The

amic Properties
-stances at 298.

U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVE^ BULLETIN 2131

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Thermodynamic Properties of Minerals and
Related Substances at 298.15 K and 1 Bar
(105 Pascals) Pressure and at Higher Temperatures
By Richard A. Robie and Brace S. Hemingway

U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 2131
A summary of the thermodynamic data for minerals at
298.15 K together with calculated values for the Junctions
C°P>T , AfH?, AfG?, S?, (H? - HgJT1. and (G? at temperatures up to 1800 K

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON : 1995

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
BRUCE BABBITT, Secretary
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
GORDON P. EATON, Director

For sale by U.S. Geological Survey, Information Services
Box 25286, Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225

Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and
does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Published in the Eastern Region, Reston, Va.
Manuscript approved for publication March 23, 1995.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Robie, Richard A., 1928Thermodynamic properties of minerals and related substances at 298.15 K and 1 bar (10
Pascals) pressure and at higher temperatures / by Richard A. Robie and Bruce S.
Hemingway.
p. cm. (Geological Survey bulletin ; 2131)
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Supt.ofDocs.no.: I 19.3:82131
1. Minerals Tables. 2. Thermodynamics Tables. I. Hemingway, Bruce S. II. Title. III.
Series: U.S. Geological Survey bulletin ; 2131.
QE75.B9no. 2131
[QE366.8]
557.3 s dc20
[549'. 12]
95-19844
CIP

CONTENTS
Abstract........................................................................................................................... 1
Introduction..................................................................................................................... 1
Physical Constants and Atomic Weights......................................................................... 2
Reference States.............................................................................................................. 3
Methods of Calculation................................................................................................... 3
Additional Comments..................................................................................................... 4
Thermodynamic Properties at 298.15 K......................................................................... 5
Elements................................................................................................................ 5
Sulfides and Sulfosalts.......................................................................................... 11
Oxides and Hydroxides......................................................................................... 15
Multiple Oxides .................................................................................................... 21
Halides.................................................................................................................. 23
Carbonates and Nitrates........................................................................................ 25
Sulfates andBorates.............................................................................................. 28
Phosphates, Molybdates, and Tungstates.............................................................. 30
Ortho and Ring Structure Silicates ....................................................................... 31
Chain and Band Structure Silicates....................................................................... 34
Framework Structure Silicates.............................................................................. 36
Sheet Structure Silicates ....................................................................................... 39
Coefficients for Heat Capacity Equations....................................................................... 41
Elements................................................................................................................ 41
Sulfides and Sulfosalts.......................................................................................... 45
Oxides and Hydroxides......................................................................................... 47
Multiple Oxides .................................................................................................... 51
Halides.................................................................................................................. 53
Carbonates and Nitrates........................................................................................ 55
Sulfates and Phosphates........................................................................................ 56
Ortho and Ring Structure Silicates ....................................................................... 58
Chain and Band Structure Silicates....................................................................... 61
Framework Structure Silicates.............................................................................. 63
Sheet Structure Silicates ....................................................................................... 65
Thermodynamic Properties at High Temperature of Individual Phases ......................... 67
References Cited.............................................................................................................397
Namelndex.....................................................................................................................454
Formula Index.................................................................................................................458

TABLE
1. Atomic weights of the elements for 1985..................................................................

4

HI

iv

CONTENTS

SYMBOLS, CONSTANTS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS
T Temperature in Kelvins.
Ttm Temperature of transition in Kelvins.
K Kelvin, the unit of temperature. It is the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water.
J Joule, the unit of energy (or work). One joule = 1/4.1840 thermochemical calories or
10 cm3«bar.
mol Mole, the amount of substance of a system that contains as many elementary entities
as there are atoms in 0.012 kilograms of carbon 12. It is identical with the gfw (gram
formula weight),
p Pressure in bars. One bar = 105 Pascals or 0.1 MPa. The standard atmosphere is equal
to 101325 Pascals. The kilogram-cm"2 is equal to 98065.5 Pascals.
0 Superscript indicates that the substance is in its standard state, 1 bar (105 Pascals) for
a condensed phase.
HT- H298 Enthalpy at temperature T relative to 298.15 K in J'mol"1, also called the heat content.
(HJ - H^g)"!"1 Enthalpy function in JnnoH'K"1 (See note below).
ST Entropy at temperature T, in J-mor^K"1.
Gibbs energy function in JnnoH'K"1 .
Heat capacity at constant pressure in Jmior^K"1.
Volume of 1 mol of a substance at 1 bar pressure and at 298.15 K, in cm3, or J'bar"1.
AfuSH° Enthalpy of melting at 1 bar pressure in J'mol"1.
AfcnH0 Enthalpy of transition at 1 bar pressure in J'mol"1.
AVapH° Enthalpy of vaporization to the ideal gas at 1 bar pressure at the normal boiling point
in J^mol"1.
AfH° Enthalpy of formation from the elements in their reference states in J'mol"1 .
AfG° Gibbs energy of formation from the elements in their reference states in J^mol"1 .
Kf Equilibrium constant of formation.
R Gas constant, 8.31451±0.00007 I-K^-mol"1 .
F Faraday constant, 96,485.309±0.029 I-V^-mol"1.
NA Avogadro constant, (6.0221367±0.0000036) x 1023mor1.
log Common logarithm, base 10.
In Natural logarithm, base e = 2.71828...
atm Standard atmosphere.
m=l The standard state for an electrolyte in aqueous solution is the hypothetical ideal solution at unit activity and with the ions at infinite dilution.
When multiple units appear in the denominator of the symbol (for example, enthalpy function), the
SI system does not recommend a particular order. For example, the units for entropy are given as J
mol-1 K"1 in table 2.11 and as J K"1 mol"1 in table 3.5 of the Greenbook (278).

Thermodynamic Properties of Minerals and Related Substances
at 298.15 K and 1 Bar (105 Pascals) Pressure
and at Higher Temperatures
By Richard A. Robie and Bruce S. Hemingway

ABSTRACT
Selected values for the entropy (S°), molar volume
(V°), and for the enthalpy and Gibbs energy of formation
(AfH° and AfG°) are given for 50 reference elements, 55 sulfides, 93 oxides and hydroxides, 141 silicates, and 154 other
minerals and related substances at 298.15 K. For those minerals for which high-temperature heat-capacity or heatcontent data are also available (Hf - H^T"1, Sj, (Gf H^g)!"1, CJ, AfHT.AfGjand log Kf>T are tabulated at
100 K intervals for temperatures up to 1800 K.

INTRODUCTION
In the 17 years since the predecessor to this bulletin
was published, an enormous body of new thermochemical
and equilibrium measurements for minerals has been published, personal computers have become almost universally
available, and a number of "internally consistent thermodynamic property databases" (ICTDB) have been published
(37, 67, 117, 149,150,159,187, 188, 374). (In this section,
references are indicated by numbers in parentheses.) This
report is an updated revision and expansion of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Bulletin 1452 (361) and entirely supersedes it. As an example of growth of the thennodynamic
properties of mineral database, USGS Bulletin 1452 contained data for 58 silicate minerals whereas in the current
set of tables this number has been increased to 141.
The purpose of these tables is to present a critical summary of the available thennodynamic data for minerals and
related substances in a convenient form for the use of earth
scientists. To make the tables as useful as possible, we have
tried (1) to include enough auxiliary data so that a single set
of tables would suffice for most calculations, (2) to ensure
internal consistency, and (3) to provide the means for rapid
revision and expansion as new data become available.
The tables in this compilation are divided into three
sections. In the first section, values are given for the entropy
(8293), molar volume (Vigg), enthalpy of formation

, Gibbs energy of formation (AfG^g), and the logarithm of the equilibrium constant of formation (log Kft29g)
for the reference elements, minerals, and other substances
of geological interest (properties at 298.15 K and 1 bar). In
the second section, coefficients for the polynomial used to
represent the heat capacity at high temperature are tabulated
together with the temperature limits of applicability. In the
third section, values are given for the thennodynamic properties at 100 K intervals for temperatures up to 1800 K. The
data are arranged in order of their conventional mineralogical groups. Within each group (for example, the oxides) the
listing is by alphabetical order of the chemical symbol of
the principal cation.
The data have been taken from the original literature,
recent critical evaluations, or have been evaluated by the
present authors and estimated uncertainties have been
assigned to the thennodynamic properties at 298.15 K. The
primary sources of data are indicated numerically in the
thennodynamic table of properties at 298.15 K, as "S" for
the reference to the data for the entropy, "H/G" for the reference to the formation properties, and "C" to references to
measured heat capacities above 298.15 K. The references
are listed in complete form following the tables. The
entropy and heat-capacity values tabulated are based almost
exclusively on calorimetric measurements whereas the values for the enthalpy or Gibbs energy of formation were
obtained from both equilibrium and calorimetric measurements. The values for the thennodynamic properties of the
reference elements have been taken from the JANAF tables
(67), the CODATA (85) recommended values, or in the case
of calcium, from measurement at the USGS (360). For those
silicate glasses for which Sf - S§ has been determined calorimetrically and for which the enthalpy of fusion of the
crystalline equivalent could be evaluated, the residual
entropy (that is, SQ) of the glass has been evaluated and
added to the calorimetric entropy to obtain the correct
entropy for use in thennodynamic calculations. Glasses and
other phases for which Sj - SQ has been measured but for
which the residual entropy has not been evaluated are indicated by a "+" sign and the user must be aware that the

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

value tabulated does not include the configuration^
entropy.
Although a number of different forms of equations for
the representation of the heat capacity at high temperatures
have been proposed over the past 10 years, for example
Berman (37), Fei and Saxena (104), Richet and Piquet
(342), we have retained the form adopted in the previous
version of these tables,
Cp = A! + A2 »T + A3-T-2 +
This equation can not be extrapolated beyond its upper
limit Inasmuch as most users will have access to a personal
computer, the conversion from one form of equation to an
alternative form is possible and is left up to the individual
user's preference. The entropies listed in the table of coefficients for the Cp polynomials corresponds to the temperature at the lower limit of the temperature range for the
polynomial. This is usually 298.15 K.
For several phases, the existence of multiple transitions at high temperature makes it impractical to provide a
simple polynomial expression for the heat capacity. For
such phases, for example Fe, Cui.gS, and several pyrrhotites, we have listed only the heat capacity at 298. 15 K.
For these phases, one must go to the high-temperature
table for the particular phase (if tabulated) to get the heat
capacity (and entropy) above room temperature.
Internally consistent thermodynamic property data sets
for silicate minerals have been published by Haas et al.
(149), Holland and Powell (187, 188), Berman (37), Halbach and Chatterjee (150), and Saxena and Chatterjee (374)
among others. Inasmuch as most of the authors relied on the
same sources of calorimetric and equilibrium data to derive
their adopted values, it is surprising that significant differences in their listed values for such important phases as
grossular, anorthite, phlogopite and muscovite exist. For
example, between the most frequently cited ICTDB, those
of Berman (37) and Holland and Powell (188), the values of
calculated from their listed values of S^g and
differ by 5.7, 3.7 and 3.7 kJTnoH for grossular,
anorthite, and muscovite, respectively, and for analbite and
muscovite the tabulated entropies differ by 4.4 and 9.1
JmioH'K"1, respectively. The point is, of course, that internal consistency does not imply that the derived values are
accurate.
The reason for these discrepancies is most likely in the
assumptions that the individual compiler makes concerning
the state of internal Al/Si order. For a 1:3 AJ/Si compound
such as the alkali feldspars or micas the complete random
mixing of the 3 Si and 1 Al over the 4 tetrahedral sites leads
to a contribution to the entropy of 18.7 J»mol~1»K~1. However, if the aluminum-avoidance model is valid, the configurational entropy will be considerably smaller and of the
order of 13 to 14 J'mol'^K"1. The aluminum-avoidance
model has not been calculated exactly and only approxi-

mate values are available. The values for the configurational entropies that have been derived from phase
equilibrium studies by Holland and Powell (188) and by
Berman (37) are 12.6 and 17.0 J'moH-K-1 for analbite and
16.0 and 15.1 JnnoH'K"1 for sanidine, respectively. It
appears that these calculated values for the entropy of disorder do not unequivocally support the aluminum-avoidance
model but rather tend to yield a configurational entropy that
is greater than that estimated by the aluminum-avoidance
value, but definitely less than the fully random model. Any
value of AS greater than that calculated from aluminumavoidance would presumably mean that this model was
inapplicable at high temperatures; for example, at temperatures greater than 1300 K for analbite the disordering
entropy would approach 18.7 JmioH'K"1. Moreover Goldsmith and Jenkins (123) have shown that the Al/Si disorder
in NaAlSi3Og is a continuous function of the temperature
and that it occurs over a range of several hundred degrees
(500-1050 K) and occurs without change in symmetry.
As a consequence of these points the question arises
whether one can extract meaningful (unique) values for the
entropy of the disordered phase of an alumino-silicate from
phase equilibrium studies without having additional information on the Al/Si distribution. For this reason, we have
adopted the fully random model for tabulating the hightemperature properties for the Al/Si disordered feldspars
and micas. For an extended discussion of the contribution to
the entropy of silicate minerals arising from Al/Si or magnetic spin disorder, see Ulbrich and Waldbaum (413).
The differences in the derived values for the thermodynamic properties of phases in the CASH system is due in
part to the existence of two calorimetric values for the
entropy of grossular which differ from one another by 4.6
J-moH-K-1. The value of Westrum et al. (438) was determined on a natural sample and involved a substantial correction for impurities. The value given by Haselton and
Westrum (157) was derived from measurements on a synthetic sample. The heat capacity of the synthetic sample
used by Haselton and Westrum (157) was later remeasured
at the USGS by the present authors (359), who found an
entropy S°(Ca3Al2Si3Oi2, 298.15 K) of 259.9 J-moH-K-1
which agrees with the Haselton and Westrum value to
within 0.2 Jnnol^K"1 (0.08 percent). For this reason we
have accepted the Haselton-Westrum value for the entropy
of grossular in evaluating the thermodynamic properties of
phases in the CASH system.

PHYSICAL CONSTANTS AND ATOMIC
WEIGHTS
The symbols and constants used to prepare these tables
are listed in the table of contents. The units adopted for
reporting the thermodynamic properties are those of the
International System of Units (SI). A formal description of

METHODS OF CALCULATION

the SI system is given by Goldman and Bell (122). The recommended symbols and terminology used are those from
the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
(IUPAC), "Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical
Chemistry", by Mills et al. (278) and commonly called the
"Greenbook". The Greenbook is also a convenient source
for the CODATA values of the fundamental physical constants, the 1985 atomic weights of the elements, and contains a detailed description of the SI system of units.
Values for the gas constant (R), the Faraday constant
(F), and the Avogadro constant (A) used in the calculations
are those adopted by the CODATA Task Group from the
least squares evaluation of Cohen and Taylor (75). For convenience, we also give values for the atomic weights for
1985 (scale C12 = 12.000, Mills et al. (278)) in alphabetical
order by their chemical symbol in table 1.

or that species for which the best thennodynamic data are
available as the reference state.
The reference states for AfH°, AfG°, and log Kf of the
compounds are the elements in their standard states at 1 bar
pressure and the stated temperature.

METHODS OF CALCULATION
Having chosen what we believe are the currently "best
available" values for Hf - H&g, or Cj (T), S&g and either
AfHlgg or AfGsgg, we have calculated the Gibbs energy
function, and the enthalpy, Gibbs energy, and the equilibrium constant of formation at 100 K intervals using the following relations:

- ST

REFERENCE STATES
= AfH^g + TA[(GT The reference pressure for the standard state adopted
for these tables is 1 bar, that is 105 Pascals. For a gaseous
phase, C£, (HT - H^g)!"1, and AfH° are independent of
pressure, but the numerical values of 8°, (Gf - H^gyT"1,
AfG° depend upon the choice of pressure. The change in
pressure from p = 1 atm (1.0135 bar) to 1 bar yields AS =
0.11 Jnnol-^K"1. For a condensed phase (liquid or solid), it
can be shown that the effect of changing the reference pressure from 1 atm to 1 bar has only a trivial effect upon all the
thennodynamic properties tabulated in this report except for
AfG°, where a change will occur if one of the reference elements (usually oxygen) is a gas.
The standard states for the condensed elements are the
most stable form at 1 bar pressure and the stated temperature. For gaseous elements, the standard state is the ideal
gas at 1 bar pressure. Data are listed for the elements in their
standard reference states, and for a few in nonstandard
states; for example, S2 gas and the diamond form of carbon.
The reference state adopted for an element above its normal
boiling or sublimation temperature is not necessarily its
equilibrium state. Thus, at equilibrium, liquid sulfur boils at
1 bar pressure and approximately 716.9 K to a gas composed of S, 82, 84, 85, Sg, etc., but for our reference table,
we have assumed the gas phase to be only 82. For the reference state table for sulfur we have followed the JANAF
(67) tables procedure using 882.12 K as the fictive boiling
temperature at which liquid sulfur is in equilibrium with 82
gas at 1 bar pressure. Because of the convenience of using
diatomic sulfur gas in calculations of sulfide mineral equilibria we have included a second set of high-temperature
tables for which the reference state for calculating AfG°,
and AfH° and log Kf for the sulfide phase is 82 gas. The user
is cautioned not to intermix values from the two different
reference states in their calculations. In other ambiguous
cases, we have chosen either the dominant species in the gas

and
log Kf;r =AfGx(2.30258 RT)'1 = -AfG^gC^.HST)-1
These values together with Cj, Sj and (H| - H^g)!"1 are
tabulated in the third section.
Transitions in heat capacity are treated in the standard
manner: heat capacity curves are fit to the experimental values above and below the transition; values calculated from
an extrapolation of the equation to the transition temperature are compared to the experimental values; and differences are summed to give an enthalpy of transition that is
applied at the transition temperature.
The uncertainties assigned to the properties apply only
to the values at 298.15 K. The principal source has been the
original report of the experimental data. By convention, the
uncertainty interval reported for calorimetric measurements
is twice the standard deviation of the mean; that is,
5 = 2[Z(xi -xm)2/n(n-l)]*
where xj is the value for an individual measurement, xm is
the arithmetic mean of all the measurements, and n is the
number of measurements.
For generating the high-temperature tables, the input
data supplied to the computer are the identifying name of
the substance, the entropy, the enthalpy of formation at
298.15 K, the number of atoms of each element in the
chemical formula, and the coefficients for the heat capacity
equation. A commercial spreadsheet is used to compute the
formula weight of the compound and values for Sf,
AfGT, log Kf,x, CJ, (HT - HSwyr1. and (GT at 100 K intervals up to 1800 K. Auxiliary data such as the
melting and boiling points and enthalpies of melting and
vaporization are also included. In addition, coefficients

...... Gadolinium .................. FREED is a thennodynamic database program for storing.............115 35...36 118....... ................................... .. Lithium ............................. Plutonium... ..... ................................ Indium ..... Gallium .............. .........80 138............................................ Nickel...93421 238.................... Tin................................26 151........ ... . Lutetium........................................ Symbol Atomic Weight Element Symbol Atomic Weight Ac Ag Al Am Ar As At Au B Ba Be Bi Br C Ca Cd Ce Cl Co Cr (227) 107.................. ... Tellurium......... Manganese ......... .9479 158........................... ............. Holmium .................... Francium . Silver........01218 208.............................. ... cohenite............................. Indium....... ...................... .... ..... Helium. and ammonia that are included with the elements....69 (237) 15...4527 58..... .....710 87... Thallium.............. Americium ......066 121....... .......... The equations are given only for those minerals for which the regression yielded a fit of better than 1 percent................. Argon................97376 231..98154 (243) 39. Department of Interior's Mineral Institute Program.. ....... Thorium......................90550 (222) 101.................................................. Iodine....................................... Erbium ........... ............... Selenium ........................... .................. Examples include tellurides.... Terbium .......... The equation adopted is: The coefficients for the equations are listed..........................95591 78...................... ..92534 (98) 127..... Yttrium........99840 55.........94 14.........2 30................................... ............. .... Lead.... editing... and the U. Arsenic .............. Hydrogen ..........9994 190. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS Small numbers of some groups are presented with other groups for convenience and economy......... Oxygen.........96 28............................... Magnesium ............................... ...................................... Zinc ....... Barium .. Chlorine ............................... Copper.......... Neon.............................. ..................... The data available in this publication are also available on diskette for a nominal fee through the Generic Mineral Technology Center for Pyrometallurgy at the University of Missouri at Rolla as a part of the FREED database..... .............. Radium. Neptunium................................ ............. Atomic weights of the elements for 1985...... .....9055 6.............00794 4. .......................... Titanium...............................88 204........ .......................... Mercury........ Thulium............ Samarium....22 39....... Cesium ........... ... .. ......224 ........................................... ........... .................................811 137......................... ................0289 50...... Palladium .... FREED was developed with support from the U.. ............60 232............................327 9.... Uranium ... ...................................................... Niobium . in scientific notation.... Aluminum.93032 126.965 18.............. Element Actinium .... .. ...... Strontium..........29 88.................................82 192............... Iron........................ and manipulating thennodynamic data on a computer........THERMODYNAMC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES from a regression performed on the calculated values of are included................ Cadmium.........50 167..... ......8682 26. Technetium................. .. Cobalt........85 131................ ..............07 32..207 Cs Cu Dy Er Eu F Fe Fr Ga Gd Ge H He Hf Hg Ho I In Ir K Kr La Li Lu Mg Mn Mo N 132......... Astatine ................ Vanadium ............. ..... ....967 24...................39 91.................... and methane............. Germanium ..... ............................................................948 74..............................................................................................9415 183............ ....3833 168. Promethium.....................3050 54...................................... Rhenium............ Ruthenium.......... Carbon.................90585 173...75 44........ administered by the U..... .............. Chromium ................................ . ...............................................................42 (209) (145) 140..................59 164........... Krypton ....411 140............... at the bottom of the page for the individual hightemperature tables. ...............00674 Rhodium.............. Europium ..........723 157............................03588 207............... ..................... Beryllium ............. Osmium................ ........................ ..................................................................... .24 20.. Nitrogen ..... Cerium . Ytterbium..546 162................49 200. ...S...................96654 10...... ...............847 (223) 69.08 (244) (266) 85............................ Department of Energy through the Westinghouse Savannah River Plant...........25 72.......... ........90638 144..... ....078 112......... Radon..... .......................................... ...................... ...904 12.......................................................... ................................. ..... Tantalum ......................................................1797 58.......... .. retrieving.............. Dysprosium................ Table 1.... . . ......... Tungsten............................ ..... ..........90447 114.90543 63.......................... Gold........... Fluorine... ............. Scandium.......90765 195.. ......... ............... .. Rh Rn Ru S Sb Sc Se Si Sm Sn Sr Ta Tb Tb Te Th Ti Tl Tm U V W Xe Y Yb Zn Zr 102...................98037 79.......00260 178............. . ............... ........................011 40.........9961 Sodium...... ................... Protactinium ..................................... ............................. Phosphorus ........ ...... Bureau of Mines....... Bromine ...04 65........................ ....................... Potassium......................0855 150................... Sulfur...........2 106.......0983 83..................... Calcium......................... Polonium.. Antimony ....... ............... Zirconium..........S...... ...........61 1....................................62 180..................941 174....9332 51...... ....0381 47........ selenides and arsenides that are included with sulfides and sulfosalts.. Neodymium...... Rubidium........... Bismuth.... Platinum...................S. Xenon. Praseodymium..... ............................. . Hafnium .......................... . Boron....4678 186... Lanthanum......93805 95........ .................................. . Molybdenum.. Na Nb Nd Ne Ni Np O Os P Pa Pb Pd Po Pm Pr Pt Pu Ra Rb Re 22................ Silicon ....98977 92...... .....92159 (210) 196.

21 107.868 42.ELEMENTS THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.012 9.50 0.0 0. M = 1 79.08 Al3* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.02 .00 361 10.0 0.980 56.011 2.808 245.4 12.868 73.9 0.00 361 47.2 18.1 Ba Ba2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.001 -332 10 REFERENCES FREE ENERGY M° kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) 0. STATE.74 0.904 82.999 0.83 0.7 0.0 0.10 5. M = 1 26.05 0.31 0.0 0. M = 1 BERYLLIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Be 86.30 54.50 0.0 0.69 0.20 0.18 0.08 4.002 0.1 0.55 0.00 85 105.9 0.967 BORON (REFERENCE STATE) B BARIUM (REFERENCE STATE) SILVER (REFERENCE STATE) Ag Ag* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.272 0.982 28.01 0.30 0.55 0.0 0.0 0.808 152.47 24789.49 0.0 0.4 0.00 67 92 S H/G C 85 85 92 67 -538.1 3.0 0.45 0.11 85 85 0.42 0.21 0.982 ARSENIC (REFERENCE STATE) As 74.0 97.002 0.386 0.84 38.0 -555.0 0.1 77.9 0.011 5.00 361 361 127 BROMINE (REFERENCE STATE) Br2 (LIQUID) 159. STATE.001 1. STATE.0 0.00 85 DIAMOND C 12.417 0.5 1.02 0.74 0.880 0.1 0.38 0.84 GOLD (REFERENCE STATE) All 196.79 170 330 361 54 67 85 -0.0 0.02 85 0.08 4.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g J ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° mot-1 -IT1 V° cJ M° kJ-mol 1 107.40 0.40 ALUMINUM (REFERENCE STATE) Al 26.2 -103.20 0.963 0.8 0.0 0.51 419 419 419 0.30 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.3 -0.21 10.215 0.00 85 67 85 67 BISMUTH (REFERENCE STATE) Bi 208.04 85 85 GRAPHITE (REFERENCE STATE) C 12.55 0.05 85 85 Br~ (AQUEOUS ION) STD. M » 1 10.4 1.4 1.002 9.922 35.8 0.0 0.298 0.327 8.18 54 9.20 3.0 0.0 0.811 5.00 85 67 BROMINE (IDEAL GAS) Br2 159.327 62.007 0.0 0.20 -121.2 30.020 0.00 67 85 67 85 137.5 -489.0 0.50 -532.58 0.001 0.4 1.00 361 361 137.1 -13. STATE.42 21.

00 85 Cs* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.2 0.7 49.0 0.002 0.905 -258.04 -56.08 24789.0 -553.0 0.0 4.2 0.99 85 70.113 0.0 CADMIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Cd 112.01 0. STATE.7 -281. M = 1 35.9 1.00 361 CHROMIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Cr 51.411 Cd2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.1 0.60 0. STATE.42 6.7 0.32 0.02 F" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.003 96. M .5 -291.0 71.6 0.001 0.0 51.1 64.0 0.005 0.10 26.0 0.02 85 0.H° kJ-mol 1 J moi-'-r1 FREE ENERGY A.99 85 42.0 1.2 0.546 -98.546 40.02 0.5 H/G 85 85 361 67 85 85 361 67 85 443 67 0.59 0.62 0.03 Cu* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.996 23.1 112.5 0.905 Cl" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.23 0.0 4.0 0.00 67 85 -335.00 85 -75.21 7.8 1.02 85 67 85 85 .2 1.60 0.76 419 419 0.G' kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S 0.0 51.0 0.1 -131.12 85 COPPER (REFERENCE STATE) Cu 63.0 0.0 0.1 22.115 72.0 0.00 360 0.0 0.00 67 CESIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Cs 132.0 0. M = 1 63.453 56.998 -13. n = 1 63.0 0.40 0.546 33.6 -77.5 1.20 COBALT (REFERENCE STATE) Co 58.7 0. STATE. * = 1 40.00 419 223. STATE.997 202.15 13.73 0.4 0.11 85 20.0 FLUORINE (REFERENCE STATE) F2 (IDEAL GAS) 37.9 0. M = 1 132.07 0.0 0.80 0.0 0.77 0.00 365 -8.411 -72.8 0.7 0.00 67 85 -167.1 0.933 30. M = 1 18.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.3 A.8 7.0 0.231 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.5 CERIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ce 140.078 Ca2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.670 0.19 0.0 -543. STATE.1 -11.078 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° c.90 0.40 69.6 -13.40 0.0 0.04 0.905 85. STATE.0 0.14 0.0 65.1 50.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g CALCIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ca 40.18 85 0.79 24789.003 C 117 85 419 CHLORINE (REFERENCE STATE) C1 2 (IDEAL GAS) 132.40 Cu2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD. STATE.

9 0. STATE.13 a? REFERENCES 0.31 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.29 0.005 0.0 0. M = 1 6.4 0.8 45.098 64.0 0.904 106.48 0.0 0.00 67 85 67 85 361 2.74 0.09 0.847 -107.847 -280.1 2.14 0.24 0. STATE.18 65.0 0.2 62.9 5. STATE.61 13.15 -278.00 0 0.20 0.822 0.008 31. STATE.00 67 Li* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.2 163. STATE.0 15.7 2.01 85 (IDEAL GAS) I~ (AQUEOUS ION) STD.0 -16.1 -282.1 -3.80 IODINE (REFERENCE STATE) '2 253.ELEMENTS THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.64 0.02 85 POTASSIUM (REFERENCE STATE) K 39.67 0.0 0. M = 1 401.809 260.0 0.0 13.36 0.69 24789.02 0.45 0.007 67 67 85 85 67 85 67 85 85 .04 85 85 166.39 0.0 2.90 0.0 0.004 S IRON (REFERENCE STATE) Fe HYDROGEN (REFERENCE STATE) H2 (IDEAL GAS) 27.809 116.20 0.30 51.00 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° AfH° kJ-mol 1 J-n»r1 'ir1 H/G C 90 67 90 67 55.002 0.2 0.0 0.1 49. M = 1 1. M * 1 39. STATE.0 -49. M = 1 55.017 0.68 24789.09 0.20 -252.0 0.02 0.1 -292.06 0. m = 1 -36.0 2.00 75.1 19.77 411 411 0.941 12.941 29.7 0. M = 1 200.0 0. M = 1 55.630 0.59 Hgf* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.7 0.09 13.09 85 85 67 MERCURY (REFERENCE STATE) Hg (LIQUID) 200.8 0.0 0.91 0.0 -91.016 H* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.9 0.1 0. STATE.06 0.09 0.00 85 361 130.0 0.00 85 170.1 3.00 85 67 K* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.1 -51.20 0.1 9.12 14.01 85 LITHIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Li 6.2 -28.0 0.847 Fe2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.5 153.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g FREE ENERGY M° kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) 0.0 0.93 411 411 0.3 0.00 85 IODINE '2 253.098 101.1 51.30 -56.0 0.0 -90.5 -26.01 67 126.6 0.5 0.35 GERMANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ge 72.092 0.15 7.0 0.7 0.59 Hg2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD. STATE.5 0.35 Fe3* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.

45 0.7 0.2 0.0 18.0 0.007 -137.5 -228.305 Mg J REFERENCES FREE ENERGY M° kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) 0.00 MOLYBDENUM (REFERENCE STATE) Mo 95.9 2.67 0.01 6.08 Mn2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD. M = 1 22.5 Pb2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.354 0.0 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g MAGNESIUM (REFERENCE STATE) 24.1 45.2 0.8 0.08 41.02 0.974 13.00 67 LEAD (REFERENCE STATE) Pb 207.9 205.990 58.00 67 85 67 85 0. STATE.1 -261.9 -45.0 4.05 0.63 0.00 67 85 67 SULFUR (REFERENCE STATE) S ORTHORHOMBIC 32.0 0.02 0.005 0.0 0.00 67 67 0.2 0.H° kJ-mol 1 nol-'-lf1 32.0 0.0 0. STATE.0 17.004 0.5 9.0 0.588 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.6 -455.5 1.0 0.0 0.60 1.69 29.003 -128.00 85 67 -467.87 0.01 85 0.0 0.05 15.0 0.0 0.00 67 85 67 85 -240.7 0.3 0. STATE.46 0.996 0.3 0.3 -24.938 -73. M * 1 207.15 85 67 85 0.21 9.69 OXYGEN (REFERENCE STATE) 02 (IDEAL GAS) 31.2 4.04 85 0.20 Ma* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.2 64.00 67 -54.0 0.066 85 .15 24789.013 SODIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Na 22.09 0. m = 1 58.0 PLATINUM (REFERENCE STATE) Pt 195.2 18.005 0.09 85 67 7. STATE.9 0.938 32.1 0.0 0. STATE.00 361 361 32.091 0.24 0.267 0.511 0.999 PHOSPHORUS (REFERENCE STATE) P (WHITE) 30.387 0.0 41.10 Mg2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.78 0.08 Ni 2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.8 0.0 0.6 79.00 91 -220.006 0.66 0.96 419 419 0.21 NITROGEN (REFERENCE STATE) "2 28.6 0.0 0.007 23. m = 1 54.0 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° cm3 A.4 0.0 0.81 0.0 0.0 7.990 51.15 NICKEL (REFERENCE STATE) Ni 58.305 MANGANESE (REFERENCE STATE) Mn 54.0 0.5 0.25 S H/G C 85 85 91 39.94 28.0 0. m = 1 24.81 0.01 0.99 419 419 0.0 0.3 0.00 85 85 0.11 85 0.61 24789.00 91 91 191.

115 -1460.004 0.0 179 422 285 414 55 TELLURIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Te 127.00 67 67 32.00 67 85 67 H4Si04° (AQUEOUS ION) STD.00 62 126 SILICON (REFERENCE STATE) Si 28.20 20.004 0.75 45.0 0.8 98.) 118.00 67 67 URANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) U 238.0 0. TET. STATE.14 55 Se 180. STATE.350 0.85 .2 12.00 67 67 67 ANTIMONY (REFERENCE STATE) Sb 121.00 39 67 Sr2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.0 0.60 49.545 0.0 0.056 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.5 2.08 16.0 0.71 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.08 12.0 0.7 -1307.42 0.086 18.21 18.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g J ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° mol-1 -*-1 V° M° kJ-mol 1 a? SULFUR S NONOCLINIC 32.00 361 361 SELENIUM (REFERENCE STATE) 78.0 85.48 0.81 0.5 -563.3 79.0 0.94 0.1 1.03 0.0 0. M « 1 32.01 0.01 0.0 1.6 0.00 85 85 VANADIUM (REFERENCE STATE) V 50.00 319 319 TITANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ti 47.05 0.0 -15.05 S2" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.03 419 419 0.0 0.0 4.29 0.83 0.05 16.0 33.066 -14.2 FREE ENERGY LOG(K) W kJ-mol'1 REFERENCES S H/G C 67 419 67 0.2 -31.69 0.52 0. M = 1 87.62 55.009 0.02 0.5 2.178 0.79 0.7 0.12 0.63 0.27 0.96 0.37 TIN (REFERENCE STATE) Sn (UNITE.42 8.0 0.038 51.6 1.02 0.0 DIATOMIC SULFUR S2 (IDEAL GAS) 64.00 361 361 THORIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Th 232.029 50.17 24789.00 85 85 STRONTIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Sr 87.0 0.76 0.01 0.002 0.62 -550.0 0.3 0.9 0. M * 1 96.92 0.10 10.0 0.78 0.066 33.8 1.0 0.96 42.18 0.3 -13.0 0.132 228.01 0.10 9.50 19.7 0.00 67 67 TUNGSTEN (REFERENCE STATE) U 183.0 0.18 128.ELEMENTS THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.01 0.0 0.942 28.65 0.02 0.50 0.1 0.0 0.1 229.88 30.20 33.710 51. STATE.

15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ZINC (REFERENCE STATE) Zn 65.15 VOLUME ENTHALPY V° M" kJ-mol 1 cJ 9.8 0.7 0.4 3.5 38.21 0.224 METHANE CH4 16.7 -45.043 (IDEAL GAS) COHENITE FejC 179.87 0.40 C 85 67 8. STATE.2 -147.4 AMMONIA (IDEAL GAS) Nil. M = 1 65.2 25.0 FREE ENERGY A** kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) 0.3 -50.30 67 .9 1.016 0.88 419 419 0.552 ENTROPY S° J-mol'-K 1 41.3 0.26 24789.23 0.2 NH4* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.7 0.01 24.03 0.10 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS IN THEIR REFERENCE STATE AT 298.7 1.00 67 186. = 1 18. 17.45 361 361 361 0.0 0.3 -79.4 -16.3 19.7 0.031 192.007 0.05 85 85 -109.77 24789.8 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.4 23.162 0.04 85 14.63 0.00 REFERENCES S H/G 67 67 85 -153.039 111.87 0.06 67 67 -133.39 ZIRCONIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Zr 91.4 0.17 0.79 0.0 0.20 104.3 0. STATE.007 0.2 -74.91 0.0 0.3 13.07 67 67 67 -3.4 2.39 Zn2* (AQUEOUS ION) STD.

525 124.73 0.5 0.04 -32.18 52 306 REALGAR AsS 106.15 K LOG(K) REFERENCES ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY S° or1 -if1 V° « * kJ-mol 1 kJ-mol 1 247.1 15.25 0.48 0.9 0.80S 146.42 0.19 429 419 270 0.2 0.3 9.612 67.69 109 337 109 442 0.96 141 121 141 0.63 0.6 0.5 0.72 133 337 133 0.449 109.9 7.71 201 279 0.6 2.2 1.3 0.20 372 0.8 0.37 NAME AND FORMULA HEIGHT g ACANTHITE (ARGENTITE) Ag2s **zh BISMUTHINITE B12h TELLUROBISMUTHITE Bi 2Te3 OLDHAMITE CaS J S N/G C 13.9 25.1 69.04 -135.6 23.064 176.52 0.3 -146.2 25.144 56. 501.19 0.02 -54.9 1.4 62.3 34.37 67 67 279 GREENOCKITE CdS 144.02 -149.42 399 60 326 376 0.8 0.SULFIDES AND SULFOSALTS 11 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFIDE MINERALS AT 298.02 -83.75 394 337 394 0.24 -30.4 14.95S 155.8 98.6 0.79 0.1 -89.4 4.89 0.46 52 800.761 261.7 2.6 29.62 142 369 109 0.6 34.1 4.272 107.3 13.9 2.0 5.2 0.2 27.7 1.065 74.4 0.981 114.86 LINNAEITE C°3S4 305.28 COVELLITE CuS 95.3 -334.6 1.1 -78.988 63.05 DIGENITE CU1.76 133 337 133 140 0.52 0.4 -132.2 2.0 -39.5 7.9 5.4 3.4 2.9 4.3 0.02 -73.74 50 210 514.3 -55.158 116.02 -78.7 2.5 13.66 399 1.6 72.09 DJURLEITE CU1.72 0.1 -394.2 25.09 -474.3 29.8 0.1 20.0 1.9 -145.32 369 369 325 369 0.51 0.841 398.92 0.9 0.25 -91.2 2.9 1.6 -195.55 0.46 38 60 98 .6 4.4 -84.05 -371.3 58.2 26.6 5.041 163.80 0.0 6.3 25.802 142.09 -78.0 0.02 -194.6 1.0 -29.2 -90.3 -78.84 372 0.2 25.5 0.23 38 3 CATTIERITE CoS2 123.88 270 ORPIMENT 246.85 0.1 82.0 0.6 70.477 72.3 27.05 442 ANILITE ^LTS8 143.2 0.7 1.05 -73.159 200.5 2.2 15.5 0.28 BORNITE ClIeFeS.0 101.5 -78.07 CHALCOCITE CUgS 159.1 -469.60 0.01 -150.18 371 369 325 371 369 0.1 1.3 0.93 0.2 43.19 109 48 142 CHALCOPYRITE CuFeS2 183.1 5.1 1.02 -347.3 75.

7 7.03 -101.20 0.9 0.17 0.43 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g CUBAN ITE CuFe^ 271.86 0.913 60.6 5.9 0.2 -20.0 1.75 143 0.81 0.05 138 409 0.047 100.5 613.8 5.1 24.3 0.0 0.9 CINNABAR HgS 232.004 80.6 0.75 139 139 139 0.46 0.37 LOELLINGITE FeAs2 205.15 NININGERITE 56.7 0.7 -160.2 17.7 1.074 67.5 1.9 0.656 96.10 -97.5 2.05 85 85 PYRITE FeS2 FeTe2 9.59 217 120 0.33 143 131 131 0.9 0.7 4.4 21.0 -99.17 332 0.02 -57.2 30.8 21.20 0.2 38.082 HS" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.05 -72.3 0.979 53.74 85 67 HYDROGEN SULFIDE (IDEAL GAS) H2S 34.4 4.1 -158.875S 80.1 27.5 -43.3 29.1 1.8 -218.90S 82.02 -345.7 2.3 -7.06 278.1 0.0 17.90 0.02 -54.45 135 375 135 0.2 0.30 67 MARCASITE FeS2 119.0 14.5 PYRRHOTITE Fe.9 38.1 16.49 0.6 -33.6 4.70 0. STATE.371 50.35 119.02 -169.44 0.3 0.979 52.9 2.4 4.656 82.47 NETACINNABAR HgS 232.2 59.6 2. m = 1 33.26 347 C 369 TROILITE FeS 87.5 -564.2 205.88 0.59 17.690 80.7 27.4 0.42 0.3 5.96 0.12 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFIDE MINERALS AT 298.5 FeS6.3 0.86 0.5 2.2 44.1 23.05 FROHBERGITE 311.94 0.31 279 3 79 0.1 -40.3 1.438 NUKUNOAMITE Cu5.767 86.1 28.88 69 79 3 131 79 25 138 11.0 0.0 -98.0 -52.58 0.05 -97.G" kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G 280 388 67.2 0.6 2.4 98.0 FERROSELITE FeSe2 213.7 0.11 85 67 85 67 16.01 -171.17 0.5 -101.17 375 203 Mgs ALABANDITE MnS 67 67 67 .31 437 279 0.3 2.7 28.2 -341.8 7.2 4.8 24789.35 PYRRHOTITE Fe.74 87.328 63.932 60.3 0.779 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° c*3 M° kJ-mol 1 J or1 -*1 205.2 18.8 FREE ENERGY A.51 0.4 2.01 -213.02 -46.13 233 326 279 0.5 2.8 0.5 3.0 0.2 -64.

01 -82.9 46.61 0 .7 1.5 18.1 0.5S8 771 .89 0 .53 36.01 -70.01 -100.46 136 136 0.8 0.0 3.5 F«4.5 -104.6 59 VIOLARITE <Mi .96 67 397 67 0.072 62.9 3.070 99.20 -837.97 429 58 271 271 98 0.266 91.3>3S4 301 .5 -199.37 ALTAITE PbTe 334 .7 2.92 398 338 324 0.160 102.2 23 .5 0.456 58.3 1.5 5.4 3.698 182.27 COOPERITE PtS 227 .5 34.8 5.0 HEAZLEWOOOITE Ni 3S2 240 .0 0.4 1.2 0.8 10.3 32 .1 2.33 229 347 315 0.944 155 .5 1.83 0 .8 4.5 -233.800 110.8 1.35 326 245 326 CLAUSTHALITE PbSe 286 .0 -96.01 -91.8 59 GALENA PbS 239 .01 -98.1 26.96 0 .6 10.4 2.3 -149.9 0.0 -141.1 34 .1 17.02 -106.26 WURTZITE ZnS 97.6 0.756 53.02 -271.0 -224.2 3.7 31 .6 1.0 3.26 MILLERITE NiS us2 114 14.5 -199.30 -378 11.0 -63.0 39.0 2.842 87.85 0 .9 3.15 0 .80 0 .01 0 .1 34 .26 BERNDTITE SnS2 182 .02 -241.5 2.0 2.02 -216.5 40.1 40 .88 TUNGSTEN I TE 247 .44 SPHALERITE ZnS 97.13 SULFIDES AND SULFOSALTS THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFIDE MINERALS AT 298.456 58.2 40 .3 73 .5 12.8 0.04 275 305 0.8 29 .59 STIBNITE SbgSj 339 .202 133.5 34.30 279 279 0.02 0 .8 4.15 217 419 0.53 58 107 67 276 .95 0 .0 PENTLANDITE Mi4.4 -76.4 16 .0 16.02 -149.1 1.01 -223.9 -262.26 234 382 211 0.2 23 .7Fe.83 395 0.4 13.82 304 303 304 304 0.79 229 326 315 0.4 -69.4 14.8 2.37 53 51 HERZENBERGITE SnS 150 .2 32 .3 3.07 0 .7 0.3 2.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° « * AfH» kJ-mol 1 J FREE ENERGY LOG(K) REFERENCES kJ-mol 1 S H/G 279 C HAUERITE MnS2 119 .75 MOLYBDENITE NoS2 160 .41 0 .04 -151.40 0 .1 22 .01 -203.9 2.60 0 .3 -98.776 77.775 63 .0 0.86 90 .7 0.20 0 .0 -210.0 24.3 40 .982 67.35 441 1.6 2.49 0 .146 55.01 -204.97 398 378 324 0.6 1.

7 0.784 1025.92 166.12 0.2 6.2 3.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY CM3 kJ-mol 1 kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S° g .8 6.44 0.04 -131.6 0.6 332.06 0.25 382 382 382 0.82 1.8 2.750 52.980 54.02 146 SMITHITE AgA8S2 246.6 88.5 63.611 245.118 470.0 1.08S0.5 192.5 -255.4 336.74 Fe-TENNANTITE 1463.03 0.07 331 LIVINGSTONITE HgSb4Sg 944.20 -256.5 88.12 381 ARSENOPYRITE FeA81 .14 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFIDE MINERALS AT 298.2 6.0 336.42 0.2 50.5 -360.8 0.30 146 ENARGITE CU3A8S4 393.6 51 380.l-mol"1 -*"1 S H/G C PROUST I TE AgjAsSj 494.10 380 Fe-TETRAHEDRITE Cu1QFe2Sb4Sl3 1651.42 0.2 6.7 4.56 0.14 CHALCOSTIBITE CuSbS2 249.0 92.263 68.90 -373.10 -130.098 1062.2 23.09 -95.24 0.8 50.4 26.70 380 97 382 382 PYRARGYRITE AgjSbSj 541.70 380 Zn-TENNANTITE 1482.698 1024.3 8 52 a-AgSbS2 MATILDITE B-AgBiS2 .10 145 454 1.012 1061.5 3 51 MIARGYRITE 293.824 257.4 -132.14 BERTHIERITE FeSb2S4 427.10 -165.553 92.428 149.5 1.8 4.5 44.2 332.22 0.922 150.724 303.10 380 Zn-TETRAHEDRITE 1670.5 0.

1 -623.1 520.1 49.06 -573.7 0.9 -699.2 160.1 161.1 0.66 67 67 67 0.09 67 67 67 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.03 117 117 117 COj"" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.0 -675.4 2.025 184.20 -110.88 230 176 GIBBSITE Al(OH)3 78.4 25.004 68. STATE.06 -1273.961 50.1 2.9 0.3 -1582.3 1.988 37.1 109.9 -603.02 LINE CaO 56.4 0.17 0.077 38.03 117 117 117 CARBON DIOXIDE CC^ (IDEAL GAS) 44.16 117 117 117 16.26 0.01 .5 101.1 19.02 -1293.25 85 BARIUM MONOXIDE BaO 153.04 85 36 85 36 H2COj (UN.26 269 BROMELLITE BeO B I SMITE Bi 2°3 202.1 -527.7 575.017 98.5 580.90 176 176 0.8 0.7 2.5 0.1 47.9 105.2 918. STATE.96 0.2 -586.4 209.20 -393.8 0.4 -635.59 0.1 51.2 69.70 0.58 0.2 -137.0 0.841 113.1 1.3 0.73 0.3 0.9 100.010 197.21 85 67 67 77 85 111 262 85 67 418 CARBON MONOXIDE CO (IDEAL GAS) 28.4 2.26 0.0 0.76 0.63 0.3 102.4 1.81 0.7 0.83 0.44 85 465.03 -996.1 91.4 -1194.010 213. STATE.5 1.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY S" g VOLUME FREE ENERGY kJ-nol 1 kJ not'1 LOG(K) REFERENCES yo <** J- ENTHALPY S 277.4 0.2 -H154. = 1 62.45 419 419 319 0.03 -654.8 24789.9 0.5 0.5 86.23 H/G C 93 268 94 85 94 57 CORUNDUM A12°3 101. = 1 61.1 8.20 0.17 419 419 0.03 -609.1 2.3 493.5 1.0 0.1 0.3 2.24 0.2 0.0 1.76 0.2 24.3 92.988 35.0 1.90 0.7 576.1 25.3 24789.39 12 DIASPORE AIO(OH) 59.4 0.1 31.2 17.33 0.5 2.620 54.2 922.9 1.959 151.0 0.53 334 12 0.31 0.1 -394.07 -657.1 60.009 -50.012 13.33 61 419 CLAUDE T I TE A82°3 197.I OH I ZED) STD. .3 BOEHMITE AIO(OH) 59.12 0.6 1.1 0.2 ARSENOLITE A82°3 197.37 85 25.1 0.33 178 171 178 212 0.70 0.01 -1675.841 107.03 -1001.7 1.326 72.2 0.9 1.18 61 DIBOROH TRIOXIDE B2°3 69.54 0.3 27.5 -689.01 -548.4 2.OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES 15 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298.8 1.01 67 67 67 0.4 2.0 1.05 85 36 85 36 HCOj" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.1 100.

55 0.3 0.38 132 67 HEMATITE Fe2°3 159.02 -170.7 8.5 15.3 11.49 1.6 CERIANITE CeOj 172.4 2.4 0.35 CUPRITE 143.2 -308.4 59.77 0.1 -237.54 222 319 319 0.33 67 67 67 0.4 -228.015 70.21 TENOR I TE CuO 79.6 0.06 0.846 60.1 18.07 0.6 1.64 436 0.3 2.810 146.1 23.4 1.2 12.02 -237.4 33.4 0.3 -744.2 30.1 1.64 0.27 0.2 -230.0 -128.4 -1053.114 62.887 56.3 29.05 -272.0 1.1 25.6 0.2 1.2 1.3 39.1 0.85 0.797 109.41 137 161 83 0.9 .37 22 310 134 GOETHITE FeO(OH) 88.4 44.0 0.14 132 148 83 67 FERROUS OXIDE (STOICHIOMETRIC) FeO 71.933 52.15 K NAME AND FORMULA UEIGHT ENTROPY S- 9 VOLUME FREE ENERGY kJ-mor1 kJ-nor1 LOG(K) REFERENCES yo <** J ENTHALPY S H/G C 157.4 12.1 -1012.3 0.6 0.7 2.8 2.52 287 308 319 0.9 1.3 -214.093 83.02 310 272 67 UUSTITE Fe .82 0.22 0.007 -10.1 -147.02 85 85 COBALT MONOXIDE CoO 40.03 -1134.0 2.00 -285.9 74.1 0.4 0.1 -491.44 0.02 112 384 112 0.8 0.34 184.03 -156.62 0.91 67 198 0.07 0. STATE.02 -986.23 67 310 130 MAGNETITE 231.48 0.6 2.1 -251.09 0. = 1 17.4 DICESIUM MONOXIDE Cs20 281.47 67 67 85 267 14 227 67 267 67 67 272 272 67 .947° 68.56 0.7 12.3 0.04 -562.04 0.3 37.23 45 125 TR I COBALT TETRAOXIDE C°3°4 240.11 85 179. 0.3 -898.8 1.35 307 ESKOLAITE Cr2°3 151.091 92.3 MONTEPONITE CdO 128.1 177.9 0.990 81.12 WATER H20 (LIQUID) 18.04 -266.1 86.2 44.01 85 85 117 67 OH' (AQUEOUS IOH) STD.4 0.8 42.2 2.545 42.1 1.03 -1088.01 -258.8 0.42 440 161 161 0.0 -802.8 0.4 1.0 22.0 140.01 -826.7 0.400 54.3 23.692 87.0 0.02 -918.0 1.00 0.07 -346.8 -244.23 158 158 117 PORTLAND I TE Ca(OH)2 74.4 0.59 0.7 2.3 0.7 0.52 0.89 67 190 272 0.1 8.05 67 0.2 54.1 41.7 1.16 IHERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMOOYNAHIC PROPERTIES OF OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298.01 -1115.6 20.1 27.4 1.5 -1025.1 2.1 -157.539 146.16 235 221 18 0.8 2.854 60.3 130.

938 77.4 146.5 -362.9 0.4 224.937 59.5 0.1 24789.1 98.61 0.1 2.02 419 419 228 193 0.02 -90.37 419 67 PERICLASE HgO 40.1 0.9 0. 143.4 -668.02 REFERENCES S H/G C 85 85 67 117 -241.98 0.1 -561.4 19.01 -597.31 319 209 319 0.937 52.02 -520.5 1.6 0.0 -228.7 4.7 81.8 0.25 BRAUNITE MivSiO^ 604.1 1.4 13.3 0.2 0.0 4.6 -378.82 0.4 51.9 2.38 0.90 319 256 319 0.09 PYROLUSITE Hn02 86.106 78.37 0.6 0.4 117.589 DIPOTASSIUM MONOXIDE K2° NITROGEN DIOXIDE N02 (IDEAL GAS) 46.05 85 85 418 67 321 117 .320 63. = 1 62.1 0.812 164.0 0.25 0.2 46.4 MONTROYDITE HgO 216.25 0.20 NOj" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.9 0.6 1.20 LOG(K) 40.0 0.2 11.07 85 85 STEAM H20 (IDEAL GAS) 18.39 0.00 -385.2 2.3 40.8 27.1 24. STATE.3 -1061.43 0.02 -424.304 26.8 0.53 357 357 357 0.32 0.7 0.1 20.42 0.7 -465.0 0.5 0.12 BIXBYITE "^ 157.4 -833.4 -110.7 0.7 0.0 691.3 ' -569.1 16.01 -1117.4 -1282.1 10.56 0.05 -959.1 6.5 63.70 0.07 85 85 85 200 33.3 70.1 1.70 MOLYBDITE MoO.5 0.08 367 367 367 0.07 MANGANOSITE HnO 70.2 2.3 0.8 24789.76 0.3 14.4 -8.06 -1384.1 0.6 66.45 0.18 HAUSMANNITE Mnj04 228.0 154.4 0.2 0.01 85 85 415 67 94.5 1.04 -745.0 1.17 OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES THERNOOYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298.1 -58.2 0.9 0.22 0.8 125.7 0.04 0.70 0.9 0.874 113.645 416.3 0.05 0.3 19.006 240.015 HAFNIUM DIOXIDE Hf02 210.005 146.2 31.23 319 99.1 0.489 59.49 67 67 67 POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE KOH 56.0 -882.7 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g J< ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY S° V° on3 kJ-mol 1 kJ-nor1 or1 -IT1 188.74 0.881 37.8 0.11 67 67 254 67 DILITHIUM MONOXIDE Li 20 29.08 0.07 -924.07 67 67 67 -206.63 0.0 -3944.47 357 357 357 0.4 185.8 0.4 30.8 56.2 0.196 94.3 BRUCITE Mg(OH>2 58.6 0.05 -4260.68 357 357 357 0.20 -363.00 -601.95 0.58 319 419 391 319 0.1 -322.

9 85.1 22.0 4.997 64.5 50.7 -371.199 66.7 1.8 18.91 0.4 0.9 175.2 -635.8 0.5 0.70 0.20 -1504.0 6.53 211.07 291.4 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.3 8.15 S04" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.40 0.4 59.6 6.4 130.23 419 419 0.9 -486.69 0.199 71.10 72 419 319 0.15 LITHARGE (RED) PbO 223.01 -277.7 0.4 -910.3 -601.4 -127. * 1 80.01 0.7 76.064 18.7 6.3 2.199 68.2 52.8 24789.12 67 67 67 SOj" (AQUEOUS ION) STD.971 -222.88 0.06 419 PLATTNERITE Pb02 239.6 0.0 0.2 -300.6 0.09 -718.8 0.3 0.0 109.92 419 15 319 0.0 0.16 67 67 419 67 85 Pbj04 67 419 115 67 419 67 SULFUR DIOXIDE SOg (IDEAL GAS) 64.3 -187.18 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES Of OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298.20 -100.07 419 191 319 PHOSPHORUS PENTOXIDE P2°5 141.4 8.05 67 BUNSENITE NiO 74.2 24789.0 2.8 0.979 75.81 0.01 0.6 0.1 -379.10 67 67 P04~~~ (AQUEOUS ION) STD.4 3.5 238.97 0.8 25.598 212. * 1 94.70 0.40 1.08 -414.4 25.0 0.99 271 161 161 0.064 256.00 22.04 85 67 117 SULFUR TR I OX IDE SOj (IDEAL GAS) 80.05 -708.084 41.065 248.07 67 302 SODIUM HYDROXIDE NaOH 39.25 319 419 319 0.1 0.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY WEIGHT S9 VOLUME FREE ENERGY kJ-nol'1 kJ-mor1 LOG(K) REFERENCES yo <** J ENTHALPY S H/G C DISODIUM MONOXIDE Ma20 61.9 0.51 MINIUM 685.5 0.06 -425.03 -217.4 65.18 317 419 341 .6 105.8 -188.4 2.2 23. STATE.7 64.2 -1259.47 85 67 85 67 67 150.99 419 419 0.2 23.6 2.0 0.3 -376.30 1.3 1.3 0.4 -211.085 QUARTZ SiOj 60.6 0.01 435 444 160 0. STATE.9 -626.5 0.34 0.9 0.2 10.689 38.57 0.47 419 419 0.9 0.15 0.3 0.064 -29.20 -395.87 0.0 VALENTINITE SbfcOj SILICON MONOXIDE SiO (IDEAL GAS) 44.4 -744.0 -856.498 123.0 4.5 0.8 33.3 32.5 -1361.0 0.78 0.75 319 419 0.50 0.02 -239.3 0.70 0.945 114.8 0.05 -219.4 -909. STATE.3 66.9 38.14 419 MASSICOT (YELLOW) PbO 223.4 36.5 0.1 0. * « 1 96.54 319 319 0.9 -1001.9 -218.20 -296.8 0.6 24789.

18 46 67 77 262 TELLURITE Te°2 159 .0 -264 .OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES 19 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298..03 -577.8 2.2 3 .01 -1084.9 8 .1 149.5 1.0 6.02 -319.1 -854 .2 0.4 3.1 149.69 0.4 -1433 .6 18.9 0.61 RUTILE TI02 79 .1 -849 .4 251.71 435 67 286 0.084 48.8 0 .4 26.5 2 .2 0 .8 3 .2 26.3 29.10 -901.2 24.2 -515 .084 COESITE Si02 229.37 404 341 341 43.5 204.1 154.7 1 .4 2.75 199 419 113 0.619 55.52 0.IONIZED) STD.74 0.3 -1139 .74 0.5 -1169 .8 2 .02 -1520.037 65.9 8.3 20.01 -1226.53 0.12 0.3 199.084 46.5 -905.79 341 341 341 0.084 43.55 1.3 2.0 20.5 1.37 67 67 85 67 85 67 294 419 67 67 67 294 76 .27 0.879 49.0 0. 60 .1 -802 .01 0.758 77.8 6.43 0.01 -591.47 67 URANINITE U02 270 .2 2 .65 6 189 361 0.2 90.30 213 213 0.75 0.881 98.0 -560 .3 1.04 85 16 STRONTIUM OXIDE SrO 103 .1 46.8 2.4 20.2 0.22 0.58 361 0.54 THORIANITE Th°2 264 .0 -1031 .0 155.1 25.4 -853 .0 0.2 CRISTOBALITE Si °2 60 .43 286 404 60 .8 1 .4 0.0 98.37 189 6 361 423 STISHOVITE Si02 60 . STATE.39 333 419 319 78 0.0 27.14 85 85 67 294 ANATASE TJ02 79 .85 0.84 419 419 417 389 0.4 149.01 -944.4 14.8 -888 . * 1 96 .01 -861.3 2 .3 27.36 449 0.1 148.115 180.5 0.8 149.11 H4Si04 (UN.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY Sol-'-lf1 J- VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY V <** kJ-»ol 1 kJ-nol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 179 422 285 414 -1460.7 2.62 0.14 SILICA GLASS Si02 60 .0 1.70 0.2 21.084 27.2 33.37 0.82 0.6 0.028 77.8 2 .35 6 0.03 -908.599 70.03 -938.7 1 .37 435 444 CASSITERITE Sn02 150 .29 0.03 -1218.1 140.18 248 248 128 KARELIANITE V2°3 149 .7 3.64 0.9 1.1 -883 .1 TRIDYMITE SIC.4 0.6 2.1 1.5 2.1 -852 .0 4.8 0.21 1.0 31.0 180.879 50.0 0.37 67 DITITANIUN TR I OX IDE TfgOj 143 .7 -1307.709 49.8 -852 .01 -907.55 0.37 189 SILICALITE Si02 60 .3 0.20 -907.9 0.6 2 .084 38.6 0.3 1.

9 -533.7 0 .20 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS AT 298. 1 0.7 -1042.70 319 196 0.389 43 .01 -1100 .61 0.16 67 67 TUNGSTEN TRIOXIDE WOj 231.1 14.30 419 419 82 .848 75 .12 352 0.05 85 352 319 123.16 67 67 236 81. 9 0.9 0 .01 -350 . 9 1.3 21. 182.3 20.849 50 .05 -589 . 7 ZINCITE ZnO BADDELEYITE ZrO.03 0.86 0. 4 0. 3 56.3 -320.6 0 .15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S- vo <** M" kJ-ml -i r- FREE ENERGY A.34 0.10 -842 .6 1 .223 50 .8 -764.3 31.53 0. 9 133.15 0.9 1 .4 0 .G- LOG(K) kJ-nol i REFERENCES S H/G C 67 TUNGSTEN DIOXIDE *>2 215.5 0 .2 0 . 9 93.

01 0. 9 0.05 -1070.8 1.69 0.6 1. 234 .57 0.840 109.82 0.6 0.4 0. 1 232.725 108.53 0. 1 0.9 0.0 43.1 4.2 32. 5 202.71 0.1 352 425 352 295 0.05 -1360. 2 247.18 0.3 67.572 180. 0 235. 8 381. 8 275. 5 169.6 0.4 419 419 0.0 -1344.5 164 CALCIUM FERRITE CaFe204 215 .56 0.05 -1441.266 88.0 40. 9 4.5 GEIKIELITE HiTiOj 120 .1 2.9 -1999. 3 381.2 42 PEROVSKITE CaTiOj 135 .3 0.3 HERCYNITE FeAl 204 173 . 9 292.77 0.8 1.0 2.9 290 373 249 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S- V cm3 M" kJ-nol 1 J FREE ENERGY LOG(K) kJ-nor' REFERENCES S H/G C 43 361 TIALITE AlgTiOs 181 .8 48.05 -1950.63 0.816 104.9 -1669.05 CHRYSOBERYL BeAl 204 126 . 0 224.01 -1660.0 0.183 74.MULTIPLE OXIDES 21 THERMOOYNAHIC PROPERTIES OF MULTIPLE OXIDE MINERALS AT 298.5 2. 9 2.8 44. 6 2.75 0.0 42 D I CALCIUM FERRITE Ca2Fe2°5 271 .8 188 CHROMITE FeCr204 223 .382 140.0 1.6 0.5 2.05 -1520.5 8.10 -1445.65 0.40 2.0 373 188 450 1.07 -1572.10 -2138.0 -1280.0 39.3 0.0 -1329.6 0.0 -965.3 116 164 164 0.3 31.7 4.75 0. 1 245.2 PYROPHANITE MnTJOj 150 .1 450 271 271 0.3 216 216 0.4 11 11 295 ULVOSPINEL Fe2Ti04 223 .847 188.4 290 MgAl 204 MAGNESIOCHROMITE Mgcr2o4 MAGNESIOFERRITE MgFe204 11 43 67 37 67 44 64 386 42 .4 373 373 292 0. 9 350.5 46.0 44.98 0. 1 10. 4 1. 1 2.808 117. 2 2.4 0.4 419 419 0.03 -2299.4 312 43 PSEUDOBROOKITE Fe2Tl"°5 239 .5 -1838.571 156.837 146.5 3.295 106.05 -1493.05 SPINEL 142 .7 -1574. 4 0.3 54. 5 6.5 361 373 292 1.8 2.6 3.2 -1412.05 -1783.1 ILMENITE FeTiOj 151 .2 -1484. 5 2.770 145.08 -1232.4 33.5 5.86 0.8 43.8 -2176. 0 322.5 1.9 5. 8 1.3 0.0 -1399.973 66.5 -1155.9 419 419 295 0.1 34.4 393 103 103 0.8 2.7 44.32 0. 2 260.9 0.1 199 .956 93.2 30.997 121.7 102 102 TREVORITE NiFe?0.0 -2176.02 -2298.4 192 .3 0.0 3.

1 0.94 0.0 -1082.264 149.02 -1652.8 4.5 45.05 -1188.1 2.0 189.22 IHERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMOOYNAHIC PROPERTIES OF MULTIPLE OXIDE MINERALS AT 298.4 71 290 43 .1 4.6 439 290 0.05 -1337.1 4.7 0.658 143.0 215.1 3.0 4.0 45.7 HETAEROLITE ZnMn2°4 239.0 269.0 -1538.4 2.5 406 290 0.7 ZINC TITANIUM SPINEL ZruTiO/ 242.58 0.3 44.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY S- V <** kJ-nol 1 kJ-»ol 1 j-aor'-ic1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 21 FRANKLINITE ZnFe2°4 241.082 150.57 0.7 0.0 -1227.

30 419 419 67 320 0.321 96.1 0.HALIDES 23 THERMODYNANIC PROPERTIES OF HALIDE MINERALS AT 298.8 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.28 0 .92 0 .4 32 .08 -132.58 117 117 117 0.2 0.752 118.81 0 .7 -747.2 66.3 -314.0 23 .17 -481.2 2.0 0.043 95.24 0.1 0.8 0.4 39 .03 CHLORARGYRITE AgCl 143 .844 118.2 10.002 95.3 50 .1 0.3 0.105 136.6 0.491 94.13 67 320 284 85 125 .04 85 85 67 CHLOROMAGNESITE 95 .4 52.7 103.12 67 67 67 419 320 Mac 1 2 SCACCHITE 67 80 .99 0.1 16.03 0.02 85 85 361 320 318 HYDROPHILITE CaCl 2 110 .9 24789 .10 -399.2 37 .2 36 .15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT 9 ENTROPY VOLUME S- yo J ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY kJ-mol 1 kJ-mol'1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C BROMARGYRITE AgBr 187 .3 -202.2 0.4 -302.2 0.94 0 .8 130.65 419 419 67 320 0.1 19.0 -258.3 0.1 -109.4 0.0 21.6 0.4 28 .04 SYLVITE KCl 74 .8 0.21 -341.2 71.2 -105.0 0.2 25 .11 0 .05 -359.01 -100.95 0.4 58.8 77.0 45.43 0.2 18.1 0.52 0 .7 -591.5 0.1 67.1 47 .983 104.04 -137.70 0.9 0.02 85 67 85 67 85 85 HYDROGEN CHLORIDE HCl (IDEAL GAS) 36 .00 -436.4 0.05 67 HALITE MaC I 58 .2 16.99 419 419 361 320 318 0.8 -440.4 57.8 2.2 0.4 35 .70 0.210 89.5 0.3 0.68 0.2 0.02 0 .86 0.0 0 .70 0 .2 27 .3 0.4 -334.2 -380.05 -314.0 -119.7 55.0 2.03 POTASSIUM BROMIDE KBr 119 .2 -97.8 0.01 419 419 1.461 67 284 250 67 67 85 CALOMEL HgCl 236 .07 67 250 284 419 186.3 0.2 42 .10 -641.20 -92.55 419 419 0.8 40 . 278 .75 LAURENCITE FeCl 2 126 .3 35.75 0 .01 -127.09 0 .07 67 MOLYSITE FeClj 162 .07 -304.2 0.9 0.1 -95.17 0.14 67 67 320 284 NANTOKITE CuC I 98 .1 -384.551 82.6 1.46 0 .01 -795.4 0.205 142.442 72.9 10.9 2.33 0.772 107.999 86.99 0 .7 0.4 0.14 73 250 284 419 SALAMMONIAC NH4Cl 53 .06 0 .2 43 .6 0.51 0.2 -408.01 -393.595 98.73 0 .3 0.6 0.0 0.02 NICKELOUS CHLORIDE NiCl 2 129 .8 0.35 67 67 419 COTUNNITE PbCl.00 -411.

64 117 117 117 0 .20 419 419 300 67 0 .20 -273.6 33. 7 48 .01 -1124.12 19.05 67 117 85 85 67 67 10 10 10 301 300 17 .25 0 .16 320 320 108 0 .5 0.95 400 400 400 3 . 0 -69. 1 6. 7 2.399 180.21 51.04 -61. 4 1.773 115. 4 5.871 515.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY S- v w HH/% VOLUME ENTHALPY yo ^ FLUOR I TE CaF2 78.5 1. 7 -101.60 419 419 320 0 .88 COCCINITE 454. 7 95 .31 MARSH I TE Cul 190. 8 5. 4 0. 4 0. 6 0.61 0.0 0. 2 187 .075 HYDROGEN FLUORIDE HF (IDEAL GAS) 20.8 24789.02 -67. 7 -275.3 552 .50 IODARGYRITE 234. 2 -1071.20 -3316.35 0.01 -1228.988 CRYOLITE Na3AlF6 «** kJ-mol 1 FREE ENERGY 4.450 96.2 0. 0 1256 .IHERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 24 THERNOOYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF HALIDE MINERALS AT 298.90 0 . 0 2. 3 20.3 0. 3 2. 7 -543. 1 1.01 -573.302 57.0 6. 0 12 . 0 CHIOLITE Na5Al3Fu 461.7 41.1 14. 8 6. 2 1.84 0. 7 20.54 0. 0 -3152. 8 1.10 -105.70 0. 6 MgF2 VILLIAUMITE NaF Agl Hgl 2 68. 7 -66.941 238.5 0.10 -7546. 0 -7174.22 1 . 2 1. 8 11 .8 154.08 0.45 67 67 67 .9 0.81 0. 0 -1175. 3 0.6" kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 117 117 293 24.006 SELLAITE 62.3 71. 0 205 .82 419 419 0 .5 70.5 41.12 209.30 0.35 173.98 0.

2 2. 8 91.5 -682.4 1.4 2.3 -1029.H* kJ-wol 1 J FREE ENERGY Lfi* kJ-wol 1 LOG(K) 198.43 0.96 241 339 0. 5 0.0 2.99 353 354 0.39 REFERENCES S H/G C 1 262 112.6 117.58 0.39 SIDERITE FeCOj 115.15 273 273 273 0.2 34.40 48.1 238. 856 95. 3 2.70 392 246 202 0.0 -1391.30 0.5 1.9 5. 9 0.7 378.02 -750.2 2.63 351 351 351 0.2 54 336 412 63 419 63 .3 -1723.5 301. 6 211.8 0.01 -755. 0 -2954.4 2.15 K NAME AND FORMULA HEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY 8° V° C-5 A.1 1027.75 241 419 0.01 0.2 -1361.8 449.8 5.4 -1127.02 0.4 197. 6 75. 7 96.10 -6514. 0 -1498.70 0. 2 29.54 197 197 0. 0 5.1 45. 030 299.20 IKAITE CaC03.5 1.2 1.15 0. 179 - 370.7 -2568.26 MONOHYDROCALCITE CaCOj-H^ 118.13 UITHERITE BaCOj 197. 5 5.9 5.1 -5864.40 2.087 88. 401 155.2 155. 1 0.0 0.28 0.5 197.9 1.1 2.05 -1977.5 -669.03 -2324. 2 0. 087 -1125.19 ARTINITE Mg9(OH)9CO.4 180.2 243.01 -1113.24 336 VATERITE CaCOj 100.34 168 169 253 0. 360 195.34 0.336 ARAGONITE CaCOj CaMg3(C03)4 n£lAn 37.35 0. 116 166.6 -4203. 4 3.5 -2161. 2 36. 314 65.-3H90 196. 419 92.29 OTAVITE CdCOj 172. 1 3. 1 28.86 0.47 0.3 0.63 0.96 MAGNESITE 84.5 197. 7 1.38 0.88 DOLOMITE CaMo(C03)2 184. 3 64.1 1.0 -2540.81 0.9 2.24 NESQUEHONITE MgCOj-SHgO 138.46 MALACHITE CU2(C03> (OH >2 221.6M2° 208.10 -4529.3 1.087 91.1 -890.680 232.4 1.64 396 175 257 0.37 353 354 0.5 1.6 736.0 445.3 -1128.29 HUNTITE 353. 671 254.638 503.08 -1054.05 -1207.4H20 467.3 1. 6 0. 5 54.93 0.5 119.6 2.51 392 336 0.26 CALCITE CaCOj 100.01 -1207.06 -1210.3 1.2 -1132. 5 0.2 100.10 -2920.1 5.36 178 347 359 0.4 1. 5 34. 102 131.09 HYDROMAGNESITE 4MgC03 -M9(OH)2 .95 168 169 0.4 0.19 0.CARBONATES AND NITRATES 25 THERHOOYNAHIC PROPERTIES OF CARBONATE AND NITRATE MINERALS AT 298.13 -1632.6 0.39 AZURITE CU3(OH>2(C03>2 344.5 1.10 0.6 1.7 0. 9 122.6 1.

30 -1964.007 102.27 -1429.07 0.03 -790.2 46.80 -3984.06 36 DAUSONITE NaAlC03(OH)2 143.995 132.6 62.3 3.2 -851.043 151.1 1.10 84.4 103.15 RHODOCHROSITE MnCOv NAHCOLITE NaHCOj AMMONIA-NITER NH'NO.06 -494.9 32.3 -589.60 -1129.4 -1286.4 66.12 0.29 0.6 1.0 3. 36 225.0 3.15 K NAME AND FORMULA UEIGNT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° c-5 kJ-Hor1 j -nor1 -if1 FREE ENERGY A*' LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 114.5 -742.6 149.0 27.7 1.8 416 SODIUM CARBONATE 105.54 NITROBARITE Ba(N03)2 261.3 -1045.09 36 36 36 129 36 255 109.7 0.1 0.5 TRONA Na2C03 -NaHC03 *2H20 226.4 -394.1 128.6 0.25 -949.7 38.7 39.3 0.08 MAGNESIUM NITRATE 148.52 GASPEITE NiCOj 118.2 0.9 80.32 424 0.5 59.99 0.8 0.08 0.4 416 UEGSCHEIDERITE Na2C03 -3»JaHC03 358.6 0.55 419 419 361 0.5 -819.209 131.26 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF CARBONATE AND NITRATE MINERALS AT 296.30 0.1 0.93 0.0 2.9 -1786.8 54.13 424 0.004 168.2 1.4 40.02 CERUSSITE PbCOj 267.0 0.1 -735.6 1.1 0.629 97.0 3.10 -365.03 -938.5 0.8 0.9 0.0 0.088 193.89 110 110 110 0.10 THERMONATRITE Ma2C03 -H20 124.09 0.5 -1137.06 -699.6 0.4 139.2 28.2 -625.0 1.0 0.103 133.6 STROHTIANITE SrCOj 147.05 0.30 0.3 0.58 2.22 419 419 361 0.01 0.00 0.1 0.1 2.7 48.989 135.4 2.6 41.10 419 419 361 0.1 31.0 312.06 -1218.0 0.4 1.2 0.10 -992.0 0.5 69.59 0.13 419 419 361 0.5 SMITHSONITE ZnCOj 125.31 NITER KMOj 101.1 0.5 -796.50 -2682.315 164.6 143.6 1.26 55 55 262 .337 213.08 CALCIUM NITRATE 164.1 0.8 -183.699 85.49 0.82 352 153 153 0.2 1.25 80.4 183.1 1.947 98.8 130.01 -892.28 0.2 0.399 81.50 351 351 283 0.026 107.27 4 199.04 0.01 -817.5 1.010 153.20 419 419 361 0.58 217 419 0.

995 116.0 1.02 -468.15 K NAME AND FORMULA HEIGHT g SODA-NITER NaNOj STRONTIUM NITRATE Sr<NO»).4 64.4 -367.47 419 419 361 0.1 0.2 1.630 194.0 0.CARBONATES AND NITRATES 27 THERHOOYMAMIC PROPERTIES OF CARBONATE AND NITRATE MINERALS AT 298.04 -978.7 37.07 211. ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S- V c-5 M° FREE ENERGY A*' kJ-HOl'1 kJ-HOl'1 j-Hor'-r1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 84.5 70.3 136.6 0.32 419 419 361 0.0 -779.5 0.23 .93 0.60 0.

49 0.9 543. 926 MELANTERITE FeS04 '7H20 278. 6 329.60 0. 4 3.10 0. 4 392. 0 0.08 67 67 387 67 67 247 88 67 .0 4.9 1.4 -1880. 8 205.5 2.3 0.05 368 419 368 0.20 -3441. 997 389.82 368 0. 391 132.28 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFATE AND BORATE MINERALS AT 298. 3 98.3 -662.0 3.3 74.01 0.03 106 0.2 0.63 BROCHANTITE Cu4 (S04 )(OH)6 452.40 -1244.2 -1321. 5 2.41 0. 154 239.8 1.9 0.57 368 88 368 419 0.7 3. 3 231.0 5. 292 -1818.52 SZOMOLNOKITE FeS04 'H20 169.24 ALUNITE KA1 3(OH)6(S04 )2 414.14 SULFURIC ACID (LIQUID) H2S04 282.3 146. 214 321.01 -1434.7 0. 5 0.3 92.9 55.20 88 4 106 116.77 88 CHALCOCYANITE CuS04 159. 018 113.33 0.4 0.07 -814. 4 1.69 0.9 2.07 0. 885 -2254.97 0. 080 156.25 87 419 87 87 419 26 419 19 328 130. 120.50 419 419 217 0. 4 817.6 -2509.5 0.2 73.8 -3100.18 0.80 0.08 -2470. 5 1.3 238. 207 204.60 0.0 -1362.5 409.00 452 452 219 0.96 328 0.22 -2279.6 40.6 0.20 0.88 0. 0 3. 5 231. 0 394.0 146.03 -771.0 293.369 91.5 -1319. 5 318.3 0.40 -5176.22 -2023.42 219 LANGBEINITE K2Mg2(S04 )3 414. 610 109. 172 193.2 0.0 -3733.3 1.H" FREE ENERGY A*" kJ-nor1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C ALUMINUM SULFATE A12(S04 )3 342.8 -1284. 4 314.50 0.6 1. 4 3.4 4.3 -1797.30 -3014. 260 175.23 88 88 419 88 ANHYDRITE CaS04 136.9 439.04 -4071.36 0.9 0.88 419 419 124 0.3 -2240. 5 ARCANITE K2S04 174. 686 301.57 0. 0 2. 0 654.8 52.0 0.2 1.6 108.44 FERRIC SULFATE Fe2(S04 )3 399.6 1.09 K-Al SULFATE KAl(S04 )2 258.6 1.75 GYPSUM CaS04 '2H20 172. 0 4. 4 CHALCANTHITE CuS04 '5H20 249.70 0.4 -4663.4 -690.4 1.4 65. 142 107.6 -1170.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT 9 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° cm3 kJ-HOl' J A.8 0. 6 0.23 87 2 87 87 2 87 120.33 88 88 88 BARITE BaS04 233.3 1.50 0.2 46.90 0.8 4.8 0.20 -2581.07 -1437. 5 1.2 53. 3 1.4 0.95 0.06 -1473.52 40 MAGNESIUM SULFATE MgSO.64 0.

62 0.3 0 .20 -2683.26 0.5 -5516 .5 1.9 152.8 -868 .5 431.5 168.49 EPSOMITE MgS04 -7H20 246.0 -2324 .1 1 .4 143.70 0.01 419 419 88 88 151. 043 149.68 0. 845 334.4 -813 .561 388.5 0.25 0.57 0.372 586.5 -2461 .59 NICKELOUS SULFATE NiS04 154.80 0.0 407.1 448.07 419 419 MIRABILITE Na2S04 '10H20 322.77 87 87 4 192 .6 8.0 4.5 43.4 0.56 450 87 377 0.2 -1339 .61 401 401 401 4 88 234.7 1.5 -2225 . 545 363.6 0.89 0.10 -3077.5 1 .3 41.1 0.1 0 .7 1.50 -2777.09 87 87 419 MORENOSITE NiS04 -7H20 280.03 -873.0 146.20 -3388.9 0 .0 0.20 -6288.5 0.3 0.3 145.5 0.20 0.46 88 88 0.8 0.95 0.82 0.4 ZINKOSITE ZnS04 161.80 0.9 0.18 87 87 419 GOSLARITE ZnS04 -7H20 287.09 87 87 419 ANGLES I TE PbS04 303. 264 148.16 87 BIANCHITE ZnS04 -6H20 269. 002 127.0 -3645 .1 2871 .3 222.3 -903 .44 0.2 46.8 1.6 1.5 389.0 2.57 0. 861 378.6 1 .3 38.SULFATES AND BORATES 29 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SULFATE AND BORATE MINERALS AT 298.1 -962 .30 0.4 126. 454 110.06 -1453.3 74.02 87 87 419 BORAX 381.3 130.7 1 .6 158.09 -1182.2 8 .0 -762 .80 0.6 47.80 0.9 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY S° 9 rnol-'-IC1 J VOLUME ENTHALPY yo c-5 FREE ENERGY A*' LOG(K) kJ-Hor' REFERENCES S H/G C 372.5 966.4 -1269 . 476 MANGANESE SULFATE NnS04 0.04 -1065. 684 117.06 -920.20 0.6 4 .1 -2562 .07 -980.60 0.26 87 MASCAGNITE (NH4 )2S04 132.2 0.5 1.71 0. 754 101.2 1.3 4.2 4. 141 220.6 219.4 222.4 638.69 419 419 129 0.5 0.50 -2976.39 419 419 1.15 47 81 47 81 133.28 88 419 219 THENARDITE Na2S04 142. 196 591. GREEN) NiS04 -6H?0 262.9 503.1 0 .8 0 .40 -4327.7 1.09 85 85 CELESTITE SrS04 183.33 0.06 -1387.0 1.0 4.7 0.0 RETGERSITE (ALPHA.1 53.5 142.8 3 .7 0 .29 419 88 387 0.

8 8.016 122.1 5.8 47.2 2.1 53.4 196.4 7.2 0.74 428 0.7 40.3 1.65 320 419 89 0.0 -1617.00 0.0 -1026.3 64.10 0.0 290.9 0.06 -1337.0 0.49 265 7 HUEBNERITE NnU04 302.86 260 266 260 266 0.0 5.0 -3883.4 0. MOLYBDATE AND TUNGSTATE MINERALS AT 298.9 251.8 5.79 0.2 1.51 232 419 0.0 -1235.311 390.05 0.64 430 419 1.1 54.24 7 STOLZITE PbU04 455.5 0.34 431 419 12 0.0 -6489.7 157.0 2.8 0.0 0.4 1.88 310.35 89 SANMARTINITE 313.9 269.5 1.7 0.88 99 STRENGITE FcP04 '2H20 186.58 0.6 1.60 0.86 0.302 387.0 1110.849 171.9 1.18 POWELLITE CaMo04 200.20 SCHEELITE CaU04 287.695 131.22 419 419 0.20 -6738.9 -1538.1 216.8 47.3 0.09 -1645.8 1.0 1136.0 680.89 0.138 166.2 46.2 166.62 0.37 100 419 100 0.38 419 419 361 0.88 FLUORAPATITE C^(P04)3F 504.238 119.44 304 1.0 283.9 -1434.25 BERLINITE MP04 121.10 -1051.5 5.30 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF PHOSPHATE.05 -1154.15 K NAME AND FORMULA HEIGHT g LOG(K) ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY S° V° c*> kJ-Hor1 kJ-Hor' S j-aor'-ir' REFERENCES H/G C 90.3 -1123.95 419 419 0.786 132.38 0.09 -1541.15 UULFENITE PbMo04 367.2 41.048 168.09 4120.9 5.9 -1657.0 179.4 0.7 159.6 7.06 -1127.7 5.44 419 419 181 181 0.50 0.1 2.30 1888.3 39.2 0.2 2.9 -951.8 97.5 184.953 WHITLOCKITE Ca3(P04 )2 znuo* .88 99 HYDROXYAPATITE C^<P04)3ON 502.10 -1733.8 5.7 1.177 236.56 0.6 5.12 6872.04 -1232.0 -6337.16 17 FERBERITE FeW04 303.5 -1054.6 0.0 8.926 126.

