English Too ©

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English Too ©
English Language Learners Workbook for Middle School Intermediate Level Students

This curriculum is designed for new language learners who have been in the country for 2 years and who are characterized by the following conditions. These students: • have lived in the US for less than 2 years • presently live in a culturally diverse community where English is a predominately secondary language in the surrounding environment • live in a family situation where one or both parents speak primarily in their native language • live in a community where there are limited English speaking opportunities and English translation is used in daily living skills interaction • have had more than 6 years of formal education in their native language.

Dawn Marie Moseley Dallas, TX, USA

ISBN 978-1-60585-104-4

@US Copyright

5/20/08v7

English Too ©

Preface

This workbook is a diagnostic tool as well as a curriculum for English Language Learners who are considered newly arrivals in the United States. Many of the quizzes and longer tests are designed as pretest instruments for determining base levels. For this reason the contents of the workbook are not presented in any sequential order for mastery. The lessons are geared to the mastery language levels for middle school students. Learning expectations for students are explained as success levels for mastery and are based on the following assumptions. • • • Students achieve at least 80% of a score of 100 for correct answers on any given examination. At least 80% percent of the entire (total number of students) class score at least 80% of a score of 100 accuracy on the task Scores of 79% of a score of 100 or below, indicate re-teaching until mastery is accomplished.

Acknowledgments
This workbook is dedicated to the many who teach in inner city schools, who teach hope and nurture with great care, who model self-esteem and live kindness, and especially to my fellow associates at Thomas J. Rusk Middle School in Dallas, TX.

It is with great appreciation that I acknowledge the work would not have been completed without the loving encouragement of my family; mother Mary, my sister and bother; Truey and Mark, my dear friends; Cheryl Herrick, Keith Waataja, and Joyce Ducas. They all believed in my true calling: teaching. Thank you Dad for watching over me all these years, giving me the strength to follow my heart.

ISBN 978-1-60585-104-4

@US Copyright

5/20/08v7

English Too ©

Table of Contents
ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................... 6
United States Abbreviations Quiz ......................................................................................... 7 Capital Cities and State Abbreviations .................................................................................. 8 Conventional Abbreviations................................................................................................... 9

ACRONYMS ................................................................................................... 10
Metrics and Measurements ................................................................................................. 11

PREFIXES ..................................................................................................... 12
Common Prefixes ................................................................................................................ 12 Prefixes Quiz ....................................................................................................................... 16

SUFFIXES ..................................................................................................... 17
Common Suffixes ................................................................................................................ 17

ROOT (BASE) WORDS...................................................................................... 19
Compound Words ............................................................................................................... 21 Base Words ......................................................................................................................... 21 Base Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes .................................................................................... 22 Prefixes and Suffixes Quiz .................................................................................................. 24 Capitalization Pretest .......................................................................................................... 25

CAPITALIZATION RULES .................................................................................... 26
Capitalization of Titles ......................................................................................................... 28

PUNCTUATION ............................................................................................... 29
Endings of Sentences ......................................................................................................... 29

COMMAS ...................................................................................................... 30 APOSTROPHE AND CONTRACTIONS ....................................................................... 31
Contractions Test ................................................................................................................ 32 Hyphen ................................................................................................................................ 33

NUMERICAL EXPRESSION................................................................................... 34
Conjunctions ........................................................................................................................ 35

REGULAR VERBS ............................................................................................. 38
Regular Verb Tenses .......................................................................................................... 39 Linking Verbs ....................................................................................................................... 41

LINKING VERBS QUIZ ....................................................................................... 42
Irregular Verb Tenses .......................................................................................................... 43 Irregular Verbs Quiz ............................................................................................................ 45

TYPES OF SENTENCES ...................................................................................... 46 SYNONYMS ................................................................................................... 48
Classifications Using Color.................................................................................................. 49 Classifications Using Categories......................................................................................... 50

ANTONYMS ................................................................................................... 51

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THESAURUS SKILLS ......................................................................................... 52
Opposites Quiz .................................................................................................................... 53

HOMONYMS .................................................................................................. 54 WORDS FREQUENTLY CONFUSED ......................................................................... 55 DICTIONARY SKILLS ........................................................................................ 57 FORMATTING AND PRINT CLUES .......................................................................... 58
Types of Print ...................................................................................................................... 58

PREPOSITIONS ............................................................................................... 59
Following Directions ............................................................................................................ 60 Diagrams and Instructions................................................................................................... 61 Compass Directions ............................................................................................................ 62 Map Skills ............................................................................................................................ 63 Directions in the City ........................................................................................................... 66 Street Map and Directions ................................................................................................... 67 Sentences with Prepositions ............................................................................................... 69

PRONOUNS ................................................................................................... 70
Personal Pronouns .............................................................................................................. 70 Singular and Plural Personal Pronouns .............................................................................. 71 Demonstrative Pronouns ..................................................................................................... 72 Quiz on Demonstrative Pronouns, Verbs, and Possessive Nouns ..................................... 73 Reflexive Pronouns ............................................................................................................. 74 Indefinite Pronouns ............................................................................................................. 75 Interrogative Pronouns ........................................................................................................ 77

SPELLING PLURALS .......................................................................................... 78
Singular and Plural Possesive Nouns ................................................................................. 80

READING AND TESTING STRATEGIES .................................................................... 81 STORY ELEMENTS ........................................................................................... 82 FACT AND OPINION ......................................................................................... 83
Advertisements and Endorsements .................................................................................... 85

VISUAL REPRESENTATIONS ................................................................................ 86 GRAPHS ....................................................................................................... 87
Bar Graph ............................................................................................................................ 87 Circle Graph ........................................................................................................................ 87 Line Graph ........................................................................................................................... 88 Organizational Chart ........................................................................................................... 88 Atlas ..................................................................................................................................... 89 Diagrams ............................................................................................................................. 90 Tables of Information ........................................................................................................... 91 Making Connections ............................................................................................................ 92 Titles and Labels ................................................................................................................. 93 Interpreting Graphs ............................................................................................................. 94 Graphics Quiz ...................................................................................................................... 95

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TYPES OF LITERATURE ..................................................................................... 96
Categories of Works of Art .................................................................................................. 96 Books and Plays .................................................................................................................. 97 Poetry and Ballads .............................................................................................................. 98

REFERENCES ................................................................................................. 99
Resources Quiz ................................................................................................................. 100

APPENDIX .................................................................................................101
Pre-Testing ........................................................................................................................ 101 Prefixes and Suffixes ......................................................................................................... 102 Regular and Irregular Verbs .............................................................................................. 103 Punctuation........................................................................................................................ 104 Personal Pronouns ............................................................................................................ 105 Contractions ...................................................................................................................... 106 Capitalization ..................................................................................................................... 107

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Abbreviations
State Abbreviations State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Ab b. AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT State Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming District of Columbia Abb. NE NV NH NJ NM NY BC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY DC Use the table of information to find the correct answer and write the name of the state in the blank next to the number. Example: 1.___Colorado________________CO 2.___________________________NH 3.___________________________ID 4.___________________________OH 5.___________________________MS 6.___________________________AK 7.___________________________ME 8.___________________________WI 9.___________________________WY 10.__________________________KY Part A Practice

Part B Write the abbreviation in the blank next to the number for each state listed. 1. ______Kansas 2.______Utah 3.______Florida 4._____Kansas 5._____Kansas 6. ______Rhode Island 7. ______Alabama 8. ______Delaware 9. _____Rhode Island 10. _____New Jersey 11. ______Nevada 12. ______Maryland 13. ______North Carolina 14. _____New Jersey 15. _____Nevada

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United States Abbreviations Quiz
Part A Write the letter of the state for each abbreviation in the blank space. 1._____MN 2._____MI 3._____MS 4._____IA 5._____IN a. Indiana b. Mississippi c. Iowa d. Minneapolis e. Michigan

6._____ND 7._____NV 8._____NJ 9._____NY 10.____NC

a. Nevada b. North Carolina c. New Jersey d. North Dakota e. New York

Part B Write the spelling for each state abbreviation in the blank space. 11.______________________OH 12.______________________NM 13.______________________ID 14.______________________NY 15.______________________OK 16._______________________MN 17._______________________VT 18._______________________OR 19._______________________LA 20._______________________AL

4 POINT BONUS Austin is the capital of __________________________________________________________. Las Vegas is located in _________________________________________________________.

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Capital Cities and State Abbreviations
Part A Write the name of the state for each abbreviation. 1._________________VT 2._________________WV 3._________________SC 4._________________MA 5._________________PA 6._________________IL 7._________________ME 8._________________OH 9._________________DC 10._________________MN 11._________________WA 12._________________LA 13._________________MI 14._________________GA 15._________________UT 16._________________OR 17._________________SD 18._________________RI 19._________________NY 20._________________MT 21._________________AK

Part B Write the abbreviation of the state for each capital city in the blank space.

1. Montgomery ______ 2. Atlanta ______

6. Franklin

______

11. Ankorage ______ 12. Hartford ______

7. Carson City ______ 8. Boise 9. Helena ______ ______

3. Indianapolis ______ 4. Spokane ______

13. Columbus ______ 14. Providence ______ 15. Phoenix ______

5. Sacramento ______

10. Harrisburg ______

4 POINT BONUS – Write the answer in the blank space. ______________________ ______________________ Sacramento is the capital of which state? (Use abbreviation). In what state is the Great Salt Lake located? (Use abbreviation.) Lansing is the capital of which state? (Spell out the name.)

___________________

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Conventional Abbreviations
Common Words Word doctor verb synonym incorporated limited street avenue boulevard lane post office noun adjective conjunction mile Sunday Mister Miss revision apartment suite road example Figure duplicate spelling Abb. dr. v. syn. Inc. ltd. St. Ave. Blvd . Ln. PO n. adj. conj . mi. Sun. Mr. Ms. rev. Apt. Ste. Rd. ex. Fig. dup. sp.

Part A Practice Use the table of information to find the correct answer. Write the abbreviation of the italic word in the blank next to the number. Example: 1.__dr.___ The doctor was not able to see any more patients today. 2.______His address is 249 Holland Avenue. 3.______I am taking the American College Test. 4.______Do you know Miss White? 5.______Write the abbreviation for the word spelling. 6.______Please refer to Figure 2.6 List of Companies on page 27. 7.______We stayed at his apartment in town. 8.______I addressed the envelop to Mister Jose Garcia. 9.______The name of his company is Blackburn Incorporated.

Part B - Use a dictionary and write the correct abbreviation in the blank space. 1._____________ 2._____________ 3._____________ 4._____________ 5._____________ August district attorney as soon as possible secretary middle 7.____________ 8.____________ 9.____________ 10.____________ 11.____________ average miscellaneous manufacturer paid overcharge

6 BONUS POINTS

In the space below, use an abbreviation in a six-word sentence.

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Acronyms
An acronym is a word formed by the initial letters of a name. Example: CD means compact disk. Use a dictionary and write the correct answer in each empty space. Names and Acronyms Name Post Office American Medical Association SAT ER CPR National Organization for Women NASA IRS AOL Automatic Teller Machine HBO DC 5.__________________How many people actually go to the emergency room for routine check-ups? 6.__________________The Federal Bureau of Investigation is a highly classified agency in the US government. 7._________________Cable News Network is on the air 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 8._________________His Master of Arts Degree is from The University of Dallas. DDS MD United States 9._________________ The Professional Golf Association has been around for quiet a long time. Acronym PO Part A Exercise Write the correct acronym for the words in italics in each sentence. 1.__________________My brother is employed by the Dallas Museum of Arts. 2.__________________How many of you watch the Turner News Network? 3.__________________Did you know my whole family has graduated from Ohio State University? 4.__________________What is the abbreviation for the phrase, Hazardous Operating Vehicle?

Certified Public Accountant

EXTRA BONUS POINTS (2 points per word)

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Metrics and Measurements
Write the correct acronym for the word in the bold font. You may use a dictionary.

1. _______________How many centimeters long is that wire? 2. _______________There are 100 yards length in a football field. 3. _______________Tomas has grown three inches just this past summer. 4. _______________So how many pounds are recorded for the weight of the largest pumpkin? 5. _______________Sound is measured in decibels. 6. _______________That cylinder holds about eight gallons of water. 7. _______________How many teaspoons make a tablespoon? 8. _______________I bought a quart of milk just the other day and now it’s gone. 9. _______________How many miles are between here and there? 10. _______________How many feet are in a mile? 11. _______________How many kilometers are in seven miles? 12. _______________Call the realtor and ask the exact square feet of the living room. 13. _______________The highway speed through the county is 55 miles per hour. 14. _______________How many liters of Coke should I buy for the party tonight? 15. _______________How many pints are in a quart of liquid? 16. _______________How many inches are in a millimeter? 17. _______________The measurement for frequency is hertz? 18. _______________How many inches are in a yard? 19. _______________That recipe only uses one tablespoon of olive oil. 20. _______________The measurement for an electric current is an ampere? 21. _______________A mass is measured in an increment called a kilogram. 22. _______________How many ounces equal a pound?

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Prefixes
Common Prefixes
Prefix a/non anti/contra counter de dis em ex geo hetero hyper/super hypo/sub il /im /in inter intra mis para per peri/epi post pre/pro re retro semi/hemi syn trans ultra un Meaning not against opposite; against from not; opposite of; from in away; from; not of the earth different over; above beneath; under not; into between; among within wrong; lacking something beside through around after before again; back back half together across beyond opposite of Root – Base Word judgmental band act part agree body change metric geneous sensitive/hero dermis/way legal/practical/action net state count phrase severe meter/center graduate view finish grade circle/sphere optic ship sound able New Word nonjudgemental contraband counteract depart disagree embody exchange geometric heterogeneous hypersensitive/superhero hypodermis/subway illegal/impractical/inaction internet intrastate miscount paraphrase persevere perimeter/epicenter postgraduate preview/procreate refinish retrograde semicircle/hemisphere synoptic transship ultrasound unable

Examples 1. Everyone was certain that he was unable to finish the test in time.

