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Amazing Anlmals

A: Animal lntelligence
B: Arlistic Animals

The lncredible Dolphin

Word Link: -ance Word Link: -rsf

/

-ence

Moni,*,'r

Musical Elephants

2

Iravel and Adventure A: Adventure

Destinattons

Travel Adventure:

Usage: advlce vs.

advise LanC

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\aska\r
B: Extreme Activities

Ntqenttna

Extreme Destination: Vanuatu Word Partnership. nat.'-'

Music and Festivals

A: A World of Music B: Carnival Timel

Hip-Hop Planet Brazilian Sambal

Usage'.

fenaleys,

wafi-tz/
-ron

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llnnmntnil

Word Link: -ation

Review 1 City in the Clouds

World Heritage Spotlight: Machu Picchu, Peru

Word Link: -tion

/

-sion

/

'atic,-

Word Partnership'. take

4

Othen Worlds

A: Making Contact
B: Living on the Red Planel

Life Beyond Earth?
Colonies in Space

Word Partnership: Word Link: in-

nessage The Mr:'. / in-

5

0ity Living

A: Urban Explosion
B: City of the Future

City Challenges
Dubai: Then and Now

Word Partnership: Word Link: -lul

traffic

Living in

u'*nnrrlm

6

Clothing and Fashion A: From Sandal to
Space Boot B: The Silk Story

More Than a Shoe?

Word Link: -y

Silk Weau*.:
Vietnam

rrnn

The Miracle of Silk

Word Link: un-

Review 2 Ancient Capitals

World Heritage Spotlight:
Gyeongju, Korea

Word Link: in-

/ im- / un-

I

Kyoto, Japan

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olf from Oakland I, S -

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lovies and books have made pirates

famous" But what was life like for the real pirates of tlre Ganibbean? p, j,?t

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Nearly 100 years

ago,

1.

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Welcome to Reading Explorer!
In this book,
Reading

you'll travel the world, explore different cultures, and discover interesting topics. You'll also become a better reader!

will be easier-and you'll understand
these questions:

map
I

headings

tite

more-if you ask yourself

What do I already know?

. .

Before you read, look at the photos, captions, and maps. Ask yourself: Wnt do I alreody hnow obout thi.s topic? Think about the language you know-

or may need to know-to understand the topic.

What do I want to learn?

.
.

Look at the tide and headings. fuk yourself: Wnt i,s this pnssnge obout?
What wi,ll I lenrn? As you read, check your predictions.

What have I learned?

f;xm Cupl.
Living in Venice
A, Preview Look ar the photo a_: Label the phot. uith th€ A londolEr ross a qo.dola
1.

_

. .

As you read, take notes. Use them to help you answer questions about

'r.r.: a..t :

'

the passage.

2.

Write down words you learn in vocabulary notebook.

3__

a

-

_

'1

/

-

B. Summarize. Watrn:

l#:ru:;i;:[;

-

:. :=:

.

How can I learn more?

. .

Practice your reading skills and

vocabulary in the Review Units. Explore the topics by watching the videos in class, or at home using

the CD-ROM.

Now you're ready to

explore your world!
8

Introduction

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Animel
Bef,crre

You Read

A. True or False. Read the sentences below, and circle T fl-rror F (False). Then check your answers on page 18.

Fast Facts: The Bottlenose Dolphin
1. Dolphins are mammals (like

cats, horses,

^

A hurran brain

and humans), not fish. 2. A dolphin's brain is bigger than a human's. 3. Dolphins communicate with each other using clicking and whistling sounds. 4. As adults, dolphins live by themselves.

TF TF TF TF

/",/

t'
.:.i__
-

t-

e A whistle

B. Skim for the Main ldea. On the next page, look at the title headings, photos, and captions. What is this reading mainly about? Circle a, b, or c. Then read the passage to check your answer.
a. types of dolphins b. things dolphins

do

c. what dolphins =-'

l0

L-nit I Alazing Animals

II

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I

Read.ing Comprehension
A. Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer for each question.
Mein ld*e 1. What is the main idea of the reading? a. Dolphins are very intelligent animals. b, There are many different types of dolphins. c, Some dolphins are more intelligent than humans, d. Dolphins are humans' favorite animals.

lf*tnil

2. Which sentence about dolphin language is true? a. A dolphin gets its name from its mother. b. Dolphins use language to talk about many things. c. Dolphins whistle, but they don't use body language. d. Dolphin conversation is easy to understand.

i'\,'.+,r il tJc

-afi

3. Why do dolphins sometimes help fishermen? a. Dolphins are kind animals. b, So the dolphins can get food. c. The dolphins know the men are hungry. d. The fishermen ask the dolphins for help.

Flefernnc*

4. ln line 19, others means other a. pods b. people c. dolphins d. games 5. ln the sentence The dolphins get to eat some of the fish.
(line 29), what does get to mean? a. are able b, have c,

Vncai:ulery

to

to

should

d. want to

B. Glassification. How are dolphins and humans different? How are they the same? Write the answers (a-h) in the diagram,

Humans

Dolphins

a. play games in groups b. have their own narrlea c. use spoken words to
communicate d. plan ways to do sondihr e. catch fish for food f. communicate their to each other g. choose their own namm h. use sounds and b@ language to talk

L2

Unit I Amazing Animals

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e
Before You ILead
A. Labeling. Read the information below. Then label the numbered items in the picture with the words in blue.

