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© Sarajit Poddar
1. INTRODUCTION: As the name suggests Shadbala means six fold strength. Although these strengths are combinedly used for finding the effect of planets on the lives of the natives, there is more use of the strengths and we get the clue of those uses from their names. If they were to be used combinedly, then such specific names were unnecessary. Moreover, this is more logical to think that, a planet when strong, might not be so for influencing all affairs in our lives. A planet which might give good status might not be good to show the direction of your life. So we must construe, the special significance hidden in the names given to the six sources of strengths. These strengths need not be used only predicting the results of the dasa, however, can be used for normal horoscopic interpretation. For illustration, the kendradi bala is used in ayur calculation etc. One can understand their use more and more by understanding their name and their basis of calculation. Shad Bal consists of the following strengths: 1. Sthan Bal (Positional strength) 2. Dig Bal (Directional strength) 3. Kaal Bal (Temporalstrength), inclusive of Ayan Bal (Equinoctial strength) 4. Chesht Bal (Motional strength) 5. Naisargika Bal (Natural strength) 6. Drik Bal (Aspectual strength) These strengths are computed for the seven Grahas from Sūrya to Śani. The nodes are not considered. 2. STHANA BALA (Maximum: 480 virupa = 8 rupas) Sthana means place and hence the sthana bala is calculated based on the placement of the planets in different signs on various parameters, such as how far are they placed from their exaltation sign etc. More follows below: 2.1 Uccha Bal (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Uccha means exaltation. When a planet is placed in its highest exaltation point, it is of full strength and when it is in its deepest debilitation point, it is devoid of any strength. When placed at other places, it has middling strength proportionately dependent on the distance these planets are placed from the highest exaltation or deepest debilitation point.
the planets gets the corresponding Virupa of strength. Divide the difference by 3 and the result so obtained is the uccha bala in Virupas. Other planets gets this strength.04 Virupas Great Enemy's sign (Khal) . Navamsa. The strength of the planets in these seven divisional charts based on their placements in moolatrikona. the difference happens to be 180 deg and hence the uccha bala for such planet becomes 60 virupa (180/3).Find the difference between a planet's longitude and the deepest debilitation point. constitute the sapta varaj bala. neutral and enemical signs are based on the compound relationship and hence the term.20 Virupas Friendly Sign (Shant) .3 Oja-Yugma Rasi-Amsa Bala (Maximum: 30 Virupa= 0. the difference becomes zero and hence also the bala is zero. Moon and Venus are female planets and get strength of 15 virupas each while placed in the even signs in the rasi or navamsa. Hora. friendly sign etc. great friend and great enemy has been used in this context. Moolatrikona Sign .02 Virupas 2. Saptamsa. when a planet is placed in the deepest debilitation. The maximum strength which can be derived from this is 30 virupas (Venus/ Moon placed in Even sign in both rasi and Navamsa. Dwadashamsa and Trimsamsa constitute the Sapta varga.15 Virupas Neutral Sign (Din) . Thus. this strength is derived from a planet's placement in the odd or even signs in the Rasi and Navamsa. The friend's. while they are placed in Odd (Male) signs in Rasi or Navamsa.) .5 Rupa) Oja means Odd signs and Yugma means Even signs. as the name imply. 2.45 Virupas Swakshetra (Svasth) .30 Virupas Great Friend's Sign (Pramudit) . own sign. The method of their calculation is as follows: In the following rasis. When a planet is in highest exaltation point. However.10 Virupas Inimical Sign (Duhkhit) .25 rupas) Rasi. other planets placed in the odd signs in both rasi and navamsa. Although maharishi gave the strength in terms of the avasthas they are place in.2 Sapt Vargaj Bal (Maximum: 45*7 = 315 virupas = 5. he gave the association of these avasthas with the placement of the planets in different rasis in the following chapter on the avasthas (Ch 45). Dreshkan.
