Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard

Specifications

Page i

PART IV - STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS M-003 THERMAL INSULATION AND LAGGING

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.7 4.8 4.8.1 4.8.2 4.8.3 4.8.4 4.9 4.9.1 4.9.2 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 SCOPE OF WORK ........................................................................................................................................ 1 CODES AND STANDARDS ......................................................................................................................... 1 DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS............................................................................................. 1 GENERAL ........................................................................................................................................................ 1 TYPE OF INSULATION ................................................................................................................................. 1 DESIGN CRITERIA ........................................................................................................................................ 2 DESIGN LOADS ............................................................................................................................................. 2 DETAILED REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL ........................................................................................................................................................ 2 MATERIALS.................................................................................................................................................... 3 INSULATION FASTENING ........................................................................................................................... 4 LAGGING ........................................................................................................................................................ 5 PIPING INSULATION .................................................................................................................................... 6 EQUIPMENT INSULATION .......................................................................................................................... 6 Vessels and Heat Exchangers ........................................................................................................................... 7 Pumps: ............................................................................................................................................................... 7 Equipment Lagging: ......................................................................................................................................... 7 VALVES AND FITTINGS INSULATION .................................................................................................... 7 SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BOILER ................................................................................................. 8 Technical Parameter ......................................................................................................................................... 8 Materials and Technical Requirements ............................................................................................................ 8 Materials: .......................................................................................................................................................... 9 Lagging: ............................................................................................................................................................ 9 SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE AND FEED HEATING TRAIN ......................................... 9 Technical Parameter ......................................................................................................................................... 9 Materials............................................................................................................................................................ 9 PERSONNEL PROTECTION INSULATION ............................................................................................. 10 ACOUSTIC INSULATION ........................................................................................................................... 10 ANTI-CONDENSATION INSULATION .................................................................................................... 11 VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INSULATION ................................................................... 11

........................................................Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page ii 4.......................................................................................5 5 6 7 8 9 Internal Duct Liner ............................................................. 12 DESIGN REVIEW AND SAMPLES ......... 12 QUALITY ASSURANCE / QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) ..................................................................13......................13............................... 11 Flashing ............................... 11 Outdoor External Duct Insulation and Finish ...............................4 4.....3 4.....................................13.......... 11 Indoor External Duct Insulation for Round Ducts ...........................................................................................................13................. 13 STORAGE OF INSULATION MATERIAL ..............................................................................................................................................................................................1 4.................13....... 13 ......... 11 Indoor External Insulation for Rectangular Ducts ..................................................................................................................................2 4............................ 12 PERFORMANCE TESTING AND FUNCTIONAL GUARANTEES .................................. 12 SPECIAL TOOLS ......................................

3. Alternative internationally recognised codes for the thermal insulation are acceptable provided that the Contractor specifies the appropriate codes in his Proposal and provides an English language translation of his proposed codes. National Fire Protection Association. The layout of these lists shall be subject of approval by the Owner’s Consultant. "Personnel Protection Insulation" refers to thermal insulation applied on hot surfaces above 60 °C for the only for personnel protection "Anti-condensation insulation" is required for cold surfaces (chilled water piping. American Society for Testing and Materials.1 ASME ASTM NFPA UL TCVN American Society of Mechanical Engineers. applicable codes and standards as well as good engineering practice. This Standard Specification defines the minimum requirements for the equipment under consideration. The Contractor shall supply Thermal Insulation and Lagging in accordance with his scope of supply as defined and as further outlined in the individual Technical Specifications for the equipment and system. Operating and design conditions of all piping systems and equipment shall be specified by the Contractor in the "Pipe List" in accordance with Standard Specification M-001 and/or the equipment design specifications. 2 CODES AND STANDARDS The Contractor shall comply with the individual Technical Specification requirements. . not limit Contractor's responsibility to supply such equipment complete in any respect and in line with applicable codes and standards as well as overruling specific project requirements and good engineering practice. − − − − − 3 3. manufacturing or procurement of materials.2 TYPE OF INSULATION "Thermal Insulation" comprises insulation applied to surfaces with a working temperature of 60 °C or higher for the purpose of reduction of thermal losses due to radiation of useful heat. Underwriters' Laboratories Vietnamese Standards DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS GENERAL Design and operating conditions for individual piping systems are specified under their plant systems of the individual Technical Specifications for equipment and system. manufacture and testing of the equipment covered by this specification. etc) to prevent moisture in the ambient air from condensation on the pipe/equipment surface. delivery to site and installation of all Thermal Insulation and Lagging within Contractor's scope of supply. The following Codes and Standards are specifically applicable to the design. Based on this data the Contractor shall derive the requirements for insulation and shall summarise the information on the "Pipe List" and/or the "Thermal Insulation and Lagging List". If design and operating parameters are not explicitly stated therein it is the Contractor's responsibility to establish proper parameters in line with the overall plant system requirements. however. It does.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 1 1 SCOPE OF WORK The work shall include the detailed design.

