Jan Lokpal Bill The Jan Lokpal Bill, also referred to as the citizens' ombudsman bill,[citation needed] is a proposed independent anticorruption law in India. Anti-corruption social activists proposed it as a more effective improvement to the original Lokpal bill, which is currently being proposed by the Government of India.[1] The Jan Lokpal Bill aims to effectively deter corruption, redress grievances of citizens, and protect whistle-blowers. If made into law, the bill would create an independent ombudsman body called the Lokpal (Sanskrit: protector of the people). It would be empowered to register and investigate complaints of corruption against politicians and bureaucrats without prior government approval.[2][3][4] In April 2011, civil activist Anna Hazare started a Satyagraha movement by commencing an indefinite fast in New Delhi to demand the passing of the bill. The movement attracted attention in the media, and hundreds of thousands of supporters, in part due to the organizational skills of Arvind Kejriwal.[5] Following Hazare's four day hunger strike, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh stated that the bill would be re-introduced in the 2011 monsoon session of the Parliament.[6] Accordingly, a committee of five Cabinet Ministers and five social activists attempted to draft a compromise bill merging the two versions but failed. The Indian government went on to propose its own version in the parliament, which the activists rejected on the grounds of not being sufficiently effective, and called it a "toothless bill".[7] • edit] Background The word Lokpal was coined in 1963 by L.M.Singhvi, a Member of Parliament during a debate in Parliament about grievance redressal mechanisms. His son Dr. Abhishek Singhvi is now the head of the Parliamentary Standing Committee reviewing the bill.[8]But unfortunately his efforts onwards weak Lokpal bill, proven that he is following the order of Congress Party, not his father's Moral standards. The prefix Jan (translation: citizens) was added to signify the fact that these improvements include input provided by "ordinary citizens" through an activist-driven, non-governmental public consultation.[9][10] The Lokpal bill was first introduced by Shanti Bhushan in 1968[11] and passed the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969. But before it could be passed by Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha was dissolved and the bill lapsed.[12] The Subsequent versions were re-introduced in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005 and in 2008,[13] but none of them passed. The bill was inspired by the Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC).[14][15] [edit] Key features of proposed bill Some important features of the proposed bill are:[9]

1. To establish a central government anti-corruption institution called Lokpal, supported by Lokayukta at the
state level.

2. As in the case of the Supreme Court and Cabinet Secretariat, the Lokpal will be supervised by the Cabinet
Secretary and the Election Commission. As a result, it will be completely independent of the government and free from ministerial influence in its investigations.

3. Members will be appointed by judges, Indian Administrative Service officers with a clean record, private
citizens and constitutional authorities through a transparent and participatory process. 4. A selection committee will invite short-listed candidates for interviews, video recordings of which will thereafter be made public. outcome and any action taken or proposed. It will also publish lists of all cases received by the Lokayukta during the previous month, cases dealt with and those which are pending. 6. 7. Investigations of each case must be completed in one year. Any resulting trials should be concluded in the following year, giving a total maximum process time of two years. Losses to the government by a corrupt individual will be recovered at the time of conviction.

5. Every month on its website, the Lokayukta will publish a list of cases dealt with, brief details of each, their

2 8. Government office-work required by a citizen that is not completed within a prescribed time period will
result in Lokpal imposing financial penalties on those responsible, which will then be given as compensation to the complainant.

9. Complaints against any officer of Lokpal will be investigated and completed within month and, if found to
be substantive, will result in the officer being dismissed within two months.

10. The existing anti-corruption agencies [CVC], departmental vigilance and the anti-corruption branch of the
[CBI] will be merged into Lokpal which will have complete power authority to independently investigate and prosecute any officer, judge or politician.

11. Whistle-blowers who alert the agency to potential corruption cases will also be provided with protection by
it. [edit] Difference between governments and activist drafts ===Highlights=== Difference between Jan Lokpal Bill and Draft Bill 2010[16] • Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizen's Ombudsman • Draft Lokpal Bill (2010) Bill) • Lokpal will have no power to initiate suo motu action • Lokpal will have powers to initiate suo or receive complaints of corruption from the general motu action or receive complaints of public. It can only probe complaints forwarded by the corruption from the general public. Speaker of the Lok Sabha or the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. • Lokpal will only be an Advisory Body with a role • Lokpal will have the power to initiate limited to forwarding reports to a "Competent prosecution of anyone found guilty. Authority". • Lokpal will have no police powers and no ability to • Lokpal will have police powers as well as register an FIR or proceed with criminal the ability to register FIRs. investigations. • Lokpal and the anti corruption wing of the • The CBI and Lokpal will be unconnected. CBI will be one independent body. • Punishment for corruption will be a minimum of 6 months and a maximum of up to 7 years. • Punishments will be a minimum of 10 years and a maximum of up to life imprisonment.


Prime Minister

Bill[10] ➢ PM can be investigated with permission of seven member Lokpal bench.[clarification needed]

➢ The Jan Lokpal

➢ Government's Lokpal Bill[1]

➢ PM can be investigated by Lokpal after
she/he vacates office.[21]

➢ Can be investigated,


though high level members may be investigated only with permission of a seven member Lokpal bench.
[clarification needed][17]

➢ Judiciary is exempt and will be covered
by a separate "judicial accountability bill".[18]

Conduct of MPs

➢ Can be investigated
with permission of seven member Lokpal bench.

➢ Can be investigated, but their conduct

within Parliament, such as voting, cannot be investigated.[18]

[clarification needed][17]

Lower bureaucracy Anti-corruption wing of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

➢ All public servants

would be included. wing of the CBI will be merged into the Lokpal.[18] Any person can bring a complaint to the Supreme Court, who can then recommend removal of any member to the President.[17] Complaints against Lokpal staff will be handled by independent boards set-up in each state, composed of retired bureaucrats, judges, and civil society members.[17] Lokayukta and other local/state anti-corruption agency would remain in place.[18] Whistleblowers are protected by Lokpal.[17] Lokpal can either directly impose penalties, or refer the matter to the courts. Penalties can include removal from office, imprisonment, and recovery of assets from those who benefited from the corruption.[17] Lokpal can obtain wiretaps ( to make a connection to a telegraph or telephone wire in order to obtain information secretly), issue rogatory letters, and recruit investigating officers. Cannot issue contempt

➢ Only senior officers (Group A) will be

➢ The Anti-corruption

➢ The Anti-corruption wing of the CBI
cannot be merged into the Lokpal.[17]

Removal of Lokpal members and Chair

➢ Any "aggrieved party" can raise a

complaint to the President, who will refer the matter to the CJI.[17]

Removal of Lokpal staff and officers

➢ Lokpal will conduct inquiries into its
own behaviour.[17]


➢ All state anti-corruption agencies would

be closed and responsibilities taken over by centralised Lokpal.[18]

Whistleblower protection

➢ ➢

➢ No protection granted to whistleblowers
by Lokpal Mahima.[17]

➢ Lokpal can only refer matters to the

Punishment for corruption

courts, not take any direct punitive actions. Penalties remain equivalent to those in current laws.[17]

Investigatory powers

➢ Lokpal can issue contempt orders, and

has the ability to punish those in contempt. No authority to obtain wiretaps, issue rogatory letters, or recruit investigating officers.[17]

[19] False. political parties were specifically discouraged from participating in the movement.[20] NGOs ➢ NGOs are within the scope and can be investigated. no consensus could be reached on 7 April owing to several differences of opinion between the social activists and the Government. • • • • • • • 1968 – Rs 3 lakh[22] (300. frivolous and vexatious complaints ➢ Court system will handle matters of frivolous complaints. However. Courts can give 2– 5 years imprisonment and fines of Rs 25.[6][25][26] The government has however accepted it.5 million) 1985 – Rs 25 lakh 1989 – Rs 35 lakh (3. public support for the Jan Lokpal Bill draft started gathering steam after Anna Hazare. Union Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal then met social activists Swami Agnivesh and Arvind Kejriwal on 7 April to find ways to bridge differences over the bill.[27] On 5 April. when the Government accepted most demands due to public pressure.5 million) – PM under lokpal 1996 – Rs 1 crore (10 million) – PM under lokpal 2001 – Rs 35 crore (350 million) – PM under lokpal 2011 – Rs 1700 crore[22] (17 billion) • t Lokpal activist – Anna Hazare Main article: 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement The first version of the Lokpal Bill drafted by the Government of India in 2010 was considered ineffective by anticorruption activists from the civil society. To dissuade Hazare from going on an indefinite hunger strike.[17] ➢ Lokpal can issue fines for frivolous complaints (including frivolous complaints against Lokpal itself). [32] [edit] Drafting Committee .000.[31] The fast ended on 9 April.000) 1971 – Rs 20 lakh (2 million) 1977 – Rs 25 lakh (2.000 to 200. with a maximum penalty of Rs 100.[23] These activists. [edit] Fast & Agitation – Phase 1 On 7 April 2011 Anna Hazare called for a Jail Bharo Andolan (translation: Fill jail movement) from 13 April to protest against Government's rejection of their demands.4 orders.[23] Public awareness drives[24] and protest marches[23] were carried out to campaign for the bill.[17] ➢ NGOs not within the scope due to their role in exposing corruption. which would complete its work by 30 June.[32] failing which he would start a hunger strike from 16 August. under the banner of India Against Corruption. The fast also led to the Government of India agreeing to setting up a Joint Drafting Committee. the Prime Minister's Office directed the ministries of personnel and law to examine how the views of society activists can be included in the Lokpal Bill. a noted Gandhian announced that he would hold an indefinite fast from 5 April 2011 for the passing of the Lokpal/Jan Lokpal bill.[29] Anna Hazare also claimed that his group has received six crore (60 million) text messages of support[30] and that he had further backing from a large number of Internet activists.[19] [edit] Timeline of Lokpal and cost The Lokpal bill has been introduced in the parliament a total of eight times since 1968. after 98 hours.[28] However. The outpouring of support was largely free of political overtones. Anna Hazare set an 15 August deadline for the passing of the bill in the Parliament. the National Advisory Council rejected the Lokpal bill drafted by the government. came together to draft a citizen's version of the Lokpal Bill later called the Jan Lokpal.000.

