REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Senat:e
Pasay City

Journal
SESSION NO. 38
Monday, December 05,2011

FIFTEENTH CONGRESS
SECOND REGULAR SESSION

SESSION NO. 38
Monday, December 5, 20 II

CALL TO ORDER
At 3:32 p.m., the Senate President, Hon. Juan Ponce Em'i!e, called the session to order.

With 18 senators present, the Chair declared the presence of a quorum. Senators Cayetano (A), Pangilinan and Trillanes arrived after the roll call. Senators Defensor Santiago and Marcos were on official mission.

PRAYER
The Body observed a minute of silent prayer.

NA TIONAL ANTHEM
The Tinig Zone 5 Choir led the singing of the national anthem and thereafter rendered a medley of Cebuano songs.

APPROVAL OF THE JOURNAL
Upon motion of Senator Sotto, there being no objection, the Body dispensed with the reading of the Journal of Session No. 37 (November 29,2011) and considered it approved.

At this juncture, Senate President Enrile relinquished the Chair to Senate President Pro Tempore Ejercilo Estrada.

REFERENCE OF BUSINESS
The Secretary of the Senate read the following matters and the Chair made the corresponding referrals:

ROLL CALL
Upon direction of the Chair, the Secretary of the Senate, Atty. Emma Lirio-Reyes, called the roll, to which the following senators responded: Angara, E. J. Arroyo, J. P. Cayetano, P. S. Drilon, F. M. Ejercito Estrada, J. Emile, J. P. Escudero, F. J. G. Guingona III, T. L. Honasan, G. B. Lapid, M. L. M. Legarda, L. Osmefia III, S. R Pimentel III, A. L. Lacson, P. M. Recto, R. G. Revilla Jr., R. B. Sotto lll, V. C. Villar, M.

MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES
Letter of His Excellency, President Benigno S. Aquino 1/1, dated I December 20 II, certifying to the necessity of the immediate enactment of House Bill No. 4275, entitled AN ACT FURTHER STRENGTHENING THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING LAW, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9160,

Jl"'r

730

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE "ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING ACT OF 2001", AS AMENDED, to address the urgent need to make the existing Anti-Money Laundering Law more compliant with international standards in order that the country wi II not be categorized as money laundering and terrorist financing (MUTF) risks to the international financial system.

THEREOF, PROVIDING MEASURES FOR ITS DISMISSAL, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Introduced by Senator Revilla, Jr.

To the Committee on Justice and Hnman Rights
Senate Bill No. 3081, entitled AN ACT AMENDING SECTION 450 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7160, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991, AS AMENDED, ALLOWING THE CONVERSION OF A MUNICIPALITY WHICH HAS A LAND AREA OF AT LEAST FIFTY (50) SQUARE KILOMETERS OR INHABITANTS OF AT LEAST TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND (25,000) INTO A COMPONENT CITY IF IT HAS AN ANNUAL AVERAGE LOCALLY GENERA TED INCOME OF AT LEAST TWO HUNDRED TWENTY MILLION PESOS (P220,000,000.00) FOR THE LAST TWO CONSECUTIVE YEARS BASED ON 2010 CONSTANT PRICES Introduced by Senator Lacson

To the Committee on Rules MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Letter from the House of Representatives informing the Senate that on 29 November 20 II, the House of Representatives approved the Conference Committee Report on the disagreeing votes on House Bill No. 5023, entitled AN ACT APPROPRIATING FUNDS FOR THE OPERATION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES FROM JANUARY ONE TO DECEMBER THIRTY-ONE, TWO THOUSAND AND TWELVE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

To the Archives BILLS ON FIRST READING
Senate Bill No. 3079, entitled AN ACT AMENDING PROVISION SEC. 261 (w) OF THE OMNIBUS ELECTION CODE (BATAS PAMBANSA BILANG 881)

To the Committee on Local Government COMMITTEE REPORT
Committee Report No. 89, submitted jointly by the Committees on Local Government; and Constitutional Amendments, Revision of Codes and Laws, on House Bill No. 4259, introduced by Representative Chipeco, entitled AN ACT CONVERTING THE MUNICIPALITY OF CABUY AO IN THE PROVINCE OF LAGUNA INTO A COMPONENT CITY TO BE KNOWN AS THE CITY OF CABUY AO, recommending its approval without amendment. Sponsor: Senator Marcos Jr.

Introduced by Senator Enrile

To the Committee on Electoral Reforms aud People's Participation
Senate Bill No. 3080, entitled AN ACT DEFINING STRATEGIC LAWSUITS AGAINST PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, PROHIBITING THE FILING

To the Calendar for Ordinary Business
4fI'

r

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

731

SUSPENSION OF SESSION At 3:41 p,m" the session was suspended to allow the senators to go into caucus, RESUMPTION OF SESSION At 4:21 p,m" the session was resumed with Senate President Enrile presiding, ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE PRESENCE OF GUESTS At this juncture, Senator Sotto acknowledged the presence in the gallery of Mr. Jeffrey Woodruff, Executive Director of the American Chamber of Commerce, and Ms, Bea Vergara, government liaison, The Senate President welcomed the guests to the Senate,

Thereupon, the Chair recognized Senator Recto to sponsor the resolution. SPONSORSHIP SPEECH OF SENATOR RECTO In sponsoring Proposed Senate Resolution No. 281, Senator Recto delivered the following speech: Long before Filipinos metamorphosed into "dakilang uzis" or "usiseros," they were the "Good Samaritans" who were always ready to extend a helping hand to a person in need whether that gesture of kindness involves locating a wandering "inakay" or "kalakian," help restore sanity after a devastating calamity, help beef up the community's rag-tag defense against marauding petty criminals or sometimes, as trivial as simply looking after the neighbor's family pet when the owners are away.
We, perhaps, owe in part our romance with

At this juncture, Senate President Enrile reliquished the Chair to Senate President Pro Tempore Ejercito Estrada,
PROPOSED SENATE RESOLUTION NO. 281 With the permission of the Body, upon motion of Senator Sotto, the Body considered Proposed Senate Resolution No. 281, entitled RESOLUTION DECLARING SUPPORT TO THE COMMEMORATION OF THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF VOLUNTEERS (lYV) IN THE PHILIPPINES (lYV + 10) IN 2011, RECOGNIZING THE SIGNIFICANT ROLE AND CONTRIBUTIONS OF VOLUNTEERS IN DEVELOPMENT AND NATION-BUILDING AND ENJOINING THE PUBLIC TO ORGANIZE AND SUPPORT VOLUNTEERING PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES TOWARD A MEANINGFUL IYV + 10 CELEBRATION. Pursuant to Section 67, Rule XXIII of the Rule of the Senate, with the permission of the Body, upon motion of Senator Sotto, only the title of the resolution was read without prejudice to its insertion of the full text into the Record of the Senate.

volunteerism to the first batch of Thomasites that our American colonial masters had sent us
for our re-education.

In August 190 1,600 teachers called Thomasites arrived on board the USS Thomas to
volunteer as teachers.

They were essentially American volunteers whose task was to repudiate us of our ignorance and build classrooms in every place where they were assigned. The original batch of Thomasites was composed by 365 males and 165 females, who sailed from United States on July 23, 190 I. More American volunteer teachers followed the Thomasites in 1902, making a total of about 1,074 stationed in the Philippines. Fast forward to 20 II, the vestiges of the Thomasites era linger with foreigners still engaged in local volunteer work covering
various fields, industries and sectors.