2.

There was a miscount in the Student Council election last year.

3.

There are always at least five previews before the movie starts.

4.

What time does your depart from DFW?

Part A Practice Use the Common Prefixes table and write a word to complete each sentence.

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1. The election officials are going to conduct another count of all the votes in the state.

2. Someone said the fire department will be ______________to collect that much money.

3. I intend to do my ______________work at the University of Utah.

4. Today’s ______________communication has opened up many business opportunities.

5. He seems to ______________with me about everything when we talk about politics.

6. What time did Fight 77 ______________from LA?

7. I have an old dining hutch that I am going to ______________next week.

8. He is a ___________________ of the University of Dallas.

9. Last year I had to ______________________the sweater my parents gave me for my birthday. 10. Even though my PC is really fast, it took me awhile to get on the __________________.

11. I think this conclusion will be fine as soon as I ___________________the last sentence.

12. The __________________is a new technology for checking the health of a baby before it is born. 13. Although he made some very good argument, I still _______________________with his opinion. 14. Batman is a good example of an American comic book __________________________.

15. It is ________________ for any citizen to vote twice in the same election.

16. A half of a circle is also known as a __________________.

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Common Prefixes Quiz
Write the letter of the word to complete each sentence correctly in the blank next to the number. a. b. c. d. e. dismount unequal react mistreat prequalify

1.____I don't think that was a good way to ____. 2.____The mix is made of ___amounts of water and sugar. 3.____We have laws about people who __animals. 4.____When you make a certain amount of money you automatically ___for the loan. 5.____He lost points since he fell on the ___in the gymnastics competition.

a. b. c. d. e.

unable misinform interrupt perimeter hyperactive

6._____I do not think it is wise to____his class. 7._____ How many feet is the ____of the fence? 8._____Just because he has lots of energy does not mean he is _____. 9._____Did he say he was ___to come to the party? 10.____The newspaper usually does not ____people about voter results.

Write the words True or False in each blank to describe if the sentence is correct or incorrect. 11.__________________The word enclose means to attach, surround or fold. 12.__________________The word discard means to throw away. 13.__________________If you are unable to perform a task, you may ask for help. 14.__________________To relocate means to move to another area.

Common Prefixes

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Write the letter of the word in the blank next to the number to complete each sentence. a. b. c. d. e. ex-husband transgression illegal submarine improper

11. ____Wearing short skirts to school is considered ___________dress. 12. ____Does he know that it is _____________to do that? 13. ____Jose worked on a __________when he was in the Navy. 14. ____She never hears from her ______________. 15.____Assault is a major school _____________and could result in expulsion.

Use the words above and write the word in the blank to make the sentence correct. a. b. c. d. e. interstate epitaphs implanted departing contraband

16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Cigarette papers may be considered drug _____________________________. That cemetery has some strange _______________________________. Which ________________________runs east and west through the city? What time is your plane ______________________________? Where was the bomb ______________________in the building?

5 POINT BONUS below.

Use the word misinformed in a 6-word sentence. Use the space

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Prefixes Quiz
Part A Write the prefix or suffix for each word. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. dangerous misfire careless dismount racer misinform reassemble atypical captivity disorder unequal disable refusal useful unhappy thankful immoral undecided quickly drained requirement denied ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ 1. ________Everyone knew he was a careless driver, except no one would tell him. 2. ________ It is too dangerous for children to swim in deep water. 3. ________Did a car just misfire or was that a gunshot? Part B Write the word correct in the blank if the statement is correct. Leave it blank if the statement is incorrect.

4. ________Very few Panda bears are raised in captivity. 5. ________Your refusal to cooperate only get you into more trouble. will

6. ________I am so thankful that you are staying with us. 7. ________ The entire room was still undecided after the first vote. 8. ________I really think you have to disable the printer.

9. ________It will take us most of the day to reassemble that unit. 10.________Some people see him as an immoral politician. 11. _______ The doctor will implant a new cornea in his left eye.

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Suffixes
Common Suffixes
Suffix able al an, ian ant d, ed ee eer er ess ing ion ish ist ity ive ize less ly ment ness or ory ous s Meaning Root-Base Word capable of being (adj.) manage marked by (adj.) condition relating to or like a thing or person (n) library, history being in a state or condition inhale shows past tense of a verb (v) show connected to something, a person or thing (nabsent associated with person (n) ballad person or a thing that does (n) race female (n) lion having a quality (n) or present participle (v) land act or result of (n) invent being or having a quality (adj) self one that performs an action (n) chemistry state or quality of (n) normal acting like, tending toward an action (adj.) act become; cause to become (v) vocal lack of (adj.) care like; in the manner of (adv) slow result of an action, process (n) settle state, quality or condition of something (adj.) bright person or a thing that does (n) create a place or thing used for (adj.) advise having or full of (adj) glory used for plurals, (n); present tense of (v) car, come, Jack or show possession New Word manageable conditional librarian, historian inhalant showed absentee balladeer racer lioness landing invention selfish chemist normality active vocalize careless slowly settlement brightness creator advisory glorious cars, comes, Jack's

Practice Use one of the words above to complete each sentence. Write the answer in the blank. 1. He is the most ___________________person I have ever known. 2. Thomas is studying to be a ___________________at the University of Utah. 3. Unfortunately, we all make _________________mistakes because we are only human. 4. The lawyers will negotiate a ______________on this case. 5. They ______________ that same video on every news channel. 6. Who was the ______________________of the modern day hamburger? 7. What time is Fight 77 ______________from San Francisco? 8. You can vote an ____________________ballot when you are out of the country.

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Identifying Suffixes
Circle the suffixes for each of the words below.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

laboratory circulation careless senator settlement conductivity organize punctuate socialist senses 19.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

courageous devilish comic autograph satisfaction elevator proved buccaneer 29. 26.

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. likely 27. 28. legacy 30.

probable bravery recording inventor observation

useful heavenly

delightful 20. currency

electricity

Part A Practice From the words listed below, write the best answer in the blank space to complete the sentence. 1. Ben Franklin was also known as a great ________________________. Senator 2. inventor comic

The five _________________are vision, touch, smell, taste, and hearing. currency settlement senses

3.

The _________________ on Saturday Night Live was very funny. comic autograph buccaneer

4.

He was the most _________________ soldier in his regiment. courageous bravery proved

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Root (Base) Words
The root word is the base vocabulary word. A suffix is the ending of a word. Example: Root Word like Prefix unlike Suffix likeness

Part A Practice Read the directions carefully. Write the root word in the space next to the vocabulary word. Then write the prefix or suffix in the next column.

Root 1. mannerly 2. association 3. differentiate 4. heterogeneous 5. satisfactory 6. community 7. kindness 8. terminate 9. premature 10. activation 11. secondary 12. likely 13. collector 14. interviewer 15. commander

Prefix or Suffix _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________

16. calculation_______________

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Base Words Quiz
Write the root word for each vocabulary word below. Example: restart start Base 1. refinery 2. assessor 3. assembler 4. selfish 5. inventor 6. comic 7. hitter 8. interaction 9. conditional 10. defendant 11. pushed 12. tigress 13. establishment 14. auditory 15. visual 16. vacancy 17. migration 18. geology 19. mathematics 20. astronomy _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ re_______ Prefix or Suffix _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________

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Compound Words
Compound words are words that are created by combining two separate words. Example: Part A Write the words below as compound words. ___________________ up + stairs 1. ___________________ out + side ___________________ back + yard ___________________ black + top ___________________ some + time ___________________ guide + line ___________________ class + mate ___________________ six + teen ___________________ back + ground ___________________ any + thing ___________________ every + body ___________________ can + not ___________________ her + self ___________________ relation + ship ___________________ for + go ___________________ kettle + drum ___________________ off + shore 9. ___________________ hand + some ___________________ air + craft 10. 8. 6. 7. 5. 4. 3. 2. book + case = bookcase down + stairs = downstairs Part B Write a sentence using a compound word in the space below.

Base Words

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Read the sentences and write the suffix for the root word. Example: _______task_____ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

How many total tasks were there on the test? He is a very practical man. Is that an example of a computer graphic? Terry was the third interviewee they saw yesterday. He is a very famous creator. She is a very intoxicating and seductive woman. Those events in that movie were factual. Did you think his character was believable? The gunner was located on the top of the battleship. The singer was great but the singer was off-key. Jimmy Hendrix was a great guitarist in the 1960’s. Many science fiction authors visualize the future. His writing is barley readable. Let’s discuss the complexity of this issue in detail. That book illustrates the use of symbolism. He has always been her confidant. The impurity of the water is very visible to me. How could you be so careless with the car? That drug induces psychotic behavior. These represent standardized test scores. How many churches have established schools? Then suddenly we heard this loud crash. The humidity is really high today.

_______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________

Base Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes
Example: Base Word Prefix or Suffix

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unconcscious 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. mannerly inappropriate immaterial homogeneous parameter community retroactive refine

conscious _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

un _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________

9. interstate 10. aqueduct 11. except 12. underestimate 13. semicircle 14. epicenter 15. interaction 16. unconditional 17. depart 18. bicycle 19. hypersensitive 20. amoral 21. trimester 22. annual

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Prefixes and Suffixes Quiz
Read the sentence and circle the synonym that means the same as the word in italics. 1. Of all your friends, Harry is the most mannerly young man. Rude ugly polite What time does your flight depart from Las Vegas? Arrive leave land Did you drop off my bicycle at the shop to be repaired? Fixed painted sold I didn’t think that comic on TV last night was very funny. Actor comedian newscaster He doesn’t think that I communicate with my friends in Europe. Write defend remember Her performance on the test was satisfactory. Great failing passing

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Write the word or the definition for the prefix or suffix listed 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ___________________a town, city, parish or group of people ___________________detailed ___________________sinful or without conscious ___________________a gathering or encounter ___________________a start meeting beginning specific community amoral

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

___________________not aware of actions or behavior ___________________not adequate ___________________alike ___________________well-known by many ___________________the love of money similar greedy famous insufficient unconscious

5 POINT BONUS Explain what the word encapsulate means.

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Capitalization Pretest
Please circle all words that need to be capitalized.

April 5, 2003 mr. chester roberts, principal st. cloud high school 525 anacona avenue st. cloud, mn 56303 (612) 452-2323. dear mrs. lester:

I would like to apply for the swimming counselor position that ben nicols said was open. I am a senior at st. cloud high school and am eighteen years old. for the last two years i have been the junior swimming counselor at camp winnebega in cauhoga falls, Wisconsin. i have just received my examiner’s badge in lifesaving and am now certified for the position of senior swimming counselor. The following people gave me permission to use their names as references: mrs. moore, director, camp winnebega, box 150, cauhoga falls, wi 54612 (414) 936-1212. mr. chester roberts, principal, st. cloud high school, 525 anacona avenue, st. cloud, mn 56303 (612) 452-2323. I will be glad to come for an interview. yours, jack allen 2300 chester blvd apt. 5 Minneapolis, mn 56308

Please address the envelop below using the information above.

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English Too

Capitalization Rules
Categories for Capitalization Category Geographical areas: cities, states , countries, continents, addresses Proper nouns: names, titles Races, religions, nationalities, & cultures Governmental institutions, parties, treaties, documents, historical events, agencies Bodies of water: oceans, lakes, rivers, creeks Heavenly bodies: galaxies, planets, stars, moons Special events and holidays Organizations & clubs Institutions: schools, colleges & universities, hospitals, churches, synogogues Business firms, product or brand names, buildings, bridges, Recreational facilities: parks, resorts, monuments, landmarks Transportation: automobiles, trains, ships, aircraft, First word of a sentence, quotation, line of a work of art Works of Art: musical compositions, paintings, poetry, plays, movies, television shows, The pronoun (I) Calendar names: years, months, days of the week Deity names: gods, saints Awards & recognitions Practice Rewrite any words or phrases that need to be capitalized. 1. 2. 3. 4. star wars President Herbert Hoover wheel of fortune richland college _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ Example Dallas, Texas, United States, North America, 235 Lakewood Drive President Clinton, Secretary of State, Asian, Catholic, European, Hispanic Communism, Republicans, NATO, US Constitution, Civil War, NASA Atlantic, Great Salt Lake, Mississippi River Milky Way, Earth, Europa Boston Marathon, Yom Kipper, Easter American Heart Association, Boy Scouts of America Carlton Elementary, Harvard University, University of Florida, Family Medical Center, United Methodist Church, Shalom Temple Sears Tower, Sony, World Trade Center, Brooklyn Bridge Carlsbad Caverns, Camp David, Kennedy Memorial, The Grand Canyon Rolls Royce, Amtrack, Titanic, Enterprise Since you are red, you play first. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony, Mona Lisa, The Raven, Hair, The Bride of Frankenstein Steve and I are going alone. BC, October, Monday, A.D. God, Hercules, St. Vincent, Mother Teresa The Olympic Gold Medal, Man of the Year

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English Too

Capitalization Quiz

Place a checkmark in the space next to the number only for those sentences that are correct. 1.____Did you see the special that was on cbs last night? 2.____On our vacation to Italy we visited rome, milan and florence. 3.____No one ever thought that I could even qualify for the US Olympic Team. 4.____That novel takes place in the Middle ages. 5.____The professor is not that familiar with asian artifacts. 6.____We are all going over to Jose’s house to watch the super bowl. 7.____We are holding a bake sale to raise money for the junior prom. 8.____Do you know all the verses to “Amercia the beautiful”? 9.____That bill was sponsored by the National Organization for women. 10.___Have you seen the movie, “The Last of the Mohicans”? 11.___The gods of the ancient greeks were feared by many men and women. 12.___That decision was reviewed by the supreme court and was not reversed. 13.___I wonder where the world’s fair is going to be. 14.___Are we going to aunt Mary’s next Saturday to watch the game? 15.___Who said, “give me liberty or give me death”? 16.___That movie was premiered at the loewe’s grand theatre in Atlanta, GA. 17.___What woman served in the US house of representatives? 18.___The rio grande is the southwestern border between Texas and Mexico. 19.___They took him to St. Mark’s hospital yesterday. 20.___Maimi Beach is near Biscayne bay and the Atlantic Ocean. 21.___The evergaldes National park is major attraction in southern Florida 22.___The terrorist attack on the world trade center in America was a great loss of life.