.r

/

Kffi Artistic Animals
Can an eleph;rnt make musicf Some people might say "no," bllt the animals in the pl-roto are musicians. Each elephant uses its tml to play diffbrent instruments, like the drum or the xylophone.

o
@

o

a o

E. Predict. Which of these do you think elephants can do? Check (rz) your answer(s). Then read the information on the next page to chec< your idea(s).

t] paint D
l4
L'nit I Amazing Animals

play music

3

cook food

D

play soccer

Mws&sffi€ Elepfuass€s
In the town of Lampang in
northern Thailand, there is an unusuaF group of musicians. They play many different kinds of music-everything from traditional Thai songs to music by Beethoven. Both children and adults love this group.What makes them so popularl Is it their musicf Their looksl2 Yes, it's both of these things, but it's also something else: tfrey're elephants.
These musical elephants started at

Did You Know?
Every November,

thousands of people watch elephants dance and play soccer at the Surin Elephant Round-Up
Festival in Thailand.

the Thai Elephant Conservation Center (TECC) in Lampang. The TECC protects elephants. It teaches people to understand and care for these huge, but gentle, animals. And, like many zoos around the world, the TECC encourages elephants to paint. Richard Lair works with the TECC. I{e knows a lot about elephants. He says some of the animals'paintings are very good. But, in fact, elephants hear better than they see. And so he had an idea: if elephants are intelligent and they have good hearing, maybe they can play music. To test his idea, Lair and a friend started the Thai Elephant Orchestra.3 During a performance, the elephants play a variety of instruments, including the drums and the xylophone. The animals also use their voices and trunks to make sounds.

r

Sangduen Chailert helps elephants at a nature park near Chiang Mai, Thailand.

But can elephants really make music properlyf Yes, says Lair. They're very creative. Humans encourage the animals to play, but the elephants make their own songs; they don't just copy their trainers or other people. There are now CDs of the group's music, which earn money for the TECC. And the
rnrrcic theqe nrficfs cre^te ic nreffrr qrnnzino

. Reading Comprehension
A. Multiple Ghoice. Choose the best answer for each question. Gist 1. Another title for this reading could be
a. Teaching Elephants to Paint b. Elephants in Danger c. TECC Trainers d, An Unusual Orchestra

ilctail 2.

The elephants at the TECC a. see better than they hear b. are able to paint c. copy humans to play music d. make their own instuments

ll*iail 3. why did Richard Lair start the Thai Elephant orchestra?
a. He had heard the elephants playing music. b. He needed to make money for the TECC, c, He believed elephants could play music. d. He wanted to be on TV in Thailand.

Vacabulary

4. 5.

ln line 25, what does a variety of mean? a. the same kind b, many different c. two types

of

of

d. too marn/

F;;rephra*e

Read the last sentence in the passage again. What does it mean? a, The elephants play great music. b. Human aftists now play with the elephants. c. The elephants are very beautiful, d. Human musicians want to copy the elephants' songs.
idea of each paragraph in the reading? Match a heading (a-e)with the correct paragraph (14). one heading is erdra.

B. Matching. What is the mdn

Paragraph
1.

Heading a. One man s idea: The Elephant Orchestra b. An unusual group of musicians c. Why do animals like music? d. The elephants really can play music! e. The work of the TECC

2. 3. 4.
Phong, an elephant at the TECC, can play the xylophone with his trunk. v

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EXPLORE

Monk.y College
A. Preview. Match each word in the box with an item in the picture.

coconut

monkey

rope

trainer

@ e.Summarize. Watch the video, Monkey Cotlege.

Then complete the summary below using the correct form of words from the box. Two words are extra.

MAtAYSIA

advantage assistance earn

encourage gentle huge

intelligent method perform

popular trainer

G. Think About lt.

Some monkeys are so l. they get to go to school! Somporn Saewkwo is a(n) 2. at Thailand's Monkey Training College in Surat Thani. He uses a creative way to teach monkeys a very important job-how to pick coconuts from tall trees. First, he holds the monkey's hands. He shows the animal how to spin (turn) a coconut to take it from a tree. Later, Saewkwo takes the monkey to a high tree and he 3. the animal to climb up and pick the fruit. The monkey wears a rope. Using this, Saewkwo can direct the animal from the ground. The 4. of using this 5. is that the trainer doesn't have to climb a tree.

1. How does Somporn Saewkwo teach the monkeys? 2. Do you think monkeys are more or less intelligent than other animals you read about in this unit? whv?

Coconuts are very 6. in Thailand: they are used in many foods. A(n) 7. number of coconuts are picked each month (almost two million!). Farmers can 8. a lot of money from this fruit. But they probably couldn't do this without 9. from their helpers-the monkeys. Because these animals are so important, most are treated well by farmers.

To learn more about amazing animals, visit
elt, hein le, com/explorer

18

Unit I Amazing Animals

.10: Answers to Before You Read quiz on page 1 . T; 2. f;3. T; 4. F. Most bottlenose dolphins live in groups, called pods

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Before You Read
place' photos and read about each A. Gompletion' Look at the the box' ,. Then complete each description with a word from

MOUNfrun Golombia
highway ?n9, Tiavel along Colombia's "coffee in the Andes tniough be-autifui rnountain villages

-

DE$ERT Monsolia
desert; Bring a lent Travel through its wide open ltb'an amazing experiencel outdoors uhder: the sfoy iinight'

T:-=

FORE$T,Sene$ol
Take a riverboat wonders, tit

"

tunffi'6@s

:

" ' ' ,'

,, " and see this life;
full of animal

country's naiural

BERCH Rtnania

coaslal',lown3, wa\ ryry Visit the country-'s beautiful in:thelblue waters of the'lonian 'Y:ii:;t'f,?Sea beaches; and

B.Scan.Youaregoingtoreadabouttwofriends,traveladventure' the questions below. Then auickiy ,"u. tr..l" l,.uoing to answer answers' read again to check Your

l.Wheredidtheystartandendtheirtrip?Howdidtheytravel? travel?

2. How many kilometers (or miles) did

they

20

Urlit 2 Travel and Adventure

Trovel 0dventures

Rlerko to flrgentino
Iany

m6t

people dream of going on a great travel adventure. of us keep dreaming; others make it happen . . .

(lfrcgg Bleakney's dream was to travel the Americas from top bottom. He got the idea after he finished a 1,600 kilometer bike ride. Gregg's friend, Brooks Allen, was also a r-il") two friends talked and slowly formed a plan: they The travel from Alaska to Argentina-by bike.