4 4.0 -3785.86 0.4 -9109.7 -2910.6 67 1.1 -9006.4 -6901.1 2.6 335 0.046 91.238 230.6 251 237 438 329.446 GLASS Ca.1 BERTRANDITE Be4Si 207(OH) 2 238.55 0.6 90.2 164 164 164 238 1.0 -2441.1 790.0 663.938 334.25si 3B017.0 428.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 -2443.1 2.052 275.5 3.15 0.8 10.084 89.02 -2143.8 2.18 0.02 ZOISITE Ca2Al3Si 3°12(OH> 454.0 -6441.043 105.4 164 164 164 379 0.0 355.2 10.8 2.3 0.0 -8568.1 163 163 163 3.06 -2532.1 GEHLENITE Ca^SiCV 274.4 1489.9 2.0 -2370.1 3.9 420 66 323 136.0 168.0 415.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° A.5 6.9 2.5 PHENAKITE Be2Si04 110.0 1501.5 EUCLASE BeAlSi04(OH) 145.3 1139.3 345 .1 0.0 2.4 0.25<OH >.05 -2593.1 4. 7 450.07 -6819.8 355 177 177 0.2 51.6 7.1 -4580.7 203.502 346.2 1099.0 427.0 -2028.2 164 164 164 238 0.05 -2589.0 3.7 BERYL Be3Al 2(Si 6°18> 537.86 0.4 177 407 322 SILLIMANITE 162.75 67 67 86 329 147 239 243 -4512.1 2.28 0.5 0.5 138.5 -4295.1 101.5 3.9 3.7 509.2 172 0.3 -6504.4 46.357 295.5 164 164 164 238 1.230 172.5 5.4 177 407 322 MULLITE Al6Si 2°13 426.5 5.2+ 158.5 335 239 335 0.1 0.5 752.446 AljjSiOg Al6.6 GROSSULAR Ca3Al 2Si 3°12 450.046 82.8 91.0 -2439.3 355 177 177 0.05 -2586.1 0.9 5.12 -4869.6 LAUSONITE CaAl 2 [S1 207(OH)2]H20 314.0 2.0 -8500.2 3.6 4.223 328.4 68 68 335 -3985.32 0.9 0.8 0.7 4.1 5.H° kJ-mol 1 J FREE ENERGY A.5 44.9 0.5 125.3 37.75"o.AUSi.0 5.9 2.8 0.046 95.5 4.52 0.8 0.8 329 DUMORTIERITE 565.0.2 -6278.0 134.4 0.03 -3084.0 355 177 177 0.15 0.53 0.05 -6640.0 427.9 157 68 258 0.5 49.2 20.5 51.0 20.0 1128.0 5.8 KYANITE Al 2Si°5 162.1 0.6 260.200 210.GkJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 24 23 24 24 TOPAZ Al 2Si04F2 184.107 63.0 EPIDOTE Ca2Al 2FeSi 3012(OH) 483.ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATES 31 THERMQDYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 296.4 177 407 322 ANDALUSITE Al^iOg 162.4 0.

05 -2477.2 5.05 -2933 .0 602.2 1.2 3 .0 406 37 361 0.6 188 LARNITE «-Ca2Si04 172 .4 92.9 2.8 348 281 348 1.6 3 .1 2.950 142.3 -2318.8 2 .6 2.46 0.30 -2306 .32 0.5 2.0 -1308.05 -5771 .8 58.705 253.0 242 244 MONT I CELL I TE CaMgSi04 156 .7 3.4 405 RANKINITE Ca3Si 2°7 288.4 427 49 323 MERUINITE Ca3Mg(Si04 >2 328 .9 ANDRADITE Ca3Fe2Si3°12 508 .5 SPURRITE Cas (Si04 )2C03 444.60 0.0 0.5 488.9 -5427.3 241.8 51.0 642.8 2.1 -4536 .0 656.0 132.565 331.0 450 188 450 1.07 0.8 3.777 151.8 3.0 1053.74 0.32 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERNOOYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.5 165 165 165 0.30 -5840.401 210.2 1.1 2 .2 0.0 170.1 2.0 146.4 405 84 HATURITE (ALITE) CajSiOj 228 .1 373.6 5.5 2 .7 1 .3 308 FAYALITE Fe2Si04 203 .0 5.628 212.5 0.0 -3667.0 5 .9 225 0.9 96.8 5.2 5.0 3 .500 281.793 292.5 0.0 -2132.6 385 49 385 0.04 0.7 -5525.9 968.0 -4307.5 0.3 -1379.7 2.2 149 149 149 0.1 448 383 274 0.3 -6372.239 120.01 0.1 349 349 349 0.1 3.0 855.979 110.5 385 AKERMANITE 272 .7 -6013.0 -3437.0 -4882.5 383.2 149 410 149 0.6 3.8 55.0 4.5 6.0 -2454.3 0.3 364 215 363 0.8 ROSENHAHNITE Ca3Sf 3°8(OH>2 366.1 1.177 316.1 0.4 5 ILVAITE CaFe2Fe(Si 207)0(OH) 408 .74 0.5 -2786.6 149 410 149 1.6 0.0 2.2 46.6 350 350 350 0.0 10.3 0.2 430.575 394.239 127.05 -5198.49 0.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT 9 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY FREE ENERGY S° V° cm3 kJ-Hor' kJ-mol 1 J LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C DATOLITE CaB(Si04)(OH) 159 .3 406.6 101.1 98.5 -2191.3 0.5 2.01 -1412.5 450 188 450 410 1.5 385.1 10.2 309 314 68 49 323 149 68 84 149 68 .041 129.0 229.6 0.3 CALCIO-OLIVINE 172 .0 5.0 -3748.317 168.0 188 410 TILLEYITE Ca5Si 207(C03)2 488.0 126.0 2.2 0.97 0.1 COBALT-OLIVINE Co2Si04 209.5 -2198.02 -3864 .2 44.7 427 0.9 950.07 -2596 .54 0.6 53.04 -2316 .01 -1478.10 -3692.51 0.466 108.1 -2251 .4 2.5 0.31 0.0 754.5 TITANITE (SPHENE) CaTiSiOj 196 .3 51.6 0.05 -3949.3 72.1 3.

4 0.01 -1389.0 -2053.127 346.05 GLASS (M»1.1 0.0 359.463 124.02 -1396.08 -1636.7 157 188 453 298 0.3 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 9 69 447 865.8 364 364 364 240 119 0.0 285.3 0.0 15.7 5.H° C-5 J 497.0 1022.4 363 363 423 0.1 0.G' kJ-wol 1 -4942.0 3.3 15.7 GLASS Mg3Al 2Si 3012 403.32 0.0 4.8 52.0 445.5 402 402 402 2.5 CORDIERITE Mg2Al3(AlSi 5018) Mg2Si04 ZrSi04 186 157 298 345 .65 0.0 -1288.727 985.0 -1523.03 -2173.6 2.055 268.3 361 101 361 379 0.5Ca1.5 2.04 1703.9 3.2 42.693 94.863 131.9 3.0 -1631.0 225.0 146.35 0.0 -5836.5>Al2Si3°12 426.0 2.1 5.0 FREE ENERGY A.26 0.3 39.2 3.0 4.0 1.9 0.5 0.5 48.0 266.2 0.5 3.7 3.3 12.ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATES 33 THERHOOYNAHIC PROPERTIES OF ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.5 Ni 2Si04-SPINEL Ni 2Si04 209.5 3.7 F«4Al 18Si 8°46(OH >2 OSUMILITE KMg^ljKi^lgOjoJ.6 UILLEMITE Zn2Si04 222.8Ca1.4 39.7 364 364 364 0.468 -5264.8 233.22 0.9 ZIRCON 183.HgO VOLUME 1001.6 277 445 151 172 172 180 379.03 -1731.0 3.15 K NAME AND FORMULA HEIGHT ENTROPY S° g ALNANDINE F«3Al 2Si3°12 STAUROLITE ENTHALPY V° A.5 -1280.5 224.1 -1919.8 0.15 -6285.0 -5934.463 128.307 84.0 98.616 197.753 342.5 5.6 PYROPE-GROSSULAR 88.9 1515. <H»1.7 FORSTERITE 140.2 3.81 0.99 0.0 1039.7 3.07 -2034.42 0.8 405 223 0.2 TEPHROITE Mn2Si04 201.5 118.3 -9161.1 0.6 427 297 323 1.5 4.1 336.8 113.2 -6163.2>Al 2Si 3°12 422.1 0.1 43.959 155.8 363 363 363 308 0.5 LIEBENBERGITE Mi2Si04 209.8+ 0.4 115.12 0.6 152.787 311.9 0.3+ 0.127 266.953 407.22 SAPPHIRINE N^Z*Wf°4> 344.4 PYROPE MgjAlgSijO^ 403.9 1.57 0.6 1.9 -8651.1 5.0 584.7 3.

6 2.0 501.5 2.0 267.3 154 0.1 0.3 67.3 73.0 530.550 142.7+ 0.4 -1549.6 1.092 180.8 2.03 -1634.2 0.4 100.6 255.31 0.2 36.4 1.5 0.5 2.6 255.4 GLASS CaMgSi^ 216.00 0.5 -1458.2 257 149 344 PSEUDOUOLLASTONITE CaSiOg 116.5 20 ENSTATITE NgSiOj 100.2 3.0 255.90 0.14 -1627.5 a-SPODUMENE LiAlSi 206 186.57 0.0 3.3 0.4 216.8 1.4 270.1 5.7 3.25 0.4 31.9 40.162 87.3 408 188 GLASS 100.389 66.162 81.6 548.0 68 154 65 403 156 468.3 78.0 76.9 3.7 0.5 259 37 257 0.0 327 171 327 0.4 149 344 344 0.550 166.3 3.5 Ca-Al PYROXENE CaAl 2Si06 218.3 345 345 0.37 0.01 GLASS 248.5 2.10 -3201.9 156 281 156 0.01 -3306.02 -3053.6 1.8 3.02 156 HEDENBERGITE CaFeSi 206 248.5 1.0 3.08 0.2 3.0 195.1 523.3 2.5 156 29 156 41 41 188 291 423 .123 155.25 -1542.7 0.13 0.2 344 149 149 GLASS CaSiOg 116.0 -1526.09 0.4 -1543.090 154.0 -2676.8 3.5 -3129.0 1.1 39.931 94.3 0.13 0.60 0.02 -1545.0 2.0 -3026.04 -3025.6 0.02 -1195.20 -3156.123 141.0 1.0 40.8 58.3+ 0.3 259 165 257 0.5 GLASS CaAl 2Si06 218.5 20 28 B-SPOOUHENE LiAlSi 206 186.0 -1118.0 63.0 -2988.0 504.00 0.9 0.6 327 171 327 0.8 -2880.5 2.5 344 344 344 0.34 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF CHAIN AND BAND STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.95 0.9 FERROSILITE FeSiOj 131.5 361 296 361 0.092 185.4 5.090 129.9 0.2 78.2 0.5 -1458.5 343 340 343 340 0.28 0.1 31.3 1.3 311 CaFeSi 206 CaFeSi 206 DIOPSIDE CaMgSi^ MgSiOj CLINOENSTATITE MgSiOj -2839.162 94.5 3.3 33.15 -1608.4 259 348 389 0.3 2.389 67.8 -2859.15 K NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° cm3 M" kJ-mol 1 FREE ENERGY A*' kJ-Hol'1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C UOLLASTONITE CaSi&j 116.09 0.389 74.08 154 FERROBUSTAMITE 248.02 -1545.092 174.3 66.1 1.0 -1457.4 271.

72 0.0 244.5 0.11 -2584.389 63.820 534.35 CHAIN AND BAND STRUCTURE SILICATES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF CHAIN AND BAND STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.4 PYROXMANGITE MnSiOj 131 .0 26.0 367 367 390 289 224 0. 2 1570.2 3.389 60. 2 218.0 10.05 -1321.139 133.6 -2850.4 0.40 0.0 -2417.0 7.0 4.0 5.05 RHODONITE MnSiOj 131 .2 -11964.0 0. 0 1967.3 3.50 0.9 MgSiOj-ILMENITE MgSiOj 100 .807 583.0 2120.0 274.120 69. 2 TREMOLITE 812 .Al(AUSi.0 262.9 GLAUCOPHANE Na2Mg3Al 2Si 8022(OH)2 783 . 2 4.5 1.2 GRUNERITE Fe7Si 8022(OH)2 1001 .4 220 166 220 184 0.9 HYPERSTHENE (Mg 85 Fe .3 60.4 8. 5 19.0 -11574. 8 10.8 252 ANTHOPHYLLITE Mg7Si 8022(OH)2 780 .5 434 Ca2Mg5Si8022(OH)2 Na2Fe3Fe2Si 8022(OH)2 NaCa2Mg4Al(Al2Si 6)022(OH)2 FLUOR -PARGASITE NaCa5Mg.0 -1245.02 -1322.0 270.94 0.4 2.1 433 188 3.4 JADEITE NaAlSi 206 202 .7 GLASS NaAlSi 206 202 . 7 2. 0 5.60 0.0 278. 0 237.8 22. 4 218.0 -11343.0 -8964. 8 10.6 264 264 252 8 34 1.8 64.8 PARGASITE 835 .8 105 13 288 0.6 5.7 0.0 2099.7 33 188 1987. 0 499.0 272.2 31.4 ACMITE NaFeSi 206 231 .3 272.5 4.4 -12070.0 34.5 5.90 0.02 -1486.05 -1445.0 -1397.5 31 162 162 70 450 188 185 118 .5 1. 6 7.0 -12102.5 RIEBECKITE 935 .5 14.0 -11230.0 7.73 -12303.022 99.5 248 31 0.6 0.5 265.0 6.825 582.0 34.8 370 205 257 426 1.6 0.0 0.5)8103 105 .900 691.5 -9623.139 170. 13 367 345 423. 2 14.HkJ-mol 1 J- FREE ENERGY A.0 9. 6 4.0 -11981.0 8.3 186 433 839 .G» kJ-mol 1 LOG<K> REFERENCES S H/G 105 C MgSiOj-PEROVSKITE MgSiOj 100 .004 170.1 367 367 32 0.6 362 1. 0 2.5 3.)055F.2 -12800. 0 2027.4 3.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V cm5 A.614 725.10 -3029.0 -1357.7 0.7 105 0.6 3.1 5.9 1.3 162 1.022 100.366 548.53 0.0 -1244.543 541.6 2.3 2.1 0.36 0.0 24.2 450 434 2.2 -12719.

19Rb.9 -3677 .10 S -4007.8 1.9 STILBITE 714.0 POLLUCITE LOG(K) 713.0 207.2 0.50M8l.0 -11038 .0 -10594 .2 OANBURITE CaB2Si 208 245.33H2° 440.6 5 .207 214.4 82.08 -13881 .709 715.3 3.1 5.0 H/G C 702.2 980.02Ma0.05 HEXAGONAL ANORTHITE CaAl2Si' 2Og 278.0 -4073 .79 0.5 LAUMONTITE CaAl 2Si 4012 '4H20 470.332 214.506 2872.2 1.0 211.9 409.6 10 .0 -5597 .1 644.84°'|8.7 366 450 258 0.6 1.0 805.18Si 6 .0 0.2 -9779 .4 1.207 237.5 103.85 0.2 448 383 0.0 -3948 .23><Al6.6H20 317.3 1.866 155.7 172.3 99.6 (Ma0.488 <C8 .0 10 .2 Ca0.3+ 1267.06Na0.216 213.38IC0 .4 56 68 258 231 171 691.0 -4234 .56IC0.6 282 282 450 1.65Na .6 0.0 7 .0 6 .2 208 208 208 1.4 1.7Fe0.6 .3 2.207 199.2 4 .16S!6.40 -3902.406 190.59Sr0.0 6 .0 MEIONITE (Al/Si ordered) Ca^Si^COj 934.3 2.4 108.9 231 CLINOPTILOLITE 2701.8 2.9 68 68 144 68 2300.0 340.3)Si 29°72' 22H20 7.6 -10146 .4 6 .0 BICCHULITE Ca2Al2Si06(OH)2 292.4 0.60 ANORTHITE CaAljjSigCfc 278.893 Ca1.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 36 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.5 LEONHAROITE Ca2Al4Si8°24' 7H2° 922.9 656.8 6.2 5 .437 SCOLECITE CaAl 2Si 3°1o' 3H2° 392.2 74 1713.0 245.2 -13131.7 207 207 0.0 5 .586 434.0 5.6 HEULANDITE 707.2 366 150 446 0.8 313 166 167 0.2 10.3 0.5 195 195 1.9 1.2 0.2 -4163 .9 -3749.859 922.3 0.0 103.72 0.0 195 1186.4 0.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V cm5 A.4 83.H° kJ-mol 1 J-raol-'-lf1 FREE ENERGY kJ-mol 1 EOINGTONITE (ordered) BaAl 2Si 3010 '3H20 489.942 767.6 3.13AI 2.8 1.3 0.0 10.2 UAIRAKITE CaAl2Si 4012 -2H20 434.36 0.0 MICROCLINE KAlSijOg 278.5 274 5 173 214 30 -3974.40 0.82°18) " 7.10 -4341 .4 4 .0 2.0 2.337 367.68 0.14IC.03 )Al2si 4°12 H20 REFERENCES 27 -6049 .3 100.7 1777.01 (Al 2.18Ba0.98Ca1.8 74 159 -6772 .9 2.0 2.79 CaAl2$i 208-glass CaAl 2Si 208 278.5 180.20 0.6 333.

1 2.25K0.8 4.5 3.05 0.6 650.8 180 180 180 1.3 54.2 4.45>AlSi 3°8 3.06 -2089.7 NA-K FELDSPAR SS.06 -2090.2 313 166 167 0.1 35 28 35 ALBITE NaAlSi3Og 262.8 3.2 -3310.054 118.1 4.0 650.7 88.3 .19 0.2 155 155 0.9 155 155 0.0 -3715.2 649.7 642.09 -3923.50 -4886.1 351.6 2.5 56.7 NEPHELINE NaAlSi04 142.3 97.4 105.7 155 194 278.27 0.0 0. 269.50 1.10 -3945.8 3.4 3.5 155 171 GLASS NaAlSi 3Og 262.4 102. <Na0.5 123 171 220 ANALBITE NaAlSi 3Og 262.5 0.7 NA-K FELDSPAR SS.4 100.6 421 KALIOPHILLITE (KALSILITE) KAlSi04 158.07 0.223 207.3 206 206 206 0.5 4.259 233.223 225.37 0.0 -2009.8 2.85K0.2 313 166 167 0.0 4.G" kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 232.3 0.054 134.7 -3665.0 -3737.4 1.89 0.1 4.2 -3709.4 346 346 346 0.0 327 171 327 20 0.154 227.0 348.3 4.4 0.2 1.55-K0.8 116.2 59.6 NA-K FELDSPAR SS.2 2.2 0.6 4.6 -3711.1 220 188 220 183 0.0 -1988.8 109.163 133.0 352.08 -2123.2 313 166 167 0.86 0.3 56.10 -3954.0 3.0 2.8 53.10 -3965.5 110.4 PETAL I TE LiAlSi401Q 306.6 0.006 103.7 220 188 317 263 0.3 346 450 220 0.7 CARNEGIEITE NaAlSi04 142.0 -3728.9 366 166 258 0.1 4.5 EUCRYPTITE LiAlSi04 126.3 3.1 366 421 258 0.05 -2124.63 0.7 3.0 4.6 128.20 -3875.6 1.HkJ-mol'1 cm5 FREE ENERGY i.8 0.0 -1977.4 0.6 2.3 2.02 -2104.10 -3932.4 4.332 GLASS KAlSijOg <Na0.1 -3090.6 SANIDINE KAlSijOg 278.05 -3037.7 6.7 155 155 0.18 0.7 0.7 503.03 0.472 237.4 100.75>AlSi3°8 274.5 LEUCITE KAlSijjOa 218.8 4.22 0.3 807.9 1.639 231.9 -1975.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT ENTROPY S° g J c ol-'-IC-1 VOLUME ENTHALPY yo A.3 -4610.6 2.7 4.332 261.7 GLASS NaAlSi04 142.1 -3745.10 0.40 0.4 107.6 649.15>AlSi3°8 264.6 -3705.304 237.9 346.6 4.3 541.223 251.1 -2008.13 -3935.7 0.5 6.247 200.43 0.1 656.3 1.9 220 188 317 0. < Ma0.00 -3920.5 0.FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATES 37 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.4 0.0 346.0 654.7 ANALCIME NaAlSi 206'H20 220.7 -2875.054 124.0 653.

139 172.967 282.3 4.65H20 363.2 2.8105.7 6.8>Al 1.36Ca0.8 -3131.629 260.6 0.8 MERLINOITE 239.18H20 MERLINOITE *T) 91 0 09^ 1 81^5 &?* 1.6+ 0.0 2.8 212 212 0.69H.13H20 IT I.5 -3488.0 2.7 0.2 0.4 -5947.5 0.8 562. A.6H20 643.79H20 MERLINOITE KAlSiimO.9 -3258.5 -3591.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT 9 ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY Se V of A.5 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 38 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.4 206 206 317 206 0.7+ 0.8 -3212.2 PHILLIPSITE <"a1.0+ 2.TH JmOO 95 96 MERLINOITE 244.0 2.0 171.4 152.H" kJ-mol 1 > FREE ENERGY 4.367 299.8 DEHYDRATED MORDENITE Na0.6 0.9 0.2 0.9+ 2.5 -3481.880 Na0.4 150.88" 1.5 149.9 580.277 259.1 212 212 0.0 565.8 3.9Si6.OI otK/tMm ioAlSl« a/Oc no" 2.80Na0..6 3.4+ 0.2 2.6 -5318.5 95 Na/tU.99Si3.1 5.4 0.4 -5512.5 -2816.66(Al 1 .2 0.29Al0.0 209.94Si5.0 965.7 0.9 4.2 NATROLITE NagAlgSi^Q^HgO 380.94s '"5.0 2.9 4.9 570.1 0.7 169.0 931.0 MESOLITE 388.028 IC0.6 931.8 0.06012' 3.8 544.0 C 173 .4 207 207 0.1 2.4 303.5 95 95 96 MERLINOITE ^'"I.M' 1 .81H20 276.5 -3360.3 2.69^ 245.62" 2.6 -5642.19AlSi 1.5 5.8 -3110.1 3.224 359.20AlSi 1 .8 1.5 1091.0 -5316.WOS.5 95 95 96 441.4 153.088 274.5+ 1.M.8 548.6 5.81 IC0.5 493.0 2.2 -6736.01 010)-2.0 3.36Ca0.5 95 95 96 MERLINOITE 233.5 -3519.050 Ma0.5 0.9 DEHYDRATED ANAL C I ME NaAlSi 206 202.8 207 207 1.6" kJ-mol 1 LOG<K> REFERENCES S H/G -2983.47H2° 486.9 -3312.94°5.06°12 379.057 274.6 -5718.5+ 0.1°16.3+ 0.4 151.5 -3387.236 771.0 -3227.5 -6227.2 0.6+ 0.29Al0.1+ 0.7 4.68Ca0.3 2.1 MORDENITE Ma0.5 95 95 96 237.5 95 95 96 237.8 0.4 151.1K0.0 8.

00 MARGARITE CaAl 2 [Al 2Si 2010](OH)2 398.665 1104.8 0.6 186 188 188 0.160 KAOLINITE Al 2Si 205(OH)4 ILLITE K3(Al7Mg)(Al2Si 14)040(OH)8 KM93 CAlSi 3010](OH)2 PHLOGOPITE (Al/Si ordered) KMg3 [AlSi 301Q](OH)2 365 .266 260.6 2.9 365 166 258 0.10 -5990.50 -5149.0 1.0 -5824.7 2.10 -6226.9 980.10 -6375.8 4.0 6.0 -5520.6 2.10 -6246.0 -3780.2 1053.0 -6015.1 967.3 98.9 -5598.3 0.0 662.3 1553.40 -4360.4 68 335 MUSCOVITE (Al/Si disordered) KAl2 [AlSi3010](OH)2 398.0 230 171 149 149 0.10 0.0 -3796.10 -5974.160 200.9 432 152 316 MUSCOVITE (Al/Si ordered) KAl2 [AlSi3010](OH)2 398.63 0.7 FLUORPHLOGOPITE (Al/Si ordered) 421.6 0.314 239.3 4.3 4.384 292.8 4.5 4.4 258.6 140.0 840.39 SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.10 -6202.5 DICKITE Al2Sf 2°5 (OH>4 258.20 -5900.7 TALC H95Si 4010(OH)2 379.6 136.5 922.0 154.6 1026.08 -5640.5 577.1 146.0 1.0 2.0 6.6 365 258 258 68 0.65 0.0 149.4 230 171 1.2 2.8 PYROPHYLLITE Al2Si4010(OH)2 360.4 0.308 287.7 356 356 356 01.0 -4032.7 141.0 4.6 -5858.6 365 166 258 0.34 0.184 263.1 4.112 221.6 140. 277.5 10.5 2.886 415.9 2.160 203.5 -5266.6 1.0 FLUORPHLOGOPITE (Al/Si disorder)421.3 358 179 179 0.81 0.1 146.308 306.0 -5846.0 6.9 1.260 315.5 68 335 PREHNITE Ca2Al[AlSi 3010](OH)2 412.01 -4119.260 334.50 0.4 335 0.81 0.4 3.04 -4118.4 128.20 0.0 1026.3 129.0 149.0 2.0 3.1 665.7 174 PHLOGOPITE (Al/Si disordered) 417.9 -5608.5 1.7 4.1 370 162 257 0.8 107.3 2.8 0.1 1.2 1.3 -4101.0 1.0 10.0 -6030.7 10.65 0.5 99.56 0.2 356 356 356 1.242 W^WlSijO^Fg 336.242 KM93 CAlSi3010]F2 317.0 -5860.10 -6355.0 -4798.06 -6244.52 0.5 665.00 10.7 0.4 0.4 CHRYSOTILE (ANTIGORITE) Mg^Si^OcCOH).4 0.2 1056.0 2.0 1024.1 706.30 0.0 417.3 198 68 HALLOYSITE Al 2Sf 2°5 (OH>4 258.9 218 171 218 434 0.9 982.4 218 356 218 0.52 0.5 4.0 1020.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY WEIGHT S° 9 VOLUME ENTHALPY V A.9 432 152 316 ANNITE ICFe3 [AlSi3010](OH)2 511.5 -3797.5 6.10 0.H° kJ-mol 1 C*3 J FREE ENERGY kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/G C 197.2 2.4 4.4 335 0.4 226 171 226 0.

9 973.1 -5949.0 -8255.1 -5933.8 0.1 0.9 132.9 132.5 3. .7 3.3 356 356 356 0.797 421.8 20.40 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS AT 298.0 1446.00 0.1 0.200 295.15 1C NAME AND FORMULA WEIGHT g ENTROPY VOLUME ENTHALPY S° V° <** kJ-mol 1 J-«ol 1 -IC1 M" FREE ENERGY A*° kJ-mol 1 LOG(K) REFERENCES S H/6 C CLINOCHLORE Mg5Al(AlSi 3010 )(OH)8 555.3 180 182 182 3.0 15.8 -5555.5 204 PARAGON I TE (Al/Si disordered) NaAl 2 [AlSi3010](OH)2 382.50 -8919.6 356 356 356 37 0.200 277.0 211.0 20.Oin](OH).7 NaAU[AlSi.9 975.8 -5568.3 3.7 PARAGONITE (Al/Si ordered) 382.1 0.0 3.

739E+01 9.10 6.08 9.293E-02 -1.95 298 933.8735E+01 0.009E-06 298 2500 4.08 4.0044E+02 -1.232E-06 298 2100 BROMINE Br2 (ideal gas) CHLORINE C12 (ideal gas) 223.15 -3.772E-06 298 716 CADMIUM Cd (crystal) 51.21 2.659E+03 1.41 ELEMENTS COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol-'-lf1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T z) A4 (f0*) AS (T2) T range K T^ 1C 298 1235 1234.442E+02 -9.36 SILVER Ag (crystal) 42.05 4.08 0.124E+05 2.8115E-02 -1.21 1.0845E+01 0.132E+01 -1.80 0.90 -2.126E+01 1.227E-03 -5.30 0.699E-03 -4.217E+06 -1.18 CERIUM Ce (crystal) 72.094E+04 -1.2398E+01 GOLD Au (crystal) 47.3402E+05 3.5 933.211E+01 -2.6498E-05 298 700 8.34 0.591E+01 COBALT Co (crystal) 30.625E+01 0.502E+05 56.3 BORON B (crystal) 5.293E-03 -4.123E-05 298 1337.222E+06 A^H0 kJ-Mol'1 298 999 .770E-02 -2.8777E+04 5.02 4.4336E-05 298 594.0802E+05 1.10 5.659E+01 0.169E-02 -2.816E+02 ARSENIC As 35.55 0.5 2200 GRAPHITE C (crystal) 5.00 1.098E-05 298 1800 CALCIUM Ca (a.50 1.811E+02 1.161E+02 1.265E+05 -1.899E+02 1.1844E-02 -1.52 249.9 11.470E-03 -3.372E-06 298 2350 BERYLLIUM Be (crystal) 9.08 4.922E+02 1.5 10.758E+01 -5.669E-06 298 2500 DIAMOND C (crystal) 2.032E+02 1.83 0.021E+04 -8.04 0.9292E-02 -1.6852E+01 0.74 2.74 0.4469E+02 -3.49 0.6875E+02 -1.197E+01 -1.4017E+01 4.3265E-03 -9.086E+01 -1.7289E-02 BISMUTH Bi 1.38 0.93E-05 298 875 298 1550 4.903E+04 -5.877E+05 7.62 -1.3 12.5646E+05 2.253E+02 ALUMINUM Al (crystal) 28.988E-02 -1.655E-02 1.00 1.21 4.139E+05 -9.370E-07 332.84 6.crystal) 42.42 -1.69 2.70 1337.236E-02 -4.024E-02 7.845E+01 -3.42 CHROMIUM Cr (ci rstal) 23.20 9.1802E-05 298 544.

860E+02 2.1345E-02 -2.5714E+05 0.5E-08 298 1211.836E-07 298 2500 3.479E+01 9.84921E+00 -2.7 1800 3.167E+01 -9.08 MOLYBDENUM Mo (crystal) 28.335E-02 -5.14 0.09 2.079E+01 298 2000 MANGANESE Mn (a-crystal) 32.671E+02 AS (T2) 1.15 A2 (T) -2.65 0.02 2.875E-02 A3 (T 2) A4 (r06) 3.459E+05 64.168E-06 298 629 MERCURY Hg (ideal gas) 174.792E-03 -1.02 A^H0 kJ-mol 1 298 980 4.956E+04 1.4 1.67 0.3122E+01 298 1800 9.8 2500 4.15 3.079E+01 IODINE I 2 (ideal gas) 116.431E+01 923 1366 MAGNESIUM Mg (ideal gas) 148.66 0.057E+01 FLUORINE F2 (ideal gas) GERMANIUM Ge (crystal) HYDROGEN H2 (ideal gas) MERCURY Hg (liquid) 31.48 .23 0.003E-06 298 2500 1.9183E-02 153.6815E+01 0.882E+02 2.331E+05 -5.3419E+02 MAGNESIUM Mg (crystal) 32.280E+01 202.01 0.165E-03 1.1345E-02 -2.8 1357.03 6.79 0.079E+01 13.004E+05 1.617E+05 4.5 298 2500 59.02 4.049E-03 -1.42 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol'-lf1 A1 COPPER Cu (crystal) 33.7217E+05 4.1329E+02 -1.7217E+05 3.648E-03 1.5E-07 457.50 3.92 3.3745E-05 4.97 0.02 2.904E-06 298 2500 -2.0131E+06 -1.084E+01 COPPER Cu (liquid) 83.12 3.10 MAGNESIUM Mg (liquid) 73.7482E+01 0.30 1.825E-06 298 2500 75.1329E+02 -1.2 629 923 8.02 NITROGEN N2 (ideal gas) SODIUM Na (liquid) SODIUM Na (ideal gas) 4.489E+02 -4.420E-05 T range K T^ 1C 298 1357.14 1357.02 2.111E-03 -1.583E+02 -1.21 191.8 -1.95 0.0644E-05 371 1170.68 0.082E+05 -2.90 1.783E+00 130.4033E+01 0.20 -1.61 0.14 0.623E-03 -7.72 0.3745E-05 298 923 5.

856E+05 AS (T2) T range 1C -1.2904E-02 SILICON Si (crystal) 18.20 3.2603E+01 0.71 1.30 2.02 5.066E-02 TELLURIUM Te (crystal) 49.8705E+01 0.02 .27467E+01 0.500E+01 1685 50.720E+01 TIN Sn (crystal) 51.717E+04 4.52 5.255E-03 A4 (r08) T^ K A^H" kJ-nol'1 317.17 0.58 0.415E-03 -1.431E+01 SILICON Si (liquid) 91.83 2.4691E-05 298 904 2.7691E+03 0.01595E+02 -1.63 2.003E-03 -6.113E-06 298 2500 205.18 -6.6512E+02 2.298E+05 8.3 1000 298 600.05 2.173E-03 ANTIMONY Sb (crystal) 45.20 2.08 2.5121E+02 0.81 298 1800 298 3.80 0.56 0.20 7.69 2.2617E+05 -3.860G-05 298 942 SULFUR S2 (ideal gas) -5.3369E+01 0.25 2.87 1.97328E+06 -2.780E+02 1.645E+05 -3.27357E+01 -9.15 0.185E+05 -2.05 0.09E-08 298 1650 TITANTIUM Ti (a-crystal) 30.81 0.658E+01 PHOSPHORUS P (liquid) 42.2944E+01 0.738E+01 SULFUR S (ortho-crystal) 32.28E-05 298 1166 URANIUM U (crystal) 50.00023E+03 1.575E+01 -7.2061E-02 Thorium TH (crystal) 51.742E-04 298 600 -5.08 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) -2.0666E+01 PLATINUM Pt (crystal) 41.9124E+01 0.6 4.08 STRONTIUM Sr (crystal) 55.0089E-01 -8.50 9.831E+01 1685 2500 298 505.03 1.2961E-02 -1.4675E-01 1.02 3.21 -3.1 7.10 6.800E-03 298 820 2.798E-07 600.2938E+06 1.0046E+01 0.049E-01 6.632E+01 LEAD Pb (crystal) 64.275E-08 298 2500 1.270E+01 228.6 -4.3746E+03 1.338E-03 -3.ELEMENTS 43 COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS NAME AND FORMULA NICKEL Ni (crystal) OXYGEN 02 (ideal gas) ENTROPY J-niol'-IC1 A1 29.20 2.233E+04 298 723 -9.266E+01 1.751E+01 2.5 2.76 2.330E-07 298 1685 -1.53013E+03 -7.

04 1.900E-06 298 1800 T^ 1C 692.814E+01 -5.26 0.090E+03 -5.814E+06 298 1800 7.77 0.7 ZINC Zn (liquid) 75.183E+05 -2.10 3.48 2.42 3.020E-07 298 2200 TUNGSTEN U (crystal) 32.30 4.20 ZIRCONIUM Zr (0-crystal) 79.81E-06 1135 2000 -2.15 2.7 1135 A^H0 kJ-mol 1 7.480E+02 -4.99 0.660E-02 2.16 0.2 2500 ZINC Zn (ideal gas) ZIRCONIUM Zr (o-crystal) 38.000E-06 298 1800 3.032E+05 8.94 0.1943E+01 -9.02 .552E-06 298 2500 ZINC Zn (crystal) 41.37E-03 -1.585E-06 298 1135 -6.584E+05 -5.44 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-MOl-'-lf1 Al A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T*6) AS (T2) T range K VANADIUM V (crystal) 28.369E+02 2.194E+02 2.65 0.253E-02 AMMONIA NH3 192.909E+01 -3.40 3.7 1180.507E-03 -6.87 -2.63 0.138E+01 692.079E+01 1180.03 5.30 3.6755E-02 METHANE CH4 186.2 160.568E+02 2.585E+01 0.440E+00 1.366E+01 1.055E-02 COHENITE Fe3C 104.7991E+02 4.334E-02 -6.778E+02 -6.430E-03 2.161E-05 298 692.40 1.139E+01 2.971E+05 4.073E+02 1.03 2.1452E+06 2.

538E+01 1.1 PYRRHOTITE Fe .7073E-01 ISS (intermediate ss) CuFeS.200E+06 1.6 4.01845E+03 1.98S 2.333E+05 CATTIERITE CoS2 74.8 0.032E+01 5.049E+01 298 PYRRHOTITE Fe .684E+01 CHALCOPYRITE CuFeS2 124.39938E-05 4.8 2.7 0.5 -1.988E+01 298 5.400E-06 298 1100 298 -1.8753E+02 0. K A^H0 kJ-mol 1 .9 0. 250.084E+01 298 5.488E+03 298 1015 1.5 0.832E+02 -3.9 0.2 4.676E-04 298 700 T^.875 60.3 3.90S 63.1 3.2 0.702E+01 298 GREENOCKITE CdS 72.123E+01 298 5.1 7.787E+03 HARCASITE FeS2 53.45 SULFIDES AND SULFOSALTS COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SULFIDE AND SULFOSALT MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol'-IC1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T'06) AS (T2) T range K 142.9 0.2 0.5 0.030E-02 -3.023E-02 -1.676E+06 -4.503E-02 -5.095E+01 298 ACANTHITE (ARGENT I TE) Ag2s PYRRHOTITE Fe >89S PYRRHOTITE Fe .582E+01 3.3049E+01 2.870E+05 298 1000 COVELLITE CuS 67.2 5.429E+02 298 TROILITE FeS 60.2 0.9 -5.35838E-01 298 780 CHALCOCITE 116.4721E+07 298 820 1.357E+02 -2.358E+00 BORNITE 398.032E-02 -5.3 0.173E-01 1.4 0.2 4.2 3.1 -2.2 6.531E+01 298 REALGAR AsS 63.3 7.275E+04 820 930 PYRITE FeSo 52.

978E+02 298 829 HERZENBERGITE SnS 77.087E-05 298 1800 MOLYBDENITE MoS2 62.2 2.9.559E+02 1.139E+06 -1.388E+04 4.7 0.812E-03 -6.775E-02 1.548E+06 3.8 6.561E-04 -1.8 1.8 0.7 4.705E+02 -4.604E+02 298 1300 WURTZITE ZnS 58.636E+01 2.577E+02 298 1300 BERTHIERITE 245.0 2.6 0. SUE+02 1.619E-03 -6.650E-02 2.672E+01 3.0 3. 823E.4 4.000E+01 7.435E+03 2.0 1.035E-02 BERNDTITE SnS2 87.8 8.860E-03 7.151E+01 7. 602E+05 TUNGSTEN I TE 67.137E+06 ws2 SPHALERITE ZnS 58. 604E +03 298 875 HERZENBERGITE SnS 135.045E+02 -4.988E-01 91.46 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SULFIDE AND SULFOSALT MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA A2 (T) A3 (r2) A4 (T* 6) 205.356E+01 -6.004E+01 3.3 7.660E-04 298 840 298 900 875 1153 298 1000 8.408E-06 298 1500 298 826 Tw K A^M0 kJ-mol 1 .603E+05 1.219E-01 -3.8 0.691E+03 298 836 CHALCOSTIBITE CuSbS2 149.024E-06 298 1800 ALABANDITE MnS 80.711E+01 133.0 1.040E-02 HEAZLEUOODITE Ni3S2 GALENA PbS STIBNITE AS <T2) T range K A1 HYDROGEN SULFIDE H2S (IDEAL GAS) ENTROPY J-mol'-IC1 298 1200 298 8.930E-02 -6.057E+03 -8.3 1.3 1.640E-02 182.817E+02 MILLERITE NiS 53.0 0.2 1.8 0.810E+01 4.02 .2 2.633E+01 5.631E-04 -7.963E+04 -2.1 1.7 0.416E+06 3.539E+05 -9.3 0.2 4.353E+02 -5.2 0.5 0.660E+05 -4.169E+06 -1.0 0.8 -1.2 3.291E+03 -6.191E+01 7.460E+01 1.

333E+01 298 GIBBSITE Al(OH)3 68.5 1.867E+02 -2.698E-03 7.232E+05 -1.5 2.811E+01 -2.8 0. 7.185E+01 2.1 8.188E-03 5.370E-03 -1.815E+06 -1.669E+05 -1.301E-03 -4.007E+03 LIME CaO 38.036E+02 3.699E-03 COBALT MONOXIDE CoO 52.2 5.9 0.932E+03 298 1800 6.078E-07 298 2500 298 2200 298 2500 -1.3 0. K 2345 A.722E+01 5.3 0.270E+03 723 2200 298 1800 1.1 0.027E+06 -2.1 2.336E-02 CARBON MONOXIDE CO (ideal gas) 197.441E+05 5.976E+01 3.845E-06 298 2000 298 800 -8.847E+02 D I BORON TRIOXIDE B2°3 ^ llclu' c|) 160.4 1..274E+01 -7.47 OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mor'-IC1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T* 6) AS (T2) T range K 298 2250 CORUNDUM A12°3 50.2 8.480E+06 298 1000 T.602E-02 -2.0 0.3 1.0 3.029E+01 5.191E-02 CERIANITE Ce02 62..166E+06 1.H0 kJ-wol 1 .4 0.108E-03 6.158E+05 -8.013E+02 CARBON DIOXIDE C02 (ideal gas) 213.340E+05 PORTLAND I TE Ca(OH)2 83..946E-02 -4.492E-02 1.718E+02 B I SMITE Bi 2°3 151.170E+01 298 D I BORON TRIOXIDE B2°3 54.4 0.099E+02 298 1800 2.444E-03 -9.294E+05 -2.8 0.3 0.4 5.297E+02 BARIUM MONOXIDE BaO 72.381E-07 298 600 298 723 -2.8 0 8.612E+02 -1.2 0.059E+03 BOEHMITE AIO(OH) 37.1 1.292E+05 -3.352E-03 -1.057E+02 -3.4 5.316E+02 TR I COBALT TETROXIDE Co»0.1 1.3 0.0A7E+01 109.1 0.600E+03 298 700 -7.635E+03 DIASPORE AIO(OH) 35.9 0.668E+02 BROMELLITE BeO 13.1 9.3 -3.3 1.

0239E+08 T^.2 0.4 2.7696E+05 -2. 52.541E-05 A^H0 kJ-«ol' 298 1500 HEMATITE Fe2°3 2.02 -2.143E-03 -6.908E+01 8.4123E+07 -2. K 298 850 950 1.1493E+04 9.510E-03 PYROLUSITE MnO.8 2.346E+05 DILITHIUM MONOXIDE Li 20 37.50147E+03 -1.2 3.396E+04 1.568E-02 -1.097E+01 1.592E+02 2.7 3.442E+06 -3.7656E+01 -2.1 1.511E-02 -2.0 MAGNETITE Fe3°4 146.442E-01 298 900 -2.574E-03 -7.1 6.6823E+01 5.093E+05 -3.8 6.898E+06 -6.6455E+04 MAGNETITE Fe3°4 369.078E+03 Cu2o UUSTITE Fe.4 0.466E+02 298 1800 HEMATITE Fe2°3 87.4 1.787E+03 298 2000 4.2 1.496E-03 -1.5097E-06 298 2500 298 2000 3.3677E-03 298 800 DIPOTASSIUM MONOXIDE 94.260E+02 -2.1 2.7057E+01 0.7584E-02 2.508E-01 4.2146E+00 0.617E+06 MANGANOSITE MnO 59.050E+01 -7.693E+02 298 1400 CUPRITE 92.947° 56.0734E+07 -3.8 0.2 1.7267E-01 -1.1 0.405E+00 298 1800 TENORITE CuO 42.451E-06 298 2500 BRUCITE Mg(OH)2 63.022E+02 1.6 1.501E+03 298 1652 FERROUS OXIDE FeO (fictive) 60.325E+05 2.374E-02 -1.190E+02 9.318E-06 298 2000 PERICLASE MgO 26.258E+06 3.1 6.6 9.653E+01 -6.168E+06 -7.450E+01 3.48 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR NEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mor'-IC1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (r06) AS (T2) T range K ESKOLAITE Cr2°3 81.930E+01 3.6 0. 965E.65911E+03 -2.017E-02 -2.690E-04 298 950 950 1800 243.8 -1.6 0.2 6.904E+02 -1.24 .028E+01 3.6 0.3 7.6413E+07 900 1800 STEAM H20 (ideal gs) 188.4 -1.04 1.244E-05 5.7 0.012E+06 -3.9 0.1 2.975E+02 2.2733E-02 5.3 4.5215E+00 0.2 1.533E+06 1.133E+01 3.0957E+03 1.

487E-02 -6.8 1.432E+00 9.1107E+03 -5.1335E+02 7.712E+06 3.218E+06 -1.2 5.0 0.8 0.4 6.796E+01 9.5943E-07 298 2500 QUARTZ Si02 41.223E-02 3.6 0.1 0.835E+06 3.985E+02 5.5 0.406E-06 298 844 QUARTZ Si02 104. K 298 1400 298 1500 298 1074 1.335E+02 8.110E-01 -7.8 5.922E+05 -5.898E-02 1.8 4.810E+05 -6.2 4.027E-02 -7.018E+02 -1.5 0.607E+06 -7.8 0.211E-02 1.788E-06 298 2500 SULFUR TRIOXIDE $03 (IDEAL GAS) 256.7 0.261E+06 298 1200 MINIUM 212.1 0.2 0.278E-02 -2.317E+03 HAUSMANNITE 164.686E+01 -5.526E-06 519 1800 LITHARGE PbO 66.776E+00 4.763E-06 298 2500 SILICON MONOXIDE SiO (IDEAL GAS) 211.337E+03 NITROGEN DIOXIDE N02 240.4 7.7 0.0 6.3 0.465E+05 -1.312E+01 7.2 1.325E+06 MOLYBOITE MoOj 77.127E+03 1.OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES 49 COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mor'-IC1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T"06) AS (T2) T range K 325 1400 BIXBYITE 113.484E-03 -1.3039E+04 3.460E+06 1.300E+03 DISODIUM MONOXIDE Na20 75.890E+01 -1.5 -8.461E-06 298 1000 -8.2 5.326E-02 -2.102E+01 1.779E+02 3.433E+00 6.079E+06 -1.3 -7.926E+06 298 1800 SULFUR DIOXIDE S02 (IDEAL GAS) 248.1145E+01 1.43067E+07 -5.330E-03 1.828E-02 -1.616E-03 4.1 9.396E+03 BRAUNITE 416.873E+02 298 2500 844 1700 1074 A^H0 kJ-nol'1 .7 1.1397E+02 7.8 1.4857E-03 BUN SEN I TE NiO 38.387E+05 298 1000 PLATTNERITE Pb02 71.301E+02 1.478E+02 -1.6 0.161E-02 8.121E-02 1.5206E-03 298 519 BUNSENITE NiO 67.1 1.3024E+00 2.7 0.4 0.1 8.624E+02 1.794E+03 2.462E-06 T*.046E+06 -1.

548E+00 -6.606E-02 -1.073E+02 -5.286E+07 CRISTOBALITE Si02 76.168E+04 AS (T2) T range K T^.2 0.595E+06 6.462E+01 5.160E+03 2.872E+06 1.011E-03 -2.027E-02 -2.658E-03 -7.331E+02 -7.8 0.556E-03 -1.141E+02 298 1478 BADDELEYITE ZrOj.570E-06 298 1700 CASSITERITE Sn02 49.5 1.224E+06 STRONTIUM MONOXIDE SrO 55.5 0.4 5.957E+02 298 2100 ANATASE 49.3 1.456E+01 298 1800 BADDELEYITE 50.3 1.101E+06 -2.474E+02 -4.1 1.350E+01 7.365E+01 5.138E+01 7.834E+05 -1.0 2.4 0.448E+01 523 1800 298 1500 -1.573E+05 5.294E+02 298 1300 URANINITE 77.982E-03 -3.0 7.604E+06 -3.4 0.1 4.2 0.0 0.6 0. K A^H' kJ'Ml'1 298 523 CRISTOBALITE Si02 43.259E-03 -3.666E+05 THORIANITE Th02 65.3 4.0 7.114E+06 5.2 8.689E+02 uo2 298 1800 KARELIANITE V2°3 98.604E+01 7.464E+01 -7.1 1.08 .203E-05 298 1800 SILICA GLASS Si02 48.396E+01 1.1 7.5 7.275E+01 1.294E+06 Z INCITE ZnO 43.867E+06 3.0 0.019E+02 298 2500 298 1200 298 2500 1478 2000 1478 8.799E+01 4.120E-02 -3. 167.326E-02 -1.924E-05 298 1800 STISHOVITE Si02 27.559E+03 1.9 0.845E+01 1.990E-04 -1.6 0.50 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR OXIDE AND HYDROXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol'-IC1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 <r° 6) 7.638E+01 1.4 1.5 1.300E-03 -4.777E-02 2.053E+06 RUTILE 50.3 6.375E+03 1.374E-02 -2.203E+05 -8.351E+03 298 1800 TUNGSTEN DIOXIDE 50.3 5.364E-03 -2.2 7.1 -4.2 5.132E+06 COESITE Si02 38.

247E+02 4.661E+06 5.145E+06 5.3A5E+06 -4.360E+06 1.8 9.4 1.3 1.3 2.0 3.999E-02 3.04 2.2 2.0 0.6 0.625E-02 -2.398E-03 -3.370E+03 298 1200 CHROMITE FeCr204 146.302E+06 2.716E-02 1230 1800 GEIKIELITE MgTiOj 74.625E+06 -6.798E+04 -4.066E+02 5.217E+02 9.2 3.288E-03 CHRYSOBERYL 3 SPINEL MgAl2o4 .4 0.461E-02 -3.248E-05 1.686E+06 -1.6.034E+03 CALCIUM FERRITE CaFe204 145.516E-02 -6.5 0.136E+02 1.9 0.877E+05 -2.5 -1.018E+02 -4.9 0.551E+03 298 1800 MAGNESIOCHROMITE MgCr204 106.111E+02 1.271E+03 298 1800 PSEUDOBROOKITE Fe2Ti05 156.MULTIPLE OXIDES 51 COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR MULTIPLE OXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA A2 (T) A3 <T'2) A4 (T"06) 109.627E+02 -8.878E-05 298 1800 298 1800 298 1600 T^ K A^M0 kJ-«ol 1 .3 2.728E-03 -5.410E+03 298 1510 D I CALCIUM FERRITE 188.3 2.157E-02 4.275E-02 665 1230 MAGNESIOFERRITE MgFe204 379.0 2.0 1.026E+02 1.147E-05 298 1800 ILMENITE FeTiOj 108.8 0. 092E+05 -1.480E-03 -1.8 1.6 0.8746E+03 -2.8 1.803E+03 1.274E-02 PYROPHANITE MnTiOj 104.782E+02 1.425E-01 -9.420E+02 298 1750 PEROVSKITE CaTiO 93.1 3.223E+02 9.627E+02 -7.961E+02 5.5 1.8 2.169E+02 298 1800 MAGNESIOFERRITE MgFe204 123.666E-02 -3.538E+03 3.581E+06 -1.126E+06 -6.225E+02 -5.127E-03 -1.229E+02 6.250E+01 4.610E+02 66.795E+02 298 1800 84.588E+01 4.6 0.0 1.388E-05 298 1000 ULVOSPINEL Fe2Ti04 168.188E+06 AS (T2) T range K A1 TIALITE ENTROPY J-aor'-IC1 298 1800 2.8 1.7 3.353E-02 -6.3 0.827E+05 -2.462E+03 298 1530 HERCYNITE FeAl 204 116.9 2.

352E+06 298 600 ZINC TITANIUM SPINEL 143.559E+01 1.138E-03 -4.317E+05 Zn2Ti04 0.045E-02 -1.095E+03 298 1800 .3 1.705E-01 3.0 9.613E+02 -5.52 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR NEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR MULTIPLE OXIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY A1 j-aoi-'-ir1 A2 A3 A4 AS T range TM A^N0 (T> <r2> <r° 6> <T2> K ic kj-aor1 TREVORITE 165.0 3.9927E+04 298 1000 FRANKLINITE ZnFe204 150.7 0.995E+02 3.1 2.3 -2.

3 2.03 1.620E-03 -1.392E+01 5.515E+01 1.3 0.585E+02 298 768 1045 28.608E+03 298 1303 -8.191E-02 -6.2 -5.605E+06 1.2 5.317E+01 6.0 2.717E+03 298 728 298 1045 1.626E+01 1.1 0.1 0.017E+06 HYDROPHILITE CaCl2 104.504E-02 -2.078E+01 5.2 7.410E+01 HALITE NaCl 72.2 0.1 1 .443E-02 POTASSIUM BROMIDE KBr 95.951E-02 -5.2008E+01 -3.597E+03 1. 463E+05 298 987 118..4 3.037E+06 HYDROPHILITE CaCl2 (liquid) 230.165E-02 -7.6 1.8 7.725E+00 4.5036*03 1045 1800 298 950 3.839E+06 CHLORARGYRITE AgCl 96.56E+02 1.115E+06 MOLYSITE FeCl3 142.54 .048E+05 298 923 SALAMMONIAC NH4Cl 95.748E-02 136.2 -2.2228E-03 1074 1791 97.6 0.53 HALIDES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR HALIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA A2 (T) 107..0 1..123E+02 8.4 -1.2 -4.0 0.H0 kJ-wol'1 298 703 298 1000 1.025E+02 LAURENCITE FeCl2 118.0 0. K A.1755E+00 7.6 0.790E+03 -9.052E-06 298 2500 298 1043 298 -4.3 -4.496E-03 .996E+01 7.7 0.064E+06 2.855E-02 -1.738E-04 298 577 -2.9 0.690E+01 8.852E-02 -1.9 0.2 7.7.2 4.452E+01 4.89E+06 HYDROGEN CHLORIDE HCl (ideal gas) 186.371E+03 CHLOROMAGNESITE MgCl2 89.4 -2.229E+02 SCACCHITE MnCl2 HALITE NaCl (liquid) NICKELOUS CHLORIDE NiCl2 COTUNNITE PbCU A3 (T 2) A4 (T* 6) AS <TZ) T range K A1 BROMARGYRITE AgBr ENTROPY J-Bol'-IC1 T.797E-02 298 1074 170.2 5.477E+02 SYLVITE KCl 82.2 0..738E+01 1.4 8.

911E-06 298 2500 SELLAITE MgF2 57.301E-02 -4.5 CRYOLITE 512.5 1.04 6.5 2.04227E+03 -3.20 836 1153 1153 1.5 2.6941E+03 0.3 0.4 9.328E+05 -4.8 5.14 298 836 836 8.0046E+00 -2.8543E+07 2.8 0.0041E+02 CHIOLITE 515.612E+00 3.4351E+01 1.301E+06 1.099E+02 8.0558E+04 298 643 .9 0.3 0.3669E+02 CRYOLITE 605.322E+02 298 1536 1536 58.3 2.5 3.16 VILLIAUMITE NaF 51.7986E-02 -7.845E+00 1.6 -1.7 2.108E+05 4.347E-02 -1.5 4.312E+04 5.4 2.768E-02 IODARGYRITE 115.8 1153 1290 1290 113.402E+06 9.0083E-02 Agl MARSHITE Cul 96.542E+02 298 1269 1269 33.474E+01 1.033E+03 -1.988E+07 -3.1 -2.83 FLUOR I TE CaF2 HYDROGEN FLUOR IDE HF (ideal gas) CRYOLITE 238.007E+02 -1.5 0.595E-04 -7.5 3.436E+00 2.8582E+00 0.54 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR HALIDE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol-'-r1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T-06) AS (T2) T range K K kJ-nol'1 68.004E-03 298 423 3.75 298 1010 1010 80.4071E+07 -5.040E-04 298 1400 173.5876E+04 4.

4 7. 194.3582E+04 298 900 7.2 2.6 0.CARBONATES AND NITRATES 55 COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR CARBONATE AND NITRATE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-niol'-lf1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (T*6) 3.497E-01 -1.567E-02 -1.5 3.258E+05 298 380 DAUSONITE NaAlC03(OH)2 132.574E+02 -4.0 0.7292E-01 1.692E-02 -2.734E-01 -2.548E+03 SIDERITE FeCOj 95.464E+02 298 500 STRONTIANITE SrCOj 97.815E+01 1.972E+01 2.570E+01 2.7 -1.8 7.5 1.8 0.1 1.417E+05 THERMONATRITE 168.240E+01 2.778E+06 MAGNESIUM NITRATE 164.347E-04 7.161E+01 298 549 STRONTIUM NITRATE Sr(NO.441E+01 3.018E+06 5.158E+06 298 1200 DOLOMITE 155.).760E+03 AS (T2) T ranee K T^ K A^H* kJ-mol 1 298 1079 WITHER I TE BaCO.5 0.1 0.294E+03 298 1197 SMITHSONITE ZnCOj 81.479E+02 -1.153E+01 4.274E+06 ARAGONITE CaCOj 88.258E-01 -6.8 1.876E-02 1.112E+01 5.02 4.8 5.832E+06 RHOOOCHROSITE MnCOj 98.1 1.620E-02 1.419E+03 298 1200 NITROBARITE 213.255E+02 1.8417E+01 2.8949E+05 SODA NITER NaNOj 116.1 2.0 0.523E+06 .82 .3 0.3.796E+05 -1.2 9.670E+06 CALCIUM NITRATE Ca(N03)2 193.237E-01 1.225E-02 -1.722E+02 298 800 298 600 1197 18.7 0.7 2.840E+06 -6.3142E+03 298 600 298 800 8.1 8.2 0.0 0.2795E-01 -9.618E+02 1.0 0.79E-01 2. 835 E.2 8.1 0.676E-01 2.2 1.1 -9.5757E+07 -2.936E+01 1.708E-05 298 1100 298 600 298 1000 -1.141E+06 298 1000 CALCITE CaCC^ 91.3389E+03 -3.5 0. 112. 082 E +03 MAGNESITE MgCOj 65.497E+02 1.2 0.3 5.607E-01 -1.4838E+02 2.

2 0.0 -8.6 1.2 7.0 1.269E-01 -4.020E+06 MAGNESIUM SULFATE MgS04 91.909E-05 298 1000 298 1000 298 1200 TU.56 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SULFATE AND PHOSPHATE MINERALS NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-mol-'-lf1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (r° B) AS (T2) T range -8.796E-02 -3.062E-02 -9.2193E+02 8.240E+02 3.445E+02 6.8 0. 101.877E+02 BARITE BaS04 132.958E-02 -1.8 5.4 0.615E+03 298 1100 -3.818E+06 298 1000 NASCAGNITE (NH4 )2S04 220.899E-02 1.3 0.6 0.0436E+02 2.5 1.574E-01 CHALCOCYANITE CuS04 109.3 2.145E+03 1.9 1.129E+06 298 1400 MANGANOUS SULFATE MnS04 127.499E+08 856 1342 K-Al SULFATE KAl(S04)2 204.4 1.5635E+07 298 700 LANGBEINITE 389.99E-05 -4.2 1.260E+06 298 800 ARCANITE 175.988E+06 298 1000 ALUNITE KA13(OH)6(S04 )2 321.828E-02 -5.040E+03 7.412E+02 ANHYDRITE CaS04 107.2 3.3308E+03 -3.5 0.0 5.2037E+02 9.728E+02 -1.1375E-01 -1.203E+02 3.6 2.845E-01 3.941E-03 1155 1800 NICKELOUS SULFATE NiSO.695E+06 -4.0 2.999E-02 -2.8 1.788E-01 298 600 THENARDITE Na2S04 (hexagonal) 239.359E+02 1.3 1.717E-02 -2.3 0.011E+02 -3. A^H* .0 5.192E+06 298 1200 FERRIC SULFATE Fe2(S04)3 282.3 1.0 1.8 1.056E+02 4.615E+02 4.7 1.4 0.507E+06 298 1300 ALUMINUM SULFATE A12(S04)3 239.0 2.150E+06 -4.553E+02 2.782E+06 298 856 ARCANITE 360.6 1.370E+02 7.101E-01 -1.141E-02 514 1155 THENARDITE Na2S04 (liquid) 424.8 2.

SULFATES AND PHOSPHATES

57

COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SULFATE AND PHOSPHATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
<r° 6>

AS
(T2)

T range
K

ANGLE SITE
PbS04

148.5
0.6

4.683E+01

1.278E-01

1.724E+06

298
1100

ZINKOSITE
ZnS04

110.5
1.3

4.019E+01

1.243E-01

2.389E+06

298
1100

BERLINITE
AlP04

90.8
0.2

1.9833E+03 -1.64948E+00

2.0607E+07 -2.93193E+04

7.72E-04

298
830

UHITLOCKITE

236.0
0.8

1.929E+02

1.742E-01

-1.174E+06

FLUORAPATITE
Ca5(P04)3(F)

387.9
1.7

7.543E+02

-3.026E-02

- 9. 084E+05

-6.201E+03

298
1600

HYDROXYAPATITE
Cas (P04)3(OH)

390.4
1.7

3.878E+02

1.186E-01

-1.270E+07

1.811E+03

298
1500

298
1373

T^
K

A^H0
kJ-aol'1

58

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES
COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR ORTNO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J-Bor'-IT1

TOPAZ
Al2Si04F2

A1

A2
(T)

A3
<T 2>

A4
<r° 6>

AS
<T2)

T range
K

105.4
0.2

4.714E+02

-8.165E-02

1.270E+06

-5.486E+03

298
1000

KYANITE
Al2Si05

82.8
0.5

2.794E+02

-7.124E-03

-2.056E+06

-2.289E+03

298
2000

ANDALUSITE
Al2Si05

91.4 2.77306E+02
0.1

-6.588E-03 -1.9141E+06 -2.2656E+03

298
2000

SILLIMANITE
Al2Si05

95.4
0.6

2.8019E+02

-6.900E-03

-1.376E+06

-2.399E+03

298
2000

275.0
5.0

7.546E+02

-2.943E-02

-3.454E+06

-6.576E+03

298
1800

334.9 1.43871E+03
5>0

-2.427E-01

3.860E+06

-1.682E+04

4. 884E- 05

298
1800

MULLITE
Al6Si2°13
DUMORTIERITE
)H) .75
PHENAKITE
Be2Si04

63.4
0.3

4.2849E+02

-9.958E-02

2.083E+06 -5.6705E+03

1.989E-05

298
1800

BERYL

346.7
4.7

1.625E+03

-4.252E-01

6. 825 E +06

-2.018E+04

1.203E-04

298
1800

BERTRANDITE
Be4Si 207(OH)2

172.1
0.8

8.253E+02

-9.965E-02

3.662E+06

-1.057E+04

EUCLASE
BeAlSi04(OH)

89.1
0.4

5.329E+02

-1.507E-01

2.198E+06

-6.726E+03

EPIDOTE

328.9
2.5

3.676E+02

LAWSONITE
CaAl2Si207(OH)2H20

230.0
0.4

2.7732E+02

2.341E-01

-6.389E+06

GEHLENITE
Ca2Al2Si07

210.1
0.6

4.057E+02

-7.099E-03

-1.188E+06

ZOISITE

295.9
0.3

1.134E+03

-4.523E-01

GROSSULAR

260.1
0.5

1.5293E+03

-6.990E-01

GLASS
Ca3M2Si3°12

329.9+
0.7

3.392E+02

298
1400
4.122E-05

298
1800
298

7.443E+06

298
600
298
1800

-3.174E+03

-1.157E+04

2.391E-04

298
750

-1.894E+04

2.530E-04

298
1200
298

T,.,
K

A^N'
kJ-mol 1

ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATES

59

COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J'Bor'-lf'

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
<r° 6>

4.0191E+05

-2.0305E+03

A5
(T2)

T range
1C

DATOLITE
CaB(Si04)(OH)

110.2
0.6

ILVAITE
CaFejCSi^OCOH)

292.3
0.6

8.569E+03 -5.2407E+00

9.6449E+07 -1.3456E+05

ANDRADITE

316.4
2.0

8.092E+02

-7.025E-02

-6.789E+05

-7.403E+03

MONT I CELL I TE
CaMgSi04

108.1
0.3

2.314E+02

-8.531E-04

-1.247E+06

-1.623E+03

-1.333E-06

298
1000

AKERMANITE
Ca^gSi^

212.5
0.4

7.8146E+01

1.6573E-01

-6.7905E+06

2.8646E+03

-3.3437E-05

298
1731

MERUINITE
Ca3Mg(Si04 )2

253.1
2.1

6.508E+02

-1.816E-01

-6.053E+03

7.036E-05

298
1600

TITANITE (Sphene)
CaTiSiOj

129.2
0.8

1.767E+02

2.385E-02

-3.991E+06

LARNITE
a-Ca2Si04

127.6
0.8

2.487E+02

-8.315E-04

-9.077E+04

BREDIGITE
a'-Ca2Si04

314.2
1.0

1.3456E+02

4.611E-02

CALCIO-OLIVINE
Y~Ca2Si04

120.5
0.8

1.327E+02

5.251E-02

-1.905E+06

HATURITE (ALITE)
CajSiOj

168.6
0.3

3.339E+02

-4.651E-03

-6.526E-KK

-2.766E+03

298
1800

RANKINITE
Ca3Si 207

210.6
2.9

4.732E+02

-4.207E-02

3.397E+05

-4.319E+03

298
1400

ROSENHAHNITE
Ca3Si 3°8(OH>2

281.8
3.0

3.650E+02

5.419E-02

-8.161E+06

SPURRITE
Cas (Si04)2C03

331.0
2.0

TILLEYITE
Ca5Si 207(C03)2

394.0
4.0

7.417E+02

-5.345E-03

-1.435E+06

-5.879E+03

COBALT-OLIVINE
Co2Si04

142.6
0.2

3.0583E+02

-3.195E-02

2.693E+05

-2.865E+03

1.9446E+02

6.141E+02

1.8447E-01

-3.508E-03

-1.01E-04

0.68

298
1000

298
970

298
1200

298
1800
-4.168E+03

357.9

290
376

970
1710

-2.493E+06

A^H0
kJ-mol 1

298
1000

298
1670
-2.052E+03

T^,
K

298
1300
298
1200
298

1100

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

60

COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR ORTHO AND RING STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J-mol-'-IT1

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
(T^ 6)

AS
(T2)

T range
1C

FAYALITE
Fe2Si04

151.0
0.2

1.7602E+02

-8.8086-03

-3.889E+06

ALMANDINE

342.6
1.4

8.629E+02

-8.288E-02

1.697E+06

-8.875E+03

298
1200

STAUROLITE
Fe4Al 18Si 8046(OH)2

985.0
4.0

2.7986+03

7.921E-02

-9.952E+06

-2.474E+04

298
1000

5.842E+02

1.2766+00

-3.967E+06

-1.556E+03

OSUMILITE

2.471E-05

-6.497E-04

0

298
1490

8.123E+02

4.334E-02

-8.211E+06

-5.000E+03

FORSTERITE

94.1
0.1

8.7366+01

8.717E-02

-3.699E+06

8.4366+02

-2.237E-05

298
1800

PYROPE
Mg3Al2Si 3o12

266.3
0.8

8.730E+02

-1.374E-01

4.500E+03

-8.794E+03

3.341E-05

298
1570

GLASS

346.3
12.0

5.1386+02

7.119E-02

-5.857E+05

-2.439E+03

6. 3006+02

3.50E-02

298
1020
1083
1863

PYROPE-GROSSULAR ss

268.3+
0.5

3.2806+02

298

GLASS
(Mg, 5Ca1>5 )Al 2Si 3012

311.8+
0.6

3.329E+02

298

TEPHROITE

155.9
0.5

2.613E+02

-1.3786-02

LIEBENBERGITE
Ni 2Si04

128.1
0.2

2.897E+02

-2.402E-02

1.310E+05

Ni 2Si04-SPINEL
Ni 2Si04

124.1
0.4

1.654E+02

1.412E-02

-4.345E+06

UILLEMITE
Zn2Si04

131.4
0.8

1.233E+02

84.0
1.3

2.370E+02

ZIRCON
ZrSiO4

-2.218E+03

298
1600

-2.779E+03

298
1300
350
800
298

-1.788E-02

-1.496E+05

-2.268E+03

1490

298
1700

407.2
3.8

GLASS
Mg3Al 2Sl* 3012

A^H*
kJ-mol'1

298
1000

CORDIERITE

Mg2Si04

T^
K

298
1600

1570

241.0

61

CHAIN AND BAND STRUCTURE SILICATES
COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR CHAIN STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J-aor'-lf1

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
<r° 6>

AS
(T2)

T range
1C

A^N"
kJ-nol'1

298
1400

1398

5.93

298
1821

1821

. 57.30

1668

137.70

UOLLASTONITE
CaSiOj

81.7
0.1

2.0078E+02

-2.589E-02

-1.579E+05

-1.826E+03

PSEUDOUOLLASTONITE
CaSiOj

87.2
0.9

1.578E+02

-1.045E-03

-6.396E+05

-1.077E+03

GLASS
CaSiOj

94.8
3.0

9.689E+01

3. 425 E- 02

-1.804E+06

Ca-Al PYROXENE
CaAl2Si06

141.0
2.0

4.652E+02

-7.838E-02

6.729E+05

GLASS
CaAl2Si06

155.3
0.3

1.661E+02

FERROBUSTAMITE
CaFeSigOg

180.5
0.3

4.038E+02

-4.444E-02

HEDENBERGITE
CaFeSi2Og

174.2
0.3

3.1046E+02

1.257E-02

GLASS
CaFeSi206

185.7+
0.4

1.732E+02

DIOPSIDE
CaMgSi206

142.7
0.3

4.7025E+02

-9.864E-02

2.454E+05

-4.823E+03

2.813E-05

298
1700

GLASS
CaMgSi^

166.0
3.0

1.041E+03

-6.358E-01

6.677E+06

-1.351E+04

2.724E-04

298
1400

FERROSILITE
FeSiOj

94.6
0.3

1.243E+02

1.454E-02

-3.3786+06

a-SPODUMENE
LiAlSi206

129.3
0.8

4.212E+02

-2.401E-02

1.910E+06

B-SPODUMENE
LiAlSi 206

154.4
1.2

3.628E+02

-3.684E-03

ENSTATITE
MgSiOj

66.3
0.1

3.507E+02

-1.472E-01

GLASS
MgSiOj

74.1
0.2

8.205E+01

CLINOENSTATITE
MgSiOj

67.9
0.4

2.056E+02

7.434E-06

T«,
1C

298
1821
-4.941E+03

1.934E-05

298
1000
298

-3.757E+03

-1.846E+06

1.597E-05

298
1600
298
1300

-2.040E+03

298

1.769E+06

298
800
-4.776E+03

298
1200

- 3. 435 E +03

298
1700

-4.296E+03

5.826E-05

298
1000
298

-1.280E-02

1.193E+06

-2.298E+03

298
1600

1834

73.20

62

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES
COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR CHAIN STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
j-nor'-lf'

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
(T^ 6)

AS
(T2)

T range
1C

298
700

MgSi03-ILMEMITE
MgSiOj

60.4
3.0

6.912E+01

7.330E-02

1.037E+06

HYPERSTHENE
(Hg .85 Fe.15 )Si°3

69.0+
0.2

2.079E+02

-1.489E-02

1.921E+05

-2.135E+03

298
1000

RHODONITE
MnSiOj

100.5
1.0

9.904E+01

1.915E-02

-3.041E+06

2.745E+02

298
1500

JADEITE
NaAlSi 206

133.5
1.3

3.011E+02

1.014E-02

-2.239E+06

- 2. 05 5 E +03

298
1300

GLASS
NaAlSi 206

170.5
0.4

1.663E+02

ACMITE
NaFeSi 206

170.6
0.8

1.994E+02

6.197E-02

-4.267E+06

TREMOLITE
Ca2Mg5Si8022(OH)2

548.9
1.3

6.131E+03

-4.189E+00

5.139E+07

GRUNERITE
Fe7Si 8022 (OH)2

725.0
7.0

7.555E+02

3.620E-01

-1.621E+07

ANTHOPHILLITE
Mg7Si8022(OH)2

534.5
3.5

1.260E+03

1.888E-02

-1.164E+07

RIEBECKITE

691.0
6.0

7.721E+02

2.827E-01

-1.598E+07

541.2
3.0

1.718E+03

-1.21 IE-01

7.075E+06

Na2Fe3Fe2Si8022 (OH)2
GLAUCOPHANE

Na,Mg,Al,SiftO,3<OH>,

298

298
1300
-8.566E+04

1.757E-03

298
1100
298
900

-8.127E+03

298
1200
298
1000

-1.927E+04

298
1200

T^,
K

A^H0
kJ-mol 1

63

FRAMEWORK SRUCTURE SILICATES
COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J-niol'-lf1

A1

A2
(T)

A3
(T 2)

A4
(T* 6)

AS
(T2)

T range
1C

EDINGTONITE (ordered)

434.8
1.5

4.220E+02

ANORTHITE

199.3
0.3

5.168E+02

-9.249E-02

-1.408E+06

-4.589E+03

CaAl2Si' 2Og-glass

237.3
2.5

3.752E+02

3.197E-02

-2.815E+06

-2.459E+03

BICCHULITE

213.1
5.0

2.803E+02

8.204E-02

-5.679E+06

298
1800

MEIONITE (ordered)

715.2
1.0

9.103E+02

1.9435E-01

-2.300E+07

298
1000

DAN BUR I TE
CaB2Si 2°8

155.3
0.4

1.488E+02

2.173E-01

-3.280E+06

298
1000

POLLUCITE
207.2
(Cs 65Na 19Rb 03)Al 2Si 4°12' H2° °' 4

1.128E+02

1.876E-01

4.556E+05

298
700

MICROCLINE
KAlSi308

214.2
0.4

7.595E+02

-2.171E-01

4.746E+06

-9.527E+03

6.433E-05

298
1400

SANIDINE
KAlSi 308

232.8
0.5

6.934E+02

-1.717E-01

3.462E+06

-8.305E+03

4.919E-05

298
1400

GLASS
KAlSijOg

261.6
1.8

6.295E+02

-1.084E-01

2.496E+06

-7.210E+03

-1.928E-05

298
1300

KALIOPHILLITE
KAlSi04

133.3
1.2

1.889E+02

5.519E-02

LEUCITE
KAlSi 206

200.2
1.7

1.4842E+02

1.343E-01

-2.165E+06

298
955

LEUCITE
KAlSi^

450.1
2.0

1.9647E+02

2.7666E-02

1.2261E+07

955
1800

EUCRYPTITE
LiAlSi04

103.8
0.8

2.470E+02

PETAL I TE
LiAlSi401Q

233.2
0.6

8.763E+02

ALBITE
NaAlSijOg

207.4
0.4

5.839E+02

T^
K

r,

298

4.188E-05

298
1800
298
1500

298
810

-1.479E+03

298
1300

-1.290E+06

-2.058E+03

-2.079E-01

4.033E+06

-1.069E+04

5.301E-05

298
1300

-9.285E-02

1.678E+06

-6.424E+03

2.272E-05

298
1400

1830

133.0
4.0

1500

54.0

810

0.5

64

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES
COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR FRAMEWORK STRUCTURE SILICATE MINERALS

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY
J-Bor'-lf1

A1

A2
(T)

A3
<r2)

A4
<T"° 6>

AS
<T2)

T range
K

ANALBITE
NaAlSijOg

225.6
0.4

6.714E+02

-1.467E-01

3.174E+06

-7.974E+03

3.659E-05

298
1400

GLASS
NaAlSijOg

251.9
1.5

9.180E+02

-3.824E-01

5.280E+06

-1.151E+04

1.474E-04

298
1200

NEPHELINE
NaAlSi04

124.4
1.3

2.774E+01

2.954E-01

298
457

1.1209E+02

6.71 IE-02

457
1180
1180
1525

NEPHELINE
NaAlSi04
NEPHELINE
NaAlSi04

338.3
2.0

1.720E+02

5.520E-03

CARNEGIEITE
NaAlSi04

118.7
0.3

1.1613E+02

8.595E-02

CARNEGIEITE
NaAlSi04

311.1
1.5

1.5232E+02

2.883E-02

GLASS
NaAlSi04

134.5
0.5

3.171E+02

-4.320E-02

1.121E+02

6.711E-02

NEPHELINE
<Ma .78K.22>AlSi°4

273
966

-2.000E+06

966
1700
4.163E+05

-3.244E+03

272
1033
467
1180

ANALCIME
NaAlSi 206 'H20

227.7
0.3

1.3438E+02

2.5415E-01

1.845E+05

298
700

DEHYDRATED ANALCIME
NaAlSi,0A

172.5
0.2

1.9211E+02

8. 0735 E- 02

- 4. 723 E +06

298
1000

T^
1C

1393

966

A..H8
kJ-nol'1

64.5

8.5

65

SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATES
COEFFICIENTS FOR NEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATES

NAME AND FORMULA

ENTROPY

A1

A2

A3
(T 2)

A4
(T^06)

DICKITE
Al 2Si 205 (ON)4

197.1
1.3

9.084E+02

-2.113E-01

3.804E+06

-1.120E+04

KAOLINITE
Al 2Si 2°5 (OH>4

200.4
0.5

1.4303E+03

-7.885E-01

8.334E+06

-1.852E+04

HALLOTSITE
A12S1*2°5(OH>4

203.0

2.463E+02

PYROPHYLLITE
Al2Si 4010(OH)2

239.4
0.4

7.468E+02

1104.2

1.291E+03

ILLITE
K3(Al 7Mg)(Al 2Si 14 )040(OH)8

AS
(Ta)

T range
K

298
1000
3.034E-04

298
800
298

1.3

-7.578E+03

-5.345E-02

1.986E-05

298
800
298

2.5

MARGARITE
CaAl 2 [Al 2Si201Q](OH)2

263.6

PREHNITE

292.8
0.7

9.460E+02

-1.1506E-01

MUSCOVITE (disordered)
KAl 2 [AlSi 3010l(OH) 2

306.4
0.6

9.177E+02

-8.111E-02

MUSCOVITE (ordered)
KAl 2 [AlSi 3010HOH) 2

287.7

9.177E+02

ANNITE
KFe3 [AlSi 301Q](OH)2

415.0
10.0

PHLOGOPITE (disordered)
KMg3 [AlSi 3010](OH)2

334.6

PHLOGOPITE (ordered)
KMg3 CAlSi 3010](OH)2

8.265E+02

298

-8.7274E+03

-5.040E-01

1200

0.3
-1.056E+04

298
1200

2.834E+06

-1.035E+04

298
1000

-8.111E-02

2.834E+06

-1.035E+04

298
1000

6.366Ef02

8.208E-02

-4.860E+06

-3.731Ef03

298
1000

8.639E+02

-7.6076E-02

3.5206E+05

-8.470E+03

298
1000

315.9
1.0

8.639E+02

-7.6076E-02

3.5206E+05

-8.470E+03

298
1000

FLUORPHLOGOPITE (disordered) 336.3
KMg3 [AlSi 301Q]F2
2.1

4.9288E+02

4.910E-02

-6.599E+06

-1.569E+03

298
1670

FLUORPHLOGOPITE (ordered)

317.6
2.1

4.9288E+02

4.910E-02

-6.599E+06

-1.569E+03

298
1670

TALC
M93Si 4°10(OH>2

260.8
0.6

5.654E+03

-5.272E+00

4.021E+07

-7.693E+04

CHRYSOTILE
Mg3Si 205 (OH)4

221.3
0.8

8.996E+02

-1.448E-01

4.500E+06

-1.093E+04

2.755E+06

0.6

1.0

2.729E-03

298
800
298
900

T,.,
K

kJ-M>r

8 0.0 9.816E+03 298 800 tm K .31194E+07 -1.1 0.0 298 800 PARAGON I TE (disordered) MaAl 2 [AlSi3010](OH)2 295.66 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES COEFFICIENTS FOR HEAT CAPACITY EQUATIONS FOR SHEET STRUCTURE SILICATES NAME AND FORMULA ENTROPY J-iiol-'-ir1 A1 A2 (T) A3 (T 2) A4 (t06) AS (T2) 3. 6844 E +02 3.816E-»-03 298 800 PARAGON I TE (ordered) NaAl 2 [AlSi3010](OH)2 277.9 6.860E-K)6 -5.6206E-03 T range 1C CLINOCHLORE Mg5Al(AlSi3010)(OH)8 421.6844E+02 3.8834E+00 8.47951E+03 -7.9 6.3594E+05 15.627E-02 -1.627E-02 -1.860E+06 -5.

24 29.80 51.16 6.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1234.20 21.0 -1 J-mol'^K" 1 - K A fG° 42.0 0.0 0.09 66.41 25.23 31.0 0.75 64.62 60.73 90.0 0.52 95.31 99.0 0.24 70.50 103.33 26.71 50.0 0.88 27.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 67 Thermodynamic Properties at High Temperature of Individual Phases Formula wt SILVER (REFERENCE STATE) Ag: 107.0 0.0 0.55 43.55 42.0 0.0 0.46 47.0 0.00 97.0 0. 9 K 0.0 0.88 92.0 0.91 31.0 0.94 57.73 81.0 0.08 55.44 13.9 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 25.00 0.23 68.55 45.47 101.40 25.0 0.9 1234.9 K.31 61.47 33.0272 10 .14 78.14 16.41 1234.0 0.0 0.93 0.66 72.0 0.0 Boiling T K A^H° AtaH* Molar Vol .71 30.14 15.0 0.86 30.9 to 1800 K.03 75.15 to melting point 1234.0 0.0 0.55 42.0 0.272 J-bar'1 cm3 6/18/92 .0 0.0 0.06 19.82 59.62 49.12 21.0 0.47 33.53 10. liquid 1234.0 0.0 0.87 26.0 0.0 0.47 42. ST <HT-H$98 )/T -(GT-H|98 )/T A £H° 298.52 28.81 64.0 0.93 53.0 0.64 31. UO 298 kJ 11.48 Log Kf 0.47 33.47 33.08 31.02 80.0 0.57 30.36 31.0 0.32 60.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.90 60.73 31.0 0.73 18.0 0.94 kJ UO 0 C *t A C 1» T /4d KJ 1 .41 30.0 0.47 33.0 0.0 0.868 Face-centered cubic crystals 298.19 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.94 68.96 33.0 0.98 55.0 0.14 71.47 33.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS CP Temp.03 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.

83 0.0 0.15 6.50 50.75 31.37 13.38 10.0 0.0 0.20 15.30 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.45 35.32 90.0 0.25 92.0 0.0 0.21 73.43 79.0 0.0 0.74 71.71 kJ Molar Vol.30 29.84 27.48 42.00 55.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 33.999 cm3 4/22/92 .0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T (HT-H$ 98 )/T 24.9999 J-bar'1 9 .90 29.73 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.87 58.0 0.30 28.0 0.89 30.16 31.5 K.27 88.5 933.0 0.76 26.0 0.59 45.08 31. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.12 30.0 0.19 81.0 0.51 37.23 50.15 57.06 933.0 0.0 0.0 0.57 59.0 0.0 0. H298~H6 Log Kf kJ«mol""* -1 A^H° AtoH° A fG° 4.26 30.75 31.0 0.00 0.73 84.0 0.19 18.0 0.96 31. Liquid 933.0 0.48 40.0 0. 5 K 0.16 59.75 31.38 17.65 41.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 933.982 Face-centered cubic crystals 298.0 0.77 19.15 to melting point 933.25 25.80 40.75 31.57 32.0 0. ffO ST CP --1 K 298.89 54.75 28.565 kJ 0 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T 0.73 53.00 31.06 60.0 0.0 0.19 31.23 -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° 28.75 31.27 31.5 to 1800 K.0 0.0 0.08 86.81 30.75 31.96 31.30 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.75 31.69 39.21 24.68 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ALUMINUM (REFERENCE STATE) Al: 26.75 31.0 K kJ 10.40 76.12 31.52 46.31 35.0 0.0 0.75 31.54 48.

0 0.0 Boiling T 875 34.2963 J-bar'1 12.37 10.69 35.0 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 875 875 900 1000 1100 1200 24.0 0.55 57.51 46.65 24.0 0.67 25.130 kJ 1. CP ST (H$-H2gg)/T T.59 49.0 0.96 26.51 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.80 44.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.26 -(6T-H^9 8 )/T A fH° l 1.15 to sublimation point 875 K.0 0.0 0.0 0.922 Ideal tetratomic gas 875 to Rhombohedral crystals 298.828 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.0 0.69 35.43 17.68 47.60 28.59 62.0 0.68 61.0 0.38 25.08 Melting T 0.__.65 42.67 20.23 12.T- 35.0 0.82 103.90 14.0 0.84 43.77 53.0 0.66 38.14 52.0 0.03 20.62 104.0 0.1 ~l-«r 298.0 0.11 56.0 0.0 0.1 "I 0.14 106.0 0.89 46.61 20.0 0.0 0. 5.60 20.51 48.0 0.0 0.0 0.33 63.64 20.04 48. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ARSENIC (REFERENCE STATE) As: 69 74.31 108.00 53.0 0. 1800 K.0 0.15 6.81 A fG° Log Kf 0.963 cm3 6/10/92 .72 58.0 0.00 0.0 0.28 110.69 36.31 57.0 0.54 40.05 27.0 0.69 35.88 16.