3 POINT BONUS

Write the name of a landmark in Washington DC.

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English Too

Capitalization of Titles
Read the sentences carefully and circle only the words that should begin with an upper case letter.

1. One of the longest movies I ever saw was titanic. 2. The poem, the raven, was written by one of the most famous writers in American literature. 3. The documentary, 60 minutes has been on CBS for years. 4. I have not read the latest article in people magazine about her. 5. I think I have seen the Beatles’ yellow submarine over twenty times. 6. Have you seen the dallas morning news today? 7. One of the greatest tragedies in NASA history was the explosion of the challenger. 8. Have you read the biography of president Franklin D. Roosevelt? 9. I have all of Celine Dion’s CDs except for the color of my love. 10. I can’t believe the game show, wheel of fortune is still on TV. 11. Don’t forget that you have a dentist appointment with dr. white in the morning. 12. I have a copy of roget’s II new theasaurus. 13. Next semester we are reading Shakespeare’s romero and juliet. 14. The declaration of independence clearly outlines the philosophy of US democracy. 15. Do you really believe some of those stories in the enquirer? 16. Have you ever read the prophet by Cahlil Gibran? 17. Right now I am learning the new software package, microsoft access 2000. 18. My father reads the wall street journal every morning. 19. How many NASA astronauts were killed in the challenger accident? 20. I am going to use the world book encyclopedia for the basis of the research paper.

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English Too

Punctuation
Endings of Sentences
Four Basic Types of Sentences Type Declarative Purpose This sentence describes or states something. This sentence usually asks a question or makes a request. This sentence is a command that tells someone to do something. This sentence shows emotion. Punctuation A declarative sentence ends with a period. (.) An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. (?) An imparative sentence ends with a period. (.) An interjection ends with an exclamation point. (!) Example Maria just lives around the corner on my block. Where you going?

Interrogative

Imperative

Charles, hand me that book.

Interjection

Be careful, he has a gun!

Read the sentences and write the word Correct or Error in the blank to identify each statement. 1. _________________Harry gave me that for my birthday. 2. _________________Give me about ten more minutes and then I will go to the store. 3. _________________Do you really think he is going to be the next president? 4. _________________He lives just about two miles from my house 5. _________________Stop that man! 6. _________________How do you expect to pass this test if you haven’t studied the material. 7. _________________Jennifer, did you tell me you were going to ride with us to the game. 8. _________________Put the car in the garage and carry the grocery bags in the house. 9. _________________Remember, I am leaving for the airport very early tomorrow. 10. _________________So what makes you think we don’t have a chance to win?

4 POINT BONUS

Is this statement True or False?

________________________ The word English is always capitalized.

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Commas
A comma is used to separate a list of things. Example: Correct: Harry Connie and I are working at the car wash this summer. Harry, Connie, and I are working at the car wash this summer.

It is also used to create a pause in a sentence. Example: Correct: Example: Correct: Jose are you really going to be a life guard at the pool? Jose, are you really going to be a life guard at the pool? Even though he is short he is still very attractive. Even though he is short, he is still very attractive.

It also sets off a word or phase that modifies a noun. Example: Correct: Jeffrey the student council president is going to study in France next summer. Jeffrey, the student council president, is going to study in France next summer.

Part A Practice Write in the correct punctuation for each sentence. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Last night we bought peanuts sodas and hotdogs at the baseball game. Mr. Jackson Carla’s father has been a fireman for over ten years. Terry is bringing cookies brownies and chips to the party. I am not really interested in studying microbiology. David are you really going to start graduate school this fall? Someone drafted Bradley our captain of the football team to help with that project. Just turn right on Clemons Ave. left on Razor St. and right on White Terrace. Since you are going to the mall can you give Jesus a ride to school? No one not even Dennis has a key to the boat house. I just finished reading that book about Selena the famous Tejano singer.

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English Too

Apostrophe and Contractions
A contraction is a shortened version of two words that are used together. An apostrophe (‘) is used to indicate that the word is a contraction. Table 1. Common Contractions Words do not did not cannot is not will not should not could not would not has not Contraction don’t didn’t can’t isn’t won’t shouldn’t couldn’t wouldn’t hasn’t Practice

Write the correct contraction in the space next to the sentence. 1. ___________________Why has not she called me? 2. ___________________I am not going there. 3. ___________________He has left the building. 4. ___________________She was not in class today. 5. ___________________He will not try out.

Phrases they are we were he had she has I am you are it is what is how is

Contraction They’re we’re he’d she’s I’m you’re it’s what’s how’s

6. ___________________They are already in trouble. 7. ___________________ We were just leaving. 8. ___________________What is his name? 9. ___________________How is your mother? 10. ___________________We should not leave her.

Practice Place an X beside any sentence that is incorrect. 1. ______She doesn’t have any money of her own. 2. ______We really shoul’dnt stay because it’s getting late. 3. ______I’m going to the Cowboys game next Saturday. 4. ______Who’s winning? 5. ______Your not taking a jacket with you? 6. ______Here’s how it works. 7. ______Whats’ the name of that monument in Lee Park?

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English Too

Contractions Test
Write the contraction for the words in each sentence. Use the apostrophe correctly. 1. ______________________He should not have gone to the party alone. 2. ______________________Harry is not having a Winter Holiday party this year. 3. ______________________Thanksgiving is an American tradition. 4. ______________________So tell me, what is the name of capital of the United States? 5. ______________________You are not allowed to play until you have passing grades. 6. ______________________They are leaving for Canada early Saturday morning. 7. ______________________No one is to blame because we are all in this together. 8. ______________________He is playing in the marching band this year. 9. ______________________The weatherman said it is going to hotter than usual today. 10. ______________________He had been wanted for grand theft in three other states. 11. ______________________There is no way that I am leaving here without you. 12. ______________________That is not how I was taught to play the guitar. 13. ______________________They did not tell me that you were coming for the holidays. 14. ______________________He does not know anything about the surprise. 15. ______________________Some said they are staying in the Bahamas another two weeks. 16. ______________________She is not the same person I met ten years ago. 17. ______________________You are meeting with the board of directors tomorrow. 18. ______________________He thinks he cannot break his record this year. 19. ______________________They will not make it to the playoffs if they lose again. 20. ______________________You had better explain about the car accident. 21. ______________________They were surprised she had won the award. 22. ______________________If you have any suggestions, I am listening. 23. ______________________Lately I have been having trouble going to sleep. 24. ______________________He was not in the car at the time of the accident.

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Hyphen
A hyphen is a punctuation mark used to divide a word between syllables at the end of a line. Example: er brother. Everyone at the party agrees that Jose looks very much like his old-

A hyphen is also used to connect parts of a compound word. Example: Jack is a very happy-go-lucky person.

Part A Practice Dividing Words Use a dictionary and place a hyphen between the syllables. Example: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Internet In-ter-net _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________

everyone different moment international corporate publicity classification function hospital laboratory

Part B Compound Words and Phrases 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. self defense ex students two thirds twenty eight _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________

well organized _______________________________

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Numerical Expression
Write the numbers in long hand for each numerical expression. Use the key below: Whole Numbers one - 1 two - 2 three - 3 four - 4 five - 5 six - 6 seven - 7 eight - 8 nine - 9 ten - 10 eleven - 11 twelve -12 thirteen -13 fourteen – 14 fifteen – 15 sixteen - 16 seventeen - 17 eighteen - 18 nineteen - 19 twenty - 20 thirty - 30 forty - 40 fifty - 50 sixty - 60 Seventy - 70

eighty - 80 ninety - 90 hundred -100 thousand -1000 million - 1,000,000 Decimals and Fractions One tenth – 1/10 or .10 One hundredth – 1/100 or.100 Examples: 10 21 300 ten twenty-one three-hundred 2,005 12,942

Writing Notes Use a comma ( , ) to separate thousands and millions. Example: 1000 + 523 = 1, 523 Use a hyphen ( - ) to separate tens from ones. Example: 20 + 1 = twenty-one

two-thousand five twelve-thousand-nine-hundred-forty-two

Part A Practice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 8 11 17 33 214 ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ 6. 19 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

7. 609 8. 9. 10. 65 78 60

Write the number for each numerical expression. 11. 12. 13. 14. _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ seventy-nine hundred seventy-six million thirty-four thousand seven one-hundred-six-thousand-eight

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Conjunctions
A conjunction is a word that joins parts of a sentence to relate thoughts, words, or phrases together. Conjunctions Types Coordinating Correlative Subordinating Words and, but, or, nor, so, yet either or, neither nor, both and, not only, but also since, even though, although, after, therefore, however, consequently, as, before, until, if, because, unless, whenever, while, where, wherever, in order that, as soon as, so that,

Part A Practice Write the type of conjunction for each italic word in the sentence. 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 3. ________________________ 4. ________________________ 5. ________________________ 6. ________________________ 7. ________________________ 8. ________________________ 9. ________________________ 10. ________________________ 11. ________________________ 12. ________________________ 13. _______________________ 14. _______________________ 15. _______________________ 16. _______________________ You and I saw that play last year. Either you or James can meet me at the dance. He has been depressed since she passed away. I think he gave it to her, but I don’t know for sure. After the game is over, let’s go for pizza. Neither Harry nor James finished the marathon. Are Jose or Maria riding with us to the game? We lost one game; therefore, we missed the finals. Both of you are eligible, but I’m not. I’ll buy the tickets now so we don’t have to wait. We made the playoffs; however, we lost by two points. I am going to Europe as soon as I save enough money. Not only will you attend; but also, Ted will be there. Everyone needs to pay $25.00 as soon as possible. He promised to tell us, yet I don’t understand why. I can’t go tonight because I have to study.

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Making Connections
Write the correct conjunction in the space next to the number to connect the sentences.

Part B Practice with coordinating conjunctions. Coordinating and, but, or, nor, so, yet

1. __________________ Jack, Terry, _________I plan to finish the science project next week. 2. __________________ Did Mrs. White give the pass to you________Maria? 3. __________________ Yes, ________I did return the book to the Librarian. 4. __________________ He still has another chance, ____ don’t count him out. 5. __________________ Maria_________Jose has the map to the museum. 6. __________________ I think she was going to the dance first, _______I am not sure. 7. __________________ Are you going to ride with me, him _____her? 8. __________________ The store will take a credit card ________a personal check.

Part C Practice using correlative conjunctions. Correlative either or, neither nor, both, not only, but also

9. __________________ _______Kevin______Connie were able to solve the last problem. 10. __________________ I think she gave the money to ________Thomas ________Debra? 11. __________________ He said that ________of you need to explain it to the Police. 12. __________________ He ______ _______worked every day, but also went to school every night of the week. 13. __________________ The coach favors __________Jeffrey _____Jack as the quarterback. 14. __________________ _______ _________ did he win the first set, _____he ______won the match for the title.

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Making Connections
Part D Practice using subordinating conjunctions Subordinating since, even though, although, after, therefore, however, consequently, as, before, until, if, because, unless, whenever, while, where, wherever, in order that, as soon as, so that,

15. __________________ I thought she wanted to ride with us;________she went by herself. 16. __________________ I paid for your ticket ____ _____ we could see the play together. 17. __________________ Let’s eat lunch ___________we go shopping. 18. __________________ You can see the movie _____I get my hair cut. 19. __________________ We can go now _____________you want to wait until tomorrow. 20. __________________ It seems like I see him ______________I go. 21. __________________ There is smoke _____________there is fire. 22. __________________ ______ the dance we decided to go to the Pizza Café. 23. __________________ I can pay back the money, ___________it may take me six months. 24. __________________ I saved the money from washing cars, ____ ______I could go. 25. __________________ The trip is on 20th of this month, _____________that is next week. 26. __________________ He is stumbling in the dark, _______ he forgot his flashlight. 27. __________________ She waited for at the bus stop__________ it was dark. 28. __________________ I can pay you on this Friday, _____you need the money right now. 29. __________________ Wait for me fifteen minutes, ____you need a ride to the store. 30. __________________ I will return it to the store ____ ____ ____ I find the receipt. 31. __________________ I hardly go the theater anymore __________ you left town. 32. __________________ _________red is her favorite color, she bought the white car. 4 POINT BONUS Write a nine -word sentence using the subordinating conjunction before.

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Regular Verbs
Regular Verbs Pretest
Read the sentences carefully. Write the word correct in the space of only those sentences that are accurate. Example: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. half. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. ____correct_______ Rene baked a pie yesterday.

__________________ Senators voted on the bill. __________________ Some soft drinks stain carpeting. __________________ The president was a governor of Texas. __________________ She has baked a beautiful cake for you. __________________ Our soccer team plays the Tigers next week. __________________ They carried the football for more than 150 yards the first

__________________ Jose stays with his grandmother when he visits Dallas. __________________ It is bothering everyone. __________________ I am trading in my old computer for a new one. __________________ She wait everyday for him after school. __________________ The cafeteria at school serve pizza every Friday. __________________ You dance really well . __________________ I failed that class. __________________ He recommend that we go to the movies tonight. __________________ It stops every time I hit the control key.
th __________________ The noise happened during 5 period.