. or to adjacent insulation. access doors. etc) and shall be capable of withstanding the maximum specified working/design temperatures without deterioration. Design ambient temperatures indoor and/or outdoor shall be 30 °C for the purpose of insulation sizing. no exposure to sunshine and no wind shall be assumed. or areas on pressure vessels where code inspection data appear. which will allow withdrawal of removable sections without damage to such sections. and where otherwise specified. or moisture before any insulation is applied. Insulation shall be applied in a manner. Surfaces to be insulated shall be clean of dirt. If the materials become wet after application. All insulation shall be of high efficiency in respect of its designation (thermal. imputrescible and resistant to vermin. grease. Insulation materials shall be kept dry and shall not be applied when it is wet. acoustical. lifting lugs. "Personal protection insulation" shall be sized such as to maintain the outer surface temperature of the insulation lagging in any case below or at 50 °C. stable under the prevailing ambient and operating conditions. "Anti-condensation insulation" (anti-sweating insulation) shall be sized such as to ensure that the outer surface temperature of the insulation lagging is above the dew point of the ambient moist air.1. of high quality and suitable for the purpose intended and shall be of such durability and capability of giving effective service for at least thirty years under normal operating conditions. "Acoustical insulation" shall be sized such as to limit sound pressure levels to the allowable noise limits as specified. exposure type D or approved equivalent. Normal steady state operating conditions in the whole load range.3 DESIGN CRITERIA "Thermal insulation" shall be applied to all exposed surfaces to maintain a surface temperature that is no more than 250C above the ambient temperature.4 DESIGN LOADS The outdoor insulation and lagging. Wind loads shall be taken as acting normal to the surfaces of aluminium lagging in both directions. including supporting members and fasteners. The use of asbestos for insulating purpose is prohibited for this Project. toward the surfaces and away from the surfaces. The design wind loads shall be based on a wind velocity of 40 m/sec per ANSI A58. non-flammable.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 2 "Acoustical insulation" refers to insulation applied on noise emitting surfaces to achieve a sound level reduction/attenuation 3. shall be designed to withstand the following wind loads and live loads in addition to dead loads and internal pressures without exceeding the maximum allowable unit stresses. All insulation material shall be chemically neutral. 4 4. Removable sections of insulation shall be provided over removable plates. rust. Live loads equal to 195 kg/m2 shall be used as acting vertically down on the horizontal tops or horizontal projection of sloped tops of lagging structures. scale.1 DETAILED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL All insulating materials shall be new. 3. they shall be allowed to dry before proceeding with the application of metal jacket or weatherproof compounds.

