STATUS OF SEED INDUSTRY IN

PAKISTAN
BY
DR. AKHLAQ HUSSAIN
akhlaq7@hotm ail.com

March 08-2011
ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION
AGRICULTURE AND WATER IN PAKISTAN
Updated on 06-03-2011

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SEED INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN

1947-1961 – No independent seed production and distribution system

1961 – F&A Commission - West Pakistan Agricultural Development Corporation
(WPADC) was created for procurement and distribution of seeds

1972 - WPADC dissolved

Provincial Govt. - Seed production, multiplication, procurement and distribution

Seed Act, 1976

Government of Pakistan initiated “Seed Industry Development Project” on the
recommendation of World Bank Appraisal Mission’s Report (23 Million $) which
provided legislative support through Seed Act, 1976

This enactment provided regulatory mechanism for controlling and regulating the
quality seed through setting up of necessary institutional infrastructure;

-

National Seed Council (NSC)/ Provincial Seed Councils
*Federal Seed Certification Agency (FSCA) & *National Seed Registration Agency
(NSRA)
*FSCA & NSRA were merged together as Federal Seed Certification & Registration
Department (FSC&RD) in 1997 for austerity measures
2

-

Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock
(MINFAL) Islamabad

National Seed Council (NSC)

PrSC
Punjab

PrSC
Sindh

PSC

PrSC
PSC
SSC
DOA
FSC&RD

SSC

=
=
=
=
=

PrSC
NWFP

DOA

PrSC
Balochistan

FSC&RD
Islamabad

DOA

Provincial Seed Council
Punjab Seed Corporation
Sindh Seed Corporation
Department of Agriculture
Federal Seed Certification & Registration Department, Islamabad
3

FUNCTIONS OF FSC&RD
(Section 6 of Seed Act, 1976)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Controlling the quality of seeds
Registering growers in such manner and subject to such condition as may
be prescribed
Certification of seeds
Field inspection of the crops of registered varieties and released varieties
intended for sale as basic seed or certified seed
Sampling and testing of seed lots intended for sale in order to as certain
their purity, viability, germination capacity and health status in the
prescribed manner
Issuing certificates in respect of seed which meet the prescribed standards
of particular category of seeds
carrying out post-control trials on pre-basic, basic and certified seeds
Sampling and analyzing seed lots delivered to the processing plants to
establish a basis for the purchase of such lots
Arranging training courses for Seed Certification Officer and
Providing technical and specialist advices and assistance to the National
Seed Council in the performance of its functions
(Continued)
4

FUNCTIONS OF FSC&RD (Section 8 of Seed Act. Conduct pre-registration checking of varieties submitted for the purpose of: • determining suitability for registration as a variety • providing definitive botanical description of crop varieties and • providing information on genetic suitability and adaptability of varieties • register seed varieties after conducting pre-registration checking under clause (i) • publish a list of registered seed varieties and • perform such other functions as the National Seed Council may entrust to it 5 . 1976) 11.

Advice on policy for development. advice on development of seed production farms. operation and regulation of provincial seed industry 2. advice on seed standards and quality control. recommend or withdrawal of certain deteriorated varieties 6 . multiplication. advice on maintenance. operation and regulation of provincial seed industry 2. Protect/ensure investment in seed industry. Recommend changes in seed law. advice on seed imports FUNCTIONS OF PROVINCIAL SEED COUNCIL (PSC) 1.FUNCTIONS OF NATIONAL SEED COUNCIL (NSC) 1. regulate inter-provincial seed movement. Direct initiation of provincial seed projects 3. Advice on policy for development. supply of pure and healthy seeds of new varieties. recommend and preparation of selected new varieties. approve/ sanction seed standards.

Agriculture Development Commissioner (ADC).REGISTRATION OF SEED COMPANIES (Economic Coordination Committee 31-12-1979) An “Inter-ministerial Working Group” has been constituted that is responsible for evaluating the proposals and registration/ deregistration of new seed companies in all the provinces of the country. . Punjab & Sindh Seed Corporations. MinFA (CM) . AJK . Federal Seed Certification & Registration Department. . Managing Directors. Secretary Agriculture. 7 . Chief Food & Agriculture. Agriculture of each province. Director General. The Working Group Comprises of the Following: . Secretary.Planning Division .

