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FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21, 2008.

Transparent Accountable Governance:

The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption

The SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption are sponsored by The Asia Foundation (TAF). Opinions expressed here are those of the SWS research team and do not necessarily reflect the views of TAF.

The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption

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Outline
Survey Design Survey Results 1. Public Sector Corruption 2. Sincerity in Fighting Corruption 3. Government Efforts To Fight Corruption 4. Enterprises Solicited For A Bribe 5. Anti-Graft Legislation 6. Private Sector Corruption 7. Business Efforts To Fight Corruption 8. Honest Business Practices 9. The Business Climate Summary of Findings

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Survey Design

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The TAG Project Surveys a. Are Time Series 8 rounds (2000-08): National Capital Region 5 rounds (2004-08): Metro Cebu 5 rounds (2004-08): Metro Davao 3 rounds (2005-07): Cavite-Laguna-Batangas, Cagayan de Oro-Iligan.* b. Are Stratified by Size 2/3 weight: Small & Medium Enterprises 1/3 weight: Large Enterprises.
*Not part of TAG-2008 due to lack of funds. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption
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SWS SURVEYS OF TOP/MIDDLE MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES ON CORRUPTION, 2000-2008
Fieldwork Dates Aug14-Oct26 2000 Sep4-Dec4 2001 Oct25-Feb25 2002/03 Nov13-Jan28 2003/04 Jan21-Mar15 2005 Feb18-Apr27 2006 Mar4-May11 2007 Sep9-Oct10 2008 NCR C=Metro Cebu D=Metro Davao Total Sample 604 505 500 701 701 700 703 402 202 100 100 Large 204 200 214 285 232 231 233 135 67 34 34 Small & Medium 400 305 286 416 469 469 470 267 135 66 66 Error Margin ± 4% ± 4% ± 4% ± 4% ± 4% ± 4% ± 4% ± 5% ± 7% ±10% ±10%

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A partial-panel design
Total 2008 interviews Interviewed in both 2007 & 2008 Newly interviewed in 2008

NCR/C/D NCR METRO CEBU METRO DAVAO

402 202 100 100

282 127 80 75

120 75 20 25

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Public Sector Corruption

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NO TENDENCY TO FALL 80% 77 71 67 63 67 65 60 71 66 63 63 57 59 58 58 60 55 2000 2001 2003 71 60% 40% 2004 2005 2006 20% 2007 2008 0% NCR Cebu Davao Q40. 62 56 57 56 52 46 42 49 54 47 56 48 50 57 49 49 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 NCR Cebu Davao 10 Q42. Some. Most. % WHO SAY “THERE IS A LOT OF CORRUPTION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR” – HIGH.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.ppt/20/11/08 5 . 2008. Hardly any. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. None) Enterprises on Corruption 9 “MOST/ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS GIVE BRIBES TO WIN PUBLIC SECTOR CONTRACTS” Base: Total who say there is corruption in the public sector 80% 70% 60% 54 50% 40% 35 30% 20% 10% 0% In NCR. Davao has a new low. A The 2008 SWS Surveys of little. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. None) SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. How much corruption do you think there is in the public sector? (A lot. how many companies do you think give bribes to win The 2008 public sector contracts? (Almost all. In your line of business. the downtrend stopped. Few.

50% 48 43 40% 39 48 49 46 41 48 45 40 39 2004 37 37 36 27 2005 2006 30% 2007 2008 20% 10% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 12 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.ppt/20/11/08 6 . 2008. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. 20% 20 20 17 15% 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 10% 10 10 10 2006 2007 2008 5% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 11 PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE OF PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION IN ONE’S SECTOR OF BUSINESS IN THE PAST THREE MONTHS Base: Total who say there is corruption in the public sector 60% Apparent downtrend in Davao only. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. MEDIAN PERCENTAGE OF CONTRACT ALLOTTED AS BRIBE FOR A PUBLIC SECTOR CONTRACT Base: Total who say there is corruption in the public sector 25% Higher allotment now in NCR than in Cebu or Davao.

PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.ppt/20/11/08 7 . Q7-37. **DOF was covered for the first time in 2008. PLEASE EVALUATE THE FOLLOWING INSTITUTIONS IN TERMS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING OR PREVENTING PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES. 2008.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. SSS DTI Supreme Court City/municipal gov’t DOH COA DOF** 72% 62 60 57 57 53 48 44 Somewhat/ Very Insincere 8% 16 18 20 22 23 25 29 Page 1 of 4 Net* Sincere +64 +46 +42 +37 +35 +30 +23 +15 VERY GOOD (over +50) GOOD (+31 to +50) MODERATE (+11 to +30) *Net figures (% Sincere minus % Insincere) correctly rounded. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 14 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. Sincerity in Fighting Corruption The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 13 NCR/C/D 2008: RATINGS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION Very/ Somewhat Sincere Filipino Business Assns. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.

FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. 2008. PLEASE EVALUATE THE FOLLOWING INSTITUTIONS IN TERMS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING OR PREVENTING PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES.ppt/20/11/08 8 . NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 15 NCR/C/D 2008: RATINGS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION Very/ Somewhat Sincere GSIS DA DOJ PNP DILG PAGC DENR COMELEC DOTC Office of the Pres. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 16 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. PLEASE EVALUATE THE FOLLOWING INSTITUTIONS IN TERMS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING OR PREVENTING PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES. Q7-37. Q7-37. NCR/C/D 2008: RATINGS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION Page 2 of 4 Very/ Somewhat Sincere DepEd AFP Sandiganbayan Ombudsman Trial Courts Senate DBM 43% 39 37 38 31 35 34 Somewhat/ Very Insincere 36% 33 32 33 37 41 41 Net* Sincere +7 +6 +5 +4 -5 -6 -7 MEDIOCRE (-10 to +10) *Net figures (% Sincere minus % Insincere) correctly rounded. 30% 30 29 28 27 24 26 24 25 27 Somewhat/ Very Insincere 42% 47 47 46 50 48 50 51 52 55 Page 3 of 4 Net* Sincere -12 -17 -17 -18 -23 -23 -25 -27 -27 -27 POOR (-11 to –30) *Net figures (% Sincere minus % Insincere) correctly rounded.

DILG. PLEASE EVALUATE THE FOLLOWING INSTITUTIONS IN TERMS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING OR PREVENTING PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES. DA. DTI. DOTC. PCGG. BIR DPWH Bureau of Customs 22% 19 18 14 9 6 Somewhat/ Very Insincere 54% 50 59 70 72 79 Net* Sincere -32 -32 -41 -56 -63 -72 BAD (-31 to -50) VERY BAD (below -50) *Net figures (% Sincere minus % Insincere) correctly rounded. DBM POOR (-11 to –30): GSIS. BOC The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 18 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. Trial Courts. NCR/C/D 2008: RATINGS OF SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION Page 4 of 4 Very/ Somewhat Sincere LTO PCGG House of Reps. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. City/Municipal Government MODERATE (+11 to +30): DOH.ppt/20/11/08 9 . Supreme Court. Senate. 2008. PNP. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. Q7-37. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 17 NET SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION. COA. DOF MEDIOCRE (-10 to +10): DepEd. AFP. DPWH. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. ComElec. 2008 VERY GOOD (over+50): Filipino Business Associations GOOD (+31 to +50): SSS. PAGC. DOJ. House of Representatives VERY BAD (below –50): BIR. Office of the Ombudsman. DENR. Sandiganbayan. Office of the President BAD (-31 to -50): LTO.

FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. The Sandiganbayan has become ‘Mediocre’. Ombudsman +9 +8 +6 2007 2008 2006 AFP Trial Courts -5 DBM -7 -6 -7 -10 -10 Senate -20 -20 -17 NET SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 20 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. Moderate 2006 +35 +27 +24 +27+29 +30 +23 +21 +15 2007 2008 Filipino SSS Business Assns. DOH COA DOF The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 19 NCR/C/D: Mediocre Sincerity Ratings Sandiganbayan DepEd +10 +2 0 +10 +7 +6 +5 +6 +4 +4 +4 +15 +13 +20 The AFP and Senate are no longer ‘Poor’. NCR/C/D: Moderate to Very Good Sincerity Ratings Very Good +70 +60 +52 +50 +40 +30 +20 +10 0 +8 +40 +46 +42 +51 +67 +64 Good +48 +44 +37 LGUs and COA improve.ppt/20/11/08 10 .COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. 2008. NET SINCERITY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION DTI Supreme City/ Court Municipal Govt. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.