F]' for the trip, Gregg and Brooks worked and saved ir money for years. Once they were on the road, they

camped outdoors or stayed in hostels.2 In many places, people opened their homes to the two friends and gave food.

their trip, Gregg and Brooks cycled through deserts, and mountains. They visited modern cities and font ruins3 such as Machu Picchu in Peru. And everlwhere s'ent) they met other cyclists from all over the world.

inued without him.)

ilr[av 2007-two years) twelve countries, and over km (19,000 miles) later-Gregg eventually reached ia" Argentina, the southernmost city in the world. (Near , Brooks had to return to the U.S., and Gregg
tnp taught both men a lot about traveling, if you travel abroad. What did they learnf fo some of Gregg's advice:

Argentina

ftrvel tight.

p'll

The less baggage you have, the $rorry about.

less

Lc fl€xible. Don't plan everything. Then you'll more relaxed and happy, especially if there

m problems. Ll polite. As one traveller told Gregg, "Always

rnrrcmber that nobody wants to fight, cheat, or a nice guy."
is someone who rides a bicycle. b a cheap place to stay and sleep when traveling.

e

Gregg and Brooks (right) cycle past ruins in Tikal National Park, Guatemala.

of something are the parts of it that remain after it has been broken. h mhhad thanr harra m^no\/ nr nart\/ ainlan fr m tham

Reading ComPrehension
Gist
A. Multiple Ghoice. choose the best answer for each question. 1. Another title for this reading could be a. Cycling the Americas from Top to Bottom b, The Southernmost City in the World c. Things to See and Do in Alaska and Argentina d. Argentina: The Land of Adventure
is NOT true? a. To pay for the trip, they saved their money and traveled cheaPlY on the road. b, only Gregg made the complete trip from Alaska to Argentina' c. During their trip, they met people from all over the world. d. ln Guatemala, Gregg got sick and went back to the U,S,A.

Detail 2. Which sentence about Gregg and Brooks' trip

Reference 3. ln line 12, them means a. the local PeoPle b, Gregg and Brooks
flexible in line 27? a. able to change easilY b. careful

c. other cyclists d. their friends

Vccaliulary 4. Which of these words or phrases is most similar in meaning to
c. well-planned d, difficult

lnferenca 5. Which statement would Gregg most likely agree with?

a. ln other countries, only stay in hotels or with people you know. b. Plan every part of your trip so you can relax' c. when abroad, learn how to say "thank you" in the local
language.

d. Bring a lot with you on your trip so you don't have to
buY anYthing.

B. Sequencing. Put the events below in order from 1-6' Then retell this story to a Partner'

Gregg and Brooks start their trip in Prudhoe
Bay, Alaska. Gregg reaches Ushuaia, Argentina. Gregg goes on a l,000-mile bike ride.

Gregg and his friend Brooks talk about biking from Alaska to Argentina. Brooks returns to the U.S.A. Gregg continues without him. Gregg and Brooks work to save money.

22

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

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Extrcmc Activitics

Tasman
Sea

A. Matching. Look at the map and read the information' 1. Which countries are described? Find and circle them on the map.

2. Match the words in blue (a-d) with the sport pictured'
B. Skim

for the Main ldea. On the next page, look quickly at the title, headings, photos, and captions. which word best describes the activites on Vanuatu? Circle a, b, or c, Then read the passage to
check your answer.

a.

expensive

b. dangerous

c. relaxing

24

Cntt 2 Travel and Adventure

is an island nation in the South Pacific. It is also one of the countries in the world. But for those interested in adventure qrcrt, there is a lot to do. Some of the best snorkeling and sea ing can be found here. Vanuatu's islands also offer visitors of the most exciting-and dangerous-activities in the r"olcano surfing and land diving.

Surfing
Thnna Island, Mount Yasur rises 300 meters (1,000 feet) into r"- Yasur is an active volcano, md it eruptsr almost every day, several times a day. For centuries, both island locals and have climbed this mountain to visit the top. Recently, har.e also started climbing Yasur to surf the volcano. \r'ays, volcano surfing is like surfing in the sea, but in other it's very different. A volcano surfer's goal is to escape the ing volcano-without getting hit by flying rocks! It's fast, end dangerous-the perfect extreme sport.

Diving
people are familiar with bungee jumping, but did you know i*pirg started on Pentecost Island in Vanuatu and is fifteen centuries oldf The original activity, called land diving, of a religious ceremony.2 A man ties tree vines3 to his legs. firn jumps head-first from a high tower. The goal: to touch crth v{th the top of his head-without breaking the vine and the ground hard. Every spring, island natives (men only) pcrform this amazing test of strength.

r

A man jumps
from a tower on Pentecost lsland.

Tanna women paint e

their faces and dress in special clothes for a ceremony.

Reading Comprehension
A. Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer for each question'
1.

l)r r:nr:cn

What is the purpose of this reading? a. to encourage people not to do dangerous sports b. to explain what volcano surfing and land diving are c. to talk about the world's best volcano surfer and land diver d, to compare activities in Vanuatu with sporls in New Zealand

il*tail

2. Which sentence about Mount Yasur is true? c. People have been climbing it for a long time. a. lt is no longer d, lt's on Pentecost lsland, b. lt gets a lot of

active.

snow.

t]*tall 3.

