Gross realism

The two world wars had an adverse effect in British society and literature. Many British writers of 1930s and 1950s wrote about harmful effect of war, heroic deed of soldiers, social and political circumstance of that time. There were some poets who tried to escape from the reality of the world but at this time there emerged a poet who depicted a true and realistic picture of his contempory society. Philip Larkin is really a poet of common day reality. Andrew Motion quotes; for larkin ³Poetry is an affair of sanity, of seening thing as they are´. (1) J. Douglas Porteous quotes; in the words of a letter to the editor of the Guardian newspaper (Healey 1989), Larkin: Reflects what many of us think and feel. What Larkin is concerned with, above all, is the truth; the truth about one's relationship with one's parentsµthey fuck you up'), the truth about childhood and growing up ('I Remember, I Remember'), the truth about home ('Home is So Sad') and the Truth about being old ('The Old Fools'). Larkin himself colluded in the projection of this somewhat sober image. In numerous essays and interviews he invites his audience to view him as the voice of sanity, reason and truth. His objection to modernism¶s µµirresponsible exploitations of technique in contradiction of human life as we know it µappeals to notions of a shared, µcommon¶¶ reality, likewise his claim that poetry should be µµan affair of sanity, of seeing things as they are¶¶.(2) S.J. Perry notes: For some time, Philip Larkin was cast by a number of his critics as a poet of the µeveryday¶¶, his work projecting a stable and easily identifiable version of reality. Trevor Trolley brings his detailed study of Larkin¶s poetry to a close by concluding that: The power of Larkin¶s work as a whole remains undeniable. It takes us into a world that is distinctively his own, yet one that resembles our everyday world. This world is presented so as to imply a particular perspective²a perspective reinforced by the tightly containing rationality and the clear sense that reality, in common sense, is what it seems to be, that is characteristic of his work. Its power lies in the fact that it locates the tremendous archetypal events and concerns of humanity in their full force in our everyday suburban setting, with all the diminution and all the immediacy this implies.(3)

the chief supporter of the Movement poetry. Hussein Sabouri. Auden and Yeats. and the development of his mature poetic identity in the early 1950s coincided with the growing influence on him of Thomas Hardy . I lead a Very commonplace life. larkin has in fact absorbed and adapted a number of strategies that drives from the modernist in general and the symbolist in the particular. Larkin's earliest work showed the influence of Eliot. I love the commonplace. the poetry of Philip Larkin deals with reality of everyday. rather than symbolism. It is true that in the begging he influenced by Yeats and French symbolist movement but after reading hardy poetry he came under the influence of Hardy. The virtues of his Poetry are clarity and elegance. no different from his readers: µI don¶t want to transcend the commonplace. Although Philip Larkin Larkin is considered by critics as a realistic but he is also criticized for his use of symbolism. As Andrew Motion quotes. is seen as the most eminent voice of a new generation. According to Andrew Motion: Philip¶s readers. Many critics have related Philip Larkin to the Movement group of poets of 1950s. He makes the most of His gifts and has an accurate sense of his limitation. because it his symbolism which gives his poetry a transitional feel and also associates him with modernist. His skill and feeling are immediately acknowledged to be a note of too much caution and timidity in confronting life. As a member of Movement. The poetry of this group is known for its realism. academic and otherwise. His skilful Craftsmanship enables him to build up a firm structure in his poems and to portray the realistic details of the contemporary scene in language that has a recognizable rhythm and a consistent polish.I¶ve never done that¶ He is. rational and for colloquialism. His purpose has been to direct attention to the expository. it seems. According to Dr. Under hardy influence he gives more importance to realisim. Andrew Motion in his book also writes about Philip Larkin¶s concern of reality. Philip Larkin. Everyday things are lovely to me¶ (The Pedestrianism of µI don¶t want to transcend¶ validates the aesthetics Fervour of µEveryday things are lovely¶. empirical and rational in his poetry. He has a reliable instinct for elderly Arrangement and a respect for formal perfection. The poet¶s plight is a mysterious Obligation. have tended to judge him by these rare self ±revelation. documentary. One more thing he uses symbolism to make his poetry striking. but it is also a common condition shared with his Readers.