-50 -60 NET SINCERITY IN FIGHT ING CORRUPT ION -59 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 22 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. NCR/C/D: Poor Sincerity Ratings. DA GSIS DOJ PNP DILG 2006 -10 -12 -20 -26 -8 -17 -20 -21 -25 -34 -17 -18 -21 -23 2007 2008 -30 -40 NET SINCERITY IN FIGHT ING CORRUPT ION -36 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 21 NCR/C/D: Poor Sincerity Ratings. Part 2 of 2 0 -5 -3 -10 -20 -16 -15 -23 -22 -27 -36 -39 -15 2006 -27 PAGC -30 -24 -25 DOTC -27 DENR -40 Office of the Pres. DOTC and OP drop. 2008. 2007 2008 Comelec PAGC.ppt/20/11/08 11 . FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. PNP rises from ‘Bad’ to ‘Poor’. Comelec rises to ‘Poor’. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. Part 1 of 2 +20 +13 +10 +5 0 GSIS falls from ‘Moderate’ to ‘Poor’.

The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 24 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2008. 0 -10 -20 -30 -29 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -34 -32 -13 -20 2006 2007 -33 -44 -41 -48 -57 -56 -60 -68 -63 -69 -75 -72 2008 Bad Very Bad PCGG-32 LTO House of Reps.ppt/20/11/08 12 .COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. VOLUNTEERED) Less Corrupt DTI SSS DOH DepEd Supreme Court LGUs DOF AFP DENR LTO GSIS DOTC DA Office of the President BIR DPWH BOC 13% 12 11 12 5 7 4 4 3 8 3 2 4 1 6 1 1 More Corrupt 1% 1 3 6 1 4 1 5 6 10 6 7 11 18 32 27 44 Net* +12 +12 +8 +6 +4 +3 +3 -1 -2 -2 -4 -5 -7 -17 -26 -26 -43 *Net figures (% Less corrupt minus % More corrupt) correctly rounded. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008: CITATIONS OF CHANGE IN CORRUPTION COMPARED TO 5 YEARS AGO (OPEN-ENDED. NCR/C/D: Bad to Very Bad Sincerity Ratings PCGG is worsening. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. BIR DPWH BOC The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 23 NCR/C/D.

NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION.ppt/20/11/08 13 . EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 25 Government Efforts to Fight Corruption: The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 26 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. VOLUNTEERED) 2006 DTI SSS DOH DepEd Supreme Court LGUs DOF AFP DENR LTO GSIS DOTC DA Office of the President BIR DPWH BOC +2 +7 +5 +9 +4 +5 +1 -3 -6 +6 +1 +1 -7 -9 -7 -16 -29 2007 +8 +7 +6 +5 +3 +2 +1 -4 -2 +4 +2 -1 -3 -4 -3 -20 -29 2008 +12 +12 +8 +6 +4 +3 +3 -1 -2 -2 -4 -5 -7 -17 -26 -26 -43 Steadily improving Steadily worsening *Net figures (% Less corrupt minus % More corrupt) correctly rounded. 2008. NCR/C/D: LESS CORRUPT CITATIONS MINUS MORE CORRUPT CITATIONS (OPEN-ENDED.

100% 80% 43 42 44 40 44 44 52 42 42 46 58 40 42 50 58 53 50 58 Part of the way govt.” The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 28 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. 2008. CONTRACT HAS APPARENTLY IMPROVED IN CEBU. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. works Govt.ppt/20/11/08 14 . EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. Statement: “Compared to about 5 years ago. FEELINGS THAT “THE GOVERNMENT CAN BE RUN WITHOUT CORRUPTION” ARE WEAKENING. can be run w/o corruption 60% 40% 55 57 56 60 56 55 20% 57 58 54 42 60 57 49 42 47 41 48 50 0% 00 01 03 04 05 06 07 08 04 05 06 07 08 04 05 06 07 08 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 27 PROVISION OF INFORMATION ABOUT BIDDING FOR A GOVT. it is now easier for anyone who wants to bid on a government contract to get information about the bidding. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. 100% 8 12 80% 21 60% 9 16 16 8 16 8 15 15 23 23 17 14 9 13 15 STRONGLY DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE UNDECIDED 40% 36 36 35 43 31 30 SOMEWHAT AGREE STRONGLY AGREE 20% 19 0% 20 17 18 21 25 07 NCR 08 07 Cebu 08 07 Davao 08 Q3.