Thermal insulation. The insulation and lagging shall be arranged with expansion joints or similar provisions. vinyl-acrylic emulsion type. with approved perm rating. lagging materials. 0. 19 mm wide.1 perm. Insulation on outdoor piping and equipment shall be fully weatherproof. hot dip galvanised steel wire mesh (galvanising shall be performed after fabrication of the mesh) Lacing wire: 1. extending from the body.8 for deviations) Thermal insulation for hot piping systems (temperatures up to 600oC): Pre-formed calcium silicate per ASTM C533 Anti-condensation insulation for cold equipment and piping: Pre-formed cellular (foam) glass per ASTM C552 with vapour barrier Metal lagging and jacket (for all insulated surfaces): Aluminium sheets as per ASTM B209 type 3004. corrugations.6 mm thick Screws for metal lagging: Self-tapping stainless steel screws with neoprene washers. All mastics shall bear "UL" labels. Wire mesh: Hexagonal woven. subject to approval of the Owner’s Consultant.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 3 Equipment nameplates mounted on brackets. and/or flashing is not permitted. blended with hydraulic setting binders and corrosion inhibitors to provide smooth. 120-130 kg/m3 minimum density (except as otherwise specified). monolithic finish when dry Weatherproof Mastic : Weatherproof/vapour proof. as far as required. Note that perm rating shall not exceed 0. and hardware called for in subsequent sections of this specification shall conform to the following requirements: − Thermal insulation for hot equipment (temperatures up to 600oC): Long fibre mineral wool blankets per ASTM C612-class 3.4 mm thick for pipes DN 600 mm and smaller. lagging.2 MATERIALS The materials to be supplied shall conform to the latest issues of the designated ASTM Standards. Equivalent internationally recognised standards may be accepted. reinforced on both sides with galvanised hexagonal wire mesh. 0. surface finish and thickness shall be as specified in subsequent sections of this specification Insulating and finishing cement: Mineral wool based as per ASTM C449. ribs.7/4. minimum 1. with two coats of clear acrylic coating on exterior surface and two coats of catalysed epoxy coating on interior surface as a moisture barrier. hard. − − − − − − − − − − . Welded joints in pipes and equipment shall not be covered with insulation until hydrostatic tests have been satisfactorily performed on the pipes and equipment. shall be framed in with the insulation so as to leave them exposed for ready identification.6 mm thick.6 mm thick for larger size pipes and for all equipment Aluminium foil: minimum 0. (see also clauses 4. 4. fire-resistant. waterproof and suitable for the specific Site conditions. so that all surfaces will be effectively insulated whether in the hot or cold position and to prevent cracking or distortion of the insulation due to thermal expansion of the equipment. The use of "Pop" type rivets as a means of securing or supporting insulation.6 mm minimum diameter stainless steel wire Insulation and metal lagging bands: Type 304 stainless steel as follows: 13 mm wide.

− 4. General wool block or board insulation shall be installed employing either of the following methods: − Mineral wool insulation shall be applied directly against hot surfaces or surfaces with an intermediate layer of insulation. After the insulation and speed washers are in place the pins shall be bent over and not cut. Road mesh may be used to span stiffeners for surfaces that are to be insulated with calcium silicate block or metal mesh reinforced mineral wool blankets.3 INSULATION FASTENING All surfaces to be insulated. lugs. Edges of metal mesh covered blankets shall be tied together with wire. and 300 mm centres in both directions on bottom of the insulated surfaces. − Multiple Layer Insulation All calcium silicate blocks and segmental and sectional insulation for all equipment 76 mm and over in total thickness (no including finish coat) shall be applied in two layers unless otherwise specifically approved. The pin length shall be 25 mm greater than the thickness of insulation. Calcium silicate block insulation shall be securely wired in place. All insulation fasteners used in areas where the temperature may exceed 395 oC shall be stainless steel. supports etc. complete specifications covering materials and methods of application. except piping and tubes. When the cool side of the insulation is not in contact with the . pins or other suitable means spaced on centres as hereinafter specified for attachment of insulation holding wire for impaling mineral wool blocks or blankets. shall have clips. thickness and lagging for all insulated surface shall be acceptable to the Owner’s Consultant before the materials are purchased.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 4 − Acoustic barrier: Lead sheet of minimum 5 kg/m2 specific weight Insulation Review Insulation materials and thickness used for each purpose and methods of application will be subject to careful review and must be completely acceptable to the Owner’s Consultant. − Contractor shall indicate on his insulation drawings and specifications that all projecting ribs. on all equipment and piping furnished by him are properly insulated to prevent excessive heat losses. Studs or pins shall be in a set pattern with spacing not in excess of 450 mm centres in both directions on the top and sides. All materials required for proper support and fastening of insulation to all surfaces shall be provided. sectional and block forms of insulation shall be filled with insulating cement. − In the case of 2-layer insulation the inner layer thickness shall be half of the total specified thickness or 13 mm less then the thickness of the outer layer where this is not practical. board or blankets shall be applied by impaling on self-welded studs or pins and retaining the insulation with speed washers. flanges. Joints in insulation shall be tightly butted so as to produce a monolithic continuous insulation. Welding studs or drilled clips shall be welded to the surfaces in a set pattern with spacing not in excess of 450 mm centres in both directions on top and sides and 300 mm centres in both directions on bottom of insulated surfaces for attaching insulation tie lacing wires. Drawings showing the specific insulation materials. − Contractor shall submit to the Owner’s Consultant for review. Mineral wool block. Each layer of calcium silicate block insulation shall be firmly wired in place. welding studs. Joints and Finish All spaces or joints between calcium silicate segmental.

