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研究显示:老人适量食用黑巧克力有益心脏
2011年10月20日 09:10:23 来源: 新'网

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  许多研究已显示,食用黑巧克力对心脏有利。黑巧克力为何具有这一特殊的功能?瑞典研究人员
在新一期美国《心血管药理学》杂志网络版上发表论文,对此进行了详细阐释。
  研究人员的报告称,黑巧克力含有的可可黄烷醇等有益成分能抑制血管紧张素转化酶,从而起到
保护心脏的作用。研究人员称,血管紧张素转化酶是人体荷尔蒙系统不可缺少的物质,起到调节血压
的作用。血管紧张素转化酶水平过高易导致动脉硬化和其他心血管疾病。当血管紧张素转化酶被抑制
后,血压会随之降低。(中国新闻网)
感谢您阅读: 研究显示:老人适量食用黑巧克力有益心脏
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研究显示:老人适量食用黑巧克力有益心脏 - 美食频道 - '_网 http://eat.cqnews.net/html/2011-10/20/content_9286231.htm
1/2 23/10/2011 1:36
Good for all adults
and not only old
folks
Eva lu a t ion of Ris k
Fa ct or s [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/framingham.aspx ]
Ch oles t er ol - Pr even t ion
[LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/cholesterol/default.aspx
]
Nu t r it ion St r a t egies
[LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/nutrition/default.aspx ]
Wom en ' s Nu t r it ion
Cor n er [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/women
/nutritioncorner.aspx ]
Sm okin g [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/smoking/default.aspx ]
Dia bet es a n d
Ca r d iova s cu la r Dis ea s e
[LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/diabetes/default.aspx ]
Hyp er t en s ion [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/htn/yourbp.aspx ]
Exer cis e [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/exercise/default.aspx ]
St r es s , Em ot ion s &
Rela xa t ion [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/stress/default.aspx ]
Weigh t Ma n a gem en t
[LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/weight_management
/default.aspx ]
Pr even t ive Ca r d iology &
Reh a bilit a t ion Pr ogr a m
[LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/pcrp.aspx ]
Hea r t Hea lt h for Teen s
a n d Kid s [LINK:
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.org/heart/women
/teenhealth/default.aspx ]
Hot Top ics in Pr even t ive
Ca r d iology [LINK:
http:://my.clevelandclinic
.org/heart/prevention
/hot_topics_in_preventive_
cardiology.aspx ]
Welln es s a n d Holis t ic
Th er a p ies : Her ba ls ,
Su p p lem en t s a n d
Hea lin g [LINK:
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/alternative/default.aspx
]
Hea r t Hea lt h y
Food
35 Power Food s
[LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition
/35powerfoods.aspx ]
Power Food s for
Wom en [LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/women
/nutritioncorner_pow
erfoods.aspx ]
Gr ocer y Gu id e -
Hea r t -Hea lt h y
Kit ch en Es s en t ia ls
[LINK:
Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled
Th e Swe et Tr u t h Abou t Ch ocola t e a n d You r Hea r t
Ha ve you h a d you r fla von oid s t od a y?
While not a question normally asked at a social gathering, flavonoids have become quite a
hot topic in the media and in scientific journals.
Fla von oid s help protect plants by shielding them from environmental toxins and
helping repair damage. When we consume plant-based foods rich in flavonoids, it appears
that we also benefit from this “antioxidant” power. An t ioxid a n t s are believed to help the
body's cells resist damage caused by free radicals that are formed by normal bodily
processes such as breathing and from environmental contaminants like cigarette smoke.
When the body lacks adequate levels of antioxidants, damage from free radicals occurs
and leads to increases in LDL (“bad)-cholesterol oxidation (oxidized LDL-cholesterol
hurts the arteries) and plaque formation on the walls of the arteries.
Fla va n ols are the main type of flavonoid found in cocoa and chocolate. In addition to
having antioxidant qualities, research indicates that flavanols have other positive
influences on vascular health, such as lowering blood pressure and improving blood flow
Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/chocolate.aspx
1/3 23/10/2011 1:40
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition
/groceryguide_conven
iencefoods.aspx ]
An t ioxid a n t Food
Ta ble [LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition
/antioxidants.aspx ]
Th e Wh ole Tr u t h
a n d Nu t t in g Bu t
t h e Tr u t h [LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition/nuts.aspx
]
Th e Power of Fis h
[LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition
/omega3.aspx ]
Hea r t -Hea lt h
Ben efit s of
Ch ocola t e Un veiled
[LINK:
http:://my.cleveland
clinic.org/heart
/prevention
/nutrition
/chocolate.aspx ]
to the brain and heart, making blood platelets less sticky and able to clot, and lowering
cholesterol.
Wh a t a r e fla von oid s ?
Fla von oid s are naturally-occurring compounds found in plant-based foods that offer
certain health benefits. They are part of the polyphenol group (chemicals found in plants).
