Development of Two New Power Semiconductor Devices for DC/DC Converter Application by Renesas Electronics

September 21, 2010 · Filed Under Green Tech

Renesas Electronics has introduced two new ultra compact package power semiconductor devices namely RJK0222DNS and RJK0223DNS to be used for DC/DC converters which provide power to CPU, memory, as well as other circuit blocks of products including servers and notebook PCs. Integrating a pair of power MOSFETs in to a single package, results in design of DC/DC converters that are both compact and offer higher mounting density. The ultra-compact package measuring only 3.2 mm x 4.8 mm x 0.8 mm reduces the mounting area by around half in comparison to company’s previous MOSFET products, plus it deliver efficiency of 95.2%, top level in the industry, while contributing to reduction in power consumption. Such development by Renesas and company’s alike is in direct response to overwhelmingly market demand for highly efficient DC/DC converters that are more compact offering a thinner form factor. Devices such as base stations, notebook PCs, servers and graphic cards require multiple step-down DC/DC converters due to onboard CPUs, GPU, memory devices and ASICs that require a power supply voltage lower than that supplied by the battery. The samples of the new power MOSFET are available immediately at a $0.55 per unit. The mass production is expected to begin in December of 2010 and it is expected to reach a combined volume of two million units per month after July 2011.

holes) is created within the structure. have been developed by International Rectifier and Infineon in the name of CoolMOSTM. the higher doping of the drift region allows easier flow of carrier thereby reducing on-resistance. as their intrinsic on-state resistance can be as low as one or two milliohms. provide a way to remove the heat generated by the device. it allows the thick drift region of a power MOSFET to be heavily doped (thereby reducing the electrical resistance for electron flow) without compromising the breakdown voltage. TO-3. An adjacent region of similarly doped (but of opposite carrier polarity . protect the die from the external environment (moisture. This inductance limits the operating frequency as it generates losses in the devices during commutation. increase the maximum operating temperature of the packaging material. [edit] Improvement of structures IGBTs are still under development and we can expect increased operating voltages in the future. improve the resistance to thermal cycling by closely matching the Coefficient of thermal expansion of the packaging to that of the silicon. D2Pak. A major improvement over conventional MOSFET structure is achieved by employing superjunction charge-balance principle to the design. TO247. based on this principle. Low-voltage MOSFETs are also limited by the parasitic resistance of the packages. Commercial devices. etc. Essentially. Research is also ongoing on electrical issues such as reducing the parasitic inductance of packaging. during conducting state. . These two similar but opposite doped regions effectively cancel out their mobile charge and develop a 'depleted region' which supports the high voltage during off-state. Many of the reliability issues of power device are either related to excessive temperature of fatigue due to thermal cycling. Some of the most common type of power semiconductor packages include TO-220. Research is currently carried out on the following topics: • • • improve the cooling performance.Research and development [edit] Packaging The role of packaging is to: • • • connect a die to the external circuit. MOS-Controlled Thyristor are promising devices. On the other hand. At the high-power end of the range. TO-262. dust).

57. and automotive industries for devices operating at below 300V and motor control.47]. Among its advantages. silicon carbide (SiC) is considered to be the most promising. Over the last two decades the technology of power semiconductors has made impressive progress [44. There are two distinct concepts for the development of power semiconductor devices. simple drive characteristics. One concept involves discrete vertical power devices for medium. IGBTs and MCTs [59. and good control dynamics together with a direct interface to the monolithic integration with the signal processing circuitry on the same chip [55. The power function (switching or protection) is achieved through the combined use of low-voltage data and signal processing circuits [48. Thereby this the system costs can be lowered and the system design is simplified by reducing the number of components. 2.1 Evolution of Power Semiconductor Devices Power semiconductor devices are used to control the energy transfer of electronic systems.46. silicon carbide can operate at higher temperature (up to 400°C) and has a lower thermal resistance than silicon. allowing better cooling. GTOs. As both are majority carrier devices. SiC Schottky diodes with a breakdown voltage of 1200 V are commercially available. The application of IC technologies on power semiconductor devices has offered efficient protection components. Bipolar devices are being developed for higher voltages.[edit] Wide band-gap semiconductors The major breakthrough in power semiconductor devices is expected from the replacement of silicon by a wide band-gap semiconductor. they can operate at high speed. Discrete vertical power devices have evolved from bipolar devices (diodes. up to 20 kV. as are 1200 V JFETs. The evolution naturally involves the integration of the whole or part of the low-voltage elements with the power devices [51.58].52. telecommunications. and BJTs) to power MOSFETs.54] in order to improve performance and to reduce the chip (or system) size. At the moment. Applications of discrete power devices are in the computer. and power distribution for devices operating at above 300V. to reduce the size and weight of components by combining the functions of several ICs and discrete power semiconductors. and for monolithic integration with low-voltage circuitry.50] with power devices.45. designers make big efforts of improving the efficiency. power electronic systems have greatly benefited from advances in power semiconductor technology.56. thyristors. The most important step in the development of a new generation of power devices was the introduction of power .49. In consumer and industrial environments.53. As a result.1. robotics.60].and high-power applications. and the other uses the lateral power devices for high-voltage (low-current) and smart power applications.