Lahore. T. 3. DIRECTOR GENERAL ISLAMABAD REGIONAL DIRECTOR PUNJAB Deputy Director Seed Cert. Bhakkar. 10. 1. Multan.I. Officer/ Seed Analyst 8 . 1.Singh. Sahiwal.) Seed Cert. Mirpur Khas. R. 2. 2. 9.Khan. D. of Labs. Mingora (Swat) 1. 4. 1. 12. 11. Khanewal. Karachi. Bahawalnagar. 5. 4. Vehari.Khan. Sargodha. 5. 3. Peshawar. 6.G. Officer/ Seed Analyst Hyderabad. Bahawalpur. Abbotabad. Dera Allahyar . 6. REGIONAL DIRECTOR BALOCHISTAN & SINDH REGIONAL DIRECTOR KPK Deputy Director Deputy Director Seed Cert. Sukkur. Officer/ Seed Analyst Seed Cert. 2.Khan. D. Gujranwala. Faisalabad. 14. Gilgit-Baltistan Total No. 4.FIELD/REGIONAL LABORATORIES SETUP OF FSC & RD. 28 27 (Field) 01 (Hqr. Quetta 2. 8. 3. Officer/ Seed Analyst 1. Sakrand.Y. 13.T. Larkana. 7.

Cotton. Hybrid. Gram. Gram. Multi Nationals Hybrid Maize. Cotton.SEED SECTORS AND SEED & PLANTING MATERIAL (Conventional. Fodder and Forages c. Rice. Fruits and Nursery Plants b. Potato and Vegetables Informal Sector Farmers Own Source Wheat. Maize. Fodder and Forages. Transgenic seeds) Seed Sectors Categories Crops/Seeds Formal Sector Public Sector Wheat. Cotton. Fruit and Nursery Plants Private Sector a. Seed Importers Maize. Vegetables. Rice etc. Vegetables. 9 . Sunflower. Sunflower. Rice. National Companies Wheat. Maize.

SEED GENERATION SYSTEM CATEGORIES/ CLASSES/ PRODUCTION/ IDENTIFICATION OF SEEDS Category /Class Agency Involved Identification Breeder Nucleus Seed (BNS) The purest seed of a particular variety prepared by the breeder of a particular research station/institute Not certified by FSC&RD so labels are not issued. Identified by Seed Testing Report/Certificate Pre-basic Seed Progeny of Breeder/Nucleus Seed (BNS). highest genetic purity seed produced by the respective research institutes/breeders White color labels with diagonal violet line issued by FSC&RD Basic Seed Progeny of pre-basic seed and produced by an organization set up by the provincial government White color labels issued by FSC&RD Certified Seed Progeny of basic seed and is produced with the registered growers of the seed producing agencies Blue color labels issued by FSC&RD Approved Seed Seed true to species as approved by the FSC&RD Yellow color labels issued by FSC&RD Truthfully Labeled Seed As imported by the importers under Seed (Truth in Labeling Rules. 1991) and assurance of the quality lies on the importers Pink color labels of importing agency 10 .

TRADITIONAL VARIETY APPROVAL SYSTEM • Selection of best performing strains by the plant breeder in MicroVarietal Trials (MVTs) • Performance and Adaptability testing through Zonal Varietal trails (ZVTs) • National Uniform Yield Trials (NUYTs) by concerned National Crop Coordinator of PCCC for cotton and NARC/PARC (other crops) • Receive application. Spot examination. evaluation for performance. quality and resistance etc. by Technical Experts Sub-Committees (TESCs) • TESCs recommend to Provincial Seed Councils (PrSC) for approval/rejection of the variety • Respective PrSC then Approves the Variety • NSC finally notifies the variety as Released/Approved • Registration of the variety by FSC&RD on the basis of VCU recommendations by PCCC/PARC and DUS tests for at least two consecutive seasons/years 11 .

MINFAL PARC PCCC GERMPLASM GERMPLASM ALL CROPS EXCEPT COTTON ONLY COTTON BREEDER MAKES CROSSES SELECTS PROMISING STRAIN SUB-STATIONS MICRO VARIETAL TRIALS ENLIGHTENED ZONAL VARIETAL TRIALS BREEDING STATIONS GOVT. FARMS FARMERS SELECTS PROMISING STRAIN SUBMITS 2 YRS PARC PCCC FSC&RD VEC VEC DUS PROVINCIAL SEED COUNCIL 2 YRS FSRC APPROVAL & RELEASE NATIONAL SEED COUNCIL VARIETY REGISTRATION NOTIFICATION .

Varieties Released & Registered so far (22-02-2011) No. of Registered and Released Varieties Crops Punjab Sindh KPK Balochistan Islamabad PVT Pakistan Wheat 54 20 35 7 2 -- 118 Barley 3 - 2 3 --- Maize 8 - 12 -- --- 2 22 Rice 15 13 6 --- --- -- 34 Cotton 65 21 1 --- --- 9 96 Sugarcane 12 6 16 --- -- 1 35 Pulses 39 4 17 1 5 -- 66 Oilseeds 17 4 20 -- 8 5 54 Fodders 21 --- 7 1 --- 2 31 Vegetables 33 1 12 8 --- -- 54 Fruits -- -- 31 -- -- -- 31 Total 267 69 159 20 15 19 549 8 13 .