Land diving a. was first called "bungee jumping" b. came to Vanuatu from another country c, is less popular today than in the past d, is a traditional activity in Vanuatu ln line 2, what does fhose refer to? b. countries c. activities a.

ilcfer*rc* 4.
Vae*i:uiary

people

d. islands
d. the world

5.

ln line 23, what does fhe earth mean? a. the people b. the ground c. the tower

B. Classification.
Volcano

Match each answer (a-g) with the activity it describes,

surfing

Land diving

a. is only done by men b. is a new spott c. is dangerous because of flying rocks d. is a very old activity e. was first done on Pentecost lsland f. is similar to a popular water sport g. is a very fast activity

26

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

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Land l)ivers
questions' A. Preview. Read the sentences below and answer the The natives of Vanuatu are led by a chief'

Landdivingisverydangerous,soyouneedtobeverybravetodoit'
1. A chief is

a. an important

-=---. person b' an important place
to do dangerous things'

2. Someone who is brave is b. not afraid a.

afraid

@

the e.summarize. watch the video, Land Divers. Then complete

-

Summarybelowwiththecorrectformofwordsfromthebox.
Two words are extra'

C. Think About lt.
1. Why do You think the native PeoPle of Pentecost lsland do land diving? 2. ln your oPinion, which activitY in this unit is the most dangerous? Which would You like to try?

advice century especially

eventuallY extreme

form

goal hit native

relax religious tie

this Modern bungee jumping started in New Zealand' But tpott actually started about a(n) I. as a(n) 3' 2. ..r*rry on Pentecosilstand. In the local language) it is called Nagol. This means "land diving'" One islander has some for divers: It's imPortant to 4

di"*g ."" b.,rery d"ngerous' 6. ,r.r,rJor. The

5. v.

if you are

diver died was rn1974' But every year' " -aso the ground.hTd and they get people 7 . ^trri. peopG fromlther countries can watch, but only Vanuatu can join in Nagol' For a.National 8. the chief allowed one brave diver to C."gr"phi. "ideo, q a camera to his leg' His was to use the carnera to film his jump' In diver,s vine broke, but he was not hurt. b"

lasrti-.

To learn more about

*I'm

m

travel and adventure, Msit elt. hei nle. com/exPlorer

a luclcY

man!" he later said'

28 -

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

16oofu
ffi\ 1700 ffi

3A

AWorld

1800 Blues: By the mid 1860s, blacks are no longer slaves in the U.S.A., but many still have difficult lives. People sing blues songs about life's hardships to a slow musical rhythm.
1

900
1920 lazz; Samba (Brazil)

1910
1940 Rhythm and Blues (R&B)

r

A modern-day g'
performs with anc. musician on a be. in Senegal.

1

920
930 940

1

W',''*#'"'
Before You Read

1950 By the early '1950s, a new type of R&B becomes poPular

in the U.S. White teenagers
call this music "rock and roll." 1970 Reggae (Jamaica).

1

Hip-hop starts in New York City.
1

950

Mid 1970s A DJ user turntables as mus :3 instruments while n singer "'raps" witl' the music.
Today

1

960

A. Matching. Read the information above and match each word in blue with its definition.
1.

lnternational hip-':

2,
1

97CI

3. 4.

a regular series of sounds or movements people from 13 to 19 years old things that are difficult in life people who are owned by other people

1

980 990

B. Skim for the Main ldea' On the next page, look at the title, headings, and first paragraph. what is the passage mainly about? Circle a, b, or c. Then read the passage to check your answer' a. Famous hip-hoP artists b. The history of hip-hoP

1

c. Hip-hop in two countries

2000
l-nit
3

Music and Festivals

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@ffiffiffiffi#

A. Multiple choice. choose the best answer for each question' Purpose 1. What is the purpose of this reading? a. to compare American and African rap music b. to say why some people do not like rap music c. to describe different hip-hop scenes d. to exPlain how hiP-hoP started

Detail 2. Assane N'DiaYe
a. onlY likes American raP muslc b. is going to move to the U'S'A' c. has alreadY made several CDs d. lives in a small village

lnference 3. Which statement would Assane N'Diaye most likely agree with?
a. The best rappers are from the U'S'A' b. RaP music is a Part of Senegal' c. Rap music came to Africa recently' d. Many Africans don't understand rap music'

*etail 4. Which sentence about the Roma teenagers is NOT true?

a, They are using music to teach people about their culture' b. ln some places, they are disliked because they are Roma. c. TheY are taking a hiP-hoP class' d. Most of them are from South Africa'

Vecabulary 5. ln line 24, whal does the word rnstructor mean? b' classmate c' member d' teacher a. DJ

B. Glassification. Match each answer (a-e) with the person
it describes. Shameema Williams

Assane N'DiaYe

a. helps students write raP music b. raps about life in a small village c. was a DJ d. is a member of a South African
rap group e. believes raP music can make life better

32

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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3B Carnival Timc!
il
Before You Read
A. Discussion. Read the information below' How are the four festivals similar? How are they different?
Every year in February or March, people in many countries celebrate Carnival, This festival can last for several days. Here are four of the biggest Carnival festivals,
.

New Orleans
Carnival here is called MardiGras (French for "Fat Tuesday"), There are large parades with people in costumes, and the sound of jazz music fills the streets. "Carnevale" probably started here in the 12th century. Today, people wearing

costumes parade through the streets and travel by gondola (a type of boat) around the city.

Port-of-Spain
Rio's "Carnaval" is one of the largest festivals in the world. The energetic

beat of samba-the music of Brazil*is everywhere, B. Skim

During Carnival season, people dance to thJrhythm of Trinidad's native music, soca, The festival ends with two days of colorful parades.

for the Main ldea. Quickly skim the passage on the next

page. What is the passage mainly about? Circle a, b, or c. Then read the passage to check your answer.

a. a musical

instrument b. a type of music c. a reggae

artist

34

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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Reading Comprehension
the main idea of this reading? a. The Rio Carnaval is the most important festival in Brazil, b. Samba reggae is an important type of music in Brazil. c, Rio samba is very popular all over the world. d. Samba is a type of African music.
Samba reggae a. is most popular in Rio de Janeiro b. is faster and more energetic than Rio samba c. is a mix of different kinds of music d. started in Jamaica
is

A. Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer for each question, hlain

lciea

1. What is

Dctail 2.

Detail 3. Olodum

a. a samba reggae b. a musical

group instrument

c' a well-known samba dancer
d. a town in Bahia

Paraphrase

4.

What does Samba from this region of Brazil is heavily influenced by African rhythms. (line 15) mean? a. Samba is usually played by African musicians. b. African music was important in creating Bahian samba. c. Brazilian samba is very different from African music' d. African music is increasingly popular in Bahia' We can change the word /f in line 17 lo a, Samba reggae b. Rio samba c. Jamaican reggae d. African music

Reference

5.