For this year alone, 525 foreigners volunteered in local undertakings and are deployed in 426 local partner organizations. They share expertise in agriculture, fisheries,
environmental conservation, micro-enterprise,

education, health and nutrition, information and communication technology, peace-building, among others. Likewise, 328 Filipinos - similar to an
"exchange program" - volunteered overseas to share expertise in engineering, health, education, environment, business management and govern-

732 ance. They are currently deployed across Asia, Africa, Oceania and Eastern Europe. Right on our shores, we have many young doctors and nurses who, instead of seeking lucrative employment abroad, opted to work in the countryside and help rural communities cure their own maladies. The post-U.S. military bases Subic Bay would not be a humming economic zone today if not for the thousands of volunteers who sacrificed their white collar jobs just to work for the economic rehabilitation of the former naval base after the last American O. l. packed up his bag and bade his final goodbye. Filipinos are natural and rabid volunteers - even to the brink of being misdiagnosed as maepal or ma-papel. Volunteerism is our way of life. We have
come to develop, improve on it, and even embrace it as our very own brand of "Bayanihan."

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011 strategy in the delivery of social services, provision of technical assistance and in undertaking humanitarian efforts. United Nations also paid homage to volunteers around the world by declaring 200 I as the International Year of Volunteers or IYV. IYV was declared by the UN to enhance the promotion, facilitation and networking of recognition of volunteerism worldwide. This year, the world marks the 10'" anniversary of the U.N. Declaration ofthe International Year of Volunteers or IYV, aptly called "IYV+ 10." The Philippines actively participated in the 200 I celebration. For this year's "IYV+ 10," the U. N. is again enjoining a global celebration of the gains in the last decade.
For our part, we are raising the "ante" on

We invoke our tradition of "Bayanihan" as a cultural value that symbolizes our national character. It propels us to perform random acts of goodness and kindness. We can even say that government may be absent in the hinterlands, but a volunteer is always on hand to help at critical times. The modern Filipino volunteer is ever present from the mundane sanitation, beautification, vaccination, anti-rabies and other drives to the brave acts of rescue and rehabilitation during calamities, the fight for fTeedom and democracy, and in helping fellow Filipinos rise from poverty, illiteracy, social exclusion and hopelessness. Filipinos do this without expecting anything in return - only with the quaint hope that they will come to his rescue when his day of need comes. The services of volunteers and their role in building stable communities and societies deserve better appreciation and recognition. Certainly, the government and the private sector are not entirely deficient in this respect with legislative measures, policy pronouncements, program support, and advocacy platforms for volunteerism. Congress responded by enacting Republic Act No. 9418 or the Volunteer Act of2007, which provided a framework for closer government and private sector partnership in the field of volunteerism, The Philippine Development Plan 2011-2016 also incorporated volunteerism as a cross-cutting

this 10'" anniversary of the IYV by linking the spirit of volunteerism to the Millennium Development Ooals or MOOs, hence, the theme "Volunteering for the MOOs or Millennium Development Goals." IYV+IO aims to mobilize government agencies, organizations, individuals and civil society to harness volunteerism as a costeffective tool in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MOO) by 2015. Let us join the world in determining the future of volunteerism in the context of an emerging environment, with climate change, peace and development, shifting global economic fortunes, sustainable future and other critical development concerns. The Executive branch, through Pres. Benigno Simeon Aquino Ill, has done the first "volunteering" by issuing last January 20 II Proclamation No. 92 to manifest government full support to the "IYV+ 10." The Palace issuance serves as a fTamework for a nationwide public participation and likewise appointed the Philippine National Volunteer Service Coordinating Agency (PNVSCA), which is an attached agency of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), to serve as the focal point for the national celebration. It is in this light that I volunteer to sponsor this Senate Resolution to attach the Chamber's enthusiastic response to the UN's call for global volunteerism, following the October approval by the bigger House of House Resolution No. 183.

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

733

The Senate Resolution will no doubt enhance this year's celebration of"IYV+ 10" and ultimately affirm Congress' resolute commitment to volunteer ism, I ask my colleagues to volunteer their vote in passing this resolution today,

ADOPTION OF PROPOSED SENATE RESOLUTION NO. 281
Upan motion of Senator Satta, there being no objection, Proposed Senate Resolution No, 281 was adopted by the Body, subject to style,

At this point, Senator Satta asked to be furnished with documents from the DOH on the distribution of condoms and other contraceptives that the Sponsor was supposed to look into. In response, Senator Cayetano (P) said that there used to be funding for the distribution of condoms by donor agencies' but this was phased out in 2004 and thereafter, condoms were distributed in much smaller quantities* to control HIV/AIDS. She surmised that some LGUs and NGOs took it upon themselves to distribute condoms and contraceptives and also some NGOs but no longer in coordination with and under the supervision of the DOH. Moving on to another matter, Senator Sotto recalled that that upon his request, Senator Cayetano (P) furnished him with a list of NGOs pushing for the passage of the RH bill. He explained that he wanted to find out more about the organizations that were supposedly receiving funds as he cited the Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) which, according to its website, has links to abortion clinics in the Philippines, He mentioned the video featuring Dr. Junice Melgar of Likhaan who was quoted as saying, "If you are pro-women, you will have contacts to the services that are underground," and whose other statements refer to abortion service providers, He recalled that in his powerpoint presentation, he showed a proposal to the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA) of Likhaan for its Affiliate Reproduction Health Network (ARHAN) asking for monetary support to expedite the early passage of the bill, part of which was for "nurturing legislators," Asked what the term "nurturing of legislators" refers to, Senator Cayetano (P) explained that according to the information relayed to her, it actually refers to the expenses incurred by NGOs and the community leaders who go to hearings and other proceedings related to the RH bilL

COMMITTEE REPORT NO. 49 SENATE BILL NO. 2865 (Continuation)
Upon motion of Senator Sotto, there being no objection, the Body considered, on Second Reading, Senate Bill No, 2865 (Committee Report No. 49), entitled AN ACT PROVIDING FOR A NATIONAL POLICY ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT. Senator Sotto stated that the parliamentary status was still the period of interpellations. Thereupon, the Chair recognized Senator Cayetano (P), Sponsor of the measure, and Senator Satta for the continuation of his interpellation.

INTERPELLATION OF SENATOR SOTTO (Continuation)
Asked by Senator Sotto whether he could be furnished with the data which he requested last September 20 on the "500,000 induced abortions that ·was manifested by Senator Cayetano (P) on the floor, Senator Cayetano (P) stated that the figures were part of Senator Defensor Santiago's speech which stated that the number of intended pregnancies which resulted in induced abortion in 2008 was actually 570,000 according to the Guttmacher Institute's Study of Pregnant Filipinas. She also said that an earl ier study by the same institute revealed that there were more than 400,000 pregnancies in 1994, She said that the data would be provided by the Committee shortly.