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 15 . FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ARE NOW DOING MORE TO AVOID CORRUPT PRACTICES” (2008) 100% 31 24 30 STRONGLY DISAGREE 29 30 40% 8 28 20% 24 7 29 11 12 9 22 SOMEWHAT DISAGREE UNDECIDED SOMEWHAT AGREE STRONGLY AGREE 80% 60% 0% 6 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 29 Enterprises Solicited For A Bribe The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 30 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. 2008. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. MOST DISAGREE THAT “COMPARED TO ABOUT 5 YEARS AGO.

FOR A BRIBE ON THE FOLLOWING TRANSACTIONS: 71% 49% Any of the listed bribes Getting Local government permits and licenses Getting National government permits and licenses Assessment and/or payment of income taxes 47% 46% 31% Complying with import regulations including payment of import duties Supplying government with goods/services Collecting receivables from government Availing of government incentives The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 29% 24% 22% 31 NCR/C/D: SOLICITATIONS FOR BRIBES PEAKED IN 2008 Any of the listed bribes Getting Local government permits and licenses 44 37 42 40 49 64 62 65 71 47 Getting National government permits and licenses 32 31 31 31 27 31 25 24 19 18 23 29 34 46 Assessment and/or payment of income taxes Complying with import regulations including payment of import duties Supplying government with goods/services 2008 2007 2006 2005 Collecting receivables from government Availing of government incentives 11 11 24 21 17 19 22 14 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 32 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008: ENTERPRISES ASKED LAST YEAR BY ANYONE IN GOVT. 2008. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.ppt/20/11/08 16 . EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. NCR/C/D.

EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.ppt/20/11/08 17 . 2000 2001 60 55 54 50 46 45 42 37 32 33 24 26 48 46 39 33 29 37 60% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 40% 20% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 34 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. the favorable trend in 2000-06 was reversed in 2006-08. SOLICITATIONS FOR BRIBES ARE HIGHEST IN NCR: 2008 83 Any of the listed bribes 46 29 59 Getting National government permits and licenses 27 Assessment and/or payment of income taxes 32 Complying with import regulations including payment of import duties Supplying government with goods/services 41 27 14 32 25 28 27 21 20 25 21 15 NCR Cebu Davao 55 41 42 64 53 60 Getting Local government permits and licenses Collecting receivables from government Availing of government incentives 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 33 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR A BRIBE LAST YEAR RE LOCAL GOVERNMENT PERMITS/LICENSES 100% 80% In NCR.

ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR A BRIBE LAST YEAR RE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT PERMITS/LICENSES 80% 60% 59 2000 2001 42 43 37 34 32 33 36 25 39 42 2003 2004 30 23 22 30 2005 27 2006 2007 2008 9 40% 27 20% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 35 ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR A BRIBE LAST YEAR RE ASSESSMENT OR PAYMENT OF INCOME TAXES 80% In NCR. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 60% 52 50 43 42 40% 36 38 33 34 36 24 24 23 29 41 32 32 55 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 22 20% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 36 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. 2008. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.ppt/20/11/08 18 . PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. the favorable trend in 2000-06 was reversed in 2006-08. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 19 . PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2008. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR A BRIBE LAST YEAR RE COMPLYING WITH IMPORT REGULATIONS INCL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. IMPORT DUTIES 60% 40% 31 28 25 20% 17 10 18 14 41 2000 2001 2003 25 27 2004 2005 19 16 16 2006 18 14 2007 2008 24 23 2 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 37 ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR A BRIBE LAST YEAR RE SUPPLYING GOVERNMENT WITH GOODS/SERVICES 60% 40% 32 24 25 18 17 13 18 29 28 24 28 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 22 20% 15 14 18 13 15 18 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 38 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.

FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR BRIBES LAST YEAR RE COLLECTING RECEIVABLES FROM GOVERNMENT 60% 40% But there was a 10 pt drop in Davao. 2008. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2000 2001 2003 27 20% 13 9 8 10 19 15 12 15 13 19 21 13 26 28 30 2004 2005 20 2006 2007 2008 18 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 39 ENTERPRISES ASKED FOR BRIBES LAST YEAR RE AVAILING OF GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES 60% 2000 40% 2001 2003 2004 25 20% 11 13 9 6 2 9 14 11 21 17 10 6 0% 4 4 9 14 15 2005 2006 2007 2008 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 40 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.ppt/20/11/08 20 .