B. Summary. Complete the diagram below with words from the reading,

comes from Bahia, in the large numbers of samba reggae sound

are played together

drumbeats, Rio Samba, and

Samba Reggae

36

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

29

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EXPLORE

Steel Drums
A. Preview. Look at the photos
and read the captions. How do you think steel drums are made?
il

Oil drum: > An oil drum is a large container that holds oil.

B. Summarize. Watch the video,

Sfee/ Drums' the summary below using Then complete the correct form of words from the box. Two words are extra.

r
region

Steel drum:
A steel drum is a musical instrument.

background belong to despite

face

fiil
influence

invent lively organization

Trinidad and Tobago is home to a(n) I. kind of music. The sound of the steelband drum the air of this (called panby the locals) 2. island nation and brings people of different 3. rogether. The steelband sound comes from Trinidad and Tobago in the 20th century. How was it and was 4. created) Trinidad produces oil. During the 1940s, people began using old oil drums as musical instruments. The steelband sound all kinds of music in Trinidad and has 5. Most throughout the Caribbean 6. this, steelband players do not read music. 7. they stilt produce amazing sounds. They play music by ear until they get a song right. For the people of Trinidad, the steelband is more than an instrument. It is part of their culture. Steelband the people of Trinidad and Tobago, music 8. but they want to share it with the world!

G. Think About lt.

1. Most

steelband drummers "play music by ear." What does this mean?

2. How is steelband
music similar to or different from other music discussed in this unit?

To learn more about music and festivals, visit
elt.

heinle.com/explorer

38

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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A. Word Link. The suffixes -tion, -sion, and -ation change verbs into nouns. Write the noun forms of the verbs below. Use your dictionary to help you. Then complete the information with the correct form of the words.

relate rdatl,orc

;

organize

;

decide

;

define

; explain

invent

;permit

;populate

;regulate

;vacate

Principality What's the smallest countrv rn the worldf One man says it's his country: the -; fewer than ten people! of of Sealand. It has a t.
Sealand is actually an old sea tower ln the North Sea near England. A man named Paddy Roy Bates took the tower in 1967 in order to start a radio station. He formed a new ttcountry" and 2. new money and a flag. But you can't just fly to to visit. Also, it isn't on an)r map. Part of Sealand. You need 3. of a country is that it must have land. Sealand doesn't. the usual 4. is not considered a real country. For this reason and others, it

Bates' son says there are advantages of having your own "country" like Sealand. It's a t's on the sea and is very peaceful. Also, good place for a(n) 5. there are very few 6. ; in fact, you can create ail your own rules!
B. Word Partnership. Read the information and underline the phrases with take. Then use the correct form of the phrases to complete the sentences below.

1. lf you 2. lf you 3. lf you 4. lf you 5. lf something

, you stop and relax for a short time. , you travel somewhere.

something, you use it well and it helps you. someone's , you follow their suggestion. it happens.

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Before You ILead
A. Labeling. Read the information below. Then label the numbered items in the picture with the words in blue.

.r

/

Kffi Artistic Animals
Can an eleph;rnt make musicf Some people might say "no," bllt the animals in the pl-roto are musicians. Each elephant uses its tml to play diffbrent instruments, like the drum or the xylophone.

o
@

o

a o

E. Predict. Which of these do you think elephants can do? Check (rz) your answer(s). Then read the information on the next page to chec< your idea(s).

t] paint D
l4
L'nit I Amazing Animals

play music

3

cook food

D

play soccer

Mws&sffi€ Elepfuass€s
In the town of Lampang in
northern Thailand, there is an unusuaF group of musicians. They play many different kinds of music-everything from traditional Thai songs to music by Beethoven. Both children and adults love this group.What makes them so popularl Is it their musicf Their looksl2 Yes, it's both of these things, but it's also something else: tfrey're elephants.
These musical elephants started at

Did You Know?
Every November,

thousands of people watch elephants dance and play soccer at the Surin Elephant Round-Up
Festival in Thailand.

the Thai Elephant Conservation Center (TECC) in Lampang. The TECC protects elephants. It teaches people to understand and care for these huge, but gentle, animals. And, like many zoos around the world, the TECC encourages elephants to paint. Richard Lair works with the TECC. I{e knows a lot about elephants. He says some of the animals'paintings are very good. But, in fact, elephants hear better than they see. And so he had an idea: if elephants are intelligent and they have good hearing, maybe they can play music. To test his idea, Lair and a friend started the Thai Elephant Orchestra.3 During a performance, the elephants play a variety of instruments, including the drums and the xylophone. The animals also use their voices and trunks to make sounds.

r

Sangduen Chailert helps elephants at a nature park near Chiang Mai, Thailand.

But can elephants really make music properlyf Yes, says Lair. They're very creative. Humans encourage the animals to play, but the elephants make their own songs; they don't just copy their trainers or other people. There are now CDs of the group's music, which earn money for the TECC. And the
rnrrcic theqe nrficfs cre^te ic nreffrr qrnnzino

. Reading Comprehension
A. Multiple Ghoice. Choose the best answer for each question. Gist 1. Another title for this reading could be
a. Teaching Elephants to Paint b. Elephants in Danger c. TECC Trainers d, An Unusual Orchestra

ilctail 2.

The elephants at the TECC a. see better than they hear b. are able to paint c. copy humans to play music d. make their own instuments

ll*iail 3. why did Richard Lair start the Thai Elephant orchestra?
a. He had heard the elephants playing music. b. He needed to make money for the TECC, c, He believed elephants could play music. d. He wanted to be on TV in Thailand.

Vacabulary

4. 5.

ln line 25, what does a variety of mean? a. the same kind b, many different c. two types

of

of

d. too marn/

F;;rephra*e

Read the last sentence in the passage again. What does it mean? a, The elephants play great music. b. Human aftists now play with the elephants. c. The elephants are very beautiful, d. Human musicians want to copy the elephants' songs.
idea of each paragraph in the reading? Match a heading (a-e)with the correct paragraph (14). one heading is erdra.