1987 4 Procedures. 1988 5 Pakistan Fruit Plants Certification Rules.2009 Under process 5-6-2003 1988 14 . 1976 1976 2 Seed (Registration) Rules. 1991 12-10-1993 10 Seed Amendment Bill – 2009 Under process 11 Plant Breeders Rights Bill . 1991 19-1-1998 9 Amendment Seed (Truth-in-Labeling) Rules.SEED LAWS/ RULES IN PAKISTAN Sr Title of Seed Act/Rule Date of Notification 1 Seed Act. 1998 28-2-1998 6 Amendment in Pakistan Fruit Plants Certification Rules. Directions and Seed Standards. 1998 6-5-2003 7 Seed (Truth-in-Labeling) Rules. 1987 1987 3 Amendments in Seed (Registration) Rules. 1991 12-3-1991 8 Amendment Seed (Truth-in-Labeling) Rules.

Establishing Accredited Seed Testing Laboratories in private sector 3. enhance participation and investment of private sector in seed industry and safeguard farmers interest 1. 15 . Every Seed Dealer shall clearly display at his place of business the sale prices of different crop seeds held by him including the opening and closing stocks on a daily basis. Availability of Pre-basic seed to the private sector 2. Registration of the seed related Persons/ Organizations 7. Enhancement of penalties/fines for effective seed act enforcement 5. Restriction on unapproved/banned varieties and misbranding 6. Registration of Seed Companies/ Dealers and Processing Plants 4.SEED (AMMENDMENT) BILL – 2009 To broaden scope of regulation business.

To facilitate an access to protected foreign varieties 5. Discipline in seed industry 16 . Development of superior varieties of field. Protection of local varieties abroad 6.PLANT BREEDERS RIGHT BILL . vegetable and ornamental/horticultural crops 3. Healthy competition for variety development in public and private sector 4. Encourage state plant breeders through financial incentives as royalty on their protected varieties and revenue generation for research institutes 7. To encourage plant breeders/ seed organizations/multinational seed companies to invest in research and plant breeding 2.2009 1.

ICI. Pioneer.B 02 02 B. Syngenta and Bayer Source: FSC&RD.tan Total 1 4 7 720 - 5 08 729 0 150 08 879 TOTAL 02 * Multinationals : Monsanto. Islamabad 17 .NUMBER OF REGISTERED SEED COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN (1980-2011) Punjab Sindh KPK 1 1 1 600 91 20 Private – Multinationals 4 1 - Total Active 605 93 21 Cancelled 129 14 07 734 107 28 Category Public Sector Private – National G.

37 3.71% 3072 10.14% 9932 13.660 2371 5.07% 6659 121.39 10.28 16.2 74.05% 5886.92% 190634 18.0% Maize 30.77 10.79 % 30388.23% --- 190634.54% 1340.56% 1653.92 % 238874.23% 3286 10.00 31.64% 9785.35 0.22 21.20 66.94 18.TOTAL SEED AVAILABILITY DURING 2007-08 Crop/Seed Total Seed Requirement (MT) Total Seed Availability (MT) Public Private Local Imported Total Wheat 1044964 55534.41 0.22% --- 29691.56% 10131.70% 773 14.42 1.11% 1528.07% 99.036 214.16 1.56% 5290.97% 9969 25.05% 401.07% Potato 311500 251.76% --- 1340.00 0.30% 1903.56 1.07% 49.41 14.19% 60 0.37% 250 1.58% 26656.08% 150 0.90 1.34% 534 9.85% 13868.76 % Oilseeds 16041 190.94% 6499.2 74.92 14.35 0.0 107.69% TOTAL 1614296 62476.13% 4889.16 2.16 2.9 1.86% Fodders 70000 50 0.47% Vegetables 5500 239 4.31% 135099 12.22% Pulses 48346 591 1.22% 749.93 11.64% 29691.000 3035 7.57 % Cotton 40.0 5.25 3.14% 12340.22 32.41 0.68% .88 % 18 269305.87% 176338.3% Paddy 39.37 34.