concluding “I feel I am not in Team Anna any more by the way things are going. RJD. a member of Hazare team who headed the Karnataka Lokayukta.Other members of "India Against Corruption".[37] [edit] Fast & Agitation – Phase 2 Hindi Sign at Ramlila Grounds However. TDP. Hazare turned down the request following which he was detained. However. However. Delhi Police permitted Anna Hazare and team to use the Ramlila Maidan for the proposed fast and agitation withdrawing most of the contentious provisions they had imposed earlier. To protest against this. Anna Hazare refused to come out of Jail. the jail authorities had no option but to let Anna spend the night inside Tihar. Chidambaram Minister of Home Affairs Veerappa Moily Minister of Corporate Affairs Kapil Sibal Minister for human resource & devlopement Salman Khursid Minister of Law Anna Hazare Social Activist Prashant Bhushan Lawyer N. Manish Sisodia explained his situation as. Arvind Kejriwal. which was considered by Anna and his team as weak and will facilitate the corrupt to go free apart from several other differences. It consisted of the following ten members.[35][36] The committee failed to agree on the terms of a compromise bill and the government introduced its own version of the bill in the parliament in August 2011. AIADMK. strongly criticised Hazare for his insistence of "having his way". Kiran Bedi described the situation as resembling a kind of Emergency (referring to the Emergency imposed in 1975 by the Indira Gandhi Govt. "Anna said that he left home to go to JP Park to conduct his fast and that is exactly where he would go from here (Tihar Jail). Anna Hazare was taken into preventive custody by Delhi Police. starting his indefinite fast from Jail itself.[41] Some of the Lokpal drafting committee members became dissatisfied with Hazare's tactics as the hunger strike went on for the 11 th day: Santosh Hegde.Anna in his recorded address to the nation before his arrest asked his supporters not to stop the agitation and urged the protesters to remain peaceful. involving the civil society in preparation of the draft Lokpal bill. Delhi Police gave its permission with certain conditions. The Government's handling of the formation of the draft committee.[39] The arrest resulted in huge public outcry and under pressure the government released him in the evening of 16 Aug. Chairman Shanti Bhushan Former Minister of Law and Justice. including five from the government and five drawn from the civil society.[38][39] On 16 Aug. Unwilling to use forces owing to the sensitive nature of the case. JD(U) and Samajwadi Party. Kiran Bedi. He has refused to be released till he is given a written. Delhi Police imposed sec 144 CrPC. These condition were considered by team Anna as restrictive and against the fundamental constitutional rights and they decided to defy the conditions. Anna and his team asked for permission from Delhi Police for their fast and agitation at Jantar Mantar or JP Park.5 Salman Khurshid. the Minister of the Law and Justice is part of the drafting committee The drafting committee was officially formed on 8 April 2011. Anna Hazare announced an "Indefinite Fast" (not to be confused with "Fast until death").[33][34] Member Qualifications and status Pranab Mukherjee Finance Minister. New Delhi.[40] The indefinite fast and agitation began in Ramlila Maidan.). Later on 17 Aug. Senior officers of Delhi Police reached Anna Hazare's flat early in the morning and informed him that he could not leave his home. BJD. unconditional permission". was criticised by various political parties including BJP. and went on for around 288 hours (12 days from 16-August-2011 to 28-August-2011). Kumar Vishwas and Manish Sisodia were also taken into preventive custody. These (telling Parliament what to . Santosh Hegde Former Lokayukta (Karnataka) and Supreme Court Justice Arvind Kejriwal RTI Activist. the Joint Drafting Committee failed to reach a conclusion and the five members of the Government on the panel came up with their own version of the bill. Co-Chairman P. CPI-M.

and former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Jagdish Sharan Verma.". [65] the government and some critics have recognised Lokpal to have quasi-judicial powers. another central figure in the Hazare group also distanced himself. at worst subversive of representative democracy". a wide variety of other notable individuals have also stated that they support this bill.6 do) are not democratic things.[62] [edit] Extra-constitutional The pro-bill activist Arvind Kejriwal rejects the claim of Lokpal being extra-constitutional with the explanation that the body will only investigate corruption offences and submit a charge sheet which would then tried and prosecuted through trial courts and higher courts.[59] The All-India Confederation of SC/ST Organisations. Punjab Chief Minister and Akali Dal leader Prakash Singh Badal.. be oppressive and undemocratic. reviewed. the provisions of the Contempt of Courts Act. directors. has expressed his constitutional objections for including the . without judicial review. President of the Center for Policy Research Delhi. a notable critic of the citizens' version of the Bill In addition to the activists responsible for creating and organising support for the bill.members of Lokpal and the officers in investigation wing of Lokpal shall be deemed to be police officers". the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. although the bill outlines requiring judges for special courts. The very concept of a Lokpal concept has received criticism from HRD minister Kapil Sibal in that it will lack accountability. and. Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamta Banerjee.[43] [edit] Notable supporters and opposition Union HRD[clarification needed] Minister – Kapil Sibal. quashed or called in question in any court of ordinary Civil Jurisdiction. and exercise the same jurisdiction powers and authority in respect of contempt of itself as a High court has and may exercise.[63] Despite these clarifications. The bill[64] requires ".. also expressed opposition to the bill proposed by Anna Hazare as well as to the government's version of the bill.[50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57] Notable opposition to the activists' version of the Bill was expressed by HRD minister Kapil Sibal and other Congress leaders.[61] the bill "is premised on an institutional imagination that is at best naïve. Bharatiya Janta Party. Spiritual leaders Sri Sri Ravi Shankar[44] and Yog Guru Ramdev[45] expressed support.[60] [edit] Criticisms of the Jan Lokpal Bill [edit] Naïve approach The bill has been criticised as being naïve in its approach to combating corruption.[58] Although BJP showed their support earlier. and that other bodies with equivalent powers in other matters exist. representing the Dalits and backward castes. presumably to conduct trial that should be completed within one year. critics feel that the exact judicial powers of LokPal are rather unclear in comparison with its investigative powers. The proposed bill also lists clear provisions for the Supreme Court to abolish the Lokpal. 1971 (Central Act 70 of 1971) shall have the effect subject to the modification that the references therein to the High Court shall be construed as including a reference to the Lokpal.[48][49] In addition. numerous Bollywood actors. there were reports that BJP shared Congress's concern "over letting the civil society gain the upper hand over Parliament in lawmaking". Although some supporters have denied any judicial powers of Lokpal.”[42] Swami Agnivesh. The confederation opposed Hazare's proposed bill saying that it will be above the constitution and that proposers of the bill have support from elements who oppose reservation. Notable politicians who indicated support for the bill include Ajit Singh[46] and Manpreet Singh Badal[47] as well as the principal opposition party. for this purpose. how the trials will be conducted is unclear in the bill. and musicians publicly approved of the bill. Anna's own nominee for co-chairing the joint panel Justice Verma. Lokpal could potentially become an extra-constitutional body with investigative and judicial powers whose decisions cannot be reviewed in regular courts. Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray.[70] [edit] Scope The matter of whether the Indian Prime Minister and higher judiciary should or should not be prosecutable by the Lokpal remains as one of the major issues of dispute."[67][68][69] Review of proceedings and decisions by Lokpal is prevented in the bill by the statement ".[66] The bill also states that "Lokpal shall have. According to Pratap Bhanu Mehta. The critics hence express concern that.. As a result..no proceedings or decision of the Lokpal shall be liable to be challenged.

the Jan Lokpal Bill is a draconian.[81] This support started coming as over 150 MPs and Ministers from different states were forced to remain confined to their houses as Anna supporters protested outside their houses. the constituency of Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal.7 Prime Minister and higher judiciary under Lokpal. On Independence Day. the number had shot up to 9 million. It showed that 85% of the particpiants were opposed to the government's bill.[84] [edit] Social media As per the reports. The survey – conducted in 28 cities across the country. only a shade over a third of respondents have heard of Lokpal. Anna Hazare's demands are certainly not.[81][82] Datta Meghe also demanded that his party spokesperson Manish Tiwari should apologise to Anna Hazare for his uncharitable comments.[85][86] [edit] Online surveys • According to the survey conducted by STAR News and Nielsen.[88] • . awareness about Anna’s campaign. 87% of the 8900 respondents of the survey supported the Jan Lokpal Bill. who is a vehement voice for the government's version of the bill.[71] According to him. one of Anna Hazare's associates and a drafter of the Jan Lokpal Bill. 34% of all respondents said they have heard of the ombudsman and only 24% knew what it actually means. Contrary to Gandhiji's ideas about the decentralisation of power. including all four metros – mainly deals with three important points: public’s knowledge about the Lokpal Bill. several of the MPs across party lines have come out in support to the Jan Lokpal Bill. Kapil Sibal.000 people watched the video shot by Kiran Bedi inside Tihar Jail in which Anna has addressed his supporters.. "this would foul with the basic structure of the constitution"."[74][75][76] [edit] Support for the Bill [edit] Surveys India Against Corruption conducted a survey on the draft Lokpal Bill presented by the Indian Government in parliament.[79] Prashant Bhushan. and the perceived problems with the Jan Lokpal Bill. including Facebook and Twitter in the country. in which a panel of carefully chosen people will administer a giant bureaucracy. Arundhati Roy and NCPRI Critic – Aruna Roy Magsaysay Award winner Aruna Roy who has said "Vesting jurisdiction over the length and breadth of the government machinery in one institution will concentrate too much power in the institution. She and her colleagues at the National Campaign for People's Right to Information (NCPRI) have proposed an alternative mechanism consisting of five institutions. Pranab Mukherjee amongst others. Most notable names are Congress MPs from Maharashtra Priya Dutt and Datta Meghe. in one of the biggest ever voting exercises in the virtual world.On YouTube.[87] Over a million people joined the Times of India online anti-graft campaign. The news analysis points that citizens want to make their voices heard and have found the platform offered by the campaign a viable one to do so. The team especially cited the results from the Chandni Chowk constituency. over 40.[73] Noted author and social activist Arundhati Roy was highly critical of Lokpal. Protests were also seen outside the residence of Sheila Dixit CM of Delhi.000 mentions through status updates and comments across top social networking sites. while the volume of work will make it difficult to carry out its tasks". and "While his means may be Gandhian. stating "you could say that the Maoists and the Jan Lokpal Bill have one thing in common – they both seek the overthrow of the Indian State".[81][82][83] BJP MP Varun Gandhi is introducing Jan Lokpal Bill as a private member's bill in the parliament. has demanded a nation-wide referendum on the Jan Lokpal Bill to gauge the mood of the nation.[72] [edit] Criticism from Aruna Roy. Anna Hazare's fast was successful in mobilising the support of thousands in the virtual world of social media. anti-corruption law. Two days later.. Anna had over 500.[77][78] According to a nationwide survey conducted by CNN-IBN & CNBC-TV18 and published in early August. Facebook has 542 fan pages by Anna's name.[80] [edit] Legislator support Post the massive support to Anna Hazare's movement.

such as the 2G spectrum scam. and immigration.[6] On March 31. State Assemblies.[3] In 2011 India was ranked 95th out of 178 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index.1. N. politicians and bureaucrats in India. It is estimated that more than trillion dollars are stashed away in foreign havens. a special and all exclusive session of Parliament was conducted and a resolution was unanimously passed after deliberations in both the houses of Indian Parliament by sense of the house. corporate and individual corruption in India are major concerns. It seems as if only the honest people are poor in India and want to get rid of their poverty by education. in principle. submitted by the former Indian Union Home Secretary.92. and public ownership.[8] the organisers of Dandi March II in the United States said. emigration to cities. through corruption.[9] • [edit] History The economy of India was under socialist-inspired policies for an entire generation from the 1950s until the late 1980s.”[7] “The recent scams involving unimaginably big amounts of money. A 2005 study conducted by Transparency International in India found that more than 55% of Indians had first-hand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully. are well known. Vohra. or 1. bureaucratic.[10][11][12][13] License Raj was often at the core of corruption. policies vulnerable to pervasive corruption and slow growth. agreed on the following subjects and forwarded the Bill to related standing committee for structure and finalise a report:[91][92] • • • A citizen charter on the bill An appropriate mechanism to subject lower bureaucracy to lokpal The establishment of Lokayuktas (ombudsmen at state level) in states Anna Hazare. • . It revealed that political leaders had become the leaders of gangs.122 crore ($18.[4] The books estimates that corruption has virtually enveloped India growing annually by over 100 percent[5] and most bribery is accrued from the transport industry. The economy was characterized by extensive regulation. It also discussed criminal gangs who enjoyed the patronage of politicians — of all political parties — and the protection of government functionaries. while 80% of Indians earn less than 2$ per day and every second child is malnourished. Over the years criminals had been elected to local bodies. 2010 the Comptroller and Auditor General of India said that unutilised committed external assistance was of the order of Rs.[1][2] Transparency International estimates that truckers pay US$5 billion in bribes annually. The Vohra Report. terming it as a battle "half won" while ending the Corruption in India • Political.[89][90] The resolution.339 crore. protectionism. civil rights activists along with protestors at site of the fast welcomed this development on being informed.42 billion).N. whereas all the corrupt ones. In the book 'Corruption in India: The DNA and RNA' authored by Professor Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari say that the public officials in India may be cornering as much as Rs. The report contained several observations made by official agencies on the criminal network which was virtually running a parallel government. The unpublished annexures to the Vohra Report are believed to contain highly explosive material.26 per cent of the GDP. in October 1993. and even the Parliament.05. real estate and "other public services".8 [edit] Parliamentary actions on the proposed legislation On 27 August 2011. It seems as if India is a rich country filled with poor people". studied the problem of the criminalisation of politics and of the nexus among criminals. are getting rich through scams and crime.

