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He had been secretary of the interior (1923). he was also secretary of foreign affairs.1931).1939) President of the Second Republic from 1943 to 1945. later. He proclaimed Philippine independence at Kawit on June 12. His capture foreshadowed the end of large-scale armed resistance to American rule. he was instructed by Quezon to stay in Manila and deal with the Japanese to soften the blow of enemy occupation. then was elected president of the revolutionary government at the Tejeros Convention on March 22. Laurel (1891 . Sr. and chief justice during the commonwealth. H Manuel L.THE 15 PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Emilio Aguinaldo (1869 . 1898. and." Jose P. As vice president during Manuel Roxas’s term.1897. Upon return of the American forces. delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1934). Quezon (1878-1944) The first Filipino president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under American rule. For advocating Filipinolanguage amendments to the 1935 Constitution. but these were dropped when President Roxas issued an amnesty proclamation. he was elected senator and negotiated the Laurel-Langley Agreement. Manuel Roxas (1892 . Biakna-Bato Republic. He started as a member of the Magdalo Chapter of the Katipunan in Cavite. He became president when Roxas died in . He was president of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. As president. senator (1925 .1961) The first Filipino national leader under the American regime as speaker of the Philippine assembly and the second president of the Philippines (1944-1946). Laurel was imprisoned in Japan when Douglas Macarthur occupied that country He was returned to the Philippines to face charges of treason.1948) The last president of the Philippine Commonwealth and the first president of the republic (1946 . (1878 . When World War II broke out. Sergio Osmeña. In the Third Republic. Elpidio Quirino (1890—1956) President of the Philippines from 1948 to 1953.1964) The president of the first Philippine republic (1899).1948). he is known as the "Father of the National Language. he defended Filipino interests and resisted Japanese efforts to draft Filipinos into the Japanese military service.

He asked Congress to pass the Agricultural Land Reform Code. Sixth and last President of the Third Republic of the Philippines Birthdate: September 11.December 30.1948.December 30. 1981 . who went . It was during his term that the Retail Trade Nationalization Act was passed. it finally passed on August 8. Corazon Cojuangco Aquino (1933 . which abolished share tenancy and installed a leasehold system in its place. Remembered for his Filipino First Policy. 1972. Fifth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines Term: December 30. 1917. Diosdado Macapagal (1910 . He secured revisions in the Bell Trade Act and was the first president to revise the US Military Bases agreement to bring it more in line with Philippine interests. Carlos P. economist and intellectual.1989) President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was among the founders of the Association for Southeast Asia (1963). diplomat.1971) President of the Philippines from 1957 to 1961.) President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. 1973 President of the Fourth Republic of the Philippines Term: June 30. 1963. she led the opposition that overthrew the authoritarian government of Marcos. He was elected president in his own right in 1949. he was ousted from power and lived in exile in Honolulu.1957) President of the Philippines from 1953 to 1957. the date when General Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence in Cavite. As president.1997) President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965.September 28. politician. This was a significant step toward resolving the agrarian problem. 1965 Poet. 1965. It was during his presidency that Independence Day was moved from July 4 to June 12. Died.February 25. lawyer. After the People Power revolution in February 1986. Garcia (1896 . Ramon Magsaysay (1907 . Declared martial law on September 21. 1961 . With Salvador Laurel as running mate. He had been President Quirino’s secretary of defense who was instrumental is suppressing the HUK rebellion. statesman. he persuaded Congress to pass the Agricultural Tenancy Act (1954). Diosdado Macapagal was born to poverty but rose due to diligence and brilliance. Ferdinand Marcos (1917 . the precursor of the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). 1989 Term: December 30.1986 Philippine lawyer and politician who ruled by martial law and was ousted by a peaceful People Power Revolution in 1986. Hawaii.

later politician. 1933 Term: February 25. 1986. he was instrumental in helping to design and implement martial law. later replaced by the Constitution of 1987. he was arrested and stood trial at a congressional impeachment hearing on charges of accepting bribes and corruption.First President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines and the first woman president of the Philippines.) President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1997. which served as the basis for reestablishing democracy. His presidency is remembered for better integrating the national economy in the global scheme. Birthdate: January 25. 1947 Term: 2001 . Joseph Estrada (1937 .June 30.(a popular critic of the Marcos administration).2001 Filipino film actor and director. Together with General Ponce Enrile and the RAM. While this trial was aborted when the senators voted 11 to 10 not to open incriminating evidence against him. he defected from the government in 1986 and joined the People’s Power revolution that ousted Marcos from power. 1992 Political leader and the First Woman President of the Philippines. PGMA has confronted some of the same obstacles as did her father.) The current president of the Philippines. She succeeded her murdered husband.1937 Term: 1998 . as leader of the opposition to President Ferdinand Marcos. 1928 Term: June 30. Fidel V. As head of the Constabulary under President Marcos. Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. He resigned after the impeachment trial against him collapsed Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (1947 . She served as vice president under President Estrada and became president when he was forced to step down for malfeasance. Her government continues enjoy political legitimacy in the face of Fourth President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines and 14th Philippine President Birthdate: April 5. when he tried to clean up corruption in government.June 2010 . 1998 As head of the State his administration centerpiece program is the Philippines 2000. 1992 . Second President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines Birthdate: March 18. through the People’s Power II revolution. President Diosdado Macapagal. Ramos (1928 . During his term in office. which aim to uplift the Philippines as a newly industrialized country by the year 2000.) President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001.June 30. She first established a revolutionary government under the Freedom Constitution.into exile after the successful People’s Power revolution of 1986. he was ousted from power anyway as a peaceful People’s Power II revolution arose and called for his resignation Third President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines Birthdate: April 19.

Maria Elena ("Ballsy"). and public service that guarantees that no one will be left behind. 15th President of the Republic of the Philippines Birthdate: February 8. in our society as a whole. and Kristina Bernadette ("Kris")) Picking up where he left off in his first SONA in 2010. The second woman to be swept into the Presidency by a peaceful People Power revolution (EDSA II). By citing accomplishments of his administration. funding for infrastructure that will secure the sustained growth of the economy.” the President said. a symbol of abuse of authority by the powerful and seemingly untouchable officials and politicians in previous administrations. in his second SONA. BENIGNO AQUINO III ( 2010 ) THE “wang-wang” (siren) again hogged the State of the Nation Address (SONA) of President Benigno Aquino 3rd—his second—on Monday before a joint session of Congress. along our roads. this will also ensure that the people’s money is put in its rightful place. His siblings are 5 (Noynoy is the third child and He has four sisters. to wang-wang. President Aquino this time around silenced critics who have expected him to fail in his promise to rid his administration of the wang-wang.1 percent in June. 1960 Term: 2010 . Aurora Corazon ("Pinky"). Victoria Eliza ("Viel").opposition.5 percent in March to 15. he indicated that he had succeeded in stamping out the noisy wang-wang. The President. (Vice Governor of Tarlac province) and Mother is Former President Corazon Aquino.Description: The daughter of the late President Diosdado Macapagal. the Philippine stock market reaching seven record highs in the past year and the improved credit ratings resulting from the governments “prudent use of funds and creative financial management.” .Present Description: His father is Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. Hunger wanes Among the accomplishments he cited were the decrease in the number of self-rated hunger from 20. in government. “We have put an end to the culture of entitlement. This will bring confidence that will attract business. which will then give rise to jobs. also seemed to have quieted other detractors who saw him as a pushover when it came to standing up to China over conflicting claims of Manila and Beijing to territories in the South China Sea.