2008. NCR/C/D: REPORTING OF BRIBESOLICITATION IS LOW BUT GROWING Base: Total solicited for a bribe 100% 80% 60% 93 40% 94 91 86 Did not report it Formally reported it to an anti-corruption authority 20% 7 9 14 0% 6 2005 2006 2007 2008 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 41 THE RATE OF REPORTING OF BRIBE-SOLICITATION IS MUCH HIGHER IN CEBU & DAVAO (2008) Base: Total solicited for a bribe 100% 80% Did not report it 60% 90 40% 80 81 Formally reported it to an anti-corruption authority 20% 20 10 0% 19 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 42 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.ppt/20/11/08 21 . EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.

who did not report it 81 80 Nothing would be done anyway Can not prove anything Will spend much It is standard practice not to report Afraid of reprisal Too small a thing to bother Don't know how or whom to report Don't want to betray anyone It is embarrassing 24 21 28 37 29 30 43 51 51 60 61 57 58 54 56 60 65 65 65 65 72 40 40 43 40 NCR Cebu Davao 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Q55. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. IF DID NOT REPORT: Why did you not report this? (ENCIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY) The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 44 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. NCR/C/D: FUTILITY IS THE M AIN AND PEAK REASON FOR NOT REPORTING Base: Total solicited for a bribe. 2008 Base: Total solicited for a bribe.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 22 . 2008. BY AREA. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. who did not report it Nothing would be done anyway Can not prove anything Will spend much 33 42 46 50 46 46 47 52 45 47 42 37 29 29 25 27 24 33 34 41 40 46 68 69 79 61 61 59 57 It is standard practice not to report Afraid of reprisal Too small a thing to bother Don't know how or whom to report Don't want to betray anyone 16 55 54 52 2008 2007 2006 2005 It is embarrassing 12 17 17 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Q55. IF DID NOT REPORT: Why did you not report this? (ENCIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY) The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 43 REASONS FOR NOT REPORTING.

to which government agency can it trust to bring a complaint? The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 46 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. of Justice (DOJ) Dept.5% in the 2008 survey are not shown. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. National Police (PNP) Office of the President Note: Responses below 0. If a company in your sector is being harassed by corrupt government officials. to which government agency can it trust to bring a complaint? The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 45 NCR/C/D: WHAT AGENCIES DO YOU TRUST TO BRING A COMPLAINT TO? Page 2 of 3 2006 4% 2 1 5 3 1 2 0. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. Q44. NCR/C/D: WHAT AGENCIES DO YOU TRUST TO BRING A COMPLAINT TO? Page 1 of 3 2006 22% 28 13 5 7 5 2 3 1 3 7 2007 2008 26% 32% 29 25 5 8 6 6 3 5 4 3 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 4 2 None Office of the Ombudsman Municipal/City Government National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) Dept. of Trade and Industry (DTI) Supreme Court Trial Courts Dept.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.4 1 0.2 1 2007 2008 2% 1% 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 1 1 1 0. of Finance (DOF) Phil. If a company in your sector is being harassed by corrupt government officials.5% in the 2008 survey are not shown. of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Commission on Audit (COA) Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Dept.2 1 1 1 Presidential Anti-Graft Commission (PAGC) Senate House of Representatives Sandiganbayan Dept.ppt/20/11/08 23 . of Energy (DOE) Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Note: Responses below 0. Q44. 2008.