At this juncture, President Pro Tempore Ejercito Estrada relinquished the Chair to Senator Legarda,
Senator Sotto stated that aside from mentioning "nurturing of legislators," as shown on the slide, it also says, "development, production, and dissemination of information segregated into target audiences: legislators, media and professionals, communities;

*As

corrected by Senator Cayetano (P) on December 6, 2011

734 mobilizations (two-nationally coordinated high profile mobs in March and September); regional mobilization outside NCR (one each in Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao between April to September); and other sectoral and local action will be funded independently of the UNFPA budget." He asked how there can be no budget for "nurturing of legislators" when the document itself says there is, Senator Cayetano (P) clarified that there is no budget in terms of providing funds of whatever nature to legislators, She reiterated that the budget refers to expenses that NGOs may incur in connection with their mobilization activities in support of the congresssional proceedings on the RH bill. Senator Cayetano (P) stressed that ever since she became a senator, she has not received any kind of funding from any lobbyist at any time, and neither has Senator Defensor Santiago, Senator Satta agreed, At this point, she relayed to the Body a text message from Dr, Melgar of Likhaan, explaining that the "nurturing legislators" refers to "transportation budget/expenses in the amount of P80,OOO for community leaders to talk with legislators," On another matter, Senator Sotto disclosed that he did a backgrou.nd investigation on organizations backing up the RH bill, in the course of which, he discovered that the SEC has revoked the registration of some, while apparently, others have not even registered, He then read into the record the list of the organizations supporting the RH bill and their status with the SEC: Magdalena Macalando President Pinagsamang Lakas ng Kababaihan at Kabataan - not found Dr, Edwin Ylagan National Program Coordinator for Ado lescent Reproductive and Sexual Health
- does not exist

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

Roberto M, Ador President Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (PPOP) registered with 2010 financial statement (with $617,000 received from the International Planned Parenthood) Benjamin de Leon Forum for Planning and Development, Inc, - registered with 20 I0 financial statement Ramon San Pascual Executive Director Philippine Legislators Committee on Population and Development (PLPCD) - revoked
Marlon Lacsamana HIV/AIDS Network - revoked

Dr. Junice L. Melgar President Linangan ng Kababaihan (LIKHAAN) and Secretary General, Reproductive Health Advocacy Network (RHAN)
- revoked, no records

Corazon Raymundo, PhD, Executive Director Institute of Maternal and Child Health
- does not exist

Save the Children Federation
- foreign stock

Elizabeth Angsioco Chairperson Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines - does not exist Dr. Edelina dela Paz Executive Director Health Action Information Network - registered with 2010 financial statement

Reacting thereto, Senator Cayetano (P) pointed out that most of the organizations mentioned by Senator Satta were simply organizations of ordinary people, mostly women, and some professionals who work with communities, She explained that many of them were indeed not registered and do not have juridical personality but they came together to form a network in support of a common goal. The fact that these organizations do not have juridical personality, she asserted, is irrelevant to the discussion on the RH bill which does not assign them any specific responsibilities nor imposes any obligations or demands on them, As chair of the Committee sponsoring the RH bill, she stressed, she does not rely on the organizations to implement the law and neither was she bothered about their legitimacy, But Senator Sotto stated that precisely, this was the reason he asked the SEC to verify their status, especially in light of the information that they are receiving financial subsidies from foreign organizations, He adverted to the article in the Philippine Daily Inquirer about a $50 million lobby money

-I#"

r

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

735 Senator Sotto pointed out RA 1872, "An Act to Regulate Lobbying in the Congress of the Philippines and in the Commission on Appointments," particularly Section 2, to wit:
Section 2. Corrupt means to influence legislation; disclosure of interest. - Any person who shall, directly or indirectly, give or agree or offer to give any money or property or valuable thing or any security therefor to any person, for the service of such person or of any other person in procuring the passage or defeat of any measure before the Congress of the Philippines or before either House or any committee thereof xxx.

being used to support the passage of the RH bill not only in the Philippines but also in other countries where abortion is illegal. He underscored that the SEC requires ali registered organizations, whether partnerships or corporations, to periodically submit their financial statements, He hoped that the financial records of these organizations can be checked but if, indeed, their registration had been cancelled by the SEC or they are nonexistent, they are clearly avoiding something since even government cannot review their financial transactions. The main thrust of foreign organizations that fund these organizations, he claimed, is to legal ize abortion in countries where it is still a crime, with the help of NGOs. Senator Sotto emphasized that the Philippines has a law against foreign funding of local laws. He said that he brought up the matter because of the following information:
Donor
Recipient

He pointed out that the organizations are trying to influence the legislators in passing the RH Bill. Senator Cayetano (P) said that the particular provision refers to a lobby group who tries to persuade a public official through funding or other material means. She emphasized that no law is being violated by the groups when they profess their views or when they go about their activities. Senator Sotto said that Batas Pambansa Big, 39, "An Act Regulating the Activities and Requiring the Registration of Foreign Agents in the Philippines," should also be visited. Senator Cayetano (P) stated that she had no objections in the investigation of the organizations' identities and the source of their funds. However, she maintained that she does not see how they would affect the measure since the Committee, the Senate, nor Congress as a whole does not receive any funding from them. She stated that they, as ordinary Filipinos, are allowed to come and see the public officials to discuss their concerns as long as they do not offer material funding or financing. She reiterated that the affiliations and backgrounds of the organizations have nothing to do with the legality of the bill. She emphasized that no laws are being violated as she defends the bill. Senator Sotto said that he was only questioning the motives of the organizations and not the legality of their activities, adding that it is important to consider the groups' credibility since they are the ones that provide the information and statistics to the Committee.

Amount

UNFHA UNFHA Marie Stope Planned Marie Stopes Wallace Global Fund

RHAN

US90,0000

Planned Parenthood US$$6 I7,000 Program Population Services US$1.2 M Pilipinas Inc. Parenthood Likhaan US39,000 Organization FPOP Catholics
farChaice

US$88,00O US$75,OOO

Senator Sotto noted that majority of the organizations backing up the RH Bill are either not registered with the SEC or have revoked registrations. He expressed concern that if the organizations cannot comply with simple registration or financial reporting requirement, they might do the same with the provisions of the bill, specifically on the issue of post-complication abortion. Senator Cayetano (P) said that she and Senator Defensor Santiago, as public servants, would not take part in any illegal activity and neither would they be receiving any bribes or funding from any source, including international sources.' She asked what law was being violated by an organization's receipt of funds' and how the funding of the organizations and advocates affects the work being done by the Members in the Session Hall.

*As

corrected by Senator Cayetano (P) on December 6, 2011

r

736
Asked on the participation of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (lPPF) and the Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) in the creation of the bill, Senator Cayetano (P) replied that FPOP, along with representatives of other organizations, all of which she placed on record as affiliates of IPPF, were present in the hearings, She acknowledged that IPPF does include abortion as one of their family planning methods, However, she pointed out that abortion is one of the least utilized form of family planning even in other countries where the IPPF operates, More importantly, she noted that it is part of the IPPF's guiding principle that they will not support abortion in countries where it is disallowed, therefore, the affiliation of the FPOP with the IPPF does not mean that the former supports abortion as well, She said that the international organization has already made the statement that they will not intervene or get involved with abortion in countries where it is not allowed, She clarified that she is not an advocate, she just read the organizations' statements and explained the way they operate, At this point, Senator Satta quoted the pertinent portion of the statement of the FPOP entitled "On Senator Satta's Abortion Bogey and the Role of IPPF and FPOP," which was a letter addressed to the media "for the education of Mr. Satta and for the satisfaction of our countless supporters": We do not intend to hide the fact that FPOP
provides abortion-related services aside from our main service components 011 access to famify

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

Part I International Planned Parenthood VISION

"We believe that a woman has the right to choose and access safe abortion services and we advocate for changes in legislation to support this," "IPPF has made an important commitment to scale up our work on abortion, The first step is
to initiate discussion to help remove stigma, as

well as cultural and religious prejudices against
abortion."