78 62.15 K.0 0.017 kJ 1.967 Face-centered cubic crystals 298.04 16.0 0.0 0.18 25.76 73.39 107.0 0.62 64.34 101.0 0.00 87.15 to melting point 1336. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.25 31.94 99.23 31.1 ~1 298.29 74.36 27.0 0.66 31.39 52.0 0.81 30.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 70 Formula wt GOLD (REFERENCE STATE) Au: 196.0 0.18 75.0 0.49 30.93 28.95 32.0 0.65 55.0 0.00 60.74 66.16 6.0 0.15 1336.81 47.0 0.77 20.0 0.26 72.38 76.43 13.83 58.215 cm3 01/07/93 .0 K Boiling T kJ 12.85 60.54 32.47 33.19 47.55 97.0 0.11 70.45 21.0 0.15 1336.28 31.06 66.0 0.49 47.88 26.55 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.0 0.0 0. CP CO om /UO_CTO V /(It \**T *»298'' _//iO_tTQ \**T \ It* 298'' A £H° AfG° Log Kf 0.54 54.0 0.67 29.~.0 0.96 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.78 18.63 21.0 0.75 31.Y.0 0.0215 J'bar'1 10.49 47.0 0.0 0.0 0.63 69.51 10.51 88.0 0.80 31.«.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1336.0 0.82 65.0 0.61 82.15 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.54 103.57 30.09 15.21 31.0 0.0 0.37 66.74 68.81 30.0 0.54 105.0 0.15 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.19 25.91 27.00 0.0 0.83 19.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.49 48. H2*98~H6 6.57 26.55 17.20 31.0 0.26 26.38 85.0 0.71 56.0 0.49 50.63 79.0 0.0 1.

0 Boiling T K kJ 22.28 8. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.51 6.75 18.57 27.0 kJ-mol"1 5.0 0.0 0.37 11.00 0.0 0.72 41.32 11.0 0.0 0.33 28.05 31.0 0.0 0.69 22.0 0.811 Rhombohedral crystals 298.0 0.0 0.83 37.08 21.0 0.15 to melting point 2350 K.39 18.38 16.07 3.0 0.71 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BORON (REFERENCE STATE) B: 10.24 11.0 0.0 0.65 26.83 39.46 18.83 0.0 0.0 0.45 29.83 5.70 24.30 20.0 0.24 14.33 22.71 27.16 27.0 0.21 26.0 0.33 24.46 33.0 0.0 0.52 20.0 0.52 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.84 13.69 5.61 23.22 44.38 15.42 15.66 16.53 23.0 0.04 17.0 0.0 0.85 2350 K 0.0 0.18 23.25 25.0 0.51 43.0 0. °p CO ST (Hf-H298 )/T -<GT-H298 )/T AfH° J-mol^-K"1 - 298.0 0.0 0.83 5.55 kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H6 1.43 8.21 14.71 17.386 cm3 6/10/93 .0 0.0 0.22 kJ 0.0 0.0 0.26 17.0 0.0 0.90 9.0 0.01 25.72 13.66 26.79 20.08 17.98 19.0 0.0 0.02 AfG- Log Kf 0.83 6.0 0.84 18.34 7.0 0.96 28.0 0.92 13.69 20.0 0.72 35.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 11.78 10.4386 J-bar'1 4.

0 0.20 127.56 26.41 108.0 0.61 36.15 300 400 500 582 582 600 700 768 768 800 900 1000 1002 1002 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 28.02 98.0 0.47 33.13 36.02 98.46 81.30 37.0 0.42 63.46 84.58 137.44 AfG° Log Kf 0.44 130.46 27.64 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. Liquid 1002 to boiling point 2169 K.61 19.48 87.0 0.85 38.06 81.0 0.0 0.12 39.24 81.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 72 Formula wt BARIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ba: 137.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.87 35.0 0.0 0.68 13.17 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.07 39.37 40.0 0.13 1002 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 32.92 140.07 39.52 68.0 0.0 0.56 65.07 39.58 93.07 39.0 Boiling T K kJ 7.0 0.0 0.13 74.0 0.13 K.0 0.52 68.10 39.08 37.0 0.0 0.28 100.60 62.0 0.0 kJ-mol'1 62.0 0.10 38.0 0.78 18.07 120.18 21.0 0.37 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.64 90.34 117.62 40.81 104.74 54.0 0.0 0.912 kJ 3.0 0.09 28.0 0.36 48.0 0.34 99.38 133.38 75.749 kJ Molar Vol H298"H6 6.96 24.60 124.94 68.38 74. CP Sf (HT-H§ 98 )/T -(Gf-H§ 98 )/T AfH° J-mol'^K"1 - 298.42 62.89 23.0 0.0 0.86 39.14 33.94 42.0 0.59 71.0 0. p-crystals 582 to second-order lambda-anomaly in heat capacity at 768.72 86.0 0.821 J-bar' 38.97 72.0 0.86 37.17 7.0 0.71 87. y-cryatals 768.30 95.24 79.19 18.36 39.23 43.0 0.13 88.20 37.08 135.52 109.88 98.16 94.57 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.13 to melting point 1002 K.15 to lambda-anomaly in heat capacity at 582 K.21 cm3 6/12/92 .0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.0 0.61 39.69 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.24 78.0 0.327 a-crystals (body-centered cubic) 298.55 102.07 40.0 0.42 62.0 0.

H0 kJ 12 .44 16. 88 cm3 6/18/92 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1550 1550 1560 1560 1600 1700 1800 (H*-H598 )/T 16.44 29.23 24.0 0.18 13.60 14.07 21.00 30.0 0.0 0.61 28.0 0.00 30.50 10.55 31.0 0.47 32. liquid 1560 to 1800 K.13 16.41 20.00 30.0 0.0 0.30 28.0 0.0 0.71 18.54 36. beta crystals 1550 to melting point 1560 K.52 32.83 19.0 0.50 9.39 18.19 11.0 0.96 61.94 51.0 0.66 9.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T A^o Afo.45 28.30 28.95 kJ 0.27 20.39 39.78 63.19 27.0 0.51 49.0 0.64 22.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.20 59.0 0.32 25.0 0.0 0.32 17.15 30.-1-1 K 298.0 0.58 23.64 21.00 30.59 44.0 0.70 30.47 26.0 0.00 46.58 50.76 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.10 4.0 0.24 14.37 19.0 0.54 27.0 0.97 16.22 31.0 0.50 9.47 33.0 0.68 30.26 12.00 30.0 0.0 0.06 41.58 28.08 32.06 24.0 0.0 0.0 0.74 30.21 kJ Molar Vol t H298-H5 K 1.0 0.28 22.0 I" 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.77 15.0 0.0 0.90 21.64 7.0 0.00 0.59 29.0 0.012 Hexagonal close-packed crystals 298.59 13.0 0.488 J'bar'1 4 .0 0.00 9.84 10.95 30.50 1560 K 0.43 23.15 to 1550 K.52 19.73 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BERYLLIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Be: 9. <% ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° kJ- .0 0.73 26.0 0.57 30.0 0.0 0.84 A £6° Log Kf 0.0 0.50 27.13 59.0 0.0 0.11 20.0 0.67 23.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.30 48.0 0.

0 0.01 63.88 29.15 to melting point 544. V~l 0.0 0.0 0.14 97.31 27.33 30.0 0.0 0.19 27.299 kJ Molar Vol.52 K A fH° A fG° Log Kf 0.980 Liquid 544.13 123.48 29.0 0.43 94.74 57.52 544.41 25.0 0.70 61.25 120.15 300 400 500 544.0 0.89 73.0 0.43 26.0 0.61 30.13 104.0 0.0 0.24 31.21 56.0 0.0 0.0 0.45 27.54 127.0 0.80 12.0 0.61 10.61 28.83 30.0 0.66 29.0 0.64 101.35 96.38 92.16 76.0 0.~l 298.90 108.88 68.08 85.0 0.0 0.17 27.0 0.0 0.09 544.02 27.16 6.0 0.75 59.50 73.54 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.08 113.0 0.0 0.39 33.0 0.131 J-bar'1 21 .0 0.43 kJ 2.93 30.74 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BISMUTH (REFERENCE STATE) Bi: Rhombohedral crystals 298.07 118.52 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 25.74 56.81 Boiling T AV«H° A^H0 K kJ 11. 208.09 29.69 116.0 0.0 0.31 cm3 4/23/92 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 90.0 0.31 30. CP T--.67 27.87 80.14 32.0 0.00 0.0 0.26 122.0 0.74 56.0 0.70 29.0 0. H298~H5 1835 6.0 0.0 0.90 64.61 28.74 88.0 0.0 0.76 32.41 29.0 0.17 27.19 27.40 94.62 28.0 0.89 125.18 111.36 70.5 to 1800 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 1.0 0.0 0.28 56.18 27.5 K.0 0.15 83.0 0.74 31.24 27.15 96.0 0.01 61.0 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.58 cm3 4/23/92 .71 49.34 256.0 0.56 K kJ 10.0 0.47 7.0 0.0 kJ-mol' 1 .0 0.20 152.0 0.0 0.51 kJ 5. °p Sf (Hf-HS98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A £H° Melting T 75.57 kJ Molar Vol.09 264.49 38.1-1 298.0 0.0 0.5 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° 152.11 233.87 37.0 0.0 0.55 76.32 290.0 0.24 303.71 201.0 0.0 0.04 38.0 0.11 276.0 0.49 219.0 0.95 38.48 37.64 51.39 61.0 0.59 243.60 75. 159.66 Log Kf 0. 24.33 36.0 0.24 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.91 59.36 38.0 Boiling T 332.54 187.14 38.31 37.86 52.5 K.0 0.30 293.50 312.67 75.70 308.0 0.20 152.89 286.99 258.78 37.458 J'bar'1 54.67 160.5 FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.60 251.63 152.30 36.5 29.0 0.0 0.04 0.0 0.31 53.0 0. P to 2200 K.60 50.0 0.24 261.00 0.20 152.20 300.64 169.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.90 297.70 265.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 211.808 1 bar.33 271.21 57.0 0.0 0.15 to boiling point 332.46 254.0 0.17 310.62 70.70 37.26 48.43 249.0 0.24 264.0 0.05 65.98 227.08 37.15 300 332.70 86.64 152.60 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 55.34 247.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BROMINE (REFERENCE STATE) Br2 : 75 Liquid 298. 332.0 0.06 305.93 49.71 37.9 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 332.23 238.87 281. ideal diatomic gas.79 96.

97 9.0 kJ«mol~* -1-1 298.45 26.0 0.0 0.22 24.0 0./T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° 8.51 30.15 to 2500 K.0 0.59 11.0 0.0 0.0 0.64 16.83 14.0 0.55 17.88 14.5298 J'bar'1 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.54 16.46 24.95 24.0 0.67 5.74 6.24 20.35 32.17 Melting T 0.0 0.0 0.98 16.76 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt GRAPHITE (REFERENCE STATE) C: 12.0 0. cp CO ST <H*-H598 .0 0.0 0.51 16.298 cm3 4/23/92 .26 14.0 0.54 28.0 0.82 22.0 0.21 24.17 9.74 5.23 21.10 10.18 0.48 12.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.27 19.27 23.75 6.22 19.0 0.73 11. 1.52 8.011 Hexagonal crystals 298.80 21.60 4.29 22.98 Log Kf 0.0 0.0 0.58 8.67 13.93 7.0 0.64 23.77 20.0 0.17 18.78 12.79 8.54 10.73 35.09 33.0 0.47 19.12 6.00 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 18.0 0.0 0.74 5.29 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.71 13.0 0.0 0.0 0.72 11.05 kJ 0.63 22. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.76 38.0 0.0 Boiling T A«pH° K kJ kJ Molar Vol.0 0.05 16.09 17.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° 5.0 0.29 11.0 0.53 14.83 23.0 0.05 2.92 15.68 14.

70 29.43 10.75 10.523 kJ A= 1.38 2.85 11.38 2.417 cm3 C* 1. 1 2.34 -0. T .05 A fG° Log Kf 2.6 5.35 4.8 7.3 7.51 -0.23 13.3417 J-bar'1 3.4 1.5 1.« ».453E-02 0.04 15.6 -0. CP S$ i(HT-H2 98 )/T T -«»-»! 298.9 1.14 6.2 8.7 1.60 16.36 24.70 15.65 21.77 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DIAMOND C: 12.08 26.28 17.08 2.00 14.87 27.04 2.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 6.63 9.5 5.38 -0.38 2.24 13.3 3.30 -0.6 1.12 18.97 25.12 13.36 -0.9 1.50 8.33 -0.88 7.6 1.1 4.14 12.20 25.9 2.04 27.8 2.30 -0.38 7.24 12.52 23.14 11.7 4.12 1. H298"H5 0.4 1.15 to 1600 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 1.29 -0.0 5.31 -0.90 10.77 15.9 6.32 -0.4 1.00 0.63 22.09 4.3 1.43 -0.18 Melting T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T A fH° 1 -1^ 1 0.98 23.67 3.29 6.37E+00 B= 0.76 7.64 19.011 Cubic crystals 298.42 4.28 1 1.43 16.51 -0.07 5.94 14.46 31.21 10.4 1.9 3.547E+04 11/18/92 .7 8.29 -0.48 8.4 6.48 20.«.5 1.0 Boiling T K A^0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.93 13.87 21.28 -0.26 5.02 19.

73 77.75 109.76 43.36 100.15 300 400 500 600 700 716 716 800 900 1000 1100 1115 1115 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1774 1774 1800 Melting T 25.0 0.90 13.0 0.0 0.73 75.0 0.0 0.71 42.65 76.0 0.80 80.03 60.90 43.90 52.00 35.0 0.0 0.43 0.07 24.0 0.83 18.915 kJ 8.90 50.00 0.17 50.24 33. 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf 42.00 35.0 0.0 0.82 36.00 35.0 0.0 0.75 85.84 42.23 193.0 0.0 0.37 105.65 21.79 32.00 35.0 0.48 30.0 0.40 67.0 0.90 48.16 6.00 35.0 0.0 0.54 kJ Molar Vol.99 55.13 19.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.11 33.55 98.99 95.12 Boiling T A^0 Aft.0 0.98 67.0 0.0 0.078 a-crystale (face-centered cubic) 298.78 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CALCIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ca: 40.0 0.37 60.90 43. P * 1 bar.34 32.28 74. Ideal monatomic gas.00 20.62 32. 1774 to 1800 K.33 92.13 72.72 24. 0-crystals (body-centered cubic) 716 to melting point 1115 K.79 26.71 39.0 0.06 50.0 0. 619 J'bar'1 26.00 35.0 0.96 33.71 10.0 0.39 23.0 0.0 0.95 103. 19 cm3 6/12/92 .0 0.73 69.0 0.55 1115 K 0.16 66.0 0.46 16.95 28. Liquid 1115 to boiling point 1755 K.80 62.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 J-mol" 1 ^" 1 - 298.44 33.0 0.0 0.35 33.707 kJ 2.0 0.0 0.63 56.41 57.0 0.98 16.0 0.0 0. H298"H8 1774 5.31 75.25 193.0 0.32 62.52 116.0 0.84 70.0 0.82 84.15 to 716 K. CP CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H«.90 42.50 33.50 117.93 45.84 20.03 72.00 35.0 0.75 60.0 0.H0 K 330.0 0.76 65.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.23 35.0 0.0 0.74 31.0 0.77 25. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.0 0.52 50.0 0.0 0.63 107.96 32.41 32.

82 56.0 0.0 K 99.0 0.0 0.98 26.80 51.71 29.81 102.0 0. 6.0 0.80 82.0 0.03 93.0 0.0 0.0 0.23 91.0 0.16 6.005 cm3 6/10/92 .47 A fG° Log Kf 0.0 0.65 110.0 0.0 0.79 20.23 24.00 0.64 26.66 97.0 0.90 194.28 25.59 65.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.21 81.0 kJ-mol"" 1 51. 112.18 to FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.78 70.0 0.0 0.65 0.21 71.98 57.79 81.79 20.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES CADMIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Cd: 79 Formula wt Hexagonal close packed crystals 298.81 24.52 122.71 29.69 198.12 115.09 26.0 0.44 78.0 0.44 71.19 kJ Molar Vol.15 to melting point 594.79 20.0 0.81 108.67 203.0 0.83 54.0 0.88 196.05 25.71 29.0 0.53 96.96 59.79 20.0 0.0 0.76 10.37 29.79 20.79 51.0 0.79 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 20.39 67.98 56.92 79.0 0.33 202.86 121.15 300 400 500 594.0 0.14 28.45 116.71 29.0 0.18 594.18 K 0.18 600 700 800 900 1000 1039 1039 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 90. °p ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T A fH° J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.31 103.0 0.0 0.06 87.0 0.20 86.97 193.0 0.79 20.0 0. Ideal monatomic gas 1039 to 1800 K.71 20.0 0.0 0.53 29.80 52.0 0.411 Liquid 594.35 199.0 0.0 0.18 K.19 61.3005 J-bar'1 13.00 64.12 594.45 26. boiling point 1039 K.0 0.0 0.44 70.0 0.48 86.0 0.00 27.25 kJ 1.667 kJ 6.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T 1039 0.0 0.80 51.71 29.71 29.0 0.89 201.88 96.0 0.0 0.01 125.95 13.04 96.93 205.

70 37.07 37.0 0.41 31.0 0.0 0.29 121.0 0.0 0.32 31.93 22.84 0.87 103. H298"H8 Log Kf kJ-mol"1 oA _uO n Aft»H° AfG° 7.0 0.0 0.0 0.21 33.0 0.0 0.70 37.44 99.0 0.66 92.46 kJ Molar Vol.00 73.24 124.33 132.19 120.70 37.0 0.0 0.57 92.0 0.0 0.17 80.96 28.72 101.88 89.35 112.93 26.77 34.70 37.0 0.01 87.0 0.42 14.00 72.61 37.74 33.0 0.70 37.67 109.55 115.52 26.0 0.88 88. 140.0 0.0 0.15 to 999 K.115 |J-crystals 999 to melting point 1071 FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.76 37.0 0. °P ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol"1 ^"1 - 298.00 0.96 72.0 0.59 17.61 37.0 0.14 77.0 0.53 130.80 1071 K 0.0 0.70 72.0 0.40 36.45 25.09 32.89 33.0 0.34 25.14 20. 77 cm3 6/17/92 .20 32.70 37.00 97.36 137.0 0.52 79.0 0.01 87.0 0.70 37.0 0.0 0. 077 J'bar1 20.0 0.07 19.0 0.0 Boiling T 0.93 135.0 0.43 95.11 97.0 0.0 K kJ 5. Liquid 1071 to 1800 K.58 32.10 86.91 105.0 0.07 75.0 0.53 32.0 0.03 88.61 37.0 0.0 0.28 kJ 2.46 112.0 0.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 999 999 1000 1071 1071 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 26.96 82.0 0.17 7. K.0 0.74 87.00 72.04 101.70 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.52 105.0 0.38 84.0 0.80 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CERIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ce: a-crystale (face-centered cubic) 298.0 0.29 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.70 37.49 33.03 11.65 139.0 0.52 127.0 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.406 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.45 37.44 254.0 0.98 35.22 247.89 20.05 284.0 0.89 37.0 0.58 22.21 8.13 38.50 286.0 0.08 223.57 26.29 233.0 0.16 6.0 0.0 0.41 252.57 37.0 0.99 172.35 29.24 223. °p ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H$ 98 )/T 298.0 0.95 33.13 37.0 0.84 253.0 0.26 25.0 0.92 235. 3ft Log Kf _-l J»mol~*«K~* - K A £6° A fH° kJ 2478.0 0.0 0.0 0.03 38.81 THERMODYN AMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHLORINE (REFERENCE STATE) C12 : 70.0 0.31 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 cm3 6/18/92 .76 37.34 273.0 0.44 282.61 31.0 0.03 223.0 0.20 17.83 14.61 30.69 246.05 36.57 28.0 0.62 276.0 0.00 0.0 0.28 36.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 33.0 0.20 243.15 to 2500 K.0 Boiling T 239.0 0.37 256.58 241.55 36.41 kJ kJ Molar Vol.0 0.0 0.26 241.65 27.905 Ideal diatomic gas 298.43 227.0 0.08 224.81 288.97 9.08 223.0 0.0 0.50 258.14 30.45 262.63 24.21 257.02 29. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.94 38.64 279.0 0.0 0.97 J-baT1 24789.29 250.05 248.95 232.1 K A^0 20.83 266.0 0.85 37.0 0.18 0.02 229.67 37.77 270.81 238.0 0.0 0.

0 0.0 0.68 48.50 62.24 29.58 34.26 53.05 30.64 54.23 88.0 0.64 54. O Cp CO Srp /tlO_UO % /IP (Hfp-H^ 98 )/T //~«O tlO 98 \)/T /T -(GT-H2 A fH° 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.50 58.28 37.0 0.17 44.0 0.00 0.68 30.0 0.77 43.81 24.98 1768 K 0.21 37.0 0.46 77.88 83.0 0.15 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.67 cm3 .0 0.04 30.32 59.667 J»bar" 6.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 82 Formula wt COBALT (REFERENCE STATE) Co: 58.12 29.0 0.19 37.38 46.53 48.16 99.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1394 1400 1500 1600 1700 1768 1768 1800 Melting T 24.71 13.56 28.00 99. p-crystals (face-centered cubic) 700 to melting point 1768 K.78 18.67 80.12 80.52 52.0 0.83 26.04 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.58 43.50 40.0 0.0 0.933 a-crystals (hexagonal close packed) 298.53 90.75 38.51 32.0 1 0.0 0.20 69.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.50 39.31 24.0 0.30 A fG° Log Kf 0.0 0. Curie point at 1394 K.0 0.75 16.88 42.67 52.70 31.49 39.0 0.21 30.85 39.0 0.61 56.0 0.82 23.45 28.19 kJ Molar Vol. T-.0 0.0 0.70 44.50 30. H298~H8 4.97 35.52 48.27 58.«~ 1 298.0 0.0 0.72 86.22 39.04 32.50 59.04 30.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.45 66.15 6.0 0.19 29.85 26.0 0.0 0.63 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.63 20.78 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 to 700 K.0 0.73 30.54 10.96 53.13 16.0 0.50 60.51 37.0 0.66 39.55 36.0 0.84 73.0 0.766 kJ 0. Liquid 1768 to 1800 K.0 0.0 0.28 21.74 40.0 Boiling T K kJ 16.

75 32.38 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T A^H« 2945 344. *JX 298.96 38.0 0.0 0.058 kJ 0.56 27.63 20.83 21.64 26.0 0.71 41.27 27.0 0.88 0.231 cm3 5/26/93 .0 0.0 0.86 18.53 23.0 0.62 23.5 K.19 39.81 25.0 0.0 0.35 28.15 300 311.0 0.05 15.mnl IDOJ.0 0.14 0.0 0.27 13.11 41.28 50.0 0.21 73.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHROMIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Cr: 83 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.90 49.32 19.0 0.0 0.58 26.62 23.0 0.0 0.93 76.0 0.0 0.996 Neel temperature 311. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.44 71.15 25.0 0.88 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.62 68.21 26.39 Log Kf 0.64 24.55 44. 51.09 33.0 0.31 10.96 36.0 0.71 62.65 32.07 24.0 0.0 0.0 0. 4.15 to melting point 2130 K.67 35.0 0.28 56.31 K kJ 16.30 46.0 0.0 0.37 30.0 0.57 30.0 kJ«mol"^ ~1 V~l J .0 0.16 16.27 29.66 30.47 23.44 28.7231 J'bar'1 7.11 43.57 23.0 0.58 59.89 34.50 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A£G° 23.0 0.98 6.0 0.0 0.75 53.27 2130 K 0.75 42.0 0.19 45.71 65.88 40.66 49.0 0.0 0.62 45.933 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.33 28.77 24.97 23.35 47.62 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.61 79.00 47. cp Sf <Hf-H298 )/T -<GT-H298 )/T AfH° Melting T 23.

89 213.29 207.70 79.21 23.78 20.55 K i - - -______________________ ..0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.78 20.0 0.27 88.94 30.0 0.0 0.97 123.0 0.0 0.0 ____ 942 67.33 7.79 20.86 71.59 94.10 126.55 301.84 202.0 0.12 125. 0.66 64. _ 298.73 200.25 13.0 0.73 153.0 0.20 91.53 114.87 85.29 20.0 0.73 62.96 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 « .88 20.09 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.96 22.0 0.0 0. 32.0 0.95 91.27 85. m<*\ Log Kf i-l ___ *»** -*UWA .0 0.0 0.52 101.27 85.->- " ssrssr i 1 132.78 109.0 0.0 0.0 0.94 19.71 kJ 6.0 0.00 67.0 0.75 128.09 -^^_____ 301.57 104.84 20.71 K kJ 2.0 0.95 30.0 0.84 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CESIUM (REFERENCE STATE) « .23 85.99 30.0 0.0 ^ ^__^__ Boiling T .0 0.43 136.0 0. H298~H8 7.55 400 500 600 700 800 900 947.0 0.96 947.83 141.23 85.15 300 301.0 0.20 118.78 20.0 0..0 0.57 94.81 20.51 31.79 20.75 118.0 0.0 0.973 J'bar'1 69.0 0.19 32.34 16.97 20.T .88 149.0 0.60 92.0 0.16 0.26 131. °P Sf (»T-H298)/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T AfH° K AfG° V.62 211.0 0.18 23.0 0.0 0.____ Melting T .93 30.54 108.0 0.22 _ ____^^ *_^ 0.95 21.15 30.0 0.37 74.43 85.0 0.0 0.90 98.27 210.0 0.905 - - FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.__ 0.35 32.36 199.0 0.0 0.78 104.09 84.0 0.82 204.39 31.84 209.0 0.0 0.73 cm3 6/11/92 .0 0.01 100.61 145.89 103.63 206.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.50 32.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.16 59.04 85.

0 0.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt COPPER (REFERENCE STATE) Cu: 85 63.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1357.84 74.34 25.0 0.92 27.0 0.81 51.0 0.8 1357.82 31.40 55.8 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T O ST CP 24.58 57.21 12.34 10.85 16.0 0.69 29.0 0.43 52.0 0.0 0.45 25.70 61.0 0.113 cm3 5/28/93 .65 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.21 89.0 0.99 26.95 87.0 0.0 0.55 61.0 0.93 32.0 0.94 84.0 0.06 49.57 30.80 33.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.80 32.70 31.0 0.22 42.14 33.8 K /UO_ttQ \ /ip (HT-HJJgg)/T /*"*<> Hfi \ Irn -(GT-H2g3)/T AfH° AfG° Log Kf 0.0 0.43 53.66 20.08 40.0 0.34 72.0 0.48 52.80 32.0 0.0 0.32 91.0 0.63 31.80 32.88 14.35 21.15 6.94 67.31 44.0 0.546 Face-centered cubic crystals 298.08 58.0 0.77 31.80 32.14 34.31 46.0 0.53 21.80 32.14 kJ Molar Vol ift 5.77 32.51 31.97 38.0 0.37 0.0 0.48 26.29 40.23 48. Liquid 1357.19 1357.0 0.00 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.40 27.0 0.0 0.96 55. 298.0 0.00 kJ 0.82 33.97 28.15 to melting point 1357.45 46.0 0.25 83.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 K.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.71 19.96 64.43 24.0 0.0 Boiling T K kJ 13.0 0.0 0.72 70.7113 J* bar1 7.14 33.65 18.0 0.32 93.11 35.0 0.55 31.18 50.39 17.8 to 1800 K.62 59.

47 209.89 53. CP ST i(HT-H£ 9g)/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T AfH° r.0 0.0 0.75 36.0 0.0 i.98 212.0 0.0 0.997 Ideal diatomic gas at P » 1 bar 298.79 202.80 226.11 35.0 0.40 240.28 35.0 0.34 29.0 0.89 38.31 0.58 30.66 37.0 0.0 0.87 262.0 0.70 37.79 204.27 36.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 31.^.95 6.0 0.0 0.36 224.0 0.0 0.60 28.33 16.44 38.19 8.54 21.0 0.0 Boiling T 84.0 0.04 206.0 0.0 0.tr*"! 298.12 231.04 214.79 217.0 0.64 226.11 30.82 kJ 2478.0 0.58 A fG° Log Kf 0.0 0.00 0.76 234.0 0.0 0.59 236.0 0.89 230.23 13.0 0.26 24.43 219.51 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.0 0.31 31.0 0.34 264.0 0.0 0.58 248.87 232.23 259.0 0.0 0. 8.82 228.0 0.7 cm3 6/03/93 .86 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt FLUORINE (REFERENCE STATE) F2 : 37.35 33.75 27.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.48 K 0.0 0.23 212.96 222. T --.0 0.54 K kJ 0.1 *~1 .15 to 2500 K.0 0.10 38.60 23.57 38.57 236.62 25.^.89 19.07 37. .68 266.69 244.79 202.0 0.0 0.97 J-bar'1 24789.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.27 219.42 257.69 202.77 26.0 0.0 0.14 34.1 "! 202.00 29.13 251.39 254.0 0.38 37.28 38.

0 0.78 33.0 0.27 39.54 59.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.56 84.0 0.0 0.0 0.81 kJ Molar Vol.67 46.67 55.90 34.06 86.78 32.65 1809 K Boiling T Av^H 0 Afi»H° 13 .76 51.75 36.92 43.56 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.41 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 K 298.60 46.08 25.0 0.14 71.0 0.40 41.64 32.43 29.0 0.62 37.0 0.0 0.59 53.0 0.0 0.06 14.0 0.19 78.15 to 1185 K.0 0.0 0.092 cm3 4/29/92 .80 41.0 0.83 37.08 28.97 27.0 0.72 61.24 34.10 29.51 kJ K kJ 0.0 0.87 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES IRON (REFERENCE STATE) Fe: Formula wt 55.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1043 1100 1185 1185 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1667 1667 1700 1800 Melting T 25.0 0.0 0.69 11. HS98"H6 4.45 21.38 51.0 0.00 33.0 0.01 34.18 44.0 0.97 30.0 0.92 56.35 17.0 0.16 54.0 0.70 42.46 83.63 38.0 0.41 34.0 0.0 0.0 0.09 27.31 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.32 91.78 0.81 35.89 56.0 0.35 40.15 46.11 43.45 44.91 75.10 30.0 0.0 0.01 88.13 27.08 27.65 56.81 31.46 66.0 0. Curie point 1043 K.06 19.7092 J'bar*1 7.16 29.0 0.26 40.01 75.0 0.94 81.77 44.39 25.77 76.0 0.0 0.67 47. CP S* (HT-H^ 98 )/T -(6T-H^ 98 )/T A fH° AfG° Log Kf 27.0 0.0 0.16 6.0 0.60 31.38 30.0 0.37 0.04 49.0 0.50 69.09 32.00 0.69 37.52 89.0 0.0 0.92 57.45 88.76 24.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. body-centered cubic crystals 1667 to melting point 1809 K.0 0.0 0. face-centered cubic crystals 1185 to 1667 K.0 0.0 0.09 31.0 0.33 29.847 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.0 0.

0 0.38 63.27 0.0 0.4 K Boiling T 3107 330.0 0.64 42.75 31.05 65.0 0.0 0.88 39.0 0.92 17.0 0.26 15.73 16.08 43.78 12.0 0.46 60.0 0.0 0.0 0.09 31. 298.15 to 1211.4 to Face-centered cubic crystals (diamond structure) 298.07 45.02 33.03 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.52 0.26 57.87 26.4 K.0 0.0 0.63 cm3 6/12/92 .0 0.92 K kJ 37.57 27.0 0.58 48.34 99.0 0.0 0.24 26.77 97.60 27.82 37.0 0.05 47.0 0.59 26.0 1211.18 52.02 106.60 27.0 0.60 27.0 0.06 9.51 66.46 19.14 6.33 103.0 0.0 0. boiling point 3107 K.54 64.29 101.72 54.64 45.0 0.0 0.0 0.60 27.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 88 Formula wt GERMANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ge: 72.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1211.0 0.93 27.36 14.0 0.78 44.69 108.57 47.96 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.64 43.0 0.0 0.25 24.31 24.0 0.88 41.23 47.0 0.60 27.363 J-bar'1 13.4 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T CP 23.72 61.13 55.0 0.45 25.61 58.0 0.0 0.11 48.74 19.0 0.54 50.0 0.0 0.4 1211.61 Liquid 1211.0 0.0 0.0 0.90 18. 4.09 32.22 23.23 38.61 27.39 47.60 27.80 43.09 31.60 S mo \ /n» (/uo__uo **m *»298'' / r* o _ uo \ /*P l**T **298'' A fH° A fG° Log Kf 31.0 0.25 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.23 50.00 0.12 66.24 105. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 kJ 1.0 0.80 35.

42 145.15 to 2500 K.0 0.62 29.23 169.0 0.904 kJ 0.56 149.0 0.24 30.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 17 1800 Melting T 28.86 32.65 178.25 29.68 130.90 30.0 0.13 171.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.89 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 2.117 kJ Molar Vol.02 23.29 29.78 14.80 K 0.68 130.86 139.0 0.84 29.82 28.0 0.0 0.75 159.96 182.20 24.468 kJ 2478.72 25.1 bar 298.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 31.0 0.65 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° _! A fG° Log Kf 0.23 145.0 0.76 151.0 0.24 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.81 174.0 0.78 18.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.68 21.09 155.0 0.61 159.28 153.7 J'bar'1 cm3 4/29/92 .86 13.18 7.0 0.0 0.01 31.31 176.29 32. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.38 19.96 184.34 23.0 kJ'mol" 1 130.0 0.24 157. 8.0 0.98 136.64 20.0 0.0 0.01 154.0 Boiling T 20.18 143.64 24.0 0.71 33.0 0.12 33.86 180.54 147.0 0.69 16.82 133.0 0.41 29.0 0.40 138.0 0.21 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.27 K 0.0 0.20 25.83 141.016 Formula wt HYDROGEN (REFERENCE STATE) Ideal diatomic gas at P .06 166.0 0.66 156.55 163.47 151.53 130.57 22.61 31.41 11. CP ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T _! 298.97 24789.0 0.0 0.68 131.0 0.0 0.

297 kJ Molar Vol.77 82.0 0.0 0.24 60.0 0.71 195.0 0.61 157.17 27.0 0.79 75.79 20.0 0.96 66.90 76.0 0.04 11.15 212.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.52 99.14 137.0 0.0 0.0 0.822 cm3 01/07/93 .14 142.07 84.78 63.0 0.97 70.17 7.79 20.71 115.0 0.09 13.79 20.0 0.58 55.15 300 400 500 600 629.96 27.90 76.0 0.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.214 kJ 2.03 81.0 0.0 0.97 93.15 131.0 0.17 20.12 208.0 0.90 75.79 20.0 0.0 K.35 190.31 81.0 0.0 0.48 197.03 90.90 160.32 K 0.14 27.97 81.90 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MERCURY (REFERENCE STATE) Hg: Liquid 298.91 150.79 20.79 20.95 27.12 202.0 0.0 K.0 0.58 207.0 0.41 27.0 0.79 20.0 0.12 95.0 0.79 20.45 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log K£ 0.0 0.0 K 59.21 57.0 Boiling T 629.0 0. 200.0 0.0 0.0 0.55 209.0 0.38 108.343 kJ 1.0 0.07 96.89 0.79 20.0 0.00 0.59 Ideal monatonic gas at P * 1 bar.89 211.91 205.79 20.10 203.0 0.0 0.93 200.28 53.0 0.0 0.0 0.09 105.0 0.0 629.34 146.0 0. 629.4822 J-bar'1 14.0 0.0 0.0 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 27.25 51.79 20.0 0.0 0.83 124.0 0.79 20. 9.0 0.10 75.76 14.99 79.49 192.97 154. CP ** <H*-H3 98 )/T -1 298.62 89.15 to boiling point 629.0 0.0 kJ-mol~l _1 75.34 234.0 0.

0 0.0 0. 298.0 0.0 0.00 309. liquid 386.25 225.0 0.71 127.10 70.55 37.67 80.26 140.14 117.42 72.0 0. P-l bar.63 101.0 0.48 37.0 0.34 39.22 171.48 131.0 0.0 0.50 94.0 0.63 312.809 Crystals 298.0 0.7 to 2200 K.0 0.61 254.54 80.27 40.31 ST 116.70 324.97 316.39 37.61 217.97 321.78 41.0 0.09 386.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.44 54.01 306.74 329.0 0. ^298~"^0 457.0 0.62 37.0 0.41 88.0 0.7 457.0 0. ideal diatomic gas.0 0.14 74.34 77.90 119.8 400 457.0 0.0 0.64 238.0 0.0 0.15 300 386.15 80.34 13.79 40. 457.20 kJ 5.93 39.67 149.H 0 41.0 0.06 184.0 0.93 196.32 53.0 0.93 286.67 37.0 0.23 38.0 0.14 116.44 54.67 80.0 0.26 127.34 174.53 37.48 232.0 0. 29 cm3 4/29/92 .7 K.0 0.25 0.14 116.35 57. 7 13.0 0.29 326.0 0.09 68.0 0.94 244.93 276.0 0.8 to boiling point 457.35 139.51 63.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 386.06 163.0 0.0 0.7 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T CP 54.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt IODINE (REFERENCE STATE) I2 : 91 253.61 279. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.56 297.19 258.84 -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf 116.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.08 207.0 0. 129 J'bar'1 51.15 to melting point 386.88 122.0 0.0 0.0 0.76 37.0 0.0 0.96 38.55 249.0 0.8 K.77 292.0 Boiling T A^0 Afa.0 0.0 0.58 302.0 0.0 0.96 181.35 66.39 262.96 K kJ 15. 8 K (HT-H£ 98 )/T 0.75 84.52 kJ Molar Vol.90 117.0 0.0 0.07 318.56 38.82 110.

0 0.098 Crystals 298.0 0.95 192.95 79.0 0.92 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt POTASSIUM (REFERENCE STATE) K: 39.33 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.93 23.49 193.0 0.0 0.48 73.76 93.07 22.94 30.73 127.86 85.0 0.82 87.79 20.4 336.0 0.0 0.79 20.94 85.31 80.0 0.59 109.84 76.0 0.36 30.0 0.0 0.27 196.54 69.0 0.0 0.4 K.0 0..50 30.4 to boiling point 1039.83 17.85 68.43 13.91 100.0 Boiling T 1039.86 91.0 0.0 0. P=l bar.-r - AfG° Log K« 0.0 0.81 20.48 189.0 0.0 0.0 0.56 117.15 to melting point 336.92 101. 536 J-bar'1 45.0 0.14 31..79 20.50 106.93 75.0 0.78 84.70 30.0 0.15 300 336.0 0.03 130.5 1039.0 0.77 186.07 89.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.57 32.0 0.41 108. ..0 0.0 0.18 3.14 29.0 0.. 5 A.80 64. ideal monatomic gas.0 0.0 0.0 0. 36 cm3 4/29/92 .67 64.88 64.79 20.4 K 0.0 0.^H 0 79.93 122.87 64.50 66.0 0. 298.82 29.97 22.53 197.37 75.0 0.79 20.48 79.49 10.0 0.0 0.88 66.41 99..67 64.44 96.0 0. liquid 336.72 336 .0 0.80 20.57 34.0 0.0 0.0 0. 1039.0 0.92 195.0 0.28 190.28 19.0 .0 0.65 23.92 l. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.48 84.H 0 29.99 70.31 97.0 0.47 112.1 ~1 0.5 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T Aft.0 0.90 105.76 29.83 82. H2*98~H6 K 7. ST CP <Hf-H2 98 )/T ""(Gm H§gQ ) /T AfH° .0 0.4 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1039.5 K.92 kJ 2.67 64.0 0.0 0.84 20.0 0.99 72.0 0. 09 kJ 4.0 0.60 20.0 0.47 20.00 0.50 29.5 to 1800 K.0 0.30 187.

43 20.29 46.08 30.2 K -(Gf-H2 98 )/T AfH° l.08 31.67 64.15 300 400 453.0 0.31 ^l AfG° Log Kf 0.62 kJ 1.0 0.0 Boiling T 1620 145.54 28.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt LITHIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Li: 93 6.16 23.0 0. 29.0 0. °p e° ST (HT-H$98 )/T .09 29.68 58.70 21.0 0.07 70.02 56.0 0.81 29.23 25.97 174.0 0.59 83.08 31.36 58.0 0.017 cm3 4/29/92 .85 105.13 29.84 28.7 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1620 1620 1700 1800 Melting T 24.89 28.0 0.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.67 27.39 30.66 79.0 0.93 44.45 28.62 24.39 30.0 0.95 49.09 29.69 36.lf 1 0.0 0.70 40.0 0.95 173.99 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.01 25.0 0.0 0.12 70.3017 J-bar'1 13.0 0.08 32.0 0.0 0.0 0. H298"H8 4.78 81.0 0.84 K kJ 3.T.85 1.0 0.28 59.0 0.94 28.2 K.0 0.0 0. 1620 to 1800 K.62 28.85 75.54 46.62 9.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 20.0 0.7 K to boiling point 1620 K.30 110.7 453.0 0.0 0. P*l bar.0 0.11 72.0 0.941 Crystals 298.0 0.27 115.10 24.0 0.0 0. liquid 453.0 0.74 58.16 453.0 0.0 0.79 63.0 0.74 28.21 15.97 176.0 0.0 0.0 0.70 28.66 67.0 0.61 29.20 55.0 0.00 0.75 83.0 1 0.00 kJ Molar Vol.84 55.90 49.53 23.36 77.0 0.0 0.75 25.45 24.27 20.m/il 298.15 6.82 17.0 0.10 41.0 0.54 28.0 0.0 0.73 22. T. ideal monatomic gas.80 20.67 24.0 0.01 39.16 19.15 to melting point 453.79 28.26 53.0 0.0 0.18 51.24 36.

34 44.95 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 923 923 1000 1100 1200 1300 1366.0 0.90 32.0 1"" 298.39 15.1 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 24.0 Boiling T 1361.1 1366.94 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MAGNESIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Mg: 24. 1366.0 0.12 30.42 28.0 0.59 17.79 20.0 0.0 0.31 34.0 0.83 186.23 75.33 123.0 0.0 0.24 34.79 20.80 182.15 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.3996 J'bar'1 13. Liquid 923 to boiling point 1366.98 79.00 kJ 1.0 0.78 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.11 49.0 0.996 cm3 4/29/92 .58 37.20 29.91 19.18 28.57 63.29 180.0 0.25 82.31 34.0 0.82 44.0 0.82 40.0 0.0 0.58 59.16 55.0 0.23 183.0 0.86 56.72 108.67 32.85 103.20 44.17 46.0 0.0 0.24 84.36 29.66 35.0 0. P « 1 bar.67 33.36 59.305 Hexagonal close-packed crystals 298.0 0.79 20.0 0.0 0.79 20.0 0.0 0. °p CO ST /UO MUO \ /rn \ Aim **O Q Q j f X -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf 0.0 0.67 32.02 923 K 0.0 0.1 127.1 K.90 26.0 0.0 0.31 34.72 81.57 184.23 28.0 0.15 to melting point 923 K.11 51.07 32.0 0.67 99.98 86.0 0.25 64.69 180.0 0.0 0.93 121.76 40.50 10.0 0.79 20.0 0.29 30.00 42.31 20.82 47.05 73.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.49 74.46 54.51 31.477 kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 5. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.31 34.0 0.0 0.0 0. Ideal monotomic gas.91 34.34 67.36 56.0 0.87 K kJ 8.1 to 1800 K.0 0.00 0.54 13.79 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 86.87 29.87 24.0 0.89 52.43 114.37 18.0 0.0 0.14 27.0 0.

0 0.81 46.23 28.0 0.0 0.04 37.49 59.54 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.16 49.02 32.17 40.79 65.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MANGANESE (REFERENCE STATE) Mn: 95 54.98 69. ^-crystals 980 to 1360 K.14 27.0 0.0 0.15 to 980 K.07 35.0 0.92 0.0 kJ-mol" 1 32.40 72.41 91.0 0.0 0.73 79.0 0.00 59.17 84.50 39.87 40.97 46.7354 J-bar'1 7.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 980 980 1000 1100 1200 1300 1360 1360 1400 1410 1410 1500 1517 1517 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 26.52 58.0 0.97 39.0 0.95 11.86 99.0 0.0 0.55 1517 K 0.354 cm3 1/31/92 .00 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.59 51.42 44.H 0 12. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.02 46.92 107.49 56.55 65.21 91.53 52.97 86.37 21.81 41.04 28.51 45.13 55.38 41.0 0.56 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.47 30.81 102 .0 0.97 42.96 26.19 26. 13 104.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.07 82.43 43.01 33. cp S* (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol'^K' 1 - 298.0 0. ^29'B~"^8 4.16 31.0 0. y-crystals 1360 to 1410 K.0 0.75 87.30 30.01 32.49 55.28 56.0 0.49 34.92 54.0 0.05 63.59 37.0 0.51 56.0 0.70 24.68 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.48 30. Acrystals 1410 to melting point 1517 K.0 0.0 0.0 0.02 46.70 47.0 0.07 88.0 0.0 0.0 0.68 17.18 37.0 0.70 46.11 46.0 Boiling T 2335 K kJ Afo.12 75.41 43.0 0.25 19.0 0.23 45.63 A fG° Log Kf 0.0 0.89 33.13 37.0 0.00 61.01 46.72 32.0 0.11 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 6.15 42.08 41.05 71.0 0.0 0.996 kJ 0.0 0.938 a-crystals 298.17 22.0 0.89 32.0 0.35 24.0 0.93 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.01 32.0 0.01 84.52 29.15 28.22 61.02 46.40 14.18 57. Liquid 1517 to boiling point 2335 K.0 0.0 0.

0 0. CP ST Melting T A^H' -<G*-HJ 98 .85 54.32 60.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T 4912 AV*H° 598.42 76.65 43.0 0.0 0.21 0.31 34.0 0. H598~H8 4 .0 0.30 28.0 0.54 46.40 28.0 0.0 0.24 10.86 48.49 30.0 0.54 35.0 0.0 0.32 17.36 21.11 30.45 49.56 24.76 16.0 0.20 72.15 6.0 0.0 0.9387 J bar'1 9.80 31.44 52.0 0.66 28.64 19.0 0.0 J-mol" 1 -^1 K 298.38 22.97 51. 54 kJ Molar Vol.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <Hf-H2 98 )/T 23.86 26.92 28.41 78.13 0.0 0.94 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.05 25.0 0.34 2890 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 54.66 37.77 14.0 0.0 0.75 22.0 0.31 50.0 0.61 31.90 23.46 27.47 26.594 kJ K kJ 0.74 41.0 0.74 39.00 0.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.08 21.02 65.29 63.0 0.0 0.47 45.92 29.99 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 to 2500 K.56 67.45 33.0 0.40 33.0 0.58 18.0 0.86 41.0 0.0 0./T A fH° A fG° Log Kf 28.0 0.55 20.0 0.0 0.387 cm3 4/29/92 .92 25.0 0.66 29.35 74.0 0.0 0.56 32.09 12.98 23.0 0.0 0.96 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MOLYBDENUM (REFERENCE STATE) Mo: 95.81 35.95 70.66 28.0 0.07 32.06 57.20 46.

45 32.0 0.0 0.03 32.97 24789.52 23.0 0.0 0.82 202. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.29 21.75 194.0 0.0 0.14 246.0 0.0 0.0 0.42 24.85 20.35 K 5.22 231.49 241.70 30.79 200.83 212.97 219.0 0.35 234.92 197.0 0.13 29.20 Log K£ 0.73 208.31 63.71 191.73 214.61 191.10 33.74 212.22 204.0 0.0 0.30 217.0 0.15 to 2500 K.0 0.0 0.82 35.03 34.22 24.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.21 216.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T 0.83 14.0 0. cp ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° Melting T 29.71 27.42 11.0 0.0 0.58 34.11 0.58 33.0 0.61 192.18 7.58 26.0 0.0 0.16 35.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 AfG° 191.91 221.17 26.53 206.07 224.83 210.13 29.7 J«bar'1 cm3 6/19/92 .0 0.720 kJ H§98"H8 8.0 0.0 0.86 31.81 228.0 0.17 206.95 239.0 0.49 22.0 0.0 77.45 35.25 236.09 18.586 kJ 0.0 0.0 0.55 216.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt NITROGEN (REFERENCE STATE) N2 : 97 28.88 244.0 0.0 -1 J«mol"~*»K""* - 298.0 0.28 248.0 0.35 199.0 0.0 0.24 29.669 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.14 K 0. 2478.45 34.0 0.26 30.61 191.0 0.85 17.013 Ideal diatomic gas at P = 1 bar 298.0 0.0 0.94 25.57 221.00 0.0 0.

0 0.16 105.381 J»bar~l 23.30 74.79 20.79 51. CP CO ST (Hf-H298 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf 0.83 31.04 371 K 0.12 56.56 93.0 0.0 0.94 28.5 to 1800 K.51 30.0 0.63 57.46 51. H298-H6 6.07 63.0 0. 1170.93 77.06 104.98 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SODIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Na: 22.79 20.90 64.0 0.74 71.79 20.93 74.0 0.06 22.61 184.0 0.94 24.0 0.0 0.84 28.79 20.0 0.0 0.81 99.0 0.0 0.82 187.0 0.66 21.0 0.20 31.0 0.10 52.83 31.79 20.0 0.08 0.26 76.0 0.01 88.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 300 371 371 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1170.81 cm3 4/29/92 .0 0.0 0.21 182. P=l bar.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 28.55 29.00 0.61 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.28 185.26 29.68 60.43 23.18 73.56 94.0 0.27 28.0 0.28 88.25 188.0 0.22 66.96 51.28 107.0 0.82 23.5 A^0 97.46 51.0 0.0 0. liquid 371 to fictive boiling point 1170.61 97.610 kJ 2.10 53.72 92.0 0.0 0.990 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.44 74. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1170.0 Boiling T 1170.59 114.62 109.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.18 17.0 0. 598 kJ Molar Vol.5 K.0 0.54 19.0 0.0 kJ-mol" 1 298.82 14.92 67.46 52.59 189.460 kJ K 2.79 20.38 99.0 0.22 79.0 0.09 182.04 98.0 0.0 0. Ideal monotomic gas.17 5.0 0.0 0.10 68.94 29.80 12.57 85.0 0.0 0.73 84.0 0.81 29.85 191.97 80.79 20.15 to melting point 371 K.16 91.19 83.0 0.5 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T Aft»H° 28.0 0.0 0.06 22.0 0.

20 85.74 69. 6588 J-bar' 6. cp ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° Melting T 25.13 51.0 0.0 0.28 38.99 26.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt NICKEL (REFERENCE STATE) Ni: 99 58.0 0.00 0.29 20.95 11.97 58.0 0.0 0.40 29.59 32.22 32.00 31.42 58.92 32.0 0.0 0.08 17.87 29.0 0.0 Boiling T 0.15 300 400 500 600 631 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1728 1728 1800 AfG° 4.0 0.19 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.68 34.89 54.0 0.32 37.94 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 80.0 0.0 0.0 AV*H° AjJH0 Log Kf «1 J-mol"1 ^' 1 - 298.76 44.53 82.0 0.75 22.73 23.45 50.0 0.81 42.0 0.87 30.0 0.0 0.16 kJ Molar Vol H298-H5 0.0 0.00 16.0 0.0 0.69 Face-centered cubic crystals (magnetic) to Curie point 631 K.61 24.82 34.34 1728 K 0.0 0.0 0.17 25. nonmagnetic 631 to melting point 1728 K.88 26.87 30.75 97. liquid 1728 to 1800 K.28 38.39 52.03 37.38 66.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.91 85.40 36.93 33.0 0.41 37.99 47.79 kJ 0.0 K kJ 17 .91 38.11 49.38 30.26 55.46 15.23 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.57 27.0 0.58 59.0 0.91 29.87 44.0 0.99 35.54 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.05 28.0 0.0 0.83 30.0 0.47 78.85 72.40 36.42 25.0 0.83 95.05 52.0 0.0 0.0 0.34 37. 588 cm3 4/29/92 .10 63.0 0.42 59.0 0.52 35.0 0.0 0.65 56.62 21.0 0.74 75.0 0.79 31.0 0.63 19.94 39.85 39.16 6.34 57.0 0.

33 213.0 0.84 37.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 15. H298~H8 8.0 0.444 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.14 230.0 0.0 0.18 7.42 262.67 28.60 216.0 0.0 0.70 23.0 0.85 220.82 24.0 0.32 205.7 cm3 4/29/92 .35 30.0 0.54 258.15 to 2500 K.39 27.0 0.0 0.40 17.18 K 6.99 252.0 0.86 255.0 0.92 243. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.86 223.71 .08 A fG° Log Kf 0.12 32.0 0.45 235.90 249.0 0.0 0.37 22.35 29.99 232.0 1-1 0.0 0.999 Ideal diatomic gas at P « 1 bar 298. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T _ 298.0 0.05 260.79 25.0 0.97 J-bar'1 24789.0 0.0 0.0 0.91 239.0 0.43 231.0 0.0 0.00 36.67 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.75 234.20 227.-!_-! 0.100 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt OXYGEN (REFERENCE STATE) 31.79 21.0 0.0 0.79 54.0 0.45 236.31 208.0 0.08 37.08 225.54 12.816 kJ 0.04 31.29 35.0 0.15 205.0 0.85 35.0 Boiling T 90.0 0.15 205.85 19.12 218.33 34.0 0.64 26.15 206.72 34.0 0.35 K -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° .682 kJ 2478.14 33.06 27. 205.04 213.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 33.00 0.67 226.56 246.0 0.22 229.54 220.52 211.58 36.66 264.0 0.31 36.21 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.

0 0.68 18.0 0.08 41.42 65.29 19.659 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.0 0.08 41.15 300 317.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PHOSPHORUS (REFERENCE STATE) P: 101 Crystals (white.35 26.0 0.80 55.0 0.0 0.0 0.84 kJ 0.0 0.0 kJ-mol' 1 T-_«-.0 0.0 0.95 75.0 0.0 0.0 0.45 3.49 51.08 Log Kf 0.27 15.75 20.22 133.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.53 8.51 44.974 Liquid 317.0 0.55 18.0 0.0 0.04 141.27 65.21 55.63 59.09 74.22 42.57 44.65 50.0 0.0 0.29 82.0 0.62 61.99 72.32 26.0 0.54 18.0 0. 5.27 69.62 57.03 60.0 0.0 0.32 26.11 317.0 0.03 59.0 0.32 18.83 86.0 0.41 137.0 0.15 49. Ideal diatomic gas 1180 to 1800 K.32 26. 1180 K.34 59.75 18.78 57.0 0.0 0.86 14.54 135.0 0.32 26.12 41.12 42.76 47.70 138.1 ~l-«r l 298.0 0.03 0.09 41.72 18.32 26.48 68.0 0.82 23.0 0.64 18.0 0.32 26.96 70.28 18.71 53.0 0. CP -(GT-H| 98 )/T A fH° 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1180 1180 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 400 A fG° 41.07 65.0 0.0 0.0 0.36 79.14 1.87 77.09 19.73 J«bar 17.19 74.0 0.20 73.91 140.0 0.32 26.38 79.75 56.03 136.3 K 0.00 0.32 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.32 26.0 0.87 24. 30.36 kJ 1.23 133.0 0.3 to sublimation point FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 Boiling T 0.46 62.99 17.3 317.0 0.60 18.15 to melting point 317.24 11.0 1180 K 63. a) 298.3 K.77 41.0 0.0 0.3 cm3 6/18/92 .

8267 J'bar'1 18.45 28.0 0.86 0.74 30.31 29.0 0.0 0.50 121.86 67.34 25.65 K AtoH° 4.07 124.54 119.79 28.98 29.48 64.74 76.46 28.67 27.0 0.90 28.92 79.0 0.78 29.21 14.74 26. CP S£ -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol"1 ^'1 K 298.0 0.0 0.73 28.80 79.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 600.0 0.0 0.0 0. 207.16 6.7 Molar Vol.22 91.33 97.68 107.24 70.96 72.34 123.2 Liquid 600.69 25.6 to boiling FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.99 94.45 84.89 87.0 0.13 89.0 0.0 0.0 0.19 26.0 Boiling T 2021 A^H0 177.24 73.47 92.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 K kJ 1.0 0.10 84.0 0.51 28.0 0.0 0. point 2021 K.48 97.870 kJ Log Kf kJ-mol"1 - 64.0 0.0 0.80 64.0 0.58 113.71 96.6 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (HT-H^9g)/T 26.81 82.10 115.0 0. HS98-H6 A fG° 0.0 0.25 24.24 23.74 29.97 26.0 0.00 0.267 cm3 6/17/92 .0 0.0 0.41 24.6 600.70 Melting T 600.17 104.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 102 Formula wt LEAD (REFERENCE STATE) Pb: Face-centered cubic crystals 298.0 0.60 28.84 6.0 0.41 117.65 26.0 0.0 0.51 26.63 26.0 0.0 0.44 84.36 26.87 25.0 0.6 K.17 28.0 0.37 29.0 0.23 22.22 14.0 0.15 to melting point 600.15 101.63 30.80 65.94 11.0 0.0 0.81 kJ 0.0 0.79 110.0 0.80 64.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.89 70.22 70.0 0.0 0.18 92.0 0.66 29.

22 53.89 24.0 0.69 23.0 0.03 60.15 to melting point 2042 K.32 71.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.04 28.26 64.0 0.04 51.69 31.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T <Hf-H2 98 )/T * 25.31 55.76 62.0 0.0 0.08 Face-centered cubic crystals 298.79 49.0 0. 0.0 0.0 kJ-mol' 1 *V 41.02 22. 648 kJ Molar Vol.94 »(GT-H2 98 )/T AfH° AfG° Log Kf 0.34 2042 K UIW4.0 0.68 13.63 41.40 0.15 30.71 74.31 23.32 89.78 85.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.86 41.0 0.31 57.82 33.0 0.83 26.56 29.0 0.81 25.53 66.27 22.40 19.76 32.30 82.0 0.0 0.0 0.103 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PLATINUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ft: 195.091 cm3 01/07/93 .724 kJ 0 .0 0.0 0.49 27. CP Sf K 298.00 0.63 42.42 91.9091 J-bar'1 9 .34 33.0 0.54 68.02 27.60 46.10 18.11 87.0 0.0 0.53 28.0 0.0 0.80 77.0 0.44 21.0 0.50 17.65 44.00 65. H298~H8 K 5.29 60.0 0.22 31.21 59.0 0.0 0.08 29.81 49.0 0.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.67 10.0 0.42 93.99 68.65 80.0 0.0 0.0 0.32 55.0 0.61 30.42 64.0 0.63 41.29 32.0 0.0 Boiling T A^H° Aft»H0 kJ 19.45 15.49 20.16 6.0 0.0 0.43 24.

08 133.0 0.24 24.80 143.13 144.65 71.0 0.1 53.17 31.47 48.0 0.0 0.0 0. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H298 )/T AfH° A£6° Log Kf 0.06 32.72 kJ Molar Vol.19 36.0 0.68 31.10 46.56 6.40 39.16 37.57 11.16 63.511 cm3 6/18/92 .0 0.0 0.1 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 22.39 145.85 19.08 65.46 60.3 K.15 to 368.0 0.20 138.0 0.0 0.0 0.36 K? liquid 388.5511 J«bar'1 15.57 55.0 0.58 146.0 0.0 0.0 0.05 32.0 882.42 19.05 32.36 400 500 600 700 800 882.0 0.79 53.14 48.0 0.0 0.13 20.3 388.31 32.0 0.24 69.412 kJ 1.45 135.3 to melting point 388.46 0.0 Boiling T 0.0 0.59 65.30 57.36 K to fictive boiling point 882.77 25. H298"H8 4.20 92.1 K.14 23.05 32.14 4.53 60.0 0.41 137.66 18.25 22.104 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SULFUR (REFERENCE STATE) S: 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.74 24.0 0.0 0.71 388.16 58.0 0.37 141.0 0.50 85.0 0.32 K kJ 1.0 0.0 0.1 882.48 95.0 0.28 19.0 0.86 33.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.066 Orthorhombic crystals 298.3 368.0 0.69 76.0 0.0 0.15 300 368.47 5.67 19.00 11.0 0.0 0.47 18.61 83.91 81.0 0.0 0.98 34.0 0.1 to 1800 K.00 0. Ideal diatomic gas.24 32.62 133.0 0. P-l bar.56 89.70 31.0 0.36 K 0.0 0.0 0.86 44.43 43.0 0.55 19.0 0.00 19.0 0.10 51.29 76.82 71.54 32. 882.0 0.19 37.0 0.16 84.0 0.86 32.15 19.0 0.53 72.0 kJ'mol"1 298.19 53.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 32.39 24.82 43.01 38. monoclinic crystals 368.60 17.54 32.47 50.0 0.10 39.0 0.68 18.0 0.51 18.70 22.55 67.0 0.0 0.36 388.85 140.

65 36.0 35. 298.99 30.69 38.0 0. HJ98-H8 9.32 128. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.15 to 2500 K.80 237.53 286.66 25.0 0.31 19.0 0.01 37.0 0.70 254.67 240.0 0.96 245.66 0.80 256.82 -8.00 38.0 0.0 0.56 262.49 13.39 29.48 243.6 108.0 0.0 0.20 288.0 0.53 31.09 293.03 AfG° Log K£ 79.34 39.13 27.0 0.16 27.0 0.0 0.17 228.0 kJ-mol' 1 228.68 283.33 277.17 229. K' 1 298.98 28. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° 1~1.37 37.66 252.0 0.05 34.6 122.6 128.105 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES S2 (gas) S2 : Formula wt 64.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 32.H° kJ Molar Vol .0 0.75 274.7 118.27 -5.7 79.0 0.53 34.84 270.7 111.0 0.97 22. 97 J'bar'1 24789. 124 kJ K kJ 2478.81 258.74 248.18 250.132 Ideal diatomic gas.17 36.02 23.62 37.00 0.17 245.0 Boiling T Av*H° Aft.96 -13.02 26.72 29.6 10.0 0.37 237.0 0.0 0.3 114.50 266.09 -1.29 38. 7 cm3 11/18/92 .5 22.49 32.49 252.0 0.12 -3.0 0.70 17.0 0.20 8.0 0.34 K 0.62 280.4 49.0 0.47 231.0 0. P = 1 bar.0 0.10 257.98 35.8 0.17 228.4 -13.0 63.59 228.64 262.57 38.71 291.96 234.84 39.09 39.68 -0.72 260.

0 0.0 0.24 113. 5.00 0.8178 J-bar*1 18.0 0.0 0.0 0.55 38.25 25.11 61.39 75.0 0.40 115.67 106.0 0.88 63.93 57.18 35.0 0.04 58.0 0.92 30.38 45.52 45.0 0.83 36.20 0.77 68.24 16.0 0.0 0.38 31.0 0.874 kJ Molar Vol.16 6.0 0.75 Liquid 904 to 1800 K.38 31.525 K kJ 19.0 0.01 57.0 0.0 0.0 0.41 117.94 81.19 37.0 0.38 31.54 97.02 71.0 0.38 18.91 111.42 39.0 0.870 kJ 1.0 0.38 31.0 0.106 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ANTIMONY (REFERENCE STATE) Sb: Rhombohedral crystals 298.0 0.0 0.33 119.68 103.38 31.0 0.0 0.0 0. CP CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H298 >/T A £H° Melting T 25.0 Boiling T 1860 86.49 36.0 0.99 31.0 0.66 37.22 36.92 18.09 29.92 Log Kf 0.0 0.69 53.12 904 K 0.0 0.38 31.0 0.18 15. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.59 52.0 0.0 0.02 76.178 cm 6/10/92 .85 75.0 0.53 100.0 0.0 0.17 28.32 30.0 0.15 to melting point 904 K. 121.0 0.24 74.41 40.52 45.0 0.48 27.52 46.38 31.81 38.0 0.45 13.0 kJ-mol"" 1 J-mol"1 ^"1 298.0 0.40 108.14 83.0 0.43 50.0 0.21 71.0 0.52 48.86 68.38 31.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 904 904 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° 45.27 25.12 64.38 31.57 78.0 0.11 57.52 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.78 54.0 0.0 0.91 26.0 0.

0 0.0 0.96 Ideal FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.84 155. _^1 ~1 .34 27.0 0.0 0.22 90.0 0.30 35.0 0.«r~l 298.0 0.42 cm3 12/14/92 .95 35.0 0.97 68.45 22.17 63.27 42.27 42.84 58.0 0.82 0.0 0.0 0.37 98.69 57.83 71.29 33.0 0.28 81.44 27.52 19.0 0.14 67.51 62.44 147.03 54.21 101. 78.03 Log Kf kJ-mol' 1 T .0 0.0 0.0 0.30 84.85 34.0 0.04 20.78 60.78 19. diatomic gas 957 to 1800 K.81 73.38 74.15 300 400 494 494 500 600 700 800 900 957 957 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° 42.03 84.37 33.83 19.41 19.91 23.21 27.0 0.31 19.0 0.82 162.49 157.30 79.0 0.0 0.0 0.27 19.0 0. H298~H5 5.48 88.0 0.0 0.56 10.0 0.19 65.50 146.THERMODYNAMC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 107 Formula wt SELENIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Se: Crystals 298.52 kJ 1.21 156.0 0.0 0.27 43.00 0.39 153. CP Sf (Hf-H§ 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A £H° Melting T 25.0 0.27 60.0 0.67 104.06 26.62 19.32 49.57 K kJ 6.13 150. Liquid 494 to boiling point 957 K.0 0.68 85.92 28.0 0.0 0.93 34.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 45.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.28 56.70 158.642 J-bar'1 16.0 Boiling T 957 53.0 0.06 45.15 to melting point 494 K.07 26.0 0.27 45.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 80.0 0.43 90.0 0.15 6.48 75.19 62.0 0.06 94.0 0.0 0.0 0.83 55.0 0.29 149.0 0.0 0.06 25.85 494 K 0.51 67.06 25.0 0.15 42.94 20.0 0.54 33.72 53.16 kJ Molar Vol.42 49.73 19.0 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.63 21.47 28. H598-H8 K 3. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.71 15.0 0.13 36.73 A fG° Log Kf 0.58 37.86 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.57 47.81 18.0 0.086 Si: Cubic crystals 298.0 0.0 0.0 0.36 25.95 21.35 1685 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 to melting point 1685 K.85 43.40 40.0 0.0 0.04 33.08 24.81 18.21 27.33 24.2 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.40 8.0 0.00 0.85 52.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.38 32.12 5.98 39.81 19.43 20.15 50.56 44.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 24.0 0.36 13.40 56.056 cm3 6/19/92 .81 25.10 34.0 0.0 0.78 27.43 38.0 0.0 0.20 54.79 93.97 26.1 ~1 0. CO ST CP Melting T -(G|-H2 98 )/T A fH° 1.41 60.26 19.32 49.218 kJ 1.35 51.0 0.20 18.33 26.58 19.26 61.0 0.0 0.0 0.05 28.87 20.65 30.22 27.0 0.0 0.21 41.108 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SILICON (REFERENCE STATE) 28.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T A H« AtoH0 kJ 50.0 0.40 40.20 27.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1685 1685 1700 1800 i .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 .0 0.87 11.0 0.93 25.0 0.82 18.23 14.14 23.00 20.62 18.0 0.0 0.20 27.31 40.55 91.0 0.02 30.94 17.0 0.62 35.46 58.0 0.0 0.0 0. liquid 1685 to 1800 K.23 23. 20.2056 J'bar*1 12.06 22.<r - J-mol'^K" 1 - K 298.0 0.63 28.75 91.93 16.94 49.88 29.84 28.

70 51.10 107. 629 J-bar'1 16.20 27.18 51.67 105.25 28.00 102.96 27.0 0.88 26.15 300 400 500 505.50 27.109 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TIN (REFERENCE STATE) Sn: Crystals 298.35 109.0 Boiling T 2876 295.96 82.94 72.77 Afi.0 0.40 77.H° 7.80 75.04 28.15 28.44 27.16 29.0 0.50 59.39 113.0 0.0 kJ«mol""* J-mol'^K' 1 - 298.0 0.15 66.06 66.35 59.0 0.95 116.66 28.39 27.03 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 K.66 87.0 0.75 69.06 100.04 27.69 11.0 0.0 0.33 27.00 93.46 28.95 27.00 83.0 0.0 0.42 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.67 Log Kf 0.13 26.38 80.0 0.0 0.0 0. H2*98~H5 6.56 27.0 0.12 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.11 27.0 0.0 0.63 85. 118.0 0.34 88.0 0.323 kJ K kJ 1.0 0.1 K 0.89 85.62 90.710 Liquid 501 to 1800 K.01 27.0 0.50 54.18 51.13 11.40 66. 29 cm3 6/17/92 .0 0.0 0.0 0.90 31.0 0.0 0.0 0.18 52.59 505.0 0.85 27.17 7.13 28.0 0.92 0. ST fo 1ft (HT-H2 98 )/T -i(Gf-H298 )/T A £H° Melting T 27.0 0.04 63.77 79.1 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° 51.0 0.195 kJ Molar Vol. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.22 114.0 0.0 0.0 0.23 28.0 0.58 26.58 28.15 to melting point 505.0 0.27 54.0 0.27 27.76 97.34 28.0 0.0 0.0 0.61 27.0 0.98 28.37 54.44 111.00 0.0 0.1 505.0 0.

78 29.0 0. y-crystals (body-centere cubic) 820 to melting point 1050 K.0 0.0 0.0 0.46 39.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 820 820 900 1000 1050 1050 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1685.0 0.0 0. 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 30.0 0.0 Boiling T 1685 K 137.70 70.0 0.46 39.0 0.39 18.0 0.0 0.0 0.65 200.0 0.0 0.21 93.23 16.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.77 28.0 0.0 0.53 86.46 39.17 6.46 72.5 K.51 100.94 114.84 20.39 71.0 0.01 93.56 1 A £G° Log Kf 0.42 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.392 J-bar'1 33.71 32. Temp.12 29.0 0.0 0.110 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt STRONTIUM (REFERENCE STATE) 87.42 31.0 0.68 33.66 117.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 75.46 71.24 86.0 0.0 0.0 0.85 109. ideal monatomic gas.62 108.0 0.0 0.93 32.0 0.0 0.65 21.5 1700 1800 (HT-H2 98 )/T 26.0 0.86 63.83 202.90 80.46 39.81 92.79 61.23 82.0 0.46 39.0 0.62 Sr: a-crystals (face-centered cubic) 298.94 11.0 0.0 0.18 kJ 7.34 80.84 20.0 0.02 1050 K 0.75 39.0 1 0.75 58.49 65.03 88.87 31.0 0.02 84.46 39.20 119.0 0.5 to 1800 K.69 55.92 cm3 6/19/92 .11 31.82 75.13 30.59 30.0 0.0 0.23 32. liquid 1050 to boiling point 1685.05 29.46 39. P-l bar.28 66.42 105.43 84.0 0.01 111.0 0.0 0.0 0.81 27.0 0.0 0. 1685.0 0.26 200.5 1685.0 0.00 0.29 68.53 18.0 0.72 19.21 14.62 22.21 85.69 56.24 87.36 kJ 3.82 30.88 55.0 0.0 0. T- 55.01 86.44 77.0 0.79 26.17 70.46 20.0 0.69 55.46 1.12 63.41 113.82 66.0 0.0 0.02 114.0 0.74 20.58 102.15 29.45 30.15 to 820 K.0 0.0 0.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS <p 00 ST Melting T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol" 1 ^" 1 K 298.

74 27.57 58.66 18.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 723 723 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1261 1261 1300 Melting T 25.70 25.0 0.07 37.0 Boiling T 1261 K 50.15 to melting point 723 K.57 62.0 0.74 74.00 81.0 0.05 41.41 67.62 104.0 0.66 37.95 30.67 723 K 0.0 0.86 42.66 37.66 49.0 0. Liquid 723 to boiling point 1261 K.0 0.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TELLURIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Te: Crystals 298.0 0.121 kJ 2.75 52.0 0.30 40.83 11.03 119.0 0.0 0.048 J'bar'1 20.71 49.0 0.0 0.0 0.14 57.66 37. 111 127.15 32.83 40.0 0.60 75.0 0.30 17.43 100. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A £H° A£6° Log K£ 0.01 81.48 79.0 0.18 161.25 49.0 0.58 64. H2*98~H5 6.19 40.0 0.0 0.16 6.0 0.0 0.44 116.66 18.87 57.48 112.0 0.90 76.0 0.66 37.341 kJ 17.10 161.0 0.57 35.60 58.0 0.0 0.66 37.0 kJ-mol" 1 298.0 0.48 cm3 6/17/92 .600 Ideal FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.0 0.60 17.10 78.0 0.0 0.00 83.36 34.63 41.04 108.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.489 kJ Molar Vol.71 49.00 0.78 55.0 0.41 0.0 0.0 0.54 40.0 0.0 0.0 0.71 50.18 80.0 0.31 121.05 69.66 37.29 71. diatomic gas 1261 to 1800 K.27 14.0 0.

0 0.81 19.55 75.0 0.0 0.42 36.35 28.13 -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A£H° AfG° Log Kf 0.88 65.0 0.50 32.0 0.0 0.0 0.99 59.0 0.0 0.0 Boiling T K AV*H° AH. 232.79 J'bar'1 cm3 6/12/92 .0 0.71 30.0 0.0 0.60 31.84 16.0 0.0 0.29 34.83 29.99 26.83 52.92 71.67 22.69 63.0 0.79 10. 1650 to melting point 2023 K.0 0.0 0.038 p-crystals (body-centered cubic) FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.93 13.UIWA 298.0 0.73 77.21 107.0 0.0 0. CP ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T / .20 35.67 23.26 76.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1650 1650 1700 1800 Melting T 26.0 0.0 0.08 35.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.59 95.0 0.350 kJ 1 .97 75.99 69.09 27.0 0.87 54.979 19 .0 0.12 59.0 0.19 35.69 29.24 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.66 65.0 0.36 97.79 70.0 0.15 to 1650 K.51 102.0 0.52 89.27 109.73 78.0 0.77 38.H° Molar Vol.43 61.0 0.08 106.16 6.39 33.0 0.48 28.95 28.0 0.24 25.98 67.0 0.0 0.0 V Trmi-kl ""1 *x 51.91 104.21 51.0 0.58 80.44 25.83 51.65 92.0 0.88 37.50 83.0 0.05 17.77 73.00 0.23 0.59 24.36 2023 K 0.92 77.0 0.0 0.48 79.98 36.0 0.0 0.80 51.99 100.0 0. H298~H8 kJ kJ 6.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 112 THORIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Th: Formula wt a-crystals (face-centered cubic) 298.28 20.0 0.0 0.23 26.55 21.0 0.02 37.0 0.0 0.16 86.86 57.

0 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.10 26.0 0. 63 J'bar'1 cm3 6/17/9 .54 18.13 81.30 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.71 15.16 21.12 25.28 57.0 0.98 28.55 64. V~l 0.45 1939 K A fH° A fG° Log K£ 0.0 0.68 50.24 29.0 0.25 40.48 76.69 46.12 27.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1166 1166 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T T-___l 25.0 0.70 25.54 56.0 0.93 59.15 kJ Molar Vol.76 52.01 29.0 0.00 0.05 34.0 0.79 13.0 0. 47.30 83.94 47.06 73.0 0.52 27.0 0. 1166 to melting point 1939.0 0.0 0.88 p-crystals (body-centered cubic) FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.16 6.63 44.0 0.59 29.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TITANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Ti: 113 a-crystals (hexagonal close packed) 298.83 kJ kJ 1.02 61.00 70.0 0.22 29.0 0.0 0.0 0.62 10.67 54.52 32.76 30. CP K 298.76 30.0 0.66 47.76 27.0 0. HJ98-H5 4.18 31.45 87.96 38.84 68.86 79.0 0.92 20.0 0.87 17.93 30.15 to 1166 K.0 0.0 0.00 33.0 0.52 Boiling T K AV*H° Aft»H 0 14 .39 44.27 26.0 0.11 58.57 30.36 35.0 0.12 34.46 30.0 0.0 0.25 25.92 38. 063 10.48 42.94 48.0 0.80 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.82 27.76 31.40 85.02 32.77 33.0 0.43 26.0 0.64 74.33 22.0 0.0 0.74 30.51 49.72 35.0 0.70 54.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.

0 0.029 a-crystals (orthorhombic) 298.0 0.82 34.58 50.0 0.60 61.46 71.30 38.0 0.0 0.0 0.20 125.0 0.69 27.364 kJ 1 .86 42. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.30 47.0 0. ycrystals (body-centered cubic) 1049 to melting point 1408 K.62 75.60 1408 K Boiling T AV*H° Afl.10 82.65 31.17 7.47 55.65 45.0 0.99 88.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.20 50.91 48.64 95.31 53.45 41.87 34.0 0.40 38.00 66.69 29.0 0.30 38.0 0.84 41.0 0.15 to 942 K.0 0.40 42.0 0.98 58.15 33.15 23.76 112.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.37 58.50 cm3 6/11/92 .67 68.0 0.0 0.0 0.51 77.250 J-bar'1 12 .0 0.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 114 Formula wt URANIUM (REFERENCE STATE) U: 238.53 18.0 0.00 0.0 0.0 0.75 83.66 27.0 0.88 42.92 47.91 41.0 0.0 0.98 119.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 942 942 1000 1049 1049 1100 1200 1300 1400 1408 1408 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 27.05 69.17 122.0 0.0 0.00 65.0 0.20 51.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.25 63.0 0.0 0.74 47.0 0.0 0.71 103.0 0.92 112.41 0.69 92.0 0.0 0. 720 kJ Molar Vol.50 29.37 77.0 0. ^-crystals (tetragonal) 942 to 1049 K.68 37.60 65.66 24.36 48.24 34.0 0.14 80.0 C£ K 298.55 34.0 0.29 11.94 78.0 0.0 0.0 0.49 21.44 85.66 33.0 0.0 0.30 38.12 48.40 42.0 0.H 0 kJ 8.0 0.17 97. ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° AfG° Log Kf 50.20 101.0 0.0 0. H298"H8 K 6.0 0.0 0.30 38.99 0.95 34.0 0.30 38.64 28.03 41.23 42.88 65. Liquid 1408 to 1800 K.05 68.0 0.22 130.0 0.40 87.86 109.65 72.20 50.54 89.0 0.14 78.99 15.30 128.52 106.0 0.

99 18.60 29. CP ST (HT-H^99)/T -(GT-H2 9 g)/T A fH° Melting T 24.64 51.0 0.0 0.42 58.0 0.0 0.0 K kJ 20.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° 4.96 64.51 42.0 0.42 27.15 to 2175 K.89 28.30 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.83 34.06 38.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt VANADIUM (REFERENCE STATE) V: 115 50.33 15.0 0.81 54.0 0.0 0.97 28.83 33.0 0.31 79.15 6.20 25.0 0.52 81.0 0.0 0.50 44.0 0.65 55.0 0.38 22.38 16.83 61. H298~H5 Log K£ kJ-mol" 1 K 298.0 0.35 cm3 4/30/92 .0 0.0 0.0 0.46 20.19 72.0 0.86 34.0 0.31 30.0 0.0 0.50 25.22 23.94 28.03 77.26 52.0 0.57 13.78 0.97 49.0 0.0 0.05 36.64 kJ 0.0 0.19 28.90 24.0 0.49 42.0 0.22 47.0 0.40 46.0 0.01 23.47 21.94 26.95 37.00 0.66 75.0 0.10 30. 928 kJ Molar Vol.0 0.67 2175 K 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.88 35.94 29.55 10.0 0.26 38.87 32.94 31.0 0.0 Boiling T A^o Afi»H0 0.87 67.77 24. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.43 47.38 51.0 0.09 36.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 40.942 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.94 29.835 J-bar'1 8.96 31.32 19.91 27.60 70.32 55.0 0.

979 kJ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.69 27.545 cm3 4/30/92 .0 0.03 27.11 19.0 0.84 20.26 19.90 25.65 32.0 0.80 39.65 33.15 to 2500 K.0 0.0 0.54 22.92 26.91 63.00 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.29 48.14 53.0 0.66 14.65 30.49 50.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 24.0 0.13 30.0 0.85 Body-centered cubic crystals 298.97 32.0 0.0 0.116 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TUNGSTEN (REFERENCE STATE) W: 183.20 75.0 0.39 68.77 66.64 45.0 0.0 0.0 0.59 22.65 32.0 0.98 50.74 60.61 35.67 43.0 0.0 0.45 25.18 54.27 18.79 29.82 71.0 0.0 0.33 26.0 0.36 27.45 37.40 28.0 0.T--.37 57.0 0.0 0.20 57.60 52.15 6.64 3680 K 0.20 29.0 0.0 Boiling T K kJ 35.06 21.0 0.0 0. /r10 ( V»m Ufi tlOQO \/ //T ! A fH° 1.0 0.61 55.0 0.10 78. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 0.52 39.9545 J-bar'1 9.34 24.0 0.07 17.0 0. cp O Sm /IT°_H9 1 tlm IlOQO \) //T J.02 56.67 A £G° Log K£ 0.397 kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 4.27 10.-1 298.05 12.48 21.20 77.0 0.08 22.0 0.08 73.0 0.0 0.58 16.62 41.69 28.0 0.0 0.51 47.0 0.0 0.91 80.65 32.0 0.0 0.04 28.0 0.88 45.33 24.

79 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.50 189.2 115.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. CP eo ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H| 98 )/T A fH° A £G° Log K£ 41.0 0.0 0.0 0.84 191.0 0.38 31.0 0.64 44.0 0.23 55.79 189.0 0.40 79.19 26.0 K 298.2 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 25.36 27.46 63.59 98.79 20.7 to boiling point 1180.81 31.2 to 2000 K.41 26.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ZINC (REFERENCE STATE) Zn: 117 65.0 0.33 126.41 93.51 193.0 0.2 K.07 75.27 0.0 0.0 0.89 97. Liquid 692.62 26.57 29.23 108.39 28.85 89.7 700 800 900 1000 1100 1180.11 28.38 31.38 31.29 116.79 20.0 0.16 52.0 0.0 0.0 0. H298"H5 5.0 0.32 kJ Molar Vol.16 6.88 48.29 86.38 31.82 197.38 31.162 cm3 4/30/d: .0 0.0 0.0 0.57 46.7 692. Ideal monatomic gas 1180.48 195.39 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.79 20.39 25.08 198.79 49.0 0.64 13.89 27.0 0.0 0.390 Hexagonal close-packed crystals 298.41 103.78 48.0 0.9162 J'bar'1 9.31 64.0 0.0 0.81 61.0 0.38 20.51 103.63 42.24 26.05 194.2 1180.30 K kJ 7.0 0.38 31.0 0.0 0.55 75.0 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.70 55.63 41.648 kJ 0.58 91.0 0.90 58.48 0.15 to melting point 692.79 20.0 0.50 75.0 0.79 20.0 0.7 K.22 60.88 49.54 90.79 Boiling T Melting T 1080.0 0.0 0.79 41.0 0.63 41.0 0.79 20.33 109.0 0.18 83.0 0.04 124.59 10.46 65.0 0.0 0.53 15.59 83.0 0.15 300 400 500 600 692.0 0.0 0.0 0.47 63.0 0.0 0.0 0.59 89.78 28.0 0.00 0.