From this we can infer that the male planets are stronger in the beginning of a sign. Jupiter and Venus are stronger during the day.5 Dreshkan Bala (Maximum: 15 virupa = 0. Unnata when deducted from 30 Ghatikas gives Nata. Mercury is stronger both during day and night. female and hermaphrodite Grahas. while one in Panaphara (Succedent: 2-5-8-11) Bhava gets half and the one in Apoklima(Preceedent: 12-3-6-9) Bhava gets a quarter or a rupa.e. second and third dreshkana. At other time the bala is proportionate. Thus at that time the unnata bala of the diurnal planets Sun. the unnata bala of the Sun. the kendradi bala equals: Kendra: 60 Virupa Panaphara: 30 Virupa Apoklima: 15 Virupa 2. At midnite. the natonnata bala for all the planets (excluding Mercury. Jupiter and Venus is full 60 virupas and the nata bala of Moon. which marks the peak of night. Unnata is the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time. Jupiter and Venus is zero. Irrespective of day or night Mercurygets the bala of 60 virupa or 1 rupa. Mars and Saturn is zero. One rupa equals 60 virupa. Male. whereas Sun.1 Natonnata Bala: (Maximum 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Natonnata is composed of two terms nata and unnata. whose bala is always 60). i. when the day is at peak and the Sun is placed exactly on the meridian. female planets are stronger in the middle part and neutral planets gains strength in the ending part of a sign. Mars and Saturn and unnata bala is seen for Sun. At the noon hr.. is the same. the diurnal planets are weaker. the nata bala is seen for Moon. Mars and Saturn is full 60 virupas. Also note the formula Nata Bala+ Unnata Bala = 60 virupas . get a quarter Rupa (15 virupa) according to placements in the first. KALA BALA: 3. second. 3. Hence.2. respectively. 30 Virupas. Moon. Jupiter and Venus. or third dreshkanaof a sign. Mars and Saturn are stronger at night. whereas the nata bala of the nocturnal planets Moon. thus in virupas.4 Kendradi Bala (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) The name itself implies how to compute this strength.25 rupa) due to placement in first. A planet in a Kendra (Quadrant: 14-7-10) gets full strength. which marks the junction of the day and the night. At Surise and Sunset.
which will indicate the Paksha Bala of each of the benefic Grahas.First 1/3 part of Night Venus. as Paksh Bal. the phase of Moon decreases and is termed as Waning Moon. Mars and Saturn. which will go to each malefic. whereas the malefics are Sun. 3.3 Tribhag Bala: Tribhaga means three parts. The paksha bala of the Moon is 2 rupas (120 virupas) at the end time of Full Moon and New Moon. The degrees so obtained when divided by 3. If the angular duration exceeds 180 degrees.Last 1/3 part of day Moon. This strength has gained its name from the fact that the day and night are divided into three parts each.Last 1/3 part of Night Jupiter gets this Bal at all times. Find the angular distance between Sun and Moon.2 Paksha Bal: Paksha can be loosely translated as a fortnite.Middle 1/3 part of Night Mars. Paksha is the duration between conjunction and opposition of the Luminaries. The Planets which gain 1 virupa of strength during different part of a days is a as follows: Mercury. which in Jyotish parlance known as the Sukla Paksha. deduct the same from 360. The duration from Conjunction to Opposition is the time when the Phase of Moon increase and is termed as Waxing Moon.Middle 1/3 part of day Saturn. This forms the basis for calculation of the paksha bala. The benefics are Jupiter. The Benefics are stronger in the Sukla Paksha and the Malefics are stronger in the Krsna Paksha. . during the middle of the pakshas. which in Jyotish Parlance known as Krsna Paksha. However in Jyotish term. The Paksh Bal of benefic should be deducted from 60.The fluctuation of the Natonnata bala for the planets can be seen as follows: Diurnal Planet Nocturnal Planet Sunrise 30 30 Noon 60 00 Sunset 30 30 Midnite 00 60 3. Whereas the duration from opposition to conjunction. well associate Mercury. The Paksha bala of the Moon goes down to 60 virupas.First 1/3 part of day Sun. Venus.
