (1)  A photo showing two membrane motors supporting a single shaft.

Kuo.C. NTU ESOE Rubbery motor creates rotary motion (2) -9NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . L.

 Above 2. -10NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . providing a mechanism for electroactive gear change. started at 0.4 Hz steps up to 3. 500.2 Hz the rotor speed reduced.2 Hz. Kuo. Increasing the lower voltage limit also reduced the shaft speed.C. NTU ESOE The rotational speed reduced with rising actuation frequency  The actuation frequency of the wave form. or 1000 V and an upper bound of 2500 V.4 Hz and was increased in 0. L. fa. The voltage wave form had a lower bound of 0.

The Maxwell pressure on the membrane is proportional to the dielectric constant and the square of the electric field. Kuo. L.C. One material commonly used for DE artificial muscles is silicone.  Another way to improve the motor is to use lower voltages. NTU ESOE Conclusion  The performance of the DE membrane motor could be improved with the substitution of a less viscoelastic elastomer.  Using multiple stacked layers of membrane could also be used to boost torque. -11NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group .

NTU ESOE Applications (1) V V Voltage off Voltage on -12NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . Kuo.C. L.

L.C. Kuo. NTU ESOE Applications (2) Voltage off Voltage on Thin Film Actuators -13NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group .

Kuo. NTU ESOE Applications (3)  Linear actuators  Bending rolls  Push-pull actuators  Speaker  Pump  Sensors  Generator -14NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . L.C.

Kuo.C. NTU ESOE Dielectric elastomer minimum energy structure serpentine -15NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . L.

NTU ESOE 敬請批評與指教 Thank you for your attention! -16NTU Nano-BioMEMS Group . Kuo.C. L.