0 0.93 30.0 0.35 29.91 74.0 0.33 28.0 0.15 48.0 0.26 16.0 Boiling T K A^H° Aft.62 31.39 93.0 0.0 0.92 54.16 66.93 75.0 0.0 0.0 0.51 28.0 0.0 0.20 25.0 0.92 63.0 0.0 0.30 58.31 38.0 0.58 65.29 54.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 118 Formula wt ZIRCONIUM (REFERENCE STATE) Zr: a-crystals (hexagonal close packed) 298.0 0.07 25. 4016 14.0 0.23 26.37 54.0 0.99 28.41 32.0 0.67 0.79 43.0 0.55 10.224 0-crystals (body-centered FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. 91.96 30.03 46.69 71.0 0.93 26.51 87.0 0.0 0.06 83.56 89.22 68.0 0.04 26. cubic) 1135 to melting point 2125 K.16 27. °P ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T Melting T Log Kf kJ-mol' 1 K 298.51 91.94 79.65 21.0 0.0 0.0 0.87 39.56 24.0 0.31 19.38 52.92 56.0 0.0 0.0 0.H0 kJ Molar Vol H298-H6 kJ 5.21 2125 K 0.54 38.0 0.88 29. 016 J-bar'1 cm3 11/30/92 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.16 6.0 0.0 0.04 31.29 60.0 0.0 0.87 38.36 85.87 39.48 81.87 41.35 25.497 kJ 1.96 46.0 0.74 28.21 15.17 61.49 13.30 50.0 0.0 0.02 24.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1135 1135 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A£6° AfH° 25.23 26.00 0.54 20.91 18.0 0.18 32.52 27.0 0.28 57.0 0.42 52.0 0.0 0.0 0.64 25.15 to 1135 K.33 32.76 25.0 0.42 65.0 0.16 61.

61 51.75 201.8 -74.95 234.53 230.8 19.88 8.80 34.13 -0.12 -2.70 35. 298.48 197.52 16.7 52.119 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES i Formula wt METHANE CH4 : 16 .43 261.7 -91.62 -2.33 90.03 197.18 AfG° Log Kf -50.16 A fH° J-mol"1 ^" 1 - K 298.43 209.79 215.22 21.29 232. H298-H6 kJ kJ 10 .98 54.77 224.00 -3.11 267.8 -12.41 1.91 46.64 279.0 8.07 49.22 206.03 -1. P .9 -92.2 -88.4 -92.22 9.27 213.36 83.7 30.02 227.5 -92.0 -80.1 bar.00 0.26 78.8 Boiling T K A^o Afi»H° Molar Vol.4 -87.82 -3.78 220.5 -2.67 75.93 0.51 273.26 186.95 86.7 cm3 2/25/94 .025 kJ 2478 .9 -93.8 -83.7 -22.58 205.33 47.48 81.30 237.08 247.51 285.82 -2.51 -1.76 K 0.70 190.97 J-bar'1 24789 .48 3.45 -1.65 38.14 290.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <H*-HJ98 )/T kJ-mol' 1 186.8 -90.9 -78.65 71.25 58.57 194.72 39.4 97.26 88.56 295.7 41.44 224.38 240.6 108.2 86.0 -50.043 Ideal gas. sT CP QO Melting T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 35.7 8.7 -92.19 56.21 52.0 75.6 -89.16 41.74 26.14 67.42 254.37 44.0 -32.54 30.80 5.57 -74.08 63.0 -92.17 91.80 186.6 -42.42 58.98 0.05 216.3 -85.39 -2.15 to 1800 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.26 187.9 64.26 186.

77 117. CP CO ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H£ 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf J-mol" 1 ^' 1 - 298.13 0.19 71.15 to 1800 K.7 19.9 24.64 24.60 129.40 108.06 0.41 92.82 300.34 56.75 316.43 45.1 1.77 81.85 104.98 98.9 27.5 -2.82 204.6 21.52 265.11 274.32 118.35 128.9 8.40 105.07 117.4 6.3 -3.H0 -3.82 116.95 215.45 -3.09 137.2 Boiling T AVIPHO Aft.6 4.69 90.34 197.04 254.552 Orthorhombic crystals 298.40 183.2 29.0 -3.04 111.24 -0.83 144.59 230.21 162.29 -1.22 201.6 8.7 -1.42 184.16 292.01 216.41 135.6 -4.43 -2.1 7.08 122.01 209.71 162.92 177.02 0. 323 J-bar'1 23.13 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.2 -4.60 87.4 -0. 23 cm3 01/06/93 .82 95.99 308.84 126.56 -1.02 84.10 0.58 119.0 27.00 0.0 13.6 29.10 -0.9 0.97 153. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.06 112.03 169.5 kJ 2.57 114.31 113.10 127.80 100.0 12.07 126.12 0.83 121.8 8.03 0.43 -0.08 0.81 65.7 17.2 28.14 K 0.06 -0.5 2.68 28.49 243.3 6.70 -0.95 284.34 123.7 0. H298"H5 19.00 96.40 104.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 111.55 191.49 104.6 15.2 9.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 120 Formula wt COHENITE Fe3C: 179.59 124.9 25.63 76.

34 54.94 64.73 279.4 -55.7 85.42 70.0 -55.78 -0.9 -56.5 .8 15.22 9.6 -53.L Boiling T A^o Afo.00 69.04 220.03 -2.24 -3.38 46.2 109.15 to 1800 K.45 68.9 73.78 234.72 38.20 197.28 24.03 231. 1~1«K""1 0.3 61.96 257.60 220.50 -3.21 -4.4 97.53 -2.53 A fH° -45.33 -4.3 156.82 0.00 0.1 -49.8 -55.99 45.7 on3 11/18/92 .03 56. 045 kJ 2478 . 298.52 58.9 27.70 207.13 210.43 15.9 -48.60 20.07 -4.44 51.4 -52.81 234.97 J-bar*1 24789 .17 223.87 271.37 43.9 -55.15 A£6° Log Kf -16.90 283.31 30.9 -51.68 35.H ° kJ kJ Molar Vol.52 237.63 212. cj ST <HT-H$98 )/T J» 298.59 41.82 217.0 -56.56 227.82 60. H298~H5 K 10.71 192.18 262.92 45.96 62.1 2.031 Ideal gas.28 203.4 -55.90 K -< 0*-H598 >/T ]_.13 266.9 4.5 144.39 275.50 -1.7 50.87 2.51 213.92 37.2 38.91 -4.44 240. P » 1 bar.32 48.43 -4.65 34. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.75 192.47 251.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt AMMONIA NH3 : 121 17.13 32.77 66.08 27.16 229.38 -2.77 192.71 42.93 40.65 246.92 -3.99 203.4 -16.0 120.77 192.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 35.-.2 -5.72 -3.9 -45.8 132.01 38.77 194.01 200.6 -54.21 226.0 -55.7 -55.

05 244.132 kJ 3.28 Melting T 0.78 41. y phase 865 to 1000 K.89 143.03 84.3 to 865 K.71 160.17 2.3 -53.47 87.75 234.0 -34.38 80.67 53.69 80.67 4. eo ST CP <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H298 )/T J-mol"1 ^"1 - 298.92 5.0 -54.0 -30.19 cm3 9/30/92 .7 -39.84 253.08 48.89 145.53 63.79 209.00 0.802 Ag2S: Monoclinic crystals 298. H298~H8 17.31 189.0 -32. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.35 165.59 222.1 -83.69 A fH° kJ mol" 1 142.67 193.7 -31.2 -44.92 168.75 3.14 3.89 152.90 -32.38 A fG° Log Kf -39.46 3.84 176.26 86.7 -47.3 -84.15 to 451.122 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ACANTHITE (ARGENTITE) 247. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.5 -50.5 6.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 75.57 142.39 80.80 84.75 61.7 -42. cubic crystals (argentite) 451.91 57.52 4.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.31 75.7 -51.3 K.30 183.89 142.419 J-bar'1 34.46 19.0 -31.95 6.5 -30.

12 71.H' 6.02 47.3 Boiling T K kJ Aft.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt REALGAR AsS: 123 106.00 73.«r 1 0.6 -28.46 45.988 Monoclinic crystals 298.08 49.88 110.80 77.9 -33.15 to melting point 580 K.54 85.18 67.3 5.57 A fG° A fH° 63.8 -26.90 580 K _1 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T Log Kf -29.9 -26.32 51.00 130.97 1.72 kJ-mol" 1 1 .33 -30.68 88.48 77.51 79.668 kJ Molar Vol.980 J-bar'1 29. CP ST K 298.33 1.39 69.50 63.84 41.29 19. kJ 2.9 -30.6 -29.35 121. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.6 -29.80 cm3 9/30/92 . Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.7 -27.2 -34.7 -26.00 0.1 -27.29 12.19 5.51 65.80 2.16 3.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T <Hf-H2 98 )/T *r - 47.88 36.50 63.4 -26.50 63. liquid 580 to 800 K.92 2.

5 -136.37 54.8 -142.93 114.29 12. cp cO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 -*"1 - 298.3 -163.70 7.11 139.18 72.2 -217.97 97. T 72.41 38.5 -102.2 -128.36 49.60 106.993 J-bar'1 29.55 53.45 6.06 93.92 12.47 86.1 -216.19 4.6 -152.35 19.42 97.40 36.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 124 Formula wt GREENOCKITE CdS: Cubic crystals 298.37 134.12 28.03 128.44 18.22 8.25 -149.70 101.07 77.96 122.30 47.23 10.13 A fG° Log Kf -146.68 52.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 47.9 -133.38 Melting T 0.9 25.16 54.8 -140.7 -161.93 cm3 9/30/92 .89 A fH° 1.4 -118.81 85.1 -146.98 31.90 25.70 51.2 -162.93 55.18 72.46 50.0 -153.1 -144. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.00 0.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 8.99 90.6 -149.98 34.69 81.67 72.477 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.15 to 1100 K. 144.5 -314.18 74.818 kJ 2.60 25.91 14.

67 14.38 95.63 82.27 6.82 127.552 J-bar'1 25.8 -267.86 50.72 K 0.79 8.14 162.63 A fG° Log Kf -145.46 152.76 112.26 18. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.38 85.8 -163.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CATTIERITE 0082: Cubic crystals 298.16 92.9 -150.301 kJ 2.5 -135.26 68.5 -131.7 -120.42 25.60 101.80 9.57 11.28 78.9 -155.5 -161. CO ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^""1 298.5 25. 125 123.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 68.22 95.1 -269.97 5.5 -160.18 95.96 89.70 58.7 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 12.0 -139.80 77.19 54.0 -103.41 A fH° kJ mol' 1 74.2 -126.39 74.87 38.065 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.85 89.5 -158.52 cm3 9/30/9! .80 74.95 108.13 114.1 -143.20 29.80 75.31 44.00 0.15 to 1000 K.50 140.83 172.55 74.56 82.10 -150.42 18.1 -145.

6 -56.29 12.72 3.45 kJ 2.47 20.14 33.23 5.98 3.00 0.9 -54. 9.94 59.2 -53.64 119.38 7801 K 0.40 69.98 77. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.62 A fG° Log Kf -55.4 9.3 -55.82 56.77 93.1 -59.40 67.77 -54.24 103 .62 54.51 85.0 -59. 95.19 81.42 A £H° kJ 67.27 25.40 67. 03 111.62 7.612 Hexagonal crystals 298.3 -52.74 4.3 -55.4 -54.5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.69 81.6 -54.68 9.042 J-bar'1 20.53 47.84 30.15 to 800 K.30 72.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 47.03 67. CP CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T J-aiol"1 -*'1 - 298.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 126 Formula wt COVELLITE CuS.29 52.8 -58.42 cm3 9/30/92 .59 50.4 -59.

95 264.47 31.02 116.63 175.04 67.09 181.2 -91.1 -80.2 -89.31 92.06 62.5 -79.5 -104.02 68.76 82.15 116.20 116.5 -78.6 mol" 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 15.51 137.07 172.56 58. cubic crystals 710 to melting point 1403 K.9 -81.84 77.1 -130.94 226.42 7.1 -131.20 116.66 235.30 4.65 243.24 192.5 -101.71 3.01 98.9 -96.43 6.08 A £G° Log Kf -89.85 65.17 257.33 A £H° -83.03 71.53 11.15 to 376 K.02 85.5 -132.68 70.02 85.79 82.67 151.7 -155.7 -92.17 3.93 128.6 -95.81 8.62 15.7 -128.02 85.77 251.00 0.3 -93.33 52.14 186.80 kJ 2.48 cm3 9/30/92 .748 J-bar^ 27.71 72.97 216.06 5. hexagonal crystals 376 to 710 K.158 Orthorhombic crystals 298.23 1403 K -<GT-H2 98 )/T UT "K 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.62 168.37 145.50 85.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHALCOCITE 159 .20 119.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 76.68 4.7 -99.84 189.92 9. cp ST (H*-HJ98 .93 203.5 -98.02 85.5 -102.69 6.30 89.91 154.83 95.2 -89./T J»mol 298.14 44.9 -79.9 -83. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.3 -129.09 161.2 15.

49 172.90 125.15 114.90 124. cp CO ST flO <H*-HS98 .74 9.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 128 Formula wt CHALCOPYRITE CuFeS2 : 183.48 101.392 J'bar"1 43.8 -298.8 -192.70 285.58 193.34 kJ 4.22 183.0 -290.29 10.24 71.525 Tetragonal crystals 298.0 -173.1 -195.2 -204.72 14.53 123. Above 820 K.84 136.45 53.3 -279.18 33.19 12.59 91.92 cm3 9/30/92 .44 316.2 -285.00 0.55 A £H° 1.75 172.41 163.9 -194.5 -203.15 to 820 K.90 128.01 179.49 124.56 203.15 42.0 -161.34 217.1 -188. tetragonal crystals 820 to 930 K.02 199./T -<GT-H2 98 )/T K 298.00 301.57 145.0 -203.0 -201.49 155. cubic crystals 930 to 1200 K.83 203. T 95.24 106.04 7.40 173.26 109.6 34.97 25.42 107.1 -195.88 113.97 63. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T A fG° Log Kf -195.64 234.8 Boiling T K kJ Aft.24 16.2 -185. the phase is called ISS (intermediate solid solution).38 154.0 -193. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.27 124.1 -190.86 136.80 96.47 20.9 -199.67 6.H 0 kJ Molar Vol. H298~H8 18.5 -150.59 26.99 264.45 K 0.18 -194.49 172.

5 -434.1 69.15 to 470 K. ST CP (H*-H298 .12 -<GT-H2 98 )/T A £G° Log Kf -394.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BORNITE Cu5FeS4 : 129 501.6 -379.50 408.8 -402.7 -394.11 25.13 598.5 -556.20 260.00 577.27 Melting T 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 242.00 472.6 -371.89 227.9 -414.19 215. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.75 52.50 398.98 A £H° kJ-mol~ -1 398. cubic crystals 470 to 535 K.29 814.01 531.15 -371.21 21.90 340.20 747.00 1.09 121.30 332.63 665.3 -370.3 -407.00 348.17 507.40 549.2 -365.53 782.6 -430.9 -376.19 454.31 428.841 Orthorhombic crystals 298.33 184.1 -569.50 400.21 246.873 J-bar4 98.50 325.89 323.7 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H6 53.1 -404.62 36.12 31.50 64.22 161.73 202.3 -390.4 -419.90 243. cubic crystals 535 to 1200 K.60 369.30 481.20 16.9 -422.20 327.15 68.41 615.53 28./T --I 298.011 kJ 9.5 -563.64 555. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.45 327.73 cm3 9/30/92 .90 709.30 398.34 844.89 19.6 -368.8 -576.29 237.54 42.

5 -156.4 -70. liquid 1468 to 1800 K.65 111.86 I 1 J-mol'^K' 1 - 298.20 74. 34 kJ Molar Vol.46 10.36 2.29 41.351 kJ K kJ 1. 820 J-bar'1 18.00 0.06 1.49 50.36 -102.3 -83.4 -99.32 168.94 6. 9 .8 -119.15 5.913 Hexagonal crystals (NiAs structure) 298.1 -64.1 -100.5 -155.89 3.99 71.10 93.30 60.49 49.0 -100.5 -106.00 62.99 64.5 -105.52 50. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T Melting T 50.09 88.10 7.94 74.3 -119.17 163.56 2.0 -103.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 60.13 71.46 82.65 60.32 134.27 48.57 75.87 6. 20 cm3 2/17/93 .64 103.3 -156.57 129.9 -102.15 to a complex transition at 411 K and a Neel temperature at 590 K.56 52.13 57.6 -95.82 158.92 13.83 9.1 -99.9 -103.6 -104.72 74.62 76.31 62.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 130 Formula wt TROILITE FeS: 87.92 2.82 207.29 2.2 -73.73 58.95 199.6 -102.3 -106.13 152.86 147. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.51 3.64 70.88 1468 K 0.25 4.30 60.7 -120.62 119.6 -155.59 98.51 203.44 34. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.52 Log Kf -102.86 116.13 71.8 -157.87 102.0 18.31 14.0 -89.52 51.03 17.64 62.33 58.98 126.02 72.99 63.2 -67.76 115.06 67.00 140. paramagnetic 590 to melting point at 1468 K.3 -121.0 Boiling T AV*H° Aft»H° H2*98~H6 32.1 -154.6 -104.30 107.52 44.7 -78.75 124.5 -98.60 75.23 45.13 60.10 133.90 47.22 194.43 68.13 71.

9 Boiling T Av^H0 K kJ kJ Molar H298"H8 9.24 63.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 49.5 -97.04 77.78 4.01 56.6 -151.749 J'bar'1 17.33 17.76 32.4 -99.51 114.38 60.90 A fH° mol"" 1 -97.70 60.98 10.6 -151. c° CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T UT J-mol^-K" 1 298.70 76. hexagonal crystals (Ni-As-type) 590 to 1000 K.53 22.15 to combined structural and magnetic transition at 590 K.17 43.6 -93.39 8.19 58.0 -100.22 91.7 -97.36 87.71 60.69 7.39 135.46 Melting T 0.56 67.47 37.8 -100.75 A£G° Log Kf -98.49 cm3 1/13/93 .00 0.4 -99.30 57.31 13.39 62. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.57 104.28 89.8 -99.55 5.5 -99.64 129.81 72.46 6.88 50.5 -97.3 -99.28 42. 1.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PYRRHOTITE Fe .70 60.21 12.53 122.2 -97. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.75 66.932 Monoclinic crystals 298.35 65.21 kJ Vol.8 17.37 40.875S: 131 80.42 57.16 82.9 -98.0 -99.

70 12.93 75.39 69.15 71.54 10.64 35.0 -137.10 101.05 27.88 27.3 -144.3 -130.6 -101.7 -180.9 -150.90 52.38 16.21 132.1 -160.2 -296.57 83.90 55.6 -176.15 to 1000 K.1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 9.3 -185. -188.10 80.29 1015i K -171. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 132 Formula wt PYRITE FeS2 : Cubic crystals 298.2 -120. 119.979 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.45 60.8 -297.20 40.1 28.94 cm3 9/30/92 .94 123.394 J-bar'1 23.45 66.75 A fH° A fG° Log Kf -160.90 78.00 5.39 112.34 88.20 72.55 141.00 0.38 49.15 52.40 88.95 73.24 8.18 0.90 53.07 77.9 .4 -183.83 83. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 52.5 -171.87 45.29 72.43 52.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 62.50 7.63 kJ 2.17 62.87 20.36 15.28 K 298.1 -155.

133 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MARCASITE PeS2 : Orthorhombic crystals 298. sulfur.43 62.21 73.75 27.13 102.8 -142.54 12.74 kJ 2.979 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.58 cm3 3/6/92^ .3 -148.0 27.86 27.15 15.00 0.00 53.3 -181.17 72.59 77.11 -169.39 16.14 A £H° kJ mol"1 53.5 -174.5 -169.20 0. °p CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol^-K"1 - 298.6 -136.4 -158.90 53.45 61.7 -178.7 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 9.53 114.68 35.90 56.2 -183.56 20. 119.45 67.3 -154.31 89.15 to 700 K.32 41.44 74.29 73.10 A fG° Log Kf -158.90 54.41 10.458 J-bar 1 24.15 300 400 500 600 700 62.60 69.

67 31. 34.78 247.05 261.3 -42.58 44.96 36.35 18.35 53.5 -6.92 281.40 23.91 A fG° Log Kf -33.21 242.5 -40.7 -27.99 29.55 33.21 265.62 51.37 275.01 224.18 32.082 Reference state for sulfur La orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.15 1. CP CO ST /tlO__UQ V /fit ^ *lm tin QQ / / A -(G*-H298 )/T J-mol'^-K' 1 - 298.80 207.74 215.63 227.94 26.31 21.15 to 1800 K.4 -33.41 49.9 -89. 1 bar.80 205.58 50.22 39.4 -90.70 3.86 5.134 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HYDROGEN SULFIDE H2 S: Ideal gas at p sulfur. 298.84 272.31 2.99 2.06 -20.3 -26.81 218.04 237.02 37.5 -37.8 -46.41 239.4 -11.80 34.55 52.85 14.70 241.7 kJ Av*H° kJ Molar Vol.6 -90.05 A fH° kJ-mol" 1 205.05 40.72 1.05 237.85 42.6 -32.84 4.6 -24.36 1.67 2.91 244.57 0.89 252.0 -41.5 -44.21 8.7 -90.72 47.6 5.4 -16.20 34.96 kJ 2478 .21 3.38 230.37 0.8 -90.7 -90.83 221.97 J«bar'! cm3 24789 .6 -20.13 268.9 -34.00 37.20 0.3 -45.04 53.8 -90.11 231.3 -21.01 216.5 -1.1 -36.60 205.63 257.76 212.48 37.72 278.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T A^0 34.96 K 0.21 35.03 232.7 9/30/92 .80 0.2 -31.80 206.06 0.1 -90.8 -90.9 -30.21 45.58 235. H298-H& K Boiling T 9.89 4.11 27.15 209.78 224.8 -90.13 48.00 0.

86 20.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A £H° 80.77 23.43 46.30 16.40 45.30 43.10 19.6 -221.51 80.0 -159.15 to 1800 K.22 9.4 Boiling T Av*H° Aft»H° kJ Molar Vol.73 55.83 53.9 -279.4 38.24 170.13 106.43 131.94 41.87 177.30 80.004 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.61 95.09 28.53 158.9 -214.74 153.0 -222.32 38.5 -188.36 44.10 52.56 39.62 25.8 -220.1 -279.98 38.82 11.2 -296.60 59.7 -167.2 -221.84 54.85 143.27 86.79 7.57 110.55 53.25 53.40 131.9 -219.62 1 J-mol'^K""1 - 298.93 29. °P Sf (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T Melting T 49.93 122.14 52.59 98. 87.1 -220.48 Log Kf -218.3 -297.34 5.05 6.04 65.9 -195.53 137.50 12.7 -222.70 5.44 56.21 54.91 63.85 7.59 116.54 K 0. H598-H8 kJ K kJ 2. 46 cm3 9/30/92 .9 -297.11 173.17 113.7 -208.30 82.2 -217.3 -221.55 148.00 162.3 -281.06 -213.31 12.10 60.22 166.76 35.30 80.7 -218.9 -182.7 -278.98 49. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.78 102.3 -220.71 128.83 119.89 8.13 4.2 -174.04 90.39 57.81 32.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES ALABANDITE MnS: 135 Formula wt Cubic crystals 298.17 42.9 -276.7 -284.99 51.08 36.56 14.29 94.3 -278.22 124.3 -201.88 125.00 0.65 116.9 -213. 146 J'bar'1 21.77 106.9 -216.

CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T -1-1 298.2 -393.7 -249.12 78.7 -284.15 to 1200 K.24 103.17 7.202 J'bar'1 32.65 79.99 82.63 68.10 48.86 81.71 18.07 A £6° Log Kf -262.04 62.50 35. 5 -211.77 75.60 62.2 -175.40 132. 160.14 Melting T 0.69 45.35 76.28 108.8 -271.52 13.82 kJ 3.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 63.00 56.03 9.7 -229.3 46.5 -254.32 11.60 65.61 149.54 141.7 -259.63 A fH° -271. sulfur.28 164.65 51.58 73.54 77.75 33.072 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -391.4 -243.45 71.3 -390.00 0.8 -280.39 16.65 110.6 -286.60 62.96 98.01 97.07 1_ T 62.7 -392.44 92.90 122.14 75.51 63.81 157.8 -276.88 26.04 45.85 27. H298~H8 8.8 -262.7 -237.04 40.44 78.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 136 Formula wt MOLYBDENITE t Hexagonal crystals 298.16 70.18 15.02 cm3 9/30/92 .3 -193.1 mol'1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.2 -282.56 54.70 87.61 21.

22 34.27 6.18 41.61 77.6 -145.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MILLERITE NiS: 137 90.81 58.65 68.6 -83.9 -114. CP ST (H*-H298 >/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T AfH° 1.82 67. T 298.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 Melting T 47.10 5.3 -85.62 62.04 102.00 0.42 26. H§98~H8 8.3 -87. hexagonal crystals 623 to melting point 1066 K.38 11.13 52.2 -62.55 20.6 -147.05 43.0 -69.68 110.3 -77.36 79.27 59.97 52.4 -94. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.45 62.73 52.1 -96.79 118.68 56.3 -88.24 50.55 65.756 Rhombohedral crystals 298.97 53.32 81.4 -95.85 A£6° Log Kf -88. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.94 7.5 15.11 47.76 86.4 -94.26 67.29 12.47 kJ 1.97 mol"1 -91.77 72.7 Boiling K kJ kJ Molar Vol.91 38.689 J-bar'1 16.40 8.47 3.68 72.44 159.74 71.97 54.15 to 623 K.7 -80.0 -93.0 -91.6 -81.79 53.89 cm3 9/30/92 .24 4.04 89.61 2.58 1066 K 0.37 125.47 15.

3 -168.17 259.12 224.93 169.8 -230.39 189. cp ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T _ 298.47 A fG° Log Kf -210.24 118.50 kJ 4.52 375.29 77. 12 189.138 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HEAZLEWOODITE 240.2 -210.98 147.05 141. liquid 1064 to 1400 K.15 191.202 Ni3S2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.84 428.14 355.26 8.7 -161.7 -227.95 159.57 183.51 86. H2*98~H8 21.01 7.1 -207.15 to 834 K.85 273. 095 J'bar'1 40.9 36.5 -278.1 -230.20 196.52 411.35 158.54 51.72 267.59 148.7 -194.**' 19 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.56 183..11 229.01 136.12 133.11 183.79 66.12 169.59 27.1 -148.34 158. cubic crystals 834 K to incongruent melting point 1064 K.00 0.1 -187. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.73 31.9 -233.4 -272.45 129.20 133.56 A £H° -216.97 133.81 189.14 21.23 5.53 12.-1 _-l 0.86 9.66 kJ Molar Vol.32 17.3 -221.03 6.42 246.48 10.8 -247.9 -242.7 -237.1 Boiling T K kJ A*.22 180. 95 cm3 9/30/92 .14 213.8 -204.12 189 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 118.82 36.28 245.28 443.8 -191.1 -177.20 133.20 137.38 162.3 .38 14.7 -155.42 457.41 182.1 -199.12 189.44 1064 K -<Gf-H2 98 )/T k_ .3 -224.3 -216.52 199.

9 -93.84 0.49 49.51 kJ 3.70 91.3 -90.05 110.26 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.3 -100.00 0.63 36.81 20.3 16.149 J'bar'f 31.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt GALENA PbS: Cubic crystals 298.0 -109. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 1400 K A fG° Log Kf -96. 1 -103.8 -88.14 30.44 56.49 cm* 9/30/9: .55 9.80 54. CP CO ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.36 91.30 33.1 -94.6 -102 .15 to 900 K.72 59. H298~H8 11.1 -84.84 136. 134 239.77 5.95 150.48 118.07 127.75 4.65 26.3 -109.5 -162. T 91.12 6.85 12.70 92.91 8.8 -96.45 -98.52 51.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 49.08 57.9 Boiling T K kJ H (fusion) kJ Molar Vol.01 106.8 -96.36 143.66 97.16 52.70 106.95 16.70 93.90 1.3 -98.42 101.31 12.32 114.

09 19.38 126.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 140 Formula wt STIBNITE Sb2S3 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.48 322.00 186. CP 0O ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K"1 298.4 -158.4 -151.28 12.70 245.1 -162.45 -151.53 226.33 A fH° kJ mol"1 182.15 to 900 K. 339.341 J-bar' 73.1 -126.6 -170.0 -168.46 128.00 182.00 0.51 133.7 -166.8 -149.17 829 K 0.78 85.81 123.58 268.8 -332.0 -146.92 132.41 cm3 10/1/92 .6 -134.698 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 30.2 26. H298~H8 kJ 7.70 236.75 119.76 7.74 195.2 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.74 217.89 306.46 15.80 182. sulfur.8 -149.96 49.7 -138.42 10.25 26.34 8.3 -142.36 79.86 288.82 206.94 130.00 182.72 A £6° Log Kf -149.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 119.76 62.10 216.76 72.

70 2.11 4.71 137.3 -96.64 70.9 18.901 J'bar'1 29 .30 91. 01 cm3 10/1/92 .59 kJ Molar Vol.66 103.7 -136.96 30.6 -119.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt HERZENBERGITE SnS: 141 150.25 A £H° V TfmrO ""1 77.0 -119.15 to 875 K.32 148.73 107.00 0.9 -102.5 -108.00 77.93 -106.22 13.32 50.61 77.12 37.04 57.5 -171.1 -78.52 25.5 -99.05 5.40 63.776 Orthorhombic crystals 298.0 -92.07 60.25 49.3 -133.32 69.11 75. Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.8 -170. CP ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T 1-1--1 298.87 52.30 12.70 8.00 78. H298~H8 kJ 2 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 49.9 -110.02 54.81 20.5 Boiling T K kJ 31 .9 -69.03 1153 K 0.31 2. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.12 3.59 99.5 -106.51 58.61 75.50 129.22 112. Liquid 1153 to 1300 K.81 39.34 117. cubic crystals 875 to melting point 1153 K.0 -55.20 95.6 -119.00 77.95 91.98 188.59 41.90 181.6 -103.33 18.76 103.70 86.9 -169.7 -62.91 121.30 34.7 -88.16 6.57 10.65 7.58 112.47 143.95 82.6 -104.10 A £G° Log K£ -104.50 54.

93 108.05 73.5 -120.6 -113.28 95.50 87.15 to 1000 K.75 50.74 84.41 124.84 178.06 36.13 79.2 -168.52 75.84 A fG° Log Kf -141.75 -(Gf-H$ 98 )/T -1 1.96 cm3 10/1/92 .4 -134.58 101.6 -276.34 124. sulfur.13 29.9 mol"1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 kJ 4.842 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.67 113. 182.64 138.36 169.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (Hf-H2 98 )/T 70.42 AfH° -149.7 -158.17 72.7 24.25 46.19 149.0 -127.0 -171.10 9.04 4.1 -170.096 J-bar'1 40.8 -154.19 77.00 7.59 107.50 87.142 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BERNDTITE SnS2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.41 6.12 70.60 42.61 119.79 24.8 -149.50 53.08 14.0 -84.4 -278.00 0.00 11.5 -104.59 Melting T 0.33 87.43 18.63 18.5 -138. CP ST _1 K 298.50 90.92 160. T 87.5 -141.33 81.

61 53.67 72. H298~H8 11.95 55.0 -232.25 87.81 40.10 27.48 41.6 -359. CP ST -(GT-H| 98 )/T A fH° J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.1 -255.17 K 0.54 175.37 48.45 81.57 77.20 4.80 51.90 76.2 -254.6 -363.01 75.22 138.55 30.40 5.96 57.29 mol' 1 -241.30 147.6 -241.09 75.20 87.9 -360.50 103.37 116.2 -220.0 -355.63 11.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TUNGSTENITE WS2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.39 75.83 6.24 78.13 122.92 35.41 74.01 kJ 3.9 -94.8 -225.28 155.5 -208.21 60.48 103.38 162.2 -357.5 40.47 126.8 -252.9 -147.1 -129.58 118.0 -214.80 70.83 63.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 Melting T 63.7 -164.7 -182.5 -111. sulfur.57 1.99 69.00 23.01 13.9 -229.71 78.65 9.8 Boiling T A^0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.06 45.77 108.80 67.60 A fG° Log Kf -233.6 -246.15 92.4 -358.53 19.5 -249.93 98.15 to 1500 K.18 3.982 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. T 67.68 187. 143 247.207 J 32.76 79.8 -200.07 cor 10/1/92 .39 17.1 -361.80 113.54 7.00 0.83 67.69 59.29 79.16 16.76 169.16 77.82 181.80 68.72 128.

92 119.80 14.42 53.2 -272. CP Sf (HT-H2 98 )/T _1 298.85 55.0 -180.19 -<GT-H2 98 )/T «1 1_T 58.79 53.6 -199.71 AfG° Log Kf -199.95 40.90 7.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 45.70 60.44 16.144 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SPHALERITE ZnS: cubic crystals 298.09 72.96 54.98 72.83 cm3 10/1/92 .04 52.1 -204.1 -206.52 38.30 49.4 -387.3 -209.49 8.76 45.70 58.47 33.57 124.6 -198.72 87.22 90.18 12. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.6 -218.4 -160.43 24.6 mol'1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.47 31.50 92.90 K 0.53 83.1 -385.62 28.28 12.6 -208.82 kJ 2.19 76.43 54.1 -273.85 20.7 -170.85 37.0 -190.61 6.14 10.1 -128.23 58.75 25.54 93.383 J'bar'1 23.00 0.74 129. 8.06 68.1 -186.87 35.71 100. 97*456 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic sulfur.8 -272.12 52.93 51.45 5.66 107.15 K to 1300 K.53 64.15 A fH° -204.0 -219.00 19.6 -193.2 34.19 80.04 83.82 48.97 34.2 -148.0 -195.49 133.70 58.66 113.

71 134.52 33.09 19.48 8.90 7.385 J-bar'1 23.38 80.72 50.86 37.)/l Melting T 45.6 -170.8 -206.00 0.3 -197.9 -272.78 14.15 55.86 54.2 -217.57 24.1 -148.15 kJ mol"1 J-mol'^K' 1 - 298.7 -195.55 53.9 -209. sulfur.4 -199.8 -180.97 40.00 100.08 72.37 76.50 55.1 -386.13 119.90 35.94 107.52 38.86 52.57 31.8 -185.77 93.4 -192.80 60.74 93.44 5.8 -272.09 51.2 Boiling T A^0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.20 68.60 6.8 -203.80 58.94 129.93 34.2 -207.71 25.96 48.15 K 0.89 45.0 -128.2 34.HJ 9.8 -385.15 to 1300 K.21 53.80 59.85 kJ 2.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt WURTZITE ZnS: 145 Hexagonal crystals 298.85 cm3 10/1/92 .91 114.77 124.74 83.7 -218.91 -203.17 12.456 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.41 90.3 -160.13 10. 8.82 20.41 16.28 12. CP 8} <HT-H2 98 )/T -(Ofr.13 51.25 72.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 A £6° A fH° 58.91 87.8 -189.80 58.64 64.24 83.24 Log Kf -199. 97.5 -272.75 28.

00 252.8 -255.37 430.07 296.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 175.27 15.40 21.31 374.12 453.44 191.611 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.06 265.4 -252.0 -279.4 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.20 -256.91 196.69 18.90 404.36 26.9 44.00 245.40 340.2 -230.05 190.1 -272.81 44. K' 1 298.15 to 836 K.22 cm3 2/17/93 .23 175.67 281.1 -269.09 298. °p Sf (Hf-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 1-1.9 -276.2 -256.08 46.0 -494.54 33.40 A fH° kJ mol" 1 245.73 118.8 -255.9 -240.60 186. 427. kJ 9.64 93.92 193.2 -264.68 13.00 246.37 126.74 326.91 A fG° Log K£ -255.222 J'bar'1 92.83 107.8 -249.10 Melting T 0.63 311.48 245.17 189. sulfur.1 -244.00 1.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 146 Formula wt BERTHIERITE FeSb2 S4 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.33 74.

20 202.90 223.10 A£6° Log Kf -132.56 178.63 256.30 112.20 153.20 149.45 9.18 75.2 -138.42 7. 147 249.75 -130. sulfur.18 160.15 69.42 124.45 62.20 149.25 195.8 -134.006 J*bar'! 50.6 -131.3 -132.40 13.43 270.8 -137.5 23.48 187.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 100. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^' 1 - 298.22 104.3 -139.34 116.3 -129.8 -130.46 149.26 108.7 -139.62 26.15 tO 826 K.85 11.7 -133.85 826 K 0.38 120.02 42.06 cm3 2/17/93 .82 179.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHALCOSTIBITE CuSbS2 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.11 17.15 100.5 -130.72 8.0 -125.428 Reference state for sulfur is orthorhombic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.00 0.7 -132.5 -245.07 53.83 169.01 240.29 A £H° kJ 149.5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H6 kJ 5.25 23.

3 -61.35 165.148 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ACANTHITE (ARGENTITE) Ag2S: 247.15 to 451.89 142.38 A fG° Log Kf -79.17 2.05 244. cp CO ST <H*-H298 )/T -<Ofr.91 57.7 -51.80 84.92 168.30 183.1 -86.mol" 1 142.4 -73.89 143.46 19.67 53.65 7.67 193.38 80.6 -58.HS98 )/T J-mol'^K'1 - 298.69 80.7 -85.90 -96.26 86.419 J-bar'1 34.3 -95.2 -65. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 bar.75 61. cubic crystals (argentite) 451.47 87.14E+05 9/24/92 .39 80.71 160.69 A fH° kJ.132 kJ A« -8.355E+01 B* 3.3 -89.3 -96.31 75.89 152.802 Monoclinic crystals 298.273E-02 3.59 222.60 3.84 176.89 145.3 K.83 9.23 5.84 253.3 to 865 K.5 -79.93 13.7 -84.31 189.28 0.78 41.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 75.1 -83.5 13.00 0.79 3. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. y phase 865 to 1000 K.79 209.6 -88.08 48.75 234.53 63.57 142.1 -54.68 4.9 -69.8 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 17.19 cm3 O -5.03 84.

50 63.5 -69.8 -86.29 19.98E+05 3/25/9:! .29 12.54 85.4 12.15 to melting point 580 K.88 36.68 88.00 0.7 -31.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T CP 47.12 71.8 -52.57 63.3 -60.5 -37.39 69.48 77.00 130.46 45.2 -94.88 110.06734 2.2 -95.80 77.6 -80.94 5. 298.668 kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ -84.0 -83.33 A £H° A £G° Log Kf -95.00 73.50 eo om 63.17 12.51 65.7 -69.50 63.07 B= 0.5 -93.988 Monoclinic crystals 298.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt REALGAR AsS: 149 106.32 51.82 2.90 /uo_uo {iim **298 *» »/*!* _//"*o_uo \ /«P \^*T 298'' 0.80 cm3 C« -4.07 7.02 47. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. liquid 580 to 800 K.35 121.18 67.05 Boiling T 580 K K kJ 6.980 J-bar1 29.08 49. Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas at p = 1 bar.51 79.84 41.48 3.4 -44.87 2.

91 25.18 74. 144.8 -218.0 -185.05 17.41 38.109E+05 9/24/92 .99 90.9 -213.36 49.177E+02 B= 9.8 -176.18 72.4 -212.13 1r T 72.9 -213.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 150 Formula wt GREENOCKITE CdS: Cubic crystals 298.2 -138.40 36.1 -216.69 81.25 A£6° Log Kf -186.18 72. bar.97 97.6 -218.42 97.2 -148./T .30 47. °P ST i(Hf-H2 98 .03 7.47 86.8 Melting T K Boiling T kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H5 8.96 122.5 -314.9 32.11 139.4 -118.70 101.16 54.5 -102.880E-02 2.81 kJ -2.993 J-bar'1 29.12 28.58 32.55 53.37 134.06 9.89 AfH° -<GT-H2 98)/T mol"1 -213.3 -128.5 -167.-!_-! 298.29 12.60 106.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 47.4 -158.78 11.35 19.93 55.68 52.06 93.00 0.81 85.19 4.477 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.03 128.93 cm3 C= 2.45 6.15 to 1100 K.93 114.38 0.07 77.6 -217.35 23.67 72.70 51.98 31.37 54.48 13.98 34.1 -217.46 50.

87 38.63 82.42 18.8 -275.86 50.5 -171.38 39.93 6.8 -224. 151 123.63 A fG° Log Kf -224.7 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H598~H8 12.72 0.13 114.15 to 1000 K. CP ST (HT-H§ 98 )/T -<GT-H298 )/1 J«mol"~*«K~* - 298.16 92. 1 bar.39 74.28 78.14 162.80 77.10 Melting T -279.55 74.94 19.83 172.85 89.70 58.38 95.18 95.552 J-bar'1 25.69 14.00 0.5 39.5 -279.38 85.9 -269.08 26.8 -267.48 8.5 -206.19 54.065 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p - FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.89 11.30 kJ A» -2.96 89.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 68.50 140.1 -273.41 A fH° . .2 -276.52 cm3 O -3.3 -188.4 -271.26 68.76 112.682E-01 2.80 75.46 152. kJT mol" 1 74.56 82.57E+05 3/26/92 .0 -153.80 74.97 5.20 29.60 101.5 -278.710E+02 B» 1.95 108.0 -103.82 127.8 -120.THERMOD YNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CATTIERITE CoS2 : Cubic crystals 298.31 44.8 -136.22 95.

9 -118.2 -113.612 Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas at p FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.37 8. 95.42 cm3 O -1.9 Boiling T 7801 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 9.94 59.84 30. cP sf (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2* 98 )/T A £6° Log Kf -95.042 J-bar'1 20.148E+02 B» 7.47 20.98 77.40 69.53 47.1 -117.1 -95.14 33.53 11.82 3.64 119.62 54.75 A fH° kJ-mol" 1 298.40 67.29 52.30 6.152 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt COVELLITE CuS: Hexagonal crystals 298.77 -118.60E+05 3/26/92 .29 12.208E-02 2. « 1 bar.27 25.40 67.3 -116.1 -79.51 85.19 81.38 0.77 93.9 -118.62 67.0 -87.03 67.4 -71.66 16.3 -115.24 103.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 47.26 4.30 72.45 kJ A« -1.15 to 800 K.00 0.6 -57.59 50.03 111.9 -64.69 81.82 56.5 16.

0 -123.06 62.3 -132.85 65.62 168. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.7 -128.67 151.5 -101.8 -107.06 5.61 22.5 -98.957E-02 2.304E+02 B.09 161.94 226.97 8.37 145.17 257.30 4.71 72.7 -155.00 0.02 68.31 92.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 76.71 3.20 116.15 to 376 K.0 -118.02 6.02 85. hexagonal crystals 376 to 710 K.3 -129.15 1> T 116. cubic crystals 710 to melting point 1403 K.2.02 116.93 128.2 -142.7 -137.23 0.30 89.07 172.66 235.1 -129.14 186.1 -131.97 216.2 -89.09 181.7 -92.08 AfG° Log Kf -129.9 -132.24 192.01 98.04 67. H298~H8 15.03 71.5 -110.80 kJ A« -1.3 -135.748 J'bar'1 27.33 52.20 116.158 Orthorhombic crystals 298.2 -148.02 85.6 mol" 1 Boiling T 1403 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.5 -114.02 85.2 22. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 bar.84 189.33 A fH° -148.6 -104.5 -139.50 85.1 -130.56 58.14 44.38 9.63 175.20 119.51 137. CP ST (Hf-HJ98 )/T -(OJ-HJ98 )/1 -1-1 298.47 31.6 -95.91 154.45 16.02 85.68 70.17 3.73E+05 01/13/9] .95 264.65 243.83 95.76 82.06 12.79 82.77 251.93 203.48 cm3 0 -6.68 4.84 77.153 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHALCOCITE Cu2 8: 159.27 7.

67 6.0 -161.53 123.2 -285.75 172.84 136.8 K Boiling T kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 18.48 101.70 285.5 -323.99 264.15 114.49 124.26 109. cubic crystals 930 to 1200 K.154 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CHALCOPYRITE CuFeS2 : 183.80 96.14 47.59 26.8 -317.90 124.5 -258.525 Tetragonal crystals 298.38 154.0 -173.97 63.83 203.19E+06 3/26/92 .00 301.15 42.0 -290.40 173.49 155.79 33.18 Melting T -323.04 7.81 15.44 316.24 106.02 199.49 172. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.45 0.8 -227. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 bar.45 53.64 234.92 cm3 O -1.90 125.49 172.90 128.392 J'bar'1 43.94 10.6 -312.86 136.34 kJ A= -2.00 0.88 113.55 kJ-mol"1 K 298.74 25.58 193.4 -242.2 -185. tetragonal crystals 820 to 930 K.27 124.34 217. Above 820 K.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 A fG° A fH° 95.01 179.9 -315.6 48.6 -298.22 183.5 -150.5 -321.15 to 820 K.74 9. phase is called ISS (intermediate solid solution).7 -198.7 -319.8 -274.56 203.2712E-01 4.6 -212.24 71.87 12. cp ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/ T Log Kf -274.42 107.37 19.9995E+02 1.57 145.41 163.59 91.3 -279.

4 -576.60 369.13 598.20 260.90 243.8 -628.50 400.09 121.01 kJ -5.3 -390.1 -506.873 J-bar'1 98.89 227.12 1.15 to 470 K.09 52.20 16.42 25.7 -625.625B+06 3/26/92 . CP ST /tlO tjO \ Iff \tlrn **298 ' 1 -(Gf-H2 98 )/T _1 _1 298.89 19.30 481.1 -404.90 340.542E-01 9.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BORNITE Cu5FeS4 : 155 501.7 -450.22 161.33 184.01 531.50 64.9 -467.1.19 215.50 325.53 782.00 348.0 -485.5 -563.30 332.1 -553.45 327.30 34.1 -569.90 709.29 237.6 -529.9 -600.30 398.31 428. T 398. cubic crystals 470 to 535 K.1 97.40 549.19 454.00 472.27 0.98 A £H° -628.4 -583.6 -434.73 202.39 69.00 1.5 -556.3 -612. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.90 29. cubic crystals 535 to 1200 K.63 665.20 747.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 242.29 814. Reference state for sulfur is ideal $2 gas at p « 1 bar.07 96.50 408.86 42.4 -419.20 327.64 555.73 cm3 C= -2.89 323.00 577.50 398.21 21.0 -591.841 Orthorhombic crystals 298.17 507.41 615.15 A £G° Log K£ -554.714B-t-02 B.21 246.34 844.7 mol" 1 K Boiling T Melting T kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 53.

17 163.00 0.65 60.65 111. Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas at p = 1 bar.5 -156. H298~H8 18. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. 34 kJ Molar Vol.6 -95.49 49. cp o ST / Hf-H5 98 )/T ( -<G*-H298 >/1J Melting T 50.59 13.06 67.99 71.62 119.5 -158.5 -154.89 3.15 to a complex transition at 411 K and a Neel temperature at 590 K.60 75.09 88.90 47.51 203.29 41.32 134.43 68.57 129.7 -120.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° A fH° 60.25 4.98 126.87 102.00 140.910E-02 J-bar'1 cm3 O -8.01 24.0 Boiling T 1468 K K kJ Av*H° A&.351 kJ A.56 2. paramagnetic 590 to melting point at 1468 K.4 -70.8 -154.31 62.82 158.9 -165.88 0.00 62.13 152.36 -166.1 -64.8 -157.52 Log Kf -142.06 1.8 -119.7 -128.22 194.72 74.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 156 TROILITE FeS: Formula wt 87.32 168.20 74.36 2.29 2.0 -100.44 34.H 0 32.49 50.13 71.0 25.13 71.6 -155.30 60.75 124.64 62.31 14.3 -116.99 64.7 -155.2 -67.86 -1 J mol^-lT1 298.52 44.86 116.8 -142.30 107.2 -73.3 -121.9 -166.64 70.27 6.8 -111.46 82. liquid 1468 to 1800 K.73 58.30 60.13 57.57 75.20 9 .1 -122.10 133.820 B* 4.51 3.65 8.39 10.82 207.64 103.15 5.94 74.99 63.62 76.5 -155.52 50.02 72.3 -119.23 45.3 -156.13 71.913 Hexagonal crystals (NiAs structure) 298.0 -89.6 -134.05E+05 2/17/93 .488E+02 1.52 51.7 -78.13 60.9 -154.56 52.-1.95 199.83 17.10 93.4 -106.27 48.86 147.3 -83.92 2.33 58.71 7.59 98.76 115.

30E+05 01/13/93 .5 -131.6 -93.21 kJ A.30 6.28 42. T mol"1 60.47 37.0 -153. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -161.6 -151.22 91.70 60.7 -160.2 -105.64 129.9 -151.5.51 114.28 89.12 17.81 72.4 -99.75 66.70 60.1 -124.811E-02 1.4 -158.31 13.75 -161.8 -138. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p « 1 bar.19 58.932 Monoclinic crystals 298.49 cm3 0 -4.8 24.88 5.00 0.57 104.42 57.6 -155.0 -117.31 24.76 32.70 76.01 56.17 43.78 4.749 J-bar'1 17.513E+02 B.39 135.53 22.875S: 80.56 67.35 65.157 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PYRRHOTITE Fe .-1.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 49.88 50. cp ST /IlO_tlO \ /IP (HT-H298// T _/f O_tlQ \ /IP -(Gip-HJgsJ/T J-mol'^-K"1 298.90 A HO AfH i.95 10. hexagonal crystal (NiAs-type) 590 to 1000 K.15 to combined structural and magnetic transition at 590 K.9 Boiling T Melting T K kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 9.5 -111.36 87.37 40.39 62.23 8.12 12.16 82.30 57.04 77.24 63.0 -151.71 A fG° Log Kf -138.38 60.53 122.46 0.

63 kJ A= -2.39 69.64 20.979 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.63 11.90 52.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 62.38 16.90 78.93 9.967E+02 B= 1.88 27.20 40.64 35.394 J-bar"1 23.15 71.18 0.45 60.00 5.00 0.75 10151 K -300.7 -298.15 to 1000 K.36E-05 9/25/92 .4 -297.10 80.1 -300.95 73.2 -120.5 -159.15 52. 119.57 83.15 7.87 45.5 -298.0 -296.958E-01 2.17 62.1 -299.01 41.69 28.07 77.83 83.45 66.8 -239.3 -199.1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 9.28 A £H° kJ mol'1 298.82 15.8 -140.43 52.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 158 Formula wt PYRITB FeS2 : Cubic crystals 298.0 -297.1 42.39 112.21 132.94 123.94 cm3 C= -1.29 72.4 -219.34 88. 1 bar.38 49.90 53.40 88.20 72.10 101.93 75.55 141.6 -101.90 55. fo 1ft o ST /IH*-HJ 98) /T -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -239.29 52.8 -297.3 -179.

00 0.7 -197.45 67.39 28.952E+02 B= 1.53 114.90 53.15 to 700 K.74 kJ A.1 -298.4 -296.68 35.86 27.50 11.45 61.60 69.21 73.90 56.7 -217.58 cm3 O -1. p » 1 bar.6 -295./T -(GT-H2 98 )/T .59 77. CP ST (Hf-H298 .955E-01 2.39 16.29 73.1 -237.13 102.31 89.1 -158.71 41.42 20. 159 119.11 A£G° Log Kf -238.00 53.-1-1 298.83 A fH° -298.44 74.10 1.43 62.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MARCASITE Orthorhombic crystals 298. T 53.32 41.2 mol'1 Boiling T Melting T kJ Molar Vol 9.20 0.9 -295.1 -297.08E-f05 9/25/92 .-2.17 72.90 54.15 300 400 500 600 700 62.66 15.5 41.97$ Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas a' FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -178.458 J'bar'1 24.

1 -90.04 237.6 -50.0 -87.84 12.21 35.37 275.13 268.082 Reference state for sulfur L0 ideal S2 gas FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.00 0.06 0.35 18.1 -64.4 -16.06 mol"1 -73.80 34.15 1.7 -89.41 49.05 261.11 231.57 0.3 -73. CP ** (HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol"1 -^1 298.85 42.15 3.3 -55.8 -60.81 218.6 -84.3 -26.80 0.6 -90.21 265.00 37.96 Melting T 0.5 -6. 34.72 278.20 0.55 33.447E+05 3/26/92 .48 37.7 12.22 39.04 53.78 247.72 47.40 23.8 -90.32 2.21 45.7 -90.2 -89.05 40.21 8.74 215.4 -11.03 232. H298"H8 9.80 207.3 -21.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 34.55 52.03 6.60 205.31 21.96 kJ A« -9.15 to 1800 K.37 0.8 -90.62 51.67 31.9 -88.02 37.067E+01 B= 4.83 221.91 A £G° IrT 205.94 26.9 -86.18 32.41 239.76 212.5 -1.01 216.78 224.77 5.58 235.35 53.8 -90.15 209.85 14.0 -41.96 36.20 34.63 227.58 50.38 230.21 242.36 1.80 205.63 257.67 2.13 48.8 -46.91 244.2 -69.01 224.84 272.72 1.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 160 Formula wt HYDROGEN SULFIDE Ideal gas at p « 1 bar.25 4. at p * 1 bar.1 -36.89 252.7 J«bar'1 cm3 O 2.97 24789.05 K Boiling T K Log Kf kJ kJ Molar Vol.942E-02 2478.9 -84.99 29.92 281.0 -87.80 206.05 237.7 -90.4 -90. 298.2 -31.11 27.70 241.58 44.8 -90.75 9.

34 5.4 -276. 807E+02 B* 6.57 110.83 53.3 -297.21 54.55 53.004 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.53 158.78 102.10 60.14 52.0 -245.66 20. 459E+05 3/26/92 .82 11.62 25.2 -278.06 -258.7 -284.4 kJ kJ Molar Vol.4 -278.88 125.2 -296.30 80.5 -277.17 113.83 12.4 -231.79 7.93 29.65 116.05 6.77 106.22 9.55 148.146 21.0 -159.84 17.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 49.53 137.0 -276.00 162.31 12.51 80.62 K Boiling T K A«pH° Afo.30 82.04 90.17 42.59 116.08 36.5 -188.61 95.11 173.13 106.00 32.24 170.93 122.70 5.98 49.46 J*bar* cm3 0 2.43 131.9 -279.3 -201.73 55. 87.36 44.621E-02 2.94 41.13 4.6 -276.29 94.48 -(Gf-H| 98 )/T A £G° A fH° kJ*mol -1 _1 80.9 -214.43 46.40 45.27 86. CP CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T »1 298.84 54.7 -278.9 -297.76 35.83 119.7 -239. bar.3 -278.59 98.9 -195.3 -276.2 -174.85 7.30 80.91 25.22 166.22 124.3 -281.74 153.30 45.25 53.00 0.39 57.54 0.2 -277.85 143.99 51.3 -227.-2 .98 38.71 128.7 -167.81 32.44 56.9 -182.H0 Log Kf kJ A.1 -220.87 177.56 39.86 20.10 52.30 43.89 8.04 65.1 -279.40 131. HJ98-H8 45.60 59.41 14.7 -208.5 -252.91 63.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ALABANDITE MnS: Cubic crystals 298.6 -258.15 to 1800 K.

0 -393.65 51.7 -392.5 -342.86 81.2 -395.3 -390.21E+05 3/26/92 .04 62.69 45.44 92.44 78.4 -400.04 9.5 -211.96 98.24 103.16 70.822E-01 3.9 -266.50 35.90 122.8 -303.73 24.3 60.00 0.«_1 62.17 7.63 A fH° -400.77 75.81 157.28 164.60 62.07 1. T.54 141.01 97.80 19.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 63.10 48.3 -247.28 108.61 149.18 13.58 73.56 54. 160.15 to 1200 K.07 A fG« Log K£ -342.85 27.00 56.45 71.87 16.99 82.02 J-bar'1 cm3 C« -3.04 40.2 -175.39 16.51 63.40 132.5 -391.202 32.35 76.65 79.1 -322.32 11.16 31.57 42.70 87.8 -229.5 -397.072 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S gas at FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.~l 298.60 65.. p = 1 bar.8 -284.933E+02 B« 1.12 78.00 59.3 -193.4 -396.162 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MOLYBDENITE MoS2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.65 110.6 -398.14 -(GT-H2 98 )/T l_«r 1 0.14 75.54 77.818 kJ A= -3.4 -399. °p Sf (Hf-H2 98 )/T T.60 62.1 1 K Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 8.63 68.

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MILLERITE NiS: 163 90.8 -154.97 53.79 53.2 -128.65 68.0 -85.22 34.68 110.44 159.04 102.47 3.82 6.91 38.3 -154.13 52.8 -150.18 41.29B+05 4/1/92^ .50 8.__i 1 52.0 -110.689 J-bar'1 16.0 -69.94 5.62 62.55 65.7 Boiling T 1066 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 53.45 22.3 -155.73 -(GT-H298 )/T AfG° Log Kf -128.37 125.68 56.85 -155.04 89.76 86.0 -147.3 -93.42 26.05 43.26 67.9 -114.00 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. CP CO ST (HT-H298 )/T __1 298.2 -62.32 81.4 -77.45 62.61 2.351E-02 1.97 54.82 67.27 59.77 72.756 Rhombohedral crystals 298.57 4.55 20.6 -145.24 50.53 11.79 118.68 72.5 22.74 71.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 Melting T 47.0 -119. hexagonal crystals 623 to melting point at 1066 K.434E+02 7.15 to 623 K.81 58.58 0.97 A fH° -1 kJ . Reference state for sulfur is ideal $2 gas at p * 1 bar.89 cm3 O -6.11 47.29 12.01 kJ A* -1.61 77.36 79.2 -153.1 -101.2 -149.97 52.29 15.

20 137.47 16.41 26.9 -289.47 1064 K -344.00 0.202 Hexagonal crystals 298.01 7.17 259.51 86.52 411.85 273. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 bar.5 -271.81 189. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.12 224.23 5.42 457.79 66.35 158.72 267.45 129.016E-01 4.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 118.7 -161.12 133.12 189.1 -187.26 8.20 196.0 -343.14 213.8 -247.11 229.7 -155.86 9.42 246. CP ** <H*-H298) /T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -289.98 147.1 -235.9 -344.0 -342.2 -253.9 -344.15 191.78 50.9 -242.38 162.1 -148.29 77. liquid 1064 to 1400 K.815E+02 B« 1.28 245.93 169.24 118.164 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HEAZLEWOODITE Ni3S2 : 240.2 -217.1 -177.84 428.54 51.97 133.56 A fH° mol' 1 298.95 159.3 -168.73 31.95 cm3 O -3.39 189.501 kJ -2.01 136.28 443.44 0.9 -233.4 -272.15 to 834 K.41 35.41 182.66 kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 21.11 183.5 -341.3 Boiling T K kJ 19.20 133.52 375.12 189.22 13.59 148.56 183.3 -278.04 6.12 189.22 180.05 141.14 355. cubic crystals 834 K to incongruent melting point 1064 K.71B+06 4/1/92 .095 J'bar'1 40.9 50.57 183.13 10.7 -339.3 -201.44 20.52 199.20 133.7 -237.12 169.34 158.

bar.95 150.42 101.9 -161.08 57.44 56.69 12.31 12.70 93.76 16.30 33.01 106.66 97.8 -163.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 49. cp ST i\ **fp""**l*S Qfl / / * 1 * IDOl 298.67 7.00 0.08 4.72 59.65 26.3 23.149 J-bar'1 31. 165 239.6 -161.49 cm3 0 9.1 -84.8.640E+02 B.8 -119.47 9.9 Boiling 1400 K T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.90 A fH° kJ mol" 1 * 91.9 -162.07 127.0 -102.4 -127.6 -164.70 92.80 54.93 23.32 114. A* -1.63 36.4 -111.81 20.6 -162.52 51.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt GALENA PbS: Cubic crystals 298.84 *K 0.45 -162.946E+04 9/25/92 .830E-02 3.266 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p = 1 FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.48 118.6 -136.05 110.49 49.40 -(GT-H2 98 )/1 A fG° Log K£ -136.14 30.84 136.70 106.36 143.0 -93.16 52.61 6.36 91.15 to 900 K.70 91.3 -160.

88 22.96 49.89 306.9 -334.48 322.341 J-bar'1 73.96 17.86 288.92 132.75 119.94 130.58 268.3 -344.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 119.74 217.80 Melting T 182.70 236.1 -338.00 182.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 166 Formula wt STIBNITE Orthorhombic crystals 298.06 12.74 195.81 123.2 -340.2 Boiling T 829 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H6 kJ A = -3. 339.41 cm3 C .74 7.00 182.15 to 900 K.8 -195.82 31.76 72.3 -342.0 -332.46 128.74 30.0 -335.78 85.10 216.8 -244.51 133.-4.82 206.19 46.17 0.70 245.53 226.4 -149. CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T 298.4 -269.19E+05 4/1/92 .36 79.2 -126.72 Log Kf -269.76 62.9 -172.87 9. at p * 1 bar.45 -344.698 Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS CP Temp.338E+02 B .1 -219.33 kJ mol' 1 J-mol" 1 -*"1 - K A £6° A fH° 182.00 0.00 186.2 47.2.315E-01 7.38 126.

61 75.1 -78.81 39.04 57.0 -55.11 75.30 91.9 25.2 -169.30 34.32 69.98 188.5 -144.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt HERZENBERGITE SnS: 167 150.8 -176.8 -170.73 107.3 -133. CP o ST Melting T /T -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° j mol" 1 ^ -1 R 298.4 -173.13 17.70 2.1 -107.31 25.41 63. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.66 103.71 13.15 to 875 R.26 10.50 54.52 58.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 / I 49.696E+02 B* 8.22 112.52 25.58 112. 9 4 IE-02 5.19 8. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p » 1 bar.25 kJ 31 .00 78.32 50.59 99.25 49.91 121.7 -62.8 -170.4 -175.74E+05 4/1/92 .71 137.3 -135.70 86.6 -127. cubic crystals 875 to melting point 1153 K.9 -171.00 1-1 Boiling T 1153 R H298~H5 kJ A* -1.61 77.00 77. Liquid 1153 to 1300 R.11 4.81 20.30 12.10 1-T- 77.01 J-bar'1 cm3 0 -1.96 82.00 0.776 Orthorhombic crystals 298.76 103.901 29.59 41.9 -169.5 AfG° Log Rf -144.7 -136.96 30.9 -69.0 -117.12 37.95 91.32 148.34 117.07 60.93 -170.90 181.00 77.03 0. ^A wo R Av*H° AH»H O 6 2.20 95.7 -88.03 54.31 2.8 -170.12 3.89 52.47 143.3 -97.50 129.59 kJ Molar Vol.64 70.

9 mol"1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98"H5 kJ A.-2.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 70.75 50.12 14.15 to 1000 K.4 -276.06 36.60 42.0 -84.92 160.4 -278.8 -201.973E-01 4.19 149.69 8.50 87.13 79. 182.8 -183.7 38.6 -276.42 A fH° -278.6 -280.2 -123.00 0.8 -281.33 87.5 -104.6 -282.33 81.50 53.50 87.43 18.2 -220.41 124.12 70.36 169.19 10.19 77. p = 1 bar.13 29. T 87.75 38.74 84. CP Sf (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T -1-1 298.818E+02 1.84 178.04 4.096 J-bar'1 40.75 1.2 -278.58 101.59 107.168 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BERNDTITE SnS2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.52 75.67 113.613E+05 4/1/92 .59 0.61 119.842 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.93 108.17 72.25 46.50 90.35 19.4 -277.34 124.0 -163.06 6.96 cm3 C= 1.05 73.84 A fG° Log K£ -221.28 95.45 26.64 138.1 -143.

82 181.18 3. H298~H5 11.37 38.5 54.207 32.45 81.80 70.69 14.90 76.25 87.782E-01 3.25 17.48 103.2 -370.17 0.1 -129.982 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.57 77.58 118.50 103.72 128.01 75.29 11.93 98.21 60.80 113.1 -361.40 5.29 A fH° kJ mol" 1 67.47 126.2 -255.6 -364.2 -369.24 78.30 147.39 75.16 77.22 138.60 K -370.77 54.13 122.29 79.8 -200.67 72.71 78.1 -218.20 4. 169 247.09 75.9 -94.20 87.1 -274.41 74.61 53.6 -359.0 -355.10 27.77 108.80 68.76 79.69 59.39 17.00 0.65 9.76 169.37 48.65 22.4 -358.1 -366.41 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.3 -368.95 55.9 -365.54 175.37 116.92 35.38 162.54 7.96 57.7 -312.7 -164.48 41. CP ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -.7 -182.07 J-bar'1 cm3 C« -4.9 -147.01 kJ A* -3.28 28.5 -111.80 67.15 to 1500 K.9 -360.4 -363.2 -357.51E+05 4/l/d2 .3 -293.G5-HJ 98 )/1 -1-1 298.80 51.8 Boiling T 239.15 92.68 187. 1 bar.1 A^0 20.6 -237.99 69.83 63.83 6.28 155.06 45.83 67.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TUNGSTENITE WS2 : Hexagonal crystals 298.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 Melting T 63.57 A fG° Log Kf -312.610E+02 B= 1.

30 49.12 52.47 31.61 6.49 133.4 -387.70 58.609E+05 01/06/93 .72 87.04 83.96 54.43 54.43 24.23 58.821E+02 B.7 -170.90 0.456 Cubic crystals to 1300 K.5 -273.4 -268.54 93.90 7.47 33.87 35.2 -272.66 29.22 90.3 -191.95 40.1 -385. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.98 72.1.7 -201.5 -239.85 37.3 -229.53 83.00 19.92 119.42 53.45 5.170 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SPHALERITE ZnS: 97.04 52.52 38.82 kJ A* -2.95 41.383 J'bar'1 23.8 -272.71 Melting T -268.70 60.02 12.76 45.53 64.57 124.19 Log Kf -239. Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p » 1 bar.35 15.8 -273.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 A fG° A fH° 58.79 53.00 0.7 -220.62 28.71 100. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T 45.74 129.06 68.85 55.4 -160.19 76.1 -128.2 41.19 80.0 -180.66 113.93 51.2 -148.49 8.99 23.2 -210.9 -267.9 -273.4 -266.70 58.00 18.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 8.15 kJ mol"1 J-mol" 1 ^" 1 298.50 92. Wurtzite is the stable form of ZnS above 1300 K.82 48.47 10.66 107.131E-01 2.09 72.28 12.4 -267.83 cm3 0 8.

80 60.52 33.55 53. 1 bar.456 Reference state for sulfur is ideal S2 gas at p FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.77 93.3 -160.2 Boiling T K A^0 kJ Molar Vol.91 41.25 72.5 -201.15 to 1300 K.97 40.41 90.86 54.9 -180.1284E-01 K kJ 2.57 31.48 8.90 35.62 29.6 -267.94 107.85 kJ A= -2.91 87.44 5.57 24.9 -272.28 12.20 68.1 -386.85 cm3 C.15 0.13 51.74 93.8172E+02 B.1 -266.46 10.15 A £H° mol"1 -268.00 0.50 55.2 -239.6 -273.80 58.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 45.74 83.08 72.97 18.96 22.96 48. H298"H5 8.72 50.4 -219.89 45.09 51.385 J-bar i 23.00 100.21 53.94 129.91 114.8.2 -190.0 -229.71 134.09 19. cp ST /UO _U O \ T \ /T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 298 » ' J»mol~*»K~* - 298.9 -210.01 12.38 80.2 41.90 7.86 52.8 -385.77 124.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt WURTZITE ZnS: Hexagonal crystals 298.33 15.5 -272.91 AfG° Log Kf -239.24 83.1 -148.52 38.15 55.1.6 -170.64 64.5 -273.37 76.80 59. 97.86 37.75 28.80 58.613E+06 01/06/93 .13 119.60 6.1 -267.1 -268.2 -272.0 -128.24 kJ 58.

37 430.00 245.222 92.00 13.06 265.73 118.91 196. 427.3 -230.4 1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol kJ A.48 245.60 186.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 175.90 404.5 -505.23 175.83 107.84E+05 2/17/93 .07 296.33 74.22 J'bar' cm3 0 -6.18 49.8 -502.-4.37 126.15 to 836 K.91 kJ*mQ i 245.31 374.2 -496.87 21.44 191.3 -509.92 193.91 36.8 -320.2 -350. cp CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K"" 1 - 298.63 311.00 1.10 0.17 189.05 190.2.64 17.172 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BERTHIERITE Orthorhombic crystals 298.6 -382.67 281.3 -499.4 -513.20 A fG° Log Kf -415.75 72.09 298.64 93.2 -414.0 -260.1 -290.957E+02 B.9 72.954E-01 9.65 27.00 252. at p = 1 bar.6 -494.40 A fH° -513.08 46.74 326.12 453.611 Reference state for sulfur is ideal 82 gas FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 340.00 246.

22 104.75 -259.20 202.9 -248. at p = 1 bar.18 160.25 195.15 100.18 75.377E-01 5.20 153.93 25..H' kJ Molar Vol kJ A= -2.08 7.43 270.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Melting T 100.15 to 826 K.34 116.56 178.3 -245.46 149.41 9.5 37.6 -167.63 256.0 -152.42 124.6 -181.4 -212.20 149.9 -139. CP ST J-mol" 1 ^' 1 K 298.54 11.82 179.30 112.21 36.3 -250.29 A fH° (HT-H$ 98 )/T kJ*mol 149.4 -257.486E+02 B= 1.5 "1 Boiling T 826 K K kJ AK.006 J-bar 50.15 69.38 120.428 Reference state for sulfur is ideal $2 gas FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.45 62.10 A fG° Log Kf -212.48 187.83 169.06 cm3 C» -4.62 26.00 0.02 42.85 0.07 53.0 -125.90 223.5 -253.97 14.20 149.1 -196. 173 249.01 240.4 -259.26 108.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHALCOSTIBITE Orthorhombic crystals 298.38E+05 2/17/9J3 .68 18.5 -255.

10 79.78 223.31 116.5 -1672.3 -1295.3 -1676.38 86.51 143.686E+03 B* 3.9 -1361.0 277.3 -1581.-1.47 A fG° Log Kf -1582.52 129.48 108.28 61.72 45.5 -1099.24 180.04 137.43 158.43 66.20 275.0 -1675.3 -1456.45 106.93 128.53 241.016 kJ A.23 59.30 131.9 -1393.67 86.45 232.7 -1693.08 56.27 124.2 -1518.08 126.3 -1691.65 93.0 -1688.92 54.4 -1692.5 -1328.87 41.41 76.1 -1131. ST CP Melting T -<GT-H298 )/'r 79.38 50.15 to 1800 K.10 152.4 -1686.558 J-bar1 25.7 -1676.34 102.13 132.0 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.10 249.19 122.72 149.66 129.92 50.39 202.41 95.257E-01 2.43 137.538E+05 4/4/92 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.93 167.12 63. H2*98~H6 10.11 69.3 -1674.32 203.91 78.87 99.8 -1164.40 50.3 -1262.39 99.82 72.6.7 -1550.58 cm3 C.10 94.961 Rhombohedral crystals 298.53 96.00 34.67 38.5 -1683.51 119.89 AfH° _1 J-mol'1 ^" 1 - K 298. 5 -1196.21 77.04 80.43 2345 K -1675.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 174 Formula wt CORUNDUM A12°3 : 101.4 -1673.2 -1690.16 89.7 -1487.3 -1229.00 0.0 -1684.77 31.02 82.14 134.29 109.03 97.90 71.23 133.90 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <HT-H298 )/T 50.60 38.21 256.7 -1675.23 134.52 101.31 192.1 -1424.04 112.79 120.88 125.99 50.48 92.8 -1687.91 131.68 155.49 22.43 213.93 117.92 51.

34 15.15 to 600 K.15 300 400 500 600 (HT-H298 )/T -(GT-H298 )/T A £H° J-mol"1 ^" 1 54.03 37.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BOEHMITE AIO(OH): 175 59.00 A £6° Log Kf -918.6 -865.20 37.644E+04 8/27/92 .20 39.70 84.0 Boiling T K A^0 A^H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol. H298~H5 K 8.54 cm3 C« 2.3 -997.646E-01 1.3 -997.4 -997.54 54.976E+02 B« 2.40 74.8 160.19 49.988 Orthorhombic crystals 298.38 73.00 0.9 -891.46 26. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.24 54.43 90.954 J-bar'1 19.02 kJ-mol" 1 37.4 -917.80 -996.90 159.82 116.4 -996.2 -838.95 70.51 35.83 kJ A~ -9.50 66.20 37. C» ST K 298.80 Melting T 0.49 44.51 80.

9 -851.76 108.240E+03 - 2.19 228.9 -955.70 723 0.17 68.67 62.70 129.46 126.2 -1223.70 129.70 129.6 -871. T.00 54.24 207.70 129.60 62.1 -1225.3 -1088.02 97.H0 -<6T-H§ 98 )/T 62.86 31.70 129.50 60. ST CP Melting T Afc.70 A £H° J-mol'^K"1 - K 298. H298-H8 K 9.01 81. 28E+06 9/9/92 .14 26.5 -1273.86 141.20 0.13 175.16 162.6 -934.13 156.6 -1273.722 J-bar'1 27 .06 78.70 129.6 -1244.4 -1193. 54.14 107.39 74.58 100.65 50.1 -998.2 209.22 cm3 C« -2.88 191.23 89.48 53.65 281.00 1.4 -976.84 169.47 238.29 109.00 54.86 248.5 -913.30 kJ A* -1.5 -1042.02 31.00 106.87 152.81 29.0 -1064.9 -1167.08 105.3 -1272.70 129.00 56.43 119.70 129.620 Hexagonal crystals 298.6 -1231.3 -1229.37 110.51 102.176 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt DIBORON TRIOXIDE B2°3 : 69.83 217.81 111.42 265.70 129.55 94.39 18.25 116.53 133.81 75.47 257.93 54.07 89.20 41.5 -1221.7 -1241.68 93.68 125. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.1 -1020.71 149.90 86.6 -1238.19 129.6 -1271.3 -1140.39 34. 07 kJ Molar Vol.94 105.79 273.52 38.5 -892.148E-01 2 .7 -1236.8 Boiling T K ^ 1° kJ 24.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <HT-H$ 98 )/T ntol"1 -1273.1 -1233.28 47.33 97.31 98.17 97.41 42.15 to melting point 723 K.2 -1227.63 110.16 204.5 -1273.79 24.19 69.86 AfG° Log Kf -1194.70 129.8 -1114.

36 86.48 60.8 -492.6 -444.9 -382.6 -464.31 167.20 94.25 62. 9.72 117.79 86.75 155.2 -511.69 105.78 53.96 58.8 -556.85 42.10 18.29 12.58 122.73 52.55 32.5 -557.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG- A fH° 72.7 -548.4 -403.89 61.68 114.1 -548.893E-02 2.83 11.33 55.90 72.75 21.8 -557.43 123. CP CO ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T Melting T 47.3 -555.-5.51 29.07 72.98 kJ .2 -556.41 20.1 -454.8 Boiling T 2286 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.17 90.42 39.04 12.63 47.28 47.4 -520. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.9 -549.48 135.58 66.30 115.6 -372.15 to 1800 K.37 97.51 44.0 -549.5 -483.92 26.94 23.19 60.07 73.29 57.0 -548.07 170.1 -547.62 81.1 -473.11 25.17 108.36 163.25 43.559 J-bar" 25.1 -392.28 37.6 -557.20 98.36 56.05 30.58 62.0 -423.46 140.5 -549.25 40.59 cm3 C« 2.64 45.5 -549.50 111.35 49.12 -548.03 101.91 129.02 15.76 10.87 36.18 159.8 -557.04 90.81 -1 J-mol'^KT 1 - 298.52 Log Kf -520.3 -434.177 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BARIUM MONOXIDE BaO: 153.73 107.4 91.73 59.15 57.00 0.518E+02 B= 9.42 42.96 77.63 120.42 14.02 150.98 51.07 72.0 -501.326 Cubic crystals 298.7 -413.17 54.94 146.781E-01 8/27/92 .8 -557.64 0.68 46.89 17.71 35.

15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° A fH° 13.28 44.71 -609.00 0.2 -607.77 13.90 40.82 54.7 -607.66 43.15 50.16 7.47 52.4 -609.3 -606.57 30.77 14.64 30.12 23.32 34.46 85.89 17.23 26.70 23.64 66.97 74.73 39.28 29.41 19.4 -609.18 29.39 70.4 -472.98 40.51 61.3 -606.8309 J-bar' 8.0 -482.0 -560.93 78.73 46.012 Hexagonal crystals 298.1 Boiling T 2681 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2§98~H6 2.71 37.31 51.178 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BROMELLITE BeO: 25.33 32.80 13.82 21.15 to 1800 K.91 89.12 44.63 100.61 48.46 18.61 12.09 49.089E+02 B= 9.77 38.0 -608.20 32.94 52.88 kJ -6.4 -609.93 38.14 14.9 -570.18 51.33 31.66 27.83 34.4 -453.44 58.81 74.56 25.6 -492.3 -619.25 45.2 -540.62 53.7 101. CP ST (HJ-H298 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T Melting T 25.90 13.24 53.55 36.19 92.93 22.754E-02 0.1 -550.7 -609.25 20.0 -620.65 24.2 -501.6 -608.56 mol" 1 J-mol^-K" 1 - 298.30 50.9 -463.309 cm3 O -4.93 56.81 82.9 -511.64 16.4 -530.76 33.38 17.31 35.90 42.32 0.6 -606.19 37.00 21.68 13.71 38.51 47.08E-02 8/27/92 .6 -609.9 -606.6 -520.1 -579.1 -432. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.61 Log Kf -580.77 13.37 54.5 -443.18 26.7 -619.27 35.83 50.75 48.

959 Monoclinic crystals 298.39 212.00 0.15 to melting point 1098 K.00 164.973 49.34 47.66 69. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.50 156.60 174.50 286.73 J-barf1 cm3 O 8.52 23.5 -493.55 113.03 18. °p ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T T- 298.20 185.03 76.1 -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 1.33 270.7 -323.36 184.89 45.39 A fH« -573.83 60.95 130.3 -584.02 203.03 300.30 194.28 123.94 120.38 A fG« Log Kf -493.86 28.2 -352.0 -466.02 253.9 -382.70 29.61 116.48 82.3 -589.98 35.3 -440.50 151.34 211.78 15.45 85.64 87.62 126.7 -581.426E+05 8/27/9J .5 -587.957E-01 4.80 234.*- l-*r 1 0.91 151.1 -411.9 > 1 Boiling T 1098 K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 kJ A= -5.96 151.29 .2 -591.0 -570.62 136.5 -294.29 133.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BISMITE Bi2O3 : 179 465 .20 59.50 152.9 -573.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 113.9 -572.909E+02 B= 2.7 86.

3 -226.12 237.31 240.09 10. H298-H6 8.01 27.15 29.6 -115.131E+02 B= -8.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° A fH° 197.58 33.97 32.0 -112.9 -111.46 9.1 -137.27 197.80 225.00 0.86 35.4 -112.010 Ideal gas at p = 1 bar.47 0.15 to 2200 K.667E-02 2478.57 247.11 223.50 Log Kf -137.14 29.0 -110.08 8.9 -208.47 27.50 220.7 -117.72 35.57 203.41 200.4 Boiling T 68.0 -199.858E+05 4/4/92 .2 -182.3 -116.2 -191.45 21.1 -110.2 -173. 7 cm3 C= 1.0 -234.6 -113.87 17.22 25. ST CP W O M»1J 5 OQ .68 24.21 7.01 23.39 11.05 K A«pH° Afc.79 -1 J-mol'^K'1 - 298.5 24.93 11.48 207.55 31.67 - kJ -1.6 -217.89 210.42 254.81 14. 837 kJ Molar Vol.2 -146.13 29.1 -268.42 226.91 9.21 212.47 35.5 -110.14 33.1 -251.89 11.2 -164.00 245.2 -113.16 18.64 34.44 9.6 -260.30 12.50 25.75 23.22 14.6 -243. 97 J-bar*1 24789.88 26. j\ I/ *F \/ um *lo A -<H-HS9e) /i! 29.75 8.180 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CARBON MONOXIDE CO: 28.18 7.57 218.94 Melting T 197.47 8.09 34.79 30.5 -110.29 31.18 35. 298.50 34.5 -110.80 212.34 222.00 205.2 -110.86 230.37 217.87 222.69 22.0 -116.64 226.43 214.89 19.H 0 K kJ 0.55 216.99 7.09 16.97 20.2 -155.26 252.27 198.27 197.97 -110.98 250.9 -114.45 205.25 243.66 234. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.

8 -394.62 47.5 -393.31 57.49 25.3 Boiling T K A**H° AfcjH0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.16 292.64 51.83 22.85 243. 98 )/T Melting T 37.68 18.38 58.5 -395.74 213.1 -396.96 232.50 25.9 -396.73 256.39 49.28 234.16 242.29 55.8 -395.480E-02 12/17/91 .0 -395.88 239.7 -393.2 -395.1 -396.9 -396.15 to 2200 K.95 299.40 29.6 -394.23 9.7 -394.01 54.38 56.13 213.17 295.3 -396.0 -396.63 269.97 J-bar'1 24789 .82 -393.1 -396.80 12.26 34.36 kJ A« -3.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CARBON DIOXIDE CO2 : 181 44.28 274.6 -393.75 225.20 44.20 41.79 213.4 -394.79 215.35 59. H2*98~H5 K 9.79 214.7 cm3 C= 5.48 53.7 -395.97 20.51 31.54 41.09 68.48 235.28 221.92 41.90 59. 298.13 42.40 35.24 250.25 251.79 58.2 -395.30 218.78 13.18 11.944E+02 - -1.80 17.3 -396.04 253.57 39.00 0.248E-03 2478 .35 37.23 43.47 263.12 37.7 -395.06 38.92 14.67 51.4 -394.010 Ideal gas at p = 1 bar.37 283.2 -394.58 21.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A £6° A fH° 0.15 33. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 69.0 -394. CP CO ST (HT-H|§ 98 )/T -(Gf-H°.54 302.34 248.98 16.31 245.94 Log Kf -394.6 -395.36 28.02 225.51 279.37 228.24 15.90 288.5 -393.32 258.50 1 J-mol'^K' 1 298.9 -395.3 -396.94 12.4 -394.4 -395.72 257.2 -396.22 44.10 57.

7 -633.13 54.497E+05 8/27/92 .22 47.91 69.19 72.15 to 1800 K.84 83.83 43.84 35.676 J-bar1 16.71 A fH° -635.1 -634.32 35.65 52.21 46. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -642.87 12.7 -634.9 105.29 78.94 A fG° Log Kf -603.43 18.9 -592.38 39.40 55.93 31.18 97.96 38.72 41.76 123.9 -529.97 77.13 80.10 16.7 -496.68 55.65 24.92 115.25 43.395E+02 B= 1.47 65.077 Cubic crystals 298.76 cm3 C= 3.32 75.85 62.6 -571.03 85.36 53.31 36.13 51.7 -643.07 42.69 129.182 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES LIME CaO: Formula wt 56.95 18.6 -451.4 -634.90 30.01 71.8 -550.33 126.63 42.80 24.4 -790.47 54.14 79.2 -560.4 -485 .48 43.91 33.10 55.2 -581.2 -633.90 53.44 85.58 111.10 38.25 62.6 -642.35 52.1 -602.75 kJ * -6.99 49.34 50.0 -634.3 -539.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 42.50 15.0 -642.98 92.9 mol'1 Boiling T 3200 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.105E-01 1.00 0.95 IrT 38.61 40.80 55.88 107. 298.10 13.3 -643.97 38.36 51.1 -635. °p ST (H*-HS98 )/T j.3 -437.97 119.14 55.10 19.2 -634.1 -643.88 -<GT-H2 98 )/T 1-1.33 60.26 11.77 54. K-l 0.68 41.0 -634.4 -518.9 -507. 1 -473.01 27.66 104.8 -462. 6.78 102.72 51.07 58.76 49.33 27.64 22.10 39.10 38.

810E+02 B= 2.73 39.19 108.57 0.51 87.1 -986.05 102.32 A fH° -986.64 70.24 110.0 -897. T 83.3 -980.75 97.52 58.093 Hexagonal crystals 298.40 86.43 58. CP ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol""1 *^1 - 298.94 110.5 -868.24 50.71 133.40 83.40 83.15 300 400 500 600 700 87.00 0.36 87.1 -781.94 104.29 152.306 J-bar'1 33.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PORTLANDITE Ca(OH) 2 : 183 74.9 -810.33 156.7 mol'1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 14.5 157.27 113.89 1.98 94.15 to 700 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -983.9 -982.68 Melting T A fG° Log Kf -898.1 -985.67 169.98E-I-05 4/8/92 .1 -838.06 cm3 -1.23 110.16 kJ A= -9.857E-01 3.89 83.54 23.