__________________ She is recovering from the flu. __________________ We wave goodbye to our friends as they board the plane. __________________ She arrive late last night on the last flight. __________________ They sound the bell twice during lunch hour.

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Regular Verb Tenses
Pronouns I He/she/it you We/they Present play plays play play Past played played played played Past Participle have played has played have played have played Present Participle am playing is playing are playing are playing Future will be playing will be playing will be playing will be playing

Use the examples above to help you complete the tables below. Pronouns I He/she/it you We/they visits is visiting Present Past Past Participle Present Participle Future

Pronouns I He/she/it you We/they

Present

Past

Past Participle

Present Participle

Future

pushed

Pronouns I He/she/it you We/they

Present

Past

Past Participle

Present Participle Am laughing

Future

laughed

laugh

will be laughing

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Regular Verbs Quiz
Place an X in the blank by sentences that have an error.

Part A 1. _____Terry, Jack, and I placed third in the science fair competition. 2. _____What makes you think he cheated on his test? 3. _____I am skipping the first part of the test but will take it on Monday. 4. _____She grades for spelling and punctuation also. 5. _____I will be matching your contribution. 6. _____He is kicking the ball farther during every game. 7. _____She wrecked her mother’s car on the way to Pizza Hut. 8. _____It have cooked for about three hours on low heat. 9. _____He has planted over ten trees in his back yard. 10. _____He bake four dozen brownies raise money for the school trip. 11. _____Maria change her wet clothes and put on something dry. 12. _____What makes you think that he are moving there right away? 13. _____We calling everyone in the neighborhood for donations. 14. _____He and she danced professionally for years. 15. _____I tried my best to keep the car clean, but it rained yesterday. to

Part B 1. _____The hot beach burn the bottom of his feet yesterday. 2. _____She live across from the park in the red brick house. 3. ______We own our Toyota but it’s not paid off. 4. ______Connie and Claudia is leas- ing a two bedroom apartment at college. 5. _____Todd’s answers match all of mine on the math practice test. 6. _____I have tested positive for an allergic reaction to shrimp. 7. _____Her writing generates long discussions at the Book Club. 8. _____It happen to me when I was driving home from the grocery. 9. _____That black and white dog are walking with a limp. 10. _____She am cleaning her room before she goes out tonight. 11. _____Our parents talk to my grandparents in Mexico every week. 12. _____He carries the groceries into the house for his mother every week. 13. _____Jack mow the lawn for his neighbor because she is elderly. 14. _____That I has decided to attend the university in the fall. 15. _____We lock my bike in the garage so it will be safe.

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Linking Verbs
Linking Verbs is has shall am be can are will does was should do were could been have would had

Write in the helping (linking) verb in the blank next to the number to make the sentence correct.

1._____________ 2._____________ 3. _____________ 4. _____________ 5. _____________ 6. _____________ 7. _____________ 8. _____________ 9. _____________ 10. _____________ 11._____________ 12. _____________ 13. _____________ 14. _____________ 15. _____________ 16. _____________ 17. _____________ 18. _____________

I ______ scheduling an appointment. She ________ opened the package. You will______ arriving on Tuesday. The movies________ showing it now. He ______celebrating his birthday. We _______ rewarding his good grades. It really ______taking a long time. ________you working at this table? ________they late getting to the game? He_____been arriving tardy to school. I ______ scheduling an appointment. I______waiting for her at the school front doors We______voting on school council members Tuesday. It____currently living only in salt water. You_______tried that before. He _________turning in his science project tomororw. She________requesting to hold the dance next week. That old grocery store _____going to be torn down next week.

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Linking Verbs Quiz
Place an X in the space if the sentence is incorrect. Part A 1. _____I am placed third in the science fair competition. 2. _____What makes you think he have cheated on his test? 3. _____I am switching lockers with Maria on Monday. 4. _____She has been grading for spelling and punctuation also. 5. _____I be collecting match books for almost three years. 6. _____He is kicking the ball farther during every game. 7. _____She had wrecked her mother’s car on the way to Pizza Hut. 8. _____It have cooked for about three hours on low heat. 9. _____He watering his garden in the back yard every morning. 10. _____He had baked four dozen brownies for the school trip. 11. _____Maria was change from math to English second period. 12. _____What makes you think that he are moving there right away? 13. _____We calling everyone in the neighborhood for donations. 14. _____He and she are now dancing professionally in NY. 15. _____I tried my best to keep the car clean, but it rained yesterday. 5. Part B 1. _____The hot beach has burn the bottom of his feet yesterday. 2. _____She was living across from the park in the red brick house? 3. ______We are leasing a convertible while we are on vacation. 4. ______Connie and Claudia is living in a two bedroom apartment at college. _____Todd’s answers do match all of mine on the math practice test. 6. _____I was preparing for the final exam tomorrow. 7. _____Her assessment of the situation is correct. 8. _____It may be happening to everyone who uses that ATM machine. 9. _____Jesus will be studying for the rest of the night for the test. 10. _____She is cleaning her room before she goes out tonight. 11. _____Our parents talk to my grandparents in Mexico every week. 12. _____He carries the groceries into the house for his mother every week. 13. _____Jack mow the lawn for his neighbor because she is elderly. 14. _____ I has decided to attend the university in the fall. 15. _____We lock my bike in the garage so it will be safe.

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Irregular Verb Tenses
Irregular Verbs Matrix Present sing ring do go begin fly try grew know break wear steal cut burst come fall choose drink drive bring blow freeze speak see take swim give run shrink write throw ride Past sang rang did went began flew tried grow knew broke wore stole cut burst came fell chose drank drove brought blew froze spoke saw took swam gave ran shrank wrote threw rode Past Participle sung rung done gone begun flown tried grown known broken worn stolen cut burst come fell chosen drunk driven brought blown frozen spoken seen taken swum given run shrunk written thrown ridden Present Participle singing ringing ding going beginning flying trying growing knowing breaking wearing stealing cutting bursting coming falling choosing drinking driving bringing blowing freezing speaking seeing taking swimming giving running shrinking writing throwing riding

Part A Practice

Place an X by each sentence that is incorrect.

1.____He has began studying for the bar exam. 2.____I am so sorry that I shrank your sweater in the dryer. 3.____Has anyone spoke to her mother and asked her about the accident. 4.____We all contributed and bought him a new baseball glove. 5.____I am going to the store early in the morning.

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Irregular Verb Tenses
Fill in the blanks with the correct verb tense. Present see take swim run shrink write throw ride Past saw swam gave shrank wrote threw Past Participle taken given run written ridden throwing riding Present Participle seeing taking swimming giving running shrinking

Fill in the blanks with the correct verb tense. Present sing ring do go fly try grew Past rang did went Past Participle sung done begun flown tried grow grown going beginning flying trying Present Participle singing ringing

Fill in the blanks with the correct verb tense. Present break wear steal cut burst fall Write the word to make the sentence correct. 1._____________ 2._____________ 3. _____________ I (break, broke) my appointment yesterday. She is (cutting, cut) her hair really short this time. You will be (selling, solding) your books after you use them. Past knew wore stole cut came Past Participle known broken stolen burst come fell cutting bursting coming falling Present Participle knowing breaking wearing

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Irregular Verbs Quiz
Place an X by any sentence that is incorrect.

Part A 1. _____Terry, Jack, and I began third in the science fair competition 2. _____What makes you think he had stole the money? 3. _____I am swimming the first race on Monday. 4. _____She cut two pieces of cake for you and me. 5. _____I will be doing your share of the work while you are gone. 6. _____He is kicking the ball farther during every game. 7. _____She sang her mother’s favorite song on her birthday. 8. _____It have gotten very cold outside this afternoon. 9. _____He has ran over two miles for the past two years every day.? 10. _____He freeze the leftovers for his dinner the next day. 11. _____Maria fell down the stairs and broke her arm. 12. _____What makes you think that we are winning? 13. _____We is throwing all the old newspaper away. 14. _____He and she have chose one another to be partners. 15. _____I tried my best to keep the car clean, but it rained yesterday.

Part B 1. _____The hot beach burn the bottom of his feet yesterday. 2. _____She burst all the balloons using a sharp pen? 3. ______He has blew the candles out on his cake. 4. ______Connie and Claudia is coming over to my apartment tomorrow. 5. _____Todd has droven his mother’s car on long trips. 6. _____I have brought a dessert for after dinner. 7. _____She have written a long paper for the Book Club. 8. _____It has been getting louder ever since we left Texas? 9. _____That black and white dog is riding in a red wagon. 10. _____She have spoken her peace at the school board meeting. 11. _____Our parents give lots of money to the PTA. 12. _____He always carries the groceries into the house for his mother. 13. _____Jack steals second base ever chance he gets. 14. _____I am running for student council in the fall. 15. _____We sold my bike in the garage for twenty-five dollars.

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Types of Sentences
Four Basic Types of Sentences Type Purpose Declarative This sentence describes or states something. Interrogative This sentence usually asks a question or makes a request. Imperative This sentence is a command that tells someone to do something. Interjection This sentence shows emotion. Punctuation A declarative sentence ends with a period. (.) An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. (?) An imparative sentence ends with a period. (.) An interjection ends with an exclamation point. (!) Example Maria just lives around the corner on my block. Where are you going?

Charles, hand me that book.

Be careful, he has a gun!

Part A Practice Write the word that identifies the type of sentence. 1._________________ Which highway runs north and south? 2._________________ We are going to the dance together tonight. 3._________________ Give me a call tomorrow. 4._________________ Mary has no idea that we are giving her a party. 5._________________ How many pizzas have we sold during lunch? 6._________________ I forgot my gym clothes today. 7._________________ Are you going to try out for the soccer team? 8._________________ Give me some water! 9._________________ She has the highest grade point average in our school. 10.________________ They left for the museum an hour ago. 11.________________ Hand me that ruler. 12.________________ Stay here until I come for you. 13.________________ Where are we going now? 14.________________ I need about 10 more minutes to finish this test.

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Types of Sentences Quiz
Declarative Interrogative Exclamatory Imperative

Write the word that identifies the type of sentence.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

__________________ That is a beautiful dress you are wearing tonight. __________________ Stop that car! __________________ Where is the key to the locker? __________________ When did you get here? __________________ Give me my book. __________________ Please, stand back! __________________ Mexico is on the North American continent. __________________ How do you know that? __________________ Help me! __________________ Asia is a continent next to Europe. __________________ A compass shows directions on a map. __________________ Where are you going now? __________________ Yes, I understand what you are saying. __________________ Keep out of the hallway. __________________ Run to the next store and see if they have any Coke on sale. __________________ I don't think I have ever seen a a more lovely sunset. __________________ How do you know her? __________________ It is hot in Texas in August. __________________ Let her have some ice cream. __________________ Just do it! Write a sentence using the word when in the space below.

5 POINT BONUS

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Synonyms
A synonym is a word that has the same meaning of another word. A Thesaurus is a book of synonyms. Example: Word glad Synonym happy

Circle only the synonyms that represent the word in italics. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. endanger risk jeopardize pupil student learner verboseloquacious talkative quiet lover suitor enemy obese skinny thin elegant ugly horrid vacant full satisfied trash treasure discard huge tiny small ascent fall decrease hazard criminal silent opponent short scary empty waste minute increase safe thief finance fat lovely void valuable large climb

Write the letter of the synonym for the underlined vocabulary word. 1.___ It is possible that the storm may not have hit that area. a. rapidly b. probable c. hardly How many hours did you work on that display at school.? a. labor b. rest c. play

2.___

3.___ What is in the box? a. cube b. circle 4.___ They would not permit us to enter. a. allow b. disagree 5.___ Who is going to manage the store? a. destroy b. supervise

c. ball

c. prohibit

c. purchase

6.___ If you proceed with this trial, the expenses will cost you more than a year’s salary. a. decrease b. continue c. discontinue 7.___ I will remain here with the others until you return. a. extend b. leave c. stay 8.___ When did he last communicate with you? a. talk b. push c. kick 9.___ He has toyed with that thing for over four hours. a. painted b. destroyed

c. played

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Classifications Using Color
Learn new vocabulary. Look up the words in a dictionary and write the colors. These words may be synonyms for colors. Examples: Red , Yellow, Orange, Green, Blue, Purple, Brown, Black, White pumpkin = orange Color Matrix of Synonyms Colors yellow purple orange Synonym lemon sage lilac pumpkin tan bone blue silver plum cherry merlot jade Synonym sunflower lime rust onyx camel eggshell Sapphire chrome raspberry cabernet emerald acorn peach papaya persimmon aqua teal spinach mustard steel copper brass ebony ivory navy grape opaque mahogany maple glass coffee walnut crystal cranberry raisin corn transparent paprika iron terracotta ketchup aluminum pickle Synonym gold forest Lavender tangerine charcoal beige milk cotton = white

burgundy

eggplant strawberry garnet banana

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Classifications Using Categories
Learn new vocabulary. Look up the words in a dictionary and circle the words that are synonyms or belonging to the same category. Categories of Things Catetgory couch sphere cube metal Word davenport ball square copper Word loveseat oval rectangle silver Word stool triangle circle gold Word sofa rectangle oval bronze

Categories of Animals Category bird deer shellfish insect horse Word cardinal pheasant oyster spider stallion Word robin duck scallop roach mule Word sparrow buck squid ant donkey Word owl doe clam snail steed

Categories of Food Category dairy meat poultry vegetable fruit starch meat shellfish fruit vegetable fruit fish starch meat pig vegetables starch dairy fruit vegetable Word milk steak chicken spinach grape pasta ostrich peas papaya cabbage hamburger tuna cereal roast pork limas pinto beans cream pumpkin yellow squash Word butter venison duck kale peach corn collard crab mango okra plum salmon donut yam lettuce black-eyed peas navy beans sauerkraut watermelon zucchini Word cheese broccoli dove corn apple bread gator mussel pepper eggplant orange snapper tortia tripe cauliflower sausage scallion meatball honeydew turnip Word carp ostrich rabbit onion tomato muffin roe potato cucumber kiwi lemon prawn carrot radish sprouts string beans meatloaf persimmon coconut lettuce

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Antonyms
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. Example: Word hot Synonym scalding Antonym cold

Part A Circle only the antonyms that represent the word in italics. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. endanger freezing quiet dirty accept ugly polite trash tiny descend risk scalding loquacious filthy agree pretty mannerly treasure small fall jeopardize hot talkative muddy receive horrid rude discard huge decrease hazard icy loud clean reject scary courteous waste giant increase safe warm silent spotless deny lovely gracious valuable large climb

Part B Write the antonym for the vocabulary word. 1. quarrel 2. confuse 3. angry 4. poverty 5. deceit 6. profit ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 7. 8. 9. perplex increase lower ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

10. loose 11. enter 12. hope

Part C Write a six-word sentence using any of the above antonyms. 1._______________________________________________________________________ 2. ._______________________________________________________________________ 3. ._______________________________________________________________________ 4. ._______________________________________________________________________ 5. ._______________________________________________________________________ 6. ._______________________________________________________________________ 7. ._______________________________________________________________________

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Thesaurus Skills
Write the part of speech (noun, verb, etc.), a synonym and an antonym for each of the following words. Part A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. direct belittle discharge pause inference suave initiate courage summary couple Part of Speech _____adjective_____ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Synonym ______straight _____ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Antonym ______blunt_______ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Select a word from the above list and use it in a sentence. Use at least 6 words in a sentence.