the previous weekday has to be taken. The calculation of the ayana bala is complecated. 15.e. The angle which they make with respect to the plane of celestial equator measured from center of earth is called the declination or Kranti. . Maasa.. Mesha. we can see that Hora lord gets the maximum strength. 3.5 Ayan Bala The Earth's equitorial plane when projected to the celestial spehere (a hypothetical sphere which has shows the visible stars and planets). 3. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Grahas from Sun to Saturn. 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord. counted from the first ruler. Now a days with the advent of computers.Dina. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day.3. counted from the 2nd Hora Lord. This is the weekday lord of the day in which the Sun has transited to Mesha. things have become easier for the Jyotishis. can be above. 3.Hora Bal: Varsha-Maasa-Dina-Hora Bal. highlighting the importance of the hora lord over the other lords at any time. 30. 23°27’ during the solstices where the Sunrises either on Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn. each saurya masa (Solar Month) commences when the Sun transits each sign of the zodiac. i. however the same can be accomplished using a simple formula: Ayan Bal = 60*(23°27’ ± Kranti)/(46°54’) = (23°27’± Kranti)*1. At a particular time.4 Varsha (Abda) . the declination becomes zero.3 Dina Bala: Dina is weekday.e.4. the lord of a particular hora gets the Hora bala of 60 Virupas.2793. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself.4.4 Hora Bala: Hora means planetary hour. Maas Lord. Take the weekday lord on which Sun has moved to a new sign as the lord of the Masa.1 Varsha Bala: The Varsha mentioned here is the solar year or the samvatsara. 60 Virupas. The planets which we see. The lord of the weekday is the lord of the day. whereas during the equinoxes.Maasa. is known as the celestial equator. 3. i. 3.. Dina Lord and Hora Lord.4. the previous weekday has to be taken.4. Each day from sunrise to next sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour. From the strength of the Varsa. The Declination of Sun is maximum.2 Maasa Bala: Like Varsha Lord. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. which commences when the Sun moves to the first sign on the zodiac. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner. Dina and Hora lord. below or placed on the celestial equator at any point of time.
4. As far as Merucry is concerned. Mercury.6. Should there be a war between the planets. they are supposed to be in war or yuddha.00 1. it is always plus. the difference between the Shad Balas of the two should be added to the victor’s Shad Bal and deducted from the Shad Bal of the vanquished. Moon and Sun in the ascending order. or Venus have northern Kranti (Placed above the equitorial plane). Mars. Moon and Sun respectively. Jupiter. Venus. Sun's Ayana Bal is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered as it is.When Moon or Saturn have southern Kranti (placed below the equitorial plane) or. DIK BALA The planets gains full Dikbala in the following houses: 1st (Lagna Bhava) Jupiter and Mercury (Ethery and Earthy element) 10th (Karma Bhava) Sun and Mars (Fiery element) 4th (Sukha Bhava) Venus and Moon (Watery element) 7th (Jaya Bhava ) Saturn (Airy element) When the planets are placed away from the bhava where they get the full dik bala. Jupiter. This happens to be Planet In virupas In rupas Sun 60. 5. Yudhdh Bala. 3. Mars.14 0. The result when divided by 3. gives the dikbala of the planets. Venus. The longitude of the bhava is same as the Lagna cusp as per the equal house distribution. If the angular distance is more than 180 then. Mars. take plus and otherwise minus. When two planets are placed inside each other's orbs of influence.00 Moon 51. NAISARGIKA BALA Naturally the planets are stronger in the order of Saturn. The maximum strength attained here is 60 virupa or 1 rupa.29 .86 Mars 17. when Sun. Jupiter. there strength is proportionately reduced. Mercury. There natural strength is computed by dividing one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately to obtain the strength of Saturn. To compute the dikbala find the angular distance of the planet and the 7th of bhava where they get the full dik bala. subtract it from 360. Krantis can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris.43 0.
For other planets. which is the root of the verb "to see".Saturn aspect with full sight and others aspect with 1/4th of their sight From the drik balas of a planet we can judge what is the strength of aspects of the benefics and malefics on it and their combined influences. The calculation is cumbursome and shall be given in subsequent article. excluding the lumeries by the the virtue of their kind of movement. For Sun. the Ayana Bala becomes its chesta Bala.70 0. So this strength is gained by the virtue of the aspect (Graha Drsti) of different planets on a planet. For calculation of this strength. the partial aspects are also taken into consideration.43 Jupiter 34.Mercury 25. The aspects of planets are given hereunder 7th.57 0. whereas for Moon.71 Saturn 08. eight kinds of motions are attributed to they. by rendering the lord strong. The aspect of benefics are considered to be strength and the aspect of malefics are considered to be weaknesses. Aspect of benefics promote the house owned by the planet.57 Venus 42. CHESTA BALA Chesta means to move or to try. DRIG BALA Drig is derived from Dris.All planet aspect with full sight 4th/8th.Jupiter aspect with full sight and others aspect with 2/4th of their sight 3rd/ 10th. These are: • • • • • • Vakra (retrogression) Anuvakra (entering the previous sign in retrograde motion) Vikal (devoid of motion) Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual) Mandatar (slower than the previous) Sama (neither fast nor slow) .14 6. This strenth is attained by the planets.85 0.Mars aspects with full sight while others aspect with 3/4th of their sight 5th/ 9th.28 0. 7. It also enhances the house of which the said planet is a karaka. the Paksha Bala becomes the chesta Bala. This might be of some academic interest.