5% in the 2008 survey are not shown.ppt/20/11/08 24 .COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.2 3 2007 2008 -0.4 0.2 1 1 0.5 0. to which government agency can it trust to bring a complaint? The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 47 Private Sector Corruption: The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 48 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION.5 1 0. Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) Don’t know/refused Note: Responses below 0.5 1 0.4 0. NCR/C/D: WHAT AGENCIES DO YOU TRUST TO BRING A COMPLAINT TO? Page 3 of 3 2006 --0.2 0.5 6 2 Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) Civil Service Commission Dept.5 -0. Q44. of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) Phil.5 1 0. If a company in your sector is being harassed by corrupt government officials. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.5 0. 2008. Commission on Good Governance (PCGG) Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Phil. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. COMPARATIVELY FEW SAY “THERE IS A LOT OF CORRUPTION IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR” 40% 2000 2001 20% 14 9 13 10 11 8 9 7 2003 2004 2005 12 9 9 10 7 4 8 8 7 7 2006 2007 2008 0% NCR Cebu Davao Q45. None) The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 49 “MOST/ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS GIVE BRIBES TO WIN PRIVATE SECTOR CONTRACTS” Base: Total who say there is corruption in the private sector 60% 50% 2000 2001 2003 30% 27 23 20% 29 24 22 18 18 22 27 24 20 18 18 20 18 27 28 27 2004 2005 2006 2007 10% 2008 40% 0% NCR Cebu Davao Q46. None) Enterprises on Corruption 50 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. 2008. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. Some. In your line of business.The 2008 SWS Surveys of Hardly any. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.ppt/20/11/08 25 . How much corruption do you think there is in the private sector? (A lot. A little. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. how many companies do you think give bribes to win private business sector contracts? (Almost all. Most. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. Few.

in their line of business. 2008. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. MEDIAN PERCENTAGE OF CONTRACT ALLOTTED AS BRIBE FOR A PRIVATE BUSINESS CONTRACT Base: Total who say there are companies. bribing to win private sector contracts 20% 15% 2000 2001 2003 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10% 2004 2005 2006 5% 2007 2008 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 51 Business Efforts to Fight Corruption The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 52 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.ppt/20/11/08 26 . NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.

Statement: “A person like me cannot do anything to reduce corruption in the government.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 27 . FEELINGS OF POTENCY IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION ARE SLIPPING 100% 13 80% 11 4 4 60% 32 30 40% 25 24 13 17 11 15 17 14 STRONGLY AGREE SOMEWHAT AGREE UNDECIDED SOMEWHAT DISAGREE 46 32 41 STRONGLY DISAGREE 22 3 20 9 20 4 13 22 6 17 20% 40 36 39 0% 07 NCR 08 07 Cebu 08 07 Davao 08 Q2. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.” The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 53 ONLY ABOUT HALF SAY BUSINESSES ARE MOVING TOWARDS PAYING TAXES MORE HONESTLY 100% 9 80% 20 28 60% 15 16 40% 44 29 20% 12 0% 14 19 36 22 10 13 13 STRONGLY DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE UNDECIDED SOMEWHAT AGREE STRONGLY AGREE NCR Cebu Davao Q5. 2008.” The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 54 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. businesses are now doing more to avoid tax-evasion. Statement: “Compared to about 5 years ago.

EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. businesses are now doing more to avoid smuggling. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. Were you previously aware of the CAC. LESS THAN HALF SAY THAT BUSINESSES ARE DOING MORE TO AVOID SMUGGLING 100% 12 80% 30 60% 11 40% 38 20% 8 8 12 35 32 14 15 29 24 14 17 STRONGLY DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE UNDECIDED SOMEWHAT AGREE STRONGLY AGREE 0% NCR Cebu Davao Q6. or is this the first time that you hear about it? 56 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 28 . NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008.” The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 55 AWARENESS OF THE COALITION AGAINST CORRUPTION (CAC) IS GROWING STEADILY 100% 28 80% 49 45 41 45 43 52 37 46 54 Previously Not Aware 60% Previously Aware 44 33 40% 72 51 20% 55 59 55 57 48 63 54 46 56 67 0% 05 06 07 08 05 06 07 08 05 06 07 08 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption Q62. Statement: “Compared to about 5 years ago.

2008. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. EXPECTED CHANGE IN NET INCOME.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. IS POSITIVE 100% 13 1 80% 32 60% 31 30 30 32 35 34 29 31 40 7 2 6 2 3 2 5 3 8 3 5 3 14 11 5 4 7 7 40 45 23 20 23 3 5 4 13 7 9 19 16 8 negative change 5 3 7 4 No ans/ref/not aware 45 52 no change positive change 40% 54 20% 65 60 62 60 54 57 50 56 46 54 46 57 52 53 47 39 0% 01 03 04 05 06 07 08 04 05 06 07 08 04 05 06 07 08 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 57 MEDIAN % OF NET INCOME ENTERPRISES ARE WILLING TO PAY TO FUND A PROGRAM TO CUT CORRUPTION BY HALF IN 10 YEARS 6% 5 5 5 5 4 3 2.5 2% 1 0% 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 5 5 2000 2001 4% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 58 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.ppt/20/11/08 29 . IF CORRUPTION IS REDUCED TO THAT OF SINGAPORE.