1.___________________________________________________________________________

2.___________________________________________________________________________

3.___________________________________________________________________________

4.___________________________________________________________________________

5.___________________________________________________________________________

6.___________________________________________________________________________

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Opposites Quiz
Part A Read the sets of words and write the antonym in the blank. 1. _____________________ freezing frigid 2. _____________________ scorching 3. _____________________ ebony 4. _____________________ polite 5. _____________________ giant 6. _____________________ verify 7. _____________________ descend 8. _____________________ depressed 9. _____________________ silent 10. _____________________ danger boiling onyx rude huge confirm downward gloomy quiet hazard

Part B Write the correct antonyms for the words listed. round tragedy clean liked slow

11. _____________________dirty 12. _____________________busy 13. _____________________hated 14. _____________________comedy 15. _____________________square

add

divide

respect

full

frightened

16. ______________________loath 17. ______________________vacant 18. ______________________brave 19. ______________________subtract

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Homonyms
A homonym is a word that sounds like another word but has a different meaning. Example: Too means also. Two means the number 2.

Part A affect

Write the correct word in the blank. effect 1. 2. Did that movie _____________________you? What _____________did the rain have on the garden? She doesn’t eat __________________at all. I will _____________ on this bet. We could see the _____________from our hotel. What is the ____________of Colorado? I ___________the food is really wonderful. May we stay ____________tonight? It’s only on _____________through the week. I am going to ___________right through this semester. Of ____________, you are always right. His ___________language made me every uneasy. He lost his ____________when he was a young boy. That happened at the other ____________ years ago. You cannot ___________me in this hour of need. Chocolate ice cream is my favorite_______________. The _______________is meeting at the school tonight. I am not going to _______you any more on this matter. She can _________ and ask for an application. Even now I am not certain it was the ____thing to do.

steak

stake

3. 4.

capitol

capital

5. 6.

hear

here

7. 8.

sail

sale

9. 10.

course

coarse

11. 12.

sight

site

13. 14.

dessert

desert

15. 16.

council

counsel

17. 18.

right

write

19. 20.

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Words Frequently Confused
Homonyms that are common errors are listed below. Read the sentences carefully.

Part B Practice haul hall

Write the correct word in the blank for each sentence. 1. Get out of the ______________and go to class

waist waste

2.

Do not throw the _____________in the recycle bin.

deer dear

3.

You cannot believe how many ______________we saw today.

write right

4.

I can always count on you to do the ________________thing.

wear where

5.

____________are you going on vacation?

it’s

its

6.

I wonder if ________getting close to midnight?

weather, whether

7.

The ___________is really nice today.

your, you’re

9.

It’s ___________________turn to select the team.

who’s, whose

10.

____________going to ride with me?

too, to, two

12.

He began ___________whistle.

too, to, two

13.

You are ___________young to drive.

brake, break

15.

Don’t ______________the speed limit.

brake, break 4 POINT BONUS

16.

The ____________on my bicycle is not working.

Write a sentence using the word wait.

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Homonyms Quiz
Place a check mark in the blank space next to the number by the sentence that is correct. 1.______ Their is no room in here for it. 2.______ You're my best friend. 3.______ I like it too. 4.______ There are twenty copies here. 5.______ I gave it two her. 6.______ Wear are you going now? 7.______ I will meet you at their place. 8.______ Your jacket is really nice. 9.______ How many are there? 10._____ I ate to pieces of candy. 11._____ There going to the movies. 12._____ Give that book two me. 13._____ Where did I put my coat? 14._____ He is s a very deer friend of mine. 15._____ I will not waste your time. 16._____ Weight for me after school. 17._____ We stayed at the hotel for three nights. 18._____ Whose notebook is this? 19._____ How many of you're going to the game? 20._____ I will be there in an our. 21._____ Have you two seen the Rangers play? 22._____ I am on my way too the store. Homonyms to there too hour your their two who’s wait waist where you’re they’re wear

2 POINT BONUS

Write the definition of a homonym in the space below.

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Dictionary Skills
Use a dictionary and write the words for these abbreviations of the [parts of speech. 1. v. 2. adj. 3. n. 4. adv. 5. conj. 6. prep. ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ 2. Where is the table of contents located? ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ 3. Where are abbreviations located? 1. Where are guide words located?

Write one definition for each vocabulary word. 7. paragraph – 8. punctuation – 9. comma – 10. period – 11. colon – 12. semicolon – 13. exclamation point – 14. hyphen – 15. parentheses – 16. brackets – 17. apostrophe – 18. italics – 19. bold – 20. underline –

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Formatting and Print Clues
Print types are used to emphasize text.

Types of Print
Italics – These are used for: - titles of works of art: musical compositions, Handel’s Messiah, paintings Mona Lisa , sculptures, - titles of magazines, People, newspapers,The Wall Street Journal - motion pictures, Star Wars , television programs, Star Trek - names of ships, Titanic, and aircraft, Voyager II - indicate foreign words such as C’est la vie - titles of books, War and Peace, plays, Hamlet, epic poems, The Raven Underline – Can also be used when writing titles Bold – Darker type to make a word stand out. Font – The type of print such as Times New Roman or Ariel Black Font Size - 12 point or Color Color

18 point
Color Color

Asterisk ( * ) A symbol that looks like a star that marks a reference.

Spacing
Indents – Words that are moved to the right or left of a margin. Bulleted lists • • • Red Yellow Blue 1. Red 2. Yellow 3. Blue a. Red b. Yellow c. Blue

Text Boxes

Note: Text boxes contain important information.

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Prepositions

Circle

Octagon

Trapezoid Cube

Parallelogram

Cylinder

Rectangle

Oval
Part A Practice The Parallelogram is behind the Cylinder. The Cube is across from the Octagon. The Trapezoid is between the Octagon and Cube. The Cube Arrow is in back of the Rectangle. The Right Angle is beneath the Rectangle. The Cylinder is above the Oval. The Cylinder is in front of the Parallelogram. The Trapezoid Arrow points to the Cube. An Arrow is in back of the Right Angle. The Circle is a next to the Octagon. The Oval is below the Cylinder. The Arrow went through the Rectangle. There is a Black Dot in the Circle. The Right Angle is under the Rectangle. The Cube is over the Rectangle. The Oval is by the Circle. The Black Dot is in the Circle.

Right Angle

Look at the shapes and write five sentences using prepositions about what you see.

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Following Directions
Look at the pictures and write the word True or False in the blank beside each sentence that describes the picture. Part A 1. _______________The Oval is outside the Rectangle. 2. _______________The Two Circles are below the Cylinder. 3. _______________The Arrow is below the Triangle. 4. _______________The Black Arrow goes through the Two Circles. 5. _______________The Cylinder is beside the Two Circles. 6. _______________There is a little Circle sitting on top of the long Rectangle. 7. _______________The Cylinder is under the long Rectangle. 8. _______________The Arrow is between the Two Circles and the Oval Rectangle. 9. _______________The Arrow is pointing to the Triangle. 10. _______________The Cylinder is below the Two Circles.

Part B Use the shapes below and write if the statement is True or False in the blank. 11. _______________The Arrow is closer to Cube than to the Two Square. 12. _______________The Heart over the Circle and under the Square. 13. _______________The Arrow is through the Circle and is pointing only upward. 14. _______________The Cube is in front of the Triangle. 15. _______________The Circle is next to the Square. 16. _______________The Triangle is behind the Cube. 17. _______________The Heart beneath of the Circle. 18. _______________The Square is above the Heart. 19. _______________The Arrow is in back of the Triangle. 20. _______________The Arrow is also pointing downward.

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Diagrams and Instructions
Part A Practice Use the shapes to the right and follow the directions below.

1. Write your first name in the Oval. 2. Write your last name in the Rectangle. 3. Draw a line through the Triangle. 4. Draw a circle between the Triangle and the Oval. 5. Write the number 25 in the Circle. 6. Write the number seventeen in the Triangle and then draw a square underneath it. 7. Draw an arrow from the Rectangle that goes through the Circle.

Part B Practice 1. Write the names of three colors in this Rectangle. 2. Underline the second color word. 3. Draw a circle around the Parallelogram. 4. Draw a line through the Stop Sign and over the Parallelogram.

Read the paragraph below and follow the instructions. I heard on the evening news last night that there was a terrible train wreck in England. Over 250 people were injured. 1. Draw a circle around the words evening, night and wreck. 2. Underline the phrase, on the evening news last night.

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Compass Directions
Figure 1 Compass The bus is north.

The house is west. The zoo is east.

The airport is south.

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Map Skills
Port City Map
N Jackson Street W S E

FD

St. John Drive

Fire Department
Hospital

Stadium

101 Bears Blvd.

206

Stadium Drive

1st Ave.
City School Gas station

90

Jason Freeway Terrace Lane Tenth Avenue Redman Parkway

Food Mart

White Road
Park Convenience Store

Lake Clifford

Lake Road

Cathedral

Pilot Run
Airport

Outdoor mall

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Part A Map and DIrections Read the sentences and look at the Port City Map on the previous page. Place an X in the blank if the sentence is not correct. 1._____The Stadium is located on the west side of State Route 101 when you are driving north. 2._____Acording to the map, Tenth Avenue extends east and west. 3._____Redman Parkway extends north and south. 4._____The Hospital is on the west side of Redman Parkway. 5._____Pilot Run goes east to the Outdoor Mall. 6._____From the Park, take White Road to the Convenience Store. 7._____Jackson Street crosses Pilot Run at Interstate 90. 9._____St John Drive is on the north side of the City. 10.____The Jason Street Bridge crosses Lake Clifford. 11.____The Cathedral is on the west side of Lake Clifford. 12.____The Stadium is on the corner of Jackson Street and Bears Blvd. 13.____Highway 206 s the same as Redman Parkway. 14.____From the Hospital, the easiest way to the Outdoor Mall, is to take Highway 206 south. 15.____The Gas Station is located on Lake Road. 16.____Stadium Drive intersects with Jason Freeway. 17.____Lake Clifford is located between Pilot Run and Tenth Avenue. 18.____Redman Parkway runs between St. John Drive and the Jason Freeway.
st 19.____To go to School from the City, go east on 1 Avenue.

20.____The Fire Department is located on the corner of St. John Drive and Redman Parkway.

4 POINT BONUS

Write the directions going from the Hospital to the Airport.

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Compass Directions

North

Northwest

Northeast

West

East

Southwest

Southeast

South

Part A Practice Use the Port City Map to answer these questions. Write the answer in the blank next to the statement using the directions above.

1. _________________________ The Hospital is located in the ______corner of the map.

2. _________________________ The Cathedral is located on the ____of the City.

3. _________________________ The Park is located on the ____of the City.

4. _________________________ The Stadium is located on the ____of the map.

5. _________________________ The Fire Department is on the ____side of the Stadium.

6. _________________________ Lake Clifford is ____of the Convenience Store.

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Directions in the City
Read the instructions carefully and write in the corresponding location. Study the map in Port City Map and write the correct answers to the statement on a separate sheet of paper. Word Bank North Northeast 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ South Northwest East Southeast West Southwest

The Stadium is located in what part of the city. The Hospital is _______of the City. The Park is ___of the Stadium. The Cathedral is ____of the School. Terrace Lane is on the _______side of the City. The Jackson Street Bridge runs ________from Pilot Run. The Park is ____of the City. Name the roads that go to the Outdoor Mall. Going north on Redman Parkway, the School is on the ___side. The Cathedral is _______from the Stadium. North Village is _____ of Winter Tollway. The School is ___________form the Lake Clifford. Name the street that goes to the Hospital. Name the fastest road to the Airport from the Stadium. White Road intersects with_____. The Convenience Store is just _________of the Cathedral. The City is _____of the Hospital. The intersection of Bears and Jackson Street is ____of the City. Bears crosses Redman Parkway on the _________of the City. Tenth and Jackson Street is the ________of the Park.

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Street Map and Directions
Columbus, Ohio

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Map Quiz
Study the map of Columbus, OH on the previous page. Place an X in the blank by any statement that is incorrect.