real estate developers and law enforcement officials. tax evasion. judicial officers.[3] A 2009 survey of the leading economies of Asia. consisting of municipal and other government officials. such as road building.. politicians and construction contractors. A November 2010 report from the Washington-based Global Financial Integrity estimates that India lost at least US$462 billion in illicit financial flows. China. another word for black money. While a sea change has occurred in the years following 1991. when the License Raj held sway. mixing sand in cement while submitting expenses for cement) result in roads and highways being dangerous. land in areas with short supply is relatively common with government entities awarding public land to private concerns at negligible rates.[19] [edit] Medicine In Government Hospitals. including Cabinet Ministers and Chief Ministers.) and stored outside of the country. a shadowy quasi-market. Vietnam.[16] [edit] Land and property Officials often steal state property. power-hungry politicians. all kinds of free market mechanisms were hobbled or stymied. 120 of India's 522 parliament members were facing criminal charges. etc. develop and sell land in illegal ways. corruption is associated with non availability of medicines. such as in the 2G spectrum scam. from 1948 . which is endemic in certain parts of the world. acquire.[citation needed] [edit] Black money Main article: Indian black money Black money refers to money removed from the official economy (via corruption. and decisions could get made.[2] Taxes and bribes are common between state borders. [edit] Bureaucracy A 2005 study done by Transparency International (TI) in India found that more than 50% of the people had firsthand experience of paying bribe or peddling influence to get a job done in a public office. the 2010 Commonwealth Games scam and the Adarsh Housing Society scam. consultations with doctors and availing diagnostic services. [edit] Politics As of December 2008. and corruption emerged almost as an illegitimate price mechanism. Thailand. are dominated by construction mafias. Other examples include the award of mining leases to private companies without a levy of taxes that is proportionate to the market value of the ore. some of the distorted cultural norms that took hold during the earlier period are slowly being repaired by the sheer forces of competition.[20][21] [edit] Preferential award of public resources See also: Illegal mining in India As detailed earlier. Philippines and Indonesia. The process will be long and slow.[15] Many of the biggest scandals since 2010 have involved very high levels of government. which are groupings of corrupt public works officials.g. getting admission. Hong Kong. revealed Indian bureaucracy to be not just least efficient out of Singapore. [2] [edit] Income tax department There have been several cases of collusion of officials of the income tax department of India for a favorable tax treatment in return for bribes.9 According to Jitendra Singh.[17] [edit] Tendering processes and awarding contracts Government officials having discretionary powers in awarding contracts engage in preferential treatment for selected bidders and display negligence in quality control processes [citation needed]'Bold text'."[14] One of the major problems and obstacles to development that many developing countries face is corruption by greedy.[18] Shoddy construction and material substitution (e. These were largely distortions created by the politico-economic regime. Taiwan. bribery. mining scandal in Karnataka and cash for vote scam. In cities and villages throughout India. Transparency International estimates that truckers pay annually US$5 billion in bribes. such that scarce resources could still be allocated within the economy. however.. Malaysia. Japan. Many state-funded construction activities in India. and sometimes simply washed away when India's heavy monsoon season arrives. elected politicians. South Korea. particularly pre-1991. further it was also found that working with India's civil servants was a "slow and painful" process. . materials suppliers. and by design. "in the bad old days. It will not change overnight.

[36] [edit] Whistleblowers See also: Whistleblower protection in India Whistleblowers play a major role in the fight against corruption.[37][33] .[35] Social welfare worker Anna Hazare has led to a movement to compel the Indian Government to notify the Committee for the implementation of the Lokayukta against corruption as an independent body and also giving enough powers to the Lokayukta to also receive corruption complaints against politicians.The current investigation is undertaken by the Income Tax Department. Kerala High Court ordered CBI probe on 18 February 2011.[33][34] These institutions are based on the Ombudsman in Scandinavian countries. judicial corruption in India is attributable to factors such as "delays in the disposal of cases. all of which are exacerbated by a preponderance of new laws".[24][25] a more recent report quoted the SBA's Head of International Communications as saying that no such official statistics exist. and faking combat missions. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Pradesh Anti-corruption Bureau) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) also have their own anti-corruption agencies and courts.[27] [edit] Judiciary According to Transparency International. in order to campaign for the cause. such scandals included skimming of armed forces money.[22] [edit] Black Money in Switzerland According to a 2010 The Hindu article.[29] [edit] Right to Information Act Main article: Right to Information Act The Right to Information Act (2005) and equivalent acts in the states. headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or high court chief justice. Initially. He was on an indefinite fast at the Ramlila Grounds.10 through 2008.[31][32] [edit] Ombudsmen Main article: 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement The Lokayukta is an anti-corruption organization in the Indian states. computerization of services and various central and state government acts that established vigilance commissions have considerably reduced corruption or at least have opened up avenues to redress grievances. India currently does not have a law to protect whistleblowers. A number of scandals in the 2000-2010 period damaged the military's reputation. re-selling of government property.[28] [edit] Armed forces The Indian Armed Forces have witnessed corruption involving senior armed forces officers from the Indian Army. a Government company in Kerala and his two minor children. and he has gathered the support of many citizens residing in metropolitan cities of India. [edit] Anti-corruption police and courts The income tax department of India. unofficial estimates indicate that Indians had over US$1456 billion in black money stored in Swiss banks (approximately USD 1. CBI showed its unwillingness for probing into such cases citing over-burden as a reason. The report also estimated the size of India's underground economy at approximately US$640 billion at the end of 2008 or roughly 50% of the nation's GDP. shortage of judges and complex procedures.4 trillion).[2][30] The 2006 report by Transparency International puts India at the 70th place and states that significant improvements were made by India in reducing corruption. One of the latest cases of such murder is of V Sasindran Company Secretary of Palakkad based Malabar Cement Limited. An amendment to the Constitution has been proposed to implement the Lokayukta uniformly across Indian States as a three-member body. bureaucrats and even sitting judges.[26] Another report said that Indian-owned Swiss bank account assets are worth 13 times the country’s national debt. which was highlighted by the assassination of Satyendra Dubey. that require government officials to furnish information requested by citizens or face punitive action.[23] While some news reports claimed that data provided by the Swiss Banking Association Report (2006) showed India has more black money than the rest of the world combined. Delhi. and comprise of the state vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminent administrator as other members. Central Vigilance Commission and Central Bureau of Investigation all deal with anti-corruption initiatives. Indian courts are regularly ordering probe in cases of murders or so-called suicide of several whistle blowers. Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. Anna Hazare is currently pursuing an agenda to pass a bill called Jan Lokpal bill.

[edit] Effects of corruption According to a report by KPMG. One organization. has transformed itself from a civil organization to a full-fledged political party.[41] India Against Corruption From Wikipedia. It is currently headed by Anna Hazare. Rights And Action (ASTRA) is an NGO focused on grass-roots work to fight corruption in Karnataka. and Bangalore.[40] Association for Social Transparency. the Lok Satta Party. The party has fielded candidates in Andhra Pradesh.11 [edit] Anti-corruption organizations A variety of organizations have been created in India to actively fight against corrupt government and business practices. when Jayaprakash Narayan won the election for the Kukatpally Assembly Constituency in Andrha Pradesh. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. Notable organizations include: • • • • • Bharat Swabhiman Trust established by well known Yog Guru Swami Ramdev running a large campaign against black money and corruption since last 10 years. it obtained its first elected post. "high-level corruption and scams are now threatening to derail the country's credibility and [its] economic boom". a valueless note designed to be given to corrupt officials when they request bribes. India . India Against Corruption is a movement created by a citizens from a variety of professions and statuses to work against corruption in India. including corruption. the Lok Satta Movement. Tamil Nadu. In 2009. 5th Pillar is most known for the creation of the zero rupee note. Uttar Pradesh.[38] Jaago Re! One Billion Votes is an organization originally founded by Tata Tea and Janaagraha to increase youth voter registration. search India Against Corruption Type Founded Location People's Movement 2010 (2010) Ghaziabad.[39] They have since expanded their work to include other social issues.

and into the harassment of IFS officer Sanjiv Chaturvedi.Prashant Bhushan. The Jan Lokpal Bill provides for a strong. the organization sent an open letter to PM Manmohan Singh and Haryana chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda for a CBI probe as recommended by Central government committee into "irregularities in the forest department".Arvind Kejriwal.Kiran Bedi.Shanti Bhushan.Kumar Vishwas. Sardar Patel. Anna Hazare gave a call from to the nation to press the government for the enactment of Jan LokPal bill. people took initiative and formed teams for supporting Annaji's indefinite fast. Several eminent citizens have come together to force the Government of India to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill.Manish Key people Sisodia. A country where leaders like Mahatma Gandhi.[6] In April 2011. This people's mass movement has vowed to carry on staging fight against corruption.12 Anna Hazare.[7] In hundreds of cities. Area served India Focus Mission Method Revenue Members Motto Website Anti-corruption To Create a Corruption-free India Nonviolence Donations 20 "You Can Create A Corruption-free India" indiaagainstcorruption. the Lokpal and the Lokayuktas for investigation of corruption charges against public officials and politicians. towns and villages across the length and breadth of the country. The bill also provides for time bound grievance redressal and speedy investigation.[8][9] [edit] Anna Hazare's role . In March 2011.[1][2][3][4] • [edit] Strategy Inspired by Hong Kong's Independent Commission Against Corruption[5] the leaders of the IAC initiative have prepared a draft Jan Lokpal Bill. efficient and politically independent institutions. and Lal Bahadur Shastri have taken birth the same country is now facing the problem of corruption.org India Against Corruption (IAC) is a people's movement to demand comprehensive reforms of anti-corruption systems in India. Hundreds of people joined Annaji in his fast at home / office / event venues on the 5 April 2011.