38 % 5.52 17.21% 30745.17 % 9230.643.44 4.61 % Pulses 48.25% 10.10 13.00 Public 6837043 4.4 83.62 34.75 0.61% ____ 18.00 % 390.00 378.92 65.60%) .17 12.19% Vegetables 5500.74 1.036.88 45.299.56% 1.56 % 170.023.00 5.TOTAL SEED AVAILABILITY DURING 2008-09 Total Seed Availability (MT) Crop/Seed Total Seed Requirement (MT) Wheat 1085520 57.00 111.11 46.28 0.94 20.22 2.81 % Oil Seeds 16041 291.86% Imported 29800 Total Local+Imp ) 19 300241.84 % Paddy 36.27 48.097 5.10 8.674.02 % __ 9.84% ___ 215.11 46.94 20.35 1.00 1.87% 18645.96 % 2.678.37 6.725.57 (17.59% 157595.99 40.27 15.73 2.01 % 1536 27.571% Local 270441.81% ____ 1.10% 5.57 15.20 0.67 41.97 % 24101.61 % 4321 78.20 13.02% 9.47 2.000.75% 16746.365.75 0.704.67 5.25 % 215.59 % 1365.080.84 % 1625.52 % 31.10 % 12.645.898.25% Private 202071.00 0.52 % Fodders 70000 9.562.221.75 0.00 2.60 1.49 % TOTAL 1705394.541.61 % Cotton 40.259.70 % Maize 30.150.960 6.612.20 0.17 85.98 59.92 % 1647 29.00 % 461.56 % Potato 372.16% 12137.22 2.00 253.18% 932.41 % 1878.299.4 13.22 % 284.94 % 2.

72 OILSEEDS 16.04 80.23.500 6546.SECTOR-WISE SEED AVAILABILITY 2006-07 Crop/Seed Total Seed Availability (MT) Total Seed Requirement (TSR) (MT) Formal Sector % of TSR Informal Sector % of TSR Wheat 10.86 823133.48 16.500 8200.33 47.57 30830.542.45 97.16.16 13.94 VEGETABLES 5.90 20 .99 Maize 30.036 11426.000 34169.37 TOTAL 16.660 14680.94 97.93.39 119.43 PULSES 48.65 14332.02 37.74 10.26 89.98 62.67 52.96 Cotton 65.52 83.11 61.03 ??? ??? Potato 3.080 203946.00 61485.63 81.06 2.14 Paddy 39.63 303299.412 2.346 1100.01 24979.915.76 18.041 1708.35 FODDERS 70000 11763.89 38.28 47245.11.04 18609.55 2.96 19.27.

13 2004-05 5270 408.51%) 2635.17%) 3445.05%) 5886 (107.97 2003-04 5268 861.82%) 4012.68 (87.13 (59.87%) 393.68%) 309.32 (59.34%) 3151.31 (131.50 (12.72 (67.62 (134.01%) 6659 (121.82 (11.06 (16.76 2008-09 5500 1647.90 (4. 2000-01 5085 211.14 (118.•VEGETABLES SEED REQUIREMENT AND AVAILABILITY.61%) 7028.74%) 4631.76%) 3657.17%) 3228.00 (7.62 (120.53%) 2450.81%) 875.20 (51.62%) 803.57 2007-08 5500 773 (14.07%) 1066.53%) 3087.66%) 7239.68 (95.17 (12.21%) 6287.68 2001-02 5150 592.81 2002-03 5156 645.54 2005-06 5500 713.62 (71. 2001-09 Year Total Seed Requirement (MT) Seed Availability (MT) Value of Imported Seed Local Imported Total Million Rs. 29 % 2674 48 % 4321 78 % 763 2009-10 5500 1980 36 % 3553 64 % 5533 100 % 1085 21 .89%) 5039.80 2006-07 5213 741 (14.63 (47.17%) 434.63%) 599.93%) 314.97%) 6526.02 (62.38 (76.

commercially released varieties are either introduction or selection from imported exotic germplasm • poor availability of high quality early generation seed in public sector for multiplication to basic and certified seed by private sector 22 .CONSTRAINTS IN VEGETABLE SEED CERTIFICATION SYSTEM • There is lack of professional strength and incentives to the vegetables research institutes • Lack of efficient breeding programs.

Trainings (3-4/anum) on vegetable seed production technology. International cooperation in research for hybrid vegetable seed research and production technology 3. Arrangement of elite germplasm from International research institutes (AVRDC etc) 2. Joint ventures of national and foreign seed companies for vegetables seed production 23 . storage etc. packaging. seed processing.ACTION PLAN FOR VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION 1. 4.

00 (29.20%) 1093.67 (37.98%) 257.35 (34.20 (71.58%) 502.35%) 306.35%) 1133.66%) 468.40 2003-04 1730 4.67 (37.69%) 70.03%) 359.00 (0.00 (63.88 (29.36 (70.SUNFLOWER SEED REQUIREMENT AND AVAILABILITY.41%) 213.02 (71.20 (20.18%) 1097.16%) 50.01 2002-03 1612 7.18 2006-07 3035 -- 1133.90 (26.03%) 475.00) 1639 55%) 422.00 (0.44%) 1618.79 -- 1639 (55.13%) 315.14 2004-05 2025 4.36 (71.80 (17.44%) 358.20%) 1436.00 2008-09 2398. 2000-01 1250 224. 2000-08 Year Total Seed Requirement Seed Availability (MT) Value of Imported Seed (MT) Local Imported Total Million Rs.0 -- 1533 (63 %) 1533 (63%) 562 24 .88 (0.52%) 94.00 (63.49%) 468.00 (40.42 2005-06 2265 -- 1618.36 (32.63 2007-08 2979.93%) 1440.27 2001-02 1350 432.