-1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H5 10. CP eo ST <HT-H2 98 )/T 1""1 298.88 84.29 83.30 62.16 45.68 175.56 22.30 64.7 -960.40 140.21 44.11 86.77 92.74 55.80 69.47 20.7 -1087.2 -1002.25 97.5 -1089.7 -1088.9 -1085.33 96.62 79.5 179.57 40.75 181.7 -940.00 0.38 62.09 83.26 111.46 148.3 -1087.92 24.14 60.80 64.95 196.536E-02 8/27/92 .63 80.3 -710.52 63.68 81.08 34.11 74.20 53.38 16.56 81.45 186.02 52.4 -1086.40 32.98 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T "*1 kJ« 62.83 A fG° Log Kf -1024.6 -1084.64 70.81 116.2 -731.63 61.1 -1083.1 -752.2 -815.69 156.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 61.5 -1085.15 to 1800 K.64 85.4 -836.49 107.56 83.52 27.3 -857.9 -1086.33 124.87 40.62 A fH° -1088.63 48.6 -1024.32 128.20 169.30 62.9 -1085.385 J'bar'1 23.75 29.70 75.63 26.71 36.31 131.1 -773.29 77.1 -1088.81 0.91 121.48 102.8 -1089.9 -981.15 131.12 62.85 cm3 C= -5.0865E+03 B.51 178. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.84 191.94 57.5 .2 -794.22 51.37 kJ A= -1.17 120.7 -878.4 -1085.78 67.33 130.87 59.83 73.088E-01 2.3 -898.78 109.96 102.0 -919.45 82.58 61.33 81.52 78.7 -1090.114 Cubic crystals 298.2.86 76.52 70.0 -1084.184 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CERIANITE CeO2 : 172.23 163.

89 136.88 98.0 -235.4 -233.48 7.71 11.15 to 1800 K.00 0.90 55.63B+05 9/9/92 .67 54.62 51.24 75.63 45.1 -214.70 39.22 33.9 -133.80 97.88 54.73 16.04 78.34 43.51 54.99 71.83 8.92 56.95 60.45 kJ B.44 152.87 122.9 -237.4 -233.60 104.64 9.46 44.75 57.1 -198.185 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES COBALT MONOXIDE CoO: Formula wt 74.2 -148.55 148.22 104.83 54. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -126.45 3.10 67.53 9.7.84 47.53 111.51 144.80 101.75 63.30 55.29 35.933 Cubic crystals 298.9 -237.83 52.3 -234.41 3.164 J-bar1 cm3 11 .53 26.4 -162.21 0.90 88.30 140.90 3.00 54. CP 8T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T 43.03 66.1 -235.6 -249.30 79.64 66.68 58.152E-02 C= -1.81 Melting T 52.8 -176.0 Boiling T 2078 R R kJ Av*H° Aft»H0 kJ Molar Vol.1 -234.1 -234.83 53.1 -236.34 89.4 -112.88 42.63 13.67 92.71 37.28 61.3 -233.6 37.5 -169.84 95.37 6.5 -191.04 A fH° -1 J-wol"1 -*"1 - K 298.76 58.5 -234.90 A fG° Log Rf -214.16 30.0 -183.17 82.91 20.39 40.51 37.37 20.31 -237.34 65.24 127.27 12.22 43.336B+02 1 .66 4.44 5.0 -140.37 62.99 4.2 -104.6 -233.1 -233.0 -206.85 86.22 131.9 -234.02 116.3 -155.25 26.75 46.6 -119. H298-H6 - -2.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <HT-H2 98 )/T 52.

54 173.15 87.797 Cubic crystals 298.0 -918.8 -919.85 142.18 0.74 185.66 A fH° -918.39 123.77 108.61 149.30 109.73 260.5 -762.54 139.08 57.13 kJ A« -9.68 210.42 124.76 34.96 195.5 -567.51 154./T _1 298.01 302.00 0.77 cm3 0 -1.76 236.58 A fG° Log Kf -802.75 180. CP ST <HT-H3 98 .977 J-bar'1 39.1 mol"1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 18.866E-01 3.56 48.96 27.50 181.54 75.157B+02 B= 3.60 -<GT-H2 98 )/T _1 1.09 161.05 74.31 282.4 -606.27 116. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 140.54 187.2 -914.5 -917.06 148.60 32.63 136.16 39.69 164.61B+05 9/9/92 .54 99.1 -684.1 -645.186 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TRICOBALT TETROXIDE Co3O4 : 240.T 109.5 -916.54 59.30 114.9 -529.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 123.6 -913.32 172.3 -723.15 to 1000 K.14 109.8 -918.30 110.2 -801.3 -916.64 98.

5 -894.65 94.3 -920.0 -1122.5 -768.8 -1126.4 -666.00 0.63 113.59 97.65 28.09 cm3 C« -5.15 to 1800 K.909 J-bar*1 29.187 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ESKOLAITE Cr2O3 : 151.533E-01 2.1 -1121.15 129.7 -1134.1 -1052.64 31.7 -972.01 163.7 -1121.10 51.7 -793.62 117.48 139.41 40.4 -946.26 Log Kf -1053.35 88.66 258.55 134.-1 J-mol" 1 -*'1 - 298.990 Rhombohedral crystals 298.51 105.7 -692.85 113.02 45.6 -1025.87 23.7 -1133.9 -869.27 19.43 21.29 0.1 -1131.32 161.03 79.83 120.76 276.36 183.73 103.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 81.58 301.635E-01 10/1/92 .60 57.88 28.4 -998.57 177.94 45.69 84.19 112.00 224.08 35.87 66.41 105.2 -1124.03 -1134.9 184.6 -1123.47 132.4 -844.65 126.62 60.30 236.86 285.3 -1129.06 179.56 135.8 -1123.5 -1127.30 130.7 -1122.18 156.31 139.60 103.49 183.06 196.6 -1125.20 85.05 267.46 93.28 211.95 128.45 kJ A* -1.22 125.51 101.98 74.19 99.90 104.2 -743.57 81.46 247.0 Boiling T 2603 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.52 133.7 -1122.45 293.95 148.66 25.25 131. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.55 122.65 70.7 -1122.46 170.0 -717.33 84.85 190.26 133. 9.80 196.82 122.40 131.20 81.58 124.1225E+03 B= 2.28 91. CP ST -<GT-H$ 98 )/T <H*-H598 )/T Melting T 105.35 .20 81.1 -818.

1 -49.30 42.98 53.60 44. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 42.93 117.64E+05 8/28/92 .412E-02 1.9 -109.47 2.07 49.7 -33.2 -83.22 cm3 O -2.222 J'bar'1 12.04 27.57 75.1 -155.9 -100.188 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TENORITE CuO: 79.23 1.15 to 1400 K.69 108.53 11.9 -66.74 51.00 112.60 42.2 -152.44 47.1 -156.5 -74.05 54.5 -149.79 6.32 50. T 42.3 -151.65 55.50 41.33 59.09 55.43 42.53 35.48 8.9 -92.2 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol 7.64 37.545 Monoclinic crystals 298.88 5.33 47.00 0.62 90.94 102.10 kJ A.5 -58. cp ST / tl O _ V Q _\ /rn \ V OQft/ / -(GT-H$ 98 )/T A £H° J«mol~l«K~^ 298.48 22.13 56.87 77.46 39.45 4.7 -147.41 67.67 59.25 58.63 96.2 -118.80 51.6 -148.02 33.76 2.4 -150.06 70.506E+02 8.9 -160.60 42.9 -41.86 55.35 3.32 15.80 66.92 0.81 A fG° Log Kf -128.17 1.-1.8 -154.54 73.0 -153.83 24.18 57.95 31.26 11.47 18.56 121.67 1.10 -156.6 -154.1 22.70 83.06 40.05 80.3 -128.61 63.

47 27.7 -95.8 25.68 142.00 77.7.39 16.50 45.-1 .4 -147.12 103.28 78.48 127.68 208.59 215.00 kJ-mol"1 J-mol^-K' 1 298.6 -167.07 34.02 48.28 13.4 -124.27 76. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T Melting T 62.28 Log Kf -147.0 -102.90 99.40 92.1 -66.0 -189.33 146.0 -166.40 92.6 -170.79 111.2 -74.47 2.7 -140.03 92.98 2.18 71.3 -169.53 2.44 cm3 C« -6.83 137.37 126.89 25.8 -169.2 -57.54 62.71 18.5 -88.26E+04 8/26/92 .18 5.82 151.83 10.52 187.45 0.367E-02 2 .40 94.19 3.189 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CUPRITE Cu20: 143.49 74.2 -167.46 56.7 -168.15 179.77 64.091 Cubic crystals 298.3 -168.77 132.00 0.95 122.35 61.6 -170.76 7.0 -132.96 4.68 51.15 to 1509 K.87 8.6 -170.72 40.29 194.95 59.16 -170. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.10 90.75 54. 690E+02 B.98 171.59 67.4 Boiling T 1509 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.99 4.9 -117.62 201.24 116.43 111.74 161.3 -81.79 105. H598~H8 kJ .344 J-bar"1 23 .33 82.60 80.51 96.6 -191.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 A fG° A fH° 92.16 151.4 -110.4 -165.76 86.85 140.

4 -199.45 5.62 42.3 -159.7 -263.9 -179.98 108.55 16. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.45 96.3 -172.18 79.H' kJ kJ Molar Vol.56 62.50 0.92 10.13 92.07 40.28 13.9 -265.65 102.99 52.60 56.06E+04 2/5/93 . 632E+02 B= 6.34 148.7 -261.34 66.1 -224.5 -185.76 135.204 J'bar'1 12 .05 58.87 20.04 cm3 O -8.05 24.14 19.3 -266.95 54. cp CO ST <HT-H§98 )/T -(Gf-H$98 )/T J-mol'-'-'K"1 298.58 -266.64 70.74 130.22 AfH° kJ»mol"~^ 56.91 42.20 6.62 99.7 -262.62 31.14 93.2 -264.69 45.2 -263.20 83.30 12.6 -264.05 61.01 32.02 144.0 -192.13 48.33 39.14 8.93 A fG° Log Kf -244.79 26.1 -211.8 -237.9 -244.97 35.67 90.15 30.51 140.78 53.09 7.60 58.40 44.34 37.80 57.60 56.190 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt WUSTITE Fe . H$98~H5 K kJ A» -2 .97 75.79 5.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 48.48 60.6 -262.38 53.54 120.947O: 68.8 -205.40 9.6 -218.8 -166.8 -231.06 43.7 -263.03 86.76 63.27 51.14 114.4 -262.6 Boiling T 1652 K AV*H° wmf Aft.4 -264.9 42.58 65.78 100.887 Rhombohedral crystals 298.455E-02 1 .04 53.8 -262.83 11.76 55.36 125.43 83.15 to melting point 1652 K.00 0.51 56.3 -265.90 71.

719E+02 B= 6. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.52 20.51 54.60 60.00 5.33 34.0 -172.21 110.85 20.20 43.8 -152.65 99.5 -225.846 Cubic crystals 298.1 -218.72 55.5 -269.05 43. CP CO ST <HT-H$98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T Melting T A^0 47.-2.37 133.72 82.07 42.0 -274.39 123.0 -272.634E-02 1 .88 4.6 Boiling T K Av^H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.0 -271.18 45.46 8.48 29.68 6.72 36.191 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES FERROUS OXIDE (Fictive) PeO: Formula wt 71.15 to 1800 K.200 J-bar'1 12 .7 -273.68 59.68 105.50 108.23 44.30 57.7 -179.29 12. H598-H5 K kJ A.26 51.34 55.47 52.67 86.15 16.3 -205.12 128.1 -273.3 -244.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° AfH° 60.00 0.9 -269.03 86.68 153.91 53.3 -192.68 47.35 32.75 50.75 9.4 -273.26 156. 00 cm3 C* 7.4 -251.0 -272.91 149.90 75.80 41.51 66.36 74.63 57.41 kJ-mol"" 1 J-mol" 1 -*"1 298.7 -273.599E+04 2/24/94 .05 45.87 Log Kf -251.21 137.2 -270.9 -199.5 -237.69 38.94 145.60 62.38 7.39 95.40 4.6 -270.0 -273.72 141.9 -231.1 44.11 54.73 102.32 10.20 25.98 56.93 24.01 93.6 -269.05 117.36 39.98 58.46 6.26 52.7 -212.28 12.41 96.3 -165.60 60.5 -185.95 111.10 60.60 78.84 103.75 31.3 -273.6 -158.81 -272.38 60.0 -271.67 0.43 90.19 70.79 14.

54 100.15 to Neel temperature 950 K.06 163.27 266.77 47.59 39.2 -826.3 -807.16 62.51 93.33 146.9 -810.089E+02 B.5 -806.59 48.192 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HEMATITE Fe2O3 : 159.26 118.32 120.62 A £H° -826.29 13.32 107.11 161.3 -562.9 -716.54 11.65 29.8 -439. T 87.64 28.90 147.41 120.68 100.91 0.19 83.0 -513.29 131.10 kJ A= -8.03 152.72 139.0 -810.91 244.55 22.57 96.76 300.1 -808.22 179.58 252.9 -808.08 179.9 -809.78 188.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 950 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 104.32 234.07 57.05 104.20 1895 K A £G° Log Kf -744.4 -587.79 92.42 144.45 151.27 148.99 34.07 141.53 289.3 -366.28 110.65 31.00 0.45 109.40 120.41 129.9 -805.027 J-bar 30.423E+05 9/9/92 .6 -689.02 195.62 17.0 130.40 25.30 15.21 116.58 156.2 -824.40 88. H298~H8 65.53 141.1 mol"1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.82 203.8 -612.77 337.69 148.40 87.466E-01 3.692 Hexagonal crystals 950 to Rhombohedral crystal 298.6 -637.2 -414.16 104.95 87.44 173.86 171.6 -822.4 -743.4 -463.8 -811.71 1.18 310.52 156.7 -390.12 170.6 -816.27 cm3 -8.3 -575.09 31.49 143.2 -488.03 147.52 328. CP CO ST <Hf-H§ 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J*mol~*-K~* - 298.9 -810.04 120. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.37 217.9 -814.03 319.55 140.89 97.34 19.99 10.40 91.8 -538.3 -819.9 -663.17 215.2 -804.74 140.58 72.16 114.98 131.47 243.75 74.64 149.4 -575.18 278.98 112.16 195.2.26 210.9 -803. 1800 K.

02 22.97 201.60 47.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MAGNETITE Fe3°4- Cubic (ferrimagnetic) crystals 298.40 164.99 209.--1 298.99 168.86 354.5 -790.4 177.38 211.0 -1109.0 -760.15 146.90 151. crystals (paramagnetic) 845.46 51.5 -1084.4 -835.9 -1084.39 283.43 201.66 142.14 295.45 199.21 127.437E+06 9/9/92 .14 25.84 270.05 148.90 207.0 -880.43 271.03 A fH° kJ-mol' 1 146.6 -641.00 369.7 -1114.81 153.34 227.32 19.70 135.0 -1088.15 to Neel temperature 845.38 337.76 199.56 497.69 55.10 31.3 -730.16 218.22 410.5 -1092.5 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 150.82 1870 0.79 28.8 -1099.45 92.6 -1086.3 -849.53 317.00 0.14 152.3 -819.93 205.96 17.5 -912.24 170.5 -582.1 -1091.67 79.07 194.28 198.41 256. 80 kJ A« -1 .58 337.45 A fG° Log Kf -1012.7 -1087.76 330.08 110.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 845.1 -977.08 242.539 Cubic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.452 J'bar'1 44 .086E+03 B** 2.00 126.9 -944. H298"H8 K 102.16 306.04 443.969E-01 4 .52 485.42 176.40 65.32 327.98 179.7 -1012.50 213.40 176.0 -611.14 146.5 -1089.56 41.6 -1113.96 509.96 458.82 163.38 172.78 157.70 98.1 -1085.5 to 1800 K.13 391. 193 231.6 -1082.18 192.81 195.91 228.0 -552.21 235.71 472.14 147.93 41.68 260.62 428.55 165.65 160.8 -1085.23 205.00 203.5 K.4 -700.7 Boiling T K AV*H° AH»H O kJ kJ Molar Vol.89 305.52 cm3 c+ -1 .2 -1104.81 70. CP Sf (HT-H£98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T J-1.1 -1083.4 -670.27 36.88 16.37 -1115.

1 40.18 4.39 26.49 10.18 49.07 46.56 0.35 5.2 -247.7 cm3 C.28 204.63 15.26 211.9 -243.6 -187.8 -242.5 -223.66 224.00 0.59 33.05 206.70 209.8 -203.7 -246.10 247.75 236.58 13.9 -244.05 39.84 190.15 32.12 50.97 J'bar'1 24789 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 188.15 47.0 -214.4 -249.78 17.632E-02 2478 .48 250.51 28.44 232.27 kJ-mol~ 1 J-mol" 1 ^"1 298.76 43.015 1 bar.7 -251.0 Boiling T K Ava|H o Afi«H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.49 24.06 216.34 37.66 38.97 40.59 34.21 8.43 201.04 27.5 -250.72 259.09 36.24 22.9 -147.0 -181.79 29.96 218.Gf-H5 98 )/T Melting T 33.4896E+02 B= 5.84 188.76 240.77 228.15 to 2500 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -247.84 189.18 33.94 45.0 -192.72 5.45 212.5 -198.8 -245.28 11.59 13.67 195.70 4.354E+05 8/26/92 .9 -249.43 20.3.62 222.04 35.1 -164.70 253.8 -248.06 8.53 42.71 214.05 198.66 223.90 7.19 48.7 -170.75 206.93 Log K£ -228.83 30.88 7.8 -241. 298.33 218.51 220.8 -250.06 6.15 34.23 22.01 188.03 31.16 192.6 -152.4 -248. c° CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -.53 244.9 -219.4 -175.06 34.4 -158.6 -228.52 198. H298"*H8 K kJ A» -2.2 -250.88 18.77 256.0 -208.63 -241.194 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt STEAM H2O: Ideal gas at p 18.27 41.

52 21.70 9.80 73.60 7.79 88.61 kJ mol" 1 J-1--1 298.43 56.1.3 -237.-3.2 -363.0 -506.75 11.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 AfG° A fH° 94.62 133.82 Log Kf -322.88 221.10 94.93 232.40 119.38 cm3 1.39 97.1 -264.34 13.816E+02 B.89 93.85 109.9 -307. (H*-HJ98 )/T -<Gf-H§ 98 )/T Melting T 83.78 53.92 117.08 147.13 30.94 154.54 -363.2 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol kJ A.56 24.39 199.00 0.0 -202.94 111. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.36 0.21 19.68 83.99 35.92 94.17 172.5 -352.2 -500.10 210.195 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DIPOTASSIUM MONOXIDE K20: 94.0 -365.0 -224.1 -174.7 56.78 105.77 65.032E+06 5/20/93 .98 141.12 69.7 -361.6 -355.90 113.196 Cubic crystals 298.640E-01 4.10 97.2 -367.62 119.6 -363.05 126.4 -358.10 94.64 101.99 77.038 J'bar'1 40.04 40.45 139.0 -250. °p O ST .6 -278.1 -321.92 121.54 186.70 16.45 103.48 59.15 to 1200 K.3 -292.83 45.77 157.

60 105.95 -597.9 -598.47 98.83 82.17 139.88 123.98 147.05 97.4 -603.92 66.94 54.60 37.2 -881.38 71.3 -595.1 -479.15 55.3 -593.07 173.-6.72 37.2 -507.84 32.87 83.50 52.85 12.76 92.7 -384.2 -561.98 A fH° 1 1 37.881 Cubic crystals 298.81 24.2 -604.67 80.25 69.1 -597.0 -397.7 -605.82 103.4 Boiling T 1700 K Av*H° AtoH° kJ kJ Molar Vol.20 27.98 77.29 88.3 -521.83 132.563E+06 12/7/92 .32 154.5 -535.33 13.72 86.06 17.56 10.19 114.63 55.07 -(G*-H298 .3 98.68 76.05 15.425E-01 1.43 33.11 95.27 48.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 54.61 69.6 -605.26 44.34 60.15 65.196 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES DILITHIUM MONOXIDE Li2O: Formula wt 29.46 96.1 -493.10 54.4 -411.7 -605.80 63.31 97. H598~H8 K kJ A.10 25. 476 J'bar'1 14.40 49.91 94.83 167.60 37.29 67.ir 298.6 -357.67 71.75 55.02 0.81 81.36 58.1 -465.30 21.9 -424.22 60.15 to melting point 1700 K./T l~l.4 -605.44 19.92 45.3 -451.086E+02 B.96 69.33 63./1? A fG° Log K£ -561. 76 cm3 0 4.54 99.33 15.00 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.9 -597.63 90.1.16 39.60 39. CP ST (1HT~H298 .51 91.0 -548.4 -602.52 73.38 37.86 44.25 160.70 94.5 -437.75 86.7 -599.2 -600.

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

PERICLASE

MgO:

197

40.304

Cubic crystals 298.15 to 1800 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

CP

ST

<HT-H2 98 )/T

-(GT-H$ 98 )/T

.-1-1

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

Melting T

37.26
37.40
42.70
45.57
47.37
48.61
49.53
50.26
50.87
51.40
51.90
52.36
52.82
53.28
53.76
54.25
54.76

26.90
27.13
38.70
48.57
57.05
64.,45
71.00
76.88
82.21
87 08
91.57
95.75
99.64
103.30
106.76
110.03
113.15

0.00
0.23
10.26
17.06
21.97
25.69
28.62
30.98
32.94
34.60
36.02
37.26
38.35
39.33
40.22
41.03
41.78

1. T

26.90
26.90
28.44
31.51
35.07
38.75
42.38
45.89
49.26
52.48
55.56
58.49
61.29
63.97
66.54
69.00
71.37

A fG°

Log Kf

-569.3
-569.1
-558.3
-547.4
-536.7
-526.0
-515.3
-504.7
-493.3
-481.8
-470.2
-458.6
-443.9
-423.1
-402.3
-381.7
-361.1

99.74
99.09
72.90
57.19
46.72
39.25
33.64
29.29
25.77
22.88
20.47
18.43
16.56
14.73
13.13
11.73
10.48

A fH°

-601.6
-601.6
-601.6
-601.4
-601.1
-600.8
-600.5
-600.4
-608.9
-608.9
-609.0
-609.0
-736.4
-735.0
-733.5
-732.1
-730.6

mol" 1

Boiling T

3125 K

K

kJ
kJ
Molar Vol
H298~H8

5.17 kJ
-6.373E+02

B- 1.449E-01

1.125
11.25

J«bar4
cm3

0 2.512E+06
8/26/92

198

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

BRUCITE

Mg(OH) 2 :

58.320

Hexagonal crystals 298.15 to 900 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

s*

/ V O _ ** O
(**T
**298'\ '/ft*

63.20
63.68
88.23
109.60
128.15
144.45
158.98
172.10

0.00
0.48
21.78
36.61
47.47
55.80
62.43
67.87

/ S* O
(^*T

Zl O

298'\ '/ IP

A fH°

A fG°

Log K£

-924.5
-924.5
-924.4
-923.4
-922.1
-920.6
-919.0
-917.3

-833.5
-832.9
-802.4
-772.0
-741.8
-711.9
-682.1
-652.6

146.02
145.02
104.78
80.64
64.58
53.12
44.54
37.88

K
298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900

77.27
77.66
91.89
99.29
104.00
107.44
110.20
112.57

Melting T

63.20
63.20
66.45
73.00
80.68
88.65
96.55
104.23

Boiling T

K

K

kJ
kJ
Molar Vol
H2*98~H8

11.40

kJ

A- -9.195E+02

B« 2.971E-01

2.463 J-bar'1
24.63 cm3

O -2.30E+05
4/9/92

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

MANGANOSITE

MnO:

199

Formula wt

70.937

Cubic crystals 298.15 to 1800 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

ST

(HJi-HJ98 )/T

K

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

Melting T

-<G*-H598 )/T

59.71
59.98
73.07
83.74
92.76
100.60
107.55
113.80
119.48
124.70
129.53
134.04
138.26
142.23
145.98
149.54
152.93

0.00
0.27
11.60
18.84
23.95
27.80
30.83
33.30
35.37
37.13
38.67
40.02
41.23
42.31
43.31
44.21
45.05

Log K£

-362.9
-362.8
-355.3
-348.0
-340.7
-333.4
-326.2
-319.0
-311.7
-304.3
-296.8
-289.4
-281.9
-274.1
-265.6
-256.9
-248.3

63.58
63.16
46.40
36.35
29.66
24.88
21.30
18.51
16.28
14.45
12.92
11.63
10.52
9.54
8.67
7.89
7.20

-1

1-1. XT-1

44.10
44.16
46.81
48.73
50.24
51.49
52.57
53.52
54.38
55.17
55.91
56.59
57.24
57.87
58.46
59.03
59.59

A fG°

A fH°

59.71
59.71
61.48
64.90
68.81
72.80
76.72
80.50
84.12
87.57
90.87
94.02
97.03
99.91
102.67
105.33
107.88

-385.2
-385.2
-384.9
-384.5
-384.3
-384.1
-384.0
-383.9
-386.2
-386.2
-386.3
-386.3
-388.6
-391.1
-403.8
-404.4
-404.9

Boiling T

2054 K

Av*H°
Aft.H 0

kJ

kJ

Molar Vol.
HJ 98-H8

K

kJ

A» -3.880E+02

B= 7.651E-02

1 .322 J-bar'1
13. 22 cm3

O 2.398E+05

4/9/92

200

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

PYROLUSITE

Mn02 :

86.937

Crystals 298.15 to 850 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

-<GT-H2 98 )/T

A fH"

J-mol^-K" 1

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900

54.76
54.94
63.21
68.34
71.21
72.68
73.36
73.65

52.75
53.09
70.11
84.81
97.56
108.66
118.41
127.07

0.00
0.34
15.09
25.27
32.72
38.33
42.67
46.10

1. T --.,-. I

52.75
52.75
55.01
59.54
64.84
70.32
75.74
80.97

Melting T

-520.0
-520.0
-519.8
-519.1
-518.4
-517.7
-517.2
-516.8

A fG«

Log Kf

-465.0
-464.7
-446.3
-427.9
-409.8
-391.7
-373.8
-355.9

81.47
80.91
58.27
44.71
35.67
29.23
24.40
20.65

1

Boiling T

K

kJ
kJ

Molar Vol
kJ
A= -5.172E+02

B« 1.795E-01

1.661 J'bar'1
16.61 cm3

C- -1.20E+05

8/26/92

201

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

BIXBYITE

Mn203 :

157.874

Cubic crystals 298.15 to 1400 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

CP

CO
ST

(HT-H5 98 )/T

-(Of-HS98 ,/l!

J-mol" 1 -*" 1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400

101.81
101.93
108.49
114.61
120.05
124.93
129.38
133.49
137.37
141.07
144.63
148.09
151.47

113.70
114.33
144.55
169.43
190.81
209.69
226.67
242.15
256.42
269.68
282.11
293.82
304.92

0.00
0.<53
26.77
43.74
56.01
65.52
73.22
79.69
85.27
90.18
94.57
98.55
102.21

A fG°

Log Kf

-882.1
-881.6
-855.9
-830.3
-804.9
-779.7
-754.5
-729.5
-704.5
-679.3
-654.1
-629.0
-604.0

154.53
153.49
111.76
86.74
70.08
58.18
49.27
42.34
36.80
32.26
28.47
25.27
22.54

A fH°

kJ- mol"1

113.70
113.70
117.78
125.69
134.80
144.18
153.45
162.45
171.15
179.51
187.55
195.27
202.71

-959.0
-959.0
-958.4
-957.6
-956.9
-956.0
-955.2
-954.2
-957.7
-956.6
-955.3
-953.8
-956.7

Boiling T

Melting T

K
kJ

kJ
Molar Vol.
17.56 kJ
A- -9.550E+02

B- 2.508E-01

3.137 J'bar'1
31.37 cm3

O -1.645E+05
8/27/92

202

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

HAUSMANNITE

Mn3O4 :

228.812

Tetragonal crystals 298.15 to 1400 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

ST

CP

<H*-H598 )/T

-<Gf-H298 >/T

Melting T

142.02
142.52
158.37
165.03
169.49
173.64
178.04
182.86
188.12
193.77
199.78
206.12
212.72

164.10
164.98
208.55
244.68
275.18
301.61
325.08
346.33
365.86
384.05
401.17
417.41
432.92

0.00
0.88
38.62
63.30
80.64
93.63
103.90
112.40
119.71
126.18
132.06
137.51
142.65

Log Kf

-1282.5
-1281.8
-1247.7
-1214.0
-1180.5
-1147.1
-1113.8
-1080.7
-1047.4
-1013.7
-980.0
-946.5
-912.9

224.68
223.18
162.93
126.82
102.77
85.60
72.73
62.72
54.71
48.14
42.66
38.03
34.06

-1

J-mol"1 ^'1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400

A fG°

A fH°

164.10
164.10
169.94
181.38
194.54
207.99
221.18
233.93
246.16
257.87
269.11
279.90
290.28

-1384.5
-1384.5
-1383.4
-1382.1
-1381.0
-1380.2
-1379.5
-1379.0
-1385.1
-1384.4
-1383.3
-1381.8
-1386.7

Boiling T

K

K

kJ
kJ
Molar Vol.
H298~H5

A» -1.3809E+03

4. 695 J'bar'1
cm3

46. 95

24 .78 kJ

B= 3.3405E-01

C* -9.874E+05
4/10/92

203

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

BRAUNITE

Mn7 SiO12 :

604.645

Tetragonal crystals 298.15 to 1500 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500

Melting T

CO
ST

CP

380.79
382.01
428.72
456.30
476.35
492.85
507.45
520.96
533.78
546.15
558.21
570.07
581.76
593.34

(HT-HJ| 98 )/T

416.40
418.76
535.79
634.62
719.66
794.36
861.14
921.70
977.26
1028.71
1076.75
1121.90
1164.58
1205.11

0.00
2.35
103.74
171.68
220.85
258,56
288,78
313 ,,83
33 5, .19
353, .81
370 ,.34
385, ,25
398 ,,87
411, ,45

-(GT-H2 98 )/T

416.40
416.41
432.05
462.94
498.81
535.80
572.37
607.87
642.07
674.91
706.41
736.65
765.71
793.66

A fH°

AfG°

Log Kf

-4260.0
-4260.0
-4258.2
-4254.9
-4251.4
-4247.8
-4244.2
-4240.7
-4252.6
-4248.9
-4244.5
-4239.4
-4249.7
-4260.6

-3944.7
-3942.8
-3837.2
-3732.3
-3628.2
-3524.6
-3421.5
-3318.8
-3216.4
-3112.9
-3009.8
-2907.1
-2804.4
-2700.4

691.09
686.48
501.08
389.91
315.86
263.00
223.40
192.62
168.00
147.82
131.01
116.81
104.63
94.04

Boiling

K

T

K

kJ
kJ

Molar Vol.
H§98~H5

65 .68 kJ
A= -4.2437E+03

B- 1.0286E+00

12 .508 J-bar"1
125 . 08 cm3

O -6. 946E+05
02/24/94

204

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

MOLYBDITE

MoO3 :

143.938

Orthorhornbic crystals 298.15 to melting point 1074 K; liquid 1074 to 1500 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

CP

ST

<HT-H§ 98 )/T

-<GT-H§ 98 )/T

A fH°

,-1. .-1

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500

Melting T

74.91
75.13
83.02
87.78
91.85
95.89
100.08
104.46
109.03
126.95
126.95
126.95
126.95
126.95

77.70
78.16
101.00
120.06
136.42
150.89
163.96
176.00
187.24
197.87
207.97
217.67
227.02
236.09

0.00
0.46
20.24
33.29
42.71
50.02
56.01
61.15
65.71
69.85
73.71
77.36
80.85
84.22

A £G°

Log Kf

-668.1
-667.6
-641.9
-616.5
-591.4
-566.6
-542.0
-517.8
-493.8
-470.1
-446.7
-423.6
-400.8
-378.3

117.04
116.24
83.82
64.40
51.48
42.28
35.39
30.05
25.79
22.32
19.44
17.02
14.95
13.17

mol"1

77.70
77.70
80.76
86.77
93.71
100.87
107.95
114.85
121.53
128.02
134.26
140.31
146.17
151.87

1074 K

-745.2
-745.2
-744.1
-742.7
-741.1
-739.3
-737.2
-734.8
-732.2
-729.2
-725.8
-722.0
-717.9
-713.3

Boiling T
Ay_H°

K
IcJ

48.91 kJ
Molar Vol.
H298~H5

12.59 kJ

A- -7.299E+02

B- 2.358E-01

3.056 J-bar'1
30.56 cm3

C- -8.02E+05
8/27/92

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

NITROGEN DIOXIDE

NO2 :

205

46.006

Ideal gas at p = 1 bar, 298.15 to 1800 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

CP

sf

uo_uo
\ /m
( "T
2 (38''

_/^o_tjo
\ /if
\**T
298''

A no
Hfn

Melting T

37.00
37.05
40.16
43.29
45.91
48.02
49.71
51.06
52.16
53.05
53.77
54.36
54.85
55.25
55.58
55.86
56.09

240.10
240.33
251.39
260.70
268.83
276.08
282.60
288.54
293.98
298.99
303.64
307.97
312.01
315.81
319.39
322.77
325.97

0.00

0.23
9. SI
16.20
20.94
24.66
27.69
30.22
32.36
34.20
35.80
37.21
38.45
39.56
40.55
41.44
42.25

Log Kf

51.2
51.4
57.5
63.8
70.2
76.6
83.0
89.3
95.7
102.1
108.4
114.8
121.1
127.4
133.7
140.1
146.4

-8.98
-8.94
-7.51
-6.67
-6.11
-5.71
-5.42
-5.18
-5.00
-4.85
-4.72
-4.61
-4.52
-4.44
-4.37
-4.30
-4.25

ItJ- ol""l

l~l.|r-l

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

A oo
Uf\»

240.10
240.10
241.59
244.50
247.89
251.41
254.91
258.32
261.62
264.79
267.84
270.76
273.56
276.26
278.84
281.33
283.72

33.1
33.1
32.5
32.2
32.0
31.9
31.9
31.9
32.0
32.1
32.3
32.4
32.5
32.6
32.8
32.9
33.0

Boiling T

K

Av*H°
Afi»H°

kJ
Molar Vol.

HJ 98-H8

kJ

A= 3.210E+01

* 6.353E-02

K

kJ
2478 .97 J'bar'1
24789 .7 cm3

O 1.451E+04
5/06/93

73 96.7 -362.63 90.2 -420.3 -347.31 36.15 to melting point 1193 K.92 16.42 47.1 -419.7 -414.03 23.30 81.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 69.26 76.3 -418.93E+03 9/10/92 .50 A fH° «1 kJ 75.1 -291.85 154.979 Cubic crystals 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 39.26 88.8 -414.21 51.18 109.64 103.00 0.43 46.0 Boiling T 1193 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.71 0.88 cm3 C* -5. CP Sf {(H5-H598 .40 kJ A= -4. H2*98~H8 12.8 -420.2 -416.9 -413.43 18.46 142.2 -305.74 75.73 175.03 96.33 29.66 -414.05 -(Gf-H2 98 )/T AfG° Log Kf -376.60 95./T -1 298.8 -333.206 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt DISODIUM MONOXIDE Na2O: 61.20 93.68 114.20 60.85 165.57 30.91 14.11 83.180E+02 1.67 56.3 -277.27 129.407E-01 2.53 115.87 65.4 -319.0 -375.30 75.34 85.588 J'bar'1 25.47 91.30 78.82 19.10 69.7 65.30 75.

99 36.24 61.38 A fH° K' kJ-mol~l 37.33 20.32 3.6 -175.80 6.90 90.1 -234.44 47.49 48. 97 cm3 O -2.89 0.07 84.1 -232.15 56.83 54.29 57.55 45.51 44.06 103.66 53.85E+05 9/9/92 .17 82.3 -140.40 43.61 62.43 65.6 -237.16 7.49 44.6 -232.9 -82.99 79.8 -132.76 130.29 56.5 -190.331E+02 B* 8.0 -166.25 67.0 -233.0 -115.52 21.1 -90.27 52.1 -230.69 5.39 122. 74.69 kJ A= -2.63 134.55 91.79 2.38 69.6 -192.88 41.86 31.99 13.0 -201.1 -231.38 39.25 27.74 76.99 39.3 Boiling T 2257 K Av*H° AI^H* kJ kJ Molar Vol.73 34.9 -183. crystals 519 to 1800 K.11 72.15 300 400 500 519 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T (Hf-H| 9Q )/T 44.66 44.37 58.86 43.30 -<GT-H2 98 )/T AfG° Log K£ -211.98 4.5 -234.4 -124.8 -149.8 -236.28 12.38 65.74 3.84 118.24 2.57 60.1 -211.68 126.21 15.3 -238.52 37.43 55.689 Cubic FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 98.7 -107.63 38. CP S* J»mol"" K 298.76 4.3 -236.11 19.4 -99.48 59.22 53.52 46.6 -247.11 87.20 42.34 137.207 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BUNSENITE NiO: Rhombohedral (distorted cubic) crystals 298.73 26.64 75.01 54.392E-02 1. H598"H8 K 6.05 10.70 53.59 -239.89 9.5 -233.99 37.00 64.99 38.0 36. 097 J'bar*1 10.90 69.6 -235.8 -157.50 36.21 52.21 85.15 to Neel temperature 519 K.6 -231.59 23.99 113.62 61.00 0.76 108.3 -239.2 -235.82 57.

9 -159.35 131.28 12.0 -218.57 84.66 0.83 88.1 298.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 45.50 68.10 32.5 -219.86 23. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.43 125. CP Sf <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH« 1.9 -128.15 110.3 -149.91 cm3 C* 4.96 92.08 59.27 102.20 55.194E+02 B= 1.77 118.39 38.50 66.-.877E+04 9/9/92 .6 -220.20 33.07 7.37 72.-.91 30.199 Tetragonal crystals (red) 298.15 to 1000 K.7 -178.7 -168.0 -219. H298~H8 kJ A.34 17.78 80.9 -119. T.004E-01 2.35 60.12 9.50 66.25 25.9 A fG« Log Kf -188.13 56.55 66.0 33.22 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.24 80.00 0.48 6.51 53.70 58.391 J'bar*1 23.69 92.65 13.87 11.9 -188.89 50.60 36.77 45.33 20.3 -216.4 -217.5 -216.75 66.-2.92 Melting T -219.0 -138.02 76.208 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt LITHARGE PbO: 223.4 -218.

80 72.62 150.8 -120.3 -178. -1X »K-. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.2 -43.3 -218.59 27.85 5.34 80.72E+04 9/9/92 . .69 173.501 J'bar'1 25.77 159.752E+02 B* 1.4 -277.38 16.1x 298.52 A *»f ® Log Kf -218.13 48.1 -270.82 74.54 119.43 7.2 38.THERMODYN AMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PLATTNERITE PbO2 : 209 239.79 77.31 81.90 106.95 25.2 -100.5 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.02 107.31 34.25 2.7 -272.5 -275.-I* 71.89 10.35 68.23 84.71 0.75 51.0 -198.6 -139.65 45. 36.41 141.76 54.85 131.199 Tetragonal crystals 298.4 -274.2 -277.08 166.23 71.76 96.15 to 1200 K.14 78.00 0.7 -81.11 75.937E-01 2.92 90.88 TI^ .20 -277.17 61.68 13.80 71.93 40.89 18.6 -275.23 71.8 -276.4 -62.kJ*mol .18 90.31 79.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 61.8 -159.80 74.01 cm3 C» -7.32 112.84 4.1 -273.31 56.49 102.25 37.78 kJ -2. fO OO / tj O ^17 Q \ /T ^ / O O ^17 Q \ /T A J*mol.30 79.4 -276.37 117.96 1.

41 222.2 -683.1 -150.83 245.65 21.23 212.34 173.4 105.91 302.43 236.78 219.7 -716.6 -600.36 125.61 115.2 -690.5 -720.78 2.00 133.73 390. H298"H8 K kJ .64 455.15 to 1800 K.12 274.35 14.3 -670.46 17.2 -446.36 362.1 -294.37 AfH° -718.642E-01 7.96 260.0 -701.80 0.76 156.210 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MINIUM Pb3O4 : 685.33 372.13 146.35 300.35 230.90 155. cp ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T .8 -332.69 508.54 328.00 212.7 -486.49 229.08 334.9 -408.0 -709.8 -707.9 -258.24 8.96 42.9 -562.91 6.8 -81.28 151.07 215.28 491.00 11.75 288. 681 J'bar'1 76.00 0.21 199.00 212.25 3.06 363.97 226.33 33.6 .35 26.83 189.25 88.9 -677.93 351.1 -221.31 552.44 169.08 523.3 -713.00 339.36 565.598 Tetragonal crystals 298.66 474.00 212.1 -655.87 383.1 -369.97 233. 81 cm3 C* -1.12 140.86 212.0 -523.22 208.91 435.00 218.11 413.71 42.4 -663.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T A^H0 154.7 -115.62 73._ 298.92 182.975E+02 B= 3.8 -696.3 -711.37 172.26E+06 8/21/92 .7 -718.27 260.38 54.78 103.80 A fG° Log Kf -601.94 5.9 -186.-6.26 165.01 69.94 204.72 161.02 392.40 104.3 -716..59 538.4 -47. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.73 195.50 1.1 Boiling T K Av*H° kJ kJ Molar Vol.51 315.

20 249.78 271.7 -304.0 -361. 298.44 43.23 53.03 294.48 17.68 A fH° 1-l.7 -259.5 -361.4 1~1 Boiling T K A^' AftJH0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.15 267.49 248.71 9.57 52.1 -244.59 32.1 -300.07 56.87 280.8 -361.60 56.06 57.86 293.3 -299.92 50.3 -252.08 13.3 -307.18 15.7 -306.40 264.34 19.85 39.34 338. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.53 AfG° Log Kf -300.72 289.36 11.211 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SULFUR DIOXIDE 64.0 -288.0 -266.81 252.4 -230.17 286. H298~H8 K 10.68 8.25 39.43 26.55 kJ A = -3.79 57.78 52.4 -361.00 0.29 328.6 -281.45 29.20 248.8 -300.2 52.65 320.50 22.2 -302.065 Ideal gas at p = 1 bar.09 kJ- 248.99 7.42 270.246E+06 9/9/92 .34 36.74 299.96 256.97 J'bar'1 24789 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <Hf-H2 98 )/T -296.48 46.3 -296.61 17.20 248.5 -361.95 283.92 43.4 -298.31 44.8 -300.78 39.43 292.v-l K 298.1 -362.65 277.29 55.62 260.63 310.47 279.7 -361.20 331.30 6.38 54.90 286.45 260.87 335.15 to 2500 K.47 42.96 305.55 26.25 10.29 274.78 7.628E-02 2478 .46 56.62 0.17 40.14 22.29 57.01 55.39 41.93 10.12 324.9 -361.8 -296.3 -274.1 -300.84 315.53 48.19 37.8 -237.6 -361.7 -362. °P ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 39.9 -300.536E+02 B= 6.17 34.30 31.7 can3 0 3.

10 360.6 -332.83 24.81 60.79 316.13 309.09 67.36 5.49 75.99 64.78 292.103E+06 4/9/92 .35 6.26 72.0 -370.3 -321.25 79.08 80.86 -395.6 -405.02 49.80 258.46 381.96 366.48 4.63 50. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.83 355.5 -244.80 342. CP o ST Melting T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T 50.87 334.3 -401.69 40.96 78.2 64. 7 cm3 C* 3.0 -460.30 36.88 47.00 0. 97 J'bar'1 24789.93 77.6 -342.8 -178.71 A fH« «1 _-l K 298.064 Ideal gas at p « 1 bar.97 278.2 -194.04 282.8 -362.0 -260.3 -455.5 -458.2 -293.04 312.69 63.0 -458.7 -399.34 9.70 286.09 348.06 308. H298~H8 K kJ A« -4. 298.0 -406.39 296.70 52.60 376.9 -456.6 -459.64 74.84 29.80 21.20 A fG° Log Kf -371.15 to 2200 K.40 58.71 80.89 272.07 77.49 7.80 256.0 -459.64 256.82 57.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 212 Formula wt SULFUR TRIOXIDE SO3 : 80.44 371.88 263.38 80.56 47.17 35.6 -277.15 11.16 30.06 305.2 -352.80 257.34 13.99 287.06 0.6 -211.39 319.5 -162.04 55.7 -395.82 301.00 15.8 -403.18 298.20 326.77 57.580E-01 2478.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (Hf-H$ 98 )/T kJ-mol" 1 256.8 -455.16 70.504E+02 B= 1.0 -457.31 13.68 79.0 -227.02 18.66 318.4 -456.07 61.80 8.3 Boiling T K Av^° A^H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.16 43.02 54.9 -310.02 267.82 23.11 272.

68 220.84 29.04 36.13 27.79 220.20 7.60 25.17 13.4 -195.51 22.6 -235.60 212.67 36.87 8.34 28.39 12.33 234.6 -203.10 241.12 11.85 243.51 8.4 -101.39 34.30 VT 211.4 -145.13 23.2 -187.64 233.7 -104.2 -153.562E+05 4/10/92 .90 260.44 270.56 26.40 238.5 -136.3 -103.59 251.55 227.0 -101.7 -211.40 27.7 -110.4 -105.8 -247.0 -106.77 28.15 to 1800 K.6 -102.33 35.0 -103.41 236.50 A fG° Log Kf -127.80 0.97 J«bar'1 24789.71 kJ A= -1.90 29.84 243.29 240.8 -162. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 9.8 -108.75 257.92 31.68 272.18 A fH c mol" 1 -100.03 37.11 211.82 35.7 -227.72 36.51 20.5 22.2 -106.00 0. H2"98~H8 8.15 10.084E+02 B= -7.06 268.15 32.95 225.5 -242.96 18.79 9.57 15.19 34.19 17.3 -127.8 K Boiling T Melting T kJ kJ Molar Vol./T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T -1-1 298.38 33.908E-02 2478.30 36.085 Ideal gas at p = 1 bar.81 15. CP CO ST (Hf-HJ 98 .07 217.33 254.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 29.93 7.7 -162.51 36.9 -107.81 36.52 266.60 211.77 12.47 24.8 -179.60 211.7 cm3 C« 4.69 7.93 37.0 -162.4 -170.86 230.29 8.79 215. 298.18 7.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SILICON MONOXIDE SiO: 213 44.45 247.30 22.8 -219.4 -100.46 227.64 238.7 -109.81 263.15 232.34 222.46 7.

1 -903.3 -747.0 -900.04 69.21 99.047E+02 B.19 52.65 154.4 -801.6 -609.93 45.269 J'bar'1 22.73 75.18 79. ^-crystals 844 to 1700.27 59.34 28.60 74.3 -855.6 -904.2 -949.7 -819.39E+05 01/06/93 .69 cm3 O -3.66 22.17 71.43 71. The melting point is estimated to be 1700 K.52 21.11 51.28 90.18 33.9 -837.71 17.00 0.87 101.80 38.75 58.69 49.92 149.40 83.2 -712.62 69.89 A fG° Log Kf -856.11 kJ 41.4 -905. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.8 -901.56 51.49 97.64 56.25 66.38 85.33 47.25 122.96 94.03 109.214 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt QUARTZ SiO2 : 60.01 149.8 -695.83 109.0 -589.9 -643.39 38.44 49.16 56.4 -678.6 150.82 90.45 81.46 18.42 Melting T -910.9 -910.1 -660.12 69.96 72.8 -908.60 69. CP ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° J'mol'^K* 1 - 298.93 144.37 41.8 -907.7 -910.65 53.14 164.25 24.82 74. Liquid 1700 to 1800 K.87 128.00 116.2 -783.27 62.916 kJ A« -9. H298~H8 6.7 -626.07 70.52 47.85 68.68 65.14 33.6 -938.58 42.2 -765.41 61.74 70.8 -904.25 68.45 79.97 43.96 55.3 -902.31 0.1.7 -910.28 12.46 41.41 20. 77 73.7 -730.44 87.59 44.46 43.46 41.5 -909.63 139.78 53.084 Trigonal crystals 298.5 -901.85 30.74 55.27 27.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 44.744E-01 2.96 134.15 to a-0 transition at 844 K.

5 -908.19 85.44 49.78 38.82 69.34 68.96 34.26 93.99 43.7 -645.18 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.719E-01 2 .48 29.07 50.28 111.90 30.0 -713.22 73.61 152.49 20.9 -899.6 -900.6 -854.00 0.44 72.23 67.53 18.2 -906.8 -946.1 -818.18 33.60 147.43 86.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CRISTOBALITE SiO2 : 215 Tetragonal crystals.9 -611.15 to 523 K.92 70.42 45.73 22.40 43.73 41. 523 to 1800 K.70 57.87 78. 60.98 0. a.64 59.62E+05 01/06/93 .30 118.07 49.99 56. 298.77 160.55 69.029E+02 B= 1.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 44.8 -696.43 90.50 137.2 -903.91 97.40 43.70 54.77 71.99 44.06 65.53 73.1 -908.8 -905.15 50.084 Cubic crystals.7 -783. 7.9 Boiling T 1996 K A^H° Aft»H° Log K« 149.1 -898.2 -836.28 12.00 -854.24 142.59 62.63 21.31 24.41 100.3 -947.60 94.95 45.98 A fG° kJ-mol" 1 43.87 73.8 -765.47 72.42 103.7 -591.91 55.74 cm3 C.00 72.81 52.3 -731.7 -748.82 Melting T 43.08 54.32 156.7 -662.26 82.78 104.93 70.31 73.74 47.46 69.71 148. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.73 68.31 49.-2.7 -679.73 109.3 -902.34 53.79 17.56 84.7 -899.4 -901.71 58.33 27.8 -628.43 38.04 kJ H298-H8 - -9.4 -908.574 J-bar1 25 .32 131.1 -800.61 125.5 -905.0 -904.64 64.4 -908. P. CP CO ST (HT-HJ 98 )/T -(GT-H| 98 )/T A fH° J'mol" 1 ^' 1 298.

19 153.70 53.64 149.8 -598.93 26.8 -741.81 65.13 48.37 44.15 to 1800 K.91 24.28 57.6 -687.46 45.80 Log Kf -852. 64 cm3 kJ 6 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.73 32.50 38.35 148.7 -903.58 52.064 J-bar'1 20.71 90.48 21.2 149.00 0.9 -902.06 49.79 33.216 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt COESITE SiO2 : 60.22 40.25 95.94 69.56 75.51 62.6 Boiling T K K AV*H° kJ Molar Vol 2 .28 75.12 48.65 117.79 139.78 -1 -1-1 298.24 50.45 71.2 -899.7 -669.09 20.40 134.8 -907.97 37.33 83.08 51.26 76.5 -947.10 86.50 40.39 79.1 -634.14 18.2 -906.4 -616.0 -901.28 12.37 108.1 -759.60 58.8 -578.40 16.54 Melting T Aft»H° H2*98~H5 0.9 -652.59 53.75 74.89 kJ A* -9.6 -705.5 -778.33 86. CP ST i(HJ-HJ 98 )/T /T -(G 45.50 29.86 144.7 -946.1 -900.8 -902.41 70.85 65.67 56.45 73.084 Monoclinic crystals 298.86 72.23 71.78 52.28 110.12 27.0 -796.34 58.64 46.14 69.19 103.56 67.50 38.3 -898.01 71.72 43.14 54.40 123. 6 -815.799E-01 0 -2.74 -907.06 73.5 -905.036E+02 B« 1.84 67.0 -907.52 96.33 22.19 93.61 43.8 -908.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 38.6 -723.04 37.7 -907.85 85.97 62.39E+05 8/28/92 .6 -904.5 -852.54 76.63 129.2 833 .71 38.46 55.

4 -628.86 51.62 33.6 -900.72 102.1 -743.85 75. 4014 J'bar'1 14.8 -859.78 118.3 -901.71 138.58 70.6 -724.22 79.-2.41 14. cp ST (Hf-H| 98 )/T -(GT-H2 9Q )/T A £G° Log Kf -802.5 -855.34 40.74 27.68 74.51 123.15 to 1800 K.46 82.87 128. H2*98~H5 K 7.24 53.92 56.03 46.67 99.78 27.60 67.28E+05 12/17/91 .58 45.4 -856.75 43.2 -852.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 42.67 65.36 60.9 -854.0 -858.04 19.92 54.42 21.4 -609.0 -512.64 0.3 -861.89 42.72 64.8 -802.79 73.06 27.58 69.99 43.91 18.04 54.73 54.4 -782.87 A £H° kJ*mo i-l 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.50 59.81 30.0 -853. 014 cm3 C.79 85.5 -861.7 -854.907E-01 1.78 84.8 -553.80 77.572E+02 B= 1.18 37.35 24.27 12.06 16.49 22.72 68.6 -666.40 76.95 106.92 133.5 -590.99 48.2 -857.28 27.4 140.3 -861.6 -571.62 112.39 37.78 29.32 51.32 68.79 34.02 39.47 52.1 -704.00 0.20 71.25 55.4 -647.3 Boiling T K A^H° Aft.63 64.8 -763.42 71.48 56.97 33.00 79.68 75.8 -685.99 -861.217 THERMOD YNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt STISHOVITE SiO2 : 60.H° kJ kJ Molar Vol.42 63.78 28.64 72.05 49.65 27.97 72.05 42.14 65.65 139.61 47.6 -859.1 -534.27 142.2 -860.74 kJ A= -8.084 Tetragonal crystals 298.66 92.

-3.72 30.79 72.7 -896.01 120.56 154.50 48.1 148.90 27.89 58.01 133.77 69.50 48.90 103.9 -895.0 -901.6 -901.08 -<GT-H2 98 )/T (Hf-H2 98 )/T »K 0.74 62.33 63.36 53.07 104.1 -778.04 37.02 85.02 67.43 159.2 -899.00 69.8 -895.81 74.1 -693.43 149.04 92.4 -898.32 48.79 86.56 45.31 58.81 96.0 -831.1 -710.64 65.3 -813.74 33.694E-01 2.44 18.61 22.22 53.11 74.53 68.00 144.22 139.10 49.31 127.1 -893.1 -892.26 40.82 71.93 67.42 99.71 A fH° -901.81 108.24 11.1.54 55.2 -676.00 0.79 147.727 J'bar1 27.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 37.63 53.998 kJ A* -8.89 20.95 63.75 81. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.27 cm3 C.31 76.3 -659.17 27.1 -941.99 48.98 33.38 20.4 -744.7 -761.84 70.07 77.1 -609.07 96.77 73.06E+05 2/25/93 .15 to estimated melting point 1700 K.69 43.7 -901.7 -796.90 76.17 24.19 37.0 -894.71 43.-1 Boiling T 1700 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H5 6.5 -642.98 113.17 59.96 51.12 89.24 A £G° Log Kf -849.2 .0 -900.3 -849.14 54.2 -727.56 85. CP ST J»mol 298.6 -902.11 49.50 50.84 k_ - 48.8 -626.94 38.6 -897.72 72.084 Glass 298.966E+02 B.218 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SILICA GLASS SiO2 : 60.

60 149.36 89. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T -1-1 298.33 15.3 -346.02 49.99 72.76 95.57 62.0 90.49 54.14 26.02 51.92 81.8 -576.1 Boiling T 1903 K A^ 0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.22 53.64 117.54 65.71 60.29 55.61 78.755E+05 6/11/93 .34 66.38 32.6 -581.0 -574.46 -577.6 -577.084E-01 2.219 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CASSITERITE SnO2 : 150.62 58.35 66.18 82.30 83.1 -579.66 39.21 86.45 14.4 -388.19 97.5 -325.66 78.74 64.24 56.5 -577.81 156.3 -430.00 106.1 -572.2. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.53 39.38 kJ A« -5.64 44.9 -305.00 0.09 70.55 cm3 O -1.07 83.6 -582.71 0.02 49.00 126.90 61.10 49.18 12.80 168.32 88.39 48.32 134.36 93.86 33.7 -474.60 49.25 A fG° Log Kf -515.80 102.6 -577.53 19.155 J-bar'1 21.2 -570.26 51. HJ98-H§ 8.56 81.4 -285.64 9.2 -367.27 10.46 79.1 -265.709 Tetragonal crystals 298.22 106.52 162.18 16.81 142.30 85.33 84.28 76.2 -566.1 -452.4 -494.27 25.4 -576.73 22.763E+02 B.8 -515.15 to 1903 K.8 -409.83 74.23 A fH° kJ mol" 1 49.2 -568.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 Melting T 53.

15 to 1800 K.38 59.52 57.86 28.22 61.06 94.62 52.4 -588.1 -429.86 56.66 22.5 -594. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 39.8 -418.7 -594.17 97.7 -560.79 127.59 38.07 80.4 -440.69 cm3 C= 3.83 60.55 117.10 111.84 33.5 -550.0 -460.28 12.97 41.940E+05 10/2/92 .53 61.43 46.96 0.3 -471.86 11.956E+02 B.3 -591.83 31.22 97.14 100.16 38.75 45.1 -730.61 -1 J-mol"1 ^' 1 - 298.72 44.619 Cubic crystals 298.1.11 59.7 -594.38 Melting T -591.7 -728.7 -501.86 57.4 -594.220 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt STRONTIUM MONOXIDE SrO: 103.80 91.41 45.86 20.0 -491.2 -530.33 14.10 73.047E-01 2. H598~H8 8.76 140.44 151.81 97.7 -594.36 42.60 43.3 -590.49 48.75 148.7 -594.95 69.37 80.50 18.5 -587.80 69.58 Log Kf -560.4 -400.90 55.48 36.19 56.74 105.95 34.77 132.675 kJ A« -5.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 55.55 24.1 98.59 71.00 102.93 105.7 -450.3 -481.8 -590.24 54.87 144.82 84.06 53.02 19.35 60.00 0.3 -540.5 -510.52 55.03 12.70 46.41 122.07 25.069 J-bar'1 20.89 64.45 89.66 50.80 15.39 87.16 77.41 136.35 29.26 55.63 58. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<H-HJ98 )/I? 45.9 -588.5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.04 56.3 -520.51 16.5 -588.52 55.2 -589.

64 70.81 112.72 72.31 99.66 40.0 -1220.94 124.794E-01 2.8 -1131.21E+05 9/10/92 .5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.20 65.9 -1040.4 -1226.58 84.4 -1225.20 100.-1.82 79.2 -1168.95 72.88 77.99 74.8 -1219.37 cm3 0 -3.4 -1223.82 70.0 -1112.41 110.6 -1217.06 89.63 78.72 65. CP Sf (Hf-H| 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 1-1.61 48.219E+03 B.06 53.037 Cubic crystals 298.69 A £G° Log Kf -1169.85 0.0 -1022.79 61.85 81.15 96.54 43. K' 1 298.2 -1004.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 61.20 67.1 -1075.52 75.73 95.5 -1224.34 143.43 105.00 0.40 54. 10.31 134.32 48.96 165.25 61.34 151.9 -1057.84 203.15 118.14 51.2 -1222.51 150.7 -1218.1.60 27. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.18 34.49 158.28 84.17 Melting T -1226.25 44.72 A £H° kJ mol" 1 65.88 78.5 204.95 67.20 65.9 -1149.56 kJ A.15 to 1200 K.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt THORIANITE Th02 : 221 264.5 -1216.38 16.54 55.5 -1094.637 J'bar'1 26.78 76.

6 -833.9 mol~^ Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.39 77.34 15.62 72.26 101.76 78.5 -621.70 154.55 76.6 -942.66E+05 4/5/93 .0 -940.385E+02 B« 1.25 139.1 -939.91 57.96 72.0 -937.15 to 1800 K.8 -942.68 113.5 -779.18 2103 K AfG° Log Kf -888.42 92.64 28.45 62.0 -943.14 61.82 cm3 C« -2.79 23.1 -744.0 -939.21 106.882 J-bar'1 18.13 168.0 -938.4 -673.35 31.0 -941.879 Tetragonal crystals 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.4 -869.6 -941.67 kJ A.49 63.07 45.8 -762.72 48.7 -656.70 83.70 95.33 0.25 32.52 78.45 76.99 77.8 -888.-9.72 68.0 155.62 50.0 -940.95 97. T 50.10 112.3 -937.85 71.81 35.85 56.19 67.56 60.29 55.77 124.60 88.4 -797.86 177.46 21.49 25.9 -709.49 37. CP CO ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^" 1 - 298.09 78.92 73.58 50.62 18.67 88. 8.15 1.21 25.04 76.42 19.00 0.06 54.16 73.1 -938.02 A fH° -944.77 75.80 59.62 52.1 -638.2 -936.4 -815.26 39.9 -851.85 52.99 53.25 45.33 109.62 50.5 -726.222 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt RUTILE TiO2 : 79.12 82.03 60.11 157.42 132.41 146.5 -935.71 116.96 68.12 115.39 105.29 69.13 172.41 57.39 50.766E-01 1.0 -944.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 55.00 152.96 42.80 163.94 74.1 -691.

8 -809.767E-01 2 .46 88.6 -739.37 152.72 112.3 -936 .47 53.90 49.07 73.3 -932 .8 -792.60 70.09 31.56 42.0 -774.1 -721.82 46.7 -938 .2 -882.73 146.34 15.0 -883.59 64.052 J'bar'1 20 .74 153.91 76.19 78.5 -931 .82 77.52 cm3 C « -2.60E+05 9/10/92 .71 44.07 51.22 56. H298~H5 kJ A.7 -938 .44 83.7 154.3 -933 .9 -864.00 0.-9.15 to 1300 K.879 Tetragonal crystals 298.83 97.09 38.24 49.15 74.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 55.43 51.75 73.71 68. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T _1 298.0 -827.38 72.90 50.54 139.85 62.40 28.68 132.55 55.01 75.27 _1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.93 39.31 106.3 -935 .07 60.87 88.76 33.32 55.2 -756.37 -<H-HS98 )/i *i :H° A fG° Log K£ 49.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANATASE TiO2 : 223 79.24 67.22 67. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 49.60 95.01 124.8 -935 .47 25.69 82.56 0.26 92.4 -846.90 52.331E+02 B= 1.2 -934 .3 -934 .52 35.19 -938 .2 -937 .32 116.10 75.4 -703.69 72.

0 -843.03 147.8 180.24 92.54 57.5 -877.62 42.89 47.70 87.42 97.2 -860.74 143.29 215.71 47.3 -979.7 -1031.24 77.26 68.9 -1083.718E-01 c- 2 .31 85.66 124.61 67.4618 J-bar'1 24 .81 90.60 63.4 -807.38 160.84 91.00 0.05 95.9 -1084.73 61.7 -894.618 cm3 1.0 -825.03 77.8 -1031.51 198.224 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt URANINITE U02 : 270.37 0.33 119.65 84.36 210.37 24.45 139.01 113.45 28.62 150.48 38.95 221.82 81. H598~H6 11.06 168.80 61.31 54.72 53.45 89.46 127.13 Boiling T 3151 K A^H° Aft»H° K kJ kJ Molar Vol.75 114.07 88.6 -1085.75 129.15 to 1800 K.67 42.2 -1089.7 -1086.6 -911.74 26.64 36.03 77.4 -928.4 -1013.3 -772.78 96.24 71.5 -1087.65 75.31 59.62 134.3 -1088. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 94.3 -1084.37 28.38 104.43 I-mol" 1 -*" 1 298.58 132.42 82.7 -1081.028 Cubic crystals 298.1 -1082.8 -790.90 84.5 -1080.56 31.28 22.45 51.932E+04 12/17/91 .18 34.3 -1081.39 17.2 -945.5 -1079.91 102.7 -1079.93 108.48 191.82 71.97 184.083E+03 B= 1.7 -1081.11 204.2 -962. ST CP (H*-HJ98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log K£ -1084.03 79.7 -996.89 63.79 70.28 138.75 179.96 79.16 151.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 63.9 -1082.51 77.28 kJ A -1.87 176.83 65.08 85.48 Melting T 77.

45 92.29 213.5 -775.11 129.80 98.82 123.2.0 -961.99 248.0 -1060.1 -821. 14E+06 6/11/93 .96 105.52 127.46 162.25 167.52 A fH° mol" 1 -1218.86 200.14 93.92 120.68 296.65 28.6 -1210.25 65.10 98. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 158.81 24.76 140.2 -1202.0 -1189.22 50.62 150.65 335.H° 104.23 145.3 -798.87 110.2 -1183.17 159.68 218.00 0.225 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt KARELIANITE V2O3 : 149.96 176.32 77.19 UT 98.985 J«bar! cm3 29 .53 22.8 -1217.85 -<G*-HJ98 .97 57.6 -1200.6 -1112.60 83.4 -1194.7 -1192.09 60.04 140./'I »K 0.73 149.8 -914.24 206.7 -937.11 317.32 138.78 32.68 274.24 44.39 26.33 117.01 180.0 -1138.80 152.55 116.21 113.0 -1086.1 -890.10 98.2 -1186.13 159.05 285.86 89.3 -1010.1 -1197.3 -844.197E+03 2 .76 101.72 97.29 184.08 326.1 -1214.4 Boiling T K ^ ^° kJ kJ Molar Vol.7 -1205.42 110.99 132.26 191.55 198.79 113.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T Aft.39 261.53 39. H298~H5 K A= -1.8 -1218.10 102.90 199.09 219.74 146.95 156.9 199.85 kJ .21 233.355E-01 C--1.67 135.4 -1180.14 69.92 77. CP ST <HT-H$ 98 )/T J»mol 298.1 -1207.41 104.76 107.881 Rhombohedral crystals 298.66 A fG° Log Kf -1139.15 to 1800 K.36 29.84 143.79 35.4 -1035.66 307.72 130.62 47.9 -1212.5 -986.75 131.5 -866.

09 88. H298"H8 2.91 95.61 141.69 87.26 106.0 -372.9 -574.726E+05 9/10/92 .98 63.9 -585.56 64.35 79.69 182.4 -577.7 -589.90 57.92 A fH° kJ-mol" 1 -589.79 172.0 93.0 -567.63 56.47 89.37 110.30 12.83 70.74 160.9 -355.74 73.1 -588.70 78.35 42.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T CP 55.65 11.48 62.99 102.28 73.04 63.63 34.75 58.60 50.4 -424.44 133.89 24.60 50.48 49.22 9.849 Monoclinic crystals 298.1.22 82.85 ST 50.0 -572.95 68.28 85.1 -582.15 to 1800 K.8 Boiling T K K AV*H° AtoH° kJ Molar Vol.39 82.86 41.72 78.8 -289.9 -565.1 -322.24 51.8 -407.42 62.89 67.9 -496.776E+02 kJ B.13 117.3 -305.66 60.37 177.1 -579. 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 -570.62 116.226 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TUNGSTEN DIOXIDE WO2 : 215.97 76.79 68.7 -575.80 A fG° Log Kf -533.78 55.58 52.702E-01 C* -6.9 -533.3 -390.53 97.60 67.27 54.43 32.81 46.4 -478. 03 kJ A= -5.32 114.16 154.98 50.34 28.it * ~(GT-H2 98 )/1 0.85 84.53 92.23 14.54 106.65 21.00 0.28 18.6 -584.78 (isT-H298 )/T _ l~l.15 148.60 52.32 25.89 7.52 16.90 81.02 88.34 15.02 74.88 93.3 -273.7 -589. 003 J-bar'1 cm3 20.96 84.9 -339.5 -514.93 166.75 38.98 8.1 -586.51 125.2 -442.6 -581.2 -460.

73 65.84 5.82 57.78 3.22 49.1 -143.67 3.6 -356.31 39.«v 0.93 kJ 1.59 15.06 56.34 cm3 10/7/92 .434 J-bar'1 14.85 48.5 -350.51 36.11 88.18 118.8 -355.58 58.42 40.25 10.89 17.21 109.0 -465.99 38.56 46.12 55.00 .20 132.5 -247.45 55.34 62.0 -103.8 -460.20 43.9 -224.91 17.60 59.6 -467.85 114.4 -258.3 56.81 33.72 89.50 40.38 50.20 44.74 129.1 -355.20 43.77 94.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ZINCITE ZnOt 227 81. H298~H5 K 6.75 8.2 -203.74 48.75 40.59 82.25 122.389 Hexagonal crystals 298.52 84.20 105.94 11.6 -356.49 31.18 6.94 53.3 -349.13 52.80 35.00 12.94 66.17 Boiling T Av*H° kJ kJ Molar Vol.52 2242 K -(GT-H$g 8 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -350.4 -163.34 43.07 51.2 -280.17 86.86 75. CP S| (HT-H$ 98 )/T i .9 -349.2 -468.4 -320.35 25.52 55.6 -461.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T A^H 0 40.40 69.25 9.87 78.7 -183.UIW4.0 -123.15 to 1800 K.93 74.57 42.1 -300.79 55.76 81.2 -310.29 56.71 72.37 51.7 -236.44 31.26 20.86 22.80 26.28 52.53 44.76 100.57 41.0 -320.3 -463. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.49 43.09 125.5 -350.74 54. 298.35 43.00 0.1 -290.4 -356.2 -269.5 -470.52 29.68 4.

0934E+03 B= 1.07 28.9 -1094.5 -856.26 29.35 63.75 kJ -1.0 -892.1 -985. H§98~H8 8.61 104.00 124.88 53.76 72.55 26.40 31.8 -1085.17 106.87 163.78 55.2 -1092.35 15.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1478 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 56.11 61.59 95.48 74.48 74.34 64.75 113.57 74.07 158.48 50.48 74. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.223 Tetragonal crystals 1478 to 1800 K.01E+05 9/9/92 .4 -947.2 -1004.40 50.64 53.13 51.1 -784.8 -1093.66 88.80 132.2 -1097.84 153.58 50.58 46.00 64.13 168..8 .7 -1095.25 Boiling T 3123 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol. r° CP ST (H*-H598 )/T -(Gf-H2 9Q )/T kJ« J-l.08 78.68 109.28 AfG° Log K£ -1042.10 22.51 133.15 to 1478 K.16 49.1 -1095.6 -1100.28 173.9 -1042.15 cm3 O -4.5 -1094.41 78.09 177.60 181.02 73.1 -966.89 85.8 -874.40 50.18 56.5 -819.06 77.-1 298.75 105.26 62.16 75. 123.25 58.55 68.8 -802.11 146.64 83.5 -1023.62 104.-1 181.06 34.37 62.05 97.62 38.70 A £H° -1100.64 57.18 24.115 J'bar'1 21.86 0.18 42.60 117.20 116.1 -837.45 72.9 -1092.4 -1083.2 -1098.7 182.2 -1085.00 0.43 101.33 32.4 -766.40 38.21 67.38 76.75 67.228 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BAODELEYITE ZrO2 : Monoclinic crystals 298.70 57.80 140.94 47.0 -1084.6 -1100.99 82.7 -1092.273.41 78.47 93.4 -911.8 -822.62 74.59 42.1 -1099.32 77.40 52.28 25.8 -929.60 63.81734E-01 2. .63 78.51 70.

64 150.5 -1803.09 157.01 130.03 276.97 140.1 -1970.26 66.946E+05 7/17/92 . CP S| (Hf-H2 9Q )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^"1 298.02 176.7 -1718.26 378.0 -2320.36 52.19 226.91 101.7 -2311.88 155.1 -2318.63 78.5 -2307. H2"98~H8 13 .8 -2296.308E+03 - 4.85 127.1 -2316.18 125.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 105.65 112.14 206.98 91.34 180.72 187.3 -2093.26 70.8 -2308.85 328.78 278.85 202.58 114.08 66.1 -1760.94 131.82 113.23 316.38 53. 432 J«bar'! 34.4 -1929.94 kJ-mol'1 66.12 132.1 Boiling T R Av*H° Aft.89 44.09 350.01 100.58 184.3 -2309.0 -2051.07 128.0 -1845.53 136.12 210.51 147.2 -1591.5 -1634.58 81.46 290.71 218.33 178.26 66.00 102.34 48.33 261.2 -2175.9 -2297.07 68.9 -1888.81 304.9 -2011.H 0 kJ Molar Vol.3 -1548.29 185.1 -2293.75 64.65 30.09 0.66 178.57 92.63 167.5 -2299.23 123.80 162.76 79.0 -2312.89 0.53 171.208E-01 - R kJ 3.5 -2134.80 A fG° A fH° -2298.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHRYSOBERYL BeAl2O4 : 229 126.5 -2298.8 -2314.6 381. 32 cm3 5.15 244.97 183.95 119.09 kJ A» -2.62 107.23 166.40 106.60 134.18 174.6 -1676.80 185. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.12 58.48 70.25 193.5 -2295.00 Log Rf -2176.05 159.18 181.76 145.62 87.92 137.01 98.96 176.973 Orthorhombic crystals 298.80 190.3 -2298.15 to 1800 K.77 340.

74 -<«J-HJ 98 )/!r (HT-H§ 98 )/T 0.3 -1520.40 151.57 229.56 177.73 60.17 200.77 186.4 -1513.4 -1095. 25.230 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CALCIUM FERRITE CaFe2O4 : 215.50 287.24 193.83 172.83 274.12 126.89 144.95 40.0 -1527.96 132.65 65.00 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 Melting T 153.0 -1514.30 96.537E-01 4.79 331.72 47.3 -1059.40 145.04 168.71 69.37 AfH° -1520.35 192.12 283.4 -1513.42 kJ -1.3 -1518.17 34.66 140.0 -987.11 174.66 94.76 385.25 229.93 53.80 253.97 A fG° Log Kf -1412.24 310.58 217.77 - kJ 145.04 113.1 247.94 190.55 38.20 191.5 -1305.66 197.07 263.473E+05 5/15/92 .01 428.1 -1516.15 to melting point 1510 K.6 -1270.78 145.519E+03 B» 3.9 -1236.05 204. CP CO ST J*mol~ *K~ 298.59 163.498 J-bar"1 44.1.8 -1514.83 80.40 146.10 368.81 180.33 121.65 153.53 415.10 136.98 177. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.19 106.41 260.1 -1023.1 -1201.90 351.17 400.44 245.85 83.98 cm3 C.98 241.73 183.8 -1340.6 -1529.70 140.95 164.2 -1525.4 -1166.79 179.3 -1516.6 -1131.770 Orthorhombic crystals 298.4 mol"" 1 Boiling T 1510 K K kJ 108.7 -1375.68 42.4 -1411.3 -1530.2 kJ Molar Vol.22 114.4 -1520.

135E+03 B= 4.73 528.65 kJ Molar Vol.52 248.00 1.2 -2149.44 546.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 192.45 230.04 -<G*-H298 >/< T \ **T **O Q ft 9 / 0.20 42.31 162.7 -2126.9 -1999.16 78.0 -1552. CP ST J * rool 298.04 199.36 373.54 238.50 88.7 -2127.04 240.76 115.4 -1460.64 -2138.491E-01 6.35 181.0 -2146.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DICALCIUM FERRITE 231 271.36 56.77 301.02 188.37 348.3 -2135.77 397.13 243.20 250.37 249.-1 ___ -1999.7 -1687.17 129.13 487.08 K kJ 31. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 378.56 62.38 346.84 153.9 -2143.09 176.42 kJ A= -2.3 -2138.718 J-bar'1 67.92 100.51 244.847 Orthorhombic crystals 298.78 162.49 194.91 595.61 217.7 -1598.22 135.40 K A fG° A fH° k_ * 188.8 -1643.13 438.02 111.1 -1953.69 246. H2"98~H8 25.5 -1731.80 188.4 -1819.45 317.85 579.79 87.4 -2131.4 .55 299.4 -1775.1 -1907.80 190.06 142.1 -1369.8 -2148.20 50.7 -2144.9 -2128.39 190.91 193.12 267.15 to melting point 1750 K.48 341.91 228.7 -1415.36 385.19 52.76 234.55 464.05 69.13 197.69 170.57 249.63 247.40 242.3 -2131.76 212.4 -2144.2 -2125.80 196.1 -1506.1 -2126.86 46.9 -1863.66 245.29 284.72 186.74 563.854E+05 7/22/92 .72 360.5 Boiling T 1750 K Log Kf 350.18 410.18 cm3 1.00 249.06 255.40 508.31 332.

10 302.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 232 Formula wt PEROVSKITE CaTiO3 : 135.8 -1574.5 -1657.0 -1323.2 -1654.363 33.89 274.H° kJ kJ Molar Vol.92 115.70 152.64 97.46 310.01 134.1 -1406.38 45.56 36.76 138.67 176.00 0.65 98.38 197.23 183.3 -1654.4 -1664.5 -1660.7 -1652.64 72.74 168.41 85.01 134.46 190.83 158.4 -1211.62 250.4 -1653.64 93.60 124.63 80.21 131.20 203.6 -1517.17 114.11 237.31 141.20 133.4 -1461.2 Boiling T K AM.63 209.08 99.64 81.3 275.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 97.98 122. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.29 92.03 261.43 129. H298~H8 kJ A» -1.7 -1434.83 127.01 134.8 -1184.60 27.13 151.56 143.28 119.54 272.04 64.38 33.47 192.43 160.63 52.1 -1154.3 -1352.07 134.4 -1802.26 106.64 94.09 67.20 57.42 58.657B+03 B» 2.39 135.46 292.783E-01 3.95 108.87 96.43 74.74 105.50 209.956 Orthorhombic crystals 1530 K.06 47.8 -1656. CP ST /tIO_tlQ ' T J*mol 298.16 39.51 129.29 43.6 -1267.6 -1660.66 109.07 93.50 kJ mol" 1 «K 0.6 -1659.4 -1652.34 173.7 -1379.01 93.8 -1658.9 -1655.73E+04 5/15/92 .31 282.38 125.81 2188 K -1660.00 101.9 -1295.20 89.20 224.71 105.5 -1239.47 A fG° A fH° 93.3 -1545.31 125.8 -1654.4 -1489.58 318.28 V /I* 298 ' / -<GT-H2 98 )/'I Log Kf -1574.1 -1662.25 125. cubic crystals 1530 to 1800 K.63 J-bar'1 cm3 C» -4.10 201.

96 128.71 82.9 -1965.40 133.0 Boiling T K 322. IIIW J.42 AfG° Log Kf V T .75 cm3 3.00 361.34 132.07 172. H598~H8 A= kJ -1.35 167.69 122.68 311.25 375.92 235.95 183.02 65.8 -1498.95 100.00 117.43 191.00 117..5 -1950.36 73.11 184.10 -1950. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.67 53.1 -1651.2 -1965.60 89.52 Melting T 0.7 -1576.83 177.J-mol'^K"" 1 K 298.1 -1421.15 to 1400 K.61 109.20 221.18 271.01 189.5 -1946.80 35.11 159.97 107. .7 -1762.075 J«bar-I 40. eo ST CP (Hf-H| 98 )/T -(G-T-H2-98»"I A fH° .2 -1963.4 -1799.6 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.56 292..80 157.5 -1950.66 217.82 93.7 -1537.18 125.4 -1614.62 346.07 238.35 116.33 195.00 0.0 -1944.9 -1947.808 Cubic crystals 298.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 128.52 59.93 329..7 -1943.91 129.28 187.55 117.24 76.38 148.37 158.799E-01 C- 4.22 170.03 319.7 -1965.97 248.04 -1838.1 -1837.9 -1460.1 -1961.00 122.1 -1948.85 192.10 150..02 184.842E+05 7/17/92 .96 145. 117.25 58.60 228.233 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt HERCYNITE FeAl2O4 : 173.59 193.mo l~l ^^^^^^ .38 181.24 206.955E+03 B= 3.1 -1688.3 -1725.18 137.

5 -1437. cp f>0 eo ST <HT-H$98 )/T -(Of-HJse)/!T J«mol~*«K~* 298.8 -1145.49 90.47 198.4 -1441.68 286.13 51.97 27.4 -1210.6 -1437.74 431.5 -918.25 90.77 196.85 183.36 108.81 101.67 213.37 177.1 -1276.80 36.3 -1112.04 268.72 222. H§98~H8 K kJ A» -1.01 J'bar'1 cm3 C= -4.99 171.6 -1243.40 128.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T AtoH° 133.234 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CHROMITE FeCr2O4 : 223.25 391. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 304.00 0.5 -1445.27 123.37 147. 01E+05 5/15/92 .7 -1443.8 -1080.mol' 1 146.2 235.437E+03 B» 3.10 194.0 -1438.7 -1440.25 60.3 -1438.55 185.22 146.42 193.21 24.00 151.83 200.84 187.55 180.38 252.08 133.55 233.48 167.69 191.05 117.99 376.67 33.16 A fG° Log Kf -1344.40 110.08 277.11 236.40 141.3 -982.8 -1439.26 443.5 -1343.86 189.32 137.19 342.33 278.3 -1437.9 -950.83 187.06 144.69 133.08 323.38 150.59 247.3 -1436.15 to 1800 K.48 418.91 160.00 146.90 66.47 162.76 A fH° kJ.33 76.40 0.837 Cubic crystals 298.5 -1177.10 77.39 359.1 -885.36 405.3 -1436.4 -1437.6 -1436.242E-01 4.58 133.401 44.12 454.91 173.1 -1438.10 29.30 45.95 149.00 146.56 258.84 187.4 -1047.13 225.8 -1015.82 36.24 -1445.9 -1310.5 -1444.47 58.89 295.64 302.7 -853.27 174.1 Boiling T K ^ 1° kJ kJ Molar Vol.62 40.

53 158.10 147.62 119.97 44.57 302.41 75.3 202. T 108.30 A £H° -1232.6 -1030.78 Melting T A fG° Log Kf -1155.83 213.89 106.992 kJ A= -1.48 153.5 -1104.47 111.62 206.13 109.00 0.1 -1223.69 cm3 0 -3. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ILMENITE FeTiO3 : 235 151.0 -1155.5 -884.8 -981.49 115.1 -1005.35 128.90 109.72 57.0 -1129.1 -1226.90 108.0 -1232.41 224.72 187.94 207.95 27.02 136.424E-01 3.2 -1054.725 Rhombohedral crystals 298.224E+03 B= 2.35 93.58 67.43 201.69 67.97 121.3 -1219.15 108.99 29.5 -957.0 -1231.61 267.18 99.12 199.46 40.7 -1228.35 254.82E-01 5/15/92 .6 -1225.45 102.6 -1224.4 -1216.96 91.00 149. CP CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T J"mol 298.81 149.15 to 1640 K.1 -1222.96 323.72 99.2 -836.16 184.61 26.51 139.65 176.50 32.71 139.2 -1224.2 -860.1 -1227.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 99.0 -908.90 112.01 130.51 312.03 291.20 124.1 -1229.16 131.77 280.94 165.26 134.61 36.37 51.3 mol"1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 16.2 -1079.58 158.73 240.36 140.7 -1225.26 58.77 167.50 142.61 95.95 78.58 86.50 145.01 *K 0.23 -(Gf-H2 9Q )/T - 1.20 81.3 -933.27 45.31 192.169 J«bar'1 31.

74 423.40 180.52 214.99 441.86 506.03 349.5 -1454.45 319.53 142.40 70.93 330.0 -980.72 129.32 Melting T 180. 682 J-bar'1 46.52 172.3 -1488.29 197.11 340.63 309.2 -1485.9 -1485.04 64.87 287.26 81.07 344.85 95.74 166.88 39.77 95.70 113.0 -1157.43 233.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 142.90 160.956E-01 K kJ 4.1 -1337.6 -1216.4 -1486.86 148.64 178.41 474.22 224.94 49.18 253.1 -1473.482E+03 B= 2.1 -1485.9 -1490.27 142.1 ^ kJ I* Molar Vol.00 0.71 183.88 211.3 -1306.9 -1467.00 54.40 186.06 197.6 -1246.87 136. H298"H8 kJ - -1.572 Cubic crystals 298.08 320.50 458.5 -1480.82 36.6 -1487.47 190.85 114.71 Boiling T K A^H0 -1493.55 521.2 -1490.8 -1492.65 139.8 -1276.5 245.44 205.89 238.9 -1399.83 122.14 32.9 -1067.05 293. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.83 490.15 to 1800 K.28 225.0 -1096.8 -1493.05 44.0 -1127.86 160.1 -1461.4 -1368.07 39.60 264.4 -1485.96 154.26 243.2 -1037.31 263.16 366.6 -952.33 262.13 27.62 62.94 30. CP CO ST <Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 9Q )/T A £G° Log Kf -1399.9 -1009.33 275.80 172.64 A £H° kJ» rool'1 298.45 298.55 405. 73E+05 5/26/93 .21 223.40 181.32 251.83 275.68 177.26 180.8 -1187.18 105. 82 cm3 C= -5.15 386.236 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ULVOSPINEL Fe2 TiO4 : 223.11 243.79 167.17 81.97 0.