valves. confined between inner and outer metal sheets. The jacket shall be applied directly over the blanket insulation (unless otherwise specified) and neatly fitted into place. Road mesh. The alloy temper shall be such that the material can be bent flat on itself without cracking. The method of fastening metal lagging shall be acceptable to the Owner’s Consultant. Suitable flashing or weatherproofing shall be provided at all nozzles. which may be walked upon..Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 5 − outer metal lagging. 4.25mm thick for piping and fittings. The lagging shall be designed and installed to provide for complete water runoff with no pockets where water can collect.e. The spacing of fasteners shall be in a set pattern both vertically and horizontally and shall be such as to prevent ratting of the lagging due to vibration of equipment or piping. where used to span stiffener members. Mineral wool insulation shall be of sandwich construction. Lagging shall be applied with bands and screws as specified in Clause 4. . smooth aluminium sheets.4 LAGGING In general all piping and equipment which is insulated shall be lagged or jacketed as specified for individual applications below. i. Metal lagging fastening screws and washers shall be of the type as indicated in Clause 4.2 and shall not stain the lagging. Removable panels of doors shall be provided in the metal lagging to provide access to handholds. All joints shall be arranged so as to shed water. Metal mesh facing must be suitably lapped and tied together. Lagging shall not be applied until insulating cement is dry. fittings. Road mesh shall be tack welded to stiffeners or supports on not greater than 600 mm centres both ways. suitable barriers of plate and block or plastic insulation shall be installed in vertical runs on approximately 3 m intervals to eliminate any stack effect. The use of canvas jacketing for insulation is not permitted.25 mm thick − − for large shaped surfaces flat type aluminium alloy sheets 1.2 above. manholes. For outdoor applications. Lagging shall be applied with all joints lapped. the lagging shall be completely waterproof with proper flashing installed so that water cannot reach the insulation. Full-threaded stud set lock fastener and blind rivets are not acceptable methods of fastening lagging. manholes. and other projections to prevent the entrance of water. Lagging for flat surfaces shall be ribbed type aluminium alloy sheets 1. shall be a minimum of 100 mm x 100 mm x 4/6 mm for horizontal surfaces. and 150 mm x 150 mm x 6/5 mm for other surfaces. in such manner as to ensure firm attachment of the insulation to all surfaces. Insulation block and blankets shall be fastened to the road mesh with tie wires or pins and speed washers respectively. Wherever sandwich type insulation construction is used (or where tubes or pipes are insulated as a group). etc. Dissimilar metal that may cause galvanic corrosion shall be properly isolated. All joints or screws shall be placed where they are least visible. the insulation shall be covered with a metal mesh. Longitudinal overlaps shall be 50 mm. circumferential overlaps shall be 75 mm. Insulation with factory attached metal lagging will not be acceptable (except where specified otherwise).