47%) 6479.70 (16.888 3393.00%) 2929 (10. 2000-01 28.00 (9.01* (10.19%) 9785.17 2005-06 30.00 (32.00 (32.00 (20.08%) 441.16%) 3749.036 4947.61 (24.26%) 443.40 (16.58%) 9785.04%) 1100.78 (3.44 2003-04 37.86 2008-09 30.37%) 5007.000 3286 (10.90%) 3536.19%) 2300 (8.036 770 (2.19%) 216.62%) 1852 25 .92%) 5321.10%) 10836.19 (21.15%) 7260.00 (34.23%) 4318.62%) 1152.00 (4.33 (5.22 2007-08 30.970 908 (3.57%) 11426.50 (9.28 (13.87 2002-03 37.98%) 7443.00 (14.24 2006-07 30.010 1987.08%) 1337.56%) 10259.MAIZE SEED REQUIREMENT AND AVAILABILITY 2000-08 Year Total Seed Requirement Seed Availability (MT) Value of Imported Seed (MT) Local Imported Total Million Rs.2%) 9785.62%) 2360 2009-10 31170 2144 (7.25%) 2227 (7.782 1572.41 2001-02 27.00 2004-05 38.21%) 223.59%) 798.95%) 6175.00 (24.89 (38.96%) 3135 (11.62 (35.00 (32.53%) 6305.07 (11.740 629 (2.760 1470.

Availability.85% 13868.03 4891.18% 603.15 4597.70 2008-09 36960 30745 83.0 63.64% 22253 57.0 20.18% 932 2.03 2.04 2005-06 39645 15452.37 3.70% 180 2009-10 38920 19278 49.0 31.51 0.0 5779.09 2004-05 39184 11037.55 15.52% 31677 85.02 2.23% 1106.49 15812.0 141.01 360.00 2007-08 39660 12340.Rice Seed Requirement.75 2006-07 39660 13574.00 6.12% 1528.55 11178.53% 2975 7.50 39.97% 225.37 34.06 10239.02 37.19 2001-02 43360 4866.78% 14680. 2000-01 44250 4594.0 34.55 2003-04 49010 10219.88 2002-03 44500 5716.06 2.36 3.0 25. Import & Value 2000-10 Year Total Seed Requirement Seed Availability (MT) Value of Imported Seed (MT) Local Imported Total Million Rs.0 26 .02% 128.

42 (1.29%) 1920.250 2031.00 (0.74%) 6511.00 (2.11.21%) 8200.631 (1.89.0 27 .800 401.28%) 4210.63%) 306. 2002-03 2.03 2008-09 372725 480 (0.2 (0.45%) 5028.300 1025.09%) 229.284 2003-04 2.03 (2.11.68 2007-08 3.300 1115 (0.4 (0.4 (0.41%) 805.10%) 545.62 (1.00 (1.35 (0.90 (0.83%) 6052.103 2004-05 2.POTATO SEED REQUIREMENT AND AVAILABILITY. 2002-10 Year Total Seed Requirement Seed Availability (MT) Value of Imported Seed (MT) Local Imported Total Million Rs.51%) 309 2009-10 372725 298 7536 7834 (2.80 2005-06 2.73%) 133.56%) 5290.38%) 5.500 818.74.37%) 5027.91 (1.69%) 245.19 2006-07 3.74.90 (2.500 1315.36%) 8542.70%) 26.13%) 5151 (1.56 (1.42%) 6885.76.13%) 4869.20%) 186.90 (0.93 (3.00 (2.

12) 805.0) 2009-10 596 (86.17) -- 0.14 (0.76) 2003-04 5.22) 0.63 (0.32) 2.30 (0.87) 5117.48) 6590 (348.24) 3.) (Million Rs.00) 4106.60 (0.33) 4040.63) -- 0.) (Million Rs.40) - 9222 (686.203 (60.929 (453.00) 4.65 (201.52) 1.24 (147.40 (342.28) 1.09 (110.03) 9.15 (159.89) 0.01 (1.28) 9432.44) 1831 (229.00 (291.17) 11383.76 (1.0) .50) 5.) (Million Rs.23) 3743.925.80) 2002-03 87 (6.58) 2004-05 -- 2374 (116.39) 1.67 (0.83) 2008-09 579 (92.663 (54.367 (53.31 (0.98) 2006-07 298.) (Million Rs.83 (0.44) 6304.32) 9751.40) 11754 (526) 2007-08 1045.72) 1726 (171.46) 4872.84) 220 (15.0 (1.26) 3.18) 5928.98 (181.39) 1.14) 531.84) 18.63 (512.49 (42.56) 2005-06 67 (7.04 (666.00 (316.) (Million Rs.14 (240.72 (32.97 (239.31 (10.52 (40.IMPORT OF FODDER SEEDS IN MT DURING 2001-09 Year/ Fodder Alfalfa Barseem Sorghum Pearl Millet Grasses Total (Million Rs.91) 1.740 (223.55) 484 (30.) 2001-02 4.09) 255.05 (38.16 (2.17) 5557.01) 8972 (488.03 (146.64) 28 11780 (780.84 (0.348 (177.06) 1.18) 6.