1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____ 5. _____ 6. _____ 7. _____ 8. _____ 9. _____ 10. _____

Mt. Carmel Medical Center is on Rich Street. Interstate 70 intersects with Rout 315. State Route 40 is also known as Broad Street. Route 33 runs east and west north of Broad Street. Dodge Park is on the south side of Sullivant Avenue. Washington Blvd. Runs north and south. Town Street is the same as Route 3. McDowell Street intersects with Lucas Street. Cherry Drive is south of Rich Street. West Broad Street is south of Route 33.

Write the word True in the space to the left only when the statement is correct. If the statement is false, leave it blank.

11. ________________ 12. ________________ 13. ________________ 14. ________________ 15. ________________ 16. ________________ 17. ________________ 18. ________________ 19. ________________ 20. ________________

Rich Street crosses South Souder Avenue. South Belle Street terminates at West Broad Street. Walnut Street extends east and west. Martin Avenue extends north and south. Old Frankinton Cemetary is located northwest of Route 40. Gay Street is north of West Broad Street. Washington Blvd. Intersects with State Street. Rich Street crosses Martin Avenue. Starling Street extends northwest to southeast. Route 62 goes north to Broad Street.

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Sentences with Prepositions
Table of Prepositions above even though unless from outside since both on between through during Part A Practice Circle all the prepositions in the sentences below. 1. After dating her for two years, he finally gave her an engagement ring. 2. Let’s take a short cut and go through the park. 3. I bought this car for myself because I have never owned a convertible. 4. They raised over $1,000,000 dollars by selling raffle tickets for a free weekend in Las Vegas. 5. Put that in my bedroom, in the closet, on top of the hat boxes. 6. During the past few months, national security has been the main focus on the nightly news. 7. I won’t be able to go to Europe, unless I save at east $1,000 dollars over the next 6 months. 8. I think I left my jacket inside the house, on the bed in my brother’s room. 9. I have no money for the rest of the week since I spent all of my allowance on new CDs. 10. On a cool summer’s night I love to lie on the ground underneath the stars. 11. Between you and me, I think he has a very good understanding of geometry. 12. Can you stop by the store on your way downtown and put some gas in the car. 13. Since I can’t see the board very well, I sit in the first row beside the window. 14. Even though he is only sixteen years old, he has worked for me the past three summers. away since for in in front of before behind beyond beside into by although after to out in back of often underneath over next onto up even until at inside of but under on top of next to out of down

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Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
Singular Personal Pronouns Person 1st 2nd 3rd Nominative I you he/she/it Possessive my your his/her/its Objective me, mine, myself yours, yourself him/her/hers/it himself, herself, itself

Plural Personal Pronouns Person 1st 2nd 3rd Nominative we you they Possessive our your their Objective us, ours, ourselves yours, yourselves theirs, them, themselves Plural Practice B

Singular PracticeA !st Person - A person speaking about himself 2nd Person - A person being spoken to 3rd Person - A person speaking about anyone or anything else.

Singular – means one (1) Plural - means many or more than two (2)

I played in a band a long time ago. You make the highest grade every time. It will be arriving soon. Have you seen my baseball glove? Everyone thought her flower was pretty. The dog hurt its paw. The judges gave the prize to him. The police never did find me. Is that his brother?

We played in a band a long time ago. You make the highest grade every time. They will be arriving soon. You cannot wear a hat inside the house. Everyone thought your flowers were pretty. The dogs hurt their paws. The judges gave the prize to them. The police never did find her. I saved $40.00 for us.

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Singular and Plural Personal Pronouns
Read the sentences carefully and place an X in the space if the sentence is incorrect. Part A 1. _____Terry, Jack, and me will have to ride the bus to the game tomorrow. 2. _____What makes you think he will win this match? 3. _____I have not told him anything about the trip to Ohio. 4. _____She has the highest grade point average in our class. 5. _____Did you see my hat around here anywhere? 6. _____The dog keeps biting its feet, especially after he has been outside. 7. _____She has never told her mother about that accident. 8. _____Do you think there will be enough room for us on the plane? 9. _____Is your visit to France is going to be a short one? 10. _____Someone said that he left his jacket in the car. 11. _____Did Maria give them a chance to explain why we were late? 12. _____What makes yours think that he is going to move there right away? 13. _____Where is my green jacket with the hood? 14. _____He and she have the best chance of making it to the finals. 13. _____Someone said that he left his jacket in the car. 14. _____That is not mine, but this is him ball cap? 5. Part B 1. _____The hot beach burned the bottom of his feet. 2. _____Is that their new house across the street from the park? 3. ______Give me you coat and I will hang it up. 4. ______Jesus, Claudia, and her are on the debate team. _____What makes you think he will win this match? 6. _____I have not told his anything about the trip to Ohio. 7. _____Her achievements are really quite remarkable for her age. 8. _____Did you see him hanging there anywhere? 9. _____The dog keeps biting its feet, especially after he has been outside. 10. _____She has never told her mother about that accident. 11. _____Is that her or does it belong to you? 12. _____I will visit yous next year? around

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Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns point out a specific person, place, or thing. This is my book. That is your jacket. This and that describe singular items that are in close proximity to you. These are my books Those are your shoes. These and those describe plural items that are not close to you. Example: A book far away from you. Use either that or those. Will you hand me that book?

Write the demonstrative pronoun that makes the statement correct. 1. ________________ book over there looks as if it may be over 100 years old. You are wearing boots. 2. _________________ boots are really comfortable. This refers to the other team’s football jerseys. 3 . _________________ green football jerseys are really bright. The girl showed me the earrings she was wearing. 4. I bought _______________earrings on vacation in Mexico last year. The scissors are on the table next to you. 5. Can you hand me ______________scissors? The boy is pointing to seashells on the beach. 6. I think I have enough of __________________ seashells to make a bracelet. It was program on TV last night. 7. Did you see ________________ movie on TV last night? The chair is next to you. 8. I am saving _______________chair for Jose. They had dinner last night at Carmen’s Italian Restaurant. Jeff and I ate dinner last night at ____________ Italian restaurant down the street.

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Quiz on Demonstrative Pronouns, Verbs, and Possessive Nouns
Read the sentences carefully and write the word incorrect by those sentences that have errors in them. 1.__________________ 2.__________________ 3.__________________ 4.__________________ 5.__________________ 6.__________________ 7.__________________ 8.__________________ 9.__________________ 10._________________ 11._________________ 12._________________ 13._________________ 14._________________ 15._________________ 16._________________ 17._________________ 18._________________ 19._________________ 20._________________ 21._________________ 22._________________ 23._________________ 24._________________ Those jeans never dry without wrinkling. I thought I gave you back that ten dollars last night. I wish these coupons would quit coming in the mail every week. How many of those Tootsie Pops were in the bag? Were you ever going to pay for this tickets? Mary and Jack gave me that earrings for my birthday. We all have made these mistake before. He never told me these book were expensive. She has made this cake for you. How many of you are going to those game? Where did you get that beautiful car? We certainly hope that you will start feeling better. They can eat as many of this beans as they want. What makes you think this is such a good idea? Can you clearly see this from my view point? Beth, Marie and Tu have those same shirts. Jose, Tomas, and I think we can beat them at this game. Those are the top four soccer teams in the league. That car will not start on cold mornings. One of these days you are going to run out of luck. Will Connie get those video tape tonight? May I have another bite of these cake? Harry gave these binoculars to me to use at the game. Let me take that bags inside the house for you.

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Reflexive Pronouns
Reflexive pronouns are the singular (self) and plural (selves) forms of personal pronouns. Singular myself yourself herself, himself, itself Plural ourselves yourselves themselves

Write the correct reflexive pronoun to complete each sentence. 1. I can do it for ________________________if you give me another 10 minutes. 2. He taught _____________________________how to play the piano. 3. She really thinks a great deal of_______________________________. 4. We only have ______________________________to blame since we are the only ones here. 5. Golf is a game of champions who play against _____________________________. 6. I think he feels sorry for _________________________________ and that is very sad. 7. He hates ________________________for leaving that teaching position. 8. One of the male counselors showed _____________________how to cook fish over the fire. 9. There was only a dog and ________________________stranded on the island. 10. She loved the locket so much, she decided to keep it for____________________________. 11. Hope is the survivor’s instinct to keep ____________________________alive. 12. They told _____________________________that this would be the last trip to Paris. 13. Are you going to keep the puppy for ______________________ or give it away? 14. I can only speak for______________________________. 15. The other’s kept telling ______________________________that they could beat that team. 16. If you leave it alone it will heal by___________________________________. 17. Not many of us were very good at taking ____________________________out of the game. 18. Since she can not speak for __________________________________I will interpret for her. 19. She has ________________________and Jeff working on this project for the next 2 weeks. 20. I am not certain but I think it knows _______________very well.

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Indefinite Pronouns
Indefinite pronouns do not refer to a specific person, place or thing. Indefinite Pronouns all another any few more most Examples: anybody anyone anything much nobody none both each either no one other several everybody everyone everything some someone such

Does anybody know how to get to the stadium? Today is one of those days when everything is going wrong. Try to remember if you gave it to someone.

Read the sentences below and underline the indefinite pronouns. 1. Everybody in my family likes to go camping, except me. 2. Either you or me had the keys to the car. 3. No one ever told me that he played professional golf. 4. Anything cooked over an open fire has a special taste. 5. Not many of us have that kind of money to waste. 6. Most of us are working our way through college. 7. Somebody in St. Louis won the 12 million-dollar Lottery last Saturday. 8. Several of you will not be able to participate as actors, because we need four stage hands. 9. He told none of us about his plans to move to South Africa. 10. One of your team members was nominated for the award. 11. Mr. Black said that all of you can come with us on the field trip. 12. Does anyone have change for twenty dollars? 13. It seems as if everything has gone wrong today. 14. Terry said that he gave both of you a copy of the article to read. 15. I have given each of a you money to buy your father a gift. 16. They don’t like one another.

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Quiz on Indefinite Pronouns
Read the sentences and select the best indefinite pronoun to complete the sentence. Write the word in the blank next to the number.

Example:

The prize can be won by anyone (someone) who has these numbers. There are prizes for everyone(everybody). All (Both) can participate in the drawing.

1.____________________ 2.____________________ 3.____________________ 4.____________________ 5.____________________ 6.____________________ 7.____________________ 8.____________________ 9.____________________ 10.___________________ 11.___________________ 12.___________________ 13.___________________ 14.___________________ 15.___________________ 16.___________________ 17.___________________ 18.___________________

I wonder how _____________he really paid for that convertible. What makes you think that ___________will pass this test? Carla went back to school to tell ______about the game. I am going to sell ____________of CDs and buy new ones. Jack and I are making ________of the calls today. I promised you that I wouldn’t tell ________about the surprise. Instead of buying two, we decided to share it with ______. You better hurry because there are only a ________of them left. _________called to tell me there was a special practice today. I don’t think ___________of her family came to the wedding. The president said that ____of the money was raised privately. Do you really believe that ________of them are qualified ? He gave the police only ___________of the information. She gave _______a wonderful presentation about France. Now that ____________of you have a book, let’s do the work. Do you think he loved her _____________than the money? Does _____________have change for a ten-dollar bill? I can’t believe that _____________came in the same box.

19.___________________She told me that ________of you were involved in the prank. 20.___________________He doesn’t seem to care __________about playing soccer anymore.

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Interrogative Pronouns
These pronouns are used in questions. Why was he unable to stay? Where are you going tomorrow? How many of you are going on the bus? Who were you talking to last night? What are we going to do now? When does the game start? Which one of you has the tickets?

Part A Practice Write sentences using each of the above interrogative pronouns.

1.___________________________________________________________________________

2.___________________________________________________________________________

3.___________________________________________________________________________

4.___________________________________________________________________________

5.___________________________________________________________________________

6.___________________________________________________________________________

7.___________________________________________________________________________

8.___________________________________________________________________________

9.___________________________________________________________________________

10.__________________________________________________________________________

11.__________________________________________________________________________

12.__________________________________________________________________________

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Spelling Plurals
Write and spell correctly the plural for each word. Examples: fly – flies laugh – laughs progress - progresses

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

family church leaf witch compass laugh city kitchen success sketch half photograph ax calf stitch factory push berry press painting window

_______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________

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Plurals Quiz
Write the word error by any sentence that has an incorrect spelling in it.

1.____________ 2. .___________ 3. .___________ 4. .___________ 5. .___________ 6. .___________ 7. .___________ 8. .___________ 9. .___________ 10. .__________ 11. .__________ 12. .__________ 13.___________ 14.___________ 15.__________ 16.__________ 17.__________ 18.__________ 19.__________ 20.__________

I bought so many toys for my cousins this past holiday. We usually donate money to buy our refreshments for school partys. Did you ask him how much the taxs were going to be on the car? How many countrys participated in the 2002 Winter Opylmpics? The porches on these house are very small. Look at how many rose bushs are blooming this year. I have never been able to figure out mysteries. Jose said there are two really great diners in this neighborhood. How many deers did you see when you were at the farm? He was left with several twitches after his stoke. I think Dallas has some of the nicest restaurants. Did you receive the photographs that I sent you last week in the mail? I told everyone about the party at soccer practice tonight. What makes you think teams and players are going to like the prizes? You will need pencils, pens, and folders for each class. The families in our neighborhood paid for extra gymnastic equipment. We collected money by selling raffle tickets and a variety of candies. My CDs are at home behind some old cassette tapes in the closet. Many churches have protested the death penalties in many states. Other than a few scratches and bruises, he is fine.

4 POINT BONUS

Spell the plural of the word deer.