4. It shall accommodate all movements of the pipe during operation without opening up the joints between sections of insulation. The joints shall be filled with resilient material. All joints shall be arranged so as to shed water.0 mm up to 640 mm and 1.2. and other projections to prevent the entrance of water. The jacket shall be applied directly over the blanket insulation and neatly fitted into place. The number and spacing of expansion joints shall be such that the expansion in any joint is limited to 20 mm. Insulation diameters under 500 mm size shall be fastened with wires. Insulation for service below 400 °C shall be applied in a single layer. Insulated flanges shall be lagged and the lagging shall be fabricated to fit neatly around the flange and shall be removable. larger diameters with bands as specified in Clause 4.2. 1.2 shall be used. embossed aluminium alloy as per Clause 4. .6 EQUIPMENT INSULATION Hot equipment shall be insulated with mineral wool blankets as specified in Clause 4. Piping insulation shall allow for radial expansion and contraction of the pipe.5 PIPING INSULATION For hot piping pre-formed segmental calcium silicate insulation as per Clause 4. the locations of the expansion joints shall be staggered. All pipes shall have adequate support rings and/or attachments to prevent settling of insulation and to provide support for the lagging. Projections on cold piping such as pipe hangers shall be sealed with mastic where they join the pipe insulation to prevent vapour penetrating into the insulation material. These supports shall be composed of spacers and circumferential straps made of flat steel suitable for the prevailing temperature. Wires or bands shall be placed on maximum 250 mm centres. Insulation for service at higher temperatures shall be applied in double layers with staggered circumferential and longitudinal joints.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 6 Elbows with an insulated outside diameter less than 330 mm shall be covered with formed aluminium elbow jackets. galvanised steel plaster lath shall be applied to the cold surface of the insulation for support. In areas where it is not convenient to have the lagging in intimate contact with the insulation (air space between insulation and lagging). On piping with minimum 120 mm insulation the spacing between supporting rings shall not exceed 2 m for horizontal and 3 m for vertical piping. manholes. Piping elbows with larger insulated outside diameter shall be covered using metered segment aluminium elbow jackets constructed with rolled interlocking edge joints. 4. The design of the expansion joints in single layer insulation shall be of double-wall construction. Insulated long radius bends shall be jacketed using spiral wrapped aluminium straps or individual mitred segments. Lagging shall be fabricated from flat sheets of smooth. Lagging shall be in intimate contact with the insulation. Metered segments shall have included angles not greater than 15 degrees. On multi layer insulation. Insulation for service at higher temperatures shall be applied in double layers. Insulation joints shall be tightly butted and gaps shall be filled with insulating cement.2.8 mm for insulation outer diameters up to 320 mm.2 mm for larger diameters. and suitable flashing or weatherproofing shall be provided at all nozzles. Insulation for service below 400oC shall be applied in single layers with staggered longitudinal joints. the thickness shall be 0. and shall permit the pipe to expand longitudinally.

Mitred segments shall have included angles not greater than 15 degrees. Adjacent edges shall be laced with lacing wire.7 VALVES AND FITTINGS INSULATION Valves and fittings in hot piping shall be insulated with segments of pipe insulation carefully cut to fit and then firmly wired in place.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 7 Insulation shall be fitted to the equipment and provided with an adequate number of expansion joints.0 mm thick. The finishing cement shall be reinforced on fittings of DN 200 mm nominal size and larger with wire mesh. Shell flanges on heat exchangers and on vessels shall be insulated with removable covers.1 Vessels and Heat Exchangers − − − − − Insulation for vessels and heat exchangers shall be hung from insulation supports as special attachments. Elbows with an insulated outside diameter less than 320 mm shall be covered with formed aluminium elbow jackets. Voids shall be filled with high temperature insulating cement. Core coating of the pump body is not required.2 Pumps − − Pump insulation shall be cut and fitted to the shape of the pump body. ribbed (100 mm centre-to-centre. In case flat sheets are required. Gaps shall be filled with insulating cement and reinforced with wire mesh. 4. 4. All void spaces shall be filled with fibrous insulation.2 mm thick. The insulation thickness shall be the same as on the shell. bringing the total insulation thickness on fittings to that of the adjacent pipe insulation.6. All joints shall be staggered and tightly butted. . in lieu of being formed to fit the shape of the pump body. insulation shall be secured in place with insulation wire. Manholes. and blanked nozzles shall be insulated with removable type covers. Insulated long radius bends shall be jacketed using spiral wrapped aluminium straps or individual mitred segments. handholds. Nozzles on vessels and heat exchangers shall be insulated the same way as the adjoining pipes. Two coats of finishing cement each 6 mm thick shall be finally applied. 4. Insulation shall be secured using lacing wire and insulation bands on 300 mm centres. If straps cannot be used to secure insulation due to irregularities of the body. Valves and flanges shall be insulated in all lines as required for thermal insulation and/or personnel protection insulation. the pipe insulation shall be tapered adjacent to the flange to permit removal of the flange bolts without damaging the insulation. Where pipe is provided with flanges.2. 25 mm depth) aluminium sheets as specified in Clause 4. 4. Insulation of vessel heads shall be cut to fit the curvature of the heads and secured with radial bands spaced on 300 mm centres at the perimeter of the heads. Moulded or shop-fabricated insulation of the same material as for piping shall be used with preference. they shall be 1.6. The insulation thickness shall be the same as on the shell.3 Equipment Lagging − − − The lagging shall be made of 1. Expansion joints shall be provided as required.6. Piping elbows with larger insulated outside diameter shall be covered using mitred segment aluminium elbow jackets constructed with rolled interlocking edge joints. Pump body shall be coated with core coating before insulating. Pump insulation may be formed into a box around the unit.