88 100.86 Paddy 2975 603 932 180 1106.03 G.70 Alfalfa 596 86.76 Cereals Maize 7260 1852 10259 2360 6479. (Mills) Quantity (MT) Value Rs. (Mills) Quantity (MT) Value (million Rs.03 526.153. US $ 29801 4872 57.67 306.14 Jatropha 1 0.12 52.03 158.31 0.03 4.73 4106.02 128.18 Total 11780 780 9222 686 11734.24 147.96 14.60 92.14 Pearl millet 1726 171. (Mil.15 159.89 1831 229.00 316.) Quantit y (MT) Value Rs.16 2.28 Grasses 0.36 421.) Vegetables 40 Species 3553 1085 2674 763.00 Berseem 484 30.64 - - 3.48 6304.49 42.01 6569 348.55 579.00 293.40 531.37 225.10 0.06 306.77 309.32 1152.72 322.60 Potato 7536 545 5151 309 6885.68 4869.32 Mil.84 298.52 40.Total 35322 5851.13 68.29 Fodders Oilseeds Others 29 .52 862.IMPORT OF SEEDS OF ALL CROPS IN PAKISTAN (2006-10) •2009-10 •2008-09 •2006-07 •2007-08 Category Crops /Seeds Quantity Value Rs.40 255.84 Mil.20 Mil. US $ 29544.44 1045.97 Canola 57 28 30 12 11.56 245.01 220 15.76 1.23 Sorghum 8972 30.40 6.63 1639.22 6175.59 3233.44 4872.56 2817.50 5885. US $ 33.12 Sunflower 2160 958 1533 562 1133.30 3743.00 2.0 5804.005 Total 2218 1566 1248 1144.13 - - 0.00 1528.19 1100.

6 378.56 0.14 12 Groundnut 100 92800 9280 150 1392 16.ESTIMATED NATIONAL SEED REQUIREMENT AND ITS COMMERICAL VALUE 2008-09 Sr.42 0.74 15.60 59 700.16 3 4 5 Cotton OIL SEED 6 Sunflower 5 319473 1597.19 Maize (OPV) 30 704540 21136 25 528.365 690 1102 1.735 0.24 Paddy (Course) 20 1265800 25316 34 860.40 6.78 8.432 9 Soybean 75 53 3.24 2.00 29. Price (Rs. US $) 1 Wheat 120 9046000 1085520 30 32565.75 11 Linseed 15 5432 81. PKR./Kg) Internal Commercial Market (Mill.22 Maize (HYB) 20 347160 10000 250 2500.25 8 Rapeseeds & Mustards 5 244900 1224.48 150 12.38 30 • Continue……… .97 60 0. No.67 2 Barley 100 86000 8600 Paddy (Fine) 7 1696800 11877.41 14 2820000 39480 100 3948 37.81 10 Sesame 5 90700 454 140 63.) Internal Commercial Market (Mill.8 75 4. Crop/Seed Seed Rate (kg per Hec) Area Total Seed Requireme nt (MT) Av.22 0.5 30 36.56 7 Canola 5 12400 58.

47 18 Vegetable 252.29 16 Mash 20 27600 552 80 44. Fodder and Forages Total 29.0 19. PKR. Price (Rs.24 20.85 Million Hectare 1.7000 million tonne 71800 845.872 26. US $) Pulses 13 Gram 40 1080600 43224.9 5500 204 1122 13.52 17 Potato 2500 145000 362500 32 11600 136.5 75 411.00 53 2290.ESTIMATED NATIONAL SEED REQUIREMENT AND ITS COMMERICAL VALUE 2007-08 Sr Crop/Seed Seed Rate (kg per Hec) Area Total Seed Requirement (MT) Av.6 *Reflects the commercial value of the available seed in the country during 2008-09( 1 US $= 85 PKR) 31 .85 15 Lentil 10 30900 309 80 24.95 14 Mungbean 25 219700 5492.94 4.2 2369700 70000 180 12600 148.16 0.) Internal Commercial Market (Mill.72 0./Kg) Internal Commercial Market (Mill.