There are more than 4,000 flavonoid compounds, which are found in a wide variety of
foods and beverages, such as cranberries, apples, peanuts, chocolate, onions, tea and red
wine. Fla va n ols are a type of flavonoid specifically found in cocoa and chocolate.
Flavanols, which give cocoa a pungent taste, "may be lost during cocoa processing". Some
chocolate manufacturers are studying ways to keep high levels of flavanols in their
products while still producing good-tasting chocolate.
Ar e a ll t yp es of ch ocola t e h ea lt h y?
Before you grab a chocolate candy bar or slice of chocolate cake, it’s important to
understand that not all forms of chocolate contain high levels of flavanols.
Cocoa naturally has a very strong, pungent taste, which comes from the flavanols. When
cocoa is processed into your favorite chocolate products, it goes through several steps to
reduce this taste. The more chocolate is processed (through things like fermentation,
alkalizing, roasting, etc.), the more flavanols are lost. Most commercial chocolates are
highly processed. Although it was once believed that dark chocolate contained the highest
levels flavanols, recent research indicates that, depending on how the dark chocolate was
processed, this may not be true. The good news is that most major chocolate
manufacturers are looking for ways to keep the flavanols in their processed chocolates.
But for now, your best choices are likely dark chocolate over milk chocolate (especially
milk chocolate that is loaded with other fats and sugars), and cocoa powder that has not
undergone Dutch processing (cocoa that is treated with an alkali to neutralize its natural
acidity).
Wh a t a bou t a ll of t h e fa t in ch ocola t e?
You may be surprised to learn that chocolate isn’t as bad for you as we once thought.
The fat in chocolate comes from cocoa butter and is made up of equal amounts of oleic acid (a heart-healthy
monounsaturated fat also found in olive oil), stearic and palmitic acids. Stearic and palmitic acids are forms of saturated
fat. You may know that saturated fats are linked to increases in LDL-cholesterol and the risk for heart disease.
But, research shows that stearic acid appears to have a neutral effect on cholesterol, neither raising nor lowering it.
Although palmitic acid does affect cholesterol levels, it only makes up one-third of the fat calories in chocolate. Still, this
great news does not mean you can eat all the dark chocolate you’d like.
First, be careful about the type of dark chocolate you choose: chewy caramel-marshmallow-nut-covered dark chocolate is
by no means a heart-healthy food option. Watch out for those extra ingredients that can add lots of extra fat and calories!
Second, there is currently no established serving size of chocolate to help you reap the cardiovascular benefits it offers, and
more research is needed in this area. However, we do know that you no longer need to feel guilty if you enjoy a small piece
of dark chocolate once in a while. So, for now, enjoy moderate portions of chocolate (e.g., one ounce) a few times per week,
and don’t forget to eat other flavonoid-rich foods like apples, red wine, tea, onions and cranberries.
Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/chocolate.aspx
2/3 23/10/2011 1:40

aspx ] Exercise [LINK: http:://my.clevelandclinic .aspx ] Smoking [LINK: http:://my.org/heart/prevention /framingham.org/heart/prevention /smoking/default.org/heart/prevention /alternative/default.aspx ] Weight Management [LINK: http:://my.aspx ] Cholesterol .aspx ] Wellness and Holistic Therapies: Herbals.aspx ] Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease [LINK: http:://my.org/heart/prevention /stress/default.clevelandclinic .aspx ] Nutrition Strategies [LINK: http:://my.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/chocolate.clevelandclinic .clevelandclinic.aspx Evaluation of Risk Factors [LINK: http:://my.aspx ] Heart Health for Teens and Kids [LINK: http:://my.org/heart/prevention /htn/yourbp.org/heart/prevention /diabetes/default.aspx ] Stress. Emotions & Relaxation [LINK: http:://my.aspx ] Hot Topics in Preventive Cardiology [LINK: http:://my.aspx ] Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation Program [LINK: http:://my. In addition to having antioxidant qualities.org/heart /women /nutritioncorner_pow erfoods.Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled http://my.clevelandclinic . Flavanols are the main type of flavonoid found in cocoa and chocolate.clevelandclinic .org/heart/women /teenhealth/default.clevelandclinic .clevelandclinic . Supplements and Healing [LINK: http:://my. When the body lacks adequate levels of antioxidants.org/heart/women /nutritioncorner.aspx ] Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled The Sweet Truth About Chocolate and Your Heart Have you had your flavonoids today? While not a question normally asked at a social gathering. damage from free radicals occurs and leads to increases in LDL (“bad)-cholesterol oxidation (oxidized LDL-cholesterol hurts the arteries) and plaque formation on the walls of the arteries. When we consume plant-based foods rich in flavonoids. Antioxidants are believed to help the body's cells resist damage caused by free radicals that are formed by normal bodily processes such as breathing and from environmental contaminants like cigarette smoke.org/heart/prevention /hot_topics_in_preventive_ cardiology.org/heart/prevention /weight_management /default.aspx ] Women's Nutrition Corner [LINK: http:://my.clevelandclinic .org/heart/prevention /nutrition/default.clevelandclinic .clevelandclinic .aspx ] Power Foods for Women [LINK: http:://my.org/heart /prevention /nutrition /35powerfoods. research indicates that flavanols have other positive influences on vascular health. flavonoids have become quite a hot topic in the media and in scientific journals.org/heart/prevention /cholesterol/default.clevelandclinic .clevelandclinic .clevelandclinic .aspx ] Hypertension [LINK: http:://my.Prevention [LINK: http:://my.clevelandclinic .org/heart/prevention /pcrp.cleveland clinic.aspx ] Grocery Guide Heart-Healthy Kitchen Essentials [LINK: 1/3 23/10/2011 1:40 .cleveland clinic. it appears that we also benefit from this “antioxidant” power.org/heart/prevention /exercise/default. such as lowering blood pressure and improving blood flow Heart Healthy Food 35 Power Foods [LINK: http:://my. Flavonoids help protect plants by shielding them from environmental toxins and helping repair damage.