which require access for frequent maintenance and adjustment.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 8 Where flanges are un-insulated.8.8. In areas where it is not convenient to have lagging in intimate contact with the insulation (in air space between insulation and lagging) galvanised steel plaster lath shall be applied to the cold surface of the insulation for support.8 4. All holes and slits over 1. Insulation will be single layer for temperatures below 400 oC and double layer for higher temperatures. such as the ring pin in safety valves. above).2 Materials and Technical Requirements Technical Requirements − − − − − − The surfaces of cladding where not under cover will be water proof. Noise insulation may be used as required together with other mean of noise control to meet work area or plant boundary condition noise standards. shall be provided with a metal sleeve through the insulation. Lagging − − The basic requirements for the lagging shall correspond to those of the related piping system (see 4. All pins shall be field installed. . Where flanges are insulated. the jacket shall be fabricated to fit neatly around the flange insulation. Insulated flanges shall be lagged. Insulated valves and fittings. Where walkways are required for operation or maintenance on insulated surfaces these will be supported internally and indicated as suitable for walking or gratings provided over the top of the personal access. The cladding and its supports will be suitable to meet the wind velocity standards without damage.4. The lagging shall be fabricated to fit neatly around the flange and shall be removable. − Outdoor equipment: − Noise Insulation: 4. Mineral wool insulating cement may be used to insulate valves and fittings in 50 mm and smaller piping to be insulated with 50 mm or less of insulation.6 mm wide in each layer of insulation shall be filled with insulating cement (mineral wool base). Insulation and lagging shall be held in place by welded pins and fastened with special speed clips. Lagging shall be in intimate contact with the insulation. to maintain 55 oC maximum surface temperature at 30 °C ambient temperature with air circulation speeds of 8 km/h. the jacket shall end flush with the insulation and finish at 45 degree with insulating cement and weatherproof mastic.1 SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BOILER Technical Parameter Thermal Insulation: Thermal insulation will be applied to all exposed heated surfaces as follows: − Under cover (roof) or enclosed equipment: to maintain 55 oC maximum surface temperature at ambient temperatures of 30 oC with air circulation speeds of 8 km/h. 4. and sealed in difficult areas such as access doors with flashing and/or sealing compounds.

2 mm minimum thickness. will be provided. fittings. auxiliary equipment.8. Expansion joint insulation shall in no way reduce the effectiveness of the expansion joint and shall be designed to withstand thermal movements without failure. The insulation will be fire and water proof and compatible with the surface to which it is applied. type Robertson-Vesracor or equivalent). 4. shall be lagged with fabricated aluminium sheet. valves. 4. 4.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 9 − All flanges and expansion joints shall be suitably insulated to prevent heat leakage.4 minimum thickness for 600 mm diameter and smaller. except exposed pipes outside of the enclosure. ESP) and large shaped surfaces (fans. 4. 0. 1. Lagging on the top of the boilers.25 mm. except flat type. in embossed surface not thinner than 1. Insulated surfaces of air heaters. (i. For large shaped surfaces same as above. The lagging of access doors and openings shall be suitably reinforced and provided with heavyduty hardware and latches. minimum density 48 kg/m3 reinforced with galvanised wire mesh will be provided. and ductwork shall be suitably reinforced to allow workmen walking on the top surfaces. feed heaters): . ductwork. fittings. fire resistant. 4. All lagging shall be suitably braced for the wind loading specified for structural steel design.4 Lagging − − − − − − − For flat surfaces: ribbed type coated steel sheeting (for corrosion resistance in marine climate).e. The Contractor shall provide complete details regarding proposed materials and installation methods. For piping.9. and other insulated surfaces.8 mm larger diameter and other equipment.3 Materials − − For flat surfaces (boiler casing. For piping. Mastic: vinylacrylic.2 Materials Thermal Insulation For large shaped surface (deaerator. 0.9 SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE AND FEED HEATING TRAIN Thermal insulation and lagging materials to be supplied and installed on turbine units shall conform to the best standards of the equipment manufacturer. drums and headers.8. drum heads. air heaters): mineral wool blankets per ASTM C596. flat surface coated steel sheeting. valves. fittings and irregular surfaces: Finishing cement per ASTM C449. Finishing Cement and Weather-Proofing Mastic − For valves. furnaces. as follows : − − Indoor equipment : Outdoor equipment : to maintain 55 °C maximum surface temperatures to maintain 55 °C maximum surface temperature at 30 °C ambient temperature and wind speed of 8 km/h. ducts. feed water tank. drums and headers: pre-formed calcium silicate blocks per ASTM C533 will be applied.9.1 Technical Parameter Thermal insulation will be applied to all exposed heated surfaces.

