Concessive clause - Although, even though Concessive clause

A concessive clause is a clause which begins with "ALTHOUGH" or "EVEN THOUGH" and which expresses an idea that suggests the opposite of the main part of the sentence.

"Although he's quiet, he's not shy"
The sentence begins with a concessive clause "Although he's quiet " which has an opposite meaning of - "he's not shy" which is the main part of the sentence. NOTE: "IN SPITE OF", "DESPITE" have similar meaning to "although" or "even though". BUT they don't introduce clauses. They are followed by nouns or gerunds (verb+ing.)

Although, even though
Study these examples: "He had enough money." "He refused to buy a new car." The above two statements can be combined as follows : Although Even though he had enough money, OR He refused to buy a new car although even though he refused to buy a new car.

he had enough money.

Structure "Although", and "even though" introduce concessive clauses. Although /even though Examples Although it was raining, he walked to the station. Even though she is very old, she runs fast.        1 subject verb

he walked to the station. Despite / in spite of Examples Despite /in spite of the rain. even though Despite / in spite of Despite and in spite of do not introduce a concessive clause." The above two statements can be combined as follows: Despite In spite of all his money. Remember .Although. he refused to buy a new car. OR despite in spite of all his money. despite + noun or verb+ing (Not a concessive clause) 2 . He refused to buy a new car Structure + a noun. having enough money. he walked to the station." "He refused to buy a new car.Concessive clause .In spite of. having enough money. even though + subject + verb (Concessive clause) .Although. Despite /in spite of being tired. Study this example: "He had enough money. + verb + ing. They are rather followed by a noun or a verb+ing form.

Concessive clause . they managed to solve the math problem. 18) I managed to sleep although/ in spite of the hotel was noisy. 20) He runs fast although/ in spite of his old age. 3 . 17) She refused the job although/ in spite of the high salary. 16) She accepted the job although/ in spite of the low salary. 13) Although/ in spite of we had planned everything carefully. I couldn't eat. even though Choose the right answer 1) Although/ In spite of she is beautiful. 12) Although/ in spite of all our hard work. 14) I went to hospital although/ in spite of I wasn’t feeling very ill.Although. 2) The children slept deeply although/ in spite of the noise. we had a good time. everybody hates her. a lot of things went wrong. 8) Liza never talked to him although/ in spite of she loved him. 15) I went to work the next day although/ in spite of I was still feeling ill. 9) Although/ in spite of it was cold. Marie didn't put on her coat. 6) Although/ in spite of I was very hungry. 7) Although/ in spite of the difficulty. 5) Kate did not do well in the exam although/ in spite of working very hard. 4) Jane rarely sees Alan although/ in spite of they are neighbors. a lot of things went wrong. 3) Although/ in spite of earning a low salary. 11) Although/ in spite of the weather was bad. 19) I could get to sleep although/ in spite of the noise. Sara helped her parents. 10)  Clare did the work although/ in spite of being ill.

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