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# Circuit Analysis with an Oscilloscope.

In virtually every profession, devices exist which convert physical quantities into electrical signals. One familiar example of this is the microphone, which converts sound waves into a voltage that changes with time. In many cases, these quantities are changing very fast, so fast that the electronic signals they produce cannot be measured with the digital multimeters that we have used thus far in this course. The oscilloscope (or scope) allows us to view signals that are changing many times per second, and to see events that occur in a split second. In this lab we will use the oscilloscope to make some practical measurements of RC circuits. First you must become acquainted with the oscilloscope and at the end of this period, you should: 1. Understand how to connect the signal generator and oscilloscope to a circuit using a circuit diagram. 2. Know what is meant by a BNC connector. 3. Know what is meant by an alligator clip. 4. Be able to use the oscilloscope to (a) measure the period of a signal using a calibrated time base by understanding the 1X-10X switch. (b) measure the voltage amplitude of a signal.

Figure 1: Oscilloscope Screen. Oscilloscope: 1. Your oscilloscope consists of a BNC-2120 data acquisition board and a computer. 2. On the desktop you should have a screen that looks like the above picture. 3. The Acquire On button should be showing. Click the arrow in the top left corner to start the program. It should look black, but the “timeout” button will be lighted (green) until a signal is attached to the BNC-2120. Function Generator: 1. Locate the “on/oﬀ” button and turn the power on. The power indicator lamp should light up indicating the power is on.

MAIN) to AI 7 Channel on the BNC-2120 to get a sine wave on your oscilloscope.2 2. Keep the “AMPLITUDE” dial in the middle range. or “DC OFFSET” knobs.2 increments) divisions or boxes on the screen and multiplying by the SEC/DIV setting. 3. Adjust the “FREQUENCY” knob to until the sine wave looks similar to the sine wave below.3 ms for 1 period of that sine wave. “INVERT”.Figure 2: Function Generator. 2. . 5. Readings can be achieved by counting the major and minor (by . 4.0 kHz) and the FUNCTION at the sine wave. Set the “RANGE” at 1K (now adjusting the frequency knob gives values of .3 X 1 ms/div = 8. (NOTE: The “Acquire” button should now be green) Figure 3: Oscilloscope Trace. So the reading in the illustration above is 8. Horizontal system controls of the oscilloscope 1. Set the “SEC/DIV” knob at 1 ms/div. Use the BNC-BNC and hook up the function generator (from Output. “DUTY”. DO NOT depress or turn the “VOLTS OUT”. “SWEEP”.