4. 4. For turbine casings. mineral wool type thermal insulation. fittings.Vesracor or equivalent). reinforced with galvanised wire mesh. 1.25 mm minimum thickness. Robertson .4 mm minimum thickness for larger diameters and equipment. For piping. where required. The shield shall be fabricated from minimum 1.e.25 mm minimum thickness For piping.e. Outdoor/semi-outdoor installation: Flat type coated steel sheeting (for corrosion resistance in maritime climate) i. suitable for temperatures up to 570 °C.Vesracor or equivalent with vapour barrier.11 ACOUSTIC INSULATION Acoustic insulation shall be combined with other type of insulation to the utmost extent. employing screws and nuts for servicing the equipment shielded. The insulation shall be applied up to a height of 2 m above the respective ground. minimum density 48 kg/m3. embossed aluminium alloy sheets.: − Pre-formed calcium silicate blocks per ASTM C 533. Insulation will be single layer for temperatures below 350 °C and double layer for higher temperatures. Contractor shall submit typical drawings to the Owner’s Consultant for review prior to installation. ASTM B 209. embossed aluminium alloy sheets. with vapour barrier. except flat surface coated steel sheets (for corrosion resistance in maritime climate (i. for inspection and maintenance. . Welded steel plate lagging structures will be provided for the high pressure and intermediate pressure turbine. Provisions will be made for easy removal. All sharp edges must be folded back on the material. normally with thermal insulation. A layer of at least 12 mm finishing cement will be applied. valves. Shields shall be of the removable type.3 mm thick expanded galvanised steel. Lagging For large shaped surfaces: − − Indoor installation: Flat type. fire resistant. Finishing Cement and Weather Proofing Mastic For valves. fittings and irregular surfaces: − Finishing cement per ASTM C 449.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 10 − Mineral wool blankets per ASTM C 592. Mastic: Vinyl-acrylic. 1. Outdoor / semi outdoor: same as above.2. valves.e. fittings and headers: − − Indoor installation: Smooth. turbine valve chests: − Sprayed-on. reinforced with wire mesh and held in place by means of anchor pins. etc. Provisions will be made for easy removal for inspection and maintenance of the turbines. i. Plant and equipment which for technical reasons cannot be insulated shall be provided with personnel protection shields. 0. Robertson . The inside of the lagging will have a sound absorbing coating.10 PERSONNEL PROTECTION INSULATION Personnel protection insulation shall be provided for plant and equipment which is within 1 meter distance from an operating platform or other walking area and having a surface temperature exceeding the limit as specified in clause 3.