0 450 13950.Potential Seed Market of Pakistan Crop Seed Requirement Price/kg Domestic Market (Million Rs.0 300 7594.0 Maize (Hyb) 31000.0 Fodder (Hyb) 70000 300 21000. Mash 50000.0 Paddy Coarse (Hyb) 25316.0 72 3600.7 US $= 1565. Lentil.0 Gram.0 59 700.72 Potato 362500 32 11600 Vegetables (Hyb) 5500 - 2000. Mung.0 40000.0 Canola (Hyb) 6000 790 47.4 Rape& Mustard 1224 30 36.0 1000 133092.0 million 32 .) Wheat (OP) 1085520 30 32565.0 Cotton (OP) Bt Hybrid 40000 Paddy (Fine) 11877.

80 12.00 - 100.00 250.00 Source: Punjab Seed Corporation Guar seed 33 25.5 Paddy (Coarse) 11.50 105 Cotton (Delinted) 36.24 38.00 105.00 34.50 16.25 30.00 --- 140.00 12.00 15.67 24.00 175.00 35.50 30.00 85.SALE PRICES OF CERTIFIED SEEDS.50 18.67 14.00 13.25 17.39 62.50 29.50 59.17 20.00 Millet( Bajra) 22.00 160 Paddy (Fine) 19.00 250.00 25.00 35.00 Canola 24.38 25.00 28.00 20.00 455.00 Sesame (Til) 80.50 12.00 21.37 17.50 25.00 Berseem 80.11 41.00 53.50 35.50 29.00 16.56 30.75 23.00 250. 2001.00 47.60 50.50 74.00 52.75 14.50 15.00 100.00 100.67 28.00 31.00 62.00 26.20 38 Cotton (Fuzzy) 27.00 26.00 16.0 250 Gram 22.33 36.0 32.00 30.00 80.60 14.00 28.80 57.50 14.00 61.67 33.63 25.27 27.00 22.80 18.50 13.00 90.13 50.0 Mung Potato 20.00 --- .33 24.50 11.50 41.50 110.00 21.25 49.0 Maize (Hybrids) - - - - - 150.65 11.00 32.50 18.00 36.00 --- Raya - - - - - - 30.00 37.50 110.88 41.00 220.10 (PSC) Crop/ Seed Average Sale Price of Certified Seed (Rs/Kg) 2000-01 200102 2002-03 200304 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 Wheat 11.00 - - - - 30.00 67.00 24.00 25.5 Maize (OPVs) 10.

00 100. 2006.00 550.00 --- Methi 120.09 (PSC) VEGETABL E CROP/SEED Average Sale Price of Certified Vegetable Seed (Rs/Kg) 2006-07 2007-08 Sale Price of Imported Hybrid Seed 2008-09 CROP PRICE RS/kg US $ Okra 82.00 200.00 100.00 95.00 Chillies 80000 941 Carrot 150.00 250.00 280.00 45.00 --- --- Tinda gourd 100.00 160.00 200.00 Onion 18000 212 Bottle gourd 120.00 600.00 40. Okra 2500 30 Turnip(Gold Ball) 90.00 300.00 Cauliflower 35000 412 Bitter gourd 400.0 Peas 56.00 120.00 Bitter gourd 10000 118 Spinach 45.00 120.00 Tomato 95000 1117.00 60.00 Cucumber 13000 153 Radish 78.00 34 Source: Punjab Seed Corporation • Importers Price .00 85.00 100.00 Watermelon 17000 200 Turnip(Purple top) 75.00 180.SALE PRICES OF CERTIFIED SEEDS.

mango and date palm etc and has established 4 GPUs i. Khanewal (Mango). Khan). I. sub-tropical (Dargai. Swat) shift to Haripur.FRUIT NURSERY PLANTS • There is no fruit plant certification programme in the country except KPK where a proactive programme of registration of fruit nurseries and certification of fruit plants specifically of pome and stone fruits has been initiated • Three Germplasm Units (GPUs) for certification of fruit plants/ propagating material were set up in KPK for certification of tropical (D. Swat). • More than 62 nurseries have been registered while about 27.000 certified plants were distributed through these nurseries during 2006-07 • Punjab Province has also initiated this project on citrus. peaches. and temperate fruits/pome & stone fruits (Baikan. 35 .e.

