Shadbala

© Sarajit Poddar

1. INTRODUCTION: As the name suggests Shadbala means six fold strength. Although these strengths are combinedly used for finding the effect of planets on the lives of the natives, there is more use of the strengths and we get the clue of those uses from their names. If they were to be used combinedly, then such specific names were unnecessary. Moreover, this is more logical to think that, a planet when strong, might not be so for influencing all affairs in our lives. A planet which might give good status might not be good to show the direction of your life. So we must construe, the special significance hidden in the names given to the six sources of strengths. These strengths need not be used only predicting the results of the dasa, however, can be used for normal horoscopic interpretation. For illustration, the kendradi bala is used in ayur calculation etc. One can understand their use more and more by understanding their name and their basis of calculation. Shad Bal consists of the following strengths: 1. Sthan Bal (Positional strength) 2. Dig Bal (Directional strength) 3. Kaal Bal (Temporalstrength), inclusive of Ayan Bal (Equinoctial strength) 4. Chesht Bal (Motional strength) 5. Naisargika Bal (Natural strength) 6. Drik Bal (Aspectual strength) These strengths are computed for the seven Grahas from Sūrya to Śani. The nodes are not considered. 2. STHANA BALA (Maximum: 480 virupa = 8 rupas) Sthana means place and hence the sthana bala is calculated based on the placement of the planets in different signs on various parameters, such as how far are they placed from their exaltation sign etc. More follows below: 2.1 Uccha Bal (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Uccha means exaltation. When a planet is placed in its highest exaltation point, it is of full strength and when it is in its deepest debilitation point, it is devoid of any strength. When placed at other places, it has middling strength proportionately dependent on the distance these planets are placed from the highest exaltation or deepest debilitation point.

own sign. Navamsa. Hora. The method of their calculation is as follows: In the following rasis. The maximum strength which can be derived from this is 30 virupas (Venus/ Moon placed in Even sign in both rasi and Navamsa.5 Rupa) Oja means Odd signs and Yugma means Even signs. Moon and Venus are female planets and get strength of 15 virupas each while placed in the even signs in the rasi or navamsa. the difference becomes zero and hence also the bala is zero. The friend's. Although maharishi gave the strength in terms of the avasthas they are place in.30 Virupas Great Friend's Sign (Pramudit) .45 Virupas Swakshetra (Svasth) . constitute the sapta varaj bala. while they are placed in Odd (Male) signs in Rasi or Navamsa. this strength is derived from a planet's placement in the odd or even signs in the Rasi and Navamsa. Saptamsa. he gave the association of these avasthas with the placement of the planets in different rasis in the following chapter on the avasthas (Ch 45).Find the difference between a planet's longitude and the deepest debilitation point. when a planet is placed in the deepest debilitation.20 Virupas Friendly Sign (Shant) . Dwadashamsa and Trimsamsa constitute the Sapta varga.10 Virupas Inimical Sign (Duhkhit) . other planets placed in the odd signs in both rasi and navamsa. Moolatrikona Sign . great friend and great enemy has been used in this context.04 Virupas Great Enemy's sign (Khal) .25 rupas) Rasi. friendly sign etc.2 Sapt Vargaj Bal (Maximum: 45*7 = 315 virupas = 5. Other planets gets this strength.15 Virupas Neutral Sign (Din) . neutral and enemical signs are based on the compound relationship and hence the term. However. Divide the difference by 3 and the result so obtained is the uccha bala in Virupas. When a planet is in highest exaltation point. the planets gets the corresponding Virupa of strength. 2.02 Virupas 2. Dreshkan. Thus. The strength of the planets in these seven divisional charts based on their placements in moolatrikona. as the name imply.3 Oja-Yugma Rasi-Amsa Bala (Maximum: 30 Virupa= 0. the difference happens to be 180 deg and hence the uccha bala for such planet becomes 60 virupa (180/3).) .