IPPF was founded by Margaret Sanger. The three major thrusts of her work are reflected in today's IPPF's programs throughout the world. These three thrusts are:
I.

2. 3.

Free Sex Eugenics Birth Control

Free Sex

In the years before Sanger opened her first clinic, she would attend intellectual discussion sessions at the home of Mabel Dodge in New York City. Mabel Dodge described Sanger as "the first person I ever knew who was openly an ardent propagandist for the joys of the flesh." Sanger expressed her own desire for sexual activity through the numerous extra-marital sexual partners she took, relationships which were documented by all of her biographers. To illustrate the extent of Sanger's emphasis on free sex, Madeline Gray, in her 1970 book, entitls:l. "Margaret Sanger," tells of a letter Sanger sent her sixteen-year old granddaughter extolling the value of sex and stating: "Kissing, petting and even intercourse are all right as long as they are sincere. I have never given a kiss in my life that wasn't sincere. As for intercourse, I'd say three times a day was about right." This acceptance of extramarital sex and even sex among teenagers is characteristics of IPPF's so called "sex education" programs. IPPF sees nothing wrong with children having sex. It has only a problem when that sex results in the birth of a child. Sanger brought this philosophy to IPPF. As Madeline Gray points out in her book: "Undoubtedly one reason for Sanger's interest in birth control was its connection with sex. She enjoyed sex so much that she wanted all women to enjoy it too - without having to bear children they didn't want."

planning and reproductive health services, young people's sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS and advocacy. Senator Sotto pointed out that the FPOP is one of the organizations actively pushing for the RH Bill and claims to be a very proud member of the IPPF. He said that the media statement also mentioned Margal'et Sanger whom they recognize as one of the leading figures in the struggle for women's emancipation and of sexual and reproductive health and rights. Senator Sotto then presented the facts about the IPPF and Margaret Sanger according to his research. He explained that the philosophy of the founder and the purpose of the organization is necessary in the discussion:

r

MONDA Y. DECEMBER 5. 20 II

737
noted the liberal views of Margaret Sanger on free sex, especially her contemplation of free sex and other sexual acts as acceptable as long as the acts are sincere. Senator Satta agreed, as he pointed out that the stand of Margaret Sanger that "the marriage bed is the most degenerating influence in the social order" is the very opposite of God's view in the Bible, particularly in Hebrews 13:4 which says, "Marriage is honorable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge." He said that he was not surprised by Sanger's position as she was an atheist. Senator Ejercito Estrada noted that Sanger's stand runs counter to Filipino culture which recognized marriage as an institution. He said that he purposely relinquished the Chair to Senator Legarda to gather more insights on the measure and was for the first time hearing the presentation of Senator Satta. Asserting that nowhere in the bill did Margaret Sanger and the IPPF appear, Senator Cayetano (P) said that she has made it clear from the start that the measure is the responsibility of the DOH and that there was nothing in it that imposes obligations, responsibility or authority on any of the entities mentioned by Senator Satta. She said that while it is her responsibility as Committee Chair to hear out all positions on the issue, associating personal beliefs of a person and an organization with the bill is taking it too far. She reiterated that Margaret Sanger and IPPF have nothing to do with the bill. On the allusions as to the role of any NGO on the bill, Senator Cayetano (P) affirmed that, as in all other measures, the primary agency carries out its activities in coordination with NGOs but in the case of the present measure, she said that it is the responsibility of the DOH to ban any organization that is working inconsistent with the laws of the Philippines. Thus, she requested Senator Satta to refrain from misleading the public by making it appear that the measure is about one woman and her personal sexual views, and neither was it about one organization and their positions even in spite of the fact that they are accepted in other parts of the world. She said that while the entities in question are putting on record their views on abortion in other countries, it is irrelevant to the Philippines given the existence of an anti-abortion law. She maintained that there is no attempt to introduce legislation that would promote or even accept abortion, and
AI"

Birt" CII/ltrlll

Birth Control allowed Sanger to engage in the joys of the flesh without the fear of having children. In addition. she saw it as a way to reduce family size. Sanger, in her 1920 book "Woman and the New Race" stated: "The most serious evi I of our times is that of encouraging the bringing into the world of large families. The immorality of large families lies not only in their injury to the members of those families but in their inj ury to society." from the beginning, IPPF was pro-abortion. Its founder, Margaret Sanger, in her first pamphlet (circa 1915) listed the methods of birth control, among which she included abortion. She first advised women to take quinine pills to disturb the uterine lining to prevent implantation and then said specifically: "It takes quinine from four to six days to bring about the desired results, and if one finds a longer time has elapsed and the flow is not brought on, then the only remedy is [a surgical] abortion. Never allow a pregnancy to run over a month. If you are going to have an abortion, make up your mind to do it in the first stages, and have it done." Sanger was so intent on reducing family size that she seemed to not stop even at abortion. Many believe that under the right circumstances, Sanger would have condoned infanticide. Indeed, she wrote in her book "Woman and the New Race": "The most merciful thing that a large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it." This comes from the woman who formed the philosophical base of IPPF. Sanger was a woman who enjoyed the joys of the flesh and felt sex was something to be engaged in regardless of marital status. Her interest in birth control was not due to some humane concern for the health of women (which birth control doesn't help anyway), but was driven in part by her desire to encourage women to engage in sex without having children. Senator Satta said he would submit for the Record of the Senate Margaret Sanger's belief on the issue of eugenics - the application of the laws of hereditary to physical and mental improvement, especially of the human race.

INQUIRIES OF SENATOR EJERCITO ESTRADA
Asked by Senator Ejercito Estrada whether Margaret Sanger was still alive, Senator Satta replied in the negative. Senator Ejercito Estrada

~

738

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

that, in fact, the measure provides very strong mechanism which would result in less abortions because when the families plan, there are less girls getting pregnant or getting raped and therefore not getting themselves in position where there are tempted to have an abortion as it is happening these days, Senator Cayetano (P) stated that while she can patiently listen to the history and sexual preferences of any person that Senator Sotto wishes to put on record, she appealed to Senator Satta not to affiliate such persons with the bill as they have no relation to the RH bill. She said that any murderer could come forward and show support for contraceptive rights, but she wou Id draw the line that even in the presence of NOOs and other entities, the only information that she would rely on are those that come from the DOH and from scientific and academic institutions, Senator Sotto, however, maintained that the participation of the IPPF and even the funding by the Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP), which is a partner of the DOH, is very clear, the reason why he was looking at the personalities behind them as he believed that the philosophy of the personalities are also their own, He said that it was important to find this out to be able to make an intelligent vote, He bewailed the apparent attempt to hide the personalities supporting the bill, Senator Cayetano (P) refuted the allegation, saying that Senator Sotto is welcome to investigate the credibility of the organizations in question, She maintained that the personalities do not have a specific role in the bill. She averred that some people might be doing things that she was not aware of but they do not have a role in the bill. She said that the DOH representative in the gallery would attest that there are no specific projects going on between the DOH and the NOOs, Moreover, she believed that the DOH is duty-bound not to work with any organization that will commit crimes, particularly abortion that is not allowed in the country, Senator Sotto said that while, indeed, they are not found in the bill, they are pushing for the bill. Senator Cayetano (P) said that even a murderer can push for the bill. If so, Senator Sotto said that the Senate has all the more reason not to pass it Senator Cayetano (P) said that anybody, even a child molester or a rapist, could push for the bill.