B. Matching. What is the mdn

Paragraph
1.

Heading a. One man s idea: The Elephant Orchestra b. An unusual group of musicians c. Why do animals like music? d. The elephants really can play music! e. The work of the TECC

2. 3. 4.
Phong, an elephant at the TECC, can play the xylophone with his trunk. v

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EXPLORE

Monk.y College
A. Preview. Match each word in the box with an item in the picture.

coconut

monkey

rope

trainer

@ e.Summarize. Watch the video, Monkey Cotlege.

Then complete the summary below using the correct form of words from the box. Two words are extra.

MAtAYSIA

advantage assistance earn

encourage gentle huge

intelligent method perform

popular trainer

G. Think About lt.

Some monkeys are so l. they get to go to school! Somporn Saewkwo is a(n) 2. at Thailand's Monkey Training College in Surat Thani. He uses a creative way to teach monkeys a very important job-how to pick coconuts from tall trees. First, he holds the monkey's hands. He shows the animal how to spin (turn) a coconut to take it from a tree. Later, Saewkwo takes the monkey to a high tree and he 3. the animal to climb up and pick the fruit. The monkey wears a rope. Using this, Saewkwo can direct the animal from the ground. The 4. of using this 5. is that the trainer doesn't have to climb a tree.

1. How does Somporn Saewkwo teach the monkeys? 2. Do you think monkeys are more or less intelligent than other animals you read about in this unit? whv?

Coconuts are very 6. in Thailand: they are used in many foods. A(n) 7. number of coconuts are picked each month (almost two million!). Farmers can 8. a lot of money from this fruit. But they probably couldn't do this without 9. from their helpers-the monkeys. Because these animals are so important, most are treated well by farmers.

To learn more about amazing animals, visit
elt, hein le, com/explorer

18

Unit I Amazing Animals

.10: Answers to Before You Read quiz on page 1 . T; 2. f;3. T; 4. F. Most bottlenose dolphins live in groups, called pods

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Before You Read
place' photos and read about each A. Gompletion' Look at the the box' ,. Then complete each description with a word from

MOUNfrun Golombia
highway ?n9, Tiavel along Colombia's "coffee in the Andes tniough be-autifui rnountain villages

-

DE$ERT Monsolia
desert; Bring a lent Travel through its wide open ltb'an amazing experiencel outdoors uhder: the sfoy iinight'

T:-=

FORE$T,Sene$ol
Take a riverboat wonders, tit

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full of animal

country's naiural

BERCH Rtnania

coaslal',lown3, wa\ ryry Visit the country-'s beautiful in:thelblue waters of the'lonian 'Y:ii:;t'f,?Sea beaches; and

B.Scan.Youaregoingtoreadabouttwofriends,traveladventure' the questions below. Then auickiy ,"u. tr..l" l,.uoing to answer answers' read again to check Your

l.Wheredidtheystartandendtheirtrip?Howdidtheytravel? travel?

2. How many kilometers (or miles) did

they

20

Urlit 2 Travel and Adventure

Trovel 0dventures

Rlerko to flrgentino
Iany

m6t

people dream of going on a great travel adventure. of us keep dreaming; others make it happen . . .

(lfrcgg Bleakney's dream was to travel the Americas from top bottom. He got the idea after he finished a 1,600 kilometer bike ride. Gregg's friend, Brooks Allen, was also a r-il") two friends talked and slowly formed a plan: they The travel from Alaska to Argentina-by bike.

F]' for the trip, Gregg and Brooks worked and saved ir money for years. Once they were on the road, they

camped outdoors or stayed in hostels.2 In many places, people opened their homes to the two friends and gave food.

their trip, Gregg and Brooks cycled through deserts, and mountains. They visited modern cities and font ruins3 such as Machu Picchu in Peru. And everlwhere s'ent) they met other cyclists from all over the world.

inued without him.)

ilr[av 2007-two years) twelve countries, and over km (19,000 miles) later-Gregg eventually reached ia" Argentina, the southernmost city in the world. (Near , Brooks had to return to the U.S., and Gregg
tnp taught both men a lot about traveling, if you travel abroad. What did they learnf fo some of Gregg's advice:

Argentina

ftrvel tight.

p'll

The less baggage you have, the $rorry about.

less

Lc fl€xible. Don't plan everything. Then you'll more relaxed and happy, especially if there

m problems. Ll polite. As one traveller told Gregg, "Always

rnrrcmber that nobody wants to fight, cheat, or a nice guy."
is someone who rides a bicycle. b a cheap place to stay and sleep when traveling.

e

Gregg and Brooks (right) cycle past ruins in Tikal National Park, Guatemala.

of something are the parts of it that remain after it has been broken. h mhhad thanr harra m^no\/ nr nart\/ ainlan fr m tham

Reading ComPrehension
Gist
A. Multiple Ghoice. choose the best answer for each question. 1. Another title for this reading could be a. Cycling the Americas from Top to Bottom b, The Southernmost City in the World c. Things to See and Do in Alaska and Argentina d. Argentina: The Land of Adventure
is NOT true? a. To pay for the trip, they saved their money and traveled cheaPlY on the road. b, only Gregg made the complete trip from Alaska to Argentina' c. During their trip, they met people from all over the world. d. ln Guatemala, Gregg got sick and went back to the U,S,A.

Detail 2. Which sentence about Gregg and Brooks' trip

Reference 3. ln line 12, them means a. the local PeoPle b, Gregg and Brooks
flexible in line 27? a. able to change easilY b. careful

c. other cyclists d. their friends

Vccaliulary 4. Which of these words or phrases is most similar in meaning to
c. well-planned d, difficult

lnferenca 5. Which statement would Gregg most likely agree with?

a. ln other countries, only stay in hotels or with people you know. b. Plan every part of your trip so you can relax' c. when abroad, learn how to say "thank you" in the local
language.

d. Bring a lot with you on your trip so you don't have to
buY anYthing.