Activist Anna Hazare vowed a “revolution” in India as he began a public fast Friday amid astonishing scenes of celebratory protest that sent an intimidating message to a shell-shocked government. Major student organisation such as Chhatra Bharati. NGO's. out of which 'India against Corruption' is only one. Law Minister Kumar Vishwas .htm http://consultant-laweducation-india-nepal. Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad has given their support to the movement. mooted the idea of bringing NGOs within the ambit of Lokpal and.RTI Activist from Assam. This Draft Bill may. . Manish Sisodia .Ex. [edit] Political support Several political parties have come to support the movement for Jan Lokpal Bill. based on the Principles of Law that were first enunciated by Prof (Wg Cdr) Gulshan Kumar in his Article (published in the Patriot in the year 1993) the Supreme Court of India passed a judgment bringing Ministers within the purview of Prevention of Corruption Act.. Medha Patkar Akhil Gogoi . inter alia. one of the chief strategists and stage compere of the Anna Hazare fasts at Ramlila Maidan.??? [edit] Other Organisations There are thousand's of social organisations. Prashant Bhushan .Noted Poet of India. In-Trust Foundation (registered in 1984) -.RTI and Anti corruption activist.." Vote for India Pledge [edit] People behind the movement • • • • • • • • • Arvind Kejriwal . a key member in the India Against Corruption movement. Various youth and student organisations has activetly participated in the campaign. Rajghat and Jantar-Mantar. [edit] The 'Civil Society' in India It comprises several NGOs. IPS officer.a social activist who helps people through the higher judicial system. the Civil Society must also tackle the issues of rampant 'misuse of official powers' and 'nepotism' -. Though the youth of India has been the prominent factor and major participant to the movement. Incidentally.whose venture 'BalajiThemis Consultants' submitted to the Group-of-Ministers and also to the Parliament's Standing Committee. a brief yet comprehensive and far-reaching Draft Lokpal Bill. for the first time.Former justice of the Supreme Court Of India.Retd.either at center or at state level.in/wp3/ Along with graft. Abani Roy (Left front). Ex.Formerly a news producer at Zee News and currently Social Activist. [edit] Jan Lokpal Bill Main section: Complete set of differences between Jan Lokpal and Lokpal bill The Jan Lokpal Bill was drafted in consultation with the India Against Corruption movement to counter the dilutions in the government sponsored Lokpal Bill. please. others are. Political leaders from different parties – Sudhakar Reddy.in/anti-corruption. People suggestions. Students' Federation of India. hence. under the Prevention of Corruption Act. opinions and viewpoints regarding Jan Lokpal bill were also welcomed through their website.[10] "I solemnly pledge that I would not vote for that party which does not pass Jan Lokpal or Lokayukta Bill drafted by Citizens wherever it is in power.13 Main article: 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement Social worker Anna Hazare has declared to go on an indefinite fast starting 16 August 2011 to persuade Government of India to introduce and enact the Jan Lokpal Bill in place of the government proposed Lokpal Bill. A B Bardhan. be read with: http://consultant-law-education-india-nepal. a key member in the India Against Corruption movement. former Solicitor General of India and was Lokayukta (ombudsman) for Karnataka State of India from 2006-2011. Santosh Hegde . H D Devegowda (JDS) Mysora Reddy (TDP) and Jayant Chowdhry (RLD) signed a joint statement indicating their support to the movement. IRS officer. political parties. Kiran Bedi . student organisations and many millions of people from across the country supporting the anti-corruption campaign led by Anna Hazare. Shanti Bhushan .which are equally nefarious evils that are destroying the Indian Social fabric. It was this Draft that.

'''Haryana''' B.[11] Probably due low turn out and ill health. 2011 to January 1.Tech in Mechanical Engineering IIT Kharagpur Parivartan (पिरवतरन) Organization Public Cause Research Foundation India Against Corruption 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement Political movement Right to Information Jan Lokpal Bill Religion Children Hinduism 2 Born Education Alma mater . it is safe to say that not many people actually would turn out to participate in Jail Bharo [12] The Jail Bharo Andolan was later withdrawn because of poor health of Anna Hazare Arvind Kejriwal From Wikipedia. approx 2Lakhs registration was done. search Arvind Kejriwal Arvind Kejriwal 16 June 1968 (1968-06-16) (age 43) Hissar. It is going to launch by Team Anna from December 30.As per records up to 28 Dec 2011. Anna's has decided to postponed Current andolan.14 [edit] Jail Bharo Andolan IAC Team or Anna Team has planned to start "Jail Bharo Andolan" under India Against Corruption movement. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. People can also join this movement by sending messages or by just a miss call. The way the fast in Mumbai ended up with very low turn out and lukewarm response from people across the country. IAC team provided a website where those people willing to participate in Jail Bharo Andolan can register themselves. 2012 across India.

[9][15] [edit] Jan Lokpal Bill As a member of India Against Corruption (IAC) Kejriwal is an active participant in the movement for the enactment of Jan Lokpal Bill.[2][3][2][2] Kejriwal is also a Saathi (fellow) of the Association for India's Development. which works for promoting better local self governance and RTI related campaigns [12] [edit] Right to Information He along with Aruna Roy and others.[5] • [edit] Early life Arvind Kejriwal was born in Hissar. Key members of the India Against Corruption including Kejriwal. Mathura and Hissar. Delhi Right to Information Act was passed in 2001[7] and eventually at national level Indian Parliament passed the RTI in 2005. the Ramakrishna Mission in the North-East India and Nehru Yuva Kendra.[20] [edit] Controversies Swami Agnivesh a former colleague of Kejriwal in Team Anna accused Arvind Kejriwal of diverting money from India Against Corruption (IAC) fund to his (Kejriwal's) own NGO. the Municipal Corporation of Delhi. Haryana in 1968. he spearheaded an awareness campaign for RTI across India. Activists were later released same day although they spent two more days in the Tihar jail negotiating conditions put on protest.[19] After twelve days of protests and many discussions between the government and the activists.[1] His father was an engineer and he spent most of his childhood living in small northern Indian towns like Sonepat.[14] Kejriwal has been using RTI in corruption cases in many government departments including the Income Tax department.[6] Kejriwal graduated from IIT Kharagpur as a Mechanical engineer in 1989. Kejriwal quit his job with Tata Steel in 1992[citation needed] and spent some time working with Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata. he voluntarily resigned from the IRS as Joint Commissioner in IT Department. campaigned for the Right to Information Act (RTI). to work full-time at Parivartan.[18] Kejriwal left the jail on August 18 and the protests started the following day from Ramlila Maidan in Delhi.[17] Rajan Bhagat.[10] In February 2006.[1] He was awarded Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership in 2006. Kejriwal allegedly deposited Rs 70-80 lakh from IAC fund in his own NGO. Kejriwal responded to the allegation that the IAC was a "movement" not an institution and that PCRF was working as a secretariat for IAC. which soon became a silent social movement. the Delhi Electricity Board and others. in February 2006. the Public Distribution System (PDS).[13] To motivate others Arvind has now instituted an RTI Award through his organisation. a Delhi based citizens’ movement which works on ensuring a just.[7][8] [edit] Career Kejriwal joined Tata Steel right after his graduation from IIT Kharagpur. said police arrested Hazare under a legal provision that bans public gatherings and protests at the park in Delhi where Hazare was planning to begin his hunger strike.[11] After voluntary resignation from job.[16] On August 16. He is considered a key figure along with social activist Anna Hazare. for activating India's Right to Information movement at grassroots and social activities to empower the poorest citizens to fight corruption by holding the government answerable to the people. in July 2006.[22] . Thereafter. Thereafter. Parliament passed a resolution to consider three points in drafting of Lokpal bill.15 Arvind Kumar Kejriwal (Hindi: अरिवंद केजरीवाल) (born 16 June 1968) is an Indian social activist fighting for greater transparency in Government. he resigned from the job. transparent and accountable governance. 2011.[9][10] Kejriwal joined the Indian Revenue Service in 1995. he founded Parivartan. Kiran Bedi.[4] a Global Impact award winning NGO. In December 2006. Kejriwal along with Manish Sisodia and Abhinandan Sekhri started Public Cause Research Foundation. He did his schooling from Campus School. and Manish Sisodia were arrested four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike by Hazare. The money was raised as the donation to IAC.[21] Mr. spokesman for Delhi Police.

New Delhi.[34] On the other hand.[10] [edit] Awards • • • • • • • 2004: Ashoka Fellow.[31] He was not a mere party worker but was responsible for key areas in Jhansi. Kejriwal asked that the accused be released and did not file any FIR against him.Co-Author . The Economic Times Awards for Corporate Excellence along with Aruna Roy. India under India Against Corruption (IAC) anti-graft campaign.[24] [25] Kejariwal has also won an IIM Gold Medal [edit] Personal life Kejriwal is married to Sunita.[9] 2005: 'Satyendra Dubey Memorial Award'.[7] 2006: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Eminent Leadership. Arvind Kejriwal has written a letter to the chairman of the company to take back their decision and to retain the accused. As per the accused acceptance. did receive funds from the New York-based Ford Foundation. in the year 2008. the accused was caught by the IAC volunteers and handed over to the police.16 In an article published in the Hindu newspaper in 22 August 2011. he considers Rahul Gandhi as his role model.[2][3] 2006: CNN-IBN. who is an IRS officer and his batchmate from National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie. the US intelligence agency that used it for channeling funds to its recipients in foreign countries. but pointed out that it had stopped about two years ago.[30] The accused was identified as Jitendra Pathak of Uttar Pradesh’s Jalaun district. violence can be stopped by non-violence only and taking Jitendra's job is violence against the accused and his family. search Kiran Bedi .[1] 2010: Policy Change Agent of the Year. IIT Kharagpur for Eminent Leadership.[32][33] Kejriwal's attacker Jitendra Pathak has been sacked from his job. Mr.[27] 2011: NDTV Indian of the Year along with Anna Hazare[28] [edit] Books The Right to Information : Vyawharik Margdarshika . Published by Rajkamal Prakashan. Booker prize winning author and civil rights activist Arundhati Roy alleged that an NGO run by Kejriwal received a donation of USD 400. Lucknow. IIT Kanpur for his campaign for bringing transparency in Government.[35] In a Sting operation done by India TV in Lucknow.[8] They live just outside Delhi with their two children.Vishnu Rajgadia. Later.000 from the Ford Foundation in the past 3 years.[29] After the incident. 'Indian of the Year' in Public Service [26] 2009: Distinguished Alumnus Award. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation.Kejriwal dismissed the view held by some which suggested that Ford Foundation has historically been linked to CIA.[citation needed] [edit] Slipper Attack on Kejriwal Team Anna member Arvind Kejriwal was attacked by a youth with a slipper during attending a program in Jhulelal Park Lucknow. Civic Engagement. He is working in a private construction company Ansh Project Service. As per Kejriwal's ideology. the slipper attacker told that he is planning to attack by bomb during Anna Hazare coming IAC anti-graft campaign in Uttar Pradesh Kiran Bedi From Wikipedia.[23] Arvind Kejriwal has since admitted that the NGO Kabir he runs along with Manish Sisodia. who worked for the Indian National Congress from 2006-2009 and is a former member of Congress Sewa Dal.

drug abuse prevention and child welfare in 1994.17 Bedi at the "Successful Women in Management" (SWIM) conference. India Indian Panjab University.[7] Born Nationality Occupation Religion . "Your Court"). 1949 (1949-06-09) (age 62)[1] Amritsar.[4] She has also founded two NGOs in India: the Navjyoti Delhi Police Foundation for welfare and preventative policing in 1988[5] which was later renamed as the Navjyoti India Foundation in 2007. 2007 June 9. Punjab.[2] Bedi held the post of Director General at the Bureau of Police Research and Development before she voluntarily retired from the IPS in December 2007.[3] Bedi was the host and judge of the popular TV series "Aap Ki Kachehri" (English.[1] Bedi joined the police service in 1972 and became the first woman officer in the IPS. which is based on real-life disputes and provides a platform for settling disputes between consenting parties. and the India Vision Foundation for prison reformation.[6] Bedi was awarded Ramon Magsaysay award in 1994 for Government service. Chandigarh Alma mater University of Delhi IIT Delhi IPS Officer (1972–2007) Social activist Hinduism[1] United Nations Medal 2004 Awards Ramon Magsaysay Award 1994 President’s Gallantry Award 1979 Website Kiran Bedi Kiran Bedi (Punjab:ਿਕਰਣ ਬੇਦੀ) (born 9 June 1949) is an Indian social activist and a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) officer.