2 Indoor External Insulation for Rectangular Ducts − − − − 4.1 Internal Duct Liner − − Insulation shall be 25 mm thick. Colour shall match the insulation facing. fibreglass board impregnated with NFPA approved fire retardant. sectional cellular (foam) glass of sufficient thickness. Adhesive shall be white. Butt joints of insulation sections must be filled with bedding mastic. 48 kg/m3 minimum density.13. Indoor External Duct Insulation for Round Ducts − − − − 4. having a vapour proof coating and a smooth surface on the side exposed to the air stream. All blocks shall be held in place by stainless steel bands placed on suitable centres. finely woven. Colour shall match the insulation facing. The anti-condensation insulation shall consist of pre-formed.13. 4. finely woven.13. Outdoor External Duct Insulation and Finish .Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 11 Suitable ways and means for specific applications shall be proposed by the Contractor and sufficient details of the design shall be provided to the Owner’s Consultant for review and approval. 4. 4. The permeability of the coating shall be subject to the Owner’s Consultant's approval.12 ANTI-CONDENSATION INSULATION Anti-condensation (anti-sweat) insulation shall be applied to all cold equipment and piping which are susceptible to sweating under the prevailing ambient conditions. 4. glass cloth and foil. having a white finish suitable for painting. Sealing tape shall be not less than 76 mm wide and shall be the insulation manufacturer's recommended vapour proof pressure sealing tape. Sealing tape shall not be less than 76 mm wide and shall be the insulation manufacturer's recommended vapour proof pressure sealing tape. Fibreglass insulation shall have a density of not less than 64 kg/m3. Adhesive shall be white. vapour proof mastic and shall be compatible with the above insulation materials as recommended by the insulation manufacturer. Adhesive shall be vapour proof mastic and shall be compatible with the above insulation material as recommended by the insulation manufacturer. The entire insulation system shall meet NFPA 90A Fire Hazard Classification.3 Insulation shall be not less than 25 mm thick. pre-formed fibreglass insulation with factory applied laminate of pre-sized. glass cloth and foil.13 VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INSULATION All air-conditioning ductwork shall be insulated as specified hereinafter.4 Insulation shall be 25 mm thick. This is particularly applicable to chilled water piping.13. and not less than 64 kg/m3 density fibreglass board with factory applied laminate of pre-sized. The insulation shall finally be protected from water and humidity by a suitable coating reinforced by glass or nylon cloth as required. These classes of surfaces shall be systematically identified based on a hygrometric diagram and the plant ambient design conditions. having a white surface suitable for painting. vapour proof mastic and shall be compatible with the above insulation materials as recommended by insulation manufacturer. The entire insulation system shall meet NFPA 90A Fire Hazard Classification.

surface temperatures are within stated limits. etc. The Contractor shall demonstrate that the specified performance data of the insulation are met.13. Therefore the Contractor shall warrant that the materials furnished by him are suitable for these specific applications and will maintain their thermal efficiency. noise level reduction is achieved. The thermal conductivity figures and thereof derived Specific thermal loss figures (W/m2) shall be valid for the proposed insulation assembly including insulation. lagging and supports.5 Flashing − − − The Contractor shall provide hot-dip galvanised steel flashing as hereinafter specified. size and method of application of the insulating materials called for in this Specification are suitable for the specified service conditions. 6 PERFORMANCE TESTING AND FUNCTIONAL GUARANTEES The Contractor shall guarantee that the type. Thermal conductivity tables or curves shall be submitted to the Owner’s Consultant for information and review. . 4.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 12 − Insulation shall be 25 mm foam plastic sheet insulation finished with two (2) coats of manufacturer's recommended finish for outdoor service. Contractor shall therefore submit complete specifications and drawings showing the required details. 7 QUALITY ASSURANCE / QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) The quality control including inspection and testing shall conform to the requirements of the individual Technical Specification (clause: Quality Assurance and Quality Control) The quality control procedures shall include but not be limited to the following: − − − − − − − − − procurement packaging and shipping testing cleaning non-destructive testing The quality control documentation shall include but not be limited to the following: material certificates NDE reports all shop test reports all other documentation required by applicable codes and standards.3 mm thick flashing shall be provided where insulated or un-insulated ductwork penetrates a building wall. The Contractor shall submit a sketch to the Owner’s Consultant showing the flashing details for penetrations through walls. A sample of each type of insulation together with material specifications shall be provided by the Contractor on request to the Owner’s Consultant. The test procedures and scope of testing shall be proposed by the Contractor and be approved by the Owner’s Consultant. methods of application will be subject to review and approval by the Owner’s Consultant.e. i. physical properties and mechanical strength without deterioration under the planned operating conditions throughout the lifetime of the plant. sizing. 5 DESIGN REVIEW AND SAMPLES Insulation material selection. 1.

9 STORAGE OF INSULATION MATERIAL All insulation materials shall be supplied with adequate protection to withstand damage during transportation and storage. jacket.Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Plant Water Treatment and Waste Water Treatment Plant Part IV Project Standard Specifications Page 13 8 SPECIAL TOOLS All special tools and devices necessary to apply to all kinds of insulation. and lagging shall be supplied by the Contractor. which can be satisfactorily resealed after partial using of content. Where applicable. the materials shall be supplied in waterproof containers. .