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Singular and Plural Possessive Nouns
A possessive noun is a noun means that it is related to something else. To show the relationship use an apostrophe (‘). Singular man family Jack Possessive man’s family’s Jack’s Plural men children carriages Possessive men’s children’s carriages’

Use a dictionary and write the plural possessive of each of the nouns in the tables. Singular Possessives Plural Possessives

Part A 1. __________________childs 2. __________________teachers 3. __________________knife 4. __________________team 5. __________________car 6. __________________Maria 7. __________________patio 8. __________________baseball 9. __________________the NFLs 10. __________________America 11. __________________caller 12. __________________comic 13. __________________actor 14. __________________magazine 15. __________________Texas

Part B 1. __________________children 2. __________________families 3. __________________geese 4. __________________champions 5. __________________faculties 6. __________________wives 7. __________________men 8. __________________heroes 9. __________________leaves 10. __________________porches 11. __________________skies 12. __________________calf 13. __________________sopranos 14. __________________thief 15. __________________roofs

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Reading and Testing Strategies
These are strategies to use when taking a test. 1. Read the paragraph carefully. 2. Number each paragraph at the first word. 3. Underline or highlight the first and last sentence of every paragraph. 4. Circle any vocabulary word that is in italics, bold or underlined. 5. Place brackets around the sentence BEFORE the one with the vocabulary. 6. Place brackets around the sentence AFTER the one with the vocabulary. 7. Reread both the sentences, and try to figure out the meaning for the word. 8. Read the question carefully and look for phrases that might be a “clue to the answer. 9. Underline a phrase in the question. 10. Read the answers and cross any wrong answers first. 11. Then try to locate the phase by searching each paragraph. 12. Read all the answers first before selecting a final answer. 13. Record your answer on the scan. 14. Recheck the scan page to make certain the correct answer has been marked. Practice Mary could not decide what she wanted to be. She was very interested in the stars, so she thought she might like to be an astronomer. But she also wanted to learn more about the cycles of life under the sea. Maybe she could become a marine biologist. She drew a horizontal line on a piece of paper and looked at her pen. She wondered what substances the ink was made of. If she became a chemist she could find out. She might even be able to find solutions to some of the world's energy problems. Well, she wouldn't have to make up her mind until it was time to go to a university to study. After all, she was only in the fourth grade Read the questions and select the best answer. 1. What is the main idea in this paragraph? a. Mary wants to be an astronomer. b. She wants to learn about life in the sea. c. She is in the fourth grade. d. None of these are the answer. 2. In this paragraph the word "solutions" means_____ a. problems b. things you don't know c. possible answers d. chemist 3. In this paragraph the word "marine" means_______. a. human b. sea life c. cycles d. astronomy

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Story Elements
Setting – The physical place or location where the action takes place. Theme – An idea or belief that continues to repeat or come back again Example: good vs. evil Characters – The people who are in the story. Moral – The lesson or the main point of the story Conflict – A struggle that takes place in the story. There are three kinds: • Man versus man • Man versus nature • Man versus his conscious Study the example below, on a separate sheet of paper , copy the chart and give an example of your favorite movie. Story Elements of Star Wars Title Star Wars Setting In a galaxy far away Theme Good vs. evil Characters Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, Darth Vader Moral Believe in yourself and fight for what’s right. Conflict Man vs. man

Assignment Watch the video of the Man in the Iron Mask. Copy the chart on a separate sheet of paper and make your notes.

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Fact and Opinion
A fact is something that can be verified that actually exists. An opinion is a belief, thought or idea about something. Write Fact or Opinion by each statement to identify it.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

__________ This is the greatest vacation we have ever been on. __________ Bill Clinton was the President of the US. __________ I think it was 104 degrees yesterday. __________ Everyone thinks that Jake is a good soccer player. __________ Buy a Lotto ticket and be a millionaire. __________ Do you believe he robbed that store? __________ Terry was born in Mexico. __________ It is a beautiful day today. __________ We won the game 21 to nothing. __________ That was an unfair interference penalty call on our team. __________ What makes you think he will win this contest? __________ I am playing so much better with this new tennis racket. __________ That is a beautiful dress you are wearing. __________ There is a city called Monroe in Louisiana. __________ I like the desks that have a space for your books underneath. __________ This investment in tutoring was really worth it. __________ This low score could keep us from making the finals in the playoffs. __________ The bike shop is no longer on the corner of First Avenue and Fifth Street. __________ His car is the fastest in the city. __________ Our team has the highest grade point average in the school.

Fact and Opinion Quiz

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Read the statements below and identify each by writing either Fact or Opinion in the blank. 1.__________________ Maria is the most beautiful girl in the 8th grade class. 2.__________________ Everyone thinks she will win the election for Student Council President. 3.__________________ Jerry made a score of 95 on the semester examination in Art. 4.__________________ The financial advisors’ opinion says this recession will end soon. 5.__________________ Last summer we had over 40 days of 100 degree weather. 6.__________________ I think everyone agrees that he is our best soccer play on the team. 7.__________________ The Governor signed the new tax bill. 8.__________________ I feel so much stronger since I have been working out at the gym. 9.__________________ The dance starts at 7:00 PM. 10._________________ No one believes me, not even my own family. 11._________________ The jury convicted him on two counts of aggravated assault. 12._________________ Do you know if Terry was involved in the fund raiser? 13._________________ Jake received a scholarship from the University of Georgia. 14._________________ He doesn’t know anything about the surprise birthday party. 15._________________ Did anybody call Clark and invite him to the dinner party? 16._________________ I feel so much taller when I wear a black suit. 17._________________ That new fresh foods market is located at the corners of Main and Hall. 18._________________ I think Kara said she was born in Paris France. 19._________________ Jeffrey moved here from Tallahassee, FL in 1999. 20._________________ Buy three tickets for $5.00 and win a brand new Mustang convertible.

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Advertisements and Endorsements
An endorsement is a written statement that gives approval or support for a product. The endorsement is given in return for cash or credit. A testimonial is a formal or written statement that confirms a particular truth or fact. An advertisement is a written statement designed to attract public attention to describe something that may or may not be true. Read the sentence below and write the type of statement that it represents. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. __________Five cotton t-shirts for $10.00 on Sunday only. __________Did you see those new Michael Jordan basketball shoes? __________I have always owned Toyotas. __________Reeboks are on sale at Foleys for half price today only. __________”I sing more Rod McKuen songs than anybody else,” said Glenn Yarborough.

Fact and Opinion Review 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. __________I believe the Olympics are in March this year. __________Did you like that picture of the president in Reader’s Digest? __________The Dallas Cowboys have won three Super Bowls. __________That is an old phone number, call directory assistance for the new one. __________This type of shoe makes my foot look much smaller. __________Nobody believes his story. __________Never buy anything on sale, it’s always junk. __________They didn’t print the telephone number in the newspaper ad. __________North Dakota is on the US and Canadian border. __________He is not worthy of this honor. __________Do you think he will lose his scholarship because of this arrest? __________There was a tornado in downtown Ft. Worth in 1999. __________The city of Manhattan is located in the state of New York.

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Visual Representations
Visual Representation - A graph, diagram, organizational chart, picture, drawing, table of information, or sketch that makes it easier to understand information or sets of data. Table of Information – This is a graphic of data that is presented in rows and columns. Table of Information Column 1 Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4 Column 2 A Column 3 B Column 4 C Column 5 D

Horizontal - A straight line that goes from left to right. Refer to the arrow in Row 4. Vertical - A straight line that goes from top to bottom, up and down. Refer to the arrow in Column1. Row - A horizontal arrangement of items that goes from left to right. Refer to the table of Information. Column - A vertical arrangement of items (top to bottom) Refer to the Table of Information. Favorite School Colors of Middle School Students ( Title) Grade 7th Girls 7th Boys Total Black & Yellow 25 5 30 Red & White 50 20 70 Green & Black 20 30 50 Label - A name for a topic, subject, or item for a column or a row. This is also the name of the X or Y axis on a graph. Axis - This is a straight line. Title – This is the name of a visual presentation

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Graphs
Bar Graph
Bar Graph - Data that is presented in a picture or drawing using blocks. Bar Graph
250 200 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4

Series1 Series2 Series3

Circle Graph

Key or Legend – This is set of symbols that represent and describe specific data.

Pie Chart or Circle Graph - A visual representation of data that is descriptive. Circle Graph

Red Blue Black White

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Line Graph
Line Graph - A diagram that uses a of lines to connect data points. Refer to Figure 5 below. Line Graph
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Red Blue Black White Series1 Series2 Series3

Key or Legend – This is set of symbols that represent and describe specific data.

Organizational Chart
Organizational or Flow Chart - A visual presentation that shows the relationship between things. Refer to Figure 6.

Figure 6 Organizational Chart

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Atlas
Map or Atlas - A representation, usually on a plane surface, of a region of the earth or heavens. Map of United States

Compass - A drawing for describing directions. North is usually at the top. Refer to the Map of the US above. In the upper left corner of the map there is a compass. Compass Map Scale - A symbol that is used to measure distance. A ratio which compares a measurement on a map to the actual distance between locations identified on the map A straight-edge strip, as of wood or metal, for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths. Also called rule. Refer to the circle at the bottom of Figure 6

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Diagrams
Diagram - A plan, sketch, drawing, or outline designed to demonstrate or explain how something works or to clarify the relationship between the parts of a whole. Refer to illustration below of the Communication Satellite Dish.

Communication Satellite Dish

radio waves receiver where waves are collected

waves converted into electro signals

computer received as signal

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Tables of Information
General rules for reading graphics: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Every table of information, bar , circle, or line graph has to have a title and labels. Every X and Y axis starts at zero. A graph has equal increments or segments between the vertical and/or horizontal lines. A map or atlas can have a compass, legend or scale. Graphs can also have keys or legends.

Study the tables below.

Favorite School Colors of Middle School Students Grade 7th Girls 7th Boys Total Black & Yellow 25 5 30 Red & White 50 20 70 Green & Black 20 30 50

Grade 8th Girls 8th Boys Total Color

Black & Yellow 20 20 40

Red & White 35 65 90

Green & Black 10 20 30

Examples of Observations 1. Seventh and Eighth Grade Students liked Red & White better than the other combinations. 2. Seventh Grade Students liked Green & Black Colors better than Eighth Graders . 3. Eighth Grade Students liked Black & Yellow better than Green & Black Colors.

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Making Connections
Park City School Enrollment The Park City Board of Education has surveyed all the middle schools and high schools in its district. High schools have a total enrollment of 3000 students in three schools. Each high school is next to a middle school. However, total enrollment in the 3 middle schools was only 2500 students. Specifically, North High School has 1000 students, South High has 1500 students and East High has only 500 students. In comparison, Moore Middle School (next to North) has 800 students, Park Middle School (next to East) has 1000 students, and City Middle School (next to South) has a total enrollment of 700. The Board would like to plan for growth in the five years and needs an analysis of this information. Practice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Draw a table of information. Title and label the rows and columns. Write the data in the table. Then, write four observations in complete sentences about this information. Draw a Line Graph using this data.

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Titles and Labels
A title is the name of a graph or chart.

Circle Graph or Pie Chart

Red Blue Black White

Rules 1. Every graph has a title, labels, and a key. 2. Every graph begins with zero. 3. The segments (spaces) between the rows are equal. 4. The segments (spaces) between the columns are equal.

Bar Graph
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Red Blue Black White Series1 Series2 Series3

Read a column from the top to the bottom.

A Label is the name of a column on a graph.

Line Graph
12 10 8 Series1 Series2 Series3

A Label is also the name of a row.

6 4 2 0

Read a row from left to right.

Red

Blue

Black

White

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Interpreting Graphs
School Colors Ms. White’s class has surveyed all of the middle school. There is a total enrollment of 1000 students. Specifically, There are 125 Sixth Graders , 400 Seventh Graders and 475 Eighth Graders, Everyone voted for their favorite color combination: • Black and Gold • Red and White • Purple and Silver • Orange and Black One hundred Seventh Graders selected Black and Gold, while 25 selected Red and White. Two hundred Eighth Graders selected Purple and Silver and the rest voted for Red and White. All of the Seventh Graders wanted Orange and Black . Part A Practice - Copy the table of information that you created in the space below.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Draw the table of information on the right side. Title and label the rows and columns. Write the data in the table. Draw a Bar Graph on the left side next to the table of information. Title and label X Axis and Y Axis. Write the data in the graph. Then, write four different observations in complete sentences about this information.

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Graphics Quiz
Figure 1 Seventh Grade Enrollment
7th Grade

Read the questions carefully and write either True or False for each statement.
Girls Boys TOTAL

1.__________Figure 2 is a Line Graph.

2.__________Figure 1 is also known as a Pie Chart. 3.__________In Figure 2 the box that has the two colored lines named th th 7 and 8 Grade is called a key. 4.__________In Figure 2 there are more girls in the 7th Grade than in the 8th Grade. 5.__________In Figure 1 there are more 7th Grade Boys than 87th Grade Girls.

Figure 2 Total Seventh and Eight Grade Enrollment

600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Girls Boys TOTAL 7th Grade 8th Grade

6.__________All graphs must have labels for the X and Y axis. 7.__________Line and Bar graphs always begin with zero. 8.__________Every graph has a title.

5 POINT BONUS Do the segments (spaces) between the rows and columns have to be equal?

9.__________A Bar graph can be displayed as either a vertical or horizontal visual. 10._________A Line graph with more than one category should always have a legend.