Jupiter and Venus is zero.4 Kendradi Bala (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) The name itself implies how to compute this strength. Mercury is stronger both during day and night. Unnata when deducted from 30 Ghatikas gives Nata.5 Dreshkan Bala (Maximum: 15 virupa = 0. Irrespective of day or night Mercurygets the bala of 60 virupa or 1 rupa. second and third dreshkana. Hence. is the same.2. At Surise and Sunset. Jupiter and Venus are stronger during the day. At the noon hr. A planet in a Kendra (Quadrant: 14-7-10) gets full strength. the natonnata bala for all the planets (excluding Mercury. One rupa equals 60 virupa. respectively. when the day is at peak and the Sun is placed exactly on the meridian. get a quarter Rupa (15 virupa) according to placements in the first. Thus at that time the unnata bala of the diurnal planets Sun. which marks the junction of the day and the night. the kendradi bala equals: Kendra: 60 Virupa Panaphara: 30 Virupa Apoklima: 15 Virupa 2. Moon. thus in virupas. Jupiter and Venus. whereas the nata bala of the nocturnal planets Moon. Also note the formula Nata Bala+ Unnata Bala = 60 virupas . Mars and Saturn is full 60 virupas. the unnata bala of the Sun..25 rupa) due to placement in first. female planets are stronger in the middle part and neutral planets gains strength in the ending part of a sign.e. Mars and Saturn is zero. Jupiter and Venus is full 60 virupas and the nata bala of Moon. which marks the peak of night. 3.1 Natonnata Bala: (Maximum 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Natonnata is composed of two terms nata and unnata. female and hermaphrodite Grahas. or third dreshkanaof a sign. while one in Panaphara (Succedent: 2-5-8-11) Bhava gets half and the one in Apoklima(Preceedent: 12-3-6-9) Bhava gets a quarter or a rupa. second. KALA BALA: 3. i. Mars and Saturn are stronger at night. At other time the bala is proportionate. the diurnal planets are weaker. From this we can infer that the male planets are stronger in the beginning of a sign. 30 Virupas. Mars and Saturn and unnata bala is seen for Sun. whose bala is always 60). Male. At midnite. the nata bala is seen for Moon. Unnata is the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time. whereas Sun.

deduct the same from 360. which in Jyotish Parlance known as Krsna Paksha.Middle 1/3 part of Night Mars.Middle 1/3 part of day Saturn. Mars and Saturn. Paksha is the duration between conjunction and opposition of the Luminaries. The degrees so obtained when divided by 3. The Paksh Bal of benefic should be deducted from 60.First 1/3 part of day Sun. the phase of Moon decreases and is termed as Waning Moon. Find the angular distance between Sun and Moon.Last 1/3 part of day Moon.3 Tribhag Bala: Tribhaga means three parts. The duration from Conjunction to Opposition is the time when the Phase of Moon increase and is termed as Waxing Moon. which in Jyotish parlance known as the Sukla Paksha. whereas the malefics are Sun. The Paksha bala of the Moon goes down to 60 virupas. The Benefics are stronger in the Sukla Paksha and the Malefics are stronger in the Krsna Paksha.The fluctuation of the Natonnata bala for the planets can be seen as follows: Diurnal Planet Nocturnal Planet Sunrise 30 30 Noon 60 00 Sunset 30 30 Midnite 00 60 3. . If the angular duration exceeds 180 degrees. This strength has gained its name from the fact that the day and night are divided into three parts each. Whereas the duration from opposition to conjunction. The paksha bala of the Moon is 2 rupas (120 virupas) at the end time of Full Moon and New Moon. as Paksh Bal. The benefics are Jupiter.First 1/3 part of Night Venus. well associate Mercury. The Planets which gain 1 virupa of strength during different part of a days is a as follows: Mercury. Venus. which will go to each malefic. However in Jyotish term. during the middle of the pakshas.2 Paksha Bal: Paksha can be loosely translated as a fortnite. This forms the basis for calculation of the paksha bala. 3. which will indicate the Paksha Bala of each of the benefic Grahas.Last 1/3 part of Night Jupiter gets this Bal at all times.

