A Quick Guide

Naintenance of 0veiflow Swimming Pool

Naeem Baig

Following Operating instructions are designed to explain complete procedures to operate and
maintain the overflow swimming pool on daily basis. All these instructions are purely
recommendations as per current international standards to achieve optimum efficiency; however
operator is advised to keep himself update with latest procedures and innovations.

General Instructions:
1. Backwash the filter when it reaches 8 to 10 pounds of pressure higher than the normal
reading. Switch the filter to the backwash setting and allow running for 3-5 minutes.
Switch it back to regular filtration for another 5 minutes. Complete this process two more
times before allowing the filter to stay in filtration mode. (Picture multiport valve)

2. Remove any leaves or other debris from the drain channel located around the pool. To
prevent debris accumulation and back flow prevention, it is important to carry out
periodic channel cleaning.

3. It is also important to monitor the NRV function located in the pump in room at channel
drain, as accumulated Debris can cause NRV failure, resulting in Back Flow.

4. Brush the walls and floor of the pool with the long-handled brush. Work in small
sections, one wall at a time, so that you can keep track of where you have brushed. Brush
the floor last to loosen any additional debris. Allow the debris to settle for one hour.

5. Vacuum the floor of the pool. Suck up all sand, dirt, dust, leaves, bugs and any other
debris from the bottom of the pool. Work slowly so that all contaminants can be

6. Pour filter cleaner inside the filter. This will break up any oil or sunscreen from the
surface of the filter and make the filter clean more effectively. Follow the directions on
the back of the bottle for amount instructions.

7. Check the balance and chemical levels in the water with a test kit. The ideal pH reading
for the pool should be between 7.2 and 7.6. If the pH is too low, add lime to raise the pH.
If the pH is too high, then add sodium bisulfate to lower it. The ideal chlorine rating for a
pool is between 1.0 and 3.0 parts per million. Add chlorine tablets to increase the chlorine

rating, and do not add extra chlorine for several days to lower the chlorine rating if it is
too high.

8. Ensure to change the filter media as per its condition. Ideally media to be replaced with
new media every 3-5 Years.

Special Instructions:

1. Pump Startup and Circulation:

Ensure filling clean water in pool, ensure that drain channel cleaned properly, and ensure
that there is healthy power in control panel incomer.
Check all the (IV) Isolation Valves related to the circulation is open & rest closed.
Check (MPV) Multiport Valve direction to the circulation.
Press the (CP) Control panel button to ON mode.
You may fix the circulation to HAND or AUTO as you desire over the CP.
It is recommended, before you go for the direct circulation, run backwash once or twice
to clear the Sand Filter from any dirt.
2. Backwash Cycle:

Back wash to be done entirely as per requirement, when the filter pressure increases. This
will happened as per water quality.
Follow the instructions for circulation, but fix the Multiport Valve on Backwash. Open
the IV for the backwash and run the pump at Hand.
Run Backwash for not less than 3 minutes to maximum 8 minutes. Then set the MPV on
Rinse and run it for another two minutes.
Above process to be done twice daily at least once a week.
The backwash process is over. Initially in a new SP, the procedure is recommended to
run for every day for at least three days to clear the Sand Filter.
3. Vacuum Cycle:


The vacuum helps you clean up your pool by gathering all unwanted debris floating on
your pool. This vacuum¶s net and strainers will at times get filled with those debris, thus
there is also a need for you to constantly clean it up. You can wash away stuck hair and
dust from that strain as well, before you place it back to your vacuum.
It is recommended that always review the cleanliness of the Swimming Pool. To remove
all sort of dirt and dust and some of the tree leaves, vacuum is always recommended. The
procedure for vacuum is unified and every professional SP attendant knows it very well.
However following points may be kept in mind.
Ensure that vacuum hose is fixed properly in vacuum point.
Make sure that the IV for vacuum is opened and drain is closed.
After vacuum process is completed you can turn the system normally.

4. Make Up Water System:

To recoup the shortfall of water in the SP, there is a system called make-up. The purpose
of this line is to keep the drain channel always fill with the water to a certain level
designed for this particular SP to run its overflow.
There are two automatic FLOAT SWITCHES hanging in the drain channel. One is
connected through CP to the Pump and other is connected through CP to the Solenoid
When the water will decrease to a certain designed level, the FS will stop the Pump to
avoid DRY-RUN and the other FS will open the SV to run the water through make-up
line in the Drain Channel.
Once the procedure is completed both FS will reverse the system to normal working
Additional mechanical float valve is installed in the channel to assist the water level in
case, if the float switch fails.
Pool Cleaning and water treatment Instruction:

1. Cleaning Recommendations:

Cleaning of pool and drain channel twice or three times a week including vacuum is
always recommended.
Frequency can be increased as per water condition and pool usage.

It is recommended that Strainer at each pool channel must be thoroughly cleaned and any
debris to be removed.
It is recommended that strainers at each pump must also be closely monitored and
cleaned periodically and debris to be removed.

2. Recommendations for Water treatment:

Ensure to use water testing kit and check pH, alkalinity and chlorine levels.
Ideal pH reading for the pool should be between 7.2 and 7.6. If the pH is too low, add
lime to raise the pH.
Ideal chlorine rating for a pool is between 1.0 and 3.0 (ppm) parts per million. Add
chlorine tablets to increase the chlorine.
Adjust the total alkalinity levels, which should be between 60 and 120 parts per million
(ppm). Alkalinity level is a measurement taken to determine if your pool is able to
maintain the proper pH levels. If the alkalinity level is below 60 ppm, add Alkalinity Plus
and if it is above 120 ppm, add pH minus.
Chlorine can be used in form of tablets/Powder or liquid form. Tablets to be loaded in
inline chlorine feeders for continues chlorine dose.
Liquid Chlorine (Sodium Hypochlorite) works the fastest to kill your algae infestation.
You can also use powdered chlorine (calcium hypochlorite).
Sodium Bi Sulphate to be added to lower the pH levels. To raise the pH levels lime can
be used.
The PH level or the alkalinity level should be maintained properly. The clarity of your
water is caused by how high or how low the level of alkaline is. Among the pool
cleaning procedures, this is most concerned with having your water preserve its crystal
Algae are a constant problem especially for those areas where trees around the pools. One
great preventative is Sodium Tetra-borate Pent-hydrate. You have to add a great deal in
the beginning, but unlike chlorine, it doesn't evaporate. You only lose it from dilution by
splash out. For a pool that is about 20,000 gallons, you need to add like 65 pounds to
start. But it does more than prevent algae, it helps you use less chlorine and the water
feels better, softer on the skin and eyes.
Shocking the pool is good exercise. Each pool can be shocked weekly to achieve
optimum clarity and purity. Shocking basically means you are super-chlorinating your
pool so that bacteria and organic contaminants do not grow. You should shock your pool
when you open and close your pool and once a week therein. After shocking wait 24
hours to test the chlorine levels.
After waiting 24 hours after your weekly shock treatment, if necessary, adjust the free
available chlorine levels, which should between 1.0 and 4.0 ppm. Chlorine keeps kills
bacteria and controls algae growth. If your levels are below 1.0 ppm.
Some stubborn algae can still create problems. If shocking the pool doesn't work, try
Calcium Bromine. You can purchase Calcium Bromine in tablets.

By Naeem Baig Email skanz.ex@gmail.com All rights reserved 2012.