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Types of Literature
Categories of Works of Art
Types of Literature Type Novel Description Two types: • Fiction – A story that has characters and a story that is not based on real events. • Nonfiction – A story based on real events or facts. A work written for performance on stage. Actors may also sing and dance their parts. There are different types: • Drama – A real-life sequence of events or a story that has an emotional conclusion. • Comedy – A work that has a humorous theme and a happy ending. • Tragedy – A work that has a main character and has a sequence of events that result in an unhappy ending. • Musical – A work that has characters that act and sing in the story A book written by an author about another person’s life. A work written that explains beauty in a colorful (life-like) and imaginative experience by using sound (rhyme, rhythm, and free-verse descriptions) A book written by the author about his or her own life. Also known as: • Song • Lyric An alphabetical listing of names, addresses and other data about a specific group of persons or organizations. Fiction that has supernatural or superhuman characters or events. Examples Fiction - Star Trek, Nonfiction - Apollo 13

Play

Cats, Romeo and Juliet, Hair, West Side Story • • • • Drama – The Diary of Anne Frank, Our Town Comedy – A Midnight Summer’s Dream Tragedy –Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth Musical – West Side Story,

Biography Poetry

The First 1000 Days of Nixon The Raven, The Road Not Taken

Autobiography Ballad

The Life of Mother Theresa, John Henry, God Bless America The Yellow Pages, Business and Residential Pages, The Apartment Guide, The Green Sheet, Superman, Roger Rabbit

Directory

Fantasy

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Books and Plays
Read the passage in the box. This is an example of each type of literature . Novels are primarily fiction (make believe) and non-fiction books are based on facts.

Some libraries now have computer terminals in addition to the card catalog to help you locate books and information. The listings seen on a computer terminal contain the same information as the card catalog.

Nonfiction

Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian artist, is generally considered to be the first abstract painter. An abstract painting has no recognizable subject. Kandinsky believed that painting - like music - is primarily a form of personal expression, rather than a way to tell a story or express an idea.

Biography
Cassius Pindarus Those are my tents burning? They are, sir. Titinius, be quick! Rider out to those troops in the distance and find out who they are. Are they friends or enemies? I’ll be right back!

Titinius

Play

When I was in bed with Rheumatic Fever, I was unable to walk. My parents only had one TV and it was downstairs and my bedroom was upstairs. To pass the time I use to love to listen to the radio.

Autobiography
The founder of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton, was know as the “Angel of the Battlefield”. Barton earned this name during the Civil War.

Biography

He was faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, able to leap tall buildings at a single bound. Disguised as a mild manner reporter who works for a metropolitan newspaper, Superman fights for truth, justice, and the American way.

T’was the day before Christmas, and all through the hills The reindeer were playing…enjoying the spills

Fantasy

Fiction

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Poetry and Ballads
Read the passages in the boxes for examples of poetry and ballads. I’ll pain my mood in shades of blue paint my soul to be with you I’ll sketch your lips in shaded tones draw your mouth to my own. To freight cars in the air all the slow clank, clank clank, clank moving above the treetops

Ballad also known as a lyric or song

Poetry

Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly

Poetry
Part A Practice

In the town where I was born lived a man who sailed to sea, and he told us of his life in the land of submarines So we sailed into the sun till we found the sea of green And we live beneath the waves in a yellow submarine

Ballad

Write the titles of some songs and site the author, writer or lyricist. 1._______________________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________________

Part B Practice

Write the title of the song and a verse ( 5 lines) in the box below.

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References
References - A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source. Types of Publications Type Encyclopedia Description A comprehensive (includes everything) book that has articles on a broad range of subjects or on numerous aspects of a given topic. An annual (once a year) book that includes calendars with weather forecasts, astronomical (having to do with planets and stars) information, tide tables and other related information presented in lists, tables, and charts. A book of words that are organized in alphabetical order. This includes definition, a punctuation guide, and etymology (the study of where words originated). A book of synonyms or words that have the same meaning. A book or collection of maps. A daily or weekly publication that has recent news events, featured articles, editorials, and advertisements on a variety of subjects. A publication containing a collection of articles, stories, pictures or features on a related subject. Examples The World Book, Britannic Gold Encyclopedia

Almanac

Poor David’s Almanac

Dictionary

Webster’s II New Riverside University Dictionary

Thesaurus Atlas Newspaper

Roget’s College Thesaurus Rand & McNally Atlas, Mapsco Street Guide The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The Dallas Morning News People, Newsweek, TV Guide, Billboard

Magazine

Practice – Write an example of each type. 1. Magazine 2. Dictionary 3. Thesaurus 4. Atlas 5. Newspaper _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

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Resources Quiz
Read the description and write the correct reference where the information can be located.

dictionary

thesaurus

newspaper

atlas

encyclopedia

almanac

1.______________________ This identifies a synonym for the word grateful. 2.______________________ This records the temperature of the coldest winter in Texas. 3.______________________ This shows the neighboring states of Colorado. 4.______________________ This describes Song of the Year for The Grammy’s 5.______________________ This source states the year the Berlin Wall was built in Germany. 6.______________________ This shows the pronunciation of the word, advertisement. 7.______________________ This ranks top 10 teams in the NFL this year. 8.______________________ This advertises the times at the movie theater . 9.______________________ Employment openings are listed in this every week. 10._____________________ The greatest number of sunny days for a city is found in this book. 11._____________________ The local weather forecast for the next week is printed every day. 12._____________________ This shows the countries of Australia. 13._____________________ This provides the antonym for the word, freeze. 14._____________________ This explains the substances in rubber and how it is made. 15._____________________ This source provides classified ads and advertisements. 16._____________________ This source contains obituaries of local people. 17._____________________ This identifies the part of the speech of the word, cyborg. 18._____________________ This provides the correct spelling for abbreviations. 4 POINT BONUS What reference uses scale and a compass?

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APPENDIX
Pre-Testing Fact and Opinion

Write Fact or Opinion by each statement to identify it. 1.__________That restaurant is the best in town. 2.__________Vice President Al Gore was the former governor of TN. 3.__________I think it was raining in NY yesterday. 4.__________Everyone says that Maria is a good volleyball player. 5.__________This cologne makes me feel like a millionaire. 6.__________Do you believe he shot that store manager? 7.__________Jack was born in Russia.

14.__________The Senate term is for six years. 15.__________Columbus is the capital of Ohio.

16.__________ Wearing diamonds makes me look wealthy. 17__________The Principal’s office is in the main building. 18.__________I like carrying a purse.

19.__________This calculator was really expensive. 20.__________She lives on White Street..

21.__________Our school has four lunch periods on Friday. 22.__________Everyone says he’s crazy.

8.__________It is an ugly day today.

9.__________The Dallas Stars won the game 5 to nothing. 10._________I bet she cheated on the test.

23.__________It was 107 degrees in Atlanta yesterday. 24.__________He is lying to you.

11._________The president is elected every four years in America. 12._________I am playing so much better since I got my new ball glove. 13._________That is a beautiful tie you are wearing.

25.__________The Principal’s office is in the main building. 26.__________I like carrying a backpack.

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Prefixes and Suffixes
Part A Write the prefix or suffix for each word. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. dangerous misfire careless dismount racer informant reassemble amoral captivity disorder unequal stability refusal useful unhappy thankful immoral undecided quickly drained ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ 7.__________________in ________________ ________________ ________________ 9.__________________ment ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ 10._________________epi 8.__________________s Part B Write the word correct in the blank if the statement is correct. Leave it blank if it is an incorrect statement. 1.________Everyone knew he was a careless driver, except no one would tell him. 2.________ It is too dangerous for children to swim in deep water. 3.________Did a car just misfire or was that a gunshot? 4.________Very few Panda bears are raised in captivity. 5.________Your refusal to cooperate will only get you into more trouble. Write whether the item is a Prefix or Suffix. 6.__________________tory

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Regular and Irregular Verbs

Part A Write A if the sentence is correct and B if it is wrong. 1._____He start his career in 1985. 2._____Where have you worked ? 3._____We pushed the car three blocks. 4._____He have arranged a meeting with us. 5._____You hired a good employee. 6._____They has stepped in mud. 7._____She is missing a folder. 8._____He walks to work every day. 9._____I are finishing my work for you today. 10.____He erased my work. 11.____They are working in the building . 12.____Has he tutored you before? 13.____We is mailing a letter to the president. 14.____The Policemen is talking to their class. 15.____She sank to the bottom of the sea. 16.____Have you caught any fish yet? 17.____I have ran a marathon before. 18.____Its footprint painted a pretty picture. 19.____We will be watching you on TV. 20.____They has spoiled the party.

Part B Write A if the sentence is correct and B if it is wrong. 1._____The hot beach burn the bottom of his feet yesterday. 2._____She live across from the park in the red brick house? 3.______We own our Toyota but it’s not paid off. 4.______Connie and Claudia is leasing a two bedroom apartment at college. 5._____Todd’s answers match all of mine on the math practice test.? 6._____I have tested positive for an allergic reaction to shrimp. 7._____Her writing generates long discussions at the Book Club. 8._____It happen to me when I was driving home from the grocery? 9._____That black and white dog are walking with a limp. 10.____She am cleaning her room before she goes out tonight. 11.____Our parents talk to my grandparents in Mexico every week. 12.____He carries the groceries into the house for his mother every week. 13.____Jack mow the lawn for his neighbor because she is elderly.

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Punctuation
Write the letter C if the sentence is correct and I if it is incorrect. 1.____Steve, Mary and I are going to the party. 2.____Jack can you hand me that ruler? 3.____Since the first grade I have had trouble understanding math. 4.____Terry brought the tent, sleeping bag, flashlight, and a lantern for our camping trip. 5.____How many of you arent coming tonight? 6.____Bring me the soccer balls. 7.____Jeff, President of the Student Council, is going to ask the principal for the money. 8.____After he left college, no one ever saw him again. 9.____Someones purse is on the desk. 10.____I told you he didnt' do it. 11.____What makes you think hes' guilty? 12.____Carmen's jacket is in the back seat. 13.____Al Gore, the former Vice President lost the presidential election. 14.____Dinner is at 800 o'clock Tues. evening. 15.____Ms White is teaching that subject. 16.____Has anyone seen my folder David? 17.____Yes he is coming to the dance. 18.____Get the gun from him! 19.____If I tell him he cannot repeat it to anyone. 20.____Thats my car. 21.____Carl, did you see my coat anywhere? 22.____He gave over $100,000.00 to the Children’s Fund. 23.____Don’t let the dog go outside

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Personal Pronouns
Place an X by the sentences that are wrong.

Part A 1. _____Terry, Jack, and me will have to ride the bus to the game tomorrow. 2. _____What makes you think he will win this match? 3. _____I have not told him anything about the trip to Ohio. 4. _____She has the highest grade point average in our class. 5. _____Did you see my hat around here anywhere? 6. _____The dog keeps biting its feet. especially after he has been outside. 7. _____She has never told her mother about that accident. 8. _____Do you think they will have enough room for us on the plane? 9. _____Is your visit to France is going to be a short one? 10. _____Someone said that he left his jacket in the car. 11. _____Did Maria give them a chance to explain why we were late? 12. _____What makes yours think that he is going to move there right away? 13. _____Where is my green jacket with the hood? 14. _____He and she have the best chance of making it to the finals.

Part B 1. _____The hot beach burned the bottom of its feet. 2. _____Is that their new house across the street from the park? 3. ______Give me you coat and I will hang it up. 4. ______Jesus, Claudia, and her are on the debate team. 5. _____This gift is from you and me.

6. _____I have not told his anything about the trip to Spain. 7. _____I gave the book back to her yesterday. 8. _____Let’s keep this between you and I.

9. _____The dog keeps biting his feet, especially after he has been outside. 10. _____She has never told her mother about that accident. 11. _____Is that her or does it belong to you? 12. _____Is your visit to France is going to be a short one? 13. _____Someone said that he left his jacket in the car. 14. _____That is not mine, but this is him ball cap?

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Contractions
Part A Part B Write and spell the contraction for the words listed below No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Words do not did not cannot is not will not should not could not would not has not had not Was not Contraction 1.___________________Why has not she called me? 2.___________________I am not going there. 3.___________________He has left the building. 4.___________________She was not in class today. 5.___________________He will not try out. 6.___________________They are already in trouble. 7.___________________He is not ready for the test. 8.___________________They cannot win this election. 9.___________________He should not win. 10. _________________I could not let that happen. 11. _________________We did not lose to them. Write the correct contraction in the space next to the sentence.

Place an X by any sentence that uses a contraction incorrectly.

1._____Theyre going to be here any minute. 2._____Terrys’ riding with us to the concert. 3._____Wasn’t’ he going to attend the university in the fall this year? 4._____Your’e going to be tardy for your next class if you stop there. 5._____Weve’ never seen that movie on video. 6._____She’ll never be as good a singer as her mother was. 7._____I’ve been working here for over 4 years . 8._____What’s the next game on TV? 9. ____How’s your mother getting along after her accident?

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Capitalization

Place a checkmark in the space next to the number only by those sentences that are correct. 1.____Did you see that special that was on cbs last night? 2.____On our vacation to Italy we visited rome, milan and florence. 3.____No one ever thought that I could even qualify for the US Opympic Team. 4.____That novel takes place in the Middle ages. 5.____The professor is not that familiar with asian artifacts. 6.____We are all going over to Jose’s house to watch the super bowl. 7.____We are holding a bake sale to raise money for the junior prom. 8.____Do you know all the verses to “Amercia the beautiful”? 9.____That bill was sponsored by the National Organization for women. 10.___Have you seen the movie, “The Last of the Mohicans”? 11.___The gods of the ancient greeks were feared by many men and women. 12.___That decision was reviewed by the supreme court and was not reversed. 13.___I wonder where the special olympics will be held this year. 14.___Are we going to aunt Mary’s next Saturday to watch the game? 15.___Who said “give me liberty or give me death”? 16.___That movie was premiered at the loewe’s grand theatre in Atlanta, GA. 17.___What woman served in the US house of representatives? 18.___The rio grande is the southwestern border between Texas and Mexico. 19.___They took him to St. Mark’s hospital yesterday. 20.___Maimi Beach is near Biscayne bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

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This is the back cover.

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