8 -2299.63 178.56 87.72 32.6 -2320. H298~H5 K 15.91 Melting T 0.1 -2011.34 114.6 -2297.65 111.28 211.37 131.61 320.9 -2435.8 -1657.70 135.598E-01 3 .9 -1843.71 cm3 C= 3.0 -2321.237 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SPINEL MgAl204 : 142.85 189.7 -1886. CP Sf (1Si-H5 98 )/I' -(Gf-H$ 98 )/T -1-1 298.65 150.53 161.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 115.85 150.07 128.78 103.40 347.15 to 1800 K.68 178.41 kJ ** -2.74 218.12 196.1 -2299.55 289.70 382.86 158.3 -2323.84 278.56 103.93 371.29 193.92 220.70 211.13 170.82 172.51 54.64 253.266 Cubic crystals 298.7 -1756.73 117.85 88.40 47.89 138.33 70.10 193.56 A fH° kJ'mol" 1 88.2 381.94 116.3 -2324.70 305.57 165.5 -2298.26 149.48 184.971 J-bar-1 39 .42 110.3 -2431.27 195.38 145.42 126.87 126.6 Boiling T K Av*H° Afc.29 181.114E+06 5/21/93 .2 -1970.52 359.15 142.5 -2295.32 237.79 57.46 334.60 139.10 202.35 94.1 -1709.0 -1501.0 -2445.51 127.3 -1929.14 186.79 229.2 -1799.6 -2175.31 186.6 -2093. FORMATION FROM THE ELgMENTS Temp.3 -1605.3446E+03 B= 4.70 93.02 122.3 -2438.17 191.99 98.9 -2134.56 63.72 43.36 A fG° Log K£ -2176.67 183.00 0.1 -1553.1 -2299.81 71.3 -2052.52 78.H 0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.46 137.32 378.54 -2299.70 88.06 158.41 84.24 233.96 272.5 -2296.33 174.71 52.7 -2442.70 89.

86 143.8 -1780.22 89.97 A£6° Log Kf -1669. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.85 166.99 130.29 279.67 41.02 120.29 121.69 260.960E-01 4 .89 46.6 -1783.' -<Gf-H2 98 )/T l-l.0 -1157.0 -1516.87 A£H° -1783.6 -1250.2 -1442.0 -1904.48 212.1 -1404.88 158.8 292.00 106.29 135.60 184. CP Sf (1*-"39B>/«.36 64.5 -1904.79 331.85 182.3 1i-l Boiling T K Ay^H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.238 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MAGNESIOCHROMITE (picrochromite) MgCr2O4 : 192.93 396. 56 cm O 1.31 106.8 -1329.61 215.78 34.85 51.29 137.15 to 1800 K.68 146.06 252.88 188.7945E+03 B» 3.28 113.5 -1063.28 359.60 346.57 186.9 -1782.86 180.4 -1479.21 0.72 176.90 57.71 165.66 108.4 -1779.9 -1204.58 83.41 290.62 194.23 190.64 315.07 244.16 96.92 298.1 -1668.00 0.40 134.44 236.00 159.93 37.18 173.83 384.v-1 298.87 210.00 106.32 99.0 -1591.36 407.8 -1554.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T A^H 0 126.2 -1905.87 183.76 140.12 30. H298~H8 K kJ A« -1.47 170.5 -1774.60 180.87 205.68 235.00 76.2 -1781.22 147.16 185.05 115.98 372.82 127.6 -1783.37 147.87 225.4 -1630.2 -1110.5 -1366.356 J'bar'1 43 .00 111.1 -1291.32 259.09 189.9 -1907.295 Cubic crystals 298.1 -1781.24 kJ- 106.54 178.1 -1778.63 171.9 -1905.92 125.79 146.87 134.0556E+00 5/20/92 .2 -1780.70 73.78 35.2 -1776.31 59.

74 38.87 128.60 146.25 74./T -(Gf-H| 98 )/T J-mol""1 ^" 1 298.93 34.71 139.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MAGNESIOFERRITE MgFe2O4 : 239 Cubic (a) crystals 298.71 39.19 233.74 427.75 4. Cubic (0) crystals 665 to 1230 K.33 0.62 372.07 157.31 337.65 221.30 180.6 -884.80 121.50 121.54 239.68 190.40 275.34 152. 1230 to 1800 K.9 -1218.4 -1439.40 388.06 205.09 106.9 -1559.26 49.938E+06 5/20/93 .8 -1182.10 244.10 164.43 102.3 -1427.95 192.9 -1291.13 188.1 -1041. cp ST (H*-HJ98 .6 Boiling T K R kJ Av*H° Afa.93 186.36 198.H0 kJ Molar Vol.21 155.43 43.71 134.40 189.64 192.886E-01 231.3 -1561.0 -1004. H298"H8 kJ .8 -1438.3 -794.4 -839.00 0.40 24.93 A fH° IcT-mol ""^ 121.-1.52 451.52 153.35 66.15 to 665 K.80 27.5 -1435.6 -1328.34 439.94 A fG° Log Kf -1329.23 193.67 414.57 J«bar*1 cm3 C* 1.12 181.3 -1558.457 44.50 180.8 -929.47 149.58 56.58 195.62 167.05 317.9 -968.98 295.43 167.45 255.5 -1439.7 -1437.79 209.39 -1441.72 144.464E+03 B= 3.7 -1147.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 143.4 232.66 131.44 208.5 -1564.38 168. 199.10 88.43 139.0 -1433.40 21.20 265.5 -1441.86 269.6 -1112.01 187.02 86.3 -749.6 -1437.36 355.30 143.93 64.68 30.6 -1254.7 -1077.13 284.47 121.07 203.80 122.1 -1555.997 y-crystals FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.86 113.45 293.4 -1429.4 -1426.91 127.05 401.83 196.

08 258.4 -1483.50 101.09 141.05 96.19 131.183 Rhombohedral crystals 298.72 133.8 -1338.81 292.37 106.13 128.64 75.8 -1395.0 -1192.38 32.99 87.28 213.00 66.87 114.6 -1280.85 121.97 139.0 -1575.19 47.02 267.97 87.90 148.214E-01 3.65 Melting T -1572.63 154.64 42.240 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt GEIKIELITE MgTiO3 : 120.15 to 1800 K.86 J-bar'1 cm O 2.5 -1251.07 35.31 284.77 138.7 -1699.37 76.20 90.99 82.6 -1696.8 -1572.3 -1222.7 -1366.10 127.3 -1571.5 -1572.44 144.89 174.49 86. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J»mol~^»K~^ - 298.06 136.42 53.35 189.52 101.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.22 104.04 74.63 186.93 104.98 77.01 128.1 -1573.2 -1569.12 29.55 71.7 260.03 161.89 146.64 kJ A= -1.46 122.8 -1568.88 185.7 -1687.9 -1572.39 122.18 106.47 248.55 119.24 A fH° UT 74.9 -1565.43 200.69 125.4 -1566.2 -1424.05 258.64 78.12 64.92 43.29 39.32 135.601E+03 B= 3.97 0.22 168.7 -1690.39 180.7 -1693.8 -1454.03 93.29 130.88 59.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 93.75 226.8 -1572.84 94. H298~H5 13.086 30.91 99.00 0.32 AfG° Log Kf -1484.72 55.118E+06 5/20/92 .64 74.11 167.3 -1121.33 113.1 -1309.5 -1007.87 150.7 -1160.08 237. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.10 104.16 95.6 -1045.41 276.9 -1083.57 25.65 130.

7 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.4 -1254.59 121.19 281.8 -1201.10 186.74 125.99 247.46 Log Kf -1280.277 J«bar'1 32.90 104.48 133.8 -1358.52 136.72E+05 2/24/94 .77 75.59 0.9 -1176.41 222.50 88.3 -1353.59 134.43 219.66 135.9 -1074.45 51.17 66.11 37.90 105.59 193.28 102.13 -1360.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 A £6° A fH° 104.75 128.14 44.9 -1280.00 117.6 -971.36 128.24 179.29 154.5 -1354.06 126.0 -1356.71 104.15 to 1600 K.74 117.75 291.34 162.92 145.8 -1371.355B+03 B« 2.61 300.77 cm3 C» -1.51 73.8 -1354.66 41.70 57.80 130.8 -1356.37 135. H298"H8 16.65 84.08 233.16 97.62 27.7 -1355.02 45.1 -1359.71 127. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.48 259.84 30.7 -945.58 92.557E-01 3.90 109.20 123.2 -997.31 57.816 PYROPHANITE MnTiO3 : Rhombohedral crystals 298.86 100.7 -1125.4 -1354.13 65.22 33.10 95.63 87.2 -1359.82 271.11 131.2 -1358.9 -1023. cp ST -<G*-HJ98 >/'P <HJ-H298 )/T 99.2 -1150.18 111.75 200.0 -1227.94 163.1 -1360.86 -1 J-mol^-K'1 298.86 100.14 161.241 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt 150.2 -1357.99 171.33 132.2 224.86 309.79 79.5 -1048.00 0.54 202.69 kJ A= -1.3 -1099.58 207.76 183.27 104.

13 140.90 141.87 147.18 164.00 215.21 217.33 144.6 A £6° Log Kf -965.91 44.81 186.0 -762.2 -1059.46 224.38 291.47 74.7 -827.66 187.88 259.1 -964.00 231.35 202.365 J«bar'1 43.90 140.00 0.00 198.19 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol HS98~H5 kJ A= -1.65 cm3 C* -8.93 121.45 0.7 -1047.04E+05 5/26/93 .72 103.91 39.05 249.4 -894.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 146.93 61.01 349.88 158.5 -1068.09 266.80 132.18 321.15 to 1000 K.59 Melting T -1070.32 376.242 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TREVORITE NiFe204 : 234.232E-01 4.17 86.5 -731.83 118.8 -860.3 -795.58 66.5 -929.02 232.1 169.8 -1066.25 38.053E+03 3.0 -1053. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol'i-K" 1 - 298.73 51.6 -1041.71 172.36 93.86 kJ-m Q! 140.04 181.382 Cubic crystals 298.08 167.5 -1070. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.90 146.4 -1063.

9 -1175.09 293.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt FRANKLINITE ZnFe2O4 : 243 241.1 -1188.31 190.78 103.68 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.70 151.61 203.19 50.0 189.00 1.01 150.44 150.5 -1046.494 J-bar'1 44.082 Tetragonal crystals 298.30 136.05 255.9 -1013.37 193.62 81.112E-01 4. H298~H8 kJ A= -1.9 Boiling T A^0 R kJ kJ Molar Vol.15 to 600 K.71 105.9 -982.24 Melting T -1188.32 214.90 209.167E+03 B= 3.70 150.23 209.0 -1181.43 173.364E-t-05 2/24/94 .49 kJ'mol"1 K 298.1 -1081.94 cm3 O -7.70 158.15 300 400 500 600 A fG° A £H° 193. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T Log Kf -1082.91 85.58 188.7 -1169.

49 177.244 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES ZINC TITANIUM SPINEL Zn2TiO4 : Formula wt 242.4 -1309.91 136. 58 cm3 C= 6.57 51.60 202.28 A £6° Log K£ -1538.37 151.4.26 197.32 119.32 250.48 192.12 194.90 304.5 -852.10 144.2 -1655.9 -1424.45 186.5 -1387.33 103.52 378.93 0.6 -1134.19 35.64 182.93 185.36 196.72 124.1 -1652.01 103.54 201.01 151.25 185.51 211.18 447.54 31.8 -1861.34 131.7 -1461.54 343.31 200.34 361.34 393.4 -908.21 223.54 Melting T 143.3 -1872.13 220.6 -1856.7 -1499.18 267.31 189.93 148. CP CO ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H§ 98 )/T A fH° J-mol" 1 ^" 1 298.89 126. kJ H298"H5 - -1.4 -1649.5 -1191.H° Molar Vol.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 133.3 Boiling T K AV*H° K kJ kJ Aft.81 295.9 -1882.64 -1652.1 -1651.48 277.47 154.3 -1348.42 257.10 143.5 -1233.74 195.90 199.3 -1020.6 -1877.1 -1866.80 163.8 -1653. 558 J«bar'1 45.91 24.31 171.02 66.82 323. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.850E-01 4.42 58.44 198.45 235.19 246.58 422.81 78.51 172.35 286.87 45.15 to 1800 K.04 76.10 143.4 -1537.61 92.57 40.3 -1658.10 148.2 -1077.00 0.28 435.58 134.83 152.77 301.79 141.52 267.4 -1851.37 458.7 -964.9 269.83 36.53 60.9 -1660.31 112.3 -1650.48 27.97 408.658 Tetragonal crystals 298.85 277.8 -1271.790E+06 9/11/92 .9 -1647.751E+Q3 B.60 159.75 kJ-mol" 1 143.52 88.

24 113.10 107.9 -110.4 -114.70 52.4 -100.99 J-bar'1 cm3 C.8 -87.46 62.-5.3 -75. K' 1 298.6 -107.50 58.63 182.83 5.577E+05 5/20/93 .80 124.14 53.48 118.9 K Boiling T 703 K kJ 9.39 71.34 62.0054E+02 B= 3.27 78.42 123.82 4.25 149.14 7.28 54.34 107.32 14.10 109.5 -82.08 196.00 0.16 kJ Molar Vol.93 130.0 -96.173E-02 2.5 -96.4 -72.34 62.38 52. CP ST (Hf-H§ 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T 1-1.19 5.22 3.88 12.83 78.75 161.30 162.47 -100. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.6 -112.76 190.10 107.50 37.7 -70.92 4.6 -78. kJ A= -1.8 -95. 187.80 142.2 -78.245 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BROMARGYRITE AgBr: Cubic crystals 298.18 A fG° Log Kf -97.99 16.17 23.50 123.62 136.3 -93.772 Liquid 703 to 1000 K.15 300 400 500 600 700 703 800 900 1000 Melting T 52.24 37.41 137.5 -107.15 to melting point 703 K.94 65.3 16.77 31.9 -92.11 9.67 A fH° IrT 107.899 28.65 0.

56 150.90 97.4 -380.83 Melting T 0.8 -411.84 141.0 -343.29 52.20 58.71 27. CP S£ (H£-H§ 98 )/T im*d» 298.3 -372.87 69.3 -325.33 31.32 222.28 12.642E+06 4/8/93 .17 9.49 157.5 kJ Molar Vol.87 69.6 -353.49 67.6 -444.65 66.20 146.88 30.00 0.6 -447.90 96.22 111.49 12.6 -441.15 to melting point 1007 K.330E+02 4.54 123.18 150.89 130.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 52.9 -251.9 -239.002 Liquid 1007 to boiling point 1671 K.8 -393.87 69.12 67. 119.6 -453.3 -362.4 -278.75 63.87 16.79 56.1 -291.2 -408.66 202.74 67.82 164.64 ~(GT-H§ 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -393.2 -456.64 21.83 18.87 69.86 54. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.81 *x 95.42 119.90 95.6 -450.7 -410.09 69.1 -316.98 101.77 7.21 60.82 66.328 43. HS98"H5 *.21 kJ B= 1.87 95.65 133.198E-01 J*bar'* cm3 C= 1.34 53.68 11.59 35.19 K Boiling T 1007 K kJ A^H0 25.42 110.32 67.6 -380.51 14.73 25.6 -334.88 8.07 38.- -4.83 155.22 48.94 106.87 69.1 -305.32 13.8 -405.73 208.2 -406.89 67.73 123.61 37.56 21.97 115.0 -264.70 196.62 66.09 40.2 -410.246 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt POTASSIUM BROMIDE KBr: Cubic crystals 298.1 -409.04 135.2 66.32 213.75 142.50 218.

321 Cubic crystals 298.1 -98.59 10.00 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 728 800 900 1000 Melting T 50.65 59.8 -109.7 -104.81 34.93 53.102E+02 B= 3.77 22.75 A fG* Log K£ -109.3 -85.95 56.08E+05 5/20/92 .79 50.65 6.«.22 63.83 130.THERMODYN AMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHLORARGYRITE AgCl: 247 143.94 66.9 -121.24 19. °P ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T t.98 114.17 6. liquid 728 to 1000 K.84 4.2 -120.1 -88.4 -102.25 A fH' -127.15 145.40 107.T.31 13.94 96.32 8.8 -89.23 96.10 13.04 118.03 33.5 -122.4 -104.71 63.08 125.33 5.34 180.97 172.084E-02 2.5 -81.23 96.94 66. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.54 112.27 0.37 56.15 to melting point 728 K.8 -93.20 187.73 J-bar cm3 O -8.033 kJ A= -1.70 61.5 1 Boiling T 728 K K kJ 1289 kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 12.9 -83.3 19.13 111.52 96.23 98.31 102.68 29.78 148.81 66.92 55.573 25.-~ <| 298.08 136.61 4.7 -106.1 -125.1 -127.42 124.9 -124.

53 102.53 102.26 91.56 91.76 90.35 125. 110.1 -614.54 kJ Molar Vol.4 -731.78 60.3 -655.-1.4 130. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.52 74.53 102.48 183.83 72.293E-01 J'bar'1 cm3 C.18 199.07 119.4 -670. CP ST /uo_uo |Xlm **298

I/IP J*mol 298.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 72.14 43.99 30.53 104.983 Liquid 1045 to 1800 K.0 -790.60 105.50 143.51 113.28 44.4 -554.2 -590.00 79.84 143.13 95.248 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HYDROPHILITE CaCl2 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.80 88.3 -640.89 A fG° A fH° 104.76 180.46 38.48 190.4 -761.00 0.24 273.45 29.6 -602.17 267.09 235.75 24.75 15.7 -747.99 51.86 78.26 83. H598-H8 50.9 -790.60 107.52 157.32 177.93 -(Gf-H2 98 )/T Log Kf -747.02 20.40 85.4 -793.4 -758.34 55.06 48.8 -788.9 -700.7 -764.075 B.5 -895.53 102.04 -795.5 -715.49 17.9 -541.78 171.89 137.05 126.58 260.447E+06 3/04/94 .03 33.80 164.9 -758.12 86.8 -795.27 kJ A= -7.76 38.53 102.60 104.71 76.4 -755.3 Boiling T 1045 K K kJ Av*H° AU»HO 28 .63 169.1.13 18.37 252.8 -794.8 -789.59 52.2 -566.05 15.78 26.81 194.53 102.1 -578.30 188.71 1 *K 0.07 285.15 to 1045 K.56 85.5 -749.45 81.71 131.1 -792.5 -685.4 -752.714E+02 5.57 87.20 22.81 102.53 102.34 157.99 130.85 89.45 18.4 -627.53 150.46 244.93 75.86 280.

136E+02 9.0 -289.46 cm3 C* -1.65 140.8 -338. CP H J»mol K 298.97 8.52E+06 3/26/93 .21 161.6 -339./T 76.47 20.7 -341.1 --1 Boiling T 950 K 1347 124.4 -334.26 A fG° Log K£ -302.47 171.5 -240.30 11.04 126.23 32.8 -212.16 102.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt LAWRENCITE FeCl2 : 249 126.6 -264.17 117.39 146.1 -336.63 51.81 K kJ 43.15 kJ» 117.752 Rhombohedral crystals 298.64 273.95 121. HS98"H5 16.0 -199.168E-02 3. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.7 -229.27 kJ A» -3.02 18.54 81.15 to 950 K.17 102.4 -252.01 A fH° -341.6 -335.95 118.92 83.2 -302.41 -<GT-H2 98 )/T «K 0.34 282.21 290.946 J-bar'1 39.89 23.1 -284. liquid 950 to 1300 K.3 -289.28 102.32 55.27 159.25 208.42 174.65 46.4 -288.45 40.95 117.1 -219.01 kJ Molar Vol.58 37.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T (H*-HS98 .49 81.00 0.93 153.42 141.3 -333.4 52.84 15.16 102.30 187.17 85.1 -276.95 52.34 76.72 13.75 28.25 102.05 188.17 102.01 198.31 88.11 8.48 10.6 -287.17 102.17 102.46 263.18 180.8 -206.04 81.96 133.

71 kJ A.3 58.71 0.34 294.70 119.46 128.00 0.250 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MOLYSITE FeCl3 : 162.455E+02 B= 1.8 -272. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.88 K kJ 43.04 40.42 344.89 71.10 kJ Molar Vol.86 197.71 30.86 133.88 165.38 23.86 171.70 142.26 142.4 -396.4 -311.60 25.2 -359.13 142.64 kJ'mol' 1 K 298.47 58.26 146.786 J-bar1 57.55 154.274E-01 5.26 142.67 96.3 -263.72 43. Ideal gas (dimer) 605 to 700 K.375E+06 5/21/92 . H298~H5 19.67 107.9 -393.15 300 400 500 600 700 AfG° 96. C>Op CO ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° Melting T Log Kf -333.205 Crystals 298.87 190.8 -333.8 -324. liquid 577 to boiling point 605 K.15 to melting point 577 K.-3.01 -399.71 19.14 153.5 Boiling T 577 K 605 21.86 cm3 C* -2.8 -290.7 -346.

4 -104.51 242.61 3.83 214.90 188.41 199.16 32.70 16.8 -94.13 29.90 186.91 23.60 222.2 -98.94 228.76 231.27 29.40 11.20 238.94 207.26 4.52 -(GT-H2 98 )/T k_ 1 .4 -94.05 29.97 J'bar'1 24789.3 -92.3 -95.15 8.83 35.2 -95.0 -102.1 bar.8 -101.22 3.043E-03 2478.15 33.64 32.57 10.92 21.14 29.40 215.58 26.82 4.75 14.60 12.18 7.7 -99.251 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt HYDROGEN CHLORIDE HC1: 36.61 34.61 195.3 -92.70 16.12 31.00 0. cp ST (H*-H298 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 29.37 6.4 .60 31.4 -102.49 5.44 201.68 24.68 201.05 22.89 205.87 236.90 225.50 211.6 -94.64 30.20 212.90 A fG° Log K£ -95.3 -95.81 5. fflOl 298.96 219.85 207 .6 -103.40 233.5 16.8 -104.-1 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.3 -97.06 A fH° -92.6 -92.9 -94.06 22.04 190.7 cm3 O 1.3 -93.84 203.41 240.05 34.41 3.10 30.9 -95.185E+05 3/04/93 .91 215.6 -93.3 -96.476E+01 B= -6.461 Ideal gas at p . If 1 »IV 0.9 -93.0 -98.85 3. 72 209.66 33.31 211.1 -94. 8.55 19.90 187.4 -100.12 3.37 25.00 25.46 34.86 18.12 26.15 to 1800 K.3 -95. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.44 4.05 197./T «»««1 J . 298.9 -105.08 195.53 7.2 -103.61 186.1 -100.0 -95.64 kJ -9.17 186.19 192.

7 Boiling T 1043 K 1750 155.6 -388.373E+06 3/26/93 .93 136.752 J'bar'1 37.2 -436.76 A fH° - V T» mnl-1 82.83 15.72 68.54 -<G*-H298 )/1! (H*-H598 .584E+02 B= 1.1 -472.18 68.94 66.15 128.207E-01 3.06 120.20 195.80 189./T »K 0.1 -315.3 -434.12 10.14 31.99 27. melting point.94 66.83 40. H298~H8 11.4 -482.8 -379.7 -288.10 52.07 150.56 23.29 51.3 -329.41 54.32 13.5 -438.0 -432.23 110.4 71. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.87 65.37 kJ A= -4.26 62.61 121.82 144.36 53.99 60.9 -479.64 88.4 -435. liquid 1043 to fictive boiling point 1475 K.252 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES SYLVITE KC1: Formula wt 74.72 12.0 -369.94 66.98 -436.59 82.91 98.5 -476.75 66.1.15 to 1043 K.10 57.58 71.5 -436.19 67.95 106.48 67.36 115.84 182.9 -437.5 -341.2 -301.01 110.41 34.10 200.06 40.39 K kJ 26.551 Cubic crystals 298.94 82.38 21.28 kJ Molar Vol.52 101.6 -408.00 97.56 A fG° Log Kf -408.52 cm3 C.61 32.59 82.92 131. CP ST J»mol 298.63 56.4 -398.51 27.56 93.4 -437.34 17.3 -359.59 84.00 0.63 13.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 51.8 -350.48 126.87 37.49 20.

445E-01 4.60 92.53 49.0 -543.3 -641.63 92.47 92.2 -715.6 -414.081 J-bar' 40.94 228.16 75.12 AfG° Log Kf -591.40 97.1 kJ Molar Vol.20 22.868E+05 4/23/93 .4 -470.16 79.3 -592.65 245.29 39.3 -482.47 92.54 A fH° -641.47 92.21 166.07 96.95 122.97 99.3 -590.47 92.5 -637.39 38.20 128.27 110.86 25.92 81.98 75.0 -635.15 175.20 52.00 0.68 102.46 97.60 89.3 -639.15 to melting point 987 K.74 30.47 92.78 155.53 83.90 987 0.31 272.5 -459.7 -512.9 -632.60 90.5 -575.22 97.09 58./T -<G*-H298 .22 14.97 129.47 89. H298~H8 13.4 -633.74 98.00 18.91 266.04 71.81 cm3 -4.38 33.37 142.68 116.47 92.44 12. 95.94 154.34 20.22 181.78 97.29 277.44 18.90 11. ST CP <H*-H5 98 .53 kJ»mQ! 89.7 103.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 71.45 138.5 1 Boiling T K K kJ 43.68 253.76 kJ A= -6.63 78.46 28.210 Liquid 987 to boiling point FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.91 175.47 92.4 -497.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHLORMAGNESITE MgCl2 : 253 Rhombohedral crystals 298.1 -375.8 -395.6 -712.2 -708.8 -705.78 96.0 -559.13 168./1? J»mol*"*»K~* 298.09 259.2 -527.4 -594.51 44.04 111.98 104.8 -591.28 146.5 -434.02 16.5 -596.82 237.32 82.37 98.293E+02 B= 1. 1710 K.9 -638.4 -448.40 47.87 162.

24 121.56 94.63 257.3 -430.2 -426.59 -481.21 152.00 288.9 Boiling T 923 K K kJ 37.40 A fG° Log Kf -440.29 12.21 34.11 cm3 C.53 50.3 -479.15 to 923 K.73 95.54 95. CP ST ( H£-H£98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T J mol~*»lr""l 298.56 94. H298~H8 15 .00 0.80 146.84 86.56 118.4 -346.36 84.65 55.33 196.62 95.734E+06 3/26/93 .3 -436.-1.24 118.19 274.2 -475.6 -477.437E-02 4. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.73 83.35 54.89 186.7 -363.89 28.88 172.19 31.26 95.9 -474.5 77. 53 kJ Molar Vol.25 139.844 Rhombohedral crystals 298. liquid 923 to 1400 K.6 -400.80 81.8 -413.211 42.4 -330.17 76.56 94.43 282.6 -322.37 161.51 16.99 0.24 79.36 45.46 170.9 -478.81 133.3 -481.44 14.11 77.1 -375.96 24.01 73.8 -388.56 206.19 266.45 19.071 kJ A* -4.46 95.5 -431.0 -440.4 -354.73 43.57 178.53 21.35 157.05 A fH° kJ-mol"1 118.60 185.09 18.505E+02 B* 9.73 13.6 -473.24 118.07 39.56 94.3 -338.69 140.23 94.254 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SCACCHITE MnCl2 : 125.17 126.2 -432.1 -434.54 193.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 73.

51 37.19 95.2 -413.46 68.5 -472.39 39.16 kJ Molar Vol H298-H5 10.3 -337.97 82.5 K Boiling T 1074 K kJ 28.90 67.0 -412.32 63.93 197.15 30.94 38.8 to fictive boiling point 1791 K.12 74.30 66.4 -409.2 -458.12 72.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 50.03 129.59 10.9 -247.35 86.00 19.86 48.15 to 1073.82 67.76 13.12 117.34 54.8 -365.26 201.03 16.8 -302.89 177.9 -319.50 103.96 67. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.87 115.09 21.78 -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -384.1 -407.2 -355.43 87.08 8.81 91.9 -461.50 67.7 -463.43 99. CP CO ST <HT-H298 )/T J«mol 298.96 67.12 68.6 -377.41 133.1044E-01 2.2 67.82 139.14 55.70 132.16 11.12 26.22 99.54 52.27 188.19 A £H° - IrT 72.-4.93 57.30 «K 0.61 kJ A.255 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES HALITE NaCl: Formula wt 58.283E+02 B.5 -410.4 -411.12 72.31 120.87 67.1.85 66.2 -384.5 -466.77 31.8 K.96 25.08 7.07 34.24 9.66 14.3 -469.5 -413.3 -274.53 61.442 Cubic crystals 298.93 67.3 -411.0 -327.02 J«bar cm3 0 1.53 72.35 125.29 192.52 -411.94 67.85 67.0 -374.31 13.4 -234.88 125.37 171.96 109.51 50.14 67. liquid 1073.12 77.83 183.17 66.132E+06 5/21/92 .702 27.00 0.5 -260.4 -288.09 109.84 22.6 -346.73 59.0 -310.

74 113.9 -304.70 cm3 C .66 93.2 -142.68 71.00 31.00 148.06 82.8 -296.965E+02 kJ B .256 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt NICKELOUS CHLORIDE 129.9 -303.595 Rhombohedral crystals 298. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H| 98 )/T J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.63 61.11 106.86 58.76 23.85 18.-3.6 -170.40 201.74 81.4 -294.89 38.403E-01 3.84 44.62 A fH° 1.21 153.43 A .3 -213.17 kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 14.34 78.20 K -304.9 45.5 -243.75B+05 4/8/93 .14 30.64 120.6 -302.-2.21 78.63 151. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.09 52.00 0.4 -299.6 -199.20 101.56 125.12 119.7 -292.91 184.05 9.76 5.72 90.85 12.3 -300.3 -156.670 J-bar'1 36.9 -290.18 174.33 45.59 4.39 216.88 77.62 49.82 137.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 71.1.11 87.89 79.9 Boiling T K kJ 77.16 6.0 -184.18 63.8 -258.96 164.20 98.55 193.89 8.63 209.74 55.5 -114.2 -297.3 -128.59 14.3 -301.87 85.44 19.87 98.2 -228.20 98.15 to melting point.57 A fG° Log Kf -258.82 131.54 143.25 137.77 1303 0. T 98.

12 41.4 -357.37 166.64 39.51 87.00 138.8 -298.00 136.00 136.03 54.81 AfG° Log Kf -314.89 113.31 89.9 -284.46 158.74 15.09 cm3 0 -9.41 263.85 kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 16.3 «AAJ -i-l Boiling T 768 K K kJ 23.218E-01 4.24E+05 5/21/92 .15 48.96 1v T 136.98 84.99 87.6 -355.5 55.45 11. liquid 768 to 1000 K.0 -320.07 16.33 79.257 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt COTUNNITE PbCl2 : 278.80 113.35 215.709 J'bar'1 47.77 0.09 250.405E+02 B« 1.45 158.18 73.49 185.72 83.03 29.2 -255.6 -246.52 19.1 -313.4 -231.97 144.42 176.77 151.3 -270.00 0.7 -221.85 90.45 19. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.94 kJ A.57 A fH° -359.45 91.0 -356.80 136.0 -354.70 23.89 192.7 -325.-3.15 300 400 500 600 700 768 800 900 1000 Melting T 73.0 -329.61 206.34 163.80 275.82 13.01 51.105 Orthorhombic crystals 298.53 176.9 -356.4 -359.80 113.15 to 768 K. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T i-l-l 298.2 -242.56 32.

4 -991.9 -1024.22 49.51 A fG° AfH° 68.0 -1222.73 83.54 197.15 101.70 178.72 83.1 -1040. CP CO ST <H*-H2 98 >/T J*mol 298.77 82.48 81.8 -1224.1 205.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 67.13 49.5 -1057.17 153.03 -<«*-H598 )Ar Log K£ -1175.38 69.pH 0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.30 55.7 Boiling T Av.52 68.42 16.68 67.3 -1225.58 37.9 -1073.258 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt FLUORITE CaF2 : 78.47 105.05 144.10 97.57 151.8 -1220.90 71.98 28.8 -1222.54 cm3 C= -2.56 71.52 1691 K -1228.1 -1007.41 61.90 68.48 36.90 187.43 44. H598~H8 11.0 -1157.68 55.62 88.0 -1219.mo l~l «K 0.06 140.1 -1123. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 65.14 106.92 82.82 162.02 52.3 -1221.5 -1089.64 kJ A* -1.32 88.90 204.99 79.35 83.48 44.2 -1225.85 112.93E+05 11/25/92 .14 119.15 K to transition at 1424 K.09 133.33 100.643E-01 2.49 76.075 Cubic crystals 298.53 89.00 0.1 -1106.50 170.22 117.54 127.3 -1175.221E+03 1.00 69.92 95.98 kJ.90 69.58 40.8 -1220.4 -1140.49 122.0 -1227.0 -1228.29 117.454 J-bar'1 24.58 82.65 58.16 62.2 -1216.16 120.

21 29.6 -279.7 -274.15 29.2 -281.00 225.6 -275.78 9.09 179.61 20.5 48.55 29.65 192.89 ~(GT-H2 98 )/1? <HT-H2 98 )/T »K 0.97 J-bar'1 24789.64 190.5 -280.34 19.4 -276.64 8.4 -275.28 -273.60 24.17 AfH° kJ mol~* - 173.18 7.61 AfG° Log K£ -275.3 -277.3 -275.17 24.17 8.1 -276.68 25.00 0.58 13.20 30.02 33.8 -279.2 -280.51 181.22 32.19 198.28 12.18 214.006 Ideal gas at p « 1 bar.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt HYDROGEN FLUORIDE HF: 259 20.36 188.99 31.25 47.44 11.14 20.0 -281.9 -280.15 29.91 224.3 -278.37 196.47 9.75 199.234E-03 2478.63 33.0 -274.39 173.3 -274.81 32.0 -275.6 -276.73 18.32 200. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -273.6 -276.53 22.59 30.36 219.3 -276.26 10.70 202.8 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.99 227.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 29.68 16.5 -277.86 217.3 -273.18 14.78 173.31 22.759E+02 B= -3. H298~H5 8.78 174.78 173.14 29.28 186.94 184.7 cm3 C= 1.17 16.52 188.8 -281.13 209.9 -278.599 kJ A* -2. 298.83 202.5 -273.63 206.65 21.29 212.99 23.16 25.86 30.0 -276.76 18.18 29.05 28.79 14.7 -277.93 177.70 221.2 -277.40 31.96 182.56 194.91 24.15 to 2500 K. cp CO ST J»mol 298.87 194.32 29.9 -277.18 11.2 -279.95 36.443E+05 11/19/92 .10 197.

08 32. 62.24 59.59 1536 0.71 112.2 -1120.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 260 Formula wt SELLAITE MgF2 : Tetragonal crystals 298.20 57.43 55.17 103.84 36.15 to melting point 1536 K.10 99.56 75.15 105.63 44.3 -898.48 153.0 -1118.51 108.66 49.80 A fG° Log Kf -1071.74 22.27 56.56 57.56 94.0 -1181.61 cm C= 1.42 137.05 145.06 107.4 -1177.34 100.5 -1018.41 122.29 166.3 -827.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 61.09 133.64 27.00 0.628E+06 11/19/92 .71 64.22 41.40 76.61 72.9 Boiling T K kJ 58.04 83.9 -1117.53 83.3 -1122.49 94. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.16 60.2 -1123.16 116.02 78.48 35.3 -1123.16 77.3 -967.69 kJ Molar Vol.36 52.75 222.64 186.-!_-! 298.79 K -1124.85 62.7 -1125.50 81.914 kJ A= -1.15 49.51 61.0 -877.88 173.0 -1035.68 93.145E+03 B= 1.44 79.1 -1070.7 -851.38 16.2 -984.2 -783.01 24.07 45. H298~H8 9.3 -1248.963E-01 1.28 81.4 -1122.5 -950.2 187.29 39.74 137.20 57.69 68.67 70.01 178.45 100.2 -1001.19 233.20 59.56 94.961 J-bar'1 19.63 117.18 88. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T AfH° .75 29.38 92.2 -1124.36 127.02 57.3 -1124.7 -1053.05 98.29 82.2 -932.3 -1185.72 64.5 -805.01 128.7 -1246.7 -915.73 kJ mol~* 57.57 80.95 82.19 160.09 87.67 27.58 76.64 74.302 Liquid 1536 to 1800 K.4 -1121.46 228.

37 69.0 -575.988 Liquid 1269 to 1800 K.51 51.74 77.9 -573.9 -490.15 to melting point 1269 K.72 51.7 -398.91 93.49 73.49 69.86 24.2 -532.50 53.38 57.63 61.24 15.28 171.8 -629.29 12.44 13.2 -626.7 -369.29 32.56 69.51 39.6 -383.53 37.38 32.59 54.53 110.02 27.5 95.88 12.36 19.51 68.0 Boiling T 1269 K K kJ 33. CP ST (HT-H5 98 )/T -<GT-H§ 98 )/T .46 17.5 -665.14 kJ Molar Vol H2*98"H8 8.19 52.8 -459.82 19.29 A fH° kJ mol"1 51.8 -570.37 69.0 -469.59 59.48 77.20 94.48 35.53 54.54 21.52 87.6 -447.79 65.71 57.7 -575.9 -522.0 -571.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt VILLIAUMITE NaF: 261 Cubic crystals 298.344E-01 1.4 -543.66 101.49 kJ A« -6.51 68.60 126.57 69.7 -573.48 162.76 0.85 179.50 51.34 10.27 A fG° Log Kf -543.49 -573.00 0.06 97.98 cm3 1.5 -500.4 -480.43 69.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 46. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -615.45 94.98 84.51 68.82 64.70 175.3 -574.02 61. 41.08 157.55 44.86 46.53 11.62 41.98 108.17 37.0 -413.82 120.1 -429.0 -354.94 49.4 -623.2 -511.51 68.6 -617.31 80.00 86.98 25.32 69.018E+02 B« 1.51 68.6 -576.-!--! 298.65 114.29 29.02 55.85 102.33 106.50 51.5 -620.55 167.498 J-bar14.16 65.835E+06 11/19/92 .58 69.6 -573.12 68.

69 122.0 -3095.73 421.41 396.30 366.99 279.941 Monoclinic (a) crystals 298.223 kJ A.91 396.02 617.63 507.1 -3391.0 -3410.77 251.3 -2449.66 1""1 Boiling T 1290 K AV*H° AIU.3 -3305.91 238.4 -3038.18 238.90 71. 75 kJ Molar Vol.11 315.66 590.43 325.1 -3151.0 -3320.46 213.45 759.31 532.39 -3316.5 -3289.91 396.86 787.34 58.71 488.54 128. Cubic crystals 836 to 1153 K.97 320.60 262.91 396.67 314.46 526.63 196.58 103.56 403.8 -2927.1 -3290.0 -3312.6 -2386.21 317. Liquid 1290 to 1800 K.8 -2982.63 404.68 289.50 247.9 -3447.-3.0 A fG° Log Kf -3152.31 264. CP Sf (HT-H2 98 )/T -(G$-H2 98 )/T A fH° k-T- 298. H298-H0 K 38 .8 -3316.66 144.91 115.7 552.097E-01 7 .4 -3317.370E+03 B= 6.40 65.67 93.89 466.0 -2767.00 1.03 325.47 300.93 562.46 385.49 730.9 -3571.88 284.26 407. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.52 143.44 187.58 163.15 to 836 K transition to cubic (0) crystals.03 448.7 -2655.20 204.45 259.8 -3323.73 238.43 333.22 548.67 218.6 -3354.80 487.84 186.3 -2514.47 346.262 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CRYOLITE 209.50 239.21 329. y crystals 1153 to melting point 1290 K.8 -3429.68 162.9 -2262.51 305.4 -2872.62E+06 11/19/92 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 217.81 cm3 C* -3.30 281.81 85.3 -2714.H" kJ 113.4 -2580.23 812.16 95.46 360.57 284.9 -2820.1 -3295.57 0.84 836.76 308.4 -3372.2 -2323.78 444.89 859.081 J-bar*1 70 .50 238.91 396.91 396.30 77.85 305.37 217.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 579.63 515.95 1248.871 Tetragonal crystals 298.8 1256.01 .85 1156.239E+00 15.16 867.35 736.77 329.5366E+03 B= 1.6 -7532.9 -6298.5 -6545.28 515.35 696.22 1094.11 1027.80 297.96 611.1 -6920.91 455.5 -7539.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CHIOLITE Na5Al3F 14 : 263 461.07E+05 11/20/92 .1 -7524.67 427.408 J-bar'1 154.79 920.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 -<GT-H§ 98 )/T <HT-H298 )/T 453.76 330.87 357.1 -7547.3 -7546.31 533.3 -6669.24 722.80 122.223 kJ A= -7.00 2.5 -7552.38 568.08 499.49 497.20 255.08 cm3 O -7.23 556.30 518. cp ST Melting T AfH° A fG° Log Kf -7546.6 -7174.2 -6794.43 952.54 542.91 380.3 -7546.38 372.34 524.11 655.63 654.85 Boiling T 1010 K K kJ 80.7 -6422.30 515.831 kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 38.04 200.94 775.J-mol'^K""1 - K 298.7 -7172.4 -7047.15 to melting point 1010 K.48 0.82 770.3 -7556.78 569.94 591.80 590.

48 117.3 -67.3 -66.34 15. CP ST Q \ / ft i1I tl TO _U 298 // i*mol 298./T A fH° AfG° Log Kf -66.3 -62.8 -61.6 -56.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 kJ A* -9.264 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt IODARGYITE Agl: 234.54 41.45 3. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.48 115.68 56.8 -80.41 54.5 11.93 5.34 137.48 115.29 K -61.47 4.54 187.48 56.88 179.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 54.91 160.9 -59.39 131.399E-02 4.0 -82.16 36.280E+01 B« 4.48 56.82 6.58 143.78 -<G$-HJ98 .48 56.61 11.30 cm3 O 1.54 8.130 J-bar'1 41.8 -69.15 to 423 K.69 kJ mol"1 K 115.82 132. cubic crystals 423 to 831 K.3 -84.96 43.15 39.6 -66.74 124.60 64.00 0.196B+06 11/19/92 .8 -81.48 115.773 Hexagonal crystals 298.07 831 0.54 170.

85 163.98 30.16 12.60 96.20 60.9 -65.0 -77.39 2.91 107.38 212.93 112.32 51.85 1.33 62.60 98.1 -70.22 189. 93 kJ Molar Vol.6 Boiling T K K kJ 7.48 127.3 -66.15 202.11 61.4 -69.26 4.36 868 0.59 76.4 -94.43 2.62 68.17 22.33 14.4 -55.4 -42.7 -66.10 6.3 -60.35 cm3 O -2.57 -67.335 J-bar'1 33 .06 54.4 -80.63 1.5 -38.8 -65.35 196.15 to transition point at 643 K.38 62.68 58.9 -48.00 149.02 133.4 -69.98 154.60 96.11 1.75 102.43 kJ-mol"1 J-mol'^K'1 298.92 5.3 -82. HS98-H& kJ A» -7.75 63.882E-02 3 .09 9.99 96.14 57.56 145.45 61.43 59.20 56.5 -40.8 -75.59 139.89 137.73 113.3 12.09 216.55 62.665E+01 B» 2.15 3.1 -68.8 -46.6 -51.8 -67.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 A fG° 96.73 120.74 62. 679 K.265 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MARSHITE Cul: Cubic crystals 298.11 207.219E+05 11/19/92 .92 125.83 2.62 65.05 172. 190.450 There is a second transition at FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -96. ST CP (HT-H|98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A £H° Melting T 54.56 62. Cul melts at 868 K.00 0.12 49.79 Log Kf -69.5 -44.90 68.

13 115.81 289.9 -1209.83 113.45 231.5 -1079.7 -831.79 164.45 139.71 80.8 -1209.81 154.27 31.26 199.75 99.39 0.41 56.8 -925.62 182.98 158.98 158. °P ST \ IT (Iio_tiQ T 2 98'' -<Gf-H2 98 )/T j.32 85.4 -1205.60 112.47 106.0 -1167.3 198.438E-01 J'bar'1 cm3 C* -9 .13 112. H298-H8 kJ A» -1.9 -1210.13 337.73 A £G° Log Kf -1132.71 122.24 121.6 -1001.41 131.45 191.80 148.66 -1210.13 112.87 39.75 106.17 139.581 45.38 156.3 -1209.28 304.3 -877.55 200.68 65.81 158.48 68.196E+03 4.8 -976.07 154.34 182.81 B« 2.4 -1191. cubic crystals 1241 to 1600 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.57 162.28 216.17 327.39 316.336 Orthorhombic crystals 298.84 131.36 112.89 28.3 -1207.71 76.3 -901.98 112.1 -1172.8 -809.7 -854.00 0.40 119.3 -1176.50 245.8 Boiling T K K kJ Aft.15 to 1079 K.53 23.77 91.01 124.98 173.13 116.7 -1105.5 -1027.2 -950.66 139.3 -1208.7 -1203.23 35.06 74.65 49.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 85.05 144.266 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt WITHERITE BaCO3 : 197.97 26.76 102. tetragonal crystals 1079 to 1241 K.38 60. mol~l«K~* 298.77 51.35 197.98 158. 15E+05 9/11/92 .4 -1180.42 A fH e kJ mol"1 112.74 275.H° kJ Molar Vol.2 -1131.19 118.66 43.4 -1053.94 39.77 207.2 -1187.89 215.

7 -1203.51 196.51 22.97 56.415 J-bar'1 34.7 -1205.4 -1126.99 87.85 199.99 91.38 37.17 116.31 kJ A» -1.67 185.99 88.2 -995.75 135.55 92.-1.22 126.2 197.2 -1201.2 -1073.27 A£H° .96E+05 9/18/92 . flO Cp _/f<o_tiQ \ /n* \ T 298'' 82.04 105.203E+03 B» 2.0 -969.16 91.50 113.00 0.20 64.J-mol""1 ^"1 K 298.24 49.4 -1206.87 69.52 -1207.15 to 1000 K.087 Orthorhombic crystals 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.97 75.1 -943.22 153.8 -1204.15 cm3 C.17 76.8 -1203.86 137.4 -1202.21 143.06 87.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 /tio_uo \ /IP ***T 298'' CO ST kJ-mol" 1 87.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ARAGONITE CaCO3 : 267 100.0 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 14.28 121.37 98.75 63.18 48.76 111.84 212.66 112.4 -1207.3 -1021.6 -1047.96 170.86 0.92 121.9 -1100.80 105.83 113.31 82.67 99.598E-01 3.13 56.98 129.34 A fG° Log Kf -1127.

7 -898.9 -1024.44 65.3 -1199.88 114.88 121.37 91.40 76.71 92.19 207.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 A £6° A fH° kJ*m<?<L 91.1 -1198. CP CO ST /HO_UO ' T \ /rp 2 98 * / -(Gf-H2 98 )/T 83.13 110.200E+03 B» 2.9 -1203.23 118.4 -1207.16 117.93 cm3 C» -3.71 91.036E+05 10/14/92 .0 -1101.86 39.18 59.268 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CALCITE CaCO3 : 100.28 124.22 232.86 112.46 0.55 130.0 -973.39 143.70 193.52 23.087 Rhombohedral crystals 298.5 -1202.23 56.89 Melting T -1207.6 -1075.36 140.6 -1200.8 -948.7 -923.4 -999.43 177.09 77.71 95.2 197.15 72.00 104.0 -1201.68 127.62 157.05 150.70 196. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.52 49.23 243.3 -1204.28 220.518E-01 3.5 -1128.25 118.55 43.48 127.6 -1049.61 85.19 102.55 109.04 135.00 0.693 J-bar'1 36.02 66.82 97.1 -1204.47 83.18 143.15 to 1200 K.4 -1206.18 38.57 Log Kf -1128.17 81.53 91.10 ~i-l J B mol~ *K~ 298.9 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 14.48 kJ A» -1.75 50.88 160.

10 151.9 -2161.47 106.52 96.89 215.5 -2323.97 43.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 A fH° 157.13 274.43 320.00 0.53 222.89 161.28 82.18 155.51 158.32 206.3 -2160.00 Melting T K Boiling T kJ Afi.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DOLOMITE CaMg(C03 ) 2 : 269 184.96 430.12 114.35 286.9 378.4 -1891.64 376.81E+05 5/22/92 .09 123.7 -1944.4 -2318.72 93.71 174.53 351.31 173. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.434 64. CP -(GT-H2 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -2324.314E+03 B» 5.73 405.15 261.73 253. H ^98~H6 25.2 -2312.401 Rhombohedral crystals 298.4 -2321.0 -2313.4 -1838.83 190.7 -1785.8 -2316.32 248.72 155.65 236.54 201.08 244.34 J-bar'1 cm3 O -4.48 0.4 -1997.H 0 kJ Molar Vol.00 128.06 183.3 -2105.7 -1732.97 214.9 -2310.91 145.69 141.18 156.15 to 1100 K.8 -2316.28 j-mol"1 -*"1 - K 298.16 205.7 -2051.66 226.07 269.18 161.48 155.61 73.283E-01 6.74 238.42 379.63 254.98 kJ A« -2.5 -2324.

47 98.9 Boiling T Melting T 85.525E+02 B» 2.81 kJ'mol"1 .92 66. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.938 J«bar! 29.8 682.63 113.51 22.86 105.15 300 400 500 600 AfG° 95.1 754.9 119.59 kJ A= -7.47 95.56 108.34 102.0 633.23E+05 5/22/92 .65 0.43 143.15 to 600 K.09 K kJ kJ Molar Vol 14.80 49.00 0.27 82.63 118.43 162.09 95.270 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SIDERITE FeCO3 : 115.383E-01 2. C>Op CO <Hf-H2 98 )/T ST -(Gf-HSga)/ T AfH° 82.0 752.9 755.47 95.856 Rhombohedral crystals 298.56 755.9 755.4 658.08 Log Kf 682.-1.57 37.38 cm3 C.J-mol"1 ^"1 298.21 53.98 121.52 94.8 609.

9 -1110.67 110.3 -1105.108E+03 2.30 68.94 129.09 65.47 21.3 -1111.16 50.5 -1029.36 179.02 J-bar'1 cm3 C= -2.42E+05 5/22/92 .56 89.61 76.314 Rhombohedral crystals 298.57 99.12 Melting T -1113.15 to 1000 K.3 -1112.83 146.51 176.00 0.63 kJ A= -1.88 131.70 101.42 Log Kf -1029.44 106.0 -945.09 65.15 130.39 98.39 36.9 -1111.09 76. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.98 190. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T 76.9 -890.3 -917.54 0.718E-01 2.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 A£6° A fH° 65.89 162. J-mol"1 J«raol~1 -K~1 - 298.802 28.20 47.37 114.96 120.3 180.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MAGNESITE MgC03 : 271 84.73 82.37 90.07 70.50 64.13 43.28 74.44 90.54 65.68 i.6 -1109.0 -1000.7 -836.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol HS98~H5 11.92 107.09 68.7 -863.9 -973.06 125.49 58.38 113.65 82.3 -1113.46 56.1 -1107.

78 81.03 98.13 37.15 to 600 K.894E+02 B» 2.07 0.78 A £6° Log Kf -819.68 80.53 123.29 1.5 -745.6 mol"1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98'H5 14.00 0.15 300 400 500 600 Melting T 80.44E+04 5/22/92 .06 48.0 -769.50 142.9 -892.38 100.947 Rhombohedral crystals 298.2 143.12 kJ A« -8.272 IHERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt RHODOCHROSITE MnCO3 : 114.05 164.87 107. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.54 103.9 -892.70 98.03 101.03 98.""1 - 298.36 107.6 -890.03 92.38 64.07 J-bar'1 cm3 C= -9.1 -818.425E-01 3.50 22.87 A fH° -892.7 -794.4 -891.99 115. T 98.49 145. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 -*.107 31.

15 to 500 K.79 13.89 310.91 -1964. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.58 132.00 0.00 132.995 Orthorhombic crystals 298.52 34.98 173.4 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 22.0 -1784.55 34.15 300 400 500 AfG° A fH° 34.937E-01 5.77 224.9 312.518E+06 7/17/92 .35 135.9 -1722.-H2 98 )/ T Melting T Log Kf -1786.17 kJ A» -2.9 -1656.93 J'bar'1 59.3 cm3 C= 1.010E+03 6.00 133.86 0.52 34.2 -1980. CP CO ST (Hf-H| 98 )/T -<G5.2 -1994.21 142.00 132.0 -1964.21 8.15 149.09 kJ'mol'1 K 298.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DAWSONITE NaAlC03 (OH) 2 : 273 143.95 132.

86 106.34 -1218.7 -1216.0 -952.73 43.4 -1210.7 -875.1 -850.-4.29 197.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 A fG° A fH° 97.0 -925.2 -1056.76 49.88 65.50 80.16 31.6 -1189.00 97.28 181.48 103.1 -1213. hexagonal crystals 1197 to 1400 K.80 146.97 39.6 -1216. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.36 170.77 0.77 144.53 178.9 -899.54 131.4 -1215. 01 kJ A .1 -1110.99 76.50 82.05 109.9 Boiling T K K kJ kJ 3.16 35.50 115. 901 J-bar'1 Molar Vol.54 107.7 -1218.77 144. H298~H8 39.89 132.09 140.07 97.84 274.7 -1217.87 196.37E+05 7/17/92 .40 262.58 123.-1.3 -1195.11 144.74 i-l J mol"1 ^" 1 - 298.89 106.1 -978.97 144.46 113.75 210.2 -1214.03 97.74 49.16 91.72 102.50 23.42 285.42 223.69 124.69 57.15 to 1197 K.81 Log Kf -1137.210E+03 B » 2.07 100.0 -1083.98 64. CP ( HT-H298 )/T Sf -<GT-H2 98 )/T Melting T 81.0 -1212.6 -1137.58 123.6 -1030.629 Orthorhombic crystals 298.8 199.07 97.5 -1192.67 70.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 274 Formula wt STRONTIANITE SrCO3 t 147.25 100.15 0.15 162.24 165.38 75.26 38.3 -1004.22 235.04 147.94 113.72 155.577E-01 cm3 C .64 118.56 56.

63 21.399 Rhombohedral crystals 298.4 -815.77 101.3 -734. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.79 115.66 87.05 164.64 127.19 81.77 81.21 28.8 -707.34 A fH° mol" 1 -817.94 92.19 132.7 -813.00 0.07 98.4 -572.68 146.20 131.05 138.93 36.163E+02 B* 2.28 J-bar'1 cm3 C.39 1.63 77.01 108.5 -680.0 -817.3 -518.92 147.05 80.1.77 39.17 194.49 91.82 127.29 91.42 127.08 56.34 137.34 233.828 28.6 -490.98 115.5 -626.49 21. cp CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 9Q )/T J-mol" 1 ^' 1 - 298. H298"H5 13.49 kJ A* -8.8 -599.7 -817.48 24.3 128.19 84.9 -815.08 A fG° Log Kf -735.2 -810.71IE-01 2. T 81.49 221.3 -922.2 -545.86 48.69 106.21 57.4 -653.18 141.275 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SMITHSONITE ZnCO3 : 125.44 82.36 65.89 46.2 Boiling T K K A^0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.57 121.82 208.39 71.690E+04 5/22/92 .34 180.0 -816.02 71.19 81.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 80.13 33.15 to 1200 K.47 0.15 123.4 -814.0 -819.83 106.

81 Melting T -992.15 to 800 K.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 (HT-H2 9Q )/T 213.337 Cubic crystals 298.0 -984.4 -730.1 -992.80 213.38 404.06 232.90 A fG' Log Kf -796.88 242.31 40.33 69.55 138.59 247. CP ST -<GT-H2 9Q )/T 151.80 220.1 -990.6 -795.65 213.26 92.34 125.35 151.67 210.0 -665.00 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 276 Formula wt NITROBARITE Ba(NO3 ) 2 : 261. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -988.-9.791E+02 B= 6.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ A.98 A fH° kJ-mol" 1 J-mol'^-K" 1 - K 298.71 0.93 41.323E-01 8.9 -979.2 -600.80 214.94 193.49 52.75 302.058 80.41E+05 5/22/92 .48 95.9 -537.70 70.04 278.68 226.3 -474.4 139.68 373.6 -973.-5.74 261.85 339.58 J-bar'1 cm3 C.26 110.09 30.42 263.85 174.

64 36.3 -742.088 Cubic crystals 298.47 193.10 129.27 63.74 210.2 -484.5 -916.37 193. CP CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H^ 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -938.267E-01 6.73 91.64 242.4 -936.12 27.88 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H6 kJ A.6 -741.49 211.609 66.4 -675.30 194.85 47.69 109.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CALCIUM NITRATE Ca(NO3 ) 2 : 277 164.92 226.66 173.65 318.1 -928.00 0.34 351.76 192.98 383.1 -421.15 to 800 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.92 41.4 -922.-9.975+05 5/22/92 .30 69.217E+02 B« 6.83 243.30 199.09 J-bar'1 cm3 C= -6.22 240.2 -547.30 193.9 -611.08 88.6 -933.79 281.54 K 298.08 226.35 0.81 125.8 130.11 149.4 -938.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 149.18 257.

00 0.05 56.2.981E-01 4.41 120.64 262.05 147.92 A fH° -1 kJ-mol~ 133.1 Boiling T K K kJ 10.28 172.27 108. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.804 48.60 26.15 to 401 K.5 -393.09 133.6 -267.4 -495.59 47.27 25. liquid 610 to 700 K.1 -296.74 67.68 226.83E+05 5/22/92 .103 Orthorhombic crystals 298.94 159.5 -494.9 -360.8 -484.73 -(GT-H2 98 )/T A £6° Log Kf -394.35 -494.27 96.50 123.09 137.43 133.0 69.15 300 400 500 600 700 Melting T 96.10 kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ A* -4.50 120.09 204. Rhombohedral crystals 401 to 610 K.36 89.08 610 0.82 19.278 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt NITER KNO3 : 101.04 J'bar' cm3 C= -8.6 -486.03 34.1 -328.736E+02 B.69 163.0 -471.09 133. ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T l~l 298.12 68.

6 -789.15 to 600 K.40 168. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.732+05 5/22/92 .05 0.88 39.77 195.54 68.01 164.293 62.91 181.47 Melting T Boiling T R kJ kJ Molar Vol.92 142.01 164.811E+02 B= 6.01 169.70 164.97 47.315 Cubic crystals 298.58 164.38 33.74 .22 102.6 -387.15 300 400 500 600 (HT-H2 98 )/T 141.0 -780.00 0.92 196. CP CO ST -<GT-H2 9Q )/ T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -790.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MAGNESIUM NITRATE Mg(N03 ) 2 : 279 148.9 -520.99 288.6 103.2 -587.63 222.07 91.93 J'bar'1 cm3 C= -3.7 -790.577E-01 6.4 -589.37 67.J-mol'^K' 1 K 298.5 -786.5 -453.89 209. H298"H5 kJ A= -7.45 249.

68 173.6 -365.55 -365.556E-01 4.79 161. 398.7 -122.8 FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.4 K.90E+05 5/22/92 .74 lr T 151.5 32. 357.20 31.5 -349.1 K Boiling T 442.8 K kJ 5.043 Ammonia-niter undergoes phase changes at 305.08 151.15 300 400 500 Melting T 139.94 260.26 86.4.24 0.8 -182.97 6.3 -64.280 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt AMMONIA-NITER NH4NO3 : K.86 51.69 A £6° Log Kf -183.94 208. It melts at 442.37 190. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H§ 9Q )/T A £H° J-mol"1 ^"1 - 298.49 J'bar'1 cm3 C= -9.44 kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 kJ A* -3.649 46.6 -358.08 151.384E+02 B= 5.08 157. 80.37 139.00 0.81 15.08 151.3.

1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ A.1 64.15 to 549. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.59 46.2 K.447E+02 B.10 147.48 115.22 23.2 -435.81 154.5 -332.48 0.62 139.995E-01 3.6 J»bar' cm3 C.81 43.45 128.2 to 583. c° CP ** (Hf-H2 98 )/T ! 298.07 154.39 -<GT-H2 98 )/T A £H° _1 A £G° Log Kf -367.22 17.09 Melting T -468.995 a-crystals 298.05E+06 5/22/92 .76 37.43 31.1 -366.52 117.56 94.81 155.63 258.27 234.2.1 -465.9 -266. Liquid 583.04 175.81 116.5 -441.15 300 400 500 600 700 93.0 -468.2 K.2 to 700 K.00 0.07 93.77 VT mol" 1 116.0 -469.32 63.7 -238.6 -298.58 26.52 116.82 103.-1.76 138. jJ-crystala 549.281 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SODA NITER NaN03 t 84.52 120.-4.

92 39.81 274.1 -644.58 140.5 -452.88 169.8 -711.53 194.47 38.44 213.810+05 5/22/92 .61 354.630 Crystals 298.59 247.86 67.9 -579.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 149.04 278.80 220.4 -390.98 68.1 136.42 263.56 195.2 -977.282 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt STRONTIUM NITRATE Sr(N03 ) 2 : 211.06 232.76 386.4 Boiling T K kJ Afc.80 213.317E-01 7.15 to 900 K.093 70.49 240.47 29.55 281. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 -777.66 127.H 0 kJ Molar Vol.47 135.81 220.20 243.89 Melting T -978.42 92.2 -978.68 415. H298~H6 kJ A* -9.73 92.93 149.1 -953.54 22.18 197.4 -946.00 0.0 -973.7 -515.6 -968. CP CO ST /tIO_tIQ * T \ /«P 298 / / -(Gf-H2 9Q )/T A fG° Log Kf -779.37 50.44 319.23 111.64 A fH° kJ- 298.93 J'bar'1 cm3 C= -9.32 234.0 -961.85 242.566E+02 B= 6.33 0.

25 118.33 260.233E+00 7.7 .84 525.5 -2983.67 435.7 -2517.154 Orthorhombic crystals 298.26 465.35 352.92 411.3 -3451.501E+03 B= 1. -3600.9 -3449.9 A fG° Log Kf -3100.3 543.66 383.9 -2399.71 239. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.32 101.52 166.75 243.05 126.40 139.07 709.26 260.57 355.4 -2265.12 409.15 to 1100 K.34 399.62 317.5 -2866.2 -3596.19 578.45 670.8 -3441.1 -2633.93 376.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ALUMINUM SULFATE A12 (SO4 ) 3 : 283 342.9 -3609.18 -3441.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 Melting T A fH° kJ*mol 259.35 197.40 274.28 419.20 539.62 222.6 -3098.74 299.49 239.00 1.30 240.79 403.53 164.06 239.41 196.89 0.41 J-bar'1 cm3 C« 3.91 324.44 416.30 239.117E+06 6/10/93 .5 -3442.48 389.20 -1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 40.3 -2131.9 -2750.60 74.49 327.7 -3446.60 299.30 272.60 392.341 73.22 kJ -3.1 -3449.30 250. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T K 298.41 626.

kJ A= -7.47 144.99 154.87 137.28 127.5 -1170.47 47.5 -1532 .21 132.4 -1480 .19 5.12 132.24 184.1 -1533 .44 43.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 Melting T 101.8 -950.50 216.69 138.35 85.13 98.17 71.21 132.10 236.84 164.27 310.75 101.11 172.9 -1131.6 238.16 175.59 270.11 298.39 108.8 -1324.5 -1041.51 61.30 138.44 0.21 52.75 102.1 -1538 .75 49.65 285.93 165.4 -1248.067E-01 5/22/92 .1 -995.60 -1473 .85 95.5 -1361.45 65.95 134. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.00 0.57 254.0 -1209.96 194.0 -1479 .76 139.41 79.70 Af H° .65 90.kJ'mol' 1 132.5 -1479 .10 J'bar'1 car O= 4.63 28.6 -1473 .46 134.72 136.3 K Boiling T K AV*H° AtoH° H298"H8 kJ kJ Molar Vol.65 56.35 38.04 135.4 -1286.17 131.84 A fG° Log Kf -1362.13 211.94 192.007E-02 237.68 90.21 136.496E+01 B= -9.4 -1539 .8 -1539 .284 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BARITE BaSO4 : 233.15 to 1300 K.0 -1477 .32 321.27 203.25 76.391 Orthorhombic crystals 298.57 219.23 119.6 -1476 .1 -1086. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^' 1 298.

2 -1046.63 27.74 60.68 127.68 190.971E-01 4.15 to 1000 K.27 54.59 160.9 -1129.1 -1435.30 JcJ A.5 -1090.44 0.54 147.22 160.0 -1436.02 167.45 166. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.58 119.2 -1437.-.59 211.87 46.03 105.40 111.-1.6 -1437.5 -1436.601 J-bar'1 46.01 cm3 C= 5.01 150. T--.21 169.40 108.15 73.7 -1206.40 107.57 116.03 kJ Molar Vol 17.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 101.91 231.20 248.3 -1167.55 153.03 141.01 87.93 265.71 95. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H| 98 )/T AfG° Log Kf -1321.18 135.2 Boiling T 1723 K K kJ 28.1 -1283.8 -1321.92 -1434.57 230.52 107.1 "I 298.65 AfH° 1.04 107.142 Orthorhombic crystals 298.4465E+02 B« 3.2 -1244.56 130.83 71.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANHYDRITE CaSO4 : 285 136.77 140.03 139.98 88.3 231.8 -1487.90 80.75 63.23 101.860E+05 9/16/92 .4 -1434.00 0.94 129.3 -1484.

67 -(Gf-H§ 98 )/T "I 1.631E+02 B« 3. 298.1 -555.50 109.0 -489.24 168.86 38. CP ST (H*-H298 )/T 1*1.15 360.29 154.81 322.91 277.08 219.445E-01 4.37 38.71 181.51 300.69 61.3 -456.1 -759.73 172.95 26.37 153.30 126.07 141.27 211.4 -771.88 cm3 0 -1.12 Melting T A fG° Log Kf -662. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.83 140.2 -765.1 116.3 -769.4 -419.87 kJ A* -7.49 21.41 188.26 127.57 64.03 A fH° -771.50 110.40 251.4 -383.28 83.87 191.62 216.6 -625.610 CuS04 : Crystals 298.4 -784.1 mol" 1 Boiling T 115.56 194.11 223.55 194.08 181.3 -793.24 342.79 0.95 31.50 115.35E+05 11/25/92 .91 18.9 -747.6 -766.5 -590.9 -753.20 15.68 135.88 200.15 K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 16.15 to 1200 K.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 139.00 0.19 81.3 -661.3 -348.72 206.89 140.84 109. T 109.65 48.286 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CHALCOCYANITE 159.11 97.44 119.088 J-bar'1 40.6 -775.42 160.6 -522.56 207.67 109.

21 317.44 351.04 319.80 284.08 167.66 K 298.16 282.50 370.10 282.41 400.121E+00 13.4 -2587.4 -2142.70 76.722E+05 6/10/93 .29 445.96 392.07 372.81 294.98 134.09 166.02 0.2 -1918.9 -2581.1 -2590.78 572.03 276.08 128.72 199.73 212.61 405.26 628.4 -2252.287 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt FERRIC SULFATE Fe2 (SO4 ) 3 : 399.885 Orthorhombic crystals 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.92 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 kJ A« -2.592E+03 B* 1.80 cm3 O 2.9 -2588.8 -2591.16 279.85 227.9 394.71 379.15 511.78 110.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 275. cp sf (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 9Q )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -2581.44 430.4 -2582.08 J-bar'1 130.0 -1806.00 1.15 to 800 K.2 -1694.1 -2030.80 282.07 344.5 -2254.

44 149.01 130.9 -1442.11 335.8 -1024. H298"H8 25.21 217.25 203.61 175.77 180.72 425.03 175.288 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ARCANITE K2SO4 : Orthorhombic crystals (a) 298.2 -1236.4 -1555.62 204.40 Afn° J-mol" 1 ^" 1 - K 298.3 -1194.8 -1444.66 25.57 512.12 125.38 230.1 -685.61 485.0 -1548.43 kJ A* -1.88 252.03 72.550 J-bar"1 65.285E-02 6.32 330.40 407.30 0.7 -1069.56 176.65 34.18 A fG° Log Kf -1319.44 197.62 251.80 35.00 0.86 282.7 -1437.9 -1278.6 -1318.59 62.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 <Hf-H2 98 )/T kJ mol" 1 175.5 -631.8 -1628. point 1342 K.3 231.0 -740.9 -852.15 103.56 175.51 46.7 -1445.5 -1152.6 -1439.09 53. CP Sf -(OJ-HJss)/-r 130.09 293.24 29.06 163.91 129.43 282.49 132.63 166.70 59.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.91 197.77 22.99 269.08 39.59 243.88 389.541E+03 B* 5. Liquid 1342 to 1700 K.9 -1111.71 368.25 310.5 -1620.55 189.38 197.50 cm3 0 6.61 197.85 318.3 -1479. 174.61 197.28 183.93 499.12 Melting T -1437.17 186.7 -1561.84 305.5 -970.8 -1610.04 341.93 191.25 182.260 Hexagonal crystals (0) 856 to melting FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.1 -795.15 to 856 K.26776E+06 5/27/92 .4 -910.69 150.08 181.99 86.41 137.56 180.61 197.18 229.63 219.04 92.39 256.73 105.86 143.2 -1445.5 -1567.78 444.5 -1474.81 78.32 524.38 19.37 216.

89 252.80 267.5 392. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H§ 98 )/T J-mol'^K"" 1 - 298.24 143.60 204.08 142.9 -2470.1 -2479.66 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 192.07 120.53 268.61 410.92 187.6 -1761.499E+03 B= 8.76 Melting T -2470.4 -2239.33 cm3 C= 1.17 217.23 368.92 308.218E-01 9.83 282.33 279.19 267.15 to 1000 K.41 120.5 -2480.19 54.80 483.8 -2081.60 205.235E+06 5/27/92 .31 102.58 290.00 1.95 230.2 -2577.06 309.98 193.9 -1842.42 174.52 92.9 -2475.6 -1670.25 321. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.16 248.207 Hexagonal crystals 298.9 -2478.57 515.90 A fG° Log K£ -2240.27 300.73 229.24 87.01 159.2 -2001.22 kJ A« -2.0 -2160.9 -2581.76 448.7 -2477.4 -1921.50 389.64 327.60 212.233 J-bar'1 92.289 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt K-A1 SULFATE KA1(SO4 ) 2 : 258.9 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 32.25 A fH° kJ mol' 1 204.89 174.75 288.29 204.

6 -5185./ T Log Kf -4663.6 -3963.60 408.01 336.8 817.84 539.00 321.116E+03 B= 1.360 J-bar'1 293.9 -5186.41 585.53 374.92 450.15 to 700 K.28 508.214 KA1 3 (OH) 6 (S04 ) 2 : Crystals 298.35 448.15 300 400 500 600 700 A fG° A fH° 372.90 Melting T -5176.70 553.57 284.92 733.3 -4487.48 360.594E+00 29.29 648.5 -5176.00 811.31 444.60 cm3 O -2.32 562.84 0.00 323.69 240.73 183.22 321.00 2. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.96 369.0 -5177. kJ A* -5.5 -4660.2 -5183.7 Boiling T A^ 0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol. CP SJ <H*-HJ 98 >.90 462.1 -4137.0 -4312.T -(Oi-HJ 98 .065E+06 11/25/92 .94 321.30 107.20 295.290 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ALUNITE 414.77 kJ'mol' 1 K 298.

30 391.3 -3145.695 J'bar'1 146.1 -4241.54 553.58 0.97 87. 10 222.56 459.25 365.25 713.7 -3025.08 920.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 318.90 AfH° kJ mol" 1 389.1 -4088. H298~H8 57.4 -4088.191E+03 B« 1.14 448.21 875.4 Boiling T 1203 K A^0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.r J-mol'^-K" 1 - 298.13 459.18 -4071.85 291.66 472.30 389.8 -4401. CO ST CP /UO_UO * T \ /f 298* / -<0*-HJ 98 )/'.93 363.15 490.93 522.39 175.75 826.52 434.30 468.05 649.6 -4085.1 -4250.84 772.76 574.1 -3263.31 402.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt LANGBEINITE 291 414.1 -4084.57 150.92 319.35 243.2 -2889.95 308.392E+06 11/25/92 .54 294.15 to 1203 K.03 961.78 189 .0 -2744.309E+00 14.4 -3731.8 654.9 -4087.30 112.95 cm3 C= 6.28 489.90 130. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.21 272.5 -3499.73 639.40 A£6° Log Kf -3733.71 393.32 145.997 K2Mg2 (S04 ) 3 : Cubic crystals 298.066 kJ -4.3 -3616.34 648.00 389.92 416.1 -3381.2 -4391.00 1.96 480.12 611.44 428.29 322.50 205.90 250.36 583.0 -4071.13 474.0 -2593.

0 -1335.80 170.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 95.10 111.40 91.4 -974.4 -1342.292 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MAGNESIUM SULFATE 120.45 106.10 141.64 155.89 84.81 295.38 103.59 150.28 76.6 205.73 160.20 46.9 -1287.15 to 1400 K.27 140.80 68.23 26. T 91. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.6 -1345.39 255.7 -1339.9 -1284.29 A fH° -1284.91 147.34 112.70 168.59 96.27 0.80 241.99 134.40 95.66 170.99 269.9 -1288.8 -1131.4 -752.20 110.64 75.62 63.40 40.71 96.1 -1052.72 114.71 30.3 -1092. °p CO ST <H*-H298 )/T -CH-H 598 )/!I 1-1.3 -842.00 0.01 145.68 208.73 165.40 91.4 -1339.2 -1458.385E-01 C= 2.62 1.47 190.1 -933.65 1400 K A fG° Log Kf -1170.99 121.02 34.21 90.9 -888.7 -1013.61 184.40 132.67 127. H2*98~H6 J-bar'1 1539 kJ A* -1.60 54.99 225.42 150. K~l 298.4 -704.5 -1169.288E+06 11/25/92 .7 -797.28 101.30 176.6 -1288.46 57.5 -1287.55 91.369 MgS04 : Crystals 298.54 44.325E+03 B= 4.16 120.7 -1288.75 282.07 203.08 91.67 122.68 147.80 159.4 mol"1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.59 26.

47 36.657E-01 4.02 - k^T-mnl 127.3 -1066.6 -891.16 269.52 100.38 61.21 51.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MANGANESE SULFATE MnSO4 : 293 151.00 127.4 168.99 93.00 127.05 211.7 -1065.8 -820.68 149.33 180.42 190.1 -1117.54 147.47 127.62 159.26 43.26 232.4 -1068.002 Orthorhombic crystals 298.3 -855.99 A fH° -1065.40 120.86 286.00 0.2 -1067.5 -785.19 Melting T A fG° Log K£ -962.45 96.02 136.9 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 kJ -1.77 81.9 -1068.362 J'bar"1 43.83 89.7 -1116.00 170.47 142.99 118.1 -961.63 160.49 61.563E+05 6/10/93 .3 -749.15 to 1000 K.10 74.00 131.62 28.17 47.21 139.56 167.7 -1067.077E+03 B* 3.89 152.63 72. CP ST J»mol 298.68 129.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 100.62 cm3 C* 5.77 252.38 187. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.2 -708.81 157.21 -CH-HJ 98 >/'T (HT-H2 98 )/T »K 0.5 -926.

66 279.50 220.8 -807.46 74.05 115. H298~H8 kJ -1.64 0.50 228.56 330.68 262.73 377.76 271.49 lr T 220.29 157.88 243. CP Sf -<Gf-H2 98 )/T 187.15 AfG° Log K£ -903.7 -1182.72 A fH° J-mol" 1 ^"1 K 298.01 105.193E+03 B= 9.00 215.3 -1188.6 -712.6 -1189.48 188. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 220.00 1.15 to 600 K.68 cm3 C* 3.227E+05 3/24/93 .7 -1187.4 -617.2 mol'1 Boiling T Melting T Av*H° K fcJ kJ Molar Vol.468 J'bar'1 74.294 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MASCAGNITE (NH4) 2SO4 : 132.583E-01 7.0 158.21 243.16 51.50 221.42 53.35 87.5 -901.15 300 400 500 600 <Hf-H2 98 )/T -1182.141 Orthorhombic crystals 298.

77 69.0 -1551.82 51.24 A fH° -1 kJ-mol' 1 149.30 306.3 -1418.2 -895.93 475.6 -1424.28 127. H2*98~H6 23.89 0.8 -1387.8 -1575.54 44.75 174.14 167.33 cm3 6.2 -1382.30 170.09 99.5 -725.54 171.55 254.96 160.72 447.5 -669.80 194.4 -1569.78 178.53 169.3 -1030.6 -559.16 374.71 227.020E-01 - K kJ 5 .9 -1429.89 279.79 510.16 -(GT-H§ 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -1269.251E+06 2/5/92 .06 195.56 155.2 -1070.49 124. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 194.19 132.72 213.46 220.19 194.92 187. Hexagonal crystals (I) 514 to 1155 K.27 172.0 -781.88 16.81 68.7 -986.15 to 450 K.37 195.5 -1379.2 -1563.82 173.8 -1148.96 33.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt THENAROITE Na2 SO4 : Orthorhombic crystals (V) 298.0 -1384.88 59.97 241.0 -1545.41 487.58 195.6 222.04 175.89 292.79 36.-1 298.00 0.01 149.66 353.8 -1395.043 Orthorhombic crystals (III) 450 to 514 Liquid 1155 to 1800 K.40 165.26 21.60 139.9 -614.15 166.7 -943.60 149.79 38.2 Boiling T 1155 K Av*H° Aft»H 0 kJ Molar Vol. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T .60 150.48 196.0 -1187.67 29.482E+03 B.35 191.29 107.1 -1229. 295 142.0 -1557.22 kJ A = -1.96 234.51 116.2 -1581.4 -1109.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 127.16 25.42 461.73 -1387.58 279.14 315.98 195.03 96.34 211.63 146.8 -1269.86 183.51 266.15 393. K.91 431.39 304.97 82.99 499.23 330.20 203.5.0 -838.75 335.87 18.24 325.95 125.1 -1392.01 198.333 J'bar'1 53 .

96 0.71 133.05 87.754 Orthorhombic crystals 298.44 71.7 -686.57 46.99 103.7 -762.6 -923.08 158.34 93.64 A fH° J-mol^-K"1 - K 298.01 143.64 71. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.65 21.30 105.2 133.15 -873.5 -917.81 A fG° Log Kf -762.857 J-bar'1 38.27 17.9 -648. CP ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 97.00 0.30 101.71 123.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 <HT-H§ 98 )/T kJ mol"1 101.17 183.67 151.2 -873.60 27.5 -491.19 116.91 132.2 -875.46 60.0 -724.41 113.62 139.61 132.381E+06 2/5/93 .57 147.95 256.1 -448.61 163.7 -920.30 101.46 31.56 101.14 172.98 160.69 98.9 -611.5 -876.93 223.3 -875.32 181.077E-01 3.57 cm3 O 1.75 153.1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol 15.15 to 1200 K.988E+02 B» 4.59 37.0 -405.56 126.48 133.47 155.94 kJ A" -8.92 204.296 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt NICKELOUS SULFATE NiSO4 : 154.80 240.49 45.31 284.0 -573.7 -534.56 98.71 271.7 -876.76 56.6 -876.29 80.67 94.64 143.02 25.0 -926.

00 Melting T AfG° Log Kf -813.51 23.2 -588.59 169.50 149.27 61.1 -812.17 28.275E+06 11/25/92 .81 95.44 141.795 J-bar'1 47.83 148.95 34.455E+02 B= 3.17 49.76 227.981E-01 4.81 151.1 -927.16 57.4 -977.15 179.6 -702.93 86.76 163.79 303.50 152.35 188.4 -776.24 77.7 -545.33 108.13 247.50 148.05 kJ A* -9.45 101.33 104.98 176.297 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANGLESITE 303.59 204.73 117.62 160.15 103.8 -627.0 -920.15 to 1100 K.61 40.70 321.4 -966.85 179.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 104.95 cm3 C= 1.09 kJ-mQ! 148.21 285. K-l 298.56 218.30 139.90 A fH° -920.76 267.0 -922.98 208.0 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H6 20.6 -664.8 -503.64 26. CP ST <HT-H$98 )/T -<0|-H5 98 )/1? i-l.63 128.8 -929.38 77. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.10 0.00 0.52 189.7 -924.264 PbSO4 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.7 -972.28 198.4 142.28 68.96 44.2 -924.4 -739.

1 -544.38 42.7 -868.4 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H6 17.1 -980.3 152.24 kJ -1.05 168.82 30.41 132.34 44.454 ZnSO4 : Orthorhombic crystals 298.9 -984.02 104.157 J-bar'1 41.4 -589.77 25.14 108.90 121.89 110.67 258.76 65.00 0.2 -753.09 0.03 186.57 cm3 C= 1.88 178.8 -675.81 159.08 36.010E+03 B« 4.298 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ZINKOSITE 161. CP ST (HT-H§ 98 )/T -(G*-H598 >/<T 104.1 -982.36 155.02 65.50 114.14 140.72 55.61 53.14 Melting T -980.95 Log Kf -868.5 -1043.1 -634.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 A fG° A fH° 110.46 97.62 275.6 -714.23 140.6 -1034.12 104.50 149.75 224.85 kJ«m ol_"" J«mol"~l»K~^ - 298.64 26.5 -792.50 110.8 -1039.46 82.15 to 1100 K.31 131.50 111. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.63 90.08 143.3 -992.26 74.94 165.1 -830.56 122.12 241.25 205.8 -993.8 -985.01 166.31 82.16 177.20 151.187E-01 4.501E+06 11/25/92 .84 111.

7 283.82 140. °p ST (HT-H2 98 )/T T.3 -1735.96 94.88 -(GT-H2 98 )/T 1 _ «r 1 0.9 -1735.0 -1732.80 121.49 111.04 57.7 -1383.T- 90.47 141.4 -1730.658 J-bar'1 46.96 A £6° Log Kf -1617.76 kJ A* -1.58 25.087E+05 11/25/92 .9 -1617.866E-01 4.60 131.15 109.70 142.82 80.53 146.82 88. 299 121.56 206. -.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 93.75 190.00 0.97 92.15 to a-0 transition at 855 K.72 210.50 90.83 153.29 229.953 jJ-crystals 855 to 1000 K.62 93.731E+03 B= 3.80 91.86 122.67 102.2 mol"1 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 14.05 160.73 130.53 108.40 140.4 -1460.96 244.95 69.92 \.4 -1344._! 298.9 -1538.34 150.58 cm3 C* -2.12 78.24 A fH« -1733.86 44.29 70.1 -1577.8 -1735.80 94. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.4 -1421.44 281.8 -1733.6 -1499.0 -1734.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BERLINITE A1PO4 : Rhombohedral crystals 298.38 120.53 169.0 -1725.79 131.80 90.

15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 A fG° AfH° 231.6 -4205.50 388.43 62.09 102.43 348.67 111.67 330.762 J'bar'1 97 .40 263.177 Ca3 (PO4 ) 2 : Rhombohedral crystals 298.8 -2903.98 226.59 173.00 1.21 352.8 -4201.85 227.4 -3167.93 383.6 -4116.8 -4120.8 -4122.24 275.6 -3882.22 373.00 237.54 330.38 0. CP Log Kf -3883.2 -3077.8 -3483.92 195.70 394.12 255. 62 cm3 C« 1. H298~H5 kJ A* -4.93 496.16 312.3 -3562.5 -3404.52 688.23 365.09 278.6 -4112. Monoclinic crystals 1373 to 1600 K.95 kJ-mol' 1 K 298.76 133.09 91.00 245.823E+06 11/25/92 .78 240.02 Melting T 236.30 294.51 465.42 177.49 366.0 -4232.88 285.94 434.36 -4120.82 330.00 236.86 211.44 197.15 to 1373 K.61 414.7 -4121.6 -4197.69 621.25 137.17 473.38 675.0 -2816. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.55 401.2 -4117.54 330.32 729.54 236.8 -2989.300 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt WHITLOCKITE 310.60 275.0 -4101.253E-01 9 .64 418.26 752.83 317.23 508.148E+03 B= 8.1 -3642.43 307.2 -4107.79 282.5 K Boiling T K kJ AitoH0 kJ Molar Vol.44 330.72 454.39 655.12 418.05 773.2 -3248.74 154.1 -3722.08 585.10 157.2 -4245.2 -3802.86 123.26 491.9 -4120.63 232.08 265.6 680.57 253.41 307.13 548.55 101.6 -3326.