INQUIRIES OF SENATOR PIMENTEL
Senator Pimentel adverted to Section 3, paragraph (i) of the bill, to wit: "While this Act does not amend the penal law on abortion, the government shall ensure that all women need ing care for post-abortion complications shall be treated and counseled in a humane, non-judgmental and compassionate manner." He said that what struck him on his first reading of the bill was why such a provision had to be put in the law, as he believed that it is a given that if people need medical attention, they should always be attended to, He warned that a malicious mind could interpret the provision as an encouragement for the left hand to do what the right hand cannot He opined that such an insurance that government would readi Iy help and save those who are suffering complications from abortion might only strengthen what is deemed as something illegal. Senator Cayetano (P) said that, however much she wished that the provision is not placed in the bill, it is a fact that women who have made the mistake and painful decision to commit an abortion have not been receiving humane, non-judgmental and compassionate care in an environment where abortion is punishable by law, She said that in the same way pedophiles and other suspected criminals are to be treated in a humane way, so do women in postabortion complications should be treated, She said that the provision had to be placed in the law so that professionals would be duty-bound to deal with them compassionately, Asked if she could see the danger of giving the impression that government consents to an illegal act, Senator Cayetano (P) pointed out that the law clearly states that "government shall ensure that women who are in need of these services shall be treated and counseled in a humane, non-judgmental and compassionate manner." She clarified that government would not help commit abortion but should show compassion to those who are suffering from post-abortion complications, She recalled that the Anti-Torture law was passed with the same intent, given the many cases of torture of suspects in their cells, particularly suspects of pol itical crimes. Even as it is a given that they are in the custody of respectable law enforcers and they are expected to be treated humanely, she said that Congress saw the need to pass an anti-torture law to ensure that law enforcers treat them humanely,

MONDAY. DECEMBER 5, 2011

739

Senator Pimentel said that the particular law was enacted as a special crime providing for graver consequences, in the same context as creating a special kind of election offense called "electoral sabotage" other than the electoral offenses already present in the law. Senator Cayetano (P) said that she has read the bill to non-lawyers and there was no deception. She maintained that the clear intent is to give humane care to post-abortive patients with complications. She stated that the debate itself should cue the DOH and all health officials that abortion is not allowed as she emphasized that if some Members find the wordings of the bill too soft, she would welcome any proposal to strengthen the same. To illustrate the commonality of the incident she referred to, she cited the experience of a Japanese physician, actually one of her staff's doctor, who suffered an ab0l1ion while she was in the country doing pro bono services. She narrated that the doctor went to the hospital and was refused treatment because the doctors mistakenly thought she had an abortion. She stressed that it was not the call of the hospital to make; she should have been given medical treatment whether or not she had an abortion or a miscarriage. She lamented that the Japanese lady was compelled to fly home to Japan to get medical attention. She said that the provision was included in the bill precisely to ensure that a similar situation would not be repeated in the future. She asserted that the doctors cannot automatically distinguish spontaneous from induced abortion. She said that those who made the mistake of having an abortion are more likely to suffer if those who are innocent can be judged and treated badly. No one, she said, can say that these people do not deserve humane care. She stated that she understood that Senator Pimentel's concern is the possible misinterpretation of the provision. For his part, Senator Pimentel clarified that he was merely illustrating one possible misinterpretation of the provision, or how the wrong message can be sent to the public, saying that he finds the provision no longer necessary. At this point, Senator Cayetano (P) asked if the examples she had given were not enough to convince Senator Pimentel that the inclusion of the provision is necessary because women, who were assumed to have undergone abortion, were being

treated with disdain and disgust as well as refused treatment. in reaction, Senator Pimentel agreed that it is wrong to treat women that way but he stressed that unless people who violated some rights were prosecuted, the situation would never be cured. He feared that without access to the records of the debates the people might wrongly interpret the provision in the future.

INQUIRY OF THE CHAIR
At this juncture, the Chair asked which hospitals refused to treat women who had spontaneous abortion and what their basis was for doing so. [t believed that doctors who refused to treat a woman who had undergone an abortion should be charged accordingly. [n response, Senator Cayetano (P) said that one of the common circumstances in these situations is that the medical condition of a woman who had undergone an abortion is considered as a nonemergency and that being the case, a government hospital usually turns her away and advises her to go to a private hospital instead. [n the meantime, she lamented, some of these women bleed to death. Asked to give factual evidence showing that a woman who was bleeding to death was refused medical treatment by a government hospital, Senator Cayetano (P) said that there were too many instances that she could not single one out. She pointed out that there are many cases of women being left unattended in public hospitals and that the incident she cited is not an isolated case of neglect of women with post-abortion complications, not to mention the stigma attached to abortion. To further stress her point, Senator Cayetano (P) noted that in an emergency room where 30 patients are waiting for medical assistance, like a child who had difficulty breathing because of asthma or someone suspected of dengue, it is likely that a woman suspected of having had an abortion would be neglected. By analogy, she said that it is like the situation shown in a foreign TV series where the doctors want to take the shooter out of the operating room to accommodate his victims, saying that it is human nature to prefer to treat the victims rather than the criminal. She stated that the provision seeks to emphasize that these women deserve humane care.

740

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 201 1

INTERPELLATION OF SENATOR SOTTO (Continuation)
Senator Sotto commented that the same is true with a bank robber who would surely receive medical attention even if it is not expressly provided for in the Revised Penal Code. Senator Cayetano (P) emphasized that precisely the Congress deemed it necessary to enact the antitorture law because suspected criminals are being beaten up and tortured while in custody, and that the law was intended to convey the message that criminals cannot be maltreated. She said that if protection is given to an average criminal, it is with more reason a woman shou Id be given the same. At this point, Senator Sotto disclosed that he and his wife also had a personal experience with miscarriage, the details of which he would narrate during the turno en contra.

Senator Sotto warned that this leadership includes teaching abortion advocates how to skirt restrictive abortion laws; for instance, where legal abortion is restricted to those abortions considered necessary to save the lives of the mother, the IWHC recommends that abortion providers simply "adopt a broader detinition of what constitutes as threat to a woman's life by considering the risk of death if she seeks a clandestine procedure." Senator Sotto also pointed out that the IWHC works for the radical reinterpretation of the U.N. human rights documents; and that while admitting that no U.N. document explicitly asserts a woman's right to abortion, it maintains that those documents and human rights instruments, if broadly interpreted and skillfully argued, can be very useful tools to expand access to safe abortion. For instance, he noted that according to IWHC, the right to life - the tirst right enumerated in Universal Declaration of Human Rights - should include the right to abortion since women who seek legal abortion risk their lives. Senator Sotto also expressed apprehension over U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki Moon's support for family planning. He feared that these organizations would tind a way to avoid actual endorsement of abortion methods because of countries that prohibit such practice. Senator Sotto then stated his intention to read into the record some quotations from Margaret Sanger. However, Senator Cayetano (P) noted that the author and her organization were not relevant to the bill. Nevertheless, Senator Sotto read various quotations from the author, to wit:
In her own words:

SUSPENSION OF SESSION
With the permission of the Body, the Chair suspended the session.