000 139. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.000 126.000 80 60 40 20 0 NCR Cebu Davao NCR Cebu Davao 59 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption MEAN CONTRIBUTION IN THE LAST 2 YEARS & IN THE NEXT 2 YEARS TO A PRIVATE ANTI-CORRUPTION PROGRAM 100 In pesos 2007 2008 80 Amount willing to contribute in the next 2 years 74.000 106.000 8.000 87.000 64.000 In pesos 60 50 40 37.000 100 82.000 60 44.000 79.000 92.000 157.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.000 132.000 46. MEAN SPENDING IN THE LAST 2 YEARS & IN THE NEXT 2 YEARS TO COMBAT FRAUD AND CORRUPTION IN OWN COMPANY Amount spent in the last 2 years Amount likely to be spent in the next 2 years 2007 2008 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 In pesos 180 In pesos 160 140 120 158.000 74. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION.000 40 31. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. 2008.000 36.000 31.000 30 20 10 0 Amount contributed in the last 2 years 51.000 NCR Cebu Davao 0 NCR Cebu Davao 60 The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.ppt/20/11/08 30 .000 57.000 20 8.000 97.

2008. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. Not applicable) The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 62 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. Often. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. Almost never. 2008 Use honest business practices at all times 75 77 84 Know the laws and rules of government transactions Join a civil society organization whose mission is to fight corruption Report corruption to mass media 8 13 Campaign against corrupt political candidates Report government corruption to the Office of the Ombudsman 19 17 5 6 22 11 NCR Cebu Davao 25 17 23 19 68 62 62 83 82 88 Never pay bribes 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 61 ENTERPRISES THAT PUNISH CORRUPT EXECUTIVES ALMOST ALWAYS OR OFTEN 70% 60% 54 50% 44 40% 32 30% 20% 10% 0% 61 52 53 48 61 53 47 51 47 43 43 53 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 NCR Cebu Davao Q48. WAYS FOR PRIVATE BUSINESSES TO REDUCE CORRUPTION. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. how often do enterprises punish their corrupt executives? (Almost always. In your sector of business. Seldom.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.ppt/20/11/08 31 .

PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. Honest Business Practices: Mixed Trends The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 63 “ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS PAY TAXES HONESTLY” 40% 30% 26 21 21 20% 17 15 10% 11 19 17 15 17 14 13 20 18 22 20 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 64 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. 2008.ppt/20/11/08 32 .COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.

FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.ppt/20/11/08 33 . “ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS ALWAYS ISSUE RECEIPTS FOR ALL REVENUES” 50% 45 42 40% 35 30% 36 33 33 28 38 35 37 35 41 37 35 34 37 2003 2004 2005 2006 20% 2007 2008 10% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 65 “ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS KEEP ONLY ONE SET OF BOOKS” 50% 40% 34 33 30% 25 20% 21 22 18 23 19 23 21 20 17 23 23 21 28 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 10% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 66 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. 2008. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.

EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.ppt/20/11/08 34 . PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008. “ALMOST ALL COMPANIES IN MY LINE OF BUSINESS ALWAYS DEMAND RECEIPTS FOR ALL PAYMENTS FOR EXPENSES” 70% 62 60% 53 50% 49 55 50 50 52 50 52 49 53 49 2005 40% 2006 2007 30% 2008 20% 10% 0% NCR Cebu Davao The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 67 The Business Climate The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 68 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY.

