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3B) THERMODYNAMICS

CP5023

Time allowed: 2 Hours

Instructions to candidates 1. 2. All the examination rules set out on the last page of the answer booklet must be strictly adhered to. This paper consists of 3 sections and 17 questions: Section A: Section B: Section C: 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 10 5 2 Multiple Choice Questions Short Questions Long Questions (20 marks) (40 marks) (40 marks)

Answer all the questions in the answer booklet provided. Answer each question in Sections B and C on a FRESH PAGE. This paper consists of 6 pages (inclusive of this cover page). Please submit this examination paper together with your answer booklet. A steam table handbook is provided for reference. Fill in your personal particulars below.

Admission No. : Class Seat No. : :

2010/2011/S2

Copyright © Singapore Polytechnic. All rights reserved.

1

0kg of water coexists as vapor and liquid at 290. (a) (40 marks) (20 marks) 3. quality and the overall internal energy of the mixture. 2 . Saturated steam at 295oC enters the turbine and leaves at 39oC. Water is completely immiscible with hexane and heptane.01kJ/mol 22.5oC in a 0.0J/mol. (a) (b) Define the term “entropy” and give two examples of processes with increase in entropy. (4 marks) (b) 12. (8 marks) 2010/2011/S2 Copyright © Singapore Polytechnic.CP5023 SECTION A: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS Not Release SECTION B: SHORT QUESTIONS 11. which form an ideal solution. (7 marks) State any one assumption that you have made. = = 6. (4 marks) Differentiate between state function and path function. Determine the pressure. entropy and quality of steam) of the working fluid at the principal points in the cycle. A Carnot cycle is to operate in the wet region using steam as the working fluid. Discuss qualitatively how the vapour composition and system pressure will change when liquid water is added to the organic liquid mixture of hexane and heptane in an isothermal closed container. pressure. (a) (b) Show by quantitative calculations that crystallization is spontaneous for 1 mole of supercooled liquid water at 270K and 1bar absolute. (4 marks) Define the term “irreversible” and give two examples of irreversible processes. Determine the properties (temperature.K (1 mark) Given: Standard Latent Heat of Fusion Standard Entropy Change for Crystallization 13. (4 marks) 15.05m3 rigid container. All rights reserved. (8 marks) 14. enthalpy.

state whether work is a state function or path function.5kJ/kg-K Assume the process takes place through another path: the ideal gas is isobarically expanded to double the volume. The mass on each end of the wire is 2kg. The gas is expanded isothermally to twice its original volume.End of Paper -- 2010/2011/S2 Copyright © Singapore Polytechnic.5mm is hung over a block of ice with a square cross-sectional area of 4cm2. (2 marks) Given: • Standard Latent Heat of Fusion = 6. (10 marks) Given: Cp = 1.25kJ/kg-K and the gas constant. V1. R = 0. a wire with a diameter of 0. (a) (b) (c) Calculate the pressure exerted by the wire on the ice.01kJ/mol • Clausius-Clapeyron Equation: dP/dT = ΔH/(T*Δv) Figure 1 17. (b) (c) Sketch the process on a PV diagram and calculate the total work done by the process. cooled to T1 at constant volume. All rights reserved. (a) Sketch the process on a PV diagram and calculate the total work done by the process. then cooled isobarically to V1. Consider an ideal gas in a piston at T1 = 298K. It is then heated at constant volume back to T1. then isothermally compressed to the original volume. 3 . (5 marks) Determine if the wire will cut through the ice given that the ambient temperature is 271 K. P1 = 15bar absolute and volume. V1. (8 marks) Based on your answers in part (a) and part (b). (13 marks) State any two assumptions that you have made for the calculation in (b). Explain your answer. (40 marks) Refer to Figure 1 below. (2 marks) -.CP5023 SECTION C: LONG QUESTIONS 16.

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