It was 5:50 p.m.
RESUMPTION OF SESSION
At 5:58 p.m., the session was resumed. Sharing the apprehension of Senator Pimentel about Section 3 of the bill, Senator Sotto adverted to an article, entitled "Koti Annan Calls Abortion Group "Shining Example for the World"dated March 5, 2004, which cited then UN Secretary General Annan for receiving an award from the International Women's Health Coalition (IWHC), a group working for worldwide abOition on demand for women and girls. He said that Annan's enthusiastic acceptance of the award raised renewed questions about his objectivity and the UN Secretariat in general. He quoted Annan's acceptance speech, to wit: I am moved that you have chosen to honor me this evening. Above all, I want to pay tribute to the International Women's Health Coalition for the work it is doing around the globe. The IWHC and its partners provide indispensable leadership for the health and rights of girls and women worldwide. If there were more pioneers like you, the world would be a better place. You are a shining example.

"The most merciful thing that a large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it."
(Women and the New Race)

On blacks, immigrants and indigents:
" .. human weeds, reckless breeders spawning human beings who never should have been
born,"

(Pivot of Civilization)

Senator Sotto noted that Sanger also made statements concerning sterilization and racial qualification on the right of married couples to bear children.

--/I

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

741

On the purpose of birth control:
"The purpose in promoting birth control was "to create a race of thoroughbreds. More children from the fit, less from the unfit."
(Birth Control Review, page 2)

women's organizations including the United Nations and the IPPF as it was a legal practice in some countries. However, she stressed that since the Philippines prohibits abortion, any view expressed by IPPF concerning the method was not relevant to the bill. For his part, Senator Sotto proceeded to read a report on how the IPPF promotes abortion around the world: In April 1996, the Population Research Institute (PRJ) published a report, detailing the involvement of the IPPF in promoting and performing abortion throughout the developing world. The original IPPF mission was "the initiation and support of family planning missions throughout the world." Over the last 15 years, the IPPF has become increasingly unwilling to be perceived as a pure population control organization and has thus recently emphasized such principles as "responsible parenthood" and the "health of families and young people." Despite this apparent moderation of its stance, no other organization has done more to spread abortion throughout the world than the IPPF. Not satisfied to rest on its laurels, the IPPF has forcefully and repeatedly stated its intention to assist in the legalization of abortion in every country of the world regardless of the means used and has also voiced its willingness to set up and equip abortion centers and provide the expertise required to perform abortions on a massive scale. In its Vision 2000 document, which is considered to be the "marching orders" for all members of Family Planning Associations - this includes the Family Planning Office of the Philippines - the IPPF repeatedly and unambiguously calls for legislation of abortion in countries where the procedure is currently unlawful. In the summary of IPPF's Mauritius Conference, it issues guidelines on how member organizations can agitate for abortion law liberalization, and once abortion is legal, participate in the performance of the procedures. Where abortion is illegal, all family planning organizations could take up "test cases" to pressurize for a more liberal interpretation of some legislation, liaise with sympathetic legal professionals to develop clear guidelines for health workers on the ways in which the law can be interpreted.

On religious convictions regarding sex outside of marriage:
"This book aims to answer the needs expressed in thousands and thousands of letters
to me in the solution of marriage problems.

Knowledge of sex, truths, frankly and plainly presented, cannot possibly injure healthy,
normal, young minds. Concealment, suppression,

futile attempts to veil the unveilable - these would not injure, as they seldom succeed and only render those who indulge in them ridiculous. For myself, I have full confidence in the cleanliness, the open-mindedness, the promise of the younger generation.
(Happiness in Marriage)

Senator Satta also pointed out Ms. Sanger's statements on the extermination of blacks. He also noted that the author had no respect for the rights of the mentally ill as she had even suggested compulsory sterilization as a way of eradicating the feebleminded.

On adultery:
"A woman's physical satisfaction was more important than any marriage vow.

(Birth Control in America. page II)

Her goal in life:
Sanger admitted that her entire life's purpose was to promote birth control.
(An Autobiography, p.194)

Adverting to the quotations, Senator Sotto noted that IPPF founder Sanger was a firm believer in birth control and her organization supports and gives financial assistance to the FPOP which is also a partner of the Department of Health. However, Senator Cayetano (P) clarified that the FPOP is only a stakeholder of the DOH. She believed that Health Secretary Ona would be able to provide a better explanation on the matter. At this juncture, Senator Cayetano (P) noted that abortion was a common topic among international

742
The IPPF does not merely talk about breaking the law, it is engaged in massive ongoing violations. The IPPF has been promoting and enabling illegal abortion in the Philippines for at least 20 years, and has been providing large numbers of abortion machines to numerous developing countries, including Bangladesh, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Vietnam, and India. The Hastings Center Report article shows how the IPPF assists groups in circumventing the laws of developing countries, while systematically covering up such activities. The article reads: 2. 'In the Philippines, where abortion is both illegal and explicitly against official population policy, the IPPF provided 200 "menstrual regulation" (first trimester abortion) kits for demonstration purposes. Further controversy arose when FPOP (The IPPF affiliate Family Planning Organization of the Philippines) distributed "menstrual regulation" kits to local doctors. Although the government had laws specifically prohibiting the importation of abortive devices, these kits were brought into the country as "medical instruments" to obtain "sample tissue for examination." These examples show the potential of the IPPF and its collaborating organizations for circumventing national laws and policies, .. " Senator Sotto also informed the Body that he had documents which proved that the DOH received assistance from the IPPF. He continued reading his report on the deceptive tactics of the IPPF:

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

known over the last 50 years that cast a large cloud of doubt over Planned Parenthood's claim, citing the following:

1.

Study by Regine Stix, which included data that showed 635 pregnancies of 1633 persons who were using contraceptives were aborted while only 50 pregnancies of 1,438 noncontraceptives were aborted. Stix wrote that: Nearly 40% of the accidental pregnancies (pregnancies experienced while contraceptives were being used) were tenninated by illegal abortion, while less than 4% of those pregnancies experienced when no contraceptives were used were so tenninated," Raymond Pearl, a Johns Hopkins professor and noted authority, wrote: "Those who practice contraception as part of their sex life, by their own admission, resort to criminally induced abortions about three times as often proportionately as do their comparable non-contraceptor contemporaries." In Great Britain, a report prepared for the Royal Commission on Population found that the incidence of induced abortion as a percentage of all pregnancies was nine times higher for women using contraceptives than for women not using birth control. A Japanese report documents a guidance program in contraception that involved 2,230 couples. The program was aimed at teaching these couples how to use contraception. The program resulted in significant increases in induced abortions per I 00 wives from 63 the year before the program to 9.2 in its first year of operation.

3.

4.