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. AND STABLE 100% 6 17 80% 18 60% 53 40% 50 20% 27 0% 9 6 11 13 27 50 60 57 48 18 4 21 15 4 10 4 15 11 Very Dissatisfied Somewhat Dissatisfied Undecided Somewhat Satisfied Very Satisfied 1 9 10 3 8 14 07 08 07 08 07 08 NCR Cebu Davao Q82.? The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 70 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. SATISFACTION WITH THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN PROMOTING A GOOD BUSINESS CLIMATE HAS FALLEN 100% 10 80% 15 9 11 22 21 41 60% 19 22 40% 15 43 20% 28 0% 6 9 0 4 10 9 37 50 46 35 18 26 25 11 5 13 27 Very Dissatisfied Somewhat Dissatisfied Undecided Somewhat Satisfied Very Satisfied 11 07 NCR 08 07 Cebu 08 07 Davao 08 Q81. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2008.ppt/20/11/08 35 . NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the National Government’s performance in promoting a good climate for business in the Philippines? The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 69 SATISFACTION WITH THE CITY/MUNICIPALITY IN PROMOTING A GOOD BUSINESS CLIMATE IS HIGHER. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the City/Municipal Government’s performance in promoting a good climate for business in this City/Municipality.

The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 71 BUSINESS EXPECTATIONS IN THE NEXT 2 YEARS.ppt/20/11/08 36 . . NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. In the next 2 years.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. do you expect that business conditions will be . In the next 2 years. . . PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2008. NCR/C/D: BUSINESS EXPECTATIONS HAVE TURNED DOWN 100% 6 21 31 40 60% 40 40% 53 41 20% 25 3 6 5 9 6 44 33 40 43 Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent 2 10 2 9 2 5 3 13 80% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Q83. BY AREA 100% 2 5 6 18 80% 34 42 60% 42 40% 50 40 20% 29 8 0% 11 9 12 64 54 33 2 3 20 30 47 Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent 2 8 2 4 0 8 4 6 07 NCR 08 07 Cebu 08 07 Davao 08 Q83. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 72 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. . do you expect that business conditions will be . EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.

AFP. COA. PNP. PAGC.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. 2008. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. DOTC.ppt/20/11/08 37 . OP. Senate. Anti-corruption ratings up: LGUs. 3/5 see “a lot” of corruption in the public sector. Feelings that the govt. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 74 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. GSIS. Comelec. PCGG. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. no improvement here. Cebu and Davao. can be run without corruption are weakening. Summary of Findings The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 73 Summary of Findings-1 The TAG8 survey reports views of 402 enterprises in NCR. Anti-corruption ratings down: Sandiganbayan.

At most 1/2 punish their corrupt executives.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. previous downtrends in NCR re LGU permits and income tax transactions were reversed.a peak. At most 1/2 see business becoming more honest in taxpaying and importing. Reporting of bribe-attempts rose slightly. 2008. The usual allotment for a bribe in a private deal is still 10%. Summary of Findings-2 7 of 10 companies were asked for a bribe in an index-transaction -. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 76 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. 20% in a public deal.ppt/20/11/08 38 . PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. Most bribe-solicitation trends are up. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. since 2005. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. Managers’ feelings of efficacy in fighting corruption have declined a bit. but is still low. Financial contributions to private anticorruption programs are going up. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 75 Summary of Findings-3 Less than 10% see “a lot” of private sector corruption. vs.

and stable. Satisfaction with local govt. promotion of a good business climate dropped in 2008. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. Satisfaction with national govt. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. compared to Good in 2005-07. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21. Guerrero Mahar Mangahas Leo Laroza Anne Abcede Germelita Caron Gerardo Sandoval Malou Laxamana Lhuz Borja SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL.ppt/20/11/08 39 . Summary of Findings-4 Trends in using four honest business practices are mixed. 2008. The 2008 SWS Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 77 Surveys of Enterprises on Corruption 2008 PROJECT STAFF Project Director Survey Consultant Project Manager and Publication Editor Project Coordinator Field Manager Data Processing Manager Data Processing Assistant Linda Luz B. Business expectations are now only Fair. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. promotion of a good business climate is higher.

Quezon City E-mail: sws_info@sws.sws. www. 924-4456.COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL/STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL. NOT AUTHORIZED FOR QUOTATION. 2008. 924-4458.ph #52 Malingap Street.ppt/20/11/08 40 .org. PUBLICATION OR RELEASE. EMBARGOED UNTIL NOVEMBER 21.org.ph Tels: 926-4308. 924-4465 SOCIAL WEATHER STATIONS C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\ANNE A\Tag8\Tag8 visuals TAG 8_NCR HANDOUT FINAL. FOR INFORMATION OF THE ASIA FOUNDATION ONLY. Sikatuna Village.

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