She later obtained Bachelor of Laws in 1988 from University of Delhi.) from the Government College for Women.[citation needed] She attended the Sacred Heart Convent School. [edit] Social initiatives Kiran Bedi along with 17 other police officers set up Navjyoti India Foundation (NIF) in 1987. a tennis player. a passion she inherited from her father. to write about her work at Tihar Jail. Murat redressing of complaints by prisoners and literacy programs. and the All-India Interstate Women's Lawn Tennis Championship in 1976. During her stint as the Inspector General of Prisons. New Delhi.[11] during the PM's tour of United States at the time.[9] where the topic of her thesis was 'Drug Abuse and Domestic Violence'.[5] NIF started with a de-addiction and rehabilitation initiative for the drug addicts and now the organization has expanded to other social issue like illiteracy and women empowerment.[15] yoga. Traffic management. Chandigarh. Punjab. who is now also involved in community service. where she became the Civilian Police Advisor in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Art of Living Foundation Prison Courses. Director General of Narcotics Control Bureau. she also won the All-Asian Tennis Championship. prison reforms. she was awarded a UN medal. She then earned a Master’s degree in Political Science from Punjab University.[5] In 1994 Bedi setup India Vision Foundation which works in field of police reforms. In May 2005.[8] In addition. and won the Asian Ladies Title at the age of 22. she was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Law in recognition of her “humanitarian approach to prison reforms and policing”. and Anu. in Tihar Jail (Delhi) (1993–1995).[17] On 27 November 2007.[16] For this she won the 1994 Ramon Magsaysay Award. she instituted a number of reforms in the management of the prison. graduating at the top of her class in 1970. Deputy Inspector General of Police in Mizoram. She earned her Bachelor of Arts in English (Hons. She took up tennis. in Social Sciences from the Department of Social Sciences. in 1975. to a United Nations delegation.[10] In 1972. Shashi. she joined the Indian Police Service.[10] She was last appointed as Director General of India's Bureau of Police Research and Development. quoting the example of her uneducated housemaid whose help in Bedi's daily household work had helped Bedi to complete an important task of writing a book. In July 1972. Kiran Bedi expressed her belief that everyone in society has an important role to play which will enable others to fulfill their duties (or important tasks). she expressed her wish to voluntarily retire from the police force to undertake new challenges in life. and VIP security. She is the second of four daughters of Prakash Peshawaria and Prem Peshawaria.D. becoming the first woman to do so. In one of her lectures to a corporate meeting. a lawyer.[13] For her work in the UN.[18] Her efforts have .[1] She won the Junior National Lawn Tennis Championship in 1966.18 • [edit] Early life and education Kiran Bedi was born in Amritsar.[9] Kiran Bedi influenced several decisions of the Indian Police Service. Indian Institute of Technology. so they married in a quasi-religious ceremony at a local Shiva temple.[12] She served in a number of tough assignments ranging from New Delhi traffic postings. Neither of them were particularly religious. and the 'Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship'. they had daughter Saina.[1] a textile machine manufacturer whom she met at the Amritsar tennis courts. Amritsar. Advisor to the Lieutenant Governor of Chandigarh. she obtained a Ph.[citation needed] [edit] Career She began her career as a Lecturer in Political Science (1970–72) at Khalsa College for Women. an artist settled in Canada. the Government of India agreed to relieve Bedi of her duties as Director General of the Bureau of Police Research and Development. particularly in the areas of narcotics control.[1] Three years later. India. Amritsar in 1968. where she joined the National Cadet Corps(NCC). Amritsar. the Asian Lawn Tennis Championship in 1972. Her three sisters are. On 25 December 2007. Reeta. and initiated a number of measures such as detoxification programs. Kiran Bedi married Brij Bedi. a clinical psychologist and writer. In 1993. women empowerment and rural and community development. vipassana meditation.[11] Bedi joined the police service "because of [her] urge to be outstanding".[14] She is popularly referred to as Crane Bedi for towing the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's car for a parking violation.

[30][31]. Parliament passed a resolution to consider three points in drafting of Lokpal bill.[21] After twelve days of protests and many discussions between the government and the activists. the additional chief metropolitan magistrate Amit Bansal has directed the crime branch of Delhi police to register a case against Kiran Bedi within 24 hours. Italy. for allegedly misappropriating funds meant for her NGOs.[27] Later members of parliament proposed to bring a breach of privilege motion against Kiran Bedi and a few other activists for allegedly mocking the parliamentarians during the lokpal bill protests. In 1992 Kiran Bedi's daughter was given admission for MBBS course in Delhi's Hardinge College under a quota for student's from North-East.Kiran Bedi was also accused by an NGO of claiming business class fare from Delhi to Mumbai . [32] Kiran Bedi has said that money was not earned for personal gains. the then Inspector-General of Prisons of Tihar Jail was pulled up by the Supreme Court of India for ignoring the apex court directives for providing medical attention to a foreign under-trial prisoner by initiating contempt proceedings against her.[34]. Kiran Bedi. Bombay-India Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation International Organisation of Good Templars (IOGT). Cultural and Artistic Association. She was also alleged to have charged her hosts business class fare while flying economy class. American Federation of Muslims of Indian Origin (AFMI) Germany Don Bosco Shrine Office. Bedi and other activist were later released in the evening same day.[20] However.[26] Bedi was criticized for being a hardliner in the negotiations with government over Lokpal bill.[citation needed] [edit] Lokpal Movement Kiran Bedi is one of the prominent members of the India Against Corruption (IAC) along with Anna Hazare and Arvind Kejriwal. and her organizations were awarded the "Serge Soitiroff Memorial Award" for drug abuse prevention by the United Nations.[28] however withdrew the notice later. in view of her winning the Magsasay Award. Kiran Bedi was posted in Mizoram at that time. based on a complaint filed by a Delhi-based lawyer Devinder Singh Chauhan.[19] On August 16 2011. She escaped from punishment despite being heavily reprimanded.[24] In 1988 Wadhwa Commission criticized Bedi for her role in lathi-charge on lawyers protesting against a colleague’s arrest outside Bedi’s office. Norway National Solidarity Weekly. while her travel intineray communicated to them showed she was flying from nearby Pune.[22] [edit] Honours and Awards Year Name of Award or Honor 2011 Bharatiya Manavata Vikas Puraskar 2010 STAR Parivar Award 2005 Mother Teresa Memorial National Award 2004 United Nations Medal 2002 Woman of the Year Award 1999 Pride of India Award 1997 1995 1995 1995 1994 Fourth Joseph Beuys Award Lion of the Year Father Machismo Humanitarian Award Mahila Shiromani Award Magsaysay Award Asia Region Award for Drug Prevention 1991 and Control 1981 Women of the Year Award 1979 President’s Gallantry Award [edit] Controversies In July 1994. the court exonerating her from further proceedings. She had defended the move to get her daughter admitted in a reserved seat saying that Central Government employees are entitled to such schemes. India President of India References [23] . Key members of the India Against Corruption including Bedi were arrested four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike by Hazare. IAC has been actively protesting against corruption and is urging the government of india to enact a strong Lokpal Bill.[29] Kiran Bedi was alleged to have charged her hosts full fare for air tickets despite her paying discounted fare. On 26th November 2011.19 won national and international recognition. host of many popular interview shows published an article on controversies surrounding Bedi after she pulled out of one of Thapar's interview show. Awarding Organization Indian Institute of Planning and Management STAR Plus Indian Development Foundation (IDF) United Nations Blue Drop Group Management.[25] Karan Thapar.[35] Consequently. but given to her NGO[33].

20 Delhi Police has registered a case against Bedi under Section 420 (cheating).000. . social activist Prashant Bhushan (Hindi: पशात भूषण) (born 1956) is an advocate practicing in Delhi[1] and a social activist. Helen Mirren. the biggest prize for a documentary in any film festival in the US and the Social Justice Award with $2500 at Santa Barbara International Film Festival. In 2006. Yes Madam. Megan Doneman. In Gandhi's footsteps. The film was awarded Best Documentary at the Indo-American Film Festival in Atlanta. Kiran Bedi also became host in 2009–10 on the TV show Aap Ki Kachehri Kiran Ke Saath on Star Plus. The documentary has made a clean sweep of the award categories---“Best Documentary” with a cash award of $100. (October 2011) Prashant Bhushan Born Nationality Occupation 1956 (age 55–56) Indian Senior advocate. This film is being screened in film festivals around the world. Yes Madam. the kindly baton by Meenakshi Saxena[38] This article appears to be written like an advertisement. Norwegian Mpower Film & Media and film maker Oystein Rakkenes released another documentary on Bedi and her prison revolution in Tihar Central Jail. Sir. Sir got a unanimous vote from the jury. has been produced by Australian film maker. Please help improve it by rewriting promotional content from a neutral point of view and removing any inappropriate external links. Kiran Bedi was present during its screenings in Toronto. Dubai and Adelaide. Biographies of Bedi: • • I dare!: Kiran Bedi : a biography by Parmesh Dangwal[37] Kiran Bedi.[36] [edit] In films and literature A non fiction feature film on Kiran Bedi's life. He is the son of lawyer and former Law Minister of India Shanti Bhushan. 406 (criminal breach of trust). in November 2006. and to address the Q&A sessions at the end of each show. Its commentator is an Academy Award winner. 120 b (criminal conspiracy) of IPC.

He is presently co-chairman of the joint committeeff constituted in April 2011 for the Jan Lokpal Bill2011.[12] The Shiv Sena called for Bhushan to be tried for his statements about Kashmir. On 12 October 2011. He along with his son Prashant Bhushan was featured at 74th position in a list of the most powerful Indians published by The Indian Express in 2009.[11] Bhushan described the activists as having a "fascist mindset" and stood by his statements.[5] Bhushan represented Shaukat Hussain Guru in 2008 for an appeal against his 10 year conviction for his role in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack. He. he introduced the Lokpal bill in 1977[citation needed]. He was a member of the joint committee constituted in April 2011 by India to draft the Lokpal Bill. He joined the Bhartiya Janata Party in 1980. He. Justice Jagmohan Lal Sinha judged Indira Gandhi guilty and declared her election to the Lok Sabha void. However.[2] [edit] Activism He is a social activist. In 1986. He subsequently studied economics and philosophy at Princeton University but left and returned to India where he received a law degree from Allahabad University. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 14 July 1977 to 2 April 1980 and the Union Law minister in the Morarji Desai ministry from 1977 to 1979. He described the Lokpal Bill introduced in parliament as a corruption bill because it contained harsh punishment for whistleblowers and protected the corrupt.[3][4][5][6][7] [8][9][10] and if the Kashmiri people did not want to live in India.21 • [edit] Education Bhushan studied mechanical engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras but left after a semester. is involved in the Anna Hazare-led anti corruption movement in India.[2] As the then Law Minister.[3] The decision resulted in wide spread political protests and ultimately resulted in the declaration of a state of emergency in India. clashed with government ministers on the bill.[1] • [edit] Political career Bhushan was an active member of Congress (O) party and later the Janata Party. the then Prime Minister of India. Indian parliament has issued him a notice of breach of privilege for his remarks against the Parliament and parliamentarians which he denied. Shanti Bhushan (Hindi: शाित भूषण) (born 11 November 1925) in Allahabad. along with other members of Team Anna. United Provinces is a former Law Minister of India at Ministry of Law and Justice (1977–1979) in the Morarji Desai Ministry and also a senior advocate. they should be permitted to vote for separation in a plebescite. In 1994. along with Arvind Kejriwal. he resigned from BJP after the party acted against his advice over an election petition. In his career of 15 years he has worked on around 500 PILs. he appeared for two of the defendants accused of participating in the 1993 Mumbai bomb blasts case. he appeared as a counsel for Arundhati Roy in a contempt case against her in the Supreme Court of India. [edit] Prominent cases and clients • Bhushan represented Raj Narain in a case against Indira Gandhi.[4] In 2002.[6] • • • . Bhushan was attacked and beaten up by Bhagat Singh Kranti Sena and Shri Ram Sena activists for his view that the Indian army should be withdrawn from Jammu and Kashmir. it did not pass because of the collapse of the government. He is a strong supporter of a Clean Judiciary.