As sad as the sad wind That walks around my bed «««The stones would shine like gold Above each sodden grave. manifold. this. which that experience offered him and his generation.Terence Hawkes has argued that while most of the poems in The North Ship are "metaphoric in nature. as some vast seven-piled wave. mane-flinging. They eschewed foreign entanglements. a movement from Yeats to Hardy. time. obsession of death. Graham Hough is of the view. Graves «. fear of old age dut several critics admire him for his dealing with harsh reality of the world such as death. I had not foretold. nor the birds¶ clamour. weak syntax and obvious difficulty and they brought everyday life back into poetry. grief as main themes in his poetry.. It remarks a triumph of clarity after the formless mystifications of the last 20 years. with no illusions about the limitations of hope and happiness. In this book he writes: To wake and hear a cock Out of the distance crying ± To pull the curtain back And see the clouds flying. Philip Larkin is known for his pessisim. give a clear-eyed view of contemporary living and its problems.. Death. After . but rather a surrounding of the Yeatsian moment (the metaphor) within a Hardyesque frame. streams at an endless shore Although Philip Larkin has been criticise for pessimism.. time. pessimism¶ fear of old age.´ In a similar way Alastair Fowler remarks.. In his poetry he depicts a true picture of contempory England. and melancholy. fear of old age. heavily indebted to Yeast¶s symbolist lyrics". the subsequent development of Larkin's mature style is "not .´ Largely under Hardy¶s influence Larkin came to write only of personal experience in a conversational idiom.. obsession of death. ³the post-1950 verse marks a return to the true tradition of poetry represented by Hardy. all are the reality of the life . ³The Movement poets returned to what they saw as the true English tradition. All the volumes published so far except The North Ship. nor his image morning gave of more and ever more.Philip Larkin uses death. Several critics criticized him for his pessimism.

He goes on to a grave yard to visit the dead. The title of the volume The Less Deceive was adapted by Larkin from a remark made by Ophelia in Shakerphere µs play Hamlet . sense of loss of faith in religion were common among the people of Britain. isolation." The North Ship begins with a persona who thinks on his desire to write a song µas sad as the sad wind /that walks around my bed¶. and Philip Larkin depicted this reality in his poetry. A stoic calm prevails in most of the poems in Larkin¶s second volume. The Whitsun Weddings (1964) and The High Window (1974).´ Larkin is getting more and more pessimistic as he gets older. The study of Larkin¶s poetry confirms that his poetry is "an affair of Sanity. As Dr. obsession of death.´ says Larkin. According to some critics his pessimism.´ Likewise David Timms Notes. the illusory nature of choice in life.´ Richard Elman¶s view of Larkin¶s poems is often ³melancholy Contemplation. The poem finishes on a characteristic note of a huge and bird less silence.I was the more deceive µ. The poems The Less Deceived (1955). perhaps to gain melancholic inspiration ³The armada of promises is only an illusion in the face of death. and in face of a future which brings only age and death. which is that of a man who has lost his opportunities. frustration with one¶s lot in a present which is dismal. of seeing things as they are´. though he has some reservations about the nature of the poet¶s disappointment. failed to get his desire and always found life less than it might have been. The Less Deceived. Commenting on his themes Alan Brown writes. sense of boredom. Larkin wished to convey through this titled . fear of old age all are the reality of post war society.´ David Timms also argues that Larkin¶s poetry as a whole "sees life as a bleak.war sense of alienation. Philip Larkin was indented to depict such reality in his poetry. ³He has taken for his themes such things as the gap Between human hope and cold reality. Hussein Sabouri. larkin¶s representation of modern England concentrates on unhappy and Unremarkable aspect of the industrial landscape. sometimes horrifying business" Ian Hamilton agrees and adds that the biggest problem with Larkin's poetry is its "rather narrow range of negative attitudes. have caught the real tone of the poet.

