Rosa Parks Brown v.

Board overturned Plessy decision in 1954 SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 28-31 CORE Congress of Racial Equality Jimmy Garrett Black Student Union leader. A SNCC organizer from Watts and a student. Founded a BSU at San Francisco State in 1966. Campaigned for incorporating Black Studies cources in academic colleges. And to estd a dept. p.31 First Black Studies program The first formal academic program estd in 1968 p.27 Francis Fukuyama American philosopher, political economist, author. Americanization In the early 1900's, "Americanization" referred to the movement where immigrants were developed into Americans. BCCO Black Consciousness and Community Orientation p.35 Molefi Asante the most published African-American scholar in history, having written over 65 books and 300 articles. P. 37. Leading theoreticial of Afrocentric Concept Kawaida Theory of Maulana Karenga p36-37 a approach to development of AA studies. Black Power is a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies. It is used in the movement among people of Black African descent throughout Colorblind Racism- arguments for and against the dominant racial ideology in post±civil
rights America, and unlike its predecessor (Jim Crow racism), it is subtle, apparently nonracial, and avoids traditional racist discourse

Reasons for Introduction of Term African American
1. Blacks refused to respond to or initial any form or document with term Negro or Colored. Then the public and private administrative offices revised their documents and forms. 2. Words such as Negro was thought to be the invention of the oppressors. 3. However, the term Black was not intended to diminish the use of term African. In fact many African writers used the terms African American, Afro-American and African. 4. In 1968 Rev. Jesse Jackson said ³to be called African American has cultural integrity. It puts us in our proper historical context.´ 5. Used to denote Black citizens of USA and/or NA.

Focus of African American Studies- goal and importance page 8. Africology Africana Studies: the study of the histories, politics and cultures of peoples of African origin both in Africa and in the African diaspora Impact of Education Ida B. Wells Barnett (July 16, 1862 March 25, 1931) was an African American journalist, newspaper editor and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett,[1] an early leader in the civil rights movement. P.16 William DuBois p. 17 Carter Woodson p. 17 Marcus Garvey p. 18 Alain Locke p. 18 E. Franklin Frazier p. 21 Historical development of Racism David Walker p.11

but had slaves.69 LA passed to restrict Black voters. Mali p.71 northward migration in 1890 to 1920 Plessy v.54 Americans fought war for freedom with British. 46 Kingdom of Mali Mansa Musa Songhay. Blacks tried to prevent incarcerated comrades from being lynched. 67 13th (1865) abolished slavery. Knoxville. Omaha.Sunni Ali Sugar Production + impact on slavery p. Triangle Trade Route http://www. Essence=Black nationalism Red Summer of 1919 p.73 Underground Railroad p 64 metaphor for the various secretive ways and means abolotionists used to enable fugitive slaves to escape to free states and Canada. King Cotton+ Revival of Slavery p.76 After the wars and during the summer of 1919. through slavery.69 Frederick Douglass p.76 The first black leader of the black ideological movement in AA ex. 14th. Racial tensions heightened in cities where Black soldiers stationed. Ferguson p.50. colonialism. . Blacks towards aggressive self-defensive ideology. 14th (1868) rights of citizenship Blacks. Most assigned to segregated labor and support military units. 67 Jim Crow Laws designed to circumvent and to nullify the Constitution and any federal laws enacted to protect the citizenship status of Blacks. Both Whites and Blacks killed. 1866 could vote Fugitive Slave Law p. P.129 separate but equal Treatment of Soldiers in WWI p.67 An agency of the war department estd March 1865 to assist former slaves and and impoverished Whites in « Why did Reconstruction fail? Black Migration p. 13th. Tulsa Race Riot June 1-2 1921. invasion. oppression.eduplace. and Longview. 66 allowed slave owners to pursue and reclaim the alleged or fugitive ones without due process Freedmen¶s Bureau p.74 Initially AAs were denied into the army.Reconstruction p. Grandfather Clause p. 15th (1870) voting rights to former slaves. Only those or the decents of those who voted on Jan 1. DC.57 cotton as powerful stimulant for slavery. riots erupted in Chicago. Charleston. Whites and Blacks died. requires extensive labors Maafa (also known as the African Holocaust or Holocaust of Enslavement) refers to the 500 years of suffering of Black Africans and the African diaspora. imperialism.html Slavery in early Colonial America Revolutionary War(1775-1783) + Moral Paradox p. Marcus Garvey p. dehumanization and exploitation. 15th Amendments p.

biggest after March on Washington.What was their experience.133 conduted doll studies. it might have been possible to mount more effective chllenges requiring school districts to equalize funding for schools serving Black and Whites. MIA Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed and twenty-six year old minister.61. 97 · Weak ± Family Theory p. 138-140 · Jumping the Broom · Racism + connection to sociology p. Du Bois. Of NYU Law School · Little Rock Nine. etc.124 · Derrick Bell¶s argument if Plessy v Furguson decision had not been overturned.Washington. 109 · Epidemic of Incarceration p. Ferguson · Missouri v.Denmark Vesey p.Family Theory p. Underground Railroad Scramble Sit Ins March on Washington Million Man March oct 16 1995. conspired to lead a revolt in Richmond VA Dred Scott (1857) p 63 an enslaved black who originally lived in MO where slavery was legal but was taken by his master to IL where slavery was illegal. Plessy v. · Role of Religion and Church p. Board Montgomery Bus Boycott Kenneth and Mamie Clark p. Returned and purchased freedom but refused by owner. 112 relationship between labor markets and prisons.61 a literate slave and expert carpenter who purchased his freedom with money won from a lottery. SC Gabriel¶s Conspiracy 1800 p. Stono¶s Rebellion 1739. P. was chosen as its president. Prisons serve as labor-equilibriating device · Consequences of Slavery on African American family . Jenkins p 131 1995 SC overturned a plant for magnet schools in Kansas city that was designed to attract white students into the inner city · Vanessa Siddle Walker¶s Study p. how do they discuss this experience today · Evolution of Schools.60 One of the earliest recorded slave rebellions that took plave in Stono. Martin Luther King Jr.129 study of Caswell Country Training School in 40¶s and 50¶s that highlight the agency pf black parents.130 1955 For setting the pace of desegregation Brown v. Rosa Parks Emmett Till Freedom Rides Brown II p. 109 · Strong.

· Institutional Decimation p. orgsm people and their ancestry. schools and other orgs.104 outlined seven stages that occur before a minority race or ethnic group is assimilated into a dominant society · Robert Staples p. Corporate Gangs.105 Anemmnent black sociologist feels that many of the traditional ways of studying sociology are overwhelmingly influenced by and based on · Stacking: in sports positional segregation · Arthur Ashe tennis star p 144 -155 · Jack Johnson p. 149 Olympic project for human rights. . Scavenger Gangs 3. · BGLO + importance Black Greek Letter Organizations. strong leadership for black communities 2. · NBPP New black panthers or new black panthers party: that ha sties to the nation of islam and has attracted a significant following among Black youths. important venues for networking and social activities on college campuses 3.154 1.p. naming pattern the overtly affirmed the connections between black North American institutions. Social uplift · Different types of gangs p. · OPHR p. 5.155 1. 113top. strongly felt presence in schools and neighborhood 2. Territorial Gangs 4. Termporary and permanent removal ofblack males from the civilian population. Is left without role models and with weakened social institutions such as churches. Crews · Milton Gordon p. 143 · Underclass p162-163 refer to those people who are economically disadvantaged and impoverished as a lower class. the tradition of organizing ³good of the race´ 4.

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