The bench awarded rigorous imprisonment for one year with fine of Rs.[15][16] The father-son duo are currently facing charges for contempt of court in Supreme Court of India for their statement about corruption in higher judiciary specifically. Deve Gowda in a petition related to allocation of land for Bangalore . the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation.[14] The campaign had also protested against the actions and appointments of Justice S. .Balakrishna Pillai and others.famous as kumar biswas 10 February 1970 Pilkhuwa. former chief justices of Supreme Court. which allegedly involved several judges of the Indian judiciary.Achuthanandan in the Supreme Court in the Idamalayar Dam corruption case against UDF leader R. along with his son Prashant Bhushan has been involved in pressing for accountability in the Indian Judiciary by setting up Campaign for Judicial Accountability and Judicial Reform (CJAR).each to the accused persons.[9] He has represented Rajendra Singh Lodha regarding the assets of Birla Corporation. D. Madan Mohan Punchhi. search Kumar Vishwas Born Vishvas Kumar Sharma. Ashok Kumar. Ghaziabad.[7][8] Shanti Bhushan was the counsel for the former Prime Minister of India H.S. Shanti Bhushan went on to say: His son Prashant Bhushan was attacked for his comments on 'Azad Kashmir' by some activists belonging to the Bhaghat Singh Kranti Sena.[17] During a hearing on the running case for contempt of court in November 2010.[10] He represented V.000/.[11] [edit] Activism Shanti Bhushan. The bench abandoned the hearing after deeming his remarks as contemptuous and termed his behavior as that of a street urchin.[12] The campaign has been responsible for action against the judicial misconduct of Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal[13] and for the declaration of assets by the judges. [edit] Works • Courting Destiny: A Memoir (2008 Kumar Vishwas From Wikipedia.22 • • • • Bhushan appeared as senior counsel for Transparency International in the Provident Fund scandal case of Ghaziabad.Mysore Infrastructure Corridor. Uttar Pradesh. Soumitra Sen and Ashwini Kumar Mata. 10.

Ghaziabad. Pilkhuwa.2 Notable international performances 2.1 Notable performances   ○ • • 2. After completing his intermediate from Rajputana Regiment Inter College.[1] Ghaziabad. in Pilkhuwa.1. He got entrance in one of the most reputed engineering college of India. NIT Allahabad (REC Allahabad at that time). He is the youngest among four brothers and a sister. He did Post Graduation in Hindi Literature.S. Degree College. [edit] Career . Uttar Pradesh in a Gaur Brahmin family..A. He started his schooling from Lala Ganga Sahay School. Meerut and his mother Smt.2 Awards 3 References 4 External links [edit] Early life and education Kumar Vishwas was born on 10 February 1970. कुमार िवशास ) (also spelt as Vishvas or Vishwas) (born 10 February 1970) is a renowned Hindi Poet and a professor of Hindi Literature from Pilkhuwa. Pilkhuwa affiliated to Chaudhary Charan Singh University. he left it and decided to make career in the field of Poetry.S. DLit Romantic Poetry Hindi-Punjabi Award Committee. but due to his passion for Poetry. Poet Nationality Indian Citizenship Indian Education Genres M. His father Dr. Uttar Pradesh. Chandra Pal Sharma was Lecturer in R. Pilkhuwa where he spent a part of his childhood. Rama Sharma is a home maker.1. his father wanted him to be an Engineer.1 Notable national performances 2. Contents [hide] • • 1 Early life and education 2 Career ○ 2. Uttar Pradesh “Sahitya Shree-2006” Geet Shree 2010 Notable award(s) Kumar Vishwas' (डॉ.23 India Occupation Professor. PhD.

He has been teaching Hindi Literature to higher class students of Lala Lajpat Rai College for the last sixteen years. She is known for her role in Narmada Bachao Andolan.24 Vishvas started his career as a in the year 1994 from Rajasthan. The list of national and international notable performances are given below: [edit] Notable national Medha Patkar From Wikipedia. born 1 December 1954) is an Indian social activist. She has also filed a public interest petition in the Bombay high court against Lavasa along with other members of National Alliance of People's Movements (NAPM). • [edit] Personal life . the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. search Medha Patkar Medha Patkar in 2002 Born 1 December 1954 (1954-12-01) (age 57) National Alliance of People's Movements(NAPM) Organization Political movement Narmada Bachao Andolan Medha Patkar (Marathi: मेधा पाटकर.[2] [edit] Notable performances Vishvas has been performing regularly in Kavi sammelan not only almost all parts of India but also performed in abroad. including Anna Hazare.

25 MEDHA PATKAR was born in Mumbai Maharashtra to Indu and Vasant Khanolkar. She did her M. she Friday alleged it was a "state government-sponsored protest". Her father actively fought in the Indian Independence Movement[citation needed].A. Her mother was a member of Swadar.[3] Raipur. and health related problems.She was often known for her extreme views on growth of country and liberalization. Patkar also played a pivotal role in driving out the Tata Nano plant from Singur. Patkar but got divorced. Entries are arranged in reverse chronological order by year. and the Human Rights Defender's Award from Amnesty International. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. including the Deena Nath Mangeshkar Award. One Konkan activist accused her of highlighting issues to "further her own purpose". an organization setup to help and assist women suffering difficult circumstances arising out of financial. and then abandoning them. • [edit] 2010s [edit] 2012 . Author Jacques Leslie devoted a third of his book. These include political. corporate and others. The year is the one in which the alleged scam was first reported or came into knowledge of public. Jan 8 : Two days after dozens of tribal people threw eggs and tomatoes at social activist Medha Patkar and several of her associates in Maoist violence-hit Dantewada district in Chhattisgarh. [edit] Criticism Patkar's refusal to participate in protest against a proposed Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project. [edit] Awards and honors Medha Patkar is one of the recipients of Right Livelihood Award for the year 1991. She received the 1999 M. which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.[2] She got married to Mr. West Bengal. a trade union leader and freedom fighter. in her home region of Konkan. the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Indian political scandals) Jump to: navigation. Displaced People. financial.[3] Though she is past employee of Tata Empire. The following is a list of alleged scams and scandals in India since independence. ostensibly due to insufficient benefits to locals and use of fertile land for industry. However. Her parents' activism played a role in shaping her philosophical views. whose construction she fought for two decades. the locals later appealed to Tata Motors to set up the plant at Singur accepting that they were misled." Patkar told a press conference. in Social Work from Tata Institute of Social Sciences. » List of scandals in India From Wikipedia. has made local activists there unhappy and sad. Green Ribbon Award for Best International Political Campaigner by BBC.[3] At the height of the agitation Ratan Tata had made a caustic remark questioning the source of funds of the agitators. "It was all a government-sponsored protest in Dantewada in police presence. search This is an incomplete list. Straus & Giroux. Mahatma Phule Award. educational.[1] She was raised by politically and socially active parents. Thomas National Human Rights Award from Vigil India Movement.A. to a portrait of Patkar as she planned to drown herself in rising reservoir waters behind the Sardar Sarovar Dam. Goldman Environment Prize. Those who threw eggs and tomatoes were brought from a relief camp by the government. 2005). and the Environment (Farrar. Deep Water: The Epic Struggle Over Dams. She has also received numerous other awards.

Darjeeling [28] [29] [30] [31] Vasundhara Raje land scam[32] Austral Coke scam (1000 Crore)[33][34] Cash for Vote Scandal Hasan Ali black money controversy[35][36][37] The Satyam scam [38] State Bank of Saurashtra scam (95 Crore)[39][40] Army ration pilferage scam (Rs 5000 crore)[41] Jharkhand medical equipment scam (Rs 130 crore)[42] [43] Stamp paper scam Kerala ice cream parlour sex scandal [edit] 2008 [edit] 2006 .EPFO scam (169 crore)[18][19] Kerala investment scam (1000 Crore)[20] Maharashtra education scam (1000 Crore)[21][22] 2G spectrum scam and Radia tapes controversy Adarsh Housing Society scam Commonwealth Games scam LIC housing loan scam Belekeri port scam Uttar Pradesh food grain scam Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation controversy[23] Indian Premier League scandal[24][25] [edit] 2011 [edit] 2010 [edit] 2000s [edit] 2009 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Madhu Koda mining scam Rice export scam (Rs 2500 crore)[26] Orissa mining scam (Rs 7000 crore)[27] Sukhna land scam . 700 crore) [14][15] [16] [17] BL Kashyap .Himachal Pradesh[9][10] Pune housing scam [11] Pune land scam [12] [13] Orissa pulse scam (Rs.26 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Himachal Pradesh pulse scam[1] [2] NRHM scam [3][4] ISRO spectrum allocation scam (also known as S-band scam)[5][6] Goa mining scam[7][8] Bellary mining scam HIMUDA housing scam .

5000 crore)[67] Yugoslav Dinar Scam (Rs. 400 crore)[68] Sugar import scam [69][70] [edit] 1996 [edit] 1995 [edit] 1994 .27 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Scorpene Deal scam[44][45][46] Navy War Room Spy Scandal (related to Scorpene Deal Scam) Punjab city centre project scam (Rs 1500 crore)[47] IPO scam [48][49] Oil for food scam (Natwar Singh) Bihar flood relief scam (Rs 17 Crore)[50] Gegong Apang PDS scam Taj corridor scandal HUDCO scam[51] Provident Fund (PF) scam [52][53] Kargil coffin scam[54] Ketan Parekh securities scam Barak Missile scandal Calcutta Stock Exchange scam[55] India-South Africa match fixing scandal[56] UTI scam (Rs 32 crore)[57] [edit] 2005 [edit] 2004 [edit] 2003 [edit] 2002 [edit] 2001 [edit] 2000 [edit] 1990s [edit] 1997 • • • • • • • • • • • • • Cobbler scam [58][59] Hawala scandal Bihar land scandal (Rs 400 crore)[60] SNC lavalin power project scam (Rs 374 crore)[61] Bihar fodder scam Sukh Ram telecom equipment scandal C R Bhansali scam (1100 crore)[62][63] Fertiliser import scam (133 crore)[64][65] Purulia arms drop case Meghalya forest scam (Rs. 300 Crore)[66] Preferential allotment scam (Rs.