B. Sequencing. Put the events below in order from 1-6' Then retell this story to a Partner'

Gregg and Brooks start their trip in Prudhoe
Bay, Alaska. Gregg reaches Ushuaia, Argentina. Gregg goes on a l,000-mile bike ride.

Gregg and his friend Brooks talk about biking from Alaska to Argentina. Brooks returns to the U.S.A. Gregg continues without him. Gregg and Brooks work to save money.

22

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

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A. Matching. Look at the map and read the information' 1. Which countries are described? Find and circle them on the map.

2. Match the words in blue (a-d) with the sport pictured'
B. Skim

for the Main ldea. On the next page, look quickly at the title, headings, photos, and captions. which word best describes the activites on Vanuatu? Circle a, b, or c, Then read the passage to
check your answer.

a.

expensive

b. dangerous

c. relaxing

24

Cntt 2 Travel and Adventure

is an island nation in the South Pacific. It is also one of the countries in the world. But for those interested in adventure qrcrt, there is a lot to do. Some of the best snorkeling and sea ing can be found here. Vanuatu's islands also offer visitors of the most exciting-and dangerous-activities in the r"olcano surfing and land diving.

Surfing
Thnna Island, Mount Yasur rises 300 meters (1,000 feet) into r"- Yasur is an active volcano, md it eruptsr almost every day, several times a day. For centuries, both island locals and have climbed this mountain to visit the top. Recently, har.e also started climbing Yasur to surf the volcano. \r'ays, volcano surfing is like surfing in the sea, but in other it's very different. A volcano surfer's goal is to escape the ing volcano-without getting hit by flying rocks! It's fast, end dangerous-the perfect extreme sport.

Diving
people are familiar with bungee jumping, but did you know i*pirg started on Pentecost Island in Vanuatu and is fifteen centuries oldf The original activity, called land diving, of a religious ceremony.2 A man ties tree vines3 to his legs. firn jumps head-first from a high tower. The goal: to touch crth v{th the top of his head-without breaking the vine and the ground hard. Every spring, island natives (men only) pcrform this amazing test of strength.

r

A man jumps
from a tower on Pentecost lsland.

Tanna women paint e

their faces and dress in special clothes for a ceremony.

Reading Comprehension
A. Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer for each question'
1.

l)r r:nr:cn

What is the purpose of this reading? a. to encourage people not to do dangerous sports b. to explain what volcano surfing and land diving are c. to talk about the world's best volcano surfer and land diver d, to compare activities in Vanuatu with sporls in New Zealand

il*tail

2. Which sentence about Mount Yasur is true? c. People have been climbing it for a long time. a. lt is no longer d, lt's on Pentecost lsland, b. lt gets a lot of

active.

snow.

t]*tall 3.

Land diving a. was first called "bungee jumping" b. came to Vanuatu from another country c, is less popular today than in the past d, is a traditional activity in Vanuatu ln line 2, what does fhose refer to? b. countries c. activities a.

ilcfer*rc* 4.
Vae*i:uiary

people

d. islands
d. the world

5.

ln line 23, what does fhe earth mean? a. the people b. the ground c. the tower

B. Classification.
Volcano

Match each answer (a-g) with the activity it describes,

surfing

Land diving

a. is only done by men b. is a new spott c. is dangerous because of flying rocks d. is a very old activity e. was first done on Pentecost lsland f. is similar to a popular water sport g. is a very fast activity

26

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

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Land l)ivers
questions' A. Preview. Read the sentences below and answer the The natives of Vanuatu are led by a chief'

Landdivingisverydangerous,soyouneedtobeverybravetodoit'
1. A chief is

a. an important

-=---. person b' an important place
to do dangerous things'

2. Someone who is brave is b. not afraid a.

afraid

@

the e.summarize. watch the video, Land Divers. Then complete

-

Summarybelowwiththecorrectformofwordsfromthebox.
Two words are extra'

C. Think About lt.
1. Why do You think the native PeoPle of Pentecost lsland do land diving? 2. ln your oPinion, which activitY in this unit is the most dangerous? Which would You like to try?

advice century especially

eventuallY extreme

form

goal hit native

relax religious tie

this Modern bungee jumping started in New Zealand' But tpott actually started about a(n) I. as a(n) 3' 2. ..r*rry on Pentecosilstand. In the local language) it is called Nagol. This means "land diving'" One islander has some for divers: It's imPortant to 4

di"*g ."" b.,rery d"ngerous' 6. ,r.r,rJor. The

5. v.

if you are

diver died was rn1974' But every year' " -aso the ground.hTd and they get people 7 . ^trri. peopG fromlther countries can watch, but only Vanuatu can join in Nagol' For a.National 8. the chief allowed one brave diver to C."gr"phi. "ideo, q a camera to his leg' His was to use the carnera to film his jump' In diver,s vine broke, but he was not hurt. b"

lasrti-.

To learn more about

*I'm

m

travel and adventure, Msit elt. hei nle. com/exPlorer

a luclcY

man!" he later said'

28 -

Unit 2 Travel and Adventure

16oofu
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3A

AWorld

1800 Blues: By the mid 1860s, blacks are no longer slaves in the U.S.A., but many still have difficult lives. People sing blues songs about life's hardships to a slow musical rhythm.
1

900
1920 lazz; Samba (Brazil)

1910
1940 Rhythm and Blues (R&B)

r

A modern-day g'
performs with anc. musician on a be. in Senegal.

1

920
930 940

1

W',''*#'"'
Before You Read

1950 By the early '1950s, a new type of R&B becomes poPular

in the U.S. White teenagers
call this music "rock and roll." 1970 Reggae (Jamaica).