47 579.8 -5335.64 948.62 A fG° Log Kf -6489.57 335.- -6.07 613.57 736.26 1202.7 -7061.77 999.344E-fOO 15 .756 J»bar"! 157 .02 289.9 -7054.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 375.5 -6229.06 604.23 506.37 434.56 cm3 C« 4.7 -5847.4 -4756.52 188.3 -5189.30 538.82 531.4 -5720.1 Boiling T K K kJ A&. 70 170.28 A fH° kJ-mol"1 387.62 393.11 -6872.74 548.55 707.4 -6867.6 -5594.64 232.0 -6871.90 387.0 -6872.11 426.15 to 1600 K.95 1129.302 Ca5 (PO4 ) 3F: Hexagonal crystals 298.7 -6863.8 -5044.82 543.38 381.47 kJ >. HJ98-H8 63.84 833.68 259.47 496.0 -5974.24 527.048E+06 11/25/92 .83 381.80 506.19 1129.83 220.30 1045.301 THERMODYN AMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt FLUORAPATITE 504.15 677.72 Melting T 0.52 830.22 170.79 332.931E+03 B= 1.47 458.0 -6874.40 550.4 -6358.7 -6487.7 -6856.5 -7069.44 353.7 -6864.20 259.28 763.33 646.0 -7077.57 314.87 690.1 -5467.32 102 .8 -4900.91 403.04 533.00 292.49 765.44 545.H0 kJ Molar Vol.51 1167.50 387. eo sT CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H£ 98 )/T J-mol'^K"" 1 298.90 390.1 -7085.23 403.05 893.89 509.64 155.77 790.00 2.49 412.15 368.35 542.23 208.32 650.9 -6102.6 1136.1 -6860.43 519.94 377. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.4 -6857.03 469.21 445.22 480.93 1089.

28 589.17 386.99 412.97 562.5 -6738.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 385.86 539.00 250.41 406.57 722.777E+03 B.9 -6732.1 -5398.59 705.88 Melting T -6738.960 J'bar'1 159.-6.22 624.60 cm3 C= 2.77 658.42 475.79 513.92 178.7 -6199.58 369.15 to 1500 K. T 390.6 -5797.7 -6728.50 783.2 -6912.23 300.17 229.4 -6064.35 526.24 200.81 269.98 398.11 162.88 915.90 A fH° 1.5 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.98 781.60 326.311 Ca5 (PO4 ) 3 (OH): Hexagonal crystals 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -6740.4 -6728.58 584.4 -6724.13 1075.22 1102.302 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HYDROXYAPATITE 502.54 1121.23 A fG° Log K£ -6337.40 392.1 -6924.37 573.55 633.83 446.44 438.70 514.8 -5266.11 0.21 552.82 390.9 -5531.1 -6935.42 477.69 595.726E+06 11/25/92 .36 616. CP ST <HT-H§ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol~^»K~^ 298.94 809.1.25 383.65 425.09 223.76 606.29 497.43 852.66 973.6 -4827.2 -6720.1 -6736.00 180.08 1026.6 -5930.2 -5663.23 550.31 367.9 -6945.7 -5128.386E-fOO 15.90 752.88 691.24 kJ A.1 -6334.29 432.0 1110.01 282.00 2.7 -6717.55 516.90 1165.44 348.38 106. H2*98"H6 64.40 390.4 -4678.81 321.62 513.63 1207.6 -4977.

043 Orthorhombic crystals 298.9 -2504.T 105.66 119.13 A fG« Log Kf -2910.7 -3081.28 172. CP s* <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H| 98 )/T A fH° J-mol"1 ^"1 - 298.00 0.303 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TOPAZ Al2SiO4F2 : 184.61 0.29 151.079E+03 B» 5.46 139.75 130.34 313.15 to 1000 K.38 190.62 217.04 288.44 123.51 183.40 105.6 -2909.77 kJ A.1 -2792.97 209.81 90.740E-01 5.31 291.31 201.-3.6 -3093.8 -2677.40 111.26 197.30 260.7 509.83 U.153 J-bar'1 51.8 -2734.59 372.63 144.49 228.53 cm3 C» -2.9 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 19.96 192.2 -2619.40 106.83 130.49 214.9 -2562.08 199.10 106.76 238.85E+05 7/23/92 .77 171.3 -3076.7 -3079. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.9 -3074.10 216.92 506.38 168.89 40.68 138.6 -2851.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 143.54 105.47 Melting T -3084.9 -3083.5 -3084.19 153.5 -3084.06 148.52 68.72 336.

97 124.2 -1883.84 59.89 218.5 -2595.80 87.84 241.2 -2587.73 174.10 216.61 337.24 137.6 -1934.17 48.5 -2640.02 92.36 114.8 -2594.8 -2037.15 197.16 53.00 0.3 -2599.44 207.84 200.28 156.80 58.358E+05 7/29/92 .8 -2593.29 129.0 428.06 227.6 -2290.80 82.1 -2239.1 -2637.80 83.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A fH° 82.36 167.43 77.08 124.59 104.28 244.5 -1730.66 -1 J-mol'^K"1 - 298.52 199.2 -2391.40 150.21 312.53 111.70 189.19 109.15 cm3 C= 3.2 -1832.12 393.3 -2606.88 405.26 149.99 82.26 367.4 -1677.4 -2340.55 122.26 63.97 0.27 Melting T -2593.8 -2189.97 189.0 -2589.3 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H6 15.97 98.109E-01 4.20 208.23 246.27 162.97 211.97 353.44 78.35 205.1 -2592.29 207.9 -2088.58 122.70 209.0 -2592.25 165.304 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt KYANITE Al2Si05 : Triclinic crystals 162.61 381.75 34.54 153.046 298. CP ST /UO_I1O \ rim Ho OD \/ //rp A -«*-HJ 98 )/'I 121.37 140. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.13 142.85 203.7 -2139.70 Log Kf -2443.25 175.06 211.30 135.72 186.84 237.7 -2591.9 -2597.15 to 1800 K.1 -2442.77 264.65 159.8 -2604.73 86.24 197.415 J'bar 44.97 183.86 kJ A= -2.09 122.56 194.02 304.2 -1781.6 -2602.11 96.37 285.02 321.37 149.72 70.01 425.81 157.1 -1985.7 -2594.68 145.599E+03 B= 5.

8 -2440.4 -2583.305 THERMODYN AMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANDALUSITE Al2SiO5 : Orthorhombic crystals 162.98 312.0 -2598.H 0 Molar Vol.1 -2441.05 92.8 -2596.8 -2093.36 145.2 -1841.50 211.49 197.76 34.71 78.4 -2241.6 -2603.43 165.7 -2143.1 -2591.98 59.0 -1941. 152 J'bar'1 51.5.2 -2585.92 122.16 188.1 -1791.17 124.47 53. 52 cm3 C= 3.08 209.30 272.9 -2589.94 193.69 Boiling T K Av*H° kJ Afo.88 346.8 -1688.03 175.26 159.60 123.11 58.2 427.17 119.1 -2601.30 91.2 -2636.56 199.67 204.027E-01 K kJ 5.93 413.35 96.9 -2192.80 205.31 194. H298-H6 16.83 293.07 129.35 329.8 -2391.38 210.43 375.02 149. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 135.90 156.16 200.20 401.56 208.67 254.595E+03 B.71 197.73 389.01 70.90 171.39 91.83 216.30 245.57 166.34 183.25 113.49 48.1 -2291.7 -2590.18 152.79 225.55 104.590E+05 7/29/92 .77 424.5 -2042.40 226. CP S| -<Gf-H$ 98 )/T A fH° A fG° Log Kf -2589.046 298.90 146.8 -2587.42 109.56 64.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <Hf-H2 98 )/T 122. 90 kJ A* -2.48 167.39 96.00 0.39 92.9 -2590.4 -2594.18 361.99 J-mol'^K" 1 - K 298.15 131.05 158.16 202.1 -2588.22 244.8 -2634.59 107.55 236.26 149.15 to 1800 K.29 143.54 78.99 86.46 Melting T 91.41 312.1 -1740.99 0.07 140.6 -2589.0 -2341.6 -1992.4 -1891.77 206.54 183.45 250.74 132.

13 201.29 121.32 424.6 -2591.72 124.998E-01 4 .71 207.70 192.88 163.80 95.12 124.3 -2631.68 175.58 201.4 -2042.60 144.40 100.91 253.0 -2143.4 -2589.4.21 143.306 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt SILLIMANITE A12 S1O5 : Orthorhombic crystals 162.60 64.54 49.592E+03 B.91 123.wpH° AfaH° kJ kJ Molar Vol.71 136.00 0.27 332.38 199.2 -2388.8 -1992.35 97.29 181.4 -2598.-1-1 K 298.-1 Boiling T A.39 109.35 167.0 -2598.05 199.34 219.52 311.89 162.73 78. CP ** -<Gf-H2 98 )/T AfH° .98 257.76 35.6 -1690.8 -2339.046 298.44 228.95 174.7 -2582.70 113.12 378.1 -2586.73 92. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.986 J-bar'1 49 .7 -1742.88 187.16 58.086E+05 7/29/92 .0 -2580.0 -2595.9 -2593.09 103.63 170.1 -2586.26 148.81 149.9 -2192.3 -2289.79 404.9 -2586.01 59.38 209. H298"H8 K 17 .4 -2093.95 198.96 239.6 -2634.70 203.62 111.4 -2585.37 391.31 196.7 A fG° Log Kf -2439.96 K -2586.52 53.41 152.86 229.2 -2583.97 296.49 158.00 86.15 to 1800 K.1 -2438.64 209.40 77. 86 cm3 0 4 .04 70.54 1.13 155. J* 95.44 315.29 208.05 .33 139.2 -1892.17 135.32 134.66 248.50 Melting T 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (Hf-H2 98 )/T 123.3 427.9 -2240.94 364.44 kJ A* -2.39 128.40 96.59 275.33 148.0 -2586.71 348.80 210.40 95.3 -1842.5 -1942.3 -1792.87 205.93 244.05 186.47 416.

2 -6861.46 378. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 473.0 -5159.4 -6312.75 142. 6 cm3 O 1. 298.02 381.40 493.88 539.07 546.26 207.13 327.81 1116.43 389.91 535.3 -6840.99 414.5 -6924.01 288.03 298.98 941.24 484.65 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fG° AfH° kJ-mol" 1 275.8 -6806.844E+03 B.8 -6439.98 458.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T cp 326.3 -6821.88 478.16 504.60 130.59 452.41 442.55 1121.11 574.05 531.78 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.44 431.14 527.39 804.8 -4900.76 521.2 -4771.82 702.62 384.17 554.62 349.0 -5420.66 170.83 242. mol"^«K~^ 275.37 898.2 -5552.15 319.295E+00 13.6 -6930.3 -6185. 46 J-bar'1 134.40 230.07 kJ A* -6.7 -6819.27 337.90 602.13 541.29 646.31 187.5 -6813.307 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MULLITE Al6Si2O13 : Orthorhombic crystals 426.36 980.3 -5932.00 275.04 398.5 -5029. H298-H6 Log Kf 46.61 750.0 -4506.88 545.15 to 1800 K.93 1018.72 290.65 513.2 -6819.0 -6866.75 316.65 379.7 -6809.5 -6820.9 -6835.0 -4641.10 527.50 406.05 853.30 352.98 654.78 516.56 s* is[T-H§ 9 g)/l' J.30 -6441.00 257.8 -5290.51 628.00 277.11 329.052 298.90 1085.29 156.73 392.76 543.4 -6846.18 824.4 -6817.40 678.87 366.72 691.14 418.4 -5681.1.1 -5806.59 273.45 626.55 204.6 -6856.02 1052.1 -6058.02 92.00 2.95 0.64 155.613E+06 5/4/92 .8 Boiling T 2123 K A UO Au^Jd AfaH° 1128.7 -6851.

67 221.24 1094.125E-I-03 B= 1.45 391.98 756.83 334.71 332.8 -8200.70 375.90 1361.9 -6925.68 411.67 698.05 821.0 -6557.31 576.26 441.89 687.85 499.68 212.67 279.7 -7837.25< OH >.20 436.17 184.0 -6192.08 532.7 -8568.41 530.0 -9106.64 168.87 715.57 592.3 -7109.65 856.00 2.83 553.7 -9100.80 634.09 751.13 603.833E+00 16.7 -7295.64 1254.4 cm3 C.90 337.2 -9087.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 308 Formula wt DUMORTIERITE 1 A1 6.23 565.10 622.06 337.9 -9104.30 706.7 -9094.87 816.73 488.96 524.36 1063.84 J-bar' 168.02 665.061E+06 7/22/92 .16 703.6 -9153.66 764.97 923.9 -8382.7 -9237.43 760.08 1491.23 1132.9 -7478.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 440.44 270.74 1309.81 726.5 -9129. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.938 Orthorhombic crystals 298.0 -9145.4 -8018.72 664.91 353.7SH ].4 -5819.16 483.8 -7657.25 si3B017.73 577.99 434.76 507.59 -9109.06 890.52 747.1.61 301.63 478.90 334.2 -9112.99 202.2 -6741.87 K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 59.04 381.61 1410.78 857.6 -9246.85 244.4 Boiling T Melting T 1501.07 584.9 -6375.04 1195.2 -9121.5 -9111.10 906.41 988.7 -6009.75 s 565.20 466.0 -9109.15 to 1800 K.72 124.88 734.29 1456.84 kJ A= -9.27 A fG° A fH° Log Kf mol""l ____ ^ |_T KJ lUWiL ~«MWM-^« 334.88 746.94 716.85 539.2 -8564.93 741.78 785.1 -9112.27 1499.87 0.4 -9137.00 442. CP CO ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T J-mol^-K" 1 - 298.

9 -2150.15 to 1800 K.91 160. CP ST (E *-H298 )/T j.34 89.87 204.91 230.03 218.85 81.9 -1554.73 172.50 45.37 62.58 253.41 145.17 212.36 209.78 221.96 210.6 -2096.9 -2532.2 -2525.05 191.02 201.2 -2369.10 A fH° -2532.4 -2525.3 -2530.4 -1880.0 -2520.65 175.686 J-bar'1 46 .13 258.87 54.10 94.74 146.56 103.36 304.88 130.07 226.63 198. 298.78 132.50 156.10 89.83 127.9 -2533.48 173.2 -2314.4 -2532.17 233.80 186.^ 0.2 -1665.0 -2533. 1 89.6 .00 0.63 408.7 -2528.96 361.55 118.38 422.9 -1988.00 282.8 -2529.00 150.529E+03 B= 5.47 237.60 325.9 -2533.84 73.14 59. 86 cm3 C= -2.43 -<GT-H2 98 )/T . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.78 36.57 378.3 -2531.2 -2575.H° kJ kJ Molar Vol.84 197.04 343. H298-H6 K 16 .403E-01 4 .85 188.79 168.24 412.87 unl 1.-1 Boiling T K Av*H° Afa.22 236.39 111.2 -2579.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 126.77 155.10 89.08 393.92 216.89 130.37 49.084 Crystals 298.47 82.6 -2042.88 91.7 -1934.5 -2204.80 222.38 66.89 118.86 168.69 263.6 -2523.80 138.4 -2259.30 231.55 164.7 -2527.08 243.48 136.4 -1772.49 105.3 -1826.52 98.44 AfG° Log Kf -2370.95 160.42 435.25 121.41 224.01 233.75 160.7 -1719.1 415.83 kJ A= -2.50 302.5 -1610.31E-I-05 7/23/92 .309 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt EUCLASE BeAlSi04 (OH): 145.

57 178.19 158.96 95.744E-01 3 .4 -1575.28 97.0 -1950.56 103.18 115.15 337.2 -2134.2 -2125.53 171. 18 cm3 C= -4.21 108.39 66.22 46.67 233.9 -2143. CO ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H^ 98 )/T J-mol" 1 -*"" 1 298.59 27.06 215.83 73.74 316.31 124.96 81.2 -1649.26 127.7 -1798.718 J-bar'1 37 .33 292.88 180.46 164.33 138.75 166.7 -1835.15 to 1800 K.39 176.135E+03 B= 3.05 265.3 -2142.55 120.107 Hexagonal crystals 298.16 kJ - -2.2 -2130.13 179.7 -1538.59 250.33 168.3 -1499.68 63.81 119.35 91.28 201.2 -2132.0 355.31 A fH° kJ-mol' 1 63.39 179.47 75.24 279.74 203.10 129.37 63.9 -1873.57 173.46 Melting T 0.00 -2143.03 133.36 353.37 63.4 -2027.87 149.16 121.87 50.6 Boiling T K A^pH0 AtoH° kJ kJ Molar Vol.84 48.04 259.1 -2143.86 104.16 54.1 -2143.27 60.60 96.24 119.46E+05 7/22/92 .3 -2136.4 -1911.99 86.41 150.89 185.0 -1760. Decomposes to BeO and SiO2 above 1833 K.9 -2153.46 304.46 A fG° Log Kf -2028.7 -2127.4 -1458.19 176.25 193.40 77.13 168.28 87.3 -1686.44 139. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.4 -2200.34 150.2 -1612.27 327.3 -2128.92 110.5 -1723.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 95.68 174.37 67.9 -2202.1 -2140.310 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt PHENAKITE 6628104: 110.00 0.70 159.35 64.49 196.20 124.88 136.82 96.7 -1989.3 -2138.85 131.07 42.67 139. H298"H5 K 12 .77 175.61 177.

05 695.3 -8326.43 kJ A* -8.30 608.00 419.16 488.93 620.0 -9008.26 740.86 603.39 393.00 2.67 879.1 -7480.31 812.55 202.19 719.27 499.94 662.64 1170.4 -5953.93 339.21 1479.3 can3 O -6.96 188.5 -6641.04 547.89 729.71 1426.45 1109.66 846.4 -8999.0 -9290.5 -8497.13 559.71 346.52 688.32 400.6 -9006.35 852.47 Log Kf -8500.0 -7816.36 892.36 434.03 710.87 346.81 225.64 422.71 364.81 762.683E+00 20 .86 750.7 -8971.75 -1 J-mol"" 1 ^' 1 - 298.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt BERYL Be3Al2 (Si6O18 ): 311 537.7 -6808.15 to 1800 K.1 -7143.5 -6975.8 -8986.30 637.70 349.5 -9278.95 534.78 700.23 583.82 567.54 0.7 -8156.51 447.7 -9010.24 468.93 1332. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.29 482.5 -7312.54 777.33 J-bar'1 203 .2 Boiling T K A^pH 0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.07 -9006.50 205.01 507.0 -6138.5 -8986.66 739.22 1281.7 -8999.00 710.6 -8993.58 1470.57 1043.03 675.31 533.75 775.6 -9004.60 172.56 577.1 -9000.56 247.58 118.50 659.9 1489.68 504.7 -6309.21 303.96 971.14 381. H298-H6 K 64 .27 806.40 702.1 -8978.1 -8992.995E+03 B= 1. CP ST <HT-H298 )/T -<Gf-H$ 98 )/T Melting T A^0 417.73 487.7 -7648.44 911.74E-I-05 7/22/92 .99 1228.05 359.9 -6475.2 -7986.1 -8963.61 519.26 443.11 318.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° A £H° 346.502 Hexagonal crystals 298.61 1380.48 1087.73 267.64 273.

6 -3719.80 395.46 747.49 Melting T -4580.67 111.06 400.41 285.65 134.5 -4568.64 225.15 to 1400 K.63 300.60 324.312 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BERTRANDITE Be4Si207 (OH) 2 : 238.68 149.51 377.10 173.62 563.83 279.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 (H$-H2 98 )/T kJ-mol"1 172.16 172.7 -4572.07 699.11 250.38 225.51 548.5 -4559.34 167.75 201.9 -3531.98 253.179 J-bar'1 91.78 636.06 373. CP ST -(GT-H2 9 g)/T 224.60 387.42 344.6 -4004.76 405.39 64.03E+06 7/29/92 .3 -3438.88 601.41 265.1 -4293.16 363.00 215.00 1.09 0.73 669.43 428.90 348.0 -3345.3 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 31.96 392. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.5 -4580.564E+03 B= 9.35 A fH° .38 348.0 -4551.8 -3813.J-mol"1 ^"1 K 298.67 249.26 275.67 201.1 -4555.02 238.41 121.33 313.13 404.04 kJ A.-4.1 -3252.68 148.79 cm3 O -1.9 -4582.90 222.230 Crystals 298.49 246.1 -4100.60 A fG° Log Kf -4295.2 -4576.84 189.5 -3908.10 172.4 -4580.01 477.10 181.0 -3624.37 370.4 -4548.61 291.1 -4563.67 413.77 276.3 -4197.83 317.388E-01 9.52 522.4 752.6 -4582.01 403.32 177.07 428.

56 331.71 319.37 573.54 0.01 241.00 231. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. CP ST K 298.81 400.36 kJ A= -4.10 293.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT fflGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES LAWSONITE Formula wt CaAl2 Si207 (OH)2*H20: 313 314.41 AfH° kJ«mol~^ -4869.7 -4390.32 J'bar' cm3 C.196E+00 10.03 368.9 -4510.59 265.0 -4869.869E+03 B.24 276.00 230.9 -4151.38 -4270.17 361.7 -4866.78 132.1 -4871.10 Melting T AfG° Log Kf -4512.1.47 467.132 101.238 Crystals 298.0 -4869.5 446.-7.37 397.9 790.63 785.00 1.43 230.0 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol. H298~H8 41.37 174.15 300 400 500 600 275.02E-I-04 7/29/92 .70 77.J-mol"1 ^" 1 - 230.03 (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/ T .15 to 600 K.

91 Boiling T K K Av*H° AfaH 0 Molar Vol.61 577.01 492.67 86.2 -3981.99 232.392E+06 7/22/92 .19 A fH° kJ-rnol'1 210.909E-01 O 1.5 -3784.10 218.04 297.23 138.005E+03 9 .28 241.31 404.50 214.76 94.40 237.58 197.37 378.48 276.34 285.11 686.40 94.69 187.35 1866 0.88 371. 21 kJ B.52 353.96 79.24 317.12 236.6 -4001.40 207.3 -2753.9 -3980.2 -3650.43 419.2 -3583. CO ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2* 98 )/T J-mol" 1 -*.6 -3981.04 301.41 381.33 458.6 658. H2 98-H5 kJ kJ A* -4.3 -3038.5 -3984.45 268.08 296.23 704.29 196.9 663.89 113.38 275.5 -3384.3 -3717.23 154.73 206.48 625.38 103.2 -3108.314 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt GEHLENITE Ca2Al2 SiO7 : 274.10 211.47 388.2 -3316.63 235.37 335.28 56.71 448.44 225.51 175.89 434.9 -4350.39 646.6.21 304.06 523.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 206.53 316.56 278.33 311.95 462.25 161.74 310.75 122.2 -4016.57 314.62 255.09 551.71 A fG° Log Kf -3785.0 -3985.34 124.74 210.8 -4001. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.97 602.9 -3178.0 -3985.15 to incongruent melting point at 1866 K.41 173.74 255.5 -3517.6 -4012.8 -2969.6 -4014.3 -4008.88 667.3 -2900.73 307.88 485.0 -2830.1 -4055.33 312.15 33.95 226.015 J-bar'1 cm3 90 .00 1.96 262.6 -4010.69 144.17 220.6 -3983."" 1 298.50 316.10 210.95 292.39 330.16 420.64 -3985.0 -3450.200 Tetragonal crystals 298.4 -3247.

8 -6891.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ZOISITE Ca2Al3Si3012 (OH): 315 454.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 350.02 408.93 601.3 -5440.2 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 52.51 381.4 -5838.898E+03 B= 1. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.15 to 1200 K.81 -6901.23 291.3 -6914.34 664.73 253.60 A £G° Log Kf -6504.35 230.4 -6913.5 -5707.93 554.93 516.89 851.86 310.17 956.83 589.38 732.08 831.34 351.2 -5574.21 331.20 375.35 497.25 356.97 580.5 cm3 C= -1.27 445.65 651.1 -6368.55 295.37E+05 7/22/92 .5 -6900.94 374.6 -5970.24 516. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T .00 2.74 481.74 446.1 -6901.28 311.2 -6902.65 J-bar"1 136.61 410.17 97.54 1132.1 -6906.16 258.84 450.325E+00 13.85 298.89 214.98 A £H° kJ« mol" 1 295.49 339.02 793.02 548.07 kJ A* -6.7 -6235.8 -6897.83 412.4 -6102.7 -6893.5 1139.2 -6886.27 905.91 164.357 Orthorhombic crystals 298.40 504.41 0.-1 _-l 298.5 -6502.12 534.96 335.63 285.92 576.7 -5306.85 295.20 476.39 531.

07E+05 7/22/92 .528 125.42 670.30 474.49 402.57 -6640.2 -6666.28 283.77 803.5 -6276.15 to 1200 K.02 726.1 -6640.34 435.-1-1 298.04 869.70 425.7 -6033.91 301.0 -6647.7 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 47.4 -5912.2 -5310.7 -5792.32 537.0 -5432.69 238.446 Cubic crystals 298.00 2.94 1092.57 389.73 327.37 777.24 260.66 kJ A= -6.17 0.6 -5672.71 630.28 J-bar'1 cm3 C= -1.6 -5553.27 466.04 92.11 607.206E+00 12.6 -6635.7 1099.2 -6154.68 334.18 225.73 432.98 497.12 260.41 526.63 342.80 448.37 322.316 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt GROSSULAR Ca3Al2 Si3012 : 450.43 463.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 330.41 368.8 -5187.3 -6631.81 A £H° i.71 825.637E+03 B= 1.12 262.6 -6630.13 273.24 370.25 155.93 267. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.02 482.67 291.11 310.1 -6645. cp CO ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T .16 457.60 A £G° Log K£ -6278.99 491.29 514.74 252.81 501.9 -6628.0 -6640.17 366.64 202.8 -6638. T mol' 1 260.62 513.22 331.

28 0.87 61.56 230.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 127. 159.4 -2209.20 115.39 110.15 to 1000 K.69 156.9 -2102.332 J'bar'1 53.12 110.1 -2263.6 -2471.00 0.14 166.8 -2477.6 -2155.79 35.20 110.0 -2475.84 324.54 J-mol'^K"" 1 - 298.1 -2468.72 220.89 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 19.32 cm3 C= -2.00 198.979 Datolite decomposes in air at about 970 K.301E-01 5.44 295.22 301.31 81.20 110.20 277.05 110.81 115. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.41 153.8 -2478.3 -2477.0 -2473.95 153.83 187.49 214.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 317 Formula wt DATOLITE CaB(Si4 )OH: Crystals 298.87 101. CP CO ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H$98 )/T AfH» A£G° Log K£ -2477.23 121.41 187.89 133.99 180.23 211.6 -2049.4 -1996.99 151.07 172.473E+03 B« 5.0 406.21 130.63 193.25 187.08 97.9 -2318.12 403.6 -1944.1 -2317.17 206.7 -2478.54 126.53E+05 7/22/92 .49 250.25 kJ A= -2.41 127.41 139.

30 Melting T -3692.02 137.0 -3265.7 -3685.10 387.8 -3689.4 -3350.68 329.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 A £6° A £H 298.0 -3435.6 -3182.5 -3681.26 197.70 466.36 K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 48.30 648.15 437.8 -3692.793 Monoclinic crystals 298.15 to 900 K.052E-01 10.85 83.90 445.13 598.10 206.50 534.80 292.93 170.50 380.20 594.14 277.30 294.318 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ILVAITE CaFe3 Si2070(OH): 408.10 417.0 -3676.30 292.60 434. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.1 -3686.6 -3437.664E+03 B= 8.70 0.40 292.00 1.90 343.4 -2935.20 251.107 J-bar'1 101.09 kJ A= -3.50 408.10 696.20 387.45 341. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T Log ] kJ- K 298.2 -3031.35 304.50 358.07 cm3 C= -1.90 299.0 -3099.70 213.3 Boiling T 602.90 398.40 362.20E+06 3/5/93 .8 -3668.01 231.00 176.

99 360.94 478.41 330.53 693.0 950.24 429.17 316.H0 kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 53.0 -5770.71 440.94 275.4 -5754.7 -4967.1 -5766.78 A £6° Log K£ -5427.5 -5194.49 kJ A= -5.128E+00 13.mol""l«1f~l> UKJX ^ ~ K 298.177 Cubic crystals 298.11 394.18 241.40 316.17 406.88 353.82 321.2 -4741.68 210.15 277.29 462.17 522.0 -5424.20 677.0 -5771.00 2.7 -5754.04 cm3 C= -6.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANDRADITE Ca3Pe2 Si3O12 : 319 508.5 -4629.9 -5309.96 531.83 Melting T -5771.17 97.95 248.58 428.80 605.61 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 301.82 742.5 -5757.7 -5080./T 316.8 -5762.756E+03 B= 1.37 504.67 442.30 370.77 944.83 490.15 to 1000 K.85E+05 7/22/92 .81 498.2 Boiling T K kJ A&.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 <H*-H598 .40 318.7 -5758.67 464.79 A£H° kJ mol" 1 J .55 800. °P ST -<G*-H598 >/'r 351.78 853.20 498.66 316.204 J-bar'1 132.3 -4854.33 542.19 162.

29 147.88 108. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.16 180.0 -2250.91 176.21 273.70 183.466 Orthorhombic crystals 298.3 -2052.01 86. J-mol" 1 -*' 1 - 298.6 373.44 276.00 0.75 73.64 371.37 110.4 -1896.5 -1974.76 kJ A= -2.69 166.11 Melting T -2251.07 160.19 312.46 141.11 208.72 295.0 -2092.2 -1817.10 108.20 123.26 170.9 -2248.90 153.73 233.320 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MONTICELLITE CaMgSi04 : 156.23 214.53 173.3 cm3 C« -1.00 123.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 A £G° A fH° 108.14 194.10 108.248E+03 B* 3.26 147.15 to 1100 K.45 175.33 126. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 123.96 56.05 118.86 147.4 -1935.37 135.35 96.6 -1857.64 178.03 Log Kf -2132.8 -2132.14 0.8 -2013.25B+05 7/22/92 .82 171.6 -2247.13 J'bar'1 51.8 -2245.3 -2246.07 97.02 112.94 256.60 159.0 -2251.7 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 18.47 86.6 -2253.9 -2249.61 105.910E-01 5.31 UT.10 113.2 -2252.76 33.

85 312.46 321.84 495.6 -4004.5 -2786.4 -3866.6 642. H298~H8 K 34 .8 -3859.23 96.2 -3469.7 -3860.22 369.9 K has an enthalpy of 0. 357.96 438.6 -3075.53 281.52 317.9 -3882. 903E+06 7/22/92 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 214.03 190.1 -3999.91 kJ A= -3.8 -2710.46 628.6 -3994.13 301.88 109.23 133.50 223.81 650.60 263.53 383.32 294.1 -3861.16 340.98 83.8 -3864.6 -3339.38 382.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt AKERMANITE Tetragonal crystals 298.H0 kJ 124.06 254.1 -4253.31 A £H° kJ-mol" 1 212.50 212.12 358.24 300.35 470.98 461.00 287. 321 272.03 123.27 226.87 120.5 -2862.54 423. ST CP (HT-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol" 1 ^""1 - 298.2 -3208.8 -4090.68 90.628 A small transition at FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.45 326.15 to melting point at 1731 K.37 -3864.3 Boiling T 1731 K A.32 375.84 671.92 204.00 1.76 784.8 -3404.28 76.9 -3535.97 220.32 58.68 330.76 392.69 424.6 -3008.67 605.42 336.88 253.16 143.3 -3860.11 469.60 0.4 -3863.904E+03 B= 6.48 408.10 214.25 525.968E-01 9 .52 638.23 A fG° Log Kf -3667.19 280.5 -3666.8 -3864..91 212.3 -3600.93 233.73 322.63 272.88 554.1 -3879.5 -2938.63 99.00 212. 5 kJ Molar Vol.85 160.79 239.76 195.31 302.84 691.50 213.19 240.68 kJ.05 218.23 580.03 238.03 167.08 185.3 -3274.254 J-bar'1 92 .5 -2629.7 -3867.65 315.59 149.*H° A&.50 260.38 174.5 -3142.81 453.75 306.83 281. 54 cm3 C= 2.

56 69. 38 129.76 276.37 A£H° -4536.36 253.9 754.3 -4681.97 298.322 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MERWINITE Ca3Mg(SiO4 ) 2 : Monoclinic crystals 328.42 389.9 -4535.21 175.5 -3288.79 798.14 550.10 263.60 466.8 -4557.89 320.67 A fG° Log Kf -4307.39 381.22 209.99 660.91 425.77 552.32 433.6 -4531.75 372.04 253.00 1.10 253.70 244.1 -3926.67 157.08 234.840E-01 9.07 506.6 -4533.15 to 1600 K.58 348.12 403.2 -4229.3 -4077.2 -4536.6 -3543.37 336.67 359.50 284.5 -3621. CP ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -<C*-H598 >/'r J»mol~''''«K 298.95 173.03 521.2 -4535.63 256.77 306.94 kJ- 253.9 -4671.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 252.68 504.9 -4559.73 446.5 -3699.85 253.69 380.46 747.6 -4528.89 354.43 691.87 456.76 147.55 398.10 254.573E+06 7/22/92 .38 223.705 298.4 ]I 1 Boiling T K K kJ Aft.56 485.15 353.49 223.90 262.61 590.5 -4002.18 117.H0 kJ Molar Vol.14 269.54 107.6 -4153.85 J-bar'1 98.18 286. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.6 -3851.05 114. H298~H8 kJ A= -4.66 332.82 773.557E+03 B= 7.06 329.67 749.52 197.4 -3775.46 365.24 193.64 142.61 0.5 -3375.7 -4676.11 308.5 cm3 C= 1.60 626..90 357.2 -4528.1 -4535.5 -3462.7 -4306.12 332.54 342.9 -4529.45 720.

02 98.99 146.10 259.3 -2171.54 193.86 38.34 208.29 108.66 179.2 -2594.73 88.06 173.56 199.25 189.17 280.27E+05 7/22/92 .56 117.22 296.4 -1891.79 339.THERMOD YNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TITANITE (SPHENE) CaTiSi05 : Monoclinic crystals 323 196.8 -2311.2 -2032.6 -2453.32 358.20 246.15 to 1670 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 -2587.86 249.87 60.8 -2125.34 421.3 -1985.86 270.03 427.02 213.591E+03 B* 4.01 173.9 -2589.51 161.24 318.3 -2588.90 243.07 271.2 -2596.78 435. H298~H8 kJ A* -2.84 142.9 I"1 -2454.20 375.32 65.93 187.30 172.64 202.7 -2591.46 79.93 147.3 -2591.9 -2593.48 151.70 392.661E-01 5.77 72.7 -2264.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 138.59 64.20 130.3 -1938.23 K kJ A^0 kJ Molar Vol.55 205.9 -2218.61 155.77 125.04 111.06 97.70 213.20 134.20 129.0 -2593.02 407.38 A £6° A £H° kJ 129.3 -2588.23 314. 74 cm3 C« -2 .24 196.1 Boiling T 1670 K Log Kf 430.37 83.42 201.91 139.09 137.1 -2598.041 298.2 -2358.6 -2596.83 226.92 185.54 160.05 210.7 -1845.8 -2406.83 126.47 0.08 -2596.11 237.58 210.6 -2596.6 -2590.49 132.68 201.30 129.25 169.00 0.01 144. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K""1 298.4 -2079. 574 J'bar'1 55.

24 88.3 -2305.1 -2037.2 -1961.01 246.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 128.1 -2628.89 194.9 383.2 -2190.56 80. H298"H8 K kJ A* -2.15 to 1000 K.75 A fH° 1 _1 127.1 -1847.7 -1886.50 368.308E+03 B= 3.52 168.54 230.34 179.11 203.60 127.02 60.15 164.66 237.94 205.50 199.21 353.16 J-bar'1 51.83 420.40 98.64 337.24 -2306.4 Boiling T K Av*H° A^H 0 kJ kJ Molar Vol. Bredigite (a 1 ) is the stable modification of Ca2 Si04 between 970 and 1710 K.7 -2306. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol""1 -*" 1 298.86 226.77 180.81 46.67 382.7 -2306.97 107.21 75.76 256.324 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt LARNITE 172.59 128.23 408.4 -2301.79 143.66 192.66 185.6 cm3 C= 2.6 -1653.850E-01 5.44 265.72 208.2 -1808.1 -2303.26 50.15 180.4 -1923.05 121.95 139.53 113.18 170.41 160.37 175.3 -2354.65 152.87 396.40 167.6 -2306.97 145.89 201.99 220.8 -2308.1 -2302.79 35.60 132.1 -1999.59 215.63 300.28 189.0 -2313.00 0.20 156.33 155.88 143.6 -2302.88 381.0 -2310.8 -1610.35 284.239 Monoclinic crystals 298.0 -1692.02 58.44 180.1 -2299.84 131.8 -2113.6 -1731.1 -2300.84 0.84 204. 243E+05 7/22/92 .83 100.92 256.33 212.48 89.28 55.5 -2151.55 279.53 319. a-crystals 1710 to 1800 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -2075.39 280.26 146.01 130.57 274.60 128.41 72.3 -1769.66 66.60 A fG° Log K£ -2191.66 135.76 444.69 115.35 126.6 -2315.02 127.

57 171.5 -2314.52 89.29 160.00 0.50 125.7 -2119.5 -2316.29 141. CP ST <HT-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H$ 98 )/T 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 126.54 80.32 105.801 58.90 221.78 34.3 -2041.82 160.7 -1845.26 85.7 -2326.314E+03 B= 3.15 A £6° A £H° \» T -.80 151.08 246.23 382.3 -2312.31 188.8 385.5 -2316.17 308.18 325.3 -2313.14 195.03 112.87 73.39 120.01 J-bar'1 cm3 C« -9.4 -2080.09 268.34 158.93 147.4 -2311.95 100.50 121.61 183.29 Log K£ -2198.32 130.41 181.7 K Boiling T kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H8 kJ A= -2.57 119.80 221.898E-01 5.6 -2313.10 152.3 -2315.08 192.10 172.5 -1885.15 to 1200 K.89 194.60 289.3 -1924.2 -2158.239 Orthorhombic crystals 298.26 125.3 -1963.73 281.73 113.84E+04 7/22/92 .61 206.3 -2002.91 165.34 jcJ*mol_~ J-mol" 1 ^' 1 - 298.9 -2198.325 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CALCIO-OLIVINE Y-Ca2 SiO4 : 172.50 120.73 177.66 217. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. <M 120.28 184.39 56.30 Melting T -2316.91 342.6 -2314.69 135.93 127.98 96.58 0.

89 260.60 0.74 363.59 172.50 84.67 77.10 kJ-mol 168.28 258.97 232.17 485.60 169.72 245.66 222.28 237.85 127.8 -2639.5 -2785.9 -2926.08 193.60 175.92 300.07 144.0 -2252. 480E+05 7/22/92 .34 280.66 160. CP ST ( H*-H598 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T j mol'^lT1 298.6 -2923.48 257.3 -2922.70 59.4 -2981.8 -2203.78 229.4 -2924.1 -2943.91 189.05 76.12 556.34 374.2 -2930.6 -2736.38 166.15 to 1800 K.97 285.1 -2933.74 B= 4.51 100.64 189.60 168.57 541.5 -2591.33 207.5 -2543.92 168.8 -2155.35 64.01 225.33 248.31 267.43 255.39 270.33 488.66 351.74 70.76 571.4 -2940.22 255.56 205.94 184.09 174.07 339.43 251.00 152.0 488.4 -2937.43 A £H° -2933.5 -2687.8 -2448.72 398.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 171.0 -2105.38 179.07 305.274 J-bar'1 cm3 72 .1 -2925.8 -2946.01 524.326 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HATURITE (ALITE) Ca3Si05 : 228.3 -2928.936E+03 7 .00 102.78 193.58 239.79 222.84 468.5 -2302.88 114.317 Triclinic crystals 298.12 370.54 131.89 340.00 1.63 446.6 -2495. 89 IE-01 C= 4.9 -2048.24 313.32 507.43 241.51 A fG° Log Kf -2786.00 357.06 46.10 253.50 143.4 -2934.61 218.0 -1 Boiling T K K A^o AH»HO kJ Molar Vol.38 193.31 168.39 423. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -2400.1 -2932.4 -3424.8 -2351.94 327.10 117.35 92.42 197. H298~H5 kJ kJ A= -2.

38 308.78 407.00 242.22 338.7 -3479.00 1.23 299.0 -3948.51 cm3 C.64 652.3 -3964.9 -3942.2 -3966.68 112.1 -3746.7 -3965.46 97.9 -3944.84 194.5 -3612.95 123.57 582.33 497.60 210.22 189.948E+03 B= 6.20 278.2 AfG° Log Kf -3748.41 207.64 136.37 480.65 425.30 mol"1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol kJ A.58 281.16 374.12 164.23 171.5 -3946.17 125.60 211.1 -3009.79 294.05 1633 210. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.38 291.61 357.9 -3679.8 -3942.36 556.60 220.6 -3214.-3.37 272.0 -3949.63 222.68 259.86 334.98 298.9 -3943.47 606.4 -3941.93 277.684E-01 9.29 178.4 -3146.92 299.651 J-bar 96.327 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt RANKINITE Ca3Si2O7 : 288.4 -3545.04 319.55 260.15 to 1400 K.48 377.401 Monoclinic crystals 298.88 391.7 -3280.35 463.27 298.32 58.7 -3942.91 -3949.979E+04 7/22/92 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 214.5.03 382.20 287. T 210.44 528. CP ST <Hf-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° J'mol'^'K"^ - 298.38 628.74 199.4 -3413.41 236.35 215.0 -3346.60 219.60 214.4 -3078.36 152.86 257.54 0.9 656.45 147.63 1.89 296.

6.19 332.81 293.2 -4351.12 575.73 114.4 -3276.29 A £G° Log Kf -4882. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.86 830.54 287.18 531.36 430.07 862.00 1.35 290.58 335.80 283.18 451.6 -3717.21 892.206E+03 12.7 -3504.66 448.73 676.33 133.43 308. HJ 98-Hg kJ kJ A= -5.2 -5203. 46 kJ B» 1.98 172.70 171.15 to 1800 K.89 345.68 125.328 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ROSENHAHNITE Ca3Si308 (OH) 2 : 366.31 635.85 317. 646 J'bar'1 cm3 126.4 -5207.86 424.52 629.54 921.35 339.1 -5198.70 442.30 948.0 -5195.30 460.85 577.35 191.8 -5346.59 284.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (Hf-H2 98 )/T 281.1 -5198.31 849.5 -5191.66 974.22 795.68 298.1 -4562.03 417.93 374.1 Boiling T K K A-pH° AH»HO Molar Vol.14 246.72 759.9 -5193.0 -3610.6 -3397.41 104.0 -5192.65 275.70 411.91 403.17 245.80 281.69 623.64 554.8 -4141.07 A £H° kJ mol'1 J»mol"^«K~l K 298.63 138.1 -5213.2 -4774.39 616.66 397.08 153.52 454.9 -4037.35 458.4 -3823.45 374.065E+00 C.28 395.91 332.500 Triclinic crystals 298. 937E+05 7/22/92 .2 -5787.09 316.67 359.7 -5190. CP ST Melting T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T 289.68 596.92 202.59 374.61 226.0 -4668.60 403.87 324.6 -5199.79 80.84 386.50 -5198.39 95.8 -5190.80 719.5 -5197.47 216.07 483.9 -4246.1 -4880.45 261.62 436.4 -5210.0 -3930.87 518.79 0.02 281.56 431.41 487.67 508.3 855.4 -4457.

67 200.3 -5830.329 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES SPURRITE Formula wt Ca5 (Si04 ) 2C03 : 444.66 kJ*mol 331.91 0. H298"H5 kJ A= -5.76 885.47 250.01 345.12 453.2 -4901. CP ST Melting T -<GT-H298 )/«r 343.78 155.23 262.829E+03 B= 1.11 405.24 A£H° J-mol'^K"" 1 - K 298.1 -4696.00 333.031E+00 K kJ 14.6 -5523.67 285.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 (H*-H598 .71 388. 697 J'bar'1 146.02 460.03 199.57 504.86 180.45 927.9 -5210.96 839.13 438.78 606.13 373.84 333.58 381.9 968.24 789.98 434.565 Crystals 298.4 -5313.54 735.87 319.31 472. 97 cm3 C* -3.1 -5826.68 223.0 -5822.2 -5107.2 -5838.24 AfG o Log Kf -5525.84 492.7 -5861.09 326.2 -5826.62 344.89 565.73 707.5 -4485.6 -5418./T -5840.15 to 1300 K.11 303.39 674. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 468.85 535.51 487.55 555.91 528.1 -1 Boiling T K A UO fl JMlt^ kJ Molar Vol.1 -5857.05 621.9 -4591.67 439.72 235.5 -4799.46 331.72 415.62 345.00 331.93 476.67 966.04 961.91 449.73 284.1 -5834.2 -5004.62 594.00 2.84E+05 7/23/92 .12 93.9 -5824.2 -5821.2 -5840.30 482.

1 -6360.01 971.01 557.6 -6344.82 515.08 625.73 851.73 436.15 to 1200 K.01 409.90E+05 01/07/93 .00 396.74 323.15 549.98 174.17 477.38 659.0 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 kJ A« -6.2 -5187.2 -6369.3 -5772.49 384.63 769.00 2.50 512.2 -5654.94 297.64 470.07 704. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.92 345.95 364.87 307.8 -5419.6 -6365.4 -6382.81 215.37 494.58 394.50 cm3 C« -8.89 226.1 -5071.351E+03 B= 1.72 Melting T -6372.80 381.1 -5536.0 -6346.38 564.4 -6350.2 -6372.050 J-bar'1 170.330 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TILLEYITB Ca5Si2O7 (CO3 ) 2 : 488.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 383.19 914.5 1053.78 616.80 441.88 0.15 353.25 265.575 Monoclinic crystals 298.82 527.33 539.94 240.80 553.34 1024.22 413.16 A fG° Log Kf -6013.07 781.00 394.37 104.46 590.07 1072.5 -6011.165E+00 17.57 vjr mol"1 394.38 514.26 691.9 -6354.78 270.3 -5891.52 1046.0 -6354.3 -4952. CP ST CO (HT-H5 98 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T A fH° J-mol"1 -*' 1 - 298.30 603.00 492.8 -5303.

74 166.60 148.32 118.3 -1073.43 184.72E+05 7/22/92 .12 -1412.27 227.37 91.48 162.5 -1403.47 124.30 129.2 -1106.0 -1412.5 -1239.282E-01 4.950 298.44 175.56 0.75 300.0 -1273.43 Log Kf -1308.05 276.21 56.46 60.4 -1139.47 321.64 111.92 102.48 74.15 to 1300 K.83 210.44 i.43 222.91 183.0 -1406.65 250.7 -1041.0 -1410.47 104.449 J'bar'1 44.52 kJ A= -1.75 341.60 142.81 170.55 219.01 358.8 -1409.54 234. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A £H° Melting T 133.82 36.09 158.98 171.8 -1404.1 229.96 87.4 Boiling T 1693 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 22.1 -1399.67 78.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 A fG° 142.1 -1401.55 184.52 142. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.40 181.49 cm3 O -4.68 184.4 -1205.7 -1308.41 133.38 64.7 -1172.60 143.5 -1398.00 0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt COBALT-OLIVINE Co2SiO4 : Orthorhombic crystals 331 209. T mol" 1 J-mol" 1 ^" 1 - 298.73 179.401E+03 B= 3.82 197.08 49.83 151.

777 Orthorhombic crystals 298.9 241.60 151.84 136.457E+03 3.31 384.82 192.8 -1472.71 183.68 230.9 -1472.84 132.0 -1372.3 -916.02 198.4 -969.631 J-bar'1 46.332 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt FAYALITE Fe2 SiO4 : 203.ntol.1 -1216.1 151.36 253.3 -1471.68 534. Fayalite melts incongruently at 1490 K.19 206.30E+06 7/22/92 .1 -1475.78 298.13 218.46 284.61 A £H° J»mol~^«K~^ K 298.49 264.4 -1152.29 329.63 31.55 102.03 178.83 174.60 240.03 210.1 -1412.39 124.45 93.60 240.7 Boiling T 1490 K 240.73 78.49 kJ A« -1.30 205.0 -1406.6 -1120.61 K kJ 89. Liquid 1490 to 1800 K. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.60 A fG° Log K£ -1379.049E-01 4.03 193.81 36.01 26.95 130.39 152.3 -1248.00 151.24 168.21 53.7 -1056.89 211.43 0.65 29. ST CP Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 131.98 209.13 111.14 162.6 -1466.2 -1184.77 242.4 -944.25 141.83 -1478.31 284.43 415.60 349.58 506.0 -1469.23 91.10 520.8 -1025.09 193.5 -1345.00 151.31 cm3 C« -1.2 -1478. H298~H5 22.79 322.31 188.7 -1280.60 240.00 156.9 -1473.80 207.02 175.2 -994.1 -1378.12 258.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 <H*-H298 .3 kJ Molar Vol.12 310.33 204.0 -1470./T kJ .18 274.69 137.5 -1366.15 to 1490 K.39 180.14 240.41 68.00 0.48 167.77 490.99 228.46 38.74 60.74 308.14 79.4 -1470.5 -1473.7 -1088.33 400.16 110.51 60.92 118.2 -1477.39 42.21 47.25 34.16 367.4 -1312.

87 336.57 472.46 401.10 630.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ALMANDINE Fe3Al2 Si3O12 : Cubic crystals 333 497.24 870.753 298.61 356.4 -5269.81 0.4 -3974.49 760.57 501.05 334.42 342.00 2.79 860.89 696.068E+00 11.94 317.88 193.7 -5264.71 918.2 -4509.54 508.70 158.42 218.6 -5251.56 453.93 493.49 396.73 521.3 -4297.85 173.06 505.6 -4616.42 342.90 485.13E+05 4/6/93 .66 584.81 385./T -<GT-H2 98 )/T Melting T Log Kf -4941.21 418.47 494.35 455.50 287.9 -4831.4 -5271. CP ST <H*-H598 .69 614.12 94.9 -4939.00 kJ mol" 1 K 298.60 431.532 J-bar' 115.5 -5254.5 -4190. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.-3.30 553.39 -5264.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 A fG° A £H° 343.60 344.98 624.25 487.51 818.3 Boiling T 1683 K K kJ kJ Molar Vol 52.5 -4403.69 962.0 -5248.74 kJ A« -5.7 -5264.51 543.32 cm3 C.50 249.4 865.15 to 1200 K.29 344.5 -5262.24 272.33 243.6 -4723.5 -4082.73 451.257E+03 B= 1.60 342.00 348.78 296.5 -5271.0 -5258.77 206.

86 365.27 725.27 538.37 A fH° kJ-mol"1 407.44 761.23 782. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -9193.03 508.83 278.63 426.4 1515.1 -6920.52 611.92 345.9 -8132.52 189.61 1505.9 -9164.97 451.22 A fG° Log Kf -8651.76 809.5 -9161.5 -9149.9 -9434.43 507.64 1181.0 -9653.84 508.97 1243.38 949.60 1301.0 -6356.32 1406.9 -7445.39 528.20 409.1 -8648.84 867.83 210.89 324.31 551. H2*98"H8 K kJ A= -9.18 398.24 388.92 965.37 674.8 -9424.2 -6548.334 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CORDIERITE Mg2Al3 (AlSi5O18 ): Orthorhombic crystals 584.80 274.28 445.322 J-bar'1 233 .63 0.09 916.20 407.43 714.9 -7270.8 -9153.21 1355.90 657.41 -9161.4 -9186.16 744.00 2.15 to 1700 K.8 Boiling T K A^o AftJH0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.45 882.71 1106.1 -7960.37 846.22 cm3 C= 4.48 228.86 524.227E+03 B= 1.16 688.87 407.6 -9414.5 -9199.79 554.6 -9164.43 472.36 1454.94 594. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K"1 298.21 425.56 753.84 491.54 770.37 636.35 1043.953 298.02 207.2 -9161.67 730.83 463.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T 443.6 -9157.32 577.22 308.06 251.2 -7095.350E+06 7/22/92 .66 674.95 550.1 -8303.11 735.785E+00 23 .32 702.48 707.2 -9204.4 -6740.70 1500.6 -6163.68 878.0 -8476.16 645.79 1115.74 124.50 689.8 -7790.1 -7619.63 442.06 600.

19 142.80 48.12 238.08 308.86 39.59 -2173.7 -2465.64 82.6 -1691.05 108.26 216.25 155.9 -2012.2 -1853.27 73.22 293.28 115.84 133.9 -2183.2 -1773.28 155.53 94.66 137.65 216. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.49 241.675E-01 4.2 -1545.85 131.74 323. fo T^ ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 118.78 357.5 -2169.10 137.3 -1427. 65 cm3 C= 4.09 168.34 59.92 189.91 120.43 262.25 175.94 177.240E+03 B= 4.97 A £G° Log Kf -2053.38 337.84 206.18 373.58 129.64 A £H° J-mol~^«K"^ - K 298.14 178. H2*98~H8 K 17.1 -1604.56 181.6 -1732.92 191.8 -2433.6 -2171.724E+06 7/22/92 .71 148.80 166.03 105.10 350.7 -1932.0 Boiling T 2163 K A^0 AfaH° kJ kJ Molar Vol.08 186.8 -1651.21 83.83 171.29 92.00 0.693 298.6 -1814.06 257.92 55.39 144.21 187.44 132.7 -2181.64 66.01 362.75 166.17 109.56 0.0 -2469.6 -2170.09 233.2 -2167.81 125.2 -2172.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt FORSTERITE Mg2SiO4 : Orthorhombic crystals 335 140.97 163.54 184.8 -2182.73 32.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (H^-H2 98 )/T kJ-mol"1 94.3 -2179.2 359.11 94.22 kJ A= -2.5 -2424.8 -1972.61 119.27 121.42 120.11 99.11 94.0 -2428.4 -1366.77 161.15 to 1800 K.52 43.27 141.93 197.73 93. 365 J-bar'1 43.09 140.81 102.08 190.0 -2173.97 276.1 -1486.9 -1893.65 187.68 384.6 -2052.21 190.01 71.0 -2173.35 225.79 207.85 53.

1 Boiling T 1570 K - -5934.93 264.36 339.09 212.01 266.208E+00 11.9 -6678.11 406.5 -6311.7 -4754.127 298.62 267.92 497.88 759.85 kJ A= -6.6 A^pH0 Log Kf 1039.06 237.23 869.19 470.96 153.58 363.11 947.6 -4480.0 -4873.08 609.01 90. CP ST Melting T -<G*-H598 >/'T 325.83 460.0 -6299.94 511. T- 266.81 235.1 -6284.65 500.3 -6285.7 -5579.9 -6276.81 779.14 826.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 <HT-H§ 98 )/T mol.24 339.4 -5112.6 -4626.5 -5462.12 383.71 419.57 439.6 -6268.8 -6308.3 -5814.75 373.55 483.49 373.67 1032.0 -6285.23 0.87 529.336 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt PYROPE Mg3Al2Si3012 : Cubic crystals 403. 04 671.10 515.12 cm3 C« 2.9 -5346.9 -6272.56 539.1 -6286.12 485.62 308.0 -6669.87 288.04 172.27 490. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.29 370.4 -5696.14 502.90 352.14 191.52 A fG° A fH° J-mol"1 ^' 1 - K 298.72 407.39 443.62 156.64 349.49 325.5 -5932.8 -4993.82 557.54 584.33 199.84 983. H298~H8 47.76 327.00 2.71 1.9 -5231.27 595.59 460.0 -6304.27 266.0 kJ Molar Vol.15 to 1570 K.28 279.72 910.30 609 .312 J-bar'1 113.3 -6280.27 268.01 K kJ 241.316E+03 B= 1.37 506.82 473.11 303.45 727.167E+06 7/22/92 .87 307.

2 -5510.18 387.88E+05 10/15/92 .28 346.3 -5725.82 747.61 495.16 249.81 479.1 cm3 C= -7.95 886.0 -6162.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Melting T 387.2 532.93 301.9 392.68 403.8 -6176.79 -(GT-H298 )/T *K 0.143E+03 B= 1.40 265.83 641.3 565.6 mol"1 -5836.9 -6159.15 to glass transition 1020 K.2 427.0 -6134.2 -5193.64 1.3 346.26 712.00 2.67 437.39 102.2 A£G° AfH° -6163.30 348.62 586.83 416.48 1015.127 Glass 298. T 346.3 -6145. ST CP \ 1*M v Q ft / / J * inol 298.7 -5298.3 361.2 -5617.85 507.1 -6150.2 -5085.5 -6155.70 278.12 301.9 498.3 -5834.60 776.09 kJ A* -6.64 321.62 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.25 483.3 Boiling T 1570 K Log Kf 1022.70 464.28 833.0 -5403.47 559.1 462.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 337 Formula wt GLASS 403.61 J«bar4 146.22 345.57 167. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.32 470.61 214. H298~H8 50.058E+00 14.98 455.2 -6140.

36 155.-1 Boiling T A^pH0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.96 .22 273.82 362.35 kJ A= -1.08 106.5 -1731.90 87.48 167.5 -1726.6 .8 -1264.48 392.27 180.50 419.11 144.90 283.6 -1730.99 64. Tephroite melts incongruently at 1524 K.82 98.99 cm3 C= -3.338 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TEPHROITE Orthorhombic crystals 201.4 -1430.3 -1730.82 327.08 264.86 A fH° J-mol~^«K~^ - K 298.9 -1737.96 177.38 179.73 183.4 -1463.2 -1331.76 196.4 -1729.18 42.32 208.86 174.18 171.730E+03 B= 3.38 243.29 133.5 -1731.67 284.0 -1630.08 74.78 57.899 J*bar4 48.4 -1397.15 to 1524 K.25 345.90 156.86 208.22 162.18 229.90 161.7 -1732.80 35.77 132.39 128.15 47.93 52.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 (HT-H298 )/T -1731.82 171.87 182.74 220.4 -1364.14 306.46 113.6 -1563.8 -1729.89 155. 22.49 163.69 258.65E+04 7/22/92 .321E-01 4.3 -1729.5 -1728.34 124.74 129.17 1524 K A fG° Log Kf -1631.17 111.3 -1596.2 -1728.90 155.74 181.4 -1727.99 406.00 58.7 -1496.959 298.81 378.70 196. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 285.79 232.00 0.6 -1230.73 283.48 254.0 -1529. 155.55 83.62 183.60 135.13 0.43 119. CP ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/T 128.02 72.66 95.0 -1297.

04E+05 7/22/92 .257 J-bar' 42.391B+03 B= 3.339 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt LIEBENBERGITE Ni2 Si04 : 209.30 163.2 -1389.10 128. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.1 -1037.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 / ti o _ti o 9 g)/T \ / ii* (MT-M^ 128.6 -1394.62 42.9 -1288.96 153.02 254.41 349.81 224.7 -1396.12 172.10 128.13 200.19 Melting T -1396.86 167.9 -1002.40 AfG° Log Kf -1288.21 47.9 -933.52 225.93 162.74 316.38 72.1 225.26 105. °P S To _ / f» o _ti o 98 \)/T /T ~(G$-H2 123.74 181.2 -1384.29 167.18 229.90 118.47 214.00 128.19 143.68 179.13 37.61 177.36 155.5 -1396.04 102.00 0.72 kJ A= -1.57 cm3 C.5 -1073.09 363.49 A£H° kJ-mol"^ J-mol'^K"1 K 298.1 -1216.-3.1 -1395.3 -1252.50 141.81 97.28 54.44 62.93 56.463 Orthorhombic crystals 298.1 -1180.93 179.09 235.48 128.2 -1109.37 333.8 -967.73 86.60 180.15 to 1300 K.7 -1386.1 -1144.59 0.49 277.80 112.73 85.4 -1387.07 123.44 175.98 191.7 -1393.24 297.10 133.89 124.528E-01 4.51 127.94 203.20 168.0 -1391.82 73.5 -1396.76 33.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 19.

00 0.12 101.89 176.80 kJ-mol'1 K 298.91 162.7 224.10 124.10 129.28 196.68 71.10 124.18 87.94 84.7 -1207.3 -1171.340 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt Ni2 Si04 -SPINEL Ni2Si04 : 209.7 -1389.39 0.09 57. T KJ Molar Vol.5 -1387.385E+03 B.80 166.0 -1134.73 121.28 74.41 222.19 124.08 161.8 -1389.91 124.463 Cubic crystals 298.20 Melting T -1389.9 -1280.19 139.981 J-bar'1 39.2 Boiling T K kJ A rjO A^n 1.85 163.36 143.42 169.1 -1388.43 151.63 250. CP ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T AfH° Log Kf -1280.41 126.8 -1099.75 34.3 -1243.19E+05 7/29/92 .45 163. H298~H8 ^ A= -1.89 155.7 -1389.81 cm3 O -2.05 97.71 225.3.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 A f6° 120.15 to 800 K.7 -1386. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.93 273.578E-01 3.

0 336.3 -2029.12 245.58 142.97 150.7 -2014.21 86.0 -1880.64 179.9 -2031.32 171.5 -2027.8 -2016.2 -1655. H2-98-H5 - -2.62 163.45 46.86 238.28 151. 21E+05 7/23/92 .08 145.7 -1919.4 -2023.2 -2034.38 265.60 187.4 -2023.21 126.03 88.4 -1766.0 -2032.46 142.76 102.64 115.38 277. cp ST -(Gf-H2 98 )/T 98.3 -1692.8 -1545.03 115.307 Tetragonal crystals 298.23 187.08 56.33 84.27 252.03 84.18 60.674E-01 C= -6.8 K Boiling T K kJ AfaH° kJ Molar Vol.47 157.58 192.91 98.3 -1618.06 105.18 205.61 299.46 76.22 194.023E+03 3 .84 114.4 -2025.28 51.2 -2034.mol" 1 j K 298.06 308.54 154.00 0.63 Melting T 84.26 kJ B= 3.61 27.78 109.03 84.83 112.01 111.6 -1842.14 96.28 136.88 A fH° kJ.93 222.12 147.27 138.4 -1804.55 151.2 -1436.25 148.86 68.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ZIRCON ZrSiO4 : 341 183.926 J-bar4 cm3 39 .85 62.0 -2018.4 -2021.32 334.72 97.7 -1729.52 -2034.42 288.5 -1581.78 92.76 151.39 106.08 131.13 70. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.83 149.6 -1472.2 -2021.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 ( HT-H3 98 )/T 0.15 to 1600 K.65 86.03 133.10 116.27 46.84 A £G° Log Kf -1919.57 166.28 145.1 -1508.64 99.97 79.51 126.

41 156.22 81.84 kJ A= -1.12E+05 7/31/92 .40 112.96 70.80 79.71 109.76 56.50 62.60 128.47 163.94 185.53 23.02 122.7 -1633.11 A fH° -1634.69 82.0 -1631.22 169.7 -1321.03 149.50 99.1 -1264.1 -1635.38 100.06 225.58 67.30 255.05 213. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 82.0 -1462.5 -1519.67 - kJ- 81.50 60.23 Melting T AfG° Log Kf -1549.26 92.32 142.94 116.990 J'bar'1 39.9 271.827E-01 3.90 -<Gf-H2 98 )/T <HT-H2 98 )/T »K 0.9 -1631.44 124.74 51.00 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 86.45 155.33 107.6 -1637.77 78.02 132.2 -1405.83 92.15 to 1400 K.37 269.03 246.32 107.02 91.8 -1349.80 46.83 73.77 200.7 -1293.0 -1548.-1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98"H8 13.36 117. Pseudowollastonite is stable above 1398 K.1 -1629.19 86.4 -1235.95 130.8 -1634.9 -1630. fo Tft Sf J»raol K 298.42 126.7 -1491.00 236.94 126.77 39.28 134.69 85.7 .76 127.11 127.28 50.61 198.9 -1633.90 cm3 C= -1.9 -1634.162 Triclinic crystals 298.8 -1630.632E+03 B* 2.5 -1434.8 -1634.63 89.97 86.22 109.12 152.342 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt WOLLASTONITE CaSiO3 : 116.69 81.96 120.9 -1377.

1 -1263.4 -1629.49 268.28 73.3 -1630.64 197.94 85.80 155.162 Triclinic crystals 298.815E-01 4.86 99.72 95.4 -1628.57 161. H§98"H8 K kJ A= -1. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 (E mol"1 lUWJk -1627. mol' 1 '!r 1 K 298.89 97.5 -1542.5 -1347.76 217.8 -1623.30 276.25 67.86 51.21 174.69 56.0 -1625.8 -1625.04 77.44 291. 853E+05 7/31/92 .00 39.10 42.92 88.4 -1627.93 123.54 24.7 -1486.43 115.9 -1514.8 -1235.7 -1625.85 81.68 130.00 0.6 -1145.5 -1676.89 120.34 87.629E+03 B= 2.6 -1627.20 90.82 137.53 106. CP ST Melting T )/T -<GT-H«.7 -1207.7 -1430.44 A £H° j.2 -1375. 98 )/T 87.56 91.06 117.87 0.20 99.23 240.18 190.23 128.52 229.17 122.19 127. T 87.40 268.3 -1623.20 87.01 126.10 259.1 270.98 106.6 -1458.29 93.29 154.7 -1824.72 139.30 126.99 106.48 88.55 111.60 284.9 -1403.32 114.3 -1292.58 192.8 -1320.61 79.65 125.20 87. 08 cm3 C= 1.54 168.23 A £G° Log K£ -1543.4 -1626.40 62.84 157.3 kJ Molar Vol.51 35.1 Boiling T 1821 K A« HO A^H 0 kJ 57.71 186.14 128.74 114.6 -1179.1 -1118.65 1.6 -1631.6 -1627.67 147.0 -1624.45 131.59 180.77 91.05 250.40 60.72 175.37 32.74 204.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PSEUDOWOLLASTONITE CaSiO3 : 343 116.05 38.24 50.83 70.06 123.78 46. 008 J-bar'1 40.15 to melting point 1821 K.95 129.82 97.

49 157.28 162.68 190.81 87.83 74.56 1821 K A fG° Log Kf -1526.80 112.17 272.344 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt glass CaSiO3 : 116.2 ntoi-1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.18 121.8 -1606.35 251.46 150.5 -1598.49 129.3 -1175.698E-01 4.4 -1602.0 -1255.49 155.13 cm3 0 -6.07 88.92 147.70 282.5 -1645.48 131.606E+03 B= 2.07 102.8 -1471.30 32.52 113.47 67.9 -1605. CP ST (H*-HJ98 .21 55.39 35.18 108.47 125./T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 ^' 1 - 298.46 45.0 -1606.93E+04 7/31/92 .31 92.162 Glass 298.013 J-bar'1 40.34 122.27 165.18 196.5 -1607.1 -1283.34 133.80 98.74 99.41 147.8 -1526.80 95.38 301.80 94.85 50.02 1.78 170.8 267.20 kJ A* -1.39 105.3 -1601.0 -1202.3 -1498.35 143.7 -1604.17 95. T 94.96 183.99 154.25 145.5 -1603.8 -1310.76 292.07 136.42 226.3 -1363.7 -1608.98 94.75 195.46 202.64 310.36 84.74 140.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 86.44 A £H° -1608.02 79.86 39.88 213.26 182.8 -1149. melting point of pseudowollastonite.0 -1117.5 -1336.9 -1605.3 -1609.82 62.72 125.87 38.75 51.00 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.74 105.3 -1417.85 41.21 105.49 265.7 -1608.31 106.15 to 1821 K.85 122.05 139.78 79.00 176.95 198.43 117.41 60.13 69.09 262.76 90.9 -1229.3 -1790.5 -1444.12 99. 14.57 0.54 23.72 153.85 239.3 -1390.8 -1604.

41 256. 2 HBV Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 AM 164 .63 194 .29 234 .THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt Ca-Al PYROXENE CaAl2SiOg: 345 218.73 178 .79 141 . 27 314.21 119.0 548. 3 -3306.73E+05 04/30/93 .123 Monoclinic crystals 298.62 134.04 141.86 215. 4 -3301. 3 -3299.98 161.61 Melting T AfG° Log Kf -3129. 5 -3319. 49 375.97 165 .02 46.43 241 .06 195 .00 147 . 89 239.59 101.00 1.78 184. CP S511 (Hf-H298 )/T -<GT-H298 )/T K 298. 24. 72 346.0 -3009. 00 142.27 544.15 to 1000 K.6 -3128.10 212 .59 156.07 228 .45 250 .7 -2950.10 212 .88 161 .01 77. 0 -3304.63 244 .5 -3069.40 kJ A« -3.7 -2715. 3 -3306. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.57 cm3 O -1. 3 -3302.42 146.23 246 .303E+03 B« 5.1 -2774.877E-01 6.357 J»bar' 63.7 -2833. 32 279.57 225 .70 400.00 141 .58 141.5 -2891. 02 193. 9 -3306. 22 401.77 314.81 AfH° -3306. 40 0.

94 212.86 465.6 -2828.57 353.00 1.23 442.99 0.0 -2244.6 -2835.18 268.346 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt HEDENBERGITE CaFeSi2Og: 248.65 385.67 261.79 342.2 -2831.08 48.49 256.830E+03 B= 5.9 -2511.4 -2351.2 -2831.96 415.29 229.95 cm3 C= -4.32 160.37 269.8 -2828.90 281.4 -2833.20 174.20 175.51 251.9 -2839.4 -2565.60 95.46 247.7 -2457. CP Sf J-1 K 298.81 276.95 218.29 297.6 468.9 -2191.66 183.35 80.79 104.39 245.13 174.8 -2829.63 Melting T -2839.59 510.30 175.13 229.05 218.46 195.20 181.03 106.64 177.45 184.9 -2839.90 t-T mol"1 --1 174.18 138. Log Kf -2676.4 -2835.795 J-bar'1 67.94 201.45 120.92 264.2 -2620.9 -2404.14 326.23 kJ -2.04 312.41 156.68 489. FORMATION PROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.092 Monoclinic crystals 298.25 265.3 -2675.71 169.15 to 1300 K.38 85.99 136.59 238.328E-01 6.1 -2298.69 123.43E+05 7/31/92 .00 466.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 <H*-H298 )/T 175.04 150.36 -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° AfG.73 317.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 28.88 230.3 -2837.3 -2137. Decomposes at 1238 K.

46 195.62 180.19 239.27 526.0 mol Boiling T K K kJ 137.6 -2850.21 243.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DIOPSIDE CaMgSi2Og: Monoclinic crystals 347 216.0 -3201.00 1.32 A fG° Log Kf -3026.16 263.5 -2384.97 329.69 73.51 146.68 213.33 255.06 197.03 178.57 253.2 -3198.66 304.7 -3326.13 403.73 196.77 172.2 -3196. CP S* (H$-H598 )/T -<Gf-H2 98 )/T J-mol" 1 -*""1 - 298.26 88.8 -2445.19 101.11 506.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 166.7 -2967.09 316.47 78.96 80.80 317.6 -2735.97 134.70 149.9 -2562.1 -3197. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.25 224.3 -2317.17 230.1 -2908.75 448.6 -3204.12 241.98 1668 0.8 -3025.9 -3319.85 121.46 AfH° -3201.03 46.4 -3199.609 J-bar'1 66.5 -3201.96 142.51 261.38 178.39 184.24 kJ A* -3.41 156.1 -2503.7 kJ Molar Vol.81 387.85 248.70 142. H2*98~H0* 25.78 167.58 155.7 -2619.68 377.15 to incongruent melting point at 1668 K.7 -3322.98 233.34 164.67 1.5 -3201.0 -3194.6 -3192.13 348.47 250.07 193. T 142.98 98.70 143.17 214.65 163.0 -2677.05 488.74 119.04 522.6 -3200.02 426.1 -2250.377E+05 7/31/92 .98 276.45 303.4 -2792.94 258.2 530.72 246.14 208.949E-01 6.64 290.67 469.213E+03 B= 5.68 261.80 247.02 189.09 cm3 C* 9.66 108.41 136.550 298.81 281.

348

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

CaMgSi2O6 GLASS

CaMgSi206 :

216.550

Glass 298.15 to 1400 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

ST

CP

(Hf-H2 98 )/T

-<GT-H2 98 )/T

i-l-l

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400

168.31
168.93
196.43
213.62
224.44
232.22
239.22
247.01
256.65
268.92
284.36
303.39
326.34

166.00
167.04
219.69
265.52
305.50
340.70
372.17
400.78
427.28
452.30
476.33
499.82
523.12

Melting T

0.00
1.04
46.69
78.50
101.99
120.06
134.51
146.57
157.07
166.66
175.80
184.86
194.12

A fG°

Log Kf

-2988.3
-2987.3
-2931.0
-2874.9
-2819.1
-2763.7
-2708.4
-2653.5
-2598.1
-2542.7
-2487.0
-2431.7
-2373.8

523.53
520.12
382.74
300.33
245.42
206.22
176.84
154.00
135.71
120.74
108.26
97.71
88.56

A fH°
kJ-mol" 1

166.00
166.00
172.99
187.02
203.51
220.65
237.65
254.21
270.21
285.63
300.53
314.96
328.99

-3156.1
-3156.1
-3156.1
-3154.7
-3152.7
-3150.5
-3149.2
-3146.8
-3152.9
-3150.1
-3154.1
-3147.9
-3267.2

Boiling T

K

K

kJ
kJ

Molar Vol.
H298~H5

76.09

26 .94 kJ
A* -3.152E+03

7.609

B= 5.546E-01

J-bar'1
cm3

0 -1.44E+05
10/15/92

349

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

FERROSILITE

FeSiO3 :

Orthorhombic crystals

131.931

298.15 to 800 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

°p

S|

<H*-H598 ,/T

-<Gf-H2 98 )/T

J-1.--1

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800

90.63
91.13
109.00
118.06
123.64
127.58
130.65

94.60
95.16
124.16
149.56
171.61
190.98
208.22

0.00
0.56
25.73
43.37
56.32
66.23
74.10

1. T

94.60
94.60
98.43
106.18
115.29
124.75
134.12

Melting T

A fG°

Log Kf

-1118.0
-1117.5
-1091.7
-1066.2
-1041.1
-1016.4
-991.9

195.86
194.57
142.56
111.39
90.64
75.84
64.76

A fH°

-1195.2
-1195.2
-1194.3
-1192.6
-1190.7
-1188.8
-1187.0

mol" 1

Boiling T

K

kJ
kJ
Molar Vol
kJ
A* -1.188E+03

B= 2.460E-01

3.300
33.00

J-bar'1
cm3

C= -2.90E+05

05/07/93

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

350

Formula wt

a-SPODUMENE

LiAlSi2O6 :

186.090

Monoclinic crystals 298.15 to 1200 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS
Temp.

CP

ST

(Hf-H2 98 )/T

-<GT-H2 98 )/T

A fH°

158.93
159.48
184.73
203.25
217.12
227.78
236.12
242.75
248.07
252.37
255.84

129.30
130.28
179.81
223.13
261.47
295.77
326.75
354.96
380.82
404.68
426.79

0.00
0.98
43.93
74.03
96.78
114.76
129.43
141.67
152.05
160.98
168.75

Log Kf

-2880.2
-2879.2
-2820.8
-2762.1
-2703.2
-2644.5
-2586.0
-2527.9
-2469.4
-2410.7
-2352.3

504.59
501.29
368.36
288.55
235.33
197.33
168.85
146.71
128.98
114.47
102.39

kJ*m _i 1

J-mol'^K"1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200

A fG°

129.30
129.30
135.88
149.09
164.69
181.01
197.32
213.29
228.77
243.69
258.04

-3053.5
-3053.5
-3054.5
-3057.3
-3056.3
-3054.4
-3052.1
-3049.6
-3057.4
-3054.3
-3050.9

Boiling T

Melting T

K
kJ

kJ

Molar Vol
H298~H8

kJ

A= -3.054E+03

B= 5.849E-01

5.837 J-bar'1
58.37 cm3

C* -5.34E+04
9/18/92

351

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

fJ-SPODUMENE

L1A1S12O6 :

Tetragonal crystals 298.15 to 1700 K.

186.090

Melting point is 1696 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

ST

(Hf-H2 98 )/T

-(GT-H2 98 )/T

A fG°

Log Kf

-2859.5
-2858.5
-2802.7
-2746.7
-2690.5
-2634.7
-2579.1
-2523.9
-2468.3
-2412.6
-2357.2
-2302.1
-2247.4
-2192.9
-2138.7
-2076.7

500.96
497.69

A fH°
kJ-mol~l

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700

Melting T

162.77
163.37
189.58
207.34
220.36
230.39
238.41
244.98
250.49
255.18
259.22
262.74
265.84
268.58
271.03
273.23

154.40
155.41
206.27
250.60
289.60
324.36
355.66
384.14
410.24
434.34
456.72
477.61
497.20
515.63
533.05
549.55

0.00
1.01
45.11
75.88
98.93
117.02
131.71
143.94
154.33
163.29
171.12
178.03
184.20
189.73
194.74
199.29

154.40
154.40
161.16
174.71
190.68
207.34
223.95
240.19
255.91
271.05
285.60
299.58
313.00
325.90
338.31
350.25

-3025.3
-3025.3
-3025.8
-3028.2
-3026.8
-3024.7
-3022.1
-3019.3
-3026.9
-3023.5
-3019.9
-3016.0
-3012.1
-3008.0
-3003.8
-3245.1

Boiling T

1696 K

A^H°
A^H0

K

kJ

kJ

Molar Vol.
H298-H6

365.99
286.94
234.23
196.60
168.40
146.48
128.93
114.56
102.60
92.50
83.85
76.36
69.82
63.81

kJ
A= -3.023E+03

B* 5.543E-01

7 .825 J-bar'1
78 .25 cm3

C* -2.00E+05
10/16/92

352

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

ENSTATITE

MgSiO3 :

Orthorhombic crystals

100.389

298.15 to 1000 K.

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

ST

(HT-H2 98 )/T

-<Gf-H$ 98 )/T

AfG°

Log Kf

-1458.3
-1457.7
-1428.4
-1399.1
-1370.1
-1341.2
-1312.6
-1284.1
-1255.1

255.48
253.81
186.52
146.16
119.27
100.08
85.70
74.52
65.56

A fH°
kJ- mol"1

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

Melting T

83.09
83.41
97.40
106.62
112.88
117.44
121.10
124.39
127.68

66.27
66.78
92.83
115.63
135.66
153.41
169.34
183.80
197.07

0.00
0.51
23.11
38.95
50.78
59.99
67.41
73.56
78.81

66.27
66.27
69.73
76.68
84.87
93.42
101.93
110.24
118.27

K

-1545.6
-1545.6
-1545.6
-1544.9
-1543.8
-1542.5
-1541.1
-1539.6
-1546.7

Boiling T

K
kJ

kJ
Molar Vol
11.99 kJ
A= -1.542E+03

B= 2.869E-01

3.131 J-bar'1
31.31 cm3

C- -1.78E+05

7/31/92

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

CLINOENSTATITE

MgSi03 :

Crystals

353

100.389

298.15 to melting point at 1830 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

ST

CP

<Hf-H2 98 )/T

-<Gf-H298 )/T

A fH°

K
298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600

Melting T

1. T.

82.12
82.34
93.04
101.20
107.42
112.22
115.98
118.95
121.32
123.22
124.73
125.93
126.87
127.60
128.14

67.86
68.37
93.59
115.27
134.29
151.23
166.47
180.30
192.96
204.62
215.41
225.44
234.81
243.59
251.84

0.00
0.51
22.36
37.35
48.53
57.30
64.41
70.31
75.30
79.57
83.27
86.51
89.36
91.89
94.14

67.86
67.86
71.23
77.92
85.76
93.92
102.06
109.99
117.67
125.05
132.13
138.93
145.45
151.70
157.71

-1545.0
-1545.0
-1545.3
-1545.1
-1544.6
-1543.8
-1542.9
-1541.9
-1549.6
-1548.7
-1547.7
-1546.7
-1673.1
-1670.8
-1668.5

AfG°

Log Kf

-1458.1
-1457.6
-1428.4
-1399.2
-1370.0
-1341.0
-1312.1
-1283.3
-1253.9
-1224.3
-1194.9
-1165.5
-1133.1
-1094.6
-1056.3

255.45
253.78
186.52
146.17
119.27
100.06
85.67
74.48
65.49
58.14
52.01
46.83
42.28
38.12
34.48

mol"1

K

Boiling T

1830 K

kJ
61.50 kJ
Molar Vol
kJ

-1.562E+03

B= 3.088E-01

3.128
31.28

J-bar*1
cm3

C= 1.138E+06
10/16/92

354

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

MgSi03-ILMENITE

:

100.389

Ilmenite structure form stable only at high pressure 298.15 to 700 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

S*

<Hf-H2 98 )/T

-<Gf-H2 98 )/T

J-mol"1 ^'1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700

102 .64
102 .63
104 .92
109 .92
115 .98
122 .55

60.40
61.03
90.77
114.69
135.26
153.62

0.00
0.63
26.33
42.52
54.25
63.53

JCU

1» T

60 .40
60 .40
64 .44
72 .17
81 .01
90 .09

Melting T

A fG°

Log Kf

-1397. 5
-1397. 0
-1367. 3
-1337. 9
-1308. 8
-1279. 9

244.83
243.23
178.54
139.77
113.94
95.51

A fH°

-1486. 6
-1486. 6
-1485. 4
-1484. 2
-1482. 8
-1481. 0

mol"1

Boiling T

K

kJ
kJ
Molar Vol
H2*98~H5

kJ
A* -1.481E+03

B= 2.885E-01

2.636 J-bar'1
26.36 cm3

C= -1.88E+05
12/9/92

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES

Formula wt

RHODONITE

MnSiO3 :

Triclinic crystals

355

131.022

298.15 to 1600 K. Melts incongruently at 1564 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

Sf

(Hf-H2 98 )/T

-<GT-H2 98 )/T

J-mol"1 ^" 1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600

Melting T

86.44
86.84
101.42
108.73
113.29
116.61
119.31
121.67
123.83
125.87
127.83
129.75
131.63
133.50
135.35

100.50
101.04
128.30
151.79
172.04
189.77
205.52
219.71
232.64
244.54
255.58
265.89
275.57
284.72
293.39

0.00
0.53
24.18
40.43
52.21
61.19
68.29
74.09
78.96
83.13
86.77
90.01
92.91
95.56
97.99

VT

100.50
100.50
104.12
111.37
119.83
128.58
137.23
145.62
153.69
161.41
168.81
175.88
182.66
189.16
195.41

A£G°

Log Kf

-1244.7
-1244.2
-1218.4
-1192.7
-1167.2
-1141.9
-1116.6
-1091.5
-1066.4
-1041.3
-1016.2
-991.1
-966.1
-940.9
-915.1

218.05
216.63
159.10
124.60
101.61
85.21
72.91
63.35
55.70
49.44
44.23
39.82
36.05
32.76
29.87

A£H°

-1321.6
-1321.6
-1321.4
-1320.6
-1319.8
-1318.9
-1318.0
-1317.2
-1318.6
-1317.8
-1317.0
-1316.1
-1317.4
-1318.9
-1330.5

mol"1

Boiling T

1564 K

K
kJ

A^0

kJ

Molar Vol.
H298"H8

14.55 kJ
A* -1.318E+03

B- 2.513E-01

3. 494 J'bar'1
34. 94 cm3

0 -1. 87E+05
4/5/93

356

THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES

Formula wt

JADEITE

NaAlSi2O6 :

Monoclinic crystals

202.139

298.15 to 1300 K,

FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS

Temp.