2 crore)[77] Maruti scandal[78] Nagarwala scandal(Rs 60 lakh) [edit] 1974 [edit] 1971 [edit] 1960s [edit] 1965 • • • • Kaling tubes scandal[79] Pratap Singh Kairon scam[80] Kairon scandal[81] Teja loan scandal (Rs 22 crore)[82] [edit] 1964 [edit] 1963 [edit] 1960 [edit] 1950s [edit] 1958 • • • The Mundhra scandal (Rs.28 [edit] 1992 • • • • Harshad Mehta securities scam (Rs 5000 crore)[71] Palmolein Oil Import Scam.2 crore)[83] BHU funds misappropriation (Rs 50 lakh)[84] Cycle import scam[85] [edit] 1956 [edit] 1951 [edit] 1940s [edit] 1948 • Jeep scandal (Rs 80 lakh)[86 . 1. Kerala Indian Bank scandal (Rs 1300 crore)[72] Airbus scandal[73] [edit] 1990 [edit] 1980s [edit] 1989 • • • St Kitts forgery[74] Bofors Scandal[75] Cement Scam involving A R Antulay(Rs 30 crore)[76] [edit] 1987 [edit] 1981 [edit] 1970s [edit] 1976 • • • Kuo oil scandal (Rs 2.

you can help by expanding it. Kanimozhi • Member of Parliament • Indicted and arrested. the average criminal case in India finishes 15 years after charges are initiated. cases still Intimidating pending journalists[7] • Accused by • Chief Minister of • Adarsh Housing • Ashok Chavan CBI.29 Main article: Corruption in India India's lower house of parliament. Possessing assets • Acquitted after disproportionate witnesses turned • Sukhbir Singh • Deputy Chief to known sources hostile[8][9]. trial • Maharashtra Society Scam pending[10] • Corruption in • Minister for food • Implicated by Jalgaon District • Suresh Jain and civil supplies. • Finally assassinated • • Suresh Kalmadi • Member of Parliament Criminal conspiracy and cheating related to 2010 Commonwealth Games 2G spectrum scam • Indicted and arrested. In such cases where the accused chooses to stand trial. Possessing assets • Acquitted after • Prakash Singh • Chief Minister of disproportionate witnesses turned • Badal Punjab to known sources hostile[5][6] of income • Cheating. As of May 2011. Resigned.[1] Current election rules state that politicians may stand in elections or serve in elected positions while on trial or while appealing convictions. the Sawant • Co-operative Maharashtra Comission [11] Bank • Acquitted of all • Hawala (illegal • Union Minister and charges [12][13] • Balram Jakhar foreign exchange) • Speaker case • • Pratap Singh Kairon • Chief Minister of Punjab • Corruption Commission of inquiry Indicted him. approximately 30 percent have criminal cases pending against them. the Lok Sabha. has 545 elected lawmakers. • released on bail [14] • • M. Other • Badal Minister of Punjab of income. released on bail • [15] . • List of politicians in India charged with corruption • Important • Name Positions Held • Charges • Trial Result • During Carrier • Cheating.[2][3][4] List This list is incomplete. K.

Fodder scam. Janardhana Reddy Virbhadra Singh • Surrendered to Lokayukta court. • Awaiting trial [19] Sentenced to five years imprisonment by lower court.Punjab Government • • Trial continuing[16] In jail since 2009.Balakrishna Pillai • • Minister. serving sentence • [18] • A. Singh. alleged framing of V. As • of January 2012. Raja • • Indicted and arrested.Awaiting [26] prosecution Awaiting prosecution[27] • • • Corruption • Sukh Ram • Telecom Minister • • P.30 • Conspiracy to murder her own daughter Rs 40000 crores (USD 8. S. he is out on bail[20][21] Higher court overturned conviction in the first case and the • trial court acquitted him in the other two cases [22][23][24][25] Charge sheeted by CBI • . released on bail[29][30] In judicial custody in Hyderabad[31] Chargesheet • • • Illegal mining scam Misuse of official • • • • . others • • • Y. and cheating Lakhubhai Pathak Accumulating huge wealth disproportionate to his known sources of income SNC-Lavalin case. Government of Karnataka Chief Minister of • • • • • • acquitted in 2006 [28] • • B. Minister of Railways Former Chief Minister of Karnataka Member of Legislative Council. Jaganmohan Reddy • Member of Parliament • • • Pinarayi Vijayan Lalu Prasad Yadav • Kerala State Secretary of CPIM Chief Minister of Bihar. Yeddyurappa • • Illegal mining scam • • G. Narasimha Rao (deceased) • Prime Minister Alleged offering of bribes.8 bn) graft money case Idamalayar Dam Graft case 2G spectrum scam • Jagir Kaur • Minister. investigation continues [17] • • Madhu Koda • Chief Minister of Jharkhand • • • R. was in judicial custody • for 22 days. Kerala Government Union Cabinet Minister for Communications and Information Technology • • Convicted. S.P. V.

The LokAyukta helps people bring corruption to the fore mainly amongst the politicians and officers in the government service. Jharkhand Lokayukta. But surprisingly.[5] [edit] Lokayukta/Lokpal/Lokaayog Acts in Indian States • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Lokayukta. headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or high court chief justice and comprising the state vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminent administrator as other members. Bihar Lok Aayog Adhyadesh(ordinance). Madhya Pradesh Lokayukta. many acts of the LokAyukta have not resulted in criminal or other consequences for those charged. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. Karnataka Lokayukta.[1][2] The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) headed by Morarji Desai submitted a special interim report on "Problems of Redressal of Citizen's Grievances' in 1966. Gujarat Lokayukta.[4] • [edit] Constitutional Amendment for Effectiveness An amendment to the Constitution has been proposed to implement the Lokayukta uniformly across Indian States. The proposed changes will make the institution of Lokayukta uniform across the country as a three-member body.[3] Owing to this. Assam Lokayukta. Small & Medium Enterprises position (chief minister) and criminal conduct[32] filed in court of special Judge BL Soni[33] Lokayukta From Wikipedia. the ARC recommended the setting up of two special authorities designated as 'Lokpal' and 'Lokayukta' for the redressal of citizens' grievances. It is to be noted that the LokAyukta conducts raids. Himachal Pradesh Lokayukta. Rajasthan . Delhi Lokayukta.31 Himachal Pradesh. Maharashtra Lokpal. it does not have binding powers to punish anyone. Punjab Lokayukta. Union Minister of Micro. Andhra Pradesh Lokayukta. Haryana Lokayukta. Chattisgarh Lokayukta. search The Lokayukta (also Lok Ayukta) is an anti-corruption ombudsman organization in the Indian states. Orissa Lokpal. In this report. Kerala Lokayukta.

32 • • Lokayukta. public authorities' behaviour.[1] 42 years after its first introduction. Corruption and mal-administration impose a great strain on democracy and we all know that corruption is the end product of a process of administration and is preceded by mal-administration. no matter the nature of the investigation. corruption is internationally recognized as a major problem in society. To live in a society which pursues good governance practices is today a basic human right. which is now in place in more than 100 countries. Subsequently. 2001. revise discretionary decision-making processes…. relies on his ability to make public authorities accept and understand his recommendations. threatening social. public authorities and media are better able to understand the rationale for any possible recommendations that he could make in a case under his scrutiny.[6] Lokpal . that public authorities respect citizens' rights and laws and that administrative problems are corrected (eliminate formalities. His purpose is to resolve conflicts. the population. A just and civil society requires a system of government which whilst operating within the rule of law provides for a wider recognition of the need for accountability to citizens on whose behalf government undertakes its responsibility. the Lokpal Bill was for the first time presented during the fourth Lok Sabha in 1968. 2005 and in 2008. Effectiveness of Lokayukta is related to his primary objective: to ensure that the constitutional state is maintained. this mission is divided in to two parts: monitoring and correcting. corruption includes improper or selfish exercise of power and influence attached to a public office due to the special position one occupies in public life. and was passed there in 1969. particularly as it penalizes the honest and rewards the dishonest among them. if necessary. the general scale according to which he evaluates the government's administrative behaviour. 1996. The developing countries like India face this problem. . 1989. and MPs with the ombudsman. one capable of endangering the stability and security of societies. In its widest connotation. This is why he ensures that public authorities are aware of his intervention criteria. Following this. The role of Lokayukta is necessary in providing a mechanism which can balance the fundamental requirement that governments must be able to govern but with appropriate accountability. He makes his general intervention policies public. 1977.). • [edit] History The first Jan Lokpal Bill was proposed by Mr Shanti Bhushan in 1968 and passed in the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969 but could not get through the Rajya Sabha. the Lokpal Bill is still pending in India. Corruption hurts the public directly and tragically. The Lokpal Bill provides for filing complaints of corruption against the prime minister. yet they were never passed. Consequently. lokpal bills were introduced in 1971. International cooperation is indispensable to combat corruption and promote accountability. economic and political development and undermining the values of democracy and morality. Uttarakhand . The quality of an individual citizen's life is materially affected by both the decisions taken by government and the manner in which those decisions are implemented. 1985. The traditional role of Ombudsman provides an effective accountability mechanism. Throughout the fabric of public life in the developing countries runs the scarlet thread of bribery and corruption. reduce delays. other ministers. Uttar Pradesh [edit] Role of the Lokayukta in Combating Corruption and Bad Administration Nowadays. which he must make public authorities aware of. This is why the Lokayuktas effectiveness.adopted from Uttar Pradesh Lokayukta. 1998. or his success in getting his recommendations implemented by public authorities. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) while recommending the constitution of Lokpal was convinced that such an institution was justified not only for removing the sense of injustice from the minds of deeply affected citizens but also necessary to instill public confidence in the efficiency of the administrative machinery. transparency and the rule of law.

the bill has been deferred to the next parliamentary session amid lots of drama and disruption by the LJP. . it was referred to some committee for improvements --. Retired IPS officer Kiran Bedi and other known people like Swami Agnivesh. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. drafted by the civil society. the Lok Sabha was dissolved. Anna Hazare and Mallika Sarabhai are also part of the movement.a joint committee of parliament. Anna Hazare fought for this bill to get passed and it did on Dec 27. No minister or bureaucrat will be able to influence their investigations. The basic idea of the lokpal is borrowed from the office of ombudsman. The website of the India Against Corruption movement calls the Lokpal Bill of the government an "eyewash" and has on it a critique of that government bill. most recently in 2008. We feel that if this Bill were enacted it would create an effective deterrence against corruption. called India Against Corruption. the house was dissolved again. and so the bill was not passed at that time.[2] [edit] Jan Lokpal Bill Anna Hazare's hunger strike at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. or a departmental standing committee of the Home Ministry and before the government could take a final stand on the issue. they will be completely independent of the governments. We have all come together to force/request/persuade/pressurize the Government to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill. 2011. 4. Features of the Jan Lokpal Bill: 1. complete the investigation within a year and envisages trial in the case getting over in the next one year. RJD and SP parties. Several conspicuous flaws have been cited in the recent draft of the Lokpal Bill. It also seeks power to the Jan Lokpal to prosecute politicians and bureaucrats without government permission. Prashant Bhushan (Supreme Court Lawyer) and Arvind Kejriwal (RTI activist). Like Supreme Court and Election Commission." Anna Hazare. his team and other political parties claim that the Lokpal Bill passed is weak and would not serve its intended purpose. be adopted. As of Dec 29. The bill was revived several times in the subsequent years. the draft Bill envisages a system where a corrupt person found guilty would go to jail within two years of the complaint being made and his ill-gotten wealth being confiscated. which has Administrative Reforms Committee of a lokpal at the Centre. So the proposed bill by the ruling Congress Party is yet to get acceptance from the Rajya Sabha.33 However while it was pending in the Rajya Sabha. It also lists the difference between the bills drafted by the government and civil society. an independent body that would investigate corruption cases. officer or judge is sent to jail within two years.2011 around 9:30 with modifications (proposed as the Jan Lokpal Bill). An institution called Lokpal at the centre and Lokayukta in each state will be set up 2. The media at large and the opposition parties have claimed the situation to be staged. Drafted by Justice Santosh Hegde (former Supreme Court Judge and former Lokayukta of Karnataka). The loss that a corrupt person caused to the government will be recovered at the time of conviction. Its website describes the movement as "an expression of collective anger of people of India against corruption. 3. However. and lokayukta(s) in the states. Hazare. Cases against corrupt people will not linger on for years anymore: Investigations in any case will have to be completed in one year. began a fast-unto-death. Trial should be completed in next one year so that the corrupt politician. demanding that this bill. on the second day of his fast Main article: Jan Lokpal Bill The Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizen's Ombudsman Bill) is a draft anti-corruption bill drawn up by prominent civil society activists seeking the appointment of a Jan Lokpal. Each time. anti-corruption crusader. after the bill was introduced to the house.