placements and the yogas the planet involved in. 100 and 40. 45 and 30 virupas. Dig Bala. to know the exact nature of the result 8. This indicate which planets are naturally more able to dictate their results. 67 and 20. Cheshta Bala and Ayana Bala are. our inherent desires and purpose of our struggle in this life. OTHER CONSIDERATRIONS: 8. Kaala Bala. Sthana Bala: This planet is the giver of position and status. 112 and 30 Virupas. Dig Bala: This shows the direction which shall be good for us for growth in the career or self development. Cheshta Bala: This shows what drives us. 4. This also shows which positions are most auspicious for us and where shall we be most comfortable. 30. allotted due to such 8 motions are 60. Venus and Saturn etc. 50. However. it is important to know what is the strength of each of the elements of the shadbala.2 Requirement of strength of individual elements of Shadbala: Jupiter. 30. needed for Sun. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133. Naisargika Bala: This is of lesser consquence as this remains constant all through out. 40. respectively. Mercury and Sun are strong. 300. 5.5. 15.1 Shad Bal requirements: 390. 50. 420. Jupiter. 7. 30. 9. This is to be used in conjunction with other strengths. . A strong graha shall protect its houses and karakakatva and is more capable of giving its results. Mars. 6. 360. the nature of the results shall be influenced by the ownership. Drik Bala: This shows which planet shall be favourable all through out in the life of native as this is based on the aspect of benefics on the planet. 2. Moon. 165. 3. 8. the Grah is deemed to be very strong. However. If the strength exceeds the above-mentioned values.• • Char (faster than Sama) Atichar (entering next sign in accelerated motion) The strengths. Mercury. if each of their Sthana Bala. Kaala Bala: This shows which time is best suitable for us for undertaking an activity. 30. 15. to be considered strong. 390. USE OF SHADBALA: The individual elements of the shadbala show different aspects in our life. For Mars and Saturn these are 96. 35. 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bal Pindas. They are as follows: 1.
this is also helping me achieving the direction (Ayana) of my life. One good use I found with these balas is find the directional influences. Conclusion: This is still a nacent area and requires more researches to find out the exact use of each of the elements of the shadbala. which was directed by my environment and circumstances. writing this mail. unexplored. showing that. Sun is the 9th lord placed in the 9th house with 10th lord. What I have written. then I would have done something. I see that more strength (Kaala bala) is coming from the Ayana Bala. For illustration. If the strength was due to Hora Bala. Sun being the 9th lord shows teaching (with AK Mars shows that the desire is very strong). just hinting. When I go further. each point of time is influenced by one or other planets with varying extents and we can judge these subtle influences. at this point of time while I am writing this article. So let’s explore the potencies of this beautiful scheme of strength given by Maharishi Parasara. We must understand that. rather than using the total values of the shadbala for analysing the dasas. Chesta bala shows what are my desires or what am I trying to do at this point of time.10. Sun is having highest kala bala and highest chesta bala. The kala bala is also highest that of Sun. shows that I should be doing Sun's activity at this point of time. I am able to do something which I crave for. being the 6th lord in the 12th. In my rasi chart. is only the tip of the iceberg. by analysing which planets are stronger at which point of time. OM TAT SAT . In the dasamsa it is placed in the 8th house being the 6th lord and I am here sitting. where as in the siddhamsa it is placed in the 12th house being the 6th lord. how much is there below the water. without going to my office. it shows the attitude of service (6th) without any motivation to gain (12th). like sitting in a Jyotish class or in a conference. As Sun also shows that chesta as mentioned above. in the siddhamsa.
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