3 Dina Bala: Dina is weekday. Maas Lord..2 Maasa Bala: Like Varsha Lord. Each day from sunrise to next sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour. i. Dina and Hora lord.1 Varsha Bala: The Varsha mentioned here is the solar year or the samvatsara. is known as the celestial equator. Maasa.4. At a particular time.2793. the previous weekday has to be taken. however the same can be accomplished using a simple formula: Ayan Bal = 60*(23°27’ ± Kranti)/(46°54’) = (23°27’± Kranti)*1. Now a days with the advent of computers. highlighting the importance of the hora lord over the other lords at any time. counted from the first ruler. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. The calculation of the ayana bala is complecated.3.Maasa. the lord of a particular hora gets the Hora bala of 60 Virupas. each saurya masa (Solar Month) commences when the Sun transits each sign of the zodiac.4 Varsha (Abda) . the previous weekday has to be taken. the declination becomes zero. 60 Virupas. which commences when the Sun moves to the first sign on the zodiac.4.Dina. we can see that Hora lord gets the maximum strength. whereas during the equinoxes. 15.4. 3. till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Grahas from Sun to Saturn. The lord of the weekday is the lord of the day. can be above. 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord. The planets which we see.4. things have become easier for the Jyotishis. Mesha. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day.e. Take the weekday lord on which Sun has moved to a new sign as the lord of the Masa.. 3. 3. counted from the 2nd Hora Lord.5 Ayan Bala The Earth's equitorial plane when projected to the celestial spehere (a hypothetical sphere which has shows the visible stars and planets). 30. i.Hora Bal: Varsha-Maasa-Dina-Hora Bal. . Dina Lord and Hora Lord. The Declination of Sun is maximum. This is the weekday lord of the day in which the Sun has transited to Mesha.4 Hora Bala: Hora means planetary hour. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. below or placed on the celestial equator at any point of time. The angle which they make with respect to the plane of celestial equator measured from center of earth is called the declination or Kranti. From the strength of the Varsa. 3. 23°27’ during the solstices where the Sunrises either on Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn.e. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner. 3.

or Venus have northern Kranti (Placed above the equitorial plane). As far as Merucry is concerned. Venus. The longitude of the bhava is same as the Lagna cusp as per the equal house distribution. Krantis can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris. When two planets are placed inside each other's orbs of influence.14           0. Mercury. 5. Mars. the difference between the Shad Balas of the two should be added to the victor’s Shad Bal and deducted from the Shad Bal of the vanquished. Sun's Ayana Bal is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered as it is. they are supposed to be in war or yuddha. This happens to be Planet  In virupas      In rupas Sun     60. Jupiter. Venus. Mercury.43           0. If the angular distance is more than 180 then. subtract it from 360.29 .00 Moon    51. gives the dikbala of the planets. take plus and otherwise minus.When Moon or Saturn have southern Kranti (placed below the equitorial plane) or. Jupiter. Mars. when Sun. there strength is proportionately reduced. Moon and Sun respectively. Jupiter. Yudhdh Bala. There natural strength is computed by dividing one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately to obtain the strength of Saturn. To compute the dikbala find the angular distance of the planet and the 7th of bhava where they get the full dik bala.00           1. 4. Moon and Sun in the ascending order. The result when divided by 3. Should there be a war between the planets.6. The maximum strength attained here is 60 virupa or 1 rupa. Mars.86 Mars    17. NAISARGIKA BALA Naturally the planets are stronger in the order of Saturn. 3. DIK BALA The planets gains full Dikbala in the following houses: 1st  (Lagna Bhava)  ­ Jupiter and Mercury (Ethery and Earthy element) 10th (Karma Bhava)  ­ Sun and Mars (Fiery element) 4th  (Sukha Bhava)  ­ Venus and Moon (Watery element) 7th  (Jaya Bhava )  ­ Saturn (Airy element) When the planets are placed away from the bhava where they get the full dik bala. it is always plus.

DRIG BALA Drig is derived from Dris. It also enhances the house of which the said planet is a karaka.Mars aspects with full sight while others aspect with 3/4th of their sight 5th/ 9th.43 Jupiter 34. which is the root of the verb "to see". the Ayana Bala becomes its chesta Bala. The aspects of planets are given hereunder 7th.14 6.71 Saturn  08. the partial aspects are also taken into consideration. whereas for Moon. These are: • • • • • • Vakra (retrogression) Anuvakra (entering the previous sign in retrograde motion) Vikal (devoid of motion) Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual) Mandatar (slower than the previous) Sama (neither fast nor slow) . The calculation is cumbursome and shall be given in subsequent article. the Paksha Bala becomes the chesta Bala. eight kinds of motions are attributed to they. This might be of some academic interest.Jupiter aspect with full sight and others aspect with 2/4th of their sight 3rd/ 10th.Saturn aspect with full sight and others aspect with 1/4th of their sight From the drik balas of a planet we can judge what is the strength of aspects of the benefics and malefics on it and their combined influences. excluding the lumeries by the the virtue of their kind of movement. The aspect of benefics are considered to be strength and the aspect of malefics are considered to be weaknesses. 7.57 Venus   42. CHESTA BALA Chesta means to move or to try.70           0. by rendering the lord strong. This strenth is attained by the planets. So this strength is gained by the virtue of the aspect (Graha Drsti) of different planets on a planet.28           0. For Sun.85           0. Aspect of benefics promote the house owned by the planet.57           0. For calculation of this strength.Mercury 25.All planet aspect with full sight 4th/8th. For other planets.