Senator Satta continued reading his discussion, to wit: If birth control offers some protection, how can its use result in more abortions? The answer lies in human nature. If engaging in sexual intercourse is perceived as entailing a great risk of unplanned pregnancy, men and women will avoid the activity. Of course, some will still do it and some of those will get pregnant, but many will consider the risk too high and will refrain from sexual intercourse. If, however, you tell these people that you have a way of taking away the risk of an unplanned pregnancy, and provide them with instructions on how to use the devices you provide, you will have taken away one of the major reasons people avoid sexual intercourse.

DECEPTIVE TACTICS OF IPPF
Deceptive Tactic # I The use of Contraceptives Lowers the Number of Abortions On the surface, this claim appears to be reasonable. It seems obvious that, if one uses some type of birth control when engaging in sexual intercourse, one will be less likely to get pregnant than if one used no means of birth control. So the general public believes IPPF's claim and sees the distribution of contraceptives as part of the solution to the "abortion problem." Senator Satta pointed out that there are a number of studies and facts which have become

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

743

Thus relieved of the worry about unplanned pregnancy, the country will engage in intercourse more freely, assured that birth control devices will protect them. Couples who previously had intercourse once or twice a month will feel comfortable having sex once or twice a week. Other couples who had stayed clear of the activity altogether will not fear engaging in sex. The result of all this freedom will be a tremendous increase in the number of time the couples engage in sexual intercourse. Since all the birth control devices have a failure rate which varies from 5% to almost 50%, this increased activity will result in an increased number of failures. And each birth control failure will be recorded as an unplanned pregnancy. Deceptive Tactic #2 Menstrual Regulation, the IUD, Norplant, Depo-Provera, and the Low-dose and Mini Birth Control Pills are not Abortifacients IPPF goes out of its way to assure individuals that it is not a "pro-abortion" group. It claims to be working to reduce the number of abortions by providing birth control. But there is another side to this birth control issue that the IPPF hopes you will never find out. That is the fact that most of the devices distributed in family planning programs and called contraceptives do not really prevent conception. To avoid arguments on the issue whether contraceptives are abortifacients or not, in the late I 960s, I PPF and its affi Iiates got some medical associations to define pregnancy as beginning at implantation, and not conception. IPPF/WHR now uses this technical distinction and maintains that since the devices referred to above prevent implantation, then an abortion has not happened because there was never a pregnancy. IPPF/WHR uses this same semantic game to teU the users of these devices that "prevent you from getting pregnant." The truth is, the IUD, low-dose and mini birth control pills, Depo-Provewra, Norplant and morning-after pills cause the death of a unique human being during its first week of existence. They are not contraceptives. They are instruments of death. Deceptive Tactic #3: Family Planning Programs Save Money IPPF claims that providing family planning programs actually saves money. The Alan Guttmacher Institute (the research arm of IPPF) published a report claiming to show that every

US dollar spent on family planning programs save $4.40 in later costs for government programs (such as programs for the poor, providing food and shelter for needy children, etc.). The report basically estimated the number of children who would not obtain welfare and other government assistance because they had not been born. Thus, it claims a savings for each child not born. IPPF/WHR uses this data to convince government to spend money on family planning programs. The problem with the Guttmacher study is
that it assumes there will be no change in the

frequency of sexual intercourse before and after providing family planning services. The study assumes that, after you give people, even teenagers, education on birth control devices and make these devices available to them they will have sex as frequently as they did before. With the increase in sexual activity comes a corresponding increase in abortions, sexually transmitted viruses and other health problems. The costs of treating these problems were not included in the Guttmacher cost analysis. Also not included is the fact that once the fertility rate falls below 2.0, our country will again have an aging population. There will never be fewer new tax payers and higher costs for taking care of the elderly. There costs, like all mentioned above are simply ignored by the Guttmacher study. The study does not take into account the well-known fact that actions have consequences. You cannot interfere with natural bodily processes by artificial means and expect healthy
results.

Deceptive Tactic #4: The World has an Overpopulation Problem Senator Satta refuted this deception by pomtmg out that the land area of Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, the state of Texas and the province of Alberta would be more than enough to put the world population all together. He promised to submit the statistics as regards the matter. Deceptive Tactic #5: Sex Education Reduces Teen Pregnancies IPPF promotes sex education as a means of reducing teen pregnancies. That is a lie. In over 25 years of sex education in the United States, the JPPF has yet to produce documentation of any reduction of teen pregnancies due to its sex education programs. In fact, one of the IPPFs allies, the New York Civil Liberties Union, says: "Every scientific study that has been done

4""

11>

744
shows that sex education is correlated to nothing else but systematically increased use of contraception. Thus, the only result of sex education courses is to sell more birth control products. Senator Sotto reminded the Body that the main sponsor of the IPPF is the group called DKT, the largest international corporation producing condoms and contraceptives. He disclosed that the IPPF affiliates in the United States and Canada developed joint programs with United States Agency for International Development Agency (USAID) and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA and responsible leaders have reported that at the insistence of the IPPF, these groups make the provision of population control programs a condition for getting international aid. He also noted that the IPPF goes to great lengths to encourage the more successfu I governments such as Canada and the United States and the international money merchants to place restrictions on the money received by a developing nation. To illustrate how influential IPPF is, Senator Sotto enumerated the list of groups who gave donations to the foundation: I. United Nations Population Fund; 2. World Bank; 3. World Health Organization; 4. Bergstrom Foundation; 5. Comic Relief; 6. Ernest Kleinwort Foundation; 7. Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning; 8. Lundington Incorporated; 9. MacArthur Foundation; 10. Moriah Fund; II. Noyes (Jessie Smith) Foundation; 12. Packard Foundation; 13. Population Action International; 14. Planned Parenthood Federation of Canada; 15. Public Welfare Foundation; 16. Simon Population Trust; and, 17. Turner Foundation Senator Satta cited reports of these organizations telling a developing nation's political leaders that they can have the money they needed only if they also accept and implement programs to reduce the size of families.

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

Senator Sotto emphasized the need to know the intentions of these foreign organizations in view of the fact that some of them arc promoting the RH Bill through their affiliates in the Philippines. At this point, Senator Sotto quoted a news item regarding a bothersome comment made by UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, who wants population control and abortion, to wit: Many statements by abortion NGOs are included in the official agenda of the commission, including International Planned Parenthood Federation, Family Care International, IPAS and Advocates for Youth. The statement calls for increased funding for family planning and contraceptives, decriminalizing abortion as well as comprehensive sexuality education for young people including the removal of legal barriers that restrict young people's access to essential services such as parental and spousal consent, age of consent and issues of confidentiality. In his pre-meeting report, the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon touched the financial benefits for individuals and nations of reducing fertility. He asserts: "Improvement in child nutrition, health and education can be achieved more easily when there are fewer children to compete for the resources and services available." He adds, "Many countries where fertility has declined significantly have benefited because having fewer children has made it possible to
invest more in productive activity."