Following differences with the Civil Society.[3] On the 16th of June. declared that he will restart his fast unto death on the 16th of August if the Lokpal bill is not passed by the Parliament of India by 15 August. one from each side. Lokpal will have to get it done in a month's time. Lokpal will have to complete its investigations in a year. Hazare called off his hunger strike on the 9th of April 2011 bringing to an end his 98-hour protest after the government issued a gazette notification constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of government ministers and civil society activists. 2. supported Anna Hazare's cause by candle light marches and online campaigns through social media. So. We will launch the agitation from August 16. To potentially impose fines on a fake complaint. trial will be over in next one year and the guilty will go to jail within two years. 2011. you could approach Lokpal if your ration card or passport or voter card is not being made or if police is not registering your case or any other work is not being done in prescribed time. How will it help a common citizen: If any work of any citizen is not done in prescribed time in any government office.. 6. social activist Anna Hazare said he would move the Supreme Court to prevent any situation similar to the police crackdown on Baba Ramdev and his supporters at Ramlila Maidan. 7.[4] .Many claim he had his personal interests behind it. citizens and constitutional authorities and not by politicians.. which will be given as compensation to the complainant.34 5. departmental vigilance and anti-corruption branch of CBI will be merged into Lokpal. Anna Hazare on the 8th of June. That is why we will go to the Supreme Court tomorrow. Any complaint against any officer of Lokpal shall be investigated and the officer dismissed within two months.” he added.” Hazare told reporters here-“The Constitution has given right to every citizen to lodge a protest. through a completely transparent and participatory process. had started a fast unto death at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi demanding the passing of the bill. or even a short span of jail time. poor quality roads been constructed or panchayat funds being siphoned off. “The government said. 10. Anticipating some sort of police action against his fast intended on August 16. a Gandhian rights activist. Is this democracy or autocracy? You cannot suppress. Fundamental duties 1. But won't the government appoint corrupt and weak people as Lokpal members? That won't be possible because its members will be selected by judges. including him. It will be the duty of the Lokpal to provide protection to those who are being victimized for raising their voice against corruption. Recently yoga guru. He wanted the Government of India to accept various demands which mainly included those related to the Lokpall Bill. judge or politician. ‘we will suppress the agitation of Anna Hazare as had been done in the case of Ramdev’. especially the youth. 8. Lokpal will have complete powers and machinery to independently investigate and prosecute any officer. to draft a bill for the creation of an effective Lokpal. Lokpal will impose financial penalty on guilty officers. was on a fast for this cause for 9 days from 4 to 12 June 2011. What if some officer in Lokpal becomes corrupt? The entire functioning of Lokpal/ Lokayukta will be completely transparent. which is the Independence Day of India. the civil society reported that only 15 points of total 71 that they recommended have been agreed to by the Joint Committee consisting of five central ministers. the team of five central ministers decided to forward two drafts of the Lokpal Bill to the Cabinet. Swami Ramdev. To judge whether a case is legal or whether a fake complaint has been made. To judge the cases and make jurisdictions against corruption cases with the Lokpal. What will happen to existing anti-corruption agencies? CVC. if the case is not proved to be legally true.. 9. Thousands of people from all over India. Anna Hazare. 3. You could also report any case of corruption to Lokpal like ration being siphoned off.

It also seeks power to the Jan Lokpal to prosecute politicians and bureaucrats without government permission. We feel that if this Bill were enacted it would create an effective deterrence against corruption. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Drafted by Justice Santosh Hegde (former Supreme Court Judge and former Lokayukta of Karnataka).org/ The Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizen's ombudsman Bill) is a draft anti-corruption bill drawn up by prominent civil society activists seeking the appointment of a Jan Lokpal." Anna Hazare declared that he would begin another fast in Delhi on August 16. Team Anna is up in arms and calls the government version the "Joke Pal Bill. anti-corruption crusader. Prashant Bhushan (Supreme Court Lawyer) and Arvind Kejriwal (RTI activist). drafted by the civil society. Eventually. Indian Air Force and Indian Navy has been kept out of the ambit of the Lokpal. There are widespread protests all over the country against his arrest. The website of the India Against Corruption movement calls the Lokpal Bill of the government an "eyewash" and has on it a critique of that government Bill. The bill also keeps CBI independent. complete the investigation within a year and envisages trial in the case getting over in the next one year. both sides drafted their own version of the Bill.35 On 27 December 2011. Anna Hazare and Mallika Sarabhai are also part of the movement. the government agreed to set up a joint committee with an equal number of members from the government and civil society side to draft the Lokpal Bill together. an independent body that would investigate corruption cases. The Indian Army. urce: http://indiaagainstcorruption. Hours before he was to begin his hunger strike. The two sides met several times but could not agree on fundamental elements like including the PM under the purview of the Lokpal. the Lokpal bill was passed by the Lok Sabha after a day long debate and amendments. Retired IPS officer Kiran Bedi and other known people like Swami Agnivesh. be adopted. went on a fast-unto-death in April. We have all come together to force/request/persuade/pressurize the Government to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill. the Delhi Police detained and later arrested him. the draft Bill envisages a system where a corrupt person found guilty would go to jail within two years of the complaint being made and his ill-gotten wealth being confiscated." Anna Hazare. called India Against Corruption. demanding that this Bill. . The government has introduced its version in Parliament in this session. Its website describes the movement as "an expression of collective anger of people of India against corruption. Four days into his fast.

36 10 differences between Jan Lokpal Bill and Govt Bill 15 Like this story. Top of Form Post your opinion here . share it with millions of investors on M3 10 differences between Jan Lokpal Bill and Govt Bill The streets are witnessing a demand that the government's Lok Pal Bill be replaced by the Jan Lok Pal Bill (JLP) as drafted by the team led by Anna Hazare.

we describe the some of these differences. the government Bill excludes them. the two Bills differ on the composition. The government Bill includes the Prime Minister after he demits office whereas the JLP includes a sitting Prime Minister. The JLP includes judges. there is a divergence on the jurisdiction of the Lok Pal. First. MPs for any action outside Parliament. The JLP has a chairperson and 10 . PRS Legislative Research The streets are witnessing a demand that the government's Lok Pal Bill be replaced by the Jan Lok Pal Bill (JLP) as drafted by the team led by Anna Hazare. and Group A officers (and equivalent) of the government. The JLP includes all government officials. The government Bill has a chairperson and up to 8 members. The JLP includes any act of an MP in respect of a speech or vote in Parliament (which is now protected by Article 105 of the Constitution). There are several significant differences between the two bills. at least half the members must have a judicial background. JLP does not cover NGOs. Both bills include ministers. while the government Bill does not include junior (below Group A) officials. Second. The government Bill also includes officers of NGOs who receive government funds or any funds from the public.37 578312 Bottom of Form Top of Form reply 1 3 Bottom of Form By: MR Madhavan. In this note.

a high court chief justice. Fifth. there are some differences in the qualifications of a member of the Lok Pal. the government Bill provides for a prosecution wing of the Lok Pal. or engaging in paid employment. MPs and judges of Supreme Court and high courts may be initiated only with the permission of a 7-judge bench of the Lok Pal. Fourth. Sixth.38 members. the government Bill provides for an investigation wing under the Lok Pal. appoint a search committee to shortlist candidates. The selection committee may. The selection committee consists of the Prime Minister. infirmity of mind or body. The reference may be made by the president (a) on his own. The JLP has a two stage process. in addition. ministers. the leaders of Opposition in both Houses of Parliament. In the JLP. at its discretion. infirmity of mind or body. The government Bill deals only with offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act. In the JLP. the CBI's prosecution wing will conduct this function. the government Bill requires at least 25 years experience in anticorruption policy. For other members. the process of selecting the Lok Pal members is different. it may recommend his removal to the President. The selection will be made by a committee consisting of the Prime Minister. vigilance or finance. The JLP requires a judicial member to have held judicial office for 10 years or been a high court or Supreme Court advocate for 15 years. A search committee will shortlist potential candidates. two high court chief justices. public administration. The Lok Pal chairperson and members will be selected from this shortlist by a selection committee. insolvency or paid employment. No prior sanction is required. The search committee will have 10 members. two Supreme Court judges. The government Bill permits the president to make a reference to the Supreme Court for an inquiry. The process starts with a complaint by any person to the Supreme Court. the Lok Pal may initiate prosecution in a special court. Seventh. Third. Ninth. and disqualifies anyone who has been in government service in the previous two years. The JLP has a different process. The government Bill requires the judicial member to be a Supreme Court judge or a high court chief justice. the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha. The government Bill has a simpler process. The JLP. If the court finds misbehaviour. a Supreme Court judge. Eighth. followed by removal if the member is found to be biased or corrupt. of which 4 have a judicial background. the process for removal of Lok Pal members is different. prosecution of the Prime Minister. the process for prosecution is different. The JLP states that the CBI will be under the Lok Pal while investigating corruption cases. . The President may also remove any member for insolvency. Chief Election Commissioner or Comptroller and Auditor General. victimization of whistleblowers and repeated violation of citizen's charter. includes offences by public servants under the Indian Penal Code. the offences covered by the bills vary. (a) on a petition signed by 100 MPs or (c) on a petition by a citizen if the President is then satisfied that it should be referred. In the government Bill. the Chief Election Commissioner. they will select the other five from civil society. the Comptroller and Auditor General and all previous Lok Pal chairpersons. five of these would have retired as Chief Justice of India. A copy of the report is to be sent to the competent authority. The JLP has a lower age limit of 45 years. an eminent jurist and an eminent person in public life.

The government Bill does not deal with grievance redressal. security and defence. It also proposes merging the entire vigilance machinery into Lokpal. It requires every public authority to publish citizen's charters listing its commitments to citizens. The Jan Lokpal Bill proposes powers to initiate prosecution after completion of investigations. The government's Lokpal will not have jurisdiction over bureaucrats and government officers.Lokpal vs Jan Lokpal Bill LOKPAL BILL Government's Lokpal will not have any power to either initiate action suo motu in any case or even receive complaints of corruption from public The government wants Lokpal to be an advisory body. Jan Lokpal will have jurisdiction over politicians. VIEW Difference . in addition to the process for prosecuting corruption cases. JAN LOKPAL BILL The Jan Lokpal proposes full powers to initiate investigations suo motu in any case and also to directly entertain complaints from the public. which will only forward its enquiry report to the competent authority for action. The government's Lokpal won't have powers to investigate any case against PM. But the Jan Lokpal Bill proposes no such bar on Lokpal's powers. officials and even judges. proceed with criminal investigations and launch prosecution. it is important that citizens understand the differences and nuances. which deals with foreign affairs. the JLP deals with grievance redressal of citizens. The Jan Lokpal proposes police powers and would be able to register FIR. Given the widespread media coverage and public discussions. The government's Lokpal will not have any police powers and it will not be able to register an FIR. . This may be a good opportunity to enact a law which includes the better provisions of each of these two bills.39 Tenth.