30. 2. the Grah is deemed to be very strong.2 Requirement of strength of individual elements of Shadbala: Jupiter. If the strength exceeds the above-mentioned values. 40. 9. Venus and Saturn etc. to be considered strong. 420. 100 and 40. Mars. Drik Bala: This shows which planet shall be favourable all through out in the life of native as this is based on the aspect of benefics on the planet. 4. USE OF SHADBALA: The individual elements of the shadbala show different aspects in our life. Naisargika Bala: This is of lesser consquence as this remains constant all through out. . Cheshta Bala and Ayana Bala are. 35. 30. Kaala Bala: This shows which time is best suitable for us for undertaking an activity. Dig Bala: This shows the direction which shall be good for us for growth in the career or self development. it is important to know what is the strength of each of the elements of the shadbala. Kaala Bala. 112 and 30 Virupas. 8. Moon. Sthana Bala: This planet is the giver of position and status. 30. 390. They are as follows: 1. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133. However. 45 and 30 virupas. to know the exact nature of the result 8. 7. This is to be used in conjunction with other strengths. For Mars and Saturn these are 96. the nature of the results shall be influenced by the ownership. if each of their Sthana Bala. 5.5. 15. 50. OTHER CONSIDERATRIONS: 8.• • Char (faster than Sama) Atichar (entering next sign in accelerated motion) The strengths. Mercury. 30. 15. 165. 6. Mercury and Sun are strong. This also shows which positions are most auspicious for us and where shall we be most comfortable. This indicate which planets are naturally more able to dictate their results. 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bal Pindas. respectively. Dig Bala. placements and the yogas the planet involved in. Cheshta Bala: This shows what drives us. our inherent desires and purpose of our struggle in this life. 300. A strong graha shall protect its houses and karakakatva and is more capable of giving its results. However. needed for Sun. 3. 50. allotted due to such 8 motions are 60. Jupiter.1 Shad Bal requirements: 390. 67 and 20. 360.

at this point of time while I am writing this article. Conclusion: This is still a nacent area and requires more researches to find out the exact use of each of the elements of the shadbala. each point of time is influenced by one or other planets with varying extents and we can judge these subtle influences. As Sun also shows that chesta as mentioned above. in the siddhamsa. is only the tip of the iceberg. by analysing which planets are stronger at which point of time. how much is there below the water. In the dasamsa it is placed in the 8th house being the 6th lord and I am here sitting. Chesta bala shows what are my desires or what am I trying to do at this point of time. writing this mail. Sun is having highest kala bala and highest chesta bala. I am able to do something which I crave for. without going to my office. then I would have done something. I see that more strength (Kaala bala) is coming from the Ayana Bala. OM TAT SAT . We must understand that. being the 6th lord in the 12th.10. which was directed by my environment and circumstances. What I have written. When I go further. Sun being the 9th lord shows teaching (with AK Mars shows that the desire is very strong). where as in the siddhamsa it is placed in the 12th house being the 6th lord. like sitting in a Jyotish class or in a conference. it shows the attitude of service (6th) without any motivation to gain (12th). shows that I should be doing Sun's activity at this point of time. The kala bala is also highest that of Sun. rather than using the total values of the shadbala for analysing the dasas. this is also helping me achieving the direction (Ayana) of my life. For illustration. Sun is the 9th lord placed in the 9th house with 10th lord. So let’s explore the potencies of this beautiful scheme of strength given by Maharishi Parasara. showing that. In my rasi chart. just hinting. One good use I found with these balas is find the directional influences. If the strength was due to Hora Bala. unexplored.