One of the most important UN Secretary General reports for the commission regarding financing for international population and development activities was drafted not by the Secretary General's Office but by the UN Population Fund, which was under severe criticisms for its advocacy on abortion. Senator Sotto assumed that the UN Secretariat is forcing the people to accept their interpretation of right to life, which is contrary to the Constitution. To support such contention, he referred to a September 23, 2011 report, to wit: UN Secretariat released a report from the UN Human Rights Council calling on all nations to accept that women and girls must be granted access to legal abortion in order for them to fully enjoy their human rights. The report, written by UN Special Rapporteur Anand Grover, links abortion on demand with the fundamental right to the highest

MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 2011

745
not in accordance with the natural law, known by right reason. At this juncture, Senator Sotto ended his interpellation with a manifestation that he would deliver a speech en contra after the period of interpellations. He expressed hope that the people would be enlightened about this RH bill especially at a time when the Roman Catholics would be celebrating the Feast of Immaculate Conception on December 8. Senator Cayetano (P) reiterated that the positions of the United Nations, international world leaders and the IPPF are immaterial because the RH bill is a Filipino measure and a Philippine law bans abortion. She stressed that the discussions on abortion are irrelevant because there is no proposal to amend the Revised Penal Code to legitimize it and neither is there an effort to even circumvent the law. She pointed out that the Committee was only pushing for measures to protect women and provide Filipinos with reproductive health care services and facilities. She emphasized that no less than the Health Secretary has confirmed the statement of the DOH representative that the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), a U.S.-based international organization of which the FPOP is a member, has focused on its activities in the international scene but not in the Philippines. If the IPPF did violate Philippine laws, she said that by all means, it should be prosecuted. But she noted that their advocacies, even the inclusion of abortion among the accepted modes offamily planning, are their business in other parts ofthe world, specifically in countries that have legitimized abortion. She reassured the Body that she was with Senator Sotto in ensuring that the Philippines is abortion-free. On the IPPF's supposedly deceptive tactics, Senator Cayetano (P) stated on the contrary, these are truthful information that many respected health organizations including the DOH, medical practitioners and health professionals have accepted worldwide. Thereafter, she discussed the following deceptive tactics shown in the slide presentation: Deceptive Tactic #1 - The use of contraceptive lowers the number of abortions.

attainable standard of physical and mental health, According to Grover, "Criminal laws penalizing and restricting induced abortion are the paradigmatic examples of impermissible barriers to the realization of women's right to health and must be eliminated, Grover also claims that women must have access to abortion in order to protect their mental health, According to Grover: "While the psychological impact of seeking an illegal
abortion or carrying an unwanted pregnancy

to term is well documented, no corresponding
evidence supports the existence of long-term

mental health sequelae resulting from elective abortion, Senator Sotto expressed concern that the right to health of Filipino women was being accord more importance than the life of the unborn child, He maintained that health concerns could be addressed by other means, but definitely not by depriving another of his right to existence, He said that following the UN's view to decriminalize abortion would deprive an unborn child of the opportunity to experience life, Thereafter, he cited a report on the Millennium Development Goals during a gathering of world leaders, to wit: World leaders gathered at the United Nations this week and have been reviewing progress of their 15-year plan agreed upon as the Millennium Development Goals. These eight goals intent to end extreme poverty, hunger and disease.
There is a serious controversy, however,

since the same program promotes what it euphemistically calls "reproductive rights" and reproductive health" and other such code words which simply mean abortion on demand. Abortion is the killing of children in the first home of the whole human race. In addition, it promotes "family planning" which another phrase behind which such horrors hide. The Holy See sent a letter which included this paragraph: "(O)n the much debated issue of maternal health, the Holy See, respectfully and fervently invites the Countries participating in this HLM, to provide quality resources for the health care needs of mothers and their babies, including the unborn. Moreover, repeated references in the Outcome Document to "sexual and reproductive health" and "family planning" raise deep concerns. These are controversial terms, often interpreted as including access to abortion and methods of family planning that are

746

MONDA Y. DECEMBER 5, 20 I I

She admitted that it does. She pointed out that the statement Senator Sotto used was from institutions, identified as pro-life, in countries where abortion is allowed. She stated that if poor women can have access to contraceptives, they can plan ,their pregnancy ahead of time; and if a young couple are able to plan properly because contraceptives are available, then the abortion rates will go down. Also, she noted that statistics from all over the world show that the effective use of contraceptives brings down abortion because from the start, there IS no pregnancy to speak of. Oeceptive Tactic #2 - Menstrual regulation, the IUD, Norplant, Depo-Provera and the low-dose and mini birth control pills are not abortifacients. Senator Cayetano (P) stated that studies and statistics tell that said contraceptives are not abortifacients as she acknow ledged that there are pro-life authors who claim otherwise. She reiterated that she has already put on record the conclusion of 21 Filipino experts from diverse scientific fields who entered into a Declaration on the Action of Contraceptives published on August 8, 2011, a portion of which reads:
Conception is not an exact scientific term. For some it means implantation; for others it is

This article would be remiss if it did not mention that owing to the success of government efforts to reduce fertility and people living longer, Thailand now has a higher proportion of elderly people than a few years ago. Few are alarmed by this prospect, however. For with economic development, labor productivity has risen, meaning fewer workers are

needed to produce the same output. With so many resources freed that would otherwise go to educating large numbers of children entering early education, more investments can be made to upgrade the quality of post-elementary education and the productivity of the working age popUlation that is growing more slowly in absolute numbers. Senator Cayetano (P) stated that the RH bill seeks to allow couples to plan the number of children they can afford to raise, and be responsible parents. Adverting to sex education, she pointed out that teen pregnancies are very low in The Netherlands because it has an effective family planning and sex education program. But, she clarified that the whole program should be intact. She asserted that one reason why it was not effective in the U.S. is that its reproductive health care services were not as effective as those of other countries. She believed that the right kind of infonnation and proper health reproductive health education would have a positive effect on the youth without promoting promiscuity as some fear. To conclude, Senator Cayetano (P) said that since there is no abortion in the Philippines, it is not necessary to discuss the positions of other countries on abortion. She underscored that the proper implementation of the reproductive health pl'Ogram would, in fact, drastically reduce abortion in the country. But Senator Sotto argued that the positions of the IPPF, FPQP and others organizations as well as manufacturers of contraceptives and manufacturers are relevant since they have a stake in the bill.

an event that occurs at some time after fertilization. No one at the meeting equates conception with fertilization ... all contraceptives, including hormonal contraceptives and IUDs, have been demonstrated by laboratory and clinical studies, to act primarily prior to fertilization ... Oeceptive Tactic #3 - Family planning
programs save money.

Senator Cayetano (P) noted that Thailand, after undertaking a massive family planning program that spanned more than 20 years, effectively reduced its popUlation. She pointed out that the population of the Phil ippines and Thailand were at the same level 20 years ago; now, Thailand's population is 60 million and the Philippines, 90 million. Relative to Deceptive Tactic #3, she read pertinent portions of the article written by Walden Bello, a member of the House representing Akbayan Citizens' Action Party and a senior analyst at the Bangkok-based research institute Focus on the Global South, on lowering Thailand's population growth and effectivity of contraceptives, to wit:

SUSPENSION OF CONSIDERATION OF SENATE BILL NO. 2865
Upon motion of Senator Sotto, there being no objection, the Body suspended consideration of the bill.

MONDAY. DECEMBER 5, 2011

747

ADJOURNMENT OF SESSION
Upon motion of Senator Sotto, there being no objection, the Chair declared the session adjourned until three o'clock in the afternoon of the following day, December 6, 20 I L

I hereby certify to the correctness of the foregoing.

Secretary of the Senate f

~

It was 6:54 p.m.

Approved on December 6, 20 II

~