which give cocoa a pungent taste. But. etc. stearic and palmitic acids. However. and more research is needed in this area. The fat in chocolate comes from cocoa butter and is made up of equal amounts of oleic acid (a heart-healthy monounsaturated fat also found in olive oil). pungent taste.g. red wine. this great news does not mean you can eat all the dark chocolate you’d like.org/heart /prevention /nutrition /antioxidants. your best choices are likely dark chocolate over milk chocolate (especially milk chocolate that is loaded with other fats and sugars). Flavanols. Some chocolate manufacturers are studying ways to keep high levels of flavanols in their products while still producing good-tasting chocolate. onions and cranberries.cleveland clinic.org/heart /prevention /nutrition /omega3. and don’t forget to eat other flavonoid-rich foods like apples. and lowering cholesterol. roasting. be careful about the type of dark chocolate you choose: chewy caramel-marshmallow-nut-covered dark chocolate is by no means a heart-healthy food option.. and cocoa powder that has not undergone Dutch processing (cocoa that is treated with an alkali to neutralize its natural acidity).org/heart /prevention /nutrition /chocolate.org/heart /prevention /nutrition/nuts.org/heart /prevention /nutrition /groceryguide_conven iencefoods. What about all of the fat in chocolate? You may be surprised to learn that chocolate isn’t as bad for you as we once thought. depending on how the dark chocolate was processed. one ounce) a few times per week.cleveland clinic. So. tea and red wine.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/chocolate. research shows that stearic acid appears to have a neutral effect on cholesterol. The good news is that most major chocolate manufacturers are looking for ways to keep the flavanols in their processed chocolates. peanuts. enjoy moderate portions of chocolate (e. Although palmitic acid does affect cholesterol levels.000 flavonoid compounds. such as cranberries. But for now. When cocoa is processed into your favorite chocolate products.aspx ] Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled [LINK: http:://my. we do know that you no longer need to feel guilty if you enjoy a small piece of dark chocolate once in a while. "may be lost during cocoa processing". which comes from the flavanols. onions. it only makes up one-third of the fat calories in chocolate.Heart-Health Benefits of Chocolate Unveiled http://my. They are part of the polyphenol group (chemicals found in plants). this may not be true.cleveland clinic. Watch out for those extra ingredients that can add lots of extra fat and calories! Second. apples. neither raising nor lowering it. making blood platelets less sticky and able to clot. 2/3 23/10/2011 1:40 .aspx ] The Power of Fish [LINK: http:://my. it goes through several steps to reduce this taste.). Still. alkalizing. tea. The more chocolate is processed (through things like fermentation.clevelandclinic.cleveland clinic.aspx ] The Whole Truth and Nutting But the Truth [LINK: http:://my. Flavanols are a type of flavonoid specifically found in cocoa and chocolate. there is currently no established serving size of chocolate to help you reap the cardiovascular benefits it offers. chocolate. Stearic and palmitic acids are forms of saturated fat.aspx ] Are all types of chocolate healthy? Before you grab a chocolate candy bar or slice of chocolate cake. recent research indicates that.cleveland clinic.aspx ] Antioxidant Food Table [LINK: http:://my. http:://my. What are flavonoids? Flavonoids are naturally-occurring compounds found in plant-based foods that offer certain health benefits. it’s important to understand that not all forms of chocolate contain high levels of flavanols. the more flavanols are lost. There are more than 4. Cocoa naturally has a very strong. for now. You may know that saturated fats are linked to increases in LDL-cholesterol and the risk for heart disease.aspx to the brain and heart. First. which are found in a wide variety of foods and beverages. Most commercial chocolates are highly processed. Although it was once believed that dark chocolate contained the highest levels flavanols.