MOSFETs [61. Figure 2. such as low power drives by using MOS gate and fast switching. design.1 shows the development of power MOSFETs and IGBTs [63]. For medium. MOSFETs and IGBTs.62]. These devices are produced in the same production facilities which were used for integrated circuits. . Improvements in these new power devices.and high-voltage applications IGBTs have been the dominated devices due to scaling of their voltage ratings and refinements to their gate structure achieved by using very large scale integration (VLSI) technology and trench gate regions. Another important breakthrough in the field of discrete devices has been the development of IGBTs combining the advantages of MOS transistors. size reduction.1: Developments in power MOSFET and IGBT technology. The design rules reduction in discrete power MOSFETs has allowed a drastic reduction in the onresistance drastically and in power dissipation. In the past ten years. The introduction of MOS technology in power electronics made it easy to integrate power devices into standard technology and integrated circuits have become compatible. and manufacturing. This evolution has led to power device development in terms of structure. with the advantages of bipolar devices. The development of these new devices provided a direct link between integrated circuits and power devices. MOSFET technology has been benefited from the drastic improvements achieved in the trench technology and in the characteristics of vertical super-junctions. Figure 2. are related to advances in standard MOS technology. such as low forward voltage drop by conductivity modulation in the drift region. while IGBT technology has shown improvements in performance due to lifetime control technology and structure enhancements.

Figure 2. and the safe operating area. The defect density and cost of the starting materials determine the progress of commercialization of this technology.Several types of MOS-gated thyristors have also been introduced. SiC Schottky rectifiers.2: Application of discrete power semiconductors. switching power loss. . resulting in some promising improvements in the trade-off between on-state power loss. One of the most promising approaches in the field of power semiconductor devices is the use of new materials such as silicon carbide (SiC) [64] and gallium nitride (GaN). Improvements in power rectifiers have been achieved at low-voltage ratings using Schottky rectifier structures containing trenches and at highvoltage ratings using structures that combine junction and Schottky barrier contacts. power MESFETs. and power MOSFETs offer a significant improvement in the trade-off between and the BV and in high-temperature environments.

automotive. The evolution of lateral power device structures [65] has created a market for monolithic power integrated circuits that can incorporate sensors and protection functions.3: Device cross sections of junction isolation and dielectric isolation. . For the low-power range (current (I) < 10A. are used. According to the area of application and the required performance. and SCRs and GTOs are mainly used for high-power applications.2 shows the application areas of discrete power semiconductors. A distinction must be made between monolithic and hybrid integration. The different developments have clearly shown that the medium.Figure 2.and high-power range can be implemented using hybrid integration which makes use of power parts and low-voltage parts in a package. different modes of integration have been developed. voltage (V) < 600V) it can be implemented using monolithic integration of power semiconductor components and integrated circuits. and robots IGBT or power MOSFET modules. Figure 2. As shown in the figure MOSFETs and IGBTs are used for high-frequency applications. which are constructed with series and parallel connection of power devices inside a plastic package. For medium-power applications such as uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

. With this approach. Some of the drawbacks of junction isolation are the inability to integrate bipolar structures due to mutual interaction and the high leakage currents at elevated temperatures. The basis for smart power technology is the integration of interface circuits. The interface function is made with CMOS circuits specially designed to operate in noisy and high temperature environments.3 (b)).3 (a). and protection circuitry with power devices. A systematic study of a variety of dielectrically isolated unipolar and bipolar devices has been conducted for the purpose of integration. significant improvements in the performance of lateral power devices have been achieved by using innovative lateral structures with charge coupled regions. An important breakthrough in the performance of high-voltage lateral MOSFETs which was required for the applications was achieved by using the reduced surface field (RESURF) principle. the capability for the integration of bipolar and CMOS structures with high-voltage devices has been greatly improved during the past fifteen years. or serve as the drive electronics for medium and high-power devices in modules. In addition to the improvements in photo-lithography and trench etching processes for power semiconductor structures. The high-voltage portion of the IC can either provide the entire power control function as in the case of monolithic motor drives and lamp ballast chips. The implementation of the monolithic power IC technology was first done using junction isolation as shown in Figure 2. This section provides a review of the recent developments in power semiconductor integration technology that are making a significant impact on electronic systems.Traditionally power semiconductor technology has always followed advances in VLSI technology. Recently. such as the SOI-LDMOSFET (see Figure 2. the RESURF concept was successfully extended to dielectrically isolated structures. sensors. where the charge coupling between the drift region and the -substrate is used to reduce the electric field along the surface. To overcome these problems. devices capable of supporting more than 1200V have been made [66].