1

Hip-hop starts in New York City.
1

950

Mid 1970s A DJ user turntables as mus :3 instruments while n singer "'raps" witl' the music.
Today

1

960

A. Matching. Read the information above and match each word in blue with its definition.
1.

lnternational hip-':

2,
1

97CI

3. 4.

a regular series of sounds or movements people from 13 to 19 years old things that are difficult in life people who are owned by other people

1

980 990

B. Skim for the Main ldea' On the next page, look at the title, headings, and first paragraph. what is the passage mainly about? Circle a, b, or c. Then read the passage to check your answer' a. Famous hip-hoP artists b. The history of hip-hoP

1

c. Hip-hop in two countries

2000
l-nit
3

Music and Festivals

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A. Multiple choice. choose the best answer for each question' Purpose 1. What is the purpose of this reading? a. to compare American and African rap music b. to say why some people do not like rap music c. to describe different hip-hop scenes d. to exPlain how hiP-hoP started

Detail 2. Assane N'DiaYe
a. onlY likes American raP muslc b. is going to move to the U'S'A' c. has alreadY made several CDs d. lives in a small village

lnference 3. Which statement would Assane N'Diaye most likely agree with?
a. The best rappers are from the U'S'A' b. RaP music is a Part of Senegal' c. Rap music came to Africa recently' d. Many Africans don't understand rap music'

*etail 4. Which sentence about the Roma teenagers is NOT true?

a, They are using music to teach people about their culture' b. ln some places, they are disliked because they are Roma. c. TheY are taking a hiP-hoP class' d. Most of them are from South Africa'

Vecabulary 5. ln line 24, whal does the word rnstructor mean? b' classmate c' member d' teacher a. DJ

B. Glassification. Match each answer (a-e) with the person
it describes. Shameema Williams

Assane N'DiaYe

a. helps students write raP music b. raps about life in a small village c. was a DJ d. is a member of a South African
rap group e. believes raP music can make life better

32

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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3B Carnival Timc!
il
Before You Read
A. Discussion. Read the information below' How are the four festivals similar? How are they different?
Every year in February or March, people in many countries celebrate Carnival, This festival can last for several days. Here are four of the biggest Carnival festivals,
.

New Orleans
Carnival here is called MardiGras (French for "Fat Tuesday"), There are large parades with people in costumes, and the sound of jazz music fills the streets. "Carnevale" probably started here in the 12th century. Today, people wearing

costumes parade through the streets and travel by gondola (a type of boat) around the city.

Port-of-Spain
Rio's "Carnaval" is one of the largest festivals in the world. The energetic

beat of samba-the music of Brazil*is everywhere, B. Skim

During Carnival season, people dance to thJrhythm of Trinidad's native music, soca, The festival ends with two days of colorful parades.

for the Main ldea. Quickly skim the passage on the next

page. What is the passage mainly about? Circle a, b, or c. Then read the passage to check your answer.

a. a musical

instrument b. a type of music c. a reggae

artist

34

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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Reading Comprehension
the main idea of this reading? a. The Rio Carnaval is the most important festival in Brazil, b. Samba reggae is an important type of music in Brazil. c, Rio samba is very popular all over the world. d. Samba is a type of African music.
Samba reggae a. is most popular in Rio de Janeiro b. is faster and more energetic than Rio samba c. is a mix of different kinds of music d. started in Jamaica
is

A. Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer for each question, hlain

lciea

1. What is

Dctail 2.

Detail 3. Olodum

a. a samba reggae b. a musical

group instrument

c' a well-known samba dancer
d. a town in Bahia

Paraphrase

4.

What does Samba from this region of Brazil is heavily influenced by African rhythms. (line 15) mean? a. Samba is usually played by African musicians. b. African music was important in creating Bahian samba. c. Brazilian samba is very different from African music' d. African music is increasingly popular in Bahia' We can change the word /f in line 17 lo a, Samba reggae b. Rio samba c. Jamaican reggae d. African music

Reference

5.

B. Summary. Complete the diagram below with words from the reading,

comes from Bahia, in the large numbers of samba reggae sound

are played together

drumbeats, Rio Samba, and

Samba Reggae

36

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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EXPLORE

Steel Drums
A. Preview. Look at the photos
and read the captions. How do you think steel drums are made?
il

Oil drum: > An oil drum is a large container that holds oil.

B. Summarize. Watch the video,

Sfee/ Drums' the summary below using Then complete the correct form of words from the box. Two words are extra.

r
region

Steel drum:
A steel drum is a musical instrument.

background belong to despite

face

fiil
influence

invent lively organization

Trinidad and Tobago is home to a(n) I. kind of music. The sound of the steelband drum the air of this (called panby the locals) 2. island nation and brings people of different 3. rogether. The steelband sound comes from Trinidad and Tobago in the 20th century. How was it and was 4. created) Trinidad produces oil. During the 1940s, people began using old oil drums as musical instruments. The steelband sound all kinds of music in Trinidad and has 5. Most throughout the Caribbean 6. this, steelband players do not read music. 7. they stilt produce amazing sounds. They play music by ear until they get a song right. For the people of Trinidad, the steelband is more than an instrument. It is part of their culture. Steelband the people of Trinidad and Tobago, music 8. but they want to share it with the world!

G. Think About lt.

1. Most

steelband drummers "play music by ear." What does this mean?

2. How is steelband
music similar to or different from other music discussed in this unit?

To learn more about music and festivals, visit
elt.

heinle.com/explorer

38

Unit 3 Music and Festivals

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Principality What's the smallest countrv rn the worldf One man says it's his country: the -; fewer than ten people! of of Sealand. It has a t.
Sealand is actually an old sea tower ln the North Sea near England. A man named Paddy Roy Bates took the tower in 1967 in order to start a radio station. He formed a new ttcountry" and 2. new money and a flag. But you can't just fly to to visit. Also, it isn't on an)r map. Part of Sealand. You need 3. of a country is that it must have land. Sealand doesn't. the usual 4. is not considered a real country. For this reason and others, it

Bates' son says there are advantages of having your own "country" like Sealand. It's a t's on the sea and is very peaceful. Also, good place for a(n) 5. there are very few 6. ; in fact, you can create ail your own rules!
B. Word Partnership. Read the information and underline the phrases with take. Then use the correct form of the phrases to complete the sentences below.

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, you stop and relax for a short time. , you travel somewhere.

something, you use it well and it helps you. someone's , you follow their suggestion. it happens.

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