It is a poem with a claim its greatness and it is important as a statement of the mid 20th century consciousness as Arnold¶s Dover Beach was of the mid 19th. marriage. plate. A young agnostic stop in front of a church during a cycle rides and goes in to have a look round.. he still finds himself ³tending to this cross of ground´ because of what is once represented and affirmed. Help me down the Cemetery Road¶ cannot be read without recognizing the exaggeration of the poet¶s light. In another poem µWith the publication of The High Windows the formula of Larkin¶s poetic terrain became clearer. In µToads¶ and in µPoetry of Departures µthe poet explores the possibility of getting away from the timid world of work and home of defeat. wondering what to look for. In µToads Revisited in the Darker Mood¶ the routine of work is seen as a necessary barrier to keep our loneliness. In µDockery and Son¶ Larkin treats it first as boredom and then as fear. Through some flippant remarks like µsome brass and stuff/up at the holy end¶. a small neat organ µ. In other words . yet stop I did: in fact I often do. .´ In an age when religion no longer seems valid. old Toad. disillusion and pessimism. The High Window remarks a critic.¶ Though believing the traditional religious significance of churches has been dispersed.´ Larkin¶s most anthologized poem is about going to church not religion. he tries to suggest church and religion¶s redundancy. at least on the ceremonial level-birth. According to G.... ³the poem Church Going is the movement¶s prized poem. Mr. Life is a bleak and horrifying business in several of the poems in The Whitsun Weddings. and death. and always end much at a loss like this. This anthology signals the deepening of his bitterness. is Larkin¶s most . In µAmbulances¶ he remarks that death is a µsolving emptiness¶. boredom and meaninglessness. he wished to convey through this titled his view that poetry was a realistic interpretation of the life . There is a sense in which this is a meditation about how the church is going out of use in modern life. church going may mean but a casual visiting.S. and that his own poetry would represent what he called his sad eye realism.his intention not to be more deceive by the realities of the life. At first his thoughts make it just µanother church¶ filled with religious marks: µlittle books¶. µGive me your arm. loneliness and death are created most alarmingly. Bleany is an extreme example of the modern man¶s sordid life with its mediocre surroundings and habits. less deceive by them. and . µ The place was not worth stopping for..³Church Going. parchment. The themes of age. some brass and stuff / up at the holy end¶. ³by its range and even more by its depth.Fraser.

thought and felt both for myself and for others though I feel that my prime responsibility is to the Experience itself. ³the utter irrevocable spoliation of all that is meant by England.574030 . J. I have no idea. He is the authentic voice of their scepticism. In a statement contributed to D.¶ µGoing Going¶ deplores another kind of menace.doi. Philip Larkin: a writer¶s life . Although he has been blame sometime for depicting unreal but most of critic are agreed that his main purpose is to deal with truth which is related either to the him or the rest of the world in which he lives. 432-448 AVAILED: http://dx. struggling by the same negation and despair . Douglas.distinguished achievement and even on its own would do much to establish him as the poet of the common contemporary man.October 1999 . and is endless. In a true sense is a poet of reality. but I think the impulse to preserve lie sat the bottom of all art.´He finds his scepticism tempered by a difficult to articulate.He feels pressed back himself by a vision of the unjustified and the unjustifiable reality. English Studies.Motion. Metaphysical longing that brings about an affirmation regarding Human existence. The poem reads like the present generation¶s epitaph. Work cited: .2011. µAnd immediately rather than words come the trough of high windows: the sun-comprehending glass.1080/0013838X.J. S.Porteous. the deep blue air.´ The dark night of the English Civilization must come soon. disillusion and deep despair. that shows nothing. Unlike Auden. This has frozen Larkin¶s mouth. 92:4. Enrights¶ anthology of Poets of the 1950¶s Larkin says: µI wrote poems to preserve things I have seen.. and beyond it.¶ To conclude we can say that Philip Larkin is a realistic. which I am trying to keep from oblivion for its own sake. and is nowhere.Perry. Andrew(1983). why I should do this. ³the Philip Larkin society´ µNew Larkin society¶ pp 1-9. the mindless destruction of it.(1999). He depicts reality of everyday in his poetry. (2011): ³So unreal´: The Unhomely Moment in the Poetry of PhilipLarkin. J. In most of his poems he deals with the harsh reality of human life which is

Dr. Year 51 No. Hussein. Sabouri. 208 .. ³Is There Any Passing Gleam of Sunshine in Philip Larkin¶s Poems?´ Research on Foreign Languages Journal of Faculty of Letters and Humanities.

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