Agri-Research Ratakulachi D.SodiJai Wali Sargodha 25 4- Peaches GPU Mother & Multiplication Block. Khanewal Farm .AgriFarm 36 2- Tropical Fruit GPU-Mango Mother Block.Khan NWFP 2- Subtropical Fruit GPU(Citrus) Mother+Multpication Block.No GPU Name Location Varieties 1- Sub-tropical Fruit GPU-Citrus Mother Block. Agri-Research Sherkhana –Dargai NWFP 3- Subtropical Fruit GPU(Citrus) Mother+Multpication Block.I.Purrain Agri-farm Haripur NWFP 4- Temperate Fruit GPU 44 36 Agriculture Research Station Bafa Manshera 56 . Mohammad Nagar Arif walla .GPU OF PUNJAB/GILGIT-NA/NWFP PUNJAB Sr.Agri-Farm 12 3- Sub-tropical Fruit GPU-Citrus Mother Block. Horticulture Sub Research Station Khatwai Sargodha 12 Gilgit-NA area 1 Temperate Fruit GPU Mother & Multiplication Block Agriculture Research Gilgit Rootstock Plantation(44) NWFP-Province 1- Tropical GPU Mother+Multpication Block.

00 28.00 13.24 38.00 22.0 250 Gram 22.00 175.13 50.50 105 Cotton (Delinted) 36.33 24.00 80.00 21.50 18.80 12.50 35.00 100.67 33.80 18.00 12.00 30.37 17.5 Maize (OPVs) 10.00 28.00 Millet( Bajra) 22.00 --- 140.50 59.60 50.00 - 100.50 25.00 455.0 Maize (Hybrids) - - - - - 150.00 90.00 35.80 57.50 29.67 14.SALE PRICES OF CERTIFIED SEEDS.50 13.63 25.50 14.00 105.00 25.00 32.88 41.00 85.00 20.00 100.17 20.00 75.50 11.00 25.56 30.00 62.20 38 Cotton (Fuzzy) 27.38 25.50 15.00 - - - - 30.00 100.00 16.00 32.27 27.00 250.00 250.33 36.00 Berseem 80.00 67.00 85.00 26.50 41.00 15.25 30.00 61.50 110.5 Paddy (Coarse) 11.50 29.50 12.0 Mung Potato 20.00 160 Paddy (Fine) 19.09 (PSC) Crop/ Seed Average Sale Price of Certified Seed (Rs/Kg) 2000-01 200102 2002-03 200304 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 Wheat 11.50 18.00 34.0 Sesame (Til) 80.67 28.00 26.0 Canola 24.00 Guar seed 25.50 74.00 37.65 11.39 62.00 --- Source: Punjab Seed Corporation 37 .00 53.00 24.67 24.60 14.00 52.00 16.00 220.0 Raya - - - - - - 30.50 110. 2008.50 16.75 14.00 21.50 30.25 49.25 17.75 23.00 47.00 31.11 41.00 35.00 36.

to effectively control sub-standard seed business activities and promote certified seed business. GMOs Testing. Accreditation of Laboratories etc Hybrid seed production projects of maize.) and vegetables etc. Joint ventures of public research institutes and private sector seed companies are a good option to promote hybrid seed – Production of biotech seeds of various crops on local basis independently as well as through joint ventures with foreign stakeholders should be promoted to encourage and popularize the biotech seed industry Fruit seed certification system should be extended throughout the country for production and distribution of true to type and disease free fruit plants of improved varieties 38 . canola. hybrid Pearlmillet etc. mazenta hybrid. Plant Variety Protection Systems. sunflower. To meet the modern era challenge we need to develop our human resource capacity through foreign trainings especially in plant variety Registration . bajra-napiergrass hybrid. – Seed (Amendment) Bill 2009 and Plant Breeders Bill – 2009 are required to be promulgated to accommodate the private sector for investment and research and seed industry.• ACTION PLAN/ STRATEGIES Establishment of an independent seed act enforcement wing. fodders (sorghum-Sudangrass hybrid. with all requisite infrastructure is suggested. Fruit Certification System. should be initiated.

39 . • Plant Quarantine laws/Rules be revised keeping in view the latest requirements of international seed business and SPS measures. • Provincial and Federal Research Institutes Facilitation for access to genetic resources to R&D based seed companies under MTA. • The Testing results of such R&D based seed companies as official Testing and be evaluated by some designated team visiting their trials.Continue…. • Seed dealers of multinational seed companies keep the record of their sale in register to stop the black marketing and to avoid the role of middle man.

• 40 . where private seed companies can jointly fund research that results in publically available Inbred lines/ Parental material. India. • Restriction to MSC to transfer hybrid technology to Pakistan as was done in India (3 years). evaluation in the country and then availability of targeted germplasm to R&D based seed companies. It should facilitate acquisition of genetic resources from abroad by public sector organization. • Public Sector Seed Corporation should confine to seed multiplication of high volume and low value crops along with production of pre-basic seed to cater the requirements of private sector. • National seed policy can define for contractual research by Public Sector Research Institute and availability of inbred lines on exclusive rights basis.NATIONAL SEED POLICY • National Seed Policy need to be developed to establish road map for Public Private Partnership or Consortium model as develop by ICRISAT. ICRISTA is emphasizing more on Pub-Pvt Partnership due to effectiveness of Private sector for transferring results to farmers.