CP

Sf

<HT-H2 98 )/T

-<GT-H2 98 )/T

J-mol"1 -^1 -

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

Melting T

159.92
160.62
188.41
205.31
217.07
225.96
233.06
238.96
244.02
248.44
252.39
255.96

133.50
134.49
184.89
228.88
267.41
301.57
332.22
360.02
385.46
408.93
430.72
451.07

0.00
0.99
44.71
75.25
97.96
115.64
129.89
141.69
151.67
160.27
167.79
174.44

kJ*mol
133.50
133.50
140.19
153.63
169.45
185.93
202.33
218.33
233.79
248.66
262.94
276.63

A £6°

Log Kf

-2850.6
-2849.5
-2789.1
-2728.2
-2667.4
-2606.8
-2546.5
-2486.5
-2426.0
-2365.3
-2302.4
-2234.0

499.40
496.13
364.22
285.01
232.21
194.52
166.27
144.31
126.72
112.32
100.22
89.76

A £H°

-3029.3
-3029.3
-3033.0
-3032.7
-3031.6
-3029.9
-3027.8
-3025.6
-3033.8
-3031.1
-3125.0
-3121.1

-1

Boiling T

K

Av*H°
A^H"

kJ

Molar Vol.
H2*98~H6

kJ

A= -3.039E+03

B= 6.146E-01

K
kJ

6. 040 J-bar'1
60. 40 cm3

C= 4.741E+05
7/31/92

80 277.17 78.57 171.32 224.45 175.004 298.32 120.2 -2416.19 -2584. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.64 105.01 377.52 213.68 93.54 158.6 423.80 433.9 -2582.69 308.81 406.-!.648E-01 6 .4 -2190.4 -2584.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ACMITE NaFeSi2O6 : Monocltnic crystals 357 231.35 120.6 -2578.2 -2134.21 147.57 170.8 -2303.26 275.0 -2246.5 -2662.88 170.16 74.6 -2023.2 -2576.8 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.78 208.49 135.35 Log Kf -2417.24 kJ-mol"1 .45 83.05 47.9 -2580.15 240.07 242.2 -2359.587E+03 B= 5.60 cm3 0 9 .93 102.91 257.48 420.58 197.31 249.15 to 1300 K.62 224.5 -2668.57 177.65 346.52 242.--! 298.43 139.860E+04 7/31/92 .33 481.5 -2584.4 -2586.54 0.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 A £G° A £H° 170.50 458. 94 kJ A= -2.64 191.37 290.70 310.81 270.2 -1968.88 305.3 -2078.5 -2587. H2*98~H8 26. CP ** (H*-H298 .59 195.10 264.60 259.33 225.57 163.5 -1847.82 320.13 167.60 503.460 J-bar'1 64 .2 -2574.44 170.04 270.78 183.0 -1910./T -<GT-H2 98 )/T Melting T 169.00 1.73 234.

290 J'bar'1 272.89 1157.48 895.3 -12265.49 Melting T -12303.8 -10837.08 940.90 548.2 -11080.36 1480.405E+00 27.85 774.67 676.0 -12295.90 cm3 -1.13 587.71 476.50 764.86 956.59 943.42 583.366 298.1 -9874.0 -11325.8 -12292.91 576.31 534.15 to 1000 K.63 kJ A= -1.58 548.358 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt TREMOLITE Ca2Mg5Si8O22(OH) 2 : Monoclinic crystals 812.7 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 97.82 926.4 2027.36 696.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (HJ-HJ98 .77 961.04 992.6 -11570.90 552.91 0.7 -10596.1 -10355.42 A£G° Log Kf -11574.96 759.78 A £H° kJ.94 897.48 790.1 -12304.0 -12283. ST CP -<Gf-H2 98 )/T 655.18 626.73 1366.0 -12275.5 -10116.228E+04 B= 2.86 309./T 548.05 182.mo l~l J-1--1 K 298. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.24E+06 7/31/92 .21 1240.44 657.95 1587.47 1478.7 -12299.81 1100.22 631.71 850.0 -12303.00 4.11 515.46 403.18 1041.42 831.77 2014.

28 890.99 798 . 01 753.kJ*m J-mor^-KT 1 - 298.22 943.1 1570. 68 947.85 1696.17 1141.870 J-bar'1 278.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES 359 Formula wt 1001.79 444.26 513.66 927 .590E+03 B= 2.52E-H06 9/18/92 .4 -8084 .Q! 725.7 -9597 .8 -8960 . 80 1017.82 1019 .00 729.-1.84 . 50 877.05 722. 43 810.68 603.9 -8301 .77 1061 . cp ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<Gf-H5 98 )/T 681 .67 975 .08 683 . 00 725. 53 Melting T -9623 .64 1573. 86 1086.99 609.154E+00 27.94 319.37 1129.1 -9622 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.37 0.99 871 .0 -9574 .4 -9607 .00 4.15 to 900 K.7 -8739 .92 1293.84 555.95 1440.28 f .5 :G° Log Kf -8964 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 A frH° 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 kJ -9.4 -9586 .0 -9623 .42 416.21 189.614 GRUNERITE Fe7Si8O22(OH) 2 : Monoclinic crystals 298.2 -9616 .70 cm3 C.56 1560.28 492.1 -7655 .9 -8519 .29 725.5 -7869 .

37 1015.67 773.28 504.89 1364.1 -12070.12 788.51 562.540 J-bar"1 265.00 4.79 1.1 -10370.0 -12063.50 534.11 888.56 1682.204E+04 B= 2.1 -12045.4 -11338.53 574.389E+00 26.50 0.5 -12057. ST CP <HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K' 1 - 298._.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 664.26 1974.10 186.31 1074.02 667.57 1480.8 -11094.58 822.29 1236.72 1010.60 409.29 969.8 -12054.24 1026.9 -10851.15 to 1200 K.09 1585.0 -9654. T 534.40 cm3 O -1.11 1039. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.97 534.29E+06 4/5/93 .3 -12068.19 632.78 kJ A= -1.12 1094.62 748.82 661.21 942.32 542.7 -9174.64 923.50 538.37 618.30 697.29 447.22 1448.0 1987.61 483.0 .61 1772. * 1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 96.6 -9413.81 1133.58 991.01 399.2 -12020.43 907.19 667.46 591.68 753.2 -10131.0 -12070.32 A £H° -12070.9 -9895.360 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ANTHOPHYLLITE Mg7Si8O22 (OH) 2 : Monoclinic crystals 780.71 Melting T A £6° Log Kf -11343.9 -12032.60 314.7 -10610.90 953.820 298.7 -12043.53 684.45 859.97 933.

59 763.2 -11958.46 1216.16 0.8 -9500.59 392.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt GLAUCOPHANE 361 783.54 1954.68 1120.88 A fH° 1.8 -10236.5 -9003.24 439.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Melting T 645.7 -11973.19 1077.56 465.60 684.00 3.46 300.32 -11964.12 881.20 746.6 -10482.0 -11964.543 Monoclinic crystals 298.20 541.10 cm3 C* -4.3 -11971.3 -12144.73 613.40 391.9 -9746.45 1558.86 572.68 496.4 -9253.32 541.15 to 1200 K.32 565.97 878.41 994.7 -11962.11E+05 8/5/92 .82 652.07 1340. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. T 541.2 -9990.33 950. CP ST (Hf-H2 9Q )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol"1 -*" 1 - 298.21 567.61 1433.1 -11973.0 -11948.99 178.3 -11937.28 823.84 A fG° Log K£ -11230.99 912.210 J'bar'1 262.8 -11226.0 1967.79 1742.73 750.99 649.89 751.0 -10730.48 647.98 1454.88 975.73 944.26 1004.196E+04 B= 2.26 1653.62 kJ A.60 1009.30 919.7 -11966.-1.31 679.48 1062.0 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H2*98~H5 95.05 817.42 922.462E+00 26.2 -10979.62 1021.95 621.02 523.20 545.

18 689.81 377.26 350. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.72 130.61 267.44 83.7 -3628.7 -3248.84 246.93 206.1 -3401.25 270.0 -3478.96 99.68 642.12 170.75 368.78 258.25 402.67 339.6 -4233.17 128.634E-01 10.3 -4241.04 530.23 248.67 326.08 199.27 181.30 199.4 -4322.22 711.28 229.07 666.67 161.57 513.67 420.4 -4229.33 kJ A= -4.00 1.6 -3019.52 144.21 332.86 1830 K -4234.33 732.17 285.50 118.37 236.79 M° Log Kf -4007.5 -4225.94 310. H2*98~H8 33.1 -4227.80 616.7 -3095.44 452.0 -4238./'r 1-1.03 353.41 199.01 375.10 210.09 325.12 225.78 319.28 244.33 107.78 369.8 -4228.13 296.5 -3778.0 -3171.-1 298.240E+03 B= 7.8 -4246.13 589.30 208.9 -4243.4 -4231.15 697.79 98.49 460.79 421.26 305.5 -3930.9 -3703.71 186.37 289.90 467.6 -3324.50 404.0 kJ Molar Vol.5 702.079 J-bar'1 100.30 200.67 328.01 A£H° i» T _ mo i-l 199.9 -2943.51 387.9 -4006.42 264.36 561.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 362 Formula wt ANORTHITE CaAl2 Si208 : 278.207 Triclinic (PI) crystals 298.7 -4464.65 497.31 58.98 276.98 152.18 360.15 to 510 K: triclinic (II) crystals 510 to melting point 1830 K.36 220. cp o ST (Hf-H2 98 )/T -<G*-HJ 98 .79 cm3 0 4.96 331.5 -3854.6 -2860.59 90.42 437.34 212. .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 211.23 346.7 -3554.2 Boiling T K kJ A^H0 133.77 251.0 -4234.6 -4233.17 312.65 0.68 268.0 -4234.2 -4244.945E+05 7/30/92 .18 237.

30 237.40 684.9 -4162.164E+03 B* 7.44 318.00 1.45 222.54 630.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES CaAl2 Si2O8-GLASS CaAl2 Si208 : Formula wt 363 278.4 -3445.03 426.6 691.23 505.9 -4168.48 499.80 358.2 -4157.16 143.89 352.08 570.39 389. 30 J-bar'1 103.97 160.38 A fH° kJ-mol'1 J-mol"1 ^"1 - K 298.2 -4163.53 326.3 -3517.25 187.28 204.85 348.89 309.7 -4160.207E+05 9/16/92 .24 443. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.12 200.37 458.73 687. f° CP ST Melting T -(GT-H2 98 )/T 210.54 247.30 238.33 708.8 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.3 -4163.26 324.0 -4168.86 0.16 240.76 460.4 -3947.4 -3372.24 327.3 -4153.79 273.15 to 1500 K.9 -3802.4 -3083.96 369.82 152.14 179.86 362.7 -4173.44 269.24 A fG° Log Kf -3948.2 -4163.68 117.76 284.207 Glass 298.5 -3155.15 kJ A= -4.09 263.08 408.57 248.96 286.7 -3730.24 171.4 -3588.7 -4158.65 211.90 340.62 346.61 304. H298~H8 33 .73 107.1 -3227.86 232.199E-01 10.9 -3300.89 128.9 -3659.30 58. 0 cm3 C* 1 .5 -4171.65 129.67 212.17 298.30 246.59 333.65 413.62 -4163.76 98.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 (Hf-H2 98 )/T 237.06 601.41 237.55 306.09 536.06 234.2 -4156.1 -3874.99 397.88 658.

2 -4341.78 615.0 -4071. 68 cm3 C= 9.364 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt BICCHULITE Ca2Al2Si06 (OH) 2 : 292.60 313.52 422.73 289.29 495.78 127.10 214.6 Boiling T K A^o AjfcH0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.34 85.0 -4390.84 409.99 409.87 241.7 -3072.49 66.09 243.10 213. CP <H*-H598 > -«0*-H*98 >.80 426.06 347.58 168.54 111.16 114.3 -2700.91 255.5 -3532.00 143.4 -3981.52 733.26 400.51 244.0 -3801.80 189.21 0.80 383.63 353.59 289.216 Cubic crystals 298.37 kJ-mol -1 298.7 -3257. H298~H6 K kJ A= -4.56 708.66 365.53 441.22 213.62 298.16 220.14 337.2 -3891.87 519.10 223.00 266.r AfH° A£G° Log Kf -4073.93 236.36 -4341.48 330.16 206.88 760.70 402.73 233.2 -3164.00 1.6 -4340.64 103.59 392.2 -3349.74 159.2 -4342.0 -3711.06 141.8 -4368.51 281.56 360. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.90 276.85 374.3 -4347.35 417.05 381.21 647.27 337.3 -3621.71 580.3 -4338.0 -2889.7 -2981.2 -4679.75 326.6 -4354.167E-01 10.88 406. 368 J-bar'1 103.80 94.43 543.0 -4359.43 677.12 356.1 -4353.2 -4341.72 273.85 213.81 277.98 78.46 204.78 706.60 512.80 460.356E+03 B= 9.83 459.36 314.0 -3441.25 290.49 296.7 -2798.6 -4336.99 179.24 264.15 to 1800 K.6 713.9 -4356.02 785.910E+05 7/30/92 .37 478.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 240.6 -4338.15 503.4 -4364.09 809.

5 -11877.20 715.1 -12374.6 -13856.15 to 1200 K.02 999.49 629.39 199.55 715.1 -12125.67 0. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -13905.30 1318.33 1022.95 336.3 2300.29 915.42 473.36 cm3 C» -2.33 A fH° kJ-t .-1 _-l K 298.51 713.34 1939.00 4.387E+04 B= 2.08 1127.58 1681.495E+00 34.84 1056.60 945.42 1162.44 -13881.8 -13861.70 1313.1 -13896.2 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ A» -1.70 1835.7 -11380.33 1599.05 844.1 -10874.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 <HT-H$ 98 )/T 715.80 1077.20 719.01 1141.5 -13882.65 1105.41 1029.43 528.47 963.2 -13877.04 1464.94E+05 7/30/92 .05 1228.28 673.036 J-bar'1 340.18 875.6 -11630.32 1093. cp CO ST -(GT-H$ 98 )/T 709.58 2285.49 745.54 2036.06 805.51 675.0 -13869.4 -13881.-1 .8 -13919.81 1722.709 Tetragonal crystals 298.23 A fG° Log Kf -13131.3 -12624.8 -13848.86 949.82 1081.18 514.21 745.06 1291.8 -13127.51 437.24 904.1 -12875.99 577.365 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt MEIONITE (Al/Si ORDERED) Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3 : 934.80 775.29 711.3 -11128.01 594.

05 94.84 641.00 1._ .20 319.0 -4054.84 377.91 192.8 656.002E+03 10 .16 107.85 236.64 288.8 -3978.51 310.9 -2965.4 -3975.20 222.77 501.20 214.4 -3289.62 563.96 276.3 -3747.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Melting T 202.39 164.74 132.22 301.56 t-T.7 -3978. H2*98~H6 A» -4 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.37 412.48 229.7 -2882.5 -3048.76 179.95 359.08 221.54 479.60 123.27 259.92 167.72 33.45 214.9 -3441. 99 kJ B= 7.02 426.0 -4049.25 56.872 J-bar'1 cm3 108 .21 315.58 304.06 383.39 280.13 202.58 213.2 -3978.59 239.20 215.52 306.6 -3517.3 -3972.8 -3970. CP ST (HT-H^ 98 )/T T.67 203.23 533.7 -3977.5 -3365.3 -4040.62 465.941E-01 C= 1.42 591.01 321.t 298.«r 1 0.5 -3594.45 278.4 -3132.63 146.25 256.85 148.15 to 1400 K.56 329.73 190.6 -3213.65 297.84 652.9 -3671.06 -3974.562E+06 7/30/92 .71 119.80 219.01 A fG° Log Kf -3749.7 -4045.07 -(GT-H2> 93)/T A fH° l.332 Triclinic crystals 298.97 395.46 259.7 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.44 375. rti 1 214.05 616.366 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MICROCLINE KAlSi308 : 278.32 340.89 324.64 334.6 -3974.

H298~H5 34.728E-01 10.63 0.03 354. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.80 234.48 299.8 -3744.4 -3064.04 415.00 1.2 -3967.37 447.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 A fG° A fH° 232.0 -3298.332 Monoclinic crystals 298.9 Boiling T 1473 K A^ 0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.98 262.39 662.55 205.0 -2982.36 278.7 -3959.07 298.87 584.47 257.28 278.4 -3962.26 56.85 108.26 486.50 299.36 133.32 554.29 238.84 230.55 432.51 340.23 651.905 J-bar'1 109.2 656.6 -3969.66 124. cp ST (HT-H$ 98 )/T -(GT-H2 98 )/T Melting T 204.41 149.15 181.28 UT J-mol" 1 ^" 1 - 298.24 232.49 222.991E+03 B» 7.74 95.85 325.5 -4029.02 214.0 -3372.11 205.30 306.02 kJ A» -3.3 -3224.9 -2902.4 -4039.80 241.497E+06 5/12/93 .14 220.80 232.0 -4034.16 191.6 -4043.54 638.81 612.98 360.65 290.51 320.05 cm3 C» 1.29 Log Kf -3745.4 -3670.76 379.6 -3965.95 479.57 306.30 258.5 -3969.34 194.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt SANIDINE KAlSi3O8 : 367 278.24 375.34 -3965.15 to 1400 K.02 403.1 -3520.15 311.65 522.0 -3595.87 147.9 -3967.72 316.7 -3965.42 168.4 -3446.73 166.03 329.54 320.79 398.2 -3145.37 119.

76 197.38 218.74 A fH° kJ*mol -1 -1-1 K 298.89 645.88 318.65 474.30 314.4 -3986.0 -3919.89 133. H298"H5 34 .0 -3708.332 Glass 298.55 208.9 -3135.66 283.90 372.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 (HT-H$ 98 )/T 261.1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.8 -3565.18 244.95 647.51 0.83 589.57 520.307E-01 11.36 385.4 -3351.85 -3920. 50 cm3 C= 9.63 556.77 169.09 119.26 320.11 447.5 -3422. cp ST Melting T -<GT-H2 98 )/'I 209.43 184.84 190.60 261.75 308.3 -3994.66 A fG« Log Kf -3709.65 225.60 262.60 270.7 -2980.937E+03 B= 7.9 -3990.3 -3921.67 261.99 295.3 -3918.42 304.8 -3924.88 kJ A» -3.8 -3920.30 287.65 304.32 267.13 255.57 430.3 -3636.2 -3923.77 619.138E+05 9/16/92 .5 -3915.81 351.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 368 Formula wt KAlSi3O8-GLASS KAlSi308 : 278.72 148.78 322.20 372.33 329.29 58.11 310.06 97.79 127.6 649.5 -3210.87 480.90 328.0 -3493.3 -3912.22 411.6 -3057.38 217.00 1.54 435. 650 J-bar'1 116.45 167.41 210.07 392.75 673. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.54 150.7 -3281.15 to 1300 K.

36 394. 369 158.8 -1889.65 177.02 118.19 220.58 339.62 257..8 -1458.163 High kaliophillite 810 to 1800 K.08 416.92 90.4 -2128.65 177.19 148.00 0.22 131.42 96.00 170.58 A fH° -1 _1 133.9 -1504.65 177.46 138.17 57.170B+03 B= 4.959 J-bar'1 59 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 231.1 -1849.89 cm3 C» 2.74 32.29 230.H0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.59 80.87 240.92 349.80 268.61 406.2 -1550. H298""H5 K kJ AS -2.27 71.40 39.95 -(G*-H298)/.02 71.2 -2202.85 427.07 137.65 177.3 -1643.8 -2008.52 354.97 250.68 303.65 133.15 to 810 K.76 177.3 -1734.9 -1412.35 161.65 177.63 171.6 -2122.26 113.00 0.26 133.3 Boiling T K A.77 106.05 -2124.02 159.1 -1968.26 138.65 177.954E+06 1/12/94 .THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt KALIOPHILLITE (KALSILITE) KAlSi04 : Hexagonal crystals 298.87 322.03 150.47 257.7 -2124.70 120.49 139.4 -2195.98 203.26 134.^ 0 Afa.0 -2192.61 209.6 -1928. cp ST (H*-HJ 98 )/T _1 298.6 -1597.79 55.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 119.1 -2205.81 137.7 -2238.9 -2127.90 197.6 -2126.39 119.87 52.65 177.49 164.75 134.00 285.2 -1690.T AfG° Log Kf -2008.74 183.7 -2127.7 -1810.65 177.61 171.426E-01 5 .7 -2240.54 64.5 -2199.9 -2197.65 177.6 -1364.87 85.97 369.0 351.1 -2119.06 201.59 277.63 180.61 259.5 -1773.21 102.5 -2124.40 47.10 128.19 382.23 124.63 43.85 141.15 280.

6 Boiling T 1959 K A^H° AfajH0 kJ kJ Molar Vol.91 396.53 247.30 63.91 346.48 266.50 236.2 -2707.3 -3028.22 252.69 241.4 -2184.87 403.62 236. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.04 238.80 176.40 368.50 302.2 -3040.8 -1994.41 103.0 -2489.6 -2430. 27 cm3 C= 2.10 92. H298~H5 K kJ A= -3.73 133.63 147.20 206.8 -3041.96 181.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 A fG° 200.15 269.51 185.42 245.16 589.0 -3105.44 253.8 -3034.01 252.20 200.59 -3037.25 192.04 115.8 -2652.00 1.69 500.1 -2874.65 188.08 296.4 -3108.8 -2763.18 239.9 -3039.40 237.86 i-l J-mol"1 -*"1 298.99 238.83 541.15 to 955 K. 827 J-bar'1 88.61 434.01 45.34 0.73 197.75 Log Kf -2875. Cubic crystals 955 to melting point 1959 K.95 169.95 484.91 222.2 -3100.833E+06 1/12/94 .5 -2368.247 Tetragonal crystals 298.4 -3036.05 200.05 69.20 201.0 -2818.62 195.1 -2544.66 558.74 250.22 332.61 206.8 -3033.6 -2306.8 -3037. cp ** <HT-H$ 98 )/T -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° Melting T 164.9 -3110.66 160.11 75.20 335.979E-01 8.23 165.370 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt LEUCITE KAlSi2O6 : 218.09 288.67 147.6 -3103.9 -2245.92 117.32 57.87 360.64 130.11 603.0 -3112.67 235.82 384.93 286.0 -2122.8 -2060.04 504.82 171.082E+03 B= 5.36 370.16 462.46 243.49 407.98 220.71 523.39 574.8 -3198.69 83.69 98.0 503.6 -3195.15 372.77 76.72 318.57 189.8 -2598.11 164.

7 -1622.80 103.30 113.23 117.05 84.70 140.03 -2123.58 172.3 -2111.32 0.3 -2123.73 136.38 336.53 200.29 103.4 -2123.88 305.0 -2119.29 71.13 90.2 -1508.006 a-eucryptite 298.73 225.12 217.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt EOCRYPTITE L1A1S104 : 371 126.80 159.62 165.26 201.73 111.4 -2125.4 -1892.87 103.24 kJ-mol"1 298.84 49.76 164. CP ST (HT-H2 98 )/T / f* o v fi \ /f A w® A ^f* ® Log Kf -2009.7 -1815.34 193.10 53.1 Boiling T 1670 K K kJ Aft»H0 kJ Molar Vol.88 186.2 -1546.3 -1699.30 132.65 187.4 -1853.52 363.18 59.57 118.4 352.52 103.69 123.75 138.3 -2123.5 -1970.63 183.29 65.123E+03 B= 3.2 -2008.80 227.363 J-bar'1 53 .2 -1777.24 129.15 to 1300 K.80 80.80 104.87 248.80 108.56 198. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp. 0-eucryptite 1300 to 1600 K.2 -2120.00 0.02 54.846E-01 5 .49 269.09 236.9 -2128.16 191.21 94.10E+05 9/16/92 .05 103.00 349.85 136.40 166.69 189.29 195.5 -2125.9 -2123.70 72.1 -1931.68 141.59 172.81 180.0 -1738.42 350.26 321.05 287. H298"H5 kJ A= -2.4 -2114.79 376.50 140.70 32.04 149.4 -1660.70 257.3 -1584.63 cm3 C» -1.22 176.66 153.32 118.3 -2117.33 128.05 208.32 176.9 -2122.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 Melting T 113.9 -2126.

40 J-bar'1 cm3 C» -5.78 340.9 -4887.46 148.73 462.1 -4144.50 458.17E+05 8/7/92 .T 233.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 245.93 316. 38.63 589.9 -4889.25 181.75 802.66 345.879E+03 B= 9.40 392.6 -4876.13 442.9 -4516.63 365.72 312.02 733.18 496.84 116.93 372.52 68.8 -4237.840 128.77 387.52 275.00 224.64 702.43 360.3 -3687.31 381.87 153. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.87 205.65 545.09 253.37 413.82 1.8 -4871.73 265.77 397.05 376.91 436.6 -4887.91 390.17 270.92 314.4 807.9 -4329.9 -4053.7 -3778.46 667.99 0.52 233.75 164.9 -4866.33 323.47 589.26 288.63 235.372 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt PETALITE LiAlSi4O10 : 306. CP ST (HT-H298 )/T -(Gf-H2 98 )/T J»inol~ *K~ 298.15 to 1300 K.7 -4608.30 246.17 Melting T A fG° Log Kf -4610.20 233.0 -4879.26 380. Petalite decomposes above about 1100 K.20 234.00 1.92 183.31 kJ A» -4.20 243.5 -4881.259 Monoclinic crystals 298.16 A fH° -4886.24 206.47 264.9 -4875.32 292.1 -4422.9 mol'1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.99 630.36 401.174E-01 12.5 -4886.5 -3869.08 240.3 -3961.5 -4884.

40 106.9 -4017.93 233.86 328.26 217.9 -3929.23 274.6 -2946.6 -3710.7 -3931.67 372.84 239.2 650.58 278.41 327.40 215.30 315.95 166.07 cm3 C» 7.40 208.4 1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 33.8 -3558.38 181.48 407.4 -3332.98 474.0 -3029.66 306.77 290.07 205.10 230.95 390.53 131.2 -3634.970E+05 8/7/92 .7 -3482.27 56.61 354.949E+03 B* 7.61 207.40 207.39 205.11 147.64 371.45 kJ A= -3.57 189.00 587.1 -3934.80 335.95 320.93 95.45 kJ.2 -3257.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ALBITE NaAlSi308 : 373 262. CP ** Melting T _ \ /*P vQft* / -<G*-H298 . FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.2 -3107.68 497.4 -3182.74 0./'T 205.28 A fG° Log Kf -3711.92 324.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 /llO_UQ \ V -3935.7 -2864.68 312.59 194.007 J-bar'1 100.5 -3933.87 118.3 -4021.9 -3407.77 303.67 272.0 -3935.mnl 207.33 214.05 166.34 422.0 -3936.91 125.22 147.86 A fH° J-mol"1 ^"1 K 298.20 254.15 to 1400 K.58 637.0 -3939.24 645.223 Triclinic crystals 298.25 461.0 -3938.80 223.00 1.30 295.05 253.30 316.694E-01 10.96 378.39 530.66 299.75 613.1 -4026.6 -3937.01 560.68 262.

26 166.45 632.13 353.94 125.2 -3917.57 239.58 334.67 215.6 -3923.7 -3921.79 205.87 290.5 -3923.26 0.43 B= 7.13 312.80 480.54 313.01 194.77 182.72 440.39 408.78 189.99 373.29 148.374 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ANALBITE NaAlSi308 : 262.60 226.29 279.83 291.25 326.00 1.19 656.75 606.16 254.73 300.6 -3556.2 -3630.15 548.8 -3040.6 Boiling T 1391 K K A^" A^H" kJ Molar Vol.17 396.40 -3705.2 -3925.26 230.3 -4005.78 578.4 -3408.6 -3927.95 132.2 -3115.36 217.60 234.3 -2959.223 Triclinic crystals 298.19 644.87 95. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -4014.95 474.06 323. cp ST (Hf-H$98 )/T -(Gf-H$98 )/T Melting T 204.34 118.3 -2878.10 371.7 -3335.6 -4010.6 -3704. H298"H5 kJ 33.4 -3482.49 307.30 316.90 107.27 56.24 225.51 Log Kf kJ*mol -1 ___ J»mol~*»K""* - 298.06 223.99 347.1 -3920. 937E+03 10 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 AfG° A fH° 225.42 kJ A» -3.81 205.5 -3189.781E+05 8/7/92 .93 425.35 166.71 263.35 516.043 J-bar'1 cm3 100 .9 649.08 391.11 251.15 to 1400 K.53 303.58 147.4 -3262.23 271.43 292.50 320.75 -3923.2 -3924.6 -3927.60 225.507E-01 C» 7.

7 -3958.3 -3664.871E+03 B« 7.84 A fH° -1-1 K 298.1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 34.0 642 .54 403.68 246.9 -3877.12 363.4 -3868.8 -3380. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.21 367.30 333.92 320.12 0.10 can3 O -3.09 324.19 298.17 kJ A* -3.59 222.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt NaAlSi 3O8-GLASS NaAlSi 3O8 : 375 262.73 316.50 512.42 472.5 -3875.96 549.65 427.94 170.1 -3521.89 211.010 J«bar'1 110.95 469. 14 637.90 253.74 644.7 -3100.9 -3865.84 186.8 -3875.28 307.223 Glass 298.04 342.14E+05 12/9/92 .02 Melting T -3875.03 286.91 300.42 614.90 251.5 -3872.30 58.20 318.52 199.49 151.13 188.41 252.23 216.00 1.11 A fG° Log Kf -3665.2 -3240.40 298.90 210.98 376.3 -3310.18 383.90 260.63 278.5 -3878.15 to 1200 K.61 147.12 270.012E-01 11.45 128.0 -3871.35 98.6 -3170.8 -3029.0 -3593.78 251.07 165.8 -3450. CO ST CP -<GT-H2 98 )/T 209.24 131.5 -3866.70 583.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 <Hf-H298 )/T kJ mol" 1 251.56 342.15 422.

7 -2098.21 126.5 -2094.8 -2186.82 269.19 186.09 341.08 88.81 151.188E-01 5 .51 122.8 -1975.00 0.14 163.24 101.8 -2091.59 196.92 228.0 -1936.18 179.0 -1819.36 133.6 -1702.7 -2188.47 368.07 165.9 -2088.55 -1 J-mol^-K'1 K 298.376 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt NEPHELINE NaAlSiO4 : 142.91 306.84 198.0 -2183. Carnegieite is the stable phase of NaAlSi04 between 1521 and 1799 K.22 143.7 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol.3 -1574.12 161.92 78.66 84.98 51.25 56.3 -1899.35 125.24 175.28 Melting T 124.49 179.054 Orthorhombic(?) crystals 298.58 130.9 -1621. Orthorhombic crystals 1180 to 1521 K.4 -2090.37 52.66 A fG° Log Kf -1975.91 178.4 -2180. sT °P -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fH° 115.42 247.73 116.718E+06 8/7/92 .14 102.4 346.41 161.36 223.89 238.4.62 179.54 -2090.57 63.35 124.0 -1780.77 197. Hexagonal crystals 467 to 1180 K.78 381.20 185.0 -2095.72 32.0 -2089.12 355. kJ H298"H5 - -2.3 -1858.40 129.3 -1741.1 -1527.88 252. 19 cm3 0 1.81 116.20 0.64 152.118E+03 ".58 218.96 70.55 72.7 -2091.73 180.15 to 467 K.78 172.36 159.75 135.36 145. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.13 108.80 247.419 J-bar'1 54 .14 343.86 208.58 94.4 -2093.2 -1480.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 (HT-H2 98 )/T 124.86 324.99 115.33 288.4 -1662.90 145.

5 -2092.70 123. 118.44 156.58 181.14 172.94 A £H° -2089.58 188.39 252.33 204.17 157.13 133.64 133.84 217.70 118.70 38.84 275.02 141.40 429.1 -1389.80 350.4 -2083.41 197.12 227.0 -1853.77 288.71 317.21 118.94 51.22 85.4 -1435.54 151.19 107. 200E+06 1/12/94 .76 70.8 i Boiling T 1799 K Av.1 -2079.6 -2173.45 201.6 -1618. 603 J-bar*1 56.0 -2166.40 -<GT-H°.80 192.57 406.36 248. 98 )/T _1 298.34 135.7 -1735.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 Melting T 119.57 198. HO Afc.59 A fG° Log Kf -1973.36 169.0 -2086.8 -1774.35 115.11 162.054 Triclinic crystals 298.7 -2198.7 -2170. p° CP eo ST <HT-H°.21 181.02 181.2 -1932.77 191.0 -1658.40 334.16 56.82 145.60 193.68 195.70 119.7 kJ Molar Vol.15 to 966 K.43 63.69 138.0 -1480. 03 cm3 0 2. 122E+03 B.82 138.45 kJ A= -2.2 -2162.4.31 148.76 161.3 -2092.18 393.00 0.1 -1571.92 189.78 129.64 78.3 -1813.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt CARNEGIEITE NaAlSi04 : 377 142.0 -2089.75 88.1 -2082.87 100. H298"H5 K 19.1 -2157.85 42. cubic crystals 966 to melting point 1799 K.65 343.9 -1893.55 46.9 -1697.79 97.26 257.03 186.276E-01 5.01 151. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.94 55.H0 kJ 21.99 238.56 154.74 32.53 145.75 266.99 0.26 119.0 -1972.15 266.9 -1526.94 366.62 205.2 -2091.39 243.67 217.9 -2203.11 123.29 418.31 72.3 -2089.9 345. 98 )/T _1 i.6 -1341.15 184.01 380.

7 -1939.33 173.3 -2088.76 Melting T -2089.17 281.69 101.0 -2092.09 159.47 140.089E+03 B= 3.8 -2087.09 72.50 135.mol"" 1 J-mol^'K' 1 298.9 -1787.054 NaAlSiO4 : Glass-liquid 298.25 172.67 197.2 -1749.90 165.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 A fG° AfH° 134.15 to glass transition 1000 K.52 149.10 168.42 344.60 171. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.50 134.45 208.5 -2090.03 121.20 198.0 -1900.9 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 19.0 -2089. ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H$98 )/T 121.46 56.62 95.48 0.46 301.50 139.22 152.7 -1862.78 85.2 -2085.11 259.27E+04 9/16/92 .86 cm3 C= -9.8 -1711.378 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt NaAlSi04-GLASS 142.16 136.0 -2091.73 134.98 205.7 -2094.686 J'bar'1 56.17 116.75 33.42 kJ .56 162.9 346.99 110.56 89.55 185.17 253.771E-01 5.4 -1976.00 0.55 161.50 170.79 103.7 -1824.72 Log Kf -1977.99 kJ A= -2.44 319.64 234.

63 294.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt ANALCIME NaAlSi2O6 *H2O: 379 220.11 249.6 -3014.33 537.17 445.680 J-bar'1 96.54 150.23 212.2 541.77 -<GT-H2 98 )/T l_«r 1 0. Analcime starts to lose H2O above 500 K.90 316.46 208.15 to 800 K.1 -3310.31 57.74 kJ A= -3.68 237.154 Cubic crystals 298.2 -3309.37 488.20 95.0 -2719.54 A fH» -3310. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.0 -3088.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T 212.34 253.01 293.3 1 1 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 35.1 -3313.45 273.47 172.00 1.8 -2865.63 307. CP ST <HT-H2 98 )/T T-.~I 298.70 227.76 393.54 349.80 cm3 C= -2.99 227.33 177.3 -3312.5 -2792.-.344E-01 9.306E+03 B» 7.4 -2939.3 -3304.70 229.83E+05 5/12/93 .3 -3297.19 287.32 1.14 399.66 337.69 125.45 AfG° Log Kf -3090.70 236.38 312. T- 227.19 262.

15 to 1000 K.49 Log K£ -2816.89 213.6 -2701. cp ST <HT-H2 98 )/T -<G*-HS98)/.50 179.36 193.95 Melting T -2983.8 -2645.8 -2978.43 238.3 -2976.50 172.25 230.2 -2533.978E+03 B= 5.3 -2422.21 347.380 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt DEHYDRATED ANALCIME NaAlSi206 : 202.00 1.37 271.12 360.18 kJ A= -2.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H6 27.59 227.05 163.36E+05 5/12/93 .60 120.16 379.23 209.42 135.64 276.1 -2983.56 kJT.04 160.139 Cubic crystals 298.32 258.3 -2983.01 46.20 165.35 490.51 225.85 194.5 -2478.l~l UIUX J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.74 243.0 -2815.76 409 .8 -2972. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 -2589.12 172.01 77.86 260.77 101.00 311.560E-01 J-bar'1 cm3 C= -3.29 193.1 -2986.I 163.90 149.42 143.23 282.mr.0 -2758.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 A £6° A fH° 172.50 173.84 126.61 226.9 493.44 0.94 268. 68 437.2 -2980.3 -2985.99 249.

66 301.78 150.32 198.075E+00 9.5 -4118. °P ST J-mol"1 -^ 1 K 298.04 660.59 215.0 -3794.39 kJ*mol 197.65 317.856 J-bar1 98.78 541.5 -4117.06 302 .09 334.58 -4118.0 -3685.5 -3576.58 481.59 274.12 177.4 -4111.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt DICKITE Al2 Si2O5 (OH) 2 : 381 258.91 454.76 212.64 287.38 500.5 -3360.48 67.10 198. 19 326.10 197.31E+05 7/29/92 .97 0.56 240.1 -3145.6 -4120.40 182.58 "1 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ -4.6 -3253.38 401.17 227.7 -4109.79 277.59 197.26 373.4 -4119.95 250.00 1.60 114.56 cm3 C= -3.15 to 900 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.95 344.32 349.9 665.93 349.160 Triclinic crystals 298.59 251.113E+03 B= 1.2 -4114.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 A £H° 239.10 207.77 342.8 -3468.5 A fG° Log K£ -3796.

43E+05 7/29/92 .160 Triclinic crystals 298.3 -4114.6 Boiling T K kJ A.60 177.82 305.15 to 800 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.H0 kJ Molar Vol.37 244.50 373.89 302.50 280.0 -4119.59 231.00 333.1 -3363.53 317.34 cm3 C= -2.40 289.7 -3256.92 200.84 481.35 504.90 346.6 -4117.10 458.18 251.72 406.00 1.50 68.1 -4120.115E+03 B= 1.50 344.97 Melting T -4119..82 0.85 200.19 255.53 198.5 -4111.40 201.40 210.6 -4119.03 351.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 A £6° A £H° 243.75 kJ A= -4.00 212.6 665.91 278.1 -3471.29 660.63 kJ-mol' 1 K 298.934 J'bar'1 99.53 150.5 -3687. H298"H5 35.31 115.3 -3579.5 -3795.074E+00 9.40 200. CP s* /tIO_tlQ \ /m (HT-H29Q)/T _/^»O_uQ \ / !» -(GT-H29g)/T Log Kf -3797.382 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt KAOLINITE Al2 Si205 (OH) 2 : 258.

246E+00 12.51 432.08 336.89 -5640.59 306.76 295.8 -5640.81 J-bar'1 128.58 916.14 217.37 489.54E+05 7/29/92 .15 300 400 500 600 700 800 <Gf-H§ 98 )/T Sf 239.0 Boiling T K K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H5 42.70 kJ A= -5.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PYROPHYLLITE Al2 Si4010 (OH) 2 : 383 360.39 613.83 239.0 -5012.314 Monoclinic crystals 298.82 82.8 922.1 -5263.04 349.1 -4886.41 251.00 1.7 -4761. Melting T A fH° 293.78 183.69 448.49 670.81 kJ*mol -1 J-mol'^K""1 K 298.8 -5138.25 0.15 to 800 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.22 334.1 cm3 O -3.71 276.14 412.98 367.33 302.40 239.9 -4637.60 425.42 355.22 554.0 -5640.94 523.36 AfG« Log Kf -5266.5 -5633.41 245.6 -5637.1 -5641.634E+03 B= 1.70 386.1 -5628.40 241.18 416.47 139.

96 522.-6.03 398.00 2.0 -6244.6 -5084.63 cm3 C= 6.71 Melting T -6244.08 785.08 258.216B+02 7/29/92 .9 -5597.9 -6260.03 470.82 384.74 263.81 153.84 584.184 Monoclinic crystals 298.15 304.3 -4954.79 229.4 Boiling T A^ 0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.83 201.98 370.69 488.74 269.8 -6263.22 879.7 -6232.86 732.9 -5856.60 263.1 -5339.68 673.75 -<GT-H2 98 )/T A fG° Log Kf -5858.384 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt MARGARITE CaAl2 [Al2 Si2 ]010 (OH) 2 : 398.60 516.29 834.1 -6245.243E+03 B= 1.00 90.61 277. H298~H8 48.37 238.26 A £H° * kJ mol" 1 263.6 -4692.14 kJ A.46 *K 0.291E+00 12.5 -6241.2 -5468.60 265.86 438.9 -6244.23 509.94 404.38 538.73 476.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 323.1 -6236.14 501.0 -6265.04 530.18 348.68 747.16 333.5 -5726.15 to 1200 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.97 424.21 472.05 204.23 500.96 458.42 452.43 1019.55 336.44 340.5 1026.00 294.41 324.963 J-bar"1 129.5 -4823.6 -5211.05 315.35 609.8 -6228.60 367.28 295. CP ST » ***p *** 5 Q ft / / w*moX 298.

15 to 1200 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt PREHNITE Ca2Al[AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : 385 412.39 641. °p ST -<GT-H2 98 )/T 331.80 292.5 -4940.51 471.110 J'bar'1 141.43 1013.194E+03 B« 1.25 240.384 Orthorhombic crystals 298.48 468.3 -5442.05 258.68 763.71 561.4 -5191.60 334.12 332.7 -6203.85 499.76 396.05 AfH° .63 204.36 367.7 1020.81 306./T kJ mol' 1 292.41 389.73 743.88 531.70 338.66 kJ A* -6.0 -6193.99E+05 5/14/92 .90 493.58 314.4 -6190.7 -5822.80 294.21 -6202.9 -6203.3 -5568.95 484.10 can3 O -3.03 570.05 92.85 398.23 453.34 815.3 -5695.76 500.37 435.14 401.76 503.23 155.19 427.71 473.6 -6202.83 490.7 -6198.4 Boiling T Melting T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 50.255E+00 14.94 294.4 -6185.00 2.2 -6199.20 294.8 -4687.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 <H*-HJ98 .83 331.71 581.82 346.67 203.31 505.71 863.08 228.52 907.76 705.2 -5066.40 0.0 -5316.00 292.7 -6212.19 A fG° Log Kf -5824.7 -6201.9 -4814.-!--! K 298.39 270.

68 581.40 308.9 -5979.33 0.8 -5596.37 475.96 239.8 -5968.61 454.86 974.5 -5973.6 -5956.69 Melting T AfG° Log Kf -5598.1 -5977.9 980.22 A £H° J-mol"1 -K~1 - K 298.31 503.03 379.15 to 1000 K.51 491.11 481.24 776.42 411.09 501.99 414.99 327.4 -5981. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.13 306.30 385.83 830. CP ST -(GT-H2* 98 )/T 325.20 512.77 324.40 316.40 714.4 -5469.43 513.08 154.386 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES MUSCOVITE (Al/Si disordered) KAl2 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : Formula wt 398.5 -5342.22 558.8 -5974.87E+05 7/15/92 .4 -5089.966E+03 B= 1.9 mol"1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H598"H8 49.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (HT-H2 98 )/T -5974.47 425.01 347.81 cm3 -5.08 454.67 718.13 295.96 653.8 -4713.308 Crystals 298.253E+00 14.61 270.2 -5215.41 kJ A* -5.081 J-bar'1 140.40 306.12 280.01 91.64 1»T 306.6 -5962.5 -4964.89 246.21 201.41 320.2 -4839.47 379.06 448.00 2.

41 kJ A* -5.47 425.08 154.70 289.3 -5992.1 -5994.61 454.13 295.40 316.00 2.93 324. CP ST -(GT-H2 98 )/T J-mol'^K" 1 - 298.981E+03 B« 1.51 491.8 -5971.23 558. _> 287.6 -4964.73 494.38 379.98 563.4 -5091.64 A fG° Log Kf -5608.81 cm3 O -5.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES MUSCOVITE (Al/Si ordered) KAl2 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : Formula wt 387 398.36 429.96 239.79 246.13 287.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 325.0 -5983.07 715.15 to 1000 K.308 Monoclinic crystals 298.4 -5606.01 91.271E+00 14.13 811.55 976.39 482.77 361.7 -5989.63 0.1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol.54 758.26 634.31 503.87E+05 3/5/93 . H2*98~H8 49.72 392.69 454.14 280.20 512.5 -4838.61 270.97 699.21 201.30 385.70 287.0 -5990.04 A £H° I»T .0 -5477.0 -5219.71 301.31 328.99 Melting T -5990. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.8 -5977.2 -4710.081 J'bar'1 140.2 -5348.4 982.6 -5997.29 395.37 475.41 462.99 327.

76 580.05 656.12 562.60 501.11 595.25 277./T _1 298.7 -4444.06 610.00 417.64 736.87 818.9 -5119.3 -5130.0 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298"H8 kJ A* -5.06 275.3 -4796.92 323.58 619.886 Crystals 298.6 -3989.41 108.51 491.63 -<G*-HJ 98 .65 959.7 -5144.20 463.5 -4329.34 520.28 Melting T -5149.07 340.7 -5114.91 365.135E+00 15.04 235.3 -5149.8 -5138. CP ST (H$-H5 98 .01 431.96 1021.82 892.42 539.8 840.63 312.45 386./-r A fG° Log Kf -4798.6 -4102.43 J-bar*1 154.23 644.7 -5122.40 AfH° k.1 -4678.10 208.62 541.89 476.15 to 1000 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.J-mol" 1 «1 415.2 -4560.3 cm3 O -1.03 543.00 415.62 835.84 415.00 2.81 452.24 238.3 -5149.19 580.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 390.5 -4215.90 0.31E+06 7/29/92 .122E+03 B« 1.32 391.388 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt ANNITE KFe3 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : 511.03 181.

7 -5715.5 Boiling T A^pH0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.81 339.33 334.8 -4949.70 258.10 0.45 329.45 491.61 349.31 A fG° Log Kf -5846.78 Melting T -6226. H2*98~ 54.2 -5204.37 308.62 883.18 1017.7 -5331.45 746.23 504.17 448.44 449.88 214.53 520.15 to 1000 K FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.80 413.17 553.79 294. CP ST -<GT-H2 98 )/T 354.19 768.48 473.4 -6213.0 1024.80 447.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 A £H° 334.65 cm3 O -3.60 336.64 475.79 702.13 513.2 -5077.67 828.965 J'bar'1 149.70 283.0 -6226.00 2.97 412.222E+03 B« 1.32 378.8 -5458.54 543.30 520.4 -5586.69 627.21 397.260 Crystals 298.08 kJ A= -6.74 583.45E+05 7/29/92 .1 -6245.8 -6221.273E+00 14.22 164.50 kJ*mol'' 1 J-mol" 1 ^" 1 K 298.60 334.1 -6230.8 -6217.35 252.48 485.65 355.19 98.8 -6225.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES PHLOGOPITE (Al/Si Disordered) KMg3 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : Formula wt 389 417.1 -6228.0 -5843.

53 520.78 466.60 501.9 -5597. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.3 1026.45E+05 14.5 -5467.74 430.32 340.260 Monoclinic crystals 298.8 -6237.4 -6233.62 360.13 513.90 315.5 -5338.12 294.8 -6241.75 475.0 -4950.242E+03 B= 1.99 609.390 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt PHLOGOPITB (Al/Si ordered) KMg3 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : 417.91 330.45 329.09 683.97 809.65 355.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 (Hf-H298 )/T 6246.49 749.00 2.97 412.31 1> T 315.71 1019.23 504.84 524.17 448.90 318.08 K AfG° Log Kf -5860.5 -5858.97 584.2 -5081.62 cm3 .35 252.96 747.291E+00 O -3.8 -6245.22 164.1 -5727.10 394.1 -6250.48 473.70 283.0 -6246.962 J'bar'1 149.1 -5209.1 -6265.40 0.1 -6248.47 535.45 491.5 mol'1 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 kJ A* -6.89 258.33 315.15 to 1000 K.88 214. CP ST Melting T -(GT-H2 98 )/T 354.97 398.37 308.57 AfH° J-mol"1 -^ 1 - K 298.92 814.19 98.10 428.

15 to 1700 K.76 175.7 -6820.31 604.96 454.4 -5093.01 336.70 392.87 439.18 744.67 800.8 -6453.6 -4970.14 511.53 288.1 -4415.37 309.5 -6358.87 216.26 1089.31 350.05 202.60 940.78 543.48 378.5 -6356.09 529.69 237.67 411.0 -5556.3 -5670.37 241.42 444.66 265.5 -6810.81 535.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 A £6° A fH° 336. ST CP (HT-H2 98 )/T -(GT-H£ 98 )/T Melting T 342.17 629.5 -6448.1 -4715.93 981.2 -5442.242 Approximate melting point 1670 K.8 -5214.53 1670 0.77 351.3 -6347.54 445.40 1055.13 501. 391 421.12 94.06 -1 J-mol" 1 -*" 1 298.23 683.0 -5784.9 -6344.2 -6940.92 Log Kf -6015.6 -5899.32 602.04 770.9 -6354.97 144.76 494.83 420.90 897.00 2.33 272.48 466.0 Boiling K T K A^H° Aft^H0 Molar Vol.60 363.7 -6013.34 194.6 -4265.4 -6351.61 -6355.15 131.12 729.52 479.29 516.8 -6443. H2*98~H8 kJ kJ A= -6.72 614.30 338.6 -6377.21 850.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES FLUORPHLOGOPITE (Al/Si disordered) KMg3 [AlSi3O10 ]F2 : Formula wt Crystals 298.8 -5329. 52 kJ B= 1.92 509.60 414.38 476.80 656.5 1053. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.19 573. 652 J-bar'1 cm3 146.42 343.28 681.90 1047.12 373.476E+03 14.11 391.2 -4565.5 -6800.5 -6355.23 1121.177E+06 01/14/93 .272E+00 c- 8.2 -4847.70 706.62 485.32 523.33 157.71 324.26 493.28 338.64 536.56 383.92 158.43 307.60 355.40 1019.30 336.

95 605.31 350.0 -5911.28 338.42 444.30 338.9 -6364.60 940.69 237. 421.81 535.67 411.83 420.05 202.23 683.0 -5215.17 629.7 -6840.51 272. 52 cm3 O 8 .5 -5794.26 1089.43 1049.40 1055. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.7 -5093.61 AfG° Log Kf -6030.53 1670 -<G*-H598 )/-T i-l.18 744.5 -6375.62 485.92 lr J- 336.67 800.8 -4709.12 94.1 -6028.00 2.60 363.87 439.12 373.9 -6374. 652 J-bar'1 146.71 324.66 265.14 511.7 -4253. K-l 0. H298~H8 T kJ A= -6.9 -5678.11 355.19 573.11 391.177E+06 01/14/93 .28 681.32 523.43 307.93 981.70 309.76 494.64 536.6 -6397.72 614.48 466.90 897.8 -5333.01 336.7 -5563.70 392.496E+03 B.5 -6378.52 479.5 -6468.7 -4842.2 -6960.43 241.242 Approximate melting point 1670 K. CP SJ _ K 298.4 -6371.84 216.3 -6367.70 AfH° -6375.09 529.23 1121.54 771.78 543.5 -6376.13 501.7 1056.37 415.58 175.92 509.96 454.5 -6830.0 -4967.1 -5447.23 194.77 351.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 Melting T A^H0 (Hf-H2 98 )/T 342.56 383.8 -6473.53 288.2 9 IE +00 14.5 -6820.33 157.80 656.38 494.1.32 602.69 143.29 516.0 -4557.38 476.0 1~1 Boiling K A -p"0 K kJ kJ Molar Vol.21 850.70 706.40 1019.30 336.15 to 1700 K.83 130.69 158.42 343.0 -4405.12 729.48 378.54 445.8 -6463.392 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt FLUORPHLOGOPITE (Al/Si ordered) KMg3 [AlSi3O10 ]F2 : Crystals 298.

23 386.68 444.19 525.17 269. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.260E+00 13.85 401.65 420.3 -4883.68 Melting T -5900.84E+05 7/29/92 .1 -5262.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INfDIVIDUAL PHASES Formula wt TALC Mg3Si4O10 (OH) 2 : 393 379. °P s* \**T **298

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/fn _//^O_tiO l**T "298

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/m A£H° 321.81 274.40 605.5 -5135.28 475.25 cm3 O -4.80 262.51 0.80 260.03 671.78 334.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 /UO_UO 260.266 Monoclinic crystals 298.9 967.79 318.99 90.84 Af6° Log Kf -5520.79 365.1 -5901.76 447.35 301.1 -5517.08 373.61 534.28 237.5 -5882.71 703.0 -5895.8 -5390.00 1.625 J'bar'1 136.5 -5009.88 kJ-mol"1 .08 960.85 549.12 367.88 kJ A* -5.90 260.J-mol" 1 ^' 1 K 298.5 -5890.6 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H8 46.1 -5899.890B+03 B« 1.29 455.83 200.94 153.15 to 800 K.0 -5900.77 323.

31 232.03E+05 5/14/92 .8 -4345.73 255.10 452.8 -3376.112 Monoclinic crystals 298.52 AfG° Log 1 kJ< 221.17 385.97 367.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 AfH° 274.4 -4350.05 275.03 227. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.47 195.5 cm3 O -6.7 -4032.44 129.30 223.2 -3810.7 -3591.36 410.394 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Formula wt CHRYSOTILE (Antigorite) Mg3Si2O5(OH) 4 : 277.1 -4355.00 1.40 379.4 -4030.18 200.1 -4361.00 309.00 394.30 221.15 to 900 K.22 613.86 565.3 -3920.71 Melting T -4360.54 339.33 169.9 -3483.0 -4360.7 -4340.23 0. -<GT-H298 )/T J-mol"1 ^' 1 K 298.73 511.69 76.0 -4359.12 323.75 J-bar'1 107.16 268.21 511.31 404.32 225.03 322.348E+03 B* 1.24 245.44 701.08IE+00 10.91 398.96 K kJ kJ Molar Vol H298~H5 kJ A= -4.31 356.03 311.50 221.77 283.4 Boiling T 706.1 -3700.

00 1.12 236.73 kJ*mol 288.37 321.9 -4917.5 A fG° Log K£ -5555.8 973.29 266.2 -5923.7 -5553.11 cm3 C.92 288.86 380.1 -5937.03 447.62 -5933.-2.200 Monoclinic crystals 298.12 kJ A* -5.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES AT HIGH TEMPERATURE OF INDIVIDUAL PHASES PARAGONITE (Al/Si disordered) NaAl2 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : Formula wt 395 382.268E+00 13.1 -5298.79 392.52 419. H298~H6 48.14 376.02 428.24 329. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.931E+03 B.50 322.3 -5426.8 -5929.59 470.51 560.15 to 800 K.98 152.0 -5933.211 J-bar'1 132.99 89.81 302.22 481.1.31 966.43 395.2 -5170.36 361.21 488.7 -5043.09 "1 Boiling T K A^° K kJ kJ Molar Vol. CP J-mol"1 ^"1 K 298.35 0.30 695.80 290.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 Melting T A£H° ST 321.55 631.33E+05 5/14/92 .56 553.15 199.49 450.90 708.80 288.9 -5936.9 -5933.

CP Sf -(GT-H2 98 )/T 321.55 A £H° kJ mol'1 J-rool" 1 ^" 1 - K 298.947E+03 B.12 710.54 317.15 300 400 500 600 700 800 <HT-H298 )/T 277.73 A fG° Log Kf -5568. FORMATION FROM THE ELEMENTS Temp.16 199.-2.7 -5308.8 Boiling T K kJ kJ Molar Vol 48.8 975.73 383.99 89.66 349.2 -5953.10 279.09 380.08 554.58 450.00 1.85 619.279E+00 13.10 277.29 266.12 236.81 548.61 683.87 380.12 kJ A.65 0.32 416.7 -5180.2 -5950.211 J-bar'1 132.1.15 to 800 K.11 cm3 C.3 -5949.52 419.34E+05 12/9/92 .5 -5566.1 -5437.60 470.0 -4924.95 376.55 969.200 Monoclinic crystals 298.396 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES PARAGONITB (Al/Si ordered) NaAl2 [AlSi3010 ](OH) 2 : Formula wt 382.98 321.11 290.92 Melting T -5949.52 469.92 277.-5.98 152.5 -5939.0 -5052.21 488.1 -5945.4 -5954.50 322.04 447.

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1987. Semenov. V. 1980. p. and Kodakovsky.9 ± 1. The calorimetrically determined value of -3037.1 ± 2.. 916-920.5 kJ *mor1 . A. Fiz.. M. V. Jour. Enthalpies of solution of members of the nepheline-kalsilite series were reported by Hovis and Roux (Hovis.Thermodynamic behavior of the PI . These results are significantly less negative than the formation properties calculated by (188) from a limited number of phase equilibrium experiments. 54(4). 450. E. Thermodynamic mixing properties of nepheline-kalsilite crystalline solutions: Am. P. respectively. Zhogin. 0.. 1.4kJ*mol'1 . B. and elastic parameters of datolite and danburyite: Geochemistry International. 1983. Khimii. Cambridge.. Turdakin. but based on less pure samples (20. 171).).. V. and Kolesov. A.8 kJ*mol*1 for leucite (171.L. Malinko. V. 1108-1127. 14(6).. B. v. 451. V. S. G.. .7 kJ-mor1 ). Sci. p. 64-75. J.. Heat capacity in the 10-300 K range and thermodynamic functions of tetragonal tin dioxide: Zhur.8 ± 2. Low-temperature specific heat. and unpublished enthalpy of solution data for KCI from Hemingway (AH(soln) = 6. 135-141. p. Yakovlev. V. Yu. Thermodynamical properties of almandine: Geokimiia. respectively. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES Wruck.. Heat capacity of hercynite estimated as CP(FeAI204) = £ CP(FeO) + CP(AI203) by Robie.4 and-2121... Yu. Kosarukina. 447. S. v. we calculate AfH = -2090.4 ± 2.452 446. 1977..5 and-2124.7 ± 2. p. D. These results are in good agreement with values given in (361) of -2092. n. and Vozianova. ancillary data from (166. Entropy of MnS04 and other values estimated by Robie. Zhdanov. for nepheline and kaisilite. Using enthalpy of solution values calculated from their equations 4 and 5. standard entropy. I. Arutyunov. 20) is preferred to that derived by (188) from a limited number of phase equilibrium data (-3020. and Roux. 1993.. G.0 ± 2. V.n pnase transition in anorthite(abs): Programme Physical Properties and Thermodynamic Behavior of Minerals (NATO). tables 1-4). 449. 448. L.0189t(°O). 293.045 -0..

The Gibbs energy of livingstonite at 298.15 K. 8 p. 453 Heat capacity measurements on a synthetic alunite are combined with earlier results by Kelley et al. T.. Dadze.. Heat capacity and enthalpy of formation of synthetic alunite: U.S. Hemingway. (219) to estimate the entropy at 298. . and Robie. High temperature heat capacities are derived from 244. The Gibbs free energy of formation of livingstonite: Geokhimiya. 897-900). 454.. 1994.A. V. See.S. 402. R. (219) is recalculated using modern values for the enthalpy of formation of the reference phases..15 K is estimated from the study of (Sorokin.P. The reaction scheme used by Kelley et al. 6. B.I. No.A. Geological Survey Open-file Report 94-688. V. and Pokronskiy. 299. 453.REFERENCES CITED 452. 1988.

454 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES INDEX OF NAMES page page Acanthite (argentite) Acmite Akermanite Alabandite AIbite Almandine Altaite Aluminum Aluminum ion Aluminum sulfate Alunite Ammonia Ammonia-niter Ammonium ion AnaIbite Analcime Anatase Andalusite Andradite Anglesite Anhydrite Anilite Anni te Anorthite Anthophyllite Antimony Aragonite Arcanite Arsenic Arsenolite Arsenopyrite Artinite Azurite Baddeleyite Barite Barium Barium ion Barium monoxide Ber Unite Berndtite Berthierite Bertrandite Beryllium Beryl Bianchite Bicarbonate ion Bicchulite Bi smite Bismuth Bismuthinite Bixbyite Boehmi te Borax Boric oxide Bornite Boron Braunite Bredigite Brochantite Bromargyrite Bromellite Bromide ion Bromine Bromine (ideal gas) Brucite Bunsenite 11 35 32 12 37 33 13 5 5 28 28 10 26 10 2 37 19 31 32 29 28 11 39 2 35 9 25 28 5 15 14 25 25 20 28 5 5 15 30 13 14 31 5 31 29 15 36 15 5 11 17 15 29 16 11 5 17 32 28 23 15 5 5 5 17 18 45 122 148 62 357 59 321 46 135 161 63 373 60 333 61 308 41 68 56 283 56 290 44 121 280 37 64 50 58 59 57 56 64 374 379 223 305 319 297 285 65 36 62 43 55 56 41 388 63 362 360 106 267 288 69 50 228 56 284 72 47 57 46 46 58 41 58 177 299 142 168 146 172 312 73 311 63 364 47 179 41 74 49 201 47 175 176 45 129 155 41 71 49 203 59 53 245 47 178 41 41 48 49 75 4 198 207 Ca-Al pyroxene CaAUSiO glass CaAU glass CaFeS ? glass CaMgSioi glass CaSiOj glass Cadmum Cadmium ion Calcio-olivine Calcite Calcium Calcium ferrite Calcium ion Calcium nitrate Calomel Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Carbonate ion Carbonic acid (aqueous) Carnegie jte Cassiterite Cattierrite Celestite Cerianite Cerium Cerussite Cesium Cesium ion Chalcanthite Chalcocite Chalcocyanite Cha I copy rite Chalcostibite Chiolite Chlorargyrite Chloride ion Chlorine Chloromagnesite Chromite Chromium Chrysoberyl Chrysotile (Antigorite) Cinnabar Claudetite Clausthalite Clinochlore Clinoenstatite Clinoptilolite Cobalt Cobalt monoxide Cobalt-oli vine Cocci nite Coesite Cohenite Cooper ite Copper Copper ion Cordierite Corundum Cotumite Covellite Cristobalite Cryolite Cuban ite Cupric ion Cuprite Cuprous ion 34 34 36 34 34 34 31 6 6 32 25 6 21 6 26 23 15 15 15 15 37 19 11 29 16 6 26 6 6 28 11 28 11 14 24 23 6 6 23 21 6 21 39 12 15 13 40 34 36 6 16 32 24 19 10 13 6 6 33 15 23 11 19 24 12 6 16 6 61 61 63 61 61 61 58 41 345 363 348 344 79 59 325 55 268 41 78 51 230 55 277 47 181 47 180 64 377 50 219 45 125 151 47 184 41 80 84 45 56 45 46 54 53 127 153 286 128 154 147 173 263 247 41 53 51 41 51 65 81 253 234 83 229 394 61 353 41 82 47 185 59 331 50 216 44 120 42 85 60 47 53 45 50 54 334 174 257 126 152 215 262 48 189 .

INDEX OF NAMES 455 page page Danburite Datolite Dawsonite Dehydrated analeime Dehydrated mordenite Diamond Diaspore Diboron trioxide Dicalcium ferrite Dicesium monoxide Dickite Digenite Dilithium monoxide Diopside Dipotassium monoxide Disodium monoxide Dititanium trioxide Djurleite Dolomite Dumortierite 36 32 26 38 33 5 15 15 21 16 39 11 17 34 17 18 19 11 25 31 63 59 317 55 273 64 380 Edingtonite Enargite Enstatite Epidote Epsomite Eskolaite Euclase Eucryptite 36 14 34 31 29 16 31 37 63 Fayalite Ferberite Ferric ion Ferric sulfate Ferrobustamite Ferroselite Ferrosilite Ferrous ion Ferrous oxide Fluorapatite Fluoride ion Fluorine Fluorite Fluor-pargasite Fluorphlogopite (Al/Si disordered) Fluorphlogopite (Al/Si ordered) Forsterite Franklinite Frohbergite 32 30 7 28 34 12 34 7 16 30 6 6 24 35 39 39 33 22 12 60 332 Galena Gaspeite 13 26 31 21 7 15 35 16 5 29 5 11 2 35 28 46 139 165 Gehlenite Geikielite Germanium Gibbsite Glaucophane Goethite Gold Goslarite Graphite Greenockite Grossular Grunerite Gypsum Hafnium dioxide Halite Halloysite Haturite Hauerite Hausmanni te 41 77 47 47 176 51 231 65 381 48196 61 347 48 195 49 206 55 269 58 308 Ikaite Iodide ion Iodine Iodine (ideal gas) Iron Iron ion Iron tennantite Iron tetrahedrite 25 39 21 32 24 7 7 7 2 7 14 14 Jadeite 35 62 356 K-Al sulfate KAISUO. glass KaliophTUite (Kalsilite) Kaolinite Karelianite Kyani te 28 37 37 39 19 31 56 63 63 65 50 58 Langbeinite Larnite (bredigite) Laumontite Lawrencite Lawsonite Lead Lead ion Leonhardite Leucite Liebenbergite 28 31 36 23 31 8 8 36 37 33 15 11 18 7 7 14 12 56 291 58 324 Illite Ilmenite Ilvaite 48 187 58 309 63 371 lodargyrite 61 349 48 191 57 301 42 86 54 258 65 65 60 52 58 51 42 47 62 391 392 335 243 314 240 88 361 41 70 41 45 31 62 76 124 150 58 316 359 Lime Lirmaeite Litharge Lithium Lithium ion Livingstonite Loellingite 23 53 255 39 65 32 59 326 Nagnes ioch romi te Magnesioferrite Magnesite Magnesium Magnesium ion Magnesium nitrate Magnesium sulfate Magnetite 13 17 49 202 Manganese 17 138 164 346 192 233 141 167 13 34 16 21 13 22 36 36 30 25 7 23 24 7 12 12 25 23 16 30 35 61 352 58 56 287 61 46 61 48 51 46 Heazlewoodite Hedenbergite Hematite Hercynite Herzenbergite Hetaerolite Heulandite Hexagonal anorthite Huebnerite Huntite Hydrogen Hydrogen chloride Hydrogen fluoride Hydrogen ion Hydrogen sulfide Hydrogen sulfide ion Hydromagnesite Hydrophilite Hydroxide ion Hydroxyapatite Hypersthene Malachite 21 21 25 8 8 26 28 16 25 8 42 89 53 251 54 259 46 134 160 53 248 57 302 62 65 51 235 59 318 54 264 42 91 7 87 289 368 369 382 225 304 53 249 58 313 43 102 63 370 60 339 47 182 49 208 93 51 51 55 42 238 239 271 94 55 279 56 292 48 193 42 95 .

c)AUSi.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 456 page Manganese ion Manganese sulfate Manganosite Marcasite Margarite Marsh ite Mascagnite Massicot Mat i Id ite Meionite (Al-Si ordered) Melanterite Mercuric ion Mercurous ion Mercury Mer lino ite Merwinite Mesolite Metacinnabar Methane MgSiO. cCa.Oi:) glass lsi*°" 9lass Microcline Millerite Minium Mirabilite Molybdenite Molybdenum Molybdite Molysite Monohydrocalci te Monteponite Mont i eel I ite Montroydite Mordenite Morenosite Mull ite Muscovite (Al/Si disordered) Muscovite (Al/Si ordered) NaAlSiO. glass MgSio|-Ilmenite MgSiOj-Perovskite MgjA^SijO^p glass (Mg. glass glass glass Na ?5~K 75 feldspar Na 55-K 45 feldspar Na* fic-K'ic feldspar Naficolite Nantokite Nat ro I ite Nepheline-Na ?9AlSiO/4 Nepheline ' 7«K n ~ Z^ Nesguehonite NH.* 8 29 17 12 39 24 29 19 14 36 28 7 7 7 38 32 38 12 10 34 35 35 33 33 33 56 48 45 65 54 56 page 293 199 133 159 384 265 294 63 365 42 90 59 322 44 119 61 62 354 60 337 60 60 14 36 63 366 13 18 29 13 8 17 23 25 16 32 17 38 29 31 2 2 37 35 37 37 37 37 26 23 38 32 37 25 10 8 23 8 29 Nickel Nickelous chloride Nickelous ion Nickelous sulfate Niningerite Ni ?SiO/ -spinel Nifer Nitrate ion Nitrobarite Nitrogen Nitrogen dioxide Nukundami te 33 26 17 26 8 17 12 Oldhamite Orpiment 11 11 46 137 163 49 210 46 42 49 53 136 162 96 204 250 59 320 58 307 39 65 386 39 65 387 64 378 62 64 375 64 64 376 43 99 53 256 56 289 12 60 340 278 55 276 42 97 49 205 Osumilite Otavite Oxygen 33 60 25 8 42 100 Paragonite (Al/Si disordered) Paragonite (Al/Si ordered) Pargasite (Al/Si ordered) Pentlandite Periclase Perovskite Petalite Phenakite Phillipsite Phlogopite (Al/Si disordered) Phlogopite (Al/Si ordered) Phosphate ion Phosphorus Phosphorus pentoxide Platinum Plattnerite PolIncite Portlandite Potassium Potassium aluminum sulfate Potassium bromide Potassium hydroxide Potassium ion Rowel Iite Prehnite Proustite Pseudobrookite 40 66 395 40 66 396 Pyrolusite Pyrope Pyrope-grossular Pyrophanite PyrophylIi te Pyroxmangite Pyrrhotite 35 13 17 21 37 31 38 2 2 18 8 18 8 18 36 16 7 28 23 17 7 30 39 14 21 34 14 12 17 33 33 21 39 35 12 Quartz 18 49 214 Rankinite Realgar Retgersite Rhodochrosite Rhodonite Riebeckite Rosenhahnite Rutile 32 11 29 26 35 35 Pseudotrallastonite Pyrargyrite Pyrite Salammoniac Sanidine Sanmartinite Sapphirine Scacchite Scheelite Scoleeite Selenium Sellaite Siderite Silica glass Silicalite Silicic acid (aqueous) Silicon Silicon monoxide Sillimanite Silver Silver ion Smithite 48 51 63 58 197 232 372 310 39 65 389 39 65 390 43 101 43 49 63 47 42 56 53 103 209 183 92 289 246 65 385 51 61 343 45 48 60 60 51 65 132 158 200 336 241 383 45 131 157 59 327 45 123 149 55 62 62 32 59 19 50 272 355 328 222 23 53 2 37 63 367 30 33 23 30 36 9 24 25 19 19 9 9 53 254 43 54 55 50 107 260 270 218 19 43 18 49 31 58 5 41 5 14 108 213 306 67 .

457 INDEX OF NAMES page page Smithsonite Soda-niter Sodium Sodium carbonate Sodium hydroxide Sodium ion Sphalerite Spinel a-spodumene p-spodumene Spurrite Staurolite Steam Stibnite Stilbite Stishovite Stolzite Strengite Strontianite Strontium Strontium ion Strontium monoxide Strontium nitrate Sulfate ion Sulfide ion Sulfite ion Sulfur Sulfur (monoclinic) Sulfur (ideal gas) Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Sulfuric acid Sylvite Szomolnokite 26 27 8 26 18 8 13 21 34 34 32 33 17 13 36 19 30 30 26 9 9 19 27 18 9 18 3 9 3 18 18 28 23 28 55 275 55 281 42 98 Talc Tellurite Tellurium Tellurobismuthite Tenorite Tephroite Thenardite Thermonatrite Thorianite Thorium Tialite Tilleyite Tin Titanite (sphene) Titanium Topaz Tremolite Trevorite Tricobalt tetraoxide Tridymite Troilite Trona Tungsten Tungsten dioxide Tungsteni te Tungsten trioxide 39 19 9 11 16 33 29 26 19 9 21 32 9 32 9 31 35 21 16 19 12 26 9 20 13 20 65 393 Ulvospinel Uraninite Uranium 21 51 236 19 50 224 9 43 114 Valentinite Vanadium Vaterite Villiaumite Violarite 18 9 44 115 25 24 54 261 13 46 51 61 61 59 60 48 46 144 170 237 350 351 329 194 140 166 50 217 55 274 43 110 50 220 55 282 8 43 104 9 43 105 49 211 49 212 53 252 43 111 48 60 56 55 50 43 51 59 43 59 43 58 62 52 47 188 338 295 221 112 330 109 323 113 303 358 242 186 45 130 156 44 116 50 226 46 143 169 Uillemite Witherite Wollastonite Wulfenite Wurtzite Wustite 36 16 26 30 33 25 34 30 13 16 Zinc Zinc ion Zinc tennantite Zinc tetrahedrite Zinc titanium spinel Zincite Zinkosite Zircon Zirconium Zoisite 10 10 14 14 22 20 29 33 10 31 Uairakite Water Uegscheiderite Uhitlockite 57 300 60 55 266 61 342 46 145 171 48 190 44 117 52 50 57 60 44 58 244 227 298 341 118 315 .

13Al 2.82°18 )l Ca2Al 2Si06(OH)2 C82FC2°5 o-Ca2Si04 (J-Ca2Si04 Y-Ca2Si04 41 75 Ca3Mg(Si04 ) 2 Ca3(P04 )2 Ca3Si05 15 47 180 15 47 181 15 36 6 6 39 34 31 36 36 36 36 32 36 25 25 25 23 24 34 21 32 25 32 34 25 30 15 16 11 28 28 34 41 78 65 61 58 63 384 345 313 362 363 59 317 63 55 267 268 53 54 61 51 59 55 59 61 248 258 346 230 318 269 320 347 348 47 182 47 183 56 285 61 342 343 344 21 51 232 32 59 323 30 36 39 31 36 31 31 36 21 32 35 31 31 32 2 32 32 30 32 385 65 58 63 58 58 364 314 315 51 59 62 58 58 59 31 59 59 57 59 231 321 358 324 324 325 58 316 319 322 300 326 .02Na0.06Na0.THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES 458 INDEX OF FORMULAS page Ag Ag+ AgAsS2 p-AgBiS2 AgBr AgC I Agl o-AgSbS2 Ag2S Ag3AsS3 Ag3sbs3 M 3+ Al(OH)3 AIO(OH) AIP04 A1 2°3 A1 2 (S04 )3 Al 2Si04 F2 Al 2Si05 Al 2Si 4010 (OH) 2 Al 6Si 2013 Al 6.84°18' 6H2° Ca. Ca2+ CaAl 2 [Al 2Si 2010](OH) 2 CaAl 2Si06 CaAl 2 [Si 207<OH) 2]-H20 CaAl 2Si 208 CaAl 2Si 301Q -3H20 CaAl 2Si 4012 -2H20 CaAl 2Si 4012 -4H20 CaB(Si04 )(OH) CaB2Si 208 CaCOj CaCl CaF CaFe204 CaFe3 (Si 207)0(OH) CaMg(C03 )2 CaMgSi04 CaHgSi 206 CaHo04 CaO Ca(OH) 2 CaS CaS04 CaS04 -2H20 CaSiOj CaTi&j CaTiSi05 CaW04 Ca1.75 C] 0.18Ba0.25 (OH)0. 5 41 76 77 10 44 119 B B2°3 Ba Ba2+ BaAl 2Si 301Q -3H20 BaCOj Ba(N03 )2 BaO BaS04 Be BeAlSi04(OH) BeAl 204 BeO Be2Si04 41 71 47 176 72 63 55 55 47 56 41 58 51 47 58 58 58 41 47 266 276 177 284 73 309 229 178 310 311 312 74 179 CO C02 COj2" Ca0.14K .25BSi 3°17.18Si 6.59Sr0.16Si 6.38~ K0.75 As AsS AS2°3 AS2S3 Au 5 5 14 14 23 23 24 14 11 14 14 5 5 15 15 30 15 28 31 31 page 41 67 53 245 53 247 54 264 45 122 148 41 68 47 47 57 47 56 58 58 299 174 283 303 304 305 306 39 65 381 382 39 65 383 21 51 31 58 307 31 58 308 5 41 69 11 45 123 149 15 11 5 41 70 Be4Si 207(OH)2 Bi Bi 2°3 Bi 2S3 Bi 2Te3 Br Br2 5 15 5 5 36 25 26 15 28 5 31 21 15 31 31 31 5 15 11 11 5 5 C CH.01 (Al 2.

947° 32 32 36 30 30 32 32 6 6 25 16 11 6 16 6 6 6 16 11 32 16 11 6 16 36 6 6 16 6 6 6 23 11 12 24 16 11 14 28 28 11 11 11 25 16 11 14 25 28 11 14 14 14 14 6 6 12 12 16 59 59 63 57 57 59 59 41 327 328 365 301 302 329 330 79 45 124 150 41 80 47 184 41 41 47 45 59 47 81 82 185 125 151 331 186 Fe FeAl204 FeAs1.95 J Cu2 (C03 )(OH) 2 Cu20 Cu2S Cu3(OH) 2(C03 ) 2 CU4 (S04 )(OH) 6 Cu10 Fe2Sb4S 13 Cu10Zn2As4S 13 Cu 10Zn2Sb4S 13 F" FL Fe .75s Cu'1.INDEX OF FORMULAS 459 page page Ca3Si 207 Ca3Si 308(OH) 2 Ca4Al 6Si 6024C03 Ca5 (P04 ) 3 F Ca5 (P04 )3OH Cd Cd2* CdCOj CdO CdS Ce Ce02 Cl' ci 2 Co CoO C°3°4 C°3S4 Cr CP2°3 (Cs " 65Na 19Rb 03>AI 2S1"4°12' H2° Cs Cs+ Cs20 Cu Cu+ CU2+ CuC I CuFeSo Cul CuO CuS CuSbS2 CUSO.80s Cu 1.92 FeAs2 FeCOj FeC 1 2 FeClj FeCr204 FeO FeO(OH) Fe(P04)-2H20 FeS FeS04 -H20 FeS04 -7H20 FeS 41 83 48 187 63 84 FeSe2 FeSiOj FeTe2 FeTiOj FeW04 Fe2°3 Fe2(S04 )3 42 85 Fe2Si04 Fe2Ti04 Fe2Ti05 45 128 154 54 48 45 46 56 265 188 126 152 147 173 286 Fe3C Fe3°4 Fe4Al 18Si 8046(OH> 2 Fe7Sig022(OH)2 Ge H+ HCOj" HCl HF HS" H2 48 189 45 127 153 J2J»S H2S H2S04 H4Si04 HfO.08s0.875J Fe . 45 129 155 HgCl Hgl 2 HgO HgS H9|J?4S8 42 86 45 131 157 45 48 190 2 7 7 21 14 12 25 23 23 21 16 12 30 12 28 28 12 7 87 51 233 55 53 53 51 48 45 270 249 250 234 191 130 156 45 130 156 45 132 133 158 159 14 46 146 172 12 34 61 349 12 21 51 235 30 16 48 192 28 56 287 32 60 332 21 51 236 21 51 33 60 333 10 44 120 16 48 193 33 60 35 62 359 7 42 88 7 15 23 24 12 7 15 16 12 28 9 17 7 7 23 24 17 12 14 7 53 251 54 259 42 89 17 48 194 46 134 160 19 42 90 7 7 42 91 .90s" ^. CuSO4 -5H20 Cu 1.

010](OH) 2 KMg3 CAlSi 3010](OH) 2 KNOj KOH K2Mg2(S04 )3 K20 K2S04 K3 (Al 7Hg)(Al2Si 14 )040(OH)8 LiAlSi04 LiAlSi 206 LiAlSi 4010 Li 20 <M9.94S l5.81 K0.19ALSi 1.62* 1.69H2° KAlSi 266 KAl 2 [AlSi 301Q](OH) 2 KA13 <OH)6<S04 ) 2 KBr KCl KFe3 [AlSi.15>Si °3 Mg J* HgAl2o4 MgCOj MgCl 2 HgCr204 MgF2 HgFe204 Ng(N03 )2 HgO Mg(OH)2 MgS MgS04 -7H20 MgSiOj MgTiOj (Ng 1 " 5Ca1 5 >Al 2Si 3012 '5°18> Hg2Si04 38 7 7 28 37 38 38 37 2 39 28 23 23 39 33 39 39 26 17 28 17 28 39 7 7 37 34 37 17 Li Li* Mg3Si 205 (OH)4 M83Si 4°10 (OH)2 38 35 8 8 21 25 25 23 21 24 21 26 17 17 12 28 29 34 35 21 33 33 33 33 25 33 42 92 56 289 63 369 Ng5Al(AlSi 3010 )(OH)8 4MgC03 -Ng(OH) 2 -4H20 Hg7si 8o22(OH)2 Nn Hn2+ NnCOj 63 370 36 37 63 366 367 65 386 387 56 290 53 246 53 252 65 388 60 65 391 392 65 389 390 278 56 291 48 195 56 288 65 93 63 61 63 48 371 350 351 372 196 62 42 94 51 237 55 271 53 51 54 51 55 48 48 253 238 260 239 279 197 198 56 292 61 62 51 60 60 60 352 353 354 240 334 60 335 MnCl2 MnO Nn02 MnS MnS04 NnS2 MnSiOj MnU0 Ho HoOj MoS52 NH3 NH4+ NH4Cl <NH4 ) 2S04 N02 - (Na0.78K0.29Al 0.13H20 (Na0.55K0.75 )AlSf 3°8 Na0.88* 1.85 Fc.80lla0.81°5.94°5.20Al8! 1 .18H20 Na0.36Ca0. Na0. 81*5.88' 2.94Sl 5.64H20 (Na0.62' 2.25K0.19AlSi 1.99Si 3.29AL 0.81 K0.85K0.81H20 1"!.94°5.45 )AlSi 3°8.68Ca0.01°10)2.47H2 (N80.22 >A [ Si °4 Na0.79H20 KAl(S04 )2 KAlSi0 KAlSl*1 94°5 88' 1 .15>AlSi 3°8 Na Na+ NaAlC03 (OH) 2 NaAlSi04 NaAlSi 206 NaAlSi 206 -H20 NaAlSijOg NaAl 2 [AlSi 301Q](OH)2 NaCa2Hg4Al(Al 2Si 6 )022F2 NaCa2Ng4Al(Al 2Si 6)022(OH) 2 33 39 39 40 25 35 8 8 26 23 17 17 12 29 13 35 21 30 17 33 17 17 8 17 13 10 10 23 26 29 17 17 8 37 38 60 336 337 65 394 65 393 62 360 42 95 55 53 48 48 45 56 272 254 199 200 135 161 293 62 355 51 241 49 60 49 49 42 49 46 201 338 202 203 96 204 136 162 44 121 53 280 56 294 49 205 42 97 38 37 38 32 64 38 38 37 8 42 98 8 26 55 273 37 64 376 377 378 35 62 356 380 37 64 379 2 37 63 64 373 374 40 66 395 396 35 35 .66<Al 1.06°12' 3.460 THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MINERALS AND RELATED SUBSTANCES page page K0.36Ca0.06°12 Na0.

1 K.INDEX OF FORMULAS 461 page page Nad NaF NaFeSi 206 NaHC&j NaNOj NaOH <Ka1.5 Fe4.r 6H20 Na2B407-10H20 Na2C03 -NaHC03 -2H20 Na2Fe3Fe2Si 8022(OH)2 Ma2Mg3Al 2Si 8022(OH) 2 Na2C03 -3NaHC03 Na20 Na2S04 Na2S04 -10H20 NiCl 2 NiCOj MiFe204 NiO NiS NiS04 NiS04 -6H20 NiS0 -7H20 < Ni .S. G. Zn2Si04 Zn2Ti04 Zr Zr02 ZrSiO.:1995-380-070:89 8 18 18 8 8 26 23 30 18 18 13 29 13 13 30 18 8 13 so4 .P. 10 10 26 22 22 20 13 44 117 55 275 52 243 50 227 46 144 145 170 171 29 57 298 29 29 30 33 60 22 52 244 10 44 118 20 50 228 33 60 341 .5S8 OH" 53 255 54 261 62 357 55 281 3- P205 Pb Pb2+ PbCOj PbCl 2 PbMo04 PbO Pb02 PbS PbS04 PbSe PbTe PbW04 Pb3°4 Pt PtS S2' so2 *U.?Fc . S2 Sb Sb2°3 Se Si SiO Si02 55 62 62 361 49 206 56 295 54 262 54 263 43 99 53 256 52 49 46 56 242 207 137 163 289 Sn Sn02 SnS SnS2 Sr Sr2+ SrCOj SrO SrS04 Te Te02 Th Th02 Ti Ti02 Ti 2°3 60 339 340 46 138 164 18 18 18 3 9 18 13 9 9 18 18 49 212 9 43 105 43 106 46 43 43 49 19 214 217 43 50 46 46 43 140 107 108 213 49 215 218 109 219 141 142 110 166 50 216 9 19 167 13 168 13 9 9 26 55 274 27 55 282 19 50 220 29 9 19 9 19 9 19 19 43 111 43 50 43 50 112 221 113 222 223 uo2 9 43 114 19 50 224 V V2°3 9 44 115 19 50 225 43 101 W 43 102 "°3 WS 9 44 116 20 50 226 20 13 46 143 169 16 8 42 100 °2 PO 23 24 35 26 27 18 38 38 29 26 26 26 35 35 26 18 29 29 24 24 8 8 23 26 21 18 13 29 29 29 13 33 13 13 53 257 49 49 46 57 208 209 139 165 297 61 308 49 210 43 103 3 8 43 104 09 18 49 211 U wo2 Zn2+ ZnCOj ZnFe204 ZnMn204 ZnO ZnS ZnS04 ZnS04 -6H20 ZnS04 -7H20 Zrtuo.9Si 6.8>Al 1.3>3S4 Ni 2Si04 Ni 4.O.

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